RCUK Cross-cultural Computer-supported Collaborative Learning for Student Capacity Building in Multifaceted Competencies through Astronomy Online Labs

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leicester
Department Name: Computer Science

Abstract

Overview
The overall goal of this interdisciplinary project "Cross-Cultural Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning for Student Capacity Building in Multifaceted Competences through Astronomy Online Labs" (C3AOL) is to support capacity building of young adults for their Big Data analysis skills and key 21st century competences - communication, collaboration, creativity, and critical thinking - through their participation in cross-cultural computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) activities enabled by technologically and pedagogically sound online laboratories in Astronomy. The goal will be achieved through three phases of scientific activities involving different stakeholders from the UK and Malaysia, including Astronomy experts, technology-enhanced learning (TEL) experts, university students, academic staff, school teachers and pupils, and science centre staff.
As a multifaceted discipline addressing science, technology and culture - the three core areas whose maturity and richness defining the development status of a nation - Astronomy is a unique and powerful means to engage and inspire people of all ages, who are fascinated by the infinity of the Universe and stark visual appeal of celestial events. For learners at their late teen identifying a pathway to their future careers in STEM, exploring Astronomy is of particular relevance as they can be equipped with new competences:
- a good understanding of advanced developments in electronics, optics and IT;
- knowledge and skills in applying sound scientific methods for Big Data handling and analysis;
- ability to collaborate with international teams and to communicate complex results in accessible ways to general audience, especially school children
As the main outcome of this project, the participating students will acquire these competences, which are not only deployable in Astronomy, but, more important, also transferable to different disciplines such as other STEM, management, finance and economics, contributing to growth and prosperity of their country.

Four objectives of the project C3AOL are as follows:
1. To enable Astronomy experts from both countries to exchange knowledge and practical experience in Big Data analysis and technology development, identifying specific foci for research collaboration and, in collaboration with TEL experts, enhancing approaches to educating students in STEM;
2. To inspire and enthuse students, through interacting with Astronomy experts and selected Astronomy Online Labs (AOL), to gain a deep understanding of knowledge and skills for handling Big Data;
3. To enhance students' transferable competences in communicating and collaborating with peers in local and cross-cultural contexts;
4. To support students to create new quality AOLs and disseminate them through outreach activities, consolidating their knowledge, creativity, and identity of STEM ambassadors;

Overall, the mission of the project is to promote national research and teaching programmes in Astronomy in Malaysia. Currently, there are only a handful of universities in Malaysia offering astronomy courses. This project aims to stimulate the growth of astronomy degree programmes in Malaysia through our research visits in different academic institutions in Malaysia, sharing the related practical experiences in running astronomy and other STEM degree programmes in the UK. Indeed, the UK in general and Leicester in particular has internationally recognised leading expertise in Astronomy in areas such as Big Data handling and analysis, as exemplified by the established Space Research Centre and newly launched Leicester Institute of Space and Earth Observation. The UK has demonstrated the successful use of Astronomy in STEM education programmes from primary to tertiary level. The transfer of Astronomy knowledge and skills from the UK to Malaysia via this project will have strong impact on enabling young adults to create a high-technology economy.

Planned Impact

Our project C3AOL addresses a timely and impactful goal and is certainly ODA compliant, given its strong commitment to supporting capacity building of young adults in Malaysia for their Big Data analysis skills and key 21st century competencies (communication, collaboration, creativity, critical thinking) through cross-cultural computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) activities enabled by technologically and pedagogically sound Astronomy online labs. It involves different stakeholders in Malaysia and the UK, including astronomy experts, technology-enhanced learning experts, university students, science centre staff, STEM teachers, and pupils in secondary and primary schools. Educating young generations, who will be the driving force in shaping the future development of a developing country, with effective approaches such as cross-cultural CSCL is a powerful strategy for enhancing its societal, economic and technological growth in a long run.

The impact of the project is manifold, including:
(a) producing cohorts of students well-equipped with multidimensional competences in and beyond Astronomy: a short-term impact is their diffusion of enhanced knowledge and enthusiasm in Astronomy to school children through talks in space centres and experience sharing via social media, and a long-term impact is their contribution to technological advances and economic growth of their country;
(b) developing a good understanding of common and unique astronomy research foci in Malaysia and the UK, especially how Big Data analysis approaches are similar and different, leading to knowledge exchanges and transfer and future joint research efforts between the two countries;
(c) gaining insights into factors influencing the effectiveness of cross-cultural CSCL such as the language issue and the sociability of collaborative technologies, inferring theoretical and practical implications for addressing the challenges and thereby informing future research along this line of inquiry;

The proposed project will help Malaysia to meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDG): 4, 8 and 9. Specifically, participating Malaysian students will be given opportunities to have in-depth discussions on specific topics with Astronomy experts from the UK, who will draw on information about state-of-the-art scientific and technological development in Space and Earth Observation and other cutting-edge research areas. Furthermore, students will also gain practical experience in interacting with Astronomy online labs in collaboration with local and remote peers and in consultation with experts, getting inspired to create their own ones. This will equip the students with transferable competencies that help them to secure high-skilled jobs later on. The effectiveness of the scientific activities proposed in this project will lead to the increased employability and competitiveness of young adults and eventually an innovation-driven society (SDG 4). These positive outcomes will in turn promote economic productivity in high value-added sectors such as advanced electronic equipment and telecommunication devices (SDG8), and enhance research readiness and facilities (SDG 9).

Overall, the ultimate achievement of the project is to promote national research and teaching programmes in Astronomy in Malaysia. Currently, there are only a handful of universities in Malaysia offering astronomy courses with UKM (the project partner) being one of them. This project aims to stimulate the growth of astronomy degree programmes in Malaysia through our research visits in different academic institutions in Malaysia and the MoHE, sharing the related practical experiences in running astronomy and other STEM degree programmes in the UK.
 
Description EU H2020
Amount € 4,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 731685 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2017 
End 12/2019
 
Title C3AOL DB 
Description The online cross-cultural communications via multimedia (audio,video, text) whereby rich data have been collected, using the open source software called Big Blue Button (BBB). Different technical solutions for supporting the online collaboration have been explored, including proprietary and other open source application such as Rocketchat. However, some security issues have been identified. After evaluating the pros and cons of different options, BBB has been adopted and tested. While being flexible and affordable, the performance of the BBB depends much on the bandwidth of the connecting sites. It proved less ideal when the remote site could not meet the connectivity requirement. Nonetheless, some rich data have been captured. Systematic analysis schemes to process quantitative and qualitative data for verifying the research model are being applied. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The related analysis work is still ongoing. Impact will be updated subsequently. 
URL http://c3astronomy.edu.my/
 
Title C3DS DB 
Description The database contains the cross-cultural online collaborative learning activities on machine learning tasks. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The data are being analysed; findings will contribute to a conference paper. 
 
Description : Cross-cultural Computer-supported Collaborative Learning for Student Capacity Building in Data Science (C3DS) 
Organisation Universiti Teknologi MARA System
PI Contribution C3DS was a short-term 4-month project as an extension of C3AOL; an STFC ODA Institutional Award The overall goal of the interdisciplinary project C3DS is to support capacity building of young adults for their knowledge and skills in Data Science - Big Data analytics and Machine Learning algorithms - as well as key 21st century competencies - communication, collaboration, and critical thinking - through their participation in cross-cultural computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) activities. The goal will be achieved through three stages of scientific activities involving different stakeholders from the University of Leicester (UoL) and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (University of Technology Malaysia, UTM), including Data Science experts, Technology-Enhanced Learning (TEL) experts, university students, and support staff.
Collaborator Contribution University students took part in cross-cultural computer-supported collaborative learning activities on data science. Analysing the outcomes of collaboration
Impact Postgraduate students exploring the topic of data science, sharing their knowledge and learning experience in applying data science. Delivery of an expert talk on data science by Dr. H Zhou in the UTM Big Data centre in December 2018, seeding the potential future collaboration.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cross-cultural Computer-supported Collaborative Learning for Student Capacity Building in Multifaceted Competencies through Astronomy Online Labs (C3AOL) 
Organisation MARA University of Technology
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our interdisciplinary team in Leicester consist of researchers from Computer Science (Human Computer Interaction) and Physics & Astronomy. We have been collaborating with two universities in Malaysia: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (University of Technology Malaysia, UTM) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia, UKM). We have set up a computer-supported collaborative environment (CSCL) to enable students from both countries to explore a selection of Astronomy Online Labs, thereby enhancing their knowledge and skills in analysing Big Data and improving their communication competence. Specifically, the Leicester team have contributed to the development of the online collaboration platform and of the domain-specific (astronomy) learning materials as well as tasks for the students to work on.
Collaborator Contribution The project consists of several phases, here we report the first two accomplished phases: Phase 1 Activities: Two major tasks were accomplished within this initial phase: (a) A team of Astronomy experts from Leicester and Technology-enhanced Learning (TEL) experts visited the project partners (UTM and UKM) including the National Space Agency. The planned visit to the National Observatory Langkawi in Malaysia could not be conducted because of the limited time of the ULEIC researchers in Malaysia. The Astronomy experts delivered talks and workshops to academic staff and students on new developments in Astronomy with a specific focus on Big Data handling. This helped sharpen the scope of future collaboration (e.g., Space probe). TEL experts introduced the ideas of CSCL and astronomy online labs (AOLs) augmented with inquiry learning approaches. These resources are critical for sustaining collaboration among the research institutions. (b) Existing AOLs are not equipped with remote collaborative facilities. To enable the implementation of CSCL activities in Phase 2, a team of researchers from UTM and ULEIC undertook the task of developing a collaboration application. In addition, the team created a project's website for dissemination and outreach. Participatory Design approaches were used for developing these software applications. Phase 2: Cross-cultural Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Duration: 11 months, September 2017 - May 2018 Events: 3 October 2017 - Meeting with Platform Developer on Big Blue Button (BBB). The research team had a meeting with the developer of BBB to discuss the application of BBB in the CSCL Study; 17 October 2017 - The first crash course on Big Blue Button and Zoom. The session was conducted to familiarise the researchers with the applications; 14 November 2017 - The second crash course on Big Blue Button and Zoom. The session was conducted to familiarise the researchers with the applications. 13 November 2017 - Demo and pilot test Platform and Server. A demo test of the platform has been carried out in order to test the stability of the platform as well as to help the researchers familiarize themselves with the platform. Phase 2 Activities: Two cohorts of students will be involved: CSCL Study 1 (September 2017 - January 2018): 15 Physics/ Astronomy students in their 3rd and 4th year from UKM and ULEIC (10 from each) were formed in groups of four or five. 1. Live session 1 on 20 November 2017 (Milestone 2: Launch of the collaborative application for CSCL studies) The first Live session for CSCL Study 1 was carried out in UKM Bangi. 2. Live session 2 on 27 November 2017 (Completion of CSCL Study 1) The second Live session for CSCL Study 1 was carried out in UKM Bangi. CSCL Study 2 (February 2018 - May 2018): 30 Physics/Astronomy/ other STEM/Geography students in their 1st year from UTM and ULEIC will be formed in groups of four or five. 1. CSCL Study 2 is expected to performed in March 2018 The two main rationales of involving two cohorts are: (i) to study the effect of academic profile in students' attitudes and performances in the project's activities. Although rigorous comparisons may not be allowed, methodological insights will be gained; (ii) to enable cross-year collaboration by encouraging senior students to mentor junior counterparts by sharing their learning experience. Specifically, students will be involved in three major types of scientific activities: (1) CSCL with peers to explore Astronomy online labs (AOLs) accessible in the web-based Golabz portal. Three AOLs platforms are: • The Faulkes Telescope (http://www.golabz.eu/lab/faulkes-telescope-project) • Meteosat (http://www.golabz.eu/lab/interactive-meteosat) • Sun4all (http://www.golabz.eu/lab/sun4all) Online labs are deployed to enable cross-cultural collaboration. Students will work with their local team members as well as remote peers to carry out experimental activities with AOLs, focusing on data analysis. (2) Through Activity (1), students will be enabled to understand the design of different AOLs and are encouraged to use the inquiry-based learning approach. They can adapt the content of a selected AOL in order to carry out the tasks specified in their given assignments. (3) Disseminating the AOL applied in (2) and related learning activities to the target group as part of an outreach programme in the Planetarium/ National Space Centre in the UK and Malaysia. Assessment: The above activities will support students' capacity building with a deeper understanding and higher appreciation of research in Astronomy, practical skills of Big Data analysis, and a set of transferable skills. To incentivize students to participate in the scientific activities as well as to recognize their effort, their performance will be assessed based on self-defined criteria right from the beginning of Phase 2 (the training on their management and self-regulation skills). Expert evaluation will be applied. The research aims to benefit the Malaysian and UK partners in several aspects. Research Beneficiaries (1) The Academics Academic staff from the two universities involved, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. In particular, researchers from Language Academy and Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering in UTM and researchers from Department of Applied Physics are main contact points of this project, who will work closely with their counterparts from the University of Leicester. In particular, researchers from Department of Informatics (formerly known as Computer Science), Department of Physics & Astronomy, and researchers in Leicester Institute for Space and Earth Observation (LISEO). (2) The Students University students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and Geography of UTM, UKM and University of Leicester, especially those who will take part in the cross-cultural collaborative (CSCL) studies of the project. (3) Other Scholars Scholars and staff from other universities, research centres (e.g., National Observatory Langkawi) and science education centres (National Space Agency and National Space Centre) will benefit from the project through knowledge exchanges and transfer being enabled by the UK expert-team research visits in Malaysia and vice versa. The benefits are also extended from the scientific outputs being delivered by participating students and researchers, including new Astronomy online labs and scientific publications. (4) School Children School children (10-18 years old) and teachers will benefit from the project through its dissemination and outreach activities. In particular, the project partners and students will present their scientific outputs to children and teachers either at their schools or National Space Agency or the National Space Centre. The Astronomy Online Labs created can be deployed as learning resources for science learning activities, promoting the awareness and interest of the related topics. (5) Stakeholders a) National Space Agency, Malaysia b) National Space Centre, UK c) Planetarium Negara d) Permata Pintar, UKM The astronomy experts and TEL experts involved in this project will sustain their international research and teaching collaboration through future projects. Overall, the project will promote national research and teaching programmes in Astronomy in Malaysia where there are only a handful of universities offering astronomy courses. This project aims to stimulate the growth of astronomy degree programmes in Malaysia through the research visits in different academic institutions. Ultimately, students in Malaysia can benefit from this growth, who in turn will contribute to the growth of the country.
Impact The research aims to benefit the Malaysian and UK partners in several aspects. Research Beneficiaries (1) The Academics Academic staff from the two universities involved, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. In particular, researchers from Language Academy and Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering in UTM and researchers from Department of Applied Physics are main contact points of this project, who will work closely with their counterparts from the University of Leicester. In particular, researchers from Department of Informatics (formerly known as Computer Science), Department of Physics & Astronomy, and researchers in Leicester Institute for Space and Earth Observation (LISEO). (2) The Students University students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and Geography of UTM, UKM and University of Leicester, especially those who will take part in the cross-cultural collaborative (CSCL) studies of the project. (3) Other Scholars Scholars and staff from other universities, research centres (e.g., National Observatory Langkawi) and science education centres (National Space Agency and National Space Centre) will benefit from the project through knowledge exchanges and transfer being enabled by the UK expert-team research visits in Malaysia and vice versa. The benefits are also extended from the scientific outputs being delivered by participating students and researchers, including new Astronomy online labs and scientific publications. (4) School Children School children (10-18 years old) and teachers will benefit from the project through its dissemination and outreach activities. In particular, the project partners and students will present their scientific outputs to children and teachers either at their schools or National Space Agency or the National Space Centre. The Astronomy Online Labs created can be deployed as learning resources for science learning activities, promoting the awareness and interest of the related topics. (5) Stakeholders a) National Space Agency, Malaysia b) National Space Centre, UK c) Planetarium Negara d) Permata Pintar, UKM The astronomy experts and TEL experts involved in this project will sustain their international research and teaching collaboration through future projects. Overall, the project will promote national research and teaching programmes in Astronomy in Malaysia where there are only a handful of universities offering astronomy courses. This project aims to stimulate the growth of astronomy degree programmes in Malaysia through the research visits in different academic institutions. Ultimately, students in Malaysia can benefit from this growth, who in turn will contribute to the growth of the country.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Cross-cultural Computer-supported Collaborative Learning for Student Capacity Building in Multifaceted Competencies through Astronomy Online Labs (C3AOL) 
Organisation National University of Malaysia
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our interdisciplinary team in Leicester consist of researchers from Computer Science (Human Computer Interaction) and Physics & Astronomy. We have been collaborating with two universities in Malaysia: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (University of Technology Malaysia, UTM) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia, UKM). We have set up a computer-supported collaborative environment (CSCL) to enable students from both countries to explore a selection of Astronomy Online Labs, thereby enhancing their knowledge and skills in analysing Big Data and improving their communication competence. Specifically, the Leicester team have contributed to the development of the online collaboration platform and of the domain-specific (astronomy) learning materials as well as tasks for the students to work on.
Collaborator Contribution The project consists of several phases, here we report the first two accomplished phases: Phase 1 Activities: Two major tasks were accomplished within this initial phase: (a) A team of Astronomy experts from Leicester and Technology-enhanced Learning (TEL) experts visited the project partners (UTM and UKM) including the National Space Agency. The planned visit to the National Observatory Langkawi in Malaysia could not be conducted because of the limited time of the ULEIC researchers in Malaysia. The Astronomy experts delivered talks and workshops to academic staff and students on new developments in Astronomy with a specific focus on Big Data handling. This helped sharpen the scope of future collaboration (e.g., Space probe). TEL experts introduced the ideas of CSCL and astronomy online labs (AOLs) augmented with inquiry learning approaches. These resources are critical for sustaining collaboration among the research institutions. (b) Existing AOLs are not equipped with remote collaborative facilities. To enable the implementation of CSCL activities in Phase 2, a team of researchers from UTM and ULEIC undertook the task of developing a collaboration application. In addition, the team created a project's website for dissemination and outreach. Participatory Design approaches were used for developing these software applications. Phase 2: Cross-cultural Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Duration: 11 months, September 2017 - May 2018 Events: 3 October 2017 - Meeting with Platform Developer on Big Blue Button (BBB). The research team had a meeting with the developer of BBB to discuss the application of BBB in the CSCL Study; 17 October 2017 - The first crash course on Big Blue Button and Zoom. The session was conducted to familiarise the researchers with the applications; 14 November 2017 - The second crash course on Big Blue Button and Zoom. The session was conducted to familiarise the researchers with the applications. 13 November 2017 - Demo and pilot test Platform and Server. A demo test of the platform has been carried out in order to test the stability of the platform as well as to help the researchers familiarize themselves with the platform. Phase 2 Activities: Two cohorts of students will be involved: CSCL Study 1 (September 2017 - January 2018): 15 Physics/ Astronomy students in their 3rd and 4th year from UKM and ULEIC (10 from each) were formed in groups of four or five. 1. Live session 1 on 20 November 2017 (Milestone 2: Launch of the collaborative application for CSCL studies) The first Live session for CSCL Study 1 was carried out in UKM Bangi. 2. Live session 2 on 27 November 2017 (Completion of CSCL Study 1) The second Live session for CSCL Study 1 was carried out in UKM Bangi. CSCL Study 2 (February 2018 - May 2018): 30 Physics/Astronomy/ other STEM/Geography students in their 1st year from UTM and ULEIC will be formed in groups of four or five. 1. CSCL Study 2 is expected to performed in March 2018 The two main rationales of involving two cohorts are: (i) to study the effect of academic profile in students' attitudes and performances in the project's activities. Although rigorous comparisons may not be allowed, methodological insights will be gained; (ii) to enable cross-year collaboration by encouraging senior students to mentor junior counterparts by sharing their learning experience. Specifically, students will be involved in three major types of scientific activities: (1) CSCL with peers to explore Astronomy online labs (AOLs) accessible in the web-based Golabz portal. Three AOLs platforms are: • The Faulkes Telescope (http://www.golabz.eu/lab/faulkes-telescope-project) • Meteosat (http://www.golabz.eu/lab/interactive-meteosat) • Sun4all (http://www.golabz.eu/lab/sun4all) Online labs are deployed to enable cross-cultural collaboration. Students will work with their local team members as well as remote peers to carry out experimental activities with AOLs, focusing on data analysis. (2) Through Activity (1), students will be enabled to understand the design of different AOLs and are encouraged to use the inquiry-based learning approach. They can adapt the content of a selected AOL in order to carry out the tasks specified in their given assignments. (3) Disseminating the AOL applied in (2) and related learning activities to the target group as part of an outreach programme in the Planetarium/ National Space Centre in the UK and Malaysia. Assessment: The above activities will support students' capacity building with a deeper understanding and higher appreciation of research in Astronomy, practical skills of Big Data analysis, and a set of transferable skills. To incentivize students to participate in the scientific activities as well as to recognize their effort, their performance will be assessed based on self-defined criteria right from the beginning of Phase 2 (the training on their management and self-regulation skills). Expert evaluation will be applied. The research aims to benefit the Malaysian and UK partners in several aspects. Research Beneficiaries (1) The Academics Academic staff from the two universities involved, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. In particular, researchers from Language Academy and Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering in UTM and researchers from Department of Applied Physics are main contact points of this project, who will work closely with their counterparts from the University of Leicester. In particular, researchers from Department of Informatics (formerly known as Computer Science), Department of Physics & Astronomy, and researchers in Leicester Institute for Space and Earth Observation (LISEO). (2) The Students University students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and Geography of UTM, UKM and University of Leicester, especially those who will take part in the cross-cultural collaborative (CSCL) studies of the project. (3) Other Scholars Scholars and staff from other universities, research centres (e.g., National Observatory Langkawi) and science education centres (National Space Agency and National Space Centre) will benefit from the project through knowledge exchanges and transfer being enabled by the UK expert-team research visits in Malaysia and vice versa. The benefits are also extended from the scientific outputs being delivered by participating students and researchers, including new Astronomy online labs and scientific publications. (4) School Children School children (10-18 years old) and teachers will benefit from the project through its dissemination and outreach activities. In particular, the project partners and students will present their scientific outputs to children and teachers either at their schools or National Space Agency or the National Space Centre. The Astronomy Online Labs created can be deployed as learning resources for science learning activities, promoting the awareness and interest of the related topics. (5) Stakeholders a) National Space Agency, Malaysia b) National Space Centre, UK c) Planetarium Negara d) Permata Pintar, UKM The astronomy experts and TEL experts involved in this project will sustain their international research and teaching collaboration through future projects. Overall, the project will promote national research and teaching programmes in Astronomy in Malaysia where there are only a handful of universities offering astronomy courses. This project aims to stimulate the growth of astronomy degree programmes in Malaysia through the research visits in different academic institutions. Ultimately, students in Malaysia can benefit from this growth, who in turn will contribute to the growth of the country.
Impact The research aims to benefit the Malaysian and UK partners in several aspects. Research Beneficiaries (1) The Academics Academic staff from the two universities involved, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. In particular, researchers from Language Academy and Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering in UTM and researchers from Department of Applied Physics are main contact points of this project, who will work closely with their counterparts from the University of Leicester. In particular, researchers from Department of Informatics (formerly known as Computer Science), Department of Physics & Astronomy, and researchers in Leicester Institute for Space and Earth Observation (LISEO). (2) The Students University students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and Geography of UTM, UKM and University of Leicester, especially those who will take part in the cross-cultural collaborative (CSCL) studies of the project. (3) Other Scholars Scholars and staff from other universities, research centres (e.g., National Observatory Langkawi) and science education centres (National Space Agency and National Space Centre) will benefit from the project through knowledge exchanges and transfer being enabled by the UK expert-team research visits in Malaysia and vice versa. The benefits are also extended from the scientific outputs being delivered by participating students and researchers, including new Astronomy online labs and scientific publications. (4) School Children School children (10-18 years old) and teachers will benefit from the project through its dissemination and outreach activities. In particular, the project partners and students will present their scientific outputs to children and teachers either at their schools or National Space Agency or the National Space Centre. The Astronomy Online Labs created can be deployed as learning resources for science learning activities, promoting the awareness and interest of the related topics. (5) Stakeholders a) National Space Agency, Malaysia b) National Space Centre, UK c) Planetarium Negara d) Permata Pintar, UKM The astronomy experts and TEL experts involved in this project will sustain their international research and teaching collaboration through future projects. Overall, the project will promote national research and teaching programmes in Astronomy in Malaysia where there are only a handful of universities offering astronomy courses. This project aims to stimulate the growth of astronomy degree programmes in Malaysia through the research visits in different academic institutions. Ultimately, students in Malaysia can benefit from this growth, who in turn will contribute to the growth of the country.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Cross-cultural online collaborative learning activities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Cross-cultural empirical studies have been organised to enable physics undergraduates/ Foundation Year students to discuss issues in relation to astronomy online laboratory, thereby enabling them to improve their domain-specific knowledge, data analysis skills, collaboration and communication skills. The activities are still ongoing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/informatics/research/projects/c3aol
 
Description Research Seminar by the UKM Computational Physics and Space Science Research Group on 14 September 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact To facilitate students to become STEM ambassadors through outreach activities. Research Seminar by the UKM Computational Physics and Space Science Research Group on 14 September 2018. This involves representatives from the National Space Agency and C3Astronomy Ambassadors from UKM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Sharing sessions by C3Astronomy Ambassadors STEM Outreach Programme with Agensi Angkasa Negara (State Space Agency) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact To facilitate students to become STEM ambassadors through outreach activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Space Art Programme at SK Sungai Melut (A), Dengkil, Selangor 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact To facilitate students to become STEM ambassadors through outreach activities, Space Art Programme at SK Sungai Melut (A), Dengkil, Selangor on 10 August 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit of the Malaysian research team of National Space Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Prof Anu Ojha, Director of UK's National Space Academy Programme is visiting Malaysia to disseminate information on space science and astronomy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018