Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics

Lead Research Organisation: NERC British Geological Survey

Abstract

The NERC Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET) aims to understand tectonic and volcanic processes and hazards through the integrated application of Earth Observation (EO) data, ground-based measurements, and geophysical models. COMET provides National Capability science and expertise in EO and geohazards that underpins a broad range of world-leading research. Environmental Hazards are one of the key societal challenges in NERC’s new strategy. More than 800,000 people have died in earthquakes since the turn of the century; volcanic eruptions have demonstrated their power to cause major disruption to modern society. The UK invests considerable resources via ESA and the UK Space Agency in developing and launching Earth Observation Satellites. The data sets produced by these missions have the potential to make a major impact in geohazard mitigation and research, but missions are conceived, designed and operated on time scales that are far longer than individual responsive-mode grants. A stable, long-term funding platform enables COMET scientists to influence the design and operational program of EO missions, and maximises the benefits of the up-front investment in EO infrastructure. COMET scientists are at the forefront of the development and exploitation of EO data for high-impact geohazards research. For earthquakes and tectonics, the key scientific challenges being addressed by COMET during 2014-2019 are: (1) What is the distribution of tectonic strain and seismic hazard in the continents? (2) How does seismic hazard vary in space and time following major earthquakes? (3) What is the mechanical structure of continental lithosphere? The challenges in volcanology are (4) What are the patterns in volcanic deformation and degassing on global and regional scales and how do these relate to the distribution of global volcanic hazard? (5) How does hazard vary in space and time during periods of volcanic activity? (6) How do we generalize models of subsurface processes to understand variations in volcanic behaviour? In addition, COMET scientists are developing new instruments and missions. A new partnership between COMET and the NERC British Geological Survey (BGS) enables us to build on our cutting-edge research to deliver high-impact monitoring services.

Publications

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Amey R (2018) A Bayesian Method for Incorporating Self-Similarity Into Earthquake Slip Inversions in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth

 
Title Bodelian Library exhibition 
Description David Pyle curated an exhibition on volcanoes at the Bodelian Libraries accompanied by his book, Volcanoes: encounters through the ages. The exhibition pulled together eyewitness accounts, scientific observations and artwork to demonstrate how our understanding of volcanoes has evolved over the past two millennia. It was chosen by The Guardian as one of the best art and design exhibitions of 2017. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact tbc 
URL http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/whatson/whats-on/upcoming-events/2017/feb/volcanoes
 
Title Into the Inferno 
Description Clive Oppenheimer (Cambridge) collaborated with director Werner Herzog to create the Netflix original film Into the Inferno. The film follows the team to active volcanoes in Indonesia, Iceland, North Korea and Ethiopia as they explore the pivotal role that volcanoes have played in shaping societies. Into the Inferno had its world premiere at the Telluride Film Festival in September 2016, and also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival before being released on Netflix in October 2017. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact tbc 
 
Title Volcanoes 
Description Six new pieces of music were created by composers, inspired by an exhibition, Volcanoes, held in the Bodleian library, Oxford. The music was premiered in a public performance in May 2017. 
Type Of Art Composition/Score 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Five pieces of music were created by A-level music students, who are part of the Oxfordshire County Music system. 
URL http://www.st-annes.ox.ac.uk/about/news/item/article/volcanoes-performance-by-st-annes
 
Description - COMET researchers designed the European Space Agency's (ESA) acquisition strategy for tectonics and volcanism, and continue to work with ESA to ensure that the Sentinel-1 data acquired are suitable. We have also built a system that maps ground deformation across large regions and identifies volcanic deformation anomalies. These Sentinel-1 data are now enabling us to produce global deformation datasets (see below).

- The COMET-LiCS Sentinel-1 InSAR portal (http://comet.nerc.ac.uk/COMET-LiCS-portal/) is providing access to results from LiCSAR, a system developed to process the vast amounts of data generated daily by the EU's Sentinel-1 satellite constellation. Maps on the portal represent data processed within COMET-LiCS using the JASMIN-CEMS processing and storage facility at CEDA. New interferograms should be available within 2 weeks of acquisition. Following an initial focus on the Alpine-Himalayan tectonic belt, for which we are on track to produce high resolution strain rate maps covering the entire area within the next two years, we are working on processing the complete archive for tectonic and volcanic areas globally. Alongside this, we have developed methods for atmospheric corrections (GACOS).

- COMET has developed the capability to observe volcanic deformation and degassing on global scales at short repeat intervals using satellite data, and has developed tools for modelling deformation data that are widely used by the community.The COMET volcano deformation database now has entries for over 900 volcanoes. The website provides information about observations of surface deformation at volcanoes around the world, guided by the Global Volcanism Program volcano list. All the volcanoes have a database entry detailing any recorded past deformation events, measured using satellite radar (InSAR) or ground-based methods (e.g., GPS, levelling or tilt). Each volcano entry is updated with the most recent processed InSAR image using data from Sentinel-1.

- COMET has developed methods for and expertise in exploiting high resolution imagery and datasets to better understand tectonic and volcanic hazard, for example using advanced image matching algorithms to produce high resolution elevation models and to measure ground movement. Details can be found in the "Research Models and Datasets" section.

- We have developed unique 3D retrievals for SO2 distributions in the atmosphere from the IASI instrument on the Metop satellites. We have also developed retrievals for volcanic ash that enable us to estimate ash thickness, the effective particle radius, and the height of the plume top - key parameters when considering aviation hazard. We are making
the results available in real time to end users via a web portal (27,000 hits in past 12 months).

Examples of our work on individual earthquakes and eruptions, as well as descriptions of some of our datasets are set out below:

- A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, used satellite technology provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) to uncover why the Agung volcano in Bali erupted in November 2017 after 50 years of dormancy. Their findings, published in February 2019 in the journal Nature Communications, could have important implications for forecasting future eruptions in the area.

- Work led by Ekbal Hussain, published in Nature Communications in 2018, shed new light on seismic hazard and the earthquake cycle in one of the world's most deadly earthquake zones, describing how tectonic strain builds up along Turkey's North Anatolian Fault at a remarkably steady rate.

- Work by Andy Hooper and Marco Bagnardi shed new light on how volcanoes collapse during major eruptions. The Bárdarbunga eruption (August 2014-February 2015) produced 1.5 km3 of basaltic lava. During the eruption, the top of the volcano caldera sagged downwards, leaving a bowl shaped depression. Using satellite data to measure ground deformation at the caldera, the data revealed movement of faults that reached to within a kilometre or so of the surface. Combined with other techniques, this created a detailed picture and timeline of how the caldera was collapsing and why.

- A study co-authored by Tamsin Mather demonstrated for the first time that airborne remote detection of volcanic ash is possible. The research involved designing and building a bi-spectral, fast-sampling, uncooled infrared camera device (AVOID) to examine its ability to detect volcanic ash more than 50 km ahead of aircraft. This is the first example of airborne remote detection of volcanic ash from a long-range flight test aircraft.

- A combination of radar and optical imagery has been used to precisely measure the volume of the 2014-2015 lava flow at Fogo and to study its evolution after the emplacement (Marco Bagnardi et al.). This was carried out using a combination of radar and optical satellite imagery to generate high-resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEM) of the volcanic edifice.

- Work carried by Elisa Carboni assessed the contribution of SO2 from the 2014-15 Holuhraun eruption to the troposphere. The number of ground-based SO2 measurements was limited, particularly during the Icelandic winter. This work involved the retrieval of a time series of volcanic SO2 atmospheric loading and vertical distribution from IASI over the entire eruption period from September 2014 to February 2015. Emission fluxes were obtained reaching values up to 200 kt/d and a 'minimum' total mass emitted of SO2 of 3.7±0.8 Tg with an average lifetime of 2.4 ±0.6 days.

- COMET scientists, led by John Elliott, were closely involved with international efforts to analyse satellite data from the 2015 Gorkha (Nepal) earthquake. By combining Sentinel-1A imagery from before and after the quake, They were able to interpret the rainbow-coloured interference patterns in the interferogram, and interpret them as changes on the ground. Elliott et al. (2015) showed that a kink in the regional fault line below Nepal explains why the highest mountains in the Himalayas are seen to grow between earthquakes. Elliott et al. (2016) also combined Sentinel-1 imagery from before and after the quake to confirm that an area of 120 km x 50 km around Kathmandu lifted up by at least 1m in places. COMET's James Jackson continues to communicate with DfID and SAGE on the scientific understanding of the event.

- Elisa Carboni and Don Grainger have led the development of a volcanic SO2 and ash monitoring website (http://www.nrt-atmos.cems.rl.ac.uk), displaying near real time data from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on the MetOp satellite. A number of large eruptions have been monitored, including Volcan Calbuco, Chile (April 2015), Mount Etna, Sicily (December 2015) and Kambalny, Russia (March 2017).

- COMET produced the first Sentinel-1 interferogram (12 day 20161103-20161115) covering the Mw 7.8 New Zealand earthquake (available to download for viewing as a kmz in GoogleEarth at http://homepages.see.leeds.ac.uk/~earjre/new_zealand/20161103-20161115.diff_sm_model.unw.geo.kmz). Observations from satellite-derived InSAR coupled with GPS and fieldwork highlighted not only the widespread nature of ground deformation and faulting, but also that the earthquake straddled two distinct seismotectonic domains rupturing across faults in the North Canterbury fault zone initially, before continuing onto the Marlborough fault system further north and then running offshore, generating a small tsunami (Hamling et al. 2017).Work is also ongoing regarding the series of earthquakes that struck the Apennines region of Italy. COMET scientists are continuing to analyse the latest ground deformation and surface faulting between the towns of Amatrice, Norcia and Visso. The latest Sentinel-1 interferogram shows major ground subsidence and complex deformation patterns is also available to download (https://community.dur.ac.uk/richard.walters/figures/20161025-20161031.diff.unw.geo.kmz).

- A database of active faulting in the Alpine-Himalayan belt has been developed, beginning with Central Asia, comprising 40 named major faults and over 100 other fault segments. These have been mapped in detail by COMET researchers using a combination of high resolution imagery, topography, and field work.

- We have worked with the US Geological Survey (USGS) to incorporate COMET's geodetic observations in rapid response finite source models for several earthquakes, including the 2015 Gorkha (Nepal) and Illapel (Chile) earthquakes. For the Nepal quake, including radar observations significantly changed the USGS shakemap distribution, resulting in a higher prediction for shaking in Kathmandu.

- COMET scientist Pablo Gonzalez led research into the 2015 Fogo eruption on Cape Verde using Sentinel-1A's new radar acquisition mode, Terrain Observation by Progressive Scans (TOPS). As the satellite had only been operating for a few weeks when the eruption began, this is the first study to use Sentinel-1A TOPS to investigate surface deformation associated with volcanic activity.

- Work involving Alex Copley and John Elliott helped to unravel a complex seismic sequence using a combination of techniques, explaining not only the
August 2014 Murmuri (Iran) earthquake sequence but also the formation of the Zagros mountain range where it occurred.

- Alex Copley and COMET alumnus Roman Jolivet used multidisciplinary techniques to provide new insights into the material properties of active faults. They found that there was a very non-linear relationship between the forces imposed on a creeping fault and the rate that it slips, which has important implications for hazard assessment.

- COMET Associate Anja Schmidt, working with COMET scientists Elisa Carboni, Roy Grainger and Tamsin Mather, studied the 2014 Bárðarbunga eruption in Iceland. They showed how the volcano emitted three times as much of a toxic gas as all European industry combined.

- John Elliott, Alastair Sloan, Barry Parsons and Tim Wright, alongside COMET Associate Tim Craig, contributed to research establishing the distance over which earthquakes can jump during rupture. This work is highly relevant to the many regions of the world that have large faults buried beneath them, especially those with huge cities such as Iran, Eastern China and Southern California.

- Tamsin Mather, David Pyle and Roy Grainger investigated the complex refractive index of volcanic ash at 450.0 nm, 546.7 nm and 650.0 nm from eruptions in Japan, Iceland, Chile, Italy, New Zealand, Greece and Alaska, using remote sensing techniques to monitor volcanic clouds and return information on their properties. This is extremely important to the aviation industry, civil defence organisations and those in peril from volcanic ash fall.

- Copley et al. (2014) identified a hazardous active fault in India. The results have major implications for the seismic hazard in the area and our understanding of continental tectonics.

- Biggs et al. (2014) examined the global link between deformation and volcanic eruption quantified by satellite imagery. This work used statistical methods adopted from medicine to show that deformation is a useful diagnostic tool when forecasting future eruptions.

- Yamasaki et al. (2014) provided an explanation for the deformation observed during the entire earthquake cycle on the North Anatolian Fault. The results suggest that a weak zone beneath the fault embedded in a stronger background is responsible for the observations of rapid postseismic deformation and focussed interseismic strain.

- Walters et al. (2014) used satellite data to map crustal strain in Eastern Turkey. This shows that the areas accumulating seismic strain could be mapped without using any ground based data, and that the results were incompatible with simple block models of the region.

- McCormick et al. (2014) compared satellite and ground-based measurements of SO2 emissions from Tungurahua volcano, Ecuador. The authors found 40% difference between the methods investigated, but that satellite observations were a good proxy for ground-based data, and hence for the strength of eruptions.
Exploitation Route Our data sets, products and services regarding volcanoes, earthquakes and tectonics, made widely available via a range of data portals and services, are being put to use in both academia, e.g. developing a better understanding of tectonic and volcanic events, and wider society, e.g. emergency response and risk management through volcano observatories and other end users. Working with BGS and other agencies, we have a strong track record of providing advice on geohazards to UK and overseas authorities.
Sectors Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Other

URL http://comet.nerc.ac.uk
 
Description 1. We continue to work with ESA to influence their acquisition policy for the new Sentinel-1 satellite, to ensure that they acquire data over all the tectonic and volcanic areas, for the benefit of all interested parties. This has included producing a density map of Sentinel-1 acquisitions prior to the launch of Sentinel-1B. This map also revealed where the ESA processor was affected by a possible rounding error in the slicing strategy which resulted in missing bursts between adjacent scenes. Although this issue was already known, information was passed to the Sentinel-1 Quality Control team to help identify which areas needed to be corrected. As larger areas are processed automatically, the coherence of the data can be examined and information fed back to ESA. We are also members of the advisory groups for two of the three missions chosen to compete as ESA's 10th Earth Explorer (STEREOID and G-Class), and we maintain a close relationship with the UK Space Agency and provide input on national and international consultations based on our research. 2. We have used the results from Sentinel-1 in several international responses including the Napa 2014 earthquake, Calbuco 2014 eruption, Pico do Fogo 2014 eruption, Gorkha (Nepal) 2015, Amatrice (Italy) 2016, and New Zealand 2016 events - further details are provided below. Our work following the Nepal 2015 earthquake has had significant societal impact. Immediately following the earthquake in Nepal it was clear from our analyses, and those of our overseas partners and collaborators, that the event had ruptured a smaller fault area than we had anticipated beforehand, and that considerable threat remained from the unruptured parts that could still fail in future large earthquakes. As a result we were in constant communication with DFID, GO-Science and SAGE advising them on the development of the international scientific understanding of the evolving situation. In this period we gave over 60 interviews to the international media. In May 2015, helped by decisive decisive action from Duncan Wingham (CEO NERC) and Chris Whitty (Science advisor at DFID), a joint NERC-DFID project was funded to respond to that remaining threat. The project was to monitor the regions south and west of Kathmandu that remain unruptured, and which are known to have failed in earlier large earthquakes, with GPS instruments and broad-band seismometers. Our early conclusion, that the earthquake's job was only half-done, has stood the test of time, and numerous publications have now confirmed that analysis. One possibility, and a reason for monitoring the situation, was that the unruptured parts of the fault could have slipped slowly and silently following the April mainshock, thereby relieving the stress without requiring a future earthquake. That has, unfortunately, not happened: the threatened regions remain locked, and will slip in a future earthquake, but we don't know when. This is a clear example of how, without the scientific insight and analysis, a proper assessment of the outstanding severe hazard would be impossible. We continue to monitor the situation, and brief DFID, GO-science and SAGE regularly. Because of the continuing threat, NERC and DFID agreed to allow this project to continue until end-September 2017, a year beyond its originally anticipated end. The project continues to be a great success, particularly in our high-profile interactions with the UK government, DFID and Nepal. At the moment the Nepalese have no experience of running or analysing the data from broad-band seismometers themselves. But this is about to change as we have succeeded in leveraging UNESCO support, as a result of the NERC-DFID grant, for a Nepalese postdoc, whom we will train to work on all aspects of the project from instrument installation and maintenance to data analysis. He started in January 2016. This will ensure an enduring legacy of the project for Nepal. Training of local scientists in this way is also a major goal of our NERC-ESRC Earthquakes Without Frontiers project. In 2016, COMET produced the first Sentinel-1 interferogram (12 day 20161103-20161115) covering the Mw 7.8 New Zealand earthquake (available to download for viewing as a kmz in GoogleEarth at http://homepages.see.leeds.ac.uk/~earjre/new_zealand/20161103-20161115.diff_sm_model.unw.geo.kmz). Work is also ongoing regarding the series of earthquakes that struck the Apennines region of Italy. COMET scientists are continuing to analyse the latest ground deformation and surface faulting between the towns of Amatrice, Norcia and Visso. The latest Sentinel-1 interferogram shows major ground subsidence and complex deformation patterns is also available to download (https://community.dur.ac.uk/richard.walters/figures/20161025-20161031.diff.unw.geo.kmz). We will keep a track of how these findings are used in the earthquake response and resilience-building exercises. 3.Through our partnership and collaboration with BGS, COMET provides expert advice to the UK and overseas governments and decision makers on earthquakes and eruptions. BGS can initiate the International Charter for Space and Major Disasters and has worked with COMET to provide emergency advice for the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE) and Cabinet Office Briefing Room (COBR), for example for the 2015 Nepal earthquake and the 2018 eruption of Volcán de Fuego (Guatamala). BGS uses COMET outputs when providing weekly advice on volcanic hazards/impacts to DfID, GO Science and other UK Government departments. Similar multi-hazard weekly advice is also provided at a European level to the Emergency Response and Coordination Centre. COMET and BGS have long-standing relationships with partners in countries at risk from geohazards, many of which are on the DAC list of countries eligible for ODA assistance, where our long-term collaboration and support has been influential in setting national agendas and long-term plans for geohazards, for example in Iran, Kazakhstan and Ethiopia. COMET is also a member of the UK Alliance for Disaster Research. 4. COMET is also working with a number of international initiatives and organisations to ensure that our work has the highest possible societal impact. Some examples are set out below: COMET is a major partner in the Increasing Resilience to Natural Hazards program, which is co-funded by NERC and ESRC. We have worked in both the Earthquakes without Frontiers (EwF) and STrengthening Resilience in Volcanic Areas (STREVA) consortia, and through this work have built up a network of partners in countries at risk from volcanic and seismic hazard. This network, and the local relationships we have built up, has for example helped us target our response to the 2015 earthquake in Nepal and volcanic unrest at Chiles-Cerro Negro on the Ecuador/Colombia border. These relationships will continue to be developed as we enter new collaborations supported by the Global Challenges Research Fund, tackling issues around risk and resilience, such as the GCRF Multi-Hazard Urban Disaster Risk Transitions Hub. Elsewhere, the FutureVolc project, which includes COMET researchers, has developed a web portal for Icelandic volcanoes where operational users such as airlines and civil protection agencies can find the information they need for decision making. Results can be found at http://futurevolc.hi.is/sites/futurevolc.hi.is/files/Pdf/vedurstofan_futurevolc_baeklingur.pdf. This important work is now being taken forward by the EuroVolc initiative (https://eurovolc.eu/). We have been leading players in the development and implementation of the CEOS working group on disasters, helping to establish and implement both the Volcano and Seismic Risk pilot projects. Through these projects, the space agencies have committed to providing data that enable us, and other scientists around the world, to respond to volcanic and seismic disasters, and to prepare for them by assessing the hazard in certain key areas. This also ensures that we have access to key data sets when responding to events. Our InSAR results are also being linked to complementary data and made available via the European Plate Observing System (EPOS). We are also working closely with scientists in the Global Earthquake Model, in particular on developing methodologies for incorporating InSAR data in the global strain rate model, which currently only uses global navigation satellite system (GNSS) data. As part of the Global Volcano Model (GVM) we have meanwhile set up a Global Volcano Deformation Task Force to collate observations of volcano deformation. Furthermore, the response to the Nepal earthquake has opened up a dialogue with the US Geological Survey (USGS) over the use of InSAR in their rapid response source models and "shakemap" predictions of strong ground motions.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Advanced InSAR Processing Course, UNAVCO, Colorado, 2015
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Andy Hooper and COMET student David Bekaert organised this 3.5-day course whch covered advanced InSAR theory, InSAR processing with JPL/Caltech/Stanford InSAR Scientific Computing Environment (ISCE), time-series InSAR processing with Generic InSAR Analysis Toolbox (GIAnT), and StaMPS (Stanford Method for Persistent Scatterers) processing.
URL https://www.unavco.org/education/advancing-geodetic-skills/short-courses/2015/advanced-insar/advance...
 
Description Advising a delegation from the Japanese Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI) about starting a new project regarding volcano monitoring
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description BGA-COMET GPS Training Workshop
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact In total, 12 people participated in the course, which consisted of a series of lectures on the theoretical fundamentals of GPS data processing and the practical use of the software, plus hands-on tutorial sessions where the participants progressed towards their own scientific goals using their own GPS data. The lectures covered GPS data file formats and translations for input to GAMIT, basic GPS phase data processing using GAMIT, time series and velocity product generation using GLOBK, and the principles of error analysis at each of these stages. There was also an opportunity to view and experiment with GPS field equipment. The week was a resounding success - Dr Floyd commented on the strong progress by the course participants, and the immediate verbal feedback from the participants was very positive. We have already received enquiries about similar courses in the future, with several participants expressing an interest in sending their colleagues and students.
URL http://geoweb.mit.edu/~floyd/courses/gg/201705_Bristol/
 
Description CEOS
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact COMET contributes to the CEOS Working Group on Disasters, which increases and strengthens satellite Earth observation contributions to the various Disaster Risk Management (DRM) phases and informs politicians, decision-makers, and major stakeholders on the benefits of using satellite Earth Observations in each of those phases. projects. We used the CEOS seismic pilot to obtain vital high-resolution topographic data for the 2016 Amatrice, Italy earthquake. We have used data from the CEOS volcano pilot in collaboration with volcano observatories in Latin America to investigate the relationship between uplift and a moderate earthquake during unrest at Chiles-Cerro Negro volcanoes (Ecuador-Colombia), to investigate topographic change associated with the long-lived eruption of Monserrat (West Indies) and to study the decaying extrusion rate at Reventador (Ecuador).
URL http://ceos.org/ourwork/workinggroups/disasters/
 
Description COMET InSAR training course
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This 3-day workshop, aimed at early postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers, include a combination of informal lectures and practical exercises covering the following topics and aimed at improving InSAR processing and analysis capabilities: • InSAR theory • SAR data access and preprocessing • Differential interferometry • Interferogram creation and unwrapping • Atmospheric effects & corrections • Time series analysis • Displacement field modelling • InSAR-related pitfalls and caveats • Sentinel-1 data processing • GAMMA, ISCE, and StaMPS software.
 
Description COMET InSAR training workshop
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Three-day workshop aimed at early postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers that will include a combination of lectures and practical exercises covering topics including but not limited to InSAR theory, SAR data preparation and processing, and displacement field modelling.
URL https://comet.nerc.ac.uk/comet-insar-training-workshop-2018/
 
Description COMET, British Geophysical Association and UNAVCO training course in GPS processing
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact COMET, in partnership with the British Geophysical Association and UNAVCO, hosted a week-long training course in GPS processing at the University of Bristol. Twenty-one scientists from around Europe participated, including 8 PhD students. This has improved their ability to process GPS data and develop products from globally distributed permanent stations and campaign sites. Ultimately it should improve data flow from stations and campaigns to end users.
 
Description Can satellites be used as an early warning system for landslides?
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact At about 5:38am local time on 24 June 2017 (21:38 on 23 June 2017 UTC), a massive landslide struck Xinmo Village, Maoxian County, Sichuan Province in China. The Maoxian landslide swept 64 homes in Xinmo village, blocking a 2km section of river and burying 1,600 meters of road. Three days later (on 27 June 2017), a second landslide hit Xinmo Village; almost in the same time, another landslide occurred in Shidaguan Town, 20km away from Xinmo Village. The team from Newcastle University (UK), Chengdu University of Technology (CUT), Tongji University, China Academy of Space Technology and Wuhan University (China) raced against time to respond these two events by combining ESA's Sentinel-1, Chinese Gaofen-2/3 with field observations. Our study convincingly demonstrated that InSAR can be used to detect and map active landslides over a wide region, identifying the source of the landslide and also its boundaries. Going forward, we can use this information to set up real-time monitoring systems -- such as GPS, Beidou and Galileo -- for those sites and whenever we detect abnormal behaviour, the system can send out an early warning message. Through our collaborator from CUT, our landslide early warning system concept was demonstrated to senior officers of Sichuan Provincial government within days after the Maoxian landslides. In the end of July 2017, the provincial government decided to carry out satellite radar project to identify potential landslides in Sichuan Province.
URL https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/54209
 
Description ESA Advanced Cryosphere Training Course
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Andy Hooper contributed to this ESA training course for postgraduate and early career researchers, teaching SAR and InSAR theory.
URL http://seom.esa.int/cryotraining2016/index.php
 
Description ESA Advanced Land Training Course 2014
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact As part of the Scientific Exploitation of Operational Missions programme, ESA organises an advanced Land Training Course each year devoted to train the next generation of Earth observation scientists in the exploitation of satellite data for science and applications development. Tim Wright gave a session on Hazards: Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
URL http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Watch_live_Advanced_Land_Training_Course/(prin...
 
Description ESA Advanced Land Training Course 2015
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact As part of the Scientific Exploitation of Operational Missions programme, ESA organises an advanced Land Training Course each year devoted to train the next generation of Earth observation scientists in the exploitation of satellite data for science and applications development. Andy Hooper gave two sessions on Terrain Motion - Persistent Scatterers Interferometry.
URL http://seom.esa.int/landtraining2015/page_committee.php
 
Description ESA Earth Explorer Mission Advisory Groups (Stereoid and G-Class)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Three_Earth_Explorer_ideas_selected
 
Description Government Committee on Space and Satellites
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmsctech/160/16002.htm
 
Description Guiding ESA's Sentinel-1 Acquisition Strategy for Tectonics and Volcanoes
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact COMET and LiCS have been the main points of contact for setting the acquisition strategy for the European Commission / European Space Agency's new Sentinel-1 satellite. We have ensured that data are being acquired for all tectonic and volcanic areas. Ultimately the data will be used for improved assessments of volcanic and earthquake hazard.
URL https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/missions/sentinel-1/observation-scenario
 
Description InSAR Theory & Processing with ISCE, GIAnT, and StaMPS
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Andy Hooper contributed to this training course which covered basic & advanced InSAR theories, InSAR processing with JPL/Caltech/Stanford InSAR Scientific Computing Environment (ISCE), time-series InSAR processing with Generic InSAR Analysis Toolbox (GIAnT), and StaMPS (Stanford Method for Persistent Scatterers) processing.
URL https://www.unavco.org/education/professional-development/short-courses/2016/insar-isce-giant/insar-...
 
Description InSAR Training Workshop
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This three day workshop, held at Leeds, was aimed at training postgraduate and early career researchers in InSAR theory and processing, including interferogram creation and atmospheric corrections.
URL http://comet.nerc.ac.uk/comet-insar-training-workshop-2016/
 
Description International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) workshop on earthquake hazard, Iran
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact COMET scientists from Cambridge attended an International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) workshop on earthquake hazard in Iran, where they not only heard about the latest developments but also had the opportunity to share their own knowledge and experience to benefit others. The International Conference and School on Structure, Tectonics and Earthquakes in the Alborz-ZagrosMakran Region was specifically designed to benefit scientists in countries that are vulnerable to earthquake hazards, but who currently lack the infrastructure, expertise, national capability or critical mass to be effective. Members of COMET contributed to training activities under the general framework of international cooperation in areas such as continental tectonics, monitoring and observing earthquake hazards, understanding tsunamis and landslides, and modelling continental deformation and the earthquake cycle.
URL https://www.ictp.it/scientific-calendar.aspx
 
Description Involcan - Tenerife International Training Course on Volcano Monitoring
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact •Pablo J. González, The University of Liverpool, United Kingdom - The increase in world population, particularly in urban areas close to active volcanoes, is constantly raising the level of volcanic risk worldwide. Volcano Monitoring is one of the key tools for mitigating this risk, alongside an estimation of volcanic hazards. The aim of this course is to introduce students to the subject of Volcano Monitoring "hands on" by alternating lectures with practical laboratory and field activities. Lessons will be given by researchers with an international scientific background and first-hand experience of Volcano Monitoring. Monitoring volcanoes is a highly multidisciplinary field. The course topics will cover Seismology (basic theory and analysis of seismo-volcanic events), Geodesy (measurement and modelling of ground deformation), Geochemistry (collection, analysis and interpretation of fluid samples) as well as other topics (thermal imagery, volcano infrasound, methods for eruption forecasting). Field activities include visits to the monitoring networks managed by INVOLCAN, as well as practical demonstrations of geochemical measurements on the field. Furthermore, there will be two field trips to Teide volcano, Las Cañadas caldera and outcrops of volcanic events all around the island. The prerequisites for attending this course are basic skills in Earth Sciences, as well as a basic knowledge of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
URL http://www.involcan.org/tenerife-international-training-course-on-volcano-monitoring/
 
Description Land subsidence hazard in Chinese Mega-Cities
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact We employed Small Baseline InSAR technique to process ENVISAT ASAR and TerraSAR-X stripmap images collected from 2003 to 2011 and observed a maximum subsidence in the eastern part of Beijing with a rate greater than 100 mm/year; We also found some relationships between land subsidence and different conditioning and triggering factors (e.g., groundwater levels, soft soil thickness and active faults). This research finding has attracted attention of a wide range of prestigious international media (e.g., The Guardian, The Telegraph, Huffington Post, Forbes, BBC and Xinhua News), and is ranked in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric, a system that tracks the online attention for a specific piece of research (See: https://mdpi.altmetric.com/details/8441790#score). Based on the research finding and an interview with Prof Zhenhong Li, Xinhua News Agency produced an internal report on land subsidence hazards in China for Central Chinese Government.
 
Description Radar training course for a delegation from China Academy of Space Technology (CAST)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact In the CAST Radar Training Course, we have demonstrated how to best collect observations with radar satellites (e.g. Sentinel-1A/1B, TanDEM-X) and provided some suggestions to the observational plan of Chinese Gaofen-3 satellite.
 
Description Royal Astronomical Society Specialist Discussion Meeting "Tectonics from above: Recent advances in the use of high-resolution topography and imagery"
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact COMET scientists Barry Parsons and Richard Walker organised the Royal Astronomical Society's Specialist Discussion Meeting "Tectonics from above: Recent advances in the use of high-resolution topography and imagery", held on 13th March 2015. The meeting exposed a wider audience to new data sets (e.g. Tandem-X, LiDAR, Pleiades imagery), and the new methods for generating and analysing these data sets (e.g. photogrammetric DEM extraction, point cloud manipulation) currently available for measuring continental topography and surface displacements. It also provided a forum for the discussion of new tectonic applications of high-resolution topography and imagery.
URL https://www.ras.org.uk/component/gem/?id=311
 
Description Scientific Advisory Committee for Montserrat volcanic eruption
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee for Montserrat, providing advice on a strategic level to Foreign & Commonwealth Office and the Government of Montserrat regarding the ongoing volcanic eruption of Soufriere Hills Volcano. Advice goes into compilation of risk maps, designation of evacuation zones and access regulations for agriculture, tourism and commerce.
 
Description Steering Committee, Belgian Science Policy, MUZUBI project
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact The current MUZUBI project is aiming at developing a novel methodology to improve the phase unwrapping in SAR interferometry (InSAR). The methodology is based on the results of a former project (Vi-X). The innovative method to be developed here will be tested on two case studies in Argentina and DRC. Results will be compared with the results from a state-of-the-art method (MSBAS) currently used in the frame of a running project (RESIST) in order to assess and quantify the benefit of the proposed methodology.
URL https://www.belspo.be/belspo/fedra/proj.asp?l=en&COD=SR%2F00%2F324
 
Description Submission to the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee Inquiry on Space and Satellites
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technol...
 
Description Susi Ebeimer - workshop - Introduction to InSAR for Volcanologists
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://vmsg2018.leeds.ac.uk/
 
Description Topography workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Oxford University hosted the COMET Topography Workshop from 31 March to 1 April, 2016, and was attended by scientists from across COMET and beyond. The workshop was all about high-resolution topography data derived from stereo satellite imagery and Structure-from-Motion. The aim was to provide practical training with the ERDAS Imagine and Agisoft Photoscan softwares, to discuss best practice and to talk about strategies and problem solving.
URL http://ewf.nerc.ac.uk/2016/04/04/comet-topography-workshop/
 
Description Workshop on the modelling of magmatic processes
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This workshop, held at the University of Leeds, involved COMET members as well as experts in various fields of volcanology from other world-leading institutions such as the United States Geological Survey, the University of Geneva and the University of Liverpool. The workshop considered the numerous challenges we face when we try to experimentally replicate natural processes such as those occurring at volcanoes, and how the rapid expansion and improvement of satellite Earth Observation (EO) techniques (such as radar interferometry to measure deformation, infrared atmospheric sounding to measure gas emissions etc.) offers further opportunities to study magmatic processes at a global scale.
 
Description COMET/BGS studentship
Amount £73,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description DEVELOPING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING ("BIM") LEVEL 3 - ASSET MONITORING USING SATELLITE AND IOT TECHNOLOGY (AMSIT - 1 BRIDGES)
Amount £570,950 (GBP)
Funding ID 900049 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 02/2018
 
Description Digital Environment: Dynamic Ground Motion Map of the UK
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S016163/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 02/2020
 
Description Dragon-4: Earth observations for geohazard monitoring and risk assessment
Amount € 70,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 10/2017 
End 06/2020
 
Description EPSRC DTP studentship: Measuring co-seismic and inter-seismic deformation with GPS/InSAR
Amount £56,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 1514447 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2017
 
Description EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £55,216 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 03/2017
 
Description EU Horizon 2020
Amount € 6,338,958 (EUR)
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2019
 
Description Earthquake Ruptures of Iran and Central Asia
Amount £359,347 (GBP)
Funding ID RPG-2018-371 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2019 
End 05/2022
 
Description Global Challenges Research Fund - Resilience
Amount £165,483 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P015964/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 10/2017
 
Description Ground Based Synthetic Aperture Radar (GB-SAR)
Amount £152,100 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description Increasing Resilience to Natural Hazards In Earthquake-prone regions in China (IRNHiC)
Amount £122,641 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 01/2019
 
Description Integration of space based SAR (BIG) data with ground based information for an improved near real time assessment and monitoring of seismic hazard
Amount रू 1,639,000 (INR)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description KAUST Competitive Research Grant Call
Amount $436,000 (USD)
Organisation King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) 
Sector Academic/University
Country Saudi Arabia
Start 04/2016 
End 04/2019
 
Description L'Oréal-UNESCO UK and Ireland Fellowship For Women In Science
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation L'Oreal (Paris) 
Sector Private
Country France
Start 08/2015 
End 08/2016
 
Description Living Planet Fellowship
Amount € 86,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2017
 
Description NERC Building Resilience: Building REsilience to Multi-source Flooding in South/Southeast Asia through a Technology-informed Community-based approacH (REMATCH)
Amount £167,389 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P015476/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 07/2017
 
Description NERC DTP (Katy Burrows)
Amount £56,000 (GBP)
Organisation Durham University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 04/2021
 
Description NERC Urgency Grant
Amount £52,360 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P018858/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 11/2017
 
Description RAE Distinguished Visiting Fellowship
Amount £4,890 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Academy of Engineering 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 04/2015
 
Description Royal Society Challenge Grants
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Description Satellite Radar Seminars
Amount £43,200 (GBP)
Organisation China Academy of Space Technology 
Start 11/2017 
End 04/2018
 
Description Science for Humanitarian Emergencies & Resilience (SHEAR) Catalyst grants - Web-Based Natural Dam-Burst Flood Hazard Assessment and ForeCasting SysTem (WeACT)
Amount £252,891 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S005919/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2018 
End 10/2020
 
Description Sentinel-1 - INSAR Performance Study with TOPS Data
Amount € 250,000 (EUR)
Funding ID INSARAP-B 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 03/2014 
End 12/2015
 
Description Wolfson Research Merit Award
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2015 
End 04/2020
 
Title Developing an automated InSAR system for tectonic and volcanic regions using data from Sentinel-1 
Description EU Copernicus Sentinel-1 InSAR products are now available for download from the COMET-LiCS Sentinel-1 InSAR portal. Interferograms and coherence maps have been produced automatically using the LiCSAR processor, which builds on the Gamma SAR and Interferometry software. Interferograms have been processed in overlapping "frames" defined within COMET-LiCS. Products are represented on this map by shapes that match these frames. The colour of each frame represents how many interferograms are available for that frame. Selecting a frame on the map allows you to obtain details about the frame ID and how many files exist, and to link to the downloadable data products. The map available on the LiCSAR portal represents the data that has been processed within COMET-LiCS using the JASMIN-CEMS processing and storage facility at CEDA. New interferograms should be available within 2 weeks of acquisition. We have also expanded our initial focus from the Alpine-Himalayan tectonic belt and are processing the complete archive for tectonic and volcanic areas globally. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact LiCSAR's high-resolution deformation data for the entire Alpine-Himalayan seismic belt, where most of the planet's deadly earthquakes occur, is being expanded to provide near-global coverage which will be critical in helping the scientific community and people on the ground to understand and manage geohazards. 
URL http://comet.nerc.ac.uk/COMET-LiCS-portal/
 
Title Geoinformatics and machine learning 
Description COMET has begun to develop and test prototype machine learning approaches for automatically interrogating data sets, for example with convolutional neural networks and blind source separation methods. We view this emerging area as vital, and plan to continue to develop such approaches, collaborating with experts including those in Bristol's Visual Information Laboratory. To date, we have worked on proof-of-concept studies applied retrospectively to relatively small data sets (<40,000 images). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Still in development 
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00752-3
 
Title ITD model: Generation of real-time mode high-resolution water vapor fields from GPS observations 
Description We have developed the Iterative Tropospheric Decomposition (ITD) model to separate stratified and turbulent signals from tropospheric total delays, and generate high spatial resolution zenith total delay and/or precipitable water vapour maps to be used for correcting InSAR measurements and other applications. This research has been published in Journal of Geophysical Research (doi:10.1002/2016JD025753). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The InSAR atmospheric correction model, incorporating continuous and global tropospheric delay datasets (e.g. numerical weather models), being developed by LiCS is based on this research. 
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016JD025753/full
 
Title RapidSAR processing algorithm 
Description Development of RapidSAR processing algorithm as detailed in Spaans and Hooper 2016. This is a fast and flexible algorithm to estimate coherence and select points on an interferogram-by-interferogram basis, which overcomes limitations of the conventional boxcar ensemble method in areas of marginal coherence. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact N/A 
URL http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/97001/1/Spaans_et_al-2016-Journal_of_Geophysical_Research-_Solid_Eart...
 
Title enhanced spacecraft force modelling algorithms and code 
Description Numerically stabilised and automated spacecraft force modelling tools which can be deployed on a variety of platforms 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The improvements to our force modelling capability have resulted in UCL being asked to contribute to next generation modelling approaches to the International Terrestrial Reference Frame - this is essentially the global coordinate system used to measure earthquakes, tectonics and global sea level change 
 
Title COMET Volcano Deformation Database 
Description LiCSAR-volcano - a system for automatic operating of ground deformation signals on Holocene active volcanoes - is now operational, enabling us to monitor ground deformation on 929 volcanoes. Since November 2017, 32,681 interferograms have been processed on different volcanic regions, and we are currently using Machine Learning techniques to detect ground deformation signals automatically. We have been working to develop the automatic processing of Sentinel-1 SAR data to deliver InSAR products for the all Holocene land-volcanoes (~1300). The raw data are processed through the LiCSAR system and available through the web portal24. At the time of writing, more than 900 volcanoes located on six different continents are covered and our database is composed of 32,681 interferograms. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database, and in particular the quick-look interferograms, have been used by volcano observatory staff across Latin America to rapidly evaluate the presence or lack of measured deformation from space. 
URL https://comet.nerc.ac.uk/volcanoes/
 
Title COMET-LiCS Sentinel-1 InSAR portal (LiCSAR) 
Description During the last 5 years we have built systems to automate the production of interferograms (LiCSAR) and associated products using data from Sentinel-1. With cofunding from the LiCS project, we are on track to produce high-resolution strain rate maps for the entire Alpine-Himalayan Belt and East African Rift within the next two years. Further technical development work will enable us to fully exploit the opportunity offered by Sentinel-1.The initial focus on the Alpine-Himalayan tectonic belt is also being expanded with the aim of producing a complete archive for tectonic and volcanic areas globally, as well as development of an rapid event response facility. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact LiCS is combining satellite data with ground-based observations to map tectonic strain throughout the Alpine-Himalayan Belt and East African Rift, using the results to inform new models of seismic hazard. 
URL https://comet.nerc.ac.uk/COMET-LiCS-portal/
 
Title Coseismic inteferogram of Kaikoura, New Zealand earthquake 
Description When a major magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck the north-eastern half of the South Island of New Zealand on 14th November 2016, the existence of two Sentinel-1 spacecraft in the constellation meant that COMET could generate a coseismic interferogram within two days of the event. We provided the interferogram to local partners in New Zealand, and to the wider community via twitter, around 5.5 hours after the satellite overpass. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Calculation of ground offset displacements in a relatively rapid timeframe revealed the dramatic breadth and number of fault segments involved in this complex rupture. By providing these timely data to GNS, New Zealand's research institute focusing on geology, geophysics and nuclear science, COMET was able to assist with decision making concerning deployment of field instruments and targeting of field observations, as well as input to the early fault slip models that led to one of the first publications on this event. 
URL https://comet.nerc.ac.uk/latest-earthquakes-and-eruptions/kaikoura-new-zealand-earthquake/
 
Title Digital Elevation Model of the Epicentral Area of the 2016 Amatrice Earthquake, Italy 
Description New Pleiades tri-stereo imagery of the epicentral area of the 2016 Amatrice, Italy, earthquake was acquired through the CEOS Seismic Pilot. It was used to construct a high-resolution (~1 m) digital elevation model. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The DEM was provided to groups at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome, and COMET, Leeds, to aid investigators working in the field in the epicentral area of the earthquake. Still sorting through licensing issues to make the DEM publicly available. 
 
Title East Helashan Fault, northern China 
Description This dataset contains a 100 km long section of the East Helanshan Fault on the western side of the Yinchuan Graben in northern China. This fault was the site of the devastating 1739 Yinchuan earthquake. Surface fault scarps are visible in the point cloud for much of the fault length. The point cloud data were constructed via photogrammetric methods from data acquired by Airbus Defence and Space (Pleiades 1A) and funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK. For further details see: Middleton, T. A., R. T. Walker, B. Parsons, Q. Lei, Y. Zhou, and Z. Ren (2016), A major, intraplate, normal-faulting earthquake: The 1739 Yinchuan event in northern China, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, 293-320, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012355. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact n/a 
URL http://opentopo.sdsc.edu/lidarDataset?opentopoID=OTLAS.062016.32648.1
 
Title El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, Mexico 
Description Point cloud data (in 2 sections) from 2 tri-stereo data sets of 0.5 m resolution, panchromatic Pleiades 1B images acquired by Airbus on 17 March 2014 and funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK through the Looking inside the Continents from Space (LiCS) large grant (NE/K011006/1). The images were processed using the LPS module of the ERDAS Imagine 2013 software (version 13.00.00, Build 281). A pixel-by-pixel matching procedure was implemented with a window size of 5-by-5 pixels and a correlation coefficient of 0.3 to 0.7. The point cloud covers an approximately 45 km long section of the epicentral area of the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in Mexico. Vertical displacements were determined by differencing the Pleiades topography and the pre-earthquake LiDAR DEM. For further details see: Zhou, Y., B. Parsons, J. R. Elliott, I. Barisin, and R. T. Walker (2015), Assessing the ability of Pleiades stereo imagery to determine height changes in earthquakes: A case study for the El Mayor-Cucapah epicentral area, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 120, 8793â€"8808, doi:10.1002/2015JB012358. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact n/a 
URL http://opentopo.sdsc.edu/lidarDataset?opentopoID=OTLAS.082016.32611.1
 
Title IASI Near Real Time Data Website 
Description We have developed unique 3D retrievals for SO2 distributions in the atmosphere from the IASI instrument on the Metop satellites. We have also developed retrievals for volcanic ash that enable us to estimate ash thickness, the effective particle radius, and the height of the plume top - key parameters when considering aviation hazard. We are making the results available in real time to end users via a web portal (27,000 hits in past 12 months). A new IASI ash dataset including a parameterization for the thermal infrared spectral region and a new ash altitude scheme will be submitted to the WMO SCOPE-Nowcasting Inter-comparison of Satellite-derived Volcanic Ash Products (2018) to assess the volcanic ash product generated from satellite measurements. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact A number of large volcanic eruptions have now been monitored via the website, including Calbuco, Chile (April 2015), Wolf Island, Galapagos (May 2015), and Popocatepetl, Mexico (January 2016). The service was also for example used to track the plume arising from the 2 December 2015 eruption at Mount Etna, showing that by 4 December the plume had reached an area between Crete and Iraq, containing 0.06 Tg (1012g) SO2. The website is used by the London Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre's (VAAC), and also has benefit of providing timely results to wider number of VAACs, other stakeholders (including scientists) and general public. IASI SO2 retrievals have also shown some promise at monitoring low level volcanic emissions. A 'fast' linear retrieval has been applied across the globe to detect sources of SO2 and found that results are dominated by emissions from explosive eruptions, but signals are also evident from smaller eruptions and passive degassing, and from anthropogenic activity. Elevated levels of SO2 were frequently identified at volcanoes in Ecuador and Kamchatka, Russia, and so these areas were selected for further study with a 'full' iterative retrieval which is capable of quantifying the amount of gas emitted. In both regions, the iterative retrieval captured changing activity which matched reports from the Global Volcanism Program. These results demonstrate for the first time that IASI can be used to monitor smaller emissions of volcanic SO2 into the troposphere. 
URL http://www.nrt-atmos.cems.rl.ac.uk/
 
Title Topography for the 2013 Balochistan earthquake, Pakistan 
Description This point cloud datatset covers a 5 km wide swath along an approximately 240 km long section of the 2013 Balochistan earthquake rupture in Pakistan. Point cloud data produced from 13 stereo data sets of 0.5 m resolution, panchromatic Pleiades images acquired by Airbus (funded by NERC, UK). The images were processed using the LPS module of the ERDAS Imagine 2013 software (version 13.00.00, Build 281). A pixel-by-pixel matching procedure was implemented with a window size of 5-by-5 pixels and a correlation coefficient of 0.3 to 0.7. For further details see: Zhou, Y., J. R. Elliott, B. Parsons, and R. T. Walker (2015), The 2013 Balochistan earthquake: An extraordinary or completely ordinary event?, Geophysical Research Letters, 43(7), 3134-3142, doi:10.1002/2015GL065096 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This data set is hosted by the US OpenTopography organisation. It was used in conjunction with an ALOS-1 5-m resolution DEM for the same area to determine three-dimensional displacements at high-resolution for the 2013 Balochistan earthquake. See Zhou Y, Parsons B, Walker R. (2018), Characterizing Complex Surface Ruptures in the 2013 7.7 Balochistan Earthquake Using Three-Dimensional Displacements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123, 10,191-10,211, doi:10.1029/2018JB016043. 
URL https://doi.org/10.5069/G9VD6WJ1
 
Description COMET-BGS partnership 
Organisation British Geological Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution COMET and BGS have formalised their close working relationship with a Memorandum of Understanding, setting out terms and understanding for collaboration and aiming to work to the strength of both partners. This will be built upon in the next phase of COMET.
Collaborator Contribution As above
Impact The strategic partnership with BGS underpins all COMET activities, in particular event response and scientific advice to UK Government. BGS can initiate the International Charter for Space and Major Disasters and has worked with COMET to provide emergency advice for the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE) and Cabinet Office Briefing Room (COBR), for example for the 2015 Nepal earthquake and the 2018 eruption of Volcán de Fuego (Guatamala). BGS uses COMET outputs when providing weekly advice on volcanic hazards/impacts to DfID, GO Science and other UK Government departments10. Similar multi-hazard weekly advice is also provided at a European level to the Emergency Response and Coordination Centre. COMET and BGS have long-standing relationships with partners in countries at risk from geohazards, many of which are on the DAC list of countries eligible for ODA assistance, where our long-term collaboration and support has been influential in setting national agendas and long-term plans for geohazards, for example in Iran, Kazakhstan and Ethiopia.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Chinese Academy of Sciences 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I have contributed to the analysis and interpretation of seismic data from the eastern margin of Tibet.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provided the data and the processing effort; I was involved mainly in the interpretation and writing of the manuscript.
Impact A publication in Geophysical Research Letters: Zhang et al. (2009) Another publication is now (late 2014) in press with Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Collaboration with USGS 
Organisation US Geological Survey
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are developing links to the USGS in volcano and seismic hazard; they hope to ingest COMET's results into their models for earthquake shaking and damage. Also, COMET scientists represent the international community for the USGS Powell Centre Working Groups on volcano and seismic hazard (Biggs, Ebmeier, Werner).
Collaborator Contribution See https://www.usgs.gov/ for a description of USGS activity.
Impact COMET scientists represent the international community for the USGS Powell Centre Working Groups on volcano and seismic hazard (Biggs, Ebmeier, Werner).
Start Year 2014
 
Description Copernicus Academy 
Organisation European Space Agency
Department Centre for Earth Observation
PI Contribution Membership of and participation in Copernicus Academy activities.
Collaborator Contribution The Copernicus Academy connects European universities, research institutions, business schools, both private and non-profit organisations. The goal of the network is to link research & academic institutions with authorities & service providers, facilitate collaborative research, develop lectures, training sessions, traineeships as well as educational and training material to empower the next generation of researchers, scientists, and entrepreneurs with suitable skill sets to use Copernicus data and information services to their full potential.
Impact Participation in events, communication of Academy activities to the broader COMET membership.
Start Year 2017
 
Description FutureVolc 
Organisation Icelandic Met Office
Country Iceland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Funding of postdoc (Marco Bagnardi) at Leeds for 2 years.
Collaborator Contribution Development of the "supersite" concept integrating space- and ground-based observations to improve monitoring and evaluation of volcanoes.
Impact FutureVolc as an EC sponsored project ended in March 2016, although the collaboration between COMET and the FutureVolc partners continues, particularly through the EuroVolc project (https://eurovolc.eu/). Outputs include work on gradual caldera collapse at Bárdarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Other outputs are described here: http://futurevolc.hi.is/sites/futurevolc.hi.is/files/Pdf/vedurstofan_futurevolc_baeklingur.pdf
Start Year 2014
 
Description FutureVolc 
Organisation University of Iceland
Country Iceland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Funding of postdoc (Marco Bagnardi) at Leeds for 2 years.
Collaborator Contribution Development of the "supersite" concept integrating space- and ground-based observations to improve monitoring and evaluation of volcanoes.
Impact FutureVolc as an EC sponsored project ended in March 2016, although the collaboration between COMET and the FutureVolc partners continues, particularly through the EuroVolc project (https://eurovolc.eu/). Outputs include work on gradual caldera collapse at Bárdarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Other outputs are described here: http://futurevolc.hi.is/sites/futurevolc.hi.is/files/Pdf/vedurstofan_futurevolc_baeklingur.pdf
Start Year 2014
 
Description GeoSTARe Earth Observation satellite group 
Organisation Aresys
Country Italy 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Applications and user requirements for geostationary radars
Collaborator Contribution system design, field validation, performance testing, space propulsion
Impact Has currently reached the stage of potential proposal to the European Space Agency for adoption under their Earth Explorer 9 mission.
Start Year 2014
 
Description GeoSTARe Earth Observation satellite group 
Organisation Cranfield University
Department Space Systems
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Applications and user requirements for geostationary radars
Collaborator Contribution system design, field validation, performance testing, space propulsion
Impact Has currently reached the stage of potential proposal to the European Space Agency for adoption under their Earth Explorer 9 mission.
Start Year 2014
 
Description GeoSTARe Earth Observation satellite group 
Organisation Gamma Remote Sensing
Country Switzerland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Applications and user requirements for geostationary radars
Collaborator Contribution system design, field validation, performance testing, space propulsion
Impact Has currently reached the stage of potential proposal to the European Space Agency for adoption under their Earth Explorer 9 mission.
Start Year 2014
 
Description GeoSTARe Earth Observation satellite group 
Organisation Polytechnic University of Milan
Department Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Applications and user requirements for geostationary radars
Collaborator Contribution system design, field validation, performance testing, space propulsion
Impact Has currently reached the stage of potential proposal to the European Space Agency for adoption under their Earth Explorer 9 mission.
Start Year 2014
 
Description GeoSTARe Earth Observation satellite group 
Organisation Sound to Sense (S2S)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Applications and user requirements for geostationary radars
Collaborator Contribution system design, field validation, performance testing, space propulsion
Impact Has currently reached the stage of potential proposal to the European Space Agency for adoption under their Earth Explorer 9 mission.
Start Year 2014
 
Description GeoSTARe Earth Observation satellite group 
Organisation Thales Group
Department Thales Alenia Space
Country Global 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Applications and user requirements for geostationary radars
Collaborator Contribution system design, field validation, performance testing, space propulsion
Impact Has currently reached the stage of potential proposal to the European Space Agency for adoption under their Earth Explorer 9 mission.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Geophysical signals on volcanoes; Earth Observatory Singapore 
Organisation Nanyang Technological University
Department Earth Observatory Singapore
PI Contribution Several research projects on Indonesian and Philippinian volcanoes; interpretation of monitoring data; modelling of long-period volcano-seismicearthquakes
Collaborator Contribution Data access and expertise; analogue modelling of dyke and magma reservoir;
Impact Several joint conference talks; paper submitted; papers in preparation
Start Year 2014
 
Description Geospatial Research Ltd., Durham 
Organisation Geospatial Research Ltd.
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Richard Walters initiated a collaboration with Geospatial Research Ltd., Durham on deployment of low-cost GNSS sensors in tectonic regions.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of Zagros regional mapping data and satellite imagery expertise.
Impact tbc
Start Year 2016
 
Description Global Earthquake Model (GEM) 
Organisation British Geological Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution COMET is developing a formal partnership with the Global Earthquake Model, who are end users of COMET data sets on faulting and strain, and also add value through enabling us to move beyond hazard into riskThis has included COMET staff secondments and on work on developing methodologies for incorporating InSAR data into the Global Strain Rate Model (GSRM), which currently only uses GNSS data, on simulations of the impact of earthquake scenarios, and on the incorporation of COMET's fault data from Central Asia. Further discussions are planned.
Collaborator Contribution GEM is a collaboration between public and private international organisations from around the world that play an active role in earthquake risk assessment and management.
Impact COMET has provided GEM with updates from work on the LiCS and EwF projects, including detailed information on work to map active faulting in Central Asia, measuring tectonic strain with InSAR and developing strain rate models using InSAR and GNSS. This is the first step in building a closer relationship with GEM and investigating opportunities for new collaborations. Our collaboration continues to develop methods for incorporating InSAR data into the Global Strain Rate Model (GSRM), simulating the impact of earthquake scenarios, and incorporating COMET's fault data from Central Asia. A 2017 joint meeting with BGS and GEM established the collaboration along with best practice in developing a regional fault model. COMET and GEM are now collaborating on a regional seismic hazard model, based on our growing set of observations in this complex deforming region. In addition, COMET postdoc Ekbal Hussain spent a week at GEM learning how to create damage predictions for realistic earthquake scenarios.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Global Earthquake Model (GEM) 
Organisation Global Earthquake Model Foundation
PI Contribution COMET is developing a formal partnership with the Global Earthquake Model, who are end users of COMET data sets on faulting and strain, and also add value through enabling us to move beyond hazard into riskThis has included COMET staff secondments and on work on developing methodologies for incorporating InSAR data into the Global Strain Rate Model (GSRM), which currently only uses GNSS data, on simulations of the impact of earthquake scenarios, and on the incorporation of COMET's fault data from Central Asia. Further discussions are planned.
Collaborator Contribution GEM is a collaboration between public and private international organisations from around the world that play an active role in earthquake risk assessment and management.
Impact COMET has provided GEM with updates from work on the LiCS and EwF projects, including detailed information on work to map active faulting in Central Asia, measuring tectonic strain with InSAR and developing strain rate models using InSAR and GNSS. This is the first step in building a closer relationship with GEM and investigating opportunities for new collaborations. Our collaboration continues to develop methods for incorporating InSAR data into the Global Strain Rate Model (GSRM), simulating the impact of earthquake scenarios, and incorporating COMET's fault data from Central Asia. A 2017 joint meeting with BGS and GEM established the collaboration along with best practice in developing a regional fault model. COMET and GEM are now collaborating on a regional seismic hazard model, based on our growing set of observations in this complex deforming region. In addition, COMET postdoc Ekbal Hussain spent a week at GEM learning how to create damage predictions for realistic earthquake scenarios.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Global Volcano Model 
Organisation Global Volcano Model
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As part of the Global Volcano Model (GVM) we have set up a Global Volcano Deformation Task Force to collate observations of volcano deformation. Led by COMET scientist Juliet Biggs, alongside Professor Matt Pritchard of Cornell University, this brings together researchers studying volcano deformation worldwide, along with organizations that compile information on global volcanic activity. The Task Force is leading a two year project to compare global volcano deformation measurements with satellite thermal and gas observations, and make these data more available to volcano observatories. All of this will hopefully promote the use of InSAR and volcano deformation research in hazard assessment.
Collaborator Contribution The GVM project will develop an integrated global database system on volcanic hazards, vulnerability and exposure, make this globally accessible and crucially involve the international volcanological community and users in a partnership to design, develop, analyse and maintain the database system. The GVM project will aim to establish new international metadata standards that will reduce ambiguity in the use of global volcanic datasets. Vulnerability and exposure data will be integrated into the GVM and again new methods of assessment and analysis will be investigated and tested.
Impact Better linkages between InSAR and other remote sensing observations to volcano observatories.
Start Year 2014
 
Description InSAR GSRM 
Organisation University of Nevada
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We provided access to InSAR data, and the expertise in working with these data, to the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) for input to the Global Strain Rate Model (GSRM). A postdoc from COMET (Walters) visited the University of Reno to further the collaboration. We have met with the Global Earthquake Model team and a COMET postdoc (Hussain) spent time with GEM to further the collaboration. Additional meetings are planned to develop the LiCS-COMET-GEM-BGS relationship.
Collaborator Contribution UNR provided access to global GPS data and the expertise in working with these data. UNR hosted COMET PDRA Walters for an extended visit. GEM hosted COMET PDRA Hussain for a visit.
Impact Outputs will be forthcoming, as this work is still in progress. The aim is to integrate InSAR data into the Global Strain Rate Model, which feeds into widely-used models of seismic hazard.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Rice University 
Organisation Rice University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have contributed development time on a 2D finite element method used to solve the problem of deformation on a thin spherical shell, and the application of this method to the problem of deformation in the Central Indian Ocean
Collaborator Contribution The partner has run many of the numerical experiments needed for this problem using the computer program that I developed
Impact A paper is now in review with the Journal of Geophysical Research. It is currently being revised. As a consequence of this collaboration G. Houseman has been invited to present short courses (4 days) on numerical continuum mechanics at Rice University in 2012 and again in 2013.
 
Description Riftvolc 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-funding of postdoc at Bristol for 2.5 years.
Collaborator Contribution Led by the University of Bristol, this collaboration focuses on volcanoes and volcanic plumbing systems in the East African Rift Valley. It is investigating what drives eruptions over geological timescales; what controls the active magmatic system and volcanic unrest; and what the potential threats from future volcanic activity are.
Impact The project is currently carrying out ground-based geophysics using networks of GPS receivers, gravimeters, seismometers and magnetotelluric equipment complemented by satellite observations using InSAR to detect surface deformation and ASTER to measure fumarole behaviour. Overall, RiftVolc has led to a step change in our understanding of many Ethiopian volcanoes, with recently published research addressing topics such as post-caldera volcanism along the Main Ethiopian Rift, and seasonal patterns of seismicity and deformation at the Alutu geothermal reservoir.
Start Year 2014
 
Description SHIVA 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-funding for 2.5 year postdoc (Elisa Carboni) at Oxford.
Collaborator Contribution Spectrally High resolution Infrared measurements for the characterisation of Volcanic Ash31 (SHIVA), which ended in March 2017, aimed to study the properties of volcanic ash using information contained in infrared spectra and the change in composition during an eruption, in order to better understand the volcanic processes that control eruptive activity.
Impact As well as publications, outputs from the project include: • A new optimal estimation retrieval scheme for ash/aerosol using IASI measurements in both clean and cloudy conditions. Results have been validated with other satellite and aircraft measurements; • Laboratory measurements of the spectral mass extinction coefficient, at 0.33 through to 19 microns, and size distribution of a range of volcanic ash samples, showing considerable variation in their optical properties particularly associated with their infrared absorption features. These measurements can be directly applied to improve the accuracy of satellite retrievals of ash columnar concentration.
Start Year 2014
 
Description STREVA 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-funding of 2.5 year postdoc position at Bristol.
Collaborator Contribution Interdisciplinary project that works collaboratively across different disciplines to develop and apply a practical and adaptable volcanic risk assessment framework. This can be used to generate plans that will reduce the negative consequences of volcanic activity on people and assets.
Impact See http://streva.ac.uk/our-outputs. Includes work on meteorological controls on volcanic ash dispersal at Soufrière, as well as an analysis of the impacts of its 1902-1903 eruption.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Success in Chinese radar mission: First interferograms from Gaofen-3 
Organisation China Academy of Space Technology
PI Contribution The main contributions of the Newcastle team were their expertise on radar interferometric processing and satellite orbit determination.
Collaborator Contribution The CAST team collected all the Gaofen-3 radar images requested by the Newcastle team and provided the datasets to the latter. The former also provided their expertise on radar missions and SAR processing.
Impact The collaboration between Professor Zhenhong Li's team at Newcastle University and the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) generated interferograms using Chinese Gaofen-3 (GF-3) imagery for the first time in March 2017. These were also the first interferograms from Chinese SAR missions. CAST sent a delegation with 10 members to Newcastle for a radar training course in Jan 2018.
Start Year 2016
 
Title COMET GBIS 
Description The open source COMET Geodetic Bayesian Inversion Software (COMET-GBIS) was officially released to the scientific community on 31 May 2017. Version 1.1 of the software is available from its dedicated webpage. The software comes with a detailed user manual describing installation, data preparation, and use of the inversion algorithm. A practical example with three synthetic datasets, two InSAR interferograms and a set of GPS displacements is also available for testing and to become familiar with the different functions of the software. The software is written in Matlab and each function is documented and fully commented. The software is designed for the inversion of InSAR and GPS data but can also be easily adapted for the use of other geodetic datasets. A user-friendly tool has been developed to estimate the characteristics of noise in InSAR data. Through an interactive interface, the user can manually select the portion of the image where an experimental variogram is estimated. Since it was first released to the scientific community in May 2017, more than 250 users have downloaded the GBIS software. The development of GBIS continues and a new enhanced version was released in August 2018. This version includes new analytical solutions for the compound dislocation model (CDM) (Nikkhoo et al., 2017), and for triangular dislocations (Nikkhoo and Walter, 2015), will contain bug fixes, and has an improved, extended user manual. We are also currently testing the use of the Boundary Element Method to accurately account for the effect of topography on surface displacements, and to simulate sources of deformation with complex geometries. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact tbc 
URL http://comet.nerc.ac.uk/gbis/
 
Title GNSS-based InSAR Atmospheric Correction Model 
Description We have developed the Iterative Tropospheric Decomposition (ITD) model to separate stratified and turbulent signals from tropospheric total delays, and generate high spatial resolution zenith total delay and/or precipitable water vapour maps to be used for correcting InSAR measurements and other applications. This research has been published in Journal of Geophysical Research (doi:10.1002/2016JD025753). 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact A web-based toolbox is being developed, in which ITD is employed to generate high-resolution water vapour or tropospheric delay maps for InSAR correction. This toolbox will be open for the public. 
 
Title Generic Atmospheric Correction Online Service for InSAR (GACOS) 
Description GACOS utilises the Iterative Tropospheric Decomposition (ITD) model (Yu et al., 2017) to separate stratified and turbulent signals from tropospheric total delays, and generate high spatial resolution zenith total delay maps to be used for correcting InSAR measurements and other applications. GACOS has the following key features: (i) globally available; (ii) operational in a near real time mode; (iii) easy to implement; and (iv) users to be informed how the model performs and whether the correction is recommended. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact GACOS was launched in the ESA FRINGE workshop in Helsinki, Finland on 6 June 2017, and has been widely used for correcting atmospheric effects on SAR intereferograms in the InSAR community - over 100k correction maps have been freely generated up to 28 Feb 2018. 
 
Title Generic Atmospheric Correction Online Service for InSAR (GACOS) 
Description GACOS was released in the FRINGE workshop in June 2017 and has been promoted in a series of workshops and conferences in the past 12 months. A paper introducing GACOS was published in JGR in 2018: Yu, C., Z. Li, N. T. Penna, and P. Crippa (2018), Generic atmospheric correction model for Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123(10), 9202-9222, doi:10.1029/2017JB015305. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact GACOS has become a standard tool for atmospheric correction in the InSAR community. It has generated over 150k correction maps for InSAR users/researchers for free up to now. 
 
Title Real Time High Precision Deformation Monitoring System with Multi-GNSS RTK 
Description A prototype of multi-GNSS high precision deformation monitoring system has been developed by Professor Zhenhong Li and his team at Newcastle University. Five multi-GNSS receivers have been installed on the roof of Urban Sciences Building, and the system is able to continuously monitor the surface movements of USB. Below are the key features of this system: • Precision: horizontal 1-2 mm, vertical 2-5 mm • Extended Kalman filter with filter information recorded -> High efficiency • High ambiguity fixing rates • High sensitivity to both small transient and long-term deformations • Compatible with GPS, GLONASS and BEIDOU • Operational under all weather conditions Potential applications • Earthquakes/Active faults • Volcanoes/Landslides • Stability of man-made infrastructure (e.g. buildings, dams and bridges) 
Type Of Technology Systems, Materials & Instrumental Engineering 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The multi-GNSS high precision deformation monitoring system is being incorporated into the landslide early warning system we have been developing: http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2017070516230048.html 
URL http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2017070516230048.html
 
Title TRAIN - Toolbox for Reducing Atmospheric InSAR Noise 
Description One of the main challenges in InSAR processing is related to atmospheric delays, especially tropospheric delays. Different correction methods are applied today based on auxiliary data, including GNSS, weather models (e.g. ECMWF ERA-I, WRF, NARR, etc), spectrometer data (MERIS and MODIS), or combinations of different sources. Alternative methods exist to estimate the tropospheric delays from the radar data themselves. The success rate of the different techniques is dependant on multiple factors like temporal and spatial resolution, cloud cover, signal contamination, local topography, etc. TRAIN provides a set of MATLAB tools that can be used to correct for tropospheric delays in InSAR data. Once set-up for one correction method, the toolbox allows for easy comparison with other methods, as all are formatted in the same way. The toolbox is fully compatible, but not limited, to the Doris and StaMPS software. Initial debugging has been done for ROI_PAC and PI-rate processed data, but user feedback and reporting will allow for further development. The toolbox includes the correction methods provided below, with a full descriptive manual on the input parameters, and tips/hints in case of problems. Version 2beta has now been released. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The software has been downloaded 586 times by groups all over the world, with the methods paper cited 20 times since 2015. 
URL http://davidbekaert.com/
 
Title oregano-ve 
Description Software for modelling of viscoelastic deformation of faulted continuum materials, for application to the study of the seismic cycle in Earth Science 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2012 
Impact New understanding of the viscosity structure of the crust in the region beneath the North Anatolian Fault of Turkey which caused a disastrous earthquake in 1999. 
 
Description Evgenia Ilyinskaya - Press Icelandic volcano Katla 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 20.9.18 - conducted research into how the Icelandic volcano Katla may be preparing for an eruption, due to it emiting a large amount of carbon dioxide.
Article appeared in the following:
Die Welt (translated from German) - https://www.welt.de/newsticker/dpa_nt/infoline_nt/schlaglichter_nt/article181603194/Vulkan-auf-Island-setzt-CO2-frei-Ausbruch-erwartet.html
Knack (translated from Dutch) - https://weekend.knack.be/lifestyle/reizen/natuur/uitbarsting-van-ijslandse-vulkaan-katla-verwacht/article-normal-1200485.html?cookie_check=1548889752
Mindener Tageblatt (translated from German) - https://www.mt.de/weltnews/nachrichten/letzte_meldungen/22249138_Vulkan-auf-Island-setzt-CO2-frei-Ausbruch-erwartet.html
Metro Time (translated from French) - https://fr.metrotime.be/2018/09/20/news/un-volcan-islandais-expulse-de-grandes-quantites-de-co2/
Climate Collections - https://hifast.wordpress.com/2018/09/20/icelands-monster-volcano-charging-up-for-eruption/
Sott.net - https://www.sott.net/article/396444-Icelands-Katla-volcano-charging-up-for-eruption
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://us-issues.com/2018/09/20/volcano-charging-up-for-eruption/
 
Description 2017 UK-China Science and Innovation Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 6 Dec 2017, the UK-China Science and Innovation Forum was opened by His Royal Highness Prince Andrew, Duke of York. Liu Yandong, China's Vice-Premier, Wang Zhigang, Vice-Minister of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, and Jo Johnson, UK Minister for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation, also attended.

Professor Zhenhong Li from the School of Engineering was invited to showcase two research projects he has been leading:
(i) Remote Sensing: Repeat Pass Interferometry of Chinese Gaofen-3 Satellite
(ii) Precision Agriculture for Family-farms in China (PAFiC)

Professor Li introduced the Chinese Gaofen-3 radar satellite and its potential applications to Vice-Premier Madam Liu.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ncl.ac.uk/engineering/news/item/professorshowcasesresearchattheroyalsociety.html
 
Description Andy Hooper - Mount Etna eruption 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Andy Hooper discussed on BBC R5 Live Drive the Mount Etna eruption. 16.3.17
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08hlmrs#playt=1h36m59s
 
Description Andy Hooper- Comments on Indonesian tsunami 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Volcano tsunami: more covert warning system is the key
Professor Andy Hooper comments on the Indonesian tsunami on BBC ZhongWen (in Chinese).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/simp/world-46670372
 
Description Andy Hooper/ Juliet Biggs - Magazine article predict volcanic eruptions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11.12.18 - Artificial intelligence helps predict volcanic eruptions
Satellites are providing torrents of data about the world's active volcanoes, but researchers have struggled to turn them into a global prediction of volcanic risks. That may soon change with newly developed algorithms that can automatically tease from that data signals of volcanic risk, raising the prospect that within a couple years scientists could develop a global volcano warning system - Andy Hooper (university of Leeds) and Juliet Biggs (university of Bristol) comment on their ongoing work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/12/artificial-intelligence-helps-predict-volcanic-eruptions
 
Description Astronomy and Geophysics Q&A - Philip England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Philip England gave an interview on his career and experiences in Astronomy and Geophysics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://academic.oup.com/astrogeo/article-abstract/57/5/ASTROG/2738848/A-amp-G-Volume-57-Issue-5-Ful...
 
Description BBC Article 'Norcia earthquake: Why multiple quakes are hitting Italy' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC science correspondent featured work by Laura Gregory/Rich Walters on 'Norcia earthquake: Why multiple quakes are hitting Italy'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-37816711
 
Description BBC News Article on New Research - Interview and Quotes - Napa Earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Gave a telephone interview and provided a figure for BBC News online science correspondent that was posted on 2nd September 2014.

A jump in the number of visits to my academic webpages describing my work from 6 a day to 40 on teh day of posting and staying elevated for the next few days.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-29012588
 
Description BBC News Article on New Research - Interview and Quotes - Nepal Earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media interview to Jonathan Amos BBC science correspondent and provide imagery for online news article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-32708779
 
Description BBC Radio Leeds/York Paul Hudson Weather Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Leeds/York Paul Hudson Weather Show features work by Laura Gregory.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04bsx6m#playt=50s
 
Description BBC Science Article - Quakes 'ever present' for Apennines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Science Correspondent featured work by Laura Gregory on 'Quakes 'ever present' for Apennines'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-37176502
 
Description BBC website interview - 'Constant watch on warping Earth' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC website interview with Rich Walters on the LiCSAR launch and describing how British researchers are now routinely mapping a great swathe of Earth's surface, looking for the subtle warping that ultimately leads to quakes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-38324836
 
Description Blog (AGU Blogosphere): Trembling Earth 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact COMET member Austin Elliott writes a blog about his work on earthquakes, as well as a wide range of earthquake-related features for the AGU.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://blogs.agu.org/tremblingearth/
 
Description Blog post (Palaeoseismicity.org): The 2013 Mw 7.7 Balochistan earthquake in Pakistan: NOT SO UNUSUAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact COMET Oxford student Yu Zhou blogged about the 2013 Mw 7.7 Balochistan earthquake in Pakistan for Palaeoseismicity.org, describing his work using analysis of Pleiades stereo satellite imagery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://paleoseismicity.org/guest-blog-by-yu-zhou-oxford-the-2013-mw-7-7-balochistan-earthquake-in-pa...
 
Description Blog post: Earthquake threat to Mexico City from the Guerro Seismic Gap 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact COMET student David Bekaert provided a guest blog about the April 2014 Mexico earthquake and the broader seismic threat faced by Mexico City for the University of Leeds Climate and Geohazard Services blog, highlighting both the work of COMET and the application of Earth observation techniques to managing natural hazards.

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://climateandgeohazards.wordpress.com/2014/04/19/guest-blog-earthquake-threat-to-mexico-city-fro...
 
Description Blog post: Launch of Sentinel 1-A 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://satellitegeodesy.wordpress.com/
 
Description Blog post: Tectonics from above - RAS discussion meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Christoph Gruetzner blogged on the Palaeoseismicity website about the RAS meeting Tectonics from Above: Recent Advances in the Use of High-resolution Topography and Imagery. The meeting was supported by NERC, COMET and LICS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://paleoseismicity.org/tectonics-from-above-ras-discussion-meeting/
 
Description Blog post: volcano degassing 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog posts to explain the background context to the journal articles on Afar published by David Ferguson and colleagues in 2013. The main post, called 'Sea floor spreading, on land' is the most well read post on the blog site, volcanicdegassing.wordpress.com. It accounts for over 10% of all of the specified page views on the site, and has been read over 1000 times; it has been widely recommended as a resource to school students of physical geography and geology, based on comments posted on social media.

This short blog post explains how our work helps to contribute to a better understanding of how volcanic rifts form. The post received over 300 page views in the first week with an audience from around the world, and is now the best-read page on the websi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016
URL http://volcanicdegassing.wordpress.com
 
Description Blogs and media interest following eruptions of Villarrica and Calbuco, Chile, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Following violent and highly visible eruptions of two prominent volcanoes in our field research area (Villarrica, in March; Calbuco, in April), I wrote several short blog posts to place the eruptions in context, to make available some accessible background information about the volcanoes (much of it based on our own published work), and to point readers in the appropriate directions for formal updates from the responsible agencies.

The posts gained high visibility (with over 5000 visitors to the site in March and April, 2015), and led to requests for interviews from international media including: AlJazeera (TV), France24 (TV), Radio Cooperativa (Chile) and Daily Mail online.

The blog posts were widely read, and shared across the world. A short update on 'the Calbuco eruption in numbers' had over 1000 views in the first 24 hours of release.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://volcanicdegassing.wordpress.com/?s=erupts&submit=Search
 
Description Book: Volcanologist - Ignite: The Coolest Jobs on the Planet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamsin Mather features in the book Volcanologist - Ignite: The Coolest Jobs on the Planet (Hardback) which explains to a younger audience what is involved in becoming a volcanologist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.waterstones.com/book/volcanologist/hugh-tuffen/melanie-waldron/9781406280128
 
Description Brendan McCormick-Kilbride - Bagana volcano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact October 2018 - 3 page article titled: Dance on a Volcano: Bagana, Papua New Guinea
Brendan McCormick Kilbride gives an account of fieldwork on an active volcano in the tropical rainforest of Papua New Guinea
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/~/media/shared/documents/Geoscientist/2018/Oct%202018/F2_Oct%202018.pdf?l...
 
Description Camilla Penney - Tsunami Risk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The south coast of Iran and Pakistan faces a worrying tsunami risk
Similarly to the tsunamis in South Asia in 2004 and Japan in 2011, tectonic plates moving in the Arabian Sea could bring destruction to the increasingly populated coastlines of Iran and Pakistan. Article appeared in the Independent and https://theconversation.com/the-rapidly-populating-coastal-region-from-the-gulf-to-pakistan-faces-a-huge-tsunami-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/iran-pakistan-threat-tsunami-a7669896.html
 
Description Co-wrote Hawaii's Kilauea: Volcano's dramatic images explained for the BBC website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact We were asked to write an explanation of volcanic photos from Hawaii by the BBC website team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-44174455
 
Description Costing the Earth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interviewed as part of Lava: A Dangerous Game
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b055g73y
 
Description Dippy In-Depth event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speaker at Dippy In-Depth event (Ulster Museum in partnership with the NI Science Festival) Earth
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://nisciencefestival.com/event.php?e=20
 
Description Dr Evgenia Ilyinskaya - Online interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 23.5.18 - Hawaiian volcano: What are vog and laze? - BBC News online
Terms like vog, laze and pahoehoe are everywhere at the moment, so we asked volcanologist Evgenia Ilyinskaya to help us make sense of them.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/science-environment-44219811/hawaiian-volcano-what-are-vog-and-laze
 
Description Dr Evgenia Ilyinskaya - radio broadcast - gases that are emitted when a volcano erupts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 26.6.18 - Science unwrapped - interactive science, medicine and technology - BBC Cambridgeshire - The Naked Scientists
Discusses the gases that are emitted when a volcano erupts, and describes one of her favourite eruptions.
BBC RadioLive 5 - https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0b86g8w#playt=39m46s
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p069j0jy#playt=35m53s
 
Description Dr Evgenia Ilyinskaya - Iceland's Katka volcano is not about to erupt 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 24.9.18 - Scientists explode over bogus claims that huge volcano is 'ready to blow', Dr Evgenia Ilyinskaya defends her original article and deploys the scaremongering of the press.
Also apperas in:
Newsweek - Online
IFL Science
Huffington Post
Naturer - Online
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://nypost.com/2018/09/24/scientists-explode-over-bogus-claims-that-huge-volcano-is-ready-to-blo...
 
Description Dr Evgenia Ilyinskaya - misrepresented the research and misquoted Dr Ilyinskaya. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2.10.18 - A correction was issued on previous coverage of research by Dr Evgenia Ilyinskaya (Earth and Environment). Several news outlets have misrepresented the research and misquoted Dr Ilyinskaya. Her research found that Iceland's Katla volcano is a globally important source of atmospheric CO2. This article concerns how the misreported news could affect people. Used incorrect quotes of Evgenia Ilyinskaya.
Also appeared in:
Quartz - News
The Guardian - Online
The Guardian (print)
Yahoo! UK and Ireland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://icelandmonitor.mbl.is/news/nature_and_travel/2018/10/02/sunday_times_apologize_for_katla_eru...
 
Description Dr Pablo J Gonzalez - Expert Comment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 11.5.18 - La mayor bomba atómica de Corea del Norte deforma una montaña y desvela sus secretos. Expert comment on recent Science journal article about InSAR and geomechanical modelling of effects of North Korean nuclear explosions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/05/10/ciencia/1525949636_119708.html
 
Description ESA-MOST cooperation Dragon 3 final results and Dragon 4 kick-off symposium (Wuhan) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Dragon programme has been supported by ESA and MOST in China since 2004 with four phases: Dragon-1 (2004-2008), Dragon-2 (2008-2012), Dragon-3 (2012-2016) and Dragon-4 (2016-2020). In this symposium, Dragon IV was kicked off. It involves 8 research fields including atmosphere, agriculture, urbanization, and geohazards. Prof Zhenhong Li, Prof Guijun Yang and Dr Hao Yang summarised the achievements of Dragon-3 and introduced the work plan for Dragon-4.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://www.most.gov.cn/kjbgz/201607/t20160707_126445.htm
 
Description Earthquake Hazard workshop, Tehran, Iran 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Earthquake Hazard workshop, Tehran, Iran
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Earthquake hazard workshop, Jammu, India 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Earthquake hazard workshop, Jammu, India
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ekbal Hussain - Press release Turksish Fault 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 12th April 2018 - Turkish fault reveals seismic steadiness, JPL Space in Images - Published in the journal Nature Communications, the study was led by Ekbal Hussain of the Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET) of the University of Leeds
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=pia22412#.WtB0rP4bPiE.email
 
Description Elisa Carboni/ Don Grainger - Convective and volcanic clouds detecting, monitoring and modeling school 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Elisa Carboni (Lecturer)/ Don Grainger (Keynote lecturer) - Convective and Volcanic Clouds (CVC) detecting, monitoring and modelling Nicolosi, Italy, 28 September - 6 October 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.cvctrainingschool.org/
 
Description Elite PhD course Copenhagen 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I co-taught a 1-week graduate course in continuum mechanics and seismology to a group of ~20 PhD-level students from a diverse group of international universities (mainly European)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Evgenia Ilyinskaya & Anja Schmidt Volcanic plumerangs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A new study has found a previously undetected potential health risk from the high concentration of small particles found in the boomerang-like return of a volcanic plume. News story published at the University of Leeds and University of Oxford. http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2017-06-12-icelandic-volcanic-%E2%80%98plumerang%E2%80%99-could-be-bad-your-health
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4058/volcanic_plumerang_could_impact_human_health
 
Description Evgenia Ilyinskaya - Radio broadcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 1.7.18 - Radio 5 live broadcast discusses the gases that are emitted when a volcano erupts, and describes one of her favourite eruptions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0b86g8w#playt=39m46s
 
Description Expert contributor Mars Diary 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Expert contributor Mars Diary (A free primary STEM programme supported by the UK Space Agency)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.marsdiary.org/experts/tamsin-mather/
 
Description Featured in popular science article (in Aerospace America) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Provided input to an article on using satellite data for earthquake science, and my view were reported in the article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://aerospaceamerica.aiaa.org/features/quake-casting-how-satellite-instruments-may-be-bringing-e...
 
Description GRSG Newsletter Article: Remote sensing of cross-border quakes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feature article for the Geological Remote Sensing Group Newsletter. Article written by Richard Walters about the research undertaken as part of the Earthquakes without Frontiers project, particularly focused on EwF's scientific and humanitarian response to the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.grsg.org.uk/newsletters/
 
Description Geology for Global Development Himalaya 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright and COMET PhD student Ekbal Hussein participated in the GfGD Himalaya project which brought together scientists from the Himalayan nations and around the world, to discuss with policy-makers and community representatives how to sustainably develop the resources of the Himalaya in a way that benefits the local communities and nations.

The conference will have a practical legacy, as well as advancing scientific understanding. Policy briefings are being produced on the main themes and conclusions of the conference, and government representatives have expressed their wish to continue a dialogue about these issues with those involved in the conference. The conference will also lead to publication of scientific papers.

Booklets in English covering the course content of the related schools programme were provided to participating schools and students. Basic useful information for local communities, written in their own language, will also be developed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/himalaya14#outputs
 
Description George and the Blue Moon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I wrote a science essay in a children's book
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.penguin.co.uk/puffin/books/1097513/george-and-the-blue-moon/
 
Description InSAR Meteorology Workshop in Miami 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The InSAR Meteorology Workshop was funded by NASA, bringing together Meteorologists, Geodesists & InSAR engineers, and explore potential applications of the InSAR technique for Meteorology. It was expected that the workshop would serve as a resourceful atmospheric science program for ESA's Sentinel-1 and upcoming NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) mission, eventually paving a successful path for establishment of InSAR Meteorology field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://insarmeteorologymiami2018.org
 
Description Indonesian fires exposed 69 million to "killer haze" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Newcastle University Press Office: Indonesian fires exposed 69 million to "killer haze" http://www.ncl.ac.uk/press/news/2016/11/wildfires/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.altmetric.com/details/13680394/news
 
Description Into the Inferno 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Clive Oppenheimer collaborated with Werner Herzog to produce this film on active volcanoes, released on Netflix.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.imdb.com/title/tt4846318/
 
Description Jonathan Hunt/Tamsin Mather/David Pyle - Deep Carbon Observatory 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 18.10.17 - Researchers Track Sneaky Carbon Dioxide Flux to Estimate Eastern Rift Emissions - Article on paper by Jonathan Hunt/Tamsin Mather/David Pyle - Deep Carbon Observatory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://deepcarbon.net/feature/researchers-track-sneaky-carbon-dioxide-flux-estimate-eastern-rift-em...
 
Description Juliet Biggs - COMET Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Juliet Biggs Scientist, University of Bristol - COMET live Webinar - What drives volcanic unrest? Approx 60 people watched live and now available on YouTube.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsVu7_ZQtxc
 
Description Juliet Biggs - Cabot Institute Annual Lecture 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Juliet Biggs - Watching the world's volcanoes

800 million people around the world live on or next to a volcano - many of whom rely on warnings to keep them safe from eruptions. But how can we tell if a volcano might erupt? And with over 1,500 volcanoes on land, how can we monitor them all? Juliet Biggs introduces a ground-breaking initiative developed by a multi-institution team at the Centre for Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET), which will transform the way we monitor and respond to volcanic risk around the world. (http://comet.nerc.ac.uk/)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/neuroscience/events/diary/2018/cabot-institute.html
 
Description Juliet Biggs - Sentinels monitor volcanic Mount Agung 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Sentinels monitor volcanic Mount Agung
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sentinels.copernicus.eu/web/sentinel/news/-/article/sentinels-monitor-volcanic-mount-agung.
 
Description Juliet Biggs and Andy Hooper - work featured in Nature article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 7.3.19 - How AI and satellites could help predict volcanic eruptions
Nature article highlighting COMET research by Juliet Biggs and Andy Hooper, who are developing methods that use AI and satellites to help predict volcanic eruptions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00752-3
 
Description Juliet Biggs/Andy Hooper - Volcano Monitoring 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A UK-led team of scientists is rolling out a project to monitor every land volcano on Earth from space.

Two satellites will routinely map the planet's surface, looking for signs that might hint at a future eruption.

They will watch for changes in the shape of the ground below them, enabling scientists to issue an early alert if a volcano appears restless.

Some 1,500 volcanoes worldwide are thought to be potentially active, but only a few dozen are heavily monitored.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-39642372
 
Description Juliet Briggs/Andy Hooper - Volcano monitoring 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC R4 Inside Science - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08m8z38
BBC World Service Science in Action - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04zvrcs
BBC R4 The World Tonight - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08m8z0j#playt=40m
BBC News at Ten - No clip
BBC Radio Leeds - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04z02tw#playt=26m53s
BBC World Service Science Hour - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p050skt0#playt=49m17s
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Jurgen Neuberg - Terrawatch: Montserrat's volcano remains a risk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 6.3.18 - Jurgen Neuberg - Terrawatch: Montserrat's volcano remains a risk - Neuberg makes comments on the current activity of the Montserrat volcano.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/06/terrawatch-montserrats-volcano-remains-a-risk
 
Description Katy Willis - EO STEM outreach 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact On 19th July Katy Willis (PhD student funded through a LiCS grant) was a STEM Ambassador at an Earth Observation themed day for year 8 and 9 students. Along with other Ambassadors she took part in a "What's My Line?" activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://comet.nerc.ac.uk/earth-observation-stem-outreach/
 
Description Land subsidence in Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact We employed Small Baseline InSAR technique to process ENVISAT ASAR and TerraSAR-X stripmap images collected from 2003 to 2011 and observed a maximum subsidence in the eastern part of Beijing with a rate greater than 100 mm/year; We also found some relationships between land subsidence and different conditioning and triggering factors
(e.g., groundwater levels, soft soil thickness and active faults). This research finding has attracted attention of a wide range of prestigious international media (e.g., The Guardian, The Telegraph, Huffington Post, Forbes, BBC and Xinhua News), and is ranked in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric, a system that tracks the online attention for a specific piece of research (See: https://mdpi.altmetric.com/details/8441790#score). This contribution is also selected as TOP 10 published articles in 2016 by MDPI
(http://blog.mdpi.com/2017/02/20/mdpi-altmetrics-top-10-published-articles-in-2016).

Based on the research finding and an interview with Prof Zhenhong Li, Xinhua News Agency produced an internal report on land subsidence hazards in China for Central Chinese Government
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/24/beijing-has-fallen-chinas-capital-sinking-by-11cm-a-ye...
 
Description Laura Gregory - Radio broadcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Laura Gregory discusses the science behind tsunamis and what caused the devastating wave in Indonesia. Paul Hudson Weather show - BBC Leeds
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p06l1y1c#playt=00h08m40s
 
Description Laura Gregory - TV appearance - earthquake in Indonesia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 8.8.18 - Discusses the science behind the recent earthquake in Indonesia earthquake and what can cause a post-quake tsunami. (from 1h9m54s)
Dr Gregory was also interviewed on BBC Radio West Midlands about the earthquake
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0bdrv1n#play=1h09m54s
 
Description Laura Gregory - tv broadcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 8.8.2018 - Discusses the science behind the recent earthquake in Indonesia earthquake and what can cause a post-quake tsunami. (from 1h9m54s)
Dr Gregory was also interviewed on BBC Radio West Midlands about the earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0bdrv1n#play=1h09m54s
 
Description Laura Gregory/Tim Wright/Tim Craig - Mexico Earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 20.9.17 Laura Gregory/Tim Wright/Tim Craig interviewed post the Mexico earthquake on: BBC Radio Sheffield
BBC Radio Leeds
BBC News 24
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Leeds Geological Society Lecture - When Continents Collide 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tim Wright gave the above lecture at the LGA January 2016 meeting. The LGA aims to promote and further interest in the geological sciences, both amongst its members and within the wider community. Particular emphasis is placed on the geology of the region and its relationship to landscape and scenery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.leedsga.org.uk/
 
Description Life Scientific 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 30 min programme on Radio 4's Life Scientific broadcast at 9am and via podcast
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08t0d3w
 
Description Magma accumulation highlights growing threat from Japanese volcano (University of Bristol) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact James Hickey's research on magma accumulation in Japan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2016/september/japanese-volcano.html
 
Description Marek Ziebart - Chinese television appearance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 3.4.18 - Marek Ziebart (COMET Deputy Director (Earth observation) UCL) takes part in Chinese TV debate on satellite re-entry - CGTN The Point Television Programme
China's space lab Tiangong-1 safely re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on Monday, breaking up over the South Pacific after seven years in orbit. Some media covered Tiangong's re-entry, using terms such as "crash" and "out of control," but does such language capture what really happened? And what is China doing to develop its permanent space station due to be completed in 2022? Yang Yuguang, a professor at China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation; Marek Ziebart, professor of space geodesy at University College, London; and Dr. Amitabha Ghosh, chair of the Science Operations Working Group for the NASA Mars Exploration Rover Mission, joined The Point.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bKeQGH7uqTY&list=PLt-M8o1W_GdSNhViAVk4Fq8IItW8PHBVf&index=4
 
Description Marie Edmonds - Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Marie Edmonds comments on their study - Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
July 21, 2017, University of Cambridge
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-07-link-continental-breakup-volcanic-carbon.html#jCp
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://phys.org/news/2017-07-link-continental-breakup-volcanic-carbon.html#jCp
 
Description Matt Watson - Press release Drone expertise volcanic eruptions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 8.11.18 - UK team shares drone expertise to help Guatemalans better prepare for volcanic eruptions
COMET Scientist Matt Watson (University of Bristol)
'A team of scientists and engineers from the Universities of Bristol and Birmingham visited Guatemala where they have been teaching local scientists how to use drones to map the Fuego volcano which violently erupted earlier this year.'
The local scientists took part in a four-day workshop. They were trained in safe flight protocols, data acquisition and image processing using quadcopters and 3D modelling software supplied by Agisoft.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2018/november/drone-expertise-volcanic-eruptions.html
 
Description Media coverage (Phys.Org): Earthquakes on thrust faults can spread 10 times farther to a second nearby thrust fault than previously thought 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This article describes work published in Nature Geoscience, by a team including COMET members John Elliott, Tim Craig, Barry Parsons and Tim Wright, who showed that earthquake ruptures can jump much further than previously thought, a finding that could have severe implications on the Los Angeles area and other regions in the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://phys.org/news/2016-02-dose-bad-earthquake-news.html
 
Description Media engagement (BBC Radio Berkshire) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright was interviewed about the 2015 Nepal earthquake by BBC Radio Berkshire.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02qd9g4#playt=0h07m40s
 
Description Media engagement (BBC Radio Leeds): Nepal earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Andy Hooper was interviewed on BBC Radio Leeds about the 2015 Nepal earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02qf1kv#auto
 
Description Media engagement (BBC Science Hour): Nepal earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright described COMET's work on the Nepal earthquake in the BBC World Service programme, a weekly review of scientific developments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02pzp4x
 
Description Media engagement (BBC TV) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Andy Hooper was interviewed by BBC News about the 2015 Nepal earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Media engagement (BBC World Service): Nepal earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright was interviewed for the BBC World Service about the Nepal 2015 earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Media engagement (BBC website): Himalayan drop off after Nepal quake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright features in this article which describes initial results from analysis of satellite images of the Nepal earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-32625431
 
Description Media engagement (BBC website): Nepal quake: Why are some tremors so deadly? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact COMET's work on the Nepal 2015 earthquake was featured on the BBC website in the context of earthquake prediction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/32549706
 
Description Media engagement (BBC website): Satellites dissect Nepal quake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Work by Drs John Elliott and Pablo Gonzales was featured in an article by BBC science correspondent Jonathan Amos. It describes the results of their Nature Geoscience paper which reveals the deep anatomy of the Nepal earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-35286798
 
Description Media engagement (BBC website): Sentinel satellite reveals Nepal quake movement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact COMET's rapid response to the Nepal 2015 earthquake was featured by science correspondent Jonathan Amos on the BBC website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-32515059?SThisFB&fb_ref=Default
 
Description Media engagement (BBC website): Sentinel system pictures Napa quake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact COMET scientist Dr John Elliot worked with BBC journalist Jonathan Amos to develop a news story on the 2014 Napa Valley earthquake. The article, which also explained how satellite data can be used to map earthquakes appeared on the BBC website on 2.10.2014.

As well as sharing information, the article stimulated a number of online comments (21) on the BBC site.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-29012588
 
Description Media engagement (BBC website): Unsettled Earth continues to rattle Nepal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Science correspondent featured work by John Elliott on the Nepal 2015 aftershock.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-32708779
 
Description Media engagement (CNN website): Why Icelandic volcano threat remains 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Andy Hooper wrote this piece on the impacts of the ongoing Bardarbunga eruption for the CNN website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://edition.cnn.com/2014/11/20/opinion/icelandic-volcano-hooper/
 
Description Media engagement (Channel 4): Terror on Everest - surviving the Nepal quake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Andy Hooper contributed to this Channel 4 documentary on the Nepal earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.channel4.com/programmes/terror-on-everest-surviving-the-nepal-quake/
 
Description Media engagement (Cosmos Magazine): Kathmandu's earthquake nightmare 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Richard Walters, describing how new satellite radar data can be used to assess seismic hazard, as part of a feature article on seismic hazard in Nepal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://cosmosmagazine.com/earth-sciences/kathmandus-earthquake-nightmare
 
Description Media engagement (Discovery Channel): Nepal earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright was interviewed about the Nepal earthquake by the Discovery Channel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Media engagement (ESA website): Fogo volcano on Sentinel's radar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ESA's web article described COMET's work on using radar images from the Sentinel-1A satellite to monitor ground movements of the recently erupted Fogo volcano.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel-1/Fogo_volcano_on_Sentinel...
 
Description Media engagement (ESA website): Nepal earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact COMET's work on the Nepal earthquake and associated interferogram was featured as one of ESA's regular "Space in Images".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2015/04/Nepal_earthquake
 
Description Media engagement (ESA website): Radar vision maps Napa Valley quake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The ESA website featured work by John Elliott and other COMET members on the 2014 Napa Valley earthquake, demonstrating for the first time how radar images from Sentinel-1 can been used to map ruptures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel-1/Radar_vision_maps_Napa_V...
 
Description Media engagement (Guardian): Iceland volcano - why a repeat of the 2010 flight chaos is unlikely 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Andy Hooper wrote this article for The Guardian on the Bardarbunga eruption and potential travel disruption.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2014/aug/28/iceland-volcano-2010-flight-chaos
 
Description Media engagement (Phys.Org): And now, the volcano forecast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact COMET scientists Marie Edmonds and Clive Oppenheimer developed an article for Phys.Org describing how the ability to monitor volcanoes has dramatically improved in recent years. The article appeared online in October 2014.



TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://phys.org/news/2014-10-volcano.html
 
Description Media engagement (Radio Aire) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright was interviewed about the increasing interest in space science surrounding Tim Peake's mission to the ISS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Media engagement (Wall Street Journal): Nepal Hit by New Earthquakes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview comment by Richard Walters on the 2nd Nepal earthquake and its relationship to the mainshock
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.wsj.com/articles/nepal-hit-by-another-major-earthquake-1431416952
 
Description Mr Jiang Sunan, Minister Counsellor of Science and Technology Section, Chinese Embassy in London visited Newcastle Geomatics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 14 March 2017, Mr Jiang Sunan, Minister Counsellor of Science and Technology Section, Chinese Embassy in London visited Newcastle University together with his colleague and met the Imaging Geodesy Team led by Professor Zhenhong Li.

Professor Li introduced the research activities in his team: (i) Earth Observations, (ii) Geohazard monitoring, and (ii) Precision Agriculture.

Mr Jiang was impressed by the EO technologies demonstrated by Professor Li and the research findings of Professor Li's team. He highlighted the UK-China golden era and encouraged Professor Li to develop further collaborations with China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Mr Jiang Sunan, Minister Counsellor of Science and Technology Section, Chinese Embassy visited Professor Li's Imaging Geodesy Team (14 Mar 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mr Jiang Sunan, Minister Counsellor of Science and Technology Section, Chinese Embassy and his colleague visited Professor Zhenhong Li's Imaging Geodesy Team at Newcastle University on 14 Mar 2017. Professor Li introduced his main research topics including satellite geodesy, remote sensing and their applications to geohazards (e.g. earthquakes, landslides and city subsidence), infrastructure stability and precision agriculture.

The direct outcome of this event was that Professor Zhenhong Li was invited to deliver presentations at the UK-China Science and Innovation Forum held in the Royal Society London on 6 December 2017 (http://www.ncl.ac.uk/engineering/news/item/professorshowcasesresearchattheroyalsociety.html).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Museum Lecture and Question and Answer Session (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The talk resulted in a few audience memebers coming up to me to discuss things further.

I was also invited back for a second year to present again.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2014
URL http://www.nhm.ac.uk/visit-us/whats-on/daytime-events/talks-and-tours/nature-live/
 
Description NASA video on how volcanic gas changes clouds 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Drs Juliet Biggs and Susi Ebmeier feature in a NASA video, available on youtube, about how volcanic gases affect clouds. This video provides an overview of their research published in the Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Systematic satellite observations of the impact of aerosols from passive volcanic degassing on local cloud properties, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2014).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KCM1EXMKjz0&feature=youtu.be
 
Description NATO lecture tour 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave an invited lecture series to several NATO countries (Germany, Turkey, Italy and the USA), paid for by NATO and building directly on several research projects funded by UK research councils
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description NERC Summer of Science: London Volcano 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To help celebrate NERC's 50th anniversary over the '2015 Summer of Science', the London Volcano model that had been created for the NERC/ESRC 'STREVA' project went on tour. This model volcano was the focus of activities and events for 14 days across 4 different physical locations. Activities were run by a team of 25 volunteers, across all career stages, with a great turnout from COMET researchers, and with much support from education and outreach teams of the British Geological Survey, the Diamond Light Source, and the Oxford University Museum of Natural History (OUMNH). Wider audiences were engaged through Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and the LondonVolcano blog.

Highlights included the Diamond Light Source Open Day, where 4000 people came past the exhibit, on the 'synchrotron' tour; the Greenman Festival in Wales, where we ran four days of painting and hands-on activities for children; and the Oxford Museum of Natural History, where the volcano took up a residency on the lawn for two weeks (and have 2500 visitors), and concluded with an explosive 'finale'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://londonvolcano.com/
 
Description New Scientist Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact New Scientist Live science festival in London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://live.newscientist.com/speakers/tamsin-mather
 
Description New article - 'Tracking down elusive origins of Kazakhstan's 1889 Chilik quake' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact News article featured in the EOS 'Tracking down elusive origins of Kazakhstan's 1889 Chilik quake' - New fieldwork and satellite data suggest that three faults may have caused a large earthquake near Almaty, Kazakhstan, more than a century ago.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/hub/article/10.1002/2015JB012763/editor-highlight/
 
Description News Article - Kink in Himalayan fault/Himalayas growth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mail online correspondent Richard Grey featured work by Dr John Elliot and Pablo Gonzalez on 'Deadly 'kink' in the fault line beneath Nepal causes the Himalayas to GROW but also threatens to unleash another earthquake'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3394205/Deadly-kink-fault-line-beneath-Nepal-causes-H...
 
Description News Article - Scientists pinpoint unbroken section of Nepal fault line 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Business Standard correspondent featured work by John Elliott/Pablo Gonzalez on 'Scientists pinpoint unbroken section of Nepal fault line'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/scientists-pinpoint-unbroken-section-of-nepal-faul...
 
Description News Article - Study - Kink in Nepal Fault line works as Himalayan Growth Plate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UPI correspondent Brooks Hays featured work by John Elliott/Pablo Gonzalez on the Study - Kink in Nepal Fault line works as Himalayan Growth Plate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2016/01/11/Study-Kink-in-Nepal-fault-line-works-as-Himalayan-growth-...
 
Description News artcle - Italy avalanche: A cruel coincidence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC science correspondent featured work by Rich Walters on 'Italy avalanche: A cruel coincidence'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-38679129
 
Description News article - Sentinels map Earth's slow surface warping 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Science correspondent featured work by Rich Walters/Tim Wright on 'sentinels map Earth's slow surface warping', the LiCSAR launch.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-38323832
 
Description News article - 'Seismic risks remain after Italian quakes' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC science correspondent Jonathan Amos featured work by Rich Walters on 'Seismic risks remain after Italian quakes'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News article - Es muss hier ein schweres Beben gegeben haben 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Der Spiegel correspondent featured work by Christoph Gruetzner on 'Es muss hier ein schweres Beben gegeben haben"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/erdbeben-in-deutschland-koennen-staerker-sein-als-gedacht-a...
 
Description News article - Repeated magmatic intrusions at El Hierro Island following the 2011-2012 submarine eruption (EFE Verde) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News article in EFE Verde featured work by Andy Hooper on Repeated magmatic intrusions at El Hierro Island following the 2011-2012 submarine eruption.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.efeverde.com/noticias/el-hierro-crecio-27-cm-tras-la-erupcion-por-6-entradas-de-magma-for...
 
Description News article - Scientists pinpoint unbroken section of Nepal fault line and show why Himalayas grow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Phys Org correspondent featured work by John Elliott/Pablo Gonzalez on 'Scientists pinpoint unbroken section of Nepal fault line and show why Himalayas grow'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://phys.org/news/2016-01-scientists-unbroken-section-nepal-fault.html
 
Description News article - Scientists show why Himalayas grow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Space Daily featured work by John Elliot and Pablo Gonzalez on 'Scientists show why Himalayas grow'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Scientists_pinpoint_unbroken_section_of_Nepal_fault_line_and_show_...
 
Description News article on RTVE 'Repeated magmatic intrusions at El Hierro Island following the 2011-2012 submarine eruption' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact RTVE news article featured work by Andy Hooper on 'Repeated magmatic intrusions at El Hierro Island following the 2011-2012 submarine eruption'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20170222/hierro-se-hincho-hasta-27-centimetros-dos-anos-siguientes-erupc...
 
Description Newspaper article - New data points to major eruption of Japanese volcano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Guardian correspondent featured work by James Hickey on 'New data points to major eruption of Japanese volcano '.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/13/new-data-points-to-major-eruption-of-japanese-volcano
 
Description Outreach activity: London Volcano 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Undertaken as part of the UUK Universities Week to engage the public in University level research programmes and to show what is new and happening in the science world. Involved creation of the LondonVolcano, a 3m tall working replica of Soufrière St. Vincent volcano on the west lawn of the Natural History Museum in London from 9 to 13 June 2014. The exhibit engaged with schools and other visitors to help them learn about how volcanoes work, why we care about them, and what we can do to prepare for the hazards that they present.


The exhibit generated considerable interest from both school parties and the public which will inform plans for future events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://londonvolcano.com/
 
Description Outreach publication targeted at school students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A publication with 'Futurum Careers', an organisation which aims to offer teenagers and young adults - regardless of their gender, race or background - the knowledge and confidence to study science - and, in turn, social mobility. They also aim to provide educators with appropriate resources to inspire the next generation to pursue science. They have a global circulation of 50,000 schools, with total student numbers estimated in the tens of millions.

My article was a description of earthquake science (and Earth Science in general), and how it can be used to increase resilience to seismic hazard.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://futurumcareers.com/studying-earthquakes-to-save-lives
 
Description Oxford Science Blog on impacts of volcanic gases 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Wrote a blog about fieldwork
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/science-blog/living-volcanic-gases-0
 
Description Pablo González - Webinar Volcanoes: from fuming vents to extinction events 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact COMET webinar: Pablo González - Volcanoes: from fuming vents to extinction events.

COMET scientist - University of Liverpool
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=goPA2YvpRqs
 
Description Pint of Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Pint of Science presentation in a pub
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://pintofscience.co.uk/event/volcanic-violence-and-magnetic-madness
 
Description Pint of Science festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact COMET members Ruth Amey, Marco Bagnardi and Laura Gregory took part in the first Leeds Pint of Science Festival, giving talks on their research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://pintofscience.co.uk/event/dynamic-earth
 
Description Press release: Bristol research wins Science of Risk prize 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bristol University's press release describes how work by COMET members Biggs, Ebmeier and Mather, published in Nature Communications, was awarded a Science of Risk prize by Lloyd's. The research, led by Biggs, looked at satellite imagery data for 500 volcanoes worldwide, monitoring which volcanoes were deforming to establish statistical evidence of their eruption potential.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2014/december/science-of-risk-award.html
 
Description Press release: A kink in the fault line explains why the Himalayas keep growing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Drs John Elliott and Pablo Gonzales' work on the Nepal 2015 earthquake, published in Nature Geoscience, featured as a press release on the Universities of Leeds and Oxford's websites. Their study show that a kink in the regional fault line below Nepal explains why the highest mountains in the Himalayas are seen to grow between earthquakes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3812/a_kink_in_the_fault_line_explains_why_the_himalayas_keep_gr...
 
Description Press release: Icelandic volcano's toxic gas is treble that of Europe's industry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A study involving COMET's Tamsin Mather, Elisa Carboni, and Don Grainger, and led by COMET associate Anja Schmidt, described how a huge volcanic eruption in Iceland emitted on average three times as much of a toxic gas as all European industry combined. The press release appeared on the Universities of Leeds and Oxford websites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3759/icelandic_volcanos_toxic_gas_is_treble_that_of_europes_indu...
 
Description Press release: Leading the way in Earth observation research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Awareness raised of Earth observation research in general and of COMET's research remit in particular.

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3511/leading_the_way_in_earth_observation_research
 
Description Press release: New satellite maps out Napa Valley earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Demonstration of how satellite data can be used to map earthquakes from space, highlighting how in this case it was used to confirm that the West Napa Fault was responsible for the Napa Valley earthquake. This fault had not been identified as being particularly hazardous prior to the event.

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3576/new_satellite_maps_out_napa_valley_earthquake
 
Description Press release: Rapid formation of bubbles in magma may trigger sudden volcanic eruptions: potential 'early warning signal' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Work involving David Pyle was featured on the Oxford University website. The press release described research published in Nature Geoscience, showed how some eruptions may be triggered within days to months by the rapid formation of gas bubbles in magma chambers very late in their lifetime.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.earth.ox.ac.uk/2016/02/rapid-formation-of-bubbles-in-magma-may-trigger-sudden-volcanic-e...
 
Description Press release: Scientists observe the Earth grow a new layer under an Icelandic volcano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A study led by Professor Andy Hooper and involving COMET student Karsten Spaans, published in Nature, shed light on how the Earth's crust forms. When the Bárdarbunga volcano, which is buried beneath Iceland's Vatnajokull ice cap, reawakened in August 2014, scientists had a rare opportunity to monitor how the magma flowed through cracks in the rock away from the volcano. The press release appeared on the University of Leeds website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3642/scientists_observe_the_earth_grow_a_new_layer_under_an_icel...
 
Description Primary School Science Outreach Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Tim Wright and 3 PhD students ran a whole day of activities at Pudsey Lowtown Primary school associated with earthquake and volcanic hazard.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public lecture on 'Earthquakes from Space' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The day before a RAS/COMET discussion meeting in Oxford, Professor Barry Parsons gave a public lecture on the subject of 'Earthquakes from Space' in the lecture theatre of the Natural History Museum, University of Oxford. The target audience was 6th formers in physics and geography in schools in the Oxford/Oxfordshire area, but the lecture was also attended by participants for the discussion meeting and members of the public. Following an introduction about the basics of earthquakes and tectonics, the use of satellites to investigate earthquakes was described. There was a handout giving internet and twitter links concerning information about earthquakes and areas of faulting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Public lecture: When Continents Collide 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright gave a public lecture at the Geological Society on how COMET is using the latest satellites to make extraordinarily accurate measurements of how continents deform, how we can use this information to understand where damaging earthquakes are likely to occur, and how the results can be used to reduce the devastating impacts of earthquakes. The talk was given twice at different times of day to reach, and was also broadcast live and made available on the web to reach a maximum audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/continentscollide
 
Description Radio 4: Costing the Earth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professors Tamsin Mather and David Pyle contributed to Radio 4's Costing the Earth programme Lava: A Dangerous Game, with Tamsin and David focusing on improvements in the satellite technology used to detect imminent volcanic eruptions and how this can be used to mitigate risk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b055g73y
 
Description Radio Aire interview: Nepal earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright was interviewed on Radio Aire (Leeds) about the 2015 Nepal earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Radio Broadcast - BBC Radio 4 BBC World Service 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Clip unavailable - Dr Laura Gregory (Earth & Environment) comments on the tectonic fault lines which cause earthquakes like the one that hit Italy in this week - Feb 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio Broadcast - BBC Radio 4 Midweek 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4 correspondent Libby Purves features interview with Clive Oppenheimer on volcanoes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07zzr8k
 
Description Radio Broadcast - NZ Earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4 Science hour broadcast featured work by Tim Wright on the New Zealand earthquake.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04g1d8x
 
Description Radio Broadcast - The Unpredictable Planet: Understanding Volcanoes and Earthquakes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC World service broadcast BBC Radio 4 'The Unpredictable Planet: Understanding Volcanoes and Earthquakes' featured volcanologists Tamsin Mather.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p041svq3
 
Description Radio Broadcast - Volcanoes in art 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC R4 Science Hour broadcast featured work by David Pyle on Volcanoes in art.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04p5zl2
 
Description Radio Interview BBC World Service (Science in Action and Science Hour) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview given to Jack Stewart for the Sicence in Action programme on the BBC World Service. Also played on the Science Hour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03drp1q
 
Description Richard Walters/Laura Gregory - Italy earthquakes news story 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 23.08.08 - Research into deadly 2016 Italian earthquakes could improve future seismic forecasts
The timing and size of three deadly earthquakes that struck Italy in 2016 may have been pre-determined, according to new research that could improve future earthquake forecasts.
A joint British-Italian team of geologists and seismologists have shown that the clustering of the three quakes might have been caused by the arrangement of a cross-cutting network of underground faults.
The research, led by Rich Walters Durham University, UK, comes ahead of the second anniversary of the start of the earthquake sequence.
The study is published in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Also appeared:
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/du-rid082318.php
University of Leeds press release - https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4281/networks_of_underground_faults_may_pre-determine_earthquakes
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/04/terrawatch-lombok-anxious-after-four-big-earthquakes
https://horizon-magazine.eu/article/plate-tectonics-observatory-create-seismic-shift-earthquake-research_en.html
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-string-of-italian-earthquakes-hints-at-forecasts-for-one-type-of-quake/
https://www.focus.de/wissen/natur/italien-waren-die-erdbeben-vorhersehbar_id_9481288.html
23.10.18 - https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07017-5
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://phys.org/news/2018-08-deadly-italian-earthquakes-future-seismic.html
 
Description Room Space Journal: Motion capture (Napa earthquake) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Professor Tim Wright wrote an article for Room, the international journal featuring leading space scientists and industry representatives, describing how Earth observation satellites can measure how the ground deforms around earthquake faults and volcanoes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://room.eu.com/article/Motion_capture
 
Description School talk (Southridge First School, Whitley Bay) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Professor Zhenhong Li was invited to give a talk to 60 students in Southridge First School, Whitley Bay. He introduced satellites and their potential applications (e.g. earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding and agriculture), which sparked questions and discussion afterwards. It appeared that a couple of students decided to become a professor in the future!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description School visit: Salesian School, Surrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact COMET staff member James Hickey gave a talk 'Volcanology: probably the best job in the world' to ~250 school students at Salesian School, Surrey. He talked about volcanology in general as well as the work of a volcanologist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Scientific essay contribution: George and the Blue Moon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Tamsin Mather contributed a scientific essay to Lucy and Stephen Hawking's book George and the Blue Moon, which contains up-to-the-minute scientific facts and information by the world's leading scientists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.amazon.co.uk/George-Blue-Georges-Secret-Universe/dp/0857533274
 
Description Simone Mancini - Outreach activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simone has been part of a documentary entitled "Chasing Quakes" and produced by the Terra Mater Factual Studios.
It was broadcasted on October 2017 in Austria, Germany and Switzerland.
It is on the BGS-INGV collaboration in the aftermath of the 2016 M6.0 earthquake in Central Italy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.terramater.at/productions/chasing-quakes/
 
Description Study finds link between Texas earthquakes and wastewater injection (University of Liverpool) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release describing Pablo Gonzalez's work on waste water injection and earthquakes in Texas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://news.liverpool.ac.uk/2016/09/23/study-finds-link-texas-earthquakes-wastewater-injection/
 
Description Susi Ebeimer - workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Susi Ebeimer, Organisation and teaching on 1 day workshop - Introduction to InSAR for Volcanologists, Geological Society Volcano and Magmatic Studies group conference at the University of Leeds, 6th January 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tamsin Mather - Agung unrest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interviewed on BBC World Service Newshour about Agung unrest 27 September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Tamsin Mather - COMET Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 29.3.18 - COMET Webinar Tamsin Mather present: Integrating satellite and ground-based measurements to understand volcanic behaviour
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xtMbge83xjo
 
Description Tamsin Mather - Living with Volcanic Gases 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tamsin Mather reflects on her many fieldwork experiences at Masaya volcano in Nicaragua, and what she has learned about how they effect the lives of the people who live around them. Blog - https://blogs.egu.eu/divisions/gmpv/2018/01/30/living-with-volcanic-gases/ and http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/science-blog/living-volcanic-gases-0
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/science-blog/living-volcanic-gases-0
 
Description Tamsin Mather - The end Triassic mass extinction: Interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact June 2017 - Interviewed on the end Triassic mass extinction, BBC World Newsday, BBC 5 Live, BBC Radio Oxford, BBC Radio Wales
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4611308/Volcanoes-caused-Triassic-extinction-dinosaur...
 
Description Tamsin Mather - Volcanic Plumes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tamsin Mather on what volcanic plumes reveal about our planet

The Life Scientific








To volcanologist Tamsin Mather, volcanoes are more than a natural hazard.

They are 'nature's factories', belching out a rich chemical cocktail of gases. It's these gases or 'plumes' that fascinate her the most.She likes nothing more than crouching on a crater's edge collecting a smouldering mix of ash and gases, a clue to what's brewing deep inside.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08t0d3w
 
Description Tamsin Mather - Volcanoes triggered Dawn of the Dinosaurs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tamsin Mather June 2017 - comments on the study re. A million-year-long period of extreme volcanic activity most likely paved the way for the dawn of the dinosaurs. Also appeared Iran Daily.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-40333902
 
Description Tamsin Mather - Women in science series: volcanology, sexism and LEGO 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tamsin discusses her professional journey to date, including recent work with the education initiative Votes for Schools, and why science is the best game around.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/science-blog/women-science-series-volcanology-sexism-and-lego
 
Description Tamsin Mather and Clive Oppenheimer - Infinite Monkey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tamsin Mather and Clive Oppenheimer interviewed by Brain Cox on the subject of Volcanoes. They look at the very latest technology that is used to predict the next big volcanic eruption, as well as the history and importance of volcanoes and volcanic activity on our planet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09r47j1
 
Description Tamsin Mather/Juliet Biggs The Conservation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article written by Tamsin Mather/Juliet Biggs in The Conservation - How to turn a volcano into a power station - with a little help from satellites
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://theconversation.com/how-to-turn-a-volcano-into-a-power-station-with-a-little-help-from-satel...
 
Description Tamsin Mather/Tim Wright/Andy Hooper - Taking Earth's pulse: How to predict eruptions from space 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tamsin Mather/Tim Wright/Andy Hooper - Taking Earth's pulse: How to predict eruptions from space - all comment on Sentinel-1 satellites, dedicated to continuous InSAR measurements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23531410-500-earths-pulse-how-to-predict-disasters-by-watchin...
 
Description The Conversation: Why we can't predict when a volcano will erupt 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Conversation is a collaboration between editors and academics to provide informed news analysis and commentary that is free to read and republish. Professor David Pyle's article for The Conversation on the techniques used to investigate eruptions and their potential as predictive tools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://theconversation.com/why-cant-we-predict-when-a-volcano-will-erupt-53898
 
Description The Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel discussion The Unpredictable Planet: Understanding Volcanoes and Earthquakes on BBC World Service
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p041svq3
 
Description The Infinite Monkey Cage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Part of a panel on The Infinite Monkey Cage with Brian Cox, Robin Ince, comedian Jo Brand and Clive Oppenheimer on BBC Radio 4.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09r47j1
 
Description The UK-China Research and Innovation Impact Festival and Gala Reception in Beijing on 08 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The UK-China Research and Innovation Impact Festival and Gala Reception was a 'Science fair'-style exhibition. Nine UK-China joint projects were invited to demonstrate their values and impact. Over 250 people including several (deputy) directors of research councils in China and the UK attended this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ukri.org/news/impact-and-breadth-of-uk-china-collaboration-on-show-at-china-launch-of-uk...
 
Description Tim Wright - Catalyst Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Tim Wright wrote an article for the STEM Catalyst magazine called 'Monitoring our dynamic planet from space'. Catalyst magazine is packed with interesting articles on cutting edge science, interviews and new research written by leading academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://magazines.stem.org.uk/catalyst-edition-30.html?b=1&p=18
 
Description Tim Wright - Kaikoura earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tim Wright describes Satellite radar scans of last year's earthquake in New Zealand are changing the way we are thinking about earthquake hazards in regions where our planet's tectonic plates meet. 24 March 2017. BBC World Service OS - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04x2zx2#playt=33m50s, BBC World Service Science in Action -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04x2zx2#playt=33m50s
 
Description Tim Wright - Kaikoura earthquake 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04x05qw#playt=48s, BBC website -http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-39373846, ESA website - http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel-1/Satellites_shed_new_light_on_earthquakes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04x05qw#playt=48s
 
Description Tim Wright - RAS HAROLD JEFFREYS LECTURE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact RAS HAROLD JEFFREYS LECTURE
Professor Tim Wright, University of Leeds
Monitoring our dynamic planet using satellite geodesy
'Astronomy & Geophysics' (A&G) meetings, also called Ordinary Meetings, have more diverse programmes of talks, at a level accessible to a general audience of scientists (and advanced amateurs).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ras.org.uk/component/gem/?id=496
 
Description Tim Wright - The British Interplanetary Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Satellite Earth Observation technology has transformed the way we respond to and prepare for earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In this lecture, I will discuss the ways that scientists within the Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET: http://comet.nerc.ac.uk) use satellite technology. I will show examples from recent earthquakes in Nepal and New Zealand, and eruptions in Ethiopia and South America. I will take you beneath the Earth's surface into the plumbing systems of volcanoes and the deep roots of fault zones, showing how satellite are changing our views of how the Earth works. I will end by discussing the future for this technology and the role of scientists in helping society become more resilient to our hazardous planet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.bis-space.com/2017/02/13/18376/monitoring-our-hazardous-earth-from-space
 
Description Tim Wright - The sinking of Mexico City 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tim Wright commented on the sinking of Mexico City linked to metro accident, with more to come article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/12/sinking-mexico-city-linked-metro-accident-more-come
 
Description Tim Wright/ Andy Hooper - Satsense press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 31.5.18 - 03.06.18 - £750,000 seed funding for University of Leeds spin-out Tim Wright and Andy Hooper
Andy and Tim have developed software that detects subsidence using satellite data, have launched a new spin-out company supported by £750,000 in seed funding.
The investment in SatSense has been provided by NPIF - Mercia Equity Finance which is part of the Northern Powerhouse Investment Fund, Unipart Rail and the University of Leeds.
Ongoing collaboration.
Press release appeared in:
Insider Media Limited
Business Quarter - http://www.bqlive.co.uk/yorkshire/2018/05/30/news/750k-funding-signals-lift-off-for-satellite-data-firm-32494/
Bdaily - https://bdaily.co.uk/articles/2018/05/30/university-of-leeds-satellite-data-spin-out-firm-secures-750k-investment
Business Cloud - http://www.businesscloud.co.uk/news/750k-funding-signals-lift-off-for-satellite-data-firm
Yorkshire Post - https://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/professors-land-750k-investment-funding-1-9191307
Business Up North - https://www.businessupnorth.co.uk/750k-funding-signals-lift-off-satellite-data-firm/
Yorkshire Evening Post - https://article.signalmedia.co/919b2f1e-372a-3c62-8ba6-33267fb871af?secondary=true&u=f9157888-8859-4dec-89cc-3ce73fc5de40?igin=news-monitoring-app
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.insidermedia.com/insider/yorkshire/750000-seed-funding-for-university-of-leeds-spin-out
 
Description UN world conference on disaster risk reduction conference blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact "Understanding earthquakes, mitigating risks", UN world conference on disaster risk reduction (Sendai, Japan) conference blog
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.wcdrr.org/blogs
 
Description Volcanic carbon degassing (Deep Carbon Observatory) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Brendan McCormick and Lois Salem's work on volcanic degassing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://deepcarbon.net/feature/dco-decade-team-head-papua-new-guinea-measure-volcanic-carbon-degassi...
 
Description Volcanoes - an exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I curated a public exhibition to run at Oxford's Weston Library from 10 February 2017 - 21 May 2017. This event attracted a lot of media coverage (print, radio and television), and parallel activities, ranging from workshops to public talks. During the exhibition over 50,000 people visited. Over 100 articles about the exhibition were published in the press, with a notional reach of 200 million potential readers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/whatson/whats-on/upcoming-events/2017/feb/volcanoes
 
Description Volcanoes - encounters through the ages 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact David Pyle's book brings together historical accounts of volcanic eruptions.These varied and compelling accounts enrich our perspective on current studies of volcanoes and challenge us to think about how we might use our contemporary understanding of volcanology to prepare for the next big eruption.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bodleianshop.co.uk/books/volcanoes.html
 
Description Web article (AGU Eos): 2014 Pico do Fogo eruption 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Work on the 2014 Pico do Fogo eruption, led by COMET member Pablo Gonzales and involving Tim Wright, Andrew Hooper and Marco Bagnardi, was featured as a research highlight in the EGU's Eos online magazine. The article describes how Sentinel-1 was used to map small movements of terrain. This marked the first time a significant ground deformation event was imaged with Sentinel-1's new InSAR technique-terrain observation by progressive scans (TOPS)-in which the radar beam is carefully steered to improve image quality.

The TOPS InSAR images revealed changes in the volcano's surface topography, allowing the researchers to model magma flow underneath. They found that the magma likely rose rapidly under the cone and then veered to the southwest flank of the volcano, where it erupted from an elongated crack, or fissure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://eos.org/research-spotlights/radar-technique-shows-magma-flow-in-2014-cape-verde-eruption
 
Description Webinar and Youtube recording 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Webinar' on active tectonics, which was also recorded and is now present on the COMET Youtube channel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qzqd5ggES5U
 
Description Zhenhong Li - Can satellites be used as an early warning system for landslides? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Can satellites be used as an early warning system for landslides?
Source(s): Newcastle University
Researchers are working hard to use satellite data to accurately map the movement of the earth before a landslide in a bid to develop a life-saving early warning system.
The team from Newcastle University (UK), Chengdu University of Technology, Tongji University, China Academy of Space Technology and Wuhan University (China) have been tracking the devastating events of last week when a massive landslide struck Xinmo Village, Maoxian County, Sichuan Province in China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/54209
 
Description Zhenhong Li - Success in Chinese Radar Mission: First interferograms from Gaofen-3 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An international collaboration between Professor Zhenhong Li's team at Newcastle University and the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) has generated interferograms using Chinese Gaofen-3 (GF-3) imagery for the first time. These are also the first interferograms from Chinese SAR missions. Dragon is a cooperation between ESA and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of the P.R. China. Starting in 2004, there have been 4 phases, each lasting 4 years. The latest and newest phase Dragon 4, commenced in July 2016 at the Wuhan Dragon 4 Kick-off Symposium and will be completed in 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://dragon4.esa.int/