CEH Water Resources

Lead Research Organisation: NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology

Abstract

To advance the science understanding, tools and methods that will enable the sustainable management of water resources and freshwater ecosystems.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Some of the research and development highlights from the Science Area are described briefly below.

1. Monitoring, making the data available, and understanding observed variability and change

COSMOS-UK: A network of new instrumentation known as Cosmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing Systems is being deployed by CEH across the UK with co-located Automatic Weather Stations to provide measurements of near-surface soil moisture, a key variable in the control of land-surface-atmosphere interactions. Instillation began in 2013, with 45 stations now operational and providing near real-time data freely available via the internet.

2. Information services - adding value to data

Hydrological Outlook UK: The Hydrological Outlook UK has been publicly available since November 2013. The outlook (http://www.hydoutuk.net/) presents regional seasonal forecasts of river flows and groundwater levels across the UK, and users also have access to model forecasts at selected river flow gauging sites and groundwater boreholes. In the past 12 months (5th March 2017 to 4th March 2018), the site has received 2,618 unique visitors. To-date the site has had 20,671 unique visitors, with peak visitor numbers occurring during the 2014 floods.

Insights into the biogeography of bacterioplankton across the Thames catchment: CEH research has highlighted that there was a large gradient in bacterial community composition linked to the location of the sampling site within the Thames catchment, which was largely independent of water chemistry. This study has given us a valuable insight into riverine bacteria and will provide a baseline for future studies into the functional capabilities and resilience across the community gradient.

3. Supporting the better management of water resources

Time for space: detecting stratification from high frequency surface measurements of temperature. The onset of stratification, which usually occurs in spring, is one of the key events that controls seasonal changes to the structure, function and phenology of aquatic systems. As part of the CEH-led NERC Sensor Network project UKLEON we showed that wavelet analysis of high frequency surface temperature measurements could be used to detect stratification onset with an accuracy of about 2 days. This not only improves the temporal resolution of stratification detection, it might also allow the onset of stratification to be detected using satellites.

Ensemble modelling to assess phytoplankton biomass: The CEH Lake Model, PROTECH, was part of an ensemble lake modelling study. This is the first multi-model ensemble approach applied for some of the most complex aquatic ecosystem models available. We consider it sets a precedent for what will become commonplace methodology in the future, as it enables increased robustness of model projections, and scenario uncertainty estimation due to differences in model structures.

4. Enabling and supporting national, regional and global water resources communities to work better by providing opportunities for collaboration, tools, and evidence

Helping to build capacity in water management internationally: CEH continues to play an important role internationally, particularly at the UN and most recently in China and India. a)CEH facilitates input to UN freshwater sciences and management (UNESCO and the World Meteorological Organization); b) CEH is involved in an EU-China Aid programme, which seeks to aid China to realise the environmental objectives of its "12th Five-Year Plan"; c) As part of the World Bank-funded India Hydrology Project, CEH has been providing technical assistance to 13 States and eight Central Agencies in India to improve the monitoring, management, analysis, and dissemination of surface water, groundwater, hydrometeorology and water quality data.

Tools for water resource management: Environmental flows functionality has been added to GWAVA, CEH's global-scale water resource modelling capability, enhancing our capacity for water resource assessment and management for basins, regions and worldwide and providing a tool to examine the trade-offs between water development, water management and ecosystem services.
Exploitation Route Contribute to scientific understanding of the hydrological cycle and how it affects WRM.

Superseded through NC commissioning by NC-LTS UK-SCAPE & SUNRISE and relevant LTS-Ms (e.g. LOCATE)
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Transport

 
Description Many findings likely to have affected WRM in UK and internationally. Some of the research and development highlights from the Science Area are described briefly below. 1. Monitoring, making the data available, and understanding observed variability and change COSMOS-UK: A network of new instrumentation known as Cosmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing Systems is being deployed by CEH across the UK with co-located Automatic Weather Stations to provide measurements of near-surface soil moisture, a key variable in the control of land-surface-atmosphere interactions. Instillation began in 2013, with 45 stations now operational and providing near real-time data freely available via the internet. 2. Information services - adding value to data Hydrological Outlook UK: The Hydrological Outlook UK has been publicly available since November 2013. The outlook (http://www.hydoutuk.net/) presents regional seasonal forecasts of river flows and groundwater levels across the UK, and users also have access to model forecasts at selected river flow gauging sites and groundwater boreholes. In the past 12 months (5th March 2017 to 4th March 2018), the site has received 2,618 unique visitors. To-date the site has had 20,671 unique visitors, with peak visitor numbers occurring during the 2014 floods. Insights into the biogeography of bacterioplankton across the Thames catchment: CEH research has highlighted that there was a large gradient in bacterial community composition linked to the location of the sampling site within the Thames catchment, which was largely independent of water chemistry. This study has given us a valuable insight into riverine bacteria and will provide a baseline for future studies into the functional capabilities and resilience across the community gradient. 3. Supporting the better management of water resources Time for space: detecting stratification from high frequency surface measurements of temperature. The onset of stratification, which usually occurs in spring, is one of the key events that controls seasonal changes to the structure, function and phenology of aquatic systems. As part of the CEH-led NERC Sensor Network project UKLEON we showed that wavelet analysis of high frequency surface temperature measurements could be used to detect stratification onset with an accuracy of about 2 days. This not only improves the temporal resolution of stratification detection, it might also allow the onset of stratification to be detected using satellites. Ensemble modelling to assess phytoplankton biomass: The CEH Lake Model, PROTECH, was part of an ensemble lake modelling study. This is the first multi-model ensemble approach applied for some of the most complex aquatic ecosystem models available. We consider it sets a precedent for what will become commonplace methodology in the future, as it enables increased robustness of model projections, and scenario uncertainty estimation due to differences in model structures. 4. Enabling and supporting national, regional and global water resources communities to work better by providing opportunities for collaboration, tools, and evidence Helping to build capacity in water management internationally: CEH continues to play an important role internationally, particularly at the UN and most recently in China and India. a)CEH facilitates input to UN freshwater sciences and management (UNESCO and the World Meteorological Organization); b) CEH is involved in an EU-China Aid programme, which seeks to aid China to realise the environmental objectives of its "12th Five-Year Plan"; c) As part of the World Bank-funded India Hydrology Project, CEH has been providing technical assistance to 13 States and eight Central Agencies in India to improve the monitoring, management, analysis, and dissemination of surface water, groundwater, hydrometeorology and water quality data. Tools for water resource management: Environmental flows functionality has been added to GWAVA, CEH's global-scale water resource modelling capability, enhancing our capacity for water resource assessment and management for basins, regions and worldwide and providing a tool to examine the trade-offs between water development, water management and ecosystem services.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Transport
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Assessment Panelist, NERC-DFID El Niño Programme, Gwyn Rees
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description CIWEM Water Resources Panel, Gwyn Rees
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Co chair, Internatoinal Society of Limnology, Working Group on Lake Restoration, Bryan Spears
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee Membership - IRSTEA (Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologie pour l'environnement et l'agriculture) - formerly CEMAGREF Virginie Keller
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee Membership - Water stakeholder Forum and Better Thames Network (Defra & EA), Francois Edwards
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee Membership, CPI/113 Hydrometry Standards, Harry Dixon
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee Membership, Health Department Blue-Green Algae Working Group, UK Eutrophication Forum, Lomond and Trossachs Research Group, Laurence Carvalho
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee Membership, Steering Committee of Northern European FRIEND, Harry Dixon
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee Membership, UK Committee for National and International Hydrology (incorporating UK national committee for the International Hydrological Programme of UNESCO), Harry Dixon
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee member - European Water JPI Alignment Task Force Graham Leeks
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee membership , NERC, The Probability, Uncertainty & Risk in the Environment (PURE) Proj Exec Board, Graham Leeks
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee membership - GLEON (Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network) Collaborative Climate Committee, Jamie Hannaford
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Committee membership UK branch of the "International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, Irrigation and Water Forum, Jamie Hannaford
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Drought Impact and Vunerability Assessment - Available Approaches and Policy Recommendations (UNCCD/FAO/GWP/WMO policy brief by Caroline King-Okumu, with contributiions from T Warnaars, J Hannaford, R Ragab, G Rees)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact UNCCD/FAO/GWP/WMO policy brief by Caroline King-Okumu (lead author), with contributions from T Warnaars, J Hannaford, R Ragab, G Rees (CEH) inter alia. Published at UNCCD-COP14, New Delhi, India, September 2019. This policy brief's recommendations influenced resolutions passed at the COP (e.g. on establishment of Intergovernmental Working Group on Drought and its ToRs); also is a contribution to the GWP/WMO Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP).
URL https://www.unccd.int/sites/default/files/relevant-links/2019-09/190828%20UNCCD%20Available%20Englis...
 
Description Editorial board, Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge, Ragab Ragab
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description European Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Advisory Commission (EIFAAC) , Scientific Committee of the 2017 EIFAAC Symposium on Adaptation of Inland Fisheries to Climate Change, Ian Winfield
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description European Parliamentary Committee addressed re Water Framework Directive
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact tbc
URL http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-framework/index_en.html
 
Description Governing Board Member, The University of Dundee, Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science, Harry Dixon
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Ph.D Examiner
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description International Water Association, Guest Editor of special issue, Water Research, Bryan Spears
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Journal of LimnologyMember of Editorial Board, Iam Winfield
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Member of editorial board, Biology Letters, Stephen Maberly
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description UK Environmental Observation Framework (UKEOF), Coordinating Climate Observations Group, Gwyn Rees
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description UNEP - Global Partnership for Nutrient Management, Phosphorus Task Team, Bryan Spears
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description CEH sign MoU with Changjiang River Scientific Research Insitute 
Organisation Ministry of Water Resources
Department Changjiang Water Resources Commission
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The parties will collaborate on world class research on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems; Catchment monitoring and observation systems; Management of water resources and water ecological restoration
Collaborator Contribution The parties will collaborate on world class research on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems; Catchment monitoring and observation systems; Management of water resources and water ecological restoration
Impact Proposals submitted for project funding
Start Year 2017
 
Description CEH sign MoU with the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The parties will collaborate on: • water-, energy- and food-security, including integrated water resources management, floods and drought risk prediction & management, freshwater ecosystems & water quality monitoring & modelling, land use & land cover dynamics, fluvial hydraulics, glacial hydrology, hydropower estimation, agriculture water management; • environmental change assessment, impacts and mitigation; • environmental monitoring and data management, including remote sensing/earth observation, field-, reach- and catchment-scale experimentation & monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution The parties will collaborate on: • water-, energy- and food-security, including integrated water resources management, floods and drought risk prediction & management, freshwater ecosystems & water quality monitoring & modelling, land use & land cover dynamics, fluvial hydraulics, glacial hydrology, hydropower estimation, agriculture water management; • environmental change assessment, impacts and mitigation; • environmental monitoring and data management, including remote sensing/earth observation, field-, reach- and catchment-scale experimentation & monitoring.
Impact non yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Memorandum of Understanding with KALRO 
Organisation Kenya Agriculture & Livestock Research Organization (KALRO)
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution an MoU has been signed between CEH and KALRO. It outlines ares and mechanisms for ambitions to collaborate together including freshwater research ecosystems and water resources research
Collaborator Contribution an MoU has been signed between CEH and KALRO. It outlines ares and mechanisms for ambitions to collaborate together including freshwater research ecosystems and water resources research
Impact none as yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description MoU with KEFRI 
Organisation Kenya Forestry Research Institute
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution CEH and KEFRI have signed an MoU outlining ambitions for collaboration including catchment monitoring, freshwater research and water resources management.
Collaborator Contribution CEH and KEFRI have signed an MoU outlining ambitions for collaboration including catchment monitoring, freshwater research and water resources management.
Impact none as yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description MoU with KMFRI 
Organisation Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution CEH and KMFRI have signed an MoU outlining ambitions for areas of collaboartion
Collaborator Contribution CEH and KMFRI have signed an MoU outlining ambitions for areas of collaboartion
Impact none as yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description MoU with National Museums Kenya 
Organisation National Museums of Kenya
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution An MoU has been signed outlining ambitions for collaboration including freshwater ecosystems, catchment management, water resources management
Collaborator Contribution An MoU has been signed outlining ambitions for collaboration including freshwater ecosystems, catchment management, water resources management
Impact none as yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description MoU with TAFORI 
Organisation Tanzania Forestry Research Institute
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution CEH and TAFORI have signed an MoU which outlines ambitions for future collaboration including freshwater ecosystems, water resources, catchment management
Collaborator Contribution CEH and TAFORI have signed an MoU which outlines ambitions for future collaboration including freshwater ecosystems, water resources, catchment management
Impact none as yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description A group of our scientists presented at the About Drought Showcase in Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact CEH scientists presented at the About Drought Showcase in Birmingham, an event which highlights the latest developments and hands-on access to outputs from the £12million Research Councils-funded UK Droughts and Water Scarcity programme (DWS).
The DWS programme supports improved decision-making through research outputs from four major interdisciplinary projects investigating relationships between the multiple drivers and impacts of drought and water scarcity. The About Drought Showcase event highlighted those projects to a range of sectors involved in decision-making and communication in relation to droughts and water scarcity including regulators, representatives from agriculture, business and industry, water and energy suppliers and environmental stakeholders. As well as researchers from the various projects.

Interactive sessions are focused on Business & Communities, Agriculture, Data, Drought Narratives, Environment, Water Supply and Monitoring & Early Warning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/news/showcasing-drought-and-water-scarcity-science-and-data
 
Description Co-convenor at UNCCD-COP14 of side event on "Hydro-climate Services to Improve Decision-making on Drought", New Delhi, India, 12 September, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Side event CEH staff (G Rees and C King-Okumu) co-convened with the Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) of the Global Water Partnership & WMO, and the Asian Disaster Prevention Centre (ADPC) at the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) 14th Conference of the Parties (COP14). The session aimed to demonstrate how drought managers from different parts of the world are finding new ways to capture the hydrological and ecological processes that buffer human vulnerability to drought. The discussion identified practical options that are available for adoption by national and regional decision-makers and international financing agencies. Presentations and subsequent discussions possibly influenced subsequent plenary discussions at the COP, e.g. on Intergovernmental Working Group on Drought.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description International Expert Contribution to Special Session on India's National Mission for the Clean Ganga, at Roorkee Water Conclave, 28 February, 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact One of three invited talks from international experts to provide feedback to NMCG Director General and Technical Director on the progress of the initiative. Highlighted areas where international support, research & development may help delivery. DG & TD invited HGR to submit ideas & observations in writing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://nmcg.nic.in/
 
Description Keynote presentation at Roorkee Water Conclave, 27 February 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote talk to an audience of c.400 attending the Roorkee Water Conclave (to celebrate the 150-year anniversary of IIT-Roorkee). The talk described 25 years' collaboration between UKCEH & IIT-Roorkee (including activities funded by DFID,NC-ODA (SUNRISE), Newton-Bhabha (UPSCAPE), and GCRF) and considered prospects for future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.iitr.ac.in/rwc2020/
 
Description Member of UK delegation at UNCCD COP14, New Delhi, India, 2-13 September, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) 14th Conference of the Parties (COP14) as an official member of the UK national delegation, headed by Julian Wright (DFID). Provided technical insight on drought, drought management and desertification to various policy-relevant discussions. Invited to join Intergovernmental Working Group on Drought, contribute to the development of the Drought Toolbox and definition of suitable drought indicators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentaion at UNCCD-COP14 side-event, 3 September 2019: "Perspectives on enhancing agriculture's resilience to drought" (G Rees) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation by G Rees, "Perspectives on enhancing agriculture's resilience to drought" at the side-event on "Integrated Drought Risk Management (IDRM) for enhancing agricultural resilience" at the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) 14th Conference of the Parties (COP14), 3 September, 2019. The aim of the presentation was to inform participants of the new methods and technologies for monitoring, providing early warning and characterising droughts (e.g. indicators) for improved decision-making. Interest was expressed by several, including IWMI, Sri Lanka (Giriraj Amaranth) and Weather Risk Management Services Pvt Ltd (Anuj Kumbhat), who were interested in SM-India (SUNRISE-WP1.1) ; FAO (Eduardo Mansur); Asian Disaster Prevention Centre, Thailand (Hans Guttman, Senaka Basanayke).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at UNCCD-COP14 side event, 12 September, 2019: "HydroSOS: a new hydro-climate service to support drought and water management globally" (G Rees) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation by G Rees, "HydroSOS: a new hydro-climate service to support drought and water management globally" at side-event "Hydro-climate Services to Improve Decision-making on Drought" at the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) 14th Conference of the Parties (COP14), 12 September, 2019. The aim of the presentation was to inform participants of the new WMO-led HydroSOS initiative that is supported by SUNRISE and to encourage engagement in the global, African or South Asian pilots. Interest was expressed by several, including Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (Dr. CN Prabhu), who are keen to contribute to the South Asia pilot (SUNRISE WP1.2); the Indian Space Research Organisation (K Srinivas); FAO (Tmoio Shichiri); New South Wales Government, Australia (Annette Cowie), etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UKSCAPE Launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The event presented an overview of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, its national capability work including the UK-SCAPE Programme, its objectives and planned outcomes. There was also an opportunity to engage with and find out more about four components of the Programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/news/innovative-environmental-research-programme-launched
 
Description UPSCAPE Stakeholder Consultation Workshop: Bangalore, 23 October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stakeholder consultation workshop to present findings of UPSCAPE to an audience of c.30 practitioners, policy makers and academics from Karnataka, convened at IISc-Bangalore. The meeting discussed the policy implications of the findings and considered different management options to improve future water availability/security.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UPSCAPE Stakeholder Consultation Workshop: Chennai, 25 October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stakeholder consultation workshop to present findings of UPSCAPE to an audience of c.40 practitioners, policy makers and academics from Tamil-Nadu, convened at IIT-Madras, Chennai. The meeting discussed the policy implications of the findings and considered different management options to improve future water availability/security.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UPSCAPE finding at SWR End-of-Programme Special Session, at the WaterFuture Conference, Bangalore, 25 September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Approaching the end of the three-year Sustaining Water Resources programme, a Special Session was organised as a side-event at the WaterFuture Conference - Towards a Sustainable Water Future - in Bangalore on 25 September 2019. The SWR end-of-programme event gave opportunity to project the programme's scientific findings and to explore their policy implications with as wide an audience as possible at a single event. UPSCAPE's findings were presented by Dr Gwyn Rees; several posters were also presented of different aspects of the project. Several UPSCAPE participants further took advantage of the Conference's many technical sessions to present specific outcomes and achievements of their research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019