PML Oceans 2025 - Theme 3: Shelf and coastal processes

Lead Research Organisation: Plymouth Marine Laboratory

Abstract

Within Oceans 2025, Theme 3 will develop the necessary understanding of interacting processes to enable the consequences of environmental and anthropogenic change on UK shelf seas, coasts and estuaries to be predicted. Theme 3 will also provide the knowledge that can improve the forecasting capability of models being used for the operational management of human activities in the coastal marine environment.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description I am not sure why this project is included in my Researchfish portfolio as it was superseded by the PML Science Area Marine Life Support Systems several years ago.
Exploitation Route The research moved forward into the activities of PML's Marine Life Support Systems science area.
Sectors Environment

 
Title Benthic Survey macrofauna 
Description PML Benthic Survey macrofauna abundance and biomass data from five sites (Cawsand, L4, Rame, Eddystone and E1) and megafauna from one site (L4) in the Western English Channel surveyed between 2008 to 2013 containing data from samples analysed up to and including September 2013 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Contribution to NERC SSB ongoing programme 
URL http://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/03167d6f-a9cd-2e1a-e053-6c86abc0...
 
Title Diversified benthic macrofauna structure in ERSEM 
Description ERSEM input files for modelling diversified structure of benthic macrofauna were created. This structure contains 6 functional types compared to classical 2-type implementation in ERSEM. Model results were validated against observational data from Station L4 of the Western Channel Observatory. Functional role of each group within whole ecosystem was analysed. Manuscript describing model setup and results is currently in preparation. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This model structure was one of initial steps towards reseach of functional importance of benthic biodiversity using modelling approach, and mutual influence of biodiversity and physical forcing/hydrodynamics. 
 
Title L4 plankton: taxonomicaly- resolved time-series dataset on phytoplankton and zooplankton 
Description This dataset concerns the Plymouth L4 time series of weekly plankton data spanning the period 1988 to present. The data referred to here concern just the time series of nano- and microplankton taxa being generated by Claire Widdicombe and the time series of mesozooplankton being generated by Andrea McEvoy and Amanda Beesley. Every year we archive the most recent version of the data at BODC. The time series contains over 1000 time points and over 450 taxa 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact In the last Reporting year we have had over 14 separate external requests for these data, which we log at PML at the time of providing the data, metadata and advice and dialogue with those requesting it. These comprise UK projects (5 requests this reporting year); International project requests (6 requests) and UK HEI requests usually for Undergraduate of postgraduate oprojects (3 requests). In addition the data have contributed to policy reporting, being the only UK fixed point time series available for the OSPAR 2017 Intermediate assessment based on planktonic indicators. It has also been incorporated into ICES Working groups Status Reports for zooplankton (O'Brien) and Harmful Algal Bloom Dynamics (Bresnan). Internally the time series is very heavily used and supports education through the majority of students using these datasets. 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/
 
Title Nitrous oxide in northwest European continental shelf sea - time-varying atmospheric partial pressure 
Description NEMO-ERSEM model with nitrous oxide fluxes included was applied for the AMM7 domain, with time-varying (monthly mean) values of atmospheric partial pressure for nitrous oxide. Model results represent database of N2O concentrations and air-sea fluxes over the period of 2000-2016, with results validated against cruise measurement data. Manuscript discussing model results and analysing factors controlling nitrous oxide air-sea fluxes is currently in preparation. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This is, to our knowledge, first regional-scale model implementation with process-based formulation of nitrous oxide production and air-sea fluxes. Carefully validated, it a) upscales temporally and spatially sparse measurement data, b) allows analysis of controlling factors and therefore management options, c) creates basis for further development and wider implementation of regional-scale models of nitrous oxide, reducing uncertainty in greenhouse gas emission estimates. 
 
Title Simulations of benthic macrofaunal diversity in the northwest European shelf seas 
Description NEMO-ERSEM model with diversified benthic macrofauna structure was implemented to simulate dynamics of biodiversity within northwest European continental shelf sea during 2000-2016. Model results allow to analyse how physical forcing and hydrodynamic conditions shape biodiversity structure, which in turn affects biogeochemical cycling within the sea. Model results are currently analysed against available observational data. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact These results allow to analyse how physical environment shapes marine biodiversity, which in turn affects biogeochemistry. This will further allow to analyse impacts of disturbance and climate change on biodiversity and marine ecosystem services in general. 
 
Description Collaboration with CEFAS 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Bringing together data, novel statistical methods and policy requirements to develop new science. Focusing on benthic systems.
Collaborator Contribution making data available, policy insights, researcher time to develop the work.
Impact Collaboration within research projects; collaboration in ICES WGBIODIV; PhD proposals; collaborative manuscripts; developing policy links for projects
Start Year 2014
 
Description EGU General Assembly session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Co-organisation and co-chairing a session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling at the annual EGU General Assembly.
Collaborator Contribution Co-organized a session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling for the EGU General Assembly 2016.
Impact The session in 2016 was jointly organised and 18 abstracts were received. Due to high amount of total abstracts submitted to EGU and very tight schedule, the session was merged with another session, similar, but more general in scope: OS3.1/BG3.8 Ocean biogeochemistry: novel approaches and synthesis. Poster session on benthic-pelagic coupling had a separate subtitle in the programme. In 2017 the session became a part of a bigger session "Biogeochemistry of coastal seas and continental shelves". This effort is a part of on-going collaborative activities on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling research involving modelling, experimental and observational approaches.
Start Year 2015
 
Description EGU General Assembly session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling 
Organisation Italian National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS)
Country Italy 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Co-organisation and co-chairing a session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling at the annual EGU General Assembly.
Collaborator Contribution Co-organized a session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling for the EGU General Assembly 2016.
Impact The session in 2016 was jointly organised and 18 abstracts were received. Due to high amount of total abstracts submitted to EGU and very tight schedule, the session was merged with another session, similar, but more general in scope: OS3.1/BG3.8 Ocean biogeochemistry: novel approaches and synthesis. Poster session on benthic-pelagic coupling had a separate subtitle in the programme. In 2017 the session became a part of a bigger session "Biogeochemistry of coastal seas and continental shelves". This effort is a part of on-going collaborative activities on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling research involving modelling, experimental and observational approaches.
Start Year 2015
 
Description EGU General Assembly session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-organisation and co-chairing a session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling at the annual EGU General Assembly.
Collaborator Contribution Co-organized a session on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling for the EGU General Assembly 2016.
Impact The session in 2016 was jointly organised and 18 abstracts were received. Due to high amount of total abstracts submitted to EGU and very tight schedule, the session was merged with another session, similar, but more general in scope: OS3.1/BG3.8 Ocean biogeochemistry: novel approaches and synthesis. Poster session on benthic-pelagic coupling had a separate subtitle in the programme. In 2017 the session became a part of a bigger session "Biogeochemistry of coastal seas and continental shelves". This effort is a part of on-going collaborative activities on benthic processes and benthic-pelagic coupling research involving modelling, experimental and observational approaches.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Interview to the official United Nations Sustainable Development Goals social media TV channel at the 23rd United Nations Conference of Parties 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview describing innovative data on the blue carbon potential of coastal systems, which is emerging from the programme as a result of a benthic research led by PML (Queiros).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/SDGMediaZone/status/929286290348142593
 
Description Invited talk at Earth Science Research seminar at Plymouth University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation "Modelling marine benthic ecosystems: from observing state to explaining function" presenting work on benthic modelling, including L4 benthic fauna modelling with FABM-ERSEM, modelling biodiversity and current issues and future challenges of benthic ecosystem modelling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.plymouth.ac.uk/whats-on/modelling-marine-benthic-ecosystems-from-observing-state-to-expl...
 
Description Presentation at the European Union pavilion at the Eu Ocean Day at the 23rd United Nations Conference of Parties: Oceans and Climate and Science III: From challenges to solutions (10 Nov 2017, 16:00-17:00) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation given on past EU funded PML led research (Queiros et al.) and its new application in several official development assistance projects I am involved in focusing on adaptation and mitigation measures to support coastal communities via climate-ready marine spatial planning, including the RCUK GCRF project Blue Communities (lead: Mel Austen, PML).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ec.europa.eu/clima/events/0118/calendar_en.htm#schedule
 
Description Presentation at the UK pavilion at the United Nations Conference of Parties in event organised by the UK Department for International Development and Plymouth Marine Laboratory: Ocean Options: Climate challenges and science responses for seas and society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation on innovative Blue Carbon data emerging from the programme, as a result of benthic research programme led by PML (Queiros) in WP2 of the programme. Followed up by request for interview with the official UN Sustainable Development Goals social media TV channel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/659501/UK_Pavilion_Program...