SATURN (Self-organising Adaptive Technology underlying Resilient Networks)

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Abstract

Within the SATURN project: (1) Imperial College will first conduct a comparative study of EU research capabilities and activities in Critical Network Infrastructures (CNI) so as to identify potential synergies, and possible significant differences, between UK and the broader EU CNI system. The comparative study will also identify potential collaborations with ongoing or planned EU research. The starting point for this step will be our existing involvement in the EU FP7 DIESIS project on the simulation of European interconnected critical infrastructures and our role as UK national representative in a new EU COST Action in the area of Critical Infrastructures which includes 22 participating EU countries.. (2) Then we will investigate and implement a mathematical and discrete event simulation model representation of the UK CNI topology in collaboration with BT, including typical network parameters and capacities, and also develop an emulation capability within our existing laboratory network test-bed. These models will include the effect of the middleware proposed by BT, whose role is to provide resilience and reliability to the CNI in the presence of failures and possible attacks. Cross-validation of the model, simulation and emulation will be conducted, and the representation of critical security threats will be examined within the mathematical model, the simulation and the emulation. This modeling/simulation/emulation framework will also incorporate an appropriate representation of CNI service interactions. (3) We will then develop a predictive model for the stability analysis of the CNI in collaboration with Oxford and Warwick Universities. The predictive modeling effort should also include an analysis of techniques that mitigate the risks to the CNI, and the design and experimentation of the risk mitigation techniques and their impact on the stability of the CNI in the presence of failures, attacks and other security threats. (4) Finally, these techniques will be incorporated and tested, and the resulting dynamic behaviours will be visualised on the Cyber Range in Collaboration with BT and Northrop Grumman.Imperial will actively pursue non-commercial and commercial dissemination of the results of this project. Commercial dissemination will be organised via patenting the intellectual property that is developed, and seeking license agreements both with BT and NG, and the SME network that will be part of SATURN. Non-commercial dissemination will occur via two PhD thesis, and especially via a series of conference papers and journal articles, and via two special issues of The Computer Journal (British Computer Society) that are being planned.

Publications

10 25 50

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Abdelrahman O (2012) Packet Delay and Energy Consumption in Non-homogeneous Networks in The Computer Journal

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Abdelrahman O (2013) Time and energy in team-based search in Physical Review E

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Desmet A (2013) Graph and Analytical Models for Emergency Evacuation in Future Internet

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Filippoupolitis A (2012) Spatial Computers for Emergency Support in The Computer Journal

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Gelenbe E (2010) Search in unknown random environments. in Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics

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Gelenbe E (2012) Large scale simulation for human evacuation and rescue in Computers & Mathematics with Applications

 
Description We developed methods that allow the prediction of cyber-physical system response to cyber-attacks. Methods to detect the attacks, and to provide dynamic response and recovery were developed.
Exploitation Route The work has resulted in a successful3M Euro research project to the EU: the NEMESYS Project (2013-2015) on mobile network security, that Erol Gelenbe has coordinated. Participants included Deutsche Telekom, Telecom Italia, Cosmote, an SME, Technical University of Berlin and CERTH Greece.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Electronics,Security and Diplomacy

 
Description Most network security issues exploit vulnerabilities which are present in the system designs and sometimes standards. This was discovered in due course through our continued research on mobile networks, and in particular by our focus on signalling attacks. We were able to identify the disconnection timer as a cause for the success of signalling attacks, and we examined how this timer could be modified and also used to mitigate attacks. This issue was submitted to the mobile networks standards body. These questions have been taken on board, and to the best of our knowledge these vulnerabilities have been removed from the designs for future 5G networks.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Commission of the European Communities
Amount £1,697,544 (GBP)
Funding ID EESD P41182 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2012 
End 11/2015
 
Description Commission of the European Communities
Amount £1,697,544 (GBP)
Funding ID EESD P41182 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2012 
End 10/2015
 
Description BT EXACT Ongoing collaboration and discussions on network security, network energy consumption, and quality of service 
Organisation BT Group
Department BTexact
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have ongoing discussions with this company which is the largest UK ICT company. The most recent discussion occurred on 13th March 2017 when E. Gelenbe (the PI) acted as a consultant for one day for BT at Ipswich, and gave a presentation for roughly 100 BT researchers and engineering staff.
Collaborator Contribution BT has raised questions regarding the costs of energy consumption in ICT, which is one of the main expenditures of this company with regard to operating costs. Their most recent questions concerned the use of Cloud computing to manage networks and the resulting energy consumption that may be imputed to communications but which are being made to make their network work.
Impact - E. Gelenbe and R. Lent. Energy-QoS Trade-Offs in Mobile Service Selection. Future Internet 5(2): 128-139 (2013) - L. Wang and E. Gelenbe. Adaptive Dispatching of Tasks in the Cloud. IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing, vol. PP, no 9, doi: 10.1109/TCC.2015.2474406. - O. Brun, L. Wang and E. Gelenbe, Big Data for Autonomic Intercontinental Overlays, accepted for publication in IEEE Jour. Selected Areas in Communications - 2016 Special Issue on Emerging Technologies in Communications - Big data, 2015.
Start Year 2010