Consolidated Solar and Heliospheric Physics Research at UCLan

Lead Research Organisation: University of Central Lancashire
Department Name: Jeremiah Horrocks Institute

Abstract

This consolidated grant proposal groups together research projects to be carried out within the Solar Physics group of the Jeremiah Horrocks Institute at the University of Central Lancashire. The projects aim to study the outer atmosphere of the Sun, the solar corona, and its associated structures, such as active regions and coronal loops. Solar activity, including solar flares and Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and the associated energetic particles are also a focus of the research.

The investigations will include:

- analysing whether the rotation of sunspots can provide sufficient energy to power solar active regions and their associated activity, such as solar flares and CMEs.

- studing coronal loops, characteristic of solar active regions, by using high-resolution data from NASA's High resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) and ESA's Solar Orbiter mission combined with theoretical models.

- analysing how Solar Energetic Particles are accelerated during flares and CMEs and how they propagate through space, by comparing simulation results with data from the Parker Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter missions taken at locations in space near the Sun.

Planned Impact

Impact from the proposed projects will take place mainly via Community Engagement and interaction with the UK Met Office.

The Solar Physics group within the JHI has a strong track record of engagement, most recently via the Blackpool PIER project (Physics: Inspire, Engage and Research) and the SUN art-science collaboration.

PIER is a project funded through Walsh's STFC Leadership Fellowship in Public Engagement, aiming to improve participation in science for young people in low-science capital low-participation areas of Blackpool. The involvement with primary school pupils that is ongoing as part of PIER, will continue beyond the duration of the project and into the time covered by this consolidated grant.

SUN is an ongoing art-science collaboration that was most recently displayed within the Lightpool Festival in Blackpool and Light Up Lancaster. It is a 3D reconstruction of the Sun with projection of movies of solar data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory over a 7m diameter suspended sphere. It is expected that this installation inspired by solar research will be displayed in other UK locations and possibly international destinations in future years.

In addition to the PIER and SUN projects, the applicants contribute regularly to public engagement activities within the JHI. These include outreach activities at Alston Observatory and the Moor Park Jeremiah Horrocks Observatory, the JHI Public Lecture Series and the Lancashire Science Festival. These are regular activities that will continue over this consolidated grant.

We are also involved in a collaboration with the Met Office on forecasting of Solar Energetic Particle radiation risk for Space Weather applications. The SPARX SEP forecasting model, developed within the Solar Group, is currently available to Met Office Space Weather forecasters who compile alerts disseminated to Met Office subscribers. It is planned that further developments of SPARX and collaboration with the Met Office on its use will take place during this consolidated grant.
 
Description SSA P3-SWE-IV.2:USE OF L5 DATA IN CME PROPAGATION MODELS
Amount € 449,912 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 09/2021 
End 09/2022
 
Description ISSI International Team: Solar Extreme Events - Setting up a Paradigm 
Organisation ETH Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research on extreme solar particle events
Collaborator Contribution Research on extreme solar particle events
Impact Publications in progress
Start Year 2021
 
Description ISSI International Team: Solar Extreme Events - Setting up a Paradigm 
Organisation University of Arizona
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research on extreme solar particle events
Collaborator Contribution Research on extreme solar particle events
Impact Publications in progress
Start Year 2021
 
Description ISSI International Team: Solar Extreme Events - Setting up a Paradigm 
Organisation University of Oulu
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research on extreme solar particle events
Collaborator Contribution Research on extreme solar particle events
Impact Publications in progress
Start Year 2021
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation China University of Geosciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Florida Institute of Technology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Harbin Institute of Technology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department German Research Centre for Geosciences
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Johns Hopkins University
Department Applied Physics Laboratory (APL)
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Peking University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation Russian Academy of Sciences
Department Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation University of Alabama in Huntsville
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation University of Leuven
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation University of New Hampshire
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ISSI team 469, on using energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures 
Organisation University of Wurzburg
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Timo Laitinen was invited to be part of this Team funded by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, Bern, Switzerland) to hold a series of research meetings. The team is researching how to use solar energetic particles to investigate solar wind structures and infer solar wind magnetic field configurations.
Collaborator Contribution Participation to meetings and associated research, and anticipated collaborative research and publications.
Impact The first meeting was to take place in April 2020 in Bern, Switzerland, but this was cancelled due to coronavirus situation. An online meeting was organised during the online American Geophysical Union meeting in December 2021, however the actual week-long workshops are to be had earliest in the Summer 2021. It is expected that the workshops will result in collaborative research that will result in scientific publications in future.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Department RAL Space
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation University College London
Department Department of Space and Climate Physics (MSSL)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation University of Graz
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation University of Göttingen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation University of Helsinki
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Use of L5 Data in CME Propagation Models. P3-SWE-IV. 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal for an ESA-funded project for investigating use of a spacecraft at L5 to forecast space weather efffects due to coronal mass ejections. The project was approved, with RAL as lead applicant and the others as subcontractors. The subcontracts are projected to start April 2021.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide modelling and observational data on coronal mass ejections observed by STEREO spacecraft. The UCLan group will then utilise this data in modelling and forecasting the solar energetic particle fluxes at Earth, or at location corresponding to Earth's location with respect to one of the STEREO spacecraft
Impact Outputs are anticipated in terms of reports and publications starting from 2021-2022.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Jeremiah Horrocks Public Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Approximately 100 members of the public attended the public lecture "Weather in Space: how to forecast a radiation storm" given by Prof Silvia Dalla on 19th October 2021.

This is part of a longstanding series of public lectures organised by the Jeremiah Horrocks Institute.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://www.star.uclan.ac.uk/2021/10/06/the-jeremiah-horrocks-lecture-weather-in-space-how-to-forecas...