Dynamics of Blood Flow Control in the Brain

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

Blood flow to the brain is controlled by a series of interacting complex physiological mechanisms that ensure an adequate supply at all times. Of particular interest in this project is the control of flow in response to changes in blood pressure, generally known as 'cerebral autoregulation', whose dysfunction has been associated with many clinical conditions, from prematurity in babies to dementia, head-trauma and stroke. Knowledge of patients' autoregulatory impairment is expected to impact the management of their blood pressure. Methods to assess autoregulation in patients still present many challenges, and usually involve simultaneous monitoring of blood flow (from Doppler ultrasound) and blood pressure, as well as other physiological variables. Mathematical modelling of the interaction between these signals can then provide measures of regulatory activity.
Most research in this field has focused on time-invariant models, but there is strong evidence that this is inadequate. Changes in the strength of blood flow control over time may be occurring spontaneous or in response to the size of blood pressure fluctuations, or other factors. Neglecting this variability will degrade the assessment of patients' cerebral blood supply and hence their clinical management.

In the current project we will develop, test and optimise signal analysis methods to tackle this time-varying and signal dependent behaviour of blood flow control. The methods will be applied to data collected in previous research studies. The aims are to improve understanding of the physiological control system and identify markers of function/impairment that can be used in clinical practice.

People

ORCID iD

Jack Bryant (Student)

Publications

10 25 50

Studentship Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Student Name
EP/N509747/1 01/10/2016 30/09/2021
2106029 Studentship EP/N509747/1 24/09/2018 30/09/2021 Jack Bryant