LLAKES Centre Mid-Term Review Proposal

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Education, Practice & Society

Abstract

The LLAKES Centre conducts research into the role of lifelong learning in promoting economic competitiveness and social cohesion. In particular, it seeks to identify learning policies and practices which help to reconcile different policy objectives and which deliver both social and economic benefits. The current global and national context, characterised by continuing economic turbulence and uncertainty, throws up major economic and social challenges and contradictions. The recessionary effects of public and private debt reduction make it imperative to find new sources of investment and growth. Growing gaps in incomes and barriers to social mobility, exacerbated by the economic crisis, can undermine social cohesion, especially in the United Kingdom where beliefs in individual opportunities and fair rewards have traditionally played such an important part in uniting society. For young people, whose opportunities have been disproportionately affected by the crisis, the situation is particularly critical. Education and training policies can help to mitigate these tensions through the substantial contributions that enhanced skills can make to innovation and productivity and through ensuring equitable access to opportunities for different groups in society.

The LLAKES Centre will conduct interdisciplinary and mixed-method research in a number of areas which are at the heart of today's economic and social challenges. Thirteen inter-linked research projects have been developed which are grouped around three broad themes. Theme One, on 'Young People, Intergenerational Mobility and Civic Values', investigates: the changing opportunities available to young people, how these affect their civic values, the new ways they find to 'get on' and get into work, and the effects of student debt on participation in different forms of higher education. Theme Two, on 'Learning, Work and the Economy', explores: the role of skills in innovation and growth, inter-professional learning in the creative industries, employee-driven innovation in the health sector, employee perspectives on skills and job quality, and the factors affecting access to good quality jobs. Theme Three, on 'Education, Inequality and Social Cohesion', investigates: why some countries have more unequal distributions of skills amongst children and adults, the effects of different phases of lifelong learning on civic values and social cohesion in different countries, and how different types of independent school affect public education in their surrounding areas.

In addition to its research programme, the Centre aims to build future research capacity in interdisciplinary, mixed-method research applied across the social and economic fields, and to promote and support policy-making which draws on evidence from this kind of research. Over 20 doctoral students and post-doctoral research officers will be attached to the Centre. They will undergo research training through the doctoral programmes in the different partner institutions, as well as benefitting from participation in LLAKES Centre training workshops and public seminars, and through working with senior academics in conducting and writing-up research and developing research bids. External workshops will also be organised for and with policy-makers, practitioners, and others for whom the research has relevance.

The research will enable the better design of policies for different phases of education and training so as to: enhance the skills available for innovation and growth in the economy, narrow the gaps in the distribution of skills and opportunities in society, and mitigate the adverse effects on social cohesion of rising inequality and declining social mobility.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from this research?

The LLAKES Centre's research focuses on the contribution of lifelong learning to the economic competitiveness and social cohesion at local, regional and national levels. This means we work closely with a wide range of people and organisations across the public and private sectors and from national government through to voluntary organisations, local authorities and employers. At the international level, our research is used by organisations such as the European Commission, CEDEFOP and the OECD.

We include the academic community in our list of users, but here we focus on other types of users. Our research will have particular relevance for:

a) Policy-makers and research analysts in UK government departments (DfE, BIS, DWP, Treasury, Cabinet Office, Home Office, DCLG) and in government agencies, including, for example, the National Health Service

b) Professionals in local authorities, education and training institutions, youth services, Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs), Chambers of Commerce; and in other organizations with responsibility for economic and social development at the local and regional levels

c) Private sector employers, industry and sector-based bodies, and the trade unions

d) Charities, voluntary organizations, and social enterprises

How will they benefit from this research?

Our research will be of benefit to 'users' who want to increase their understanding of the role of lifelong learning in enhancing individual opportunities and well-being and in promoting economic competitiveness and social cohesion at local, regional and national levels. Research on economic and social phenomena is often carried out in separate spheres with the result that the relationship between the two is overlooked. As a consequence, policies that aim to improve the nation's economic and social well-being are also developed in isolation. Yet people on the ground know that a more 'joined-up' approach is needed.The benefit of the LLAKES approach is that we have a team of researchers from across the social sciences who work together, and with stakeholders, to develop the in-depth explanations required to help solve complex problems. One of the ways in which we will foster this collaboration will be by providing opportunities (e.g. workshops and seminars) for the different stakeholders and users to come together to discuss and debate common interests in the light of research evidence.

The following examples show how we aim to provide practical benefit from our research:

- Providing a robust evidence base for policy-making at a local, regional, national and international level

- Working with practitioners and professionals to translate research evidence into strategies for improving the effectiveness of initiatives, and to inform evaluations

- Contributing to the effectiveness of public services, particularly related to lifelong learning, economic competitiveness and social cohesion.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description It is not possible to cover the significant research findings from all 13 projects in LLAKES Phase Two, so we provide examples from a selection of seven projects.

Project 1.1 (Schoon, Karen Evans, and Martin Weale) on the intergenerational transmission of opportunities and values found that young people's life chances, their self-perceptions, civic engagement, health and wellbeing are profoundly affected by parental socio-economic background, migration background, gender and social structures, including the wider macro-economic and social conditions. In particular parental education (including education of the grand-parents) and housing conditions play a central role, as well as parental health, especially their mental health. Generally it is not a single risk factor, but the accumulation and constellations of risks that matter. For example, a study on the role of parental worklessness on young people's experiences in the transition from school-to-work shows that parental worklessness (in particular prolonged periods of worklessness) was significantly associated with the time their sons' and daughters' were NEET. However, much of this association was explained by a number of other socio-economic risks facing these young people and their families (e.g. low parental education, living in rented accommodation and in highly deprived neighbourhoods). The study also highlighted the role of individual agency, in particular educational achievement orientation as a potential mediator. Although parental worklessness was associated with lower levels of achievement motivation, especially among young males, the findings also suggest that educational motivation and engagement can serve as a potential resource for young men and women in adverse economic circumstances. The study does not support the assumption of an inter-generational transmission of a 'culture of worklessness' but points to the role of multiple deprivations and lack of local opportunities in shaping the life chances of young people.

Project 1.2 (Green, Janmaat and Keating) used a mixed method design, including the use of various existing datasets, to analyse the changing opportunities and values of young people, both intergenerationally and across various life domains, including education, employment, housing and welfare. We found that in education young people today are increasingly likely to participate in further and higher education and to gain higher levels of qualifications, with the distribution of these qualification becoming less unequal, particularly at the upper secondary level. Young people generally perceive that they have better opportunities in education than their parents had. However, levels and distributions of literacy and numeracy skills have shown little improvement between generations and some evidence suggests that the value of educational qualifications on the labour market is declining. Young people who have completed full-time education are more likely to be in employment than their parents' generation were at a similar age, but rates of involuntary part-time working, and the incidence of temporary and precarious jobs generally, has increased, as have aged-related inequalities in measures of pay and job security, and intergenerational differences in the proportion of those qualified to different levels who are employed in jobs below their qualification level. Whereas changes in opportunities between generations in education and employment represent a mixed picture of gains and losses, the evidence to date suggests clear declines between generations in opportunities in housing and welfare. Analysis of data on the housing tenure of 18 -35 year olds in 1991, 2001 and 2013 from BHPS and UKHLS shows large declines in rates of home ownership amongst each occupational groups as well as increased inequality in access to home ownership both by the social class of young people themselves and of their parents. As Andy Green argues in his book 'The Crisis for Young People: Intergenerational Inequality in Education, Work, Housing and Welfare' (Palgrave 2017) intergenerational inequalities vary across the different life domains but clear evidence is emerging that there are likely to be reduced opportunities in housing and welfare throughout the life course of the Millennial generation compared to that of their parents' generation. However, despite the often challenging circumstances that contemporary youth are facing, we found that young people in England continued to express optimism about their own futures, even if they tend to be less optimistic about the future of their generation as a whole.

In Janmaat and Keating (2017) we examined more broadly how youth attitudes towards minorities (such as immigrants) have changed over time. Using trend data, we found that young people in Britain have become more tolerant of homosexuality and racial and ethnic minorities since the 1980s. However, we also found that prejudice has not disappeared from youth attitudes altogether: for a sizeable minority of youth, it has merely shifted its focus to immigration. Not only have unwelcoming attitudes towards immigrants generally become stronger, young people are not always the most tolerant age group regarding this social group. One reason for this may be the increased competition for resources (e.g. housing, employment) that some young people perceive from the increase of immigrants in Britain.

Project 1.4 (Callender and Mason) found that young people's attitudes to taking out student loan debt were generally more favourable in 2015 than in 2002, partly reflecting a growing belief that borrowing money to pay for a university education would be a good investment and a widespread understanding that future loan repayments would be income-contingent. Nonetheless, debt averse attitudes remained much stronger among lower-class students than among upper-class students. Furthermore, these debt averse attitudes seemed more likely to deter planned higher education participation among lower-class students in 2015 than in 2002.

Project 2.1 (Geoff Mason and Rebecca Riley) focused on intangible economic assets such as skills, innovation capacity, designs, software and 'organisational capital' (e.g., business practices and processes) which are increasingly seen as the 'missing input' in efforts to measure and understand productivity and growth performance. Three main findings emerge. 1. In analysis of the UK firm-level dataset for 2002-15 we find a clear role for intangible capital assets in explaining firms' productivity performance. The role of intangibles is potentially at least as important as physical capital in determining growth, particularly in knowledge intensive sectors. Organisational capital is important in all industries while digitised information is more important in skill-intensive/hightech industries. Intellectual property is mainly important in high-tech manufacturing (Riley and Rosazza Bondibene, 2017). 2. In analysis of CIS data for the UK, we find that some kinds of intangible investment contribute more than others to innovation persistence and performance at firm level, especially the past intensity of R&D and other innovation spending, knowledge sourcing through supply-chain relationships, formal protection of innovation and in-house R&D capacity. There are grounds for concern about the weakness of some intangible investment activity in many UK firms before and during the 2008-09 recession which may have fed through to weak innovation performance in post-recession years, adding to the many sources of the relatively low growth of UK productivity since the recession (Mason, 2017). 3. Making use of our cross-country industry-level dataset for manufacturing industries, we find important roles for both high-level skills and upper intermediate (technician-level) skills in developing absorptive capacity, in particular, the ability to convert the knowledge sourcing opportunities provided by openness to foreign trade and investment into innovative outputs (such as ideas for new products and processes). Productivity growth is enhanced not just by high-level skills and upper intermediate skills but also by workforce skills as a whole. Compared to other leading industrialised countries, the UK is well-equipped in terms of high-level skills but less so in terms of technician-level and other intermediate skills (Mason, Rincon-Aznar and Venturini, 2017).

Project 2.5 (Francis Green and Alan Felstead) analyses data from the Skills and Employment Survey and The British Cohort Study to examine the factors, both demand- and supply-side, that channel some people into good jobs, and others into bad ones. Several important findings emerged from the research. 1. High-involvement management (HIM) raises the skills levels exercised by employees, and induces greater commitment, yet it does not generate greater enforced work effort. HIM also lessens over-exertion by employees. 2. Privately educated workers have jobs where they exercise significantly greater leadership, and are more likely to participate in work organisation matters; but equally their jobs require greater work intensity. These raw differences are at least partly explained by family background (which differs sharply between those from the private and state sectors); but after allowing for these there remains a 35 percent pay premium at age 42 for males and 21 percent for females. (See: Green, F., Henseke, G. and Vignoles, A. (2017) "Private schooling and labour market outcomes". British Educational Research Journal. 43 (1), 7-28). 3.Task discretion and organisational participation have positive effects on both organisational commitment and employee well-being. In the case of organisational participation this effect occurs because of the gains made in other aspects of work such as training access. In the case of task discretion the effect is direct, and attributable to the intrinsic benefits of personal autonomy. Using the longitudinal nature of the data, we found that these findings were robust to modelling a role for unobserved personal fixed effects. (See: Gallie, D., Y. Zhou, A. Felstead, F. Green and G. Henseke (2017). 'The Implications of Direct Participation for Organisational Commitment, Job Satisfaction and Affective Psychological Well-Being: a Longitudinal Analysis,' Industrial Relations Journal 48(2): 174-191.

Project 3.1 (Andy Green, Francis Green and Nicola Pensiero) initially analysed the data from the 2011/12 round of the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to compare inequalities in literacy and numeracy skills across countries. Skills inequality was measured for different age groups and for migrants. A comparison of measures of skills inequality in corresponding age groups in the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) (from the 1990s) and SAS (1911/12) was also used to assess trends over the life course and over time in levels of skills inequality (Green, A., Green, F., and Pensiero, N. (2014) 'Why are Literacy and Numeracy Skills in England so Unequal: Evidence from the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills.' LLAKES Research Paper 27). Subsequent research used a quasi-cohort analysis of the tested literacy and numeracy skills of 15-year-olds in PISA 2000 and 27-year-olds in the 2011 OECD Survey of Adult Skills (SAS) to estimate changes in numeracy and literacy skills inequalities during the life course across countries. The project produced a number of significant findings:
• Amongst the adult (16-64) population mean levels of literacy and numeracy skills in England are in the middle range for OECD participating countries; however mean skills levels for those aged 16-24 are lower than in most other countries, and England (and the US) are the only countries where these are no higher than for those in the 55-64 age group.

• In England there is a larger gap in literacy and numeracy scores between the highest and lowest achievers than in most other countries. The high ranking on skills inequality is especially marked among those aged 25 to 29; for this group England's high inequality is matched only by that of the United States.

• The relationship between parental background and adult literacy and numeracy skills among those aged 16 to 24 is stronger in England than in all other countries except the Slovak Republic. England's extreme position holds, even after we control for different levels of educational achievement.

• Adults' skills in Anglophone countries, and particularly in the U.S. and England, tend to be more unequal than in other countries on a wide range of measures. This cannot be explained by inter-cohort differences, skills distributions amongst adult migrants, or levels and distributions of adult learning, but inequality in education levels provides a strong predictor of skills inequality amongst adults.

Different types of upper secondary education and training system show greater or lesser propensity to mitigate inequalities of skills opportunities and outcomes during the life course between ages 15 and 27. Greater parity of esteem between academic and vocational tracks, as found in German-speaking and Scandinavian countries, has some positive effects in mitigating skills inequality. However, the most important factors in mitigating skills inequality seem to be high completion rates from long cycle upper secondary education and training and mandatory provision of Maths and the national language in the curriculum. System characterisitcs also explain cross country differences in relative changes in average levels of literacy and numeracy skills:

• Nordic countries (Norway and Sweden), with comprehensive upper secondary education and training systems, and German-speaking countries (Austria and Germany) with dual systems of apprenticeship, were particular effective in raising relative average levels of literacy and numeracy skills during the upper secondary phase, whilst countries with mixed systems (England, Ireland, Northern Ireland and Spain) showed a relative decline (in country rank order position) in both literacy and numeracy.

• The education system characteristics that account for these differences are (a) the inclusiveness - as proxied by high rates of participation at 17/18 and low social gradients of level 3 completion; (b) the esteem of vocational programmes; and (c) curriculum standardisation with regard to the study of maths and the national language.

Project 3.3 on 'Lifelong Learning Systems, Equality and Civic Values' (led by Janmaat) analyses support for fundamental British Values (FBVs) among a cohort of 23 year olds in England. Using data from the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS), including from Wave 6 conducted by LLAKES, it finds that levels of support for FBVs are already very high, questioning the necessity of existing policy in this area. Among the educational predictors, educational attainment and track attended (academic or vocational) appear to have a much greater influence on FBVs than specific programmes or pedagogies experienced during lower secondary school, such as citizenship education, an open climate of classroom discussion or school-based political activities. This difference could be due to the possibility that the effect of education on FBVs is mainly positional.
Exploitation Route Many of the LLAKES research projects have produced new datasets and findings that have already been taken up by others and which are beginning to impact on policy and practice. The research on job quality, for instance, resulted in Francis Green's proposed job quality indices being adopted by the European Foundation for Living and Working Conditions, and in turn these have been adopted as key indices for measuring job quality in the EU's policy development, and for monitoring job quality among member states. The indicator for 'graduate jobs', also based on the Skills and Employment Survey data, is being used, with some modifications, by the Office for National Statistics for the purposes of the revised occupational classification in preparation for 2020 (to be termed SOC2020). Since the SES data is all archived we anticipate further take-up of its findings in the future. The potential policy impact of the work on skills acquisition, skills outcomes and job quality is evidenced by our identification of 149 citations of our work in this area across 68 public policy documents in the UK and internationally.

Further work is planned in four areas within LLAKES where we anticipate further stakeholder engagement and policy impact.

1 Skills and Labour Markets. LLAKES will be conducting new research which builds on its previous work on skills formation amongst younger and older adults. The main focus of this will be the large new project funded by WDARF on 'Training, Skills and Skills Utilisation in Singapore.' One strand (F. Green and Henseke) investigates the nature of 'graduate jobs' in contemporary Singapore and how the graduate labour market has changed, drawing on methodologies developed within LLAKES. A second strand (A. Green and Pensiero) extends earlier work analysing the contribution of upper secondary and tertiary learning to changes in the levels and distributions of literacy and numeracy skills during the life course from age 15 to 25.

The findings from these two projects will be presented to policy-makers at meetings in both London and Singapore. We anticipate extensive engagement with Singaporean policy-makers since the work is funded by, and conducted in collaboration with, a government agency (Institute of Adult Learning). The comparative research will also feed into impact generation from our previous research on skills and labour markets, not least through our involvement in policy-making bodies such as the Skills Commission (Andy Green), the Labour Party's Lifelong Learning Commission (Alison Fuller) and the OECD (Francis Green and Andy Green), and through ongoing collaborations with the TUC, UNISON and Unionlearn. We are invited to present our research on skills to DELNI in May 2019 and this will provide an opportunity to influence government policy in Northern Ireland.
2 Youth Transitions and Intergenerational Inequalities. LLAKES research in Phase Two on changing opportunities for young people and intergenerational inequality attracted substantial media coverage, particularly in relation to the proposed all-age graduate tax. The Liberal Democratic Party have shown interest in this policy and have requested that we provide estimates of the revenues this would generate in the future and LLAKES partners at the National Institute of Economic and Social Research are currently working on modelling this with us. We will publish further articles on this theme which we anticipate will generate further media and policy interest, particularly during the aftermath of the Augar Review if political consensus is still absent on alternative higher education funding policies to replace the current fees and loan system. LLAKES is conducting new research on intergenerational inequality through a cross-country study of intergenerational changes in living standards. We plan a number of activities which will extend the geographical scope of existing impact generation in this area. The comparative research on changes in youth transitions and intergenerational inequality will be the focus of a LLAKES conference in London in summer 2019, bringing together an international group of academic collaborators and stakeholders to discuss the policy implications of the research. LLAKES will continue to work with influential think tanks (such as IPPR, Intergenerational Foundation and Resolution Foundation) to generate new policy ideas for reducing intergenerational inequality, and to contextualise our existing policies on housing taxation and all-age graduate taxes as appropriate for different national contexts.

3 Civic and Political Participation. Impact activities will be based on the forthcoming book by Hoskins and Janmaat, entitled Does Education Increase Democratic Inequality? We will target the Department for Education, the Select Committees on Education (HoC) and on Citizenship and Civic Engagement (HoL), and associations such as Young Citizens, the Open Society Foundations, and the Association of Colleges with our dissemination activities, including blogs, policy briefs and presentations. We will compile a list of relevant staff working at these agencies and inform them of seminars and other events. We will also provide evidence in response to consultations from DfE and calls for evidence from the above committees, as we have done in the past. Internationally, Germ Janmaat will draw the book's main findings to the attention of the OECD through his role as advisor to the OECD Global Competences Report.

4. Private School Reform. The new book by Francis Green and David Kynaston entitled Engines of Privilege: Britain's Private School Problem was published in February 2019. Considerable effort has been devoted to making the case for private school reform, including appearances on TV ('The Big Questions'; Newsnight); public lectures (e.g. under the auspices of the International Inequalities Institute); and media interventions (extracts of our work in national newspapers and outlets e.g. Observer; Big Issue). Future planned activities include: 1) meetings with private sector practitioners (the Headmasters and Headmistresses conference, the Independent Schools Council and individual schools, including the Board of Trustees of Eton College); 2) engaging with journalists, who want their questions answered, or ask for quotes from an academic authority; 3) giving talks to groups of school children and 4) meeting with policy-makers: including civil servants from the Department for Education, and representatives of political parties.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.llakes.ac.uk/
 
Description Twelve LLAKES projects have produced outputs which will be of use to policy makers and policy-based organisations concerned with economic and societal themes. We give examples of impact generation within a number of our projects below. 1. LLAKES Research on Adult Skills and Jobs (Project 2.5, including the Supplementary project on the Skills and Employment Survey). The Skills and Employment Survey 2012, hosted by the LLAKES Centre, was the sixth in a series of representative sample surveys of workers in Britain. This round of data collection allowed us to chart the changing pattern of job quality and skills over a quarter of a century, with some new survey questions specifically designed to reveal the impact of the recession on working life. Several data sets were deposited at the UK Data Archive in 2014, and in the same year the data was enhanced by a second wave, covering 1047 cases drawn randomly from the 2012 sample, thus providing the opportunity for longitudinal analyses of job quality for the first time with nationally representative, reasonably large scale sample. Analysis of the data from the Skills and Employment Survey 2017 is also under way with first findings released during summer 2018. The results from the all the recent surveys have had, and continue to have, demonstrable economic and societal impacts. This is evidenced in several ways: - Engagement with policy-makers, civil servants and representative bodies with an interest in enhancing the quality of working life. During the course of the project, four launch events have been held across Britain - two in London, and one in Cardiff and one in Glasgow. Taken together, these events attracted an audience of 330. Delegates mainly consisted of policy-makers, political representatives, trade union officials, professional bodies, lobbying organisations, training providers and employers. - The project findings attracted considerable media interest which helped to generate public debate about how the quality of working life might be improved and the worst effects of austerity mitigated. Notably this included a front page article in the Financial Times, as well as articles in The Guardian and the Daily Mail, and commentary on Radio Four's Today programme and live interviews on Radio Five Live, LBC and Radio Cymru. - The project team wrote, designed and produced a series of eight short reports with the intention of communicating bite-sized policy-relevant research messages to policy-makers. These have proved an effective device. A total of 4,600 hard copy reports have been distributed and all were made available for download from the project web site. This approach has been complimented by the publication of three articles in policy-making/practitioner facing outlets. - The results have informed policy-making as evidenced by project citations. For example, the UKCES review of the skills landscape made frequent use of the SES results and associated data; the NHS Pay Review Body's pay recommendations for 2014 cite project results; and the Welsh Government's policy on skills also refers to findings from the project. In 2015 the survey findings were used to frame public policy debates as the political parties launched their election manifestos. Evidence was used by the Smith Institute 'Making Work Better' Inquiry and the Skills Commission Inquiry into the Future of Work, whose deliberations were intended to influence government priorities. Evidence taken from the survey was used on several occasions - unfortunately, without attribution - in the Labour Party's manifesto for work. - A lasting legacy of the project is the data infrastructure which will permit further analyses to be carried out by academic or policy-based researchers on a variety of skills and job quality issues. It also maintains the tradition of carrying out such a survey every five years and therefore provides another data point against which future researchers will be able to make comparisons. To this end, four datasets have been lodged in the Data Archive and are available for analysts to download. The academic importance of the series as a crucial part of social science research infrastructure was recognised in 2014 when the Data Archive selected the series for inclusion in the 'curated collection'; that is, surveys which are regularly deposited by known researchers and frequently used by other social scientists. As of March 2015, a total of 507 researchers had downloaded the data from the series and used the material for research and teaching purposes. - The survey has also made a lasting impression on the collection of skills data internationally. The 'Job Requirements Approach' has been built into the background questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) - the adult equivalent of PISA - which was carried out in 24 countries in 2011/12. There are now very many studies that make use of this data. In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used (with moderate changes) by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore in two surveys: its Skills and Employment Survey and its Learning At Work survey (in 2017). - The data have been used to construct an indicator of graduate jobs - both in Britain, and in Germany over time, and for several other OECD countries at a single point of time. Based on this index, a submission was made to the consultation on TEF, which in year two required an objective definition of graduate jobs. In addition, after a reconciliation with an alternative indicator developed using expert methods (as opposed to statistical methods), the indicator is being used by the Office for National Statistics for the purposes of the revised occupational classification in preparation for 2020 (to be termed SOC2020). The potential impact on the statistics is that some unit groups (occupations classified with four digits) may be moved between "major occupational groups" (which are classifications at the one digit level), which will affect how the occupational structure of Britain's economy is described in future analyses. Expertise developed within LLAKES from the SES has also been used to advise the European Foundation for Living and Working Conditions; the Foundation adopted the indicators of job quality recommended by Professor Green in his report in 2013; and we have contributed to consultations with the OECD during the development of its approach to job quality measurement. The 'Job Requirements Approach' for measuring job tasks, developed by Professor Green, has been built into the questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used (with moderate changes) by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore in two surveys: its Skills and Employment Survey and its Learning At Work survey (in 2017). 2. LLAKES Research on Skills Inequality (Project 3.1) The LLAKES Centre's analysis of the data in the OECD Survey of Adult Skills, focusing on adult skills inequality, has also had significant impact. The initial findings were published in a LLAKES Research Paper in January 2014 ('Why are Literacy and Numeracy Skills in England So Unequal? Evidence from the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills and other International Survey', LLAKES Research Paper 47) with an accompanying Press Release and two blogs by Andy Green ('Class Drives Equality Gap in England's Adult Skills,' The Conversation, 6th February, 2014; 'How Class Continues to Drive the Equality Gap in England's Adult Skills,' IOE Blog, 10th February 2014.) The paper had considerable media impact. There were articles on the research in: The Telegraph ('England among the Worst Nations in the World for its Class Skills Gap', 29.1.2014) and the Education Journal ('Poor Skills of Millions of Adults Still Held Back by their Parents' Social Class,' 7.2.2014). Mentions of the research also occurred in: Mail Online ('Underprivileged Pupils Fall further behind despite Nick Clegg's Flagship Education Policy to Narrow Gap between Rich and Poor Youngsters', 29.1.2014); The Independent ('Children of Brainy Parents Test Better'), and The News Matrix (29.1.2014). Francis Green gave an interview on the report for LBC Radio, and Andy Green and Francis Green presented the paper to a special seminar at BIS on 25th February, 2014. The research was promoted in two events in 2014. The first of these, held in Dublin, was a conference at the Royal Irish Academy entitled: 'How to Tackle Intergenerational Equity Gaps in Knowledge and Skills? Ireland in International Context", and focused on the question of why English-speaking countries perform relatively poorly on international comparisons of adult skills inequality. The symposium allowed senior academics and practitioners from across the UK and Ireland to exchange views and ideas, on subjects including the quality of educational experience; the links between Further and Higher Education; and the role of workplace learning in reducing levels of skills deterioration. The second event was a workshop on the OECD data, which was held at the Institute of Education in June 2014, and was attended by representatives from the National Institute of Adult and Continuing Education, Education and Employers, the University and Colleges Union, and other relevant organisations. Again, this session provided an opportunity for LLAKES members to interpret the OECD findings to a wider audience in ways that allow for the dissemination of information to workplaces and other communities. Follow up journal articles were published in Comparative Education Review in 2015 (featured article by Andy Green, Francis Green and Nicola Pensiero), British Education Research Journal in 2016 (Andy Green and Nicola Pensiero) and European Journal of Education (forthcoming 2018) (Nicola Pensiero and Andy Green). These led to invitations for Andy Green and Nicola Pensiero to deliver presentations and keynotes at 17 events internationally, including at the Moscow Higher School of Economics (20.4.2016), The Royal Irish Academy (22.6.2014), The German Institute for Adult Education (DIE) (12.9.2016), ASEM Lifelong Learning Hub conferences in Copenhagen (10.3.2015), Glasgow (6.6.2016) and Bali (10.3.2015), and at a CNESCO conference in Paris (20.5.2016). Andy Green gave further invited lectures at The Third International PIAAC Conference Organised by OECD in Madrid (8.11.2016) and at an ATL/PESGB meeting in 2015, and delivered the Malta Review of Education Research Lecture in Malta (28.5. 2014). Aside from the media coverage, specific social impact have been achieved in a number of areas. Andy Green presented oral evidence to the House of Lords Select Committee on Social Mobility in 2015 with further written submissions based on LLAKES research contributed by Alison Fuller and Lorna Unwin. Their evidence is widely cited in the final report from the Committee, and can claim to have been influential on the findings of the Committee. The other main area of impact has been with the OECD. Andy Green and Francis Green had substantial involvement with the OECD team in the development of the PIAAC, jointly contributing to the initial OECD Skills Strategy document and, in Francis Green's case, contributing to the development of the survey questions. We have shared our results from this Project with them at the second and third of the OECD's International PIAAC Conferences. Francis Green continues to be involved with the development of the PIAAC survey. It would be fair to say that our research has encouraged a stronger focus at OECD on skills gain and its distribution in further and higher education. Francis Green has also published 'Skills Demand, Training and Skills Mismatch: A Review of Key Concepts, Theory and Evidence' (2016) as part of the Evidence Review for Go Science and Foresight project: 'Future of Skills and Lifelong Learning'. This is one of several pieces of evidence informing this Foresight project which was presented to ministers and other policy makers in the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. Andy Green has coordinated the LLAKES response to the Government consultation on the Building our Industrial Strategy Green paper which focuses on the policies for skills and innovation. 3. LLAKES Research on Free Schools and Private Schools The LLAKES research on Free Schools has had some impact on the general climate of opinion through extensive media coverage of the research findings. The LLAKES Centre report on 'The Social Composition of Free Schools after Three Years' prompted a considerable media response when it was published in August 2014. It was discussed in articles written in The Independent, The Times, The Guardian, and the Times Education Supplement; the story was also covered extensively in specialist publications and in regional and local newspapers; and the lead author, Francis Green, gave interviews to BBC News at Ten, Sky News, LBC, Radio 5 Live, Radio London Drivetime, London Live, and BBC London News. The report's findings prompted extensive debate on what is a flagship government policy. A LLAKES research paper entitled: "Can 'Dreaming Big' help State-Educated Pupils Match Private School Peers' Wages in Early Middle Age?" was press-released in November 2015, and also attracted media interest. LLAKES research on private schools is beginning to have an impact. In 2014 Francis Green wrote a piece in The Conversation entitled 'Private Schools are Booming - but What do You Really Get for your Money?' which received good publicity and readership. This was followed up in November 2015 with a blog from Peter Taylor-Gooby entitled 'Who Gains from the "Public Benefit" Activities of Private Schools'? Francis Green addressed a panel at Westminster Education Forum on the topic 'The Contribution of Independent Schools to the Economy and Society'. The audience were almost all practitioners from within education - mainly though not exclusively the private sector. The new book by Francis Green and David Kynaston entitled Engines of Privilege: Britain's Private School Problem was published in February 2019. Considerable effort has been devoted to making the case for private school reform, including appearances on TV ('The Big Questions'; Newsnight); public lectures (e.g. under the auspices of the International Inequalities Institute); and media interventions (extracts of our work in national newspapers and outlets (e.g. Observer; Big Issue). We will maintain these engagement efforts in the future, with further media outlets planned (e.g. The Conversation; Tortoise Media), and meetings with private sector practitioners (the Headmasters and Headmistresses conference, the Independent Schools Commission and individual schools including the governing body of Eton College). Further public debates are planned. 4. Research on Young People, Transitions, Intergenerational Mobility and Civic Values Project 1.1 research on the role of intergenerational factors in the learning and well-being of young people has been widely discussed and disseminated and is beginning to make an impact on policy. An international expert seminar on 'Youth in the Recession' took place in June 2014, in which we collaborated with the ESRC project 'Youth in the Great Recession' to bring LLAKES Project 1.1 findings into the wider interdisciplinary exploration of youth experiences in times of economic crisis. Conference papers arising from Project 1.1 were also presented internationally at ASA, AERA, ECER and the conference on 'Pathways to Adulthood,' funded by the Jacobs Foundation, taking place at Marbach Castle between 14-17 November 2014. These high profile communication and impact opportunities are contributing to the search for policy solutions. The project has also contributed significantly two major books: Schoon, I. and Eccles, J.S. (eds) 'Gender Differences in Aspirations and Attainment: A Longitudinal Perspective', Cambridge University Press, 2014; and Schoon, I. and Bynner, J. (eds) 'Young People's Development and the Great Recession', Cambridge University Press, 2017. Ingrid Schoon, one of the project leaders, met the Department of Work and Pensions in January 2017 to advise on a forthcoming Green Paper on Social Justice, which will be based in part on research from this project. The project also received press coverage for its findings that 'Millennials who Chose an Apprenticeship over University are Just as Happy with Their Lives' which were released in January 2017. Project 1.2 research on 'The Crisis for Youth' is generating a significant impact. In the run-up to the 2015 general election, preliminary findings from the Sixth Wave of the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Survey (CELS), commissioned by LLAKES, were used to provide politicians and policymakers with up-to-date information about youth political engagement. LLAKES co-hosted a seminar in Westminster Palace with the Citizenship Foundation, and around 50 politicians and policymakers attended. David Blunkett chaired the session. A policy briefing paper from LLAKES informed the presentation (Keating, A., Green, A. and Janmaat, J.G. (2015) 'Young Adults and Politics Today: Disengaged and Disaffected or Engaged and Enraged? The Latest Findings from the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS). LLAKES Research Brief. UCL Institute of Education). In June 2016, Pauline Leonard attended a LaunchPad event at 10 Downing Street on Work Futures. She is a member of the Cabinet Office's think-tank on 'Creating an Inclusive Economy' and prepared a Policy Briefing on Young People and Work for Teresa May in January 2017. Germ Janmaat, Avril Keating and Bryony Hoskins each contributed separate responses to the House of Lords Select Committee on Citizenship and Civic Engagement. Andy Green's book, 'The Crisis for Young People: Generational Inequalities in Education, Work, Housing and Welfare', was published on open access by Palgrave in July 2017, and was followed by a LLAKES Research Paper by Andy Green and Geoff Mason entitled: 'The Case for an All-Age Graduate Tax in England.' The publications and promotional activity led to widespread coverage in the national media, as well as in local media and specialist media outlets.Three articles by Andy Green were published in the national media outlets: 'Tax all Graduates to Pay for Universities (Even if They Graduated Years Ago)' THE, 3.7.2017; 'Higher Housing Taxes Could Tackle Inequality between Young and Old', The Conversation, July 2017; and 'Conservative Conference 2017. Ministers Know the Fees System must Change.' THE, 1.10.2017. There was coverage of the book and Research Paper in seven national news outlets, including: The Times ('Professor Calls for Tax on all Graduates to Pay Students Tuition Fees', 3.7.2017; The Guardian ('Grace is 25. Her debt: £69, 000.' 11.7.2017; Telegraph ('All Graduates Should Pay Tax Regardless of When They Went to University, Report Says' 11.9.2017; Mail Online ('Call for Older Graduates to Retrospectively Pay for Cost of Degree' 18.9.2917); Sun ('Radical Think-Tank Suggests Graduates in their 40s and 50s Should Pay a New Tax so Youngsters can go to University' 18.9.2017); Sec-Ed ('Graduate Tax offered as Solution to Student Loans Challenge.' 5.7.2017). Radio Interviews were broadcast on: BBC Radio 4 The World Tonight on 20th July 2017 and BBC Radio 4 Today Programme (18.9.2017). Further coverage in local and specialist newspapers and on-line outlets included: Belfast Telegraph (18.9.2017): Coventry Telegraph (18.9.2017); The EdGazette (18.9.2017); AOL (18.9.2017); Tax Payers Alliance (18.9.2017); Richard Murphy Blog (18.9.2017); Cetusnews (18.9.2017); Echo (18.9.2017); The Tab (3.7.2017; 24Hour Housing (6.7.2017) and CityMetric (28.7.2017). The level of public interest in these publications can be gauged from the breadth of media coverage and also by evidence on the scale of readership of the publications. There have been over 20 000 downloads of 'Crisis for Young People' from the Palgrave website during the since publication. An article in the Conversation has had 24 929 readers. It seems likely therefore that this research has had some impact on the general climate of opinion. Opportunities for influencing public policy have also been emerging. Andy Green has had discussions about how to take these policy ideas forward with the National Housing Federation, Places for People, The Resolution Foundation and the Intergenerational Foundation. He and Geoff Mason submitted a written response to the consultation of the Treasury Select Committee Student Loans Inquiry which has been accepted in evidence. Andy Green has also presented his ideas on the all-age graduate tax at a conference on 'Higher Education Funding' hosted the Education Policy Institute (British Academy, March 21st) and at Peking University which he visited on their prestigious 'Global Scholar' progamme in April 2018 to lecture on his book. He also gave giving one of his Max Weber Stiftung lectures on this topic in Mumbai in February 2019. The Liberal Democratic Party have shown interest in this policy and have requested that we provide estimates of the revenues this would generate in the future and LLAKES partners at the National Institute of Economic and Social Research are currently working on modelling this with us. 5. Research on Student Debt Project 1.4 on 'Student Debt, Higher Education Participation and Intermediate Skills Development.' (Claire Callender and Geoff Mason), is beginning to disseminate its results in relevant academic and policy communities which are showing considerable interest. A paper based on the findings was presented at an international conference entitled 'Understanding Student Debt: Who Borrows, The Consequences of Borrowing, and The Implications for Federal Policy Student Debt' held at the University of Pennsylvania in August 2016. The conference was sponsored by the Alliance for Higher Education and Democracy, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, the Spencer Foundation and the Wisconsin Center for Advancement of Postsecondary Education (WISCAPE). The presentation aroused considerable interest at the conference and a journal article has subsequently been published in The Annals. A Paper was also presented to a DFE seminar which formed part of the DFE's 'analysis and evidence learning fortnight'. The audience of 45 were entirely policy makers and internal researchers at DFE. The slides from the presentation and the pre-publication version of the paper were uploaded onto the DfE intranet which will ensure they have a wider circulation. Findings from the research have been cited in The Guardian (Anna Fazackerley, 'Part-time Student Numbers Collapse by 56% in Five Years', 2.5.2017. 6. Research on Civic Values Germ Janmaat's research for Project 3.3 on 'Lifelong Learning Systems, Equality and Civic Values' achieved impact beyond academia both domestically and internationally. For instance, his high profile publications on school ethnic composition and tolerance (all in high impact factor journals) led to invitations to partake in expert sessions on the social consequences of school segregation at the municipality of Amsterdam and at the National Council for School System Evaluation (CNESCO) in Paris. The most prominent paper among these publications was cited in a European Commission report on education and tolerance and was republished in a special volume on urban life and living together organised by a Spanish NGO on urban education. Similarly, his published work on educational tracking, political engagement and social cohesion resulted in an invited talk for the UK Commission on Education and Skills and a presentation in an expert session on social cohesion organised by UNDP in Oslo. It also culminated in a chapter contribution to a policy report on the evaluation of democracy which was presented to the French prime minister. This work was further cited in the Council of Europe Report "Learning to Live Together". Research on Skills, Innovation and Economic Growth 7. Research on Skills and innovation Phase Two Project 2.1 on 'Skills, Innovation and Economic Growth' focussed on intangible economic assets such as skills, innovation capacity, designs, software and 'organisational capital' (e.g., business practices and processes) which are increasingly seen as the 'missing input' in efforts to measure and understand productivity and growth performance. To investigate how intangible assets, and firm capacity to absorb them, affect the productivity of firms in different countries they constructed a dataset for UK firms for 2002-15 and made use of firm-level Community Innovation (CIS) data for the UK, Germany and Ireland to assembled a new cross-country industry-level dataset, including output, physical capital, skills and innovation data, which covered the US and six Continental European countries as well as the UK. In analysis of the UK firm-level dataset for 2002-15 they found a clear role for intangible capital in explaining firms' productivity performance. Firms at the top of the labour productivity distribution in the UK market sector are much more likely than other firms to invest in both tangible and intangible assets, are more likely to be foreign owned, and hire more skilled workers. Over time the dispersion in productivity between frontier and other firms has widened, and this has coincided with an increased dispersion across firms in investment in intangible assets such as software and R&D. The difference in productivity between frontier and other firms is particularly significant in high skilled service industries. Workers in frontier firms are paid a premium, over and above any returns associated with detailed occupations and other worker characteristics (Riley and Rosazza Bondibene, 2019). Comparative analysis of the Community Innovation Surveys across Germany, Ireland and the UK suggest that in addition to expenditure on innovation-related activities, internationalisation characteristics are associated with successful innovation in service sector firms. Cooperation around innovation with both suppliers and customers is also important in generating innovation outputs. Product, process and organisational innovations are positively associated with productivity in service sector firms in the UK and Germany. Marketing innovations appear to have the highest productivity returns for service sector firms in all three countries. For service sector firms in the UK and Ireland, foreign ownership and exporting are particularly important predictors of productivity in service sector firms (Peters, Riley et al., 2018). Making use of their cross-country industry-level dataset for manufacturing industries, they found important roles for both high-level skills and upper intermediate (technician-level) skills in developing absorptive capacity, in particular, the ability to convert the knowledge sourcing opportunities provided by openness to foreign trade and investment into innovative outputs (such as ideas for new products and processes). Productivity growth is enhanced not just by high-level skills and upper intermediate skills but also by workforce skills as a whole. Compared to other leading industrialised countries, the UK is well-equipped in terms of high-level skills but less so in terms of technician-level and other intermediate skills (Mason, Rincon-Aznar and Venturini, 2017). These and other findings were written up in a series of publications and also presented to policy-makers, productivity and innovation specialists and other audiences. For example, research dissemination workshops organised by LLAKES - involving a mix of LLAKES and external speakers - attracted policy analysts, economists and other representatives from a range of government departments, industry associations and other organisations, including HM Treasury, Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), Office for National Statistics, Institute of Grocery Distribution, Home Office, Chemical Industries Association, Digicatapult, Centre for Cities, Greater London Authority, Office for Budget Responsibility, Centre for Cities, Bank of England, NESTA (National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts), Engineering Employers Federation, UK Commission for Employment and Skills, Intellectual Property Office, InnovateUK (formerly Technology Strategy Board), Confederation of British Industry and the British Business Bank. The main findings from this project were also presented at internal workshops in the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and policy workshops organised by House of Commons Select Committees, as well as at an OECD workshop at HM Treasury. In addition, Rebecca Riley is working with the productivity team at the Office for National Statistics to incorporate some of the data developed during this project within the Annual Respondents Database (a firm-level dataset available to researchers through the UKDS secure service and the ONS Secure Research Service). Geoff Mason served as a member of the Strategy Board for the Q-Step Initiative in Social Science Quantitative Methods Teaching (funded by the Nuffield Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council and Higher Education Funding Council for England).
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Other
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description "Skills and lifelong learning: skills demand and mismatch." Evidence presented to Go Science and Foresight project: "Future of Skills and Lifelong Learning". The evidence is used substantially in the final report produced for this project by Go Science.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/skills-and-lifelong-learning-skills-demand-and-mismatch
 
Description 11th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 2nd Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 2nd Citation in UKCES Growth Through People
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 3 page contribution (Jan Germen Janmaat) to a report on the evaluation of democracy compiled by the French National Council for School System Evaluation (CNESCO), to be presented to the French Prime Minister
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.cnesco.fr/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Contributions_Evaluation_et_democratie.pdf
 
Description 3rd Citation in UKCES Growth Through People
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 4th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 4th Citation in UKCES Growth Through People
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 5th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 6th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 7th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 8 page contribution (Jan Germen Janmaat) on ethnically mixed schools as a breeding ground for tolerance to a report entitled "City, Living Together and Education" organized by the International Association for Educating Cities
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.edcities.org/en/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2017/07/Monograph-City-Living-Together-and-Edu...
 
Description 8th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description 9th Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Advisory input by Karen Evans to IPPR Report on Transitions at 14
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Advisory input by Karen Evans to IPPR Research and Report on Transitions at 14
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.ippr.org/publications/tech-transitions
 
Description Andy Green - evidence for House of Lords Committee on Social Mobility, 22 July 2015
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Professor Andy Green's oral evidence to the House of Lords Select Committee on Social Mobility drew on data derived from LLAKES research, and published as a briefing paper entitled: "The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training Systems on Skills Inequality". A further version of this work was issued by ESRC as an Evidence Briefing, called "Reducing the skills gap in further education". Professor Green's contribution was well received by the Committee and is cited in their report.
URL https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldselect/ldsocmob/120/120.pdf
 
Description Andy Green serving as member of the Skills Commission Steering Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Andy Green/LLAKES submission to Gov't Consultation on the 'Building our Industrial Strategy' Green Paper
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Cabinet Office Expert Advisory Group on Creating an Inclusive Economy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I was invited to attend a Cabinet Office Advisory Panel to make policy recommendations on Young People and Work. Group discussions were recorded and drawn upon to inform future directions in Central Government policy making. I was also asked to provide a 2 page Policy Brief outlining my key policy recommendations.
 
Description Citation and discussion in meetings of the SOC Revision Steering Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://gss.civilservice.gov.uk/statistics/methodology-2/standard-occupational-classification-revisi...
 
Description Citation in 6th European Working Conditions report by the European Foundation for Living and Working Conditions
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Citation in BIS Teaching Excellence Framework: Technical consultation for year 2
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Evidence in our research was taken to support the common practice to take MG 1-3 as proxy for 'graduate jobs'.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/teaching-excellence-framework-year-2-technical-consultat...
 
Description Citation in European Commission, country report for UK
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The 2016 EC country report for the United Kingdom which carried a citation for paper written by Professor Lorna Unwin and Professor Alison Fuller, apprenticeship and occupation, which was based in part on LLAKES research and was published by the Gatsby Foundation.
URL http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/pdf/csr2016/cr2016_uk_en.pdf
 
Description Citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Citation in UKCES Growth Through People
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Citation in United Nations Handbook on Measuring Quality of Employment and in 3rd citation in OECD Guidelines on Measuring the Quality of the Working Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Citation in the Council of Europe report "Learning to Live Together" (p66)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.cnesco.fr/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Contributions_Evaluation_et_democratie.pdf
 
Description Citation in the ICCS 2016 report (p84)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://iccs.iea.nl/fileadmin/user_upload/Editor_Group/Downloads/ICCS_2016_International_report.pdf
 
Description Citation in the Taylor Review of Modern Working Practices
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/627671/good-work-taylor-re...
 
Description Definition and measurement of job quality used by the European Foundation for Living and Working Conditions. Also, citation by OECD: Cazes, S., A. Hijzen and A. Saint-Martin (2015), "Measuring
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description Does apprenticeship work for adults?
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Professor Alison Fuller and Professor Lorna Unwin combined work drawn from LLAKES Centre research with a project funded by the Nuffield Foundation to compile a report and present a seminar on the status of Adult Apprenticeships in the UK. As the government aims to meet its target for 3 million apprentices, the research finds that current funding is being used to support the training of existing employees who are badged as apprentices. The study, 'Does apprenticeship work for adults?' examined the experiences of adult apprentices aged 25 and over in five different sectors and the motivations of their employers for participating in the government-funded programme. It identified considerable demand for upskilling and retraining from employees aged over 25 and over. It also found that employers are keen to adopt 'grown your own' training strategies to develop the specific skills they need and to help with staff retention. But, many of the apprentices had not received the level of training associated with an apprenticeship. The research team found that older learners voiced concerns about the lack of new learning and whether the qualifications they gained will help them progress in their careers. Adult apprentices were more positive about having to pass English and Maths tests, which many found challenging and rewarding, and many welcomed the chance to improve their IT skills. The study called for a radical rethink of the way government uses the term 'apprenticeship' to avoid it becoming devalued. In the light of a rapidly ageing population and the removal of mandatory retirement, it also called for specific strategies to support the upskilling and retraining of older workers. The danger of current cuts to the skills budget is that many adults who could benefit from training will miss out. Lorna Unwin and Alison Fuller are disseminating their findings widely, and have links to senior members of the government, so it is anticipated that these findings, in an area of critical importance, will have policy implications.
 
Description Evidence submitted and published by the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee's inquiry into the Economics of Higher, Further and Technical Education -
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Evidence presented appeared to influenced the contents of the report on HoL's inquiry and their report. Claire Callender and her research is cited in their report entitled - Treating Students Fairly: The Economics of Post-School Education, several times
URL https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ldeconaf/139/139.pdf
 
Description Evidence submitted to the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee's inquiry on the UK and the economics of higher education, further education and vocational training.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Geoff Mason - Member of Project Steering Group, Research into effective part-time HE provision for disadvantaged and under-represented students, Office for Fair Access to higher education (OFFA) and Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description I submitted evidence in response to the call for evidence of the House of Lords Select Committee on Citizenship and Civic Engagement. This evidence was published online.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/citizenship-and-civ...
 
Description Inequality of active citizenship: Can education mend the gap? A joint LLAKES / AMCIS conference
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description J.G. Janmaat and Bryony Hoskins - Response to the Call for Evidence of the HoL Select Committee on Citizenship and Civic Engagement, September 2017. Response was quoted extensively in the Select Committee's final report (p 32)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/citizenship-and-civ...
 
Description J.G. Janmaat organised the AMCIS-LLAKES-RUG Sixth Annual Conference on Citizenship Education (co-organised with Remmert Daas, Anne Bert Dijkstra and Piet van der Ploeg) 28-29 May 2018
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://amcis.uva.nl/content/events/conferences/2018/05/citizenship-education.html?1551718951555
 
Description J.G. Janmaat organised the ESA RN Sociology of Education Mid-term Conference 'Education and Social Cohesion'. UCL Institute of Education. London, hosted by LLAKES, 30-31 August 2018
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.llakes.ac.uk/news-item/352/esa-sociology-education-research-network-conference-hosted-ll...
 
Description MORE MITBESTIMMUNG, PLEASE
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.boeckler.de/67109_67121.htm
 
Description Making Apprenticeships Work for Young Women
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact In 2016, Young Women's Trust launched an important report on the issue of young women and apprenticeships. The report cited the LLAKES research paper on gender segregation, written by Professor Lorna Unwin and Professor Alison Fuller. The report received extensive media coverage and more than 50 organisations attended the launch event.
URL http://www.youngwomenstrust.org/apprenticeshipcampaign
 
Description Member of Strategy Board - Geoff Mason - Q-Step Initiative in Social Science Quantitative Methods Teaching (Nuffield Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council and Higher Education Funding Council for England).
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description My 2014 study on classroom ethnic composition and inclusive attitudes towards immigrants (as published in ESR) was cited in a EU policy document
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/abe4b8dc-ffa8-11e5-b713-01aa75ed7...
 
Description Organised LLAKES International Conference 'Young Adults, Inequality and the Generational Divide: Learning and Life Chances in an Era of Uncertainty' (co-organised by Andy Green, Jan Germen Janmaat, Francis Green and Ingrid Schoon). Mary Ward Centre and Senate House. London 15-16 November 2018
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.llakes.ac.uk/news-item/356/llakes-centre-conference-2018
 
Description Press-released paper: Mixed classrooms make students more tolerant, but only when there is meaningful inter-ethnic contact and friendship
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Dr Germ Janmaat drew on his LLAKES-funded research project to looked at the relationship between classroom ethnic diversity and the attitudes of 'native' students (those with family roots in their countries) towards immigrants in 14 Western states. He notes that this relationship varies across countries and classrooms. In environments with many first generation migrant children (those born abroad), diversity is not having much of an effect. By contrast, in classrooms with many second-generation migrant students (children whose parents were born abroad) diversity enhances inclusive attitudes. Better contact between 'native' and 'second generation' students is likely to explain this difference. Second generation students are more familiar with the receiving country's culture and customs and have a better command of its language. They also have more friendships with native students. These conditions make meaningful cross-cultural contact possible, which, in turn, should raise native students' feelings of sympathy with immigrants. At a time when political parties across Europe are responding to widespread public concern about immigration, this research suggests there could be a more harmonious future. It was suggested that once immigrant communities have become more settled and integrated in the destination countries, positive effects of ethnic mixing could well emerge everywhere. Diverse classrooms could play a key role in fostering this change. Janmaat further found that classroom ethnic mix works best at medium and higher levels of diversity. He concluded that policy makers should consider ethnic mixing as a strategy to promote more inclusive out-group attitudes among the native majority. They should not expect immediate results, however, in schools with many first-generation students. Neither should they expect a minimal presence of immigrant students in class to do the job. The study analysed survey data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) which were collected in 2009 among more than 100,000 13 and 14-year-olds in 38 countries worldwide. The analyses included controls for many student and classroom characteristics. The study has recently been published online in the leading sociology journal European Sociological Review.
 
Description Project Report: "They go the extra mile": Experiences of Young People at Volunteer Glasgow
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Professor Pauline Leonard and Dr Rachel Wilde drew on their LLAKES project field to produce a report on experiences, perspectives and motivations of young people aged between 18 and 24 participating in the Volunteering Works programme offered by Volunteer Glasgow. The project investigated the fact that a number of 'Youth Labour Markets' now exist in the UK, each providing very different opportunities for an expanding age group of 18-30 year olds. In addition, there are an increasing number of different ways of 'getting in' to work for young people, such as apprenticeships, voluntary work placements, enterprise schemes and so on, across the public, private and voluntary sectors. Different regions within the UK have institute d various strategies for local economic growth and regeneration which often include schemes to help young people access new skills and get into work. However, little is known about the success of these schemes and how young people's experiences of getting into work and getting on within their careers varies across the different regions of the UK. The project findings show a significant demand from young people for the training and qualifications provided by centres such as Volunteer Glasgow to support their work and career aspirations. Many of the respondents believe they have the ability to make a productive contribution to the economic life of the city, given the opportunity and the right environment. Although perhaps lacking in those skills deemed to be essential for economic remuneration, they are motivated to gain the relevant training and experience in order that these may be obtained. However it also clear that a 'one size fits all' approach to developing young people's employability skills is not appropriate, given the diversity of their educational, social and health backgrounds. This is where the real strengths of the programmes offered by centres such as Volunteer Glasgow most clearly reveal themselves. The findings show that these are perceived to offer substantial benefits across the full range of course members. Most highly valued are the individualistic and caring approach of the staff, the sensitively designed curriculum of both classroom tasks and the opportunity for real workplace experience. However, for the programme to be fully successful, it is also important that organizations offering volunteering experience fully recognize their responsibility towards the training and employment of young people. Trainers and employers now need to work together to meet the needs and build on the potential of young people. These findings will be communicated to wider audiences as part of the LLAKES dissemination programme.
 
Description Promoting Tolerance: Can education do the job? A joint Örebro University / LLAKES / AMCIS conference
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Research by Andy Green and Nicola Pensiero is cited in final report of the Intergenerational Commission (Resolution Foundation, 2018)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description Research by Andy Green and Nilola Pensiero is cited three times in the 2018 report of the Intergenerational Commission (K. Hughes and A. Vignoles (2018) 'Technical Fault: Options for Promoting Human Capital Growth')
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Research contributed evidence which influenced changes in policy on apprenticeships and post-16 core skills requirements in Vocational Education and Training in England.
 
Description Research by Andy Green, Francis Green and Nicola Pensiero is cited in the 2015 NIESR Report for The British Academy (Geoff Mason, Max Nathan and Anna Rosso, 'State of the Nation:A review of evidence on the supply and demand of quantitative skills, 2015 NIESR Report for The British Academy)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The publication, amongst others from LLAKES, influenced the development and analysis of PIAAC (The Survey of Adult Skills) by OECD.
 
Description Self-Evaluations, Aspirations, High-Valued Social Networks, and the Private School Earnings Premium
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Professor Francis Green led the derivation of a press-released research paper on the impact on incomes of private education in the UK. The research showed that raising state school children's aspirations, self-confidence, and improving their access to social networks would do little to counter the huge pay advantages enjoyed by their privately-educated peers. Better education, superior academic performance and entry to higher-ranking universities are the main reasons why private school males go on to earn, at age 42, 34 per cent more than their state school peers. Women who attended fee-paying schools earn 21 per cent more, on average, than their state school counterparts by this age. These educational advantages account for the entire private school pay premium for women, and around half of that for men. Strategies to raise self-esteem, self-confidence and aspirations in the state school sector are unlikely to be very effective in narrowing the pay gap between the private and state sectors in later life. Such policies might seem attractive because they do not have to address the large differences in resources between the sectors. The results suggested that social equality strategies should continue to focus on the considerable educational disadvantages of state school pupils relative to their privately-educated peers. The source of private schools' advantage remains primarily their ability to deliver better academic performance. Policies should therefore remain focused on narrowing the gaps in educational achievement between private and state schools. These research outputs were referenced in number of national newspapers, including The Times on 12 November 2015.
URL http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/education/article4611602.ece
 
Description Submission to Teaching Excellence Framework: Technical Consultation for Year Two
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Submitted response to Treasury Select Committee consultation on student loans Inquiry. Submission by Andy Green and Geoff Mason accepted in evidence.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/treasury-committee/inqui...
 
Description Support and training provided for University of Latvia Doctoral School
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.pzi.lu.lv/eng/news/t/51952/
 
Description The LLAKES Centre joined with the Centre for the Development of Education Policy of the Greek General Confederation of Labour to organise a two-day conference on Early School Leaving; the event was held at the Institute of Education on 27 and 28 June 2014, and was attended by 58 Greek teachers.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description The social composition of Free Schools
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The paper on the social composition of Free Schools - written by Professor Francis Green and based on LLAKES research - received extensive media coverage and contributed significantly to the debate in this area. Responses included the following: Tristram Hunt MP, Labour's Shadow Education Secretary: David Cameron is damaging our education system with his free school programme, taking standards backwards. By allowing unqualified teachers into the classroom and presiding over a widening of the attainment gap between the poorest children and the rest, we are seeing school standards suffer under this Tory-led Government. Labour will put an end to this damaging policy by introducing new local Directors of School Standards to raise standards for all children in all schools. Chris Keates, General Secretary of the NASUWT: The findings of this Report come as no surprise. The Institute of Education is not the first organisation to draw attention to these concerns. For example, this report echoes many of the findings of the Academies Commission. It highlights issues that the NASUWT predicted would occur when the current academies and free schools programme was conceived by the Coalition. There has never been any evidence that structural change raises standards, but there is a wealth of evidence to show that it can lead to social segregation. The NASUWT warned that the ability of free schools and academies to police their own admissions would create opportunities for selection to flourish, and it is clear from this report that this is exactly what is happening. Millions of pounds of taxpayers' money is being poured into a handful of free schools. Most of these qualified for the funding on the basis they were being established in deprived areas. Yet they appear to have no real desire to serve those communities and are instead using their freedoms to exclude those local children who need the most help. Our children and young people deserve better. Kevin Courtney, Deputy General Secretary of the National Union of Teachers: The findings of the Institute of Education report echo what the NUT has warned for many years. Even if free schools do open in disadvantaged areas, there is growing evidence that intake will be discriminatory. Today's findings by the IoE are similar to those of the National Audit Office, who recently found that just 16% of pupils at 81 free schools were eligible for free school meals, compared to 25% in neighbouring schools. Free schools are not serving their communities to anything like the same extent. Like-for-like comparisons of school achievement become less reliable as a result. Free schools are not raising standards, however, despite Government claims. Around half of pupils in free schools (46%) inspected by Ofsted are in schools which 'require improvement' or are judged 'inadequate'. You will also struggle to find a state maintained school judged 'dysfunctional' by Ofsted, yet this was the word used to describe a free school last year. Nor are they targeting areas of greatest need. The school places crisis continues to grow, with local authorities powerless to open new schools. This right must be restored to local authorities, who are far better placed to organise provision. Tackling the school places crisis should be one of Nicky Morgan's highest priorities. The increasing number of free schools that are being set up by large academy chains and existing trusts also gives the lie to the idea that the free school programme is driven by parental demand. What is being offered to parents is an untested experiment with children's futures." Martin Freedman, director of economic strategy and negotiations at the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL): Free schools have brought in selection by the back door and become the elite institutions we feared they would be, dominated by children with the pushiest parents. This report shows that even where free schools have opened in deprived areas they are still not taking the most disadvantaged children. This blows out one of the government's main rationales for free schools - that they would help poorer children. And even worse, the government is depriving other schools and their pupils of large amounts of money to fund the opening of free schools. How much longer can the government try to justify pouring money into an educational experiment that is clearly not working?
URL http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/aug/07/free-schools-popular-non-white-families-report
 
Description Univerities UK Response to LLAKES working paper No 58 'Does student loan debt deter Higher Education participation? New evidence from England'
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact A blog by Nicola Dandridge, Chief Executive of Universities UK, discusses the findings - 'Tuition fees in the news: student participation and disadvantage':http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/blog/Pages/Tuition-fees-in-the-news-student-participation-and-disadvantage in response to the report and its media coverage
URL http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/blog/Pages/Tuition-fees-in-the-news-student-participation-and-disadv...
 
Description submitted advice in response to the Cabinet Office consultation regarding the review of the balance of competences between the EU and the UK in the field of education, vocational training and youth. This advice was published and cited in the Cabinet Office report
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/education-vocational-training-and-youth-review-of-the-ba...
 
Description Additional Funding for prep work for Skills and Employment Survey 2017
Amount £566,302 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 03/2016
 
Description Apprenticeship and the Concept of Occupation
Amount £9,700 (GBP)
Funding ID GTEP/DSS 
Organisation Gatsby Charitable Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 05/2013
 
Description Barriers to Workplaces Training - Research Project with the Trades Union Congress
Amount £46,826 (GBP)
Organisation Trades Union Congress (TUC) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Does Apprenticeship work for Adults? The experiences of adult apprentices in England
Amount £23,700 (GBP)
Organisation Nuffield Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture and by the ESRC Framework bid. Study to investigate the link between the levels of basic competences and formal education attainment in a cross-country and within-country perspective
Amount £32,000 (GBP)
Funding ID grant reference ES/ J019135/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2015
 
Description European Economic Association Travel Grant (Greta Morando)
Amount € 400 (EUR)
Organisation European Economic Association 
Start 08/2017 
End 07/2018
 
Description Evaluation of Traineeships
Amount £520,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 03/2015
 
Description Nuffield Foundation Grants for Research and Innovation (Project title: Out-of-school-time programmes: an evaluation of their effectiveness using the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE))
Amount £20,665 (GBP)
Organisation Nuffield Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2014 
End 06/2015
 
Description Precarious workers in Singapore: how vocational learning and identities are constructed through non-permanent work in the Singaporean labour market
Amount £12,528 (GBP)
Organisation Institute of Adult Learning, Singapore 
Sector Academic/University
Country Singapore
Start 09/2012 
End 09/2014
 
Description Private Schooling in the UK in the 21st Century: Participation and Outcomes
Amount £148,761 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/R003335/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 02/2019
 
Description Public Policy|Southampton facilitates connections between the University of Southampton's world class researchers and local, national and international policymakers to support the conception and delivery of evidence-based policy leading to better outcomes
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Southampton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 06/2016
 
Description Quantitative programme of Research for Adult English and Maths
Amount £3,150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BIS/RBU/018/2012 
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2013 
End 09/2016
 
Description Skills and Employment Survey 2017
Amount £996,662 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/P005292/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 06/2019
 
Description TWAIN project
Amount £8,392 (GBP)
Organisation CEPS/INSTEAD 
Sector Academic/University
Country Luxembourg
Start 01/2013 
End 06/2015
 
Description Teach Too
Amount £332,528 (GBP)
Funding ID 51 
Organisation Education & Training Foundation 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 08/2014
 
Description The value-added effect of education on civic attitudes - BA Mid-Career Fellowship - Jan German Janmaat
Amount £50,690 (GBP)
Funding ID MD120041 
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2013
 
Description UKCES Thematic Briefings and Update of Training and Establishment Survival Report
Amount £43,950 (GBP)
Funding ID ESS13 
Organisation Government of the UK 
Department UK Commission for Employment and Skills
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 03/2015
 
Description Youth Transitions to and within the labour market
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BIS/RBU/013/2013 
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2014 
End 10/2014
 
Title Interdisciplinarity in Action: building and using a conceptual infrastructure for interdisciplinary studies of risk 
Description The research method has been published in the following LLAKES Research Paper: Evans, K., Kontiainen, S., Schoon, I. and Weale, M. (2014) Interdisciplinarity in Action: building and using a conceptual infrastructure for interdisciplinary studies of risk, published by the Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies at: http://www.llakes.org Conceptual models are built that give a comprehensive picture of how the concepts are related in a given combination of attributes. The conceptual infrastructure of this paper is linked to accessible and publicly available software in which it is possible to use the data base of this paper for various risk related analyses: http://www.edu.helsinki.fi/dca/. 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in doctoral school training and researcher development. 
URL http://www.llakes.ac.uk/sites/default/files/49.%20Evans%20et%20al.pdf
 
Title 2012 Skills and Employment Survey, second wave 
Description In 2014, a follow-up wave of interviews was conducted with a random, consenting sample of respondents to the 2012 Skills and Employment Survey. Interviews were mainly face to face interviews in the home, though a small proportion of interviews were conducted online. The achieved sample was 1108 cases. The anonymous data has been deposited for public non-commercial use with the UK Data Archive. It can be downloaded and used in conjunction with the 2012 wave data, as a two-wave panel. This panel forms a unique source of longitudinal data on skills utilisation and job quality for a substantial representative sample of workers in Britain. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Narrative Impact Report The Skills and Employment Survey 2012 is the sixth in a series of representative sample surveys of workers in Britain. This round of data collection has allowed us to chart the changing pattern of job quality and skills over a quarter of a century, with some new survey questions specifically designed to reveal the impact of the recession on working life. The results have had, and continue to have, demonstrable economic and societal impacts. This is evidenced in six ways: 1. Engagement with policy-makers, civil servants and representative bodies with an interest in enhancing the quality of working life. During the course of the project, 4 launch events have been held across Britain - 2 in London, and 1 in Cardiff and 1 in Glasgow. Taken together, these events attracted an audience of 330. Delegates mainly consisted of policy-makers, political representatives, trade union officials, professional bodies, lobbying organisations, training providers and employers. 2. The project findings have attracted considerable media interest which have helped to generate public debate about how the quality of working life might be improved and the worst effects of austerity mitigated. Notably this included a front page article in the Financial Times, as well as articles in The Guardian and the Daily Mail, and commentary on Radio Four's Today programme and live interviews on Radio Five Live, LBC and Radio Cymru. 3. The project team wrote, designed and produced a series of 8 short reports with the intention of communicating bite-sized policy-relevant research messages to policy-makers. These have proved an effective device. A total of 4,600 hard copy reports have been distributed and all were made available for download from the project web site. This approach has been complimented by the publication of 3 articles in policy-making/practitioner facing outlets. 4. The results have informed policy-making as evidenced by project citations. For example, the UKCES recent review of the skills landscape makes frequent use of the SES results and associated data, the NHS Pay Review Body's pay recommendations for 2014 cite project results and the Welsh Government's policy on skills also refers to findings from the project. More recently, the survey findings have been used to frame public policy debates as the political parties launch their election manifestos for May 2015. Evidence has been used by the Smith Institute 'Making Work Better' Inquiry and the Skills Commission Inquiry into the Future of Work, whose deliberations are intended to influence the priorities of the next government. More recently, evidence taken from the survey appears has been used on several occasions - unfortunately, without attribution - in the Labour Party's manifesto for work (see Influence on Policy entry). 5. The lasting legacy of the project, however, is the data infrastructure which will permit further analyses to be carried out by academic or policy-based researchers on a variety of skills and job quality issues. It also maintains the tradition of carrying out such a survey every five years and therefore provides another data point against which future researchers will be able to make comparisons. To this end, four datasets have been lodged in the Data Archive and are available for analysts to download. The academic importance of the series as a crucial part of social science research infrastructure was recognised in 2014 when the Data Archive selected the series for inclusion in the 'curated collection'; that is, surveys which are regularly deposited by known researchers and frequently used by other social scientists. As of March 2015, a total of 507 researchers have downloaded the data from the series and used the material for research and teaching purposes. 6. The survey has also made a lasting impression on the collection of skills data internationally. The 'Job Requirements Approach', for example, has been built into the background questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) - the adult equivalent of PISA - which was carried out in 24 countries in 2011/12. In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used with only modest change by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore. Two papers, directly resulting from the second wave data, have been published recently: Gallie, D., Y. Zhou, A. Felstead, F. Green and G. Henseke (2017). "The implications of direct participation for organisational commitment, job satisfaction and affective psychological well-being: a longitudinal analysis." Industrial Relations Journal 48(2): 174-191. Felstead, A., D. Gallie, F. Green and G. Henseke (2016 online). "The determinants of skills use and work pressure: A longitudinal analysis." Economic and Industrial Democracy. Open Access. It is too soon to report impact from these. 
 
Title Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS) 
Description The Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS) is a long-running cohort study of the civic attitudes and behaviours of young people in England. This study was originally conducted by NFER, but has been administered by LLAKES since 2013. Funding for the study was initially provided by the Department for Education, but the latest data collection exercise has been made possible by the ESRC as part of Phase 2 of the LLAKES Centre. The latest data collection exercise included: (1) a sixth wave of follow-up interviews with the longitudinal cohort that have participated in CELS since 2003. The data were collected in 2014, when the cohort was age 23. (2) A cross-sectional and cross-national web survey that we commissioned to complement the longitudinal CELS data. This web survey was completed by 2025 young people aged 22-29 in England, Scotland and Wales. These surveys enable us to trace the evolution of youth attitudes during the formative period of adolescence and into young adulthood. These data have played an important role in several LLAKES projects and analysis has, to date, resulted in five published journal articles (Keating and Janmaat, 2016; Hoskins and Janmaat, 2016; Keating and Melis, 2017; Hoskins et al, 2017; and Hoskins et al, forthcoming). A further five journal articles and one book are under review or in preparation; we expect these to be published in the next 12-18 months. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact In the run-up to the 2015 general election, preliminary findings from the CELS survey were used to provide politicians and policymakers with up-to-date information about youth political engagement. LLAKES co-hosted a seminar in Westminster Palace with the Citizenship Foundation, and around 50 politicians and policymakers attended. David Blunkett chaired the session. See Keating, A., Green, A. and Janmaat, J.G. (2015) Young Adults and Politics Today: disengaged and disaffected or engaged and enraged? The latest findings from the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS). LLAKES Research Brief. UCL Institute of Education. 
 
Title ISCO(HE)2008: An International Database of Graduate Jobs 
Description This database is a classification of ISCO_08 occupations across OECD countries at 3-digit level, as to whether they are graduate or non-graduate jobs. The classification was made using statistical methods, based on skills use and educational requirements data drawn from the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills. The database is published in the following publications: Henseke, G. and F. Green (2016), "Graduate Jobs" in OECD Countries: Analysis Using A New Indicator Based on High Skills Use", OECD Education Working Papers, No. 144, OECD Publishing, Paris. Open access. Henseke, G. and F. Green (2017) "Cross-national Deployment of "Graduate Jobs": Analysis Using a New Indicator Based on High Skills Use". Research In Labor Economics. Online open access. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database has been used by us to develop an analysis of graduate underemployment. 
URL http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1542476/
 
Title Prospective HE students' attitudes towards student loan debt 
Description Representative sample of students aged 17 to 21 in England who were studying toward higher education entry-level qualifications such as A levels or vocational qualifications at Level 3 on the UK Regulated Qualifications Framework in 2015 . Included in the sample are students in their final year of studying toward higher education entry-level qualifications in: ? - government-funded high schools; ?- independent (private fee-paying) high schools; and ? - further education colleges. In 2015, a sampling frame of potential individual respondents was built using student contact details drawn from two national databases: the National Pupil Database and Individual Learner Records held by the Department for Education. Questionnaires were sent to most students through a mix of postal and email methods. Since the National Pupil Database does not contain contact details for independent school students, a sample of these students was obtained through direct approaches to independent schools, with teachers given a choice of handing out paper questionnaires to students or providing them with the information required to complete questionnaires on-line 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The findings from this study have been discussed directly with Department for Employment government officials and been cited in some government documents. The Callender and Mason 2017 publication is the key reference regarding debt aversion among potential students 
 
Title SOC(HE)_GH: A Database of Graduate Jobs in Britain. 
Description Graduate Jobs Classifier: This database is a classification of occupations in Britain at the 4-digit and 3-digit level, as to whether they are graduate or non-graduate jobs. The classification was made using statistical methods, based on skills use and educational requirements data drawn from four successive waves of the Skills and Employment Surveys, culminating in the 2012 survey. Green, F. and G. Henseke "The Changing Graduate Labour Market: Analysis Using a New Indication of Graduate Jobs". LLAKES Discussion Paper No 50. Green, F. and G. Henseke (2016). "The Changing Graduate Labour Market: Analysis Using a New Indicator of Graduate Jobs". IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 5:14. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database has been compared with a pre-existing classification, and after revisions offered to the Office for National Statistics, as a basis for recommendations for revisions to the occupational classification (SOC_2020) in Britain. 
URL http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1186/s40173-016-0070-0?author_access_token=zr05lUBGVaIHocuJ6ODO_...
 
Title Skills and Employment Survey 2012 
Description The Skills Survey is a series of surveys which aim to investigate the employed workforce in Great Britain (and United Kingdom from 2006). The survey series builds on two previous studies of the workforce, Social Change and Economic Life Initiative Surveys, 1986-1987 and Employment in Britain, 1992. The first Skills Survey was conducted in 1997 and represented a new approach to assessing the extent to which those at work in Britain had skills matching the requirements of their jobs. The 2001 survey was aimed at assessing how much had changed between the two surveys. The third survey in 2006 enhanced this time series data further but had the overarching aim of providing a resource for analysing skill and job requirements in the British economy in the middle part of the current decade. The Skills and Employment Survey, 2012 (SES2012) was the fourth in the series, and aimed to again add to the time series data and, coinciding as it did with a period of economic recession, aimed to provide insight into whether the British workforce felt under additional pressure/demand from employers as a result of redundancies and cut backs. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Narrative Impact Report The Skills and Employment Survey 2012 is the sixth in a series of representative sample surveys of workers in Britain. This round of data collection has allowed us to chart the changing pattern of job quality and skills over a quarter of a century, with some new survey questions specifically designed to reveal the impact of the recession on working life. The results have had, and continue to have, demonstrable economic and societal impacts. This is evidenced in several ways: 1. Engagement with policy-makers, civil servants and representative bodies with an interest in enhancing the quality of working life. During the course of the project, 4 launch events have been held across Britain - 2 in London, and 1 in Cardiff and 1 in Glasgow. Taken together, these events attracted an audience of 330. Delegates mainly consisted of policy-makers, political representatives, trade union officials, professional bodies, lobbying organisations, training providers and employers. 2. The project findings have attracted considerable media interest which have helped to generate public debate about how the quality of working life might be improved and the worst effects of austerity mitigated. Notably this included a front page article in the Financial Times, as well as articles in The Guardian and the Daily Mail, and commentary on Radio Four's Today programme and live interviews on Radio Five Live, LBC and Radio Cymru. 3. The project team wrote, designed and produced a series of 8 short reports with the intention of communicating bite-sized policy-relevant research messages to policy-makers. These have proved an effective device. A total of 4,600 hard copy reports have been distributed and all were made available for download from the project web site. This approach has been complimented by the publication of 3 articles in policy-making/practitioner facing outlets. 4. The results have informed policy-making as evidenced by project citations. For example, the UKCES review of the skills landscape makes frequent use of the SES results and associated data, the NHS Pay Review Body's pay recommendations for 2014 cite project results and the Welsh Government's policy on skills also refers to findings from the project. In 2015 the survey findings were used to frame public policy debates as the political parties launched their election manifestos. Evidence was used by the Smith Institute 'Making Work Better' Inquiry and the Skills Commission Inquiry into the Future of Work, whose deliberations were intended to influence government priorities. Evidence taken from the survey was used on several occasions - unfortunately, without attribution - in the Labour Party's manifesto for work. 5. The lasting legacy of the project, however, is the data infrastructure which will permit further analyses to be carried out by academic or policy-based researchers on a variety of skills and job quality issues. It also maintains the tradition of carrying out such a survey every five years and therefore provides another data point against which future researchers will be able to make comparisons. To this end, four datasets have been lodged in the Data Archive and are available for analysts to download. The academic importance of the series as a crucial part of social science research infrastructure was recognised in 2014 when the Data Archive selected the series for inclusion in the 'curated collection'; that is, surveys which are regularly deposited by known researchers and frequently used by other social scientists. As of March 2015, a total of 507 researchers have downloaded the data from the series and used the material for research and teaching purposes. 6. The survey has also made a lasting impression on the collection of skills data internationally. The 'Job Requirements Approach', for example, has been built into the background questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) - the adult equivalent of PISA - which was carried out in 24 countries in 2011/12. In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used (with moderate changes) by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore in two surveys: its Skills and Employment Survey and its Learning At Work survey (in 2017). 7. The data have been used to construct an indicator of graduate jobs - both in Britain, and in Germany over time, and for several other OECD countries at a single point of time. Based on this index, a submission was made to the consultation on TEF. In addition, after a reconciliation with an alternative indicator developed using expert methods (as opposed to statistical methods), the indicator is being used by the Office for National Statistics for the purposes of the revised occupational classification in preparation for 2020 (to be termed SOC2020). The potential impact on the statistics is that some unit groups (occupations classified with four digits) may be moved between "major occupational groups" (which are classifications at the one digit level), which will affect how the occupational structure of Britain's economy is described in future analyses. 
URL https://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=7466&type=Data%20catalogue
 
Title Skills and Employment Survey, 2012: Special Licence Access 
Description This data set containts the SES2012 data with geographical variables added. The four specific objectives for SES2012, stemming from the overarching aim to provide data on the skills and employment experiences of working life in Britain in 2012, were as follows: to describe and analyse the level and distribution of skills requirements of jobs in British workplaces in 2012 and compare these patterns with earlier data points to describe and analyse the level and distribution of key aspects of workers' experiences of their jobs in 2012, and compare with earlier data points to use the data to develop distinctive, original and substantive contributions to scholarship surrounding job quality and job skill to make the data available and provide the necessary data support and infrastructure for further analysis by academic or policy-based researchers in the field of skills and job quality Further information is available from the Skills and Employment Survey 2012 web page. A standard End User Licence access version of this study, with less detailed geographic variables included (Government Office Region (GOR) only), is available under SN 7466. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Narrative Impact Report The Skills and Employment Survey 2012 is the sixth in a series of representative sample surveys of workers in Britain. This round of data collection has allowed us to chart the changing pattern of job quality and skills over a quarter of a century, with some new survey questions specifically designed to reveal the impact of the recession on working life. The results have had, and continue to have, demonstrable economic and societal impacts. This is evidenced in several ways: 1. Engagement with policy-makers, civil servants and representative bodies with an interest in enhancing the quality of working life. During the course of the project, 4 launch events have been held across Britain - 2 in London, and 1 in Cardiff and 1 in Glasgow. Taken together, these events attracted an audience of 330. Delegates mainly consisted of policy-makers, political representatives, trade union officials, professional bodies, lobbying organisations, training providers and employers. 2. The project findings have attracted considerable media interest which have helped to generate public debate about how the quality of working life might be improved and the worst effects of austerity mitigated. Notably this included a front page article in the Financial Times, as well as articles in The Guardian and the Daily Mail, and commentary on Radio Four's Today programme and live interviews on Radio Five Live, LBC and Radio Cymru. 3. The project team wrote, designed and produced a series of 8 short reports with the intention of communicating bite-sized policy-relevant research messages to policy-makers. These have proved an effective device. A total of 4,600 hard copy reports have been distributed and all were made available for download from the project web site. This approach has been complimented by the publication of 3 articles in policy-making/practitioner facing outlets. 4. The results have informed policy-making as evidenced by project citations. For example, the UKCES review of the skills landscape makes frequent use of the SES results and associated data, the NHS Pay Review Body's pay recommendations for 2014 cite project results and the Welsh Government's policy on skills also refers to findings from the project. In 2015 the survey findings were used to frame public policy debates as the political parties launched their election manifestos. Evidence was used by the Smith Institute 'Making Work Better' Inquiry and the Skills Commission Inquiry into the Future of Work, whose deliberations were intended to influence government priorities. Evidence taken from the survey was used on several occasions - unfortunately, without attribution - in the Labour Party's manifesto for work. 5. The lasting legacy of the project, however, is the data infrastructure which will permit further analyses to be carried out by academic or policy-based researchers on a variety of skills and job quality issues. It also maintains the tradition of carrying out such a survey every five years and therefore provides another data point against which future researchers will be able to make comparisons. To this end, four datasets have been lodged in the Data Archive and are available for analysts to download. The academic importance of the series as a crucial part of social science research infrastructure was recognised in 2014 when the Data Archive selected the series for inclusion in the 'curated collection'; that is, surveys which are regularly deposited by known researchers and frequently used by other social scientists. As of March 2015, a total of 507 researchers have downloaded the data from the series and used the material for research and teaching purposes. 6. The survey has also made a lasting impression on the collection of skills data internationally. The 'Job Requirements Approach', for example, has been built into the background questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) - the adult equivalent of PISA - which was carried out in 24 countries in 2011/12. In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used (with moderate changes) by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore in two surveys: its Skills and Employment Survey and its Learning At Work survey (in 2017). 7. The data have been used to construct an indicator of graduate jobs - both in Britain, and in Germany over time, and for several other OECD countries at a single point of time. Based on this index, a submission was made to the consultation on TEF. In addition, after a reconciliation with an alternative indicator developed using expert methods (as opposed to statistical methods), the indicator is being used by the Office for National Statistics for the purposes of the revised occupational classification in preparation for 2020 (to be termed SOC2020). The potential impact on the statistics is that some unit groups (occupations classified with four digits) may be moved between "major occupational groups" (which are classifications at the one digit level), which will affect how the occupational structure of Britain's economy is described in future analyses. 
URL https://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=7645&type=Data%20catalogue
 
Title Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012 
Description The Skills Survey is a series of surveys which aim to investigate the employed workforce in Great Britain (and United Kingdom from 2006). The survey series builds on two previous studies of the workforce, Social Change and Economic Life Initiative Surveys, 1986-1987 (held at the UKDA under SN 2798) and Employment in Britain, 1992 (held at the UKDA under SN 5368). The first Skills Survey was conducted in 1997 and represented a new approach to assessing the extent to which those at work in Britain had skills matching the requirements of their jobs. The 2001 survey was aimed at assessing how much had changed between the two surveys. The third survey in 2006 enhanced this time series data further but had the overarching aim of providing a resource for analysing skill and job requirements in the British economy in the middle part of the current decade. The Skills and Employment Survey, 2012 (SES2012) was the fourth in the series, and aimed to again add to the time series data and, coinciding as it did with a period of economic recession, aimed to provide insight into whether the British workforce felt under additional pressure/demand from employers as a result of redundancies and cut backs. Although these surveys were not originally planned as part of a series and had different funding sources and objectives, continuity in questionnaire design has meant the surveys now provide a unique, nationall representative picture of change in British workplaces as reported by individual job holders. The Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012 combines data from all six surveys in the series, where common survey questions were asked. For each survey, weights are computed to take into account the differential probabilities of sample selection, the over-sampling of certain areas and some small response rate variations between groups (defined by sex, age and occupation). All surveys cover Great Britain except the Skills Survey, 2006 which covers the United Kingdom. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Skills and Employment Survey 2012 is the sixth in a series of representative sample surveys of workers in Britain. This round of data collection has allowed us to chart the changing pattern of job quality and skills over a quarter of a century, with some new survey questions specifically designed to reveal the impact of the recession on working life. The results have had, and continue to have, demonstrable economic and societal impacts. This is evidenced in six ways: 1. Engagement with policy-makers, civil servants and representative bodies with an interest in enhancing the quality of working life. During the course of the project, 4 launch events have been held across Britain - 2 in London, and 1 in Cardiff and 1 in Glasgow. Taken together, these events attracted an audience of 330. Delegates mainly consisted of policy-makers, political representatives, trade union officials, professional bodies, lobbying organisations, training providers and employers. 2. The project findings have attracted considerable media interest which have helped to generate public debate about how the quality of working life might be improved and the worst effects of austerity mitigated. Notably this included a front page article in the Financial Times, as well as articles in The Guardian and the Daily Mail, and commentary on Radio Four's Today programme and live interviews on Radio Five Live, LBC and Radio Cymru. 3. The project team wrote, designed and produced a series of 8 short reports with the intention of communicating bite-sized policy-relevant research messages to policy-makers. These have proved an effective device. A total of 4,600 hard copy reports have been distributed and all were made available for download from the project web site. This approach has been complimented by the publication of 3 articles in policy-making/practitioner facing outlets. 4. The results have informed policy-making as evidenced by project citations. For example, the UKCES review of the skills landscape makes frequent use of the SES results and associated data, the NHS Pay Review Body's pay recommendations for 2014 cite project results and the Welsh Government's policy on skills also refers to findings from the project. In 2015 the survey findings were used to frame public policy debates as the political parties launched their election manifestos. Evidence was used by the Smith Institute 'Making Work Better' Inquiry and the Skills Commission Inquiry into the Future of Work, whose deliberations were intended to influence government priorities. Evidence taken from the survey was used on several occasions - unfortunately, without attribution - in the Labour Party's manifesto for work. 5. The lasting legacy of the project, however, is the data infrastructure which will permit further analyses to be carried out by academic or policy-based researchers on a variety of skills and job quality issues. It also maintains the tradition of carrying out such a survey every five years and therefore provides another data point against which future researchers will be able to make comparisons. To this end, four datasets have been lodged in the Data Archive and are available for analysts to download. The academic importance of the series as a crucial part of social science research infrastructure was recognised in 2014 when the Data Archive selected the series for inclusion in the 'curated collection'; that is, surveys which are regularly deposited by known researchers and frequently used by other social scientists. As of March 2015, a total of 507 researchers have downloaded the data from the series and used the material for research and teaching purposes. 6. The survey has also made a lasting impression on the collection of skills data internationally. The 'Job Requirements Approach', for example, has been built into the background questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) - the adult equivalent of PISA - which was carried out in 24 countries in 2011/12. In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used (with moderate changes) by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore in two surveys: its Skills and Employment Survey and its Learning At Work survey (in 2017). 7. The data have been used to construct an indicator of graduate jobs - both in Britain, and in Germany over time, and for several other OECD countries at a single point of time. Based on this index, a submission was made to the consultation on TEF. In addition, after a reconciliation with an alternative indicator developed using expert methods (as opposed to statistical methods), the indicator is being used by the Office for National Statistics for the purposes of the revised occupational classification in preparation for 2020 (to be termed SOC2020). The potential impact on the statistics is that some unit groups (occupations classified with four digits) may be moved between "major occupational groups" (which are classifications at the one digit level), which will affect how the occupational structure of Britain's economy is described in future analyses. 
URL https://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=7467&type=Data%20catalogue
 
Title Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012: Special Licence Access 
Description The Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012 combines data from all six surveys in the series, where common survey questions were asked. For each survey, weights are computed to take into account the differential probabilities of sample selection, the over-sampling of certain areas and some small response rate variations between groups (defined by sex, age and occupation). All surveys cover Great Britain except the Skills Survey, 2006 which covers the United Kingdom. This is the Special Access Version with geographical identifiers attached. Felstead,A., Gallie, D., Green,F., Inanc, H. (2015). Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012: Special Licence Access. [data collection]. UK Data Service. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Skills and Employment Survey 2012 is the sixth in a series of representative sample surveys of workers in Britain. This round of data collection has allowed us to chart the changing pattern of job quality and skills over a quarter of a century, with some new survey questions specifically designed to reveal the impact of the recession on working life. The results have had, and continue to have, demonstrable economic and societal impacts. This is evidenced in several ways: 1. Engagement with policy-makers, civil servants and representative bodies with an interest in enhancing the quality of working life. During the course of the project, 4 launch events have been held across Britain - 2 in London, and 1 in Cardiff and 1 in Glasgow. Taken together, these events attracted an audience of 330. Delegates mainly consisted of policy-makers, political representatives, trade union officials, professional bodies, lobbying organisations, training providers and employers. 2. The project findings have attracted considerable media interest which have helped to generate public debate about how the quality of working life might be improved and the worst effects of austerity mitigated. Notably this included a front page article in the Financial Times, as well as articles in The Guardian and the Daily Mail, and commentary on Radio Four's Today programme and live interviews on Radio Five Live, LBC and Radio Cymru. 3. The project team wrote, designed and produced a series of 8 short reports with the intention of communicating bite-sized policy-relevant research messages to policy-makers. These have proved an effective device. A total of 4,600 hard copy reports have been distributed and all were made available for download from the project web site. This approach has been complimented by the publication of 3 articles in policy-making/practitioner facing outlets. 4. The results have informed policy-making as evidenced by project citations. For example, the UKCES review of the skills landscape makes frequent use of the SES results and associated data, the NHS Pay Review Body's pay recommendations for 2014 cite project results and the Welsh Government's policy on skills also refers to findings from the project. In 2015 the survey findings were used to frame public policy debates as the political parties launched their election manifestos. Evidence was used by the Smith Institute 'Making Work Better' Inquiry and the Skills Commission Inquiry into the Future of Work, whose deliberations were intended to influence government priorities. Evidence taken from the survey was used on several occasions - unfortunately, without attribution - in the Labour Party's manifesto for work. 5. The lasting legacy of the project, however, is the data infrastructure which will permit further analyses to be carried out by academic or policy-based researchers on a variety of skills and job quality issues. It also maintains the tradition of carrying out such a survey every five years and therefore provides another data point against which future researchers will be able to make comparisons. To this end, four datasets have been lodged in the Data Archive and are available for analysts to download. The academic importance of the series as a crucial part of social science research infrastructure was recognised in 2014 when the Data Archive selected the series for inclusion in the 'curated collection'; that is, surveys which are regularly deposited by known researchers and frequently used by other social scientists. As of March 2015, a total of 507 researchers have downloaded the data from the series and used the material for research and teaching purposes. 6. The survey has also made a lasting impression on the collection of skills data internationally. The 'Job Requirements Approach', for example, has been built into the background questionnaire of the OECD's Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) - the adult equivalent of PISA - which was carried out in 24 countries in 2011/12. In addition, the 2012 SES questionnaire has been used (with moderate changes) by the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore in two surveys: its Skills and Employment Survey and its Learning At Work survey (in 2017). 7. The data have been used to construct an indicator of graduate jobs - both in Britain, and in Germany over time, and for several other OECD countries at a single point of time. Based on this index, a submission was made to the consultation on TEF. In addition, after a reconciliation with an alternative indicator developed using expert methods (as opposed to statistical methods), the indicator is being used by the Office for National Statistics for the purposes of the revised occupational classification in preparation for 2020 (to be termed SOC2020). The potential impact on the statistics is that some unit groups (occupations classified with four digits) may be moved between "major occupational groups" (which are classifications at the one digit level), which will affect how the occupational structure of Britain's economy is described in future analyses. 
URL https://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=7646&type=Data%20catalogue
 
Description Asia-Europe Lifelong Learning Hub - Karen Evans Research elected Network Coordinator 
Organisation ASEM Lifelong Learning Hub
PI Contribution Professor Karen Evans was confirmed as Research Network Coordinator for Research Network 2 (Competence Development and Workplace Learning) in 2015. The Asian -European partners are drawn from universities and third sector organisations in more than 15 countries including Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria, France, UK, Scotland, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, China, Australia, India.
Collaborator Contribution Contributions to a series of international policy forums and collaborative publication of books and articles.
Impact Fully listed on website http://asemlllhub.org/researchnetworks/workplacelearning/
Start Year 2015
 
Description Asia-Europe Lifelong Learning Hub - Karen Evans Research elected Network Coordinator 
Organisation Aarhus University
Department Danish School of Education
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Professor Karen Evans was confirmed as Research Network Coordinator for Research Network 2 (Competence Development and Workplace Learning) in 2015. The Asian -European partners are drawn from universities and third sector organisations in more than 15 countries including Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria, France, UK, Scotland, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, China, Australia, India.
Collaborator Contribution Contributions to a series of international policy forums and collaborative publication of books and articles.
Impact Fully listed on website http://asemlllhub.org/researchnetworks/workplacelearning/
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with George Washington University 
Organisation George Washington University
Department Graduate School of Education and Human Development
PI Contribution Andy Green, Nicola Pensiero and Susanne Wiborg made invited presentation at four research seminars organised in George Washington University by Dean Michael Feuer in collaboration with the Spencer Foundation.
Collaborator Contribution George Washington University have been taking the lead in organising the international seminars.
Impact George Washington University have been taking the lead in developing links with the Spencer Foundation with a view submitting new grant applications. Further consultations between Andy Green and the British Council in New York followed, but plans for major research application to the William T Grant Foundation but abandoned after the election of President Trump.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Collaboration with University of Crete 
Organisation University of Crete
Department Centre for Political Research and Documentation
PI Contribution Andy Green has participated in three Erasmus Mundus staff mobility exchanges to University of Crete to teach on their courses and present lectures. He contributed to the inaugural launch of the new Centre for Political Research and Documentation (KEME), University of Crete in 2017, has collaborated in the development of research bids, and was a visiting professor there in Spring 2018.
Collaborator Contribution Professor Nikos Papadakis has undertaken three staff mobility visits to LLAKES to present lectures and public seminars, and organised a delegation of Greek teachers for a professional fact-finding visit to LLAKES in 2013. He has published a research paper for LLAKES resulting from his EC-funded research on NEETS in Greece. He has also given papers at two LLAKES conferences, including the last in October 2018.
Impact Collaboration in the development of research bids. Interdisciplinary research bringing together political scientists, educationalists, comparative social scientists and economists.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Collaborative research with academics at Vanderbilt University, USA 
Organisation Vanderbilt University
Department Peabody College of Education and Human Development
PI Contribution Callender formed the collaboration with 2 academics from the University of Vanderbilt as a direct result of giving a paper, at the University of Pennsylvania, about the findings of our study on student debt. The US colleagues have used the same measures of debt aversion, developed by Callender in 2002, and used in the Callender and Mason 2015 study on debt in their US study of loan debt aversion among young people. We are currently in the process of writing a joint paper exploring attitudes towards debt and intentions to participate in HE among a broadly similar group of English and US young people in school - using the same measures of debt aversion. We have provided our US colleagues with our data from the English 2015 survey of potential HE students which they have merged their data from a similar US survey so that we can do this comparative US and English analysis. Thus we have created a unique English/US dataset. Callender is providing her expertise on student funding in England in the analysis and write up of the paper.
Collaborator Contribution The researchers at the University of Vanderbilt are providing us access to their data arising from their survey of young people for this comparative work. In addition, they are undertaking all the analysis of the merged English/US dataset, including modelling at no cost to us. Furthermore they will provide expertise on the US system of student funding in the analysis and write up of the paper.
Impact The US colleagues are both economists, while Callender is a social policy analyst.
Start Year 2017
 
Description International collaboration on research into changing opportunities for youth in East Asia and the UK. 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Andy Green is working with partners on research into the changing structures of opportunities for young people in East Asia, Greece and the UK (regarding education, employment and housing) and how this is affecting their social and political values. Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. An international conference has been orgsanised in Taiwan for December 2017.
Collaborator Contribution National Chung Cheng University organised reseach visits for Andy Green on two occasions including as a visiting professorship in 2015, and hosted the conference in 2017. All partners are contributing to the research.
Impact Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. They participation in an international conference on the same topic in National Chung Cheng University in Taiwan in December 2017. Professor Sheng-Ju Chan has replicated our CELS/CAWI survey on youth opportunities and attitudes in Taiwan. Professor Chon Sun Ihm and Professor Wenqin Chen (Peking University) are doing the same for Korea and China.
Start Year 2016
 
Description International collaboration on research into changing opportunities for youth in East Asia and the UK. 
Organisation Lingnan University
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Andy Green is working with partners on research into the changing structures of opportunities for young people in East Asia, Greece and the UK (regarding education, employment and housing) and how this is affecting their social and political values. Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. An international conference has been orgsanised in Taiwan for December 2017.
Collaborator Contribution National Chung Cheng University organised reseach visits for Andy Green on two occasions including as a visiting professorship in 2015, and hosted the conference in 2017. All partners are contributing to the research.
Impact Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. They participation in an international conference on the same topic in National Chung Cheng University in Taiwan in December 2017. Professor Sheng-Ju Chan has replicated our CELS/CAWI survey on youth opportunities and attitudes in Taiwan. Professor Chon Sun Ihm and Professor Wenqin Chen (Peking University) are doing the same for Korea and China.
Start Year 2016
 
Description International collaboration on research into changing opportunities for youth in East Asia and the UK. 
Organisation National Chung Cheng University
PI Contribution Andy Green is working with partners on research into the changing structures of opportunities for young people in East Asia, Greece and the UK (regarding education, employment and housing) and how this is affecting their social and political values. Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. An international conference has been orgsanised in Taiwan for December 2017.
Collaborator Contribution National Chung Cheng University organised reseach visits for Andy Green on two occasions including as a visiting professorship in 2015, and hosted the conference in 2017. All partners are contributing to the research.
Impact Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. They participation in an international conference on the same topic in National Chung Cheng University in Taiwan in December 2017. Professor Sheng-Ju Chan has replicated our CELS/CAWI survey on youth opportunities and attitudes in Taiwan. Professor Chon Sun Ihm and Professor Wenqin Chen (Peking University) are doing the same for Korea and China.
Start Year 2016
 
Description International collaboration on research into changing opportunities for youth in East Asia and the UK. 
Organisation Peking University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Andy Green is working with partners on research into the changing structures of opportunities for young people in East Asia, Greece and the UK (regarding education, employment and housing) and how this is affecting their social and political values. Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. An international conference has been orgsanised in Taiwan for December 2017.
Collaborator Contribution National Chung Cheng University organised reseach visits for Andy Green on two occasions including as a visiting professorship in 2015, and hosted the conference in 2017. All partners are contributing to the research.
Impact Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. They participation in an international conference on the same topic in National Chung Cheng University in Taiwan in December 2017. Professor Sheng-Ju Chan has replicated our CELS/CAWI survey on youth opportunities and attitudes in Taiwan. Professor Chon Sun Ihm and Professor Wenqin Chen (Peking University) are doing the same for Korea and China.
Start Year 2016
 
Description International collaboration on research into changing opportunities for youth in East Asia and the UK. 
Organisation University of Seoul
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Andy Green is working with partners on research into the changing structures of opportunities for young people in East Asia, Greece and the UK (regarding education, employment and housing) and how this is affecting their social and political values. Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. An international conference has been orgsanised in Taiwan for December 2017.
Collaborator Contribution National Chung Cheng University organised reseach visits for Andy Green on two occasions including as a visiting professorship in 2015, and hosted the conference in 2017. All partners are contributing to the research.
Impact Partners participated in a conference (on The crisis for contemporary youth: opportunities and civic values in comparative, longitudinal and inter-generational perspective) organised by LLAKES in June 2015. They participation in an international conference on the same topic in National Chung Cheng University in Taiwan in December 2017. Professor Sheng-Ju Chan has replicated our CELS/CAWI survey on youth opportunities and attitudes in Taiwan. Professor Chon Sun Ihm and Professor Wenqin Chen (Peking University) are doing the same for Korea and China.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Research Professor at the Social Science Centre Berlin (WZB) 
Organisation WZB Berlin Social Science Center
PI Contribution The Research Professorship is funded by the WZB and covers 3 months of my time to be spend in Berlin
Collaborator Contribution The Research Professorship with a focus on the Transition to Adulthood in Times of Social Change is funded by the WZB which covers 3 months of my time to be spend in Berlin. In addition the WZB has supported the organization of an annual Anglo-German Workshop on "Skill Formation in Context" which are held in Berlin and London
Impact Schoon, I. & Bynner J. (Eds.) (2017). Young People's Development and the Great Recession: Uncertain Transitions and Precarious Futures. Cambridge University Press Schoon I. & Mortimer, J.T. (2017). Youth and the Great Recession - are values, achievement orientation and outlook to the future affected? International Journal of Psychology, 52(1), 1-8 Ng-Knight, T. & Schoon, I. (2017). Can locus of control compensate for socioeconomic adversity in the transition from school to work? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(10), 2114-2128 Schoon, I., & Ng-Knight, T. (2017). Co-development of educational expectations and effort: their antecedents and role as predictors of academic success. Research in Human Development, 14(2), 161-176 Schoon I. & Lyons-Amos, M. (2017). A socio-ecological model of agency. The role of psycho-social and socio-economic resources in shaping education and employment transitions in England. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 8(1), 35-56 NgKnight, T. and I. Schoon (2016). Disentangling the influence of socioeconomic risks on children's early self concept. Journal of Personality. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jopy.12288/full Symonds, J., I. Schoon, and K. Salmela-Aro (2016). Developmental trajectories and emotional disengagement from schoolwork and their longitudinal associations in England. British Educational Research Journal. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/berj.3243/full#references, 2016. Schoon, I. and M. Lyons-Amos (2016). Diverse pathways in becoming an adult: the role of structure, agency and context. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. ISSN 02765624. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0276562416300178, 2016.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Visiting Professor at the Royal Netherlands Academy of the Arts and Science 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Country Netherlands 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution I was invited to spend some time at the Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR) to work with Catrien Bijleveld on a comparative research project on crime trajectories.
Collaborator Contribution The partnership funded a series of study visits to spend at the NSCR, covering travel and accommodation which also covered for one of my PhD students Annabel Mullin
Impact Schoon, I. & Mullin, A.S. (2016). Crime involvement and family formation among men and women. Evidence from the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study. Advances in Life Course Research, 28, 22-20
Start Year 2014
 
Description School-Type Homogamy and Husbands' Earnings (Presentation at the 29th Annual Conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, St Gallen ) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of research findings on marriage market effects of private school attendance for women in Britain. Around 15 international scholars attended this parallel session at the 29th annual EALE conference to share economic research on marriage markets. The discussion helped to inform own research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.eale.nl/29th-eale-conference-st-gallen/
 
Description Summit on Mature Students in Higher Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The event was organised by the Bridge Group a charitable policy association researching and promoting socio-economic diversity and equality. Other speakers included Chris Millward (Director of Policy, HEFCE, and future Director of Fair Access, Office for Students) and Laura Burley (Head of Government Relations and External Affairs, The Open University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://thebridgegroup.org.uk/event/bridge-group-summit-on-mature-students-in-higher-education/
 
Description "Advances in socio-ecological psychology: How do psychological variables interact with objective features of places, cities, and regions in the process of psychological adaptation?" Presentation given by Professor Ingrid Schoon, 2015 ECP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion following the presentation related to the impact of structural factors, such as neighbourhood and school characteristics, on the development of individual motivation, values and subsequent outcomes relating to education and employment experiences as well as health and wellbeing.

Interest in this and other areas of the LLAKES Centre's work was stimulated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Being modern and modest': South Asian young British Muslims negotiating multiple influences on their identity", paper presented by Dr Michela Franceschelli at European Sociological Assocation Conference, Prague, 25 August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk was followed by questions and useful comments by academics from other European countries.


The comments received were particularly useful as the paper is part of a monograph that will shortly be published by Palgrave.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Betraying a Generation, How education is failing young people" seminer presented by Professor Patrick Ainley, 17 May 2016, linked to book launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Patrick Ainley's seminar was based on his book, "Betraying a Generation: How Education is failing young people", which drew in part on earlier LLAKES research, and for which a launch reception was held after the presentation. The title was deliberately provocative, and resulted in an extensive and sometimes impassioned debate, particularly from some ex-teachers who had recently left the profession. Some of the themes from this event will be developed at the LLAKES conference to be held on 27 and 28 June 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Changes in Job Quality", keynote presentation by Professor Francis Green, joint conference of Eurofound and the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the European Union, 24 November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Green identified France and Luxembourg as two examples of countries where work had been intensified during the 2000s, while in the Netherlands work intensity had fallen somewhat. The proceedings of this conference will be published by the OECD during 2016.

The European Working Conditions Survey is widely used in European policy discussions of work and labour, including discourse about the regulation of labour and of health and safety. It is strongly supported by all sides of industry. As stated at the meeting by the Chair of the Board of Trustees, academic input in the design of the questionnaire is recognised as an important ingredient in maintaining the reputation an standard of the survey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Changing Demography, Graduate Employment, and Social Mobility in Taiwan", research seminar presented by Professor Sheng-Ju Chan, 3 May 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was quite a specialised seminar, and the audience was small but well-informed about the subject matter, which resulted in periods of productive discussion both during and after the presentation. Useful connections were made with the Centre of Taiwan Studies, based at the School of Oriental and African Studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Cross-national patterns associated with adult learning systems: Patterns of participation, outcomes and coordination", seminar presentation by Professor Richard Desjardins, 6 October 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This presentation by Professor Richard Jardins, from UCLA, was attended by a number of people who work or have worked previously in the field of adult education, and there was an informed debate over the findings of his research project. Several suggestions were made for ways in which the research might now be taken forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Decent Jobs and Wage-led Growth in the UK and Europe", presentation by Professor Francis Green, 28 April 2016, to a one-day conference held at Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre, University of Greenwich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The conference was attended by students, lecturers, European Union think tank leaders, and trade unionists, including the TUC chief economic spokesperson; the conference was also addressed by the Shadow Chancellor.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Does student loan debt deter participation in Higher Education? New evidence from England", research seminar presented by Claire Callender and Geoff Mason, 22 March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Student debt is a continuingly topical subject, and this seminar, which drew on the findings of a LLAKES research project, was well attended. The audience included representatives from the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, from Universities UK, and from Widening Participation departments at several London universities. A number of well-informed suggestions were made for interpreting the data and using other data sources, which were noted for the remaining stages of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Education and its Effects on Income and Mortality of Men aged Sixty-five and Over in Great Britain", seminar presented by Martin Weale, 13 October 2015, University of Groningen, Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation led to a valuable discussion of the approach which Martin Weale found helpful when revising the work, and drew the audience attention to some of the problems in exploring the connection between parents and children's education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Educational achievement and trait emotional stability as predictors of the prevalence of back pain in adulthood: Evidence from a British cohort", paper presented by Helen Cheng to the 2nd Healthy and Active Aging Conference, 18.9.2015, Shanghai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation was well received, and interest was expressed in receiving information about future stages of the research.


This paper was considered to be a helpful input to HAAC 2015, which is in itself a valuable and important platform for inspiring international and interdisciplinary exchange (biology and medicine, education, psychology) at the forefront of Healthy and Active Aging.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Employment in graduate jobs", presentation by Professor Francis Green to Education and Employers Conference, Dept for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, 21/7/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The event was attended by civil servants, careers advisers, and other policy-makers in the field of training and employability studies in both secondary and post-secondary education (including higher education).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Expertise, Project Work and Internship: a new conception of the transition from novice to expert", research seminar presented by Professor David Guile, 20 October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact There was an extensive discussion following the presentation, involving representatives from the Careers Offices of three London Universities.

The Careers Office representatives expressed interest in the future stages of David Guile's research, and were willing to be involved in that process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Exploring inter-generational differences in the educational journeys of Black African and Black Caribbean families", presentation by Dr Michela Franceschelli, 26 May 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar was well attended, particularly by doctoral students with similar research interests.

Michela Franceschelli received several suggestions, both in questions at the end of the seminar and during informal discussions afterwards, as to potential lines of further research, data sources, and collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Females' private schooling, school-type homogamy and husbands' earnings", presentation by Professor Francis Green to Work and Pensions Economics Group, Sheffield University, 26/7/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The event was attended by academics and economists from the Department for Work and Pensions, and the information provided by Professor Francis Green should thus at least be taken into consideration during policy-making proceedings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Getting in and getting on in the youth labour market: entry practices, under-employment and skill formation in regional economies", LLAKES Research Centre presented by Pauline Leonard and Rachel Wilde, 27 June 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Pauline Leonard and Rachel Wilde discussed some of the case studies undertaken during their LLAKES research project, in Newcastle, Southampton and Edinburgh; and also some of the findings arising from their work, and the policy recommendations which they are developing. Representatives from several third sector organisations concerned with youth issues attended the event, and there was considerable discussion about the methodology involved; the regional implications of the results; and the amendments that might be made to the policy recommendations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description "Global Report on Adult Learning and Education" LLAKES Research Seminar, 15 May 2013, presented by Arne Carlsen, UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Carlsen's seminar was well attended; but some of the findings of the report which he presented were contested strongly, and there were significant issues raised with regard to the methodology used during the reseach. Professor Carlsen agreed to take these points into consideration with regard to future phases of the project.

There was considerable interest in this presentation, given the range of data which it included, and the session prompted a lively debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description "High-skilled jobs and the employment of graduates", keynote presentation to second PIAAC research meeting, Amsterdam, 23 November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Some detailed questions followed the presentation, from a well-informed audience, which will be taken into consideration for future stages of this research programme.

Professor Green's work developing the jobs requirement approach has been influential in the design of the questionnaire for the Survey of Adult Skills. Several questions were based on and adapted from those used in the British Skills and Employment surveys, and piloted in a number of countries before being used in the surveys. The findings from the Survey of Adult Skills are being widely used by educational policy makers around the world in many diverse ways.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Inequality of active citizenship: Can education mend the gap?", a joint LLAKES-AMCIS conference, 28 and 29 May 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a successful event, in which doctoral students linked to LLAKES and AMCIS gave presentations on their work, related to Citizenship Education and Economic Growth.

Several of the participants requested that a similar event be arranged in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Institutional logics and low skills utilisation: the case of the private security sector in Singapore", research seminar presented by Professor Johnny Sung, 13 October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The presentation was attended by the ATL National Official for Post 16 Education, who drew interesting comparisons with similar research being conducted within the Further Education sector.

Interest was expressed in cross-collaborative work between ATL, LLAKES, and the Institute of Adult Learning in Singapore.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Inter-generational and inter-ethnic well-being: an analysis for the UK", Seminar Presentation, 19 November 2015, Dr Cinzia Rienzo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Although the attendance for what was an interesting and highly topical presentation was disappointingly small, the participants who did attend were well-informed as to the subject matter, and included representatives of the Early Intervention Foundation; a refugee charity named "Young Roots"; and the Department for Communities and Local Government. There was a highly constructive discussion following the presentation.

Cinzia Rienzo received a number of useful suggestions concerning future directions for this research project, which she took back to her team at the National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Intergeneraional transmission of socio-economic disadvantage: examining constellations of risk factors", LLAKES research seminar presented by Dr Gabriella Melis, 13 June 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Gabriella Melis presented a seminar that combined work from her PhD thesis with her subsequent LLAKES research. Her views on the ways that the persistence of inter-generational social deprivation could and should be measured prompted considerable discussion amongst the attendees, who included representatives from third sector organisations working in this area. Several suggestions were made for future refinements of this research, and for its application to policy making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description "International Trends in Training and Reskilling within Public Administration", research seminar presentation by Professor Nikos Papadakis, 29 February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An unusual timeslot for this event reduced the audience size for what was an interesting and challenging presentation; but those who did attend were well-versed in the subject matter, and a worthwhile discussion ensued. Professor Papadakis expressed interest in collaborating with LLAKES researchers on future European funding bids.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Is there a private school dividend in Britain through assortative mating?", presentation by Francis Green, SLSS Conference, Bamberg, Germany, 6 Oct 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Francis Green presented a summary of LLAKES project research findings on private schools, to this international conference. The presentation was well received, and sparked a variety of comparisons with the situations in other European countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Lifelong learning, life course and agency", presentation by Professor Karen Evans at the University of Padua, 23 March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Evans gave an invited presentation to postgraduate students of the University of Padua. The event will help to strengthen links between Padua and the LLAKES Centre, and should lead to further joint ventures in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Lifelong learning: current issues and perspectives", paper presented by Professor Karen Evans at the University of Padua, 22 March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Karen Evans has developed a link with the University of Padua over a period of several years, during which time a member of the Italian university's research staff has visited the LLAKES Centre on a number of occasions. This presentation built on earlier collaborative work in lifelong learning, and it is intended that this co-operative approach should continue beyond Karen's retirement at the end of March 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "New approaches to studying the link between education and the labour market: using big data to explore employer demands", seminar presented by Manuel Souto-Otero, 16 June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The research seminar was well attended, and the audience included representatives from the National Careers Service London, the Gatsby Foundation, NESTA, and the Department for Education. Considerable interest was expressed as to how the findings of Dr Souto-Otero's research project, which is due to be published in 2017, could be used by the organisations represented at the seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Organising innovation in Healthcare: the creative practices of everyday bricoleurs", LLAKES reseach seminar presented by Rebecca Taylor and Susan Halford, 15 December 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar was attended by some writers on change in the healthcare sector, who contributed to an extensive discussion following the presentation.

Several useful suggestions were received from audience members, which will be incorporated into subsequent stages of the research project on which the presentation is based.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Outcomes and implications of GRALE 3: the Third Global Report on Adult Learning and Education", presention by Professor Tom Schuller, 14 February 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tom Schuller presented a summary of GRALE 3, the third global report on adult learning and education in Unesco countries. The seminar was well attended by specialists in this field, which is believed to be coming back into political favour with regard to the nascent Industrial Strategy. Suggestions were made as to how GRALE 4, which is due for completion in three years' time, could be refined and improved.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.uil.unesco.org/adult-learning-and-education/global-report-grale/third-global-report-adult...
 
Description "PISA for Schools: topological rationality and new spaces of the OECD's global educational governance", seminar presented by Steven Lewis and Bob Lingard, 25 April 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Steven Lewis and Bob Lingard, from the University of Queensland, presented new research findings on the recently introduced OECD PISA for Schools programme. This was quite a technical session which was attended by a well-informed audience, and there was consequently a rewarding discussion of the themes during and following the presentation. Several suggestions were made for refining the research questions in subsequent stages of analysis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Perceptions of inequalities in schooling and opportunities", paper presented by Dr Jan Germen Janmaat, at International Conference on Educational Monitoring and Evaluation, Beijing, China, 22-23 October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation prompted many questions. Delegates indicated that they liked the way the research looked at the link between actual and perceived inequalities.

The presentation reached a large international audience consisting of academics, policy makers, and educational professionals, including teachers and school inspectors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "Productivity and the Labour Market", Masterclass session presented at BIS by Alex Bryson, 9 February 2016, in conjunction with UKCES 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Alex Bryson presented the latest "Masterclass" session, run in conjunction with UKCES, and aimed primarily at informing civil servants within the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. On the basis of this presentation, Alex was invited to become a Visiting Research Fellow at UKCES, in order to continue to pursue research in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Productivity in the UK - perspectives on the reasons for slow growth", presentation given by Dr Martin Weale at Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, 29 September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Martin Weale's presentation was one of a series of "Masterclasses", run jointly by LLAKES and the UK Commission for Employment and Skills, and directed at policymakers and civil servants. This particular session was well attended, by people from several different government departments, and led to some detailed questions after the presentation.

Requests were made for a recording of the presentation to be made available online; this will be done via the UKCES website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6maqAOE1tao&list=PLBKSiHxV0EKYd6nMYSCK5Zo1RNTRVQb4a
 
Description "Should governments of OECD countries worry about graduate overeducation?", presentation by Professor Francis Green to Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford, 21/3/2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This presentation was made to a small but specialist audience connected with the Oxford Review of Economic Policy, which is influential in policy-making areas. It will be followed up by a paper to be published by the Review later in 2016, which will build on the material outlined by Professor Green on this occasion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Skills Demand, Training and Skills Mismatch: A Review of Key Concepts, Theory and Evidence." Evidence presented to Go Science and Foresight project: "Future of Skills and Lifelong Learning" by Professor Francis Green, informant at workshop, Dept for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, 27/7/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This will be one of several pieces of evidence informing this "Foresight" project which will be presented in due course to ministers and other policy makers in the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Social mobility through education in the United Kingdom", paper presented by Dr Jan Germen Janmaat at a conference on Social Cohesion and the Effects of Migrants' Integration in Europe and Aisa, Lew Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation prompted many questions, and several delegates approached the presenter afterwards to say that they had been given new insights into British society.

The presentation reached a fairly large audience consisting of academics, policy makers and representatives of NGOs and other societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "Socialism, Education, and Equality", research seminar presented by Dr Paul Auerbach, 3 November 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Auerbach of Kingston University presented a seminar based on his recent book, "Socialist Optimism: an Alternative Political Economy for the Twenty-First Century". The presentation drew quite a large audience, including representatives from the Department for Education, and from University Widening Participation Offices. The lecture provoked some strong debate, and some significant disagreements; but there was considerable interest in how the positions outlined in the talk could be taken forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Systems Effects on Literacy and Numeracy Performance", presentation by Dr Nicola Pensiero to Comparative and International Education Society Conference, 9 March 2016, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact After his presentation, Dr Pensiero was involved in related discussions with researchers from several different universities; he was invited to give further presentations, and received requests to share the dataset on which the presentation was based.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Systems Effects on Literacy", presentation by Professor Andy Green, Comparative and International Education Society conference, 9 March 2016, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Green's presentation was attended by a specialist audience, the members of which were interested in the mechanisms used in the analysis, as well as the results of the research. Interest was expressed in future iterations of the work, and potential collaborations were discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "The Development of Vocational Teachers: Teacher Educators' Perspectives", LLAKES research seminar presented by Ian Wilkie, Ann Lahiff and Janet Broad, 3 December 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar was well attended, and there was a vigorous discussion following the three presentations, with strong views being expressed from different perspectives.

The discussion threw up a suggestion, which was well received, that closer bonds should be formed between UCL Institute of Education and Working Mens' College, with a view to better planning and structuring the training of vocational teachers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "The Effects of Private Schools in Britain: a Review of the Evidence and a Presentation of New Findings", LLAKES research seminar presented by Francis Green and Golo Henseke, 12 November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar was well attended, and attracted representatives from several other organisations, including the Open Society Foundation and Adam Smith International. There was a well-informed discussion following the presentation.

The simultaneous launch of a research paper related to the seminar led to some media coverage, including an article in The Times. Suggestions were made for related areas of future research activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/education/article4611602.ece
 
Description "The Visible and Invisible Dimensions of Freelance Work: Problematising the Rise and Rise of Singaporean Contingent Labour", 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper was presented at the Researching Work and Learning Conference 2013, at the University of Stirling. It offers early findings from a study of those whose work is contingent across three industry sectors: creative sector, the Continuing Education and Training (CET) sector and low wage sectors, specifically, cleaning and labouring work.

The RWL conference is an important occasion for the dissemination of LLAKES research, and this paper was well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description "The evolution of the level and distribution of job quality in Britain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Francis Green, Alan Felstead and Duncan Gallie at Conference of International Working Party on Labour Market Segmentation, Manchester University, 10 September 2014

This paper was a further output from the Skills and Employment Survey, which was here directed to a northen audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description "The labour market benefits of private schooling", seminar presentation by Professor Anna Vignoles, 11 October 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Vignoles's presentation, which drew on a current LLAKES research project, was extremely well attended, with the audience including representatives from private schools, "The Guardian", and a large number of postgraduate students. There was an extensive discussion following the presentation, which drew out some of the wide internal differences existing and growing within the private education system. Considerable interest was expressed in future iterations of this research programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "The unequal world of work", presentation given by Professor Francis Green, Leeds University Business School, 23/3/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Green's presentation was well received, and some relevant questions were raised by a knowledgeable audience. Interest was expressed in hearing about future developments of the LLAKES research project on which the presentation was based.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description "Transitions to Adulthood in Context", seminar chaired by Professor Ingrid Schoon, international conference for the Society for Longitudinal and Lifecourse Studies, Dublin, 20 October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The papers were presented to a very well informed and specialist audience, and the standard of the discussion was very high.

The audience including key experts in the field Aart Liefbroer, Brendan Halpin, Harvey Krahn, to name just a few, some of whom expressed interest in collaborating with future phases of the research projects discussed in the seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Understanding the New International Productivity Slowdown - the Role of Intangibles" - presentation by Professor Jonathan Haskel, presented at BIS on 20 January 2016 as part of the LLAKES/UKCES Masterclass series. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Haskel's seminar was quite technical in nature and was delivered to an audience of civil servants and some members of the general public, most of whom had some specialist background in the areas of economics being considered. The turnout was a little disappointing but the standard of the subsequent debate was very high, with some focused and critical questions being raised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/ukces-masterclass-sessions
 
Description "Unequal Britain at Work", research seminar and book launch, Francis Green, Duncan Gallie, Alan Felstead and Lesley Giles, 8 October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact There was considerable interests in the research highlights of the book, "Unequal Britain at Work", which has been written using the outputs from LLAKES project work.

Several copies of the book were sold at the launch event, and other requests for copies have since been received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Unionlearn and union learning: a review of the first ten years", research seminar by Tom Wilson, 23 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar was attended by an informed audience, and there was an extensive discussion following the event.

Tom put forward the idea of inviting a series of research papers relating to his theme which was well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "What IS Education as a field of study?", research seminar presented by Geoff Whitty and John Furlong, 11 July 2017, followed by book launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Geoff Whitty and Professor John Furlong drew on their recently published book "Knowledge and the Study of Education: an International Exploration" to present a modern survey of educational thought and structures from a number of different countries. The event was well attended; the presentation was chaired by Andy Green, who mediated an extensive discussion and pointed out the close links with some of the LLAKES research projects. There was considerable interest in how the ideas developed in the seminar and the book could be applied to Education policies being developed by the new government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description "What can the history of UK productivity teach us about how to approach the policy decisions of today?" Masterclass presentation at the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, presented by Professor Nicholas Crafts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was the first of the LLAKES/UKCES "Masterclass" series to involve a speaker who is not part of, or closely associated with, the LLAKES Centre, and as such represented an expansion of this programme. The session was reported to have gone well, with a useful discussion being held afterwards about issues relating to the "productivity puzzle" in the UK.

Requests were received for further and more specialised presentations based on research into productivity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description "Working places as learning spaces", conference presentation by Professor Karen Evans, European Conference on Educational Research, Corvinus University, Budapest, Hungary, 8-11 September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The paper led to a request from the convenor of the research network to keep in touch with the presenters, and to follow the progress of the research.

The paper provides a platform for an international (Asia-Europe) symposium to be held in Brno, Czech Republic, linking intergenerational learning with concepts of learning spaces in work and community learning, thus linking two major LLAKES themes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ' "Great reversal" or continued expansion?: The evolution of job skills in Britain over the last two decades', invited presentation made to the LLAKES Centre Conference on 'Young Adults, Inequality and the Generational Divide', Mary Ward House/Senate House Conference Centre, 15-16 November 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact General interest in findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/ioe/events/2018/nov/llakes-centre-conference-2018
 
Description '"Neither here nor there": The liminal spaces of youth employability organizations', paper presented by Professor Pauline Leonard, BSA Conference, Manchester, 4-6 April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact There was considerable positive feedback from the conference audience, particularly from some people involved in a Public Social Partnership (PSP) looking to support people with addiction problems. Views were expressed to the effect that if PSP is able to obtain funding, then the "Volunteering Works" model outlined in the presentation might also be a good fit for this group of people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Ability Grouping and Social Justice: Early findings from the Best Practice in Grouping Students project', Research Seminar presented by Dr Becky Taylor, Dr Antonina Tereschenko, and Dr Anna Mazenod 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This preliminary report on the "Best Practice in Grouping Students" project was well attended, with the audience including representatives from the NUT, The Times, and the BBC. The findings arising from the research to date were debated vigorously, and suggestions were made for additional perspectives to be brought into the project design.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'An Analysis of Trends in the Socioeconomic Concentration of Private School Attendance in Britain', presentation at the 2018 Annual Conference of the Society for Longitudinal and Lifecourse Studies, Milan, July 9-11 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation sparked interest in the findings and theme of research on private education, which led to networking with international researchers who work on related topics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/df1448_4824417496ff40e3845f4fcc236693ee.pdf
 
Description 'Apprendre au cours de la vie : politiques sociales et agentivité individuelle', keynote presentation by Karen Evans to Doctoral School conference in Paris West University Nanterre La Défense 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The presentation introduced new perspectives into the University's doctoral training programme.

Karen Evans was invited to be lead contributor in a collaborative book.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Bad jobs, bad pay, bad health? The effects of job quality on health outcomes of older European workers', presentation given by Dr Golo Henseke to the Annual Conference of the International Work ing Party on Labour Market Segmentation, Athens, 24 June 201 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation prompted an extended period of discussion, and there was considerable interest in the methodology underlying the paper, as well as the research outcomes.

Possible contact was made for future collaboration with the Institute of Employment Research in Nuremberg, Germany.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Better or worse? Education policy and education inequality under the Coalition', research seminar by Professor Ruth Lupton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ruth Lupton's seminar was based on research published on the day of the event, attracted a sizeable crowd, and provoked a lengthy discussion.

Several attendees at the seminar expressed interest in following up the research undertaken by Ruth Lupton, Lorna Unwin and Stephanie Thomson.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Biomedical and psychological factors influencing the change of Body and Mass Index and obesity in a British cohort', paper presented by Dr Helen Cheng to the 3rd Healthy and Active Aging Conference, June 1st to 3rd, 2016 in Nanjing, China). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The 3rd Healthy and Active Aging Conference (HAAC) 2016 was a valuable and important platform for inspiring international and interdisciplinary exchange (biology, medicine, education, psychology, and chemistry) at the forefront of Healthy and Active Aging.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Competing through Skills', Masterclass presentation by David Ashton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact David Ashton addressed an audience of civil servants on the subject of the skills agenda, drawing on his recent research.

The presentation was attended by some influential individuals within the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, and prompted a wide-ranging discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Conducting in-depth interviews with hard-to-reach young people', Research Seminar, Avril Keating 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Avril Keating reflected on the benefits and problems of using young people as peer interviewers in order to gather data from "hard to reach" social groups.

The seminar drew an interested audience, including representatives from the charitable sector who are experimenting with similar research methodologies. Some future co-operation in this area may be forthcoming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Demand rationalities in contexts of poverty: do the poor respond to market and policy incentives in the same way?', Seminar presentation by Professor Xavier Bonal, University of Barcelona, 8 December 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Bonal gave an interesting presentation, which in particular prompted questions and discussions from the postgraduate students who attended the seminar. The short notice at which the event was organised limited the size of the audience, and the number of external participants; given the relevance of the research material to policy issues, it is hoped to organise a follow-up presentation in future, with a longer lead-in time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Do we all have the same opportunities?' young people's views on individual responsibilities and their experiences of structural barriers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Dr Michela Franceschelli at the British Educational Research Association (BERA) conference, Institute of Education, London 24 September 2014

BERA is an important platform for the presentation of LLAKES research, and Michela Franceschelli developed several new network contacts as a result of this paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Driving productivity growth: the importance of firm-specific knowledge assets', research seminar presented by Rebecca Riley and Chiara Rosazza Bondibene, NIESR 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The NIESR presenters attracted quite a large audience, including representatives of HM Treasury and the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills. Several suggestions were made for extending the research project on which the presentation was based.

Some audience members expressed interest in contributing to or collaborationg with future iterations of the research project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Education Reform and Equality of Opportunity in Japan', research seminar presented by Professor Akito Okada, 23 February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Okada's presentation was well attended and prompted an interesting discussion. The event was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), who have expressed interest in collaborating in future sessions relating to Professor Okada's research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Employability: In the Borderlands of Work' presentation by Rachel Wilde and Pauline Leonard to 4th International Conference on Geographies of Children, Young People and Families, San Diego, California, USA, 14 January 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation was attened by approximately 120 professionals from a broad range of disciplines, from 33 countries.

The session was well received and should promote international, cross-disciplinary academic and practitioner dissemination and networking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Employer support for Higher Level Skills: why does public policy fail?', seminar presented by Professor John Denham, 17 January 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact John Denham, formerly Secretary of State at the Department of Innovation, Universities and Skills, presented a summary of his recent research, and also reflected on his experience from government of implementing policies to support employers in developing the skills of their employees. The event was attended by, amongst others, representatives of the Department for Education, the Education Policy Institute, GTA England and the Institute of Leadership and Management. There was an extensive discussion after the presentation, and suggestions were made as to how this research project could be developed further.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Free Schools in England: just like other schools?', research seminar presented by Susanne Wiborg and Francis Green, 19 April 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar, based on current findings from a LLAKES research project, was well attended; the audience included representatives from the New Schools Network and the National Union of Teachers. The presentation was followed by a well-informed discussion, with general agreement being reached as to the practical difficulties of carrying out research and obtaining data. Some useful suggestions were made as to how these issues might be approached at later stages of the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Graduate labour market trends in Germany ', seminar presented by Dr Golo Henseke, Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), Bonn, 17 November 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Drawing on work at LLAKES and CGHE by Francis Green and Golo Henseke on graduate jobs in Britain and internationally, Golo presented first findings using German job market data. After a fruitful exchange, the Head of the Research Data Centre agreed to make the newly developed indicator of graduate jobs eventually available to the wider national and international research community by supplying it as part of their published datasets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Growing Up and Global Austerity: comparing youth opportunities, aspirations and civic values around the world', LLAKES research conference, 27 and 28 July 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The conference consisted of 18 presentations addressing topics related to North America, Southern Europe, Africa, Northern Europe, and South and East Asia. The focus on youth issues and political participation attracted several London-based organisations working in this area; and the EU referendum outcome gave added relevance to the discussions. A publication relating to the presentations given is planned.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Hegemony and Education under Neoliberalism: insights from Gramsci', seminar presented by Professor Peter Mayo, University of Malta, 28 March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Peter Mayo, from the University of Malta, gave a presentation based on his recent book, relating the works of Gramsci to current issues in Education. The seminar was very well attended, and the presentation prompted an extensive discussion, with requests being made for an additional session to be arranged to address matters which could not be discussed in the time available on this occasion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Hoping vs Aspiring? Gendered Forms of Youth Enterprise', paper presented by Dr Rachel Wilde at British Sociological Association Annual Conference Manchester 4-6th April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Wilde's paper was well received and prompted some interesting questions, particularly as regards the possibility of using the model in relation to ex-offenders on release from prison. Further discussion with local Community Justice Authorities was suggested.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Identity and upbringing in South Asian Muslim families', Research Seminar given by Dr Michela Franceschelli, 25 April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact This research seminar was combined with the launch of Dr Michela Franceschelli's first book, which drew on her PhD thesis and on her subsequent research work with LLAKES. The event was extremely well attended, and the audience included members of organisations working with South Asian Muslim families in the UK. Considerable interested was expressed in future phases of Michela's research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Income distribution in times of austerity: the impact of spending and pro-labour versus pro-capital policies', Research Seminer presented by Dr Nicola Pensiero, 9 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar provoked some strong contrasts of opinion, with determined evocations of viewpoints from each side. There is clearly scope for this debate to be continued further.

Some useful suggestions were received for the future direction of Dr Pensiero's research project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'International Trends in Higher Education Access and Attainment and in Opportunities for Graduates', presentation by Andy Green 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The presentation was part of a two-day conference held at the University of Athens on 22 and 23 November 2014, aimed at developing policy options in Greece and southern Europe; Andy Green's contribution (based on work carried out by himself, Nicola Pensiero, and Ye Liu) prompted considerable interest.

Andy Green was invited to a follow-up meeting with Greek policymakers, scheduled for February 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'It's all about trying to find a balance: what do the CELS data tell us about young people's entry routes into work?' Research seminar presented by Professor Pauline Leonard and Professor Bryony Hoskins, 8 March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The seminar was well attended, and attracted several representatives from third sector organisations and from London Borough councils. There was an extensive discussion after the presentation, with interest and advice being expressed with regard to the next stages of the LLAKES research project on which the session was based.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Policy Vacuum in the UK: education, abandoned 'community cohesion' and a new model of practice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Germ Janmaat and Marie Parker-Jenkins at British Educational Research Association (BERA) conference, Institute of Education, 24 September 2014

LLAKES had a considerable presence at the 2014 BERA conference; this presentation was the first to draw significantly on the LLAKES Phase 2 project which is led by Germ Janmaat.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Positive Youth Development in the context of the Global Recession' seminer presentation by Professor Ingrid Schoon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This research seminar was linked to a meeting of the LLAKES Advisory Board, and thus included representatives of several key organisations amongst the audience, which led to an extensive and well-informed discussion.

The conjunction of this seminar with a LLAKES Advisory Board meeting led to a number of suggestions for future research and dissemination possibilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Pulling Apart? A decade of change in Europe's Graduate Labour Markets' invited presentation made to the LLAKES Centre Conference on 'Young Adults, Inequality and the Generational Divide', Mary Ward House/Senate House Conference Centre, 15-16 November 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Generate interest in findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/ioe/events/2018/nov/llakes-centre-conference-2018
 
Description 'Reconceptualising Apprenticeship for Older Workers: New Meanings and Forms of Professional Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper given by Alison Fuller, Gayna Davey, Pauline Leonard, and Lorna Unwin, at Propel conference, University of Stirling, 25-27 June 2014

The Propel conference at Stirling was a useful occasion for LLAKES to be represented, and this paper prompted some useful feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Skills, intangible investments and innovation performance; recent evidence for UK firms', seminar presented by Geoff Mason on 29 November 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Geoff Mason's presentation on hi current research attracted representatives from the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, and the Gatsby Foundation, amongst others. The seminar was followed by some constructive discussion in which suggestions for the practical application of the research findings were put forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Supporting Employee-Driven Innovation in the Healthcare sector', symposium held at BMA House, London, 9 June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The symposium brought together leading experts to explore the conditions which impede or facilitate bottom-up innovation and to discuss practical strategies to encourage, support and sustain change. The event was well attended, produced positive discussions, and prompted ongoing dialogue on social media outlets. Interest was expressed in extending the scope of the research project on which the event was based.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The Challenges of a Knowledge Economy', seminar by Professor David Soskice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact David Soskice, currently at LSE, attracted quite a large and engaged audience for this summary of his current thinking on knowledge economies. There was a considerable amount of questioning and discussion after the seminar.

There was strong interest in David Soskice's other work, and it is hoped that he will be able to present a future LLAKES seminar on his associated research interests
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'The Comparative Politics of Education: Teachers Unions and Education Systems around the World', seminar and book launch, 11 May 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact This event was a half-day mini-conference/seminar, to mark the launch of "The Comparative Politics of Education: Teachers Unions and Education Systems around the World", edited by Susanne Wiborg (of LLAKES) and Terry Moe. Contributors to the book gave presentations on specific countries. Several unions were represented at the event, and there was extensive discussion of the issues raised in the publication, with several suggestions being made as to the future application of this research. The event was also attended by the Education Attaché from the Japanese Embassy in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'The Crisis for Contemporary Youth: Opportuntities and Civic Values in Comparative, Longitudinal and Intergenerational Perspective', conference, 4-5 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The conference included 11 presentations over one and a half days, including some given by American contributors with distinguished research records. The event was well attended, and prompted considerable numbers of post-presentation questions.

Requests were received for a follow-up event, perhaps in two years' time, to update the audience on the research findings of the projects involved.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'The Crisis for Young People in Britain: Generational Inequalities in Education, Work, Housing and Welfare', keynote address by Professor Andy Green to Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities (IAKE) conference on 'Humanities, Education, Society and Citizenship' in Heraklion, Crete, 6 May 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Andy Green gave the keynote address at the 2017 IAKE conference in Heraklion, following on from his earlier participation in the launch of the KEME Research Centre at the University of Crete. The event was well attended; and the participants included the Governor and Vice-Governor of Crete, who expressed interest in the research on young people which was under discussion, given that problems relating to youth unemployment are particularly intense in Greece.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training Systems on Literacy and Numeracy Skills Inequality", presentation by Professor Andy Green at CNESCO conference, Paris, 19 May 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green and the former LLAKES Deputy Director, Lorna Unwin, gave presentations to the CNESCO conference on Comparative Education held in Paris on 19 and 20 May. The event brings together practitioners and policy makers from a large number of European countries, and was well attended. Particular interest was expressed by participants in issues relating to apprenticeship and vocational education, which are expected to be addressed in forthcoming LLAKES publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cnesco.fr/fr/au-dela-de-linsertion-sur-le-marche-du-travail-la-competitivite-industrielle...
 
Description 'The Rise of Global Education Policy and National Reforms. How Far are Countries Converging?', opening keynote presentation by Professor Andy Green to the inaugural conference of the Portugese Comparative Education Society in Lisbon, January 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green's presentation was well received, and his support for the recently founded Portuguese Comparative Education Society was appreciated. The President of the Society, Antonio Teodoro, has close links with the Portugese Education Ministry and with Teacher Unions, so it is likely that the inauguration of this Society will have some impact on policy longer term.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The disengaged self rising? Youth within an ongoing crisis', seminar presented by Professor Nikos Papadakis, 7 March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Papadakis gave a presentation based on the findings of a European Union-funded study into the effects of the financial crisis on the political affiliations of Greek youth, noting a sharp recent rise in the number of young Greek people disdaining any political alignment. The event was attended by several Greek social science researchers, and useful discussions took place as to how the next phase of the research project could be structured, and the lessons that might be applied to other European countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'The effects of upper secondary education and training systems on skills levels', presentation given by Dr Nicola Pensiero, 7 June 2016, ASEM LLL Hub Symposium, Glasgow, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Nic Pensiero presented on his research which was initiated under LLAKES, and developed further via European Union funding. The presentation was well received, and resulted in a request to organize a joint event involing LLAKES and the Urban Big Data Centre (Glasgow).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'The importance of a "cause": understanding professional working and learning for innovation in the healthcare sector' LLAKES Research Seminar presented by Professor Alison Fuller, 11 April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Alison Fuller's presentation, on the work of her LLAKES project to date, was attended by representatives from Healthcare services; from charities working with homeless people; and from institutions concerned with innovation and management within organisations. This wide cross-section of views led to a long and detailed discussion after the presentation, which examined the project's outputs from several perspectives. Considerable interest was expressed in both the next stage of the project and the ways in which its outputs might be applied more widely.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Unions and Job Quality in Britain over Three Decades', presentation by Francis Green to Annual Conference of the International Working Pary on Labour Market Segmentation, Athens, 24 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The wider implications of the presentation prompted considerable interest, given that the session was held in Athens at the height of the Greek debt crisis.

A number of requests were received for LLAKES publications related to this subject area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Unions and Job Quality', Francis Green 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Francis Green gave this presentation as part of a two-day conference held at the London School of Economics, entitled: 'Trade Unions, Inequality and Pay Stagnation', under the theme heading of 'Participation, Skills and Productivity'.

The presentation helped to highlight recent LLAKES research on job quality, and prompted interest as to future outputs from this particular project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Unions and skills around the world: why governments should do more to build Union capacity', seminar presented by Tom Wilson, 28 February 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Tom Wilson's presentation was based on a report presented originally to OECD, which is now being offered to wider audiences. He has assembled a strong evidence base but as yet has really not found a political audience for his message. Discussions during and following the presentation helped to suggest some possible ways forward for the dissemination of this research project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Where next for post-19 VET? - some issues for policy, practice and research' Masterclass session, held on 4 June 2015 in conjunction with UKCES, presented by Ewart Keep, at the Department of Business, Innovation and Skillls. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ewart Keep's "Masterclass" session was well attended by civil servants from BIS (and some other Departments), and prompted a series of follow-up questions.

A further "Masterclass" in a related subject area was requested at the end of the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Widening the participation gap - the effect of educational track on active citizenship', Masterclass presentation by Dr Germ Janmaat at the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, 7 July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was the first of the LLAKES/UKCES "Masterclass" sessions to be held after the 2015 General Election, and it represented a useful attemtp to re-engage with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, which is obviously now under new leadership. The session was reasonably well attended by a number of influential individuals, some of whom stayed for on for some informal discussions after the presentation.

Some of the participants who were new to the LLAKES/UKCES "Masterclass" programme at BIS expressed interest in attending subsequent presentations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/ukces-masterclass-sessions
 
Description 'Widening the participation gap: the effect of educational track on political engagement' research seminar presented by Germ Janmaat, 29 January 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Germ Janmaat's presentation, based on recent research findings, drew quite a large audience and prompted an extensive discussion.

The seminar was attended by representatives of the Greater London Authority Education and Youth Team, who expressed interest in future collaboration with the LLAKES Centre.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Workplace-Based Teaching, Learning and Assessment in Lifelong Professional Careers', keynote address by Professor Karen Evans to 5th International Conference for Research in Medical Education (RIME 2017), 15-18 March 2017, at Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workplace learning in clinical settings - focused on what doctors actually do in real practice - is becoming increasingly important in under-graduate and postgraduate medical education, and in the continuing medical education (CME) and continuing professional development (CPD). The keynote aimed to contribute fresh thinking about the quality and effects of practice-based teaching in this international forum for medical educators. There was considerable interest from the medical educators present as to the effectiveness of workplace-based learning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Young Adults and Politics Today: disengaged and disaffected or engaged and enraged?' Policy Briefing Seminar, House of Commons, 17 March 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This session, hosted by the Rt. Hon. David Blunkett, M.P., presented the latest findings from the Citizenship Educational Longitudinal Survey (CELS), run as part of the LLAKES Centre, to an audience of current and prospective Parliamentarians and representatives of civic organisations involved with young people. The event was well attended and generated considerable discussion.

There was strong interest from several organisations in participating in the ongoing analysis of the CELS data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Young Children's Wellbeing in Comparative Perspective: A multi-country case study of breast-feeding and leave policies', Lucinda Davis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Lucinda Davis presented an update on an ongoing reserach project, which consists of a multi-country case study of breast-feeding and leave policies, focusing on the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Australia and New Zealand.

The seminar attracted a number of people with roles related to breast-feeding within the National Health Service, in London and in the surrounding region, and thus reached a wider and different audience to that of perhaps any previous LLAKES seminar. There were some well-informed and perceptive comments made during the discussion phase of the event, which will help to inform the next stage of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Youth Transitions', a 'Masterclass' presentation by Professor Karen Evans to the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The 'masterclass' presentation by Professor Karen Evans was live audio-streamed and filmed for wider dissemination. The event was co-organised with the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES).

Staff from the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills said that they want to follow up the research and references used in the presentation, and that they will use the filmed version for further dissemination.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 2Attitudes towards legal authority from 1975 to 2012: assessing intergenerational transmission and change in the British Cohort Study 1970", paper presented by Gabriella Melis at European Sociological Association conference, Prague, 25-28 August 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interesting questions and suggestions came from the audience at the end of the presentation.

During the week of the conference the number of views of the presenter's ResearchGate, Academia.edu and LinkedIn profiles increased significantly.,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description A Perspective on Inequality and Education from the United Kingdom 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA), 3 April 2014

AERA is a major platform for the dissemination of LLAKES research, and this presentation generated some valuable contacts and feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description A formal presentation on 'The predictive power of early social, emotional and cognitive skills' for the OECD ECEC meeting in Paris. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was invited to present a report on 'The predictive power of early social, emotional and cognitive skills' (written in collaboration with Rose Cook, Bilal Nasim, Rukmen Sehmi) to the ECEC meeting: Scoping an International Assessment of Early Learning at OECD Paris. The meeting was attended by abut 55 delegates involved in early child care and education provision. A key finding from the presentation was that in addition to cognitive and socio-emotional skills (including self-regulation and conduct), physical functioning (e.g. reaching developmental milestones) is a crucial aspect of early child development which has to be considered when planning interventions and early child care and education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.oecd.org/edu/school/earlychildhoodeducationandcare.htm
 
Description Academic Presentation: Employee Driven Innovation in Healthcare 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at the Institute of Education, London (Lyle, Fuller, Halford)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Achieving Employee-driven Innovation in the Healthcare Sector: New Challenges for Professional Practice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Alison Fuller, Susan Halford, and Kate Lyle, at Propel conference, University of Stirling, 25-27 June 2014

This was a helpful team-building event for the Southampton-related members of the LLAKES programme, and provided a useful occasion for the promotion of their particular LLAKES project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Activating Learning Through Work: Adult Employees' Changing Orientations to Work and Learning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact paper presented at American Education Research Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 27.4.2013

This seminar was part of an ongoing series of presentations relating to research findings from LLAKES Phase 1.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Adolescence Well Being in a European Context' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented by: Žukauskiene, Rita;Salmela-Aro, Katariina;Pilkauskaite Valickiene, Rasa; Vosylis, Rimantas; Schoon, Ingrid, at the 23rd Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 8-12 July 2014

Professor Ingrid Schoon was the LLAKES contributor to this paper. Both this presentation, and Ingrid's wider networking during the Meeting, helped to raise the profile of LLAKES in Shanghai.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.issbd2014.com/s/293/t/409/96/6a/info104042.htm
 
Description Adult apprenticeships - geared to excellence? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented at seminar hosted by the National Apprenticeship Service, entitled: "Refreshing the Vocational Vision for excellence - Apprenticeship at the heart!", St Catherine's College, University of Oxford, 12 March 2013.

There was a good response from the NAS members attending the Oxford seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Alison Fuller invited to give keynote presentation to the 18th International Conference on Knowledge, Culture and Change in Organisations (15-16 March) at the University of Konstanz, Germany. Title was: Organising for a Cause: The work and learning required to create innovative healthcare for disadvantaged groups. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Keynote presentation at this International academic conference, with approx. 200 delegates followed by a lengthy Q and A and discussion about the issues raised in my research and the implications for leadership in the health sector in the UK and other countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Alison Fuller presented Journal of Education and Work paper "Innovating for a cause: The work and learning required to create a new approach to healthcare for homeless people" at The Nordic Work Life Conference, 13-15 June 2018, Oslo, Norway - from LLAKES 2.3 project work. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Alison Fuller presented Journal of Education and Work paper "Innovating for a cause: The work and learning required to create a new approach to healthcare for homeless people" at The Nordic Work Life Conference, 13-15 June 2018, Oslo, Norway - from LLAKES 2.3 project work. Approx 20 delegates attended the talk - they were mainly from the Nordic countries - they were interested in the concept of employee driven innovation and its relevance to their own work as well as policy trends in work in the healthcare sector .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://fafo.no/images/NWLC2018_Program_sessions.pdf
 
Description Alison Fuller presented at a practitioner event hosted by the Queens Nursing Institute in Bristol called 'Improving health through innovation: better care for people experiencing homelessness'. Title of her talk was 'Employee-led innovation: a case study in healthcare for homeless people' from LLAKES 2.3 project work. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Alison Fuller spoke at a practitioner event on Friday 27th April 2018, hosted by the Queens Nursing Institute in Bristol. The event was called 'Improving health through innovation: better care for people experiencing homelessness'. Her presentation was based on project 2.3 - the collaboration with the University of Southampton. The title of her talk was: 'Employee-led innovation: a case study in healthcare for homeless people'. There were approx. 80-100 delegates, mostly community nurses and workers, and charity staff from charities, hospitals, clinical commissioning groups, healthcare companies, Universities, NHS Trusts etc. The presentation slides are on the QNI website, which gets approximately 45,000 web views per month.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.qni.org.uk/news-and-events/events/improving-health-innovation-better-care-people-homeles...
 
Description Analysis Seminar, BIS, Mason, September 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mason, G., Rethinking industrial policy design in the UK: foreign ideas and lessons, home-grown programmes and initiatives, Analysis Seminar, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, London, 15 September 2014
[Attended by 25-30 civil servants in London with video feed to civil servants in Sheffield; subsequent presentation to representatives of InnovateUK at second meeting at BIS on 11 November 2014].
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Andy Green, presentation on 'Education, Social cohesion and Development' at the UNESCO World Education Forum, Seoul, May 19th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green's presentation was attended by quite a large number of UNESCO representatives, and will be disseminated further through that organisation's networks.

Following the presentation, Andy Green was approached by several UNESCO members who expressed interest in future colloborative work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Anglo-German study workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Discussion and presentation of research, both past and ongoing, on the role of private schools in British and German societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Appointed member of Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) Graduate Outcomes Steering Comittee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The purpose of the steering committee is to advise HESA through the implementation phase of Graduate Outcomes (a new national survey of graduates)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Apprenticeship and the development of occupational expertise 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper presented by Professor Alison Fuller at one day conference, "Education, Training and Work: employer ownership or two-way street?", Institute of Education, 18 June 2014

No impacts recorded.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Apprenticeship for 'Liquid Life': the development of vocational expertise and social capital? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given at ESRC seminar on "Building skills at individual level: the role of workplace learning and national apprenticeships", Warwick Institute for Employment Research, 18 September 2013.

This presentation was a means of publicising the work undertaken by LLAKES researchers in relation to apprenticeship.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Apprenticeships in the context of Labour Market Developments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given at Black Country Partnership for Learning / Black Country Local Enterprise Partnership, Joint Conference, Hawthorns Conference Centre, West Bromwich, 29 November 2013.

This conference was a useful opportunity to connect LLAKES research with regional organisations. Lorna Unwin reported considerable interest and positive feedback after this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Aspirations, attainment and mobility: the experience of disabled children and young people 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Between 20-30 members of the DfE attended the talk, both in person and by video-link from four offices around the country. I presented findings on educational attainment and development of dsiabled children from a forthcoming journal article, that develops earlier work relating to young children (and extended it up to age 11), and on educational transitions of disabled teenagers from age 13/14 to age 19/20. The intention was for the DfE to gain insight into the research findings in order to inform their ongoing work around special educational needs and disability (SEND) and around social mobility and to share and discuss their priorities so that these could potentially be reflected in ongoing and future work. There were many questions and some lively discussion and a lot of sharing of information both ways. There have been subsequent follow-ups from the seminar organiser confirming the interest and providing additional materials relating to the discussion and confirming the value of an ongong 'conversation' on the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Assessing the Impact of Universal Preschool Education and Care on Literacy Performance Scores and Educational Inequalities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at American Education Research Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 29.4.2013

The 2013 AERA conference was perhaps the main international arena for the dissemination of data from the LLAKES Phase 1 research projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BIS Cities Roundtable presentation by Rebecca Riley 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of work on intangible investments and productivity spillovers at a roundtable event held by the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, Cities and Local Government team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description BIS Masterclass by Rebecca Riley 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Masterclass session on productivity given at the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. Focus of talk was on the economic impacts of intangible investments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Because Education is Everything: Aspirations and Priorities of South Asian Parents for their Children 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented by Dr Michela Franceschelli at American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, 16 August 2014

This was the first time a LLAKES member had presented at ASA, and Michela Franceschelli initiated some useful contacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://convention2.allacademic.com/one/asa/asa14/index.php?PHPSESSID=fgbtimjc25t246cm9anegaogt3&cmd=...
 
Description Big Issue 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A two-page article in the Big Issue for the week beginning 11/2/2019, covering arguments about the role of private schooling in Britain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Blog for Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog, for Conversation, covered some of the main findings from the private school project, and also the arguments put forward in Engines of Privilege, co-authored with David Kynaston. It attracted around 5,000 readers in the first few days after posting, and many shares and comments (to which I replied).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Book launch, Gender Differences in Aspirations and Attainment: A Life Course Perspective 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The launch for this book, edited by Ingrid Schoon and Jacquelynne S. Eccles, took place on 27 October 2014. Ingrid introduced the session, and contributions were also made by chapter authors and LLAKES members Alison Fuller, Bryony Hoskins, and Germ Janmaat. 25 people attended the launch.

Awareness of the book was increased by the launch, and several copies were sold subsequently in the Institute of Education bookshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Bridging the Gaps Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address to 2017 Bridge Group Annual Conference. The Bridge Group is charitable policy association researching and promoting socio-economic diversity and equality in higher education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description C. Callender and G. Mason, Does student loan debt deter higher education participation? New evidence from England Seminar presentation to analysis and policy staff at Department for Education, London, 14 February 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Seminar presentation to analysis and policy staff at Department for Education, London, 14 February 2017 - Contribution to policy debates and decision-making within government
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2017
 
Description CGHE - student debt 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Academic seminar about initial findings of study on student debt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cambridge Institute of Continuing Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar aimed at informing the future direction of the Institute of Continuing Education, part of strategic conversation seminar series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Can individual agency compensate for socio-economic disadvantage during the transition from school to work?, LLAKES research seminer presented by Professor Ingrid Schoon, 15 December 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon's seminar was well attended, and included participants from a private sector company, a third sector organisation, two University Widening Participation offices, and the Department for Education. Her presentation developed a theoretical structure which was then populated and tested by empirical data; this approach prompted an extensive debate about the policy implications of the work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Can you have apprenticeship without a concept of occupation? The challenges for employers and policymakers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at ESRC seminar on "Building Skills at Individual Level: the role of workplace learning and national apprenticeships", Warwick Institute for Employment Research, 18 September 2013

The seminar provided a platform for LLAKES research into apprenticeships, and prompted a useful and informed discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Competence, Qualification and Higher Vocational Learning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Concepts of competence are widely debated within Europe, in the context of their relationships with VET and qualification frameworks. Integrative approaches to competence, which emphasise the development of capacities are contrasted with those that focus primarily on the performance of work tasks (see Brockmann et al, 2009). In the latter approach many learning outcomes can be achieved through workplace and informal learning and can be validated for accreditation purposes. The European Qualifications Framework describes competence in terms of responsibility and autonomy (EC 2008: 11), emphasising proven knowledge and abilities in work or study situations. EQF is a translation device, allowing equivalences between qualifications to be explored, yet this exploration is critically dependent upon different interpretations of the dominant concepts of competence and qualification in different countries. This paper considers how conceptions of competence and qualification are shaping higher vocational learning in the UK in an occupational field in which transnational recognition has particular importance. Competence development approaches in nursing will be compared with approaches in Germany, France, Netherlands, Sweden and UK, with particular reference to the European framework and the part that validation of informal learning plays in this field .

This presentation built on the existing strong foundation developed by LLAKES in the area of vocational education and training (VET).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Contributions to/membership of the Skills Gap Analysis Group, convened by the Edge Foundation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Skills Gap Analysis Group is a group of experts in the areas of skills, who have come together at the Edge Foundation to pool knowledge and activities about skills in Britain. It comprises policy advisers, civil servants, sector representatives and academics. The purpose is to share knowledge and inform and improve public debate around skills, and especially around skills gaps and skills shortages, in the short and long run. The issue is especially important given potential changes in the availability of foreign labour following Britain's exit from the EU.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Convening of Special Panel on Youth Employability 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Approximately 70 people attended a Special Event at the BSA Conference 2017 on Youth Employability convened by Pauline Leonard. There were 4 presentations followed by lively discussion and debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.britsoc.co.uk/media/24335/print-programme-final-reduced-size.pdf
 
Description Crafting a Job: how hospital porters redefine the meaning of their work and learning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at Researching Work and Learning conference, University of Stirling, 19-21 June 2013

The RWL conference is a significant arena for the presentation of LLAKES research, and the audience responded positively to this paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Creating cosmopolitan citizens in Europe: what role does political knowledge play? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact paper presented at International Studies Association conference, San Francisco, 6 April 2013

This presentation was a chance to promote the work of Dr Avril Keating on an international stage, as both a new LLAKES project leader and as an ESRC Future Research Leader.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Cross-Case Study Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In April 2016 we ran a cross-case study workshop at the Bromley-by-Bow Centre in London, attended by 10 participants from three case studies. The aim was to facilitate networks across the three organizations and to build comparative learning on employee driven innovation. In at least one case, staff borrowed ideas from another organization (which they had not encountered previously) to work on their own innovation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description David Guile "Work and Learning: Origins, Trends, and Challenges"- Researching Work and Learning Conference, Singapore, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The intention was to remind policymakers/politicians as well as researchers that it is vital to research how work is continuing to change and to develop a prospective, rather than retrospective, dimension to work/skill/learning policies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description David Guile - "Expertise and identity in inter-professional work: Conceptual and practical challenges." - • International Professional Development Association Annual Conference, Birmingham, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The intention was to draw to stakeholders' attention the importance of researching and identifying inter-professional expertise in work settings rather than on the basis of the content of educational programmes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Debate about the changing funding of higher education students at a special interst group at the Society for Research into Higher Education Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interesting debate around student funding with academics who have no particular expertise in this area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Department for Education - Part-time students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A presentation about part time and mature study to DfE HE civil servants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Department for Education - student debt 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Seminar for Department for Education civil servants working in higher education policy. Wide ranging discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Designing instruction to enhance achievement of all and reduce inequality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This was a paper presented by Dr Nicoloa Pensiero to a conference entitled: 'Lives in Translation: Life Course Research and Social Policies';, which was held at the University of Lausanne from 9 to 11 October 2014. The session was attended by approximately 35 people.


Several of the audience members expressed interest in the work being undertaken at LLAKES by Nicola Pensiero.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Developing Professional Competence: Challenges for Newly Qualified Nurses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented by Karen Evans and Helen Allen at ECER conference, Porto, 3 September 2014

The European Conference on Education Research represents a valuable conduit for LLAKES research outputs, and this vocationally-oriented presentation was well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/19/contribution/31807/
 
Description Differences in pre- and post-referendum support for EU membership: Identifying the groups for which support for 'leave' has changed 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited presentation (with Gabriella Melis) for the Understanding Society EU Referendum Project, University of Essex, Colchester, 28 June.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.understandingsociety.ac.uk/2017/02/13/competition
 
Description Dissecting Educational Inequalities at the End of Compulsory Education: An International Comparison 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at American Education Research Association Annual Meeting, 2013, San Francisco

The AERA conference was one of the main arenas for the international presentation of research resulst from LLAKES Phase 1.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Distinguished Lecture at Lingnan University, Hong Kong, December 7, 2017 - The Crisis for Young People 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Distinguished Lecture at Lingnan University, Hong Kong, December 7, 2017 based on recent open access book: The Crisis for Young People: Generational Inequalities in Education, Work, Housing and Welfare.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ln.edu.hk/rche/files/Distinguished-Lecture-7-Dec.pdf
 
Description Do private school girls marry rich? A Study of School-Type Homogamy and Husbands' Earnings (Presentation at the 31st Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics ) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of findings from LLAKES research on the wider benefits of private school attendance in Britain. Approximately 30-50 audience members attended this conference session about marriage markets. The ensuing discussion helped to inform own research. Over the course of the conference possibilities for future collaborations were discussed with scholars from other institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sbs.strath.ac.uk/espe2017/index.html
 
Description Dr Jan Germen Janmaat, Expert meeting on segregation, for the Select Committee on Education, Amsterdam Municipal Council, 25 September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The audience consisted of councillors from the different political parties in the council. Topics of discussion included the conditions bringing about segregation, the consequences of segregation, and the things the council could do to reduce segregation or to mitigate the negative effects of segregation. Dr Janmaat's input to the discussions mainly consisted of highlighting the findings from the international literature and drawing on examples from the UK, America and other countries. This international perspective was well appreciated.

After Dr Janmaat's talk, the councillor of the Labour party asked if he could send her some papers on Teach First and the introduction of Free Schools in the UK and Sweden. A journalist for the newspaper Het Parool asked for hiscontact details. He was also asked to give a guest lecture on segregation for a local educational charity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Driving Productivity Growth - Assisi 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of work on measuring firm-level intangibles and their impacts on firms' performance at an International Workshop on Productivity, Innovation and Intangible Investments, Assisi, 22-23 September 2017. Debate with OECD and others working on these issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Driving Productivity Growth - London 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation of research on measuring firms' intangible investments at a Productivity, Growth and Innovation Workshop, LLAKES, NIESR, September 2017. Considerable discussion of methodologies with policymakers and practioners following the workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ESRC/NCVO Seminar on How does volunteering link to paid work? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 50 people attended for a seminar organised by the ESRC and the NCVO on 'How does volunteering link to paid work' for which we (Pauline Leonard and Rachel Wilde) were invited to give a plenary presentation. This sparked much discussion and debate by policymakers and third sector organisations employing volunteers who reported that they would change thinking on volunteer employment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://blogs.ncvo.org.uk/2015/01/15/how-does-volunteering-link-to-paid-work/
 
Description EU conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote on 'Which Education Systems Support a More Equal and Effective Acquisition of Skills at a Later Age?' EU Presidency Conference: on 'Contemporary Approaches to Teaching and Learning' ar Tallinn University, September 19th- 20th 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Early school leaving: causes, impact, remedies and policy responses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The LLAKES Centre joined with the Centre for the Development of Education Policy of the Greek General Confederation of Labour to organise a two-day conference on Early School Leaving; the event was held at the Institute of Education on 27 and 28 June 2014, and was attended by 58 Greek teachers.

The presentations and thematic workshops included in this conference promted considerable interest, and gave the Greek teachers a chance to present their experiences of daily practices in their schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Education and Income Inequality: lessons from international case studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to UKFIET Conference, Oxford, 12.9.2013

UKFIET is a useful outlet for the dissemination of LLAKES research findings, and the presentation prompted some helpful feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Education and political engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview by The Economist on how education can foster young people's political engagement. The Economist 4-10 February.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.economist.com/news/international/21716023-democracies-are-risk-if-young-people-continue-...
 
Description Education and training for intermediate level jobs in healthcare: navigating fragile and contingent pathways 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented at Journal of Vocational Education and Training (JVET) conference, 5-7 July 2013.



Our recent study exploring the role and meaning of intermediate level work within the United Kingdom's (UK) healthcare sector sought to make visible the complex and evolving range of responsibilities and levels of expertise of people working in what we came to call the 'intermediate space'. Technological advances have facilitated the standardisation of a range of medical and other health-related tasks, allowing them to be

classified as routine and to be devolved downwards. Thus, healthcare provides a rich terrain for investigating changes and continuities in the education and training, and recognition of intermediate level staff. The research included a mapping of education and career pathways in a range of healthcare occupations and key informant interviews

(professional bodies, employers, employees, trade unions, and education and training providers) in four areas: Maternity Support; Radiography Support; Healthcare Sciences; and Dental Technicians. We argue that contextual factors and traditional binaries based on assumed and longstanding notions of a workforce divided into 'registered' and

'unregistered', 'professional' ('qualified') and 'non' professional grades ('unqualified') and are undermining the development of intermediate posts articulated with clearly defined and well-understood education and training pathways. We suggest that lessons for policy reform can be learned from the example of dental technicians which, as a statutory

registered occupation requiring approved and accredited training, provides a sharp contrast to the other occupational areas.

The JVET conference is an important event in the field of Vocational Education, and was a useful opportunity at which to present LLAKES research in this subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Educational Differentiation and Inequalities of Civic Engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at 11th European Sociological Association conference, Turin, 28-31 August 2013

Existing links with the ESA were strengthened, with a view to further collaboration in future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Educational Differentiation and Inequalities of Civic Engagement: Do Early Selection and School Autonomy Lead to Larger Gaps?", 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at American Education Research Association Annual Meeting, 2013, San Francisco

The 2013 AERA conference was one the main international platforms for the presentation of research results derived from LLAKES Phase 1 research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Educational influences on young people's support for Fundamental British Values 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation for the UCL-IOE Workshop on Fundamental(ly) British Values, UCL, London, 16 November. Organiser: Prof Carol Vincent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description English and Maths in the Workplace 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented at the 2013 Annual Conference of NIACE, UCU and RaPaL, 2 October 2013

There was considerable interest in the LLAKES research presented in this paper from the three organisations represented at the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Expert witness to BIS Committee's inquiry into the Productivity Plan, 13 October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Oral evidence to BIS committee's inquiry into the Productivity Plan. Recorded.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Expertise, Internship and the Labour Market: Issues for Higher Education Work-Based Programmes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Professor David Guile at Propel Conference, 25-27 June 2014, University of Stirling

No impact reported
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Formal seminar presentation (Groningen) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Seminar presentation titled "The Relationship between Parents' and Children's Education" in Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description From policy to practice in Citizenship Education - exploring the gaps between the intended curriculum and the received curriculum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at the Fifteenth Annual CiCe Network Conference: Identities and Citizenship Education: Controversy, crisis and challenges, University of Lisbon, 13-15 June 2013

The conference was an opportunity to present LLAKES research on citizenship to a wider European audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Funding apprenticeships : value for money for public and private investment 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Session presented as part of a Westminster Employment Forum Keynote Seminar: "Building a long_term future for apprenticeships in England", 23 January 2013, The Caledonian Club, London.



Is public investment in apprenticeships delivering value for money, and what steps might be taken to improve return on investment? Under current funding models, for what types of employers are apprenticeships a worthwhile investment of resources and how might their appeal be widened? What steps could be introduced to address the issues related to subcontracting amongst apprenticeship providers, as highlighted in the recent Ofsted report? Should apprenticeship funding be targeted at particular growth sectors identified by Government, such as renewable energy and the creative industries? Is the current model of shared public and employer investment striking the best balance for financing the apprenticeships system? What is the impact on funding of the new one_year minimum course length for 16_ to 18_year_olds?

The research questions outlined above were discussed in some detail, and the conclusions reached were shared with useful networks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description G. Mason, A. Rincon-Aznar and F. Venturini, Which skills contribute most to absorptive capacity, innovation and productivity performance? Evidence from the US and Western Europe Paper presented at International Workshop on Productivity, Innovation and Intangible 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Paper presented at International Workshop on Productivity, Innovation and Intangible Investments, Assisi, Italy, 21-23 September 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description G. Mason, Higher education, initial vocational training and continuing education and training: where should the balance lie? Paper presented at LLAKES Centre Conference on Young Adults, Inequality and the Generational Divide: Learning and Life Chances in an Era of Uncertainty, London, 15-16 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper presented at LLAKES Centre Conference on Young Adults, Inequality and the Generational Divide: Learning and Life Chances in an Era of Uncertainty, London, 15-16 November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2018
URL https://www.llakes.ac.uk/sites/default/files/LLAKES%20Conference%202018%20-%20Programme_2.pdf
 
Description G. Mason, Skills and productivity in the UK, US, France and Germany Seminar presentation to analysis and policy staff at Department for Education, London, 4 May 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Seminar presentation to analysis and policy staff at Department for Education, London, 4 May 2018 - Contribution to policy debates and decision-making within government
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Gatsby Charitable Trust - presentation on productivity and skills by Rebecca Riley 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on key issues around productivity and skills to a skills charity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Glasgow Economics Seminar, January 2014, Riley 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of "Firm-specific knowledge asets, productivity and innovation: Evidence from UK businesses" at a University of Glasgow Economics Seminar, January 2014. Discussion with colleagues working with similar firm-level databases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Graduates, graduate jobs, and graduate under-employment across Europe and beyond. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Civil servants of varying grades, junior and senior, both analysts and policy-researchers, attended my presentation at the Department for Education in London, with the talk relayed to the DfE also in Sheffield.
The talk sparked questions about the identification of graduate jobs, and about the potential future for graduate jobs, and aimed to foster a broader perspective about long-term change, seen in an international context.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Greta Morando invited to be a member of a panel discussion at "Nottingham Talks: Immigration in 2018 Britain" 21st April 2018 - Discussion 2: The Socio-Economic Impact of UK Migration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The group Immigration Education Nottingham, in coalition with ELSA (The European Law Student's Association) and NILS (The Network For International Law Students), being supported financially by Near Neighbours, hosted this first of its kind citizen assembly to talk about immigration in the UK. The event aimed to bring together members of the community as well as leading migration experts from across the UK in a series of essential debates on immigration, with the idea to finally respond to the rising hostility and divisions in the UK surrounding this divisive debate in recent years. Greta Morando was invited as an expert to be on the panel for Discussion 2 "The Socio-Economic Impact of UK Migration".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://togoout.uk/nottingham/new-art-exchange/nottingham-talks-immigration-in-2018-britain?is5edd9f...
 
Description Greta Morando invited to present a poster at MiSoC workshop on the economics of Higher Education at ISER, University of Essex, June 13-14 2018 Poster entitled: The effect choosing maths at post-secondary school on human capital accumulation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Greta Morando invited to present a poster at MiSoC (ESRC Research Centre on Micro-Social Change) workshop on the economics of Higher Education at ISER (Institute for Social and Economic Research), University of Essex, June 13-14 2018 Poster entitled: The effect choosing maths at post-secondary school on human capital accumulation Purpose was to disseminate Greta's current work and generate discussion from other participants'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/blog/2018/06/06/with-more-people-gaining-a-university-degree-how-is-soc...
 
Description Grouping by Ability and Inequalities of Civic Engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at the EARLI conference, Munich, 27-28 August 2013

No impacts recorded.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description HEA Forward-Look Forum, Dublin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The objective of Forward Look 7 is look at some key trends likely to shape immediate and future policy-challenges and choices for Ireland - in order to set the overall context for the Higher Education Authority (HEA) as it considers the HEA Strategic Plan 2017-2021. The HEA leads the strategic development of the Irish higher education and research system with the objective of creating a coherent system of diverse institutions with distinct missions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description HM Government Cabinet Office Expert Panel workshop on Creating an Inclusive Economy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Cabinet Office invited selected experts on various aspects of Teresa May's initiative 'Creating an Inclusive Economy'. I was invited as an expert on Young People and Work. In small groups we recommended key policy interventions for Government to consider. To follow up, I was invited to draft a 2 page report for presentation to the Cabinet on key policy recommendations for young people and work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Higher Education Reform under the Coalition 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This seminar was presented by Professor Andy Westwood, the Chair of GuildHE, on 14 October 2014. It was attended by 39 people.

This was a very popular seminar, and Andy Westwood's detailed presentation was followed by an extensive discussion. Strong interest was expressed in a supplemetary event to be based on Further Education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Higher education and the crisis for youth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited lecture National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan

LLAKES has a continuing policy of engaging with Asian audiences; this presentation was an example of that approach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Higher level vocational skills 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by Professor David Guile to a seminar organised by the Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning (CAVTL), 6 February 2013.

CAVTL members expressed interest in the LLAKES research presented at the seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description How are school to work transitions changing in England? (Dr Jake Anders) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Summarising research on the Jacobs Foundation' blog on learning and development (BOLD)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bold.expert/how-are-school-to-work-transitions-changing-in-england/
 
Description How does subjective wellbeing vary across ethnicity and migrant generations? (Dr Cinzia Rienzo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Summarising the results of LLAKES research paper number 54 on the LSE "British Politics and Policy" blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/politicsandpolicy/how-does-subjective-wellbeing-vary-across-ethnicity-and-mig...
 
Description How has young people's entry into the English labour market changed over time? A cross -cohort comparison using sequence analysis (Dr Jake Anders) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Part of the programme for the 2015 Society for Longitudinal and Lifecourse Studies conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/df1448_c36f7318ddf6457c97159c2ee053512d.pdf
 
Description How have young people's routes from school to work changed over the past 30 years? (Dr Jake Anders, Dr Richard Dorsett) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post summarising research on the NIESR website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.niesr.ac.uk/blog/how-have-young-people%E2%80%99s-routes-school-work-changed-over-past-30...
 
Description How to tackle intergenerational equity gaps in knowledge and skills?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Why do English-speaking countries - including England, Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic - do relatively poorly on international comparisons of adult skills? A symposium of senior academics and practitioners from across the UK and Ireland, held in Dublin on 22 May 2014, set out to answer this question and find ways to boost opportunities in their countries. The symposium, entitled "How to tackle intergenerational equity gaps in knowledge and skills?" offered an opportunity to locate Ireland in a wider international context. OECD's PIAAC study - which assesses the skills of more than 160,000 people in 24 countries in literacy, numeracy and problem-solving - was the key focus for discussion. The event was hosted by the Higher Education Research Centre (HERC) of Dublin City University in association with Centre for Learning and Life Chances (LLAKES) and the Royal Irish Academy, brought together researchers and policy makers with a shared interest in enhancing adult skills.

The symposium itself was very successful in terms of attracting an influential audience. Later discussions were held with representatives of Dublin City University with a view to co-ordinating a bid for European funding in this subject area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description How vocational identities are constructed through consultancy and contract based employment in the Singaporean labour market, paper presented at JVET conference, Worcester College, Oxford, 5-7 July 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The rise of contingent (non-permanent) work is a feature of labour markets globally. This growth creates a need to better understand how the experience of 'free-lance' and contract-based work contributes to or constrains learning and identity formation, and how the learning of these workers can be supported. This paper discusses early findings from research in three industry sectors in Singapore: creative industries, the Continuing Education and Training (CET) sector and the low wage sector of cleaning services. We are conducting interviews with 30 free-lance or contract-based workers in each sector (90 interview respondents), capturing data about entry into and motivation for contingent work, how work-related networks and relationships are developed and maintained, how roles and movements across roles are negotiated. We are investigating how these workers think and feel their ways into occupational and social identities as they move between different sites of practice. These negotiations and processes do not stand alone; rather they are embedded in wider, 'bigger' sets of relationships that mediate day-to-day work practices. We find that dominant modes of industry engagement; professional, industry and workplace discourses; policy around funding and industrial relations, the degree of industry susceptibility to global financial fluctuations and the organisation and flow of production, along with these workers' own sense of agency, mediate identity formation and learning opportunities

The JVET conference is a significant platform for the discussion of research work related to Vocational Education and Training, and this LLAKES-related research undertaken by Professor Karen Evans prompted several questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Improving Working as Learning: A Conceptual Framework in Action 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given at ", Language for Work, Network Meeting 2, Graz, Austria, 5 December 2013.

The paper helped to spread LLAKES research on workplace-based learning to a wider audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Indices of social and ethnic segregation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited presentation on indices of social and ethnic segregation as part of the round table discussion 'Enjeux et méthodologies de la mesure des mixités dans les établissements scolaires' for the CNESCO Conference 'La Mixité Sociale et Etnoculturelle a l'école', Paris, 4 June.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - invited Keynote: Navigating the transition to adulthood: The role of structure and agency, presented at the Annual Conference of Growing Up in Ireland, the National Longitudinal Study of Children in Dublin, Ireland, November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - invited Keynote: Navigating the transition to adulthood: The role of structure and agency, presented at the Annual Conference of Growing Up in Ireland, the National Longitudinal Study of Children in Dublin, Ireland, November 2018

About 60 delegates attended this meeting, including the Irish Minister for Children and Youth Affairs Katherine Zappone. The presentation was followed by an engaged discussion of how to support young people in their transition to adulthood. Of particular interest was the role of agency and potential negative and unintended implications, such as over-confidence and unrealistic planning. Further collaboration and information was requested
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.growingup.ie/information-for-researchers/gui-conferences/
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Conference Presentation - Doing better than expected: The role of individual agency in social mobility research. Symposium organised for the 2018 SLLS conference in Milano, July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Conference Presentation - Doing better than expected: The role of individual agency in social mobility research. Symposium organised for the 2018 SLLS conference in Milano, July 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited Keynote: Adolescent agency in the school-to-work transition. Netzwerk Bildungsforschung, University of Stuttgart, March 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited Keynote: Adolescent agency in the school-to-work transition. Netzwerk Bildungsforschung, University of Stuttgart, March 2018

This conference was attended by about 90 students and academics participating in a program to study the transition from school to work, drawing on expertise from different disciplines. The presentation stimulated an engaged discussion of how to support the wellbeing of adolescents and facilitate a smooth transition into the labour market.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited keynote: Mapping lives over time. Reflections on the use of sequence analysis by a life course researcher, presented at the inaugural meeting of the Sequence Analysis Association on Mount Verita in Ascona, Switzerland, October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited keynote: Mapping lives over time. Reflections on the use of sequence analysis by a life course researcher, presented at the inaugural meeting of the Sequence Analysis Association on Mount Verita in Ascona, Switzerland, October 2018

This conference was mostly attended by academics (about 50) who work on longitudinal data. The presentation initiated interesting discussions regarding approaches of using longitudinal data to assess timing and sequencing of events
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited keynote: Second chances in Social Mobility: A lifecourse perspective. Social Mobility conference held at Nuffield College, University Oxford, January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited keynote: Second chances in Social Mobility: A lifecourse perspective. Social Mobility conference held at Nuffield College, University Oxford, January 2018

This conference was attended by about 50 academics (students, post-docs and staff) as well as policy makers and third sector organisations. The ensuing discussion focused in particular on the characteristics of those who participate in life long learning, and how to support engagement in education throughout the life course.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited keynote: Structure and agency in the transition from school-to-work. A socio-ecological developmental approach. Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung, PHDIPF Academy, Frankfurt, June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited keynote: Structure and agency in the transition from school-to-work. A socio-ecological developmental approach. Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung, PHDIPF Academy, Frankfurt, June 2018

This conference was mostly attended by academics, doctoral students and postdocs (about 60) who work on education research. The presentation initiated interesting discussions regarding key competences required for a successful transition from school to work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Adolescent Health as Predictor and Outcome of Education and Employment transitions. Presented at the EC Symposium Reducing Early School Leaving in Europe the University of Middlesex, January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Adolescent Health as Predictor and Outcome of Education and Employment transitions. Presented at the EC Symposium Reducing Early School Leaving in Europe the University of Middlesex, January 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Adolescent mental health and the transition to adulthood. Presented at Queen Mary College, London, March 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Adolescent mental health and the transition to adulthood. Presented at Queen Mary College, London, March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Can locus of control compensate for background disadvantage in the transition from school to work? Presented at the international workshop on Social Inequality, Life Course Transitions and Adolescent Socio-Emotional and Productive Development, held Marbach Castle, Germany, June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Can locus of control compensate for background disadvantage in the transition from school to work? Presented at the international workshop on Social Inequality, Life Course Transitions and Adolescent Socio-Emotional and Productive Development, held Marbach Castle, Germany, June 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Conceptualising learner agency: A socio-ecological developmental approach, OECD 2030 Education and Learning Framework Meeting, Paris, May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited paper: Conceptualising learner agency: A socio-ecological developmental approach, OECD 2030 Education and Learning Framework Meeting, Paris, May 2018

This event was attended by about 70 delegates from all over the world, including policy makers, teaching professionals, educaters and representatives of national governments. In this 7th informal working group meeting the work on analyzing the key concepts and theoretical underpinnings of the OECD Conceptual Framework 2030 was continued in order to implement global cooperation and international validation of the project's main documents. The participants also discussed the importance of ensuring equity through innovations in educational programmes, the necessity of ensuring physical well-being of learners and the principles of curriculum design.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ingrid Schoon - Invited symposium: Adolescent Agency and the Transition to Adulthood. 2018 EARA conference in Ghent, Belgium, September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ingrid Schoon - Invited symposium: Adolescent Agency and the Transition to Adulthood. 2018 EARA conference in Ghent, Belgium, September 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Innovating for a cause: emergent processes in healthcare for homeless people, Alison Fuller, Susan Halford, Kate Lyle, Rebecca Taylor 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact In recent years, national and international policy has promoted the creation of 'knowledge-based' organisations and economies as essential to maintaining the position of advanced industrial countries, but also to solve complex social issues related to education, health and poverty. This assumption underpins the implementation of a range of policies presenting the development of the knowledge economy and innovation as twin key capacities vital for developing economic growth and solving social issues (OCDE, 2010; Europe 2020 strategy).
There have been two broad and competing narratives about innovation, and its relationship with learning. The first conception shares a top-down, uni-directional understanding about the relationship between innovation and learning in which innovation is transferred from experts to employees in charge of its implementation and learning is viewed as a process of acquisition in which knowledge is transferred from experts to learners (Sfard, 1998). This alignment generates a coherent understanding but one that is flawed.
In contrast, a second narrative focuses on co-participation in work practices as the source of innovation and learning. In this view, many innovations emerge in reflexive relation to the problems and issues that arise in the workplace (Brown and Duguid 1991, Julian Orr, Price et al 2012). These matters are addressed, usually below the radar, in order to ensure the effective delivery of services or products. Under this scenario ordinary employees with their in-depth and detailed knowledge of the work through their lived experiences, are viewed as innovators and the workforce as a whole (not just the most highly qualified knowledge workers) is understood to have innovative capacity. The learning bedfellow of this bottom-up understanding of how innovations can occur is social and situated learning theories which stress learning as changing participation in changing social practice (Lave and Wenger 1991). The metaphor that most aptly captures this understanding is 'learning as participation' (Sfard 1998). If workplace practice itself is the source of innovation, then it stands to reason that employees engaged with others in the practices of the workplace will have the opportunity to innovate as they go about solving the problems and generating the get-arounds and improvisations (Fenwick 2012). The changing nature of the work practices and workers' co-participation in them are mutually co-constitutive. Hence under this scenario the relationship between work, learning and innovation is reflexive and mutually constitutive and can be determinant in the development of innovative solutions as well as answers to business issues or to complex social problems on which we are going to focus on.
Purpose
Solving complex social issues require innovative solutions able to change social practices embraced on the long range by relevant actors. How can inextricable and ongoing social problems benefit from renewed solutions developed by ordinary employees whilst existing solutions have shown their limits? Based on a single case study of the development of an innovative homeless healthcare service, we have explored over a two-year period in what way taking up a 'cause' (the cause of the homeless) can drive an emergent learning and innovation process resulting in a radical reconceptualization of homeless healthcare. Furthermore, we show in what ways forms of work organisation and practices at play in the homeless healthcare center have been designed, created and enacted to generate an innovative working and learning culture.
An extreme single case study: Pathway, for the cause of the homeless
As the research focuses on the exploration of a particular phenomenon, the role played by a strong 'cause' in a learning and innovation process, it has been designed to suggest new conceptualizations. Therefore, our empirical data are drawn from a single case study which could legitimately be described as extreme, because it sheds light on a phenomenon that, until now, has received little attention (Yin, 1989). As Pathway problematizes healthcare delivery for homeless populations, this case study offers the opportunity to explore a learning and innovation process occurring in extreme circumstances and in which a strong 'cause' is defended.
Pathway has developed a simple and successful model of enhanced care co-ordination for homeless people admitted to hospital. The delivery model involves multidisciplinary teams with expertise in homeless health (GPs, consultants, social workers, nurses, housing support, healthcare assistants etc.) operating within a hospital setting to ensure that homeless patients, often with complex needs, are cared for in a holistic way and discharged into an appropriate environment.
Methodology
The case study followed a qualitative approach, consisting of in-depth interviews with staff across Pathway, and ethnographic methods including observation of working practices, meetings and events. Fieldwork took place over a two-year period. The interviews and observations sought to explore the emergence of the process of learning and innovation of this specific healthcare service based in London and in Manchester.
In total, 18 interviews with 17 employees - 10 based in London and seven based in Manchester were conducted. In addition, 62 hours were spent in the field observing the work of both employees and the charity itself.
Results
Whilst our empirical findings are supportive of practice-based understandings of the relationship between work, learning and incremental innovation, they also explore what it is about the nature of the practice that facilitates and sustains innovation. We argue that at least part of the explanation lies in the generation of practices designed in support of a 'cause' that provides a deep rationale for 'doing things differently', challenging existing practices and structures, and motivating and sustaining agency amongst members of the innovation's community of practice.
Bibliography
Brown J.S. and Duguid, P. (1991) 'Organisational learning and communities-of-practice: Toward a unified view of working, learning and innovation.' Organisation Science, February, 2 (1), 40-57
Fenwick 2012
Julian Orr, Price et al 2012
European Commission 2020 Strategy, http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/docs/en/investings-in-research-european-commision-europe-2020-2010.pdf
Lave, J. and Wenger, E. (1991). Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge University Press.
OCDE CERI/STI/ (2010). Innovative workplaces learning organizations and innovation. OECD.
Sfard, A. (1998) "On Two Metaphors for Learning and the Dangers of Choosing Just One", Educational Researcher, 27 (2): 4-13.
Yin, R.K. (1989). Case study research: Design and methods (rev.edn.). Berverly Hills, California: Sage Publishing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Intergenerational and inter-ethnic well-weing: an analysis for the UK (Dr Cinzia Rienzo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper presented as part of the programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.understandingsociety.ac.uk/scientific-conference-2015
 
Description Intergenerational and inter-ethnic wellbeing of migrants: An analysis for the UK (Dr Cinzia Rienzo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited seminar at COMPAS, University of Oxford as part of their Wellbeing and Migration in the UK series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/event/wellbeing-and-migration-in-the-uk/
 
Description International Trends in Higher Education: Challenges to Innovation, Access and Quality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association ( AERA), Philadelphia

AERA remains a significant and influential outlet for the presentation of LLAKES research findings. Future collaboration with American partners are under discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Interview for Special Report by 'The Economist', on Lifelong Learning. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by journalist of the The Economist ( Andrew Palmer) - input and advice helped to shape the special report published in January 2017 on lifelong learning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21714169-technological-change-demands-stronger-and-mor...
 
Description Interviewed by BBC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed live for BBC discussing a report I had written on part-time students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Andy Green and Tarek Mostafa - invited presentation on 'Pre-School Education and Care - A Win-Win Policy?. Department for Education
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Andy Green - invited presentation on 'Pre-School Education and Care - A Win-Win Policy.' Fabian Society seminar on Pre-School Education and Care, House of Commons, 5.5.2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited Presentation British Sociological Association 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An invited presentation was given as part of a Special Event on Internships: Privilege or Exploitation in a Changing Labour Market
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.britsoc.co.uk/media/11443/AC2016_Final_Prog.pdf
 
Description Invited attendance by Cabinet Office at Launchpad : Future of Work event at 10 Downing Street 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Cabinet Office organised an event to brainstorm future policy making on the Future of Work. I was invited as an expert on both young people and work and gender and work. In small groups we were asked for our views on key barriers preventing full participation in the UK economy. These were collated by the Cabinet Office to advise future policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited keynote: Conceptualising transitions within a life-course framework. The role of structure, agency, and time. Paper presented at the International Conference 'Doing Transition' held at the Goethe University of Frankfurt 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact About 150 delegates attended this international conference on 'Doing Transtions'. Transition research has developed and diversified across different disciplines, epistemological interests and approaches as well as research methodologies, partly driven by the scientific community, partly by national and international political actors - and one may argue that the latter have been particularly influential in setting the agenda. These developments have resulted in a research scenery which is difficult to be overlooked while there seems to be a lack of theory on transitions. Research seems to operate with different understandings of transitions which are rarely made explicit. In fact, the meaning of transitions seems to be self-evident and to connect smoothly with other research phenomena and paradigms that theoretical clarification appears to be dispensable.
This conference provided an opportunity to take stock of concepts and controversies, findings and insights, perspectives and paradigms of transition research in the life course in the last three decades as well as open questions in order to find common ground for theorising transitions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://doingtransitions.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/FlyerTransitionsconference20170411.pdf
 
Description Invited keynote: Diversity in the transition from school to work: The role of structure, agency and time. 3rd International Conference on Transitions in Youth, Young Adulthood and Beyond, University of Bern 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact About 100 delegates attended this international conference on Transitions in Youth and Young Adulthood. The conference served as a platform for scientific exchange among researchers working with longitudinal data in this field. With a growing number of longitudinal surveys internationally, there is also a growing potential for comparative research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.tree.unibe.ch/events/events/tree_conference_2017/index_ger.html
 
Description Invited keynote: Young People in Uncertain Times: Making the Transition from School to Work. Paper presented at the International Conference on Occupations and Social Inequality at the German Institute of Employment Research (IAB), Nürnberg 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact About 100 delegates including policy makers, social researchers, post-graduate students and practioners attended this conference, examining the role of occupations as a decisive 'motors' for the (re-)production of social inequalities. Occupations comprise not only groups of individuals who perform similar activities and have comparable skills and competencies. They also confer social power to their members which is deriving from their occupational positions within the social division of labour. In many welfare states, occupations are an institution connecting the education system and the labour market. Particularly in vocationally organised labour markets, vocational (and academic) certificates not only signal a certain amount of education, but also suggest that job applicants have acquired a certain bundle of general and occupation-specific skills. As a consequence, occupational certificates are necessary prerequisites for finding and keeping stable and regular employment. At the same time, they limit access to specific occupations and associated resources such as prestige and income. Thus, occupations are a decisive mechanism of social stratification by social origin, gender and ethnicity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.xing-events.com/cosi2017.html
 
Description Invited lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited lecture on 'Lifelong Learning, Equality and Social Cohesion' at National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan, 10.11.2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited lecture on 'The Contribution of Upper Secondary Education and Training to Skills Inequality,' ATL/PESGB Seminar on Comparative Vocational Education and Training, London, 15.5.2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited lecture on 'Lifelong Learning, Equality and Social Cohesion.' Hong Kong University, Department of Education, 29.2.2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited presentation on 'Higher Education and the Crisis for Youth.' Comparative Education
Society of Hong Kong conference at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 23.3.2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited lecture on 'Why Are Adult Skills in England So Unequal? The Evidence from SAS and other International Surveys.' Department for Business, Industry and Skills, London. 25.2.2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited lecture on 'Adult Skills Inequality in English-Speaking Countries: The Evidence from SAS and other International Surveys.' Malta Review of Education Research Lecture. Malta. 28.5. 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited lecture at EU Presidency Conference on 'contemporary Approaches to Lifelong Learning'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited lecture on 'Which Education Systems Support a More Equal and Effective Acquisition of Skills at a Later Age?' at EU Presidency Conference on 'Contemporary Approaches to Lifelong Learning', Tallinn, Estonia 9-20 September, 2017.Large audience with national and EU policy-makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.hm.ee/en/presidency-conference-contemporary-approaches-learning-and-teaching
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation on 'Variations across Countries in Skills Inequality,' International Symposium on 'Education of Social Inequality.' XV11 April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, Moscow, 19-21st April 19-21st, 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited presentation on 'Skills Inequality, Adult Learning and Social Cohesion in the United Kingdom,' ASEM Conference, Hamburg, 2.4.2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited presentation on 'The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training Systems on Literacy and Numeracy Skills Levels and Distributions.' Third International PIAAC Conference, Madrid, November 7-9th, 2016,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited presentation on 'Education, Skills and 'Pre-Distributive' Social Policy.' Policy Network and FEPS Conference on 'Pre-distributive Social Policy: Future Challenges in Welfare Societies:
St Catherine's College, Oxford 30.6.2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green - Presentation on 'Learning and Social Cohesion: Absolute, Positional and Distributional Effects.' ASEM N4 Meeting in Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Bangkok. 1.12.2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Workshop at British Science Association (London) presenting finding of my evaluation of after school programmes in England.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One day conference, held at the British Academy in London, bringing together a group of international researchers to explore inequalities in education from a comparative perspective. Papers draw upon a range of evidence to explore educational inequalities across a number of countries, drawing heavily upon the OECD's international databases (including PISA, PIAAC and TALIS). Presenters include OECD and the Sutton Trust, with presentations following by academics from Canada, Australia, Luxemburg, Turkey and the United States.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited lecture on 'The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training Systems on Literacy and Numeracy Skills Inequality' at CNESCO 'Conférence de Comparaisons Internationales' Lycée Diderot, Paris, 19-20th May, 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green - Invited lecture on 'The Crisis of Youth' at Daiwa Foundation conference on 'The Shifting Values in Higher Education, London. 28.3.2013
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited presentation at Education Policy Institute Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited presentation at Education Policy Institute Conference on 'Higher Education Funding' at British Academy, London, March 21st 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://epi.org.uk/events/higher-education-funding/
 
Description Invited presentation on 'The transitions from school to work: The role of young people's health'. Paper presented at the German Youth Institute, Munich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact About 30 delegates attended this workshop which discussed the role of adolescent mental health as a predictor and/or outcome of school to work transitions. The presentations encouraged comparative research and facilitated insight into the role of country-specific institutional structures in facilitating positive health and a smooth transition from school to work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited presentation on 'why do some young people defy the odds' at a Department for Education Research Symposium on "School to work transitions in a changing labour market: Implications for schools and colleges", London, Department for Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact About 45 policy makers and civil servants from the Department of Education and Department of Work and Pension attended this event which was organised in collaboration with the Education and Employers Foundation.
the presentation sparked questions regarding the support needed for young people not going the university to enable a smooth and viable career path.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.educationandemployers.org/research/department-for-education-research-symposium/
 
Description Invited presentation on 'why do some young people defy the odds', presented at a Department for Education Research Symposium on "School to work transitions in a changing labour market: Implications for schools and colleges" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The symposium was attended by about 75 policy makers, politicians, professional practioners and captains of industry. The event was organised by Education and Employers in collaboration with the Department for Education and the Careers and Enterprise Company reflected on the changing character of school to work transitions and debated the consequences of profound structural change for policy and practice. This event was invitation only due to limited places.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.educationandemployers.org/research/department-for-education-research-symposium/
 
Description J.G. Janmaat - 'Support for Fundamental British Values among ethnic minority youth'. Invited presentation for the Matchpoints Conference on immigration and the welfare state, Aarhus University, Denmark, 24-26 May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat - 'Support for Fundamental British Values among ethnic minority youth'. Invited presentation for the Matchpoints Conference on immigration and the welfare state, Aarhus University, Denmark, 24-26 May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description J.G. Janmaat - 'The Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS): Benefits, Drawbacks and Findings'. Invited presentation for the Workshop on Panel Research among Adolescents in The Hague, 14 May, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat - 'The Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study (CELS): Benefits, Drawbacks and Findings'. Invited presentation for the Workshop on Panel Research among Adolescents in The Hague, 14 May, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description J.G. Janmaat - THE article on LLAKES Research 'Academically' educated 'show higher support for British values' THE 16 April 2018.  
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat - THE article on LLAKES Research 'Academically' educated 'show higher support for British values', THE 16 April 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/academically-educated-show-higher-support-british-values
 
Description J.G. Janmaat Guest lecture - 'Education in Europe: Characteristics, origins and social consequences' for North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa, 7-8 September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat Guest lecture - 'Education in Europe: Characteristics, origins and social consequences' for North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa, 7-8 September 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description J.G. Janmaat and Bryony Hoskins - TES article on LLAKES Research to be presented at LLAKES 2018 Conference - 'Call for debates to be compulsory for all secondary pupil' TES 15 November 2018.  
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat and Bryony Hoskins - TES article on LLAKES Research to be presented at LLAKES 2018 Conference - 'Call for debates to be compulsory for all secondary pupil' TES 15 November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.tes.com/news/call-debates-be-compulsory-all-secondary-pupils
 
Description J.G. Janmaat invited to give presentation and participate in the 'Trends Shaping Education' Expert Workshop OECD - 'Reflections on Public Matters' - 20-21 September, Brussels 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat invited to give presentation and participate in the 'Trends Shaping Education' Expert Workshop OECD - 'Reflections on Public Matters' - 20-21 September, Brussels - presented to Policy makers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description J.G. Janmaat presented at LLAKES International Conference 'The Development of Civic Values among Young People and the Effect of Education' -15-16 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact J.G. Janmaat presented at LLAKES International Conference 'The Development of Civic Values among Young People and the Effect of Education' -15-16 November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.llakes.ac.uk/news-item/356/llakes-centre-conference-2018
 
Description Job skill trends, overqualification, and skills mismatch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation given at 2013 ESRC Festival of Social Science event, Cardiff University, 4 November 2013

This event, which was part of the 2013 ESRC Festival of Social Science, was run in collaboration with local organisations and was well received.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Job trends, overqualification and skills mismatch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation given at ESRC Festival of Social Science event, Cardiff, 4 November 2013

This presentation, which was part of the 2013 ESRC Festival of Social Science, was successful in recruiting and engaging a local audience, prompting an extensive discussion of issues relating to South Wales.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Karen Evans - Participation in ASEM Research Network workshop/seminar as invited member of the Advisory Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Karen Evans made contributions and provided commentaries throughout the 2 days (18-19 December 2014), as well as chairing individual sessions. The group consisted of workshop participants each of whom represents an Asian or European country in the ASEM; altogether there were 15 international representatives working collaboratively.

The Impact of the workshop lay in 1) recommendations made to Asia-Europe Lifelong Learning Hub on the next stages of Asia-Europe collaboration in comparative studies in advancing learning in and through the workplace; and 2) Finalising of plans for a special issue of the International review of Education (IRE) - UNESCO.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Karen Evans and Chiara Biasin - Agency, identity and learning at turning points in women's lives: towards a comparative UK-Italian analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presented by Karen Evans and Chiara Biasin at ECER conference, Porto, 2 September 2014

The European Conference on Economic Research (ECER) is an important platform for the dissemination of LLAKES research findings, and this presentation maintained and developed some useful European contacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/19/contribution/30736/
 
Description Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote on 'Opportunities in Education and Work for Young People in the UK: Comparing Today's Youth with their Parents' Generation' at International Conference in Contemporary Social Sciences, Rethymno, Crete, 10-12 June 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Green - Keynote lecture on 'Why Are Adult Skills in England So Unequal? The Evidence from SAS and other International Surveys.' LLAKES conference, Royal Irish Academy, 22.6.2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote presentation on 'Managing an Inter-Disciplinary Research Centre.' Inaugural International workshop and launch of the Centre for Political Research and Documentation (KEME), University of Crete, 8th May, 1017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited presentation on 'The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training on Literacy and Numeracy Skills Inequality' at Conference on International Comparative (Adult) Education Research : Multidisciplinary and Cross-National Research, Bonn, September 12th, 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited lecture on 'Education and the State: Whatever Happened to National Education as a Public Good?' Hong Kong University. 18.11.2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote at National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan, 18/19 December 2017 - Crisis for Young People at Conference on Youth Opportunity in Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote at National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan, 18/19 December 2017 - 'The Crisis for Young People at Conference on Youth Opportunity in Asia.' The keynote was delivered at a conference organised jointly by LLAKES, and our research partners in Kings College London and at the National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan. Delegations were in attendance from our other research partners at Lingnan University, Hong Kong and Sejong University, Korea. Students and faculty from National Chung Cheng University were present and some policy-makers and media representatives. Andy Green was interviewed about his work by a member of the press who wrote an account in a national newspaper in Taiwan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote : Addressing the Challenges faced by Part-Time Students in Higher Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wide ranging discussion among participants
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote The National Association of Money Advisers Annual Confrence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NASMA is a leading authority on all maters related to student funding and advice. The event was very well added by several hundred people working in HE who offer student financial advice about funding and financial issues. The debate was wide ranging.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.nasma.org.uk/Events/Supporting-the-NASMA-Annual-Conference-2018/
 
Description Keynote at CAIC Research Forum, DPU, Bangkok, 21.12.2017 - The Crisis for Young People 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote at CAIC Research Forum, DPU, Bangkok, 21.12.2017 - The Crisis for Young People. The lecture and subsequent workshop was delivered for postgraduate students and faculty across the social science faculty in DPU.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote at International Association of Universities 2018 International Conference taking place from 13-15 November in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wide ranging discussion about student funding in different countries and its impact on the common good
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/index.php?eventid=251326&
 
Description Keynote at Lingnan University Principal Forum in Greater China Region - The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training Systems on Literacy and Numeracy Skills Inequality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote at Lingnan University Principal Forum in Greater China Region - 'The Effects of Upper Secondary Education and Training Systems on Literacy and Numeracy Skills Inequality.' The event was attended by principals of schools throughout the Greater China Region, as well as by faculty from the university and press and policy makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ln.edu.hk/news/20171206/lingnan-university-organises-principal-forum-in-the-greater-chin...
 
Description Keynote by Karen Evans on Youth Transitions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International Conference held in Goethe University Frankfurt. Helping to frame the future agenda of new Centre on Transitions through the Lifecourse
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote lecture "Comparative Education Research in a Global Era", given by Andy Green at the Chinese Taipei Comparative Education Society Conference, National Chung Cheng University, November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The conference, and this particular presentation, provided opportunities for dialogue relating to educational issues in different cultural contexts.

The presentation, and the discussions surrounding it, helped to reinforce existing research connections in Taiwan, and provided some suggestions for future research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote talk at the AlmaLaurea 2017 Conference in Parma 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact I presented a keynote lecture for the AlmaLaurea 2017 Annual Conference was "Graduates and 'Graduate Jobs' In Europe: A Picture of Growth and Diversification"
AlmaLaurea is a broad-ranging consortium of almost all Italisan universities with links to similar organisations in other countries. It is supported both by universities and the Italian government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.almalaurea.it/en/info/convegni/parma2017
 
Description Keynote to the Student Loans Company Annual Conference - HE Student Support 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact the Student Loan's Company annual conference allows Higher Education Providers (HEPs) and The Student Loans Company (SLC) to come together to share insight and knowledge on the student finance system and how it interacts with the student experience of education.
By considering both the current system and the changes for AY 2018/19, collaboration will improve to fulfil the needs of all students. In AY 2018/19, the complexity of new products, the pressures to respond to change and the practicalities of delivering efficient and effective administration systems, make this working together an essential requirement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2018
URL https://www.heinfo.slc.co.uk/engagement/student-support-seminar.aspx
 
Description LLAKES Newsletter, 2014, no. 1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact First LLAKES newsletter published in 2014. Contains an article by the Centre Director, Andy Green, on shortcomings in the English educational system; a record of the symposium on Vocational Education and Training, held to mark the retirement of Lorna Unwin; and introductions to the Research Officers who joined LLAKES in 2013.

The shorter format of the newsletter was well received; and a decision was made to publish two newsletters per year in this vein, rather than one longer one, as had been the case in the past.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description LLAKES Public Seminar - The Case for an All-Age Graduate Tax in England + Beyond University Debt: A National Learning Entitlement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation