'Fragmented Heritage' From the Kilometre to the Nanometre: Automated 3D Technology to Revolutionize Landscape, Site, and Artefact Analyses

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bradford
Department Name: Sch of Life Sciences

Abstract

This project aims to revolutionize landscape, site, and artefact analyses by bringing new transformative digital recording methods and computed analysis to fields that are traditionally labour intensive. The scale of the resultant technology and capability will generate a paradigm shift in the way that spatial and functional data are studied in heritage sciences.

Conventional 'refit analysis' requires an expert to study thousands of individual pieces from prehistoric archaeological sites and try to find pieces that fit together, eventually reconstructing objects, such as stone tool cores. Due to the size and complexity of these sites, it makes them important for understanding past human behaviour, however this also makes them the least understood by archaeologists and the public. The amount of effort this requires increases exponentially with assemblage size and generally entire sites can not be studied. Automation of this process will transform working practices bringing rapid and total surveys in reach of many more projects. The implications of such capability are widespread. At a site and landscape level the addition of digital recording, automated capture and processing to augment landscape survey will enhance the ability to archaeologically record and resolve complex surface scatters in landscapes, this will also allow sites that have previously been too remote and inhospitable to be surveyed.

Work can then be done faster and allow areas for targeted survey to be identified easily and safely. At a macro scale, the method will resolve complex associations facilitating interpretation through visualisations and aiding physical reconstruction. The generation of high fidelity digital output will enable closer working of researchers across traditional boundaries and will benefit the specialist and nonspecialist alike. These combined transformative scalable approaches to refit analysis will have broad application to all disciplines working with objects across the arts and humanities - ranging from three-dimensional artists to heritage professionals such as conservators/ restorers and even impacting on other disciplines such as forensic science.

Outputs of the project will be highly visual and are tailored to maximise impact with the involvement of a visual artist as an integral part of the project team. The project teams involved in the various work packages involve high profile international co-investigators.

Planned Impact

Heritage practitioners and curators will have immediate benefit through hands on learning and knowledge transfer as a result of attending the project workshop. Small bursaries will be offered to increase the range of those able to attend. The workshop combines a series of short lectures and demonstration of equipment and documentation. There will be a better understanding of the potential for the use of all the developed and used advanced methods and the ways to present their data to a broader audience.

The project outputs are aimed at practitioners outside of academia such as curators, object handlers and excavators. The consequence of this will be a better understanding of the value of integrated approaches of analysis across archaeology and refit, microwear and landscape imaging as interpretive tools. This crosses over to a gained understanding of the complexity of site scale and the importance of artefact context and embedded data. This will improve communication between curators, heritage specialists, and researchers about the best practices for conservation and analysis of material to study site activities and function.

The methods developed and under investigation are capable of producing images of high quality that illustrate clusters of tools, how these fit together to understand activity areas and locations of production, and wear from tool use on early prehistoric implements. The effect of visualising this allows data to be communicated to a wide audience. This presents opportunities for museums to display high quality images of tools in a way that is unprecedented and useful for public engagement. The nature of these images means that they can be appreciated as they are. Direct observation of wear is the only current way to adequately showcase its features to the public, this situation changes with the presentation of the high resolution, high depth images produced by laser scanning systems. The surfaces can be visualised as a sort of 3D landscape and displayed in interactive systems, moving beyond a simple digital photograph. The integration of 3D data at multiple scales producing zoomable interactive models and the ability to digitally fit artefacts from across sites together will create a grand experience. This extends to the media whereby the quality of the output from such systems is far more suitable for the needs of print.

The quality of data. High quality data in archaeology leads to high quality interpretations and a better understanding of the archaeological record and, in this case early prehistoric archaeology. The impact to society is that the research forms the basis of good method that has the onward impact of producing a quality interpretation and presentation of heritage, early prehistoric life, and human evolution to the public.

The development of interactive high quality experiences on the web would provide an understanding of the sites and artifacts that can be shared with the public. Crowd sourced high resolution images of fossiliferous deposits would provide a unique opportunity for citizen science. Downloadable files for use with low cost 3D printers, will also provide an innovative pathway to engage with the public and provide a tactile approach to present heritage.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Project Code-named Humpty 
Description Linkage to AHRC Follow-on funded project led by Artist Kate Johnson 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Video already showcased in Bradford's Centenary Square. Planned public outreach event later in 2018 
 
Description Research impact can be seen with overlap to many different fields. We have seen the benefit of public engagement throughout research progress.
Exploitation Route The research is ongoing. The refitting process is likely to provide a major enhancement to the physical/ digital reconstruction of fragmented objects. The use of web-scraping and citizen science show important contributions for heritage. There are applications in many areas for this. Outputs can be seen at www.fragmentedheritage.com www.fossilfinder.org www.visualisingheritage.org
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Construction,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.visualisingheritage.org
 
Description ENTRANS project (HERA-funded) in collaboration with Prof Ian Armit has seen the 3D digital documentation of distinctive metalwork finds from the National Museums in Croatia, Slovenia and Slovakia reinterpreted and presented for public engagement. Similarly 3D scanning and 3D printing of the Happisburgh footprints were displayed at Jersey Museum. Fossifinder has seen tremendous public impact/engagement and policy influence - highlighting the power of citizen science. Details of engagement and impact can be found in the engagement section.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Creative Economy,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description Malaysian consultation on Heritage Refurbishment Assessment Scheme (HeRAS)
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description AHRC Digital Transformations Programme [Curious Travellers]
Amount £305,146 (GBP)
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2018
 
Description AHRC Digital Transformations Programme [Follow-on Funding - Project Code-named Humpty]
Amount £99,058 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/P00945X/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2018
 
Description Being Human Festival
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description GCRF Interdisciplinary Research Hub to Address Intractable Challenges Faced by Developing Countries [partnership development fund]
Amount £8,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 03/2018
 
Description HEIF
Amount £180,000 (GBP)
Organisation Higher Education Innovation Funding (HEIF) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 07/2015
 
Title Curious Travellers (Visualising Heritage) web resource 
Description Curious Travellers is a data-mining and crowd sourced infrastructure to help with digital documentation of archaeological sites, monuments and heritage at risk. It provides a priority response to sites that have been destroyed or are under immediate threat from neglect, cultural vandalism, conflict and natural disasters. This pilot project is essentially concerned with the mechanisms for collating disparate sources of imagery and producing high fidelity 3D models from this. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact crowd-sourced imagery used to reconstruct heritage that had been damaged, or threatened with destruction 
URL http://www.visualisingheritage.org/CT.php
 
Title Fossilfinder.org image dataset 
Description Large image database with associated spatial data. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact World wide public engagement through Zooniverse. 
 
Title High resolution 3D scans 
Description Database of point clouds fromhigh resolution scans of lithic assemblages. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact No. 
URL https://Fragmentedheritage.com
 
Description Atapuerca research team 
Organisation Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution consultation of microscopy and analytical protocols for the 3d scanning of artefacts
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and analysis of material and consultation on methodologies
Impact currently there are no formal outputs from this collaboration
Start Year 2014
 
Description Department of Antiquities, Jordan 
Organisation Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities
Department Department of Antiquities
Country Jordan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project team through this partnership will be training and advising DOA staff in the use of 3d object documentation techniques and digital conservation/use of heritage assets
Collaborator Contribution support and access within the heritage sector of Jordan
Impact none to date
Start Year 2017
 
Description Iron Age Research Group, University of Bradford 
Organisation University of Bradford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of scanning equipment and expertise.
Collaborator Contribution Evaluation of applications for 3D scanning.
Impact 30-31.05.2014 Prehistoric Society Europa Conference 2014, Cardiff University. Ian Armit and Lindsey Büster: Poster. ENTRANS: Encounters and Transformations in Iron Age Europe. Contribution: inclusion of high-resolution scan images of Molnik belt-plate (courtesy City Museum of Ljubljana). 12.09.2014 EAA 2014, Istanbul (ENTRANS session). Ian Armit and Katharina Becker: Presentation. Encounters and Transformations in Iron Age art. Contribution: inclusion of high-resolution scan images of Molnik belt-plate (courtesy City Museum of Ljubljana) & assorted situla from Dolenjska Museum, Slovenia. 12.09.2014 EAA 2014, Istanbul (ENTRANS session) Ian Armit and Katharina Becker: Publication (abstract). Encounters and Transformations in Iron Age art, in Yilmaz, O. 2014. (ed.) 20th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists 10-14 September 2014 Istanbul, Turkey: Abstracts of the Oral and Poster Presentations, 33-34. Istanbul: Archaeology & Art Publications. Contribution: doesn't mention Fragmented Heritage specifically, but is an abstract for the presentation which includes Fragmented Heritage scan images.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project Partners 
Organisation Citizen Science Alliance
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Collaborator Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Impact Society for American Archaeology Meeting 2014, Austen, Texas. Podium presentation. European Association of Archaeology Confrence, 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Podium presentation. International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) 2014, Burgos, Spain. Podium presentation. Fragmented Heritage Inauguration Meeting, 2014, Bradford, UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project Partners 
Organisation Government of Scotland
Department Historic Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Collaborator Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Impact Society for American Archaeology Meeting 2014, Austen, Texas. Podium presentation. European Association of Archaeology Confrence, 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Podium presentation. International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) 2014, Burgos, Spain. Podium presentation. Fragmented Heritage Inauguration Meeting, 2014, Bradford, UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project Partners 
Organisation Home Office
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Collaborator Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Impact Society for American Archaeology Meeting 2014, Austen, Texas. Podium presentation. European Association of Archaeology Confrence, 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Podium presentation. International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) 2014, Burgos, Spain. Podium presentation. Fragmented Heritage Inauguration Meeting, 2014, Bradford, UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project Partners 
Organisation National Physical Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Collaborator Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Impact Society for American Archaeology Meeting 2014, Austen, Texas. Podium presentation. European Association of Archaeology Confrence, 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Podium presentation. International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) 2014, Burgos, Spain. Podium presentation. Fragmented Heritage Inauguration Meeting, 2014, Bradford, UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Project Partners 
Organisation Science Museum Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Collaborator Contribution Preliminary discussions on collaborations and activities.
Impact Society for American Archaeology Meeting 2014, Austen, Texas. Podium presentation. European Association of Archaeology Confrence, 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Podium presentation. International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP) 2014, Burgos, Spain. Podium presentation. Fragmented Heritage Inauguration Meeting, 2014, Bradford, UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Refitting horse elements at the Lower Palaeolithic site of Schoningen 
Organisation Monrepos
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Pilot study to refit fragmented horse long bones for reconstruction of understanding of the site.
Collaborator Contribution Provisioning, theoretical insights, logistical support, and data inputs.
Impact No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Star Carr Group 
Organisation University of York
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of scanning equipment and expertise for 3D scanning of [Information witheld].
Collaborator Contribution Enabling assessment of equipment to image archaeological material.
Impact Cannot be disclosed at this time.
Start Year 2014
 
Description WESTERN EUROPEAN ACHEULEAN PROJECT 
Organisation British Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution advise, consultation, equipment loan, training, research collaboration. In the area of Palaeolithic archaeology, lithic studies, 3d scanning and analysis
Collaborator Contribution overall direction and conception of the project
Impact EU funding - https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/209281_en.html
Start Year 2014
 
Description 3D Microscopy Methods for Lithic Microwear Analysis-AWRANA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact talk at the awrana microwear conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description AHRC Digital Transformations Theme meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation of several strands of the Fragmented Heritage Project - Pecha Kucha style on refitting, fossilfinder, and project artwork. This was to the group of large grant holders and other relevant parties related to AHRC projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Attendance at developers meeting for Getty Arches HER Framework 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Direct linkage with Getty Conservation Institute colleagues developing Arches Software
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Blind Testing Laser-Scanning Confocal Microscopy for Lithic Microwear Analysis. AWRANA Conference. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact talk at the awrana microwear conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Bradford Science Festival 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation 3D capturing, imaging, and printing of archaeological materials.


Student applications rose 200% in Archaeology at Bradford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://bsf.studioofthings.com/
 
Description British Science Festival 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation Fragmented Heritage Research Project including the launch of Fossilfinder.org.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.fossilfinder.org/
 
Description British Science Festival, Swansea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press launch of the Curious Travellers project; press release included quote from Jo Johnson
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Common Ground YORK June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A stall at the AHRC commons event 'common ground'. We showcased the fossilfinder element of the fragmented heritage project by showing the website and the project philosophy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conference presentation at British Association of Near-Eastern Archaeology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation - resulted in formal dialogue with EAMENA team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Crowd Sourcing Archaeological and Palaeontological Survey. Society for American Archaeology Meeting, Orlando FL, April 6-10 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given by Dr Evans to promote the fossilfinder.org project element. The presentation was given at the SAA meeting in Orlando in April 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Digital Pasts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop/ discussion at Digital Pasts - concerned with issues of data handling/ archiving [Tom Sparrow]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Evening guest lecture at workshop (Heaton Mount) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Guest lecture on the Curious Travellers project at special meeting organised by Dr Ben Jennings [participants from Vienna and UK]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description FOSSILFINDER 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The project launched fossilfinder.org as a platform to engage with citizen science as part of a research effort. the website involved the public actively classifying images and outcomes were disseminated by forum feedback and videos of fieldwork. 5600 individuals registered to take part in classifications and a further 5000 anonymous sessions took place in the classification of images. On the forum over the first year of the project approximately 5000 discussion threads were begun with over 12000 comments. Videos of daily work of the project while in the field attracted over 350 tracked viewers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
URL http://fossilfinder.org
 
Description Fragmented Heritage - multiscalar approaches to digital documentation of cultural heritage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a presentation at the European Archaeology Association conference in Glasgow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Fragmented Heritage. British Museum Palaeolithic Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation by Davis - Fragmented Heritage. British Museum Palaeolithic Summer School, 10th to 14th August, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Fragmented Heritage: Introducing New Digital Technologies to the Analysis of Fragmentary Remain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact talk given at the Pathways to Ancient Britain: 1st workshop 14-15 May
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Fragmented Heritage: Introducing New Digital Technologies to the Analysis of Fragmentary Remains 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation and workshop on Fragmented Heritage focusing on the artefact scanning and refitting aspects of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ICAP- AP2017 Presentation of case study from Curious Travellers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International meeting on Archaeological Prospection - allowed Curious Travellers to showcase the integration of 3D above-ground data with GPR data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited participant at UNESCO in UK meeting (Bradford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact invited participant by Bradford Council's Team Leader for Conservation, Landscape and Heritage
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Metrology at various scales for the analysis of cultural heritage materials - instrument comparisons and selection considerations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given at the 5th International conference on surface metrology in Poznan, Poland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at EAA conference, Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Contribution to session led by Dr Lyn Wilson (Historic Environment Scotland) - has led to a successful application to the Scottish Cultural Heritage Consortium for AHRC CDP PhD studentship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at ITN-DCH final meeting on digital heritage (Olimje, Slovenia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation on Curious Travellers; resulted in linkage with Wikimedia Commons
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at Leiden DCH meeting on the theme of heritage at risk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation that resulted in key linkages to colleagues in Leiden and York
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation in Special Session on Heritage at Risk at CIfA Conference, University of Newcastle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation and participation in subsequent discussion; Invited to contribute to monograph on Heritage at Risk by Session organisers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Representative Samples and Method Calibration for Lithic Microwear Interpretation frameworks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact organised symposium and presentation on innovative interpretive approaches in microwear and residue analysis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The application of citizen science for education and exploration in paleoanthropological field research. European Society for the Study of Human Evolution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the first results of the Fossilfinder project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.fossilfinder.org
 
Description University of Bradford Open Days 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discuss the Courses offered by Archaeological Sciences at Bradford. Demonstrate technology used by the Fragmented Heritage project.

Increased interest in the science underlying archaeological research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.bradford.ac.uk/study/visit-us/undergraduate-open-days/
 
Description Using metrology to benefit refitting and microwear; Novel approaches to two powerful interpretative tools 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the use of 3D data for the refiting of lithic artefacts and fragmented fossil bone.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.Fragmentedheritage.com
 
Description World Archaeology Congress, Kyoto 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attendance at World Archaeology Congress - presentations on imaging in Bioarchaeology; Fragmented Heritage/ Curious Travellers. Resulted in dialogue with researchers involved with heritage under threat and colleagues interested in an accord on 3D models of human remains.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description presentation on heritage under threat from coastal erosion at Landmarks workshop (UHI, Orkney) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented research on coastal erosion at Swandro, Rousay and guided field visit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016