STFC CG 2015

Lead Research Organisation: Queen Mary, University of London
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The QMUL Particle Physics Research Centre (PPRC) has an exciting set of particle physics experiments at the forefront of the field. Members of the Group have been working on the commissioning and analysis of data from the ATLAS detector at the CERN LHC which has just finished its Run 1 from which over 200 papers have been published. The ATLAS Group will continue to expand the study of the Higgs boson(s), the study of the top quark, started at the CDF experiment, and the study of proton structure at the highest possible energies. The QMUL Group is also involved in upgrades to the ATLAS detector for the higher luminosity by participating in the ATLAS Tracker Upgrade and Level One Calorimeter Trigger upgrade programmes. At the other end of the mass scale the neutrino group is exploiting data from the T2K long baseline neutrino experiment in Japan which will continue taking data towards indications of CP violation, and perform high precision cross section measurements. The Group is very engaged in the rich programme at the SNO+ detector in Canada that will be taking data during the period of the grant. In addition the Group is working on the next generation long baseline experiment Hyper-Kamiokande, and very high energy atmospheric neutrinos with IceCube-PINGU, Finally, the Group is exploring new possibilities at the FCC/LHeC and ILC.

Planned Impact

The QMUL Particle Physics group focuses its research primarily on experimental particle physics aimed at understanding the fundamental constituents of the universe and the forces through which they interact. This research centres on: the ATLAS experiment and its upgrade at the CERN Large Hadron Collider - searching for new high energy phenomena and an understanding of the Higgs boson; the T2K experiment in Japan and its upgrade Hyper-Kamiokande which studies neutrino interactions with the aim of understanding the matter-antimatter imbalance in the universe and SNO+ that studies the neutrino nature. The direct outcomes of this research advance our knowledge of the nature of the universe.

Many of the problems and challenges that need to be addressed to achieve these research outcomes involve the development of skills and technologies that can lead to positive societal and economic impact. Members of the group are working on a number of projects to realise this impact:

Data processing and analysis techniques from the LHC are being applied to increasingly large samples of data generated in studying the quantities of proteins in complex biological samples. These techniques aim to reduce the size of data sets, and speed up processing time. This will enable more sophisticated and optimised analysis techniques to be used, that were otherwise too resource intensive and expensive. In the first instance this will benefit researchers across the private, public and third sector, working in areas as diverse as virology and cancer treatment. But ultimately, by identifying protein targets for disease monitoring, diagnosis and personalised treatment this could lead to important improvements in the the health and well-being of society.

Pattern recognition techniques used to make sense of the billions of signals coming from the ATLAS detector are being applied to identifying structural tissues in functional magnetic resonance imaging of the heart. This aims to provide a deeper more quantified understanding of the imaging in order to provide better evidence for making treatment decisions. This will provide clear benefits to doctors and cardiac patients in enhancing the diagnosis and treatment of angina.

The silicon detectors in the ATLAS detector have small deformations that can have an impact on the performance of the detector. These deformations can be measured and software based corrections can be used to account for the effects. These software algorithms can be used to correct for surface deformation in precision engineering applications. This could be used to overcome existing limitations on precision and uniformity in manufacturing and measurement systems. A demonstration project is underway to apply these corrections to existing machines at QMUL. This will ultimately benefit manufacturers of milling and metrology machines.

The group has a number of public engagement activities, targeting schools and the general public. This includes a strong contribution to the CERN@school program. This well established public engagement program enhances physics teaching and offers teachers and students authentic research opportunities. A pilot programme at Dulwich Academy is working with students, conducting measurements with a scintillating muon detector. This will be expanding over the next year to bring in four further schools. The group run an annual Particle Physics Masterclass, that continues to enjoy success with huge interest from local schools. The group is also involved in producing popular science articles, public conferences, media events and social networking. These activities help enhance science education, and bring a deeper understanding of our research activities to the general public.

The group has a diverse program of outreach and impact activites arising from our research that will benefit others ranging from the general public to school children and from researchers in other disciplines to business and industry.

Publications

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Aaboud M (2019) Search for doubly charged scalar bosons decaying into same-sign boson pairs with the ATLAS detector. in The European physical journal. C, Particles and fields

 
Description ATLAS upgrade oversight committee
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Member of LHC Experiments Committee
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL http://committees.web.cern.ch/Committees/lhcc/
 
Description Consolidated Grant 2019
Amount £2,102,510 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/S00095X/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2022
 
Description Infrastructure Funding (PAR)
Amount £161,000 (GBP)
Organisation Queen Mary University of London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 07/2017
 
Description Innovation Fund
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Queen Mary University of London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 01/2017
 
Description Organic Sensors for Radiation Detection
Amount £179,238 (GBP)
Funding ID P/O No 30406548 
Organisation Atomic Weapons Establishment 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 03/2020
 
Description PhD applications of organic sensors for radiation detection
Amount £48,267 (GBP)
Funding ID P/O No 30469473 
Organisation Atomic Weapons Establishment 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2019 
End 03/2023
 
Description ATLAS 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department CERN LHC ATLAS
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Tracking R&D and construction, software, distributed computing systems, detector operations, trigger performance and design, Standard Model, B-physics, Onium, Higgs, Top and SUSY studies; ran UK software and computing
Collaborator Contribution Detector operations, computing operations, software, shared physics tools
Impact currently O(200) papers in press (Feb 2013)
 
Description ATLAS ITK 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department CERN LHC ATLAS
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Chair of the Institute Board with 100 international members
Collaborator Contribution International programme on Tracker Upgrade with 100 institutes from 22 countries working towards the 120MCHF (equipment costs only does not include salaries) main upgrade programme of ATLAS for the HL-LHC
Impact Particle Physics
Start Year 2017
 
Description ATLAS Upgrade 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department CERN LHC ATLAS
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution 2011-2015 ATLAS Upgrade Coordinator 2011-2015 Member ATLAS Executive Board
Collaborator Contribution ATLAS consists of 3000 physicists from 177 institutes in 35 countries
Impact CERN-LHCC-2011-012, CERN-LHCC-2012-022, CERN-LHCC-2013-006, CERN-LHCC-2013-007, CERN-LHCC-2013-017, CERN-LHCC-2013-018, CERN-LHCC-2015-009, ECFA-15-289 and ECFA-13-284.
Start Year 2011
 
Description AWE Ltd 
Organisation Atomic Weapons Establishment
Department National Nuclear Security Programme
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Working on the development of a novel neutron detector.
Collaborator Contribution Partners have funded the development of device readout and simulation. This underpins technology refinements that have accelerated technology development.
Impact Outputs are being finalised in terms of publications and IP protection.
Start Year 2015
 
Description CCMMP 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Department Condensed Matter and Material Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Working with a CMMP PhD student on studies on novel radiation detector devices.
Collaborator Contribution PhD student and labs
Impact Studying prototype for novel radiation detector devices. It may bring impact.
Start Year 2015
 
Description DUNE Collaboration 
Organisation Fermilab - Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Department DUNE
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have recently joined this experimental collaboration and are making contributions to the design of the near detector gas TPC data acquisition system.
Collaborator Contribution We are collaborating closely with Imperial College and Royal Holloway as part of the UK consortium for this experiment. Our work fits into the broader international picutre where our international partners have contributed to the design of a world leading mega science project, with a neutrino production source via the Fermi Lab National Accelerator Laboratory accelerator system, and a two-stage detector system; a near detector at that laboratory's site and a far detector at the SURF facility in South Dakota, USA.
Impact It is too early to have generated outcomes from this work so far.
Start Year 2019
 
Description GridPP 
Organisation European Grid Infrastructure (EGI)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Middleware, hardware, operations; ATLAS Member of the PMB, formerly Applications Co-ordinator, Deputy Chair of Users Board. Provide Deployment Team member.
Collaborator Contribution Middleware, operations, co-ordination
Impact some papers, enabled many physics papers.
 
Description GridPP 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Department GRIDPP3
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Middleware, hardware, operations; ATLAS Member of the PMB, formerly Applications Co-ordinator, Deputy Chair of Users Board. Provide Deployment Team member.
Collaborator Contribution Middleware, operations, co-ordination
Impact some papers, enabled many physics papers.
 
Description MSL thin silicon development work 
Organisation Micron Semiconductor
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Worked with MSL to obtain thin silicon detectors for generic R&D as a follow on/parallel line to the ATLAS detector development work.
Collaborator Contribution Partners worked on modifying their production process to adapt a product line for our requiremetns for a new R&D line in thin devices. This required an in-kind contribution from the partner company.
Impact work is ongoing.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Micron Semiconductor Ltd (CVD Diamond) 
Organisation Micron Semiconductor
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Our team has developed technology for our organic neutron detector work with the AWE Ltd. that has the potential for us to merge Micron's CVD diamond to make a new type of neutron detector. We have partnered with MSL to explore ways to realise this new type of neutron detector.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaboration partner has so far provided an in kind contribution through provision of commercial (market) and technical information on products and applications. This has led to us being able to seek funding, where MSL has pledged a 100k in-kind contribution, AWE a 45k in kind contribution to go toward a product development programme. The outcome of that application will be known in June 2020.
Impact It is too early to report outputs from this new collaboration. We will record outputs under our next consolidated grant.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Super-Kamiokande 
Organisation Super-Kamiokande
Country Japan 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have joined in January 2016. We are working on a calibration system for neutron. We have taken shifts.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in calibration. Detection of low background in gadolinium samples.
Impact This collaboration has just started
Start Year 2016
 
Description UTFit 
Organisation UTFit Collaboration
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Performing averages.
Collaborator Contribution Thereotical code
Impact papers and conference talks: http://www.utfit.org/UTfit/References The fit is consistently used by the experimental collaborations and theorists.
 
Description Talks at Open Days 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Engaging school students to study physics at the univerdity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
 
Description Talks at School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Engaging students in physics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
 
Description Talks in science festivals 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talks given to general audience to make physics more understandable to general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018