Shine

Lead Research Organisation: University of St Andrews
Department Name: Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Shine is a public engagement project that uses science, art and music to talk about properties of light, and how these properties are used in astronomy to study stars and galaxies. In particular, Shine focuses on spectra. We introduce the concept that white (galaxy)light can be unraveled into colours (spectra), with different galaxy properties (chemical composition, kinematics) resulting in different colours (emission lines). We use artistic interpretations of spectra to start this conversation, and to discuss modern astronomy research. We especially want to highlight the multi-spectroscopic and integral-field surveys SDSS-IV and WEAVE, which both have a significant UK membership.

Publications

10 25 50
publication icon
Lundgren B. (2019) Data-driven education and public outreach with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in Boletin de la Asociacion Argentina de Astronomia La Plata Argentina

 
Title Giant Walking Neon Spectrum 
Description We walked a giant neon spectrum around the Observatory in St Andrews, during one of the Astrophysics welcome events during Orientation Week. This was a reaction on 'Hand Made Light', where a 50m long spectrum was painted on a rooftop in Las Cruces, New Mexico, US. Our walking spectrum, although it only existed temporary, was 100m long. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Introduced the Shine project to the student population. 
URL https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/physics/news/Panda_news/amw_shine_neon_spectrum_13_09_19.php
 
Title Hand Made Light (Las Cruces Space Festical 2019) 
Description Hand Made Light is the title of the art collection by Tim Fitzpatrick created during the Las Cruces Space Festival 2019. This collection consists of: * a giant neon sign on the rooftop of a building: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3baTo9jm4bo * a print of an Halpha line in the desert landscape: http://theredfield.co.uk/landscape-of-waves * a short movie 'We choose to go to the Moon', trailer available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4cQcnB8i1PE 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Still under evaluation. There is big community interest from Las Cruces in the movie, which features local people, and Tim has been invited again as a featured artist for the Space Festival in 2020. The movie will be submitted to film festivals. 
URL http://theredfield.co.uk/landscape-of-waves
 
Title Judgement of Paris 
Description Performance of the Baroque Opera 'Judgment of Paris' by British composer John Eccles. This performance by student musicians and singers focused on colour and stars, and was introduced with a short astronomy talk on the link between colour, temperature, stars and musical keys. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Audience feedback revealed that the concept that colour and temperature are related, and that stars have different colours, was new knowledge. Feedback also showed that the audience appreciated the mix of science and arts, and wanted to see more performances that lift the boundaries between these. 
 
Title Minerva Scientifica Muscial Scores 
Description School pupils composed music based on (astro)physics research. All music recordings can be found on the following pages dedicated to St Andrews researchers: * https://minervascientifica.co.uk/anne-marie-weijmans-2/ * https://minervascientifica.co.uk/meng-yang/ * https://minervascientifica.co.uk/kristin-bjorg-arnardottir/ * https://minervascientifica.co.uk/mari-cole/ * https://minervascientifica.co.uk/lethy-krishnan-jagadamma/ * https://minervascientifica.co.uk/stephanie-matern-2/ 
Type Of Art Composition/Score 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The high school students reported an increased interest in science. An additional impact was on the scientists involved in the project, whose feedback was that at the start of the project they were not sure how music could capture research, but that they were inspired by the approach that the students took, and that it was emotional to hear their work through someones music. 
URL https://minervascientifica.co.uk
 
Description Las Cruces Space Festival 
Organisation Las Cruces Space Festival
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Our Shine artist Tim Fitzpatrick was invited to create spectra inspired art for Las Cruces Space Festival 2019.
Collaborator Contribution Las Cruces Space Festival provided venues and logistics for the artwork, and advertised the art and activities as part of their Festival program. They also contributed a filmcrew for one of the activities.
Impact * giant neon sign on roof of court house building in Las Cruces --> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3baTo9jm4bo * printed artwork: H-alpha line in the New Mexico desert --> http://theredfield.co.uk/landscape-of-waves * short movie 'We choose to go to the Moon', will premiere at Las Cruces Space Festival 2020
Start Year 2019
 
Description Minerva Scientifica 
Organisation Minerva Scientifica
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We collaborated with Minerva Scientifica for the 'Echoes Fae Fife' and 'Echoes from Perthshire' projects. We arranged for scientists of the School of Physics and Astronomy to meet with high school students as part of their music classes. The high school students then composed new musical works that were inspired by the research of the scientists. We also visited a primary school. The resulting compositions and songs were performed in public concerts. All information on the researchers, musical compositions and schools can be found on this website: https://minervascientifica.co.uk/.
Collaborator Contribution The partners organised the school visits, and worked with the music teachers and students to create the compositions. They also organised the concerts and took care of advertisement. Our two projects were among the many that they organised in Scotland, with different partners each time.
Impact Multi-disciplanary: music and physics. The high school students composed music inspired by the (astro)physics research of our scientists. Outcomes: * musical compositions by high school students * concert performance * evaluation showed a positive impact on understanding of relevance of physics research for high school students that took part in project
Start Year 2018
 
Description Sloan Digital Sky Surveys Artist in Residence 
Organisation Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Department Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV)
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Shine artist Tim Fitzpatrick was awarded the status of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) artist in residence through an external collaborator agreement.
Collaborator Contribution SDSS is providing Tim with access to proprietary data for artistic purposes, and provides a network and venue for his spectra inspired art.
Impact Several artworks.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Explorathon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Explorathon is a major science event taking place in Dundee Science Centre. In 2018 we participated with a range of astronomy demos, including demonstrating a Sloan Digital Sky Survey plate and providing the audience the opportunity to design their own galaxy and classify it on the Hubble Tuning Fork. In 2019 we ran similar activities, and also provided an astronomy talk for a scouting group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://www.explorathon.co.uk/fife-and-tayside/
 
Description Las Cruces Space Festival 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shine artist Tim Fitzpatrick created art installations and activities as an invited artist at the Las Cruces Space Festival 2019 in New Mexico, US. He created a neon spectrum on the rooftop of an art building (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3baTo9jm4bo), an artistic print of an Halpha emission line in the desert, and artistic intervention 'We choose to go to the Moon', which has led to the production of a short 17 minute movie, in collaboration also with the local radio station. This movie will be shown first at Las Cruces Space Festival 2020, where Tim has been asked to participate again as invited artist, and then will be submitted to various film festivals. A summary of the art installations, named Handmade Light, is available here: http://theredfield.co.uk/landscape-of-waves
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://lcspacefestival.com/
 
Description Minerva Scientifica 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We collaborated with Minerva Scientifica to visit two secondary schools (Fife and Pertshire). Scientists talked about their research to music pupils, who then worked with their teacher and the composer leading Minerva Scientifica to compose their own musical pieces, based on the research discussed. We worked with about 10 S5/highers students and 5 S1/S2 students. We also visited one primary school (about 20 students).

The music was performed in three concerts (one large concert for the Fife school, two smaller ones for Perthshire). The concerts were open to the general public and attended by an estimated 300 people.

The school pupils were our main target group, and evaluation showed an increased interest in science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://minervascientifica.co.uk
 
Description Science Discovery Day 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Science Discovery Day takes place in the School of Physics and Astronomy, and features researchers and scientists from the whole of the University of St Andrews. This year Shine took part with a newly acquired range of activities that demonstrated the wave-properties of sound. We also worked with the Music Outreach Officer to present a musical physics show in the lecture theatre. We welcomed over 3000 people, and the lecture theatre (seating 200) was full during the two shows. Most significant impact was that children reported learning that sound is created by vibrations (topic of music physics show).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Shine at the Opera 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Shine at the Opera was centred around a production of the baroque opera 'The Judgment of Paris'. We concentrated on the connection between colour and key signatures in the baroque era, and drew a parallel with the use of colours in astronomy. As part of this project:

* we engaged with two schools in Fife, that we visited to talk about astronomy (What's in Space?) and why stars have different colours. We then helped the children (P6/7) to compose their own music, based on a star
* the school children (about 40) then did a lesson on opera music, with material provided by our educational officer
* we performed a shortened version of the opera as a matinee, for the school children. The children came to the Byre Theatre by bus, and first spend an hour with several science demos. We also talked to them about music performance.
* we had one evening performance as a fringe event for Voices Festival St Andrews, with an astronomy introduction. Audience estimate is about 150.

The feedback from the school children revealed that they enjoyed the activity, that they had learned how temperatures and colours are connected, and that they learned about opera voices. Feedback from the evening performance showed that the public had also picked up the colour-temperature connection, with additional comments that they would like to see more art-science productions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Shine in the Twin Dome 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shine has taken over the Twin Dome at the University Observatory in St Andrews. This dome stood empty for many years, but now hosts Shine exhibits and art activities during Open Nights. We note that with these exhibits we have attracted new visitors to our Open Nights, who indicated that they had not been before, but that they were interested in visiting due to presence of Tim Fitzpatrick's artwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL http://observatory.wp.st-andrews.ac.uk/twin-dome/
 
Description St Andrews Voices Festival 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The theme of Voices St Andrews this year was 'Light'. We were invited to give an astronomy inspired talk and workshop at a primary school in Fife, as part as a music-song lesson plan that Voices provided in collaboration with the school. We also ran a creative workshop for children during the Festival itself in St Andrews.

In addition, local buildings were illuminated during the Festival with sound installations, and we were invited to give a short introduction to the guided tour group. During this talk we connected the light installations with the astrophysical phenomena they were inspired by.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.standrewsvoices.com/