Urban environmental media: hazards, exposure route & modelled health impacts

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Earth Atmospheric and Env Sciences

Abstract

This project will: (i) review existing work of metal/loid distribution in urban environmental media, exposure routes and modelling human health impacts; together with biomonitoring reference values for arsenic, lead , cadmium and mercury (ii) systematically determine the concentration, speciation and mineralogical (as appropriate) associations of arsenic, lead, cadmium and/or mercury, in key environmental media from representative sites around Greater Manchester ; (iii) evaluate representative human exposure through a combination of food frequency and behaviour questionnaires and biomonitoring of urine, hair, nails, blood and breath condensates as appropriate; (iv) develop models of public health impacts arising from these exposures; and (v) develop risk management options for the Greater Manchester authority to consider, along with other instruments, to cost effectively reduce public health non-communicable disease burden arising from environmental chemical exposures in the Greater Manchester area.
A scoping study of the relative importance of various element/exposure route combinations will be carried out to enable more focussed studies to be executed on the most important of these. It is anticipated that this may well lead to a closer focussing on work on:
(i) Mineralogical controls on exposures from airborne particulates
(ii) Tracking particulate (e.g. PM10, PM25) exposure with personalised samplers coupled with GIS tracker data
(iii) Exposure to arsenic in rice of particularly vulnerable communities
(iv) Metal/metalloid exposure via drinking water
The work will build upon recently completed investigations of (i) arsenic exposure through private water supplies, food and soil in south-west England (Middleton et al., 2016a, 2016b, 2016c) and (ii) arsenic exposure and genotoxicity through rice in India (Mondal and Polya, 2008; Mondal et al., 2008; Mondal et al., 2010, Banerjee et al., 2013; Polya et al., 2016), by the Manchester Arsenic Research Group and of novel breath condensate biomonitoring of chromium by HSL (Cr(III) & Cr(VI) Leese, Morton et al., 2016); and lastly (iii) field studies (Hg; Guedron et al., 2014) and statistical modelling of environmental hazards (As; Sovann and Polya, 2014) and biomonitoring data (Smolders, Warren et al., 2014)

Studentship Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Student Name
NE/W503186/1 01/04/2021 31/03/2022
2210771 Studentship NE/W503186/1 01/10/2017 31/08/2022 Jake Launder
 
Description CASE partner 
Organisation Health and Safety Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The design of of the project, the completion of the project, and the publication/dissemination of the project outputs.
Collaborator Contribution Financial contributions and equipment/facilities are provided by the Health and Safety Laboratory. Furthermore, exposure to professional scientists in various teams at the Health and Safety Laboratory has and continues to influence the design of the project.
Impact Best poster at the 7th UK & Ireland Exposure Science Meeting (2019) This collaboration is regarded as multi-disciplinary. It occupies the interface between the academic disciplines of environmental health and occupational health.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Working at Manchester Science Festival 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the general public attended the Manchester Science Festival, at which Catalyst Science Discovery Centre ran a stall that showcased NERC and ASDC's public engagement initiative 'Operation Earth'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Working at The Big Bang 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact General public attended The Big Bang, at which Catalyst Science Discovery Centre ran a stall in order to promote themselves and showcase NERC and ASDC's public engagement initiative 'Operation Earth'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019