PML Sustaining Observing Systems

Lead Research Organisation: Plymouth Marine Laboratory

Abstract

This programme encompasses the Western Channel Observatory and the Atlantic Meridional Transect. The overall aim behind the Western Channel Observatory (WCO) is to understand the complex coastal and open-shelf ecosystem within the western English Channel on timescales from hours to centuries. The overall aim of the Atlantic Meridional Transect is to provide an in situ observatory, which operates over extended time and spatial scales measuring a time series of core physical and biogeochemical variables, and to provide a unique platform for UK and international scientists to undertake novel marine research.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50

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Aiken J (2009) Phytoplankton pigments and functional types in the Atlantic Ocean: A decadal assessment, 1995-2005 in Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography

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Airs R (2018) Mass Spectrometry of Chlorophylls from Phototrophic Prokaryotes in Current Organic Chemistry

 
Title Deploy the Buoys 
Description A short film describing marine monitoring and the deployment of a new buoy in association with the UK Met Office in the Western Channel Observatory. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact Raising awareness of the importance of the Western Channel Observatory in terms of marine monitoring and as a reference site. The film has had 262 viewings on YouTube. 
URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oKaxJG4yOEM
 
Description Key findings from the Western Channel Observatory (WCO) include:
1) Better understanding of what causes the "classic" annual spring bloom.
2) Understanding what the impacts are from extreme events, e.g. high rainfall in 2012 associated with an anomalously long diatom bloom and the winter storms of 2013-14, which transported alien species from large distances into the area, which affect the food web.
3) In relation to 2 above, many of the plankton species appear to have inbuilt resilience to major fluctuations both in the amount and the seasonal timing of their food, whereas the benthic (sea bed) system appears to very sensitive with rapid responses in activity and changing species composition, responding to pulses of fresh material that falls from the blooms above.
Extreme climatic fluctuations are suggested to increase in future in association with rapid climate change, and the long time series and intensive benthic and pelagic time series allow us to understand the mechanisms by which these events propagate through the food web.

Key findings from the Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT: http://www.amt-uk.org) programme include:
1) Continued measurements of aerosol optical thickness, essential for understanding the Earth's radiation budget.
2) Collaborative exercises between PML and Oregon State University supported a NASA aircraft field campaign which took simultaneous LIDAR measurements with ship derived data. This has resulted in novel findings relating to the carbon content of phytoplankton cells.
3) We have determined the size spectra of phytoplankton which is a critical metric in determining the flow of carbon and energy through the different trophic levels.
4) AMT data, together with satellite and model data, have been used to develop a new method to dynamically (temporal and spatial dimensions) determine the extent of oceanic provinces.
Exploitation Route Findings from the Western Channel Observatory are used by the UK Met Office and also by policy makers, e.g. through the findings being incorporated into the Marine Climate Change Impact Partnership report card.
Findings/data from AMT are used for example by NASA and the European Space Agency for validation purposes in relation to satellite sensors.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Environment,Other

URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk
 
Description This funding supports both the Western Channel Observatory (WCO) and Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) programme. Both the WCO and AMT help in the leverage of other funding (commissioned research projects) and have delivered significant numbers of academic publications. The WCO is one of the longest time-series in Europe and provides real-time data to the UK Met Office and data from one of the buoys was used to illustrate the impact of the winter storms of 2013-14 to the public via the media. Data analyses contribute to the ICES report on Ocean Climate. The WCO has also provided a platform for the testing of technology with PML working with manufacturers and developers of instrumentation, thus leading to economic benefit. A key role of the WCO is as a biodiversity reference site and data from the site were incorporated in the Marine Climate Change Impact Partnership report card, used by policy makers. AMT's uniqueness lies in it regularly traversing remote and understudied areas of the Atlantic ocean. The extended range of the AMT through contrasting ocean provinces has allowed the development of new methods and techniques for measuring key trace substances in both the atmosphere and ocean, and to further understanding of the cycling of carbon, iron and nitrogen. AMT also provides the opportunity to validate, again across a wide range of ocean provinces, visible ocean colour sensors and has led to the development of accurate satellite maps of primary production. PML has worked with NASA scientists in this area and will continue collaborations with the European Space Agency too with the launch of the Sentinel series of satellites. Collaborations with NASA extend to using AMT data to understand the Earth's radiation budget. AMT also acts as a training and collaborative platform for scientists and students from universities and institutes across the world.
First Year Of Impact 2000
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Environment,Other
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Best Practice Report of the Workshop on Synthesis of Hydrographic, Phytoplankton, Microbial Plankton and Zooplankton Time Series in the North Atlantic and Adjacent Seas (WKSERIES)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Citation in industry report (CE Delft)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
URL http://www.cedelft.eu/publicatie/seca_assessment%3A_impacts_of_2015_seca_marine_fuel_sulphur_limits/...
 
Description Development of plankton indicators for monitoring under the MSFD
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Marine Climate Change Impact Partnership (MCCIP) report card
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Marine Strategy Framework Directive contribution
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Membership of the UK Pelagics Expert Group, providing OSPAR 2017 Intermediate Assessment for plankton indicators
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://oap.ospar.org/en/ospar-assessments/
 
Description Participation in Marine Strategy Framework Directive MSFD & Lifeform Workshop, Belfast 5-6 March 2013
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description UK Nitrates inquiry
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/environmental-audit-commi...
 
Description AMT4SentinelFRM
Amount € 300,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 05/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Description AtlantOS
Amount € 50,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2015 
End 05/2018
 
Description Atlantic Meridional Transect Ocean Flux from Satellite Campaign (AMT4OceanSatFlux)
Amount € 300,533 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 11/2018 
End 04/2020
 
Description Case 2 Extreme waters
Amount € 300,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 4000113691/15/I-LG 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2015 
End 09/2018
 
Description Copernicus Sentinel Atlantic Meridional Transect Fiducial Reference Measurements Campaign
Amount € 300,000 (EUR)
Funding ID ESRIN/RFQ/3-14457/16/I-BG 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 07/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Description Development of OSPAR satellite phytoplankton production as an ecological indicator (HBDSEG),
Amount £27,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Discovery grant
Amount £800,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P012671/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2020
 
Description ESA AMT4SentinelFRM
Amount € 300,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 06/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Description FRM4SOC
Amount € 250,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 06/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Description Fiducial Reference Measurements for Sentinel Ocean Colour
Amount € 500,000 (EUR)
Funding ID ESA/AO/1-8500/15/I-SBo 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 06/2016 
End 09/2018
 
Description Funding for apprenticeship
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Charities Aid Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description GCOM-C Satellite Validation
Amount ¥3,000,000 (JPY)
Organisation Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency 
Sector Public
Country Japan
Start 03/2016 
End 04/2017
 
Description GCOM-C Satellite Validation 2018-2019
Amount ¥1,500,000 (JPY)
Organisation Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency 
Sector Public
Country Japan
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description H2020 Marie Curie Fellowship
Amount £139,618 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 06/2016 
End 06/2018
 
Description Joint Monitoring Programme of the EUtrophication of the NOrth-Sea with SATellite data
Amount € 698,949 (EUR)
Funding ID 11.0661/2017/750678/SUBIENV.C2 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 02/2017 
End 01/2019
 
Description NERC Discovery Science (Chen)
Amount £210,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/M003361/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 10/2017
 
Description NERC Discovery Science July 2017 submission round
Amount £647,921 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R010382/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 05/2021
 
Description NERC Discovery Standard Grant
Amount £662,374 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N00390X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2019
 
Description NERC RoSES Program
Amount £1,200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P021409/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description Participation in validation activities for new Japanese ocean colour sensor
Amount £36,000 (GBP)
Organisation Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency 
Sector Public
Country Japan
Start 09/2016 
End 12/2018
 
Description Royal Society Newton Fellowship
Amount £99,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Description S-3EUROHHAB. Satellite products for detecting EUtROphication and Harmful Algal Bloom events in the French-English Channel.
Amount € 762,967 (EUR)
Organisation INTERREG IIIC North 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 03/2017 
End 10/2021
 
Description Satellite estimates of marine net community production in the South Atlantic from Sentinel-3
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P00878X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 06/2018
 
Description Technology Proof of Concept
Amount £142,970 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P003443/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2017
 
Title New CRDS instrument for greenhouse gases in seawater 
Description A new instrument was developed for the measurement of greenhouse gases (CO2/CH4/N2O) dissolved in seawater. This instrument integrates a cavity ring down spectrometer, showerhead equilibrator and associated electronics, water- and gas-handling hardware and gas standards. The instrument is automated to work in "underway" mode on research vessels. Compared to existing instrumentation, this provides increased sample throughput (data acquisition every 10 seconds compared to hourly) without compromising accuracy and precision. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The instrument provides increased data coverage which facilitates research into the role of the oceans as sources/sinks of greenhouse gases. 
 
Title Spectrophotometric pH in seawater 
Description A new instrument was developed for the spectrophotometric determination of seawater pH using the meta-cresol-purple dye (MCP). The automated system integrates a high precision burette, spectrophotometer and thermometer with a custom-built light source. Data reduction is performed with a custom script in R (r-project.org). The accuracy of the system is calculated as better than 0.003 pH units when compared with pH calculated from independent measurements of Alkalinity and Inorganic Carbon in seawater. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Automation ensures improved reliability, accuracy and precision with substantial efficiency improvement translating to reduced cost. Potential to get the whole carbonate system (TA, DIC, pH and pCO2) from a single sample. 
 
Title Time Series Analysis in Earth System Analysis (TSAinESA) 
Description Uses Box Jenkins Transfer Function methodology from which to analyse the underlying features of Earth Systems. The tool is highly adaptable, programmed to be fast and portable (using Python , R combination). 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - non-mammalian in vivo 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Proves a standardised way to analyse the presence of dynamic climatic cycles, trends and explanatory features. 
 
Title 14C tracer experiments station L4 
Description 14C2 - DMSO tracer being used to determine loss rates due to a) dissimilation to CO2 for microbial energy generation and b) microbial assimilation for growth 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Annual surveys at station L4 undertaken in 2014 and 2016. Data will be submitted to BODC once it has been quality controlled. DOI will then follow. 
 
Title A 26-year, weekly time series of the plankton at the L4 site 
Description March 2013 marked the 25th year of near-continuous weekly observations at the L4 monitoring site 12 miles south of Plymouth. The sampling is ongoing and publically-available data on a wide range of parameters (see URL) data are sent to BODC every year. With the help of autonomous buoys which capture very short timescale (hourly-scale) events and as part of the wider Western Channel Observatory, the pelagic system from physics and nutrients up to fish are being intensively monitored. The weekly data have been analysed within weeks of collection and Rachel Harmer (PML) has constructed a user-friendly L4 relational database in Access. We supply regular requests for this valuable time series, ranging from undergraduate projects up to international time series collation initiatives. The high resolution time series are particularly valuable for model validation. The database is currently being used to underpin a Special Issue of Progress in Oceanography devoted to the Western Channel Observatory. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2009 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database has supported many publications (see URL). The L4 site was also selected as one of a dozen sentinel sites for on-going monitoring under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive to chart progress towards/away from "Good Environmental Status". The existing plankton time series data have been uploaded to a data tool to monitor the various indicators involved with this. Examples of requests to the plankton group for L4 data, dating from 1 April 2014 are: 1. Kim Bird, MRes student University of Plymouth 2. Joe Taylor, MBA 3. Joe Gordon, University of Southampton 4. Declan Schroeder, MBA 5. Aleksandra Lewandowska, German Centre for Biodivserity 6. Adrien Lowenstein, PML 7. Gavin Tilstone, PML 8. Karen Tait, PML 9. Alice Jones, University of Adelaide 10. Claudia Castellani, SAHFOS The data form part of a pan-Atlantic network of ICES monitoring sites with the time series used for Status Reports under the ICES WGZE and WGPME, on which the data providers are members. Intercalibration and QC controls on L4 are in place with collaborations to harmonise and improve identifications, e.g.Coccolithophore Identification at Marine Scotland, Aberdeen. 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/
 
Title A global bio-optical database derived from Biogeochemical Argo float measurements within the layer of interest for field and remote ocean color applications 
Description The database here presented includes quality-controlled bio-optical and biogeochemical variables derived from autonomous profiling Biogeochemical Argo float measurements, and supports field and remote ocean color applications. Data represent the first optical depth (i.e., the layer of interest for satellite remote sensing) and have been collected between October 2012 and January 2016, around local noon, in several oceanic areas encompassing the diversity of ocean's trophic environments. In addition to the first optical depth (as derived from the in situ measured depth of the euphotic layer), the presented database is compiled with data of diffuse light attenuation coefficients of photosynthetically available radiation and downward irradiance at 3 wavelengths (380, 412 and 490 nm), chlorophyll a concentration, fluorescent dissolved organic matter, and particle light backscattering at 700 nm. Associated errors to each variable are also reported. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This new research database has been used to identify bio-optical anomaly in the global ocean. This is important because we have shown in which ocean regions and during which seasons of the year the global ocean-colour bio-optical models are applicable. Results from this analysis have been written into a manuscript which is currently under review. 
URL http://doi.org/10.17882/47142
 
Title A global database of vertical profiles derived from Biogeochemical Argo float measurements for biogeochemical and bio-optical applications 
Description The presented database includes 0-1000 m vertical profiles of bio-optical and biogeochemical variables acquired by autonomous profiling Biogeochemical-Argo (BGC-Argo) floats. Data have been collected between October 2012 and January 2016, around local noon, in several oceanic areas encompassing the diversity of ocean's trophic environments. The database includes profiles of downward irradiance at 3 wavelengths (380, 412 and 490 nm), photosynthetically available radiation, chlorophyll a concentration, fluorescent dissolved organic matter, and particle light backscattering at 700 nm. All variables have been quality controlled following specifically-developed procedures, that aimed to support biogeochemical and bio-optical applications at the global scale. Data corruption by biofouling and any instrumental drift has also been verified. Moreover, to allow users for different biogeochemical applications, vertical profiles of chlorophyll a and particle light backscattering at 700 nm have been presented before and after advanced processing (e.g., non-photochemical quenching correction, identification of spikes). Vertical profiles of temperature and salinity associated to these bio-optical data are also provided although they have been only quality-controlled for sensor issues related to bio-fouling and instrumental drift. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact n/a 
URL https://www.seanoe.org/data/00383/49388/
 
Title AMT 18 data set - pigments 
Description Pigment data from AMT cruise 18 submitted to BODC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title AMT 19 data set - pigments 
Description Pigment data from AMT 19 cruise submitted to BODC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title AMT 20 dataset - pigments 
Description Pigment data from AMT 20 cruise submitted to BODC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact N/A 
 
Title AMT 23 phytoplankton pigments dataset 
Description Phytoplankton pigment data from AMT 23 cruise transect 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data used for remote sensing application resulting in publications 
 
Title AMT 23 underway pigment dataset 
Description AMT 23 underway pigment dataset, analysed by HPLC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Impact is use earth observation algorithms and modelling. 
 
Title AMT 25 Pigment Dataset 
Description Pigment data for the AMT 25 research cruise, analysed by HPLC. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact AMT 25 Pigment dataset 
 
Title AMT 26 ESA pigment data 
Description AMT 26 ESA pigment data, analysed by HPLC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact AMT 26 ESA pigment dataset 
 
Title AMT Nitrogen Fixation Data-set 
Description doi:10.5285/41479c42-4dfb-4da9-be97-4c532ce13922 AMT14 Rates of nitrogen fixation in surface waters doi:10.5285/b376a574-fe2a-4bd1-af3a-d795b2d06745 AMT15 Rates of nitrogen fixation in surface waters 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title AMT-23 Nutrient data 
Description AMT23 (JR20131005) micro-molar nutrient measurements from CTD bottle samples. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10/8br 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Nutrient data from the Atlantic Meridional transect cruise in 2013. 
 
Title AMT19 (JC039) Primary production data 
Description Integrated size-fractionated primary production was measured throughout the photic zone (6 depths) at 38 stations across the North and South Atlantic (49 34.0N 08 38.01W; 39 18.9S 43 23.5W) between the 14th October and 25th November, 2009. These core measurements contribute to the unique time series of spatially extensive and internally consistent observations on the structure and biogeochemical properties of planktonic ecosystems in the Atlantic Ocean and the methods used are synonymous to those used on previous AMT cruises. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Data set submitted to BODC for dissemination to other users 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/1feecc3c-a422-5d7d-e053-6c86abc...
 
Title AMT19 Nitrification data set 
Description High resolution data set describing nitrification rates across the boundary between the photic and aphotic depths of the Atlantic Ocean. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The data was presented as a poster to the AMT anniversary conference (2015) and is in preparation for publication in the peer reviewed literature. 
 
Title AMT24 pigment dataset 
Description AMT24 phytoplankton pigment dataset, analysed by HPLC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact AMT 24 pigment dataset 
 
Title Abundance of microbial phytoplankton abundance and bacteria through the water column during the AMT28/JR18001 cruise in 2018. 
Description Fresh seawater samples were collected in clean 250 mL polycarbonate bottles using a Seabird CTD system containing a 24 bottle rosette of 20 L Niskin bottles from 200 m to the surface at predawn and solar noon CTD casts. Samples were stored in a refrigerator and analysed within 2 hours of collection. Fresh samples were measured using a Becton Dickinson FACSort flow cytometer which characterised and enumerated Prochlorococcus sp. and Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria) and pico- and eukaryote phytoplankton, based on their light scattering and autofluorescence properties. The resulting data provide information on the abundance of marine microbes in the sunlit upper ocean in the Atlantic from approx. 50 degrees north to 50 degrees south and form part of an ongoing time series, which began in 1995. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database has only just been created, so there are no impacts to report. 
 
Title Abundance of microbial phytoplankton abundance through the water column during the AMT25/JR15001 cruise in 2015 
Description Quantification of cyanobacteria and small (<20µm) phytoplankton from CTD rosette bottles through the water column to 200 m, predawn and solar noon, daily. Abundance estimates reported as cells per millilitre. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None 
 
Title Abundance of microbial phytoplankton abundance through the water column during the AMT26/JR16001 cruise in 2016. 
Description Quantification of heterotrophic bacteria, cyanobacteria and small (<20µm) phytoplankton from CTD rosette bottles through the water column to 200 m, predawn and solar noon, daily. Abundance estimates reported as cells per millilitre. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
 
Title Abundance of microbial phytoplankton abundance through the water column during the AMT27/JR17001 cruise in 2017. 
Description Quantification of heterotrophic bacteria, cyanobacteria and small (<20µm) phytoplankton from CTD rosette bottles through the water column to 200 m, predawn and solar noon, daily. Abundance estimates reported as cells per millilitre. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
 
Title Abundance of phytoplankton, heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria through the water column at time series station L4 in the Western English Channel in 2010. PANGAEA®, doi: 10.1594/PANGAEA.774288. 
Description Abundance of small (<20µm) planktonic organisms as cells per millilitre, analysed using flow cytometry from surface, 10, 25 and 50 metres at weekly intervals throughout the year 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Abundance of phytoplankton, heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria through the water column at time series station L4 in the Western English Channel, 2007-2016. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the mean abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, L4 (50°15.0'N; 4°13.0'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNAN), bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed in duplicate (heterotrophs) or triplicate (phytoplankton) from 2 m, 10 m, 25 m and 50 m depth. In 2007 the Secchi depth was sampled instead of the 10 m depth. NOTE: In 2013 an extra column appears in the abundance section and in the standard deviation section. The columns are labelled 'Pnitz'; possibly the chain-forming diatom Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima. It is also present in 2011 and 2012 where the samples were run using the newest flow cytometer at PML - data still to be supplied. Discrimination is down to better measurement of forward light scatter with the new flow cytometer (a BD Accuri C6). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/6293f443-2670-59be-e053-6c86abc...
 
Title Abundance of phytoplankton, heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria through the water column at time series station L4 in the Western English Channel, 2007-2017. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the mean abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, L4 (50°15.0'N; 4°13.0'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNAN), bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed in duplicate (heterotrophs) or triplicate (phytoplankton) from 2 m, 10 m, 25 m and 50 m depth. In 2007 the Secchi depth was sampled instead of the 10 m depth. NOTE: In 2013 an extra column appears in the abundance section and in the standard deviation section. The columns are labelled 'Pnitz'; possibly the chain-forming diatom Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima. It is also present in 2011 and 2012 where the samples were run using the newest flow cytometer at PML - data still to be supplied. Discrimination is down to better measurement of forward light scatter with the new flow cytometer (a BD Accuri C6). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
 
Title Abundance of phytoplankton, heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria through the water column at time series station L4 in the Western English Channel, 2007-2018. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the mean abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, L4 (50°15.0'N; 4°13.0'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNAN), bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed in duplicate (heterotrophs) or triplicate (phytoplankton) from 2 m, 10 m, 25 m and 50 m depth. In 2007 the Secchi depth was sampled instead of the 10 m depth. NOTE: In 2013 an extra column appears in the abundance section and in the standard deviation section. The columns are labelled 'Pnitz'; possibly the chain-forming diatom Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima. It is also present in 2011 and 2012 where the samples were run using the newest flow cytometer at PML - data still to be supplied. Discrimination is down to better measurement of forward light scatter with the new flow cytometer (a BD Accuri C6). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None, in relation to the Question help. 
 
Title Bio-optical measurements in Western English Channel (WEC) 
Description Absorption and backscattering measurements have been provided to BODC from the long term monitoring station (L4) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title DY018 Phytoplankton and microzooplankton community structure, abundance and biomass 
Description Species-specific abundance and biomass estimates from depth profiles enumerated from Lugol's-preserved water samples collected from the euphotic zone and analysed by light microscopy 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data to be used in publications and models 
 
Title DY029 Phytoplankton and microzooplankton community structure, abundance and biomass 
Description Species-specific abundance and biomass estimates from depth profiles enumerated from Lugol's-preserved water samples collected from the euphotic zone and analysed by light microscopy 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Low abundance of diatoms during the spring bloom period. Data to be published in peer-reviewed papers and model development 
 
Title DY033 Phytoplankton and microzooplankton community structure, abundance and biomass 
Description Species-specific abundance and biomass estimates from depth profiles enumerated from Lugol's-preserved water samples collected from the euphotic zone and analysed by light microscop 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Prolific abundance of ciliated protozoa. Data to be published in peer-reviewed papers and used in model development 
 
Title E1 2014 phytoplankton pigment dataset 
Description E1 2014 Phytoplankton pigment dataset, generated by HPLC 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact WCO pigment dataset 
 
Title E1 Carbonate data 
Description Dissolved inorganic carbon and total alkalinity measurements sampled from station E1, part of the Western Channel Observatory, and analysed at Plymouth Marine Laboratory. These measurements, together with temperature, salinity, total phosphate and silicate, are used to calculate additional carbonate system parameters (pH, pCO2, saturation states of calcite and aragonite, HCO3- and CO32-) using the programme CO2sys [Pierrot et al 2006], with dissociation constants from [Mehrbach et al. 1973] refit by [Dickson and Millero 1987] and for KSO4 from [Dickson 1990]. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data contribution to synthesis report Ostle et al. 2016 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/50BB1181-960E-58B4-E053-6C86ABC...
 
Title E1 Nutrient Time Series, 2002 to 2016 
Description Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2002 to 2016 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Time series trends of nutrient in the English Channel are observed 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/
 
Title E1 Time series Nutrient data 
Description Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2002 to 2014. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10/42d. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Nutrient data is used to regularly update on line web database for the western channel observatory site. 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/data.php
 
Title L4 2014 Phytoplankton pigment data 
Description Phytoplankton pigment data at discrete depths for samples taken during 2014 at station L4 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data used by remote sensing community to valdidate satellites and develop new models. 
 
Title L4 2014 pigment dataset 
Description L4 2014 pigment dataset, analysed by HPLC. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Pigment dataset from WCO 
 
Title L4 Carbonate database 
Description 2010 to 2014 total inorganic carbon and total alkalinity data taken from station L4 at the Western Channel Observatory during weekly sampling campaigns. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Report being written on a synthesis of ocean acidification data for UK waters to fulfil DEFRA requirements. 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/1ec0cae5-071d-16e1-e053-6c86abc...
 
Title L4 Nutrient Time Series, 2000 to 2016 
Description Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station L4 in the Western English Channel from 2000 to 2016 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Annual trends and changes in the Nutrient patterns are observed 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/
 
Title L4 Time series nutrient data 
Description Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station L4 in the Western English Channel from 2000 to 2014. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10/42f 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data used for regularly updating the web databases available for all researchers globally. 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/data.php
 
Title L4 plankton: taxonomicaly- resolved time-series dataset on phytoplankton and zooplankton 
Description This dataset concerns the Plymouth L4 time series of weekly plankton data spanning the period 1988 to present. The data referred to here concern just the time series of nano- and microplankton taxa being generated by Claire Widdicombe and the time series of mesozooplankton being generated by Andrea McEvoy and Amanda Beesley. Every year we archive the most recent version of the data at BODC. The time series contains over 1000 time points and over 450 taxa 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact In the last Reporting year we have had over 14 separate external requests for these data, which we log at PML at the time of providing the data, metadata and advice and dialogue with those requesting it. These comprise UK projects (5 requests this reporting year); International project requests (6 requests) and UK HEI requests usually for Undergraduate of postgraduate oprojects (3 requests). In addition the data have contributed to policy reporting, being the only UK fixed point time series available for the OSPAR 2017 Intermediate assessment based on planktonic indicators. It has also been incorporated into ICES Working groups Status Reports for zooplankton (O'Brien) and Harmful Algal Bloom Dynamics (Bresnan). Internally the time series is very heavily used and supports education through the majority of students using these datasets. 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/
 
Title L4 time series - DMS/Methylamines 
Description Preliminary Tedlar incubation methylamine addition experiments (with stable S tracers d3-DMS, d6-DMSP, 13C2-DMSO) have been undertake at station L4. Routine sampling will commence in ~September 2019 as detailed in the proposal. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet - too early in the research proposal. 
URL https://www.pml.ac.uk/Research/Projects/Bacterial_DMS
 
Title Molecular identification of copepod nauplii 
Description Copepod nauplii collected from surface waters along the Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT cruise 20) have been identified using molecular techniques. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Near-real-time quality controlled radiometric profiles acquired by Bio-Argo floats 
Description Vertical profiles of Photosynthetically Available Radiation (PAR) and downward irradiance (Ed) at 3 wavelengths (380, 412 and 490 nm) are routinely acquired by autonomous Bio-Argo floats. The database here presented includes radiometric profiles that have been quality-controlled using a specifically developed procedure for real-time distribution of data. The procedure is aimed at verifying only the shape of profiles. In each profile, dark signal, atmospheric clouds, spikes and wave focusing are flagged in a way compliant with the Argo real-time data management system. These data are therefore totally adapted to derive optical quantities such as the diffuse light attenuation coefficients. No quality control on the measured irradiance quantity is performed, which would require development of delayed-mode quality-control procedures. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This is the first quality controlled database of radiometric profiles collected by Biogeochemical Argo floats made available to the community. 
URL http://www.seanoe.org/data/00324/43499/
 
Title Nutrient concentration data for the Atlantic Meridional Transect Cruise AMT-21, 2011. 
Description Nutrient concentrations for the Nitrate, Silicate, Nitrite and Phosphate nutrient species sampled during the AMT-21 research cruise in 2011. This being part of the PML National Capability Programme for the Atlantic Meridional Transect programme. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Nutrient concentration data from a Benthic Flux Survey Experiment at 4 different study sites of Plymouth, South West England, between 2008 and 2011. 
Description Results are reported for the analysis of water samples taken from a Benthic Flux Nutrient survey, sampled over a 3 year sampling period between August 2008 and May 2011. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2002 to 2016 
Description Nutrient concentrations for the Nitrate, Silicate, Nitrite and Phosphate nutrient species samples at the E1 study site for the period 2002 to 2016. This being part of the PML National Capability Programme for the Western Channel Observatory. Citation: Woodward E.M.S.; Harris C.; Al-Moosawi L. (2017). Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2002 to 2016. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10.5285/47147f8f-44c7-207a-e053-6c86abc0dc21 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station L4 in the Western English Channel from 2000 to 2016 
Description Nutrient concentrations for the Nitrate, Silicate, Nitrite and Phosphate nutrient species samples at the E1 study site for the period 2002 to 2016. This being part of the PML National Capability Programme for the Western Channel Observatory. Citation: Woodward E.M.S.; Harris C.; Al-Moosawi L. (2017). Nutrient concentration profiles from long term time series at Station L4 in the Western English Channel from 2000 to 2016. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10.5285/47147f8f-44c6-207a-e053-6c86abc0dc21 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known. 
 
Title Nutrient concentrations for the Atlantic Meridional Transect Cruise AMT-20, 2010 
Description Nutrient concentrations for the Nitrate, Silicate, Nitrite and Phosphate nutrient species sampled during the AMT-20 research cruise in 2010. This being part of the PML National Capability Programme for the Atlantic Meridional Transect programme 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Plankton abundance measured by flow cytometry from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2014 - 2016. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, E1 (50°2.05'N; 4°22.5'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed from 2, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 60 m depth. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/626f2fa6-1595-5de6-e053-6c86abc...
 
Title Plankton abundance measured by flow cytometry from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2014 - 2017. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, E1 (50°2.05'N; 4°22.5'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed from 2, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 60 m depth. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
 
Title Plankton abundance measured by flow cytometry from long term time series at Station E1 in the Western English Channel from 2014 - 2018. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, E1 (50°2.05'N; 4°22.5'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed from 2, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 60 m depth. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None in relation to the Question help 
 
Title Plankton abundance measured by flow cytometry from long term time series at Station L4 in the Western English Channel from 2015. 
Description This dataset contains depth profiles of the mean abundance of groups of plankton as cells per millilitre, measured using flow cytometry from the long-term sampling station, L4 (50°15.0'N; 4°13.0'W) situated off the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The groups quantified are divided into phytoplankton and heterotrophs. Phytoplankton groups quantified are: Synechococcus sp. (cyanobacteria)(Syn), picoeuakryotes (smaller than 2 µm) (Peuk), cryptophytes (Crypto), coccolithophores (Cocco), small dinoflagellates (<20 µm) (Dino), Phaeocystis sp. (Pcystis) and nanoeukaryotes (Neuk) not already mentioned (2-20 µm). Heterotrophs quantified are: heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNAN), bacteria with relatively high nucleic acid content (HNA) and bacteria with relatively low DNA. Samples were collected and analysed in duplicate (heterotrophs) or triplicate (phytoplankton) from 2 m, 10 m, 25 m and 50 m depth. In 2007 the Secchi depth was sampled instead of the 10 m depth. NOTE: In 2013 an extra column appears in the abundance section and in the standard deviation section. The columns are labelled 'Pnitz'; possibly the chain-forming diatom Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima. It is also present in 2011 and 2012 where the samples were run using the newest flow cytometer at PML - data still to be supplied. Discrimination is down to better measurement of forward light scatter with the new flow cytometer (a BD Accuri C6). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None 
 
Title Rates of nitrogen fixation in surface waters during AMT20 (JC053) 
Description N2 Fixation rates determined using old (bubble) and new (enriched water) methods 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Improved method development, justification of proposed protocols in grant submission 
 
Title SST collected by surfers in the southern UK and western Ireland between 2014 and 2017 
Description This dataset consists of sea surface temperature (SST) data collected by recreational surfers around the southern UK and Western Ireland coastline over the period from 5th January 2014 to 8th February 2017. These data were collected as part of a research project supported by Plymouth Marine Laboratory. Over the study period, the recreational surfers collected 297 independent samples of SST. The surfers were equipped with a UTBI-001 Tidbit V2 Temperature Data Logger and a Garmin etrex 10 GPS. The Garmin etrex 10 device was used to extract GPS information (latitude and longitude) for each surf. The Tidbit V2 temperature logger was attached, using cable-ties, at mid-point to the leash of the surfboards to ensure continuous contact with seawater when surfing, measuring temperature in the top metre of the water column. Roughly every 6 months over the study period, the Tidbit V2 temperature loggers were rigorously compared with a VWR1620-200 traceable digital thermometer (with an accuracy of 0.05 degrees C at the range of 0 to 100 degrees C) at 1 degree C intervals from 6 to 25 degrees C using a PolyScience temperature bath. Over the study period, all sensors performed within the manufacturers technical specifications. A piecewise regression to model was used to correct any Tidbit V2 temperature data collected to remove systematic biases between sensors, such that the errors in each sensor were within the accuracy of VWR1620-200 traceable digital thermometer. Temperature data were collected at 10 second intervals during each surfing session. The data were processed to remove any data collected before and after entering the water and SST were extracted by computing the median of the remaining data. Standard deviations on the remaining data are also provided to give an index of SST variability during each surf session. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data used to validate satellite observations of sea surface temperature at the coastline. 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/53a2def3-2926-5c26-e053-6c86abc...
 
Title Seawater concentration of DMSO, DMS, DMSP database for 2014 and 2016 completed. 
Description Approximately annual surveys of the changes in concentrations of DMSO, DMS and DMSP have been undertaken in 2014 and 2016 on surface (10m) and deep (50m) water samples. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data has been provided to collaborators at Warwick University. Data has been sent to BODC. Waiting for DOI. 2014 data doi:10.5285/77294815-9c69-338b-e053-6c86abc070db 2016 data doi:10.5285/77294815-9c6a-338b-e053-6c86abc070db 
URL https://www.bodc.ac.uk/data/published_data_library/catalogue/10.5285/77294815-9c6a-338b-e053-6c86abc...
 
Title Stable tracer experiments for determining DMSO loss processes Station L4 
Description Three stable tracers were used (13C-DMSO, d3- DMS, d6-DMSP) to determine the biological consumption, net and gross production and turnover times of DMS, DMSP and DMSO in surface waters of station L4, WCO. 2014 and 2016 datasets. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Detailed time series in 2016 (with some preliminary data from 2014). Data has been submitted to BODC WCO database. Currently waiting for DOI from BODC. 
 
Title Station L4 Phyto- and Microzooplankton time-series data 2012 
Description Species-specific abundance and biomass data (phyto- and microzooplankton functional groups) from samples collected weekly at station L4 during 2012 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series 
Description The long-term monitoring of phytoplankton and microzooplankton community structure at Station L4 enters its 25th year with new data collected on a weekly basis. The quality-controlled 1992-2014 dataset was submitted to BODC and made available to internal and external users on request. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2009 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Station L4 phytoplankton time-series data contributed to 11 published papers in 2015, two currently in press, one under review and two in preparation. Since November 2014 data requests have been received from the UK (Marine Biological Association, Sir Alistair Hardy Foundation, University of Southampton), Ireland, Denmark, Germany, Korea, Canada, USA, and Russia. The data were used at a workshop in Leipzig, Germany during December 2015 (funded by the Synthesis Centre for Biodiversity Sciences) to investigate global changes in marine plankton diversity and productivity and the findings are expected to be published in a high-impact journal. The data also form part of the on-going ICES WGPME and IGMETS research to investigate taxa and group specific patterns and changes in the North Atlantic. 
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/l4_phytoplankton
 
Title Water Column Nutrient concentrations from 4 different Benthic study sites of Plymouth, South West England, between 2008 and 2011 
Description Results are reported for the analysis of water samples taken from the overlying water column of 4 different study sites occupied on a bi-monthly basis, were possible, during a 3 year Benthic Study programme of Plymouth, on the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The analyses are reported for Nitrate+Nitrite, Nitrite, Silicate and Phosphate concentrations. Results show variations across the year with the main influence to particularly the upper water column being the output of the, Results are reported for the analysis of water samples taken from the overlying water column of 4 different study sites occupied on a bi-monthly basis, were possible, during a 3 year Benthic Study programme of Plymouth, on the south-west coast of England, United Kingdom. The analyses are reported for Nitrate+Nitrite, Nitrite, Silicate and Phosphate concentrations. Results show variations across the year with the main influence to particularly the upper water column being the output of the Riv 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title Zooplankton diversity in surface waters along the AMT 
Description The diversity of zooplankton communities living in surface waters along the Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT cruise 20) has been characterised. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known 
 
Title pCO2 and SOCAT 
Description Measurements of pCO2 from autonomous systems deployed on the NERC Research ships are submitted to BODC and to SOCAT, an international database used to help scientists determine how much anthropogenic CO2 has been taken up by the oceans and hence, by difference, by the land. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data are used in scientific papers, in an annual estimate of greenhouse gases, and contribute to policy reports including the IPCC 
URL http://www.socat.info/
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation Newcastle University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation University of Amsterdam
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation University of Hawaii
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation University of Vigo
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT External Collaboration 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordination and organisation of annual AMT transects through the Atlantic Ocean. Performance of core AMT measurements: Nutrients, optics, carbonate chemistry, primary production, microbial biodiversity
Collaborator Contribution Satellite calibration and validation measurements of inorganic carbon and associated backscattering Cyanobacterial activity greenhouse gases picoplankton activity and diversity Zooplankton biogeography Oxygen measurements and community productivity
Impact http://www.amt-uk.org/Publications
 
Description AMT POGO Fellowship 
Organisation Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans, POGO
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Hosting of fellowship programme for individuals from developing countries as participants on an AMT cruise
Collaborator Contribution Contribution to research outputs as a part of the training effort
Impact 7 completed fellowships to date
Start Year 2008
 
Description AMT collaboration on zooplankton diversity and sensitivity to OA with Univerity of Hawaii and Naturalis, Netherlands 
Organisation Naturalis Biodiversity Center
PI Contribution Provision of berths on research cruise, contribution of expertise and data
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in zooplankton diversity, genetics and experimental manipulation. Publication and knowledge exchange
Impact 11 papers published or submitted; 1 PhD awarded; 3 research cruises completed
Start Year 2012
 
Description AMT collaboration on zooplankton diversity and sensitivity to OA with Univerity of Hawaii and Naturalis, Netherlands 
Organisation University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of berths on research cruise, contribution of expertise and data
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in zooplankton diversity, genetics and experimental manipulation. Publication and knowledge exchange
Impact 11 papers published or submitted; 1 PhD awarded; 3 research cruises completed
Start Year 2012
 
Description AMT collaboration with Dr. K.T.C.A. Peijnenburg (University of Amsterdam) 
Organisation University of Amsterdam
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr. Kitifdis contributed ocean pH data to a study on the distribution, shell thickness and adaptive potential of pteropods
Collaborator Contribution Dr. Peijnenburg contributed relevant data on pteropod distribution, shell thickness and adaptive potential
Impact A manuscript for a peer reviewed scientific publication is at an advanced stage. It is expected that this will be submitted in the second quarter of 2016
Start Year 2012
 
Description AMT deployment of Argo float and surface drifters 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Deployment of instrumentation, provision of data during research cruise
Collaborator Contribution Provision of instrumentation and expertise
Impact Collaboration between 4 separate organisation in deployment of autonomous oceanographic instruments
Start Year 2016
 
Description AMT deployment of Argo float and surface drifters 
Organisation University of Washington
Department School of Oceanography
PI Contribution Deployment of instrumentation, provision of data during research cruise
Collaborator Contribution Provision of instrumentation and expertise
Impact Collaboration between 4 separate organisation in deployment of autonomous oceanographic instruments
Start Year 2016
 
Description AMT deployment of Argo float and surface drifters 
Organisation Villefranche Oceanographic Laboratory
Country France 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Deployment of instrumentation, provision of data during research cruise
Collaborator Contribution Provision of instrumentation and expertise
Impact Collaboration between 4 separate organisation in deployment of autonomous oceanographic instruments
Start Year 2016
 
Description CLAM_PU 
Organisation University of Plymouth
Department Faculty of Health and Human Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution We have identified and demonstrated the potential to simplify a complex state-of-the-art in-situ absorption metre to measure chlorophyll concentration.
Collaborator Contribution Plymouth University is helping developing a prototype of a novel sensor to measure phytoplankton biomass in the water
Impact Development of instrument prototype
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with CEFAS 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Bringing together data, novel statistical methods and policy requirements to develop new science. Focusing on benthic systems.
Collaborator Contribution making data available, policy insights, researcher time to develop the work.
Impact Collaboration within research projects; collaboration in ICES WGBIODIV; PhD proposals; collaborative manuscripts; developing policy links for projects
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with LOV France 
Organisation Marine Optics and Remote Sensing Lab
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We contributed data from the Bio-Argo floats to the LOV group for public distribution.
Collaborator Contribution LOV has agreed to receive, host, and pre-process data from the Bio-Argo floats deployed. The preliminary data can now be seen in real time at the following web site: http://www.oao.obs-vlfr.fr/maps/en/ LOV has also provided invaluable support in testing and programming the floats before deployment.
Impact Reception, hosting and pre-processing of Bio-Argo data.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Deployment of Bio-Argo floats 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Supplied the Bio-Argo floats (originally purchased as part of a NERC Big-Data capital grant).
Collaborator Contribution Deployed the Bio-Argo floats as part of a research cruise associated with ABC-Fluxes
Impact Continued UK contribution to the global bio-Argo fleet.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Development and testing of an imaging system for simultaneous detection of pico, nano and micro-phytoplankton 
Organisation Chinese Scholarshop Council
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development and testing of an imaging system for simultaneous detection of pico, nano and micro-phytoplankton with Jia Yu. No income - IP only
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration on development and testing of an imaging system for simultaneous detection of pico, nano and micro-phytoplankton
Impact Development and testing of an imaging system for simultaneous detection of pico, nano and micro-phytoplankton
Start Year 2019
 
Description E1 data contribution to ICES Report on Ocean Climate 
Organisation International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
Country Denmark 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Contribution of the E1 depth resolved temperature and salinity series (active since 1903)
Collaborator Contribution Sustain the time-series and analyse the data
Impact E1 is a key dataset for the continuation of this important reporting process
Start Year 2018
 
Description Earth System Analysis methods 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Designed and created a set of Earth System analysis methods and sharing this with NOC. The methods enable signal decomposition and biome identification, estimation and validation.
Collaborator Contribution Identification of signal structure: helping to formulate the Atlantic basin climate scale mapping to regional northern Europe based on discussion and analysis of simulation.
Impact Project workshop to discuss identification of system, demo tools and working manual.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Earthmicrobiome project 
Organisation Earthmicrobiome Project
Country United States 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution PML provided water column and sediment samples collected from L4 for DNA sequencing by the Earth Microbiome Project.
Collaborator Contribution The Earth Microbiome Project aims to characterize global microbial taxonomic and functional diversity. PML provided water column and sediment samples collected from L4 before and during two phytoplankton bloom events for DNA sequencing. These will join the hundreds of samples provided by other collaborators across the globe to provide insight into patterns of microbial ecology across the planet. At PML, this data will be used to assess the response of both the pelagic and benthic microbial communities in 2016 at a previously unexplored level of detail.
Impact A DNA sequence data set from the samples has already been produced. Preliminary results are forming the basis of a manuscript to be submitted to Nature in which PML will be cited as a collaborator.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Global Biogeochemical Argo Network 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This recently born programme aims at designing and implementing a new global network of profiling floats measuring ocean biogeochemical properties. As leader of the UK BioArgo Network, Dr. Dall'Olmo was invited to participate in the first planning meeting for this network. He contributed results from an analysis of satellite ocean colour data to support the design of the network.
Collaborator Contribution Other collaborators provided leadership, experience and other design methods.
Impact The first output will be a white paper that summarises the results from the meeting and that will be submitted to the International Argo Steering Team and to the oceanographic community for feedback.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation Alfred-Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Department Helgoland Roads Phytoplankton
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation French Research Institute for the Exploitation of the Sea
Country French Polynesia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Expert Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Organisation Swedish Institute
Country Sweden 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and Station L4 phytoplankton and microzooplankton time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, professional advice, access to datasets and preparation of manuscripts
Impact Kraberg, A; Widdicombe, CE; Wiltshire, K; Bresnan, E; Soudant, D; Tarran, GA; Smyth, TJ. 2012 Phytoplankton and microbial plankton of the North Sea and English Channel. In: O'Brien, TD; Li, WKW; Moran, XAG, (eds.) ICES Phytoplankton and Microbial Plankton Status Report 2009/2010.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ICES Working Group of Zooplankton Ecology 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)
Department ISIS Neutron and Muon Source
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The PML plankton group are members of several ICES working groups, supplying phytoplankton and zooplankton data to published ICES status reports that document time trends in the plankton at a network of monitoring sites across the N Atlantic and fringing shelves. The Plymouth L4 data forms one chapter in these reports, and is authored by PML staff
Collaborator Contribution Annual meetings of the various working groups, plus production every other year of the Status Reports, using common software to document time trends in the plankton in relation to climatic indices
Impact ICES Status reports for phytoplankton and zooplankton, e.g. ICES Zooplankton Status Report 2010/2011 (eds TD O'Brien, PH Wiebe, T Falkenhaug)
 
Description Impact of ocean acidification on nitrifying microorganisms 
Organisation Princeton University
Department Department of Geosciences
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experimental investigation into the impact of ocean acidification on nitrogen cycling and nitrous oxide production
Collaborator Contribution Microbiological and statistical investigation of the impact of ocean acidification on nitrifying communities
Impact Manuscript in preparation describing the outputs from experimental investigations
Start Year 2010
 
Description Member of ICOS (international carbon observing system) 
Organisation Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Western Channel Observatory is a full member of ICOS and a makes a contribution to the activities of the Ocean Thematic Centre
Collaborator Contribution Measurements of CO2 in air and water and associated supporting measurements.
Impact Some ISI listed papers are under development. Collaboration is envisaged in the long term (10 years) in order to better understand and quantify the role of the oceans and coastal seas as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. The collaboration is part of a EU ERIC.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Member of ICOS (international carbon observing system) 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Western Channel Observatory is a full member of ICOS and a makes a contribution to the activities of the Ocean Thematic Centre
Collaborator Contribution Measurements of CO2 in air and water and associated supporting measurements.
Impact Some ISI listed papers are under development. Collaboration is envisaged in the long term (10 years) in order to better understand and quantify the role of the oceans and coastal seas as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. The collaboration is part of a EU ERIC.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Member of ICOS (international carbon observing system) 
Organisation University of Exeter
Department Department of Geography
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Western Channel Observatory is a full member of ICOS and a makes a contribution to the activities of the Ocean Thematic Centre
Collaborator Contribution Measurements of CO2 in air and water and associated supporting measurements.
Impact Some ISI listed papers are under development. Collaboration is envisaged in the long term (10 years) in order to better understand and quantify the role of the oceans and coastal seas as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide. The collaboration is part of a EU ERIC.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Member of the International Group for Marine Ecological Time-Series (IGMETS) 
Organisation International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
Country Denmark 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and provision of Station L4 time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, data provision and statistical analysis
Impact Station L4 time-series data added to the collection of ca. 300 time-series datasets
Start Year 2014
 
Description Member of the International Group for Marine Ecological Time-Series (IGMETS) 
Organisation National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and provision of Station L4 time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, data provision and statistical analysis
Impact Station L4 time-series data added to the collection of ca. 300 time-series datasets
Start Year 2014
 
Description Member of the International Group for Marine Ecological Time-Series (IGMETS) 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input and provision of Station L4 time-series dataset
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual input, data provision and statistical analysis
Impact Station L4 time-series data added to the collection of ca. 300 time-series datasets
Start Year 2014
 
Description Partners in the Lifeforms Project to define plankton indicators of Good Environmental Status under MSFD 
Organisation Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Providing input for the WCO as a sentinel site for plankton indicator monitoring, assessing current environmental status and ongoing provision of plankton data to use as part of a network of monitoring sites under the MSFD
Collaborator Contribution Financial contribution towards attending MSFD planning meeting and devising indicator taxa. Financial contributions towards processing data and assessing indicator taxa abundances
Impact Draft MSFD plankton indicator report for submission to Defra Nov 2014. Submission of formatted L4 plankton data to the EMECO data tool that calculates indicator pair status in "state-space" in order to assess the environmental status of this sentinel site for the MSFD.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Sentinel 3 validation team member for SLSTR 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I plan to continue to develop a network of in situ observations on sea surface temperature (SST) and use this data for evaluating Sentinel 3 SLSTR SST products. This will involve integrating observations from new technology (e.g. citizens) with existing data available from coastal observing systems.
Collaborator Contribution This collaboration is supported by ESA and EUMETSAT
Impact Outputs and outcomes pending. I will be presenting some preliminary results at the S3VT meeting in mid-March (https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/News/ConferencesandEvents/DAT_3645214.html)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Use of flow cytometry to analyse water collected onboard a CPR towed monthly on Brittany Ferries ship MV Armorique between Plymouth and Roscoff 
Organisation Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysing samples by flow cytometry that are collected using a water sampler onboard a CPR that is towed monthly between Roscoff and Plymouth aboard the Brittany Ferries ship MV Armorique
Collaborator Contribution Provide samples that are collected using a water sampler onboard a CPR that is towed monthly between Roscoff and Plymouth aboard the Brittany Ferries ship MV Armorique
Impact Providing Channel-wide time series coverage of microbial community composition and abundance in support of the Western Channel Observatory
Start Year 2014
 
Description WCO contribution to the MCCIP report card 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contribute WCO data synthesis and expert advice to the construction of the MCCIP report card
Collaborator Contribution Compile the report card
Impact Policy impact
Start Year 2008
 
Title Automatic ingestion of CTD data from UK research vessels into Met Office forecasts 
Description All of the NERC research vessels now have a system, developed by PML, which sends depth gridded CTD data live from the ships via email, for ingestion into the UK Met Office forecast models (via the GTS). This was achieved for the JCR in 2014, the Discovery in 2017 and the James Cook in 2018. This was a long-standing goal of the National Centre for Ocean Forecasting (NCOF - now NPOP), the project being initiated on an ad hoc basis in 2007. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The UK research fleet sail in some of the most inaccessible parts of the global ocean, where depth resolved observations of physical parameters are rare. This software, and associated processing chain, provide precious assimilative data into the global forecast runs. 
 
Title Catalogue of marine biodiversity indicators to assess the environmental status - a software and a review of the current indicator set 
Description A Catalogue of Biodiversity Indicators useful for the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) was developed by the DEVOTES FP7 Project with the aim of providing the basis for assessing the environmental status of European seas. It is available online through the DEVOTool 0.64 software application that allows navigating a database of indicators related to the following MSFD descriptors: biological biodiversity, non-indigenous species, food webs, and seafloor integrity. The catalogue (v.6) contains over 500 indicators used by different initiatives, in national and international contexts. A comprehensive overview of these indicators is given: descriptions, data requirements, developmental status, geographical coverage and applicable habitats, biodiversity components and descriptors targeted, and related human pressures. The DEVOTool provides a query and analysis function for browsing the metadata, extracting and ranking lists of indicators best fulfilling pre-set criteria; enabling users to search, for example, for indicators suitable to fill in an identified gap or address a particular pressure in a marine area. The major strengths and gaps of the indicator set (at EU level) allow to focus the development of new indicators where it is most urgently needed, and to foster transfer of know-how across marine regions. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Engament with EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive working groups, to support indicator selection. 
URL https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/140819
 
Description 2016 Ocean Sciences Conference (New Orleans, USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation entitled "Ecological equivalence of species within phytoplankton functional types" based on the peer-reviewed publication in Functional Ecology (doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12641)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://agu.confex.com/agu/os16/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/91265
 
Description AMT website and blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Website to showcase AMT science and opportunities for collaboration, including blog to track progress of research cruises.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://www.amt-uk.org/
 
Description AMT23 data workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact 25 people attended a workshop to present data collected on recent research cruise. The aim to share information and stimulate collaborative co-operation in the future

Excellent presentations by student attendees
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Accuracy assessment of OLCI, MODIS-Aqua, & VIIRS radiometric products 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at EUMETSAT conference, Tallinn, Estonia. September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Accuracy assessment of Sentinel-3 OLCI products 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at EO4 Atlantic Workshop, Southampton, January 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Accuracy assessment of Sentinel-3A OLCI, MODIS-Aqua, & VIIRS ocean colour products in the Atlantic Ocean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To at the Challenger, UK meeting. Newcastle University, 10-13 September 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Atlantic Fora 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Atlantic Fora are a research discussion place where internal cross-disciplinary research audience can share latest news, research ideas and ask for advice. It is open to all across the PML lab with input from other Plymouth research teams that form the Western Channel Observatory.

In 2016 this meets monthy. 2003 - 2015 it has been seasonal with typically 4 per year.

The fora has helped informal discussion of research ideas, also a 'town hall' type meeting on occasions to allow senior members to share latest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
 
Description Atlantic Fora with WCO and Atlantic themes 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In 2016 we hosted 11 regular fora meetings, balanced between Western Channel Observatory and Atlantic themes. The format is open discussion and sharing of latest work and research with contributed discussion slides, discussion and debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Atlantic Meridional Transect Open Science Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference organised to celebrate 20 years of the AMT programme with discussion sessions to foster collaboration and future directions of this programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lob.10069/full
 
Description BBC TV interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Live interview conducted at 18:30 on 19 June 2015 with Kristian McConville from Plymouth Marine Laboratory to discuss the high numbers of jellyfish being seen off the South Coast. Kristian also provided live jellyfish to support a pre-recorded interview with Steve Widdicombe which was also shown as part of the jellyfish news arcticle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Being a scientific apprentice - our experience at Plymouth Marine Laboratory 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact YouTube video of PML apprentices talking about their experience of their first year at PML.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://youtu.be/bxJLvE3TsQ4
 
Description Celebrating 20 years of the Atlantic Meridional Transect 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News article on PML website announcing a special issue of Progress in Oceanography, celebrating 20 years of the Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News_and_media/News/Celebrating_20_years_of_the_Atlantic_Meridional_Tr
 
Description Chair the Annual meeting of SCOR International working group on nutrients as part of the EGU conference in Vienna 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact First meeting of the International SCOR working group 'Towards comparability of global oceanic nutrient data' held at the European Geophysical Union meeting in Vienna. This was the kick-off meeting to discuss actions and plans for the next 3 years of SCOR funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Challenger Society AMBIO special interest UK Biogeochemistry conferernce in Oxford, January 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented a oral talk entitled: Towards global comparability of nutrient data from the world's oceans. Lots of interest and questioning from the conference attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Co-Chair of SCOR International Nutrient Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SCOR working group #147: Towards comparability of global oceanic nutrient data.
Organise International meetings and workshops to further the aims of the working group which is to improve global nutrient analysis through the use of certified reference materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Co-Chair of SCOR International Nutrient Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SCOR working group #147: Towards comparability of global oceanic nutrient data.
Organise International meetings and workshops to further the aims of the working group which is to improve global nutrient analysis through the use of certified reference materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017,2018
URL http://www.scor-int.org/SCOR_WGs_WG147.htm
 
Description Co-Chair of the International SCOR Working Group #147 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-chair of the International SCOR working group entitled: Towards comparability of global oceanic nutrient data. Chair regular International teleconferences, co-organise future workshops and liaise with other co-chair to organise this international group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Coffee cup science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Coffee cup science is a regular meeting opportunity for all at PML to share and debate latest. Six are scheduled for 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Contributed to Careers Fair at School of Creative Arts, Plymouth 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Participated in the Plymouth School of Creative Arts Career Fair (6th of February) to raise awareness with pupils about how science and arts cross overs can lead to career paths for creative thinkers form an arts background. Materials for dissemination were contributed by Thecla Keiser, Plymouth Marine Laboratory. Attendance supported by Paul Somerfield and the Marine Ecosystems Research Programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/DrAnaQueiros/status/828594418160631808
 
Description EGU 2016 presentation (Kitidis) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EGU2016-14721 Surface ocean carbon dioxide during the Atlantic Meridional Transect (1995-2013); evidence of change. by Vassilis
Kitidis, Ian Brown, Nicholas Hardman-Mountford, and Nathalie Lefèvre
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EGU 2016 presentation (Rees) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EGU2016-16991 N2O and CH4 distribution and fluxes in the North Atlantic Ocean by Andy Rees, Ian Brown, Jamie Shutler, and Ian Ashton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EGU 2017 Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation discussing the findings of benthic foraminifera in plankton samples at Station L4 after storm events and the implications this may have for palaeoecology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2017/session/25070
 
Description Expedition to study scale of microplastics on Atlantic's smallest creatures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Expedition to study scale of microplastics on Atlantic's smallest creatures. The Guardian, 19 September 2016. Article in the Guardian describing microplastic study undertaken during the Atlantic Meridional Transect cruise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/sep/19/atlantic-expedition-aims-to-discover-affect-of-m...
 
Description GAIC2015 International conference talk in Galway, Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation entitled: Towards comparability of global oceanic nutrient data, outlining the work and aims of the new SCOR working group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ICES working group on biodiversity (WG BIODIV) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This ICES working group is developing a trait-based disturbance indicator for use in managing impacts on benthic communities within the marine environment. Participation in this group resulted in new and re-established collaborative links with marine scientists from across Europe. MERP research was closely aligned and contributed to this international activity and is expected to continue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview to the official United Nations Sustainable Development Goals social media TV channel at the 23rd United Nations Conference of Parties 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview describing innovative data on the blue carbon potential of coastal systems, which is emerging from the programme as a result of a benthic research led by PML (Queiros).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/SDGMediaZone/status/929286290348142593
 
Description Interviewed by Reuters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interviewed by Reuters on the impacts of climate change on marine-based food resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.reuters.com/article/climatechange-oceans-fishing-idUSL8N1DP46Y
 
Description Interviewed for IBTimes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interviewed for IBTimes (online news) on new paper that came out in February on biodiversity and climate change and fisheries. Was also interviewed for the same reason by German public radio-station Deutschlandfunk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/six-biodiversity-hotspots-claimed-be-brink-ecosystem-collapse-1608040
 
Description Invited member of IOCCP Expert working group-Setting Observing Targets for Biogeochemical Observing System in the Atlantic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop Goals
• Decide on the biogeochemical (BGC) phenomena for which to set observing targets, based on the list of phenomena developed by AtlantOS WP1.
• Define what an observing target is in the context of the BGC observing system
• Set observing targets for BGC phenomena (described by relevant variables)
• Analyse feasibility of set targets with respect to current capacities to enable a comprehensive gap analysis
• Provide recommendations for designing an optimized Atlantic Ocean observing system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description JMP EUNOSAT End User Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact JMP EUNOSAT End User Meeting, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark, 6-8 February 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description L4 30th anniversary science day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Organised by Angus Atkinson and others, the L4 30th Anniversary Science Day took place at PML on October 2nd 2018. The aim was to celebrate the value of marine time series and was timed to mark the 30th anniversary of weekly sampling at the Plymouth L4 site. Invitations reached several hundred people and over 100 attended on the day. A series of science talks and posters throughout the day presented the value of time series from across Europe as well as L4, and a lunchtime series of tours showed members of public and other interested parties the newly refurbished labs. Anniversary mugs and other merchandise were available.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Laboratory Technician Apprentice sets sail across the Atlantic on research trip 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article on South Devon College website about PML apprentice who participated in the 27th AMT cruise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.southdevon.ac.uk/news/2017/12/05/laboratory-technician-apprentice-sets-sail-across-atlan...
 
Description Lecture at the University of the 3rd age science study day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented a talk entitled "The value of monitoring our seas to understand the climate change and pollution effects on our environment" at the University of the 3rd Age Science study day, 29.10.19, reaching about 120 members of the general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Marine Biodiversity Research at PML Facebook page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Publicise and promote PML's research and associated biodiversity topics and opportunities and educate the general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/MarineLifeSupportSystems/
 
Description Member of consultancy team for the design and build of the new UK Polar Research Vessel, the RRS Sir David Attenborough 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Representing the UK Marine Chemistry community and wider UK Marine Science community as part of the design and consultation team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
URL https://www.bas.ac.uk/polar-operations/sites-and-facilities/facility/rrs-sir-david-attenborough/
 
Description Member of consultancy team for the design and build of the new UK Polar Research Vessel, the RRS Sir David Attenborough 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Representing the UK Marine Chemistry community and wider UK Marine Science community as part of the design and consultation team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Member of the ICES Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annual meetings and electronic communications to address specific terms of reference related to best practice, data generation and interpretation of phytoplankton species and community structure in a changing world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
URL http://www.wgpme.net/
 
Description Member of the International Group for Marine Ecological Time-Series (IGMETS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Station L4 time-series data added to the collection of ca. 300 time-series datasets
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://igmets.net
 
Description Modelling leadership : Computational and Data Challenges in Environmental Modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented Climatic influence on the phytoplankton ecosystem, Bruun et al. (Computational and Data Challenges in Environmental Modelling) held at Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge, 10th Feb 2016.

Helpful network meeting, mix of mathematical, applied and commercial groups.
Partners in this: Isaac Newton Institute, Turing Gateway to Mathematics, NERC, Smith institute, PURE network, Institute of Physics.

I sat on the wrap-up panel in this meeting to help summarise the main proactive challenges in this field which I summarised as:
1. Mapping of mathematical techniques to engage with non-mathematical applied audience / collaborators
2. How to create an awareness in the distinction of a) observed data, b) simulated data and c) theoretical knowledge.
3. How to analyse and share this hybrid knowledge?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News story "Improved capability for predicting the future of our oceans" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Web news story highlighting a paper which outlines the new, increased capability of 'ERSEM', currently the only marine ecosystem model that covers the plankton food-web, microbial processes, the benthic ecosystem, and the carbonate system.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/Improved_capability_for_predicting_the_future_of_o
 
Description News story "Plankton faeces could move plastic pollution to the ocean depths" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News story on website highlighting new publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/Plankton_faeces_could_move_plastic_pollution_to_th
 
Description News story "Plymouth Quest breaks a record" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Web news story highlighting RV Plymouth Quest's last research trip of the year to the Western Channel Observatory L4 sampling station which marks a record 50 trips in the last 12 months.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/Plymouth_Quest_breaks_a_record
 
Description News story "Saharan dust enhances carbon trapping by the Ocean deserts" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Web news story which reveals that dust generated by land erosion has large repercussions for oceanic processes and planetary climate. The data were collected over a three-year period and form an integral part of UK-led array of sustained open-ocean observatories and the ongoing Atlantic Meridional Transect research programme (AMT).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/Saharan_dust_enhances_carbon_trapping_by_the_Ocean
 
Description PML Light Bites 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annual PML Light Bites is an opportunity for all staff and the board to listen to light bite talks of PML science and interact and share.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description PML Poster session 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annual internal poster session to promote intergroup development of new ideas and potential collaborations. Attended by PML board which gives opportunity for PML group foucs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description PML scientists featured on BBC Weather World 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Weather World is presented by BBC Weather's Nick Miller and reveals the stories and science behind some of the year's wildest weather.
In this programme, focusing on weather observing, Nick tests his sea legs as he takes a journey into the English Channel with PML scientists, to find out what information can be gathered from the scientific buoys in the English Channel, operated and developed by PML and the UK Met Office as part of the oceanographic time-series known as the Western Channel Observatory.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/weatherwatchers/article/37185716/weather-world-returns/
 
Description Pariticipated on United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14 preparatory meeting, United Nations Headquarters, February 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Attended the United Nations in New York, attending the preparatory meeting for Sustainable Development Goal 14.
This is the part of the UN sustainability agenda that focuses on protecting life under water through ocean sustainability.
During the meeting, discussions are underway about what themes the world should work within to improve the sustainability of ocean life into the future, and that of living marine resources, under so many threats such as pollution, ocean acidification and illegal, unregulated and unreported fisheries.
Raised awareness of how such aims cannot be delivered without actions that consider the profound effect of a multi-stressor ocean under climate change. That is, SDG14 is tightly linked to SDG13 which focuses on climate change.
More importantly, at a time when solutions for a fast changing ocean are badly needed, Ana hopes to raise awareness about tools that the scientific community, a major group of stakeholders of the ocean, has already developed. These tools can enable action to meet this challenge and specifically through climate ready marine spatial plans.
Gave a short talk today on the topic at a side event organized by the Ocean & Climate Platform, a think thank promoting ocean sustainability under climate change, and will raised the topic throughout the meeting, including direct engagement with co-facilitators of this UN goal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/DrAnaQueiros/status/831996056955211776
 
Description Participation at United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Climate Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact COP22 was the twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22), held alongside the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 12), at Bab Ighli, Marrakech, Morocco. Both were held as part of the The United Nations Climate Change Conference, in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This event is a world stage where global leaders come together under the umbrella of the UNFCCC to align their national efforts to combat climate change, and the wider event is attended by science, industry, NGO's and civil society. Because of this, COP is a global stage within which research aligned with ocean research and climate change can be widely disseminated, and knowledge-exchange (KE) promoted. This was seen as a potentially great dissemination platform for NERC research undertaken within the Marine Ecosystems Research Programme (MERP), and a great way to raise the profile of Dr Ana Queiros, who is a mid-career senior scientist and a Co-I within the programme. Ana therefore attended COP22 as a representative of the MERP programme, and as part of the PML delegation to the event, which also included Dr Carol Turley, OBE (PML fellow) and Thecla Keizer (PML head of Marketing), joining colleages Dr Phil Williamson (UEA, NERC) and the team form the German Ocean Acidification Porgramme BioAcid.
PML has attended COP since 2009. At that time few delegates even considered the link between climate and the ocean, its ecosystems, its role in the climate systems and the services it provides human society. This has changed considerable, ocean acidification is now recognised as a slow onset event (Cancun agreement at COP16, Mexico, 2010), the ocean and its ecosystems are now mentioned in the Paris Agreement (COP21, 2015) and it is very evident that more and more delegates are considering ocean impacts as they move forward with its implementation. This is at least in part due to the science outreach provided by PML. These efforts have been previously funded in full by the UK Ocean Acidification research programme in addition smaller funding/in-kind contributions from a consortium of other programmes and research institutes (EU-EPOCA, EU-MedSeA, German-BIOACID, US-Scripps, IAEA's OA-ICC) led by PML. PML is now recognised as a significant science-evidence contributor at these conferences. Recognition of the role of the ocean within the COP process, and the IPCC, has been actively sought through PML's involvement in past years.
This year, a whole day was dedicated to the ocean at COP, though the Oceans Action day, organised by the Global Ocean Forum and within which MERP results were also presented. In this day, 400 high-level participants from around the world were brought in to advance oceans and climate change issues and to pledge concrete actions in support of the objectives of Sustainable Development Goal number 14, which is to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources (http://newafricanmagazine.com/ocean-climate-action-making-waves/#sthash.BybFvWx2.dpuf). SDG14 meeting was also attended by Dr Ana Queiros, please see separate entry.
COP22 involved high level participants such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission - UNESCO, the UN Environmental Programme, the World Bank, advisors to the UN General Assembly's Secretary-General, the IPCC, several high level envoys from governments around the world, the royal families of Monaco and Morrocco, and donors of marine research funding.
Through Ana's presence at COP22, results and activities from the NECR-DEFRA MERP were disseminated at this level, as well as to research, industry, policy and civil society.
Ana advertised MERP research in three ways at COP22: a) via media and social media; b) via talks at scheduled side-events; and c) via direct engagement at the PML stand.
Media & Social Media: Ana engaged though Twitter about her and PML's activities at COP via her personal account @DrAnaQueiros. Our top media tweet was our advertising of the side event hosted in the UK pavilion (Green is Great), where she presented MERP results, which received a reach of 2,242 impressions. NERC retweeted one of Ana's tweets promoting the presence of the NERC-DEFRA MERP at COP22. Further to this, Ana was interviewed by Laurie Goering, Head of Climate Programme at Thomson Reuters, as part of the group of marine researchers present at the event, resulting in the following article published by Reuters on 25 November 2016: http://news.trust.org/item/20161125090402-u92xa Reuters is frequently used by other media for their stories, and the story was re-published by the Daily Mail, All Africa, Business Times, Inter Press Service News Agency, Jakarta Globe, Humanosphere, Press Reader, Oman Daily Observer, The Guam Daily Post, and potentially others we have not been able to track. The interview was further disseminated by PML on social media. Ana was also interviewed for Moroccan TV Channel 1 in an interview focused on youth at COP22.
Presentations: Ana presented MERP research results pertaining to task 2.2 on blue carbon/macrophyte links to ocean carbon sequestration at a side event "Climate readiness -Ocean based adaptation and mitigation" in the GB pavilion (November 10th) with the presentation entitled "Blue Carbon + Climate Ready Conservation = Climate Action", which was followed by a Q&A session which was very well attended. The panellist list at this event included also Dr Carol Turley, Dr Phil Williamson, and Dr Tim Dixon from the International Energy Agency. Some of the blue carbon research advances in MERP was then again presented at the COP22 Ocean Action day side-event for Small Island Developing States, as Ana provided content for Dr Turley's presentation.
Ana engaged directly with COP22 delegates about MERP research at other side events which she co-organised with PML colleagues, which included other world class researchers as pannelists, including members of IOC-UNESCO, IUCN, NOAA, and the IPCC. Further to this, Ana engaged directly with delegates at the PML stand, which was placed with the Blue Zone, and with participants in all of the side events co-organised. The stand was an excellent way of engaging delegates from policy, industry, private sector, NGO's and civil society. At the stand, Ana was able to promote research undertaken within MERP, through dissemination of contact card with QR code hyperlink to the programme's webpage and dissemination of USB sticks with the programme summary documents custom written in layman language for this event by Kelvin Boot and K-M Davidson (PML) with the contribution of MERP wide researchers. Direct engagement focused primarily on Blue Carbon work undertaken as part of MERP task 2.2., but also modelling and ecosystems services research undertaken within the wider programme.
Following the event, Dr Queiros has made numerous international contacts and continues to promote and communicate the work she is doing through MERP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.marine-ecosystems.org.uk/News/MERP_at_COP22
 
Description PlyMSEF Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation to share results of benthic foraminifera diversity recorded in plankton samples at Station L4 following storms. These data will be published in a peer-reviewed paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Plymouth scientist finds shocking amount of microplastics in open ocean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Plymouth scientist finds shocking amount of microplastics in open ocean. Article in Plymouth Evening Herald, 28 October 2016 describing microplastic study during AMT cruise.
Read more at http://www.plymouthherald.co.uk/plymouth-scientists-finds-shocking-amount-of-microplastics-in-open-ocean/story-29848995-detail/story.html#3mOLAFebfqRYj7ul.99
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.plymouthherald.co.uk/plymouth-scientists-finds-shocking-amount-of-microplastics-in-open-o...
 
Description Present OA research at IMBER conference (Bergen) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk highlighted recent findings on the impact of OA on the marine nitrogen cycle and created great interest with peers

Invitation to write paper for forthcoming journal special issue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at International CLIVAR meeting in Qingdao China, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation about the work and results from the SCOR International Working group on Nutrients.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at South West Marine Ecosystems Conference April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A talk entitled "From climate to oceanography to plankton" was presented at the SWME annual Conference reaching a wide variety of West Country stakeholders with intersts in the marine environment
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at the European Union pavilion at the Eu Ocean Day at the 23rd United Nations Conference of Parties: Oceans and Climate and Science III: From challenges to solutions (10 Nov 2017, 16:00-17:00) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation given on past EU funded PML led research (Queiros et al.) and its new application in several official development assistance projects I am involved in focusing on adaptation and mitigation measures to support coastal communities via climate-ready marine spatial planning, including the RCUK GCRF project Blue Communities (lead: Mel Austen, PML).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ec.europa.eu/clima/events/0118/calendar_en.htm#schedule
 
Description Presentation at the ICES Annual Science Conference 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Station L4 phytoplankton time-series data included in comparison study of long-term biogeography of key phytoplankton groups in the North Sea. Results are due to be published in a peer-reviewed paper
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the Ocean Sciences Meeting held in Portland Oregon, February, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation about the work and results from the SCOR International Working group on Nutrients.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at the UK pavilion at the United Nations Conference of Parties in event organised by the UK Department for International Development and Plymouth Marine Laboratory: Ocean Options: Climate challenges and science responses for seas and society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation on innovative Blue Carbon data emerging from the programme, as a result of benthic research programme led by PML (Queiros) in WP2 of the programme. Followed up by request for interview with the official UN Sustainable Development Goals social media TV channel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/659501/UK_Pavilion_Program...
 
Description Presentation to South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on AMT sustained ocean observations in the Atlantic Ocean to open audience at the Falkland Islands museum, Port Stanley. Further discussion with local scientists, politicians and radio/newspaper journalists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Press release "Sizing up the microscopic: research voyage sets sail to gauge the magnitude of the plastic problem" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release highlighting the collaborative annual research cruise Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) programme, where, amongst other projects, they aim to further understand how tiny pieces of plastic litter are affecting the open ocean and life within.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/Sizing_up_the_microscopic
 
Description Press release 'New buoy a swell solution' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This press release was intended to inform PML stakeholders of the new Near Surface Ocean Profiling Buoy, which will enable scientists to gain accurate measurements from the top few metres of the ocean.

This press release increased the reach of this information, making known to a variety of PML stakeholders (including funders, collaborators, peers, decision makers and the general public) PML's new capability in this field, and the potential this equipment has for future benefit, to both science and as a result, society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/New_buoy_a_swell_solution
 
Description Press release 'Ocean heat and plankton patterns' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The press release was intended to publicise the release of a new paper which highlights a link between the heat flux and the timing of the spring plankton bloom.

The results of the study discussed in the press release will be very useful in understanding how a changing climate may alter the wider ocean ecosystem in the future, therefore it was important that it was promoted as widely as possible with PML stakeholders, e.g. collaborators, peers, academics, funders, media, public and beyond.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News/Ocean_heat_and_plankton_patterns
 
Description Press release: From satellite to microscope 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release about diatom bloom off the Cornish coast. Simultaneous measurements taken at the Western Channel Observatory L4 autonomous data buoy, stationed 13km (8 miles) off Plymouth, were able to track the decline in nitrate as it was consumed by the expanding bloom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News_and_media/News/From_satellite_to_microscope
 
Description Press releases and related media activity for four papers: Atkinson et al (2019) Nature Climate Change, Beaugrand et al (2019) Nature Climate Change, Belcher et al. (2019) Nature Communications and McQuatters-Gollop et al. (2019) Ecological Indicators 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In early 2019 PML issued publicity/press releases/joint press releases in 4 papers involving Angus Atkinson (two in Nature Climate Change, one in Nature Communications and one in Ecological Indicators. Common themes behind these papers were time series data (krill data in thee of them and Western Channel Observatory data in the fourth). This triggered interest by journalists and various stakeholders and a series of media interviews based on the papers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Primary Production from CMEMS Ocean Colour for defining Good Ecological Status in NW European Seas. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk at Ocean Optics XXIV. Croatia, 7-12 Oct 2018. Primary Production from CMEMS Ocean Colour for defining Good Ecological Status in NW European Seas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Principal Scientists' workshop (NOC,S) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented a 'Principal Scientist's Perspective: a guide for prospective PSOs'

The presentation was very well received and has now been adopted as a new item to be provided to PSOs as part of their standard documentation package.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description RRS James Clark Ross sails to Falklands collecting Mid-Atlantic Ridge data 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact RRS James Clark Ross sails to Falklands collecting Mid-Atlantic Ridge data. MercoPress, South Atlantic News Agency, 30 September 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://en.mercopress.com/2016/09/30/rrs-james-clark-ross-sails-to-falklands-collecting-mid-atlantic-...
 
Description Seeing the bigger picture: Models of systems or systems with models? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk titles Seeing the bigger picture: Models of systems or systems with models? was given a the National Partnership for Ocean Prediction inaugural meeting in April 2016. The aims of this engagement were to discuss the MERP programme with a broad professional group outside of the programme's regular scientific audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Ship emissions: Monitoring, enforcement and human health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Boot, K. Ship emissions: Monitoring, enforcement and human health. Planet Earth, 26 September 2016. Article describing how ship emissions are being monitored at the Penlee Point Atmospheric Observatory.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nerc.ac.uk/planetearth/stories/1833/
 
Description SmartSound Plymouth Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This initiative worked to establish a strategic coastal partnership to improve the coordination of current technologies, monitoring and facilities in the vicinity of Plymouth. The aim was to share the latest science and technology from Plymouth Sound and the western English Channel, and to promote and develop this marine environment for the testing and development of future marine technologies, whilst continuing to produce a highly skilled workforce through training and education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/Media_and_events/Events/PML_Events/SmartSound_Plymouth_Workshop
 
Description Stakeholder workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact S-3 EUROHAB. Stakeholder workshop with French Water Agencies, shellfishery managers and policy makers, Caen, France, 16 May 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Stakeholder workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact S-3 EUROHAB. Stakeholder workshop with shellfishery, monitoring agency and policy makers (44 people attended), Exeter, 10 May 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The 27th AMT cruise embarks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News story announcing departure of the 27th Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) research cruise, with PML scientists on-board and spending 6 weeks sailing the Atlantic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pml.ac.uk/News_and_media/News/The_27th_AMT_cruise_embarks
 
Description UK waters phytoplankton production expert user group meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact UK waters phytoplankton production expert user group meeting, 15 Jan 2019, DEFRA, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description WCO website and blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Western Channel Observatory website, which includes the option to download data, a blog about the observatory and live webcams from the observing stations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015
URL http://www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk/index.php
 
Description Western Channel Observatory policy postcard 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Policy postcard summarising Western Channel Observatory achievements, mailed to interested parties and distributed at relevant events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description What lies beneath 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interviewed and provided text input to a short article featuring jellyfish and the PML Western Channel Observatory monitoring. The article appeared in Devon Life magazine (authored by Helen Murray PML) in Feb 2017 (p72-73)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description What lies beneath 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Murray, H. What lies beneath. Devon Life, February 2017, p.72-73. A discussion of seasonality and climate change based on observations from the long-term time series data obtained from the Western Channel Observatory.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017