Astrophysics at The University of Hull

Lead Research Organisation: University of Hull
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The recently founded E.A. Milne Centre for Astrophysics at the University of Hull spans research areas from solar physics to the physics of stars, supermassive black holes, galaxies, clusters of galaxies, and the Universe as a whole. We study the growth and evolution of these cosmic structures as well as the production of chemical elements inside stars and the redistribution of these elements throughout galaxies and their environments. To this end, we use numerical simulations on local, national, and international supercomputers as well as astrophysical observations across the electromagnetic spectrum. Recently, we joined the 4MOST Consortium, building on our Builder Status within RAVE, and are key collaborators in the new TAIPAN survey. Our results from simulations and observations are combined through in-house synergies as well as intense collaboration with international colleagues around the world.

Our proposed projects broadly focus on the evolution of galaxies, one of the key challenges named in the STFC Science Roadmap. We study a variety of aspects of the internal physics of galaxies. These include the nucleosynthesis, i.e., production mechanisms of chemical elements, via the i-process in stars of different masses. We will employ computational chemistry to build a flexible and accurate theoretical framework to determine the vibrational signature of carbon-containing molecules adsorbed on surfaces (e.g., interstellar dust) from first principles. Our chemo-dynamical galaxy-scale simulations will show how chemical elements produced in the stars inside galaxies are redistributed and recycled in the next generation of stars. In an exciting venture, we will identify the locations within galaxies most likely to harbour complex biological life, addressing one of the fundamental questions facing humanity.

The evolution of galaxies is tightly linked to their external environments which can range from isolated galaxies to galaxies in dense groups or in massive clusters of galaxies. Thus, we will simulate the impact of a group environment on the chemical evolution of galaxies as well as the evolution of galaxies over cosmological timescales. One particular interest is to determine the characteristics of the cosmological habitable zone. Our observational survey data will test our understanding of active galactic nuclei, black holes buried deeply inside galaxies, by quantifying the properties of the active galactic nuclei for galaxies in different environments. In the course of our survey work, we will publish the Southern equivalent of SDSS of a large legacy to the astronomical community. The gas component of galaxies directly links to their environment. Galaxies in galaxy clusters pose a particularly interesting case where the galaxies' molecular and atomic gas, i.e., cold and cool gas (10-10,000 degree), is embedded in the 30 million degree hot cluster atmosphere. The interaction between this cool galactic and hot cluster gas is crucial for, both, the evolution of cluster spiral galaxies and for growth and outbursts of supermassive black holes in the central cluster galaxies, and is a focus of our proposed research. Finally, our goals include developing new classes of solutions in scalar-field cosmology. Our insights into the nature of inflation and dynamical dark energy will inform future high-precision experiments, particularly those designed to detect primordial gravitational waves.

Our research is decidedly cross-disciplinary in nature, with expertise drawn from astrophysics, mathematics, and chemistry. Our team combines world-leading experts in nucleosynthesis in stars and supernovae (Pignatari), computational astrochemistry (Benoit), galactic chemical evolution modelling (Gibson, Few), dynamics and gas physics in galaxy clusters (Roediger), extragalactic observations, surveys and galaxy evolution (Pimbblet), and cosmology and void statistics (Chongchitnan).

Planned Impact

The research proposed in this application has clear and present impact for academics working in the important areas identified in the STFC Science Challenges and the SFTC Roadmap. This applies to theory work and observations alike as our research aims to make a step change in our understanding of our own Milky Way, how it evolved, our own place in the Universe, and more generally how galaxies evolve over time and space. The results from our work will be disseminated in high ranking astronomical journals complemented with open-access versions, as well as seminars, talks and presentations at national and international conferences and venues. In terms of direct impact to professionals, astronomers and astrophysicists will gain significantly from the results that our research will yield through the robust testing of theories by confronting them with new simulation and observational data and providing a very large legacy survey of the southern sky.

Beyond professional astrophysicists, the proposed research will be of high interest to professionals in working in the areas of chemistry, spectroscopy, and philosophers. Further than this, our results will be of benefit to teachers, outreach specialists and artists alike as the work will have high quality economic and societal impacts. This is especially true for the inspiration of younger people already in schools - and more so in a low economic area such as Hull - to fully realise their talents and consider furthering their skills through advanced education and thereby becoming highly productive members of society.

In chemistry, our research will provide new understanding of how elements form and react not only inside stars, but in the early universe. The computational study of adsorbed molecules will also help further our understanding of how and why molecules aggregate onto dust grains. Spectroscopy will benefit from the abundance of new observations generated, coupled with a much deeper understanding of the theory of why specific elemental lines arise. Philosophers will be highly interested in the implications that our proposed research will have for the abundance, frequency and distribution of life not just within our own Galaxy, but within the wider Universe and cosmological context.

For teachers, our research will be disseminated via dedicated CPD events hosted by Hull University and arranged via our formal agreements with our local schools networked forged by our Ogden Science Officer.

In terms of outreach and art, our outputs from both simulations and observations have a very high aesthetic quality that can readily be installed in a variety of locations. Our current progress in this area includes installations at key locations (and times) within the Hull City of Culture calendar and on campus. The research will benefit from our outreach networks and will be written up for popular dissemination in outlets such as The Conversation and beyond.

Our record in engagement with the public has seen astronomy grow from essentially nothing to a wide-ranging influence in the local region wherein we directly exploit our connections with local schools to undertake outreach and have resulted in a 20% increase in applicants to our Physics with Astrophysics degree option -- the single largest increase across the Faculty of Science & Engineering. Additionally, have taken delivery of a world-class planetarium which will become a focal point for our outreach activities. We are responsible for coordinating the local branch of Cafe Scientifique, can be heard regularly on BBC Radio Humberside, and our contributions to The Conversation continue to enjoy considerable download rates. The Milne Centre's research underpins our activities for the Hull Science Festival, the Freedom Festival, Pint of Science, and our invited contributions at such events as the 2016 Cheltenham Science Festival and upcoming TEDx events.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description A Journey to the Moon
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation Ferens Education Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
 
Description APPLICATION FOR CONFERENCE AND SHORT COURSE SUPPORT PROFORMA, STFC
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Hull 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 12/2018
 
Description COST Action CA1611
Amount € 20,400 (EUR)
Organisation University of Hull 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 12/2018
 
Description ChETEC-INFRA: Chemical Elements as Tracers of the Evolution of the Cosmos - Infrastructures for Nuclear Astrophysics
Amount € 5,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 101008324 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 04/2021 
 
Description Gamification of Outreach and Learning: Creation of Physics and Astronomy Escape Rooms
Amount £14,532 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/S005935/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 09/2019
 
Description Newton STFC-NARIT: Thai-UK Python+Astronomy Summer Schools (ThaiPASS): A STEM outreach project on Python with applications to data-driven astronomy
Amount £28,049 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/R006547/1 
Organisation University of Hull 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 08/2019
 
Description Novel Nuclear Astrophysical Pathways to Constructing the Periodic Table
Amount £13,100 (GBP)
Funding ID VP2-2018-068 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 12/2020
 
Description Pollution Monitoring for schools via Sky Polarization
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation Ferens Education Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2021 
End 06/2021
 
Description Project ThaiPASS: Thailand-UK Python+Astronomy Summer Schools 2020 and 2021.
Amount £66,677 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/T007141/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 10/2021
 
Description STFC Introductory Astronomy School (2021)
Amount £49,315 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2021 
End 12/2021
 
Description Software Tools for Simulations in Nuclear Astrophysics: NuGrid/JINA/ChETEC - Conference grant
Amount € 20,400 (EUR)
Funding ID ECOST-TRAINING_SCHOOL-CA16117-170918-099956 
Organisation European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 08/2018 
End 10/2018
 
Description Stars, Supernovae and Nucleosynthesis V Annual BRIDGCE Meeting - APPLICATION FOR CONFERENCE AND SHORT COURSE SUPPORT
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 10/2018
 
Description Stellar Nucleosynthesis and observations with NuGrid, JINA-CEE and BRIDGCE
Amount $5,000 (USD)
Organisation University of Hull 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 10/2018
 
Title Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): Data Release 4 and the z < 0.1 total and z < 0.08 morphological galaxy stellar mass functions 
Description In Galaxy And Mass Assembly Data Release 4 (GAMA DR4), we make available our full spectroscopic redshift sample. This includes 248682 galaxy spectra, and, in combination with earlier surveys, results in 330542 redshifts across five sky regions covering ~250deg^2. The redshift density, is the highest available over such a sustained area, has exceptionally high completeness (95 per cent to r_KIDS=19.65mag), and is well suited for the study of galaxy mergers, galaxy groups, and the low redshift (z 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This is been released on the same day as submission to Research Fish. 
URL https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.08539
 
Title NuGrid Set 1 Data Release (Nucleosynthetic Yields) 
Description Set 1 Data Release of stellar yields from NuGrid, as a function of mass and metallicity, made available (CoI Pignatari leads our NuGrid effort, including the release of the data from his paper (Ritter et al 2018). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Significant impact already on the scientific community through its acquiring 35 citations in 18 months; more importantly, this work contributed to our team being invited by the NSF to be the only formally acknowledged Associate Member of their Physics Frontier Centre, JINA; work has also contributed to the development of 2 new internally funded PhD positions at the University of Hull. 
URL https://nugrid.github.io/content/data
 
Title The Sixth Data Release of the Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) 
Description Radial velocities and abundances for more than half a million stars were released to community as part of the final Data Release for RAVE (DR6). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact RAVE DR6 was the culmination of an extraordinary 15-year Galactic Archaeology experiment; one which pioneered the discipline, foreshadowing Gaia and various successors. The radial velocities and abundances were released to the community in this final Data Release 6. 
URL https://www.rave-survey.org/metadata/ravedr6/
 
Description COST Action - ChETEC - Chemical Elements as Tracers of the Evolution of the Cosmos 
Organisation Keele University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution WP Lead, Nuclear astrophysics school organized (https://indico.cern.ch/event/719752/)
Collaborator Contribution To maximise the scientific and innovative return of these huge European investments it is essential: to coordinate research efforts in astronomy, astrophysics, and nuclear physics; to build pan-European inter-disciplinary bridges between these disciplines; and to link this blue skies research with SMEs who can provide the technological tools required for the exploitation of data, software and techniques and in return join the innovation cycle. These are the goals of our ChETEC (pronounced [ketek]) COST Action, which stands for Chemical Elements as Tracers of the Evolution of the Cosmos. The Action will also train a new generation of European scientists providing inter-disciplinary expertise and knowledge-transfer skills with the aim of strengthening the Innovation Union.
Impact Approved STSMs can be found here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1-I8qL-0fkdGqtLZ9JCn35D8bcJL3DlYLC0c1zlOPLEE/edit#gid=0 Approved workshop and training schools: http://www.chetec.eu/activities/training-schools
Start Year 2016
 
Description ChETEC-INFRA Chemical Elements as Tracers of the Evolution of the Cosmos - Infrastructures for Nuclear Astrophysics - ChETEC-INFRA (EU project no. 101008324) 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution HULL will provide access to the VA infrastructure "HPC facility viper" (WP2). Marco Pignatari coordinates WP4, lead Task 4.2, and contribute to WP6, WP8 and WP10. Brad Gibson leads Task 6.4 and contribute to WP7.
Collaborator Contribution Nuclear astrophysics requires a diverse set of research infrastructures for progress: telescopes for astronomical observations, nuclear laboratories to measure nuclear properties and rates, and supercomputers to compute complex stellar models. ChETEC-INFRA is a Starting Community of Research Infrastructures that networks altogether 13 such infrastructures from a variety of European countries. From 2021-2025, ChETEC-INFRA provides free access to these infrastructures to researchers from any country, with proposals selected based on scientific excellence only. In addition, dedicated work packages improve the usability and accessibility of the three types of infrastructures and network them with each other, with the nuclear astrophysics community, and with other scientific disciplines. These includes WP2, WP4 and WP6, where the UHULL is more directly involved.
Impact 10.3390/universe8030170
Start Year 2021
 
Description Chemical abundances in the ISM: the litmus test of stellar IMF variations in galaxies across cosmic time 
Organisation Nanjing University (NJU)
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Producing theoretical stellar simulations to make CNO. 2 invited talks at the ISSI meetings.
Collaborator Contribution With this proposal, we aim at building up an international team whose members have all the necessary expertise to (i) reduce significantly the uncertainties present in abundance measurements, (ii) extend the measurements to different types of galaxies, from dwarfs to ellipticals, at both high and low redshifts, (iii) improve -or develop from scratch- the theoretical tools that are necessary for a full exploitation and interpretation of the data. Our team is composed of ten scientists from five European countries and from China. It includes experts in numerical simulations, semi-analytical models of galaxy formation in a cosmological context, state-of-the-art hydro-dynamical simulations, stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis, chemical evolution, IGIMF theory, as well as experts in ISM physics, molecular line observations and data analysis. Because of the team composition, and to help self-supported external experts from both European countries and China to attend the meetings, our team would benefit from one 5-day meeting in ISSI, Bern, and one 5-day meeting in ISSI-BJ, Beijing.
Impact Ongoing meetings in Bern and Bejing. ISSI is covering accommodation costs at the meetings.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Chemical abundances in the ISM: the litmus test of stellar IMF variations in galaxies across cosmic time 
Organisation National Institute for Astrophysics
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Producing theoretical stellar simulations to make CNO. 2 invited talks at the ISSI meetings.
Collaborator Contribution With this proposal, we aim at building up an international team whose members have all the necessary expertise to (i) reduce significantly the uncertainties present in abundance measurements, (ii) extend the measurements to different types of galaxies, from dwarfs to ellipticals, at both high and low redshifts, (iii) improve -or develop from scratch- the theoretical tools that are necessary for a full exploitation and interpretation of the data. Our team is composed of ten scientists from five European countries and from China. It includes experts in numerical simulations, semi-analytical models of galaxy formation in a cosmological context, state-of-the-art hydro-dynamical simulations, stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis, chemical evolution, IGIMF theory, as well as experts in ISM physics, molecular line observations and data analysis. Because of the team composition, and to help self-supported external experts from both European countries and China to attend the meetings, our team would benefit from one 5-day meeting in ISSI, Bern, and one 5-day meeting in ISSI-BJ, Beijing.
Impact Ongoing meetings in Bern and Bejing. ISSI is covering accommodation costs at the meetings.
Start Year 2019
 
Description FLASH 
Organisation Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Country Australia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have recently ramped up our involved in the SKA / ASKAP FLASH survey. This has been achieved through dedicating one of our STFC studentships that arose due to this grant and is in the early stages of the collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution The FLASH survey is an international consortia to exploit early science coming out of the ASKAP survey. FLASH is one of nine Survey Science Projects which will be carried out with the Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP) radio telescope. Pimbblet is a full team member as evidenced here: https://www.askap-flash.org/team This is the early phase of the science exploitation and more will be forthcoming in the years ahead.
Impact Allison et al. 2021, https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2021arXiv211000469A/abstract
Start Year 2021
 
Description FLASH 
Organisation University of Sydney
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have recently ramped up our involved in the SKA / ASKAP FLASH survey. This has been achieved through dedicating one of our STFC studentships that arose due to this grant and is in the early stages of the collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution The FLASH survey is an international consortia to exploit early science coming out of the ASKAP survey. FLASH is one of nine Survey Science Projects which will be carried out with the Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP) radio telescope. Pimbblet is a full team member as evidenced here: https://www.askap-flash.org/team This is the early phase of the science exploitation and more will be forthcoming in the years ahead.
Impact Allison et al. 2021, https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2021arXiv211000469A/abstract
Start Year 2021
 
Description GASP - Gas Stripping Phenomena in Galaxies 
Organisation Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Theoretical expertise to interpretation of observations
Collaborator Contribution Observations, data analysis
Impact Paper publications
Start Year 2019
 
Description Horizon Run 5 
Organisation Korea Institute for Advanced Study
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Gibson is Co-PI of HR5 (w/Changbom Park); Software development for Horizon Run 5 led by Gibson and Few (HR5 employs Gibson & Few's RAMSES-CH code); science exploitation has begun at the time of writing (early-2021).
Collaborator Contribution Direct travel support for Hull staff to Seoul for HR5 meetings; 350Mcore-hrs on KASI supercomputer (at 1.5p per core-hr, an £3.75M in-kind contribution).
Impact First paper published Feb 2021 (https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2021ApJ...908...11L/abstract); preliminary results described in more than 50 outreach and engagement events since Apr 2018 (see https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0 for details).
Start Year 2018
 
Description IRENA - International Research Network for Nuclear Astrophysics 
Organisation Michigan State University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Focus area coordinator (FA6)
Collaborator Contribution The emergence of multi-messenger astronomy, where extreme astrophysical environments are observed using gravitational waves, X-rays, visible light, gamma-rays, radio waves, and neutrinos, opens up the opportunity to understand the formation of the elements and the nature of dense matter. IReNA connects this broad range of observations with the extraordinarily broad range of experimental and theoretical nuclear physics studies and advanced computational models needed to truly create new windows into the physics of the universe. IReNA is a US National Science Foundation AccelNet Network of Networks. It connects six interdisciplinary research networks across 17 countries to foster collaboration, complement and enhance research capabilities in the US and abroad, and thus greatly accelerate progress in science. An important component of IReNA is the training of students and other young researchers in an unique interdisciplinary, collaborative, and international environment that prepares them for a broad range of STEM careers in science, industry, government, and national laboratories.
Impact Direct support to workshops. In the UK: - Progress on the reaction rates and stellar modelling affecting the 26Al abundance in the Galaxy, 10-11 March 2020 (https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/news/events/groups/nuclear-physics/workshop-reaction-rates-stellar-modelling-galaxy/)
Start Year 2019
 
Description JINA-CEE 
Organisation National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Established MoU with US NSF Physics Frontier Centre, JINA (Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics); only UK HEI with Associate Status within JINA; CoIs are Gibson & Pignatari.
Collaborator Contribution Financial support for JINA Workshop at Hull in Sept 2018.
Impact 30+ refereed publications since April 2018 (Gibson & Pignatari); 2 White Paper Submissions for US Decadal Outlook (2020).
Start Year 2018
 
Description NuGRID 
Organisation Konkoly Observatory
Country Hungary 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI, Project coordinator
Collaborator Contribution The Nucleosynthesis Grid (NuGrid) collaboration, formed in fall 2007, develops and maintains tools for large scale post-processing nucleosynthesis simulations with up-to-date and flexible nuclear physics input, and apply these to complete sets of quiescent and explosive nuclear production environments.
Impact Our science goal is to provide complete sets of stellar evolution sequences for low-mass and massive stars with compatible input physics, including explosion simulations, and calculate the complete nucleosynthesis with the same post-processing code. In this way we will obtain a high degree of internal consistency. We plan to generate yield sets covering the entire mass and metallicity space, in collaboration with teams working in galactic chemical evolution and near-field cosmology. The NuGrid approach is characterized by a commitment to forward modeling based on our physics understanding of the involved processes, verification and validation, and uncertainty quantification, including the important aspect of nuclear physics input. Here I highlight just 3 representative papers published in the past 5 years: - Keegans et al. 2019 MNRAS (DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz368) - Ritter et al. 2018 MNRAS (10.1093/mnras/sty1729) - Pignatari et al. 2016, ApJS (DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/225/2/24)
Start Year 2007
 
Description NuGRID 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI, Project coordinator
Collaborator Contribution The Nucleosynthesis Grid (NuGrid) collaboration, formed in fall 2007, develops and maintains tools for large scale post-processing nucleosynthesis simulations with up-to-date and flexible nuclear physics input, and apply these to complete sets of quiescent and explosive nuclear production environments.
Impact Our science goal is to provide complete sets of stellar evolution sequences for low-mass and massive stars with compatible input physics, including explosion simulations, and calculate the complete nucleosynthesis with the same post-processing code. In this way we will obtain a high degree of internal consistency. We plan to generate yield sets covering the entire mass and metallicity space, in collaboration with teams working in galactic chemical evolution and near-field cosmology. The NuGrid approach is characterized by a commitment to forward modeling based on our physics understanding of the involved processes, verification and validation, and uncertainty quantification, including the important aspect of nuclear physics input. Here I highlight just 3 representative papers published in the past 5 years: - Keegans et al. 2019 MNRAS (DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz368) - Ritter et al. 2018 MNRAS (10.1093/mnras/sty1729) - Pignatari et al. 2016, ApJS (DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/225/2/24)
Start Year 2007
 
Description NuGRID 
Organisation University of Hull
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI, Project coordinator
Collaborator Contribution The Nucleosynthesis Grid (NuGrid) collaboration, formed in fall 2007, develops and maintains tools for large scale post-processing nucleosynthesis simulations with up-to-date and flexible nuclear physics input, and apply these to complete sets of quiescent and explosive nuclear production environments.
Impact Our science goal is to provide complete sets of stellar evolution sequences for low-mass and massive stars with compatible input physics, including explosion simulations, and calculate the complete nucleosynthesis with the same post-processing code. In this way we will obtain a high degree of internal consistency. We plan to generate yield sets covering the entire mass and metallicity space, in collaboration with teams working in galactic chemical evolution and near-field cosmology. The NuGrid approach is characterized by a commitment to forward modeling based on our physics understanding of the involved processes, verification and validation, and uncertainty quantification, including the important aspect of nuclear physics input. Here I highlight just 3 representative papers published in the past 5 years: - Keegans et al. 2019 MNRAS (DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz368) - Ritter et al. 2018 MNRAS (10.1093/mnras/sty1729) - Pignatari et al. 2016, ApJS (DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/225/2/24)
Start Year 2007
 
Description NuGRID 
Organisation University of Victoria
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI, Project coordinator
Collaborator Contribution The Nucleosynthesis Grid (NuGrid) collaboration, formed in fall 2007, develops and maintains tools for large scale post-processing nucleosynthesis simulations with up-to-date and flexible nuclear physics input, and apply these to complete sets of quiescent and explosive nuclear production environments.
Impact Our science goal is to provide complete sets of stellar evolution sequences for low-mass and massive stars with compatible input physics, including explosion simulations, and calculate the complete nucleosynthesis with the same post-processing code. In this way we will obtain a high degree of internal consistency. We plan to generate yield sets covering the entire mass and metallicity space, in collaboration with teams working in galactic chemical evolution and near-field cosmology. The NuGrid approach is characterized by a commitment to forward modeling based on our physics understanding of the involved processes, verification and validation, and uncertainty quantification, including the important aspect of nuclear physics input. Here I highlight just 3 representative papers published in the past 5 years: - Keegans et al. 2019 MNRAS (DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz368) - Ritter et al. 2018 MNRAS (10.1093/mnras/sty1729) - Pignatari et al. 2016, ApJS (DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/225/2/24)
Start Year 2007
 
Description NuGRID 
Organisation University of York
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PI, Project coordinator
Collaborator Contribution The Nucleosynthesis Grid (NuGrid) collaboration, formed in fall 2007, develops and maintains tools for large scale post-processing nucleosynthesis simulations with up-to-date and flexible nuclear physics input, and apply these to complete sets of quiescent and explosive nuclear production environments.
Impact Our science goal is to provide complete sets of stellar evolution sequences for low-mass and massive stars with compatible input physics, including explosion simulations, and calculate the complete nucleosynthesis with the same post-processing code. In this way we will obtain a high degree of internal consistency. We plan to generate yield sets covering the entire mass and metallicity space, in collaboration with teams working in galactic chemical evolution and near-field cosmology. The NuGrid approach is characterized by a commitment to forward modeling based on our physics understanding of the involved processes, verification and validation, and uncertainty quantification, including the important aspect of nuclear physics input. Here I highlight just 3 representative papers published in the past 5 years: - Keegans et al. 2019 MNRAS (DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz368) - Ritter et al. 2018 MNRAS (10.1093/mnras/sty1729) - Pignatari et al. 2016, ApJS (DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/225/2/24)
Start Year 2007
 
Description BBC Radio, Monthly Slot 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Gibson has a monthly slot on BBC Radio Humberside to discuss the upcoming "Month in Space", including both stories of interest to the public, but also drawing attention to highlights associated with the funded research; a full accounting of the 300+ EPO events undertaken throughout the duration of this grant is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020,2021
 
Description British Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gibson awarded keynote lecture at 2018 British Science Festival (competitive process); one of 100+ outreach and engagement events, reaching more than 500,000 people, run by our STFC-supported team in 2018 (full details available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview for National News (Daily Star) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Galactic Archaeology interview, reporting recent work from Gaia and the impact of close stellar passages through the Oort Cloud; one representative outreach event, amongst the ~100 delivered by PI Gibson in 2019: full accounting of the 30+ schools visited and associated EPO events is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/latest-news/gliese-710-hurtling-death-star-18864890
 
Description Royal Institution of Great Britain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gibson invited to deliver Royal Institution of Great Britain lecture; one of 100+ outreach and engagement events, reaching more than 500,000 people, run by our STFC-supported team in 2018 (full details available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description STFC Talking Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gibson invited to deliver STFC Talking Science lecture at Rutherford Appleton Labs); one of 100+ outreach and engagement events, reaching more than 500,000 people, run by our STFC-supported team in 2018 (full details available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description School visit (Watford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 390 students engaged spanning 3 events (Yrs 11-13) at Watford Grammar School for Girls; subsequent requests for multiple work placements at Hull, with (now) 3 making the trip to spend a week working on data generated as part of this Consolidated Grant; one representative outreach event, amongst the ~100 delivered by PI Gibson in 2019: full accounting of the 30+ schools visited and associated EPO events is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Spacelink: Get Space! 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 150 regional students from socio-economically challenged schools (bottom POLAR4 quintiles) enjoyed a day-long workshop run by PI Gibson and colleague, Helen Sharman (the UK's first astronaut); subsequent invitations from multiple schools has increased the reach of our EPO efforts; one representative outreach event, amongst the ~100 delivered by PI Gibson in 2019: full accounting of the 30+ schools visited and associated EPO events is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://universityofhull.newsweaver.com/1h77qpz1hx/bcfaroq3ebjtujvzospc39?email=true&a=2&p=776323&t=...
 
Description The 2019 Bexwyke Lecture - Manchester Grammar School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact More than 500 Yr 4 students from MGS, plus associated schools across Manchester; awarded annually to outstanding contributors to engagement and public outreach (EPO); one representative outreach event, amongst the ~100 delivered by PI Gibson in 2019: full accounting of the 30+ schools visited and associated EPO events is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mgs.org/214/news/post/190/bexwyke-lecture-2019
 
Description The 2019 Leon Davies Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Awarded annually by the ASG in Glasgow, PI Gibson was named the 2019 recipient of these prize lecture; one representative outreach event, amongst the ~100 delivered by PI Gibson in 2019: full accounting of the 30+ schools visited and associated EPO events is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The 2019 Ray Bootland Memorial Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Awarded annually to outstanding contributors to public outreach, PI Gibson was named the 2019 recipient by the Hampshire Astronomical Group; one representative outreach event, amongst the ~100 delivered by PI Gibson in 2019: full accounting of the 30+ schools visited and associated EPO events is available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iPcYvbAXl1XT8Z8Usm0_tZdWfLs-z5uhViPQZmwJSOQ/edit#gid=0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019