Thermodynamics of Astrophysical Plasmas: Macroscopic Effects of Collisionless Microphysics

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Mullard Space Science Laboratory

Abstract

Plasma is the fourth state of matter after solid, liquid, and gaseous. It is a medium consisting of unbound electrically charged particles. Due to their charge, these particles react to electric and magnetic fields in very different ways than a regular gas of electrically neutral particles. The vast majority of the ordinary matter in the universe is in the plasma state. Therefore, it is critical for our understanding of the universe to understand the physics of plasmas better.

The Sun itself is a plasma ball that continuously emits a plasma flow, the so-called "solar wind", which fills the space between the planets of our solar system. Its typical flow speed is a few hundreds of kilometres per second, and its typical temperature is about a million degrees. It gives us the opportunity to explore an astrophysical plasma with instruments onboard spacecraft. These measurements show us that the solar-wind particles are not in a state of local thermodynamic equilibrium, which means that particle collisions are ineffective. Such a "collisionless" plasma can host many physical processes that are unknown from our everyday experience with collisional gases like the air. In addition, we see that the electric and magnetic fields fluctuate on many spatial scales and timescales, suggesting that the solar wind is in a turbulent state and carries different types of plasma waves.

It is still unknown how the solar wind is generated, how it is accelerated, and how it is heated to temperatures that are much greater than the temperature of the surface of the Sun. The answers to these important open questions must lie in the fundamental plasma processes at work. By developing novel theoretical ideas and exploiting numerical simulations, this fellowship aims to a better understanding of the behaviour of the plasma particles and to apply these ideas to the solar wind as a whole. The project focuses on three specific topics: The first topic addresses the evolution of waves, turbulence, and instabilities in a collisionless plasma, which is a fundamental problem with broad implications for all kinds of astrophysical plasmas. The second topic investigates the effects of electrons, which are the most abundant solar-wind particle species, on the overall evolution of the solar wind. The third topic investigates the effects of turbulence on the particles with the goal to explain the heating and the acceleration of the solar wind.

In 2018, ESA and NASA plan to launch the spacecraft Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus, which will each orbit very closely around the Sun, reaching distances at which no other spacecraft have taken measurements before. These spacecraft will measure both the particles and the electromagnetic fields in the solar wind with an unprecedented resolution. This project connects the novel theoretical results with these and other observations to advance our understanding of the solar wind and of astrophysical plasmas in general. This approach is necessary to put the observations into context and to direct new measurements. Only through the direct comparison of theory with observations, can we learn about the peculiar behaviour of these media. The solar wind is a unique plasma laboratory for this goal due to its accessibility with spacecraft.

The understanding of these processes has important implications for the prediction of space weather, which is the collection of effects that solar particles and the solar wind have on the Earth. Space-weather effects can lead to power outages, deviations in GPS navigation, hazards for human spaceflight, damage to satellites, distortion of radio communication, and other major problems for the human society.

In addition to the synergistic connection between theory and observations, this project is located at the intersection between space physics and astrophysics by bridging the gap between these two fields and transferring knowledge from the solar environment into general astrophysics.

Organisations

 
Description Consolidated Grant
Amount £2,856,952 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/S000240/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2019 
End 03/2022
 
Description ESA Networking Partnership Initiative
Amount € 90,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description Undergraduate Bursary
Amount £1,200 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Astronomical Society 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation Harvard University
Department Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before my STFC project began, and I'm still the ALPS project manager. I have programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. I also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of our network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data. The colleagues from Helsinki have provided us with simulation data from the Vlasiator code to use in ALPS for comparison in the Earth-magnetosphere context.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of Arizona
Department Lunar and Planetary Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before my STFC project began, and I'm still the ALPS project manager. I have programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. I also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of our network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data. The colleagues from Helsinki have provided us with simulation data from the Vlasiator code to use in ALPS for comparison in the Earth-magnetosphere context.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before my STFC project began, and I'm still the ALPS project manager. I have programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. I also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of our network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data. The colleagues from Helsinki have provided us with simulation data from the Vlasiator code to use in ALPS for comparison in the Earth-magnetosphere context.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of Cologne
Department Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology
PI Contribution I have led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before my STFC project began, and I'm still the ALPS project manager. I have programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. I also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of our network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data. The colleagues from Helsinki have provided us with simulation data from the Vlasiator code to use in ALPS for comparison in the Earth-magnetosphere context.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of Helsinki
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before my STFC project began, and I'm still the ALPS project manager. I have programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. I also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of our network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data. The colleagues from Helsinki have provided us with simulation data from the Vlasiator code to use in ALPS for comparison in the Earth-magnetosphere context.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of New Hampshire
Department Space Science Center
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before my STFC project began, and I'm still the ALPS project manager. I have programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. I also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of our network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data. The colleagues from Helsinki have provided us with simulation data from the Vlasiator code to use in ALPS for comparison in the Earth-magnetosphere context.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Austrian Academy of Sciences
Department Space Research Institute
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy
Country Belgium 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Braunschweig University of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Charles University
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Ecole Centrale de Lyon
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Florida Institute of Technology
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Kanazawa University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Nagoya University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Department Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS)
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Polish Academy of Sciences
Country Poland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Princeton University
Department Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Princeton University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Royal Institute of Technology
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Ruhr University Bochum
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Russian Academy of Sciences
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Space Science Institute
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Swarthmore College
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF)
Country Sweden 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation The Geophysical Institute of the National Polytechnic School of Ecuador (IG-EPN)
Country Ecuador 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation Tokyo University of Science
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Arizona
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Calabria
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Cologne
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Delaware
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Florence
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Iowa
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Kiel
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Leuven
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Debye 
Organisation University of Toyama
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am the Mission co-PI Science for the Debye mission proposal. This mission is closely related to my STFC project since it directly relates electron microphysics to large-scale thermodynamics. With the mission PI Robert Wicks, I developed the mission idea and prepared the step-one proposal to ESA. After acceptance of the step-one proposal, I have directed and organised the preparation of the science section of the step-two proposal. I have participated in weekly telecons with the team and presented Debye at multiple national and international meetings. I have set up and maintain the mission's twitter account @DebyeMission for outreach.
Collaborator Contribution The Debye mission is a large multi-national mission. The partners have provided expertise in the writing of the mission proposal and the design of spacecraft hardware.
Impact The mission concept was successful in ESA's downs election in December 2018. Therefore, Debye is now one of six missions left in the competition to become ESA's first F-class mission. Debye is multi-disciplinary due to its strong relevance to astrophysics and laboratory plasma physics, and our research team includes colleagues from these fields.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Peking University (PKU) 
Organisation Peking University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have contributed to the writing of multiple papers with the colleagues from PKU. In addition, I supervised a visiting student (Honghong Wu) from Peking who visited UCL for one year from 2017 until 2018. I helped Honghong in acquiring funding from the prestigious Chinese government scholarship programme for this visit. I also advised the PKU group in the use of my NHDS code for scientific calculations of plasma waves and their polarisation properties. We are currently working on fostering this partnership by securing funding for mutual visits and further publications in the future.
Collaborator Contribution Honghong Wu has worked actively with me and other members of the space-plasma group during her visit to UCL. This has resulted in two papers in international journals. Jiansen He and Die Duan from PKU have brought additional expertise in the collaboration from their background of observing waves and turbulence in the solar wind and in the magnetosheath.
Impact This collaboration has resulted in two publications so far (doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaef77, 10.3847/1538-4357/aad9aa) and the preparation of two future publications (one under review, one to be submitted soon).
Start Year 2017
 
Description Universidad de Chile - Kinetic physics in astrophysical plasmas 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Department of Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provide the collaboration with calculations of instability growth rates based on given plasma parameters from the nonlinear simulations run by the colleagues in Chile. I also supported the writing of publications with my expertise on plasma instabilities in space plasmas.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues in Chile ran fully kinetic, non-linear plasma simulations of sheared plasmas like accretion disks. They compared my predictions for kinetic instability thresholds from my NHDS code with their nonlinear results. The colleagues from Chile and the US wrote most of the publications that resulted from this collaboration.
Impact This collaboration has resulted in three papers (doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/27, 10.3847/0004-637X/824/2/123, 10.3847/1538-4357/aaa6d1), and a fourth paper is currently near submission. This collaboration is multi-disciplinary since it is based on the connection between my expertise in space plasmas with the collaborator's expertise in astrophysical plasmas.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Universidad de Chile - Kinetic physics in astrophysical plasmas 
Organisation University of Chile
Department Department of Physics
Country Chile 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I provide the collaboration with calculations of instability growth rates based on given plasma parameters from the nonlinear simulations run by the colleagues in Chile. I also supported the writing of publications with my expertise on plasma instabilities in space plasmas.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues in Chile ran fully kinetic, non-linear plasma simulations of sheared plasmas like accretion disks. They compared my predictions for kinetic instability thresholds from my NHDS code with their nonlinear results. The colleagues from Chile and the US wrote most of the publications that resulted from this collaboration.
Impact This collaboration has resulted in three papers (doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/800/1/27, 10.3847/0004-637X/824/2/123, 10.3847/1538-4357/aaa6d1), and a fourth paper is currently near submission. This collaboration is multi-disciplinary since it is based on the connection between my expertise in space plasmas with the collaborator's expertise in astrophysical plasmas.
Start Year 2015
 
Title NHDS 
Description I have developed the NHDS code that solves the linear hot plasma dispersion relation. This code is a versatile and universal numerical tool for the whole plasma community (space, astrophysics, and laboratory plasmas). It can calculate plasma dispersion relations in plasmas with an arbitrary number of drifting bi-Maxwellian distribution functions. Although the code was initially developed before the start of this project, important modifications, the publication of the code paper, and the publication of the code fall within the performance period and are directly related to this award. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The code is available on github and has already been downloaded by other researchers and students and used for their publications. The source code is publicly available so that other users can modify it and use it in their work. Currently, an external team is working on the implementation of NHDS in PlasmaPy, an open-source Python framework for plasma applications. 
URL https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2515-5172/aabfe3
 
Description Debye Twitter Feed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I set up the Twitter account @DebyeMission early in 2019. This social-media account presents our Debye mission and raises support for our project. Since we are at an early stage of this project, the number of followers is still small (about 30). However, this channel will be one of the main communication channels in later stages of the mission. It has already prompted other scientists to sign up to our support list.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019