NCEO Data Assimilation Theory and Applications

Lead Research Organisation: National Centre for Earth Observation

Abstract

Data assimilation activities: 1. Provide NCEO and the NERC community with accessible core models equipped for data assimilation which can be used for Earth System Science investigations and Observing System Simulation Experiments. 2. Interrogate UK Earth System components and derive data-consistent global state and model parameter estimates for initialisation and driving of models. 3. Investigate new techniques that will enable DA to meet the science challenges of tomorrow, including work with the Met Office and other meteorological forecast centres to ensure NCEO DA work has impact and to promote critical mass in key research and development areas.

Publications

10 25 50

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Amezcua J (2018) Time-correlated model error in the (ensemble) Kalman smoother. in Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. Royal Meteorological Society (Great Britain)

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Amezcua J (2014) Gaussian anamorphosis in the analysis step of the EnKF: a joint state-variable/observation approach in Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography

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Amezcua J (2018) Time-correlated model error in the (ensemble) Kalman smoother. in Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. Royal Meteorological Society (Great Britain)

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Amezcua J (2017) A weak-constraint 4DEnsembleVar. Part I: formulation and simple model experiments in Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography

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Asfaw D (2018) TAMSAT-ALERT v1: a new framework for agricultural decision support in Geoscientific Model Development

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Asfaw D (2018) TAMSAT-ALERT v1: A new framework for agricultural decision support in Geoscientific Model Development Discussions

 
Description 1. Data assimilation is the science of combining large computer models of geophysical systems to observations. Up to recently all data-assimilation methods had been based on linearisations, while the geophysical systems are (highly) nonlinear. We developed and tested successfully the first fully nonlinear data assimilation methods.
2. We determined the net CO2 update of the west-European shelf Seas in collaboration with PML.
3. We determined the net multi-year carbon update by the land surface of the Amazon basin and Australia including the significant contributions of fire.
4. We inferred sources and sinks of carbon using atmospheric chemistry inversions.
5. We have developed and maintained the data-assimilation software system EMPIRE/PDAF that encodes extremely efficient implementations of most mainstream data assimilation methods. This system is coupled to more and more geoscience models to enable scientists to concentrate on their environmental research, using data-assimilation as one of the main tools. It is also a powerful testbed for new data assimilation methods. The user base is growing fast, and this system will be developed into a community system for NERC scientists.
6. We determined the influence of correlated observation errors on the data assimilation process, and showed that ignoring them can lead to significant degradation of data-assimilation results.
7. Chemical data assimilation in its 4D-variational form has been used by us for the first time to look at changes in largely industrial outputs of ethane highlighting the changing oil and gas industry in the United States. We have also achieved an improved understanding of the natural surface fluxes of organic compounds and their sensitivities to soil moisture conditions.
8. We have developed a novel data assimilation system for the assimilation of a regional product for phytoplankton functional types from ocean-colour. It was first developed for multi-annual reanalysis with the Ensemble Kalman filter. It was then adapted to the operational model of the Met Office, which uses the 3D Var method NEMOVAR with the model NEMO-ERSEM, and tested successfully in (pre)operational 5-day forecasts
Exploitation Route We are working with the Met Office and ECMWF to implement our new methods on their systems.
The net CO2 uptake of the west-European shelf Seas will inform European coastal management. The data-assimilation software system EMPIRE/PDAF is taken up by more and more researchers that want to use data-assimilation as a standard tool to perform environmental research.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Transport

URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~darc/empire/index.php
 
Description 1. Work on observational error covariances and on conditioning of the minimisation problem has been implemented in the Met Office data-assimilation system and is now used operationally for weather forecasting. 2. Work on coupled ocean-atmosphere data assimilation for seasonal forecasts has been used by the Met Office and ECMWF. 3. Work on land-surface data assimilation has been taken up by the Forestry commission. 4. A data assimilation system of phytoplankton functional types from ocean-colour is expected to be used in the ocean operational system of Met Office of the North west European shelf-seas, in the framework of the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring service, for reanalysis in late 2019, and for forecasting in late 2020.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Environment
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Data assimilation training course for early career researchers
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact A 4-day advanced level course on data assimilation theory and practice was delivered to 23 early career researchers.
 
Description Earth Observation Summer School of the European Space Agency 2018.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I participated delivering training sessions for PhD students and early career researchers from all over Europe.
URL https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/events/all-events/-/article/eo-summer-school-2018
 
Description Implications of the opening of Arctic sea routes: A government commissioned Foresight evidence report on the future accessibility of the Arctic for shipping and the implications for national policy. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-of-the-sea-implications-from-opening-arctic-sea-routes
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Lectures at ESA Earth Observation Summer School, August 2018
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Approximately 70 early-career researchers from all round the world followed a 2-week course on Earth Observation in Frascati, Italy. I provided training in data assimilation through a series of lectures and computer exercises, Videos of the lectures are online and my introductory lecture has been watched over 170 times in 2 months.
URL https://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Sets/Earth_observation_summer_school_lectures_2018
 
Description NOAA grant panel
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Teaching at data assimilation course in collaboration with ECMWF
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Lectures and tutorials were provided to students on a "Theory of data assimilation" course, linked to the ECMWF one-week course in data assimilation. Students from European national meteorological services and universities were trained on the fundamentals of data assimilation.
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~darc/training/ecmwf_collaborative_training/
 
Description Training course in collaboration with ECMWF
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Lectures and tutorials were provided to students on a "Theory of data assimilation" course, linked to the ECMWF one-week course in data assimilation. 24 early career researchers from the UK, Europe and international were trained on the fundamentals of data assimilation.
URL https://research.reading.ac.uk/met-darc/ecmwf2019/
 
Description CMEMS TOSCA
Amount € 118,246 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Description Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (Project NOWMAPS)
Amount € 400,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2018 
End 03/2021
 
Description Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (project OPTIMA)
Amount € 123,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description Copernicus Marine environment monitoring service (CMEMS)
Amount € 380,000 (EUR)
Organisation Mercator Océan 
Sector Private
Country France
Start 05/2015 
End 04/2018
 
Description Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere
Amount £275,538 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/M001482/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description DataLab
Amount £90,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description EPSRC DT/LWEC DARE Pilot Project
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
 
Description EPSRC Mathematics of Planet Earth CDT Studentship
Amount £76,148 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2019
 
Description EPSRC University and Maths DTP Studentship
Amount £57,111 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Description External funding for lecturing
Amount £5,250 (GBP)
Organisation University of Leeds 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 01/2018
 
Description FFIR FRANC
Amount £875,494 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/K008900/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2013 
End 05/2019
 
Description FFIR Integration and KE Fund
Amount £44,872 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 03/2016
 
Description FFIR TENDERLY
Amount £547,501 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/K00896X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 11/2018
 
Description Global Challenges
Amount £110,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 01/2018
 
Description Grand Challenges Research Fund
Amount £157,910 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P015352/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 10/2017
 
Description H2020 European Union grant
Amount € 445,938 (EUR)
Funding ID Contract 727862 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2020
 
Description H2020 TAPAS
Amount € 6,922,128 (EUR)
Funding ID 678396 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2016 
End 04/2020
 
Description IPP
Amount £16,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation UK Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 11/2019
 
Description International Opportunity OSCA
Amount £41,870 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N006682/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2015 
End 02/2017
 
Description International Partnership Programme
Amount £16,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation UK Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 05/2020
 
Description Marine Integrated Autonomous Observing Systems Programme (Project CAMPUS)
Amount £525,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 04/2021
 
Description NCEO COSTRUIRE
Amount £17,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Centre for Earth Observation 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 03/2016
 
Description NERC CASE SCENARIO DTC Studentship
Amount £68,630 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 10/2018
 
Description NERC SCENARIO DTC Studentship
Amount £66,630 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 03/2018
 
Description Newton
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Organisation Meteorological Office UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description Postdoctoral and early career researcher exchanges with Europe, North America, China and India (PECRE)
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation Scottish Alliance for Geoscience, Environment and Society (SAGES) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description SARIC
Amount £950,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 11/2020
 
Description SERVICE EVOLUTION OF THE COPERNICUS MARINE ENVIRONNEMENT MONITORING SERVICE
Amount € 116,000 (EUR)
Organisation Mercator Océan 
Sector Private
Country France
Start 03/2015 
End 02/2017
 
Description STFC Accelerated Impact
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Leeds 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description Solar wind data assimilation - maximising the accuracy of space-weather forecasting
Amount £357,854 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S010033/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2019 
End 04/2022
 
Description TAMASA
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 10/2015 
End 10/2018
 
Description The Data Lab/GSi
Amount £99,012 (GBP)
Funding ID UoE/GSI/TDL 
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Title Carbon Data Model Framework - CARDAMOM 
Description What is CARDAMOM? CARDAMOM (CARbon DAta MOdel fraMework) is a computer programme that retrieves terrestrial carbon (C) cycle variables by combining C cycle observations with a mass balance model. CARDAMOM produces global dynamic estimates of plant and soil C pools, their exchanges with each other and with the atmosphere, and C cycling variables for processes driving change. A Bayesian method is used to retrieve model parameters that statistically reduce the difference between model outputs and C observations for each model cell. The outcome is a probabilistic assessment of the fluxes, pools and process variables of the C cycle in each cell. Why is it useful? CARDAMOM produces a C cycle analysis consistent with C measurements and climate. It is well suited for using with global-scale satellite observations, for instance aboveground biomass or leaf area index. CARDAMOM produces a confidence interval on all retrieved quantities, so that there is a clear assessment of model-data consistency, and the value of assimilating extra datasets can be quantitatively assessed. Why is it novel? Conventional C cycle estimates rely on prescribed C cycle parameters; CARDAMOM retrieves parameters by combining models with data. The implementation of the CARDAMOM family of C models, (DALEC models), differs from typical model implementations: there is no spin-up for biomass and soil C, and no prescribed plant functional types or C pool steady state. CARDAMOM generates maps of key model parameters as an output, rather than as an input. Rather than being compared to data, the CARDAMOM outputs represent the best fit to all data within each CARDAMOM cell. How does it work? CARDAMOM has several components. First is a C mass balance model, DALEC, that has four vegetation pools and two dead organic matter pools (these pools can be adjusted to test alternate structures). There are around 20 model parameters associated with phenology (plant timing), allocation, residence times, temperature sensitivity and productivity. The second component is a system to arrange and organise spatial data related to forcing (climate, burned area, management) and to observations for assimilation (currently LAI, biomass, soil C). The third component is the Markov Chain Monte Carlo code, that operates on each model grid cell to retrieve model parameter vectors consistent with data. The fourth component is a structure to manage model-data interactions, distribute jobs to parallel computing nodes, retrieve state and process variables from optimized model parameters, and to summarise results for analysis. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We have generated publications, begun international partnerships, and been invited to speak about our research tool. 
 
Title 3-hourly Model CO2 concentrations for 2009-2017. 
Description The model simulation was forced posterior CO2 fluxes, inferred from in-situ surface CO2 data using an Ensemble Kalman Filter. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It has been used in validation of OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals. 
URL http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk:/~lfeng
 
Title 3D configuration for NEMO-FABM-ERSEM using stand-alone optical module 
Description 3D NEMO-FABM-ERSEM model configuration for the AMM7 domain (North West European Shelf) using novel spectrally resolved stand-alone optical module. The optical module uses atmospheric fields (eg ozone, clouds, water vapour) to calculate both spectra and direction (diffuse or direct) of the incoming light into the water column. This information is crucial to improve how the model represents primary production and consequently ecosystem dynamics. The 3D configuration will be used to assimilate optical data (phytoplankton functional type absorption) into the NEMO-FABM-ERSEM model. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Will be used to better simulate ecosystem dynamics on the North-West European (NWE) Shelf. This development will eventually contribute to reanalysis of the ecosystem state on the NWE Shelf. 
 
Title A posteriori ethane emissions from INVICAT 
Description This data file contains two sets of optimised global surface fluxes of ethane (C2H6), produced through variational inverse methods using the TOMCAT chemical transport model, and the INVICAT inverse transport model. Emissions were produced using an iterative method of optimisation, known as 4D-Var, which minimised the model-observation differences. These are published in: Monks, S. A., Wilson, C., Emmons, L. K., Hannigan, J. W., Helmig, D., Blake, N. J., & Blake, D. R. (2018). Using an inverse model to reconcile differences in simulated and observed global ethane concentrations and trends between 2008 and 2014. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 11,262-11,282. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JD028112 These surface fluxes are produced as monthly mean values on the (approximately) 5.6 degree horizontal model grid. The associated uncertainty for the flux from each gridcell is also included. The fluxes and uncertainties are global, and cover the period Jan 2008 - Dec 2014. There are two alternative emissions sets, labelled EMIS_ALL and EMIS_ANTH, whilst the uncertainties are labelled ERROR_ALL and ERROR_ANTH, respectively. The two optimised emission estimates are produced through iterative minimisation of model-observation error in INVICAT. In all cases the observations are surface flask samples of ethane produced by by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Global Monitoring Division (NOAA GMD) and the University of Colorado's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR). Whole air samples in flasks are collected weekly to bi-weekly at each site and C2H6 is measured using gas chromatography with a flame ionization detection method. The EMIS_ALL fluxes are produced through variation of all surface emission types (anthropogenic, biomass burning, oceanic and biospheric), whilst the EMIS_ANTH fluxes are produced by only allowing the surface anthropogenic emissions to vary, with prior estimates of other emission types then added back on. Flux and uncertainty units are kg(C2H6)/m2/s, and time units are days since January 1st 2008. These emissions show improved performance relative to independent observations when included in the TOMCAT model. Further details about the data can be found in the PDF documentation stored along side this data, as well as in Monks et al., 2018. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact N/A 
URL http://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/9dace73ad8654298aea626b8bde0a782?search_url=%2F%253Fq%253DINVICAT%2...
 
Title A statistical method for structural error diagnostic in multiple EO data 
Description An EOF-based statistical model designed to diagnose structural error in multiple EO data. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The estimated structural bias in EO data can be used to generate off-diagonal error covariances in the Earth's energy budget inverse model. The spatially correlated bias map can be used to improve the domain selection/definition for regional energy budget. 
 
Title CARDAMOM panarctic retrievals 2000-2015 
Description Pan Arctic estimates of C cycling at 1 degree resolution, from 2000-2015, at monthly resolution with confidence intervals. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This results underpin a publication by Lopez-Blanco et al. 
URL http://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk
 
Title CH4 fluxes and atmospheric CH4 concentrations 
Description We inferred surface CH4 fluxes by assimilating in-situ CH4 observations. We then used a global chemistry transport model (GEOS-Chem) to simulation 3D CH4 concentrations from 2009-2015, forced by the inferred CH4 fluxes. We have also provided the validation of the resulting CH4 concentrations against independent observations. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database has been used to validate GOSAT XCH4 retrievals. 
URL http://xweb.geos.ed.ac.uk:/~lfeng
 
Title CO2 flux inferred from OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals 
Description 2014-2017 surface CO2 fluxes inferred from OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals using an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data base has been used to study emissions from tropical regions by research groups. 
URL http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk:/~lfeng
 
Title Development of the CARDAMOM framework 
Description The CARDAMOM data-assimilation framework is a flexible research tool that uses observational datasets to constrain a model of the terrestrial carbon cycle. It can repeat the procedure from local scale, using field samples, to global scale, using remote-sensing data and climate re-analysis. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact We published a paper in PNAS that present global results and corresponding data are being made available to the community through the Edinburgh DataShare facility. 
URL http://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk/handle/10283/864
 
Title EMPIRE_ERSEM 
Description Assimilation system coupling a number of assimilation algorithms to the marine model GOTM-ERSEM, exploiting the assimilation framework EMPIRE developed by University of Reading/NCEO 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This assimilation system allows the unprecedented use of novel assimilation algorithms with marine ecosystem models 
 
Title EnKF_ERSEM 
Description Data assimilation system, based on the Ensemble Kalman filter, for the assimilation of ocean colour data into ecosystem models of shelf-seas. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This assimilation system provided the first decadal reanalysis of the biogeochemistry of the North East Atlantic, through assimilation of ocean colour data from ESA's Climate Change Initiative - Ocean Colour 
 
Title GOSAT-optimised global CH4 emissions 
Description Monthly mean methane emissions optimised using the INVICAT data assimilation model through assimilation of surface flask observations of methane and two different GOSAT products provided by the university of Leicester (Proxy & Full Physics versions) for the period 2010 - 2014. Also, full global 3D simulated atmospheric concentrations of methane produced using the TOMCAT model and the optimsed surface emissions. These concentrations are provided at 12-hourly temporal resolution. These simulated concentrations match the observed surface growth rate at regional and global scales. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact N/A 
 
Title Global GPP simulated by the JULES land surface model for 2001-2010 
Description This study evaluates the ability of the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) Land Surface Model (LSM), the land surface scheme of the UK Met Office Unified Model (MetUM), to simulate Gross Primary Productivity (GPP) at regional and global scales for 2001--2010. Model simulations were driven with a variety of meteorological datasets and at various spatial resolutions (0.5x0.5, 1x1, 2x2 degree resolution). The meteorological datasets include: 1. WFDEI-GPCC The WATCH Forcing Data methodology was applied to the ERA-Interim reanalysis data (WFDEI) for the 1979--2012 period (Weedon et al., 2014. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014WR015638 ). WFDEI has two precipitation products, corrected using either CRU (Climate Research Unit at the University of East Anglia) or GPCC (Global Precipitation Climatology Centre) precipitation totals and are referred to as WFDEI-CRU and WFDEI-GPCC, respectively. 2. WFDEI-CRU See above. 3. PRINCETON The PRINCETON dataset is a global 62 year near-surface meteorological dataset used for driving land surface models and was created by Princeton University's Terrestrial Hydrology Group ( http://hydrology.princeton.edu/home.php ) (Sheffield et al., 2006. https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3790.1 ). JULES GPP was then compared to spatially gridded estimates of GPP from the upscaling of GPP from the FLUXNET network (FLUXNET-MTE), the MODIS sensor and the CARDAMOM framework. GPP, Gross Primary Productivity, is the total amount of carbon uptake by plants (per unit area in unit time) and used in photosynthesis. All files are in netCDF format. There is metadata in the files. To briefly view information regarding the files, there is software on Linux called ncdump (to read the data and metadata) and ncview (to plot the data without writing computer code). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This study evaluates the ability of the JULES land surface model (LSM) to simulate photosynthesis using local and global data sets at 12 FLUXNET sites. Model param- eters include site-specific (local) values for each flux tower site and the default parameters used in the Hadley Cen- tre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM) climate model. Firstly, gross primary productivity (GPP) estimates from driving JULES with data derived from local site measure- ments were compared to observations from the FLUXNET network. When using local data, the model is biased with to- tal annual GPP underestimated by 16 % across all sites com- pared to observations. Secondly, GPP estimates from driving JULES with data derived from global parameter and atmo- spheric reanalysis (on scales of 100km or so) were com- pared to FLUXNET observations. It was found that model performance decreases further, with total annual GPP under- estimated by 30 % across all sites compared to observations. When JULES was driven using local parameters and global meteorological data, it was shown that global data could be used in place of FLUXNET data with a 7 % reduction in to- tal annual simulated GPP. Thirdly, the global meteorological data sets, WFDEI and PRINCETON, were compared to local data to find that the WFDEI data set more closely matches the local meteorological measurements (FLUXNET). Finally, the JULES phenology model was tested by comparing results from simulations using the default phenology model to those forced with the remote sensing product MODIS leaf area in- dex (LAI). Forcing the model with daily satellite LAI results in only small improvements in predicted GPP at a small num- ber of sites, compared to using the default phenology model. 
URL https://www.geosci-model-dev.net/8/295/2015/gmd-8-295-2015.pdf
 
Title Global optimised CH4 emissions and optimised 3D CH4 concentrations [optimised with surface data, 2010 - 2014] 
Description Monthly mean methane emissions optimised using the INVICAT data assimilation model through assimilation of surface flask observations of methane for the period 2008 - 2014. Also, full global 3D simulated atmospheric concentrations ofm ethane produced using the TOMCAT model and the optimsed surface emissions. These concentrations are provided at 3-hourly temporal resolution. These simulated concentrations match the observed surface growth rate at regional and global scales. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Ongoing work for comparison between optimised model concentrations and GOSAT observations over UK and Europe which is being written up for publication. 
 
Title Global optimised ethane emissions/global optimised atmospheric ethane concentrations [2008 - 2014] 
Description Monthly mean ethane emissions optimised using the INVICAT data assimilation model through assimilation of surface flask observations of ethane for the period 2008 - 2014. Also, full global 3D simulated atmospheric concentrations of ethane produced using the TOMCAT model and the optimsed surface emissions. These simulated concentrations match the observed surface growth rate at regional and global scales. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This data has been provided to other groups for comparison with remote sensing observations of ethane in the UTLS. 
 
Title INVICAT & ATOMCAT 
Description ATOMCAT is the adjoint version of the TOMCAT chemical transport model, whilst INVICAT is a 4D-Var inverse model which incorporates TOMCAT and ATOMCAT. It assimilates observations of atmospheric trace gases in order to provide optimised flux estimates. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This model is currently being used in a number of studies, producing optimised fluxes of methane, carbon dioxide and ethane using both in situ and remote sensing observations. GOSAT and IASI CH4 concentrations are both currently being included in the model. 
 
Title INVICAT V3.0 
Description This is the updated version of the INVICAT model. Previously version 2.0 was available for use. Version 3.0 uses an updated version of the TOMCAT model (V1.81) and now does not require large amounts read/write to disk. Non-diagonal prior covariance error matrices are supported, and the model now is able to but run in parallel using MPI. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None as yet. 
 
Title Model CO2 and CH4 concentrations (2009-2017) 
Description We use an Ensemble Kalman filter to infer surface CO2 fluxes by assimilating in-situ observations. We use the resulting posterior CO2 fluxes to force forward model simulation of global CO2 concentrations for 2009-2017. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This data set has been to validate satellite (GOSAT and OCO-2) XCO2 retrievals. 
URL http://xweb.geos.ed.ac.uk/~/lfeng
 
Title Model CO2 and CH4 concentrations from 2009-2016 
Description The model simulations are forced by posterior fluxes inferred from GOSAT proxy XCH4/XCO2 ratios (University of Leicester), together with in-situ CO2 and CH4 observations. The resulting model concentrations are shown to be in good agreement with in-dependent observations. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The results have been used in validation of OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals. 
 
Title Ocean Reanalysis including RAPID Array Data 
Description New Reanalysis based on Met Office Glosea5 system but including additional impact from assimilating RAPID array data 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Reanalysis data will be transferred to CEDA and published by June 2019 
 
Title Reanalysis and regionalization of the biogeochemistry of the Mediterranean Sea (1998-2014) 
Description We assimilated ocean-colour phytoplankton functional types into a three dimensional physical-biogeochemical model of the Mediterranean Sea, in a reanalysis spanning 1998-2014. Daily and/or monthly outputs were collected in a database (NETCDF files) that is freely available on request to Stefano Ciavatta 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The post-processing of the database led to a novel definition of ecoregions in the Mediterranean Sea, based on the spatial distribution of the phytoplankton community structure and related carbon fluxes. The main purpose of such regionalization is to support Blue Growth in the Mediterranean Sea, and to test analysis tecniques that can be applied in the context of the North West European Shelf-Seas. These findings are the object of a manuscript submitted to Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, by Ciavatta et al. 
 
Title Reanalysis of the biogeochemistry of the North East Atlantic 
Description This is the output of the reanalysis of the biogeochemistry of the North East Atlantic in the years 1998-2014 carried out by means of the assimilation system EnKF_ERSEM The data base is described in Ciavatta et al., 2016, Journal of Geophysical Research, DOI: 10.1002/2015JC011496 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database has been used as input to an aquaculture model in the framework of the NERC project ROSA; The output has been used at NOC for comparison/interpretation of ocean observations of physical and biogeochemical variables from buoys and gliders; The database is in use by a student of the University of Southampton for his bachelor project 
URL http://portal.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk
 
Title Reliability Ensemble Averaging of ISIMIP NPP projections for 2095-2099 under RCP8.5 
Description Multi-model averaging techniques provide opportunities to extract additional information from large ensembles of simulations. In particular, present-day model skill can be used to evaluate their potential performance in future climate simulations. Multi-model averaging methods have been used extensively in climate and hydrological sciences, but they have not been used to constrain projected plant productivity responses to climate change, which is a major uncertainty in earth system modelling. Here, we use three global observation-orientated estimates of current net primary productivity (NPP) to perform a reliability ensemble averaging (REA) using 30 global simulations of the 21st century change in NPP based on the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) 'business as usual' emissions scenario. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We find that the three REAs support an increase in global NPP by the end of the 21st century (2095-2099) compared to 2001-2005, which is 2 - 3% stronger than the ensemble ISIMIP mean value of 24.2 Pg C y-1. Using REA also leads to a 45 - 68% reduction in the global uncertainty of 21st century NPP projection, which strengthens confidence in the resilience of the CO2 fertilization effect to climate change. This reduction in uncertainty is especially clear for boreal ecosystems although it may be an artefact due to the lack of representation of nutrient limitations on NPP in most models. Conversely, the large uncertainty that remains on the sign of the response of NPP in semi-arid regions points to the need for better observations and model development in these regions. 
URL https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2017-83
 
Title Reliability Ensemble Averaging of ISIMIP NPP projections for 2095-2099 under RCP8.5 
Description These data corresponds to the results described in a paper published in Earth System Dynamics (Exbrayat et al., 2018). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This work has been made possible by new collaboration with researchers at the UK Met Office and the Japanese National Institute for Environmental Studies. 
 
Title Single column model and assimilation system 
Description A single column atmosphere-ocean model and data assimilation system has been built, based on a column version of the ECMWF IFS atmosphere model and a mixed layer ocean model. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This tool has allowed the study of different approaches to the coupled data assimilation problem that cannot easily be compared in full size model. The research by our group has been published (Smith et. al 2015) and has been cited by the Met Office in support of their future directions in this area (doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0174.1) 
 
Title TOMCAT/SLIMCAT 3D Model 
Description Detailed 3-D model of atmospheric chemistry and aerosols. The model was initially developed around 20 years ago, but multiple projects have led to further developing and testing of specific routines and parameterisations. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Many peer-reviewed publications. See website. 
URL http://www.see.leeds.ac.uk/tomcat
 
Title Terrestrial carbon cycle reanalyses, 2000-2010 
Description The Carbon Data Model Framework generates robust estimates of terrestrial C cycling based on satellite observations, soil maps, climate data and a process model of C cycling. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact These data are associated with a high impact publication, and provide consistent C cycle estimates with errors across the globe. 
URL http://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk/handle/10283/875
 
Title VAREC: a matlab package for Variational data assimilation for the DALEC model. 
Description This package explores different aspects of variational methods for inverse modelling for a simple carbon cycle model. It provides code and data for the manuscript "Constraining DALEC (v2) using multiple data streams and ecological constraints: analysis and application" submitted to Geoscientific Model Development. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The methodology described in the companion paper "Constraining DALEC v2 using multiple data streams and ecological constraints: analysis and application" have been applied to NDVI retrieval for a project in collaboration with the National Physics Laboratory. Further research is carried out to extend some of these tools for ensemble methods. 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/269937
 
Title surface CO2 fluxes and CO2 concentrations 
Description We infer surface CO2 fluxes by assimilating in-situ CO2 observations by using an Ensemble Kalman Filter for 7 years from 2009-2015. We then use the resulting surface fluxes to force a global chemistry transport model (GEOS-Chem) to simulate 3D atmospheric CO2 concentrations. We have also included validation of the resulting CO2 concentrations against independent observations. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact In the past this database has been used in validating GOSAT XCO2 and proxy XCH4 restrievals. Also, it has now been used in validating OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals. 
URL http://xweb.geos.ed.ac.uk/~lfeng
 
Description AWI 
Organisation Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input
Collaborator Contribution Access to Facilities / Resources;Staff Time / Expertise; Operational experience
Impact Exchange of expertise
Start Year 2014
 
Description Alison Ramage 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Department Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experience in data assimilation
Collaborator Contribution Experience in numerical methods
Impact No ouputs so far
Start Year 2017
 
Description ArcSustain H2020 proposal 
Organisation University of Tromso
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposal submitted to EU i Feb 2019
Collaborator Contribution PI in Tromso is Lead on proposal. Reading is WP1 coordinator
Impact H2020 proposal ArcSustain 6m euro
Start Year 2019
 
Description Bremen 
Organisation University of Bremen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PhD
Collaborator Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Mathematical Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PhD
Impact PhD Thesis
Start Year 2014
 
Description CAGE CEOI proposal 
Organisation Teledyne-e2v
PI Contribution CAGE proposal submitted
Collaborator Contribution Steve Maddox of Teledyn lead the proposal
Impact Expect proposal outcome by April 2019 Cold Atom Gravity Explorer
Start Year 2019
 
Description Canada 
Organisation University of Quebec at Montreal
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input
Collaborator Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input
Impact Exchange of expertise; seminar presentations
Start Year 2015
 
Description Climate model with spatially varying parameters 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provided modified climate model parameters based on work in the Ergodics project
Collaborator Contribution Dr Simon Wilson of Met Office and NCAS made modifications to the HadCM3 climate model code to allow the Convective entrainment parameter to be spatilly varying according to a field we have provided. It took several rounds of testing to ensure the code was working ~ 2 weeks work
Impact One or two paper will be written on the results from the new code
Start Year 2016
 
Description DWD 
Organisation German Weather Service
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provision of theoretical results, analytical skills and computer code. Analysis of data. Publication of results
Collaborator Contribution Provision of data for analysis. Discussion and assistance with publication.
Impact Paper in preparation for journal submission. Expected improvement in assimilation of radar data in the DWD weather forecasting system. Disciplines involved are mathematics, computation, meteorology.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Data assimilatin for flood forecasting 
Organisation Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology
Country Luxembourg 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise on the use of particle filters and ensemble filters for data assimilation
Collaborator Contribution Expertise on flood modelling and data bases
Impact None yet. Multidisciplinary : mathematics & statistics, numerical fluid modelling, data assimilation, filters, computational fluid dynamics
Start Year 2018
 
Description ECMWF 
Organisation European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting ECMWF
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research collaboration: Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input
Collaborator Contribution Research collaboration: Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Operational experience
Impact Exchange of ideas
Start Year 2014
 
Description ECMWF coupled DA 
Organisation European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting ECMWF
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Presentation of project results at informal project meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of single column atmosphere and ocean code for use in our project. Initial support to get the code running.
Impact 4 publications.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ECMWF model error 
Organisation European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting ECMWF
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution A method to estimate model error statistics was developed by my research team in the context of simple models. In this collaboration we took data from ECMWF and began applying the same method to this real data. Work is still ongoing.
Collaborator Contribution ECMWF provided data on which to test the methods.
Impact Work still ongoing - no outcomes so far.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Forest Research 
Organisation Forest Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PhD Funding for PhD
Collaborator Contribution Access to Facilities / Resources;Staff Time / Expertise; Experimental techniques Joint supervision of PhD NERC CASE Funding
Impact Journal papers, jonference papers; public outreach; PhD in progress
Start Year 2012
 
Description GODAE DA-TT 
Organisation Data Assimilation Task Team (DA-TT)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Scientific discussion
Collaborator Contribution Scientific discussion
Impact Scientific discussion
Start Year 2015
 
Description GODAE MEAP-TT 
Organisation Marine Ecosystem And Prediction Task Team (MEAP-TT)
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Scientific discussion on marine modelling/data assimilation; Oral presentation on data assimilation, through skype, at the "MEOPAR/ GOV Marine Ecosystem Analysis and Prediction Workshop", Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, 23-24 June 2015
Collaborator Contribution Scientific discussion on marine modelling/data assimilation
Impact Oral presentation on data assimilation, through skype, at the "MEOPAR/ GOV Marine Ecosystem Analysis and Prediction Workshop", Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, 23-24 June 2015
Start Year 2015
 
Description Grenoble 
Organisation Joseph Fourier University
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input
Collaborator Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input
Impact Habilitations awarded in France; PhD from France employed in Reading. Seminars presented in France and in Reading..
Start Year 2012
 
Description IC3 
Organisation Catalan Institute of Climate Sciences (IC3)
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PhD
Collaborator Contribution Access to Facilities / Resources; Staff Time / Expertise; Operational experience Joint supervision of PhD
Impact PhD Thesis; Journal papers; Conference presentations
Start Year 2012
 
Description Lecce 
Organisation University of Salento
Department Department of Mathematics and Physics
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mathematical expertise on data assimilation and inverse problems.
Collaborator Contribution Mathematical expertise on morphochemical modelling. Experimental data on pattern formation.
Impact One publication. Multidisciplinary - Mathematics and engineering/ electrochemical material science
Start Year 2014
 
Description Met Office 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Resources;Staff Time / Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PDRA Joint supervision of MSc
Collaborator Contribution Access to Facilities / Resources;Staff Time / Expertise; Operational experience Joint supervision of PDRA Joint supervision of MSc
Impact Journal papers; Conference presentations; Changes/improvements to the Met Office data assimilation systems
 
Description Met Office coupled DA 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Visits to Met Office to present results from project.
Collaborator Contribution Met Office provided staff time to comment on results and proposed experiments.
Impact 4 publications. Further grant application for funding
Start Year 2012
 
Description NCEO studentship with PML on Bio-Argo and ocean carbon cycle 
Organisation Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Supervising PhD student Liza Ross. Meetings weekly in person or by skype Jointly supervised by Giorgio Da'lomo form PML
Collaborator Contribution PML hosts student most of time. Cruise data analysed in particle analyser at PML
Impact Excellent set of new measurements of particulate carbon from AMT24 cruise
Start Year 2014
 
Description NEMOVAR for Ocean Reanalysis 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaboration to Port NEMOVAR code to Monsoon and then Archer allowing operational ocean assimilation code to be used by academic community
Collaborator Contribution Part time support over period of ~9 months for code porting and testing
Impact NEMOVAR now working on Monsoon and Archer
Start Year 2014
 
Description NEMOVAR for Ocean Reanalysis 
Organisation National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaboration to Port NEMOVAR code to Monsoon and then Archer allowing operational ocean assimilation code to be used by academic community
Collaborator Contribution Part time support over period of ~9 months for code porting and testing
Impact NEMOVAR now working on Monsoon and Archer
Start Year 2014
 
Description NPOP DA WG 
Organisation National Partnership for Ocean Prediction (NPOP)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Scientific discussion; Oral presentation at the 3rd NPOP/NCOF Data Assimilation Workshop (University of Reading, 26/10/2015)
Collaborator Contribution Scientific discussion; Workshop organization
Impact Oral presentation at the 3rd NPOP/NCOF Data Assimilation Workshop (University of Reading, 26/10/2015)
Start Year 2014
 
Description NRL 
Organisation United States Naval Research Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Resources;Staff Time / Expertise;Academic Input
Collaborator Contribution Access to Facilities / Resources;Staff Time/ Expertise in operational assimilation
Impact New research results; Journal publication, conference presentations
Start Year 2006
 
Description National Partnership for Ocean Prediction (NPOP). 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Launched in April 2107, The mission of the partnership is to develop and promote marine products and services, with a focus on national and public benefit. It member are PML, NOC, Cefas and UKMO. NPOP focuses on the integration of models, observations and scientific understanding, and how these can be used to produce good quality information and advice about the marine environment. The partnership itself does not provide services, but facilitates the partners to develop these services, and helps them to be used as widely as possible and to the best effect. PML works with the partnership to provide ecosystem models for the NW European shelf operational forecast system and with UKMO to further develop operational data assimilation. This is managed through a join position between to 2 organisations.
Collaborator Contribution Setting priorities for research and observation collection is key to the success of ocean prediction services. The National Partnership of Ocean Prediction has an important role in understanding and defining these priorities. Our activity groups provide the fora in which the work of the research community can be coordinated, to ensure we work in a complimentary way to maximise the impact of our research and services. They are also the route through which we can understand where the gaps in understanding, tools or observations lie. This informs our own priorities, as well as providing appropriate guidance for the observations community and others. The partnership provides a means of engaging with users so that they have a good understanding of the services we provide, and we have a good understanding of how we need to develop our services to meet their needs. As a partnership we look for funding to underpin the work needed to develop the services, and have a stronger, more coherent, voice than we do as individual groups.
Impact Annual science, meeting. development of a strategy for ocean forecasting.
Start Year 2016
 
Description National Partnership for Ocean Prediction (NPOP). 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Launched in April 2107, The mission of the partnership is to develop and promote marine products and services, with a focus on national and public benefit. It member are PML, NOC, Cefas and UKMO. NPOP focuses on the integration of models, observations and scientific understanding, and how these can be used to produce good quality information and advice about the marine environment. The partnership itself does not provide services, but facilitates the partners to develop these services, and helps them to be used as widely as possible and to the best effect. PML works with the partnership to provide ecosystem models for the NW European shelf operational forecast system and with UKMO to further develop operational data assimilation. This is managed through a join position between to 2 organisations.
Collaborator Contribution Setting priorities for research and observation collection is key to the success of ocean prediction services. The National Partnership of Ocean Prediction has an important role in understanding and defining these priorities. Our activity groups provide the fora in which the work of the research community can be coordinated, to ensure we work in a complimentary way to maximise the impact of our research and services. They are also the route through which we can understand where the gaps in understanding, tools or observations lie. This informs our own priorities, as well as providing appropriate guidance for the observations community and others. The partnership provides a means of engaging with users so that they have a good understanding of the services we provide, and we have a good understanding of how we need to develop our services to meet their needs. As a partnership we look for funding to underpin the work needed to develop the services, and have a stronger, more coherent, voice than we do as individual groups.
Impact Annual science, meeting. development of a strategy for ocean forecasting.
Start Year 2016
 
Description National Partnership for Ocean Prediction (NPOP). 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Launched in April 2107, The mission of the partnership is to develop and promote marine products and services, with a focus on national and public benefit. It member are PML, NOC, Cefas and UKMO. NPOP focuses on the integration of models, observations and scientific understanding, and how these can be used to produce good quality information and advice about the marine environment. The partnership itself does not provide services, but facilitates the partners to develop these services, and helps them to be used as widely as possible and to the best effect. PML works with the partnership to provide ecosystem models for the NW European shelf operational forecast system and with UKMO to further develop operational data assimilation. This is managed through a join position between to 2 organisations.
Collaborator Contribution Setting priorities for research and observation collection is key to the success of ocean prediction services. The National Partnership of Ocean Prediction has an important role in understanding and defining these priorities. Our activity groups provide the fora in which the work of the research community can be coordinated, to ensure we work in a complimentary way to maximise the impact of our research and services. They are also the route through which we can understand where the gaps in understanding, tools or observations lie. This informs our own priorities, as well as providing appropriate guidance for the observations community and others. The partnership provides a means of engaging with users so that they have a good understanding of the services we provide, and we have a good understanding of how we need to develop our services to meet their needs. As a partnership we look for funding to underpin the work needed to develop the services, and have a stronger, more coherent, voice than we do as individual groups.
Impact Annual science, meeting. development of a strategy for ocean forecasting.
Start Year 2016
 
Description North Atlantic Reanalysis Intercomparison 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Development of paper for special issue on Atlantic Overturning circulation
Collaborator Contribution Lead author Laura Jackson Met Office. Other collaborators in Italy, France and US(MIT)
Impact Research paper will be submitted April 2019 to JGR Oceans Special issue
Start Year 2017
 
Description Representation Error 
Organisation Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU Munich)
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theoretical analysis and publication contribution
Collaborator Contribution Exchange visits and publicaton
Impact Publication. Mathematics and meteorology
Start Year 2014
 
Description Royal Met Soc - DA SIG 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I am member of the Organizing Committee of the Special Interest Group of the Royal Meteorological Society
Collaborator Contribution I brought unique expertise on ocean biogeochemical data assimilation within the workshops organized by this SIG
Impact Workshops and discussions on the advancement of data assimilation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Royal Met Soc - DA SIG 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I am member of the Organizing Committee of the Special Interest Group of the Royal Meteorological Society
Collaborator Contribution I brought unique expertise on ocean biogeochemical data assimilation within the workshops organized by this SIG
Impact Workshops and discussions on the advancement of data assimilation.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Surrey 
Organisation University of Surrey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PDRA Joint supervision of PhD Funding for PhD
Collaborator Contribution Resources; Staff Time / Scientific Expertise; Academic Input Joint supervision of PDRA Funding for PDRA Joint supervision of PhD
Impact Conference papers; purblished preprints/reports
Start Year 2013
 
Title BayesLC 
Description Allows statistical sampling of uncertainty in satellite derived land cover data. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Enabled paper published in 2016: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/8/4/314 
URL https://github.com/tquaife/bayesLC
 
Title EMPIRE 
Description EMPIRE is a data-assimilation software package that contains state-of-the-art ensemble data-assimilation methods and that can be combined very easily with any numerical model via MPI. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The user group of EMPIRE grows rapidly. 
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~darc/empire/doc/html/methods.html
 
Title Single-column coupled atmosphere-ocean assimilation system 
Description Starting from model code developed by ECMWF, we have developed a variational data assimilation system for a single-column coupled atmosphere-ocean model. This includes strongly and weakly coupled assimilation systems, plus the ability to calculate covariance information from ensembles. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact This software has been used in the group to allow fundamental research on coupled atmosphere-ocean data assimilation. This research has been communicated to operational users through conference presentations and peer-reviewed papers, and results are being taken account of in their systems. 
 
Title pySellersTwoStream 
Description A python implementation of the Sellers two-stream radiative transfer model that can faithfully mimic the set-up of major land surface models (JULES, CLM, etc) as well as providing general solutions to leaf angle distribution, clumping and up/down scatter. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Has contributed to an update of the canopy radiative transfer scheme in JULES. 
URL https://github.com/tquaife/pySellersTwoStream
 
Description 'Lates' at the Natural History Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Natural History Museum hosts an exhibition of pop-up stations publicising their science to the general public from 6-10pm on the last Friday of every month. NCEO had a 'chill out' room with cushions where viewers could relax and look at Earth Observation images. This seemed to be particularly popular with the public as well as scientists in other areas and lots of interesting questions and discussions ensued.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.nhm.ac.uk/events/lates.html
 
Description 3rd Carbon from Space Workshop Exeter Jan 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To explore mechanisms for implementation of the CEOS and GEO recommendations, in collaboration with the Global Carbon Project, the European Space Agency (ESA) is convening the 3rd Carbon form Space workshop bringing together the EO, climate and Earth system science communities addressing the carbon cycle to define a concrete work plan of research and development activities to guide ESA and other space agencies and institutions to respond to the requirements for observations and their exploitation in the time frame 2017-2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.copernicus.eu/events/3rd-carbon-space-workshop
 
Description Blog entry on DARE data assimilation blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two blog entries concerning data assimilation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/dare/blog/
 
Description CLIVAR CONCEPT-Heat Earth Energy Budget Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This is a special focus group of CLIVAR tasked with developing improved results for quantifying the earth energy imbalance over coming few years. Haines is on steering team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.clivar.org/news/successful-concept-heat-workshop
 
Description Co-charing the session of the Copernicus Marine Enviornment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) at EGU General Assembly 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This session was very important because it was presenting a selection of works carried out within the EU CMEMS activities, focusing on studies on:
• scientific advances on thematics relevant to CMEMS (e.g. on physical and biogeochemical modeling, coupling with coastal systems; coupling with sea-ice, atmosphere & waves models; data assimilation both for physics and biogeochemistry; impact of existing and future in situ and satellite observations for estimates of the ocean state; processing and analysis of remote and in-situ observations of the ocean) that are needed for the short to long term evolution of the CMEMS products.
• verification, validation and uncertainty estimates of CMEMS products, forecasting skills,
• the use of CMEMS products for downstream applications,
• ocean monitoring and on the long-term assessment of the ocean physical and biogeochemical states.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2017/orals/24345
 
Description Co-charing the session of the Copernicus Marine Enviornment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) at EGU General Assembly 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The session provided scientific basis and ideas to define the future development of operational oceanography.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/session/26768
 
Description DEFRA Earth Observation Showcase Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Around 170 people from Defra, Government, industry and academia participated in an Earth Observation and Open Data Showcase on 2nd February 2016 hosted by The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), in partnership with the UK Space Agency, Space for Smarter Government Programme (SSGP), the Knowledge Transfer Network (KTN), the National Centre for Earth Observation (NERC), and the Satellite Applications Catapult. With 10 exhibitors and 16 different seminar sessions running throughout the day. The event was designed to encourage the Earth observation community to explore how to exploit available data to help deliver better outcomes for the Defra Group and the rural community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Demonstrating UKESM stand at Royal Society Summer Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "The Summer Science Exhibition is an annual display of the most cutting-edge science and technology in the UK. This free, week-long festival features 22 exhibits and a series of inspiring talks and activities for all ages. Meet the scientists, discover the exciting research and technology they work on and have fun with great hands-on activities. The exhibition is suitable for all ages, entry is free, no advance registration required. School groups need to register in advance, visit our schools and colleges page for more information." We represented the UKESM group, displaying the 'pufferfish' globe, a quiz and an information stand. The turnover with the public was very high, so there were many opportunities to engage with different groups, many of whom had incisive questions regarding the Earth's climate system. The globe visualisations and quiz in particular sparked a lot of debate with the public, and provided a platform to inform them and correct any misconceptions surrounding climate change and the environment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2018/summer-science-exhibition/
 
Description EGU 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I contributed one oral and one poster presentation at the European Geosciences Union 2016. I was also co-convener of session Developments in terrestrial biogeochemical models using model-data integration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2016/session/21880
 
Description EGU2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation to EGU 2018 in Vienna with a talk, a poster and organization of a session
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ESA CCI-OC at the "Sentinel-3 for Science Workshop" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of novel approaches to value Earth Observation from satellite platform to better simulate and manage marine ecosystems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ESA Climate Detectives Projects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ESA Education are involved in a Climate Detectives project whereby groups in schools all over the world are investigating climate change. The first leg of this project was to produce a proposal for their investigation - 8 of which I gave personal feedback for - and the second was to simultaneously join a webinar broadcast on YouTube boasting an audience of over 400 school students. The groups were given the opportunity to submit their questions prior to the seminar and a feed was available to also ask questions in real time. The webinar has subsequently been published on YouTube and is available for public viewing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bz9NBdHgZDk
 
Description ESA Correlated Observation Workshop - organizer NK Nichols 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof N K Nichols together with Drs Sarah Dance and Joanne Waller, organized an International Workshop on Correlated Observation Errors in Data Assimilation, funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) at the University of Reading - attended by 75 people from all over the world, including Japan, USA, Germany, France, Canada and Belgium as well as the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.rmets.org/workshop-correlated-observation-errors
 
Description EU COST program Evaluating Ocean Syntheses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Haines is Vice Chair of this COST project and Valdivieso is a Workpackage leader. Project is in 2nd year (runs for 4 years) running workshops and training programs as well as short term science visits, especially for early career scientists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://eos-cost.eu
 
Description European Conference on Tropical Ecology 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation to the 2018 European Conference on Tropical Ecology with two talks (incl. one solicited)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Event manager for the Planet Earth theme of the Pint of Science festival in Edinburgh (May 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact My task as event manager was to find a venue (ie a pub) and invite speakers to engage the public with talks about Planet Earth in a broad sense. Beyond talks, the three evenings involved activities like public quizzes I hosted, and social media activities to publicise the even on platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. The events were run in an informal atmosphere and we managed to sell all tickets to entertain 40 people each of the three nights.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pintofscience.co.uk
 
Description GODAE MEOPAR/ GOV Marine Ecosystem Analysis and Prediction Workshop", Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, 23-24 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation on the advantages of data assimilation for marine ecosystem understanding and management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Inited talk at the Mercator Ocean International Marine Data Assimilation workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Being a recognized expert in marine biogeochemical data assimilation, I was invited to give a talk entitled "State-of-the-art of biogeochemical data assimilation" at the international workshop organized by Mercator Ocean International (which is the organization implementing the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service in the framework of a delegation agreement with the European Union), in Toulouse, France, 5-6 September 2018 (https://www.mercator-ocean.fr/en/news/marine-data-assimilation/).
The workshop objective was to set the scene for creating a long-term European infrastructure in marine data assimilation.
The works of the workshop were reported in a document that has the aim to support the definition of a strategy for the development of Marine Data Assimilation in Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.mercator-ocean.fr/en/news/marine-data-assimilation/
 
Description International Liege Colloquium on Marine Environmental Monitoring, Modelling and Prediction 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dissemination of novel methodological approaches and understanding of marine ecosystem health and functioning
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited participation to the IOCCG Modelling Working Group Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii, 26th February 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This was a workshop of the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG) aimed to the discussion of the state of the art in ocean colour application in marine ecosystem modelling and to preparation of the next report of the IOCCG series. I was invited to provide my expert contribution to the discussion and report on ocean colour data assimilation. The report is expected to provide guidance on the best practices in using earth observations of ocean colour with marine ecosystem models.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sgmeet.com/aslo/honolulu2017/meetings.asp
 
Description Invited talk (via teleconference) to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Ocean Color Coordinating Group (NOCCG) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was invited to talk about my ocean-colour data assimilation work to the NOCCG is a NOAA organization founded in 2011 by Dr. Paul DiGiacomo, Chief of the Satellite Oceanography and Climatology Division at NOAA/NESDIS/STAR. The purpose of the NOCCG is to keep members up to date about developments for satellite ocean color. They have representatives from all the NOAA line offices, including National Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, National Ocean Service, National Weather Service and from several levels of the National Environmental and Satellite Data and Information Service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited talk at the ASLO 2017 Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, February 26th until March 3rd 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact My invited presentation was the opening talk of the session "Toward greater synthesis: ocean color imagery and biogeochemical/ecosystem numerical modeling", organised by the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG). IOCCG promotes the application of remotely-sensed ocean-colour data through coordination, training, liaison between providers (space agencies) and users (scientists), advocacy and provision of expert advice. The IOCCG also has a strong interest in capacity building, and conducts and sponsors advanced ocean colour training courses in various countries around the world. The IOCCG is an Affiliated Programme of the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and an Associate Member of CEOS. The activities of the IOCCG are supported by national Space Agencies and other organisations, and upon infrastructure support from SCOR and the Bedford Institute of Oceanography (Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada) where the IOCCG Project Office is hosted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sgmeet.com/aslo/honolulu2017/viewabstract.asp?AbstractID=28949
 
Description Invited talk at the Metcator Ocean Interantional Data Assimilation Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This workshop aimed to shape the strategy for the future development of marine data assimilation for operational oceanography and research in Europe and beyond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited talk on ocean colour data assimilation at ASLO Conference 2017, Hawaii 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an invited talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sgmeet.com/aslo/honolulu2017/viewabstract.asp?abstractid=28949
 
Description NCEO Annual Science Meeting Southampton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of modelling and data assimilation results concerning the understanding and management of shelf-sea ecosystems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description NCEO conf talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Title: Adjoint-free variational method for site based carbon cycle inverse problems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nceo.ac.uk/article/nceo-ceoi-earth-observation-conference/
 
Description NCEO conference poster presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation at the NCEO annual conference to publicise personal research. This resulted in conversations and new relationships with scientists relevant to the field as well as future potential collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.nceo.ac.uk/article/national-earth-observation-conference-2018/
 
Description NCOF working group on data assimilation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Working group on data assimilation of the National Centre for Ocean Forecasting. This involved discussions with practioners (especially Met Office) about how our research results could help them to interpret their own results in a full atmosphere-ocean model and how our results could guide their developments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
 
Description NERC Into the Blue. Liverpool. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Nerc Into the Blue Liverpool. (4-7 October 2016)

The RSS Discovery visited Liverpool and was open to the public for some days. We did activities for the public. In particular, I represented NCEO and illustrated the remote sensing of satellites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://intotheblue.nerc.ac.uk/liverpool/
 
Description NERC Into the Blue. Manchester. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact NERC Into the Blue, Manchester 25-29 October 2016

"Into the blue will bring alive the world of environmental science and research by immersing visitors in a hands-on science exhibition at the Runway Visitor Park - external link at Manchester Airport. Enter into a world of science, find out about the sea and the sky, and experience the best of the UK's environmental science research and the cutting-edge technology that is used to measure and monitor our environment."

I was part of the NCEO stand, and I demonstrated some remote sensing techniques to the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://intotheblue.nerc.ac.uk/manchester/
 
Description NERC Training Course on DA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Provided Training course for NERC Postgraduate students on Data Assimilation and Visualization in Environmental Sciences
with lecturers from the Data Assimilation Research Centre at the University of Reading
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2014
 
Description National EO conference 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation to national EO conference with one chaired session, one poster, and two talks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description National Oceanography Centre Open Day 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The National Oceanography Centre in Southampton opens its door to the general public once a year for a free day of learning activities including a mix of hands on science, exhibits and talks, with content aimed at all age groups. Several hundred families and individuals visited the NCEO demonstrations including hands-on experience of using an infra-red camera. NCEO demonstrators (Javier Amezcua, Natalie Douglas and Rowan Hargreaves) had countless opportunities to discuss NCEO activities and personal research with a wider public audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://noc.ac.uk/news/noc-southampton-open-day-2018
 
Description Open Day at the National Oceanography Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I represented NCEO in the Open Day of the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton. We demonstrated the use of infrared cameras in remote sensing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://noc.ac.uk/education/educational-resources/visits-talks/open-days
 
Description Oral presentation and discussion at the meeting of the GODAE OceanView meeting - MEAP and DA WGs - Santa Cruz, California 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I participated to the joint meating of the two working groups in Data Assimilation (DA) and Marine Ecosystem Analysis and Prediction (MEAP) of the GODAE OceanView. This organization, initiated in 1997, aims to establish an effective and efficient infrastructure for global operational oceanography and to develop practical and robust operational activities for oceanography with great benefit for society.
The works of the meeting (which were collected in a report and in a publication in preparation) will provide guidance on best practices in the use of data assimilation of earth observations with marine ecosystem models.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.godae-oceanview.org/outreach/meetings-workshops/task-team-meetings/joint-da-meap-tt-work...
 
Description Oral presentation at the EGU 2017 Meeting - GODAE OceanView session 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk presented a break-through method in biogeochemical data assimilation, consisting in the assimilation of plankton functional type data derived from ocean-colour observations. The talk sparked questions and requests of collaborations by colleagues. The talk was given in the session of the Marine Environment Analysis and Prediction - Task Team (MEAP-TT) of GODAE OceanView. GODAE OceanView is a progremme initiated in 1997, with the aim to establish an effective and efficient infrastructure for global operational oceanography and to develop practical and robust operational activities for oceanography with great benefit for society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017EGUGA..1918899C
 
Description Oral presentation at the ESA Living Planet Symposium (Prague, Czech Republic, 9-13 May 2016) - live streaming on the Internet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a talk (and live streaming on the internet) on cutting-edge use of eart observations from satellite (ocean colour) with marine ecosystem models to improve the understanding, simulation and management of marine ecosystem.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Videos/2016/05/Ocean_Colour_1_Living_Planet_2016
 
Description Oral presentation at the ESA's workshop "Atlantic from space", Southampton, UK, 23-25 January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a talk entitled "Decadal reanalysis of biogeochemical indicators and fluxes in the North East Atlantic ecosystem" at the ESA's workshop "Atlantic from space", Southampton, UK, 23-25 January 2019. This talk provide my expert contribution to the objective of the workshop, which was to assess the opportunities for Atlantic region focussed Earth Observation research and development, downstream activities and Information and communications technology (ICT) evolution, which may be the basis for future ESA investments to address some of the key information needs of this important area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://eo4society.esa.int/event/atlantic-from-space/
 
Description Pinnington presentation at RMetS SE Local Branch 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk presented by E.M. Pinnington, with co-authors T.L. Quaife, S.L. Dance, A.S. Lawless, N.K. Nichols, J. I. L. Morison, M. Wilkinson and E. Casella at the Royal Met Soc, SE Local Branch, Reading, on 'Constraining forest carbon balances: what are the most informative
measurements?'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Poster presentation EGU Vienna 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster (Variational methods to estimate terrestrial ecosystem model parameters) presentation at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2016/EGU2016-7975.pdf
 
Description Poster presentation ISDA 2016 Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation at the international symposium on data assimilation, Reading, 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.isda2016.net/abstracts/posters/DelahaiesVariationalmethods.html
 
Description Poster presentation at ICDC Carbon Dioxide conference in Intelaken, Switzerland, 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation at ICDC Carbon Dioxide conference in Intelaken, Switzerland, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Poster presentation at ISDA2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Approximately 100 scientists, postgrads and industry professionals attended the International Symposium for Data Assimilation 2019 in Kobe, Japan. I had several discussions with a subset of these attendees, including a ECMWF representative, regarding my poster and the implications of my research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.data-assimilation.riken.jp/isda2019/
 
Description Presentation at the NCEO/UKSA stand at the ESA Living Planet Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I disseminated and promoted NCEO research activity in the area of assimilation of ocean Earth Observations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.nceo.ac.uk/article/esa-living-planet/
 
Description Press release reporting results published in Scientific Reports 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A press release reporting the results from a paper published in Scientific Reports (Exbrayat et al., 2017) was prepared by NCEO outreach team and the University of Edinburgh's press office. Press release was shared many times on social media and in national news outlets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ed.ac.uk/news/2017/amazon-s-recovery-limited-by-climate-change
 
Description School Big Bang Careers Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Display at school Big Bang Careers' Fair and talk on the science of weather modelling and use of observations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description School outreach 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Around 30 school pupils attended the University as part of the Reading Scholars program. I ran a session on the mathematics of weather prediction, including Earth observation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk at University of Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a research talk at the University of Reading. This generated interesting questions and discussion and ultimately resulted in future plans for current collaboration between Surrey and Reading.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.surrey.ac.uk/mathsresearch/2018/12/04/natalie-douglas-speaks-in-darc-seminar-at-the-un...
 
Description Talk at University of Surrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Members of the Maths department at Surrey attended my talk, attendees included researchers in other areas of DA. This talk generated questions and discussion which sparked additional conversations that continued beyond the talk in terms of scope as well as timeframe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk at the Ocean Sciences Meeting 2018 (Portland, Oregon, USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a talk entitled "Assimilation of ocean-colour plankton functional types to improve the simulation of a marine ecosystem model". My presentation was attended by 70 scientists, sparked questions and discussion afterwards and it strengthened the position of PML and NCEO as leading insitution in marine modelling and data assimilation science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Towards an end-to-end European Ocean Observing System (EOOS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Towards an end-to-end European Ocean Observing System (EOOS)

There is a growing recognition of the need to build a comprehensive, end-to-end European Ocean Observing System (EOOS) to coordinate the currently fragmented and complex ocean observing capacity across Europe.

In 2015, EMB and EuroGOOS launched a joint activity on EOOS as a framework for advancing Europe's capability for ocean observation. On 12-13 May 2015, a joint workshop was held in Brussels bringing together experts from the marine scientific and operational oceanographic communities to develop a roadmap, time-line and governance structure for EOOS. This was convened with the long-term goal of implementing a flagship initiative building on existing resources and commitments and aligning with international developments such as the Framework for Ocean Observing.

In particular, in Europe, there is a growing recognition of the need to build a comprehensive, end-to-end European Ocean Observing System (EOOS). In 2015, EMB and EuroGOOS launched a joint activity on EOOS, bringing together the marine scientific and operational oceanographic communities to develop a roadmap, time-line and governance structure for EOOS with the long-term goal of implementing a flagship initiative building on existing resources and commitments. Activities to date include an expert workshop in May 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description UK Dept of Business Enterprise Innovation and Skills 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An invited visit to BEIS to discuss forest monitoring, reporting for international climate agreements
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visitor and Seminar speaker at NRL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scientific Visitor to US Naval Research Laboratory at Monterey California USA and seminar speaker on data assimilation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description WCRP Ocean Model Development Panel workshop in Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Valdivieso was invited to attend and present results on comparing atmospheric, oceanic and other satellite based surface heat flux products as part of the evaluations of products to benchmark future ocean models. Workshop took place in Japan in Jan 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016