Establishing drivers for the generation and transmission of antimicrobial resistance in the food chain

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Biomedical Sciences

Abstract

Pathogenic microorganisms pose a significant threat to food security and in the spread of infectious diseases, particularly where the transmission of antibiotic resistant organisms (ARO) remains a critical concern. The drivers for the selection or maintenance of ARO's within the environment represents an important route for the dissemination of these organisms via the food chain. As such, the occurrence and presence of ARO's in the environment can arise simply as a result of selection by endogenous antibiotics, or the application of antibiotic or antibiotic-like compounds within the environment. As such, recent data reveals that the genetic factors which contribute to pesticide resistance also confer antibiotic resistance. Despite this evidence, little is known about the impact of pesticide exposure and the potential for the development of antimicrobial resistance in common microorganisms found within the food chain. In this application, our overarching aim is to establish a mechanistic basis for pesticide exposure and the transfer of AMR organisms from the environment into the food supply; where the specific aims are to:

Aim 1: To establish a "colonisation & pesticide resistance" plant model system, we will use a genetically tractable model, which will exploit a relevant edible horticultural species subject to common pesticide treatment (glyphosate), inoculated with two microbial species associated with antimicrobial resistance (Kpn) and foodborne transmission (Eco O157:H7). This model system will be used to parameterise the conditions of in vivo colonisation such as bacterial colonisation versus time, pesticide concentrations to elicit adaptive genetic changes.

Aim 2: To establish the mechanistic basis of pesticide resistance, wholescale adaptive changes after pesticide exposure will be determined from the optimised model system, by both whole genome sequence analysis and transcriptome (RNA-seq) profiling. This will establish both, which genes represent mutational hot-spots and regulatory networks are altered, thus facilitating an integrated network of genetic changes to be mapped and linked to the antibiotic/pesticide resistance phenotype.

Aim 3: Determine if pesticide exposure accelerates the acquisition of antimicrobial and pesticide resistance. Using the in-vivo model, the genetic and phenotypic properties of the focal species e.g, Kpn or Eco O157:H7 will be established in the presence or absence of pesticides and exogenous AMR bacteria e.g. animal manure. This will establish whether adaptation to pesticides can accelerate the acquisition or horizontal transfer of resistance elements from exogenous sources. The expected outcomes will be the validation and implementation of an in-vivo plant microbe colonisation model to assess the contributions of pesticide use in promoting microorganism and ARO transfer.

Publications

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Studentship Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Student Name
BB/M010996/1 01/10/2015 30/09/2023
2265582 Studentship BB/M010996/1 08/09/2019 31/08/2023 Dewi Rhys Owen