Unlocking co-creative possibilities: CREATe follow-on engagement with UK creative economy stakeholders to improve copyright practice and policy

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: CREATe

Abstract

The programme of engagement aims to effect a real change in the copyright practices within the UK Creative Economy with respect to the value generation through co-creation. It will be structured around four core activities.

1. Co-creation in the production chain: animations and guidance
Extending animation techniques (piloted in the award winning film The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair - http://copyrightuser.org/the-game-is-on/), copyright opportunities and risks relating to co-creation will be presented as they arise in the production process. Each of the new animated resources will address a discrete stage (and key creative sector) in the developmental lifecycle of filmmaking. New animations will be supported by comprehensive user-friendly guidance designed for independent learning and reference, helping the user to explore and consider key copyright issues relating to the creative sector featured in each new animation.

The British Film Institute (BFI) and lottery funded partner IntoFilm, the UK Intellectual Property Office and the Authors Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS) are collaborating partners.

2. Co-creation from cultural heritage: events and guidance
This activity seeks to improve understanding how copyright norms shape digital access to cultural heritage. Using the exemplar of Sherlock Holmes, two screening events will explore the creative reuse of the Sherlock character at the BFI Southbank in London and in Glasgow's new KelvinHall hub. The evolving journey of the notorious detective from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's stories illustrated by Sidney Paget to its most recent adaptations provides a compelling story to explore the role of copyright in relation to creativity, archives, and education. The events will bring together copyright law experts, film archivists and filmmakers, and will feed into new guidance through CopyrightUser.org and a new gateway - The Copyright Cortex - for UK memory institutions with the aim to unlock the creative potential of cultural heritage materials.

The National Library of Scotland, the British Film Institute (BFI) and the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) are collaborating partners.

3. Co-creation in policy deliberation: peer production of evidence
This activity will address neglected and under-represented stakeholder groups in the copyright policy making process, in particular micro-sized innovative firms and individual creators engaged in co-creation. We will provide new data-mining tools and open functionality via the MediaWiki software in order to facilitate a series of 'virtual town hall meetings' for these groups. This deliberative exercise will draw upon a pilot dataset of more than 600 individual scientific studies and reports, covering advertising, performance arts, music, film, photography, radio and TV broadcasting, print publishing and computer software. In consultation with a Wikimedian-in-residence, we will leverage peer-production opportunities to improve and scale up the dataset, involve new stakeholders and co-produce a shared evidence base relating to co-creation. Users will access, visualise and manipulate the evidence base and produce new findings which will support more effective policy representation.

Wikimedia Foundation, N-Square Consultants and the UK IPO are collaborating partners.

4. UK Research and Innovation Network
CREATe will develop as a national catalyst, connecting expertise in law, social science and technology with stakeholders through a new national Research and Innovation Network for the Creative Economy. Three mobilisation engagements will be conducted throughout the UK, typically as part of existing industry events. These engagements will be flexibly supported with industry fellowships and commissions, responding to topical developments.

CREATe will collaborate with the Scottish Games Industry at Dundee, KTN Ltd (Creative Industries) and the Digital Catapult.

Planned Impact

The CREATe project has pioneered a digital engagement model with the creative economy that has been shown to be highly effective. Starting from an assessment of needs, it involves users in the creation of solutions. Two innovative platforms have been established for this purpose: CopyrightUser.org (aimed at creators, entrepreneurs and the general public), and CopyrightEvidence.org (aimed at policy). CREATe's techniques of engagement through animation ("The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair") and peer technology (Evidence Wiki) have become well known.

The programme of follow-on work for engagement and impact has been carefully developed in close consultation with stakeholders. Each activity is supported by collaboration, and will result in impacts as follows:

1. Co-creation in the production chain
The BFI will host a CREATe researcher as Copyright Education Fellow, with a substantial in kind commitment of £23,500. In close collaboration with film makers, copyright aspects in co-creation in the film production chain will be analysed, for example relating to co-authorship, copyright exceptions and licences. User friendly digital resources (animations and guidance) will be created in response to the identified needs, in particular of young screen writers and filmmakers.The IPO will endorse and disseminate our new resources through the Cracking Ideas portal (a government funded official portal - see letter of support).

2. Co-creation from cultural heritage
A new digital resource - the Copyright Cortex - will be developed that acts as a gateway for UK-based archives, museums, libraries and other memory institutions - as well as those working in the digital humanities. The resources will engage with users through events (screening of Sherlock adaptations) and training modules. This activity has been conceived in response to an express need for guided knowledge development in the heritage community, facilitating decision making relating to digitisation and creative re-use of digital cultural heritage (see CILIP and British Library letters of support). The sector is keen and ready to evolve sector wide best practice relating to copyright challenges. A change in behaviour will follow.

3. Co-creation in policy deliberation
This project will work with new stakeholder groups, in particular small and medium sized firms and single commercial creators which make up a significant portion of the creative economy. With the development support of an intern from Wikimedia (see Wikimedia letter of support), a series of 'virtual town hall meetings' will engage these difficult to reach stakeholder groups. A survey will be completed before and after the meetings, measuring the impact of the initiative. We will also scale up the Copyright Evidence Wiki to full collaborative peer-production. We will be able to track and measure the use of Wiki visualisations in policy representation.

4. UK Research and Innovation Network
There is an important role for CREATe as a national catalyst for linking expertise in law, social science and technology to stakeholders. Our choice of partners and collaborators - high profile and established so we are able to target key influencers in the sector, and geographically distributed across the UK - will enable impacts that are conceptual (raising awareness in new sectors), capacity building (various forms of guidance) and provide enduring connectivity (through building a national research and innovation network). See letters of support from Digital Catapult, Creative Industries KTN, and Scottish Games Centre Abertay.

Throughout projects 1. - 3., we will pilot an accredited suite of information (such as Mozilla Badges) validating education and professional development undertaken. Activities typically will take hours (not days), and will be reasonably priced (in the CPD range). Income from these badges will contribute to sustaining CREATe's digital platforms in the future.

Publications

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Title Cracking ideas 
Description These include teachers' notes, curriculum links, a trailer for the series, and a copyright handbook for teachers. Once these new materials will be completed (March 2019), The Game is On! will be made available via the UK IPO education portal Cracking Ideas: 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Following the completion of the resource and recognising its value, the UK Intellectual Property Office (UK IPO) has commissioned the production of additional materials to support the delivery of The Game is On! within Further and Secondary Education. 
URL https://crackingideas.com/
 
Title Going for a Song 
Description Going for a Song tells the story of Tina and Ben, a music composer and a lyricist who create an original song and discuss how to market it. It covers how UK copyright law regulates different aspects of the journey of a song, from its creation to its distribution. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Supplementary educational materials addressing important topics such as what constitutes a song, how to protect a song with copyright, sound recording rights, publishing and record deals, among others. 
URL http://www.copyrightuser.org/create/creative-process/going-for-a-song/
 
Title Learning on Screen - Copyright Guidance 
Description The Copyright Guidance page of the Learning on Screen website links to several pages of CopyrightUser.org: https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/copyright-guidance/ 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Learning on Screen - a charity and membership organisation specialised in the use of moving image and sound in education and research - offers a course on Copyright and Creative Reuse in Education, aimed primarily at copyright officers, e-learning technologists, librarians and other members of staff who are responsible for advising colleagues on copyright issues in HE institutions. An entire session of the course is dedicated to demonstrating how The Game is On! resource can be used to teach UK copyright law 
URL https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/copyright-guidance/
 
Title On 3rd June 2019, The UK Intellectual Property Office launched a new educational resource aimed at facilitating the use of The Game is On! in FE and schools: 
Description The UK IPO resource includes a set of teaching notes, introductory guides to copyright law, and curriculum links as well as a new trailer for The Game is On! series: https://vimeo.com/333531802 
Type Of Art Composition/Score 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact The UK IPO published a blog to promote the new resource: https://ipo.blog.gov.uk/2019/06/13/the-game-is-on-copyright-and-creativity-with-sherlock-holmes/ 
URL https://ipo.blog.gov.uk/2019/06/13/the-game-is-on-copyright-and-creativity-with-sherlock-holmes/
 
Title The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair 
Description Extending animation techniques (piloted in the award-winning film The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair), CREATe has completed an innovative digital resource that presents copyright opportunities and risks related to co-creation as they arise in the production process. The Game is On! - https://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/ - is a research-led, open access educational resource that explores copyright, creativity and the lawful reuse of existing works, with a view to unlocking co-creative possibilities in film-making and other co-creative processes. The resource consists of six short animated films, each of which addresses a discrete stage (and key creative sector) in the developmental life cycle of film-making. The six films are complemented by 33 Case Files: comprehensive user-friendly educational materials designed for independent learning and reference, helping the user to explore and consider key copyright issues relating to the creative sector featured in each animation. Each episode is also accompanied by a set of Annotations, exploring the creative process behind the short film and demonstrating how existing works can be reused lawfully under UK copyright law. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact All these materials are based on the knowledge needs identified in collaboration with industry partners, including the British Film Institute (where Bartolomeo Meletti was seconded to for the duration of the project), Into Film, the UK Intellectual Property Office, and the Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society. Their content is informed by rigorous research carried out by CREATe, including the major knowledge exchange project Valuing the Public Domain. 
URL https://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/
 
Title The Game is On! - Episodes 1, 2 and 3 - The Adventure of the Forger's Apprentice 
Description The Game is On! is a series of short animated films that put copyright and creativity under the magnifying glass of Sherlock Holmes, providing a unique, research-led and open access resource for school-aged learners and other creative users of copyright. Drawing inspiration from well-known copyright and public domain work, as well as recent copyright litigation, these films provide a springboard for exploring key principles and ideas underpinning copyright law, creativity, and the limits of lawful appropriation and re-use. Each episode is accompanied by a number of related Case Files: supplementary educational materials aimed at suggesting points of discussion about copyright for teachers and students. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Copyright User provides unique, research-led and open access resources for school-aged learners and other creative users of copyright. 
URL http://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/
 
Description Copyright law presents considerable risks and opportunities for re-use of cultural materials. A risk adverse culture (fear of infringement) inhibits desirable re-use in many sectors.
Exploitation Route Codes of best practice explored with primary creators in certain key media relying on reuse (such as documentaries and games) would be a valuable translation of findings into cultural and economic benefit.
Sectors Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description This document is being submitted as a University of Glasgow REF 2021 Impact case for Unit of Assessment (UoA Law.) Institution: University of Glasgow (UofG) Title of case study: Enabling digital innovation: an evidence-led approach to EU copyright law Period when the underpinning research was undertaken: 2014-2020 Details of staff conducting the underpinning research from the submitting unit: Name(s): (1) Martin Kretschmer (2) Kris Erickson (3) Bartolomeo Meletti (4) Thomas Margoni Role(s) (e.g. job title): (1) Professor of Intellectual Property Law and Director of CREATe Centre; (2) Lord Kelvin/Adam Smith Research Fellow; (3) Employed on a consultancy basis to develop Copyrightuser.org, thereafter Copyright Education Creative Director; (4) Senior Lecturer in Intellectual Property and Internet Law Period(s) employed by submitting HEI: (1) 2012-present (2) 2013-2017 (3) 2014-2017; 2017-present (4) 2016-2020 Period when the claimed impact occurred: 2015-2020 Is this case study continued from a case study submitted in 2014? No 1. Summary of the impact Copyright law governs the use of a wide range of cultural materials. In the digital age, it is increasingly difficult to know whether these materials can be used, and how permissions should be sought. UofG research has: (i) produced evidence to inform the EU copyright debate. From 2015 onwards, Kretschmer coordinated an academic response to proposed EU legislation, which persuaded a majority of MEPs to reject the first negotiation mandate for the Copyright Directive in 2018. The research: (ii) supported amendments to articles 5, 11 & 13, which protect the rights of EU citizens over corporate interests. The same research underpins one of the UK's leading copyright guidance websites, which has: (iii) shaped the creative policy and practice of copyright 'users' within the creative sector via engagement with the British Film Institute. 2. Underpinning research Almost every activity on a mobile phone, computer or network involves acts of copying. Copyright law has effects that go far beyond its origins of regulating the behaviour of competitors in the same industry sector (e.g. such as protecting a publisher against a re-publisher). It now affects the infrastructure of society, and the role of creators and users as citizens. CREATe, the UK Copyright and Creative Economy Centre (hosted by the UofG School of Law) was established in 2012 to enable a new evidence-led understanding of copyright law. 2.1. Reconceiving the 'users' of copyright CREATe researchers have studied how to enable the creative sector to develop a much wider range of behavioral options relating to copyright. In 2015, an assessment [O1] was undertaken across six artistic mediums: music, film, performance, visual art, writing and interactive development. It sought to understand creators, entrepreneurs, educators and consumers as 'users' of copyright. The research identified and quantified obstacles to creative re-use that arise from misunderstandings of the boundaries of copyright law [O2] and proposed specific interventions to release the value of the creative re-use of material (e.g. increasing the amount of material available in the public domain through legislation; improving knowledge about the boundaries of copyright law among creators; and improving information flow between creative industries and holders of public domain materials). These recommendations were implemented by UofG researchers in the development of the UK online guidance portal CopyrightUser.org (led by CREATe). 2.2. The EU Copyright Directive When the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive was proposed by the European Commission in September 2016, CREATe undertook a series of evidence reviews and empirical studies [O3, O4, O5, O6] relating to the most controversial provisions in the draft legislation. The research found that evidence did not support provisions in Articles 5, 11 and 13, which sought to alter the balance between protecting and rewarding rightholders and facilitating user innovation. Article 5 (which later became Articles 3 and 4), proposed a new narrow exception that was designed to enable copying of materials in the process of text-and-data-mining. However, the exception was restricted to purposes of scientific research (thus excluding cultural heritage institutions, journalists and commercial start-ups). Margoni and Kretschmer's research [O4] showed that text-and-data-mining is misconceived as a copyright relevant activity, as the purpose of mining is extracting information from works, not copying the works. Article 11 (later Article 15), proposed that anyone using snippets of journalistic online content must first get a licence from the publisher, potentially affecting everyday activities such as blogging and hyperlinking. Along with Professor Lionel Bently (University of Cambridge) and others, Kretschmer was commissioned by the European Parliament to review the laws of seven Member States to see how far the proposed new articles would 'add value' [O5]. The desk work was executed primarily by the University of Cambridge, with a subcontract given to Prof. Kretschmer, who drew extensively upon the body of empirical evidence from CREATe research. A key finding was that previous interventions to establish press publishers' rights in Germany and Spain did not produce the intended effects (e.g. enforcing the rights of publishers and generating income from US tech companies). It also found that the proposal favoured incumbent publishing interests over innovation (e.g. the interests of quality journalism, small publishers or news-related start-ups). Article 13 (later Article 17) proposed to change the liability regime so that platforms that host user-generated content (e.g. YouTube) would become responsible for unlawful content found on their sites. A likely consequence of such proposals would be the introduction of large-scale upload filtering software-a burden that would likely discourage start-ups and effectively lock-in YouTube's dominance. Automated takedown would struggle to tell copyright infringement apart from legal uses such as parody; as a result, legitimate content would be removed, thus affecting creative freedoms. Kretschmer and Erickson's research [O6] investigated the factors that motivate takedown requests of user-generated content by copyright owners using an original dataset of 1,839 music video parodies. The research found that takedown requests by copyright holders already results in the removal of lawful content, and that policy concerns frequently raised by rightholders are not associated with statistically significant patterns of action. 3. References to the research [O1] K Erickson, P Heald, F Homberg, M Kretschmer and D Mendis, Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An Empirical Assessment (2015), Project Report, UK Intellectual Property Office, Newport. [O2] P Heald, K Erickson and M Kretschmer, "The valuation of unprotected works: a case study of public domain photographs on Wikipedia" (2015) 29(1) Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 1-32. [O3] M Kretschmer, S Dusollier, C Geiger and PB Hugenholtz, "The European Commission's public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain: a response by the European Copyright Society" (2016) 38(10) European Intellectual Property Review 591-595. [O4] T Margoni and M Kretschmer, "The text and data mining exception in the proposal for a directive on copyright in the digital single market: Why it is not what EU copyright law needs", paper presented at European Policy for IP, Berlin (07/09/2018), and Global Congress on IP & Public Interest, Washington (27/09/2018). Available as a CREATe blog (25/04/18). [O5] L Bently, M Kretschmer, T Dudenbostel, M Calatrava Moreno, and A Radauer, Strengthening the Position of Press Publishers and Authors and Performers in the Copyright Directive (2017), Project Report, European Parliament, Brussels. [PDF available] [O6] K Erickson, and M Kretschmer, "This video is unavailable": analyzing copyright takedown of user-generated content on YouTube (2018) 9(1) Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E-Commerce Law 75-89. Evidence of the quality of the research: Output [O1] is an 81-page research report that was peer reviewed by the UK Intellectual Property Office prior to publication. Outputs [O2] and [O6] are published in international double-blind peer reviewed law journals. 4. Details of the impact 4.1. Context Copyright policy has suffered from the lack of an accepted evidence base. It is a highly technical field of law that, through digitization, is suddenly implicated in everyday life. The debate around the EU Commission's proposals for copyright reform (2015-2019) was played out amid intense corporate lobbying aimed at MEPs, governments and the general public. The face-off between US tech companies (e.g. Google) versus European collecting societies, record companies and press publishers, led to widespread accusations of deception and unfair lobbying. Amid this confusion, there was a real danger that the interests of EU citizens would be drowned out. 4.2. Informing the EU copyright debate CREATe's interdisciplinary research has provided EU citizens and policymakers with a trusted source of information during the course of this complex debate (as demonstrated by the report on corporate lobbying [E1]). Kretschmer also disseminated research findings and advocated CREATe's evidence-led approach through invited presentations at hearings in the European Parliament and at high-level roundtables for the European Commission (confirmed by collated evidence [E2]). A key recommendation of the research [O1] was to support innovation by increasing the amount of material available for re-use without seeking permission. When the final study [O1] was published in 2015, it fed into a European Parliament review of the 2001 Copyright Directive. The then Rapporteur cited the research in Parliament and endorsed its role in safeguarding public domain works for the benefit of EU society: 'the empirical results generated by the CREATe study helped my colleagues and I advocate for change to European copyright that will improve the regulatory landscape for creators and users.' (confirmed by letter [E3]). When controversial new legislation was introduced by the European Commission in September 2016, Kretschmer drew upon the underpinning research to coordinate an academic response to the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive. CREATe's digital portal [E4] became a focal point for this activity, providing a hub for the dissemination of academic statements and the findings of CREATe's most relevant research [O2, O3, O4]. As a result of the initiative of Kretschmer (and others), over 200 academics signed open letters opposing Articles 11 and 13. These interventions also advocated opening Article 5 (which became Articles 3 and 4: exceptions for text-and-data-mining) to all users, including for commercial purposes (confirmed by open letters [E5]). Kretschmer then co-authored an academic statement entitled 'Misinformation and Independent Enquiry' (known as the CREATe Statement [E6]), which received over 40,000 impressions on Twitter. This was a key piece of evidence that persuaded a majority of MEPs to reject the first negotiation mandate for the Directive in the vote on 5 July 2018. This rejection was highly significant, as it represented a surprise result in the face of extensive corporate lobbying (e.g. Google alone held 22 meetings with high-level European Commission staff specifically on copyright). With the Commission's proposals sent back to the drawing board by Parliament, the then Shadow Copyright Rapporteur wrote: 'I cannot stress enough that I think the active academic intervention in this vote has been absolutely decisive for this first success' [E7]. 4.3. Supporting amendments to the EU Copyright Directive As the result of the research and interventions of CREATe (and others), specific changes were made to the Copyright Directive prior to the vote in respect of Article 11, and subsequent to the vote in respect of Articles 5 and 13. For example, the European Parliament commissioned study [O5] was presented to the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) on 7 December 2017 [E2]. Its concerns that the reform would give big media players the power to monetize their content online (at a cost to the circulation of news) were reflected in an explicit exemption for 'hyperlinking' introduced by Parliament to the Commission draft (and further amendments that remove 'individual words or short extracts' and 'private or non-commercial uses' from the scope of the new right). For Articles 5 and 13, the European Parliament introduced later amendments that enabled the rejected draft to pass plenary votes (on 11 September 2018 and 26 March 2019 respectively). For Article 5, the scope of the text-and-data-mining exception was extended to embrace cultural heritage institutions (in line with the findings of [O4]). For Article 13, obligations were re-focused on major platforms (e.g. YouTube). In line with the findings of the underpinning research [O6], exemptions were provided for 'microenterprises and small-sized enterprises, educational or scientific repositories' under a new definition of an 'online content-sharing service provider' introduced as Article 2(6). The amended Copyright Directive was approved by the European Parliament on 26 March 2019 and the European Council on 15 April 2019. While the revised provisions remain problematic, a former MEP and Copyright Rapporteur of the Internal Market Committee confirms that, 'Prof. Kretschmer's research underpinned the case for innovation-enabling improvements' (statement [E8]). She (and other MEPs) relied upon academic evidence throughout the highly complex debate (as confirmed by transcript [E9]). Statement [E8] specifically confirms the role of the empirical evidence provided by the underpinning UofG research [O4, O5, O6] within that process: 'The importance of academic input into the copyright debate was essential due to the polarised nature of the debate and the power of those right holders' lobbies who were not supporting creators but profit. Without academic input, there would have been little counter argument particularly as the subject is complex and legalistic.' 4.4. Shaping the creative policy and practice of copyright users Based upon the underpinning research [O1, O2], CREATe's CopyrightUser.org web portal has become one of the UK's most authoritative copyright guidance sites, attracting more than 1,661,003 unique visitors since 2017 [E10]. This resource enables educators and cultural heritage practitioners to access independent copyright guidance based upon up-to-date empirical evidence. Its success has been widely recognized. For example, the European Commission commissioned the Council of Europe's European Audiovisual Observatory to carry out an independent study to identify the most significant media literacy projects carried out since 2010-CopyrightUser.org was in the top 5 for the UK in 2016 [E11]. As a direct result of engagement with CopyrightUser.org, there is evidence of changes to policy and practice within the cultural heritage sector. For instance, based upon the underpinning research [O1], Meletti was seconded to the British Film Institute (BFI) from 2017-2018. The BFI hosts the largest public searchable database dedicated to British films released in the UK. This flagship platform for the BFI's mass digitization project has received over 74 million views to date. As a result of Meletti's secondment, the BFI reappraised its copyright policy, guidance and staff training (as confirmed by statement [E12]). The BFI's Rights Database Manager testifies that, 'links to pages on Copyrightuser.org have been embedded in our internal policy and guidance documents to help provide more information and context on copyright research [] Approximately 35 members of BFI staff have used guidance [] Using Copyrightuser.org in this way helps us particularly where we are unable to give legal advice but can direct people to the resources on the website so they can gather more information about the issues'. [E12] The secondary beneficiaries of the BFI's revised copyright guidance are its members and partner organisations. These changes enable creators (e.g. filmmakers and educators) to use archive material more readily in their creative projects. For instance, in 2017 the BFI supported a pilot project to supply films to students for creative reuse. The project has since grown across the UK and Ireland and now provides 60 Higher Education Institutions with access to 39 titles for creative projects. The BFI's Rights Database Manager confirms that, 'The ongoing impact of [Meletti's] secondment and continued use of Copyrightuser.org [] has brought positive changes to the BFI for both our internal development of clearer and evidence-based copyright policies and how we communicate with partners and the public to deliver our public mission.' [E12] 5. Sources to corroborate the impact [E1] Corporate Europe Observatory Report on Copyright Directive lobbying (Opinions attributed to 'academics' (e.g. on p.11) hyperlink to the Academic Statement [E5], hosted on the CREATe website, which cites the underpinning research [O5] among the key academic contributions on p.5) [pdf available] [E2] Collated evidence: invited presentations at hearings in the European Parliament and at high-level roundtables for the European Commission (2014-2017) including confirmation of Bently and Kretschmer's presentation of the proposed press publishers' right (7 Dec 2017) [pdfs available] [E3] Letter from MEP/Rapporteur (29 January 2016), acknowledging influence of Erickson/Kretschmer report [O1] on review. [pdf available] [E4] CREATe EU Copyright Reform digital resource: https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/ [pdf available] [E5] Academics against Press Publishers' Right Statement (10 September 2018) (voting recommendations based upon two open letters) [pdf available] [E6] Academic statement entitled 'Misinformation and Independent Enquiry' (29 June 2018) known as the 'CREATe Statement', co-authored by Kretschmer [pdf available] [E7] Email from MEP (10 July 2018) (confirms the decisive role of the academic intervention) [pdf available] [E8] Statement from former MEP and Copyright Rapporteur of the Internal Market Committee, now CEO of the Open Knowledge Foundation (June 2020) (confirms the importance of the academic intervention and the use by policymakers of the underpinning research [O4, O5, O6] [pdf available] [E9] Transcript of former MEP and Copyright Rapporteur's contribution to the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Extraordinary meeting (13 March 2017) [IMCO (2017)0313_1, 13/3/2017], (in which she relies on evidence presented in the open academic letter of 24 February 2017)[pdf available]. [E10] CopyrightUser.org has attracted 1,661,003 unique visitors since 2017 (figures confirmed by a GoAccess report on the 28 August 2020)[pdf available] [E11] Mapping of media literacy practices and actions in EU-28. European Audiovisual Observatory, Strasbourg 2016 (confirms CopyrightUser.org was in the top 5 media literacy projects in the UK in 2016 on p.379). [pdf available] [E12] Statement from the Rights Database Manager, British Film Institute (June 2020) [pdf available] ---- Previous narrative summary (2019) On this grant, engagement with new stakeholders was based on principles of co-creation, and leveraged CREATe's research findings and digital resources (CopyrightUser.org, CopyrightEvidence.org, Copyrightcoretex.org) enabling value-generating behaviour and informing policies that further unlocked the potential of co-creative practices. 1. Co-creation in the production chain Animated videos, playfully investigating copyright opportunities and risks relating to co-creation in the production process. Four new episodes and case files have been produced, and engagements have taken place with British Film Institute (BFI), lottery funded partner IntoFilm, UK Intellectual Property Office and Authors Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS). http://www.copyrightuser.org/category/educate/the-game-is-on/ In close collaboration with film makers, copyright aspects in co-creation in the film production chain were analysed, for example relating to co-authorship, copyright exceptions and licences. User friendly digital resources (animations and guidance) were created in response to the identified needs, in particular of young screen writers and filmmakers. The IPO endorsed and disseminated our new resources through the Cracking Ideas portal (a government funded official portal). http://crackingideas.com/sites/default/files/documents/IP%20Education%20Map%20Booklet%20060616.pdf 2. Co-creation from cultural heritage This deliverable sought to improve understanding how copyright norms shape digital access to cultural heritage. Using the exemplar of Sherlock Holmes, a screening event explored the creative reuse of the Sherlock character at the BFI Southbank in London. A second event in Glasgow's new KelvinHall hub explained legal and business model constraints on releasing the transformative value of collections. National Library of Scotland, British Film Institute (BFI) and Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) were collaborating partners. https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/10/11/copyright-creative-reuse-screening-dec17/ https://www.create.ac.uk/transformative-value-of-collections-nov17/ A new digital resource - the Copyright Cortex (https://copyrightcortex.org) - has been developed to act as a gateway for UK-based archives, museums, libraries and other memory institutions - as well as those working in the digital humanities. This resource, conceived in response to an express need for guided knowledge development in the heritage community, facilitates decision making relating to digitisation and creative re-use of digital cultural heritage. Thanks to this resource and cognate activities of researchers on this project, the sector has started evolving best practice relating to copyright challenges. Our researchers engage with key stakeholders in the cultural heritage sector and have disseminated examples of best practice and provided detailed guidance and training to support confident decision-making in this complex and evolving area of practice. Training sessions have been devised for the industry and researchers have been invited to sit at working committees of world leading intellectual property bodies such as WIPO. CREATe resources have helped to impact behaviour in the Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums (GLAM) sector: changing digitisation behaviour, changing behaviour on rights clearance, and increasing the appetite for making cultural memory materials available online. Our work aims to increase access to, and the visibility of, our shared cultural heritage. 3. Co-creation in policy deliberation: peer production of evidence Copyright law governs the use of a wide range of cultural materials. In the digital environment, it is increasingly difficult to know whether these materials can be used, and how permissions should be sought. UofG-led researchers have informed and coordinated an academic response to proposed European Union (EU) copyright legislation-the first time an evidence-led perspective has played a part in this legislative process. In an effort to better understand the needs of copyright 'users', empirical research has also led to the development of the UK's most visited copyright guidance website. Research findings and related resources have informed policy makers and shaped the professional practice of the creative sector workers, significantly enabling digital innovation. A digital resource has been produced has become a significant player in European Copyright policy, with citations by BBC, Spiegel and Australian, German and Polish broadcasters. https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/ A Copyright Evidence wiki portal has been piloted, making accessible a large body of empirical evidence. This project continues to engage with new stakeholder groups, in particular SMEs and single commercial creators which make up a significant portion of the creative economy. In collaboration with the Wikimedia Foundation, data mining of key studies from relevant datasets are being undertaken. We are on route to scaling up the Copyright Evidence Wiki to full collaborative peer-production upon which we will be able to track and measure the use of Wiki visualisations in policy representation. Participation in the Global IP Congress 24-29 September in Washington DC that fosters partnerships between academics and policy advocates from around the world. http://infojustice.org/globalcongress2018 4. UK Research and Innovation Network CREATe has launched a copyright and innovation network as a national catalyst, connecting expertise in law, social science and technology with creative economy stakeholders. An event at the Digital Catapult Centre inLondon in May 2017 performed a shaping role that led to CREATe's collaboration with Nesta in an application for the Policy and Evidence Centre for the Creative Economy. https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/04/05/cin-launch/ There is an important role for CREATe as a national catalyst for linking expertise in law, social science and technology to stakeholders. Our choice of partners and collaborators - high profile and established so we are able to target key influencers in the sector, and geographically distributed across the UK - have enabled impacts that are conceptual (raising awareness in new sectors), capacity building (various forms of guidance) and providing enduring connectivity (through building a national research and innovation network).Please see links below to the CREATe Innovation Network (CIN) resource pages www.create.ac.uk/creative-reuse/ www.create.ac.uk/cin-launch http://www.create.ac.uk/cin-autumn-2017/ http://www.create.ac.uk/baz-review/ http://www.create.ac.uk/ahrc-film-shortlist/ http://www.create.ac.uk/public-lecture-heald-report/ http://www.create.ac.uk/public-lecture-montagnani-report/ http://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/episode-2/ http://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/episode-3/ Over this period, CREATe's research has focused on informing and influencing copyright policy and practice in relation to co-creative processes with a view to achieving significant economic, social, cultural and policy impacts for the creative economy. The activities and research outputs that produced such impacts can be grouped into five main categories: 1) Unlocking Co-Creative Possibilities One of the main objectives of the CREATe Follow-on Funding project was to improve the ability of creative entrepreneurs to generate value from co-creative practices by increasing knowledge of the opportunities within copyright law. To achieve this, CREATe has engaged new groups of creators within their particular production settings and responded to their sector-specific copyright knowledge needs through open digital resources, events and guidance. 2) Informing Copyright Policy In addition to enabling value generation in co-creative practices, the CREATe Follow-on Funding project aimed to inform copyright policy on a UK and EU level by widening access to the policy consultation process to new stakeholders and producing innovative digital resources that systematise existing rigorous evidence for copyright policy. 3) Open Science CREATe has played a leading role in the promotion of Open Science principles in the UK and EU. Open Science (OS) has always been in CREATe's DNA. Transparency, reproducibility, re-usability are basic principles that have always characterised CREATe's approach to the study of the creative economy. The very idea of improving law-making by developing a proper evidence base for policy decisions can be said to be a perfect application of OS. More recently, this approach has taken a more formalised structure thanks to the support received from national and European funding bodies. Thanks to this support CREATe was able to develop specific research in this field that has produced both theoretical (academic papers) and applied (FAQs, best practices, webinars) outcomes. A number of tools have been developed to support Open Science, with a particular view on the needs of authors, users, researchers and research institutions. The licence compatibility matrix (static version below) is available at: https://openminted.github.io/releases/license-matrix/ but is also integrated into the OpenMinTeD portal so that when OpenMinTeD users select the corpora they want to mine, an automatised compatibility calculation is visualised. 4) Capacity Building CREATe development model that integrates junior researchers (PhD & postdoctoral level), innovative teaching and knowledge exchange has proved successful. A new generation of interdisciplinary researchers trained by CREATe have progressed in their academic career in various universities around the UK. In addition, the CREATe platform CopyrightUser.org (over 120,000 unique users per year) and its resources (such as Going for a Song and The Game is On!) have been used as vehicles for capacity building of early career researchers and for filling skills gaps of young filmmakers and other young creators. Knowledge of how copyright regulates the protection, exploitation and reuse of creative works is essential for young creators and entrepreneurs. Copyright User resources have been used to increase such knowledge at international, national and local events and workshops. At the same time, other digital resources co-produced or funded by CREATe - including DigitisingMorgan.eu - have been deployed to build capacity within the cultural heritage sectors. 4.1 Filling skills gaps of young creators Guest Lecture on Copyright & Creative Reuse, Professional Practice, Bournemouth University (11 February 2019). The Professional Practice unit is designed to set Master's students from various media production disciplines - directing, producing, editing, cinematography, radio, sound design and screenwriting - thinking about their move from student to professional. The unit is delivered as a series of weekly visiting speakers from the media industries, followed by seminars that will feature student-centred discussion. Bartolomeo Meletti was invited to talk about copyright and creative reuse. 5) Contributing to the AHRC Creative Industries Clusters Programme 2018 (M. Kretschmer, S. Singh & B. Meletti). IP & Collaborative Agreements in the Creative Industries (commissioned report, 33pp). London: Arts & Humanities Research Council (November 2018) https://www.create.ac.uk/publications/ip-collaborative-agreements-in-the-creative-industries/
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description CREATe submission to DMCS Committee inquiry: Economics of Music Streaming (M Kretschmer with K. Barr
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2020/12/08/copyright-contracts-and-the-economics-of-music-streaming-ho...
 
Description EU Copyright Reform - Evidence on the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/
 
Description Open letter to the European Commission and the relevant authorities of Member States of the European Union, "Use-it-or-lose-it": an historic opportunity to achieve better copyright outcomes for creators - will it go to waste? (M. Kretschmer with R. Giblin, U. Furgal
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/reversion-rights-resource-page/
 
Description Significant player in European Copyright policy, with citations by BBC, Spiegel and Australian, German and Polish broadcasters. https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/
 
Description Centre of Excellence for Policy and Evidence in the Creative Industries
Amount £6,137,268 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/S001298/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2018 
End 07/2023
 
Description Intellectual Property and Collaborative Agreements
Amount £8,900 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 09/2018
 
Description Reclaiming lost cultural value for authors and the public
Amount £23,000 (GBP)
Organisation Australian Research Council 
Sector Public
Country Australia
Start  
 
Description reCreating Europe: Rethinking digital copyright law for a culturally diverse, accessible, creative Europe
Amount € 3,100,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 870626 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 12/2019 
End 12/2022
 
Description reCreating Europe: Rethinking digital copyright law for a culturally diverse, accessible, creative Europe
Amount € 3,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 870626 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start  
 
Title CDSM EU Directive resource 
Description The Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (CDSM) entered into force on 7 June 2019 (20 days after publication in the Official Journal of the European Union). It must now be transposed by Member States into national law by 7 June 2021. The Directive is a complex piece of legislation, 34 pages long. The most contested Article 17 is introduced by 11 recitals (61-71) and covers in 10 dense sections new obligations by "online content-sharing service providers", a new class of services that communicate to the public copyright content uploaded by their users. It is likely that we'll see widely diverging implementations, and decades of references to the Court of Justice of the European Union, which is already suffering from copyright overload. This resource, developed in collaboration with reCreating Europe (an EU H2020 project), offers an independent academic perspective on the implementation of the directive, continuing previous work on the legislative process. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This resource has been supported by EU H2020 grant "reCreating Europe: Rethinking digital copyright law for a culturally diverse, accessible, creative Europe" (reference no. 870626) and Kretschmer's Weizenbaum fellowship at Humboldt University and Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin. Editors: Ula Furgal, Martin Kretschmer, João Pedro Quintais Contributors: Roberto Caso, Giulia Dore, Martin Husovec (roundtable), Peter Mézei, Giulia Priora Design and dissemination: Dietmar Aumann (map), Pete Bennett, Kerry Patterson Suggested citation: EU Copyright Reform: Evidence on the Implementation of the Copyright in Digital Single Market Directive (Directive (EU) 2019/790) CREATe Centre: University of Glasgow & reCreating Europe https://www.create.ac.uk/cdsm-implementation-resource-page/ Please include the date when the resource was accessed. 
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/cdsm-implementation-resource-page/
 
Title Copyright Evidence Portal 
Description It gives access to the world's current knowledge about copyright law and its effects - both as a data-minable Wiki catalogue and through visualizations. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Portal was publicly launched at BEYOND 2020, a conference that brings together thinkers, makers, investors and researchers across the creative industries to explore the relationship between creative research and business innovation. During the session 'Text and Data Mining of Copyright Evidence: Vizualisation R&D and Deep Dive by CREATe', Amy Thomas, Bartolomeo Meletti, Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer presented the new Portal and showcased its potential by answering live questions with the Copyright Evidence Wiki and the new Evidence Viz tool. 
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2021/01/22/beyond-2020-the-launch-of-the-copyright-evidence-portal/
 
Title Copyright Evidence wiki 
Description Co-creation in policy deliberation: peer production of evidence. The Copyright Evidence Wiki is a digital resource that categorises existing empirical studies on copyright to inform public debate and policy based on rigorous evidence. Among others, the evidence is catalogued by country, industry and research method, offering an in-depth view of existing findings. During this reporting period and on a regular basis, CREATe has been updating the resource with new empirical studies. As part of CREATe's workstream for the AHRC Creative Industries Policy and Evidence Centre (PEC, more details under category '5. Contributing to AHRC Creative Industries Clusters Programme'), CREATe has developed the information architecture and initial design of a larger Copyright Evidence Portal. In addition to the Evidence Wiki, the Evidence Portal will give access to sources of data, data tools (such as CREATe's OMeBa), and policy interventions. The Editorial Board of the Copyright Evidence Portal has convened on 22 February 2019 and approved the structure of the new Portal. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Participation in the Global IP Congress 24-29 September in Washington DC that fosters partnerships between academics and policy advocates from around the world. http://infojustice.org/globalcongress2018 
URL https://www.copyrightevidence.org/evidence-wiki/index.php/Copyright_Evidence
 
Description CREATe and Learning on Screen partnership agreement 
Organisation Learning on Screen
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution CREATe and Learning on Screen are currently in the process of formalising a partnership agreement to collaborate on the best practice project (H2020 reCreating Europe).
Collaborator Contribution Learning on Screen - a charity and membership organisation specialised in the use of moving image and sound in education and research - offers a course on Copyright and Creative Reuse in Education, aimed primarily at copyright officers, e-learning technologists, librarians and other members of staff who are responsible for advising colleagues on copyright issues in HE institutions. An entire session of the course is dedicated to demonstrating how The Game is On! resource can be used to teach UK copyright law. The Copyright Guidance page of the Learning on Screen website links to several pages of CopyrightUser.org: https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/copyright-guidance/
Impact The Copyright Guidance page of the Learning on Screen website links to several pages of CopyrightUser.org: https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/copyright-guidance/ CREATe and Learning on Screen are currently in the process of formalising a partnership agreement to collaborate on the best practice project (H2020 reCreating Europe).
Start Year 2019
 
Title Copyright Cortex, an online gateway for digital cultural heritage 
Description The Copyright Cortex is an online resource dedicated to copyright and digital cultural heritage. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact It was developed to provide libraries, archives, museums and other memory institutions with information and expert commentary on how copyright law affects the creation and management of digital cultural heritage. The resource will also be valuable for anyone who works in the Digital Humanities. 
URL https://copyrightcortex.org
 
Description "Authors' earnings and contracts" study (Kretschmer et al 2019), cited in Guardian "Writing at risk of becoming an 'elitist' profession, report warns" (7 May 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact "Authors' earnings and contracts" study (Kretschmer et al 2019), cited in Guardian newspaper "Writing at risk of becoming an 'elitist' profession, report warns" (7 May 2019),
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/may/07/writing-risk-becoming-elitist-profession-alcs-report-u...
 
Description 'Sherlock' community meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Sherlock' community meeting

On 28th August 2019, Bartolomeo Meletti conducted a focus group at the University of Cambridge with the 'Sherlock' group, a copyright community of practice composed of copyright specialists from university libraries in London and the South East. The focus group - in partnership with Learning on Screen - was aimed at identifying the most common copyright questions and concerns faced by HE staff, with a view to developing codes of best practice for the HE sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description AHTV 2020 a one-day conference co-organised by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the Edinburgh TV Festival. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The event brought together Arts and Humanities academics and TV professionals working in specialist factual programming to foster relationships and improve understanding between the two. At the event, Bartolomeo collected contact details of documentary filmmakers with a view to inviting them to participate in the best practice project (H2020 reCreating Europe).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2020/02/18/report-on-ahtv-2020-exploring-documentary-filmmakers-fair-p...
 
Description ALT Special Interest Group - Copyright and Online Learning (24 November 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 24 November 2020, Bartolomeo Meletti was invited to join the newly established Association for Learning Technology (ALT) Special Interest Group 'Copyright and Online Learning'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.alt.ac.uk/groups/special-interest-groups/copyright-and-online-learning-sig
 
Description BEYOND Conference (3rd December 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 3rd December 2020, Amy Thomas, Kris Erickson, Martin Kretschmer, and Bartolomeo Meletti delivered the session 'Text and Data Mining of Copyright Evidence: Visualization R&D and Deep Dive by CREATe' at BEYOND 2020, a conference that brings together thinkers, makers, investors and researchers across the creative industries to explore the relationship between creative research and business innovation. The team officially launched the Copyright Evidence Portal, funded by the AHRC Creative Industries Policy & Evidence Centre (PEC).

A report of the session can be found here: https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2021/01/22/beyond-2020-the-launch-of-the-copyright-evidence-portal/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2021/01/22/beyond-2020-the-launch-of-the-copyright-evidence-portal/
 
Description BY INVITATION: panel convenor of The regulation of Internet Platforms: Symposium: European Intellectual Property and its Limits, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence for European Intellectual Property and Information Rights, CIPPM, Bournemouth (16 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The panel examined different premises and approaches in the regulation of platforms. Four perspectives were explored with Introductory paper 'Competition, Communication, Data and Intellectual Property'. Martin Kretschmer (CREATe, University of Glasgow) introduced the regulatory conundrum of platforms, and gave an overview of recent platform and digital competition enquiries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://microsites.bournemouth.ac.uk/cippm/2019/01/16/symposium-european-intellectual-property-and-i...
 
Description By invitation: Ensuring Intellectual Property Rights in a Digital Age: The EU's New Copyright Reforms, Brussels, Policy Exchange (24 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact With the new reforms having potentially far-reaching consequences on copyright in the EU, this timely international symposium provided an invaluable opportunity for key stakeholders within the public and private sector to engage into the debate on future EU copyright reforms. Stakeholders discussed how the EU can ensure an effective single market in the area of copyright and strike for the right balance between the creator and consumers, the protection of right holders, while facilitating access to digital services across EU borders for citizens and businesses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.publicpolicyexchange.co.uk/events/JA24-PP2
 
Description CILIP Copyright Conference 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 2nd April 2019, Bartolomeo Meletti participated in the CILIP Copyright Conference 2019, where he showcased CREATe digital resources and was invited to participate in the closing panel discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.cilip.org.uk/page/CopyrightConfSpk19
 
Description CREATe Copyright and Innovation Network (CIN) - Autumn 2017 Events 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Public Art and Copyright Law (An Exploratory Analysis) http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/02/public-lecture-montagnani-report/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/10/11/cin-autumn-2017/
 
Description CREATe Public Lecture by Lilla Montagnani on Public Art and Copyright Law 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The creation of tangible copies from a work of art that is publicly displayed has always been a rare practice, until some recent cases attracted huge media attention. Zaha Hadid's Wangjing Soho being pirated in Chongqing and the Chinese copy of the UNESCO-protected Austrian town of Halstatt have officially marked the entrance into the age of repeatability for architecture. "Public art" as copyright subject matter is indeed of particular interest. The analysis of the underpinning of private and public interests suggests that, as public art is born to be displayed in public spaces and to "exist" in a single copy, the author-owner-society relationship becomes exceptionally puzzling. It is this last relationship that modifies how architectural works are protected under copyright law and how, therein, the balance between private and public interest is struck.http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/02/public-lecture-montagnani-report/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/10/11/cin-autumn-2017/
 
Description CREATe Public Lecture: Copyright Reversion to Authors (and the Rosetta Effect): Ameliorating the Problem of Disappearing Books 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Copyright keeps out-of-print books unavailable to the public, and commentators speculate that statutes transferring rights back to authors provide incentives for the republication of books from unexploited back catalogs. This study compares the availability of books whose copyrights have been subject to statutory reversion under US law with books whose copyrights are still controlled by the original publisher. It finds that 17 USC § 203, which permits reversion to authors in year 35 after publication, significantly increases in-print status. http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/14/public-lecture-heald-report/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/10/11/cin-autumn-2017/
 
Description CREATe Wiki Board Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact CREATe Wiki Board

Venue: CREATe Hub Room 404, 10 The Square, University of Glasgow
Date: 10 November 2017
Time: Closed meeting 1100-1230, Public Q&A 1230-1300
Participants Kris Erickson, Heather Ford, Rebecca Giblin, Paul Heald, Martin Kretschmer, Thomas Margoni, Fred Saunderson, Ruth Towse, Amy Thomas

The first meeting of the Copyright Evidence Wiki Editorial Board followed a 'town hall' format, enabling deliberation about the aims, objectives and content of the Wiki. Agenda items for discussion included: terms of reference for the Board, solicitation of new contributions to the wiki, mechanisms for ensuring transparency and independence of processes, and strategies to raise policymaking awareness of the Wiki and its contents.

The Copyright Evidence Wiki was initiated in 2015 by CREATe at the University of Glasgow and uses the open source MediaWiki platform. The purpose of the Wiki is to categorise existing empirical studies on copyright to inform public debate and policy based on objective evidence. The evidence base, currently consisting of 583 studies, is catalogued by country, industry and research method, offering the ability to compare approaches. The platform supports an open API which permits text and data mining of its contents, as well as network visualisation of linkages between studies. http://www.copyrightevidence.org/evidence-wiki/index.php/Copyright_Evidence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/20/review-november-events-create-cin/
 
Description CREATe public Lecture by Rebecca Giblin: Taking seriously the author's interest in copyright 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact It is long established that the copyright system is predominantly concerned with incentives and rewards; incentivising creators to create and to keep creating, for their benefit and the benefit of society at large, and rewarding those creators for their efforts. While rhetoric and debates around copyright protection generally feature the author as central, it is questionable, particularly in a constantly changing creative landscape, whether this is, in fact, true. In a hugely thought-provoking presentation and the third of CREATe's Autumn Public Lectures, Professor Rebecca Giblin (Monash University), addressed the failure of current copyright models to work in the interests of authors, and offers a new formulation which would place authors' interests at the centre of copyright discourse. http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/23/report-public-lecture-giblin/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/23/report-public-lecture-giblin/
 
Description Copyright & Creative Reuse - Exploring Preservation, Access and Creative Reuse of Film with Sherlock Holmes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The event explored the role of copyright in relation to creativity, film archives, and education, with focus on creative reuse. The common theme to tie these topics together was the creative reuse of the character of Sherlock Holmes. The evolving journey of the notorious detective from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's stories illustrated by Sidney Paget to its most recent adaptations - passing through William Gillette, Basil Rathbone and others - provides a compelling story to explore the role of copyright in relation to creativity, archives, and education. http://www.create.ac.uk/creative-reuse/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2018/02/19/new-web-resource-copyright-creative-reuse/
 
Description Copyright Evidence Wiki: Using evidence to inform policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PEER-REVIEWED SUBMISSION: Copyright Evidence Wiki: Using evidence to inform policy, Creative Commons Virtual Global Summit (M. Kretschmer with A. Thomas, K. Erickson, B. Meletti, 20 October 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ccglobalsummit2020virtual.sched.com/event/efCe
 
Description Copyright Licensing Agency - The Game is On! 11 December 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Game is On! was showcased at the sixth CITE Forum, organised by the Copyright Licensing Agency on 11 December 2019 at Mary Ward House in London with over 60 delegates from UK Higher Education institutions in attendance:

https://cla.co.uk/news/winter-cite-2019

An accompanying article was published on the CITE magazine (http://online.fliphtml5.com/zeedl/joxi/) and on the CLA Blog for Higher Education (https://cla.co.uk/blog/higher-education/learning-copyright-on-screen)

Following the event, the Copyright Licensing Agency invited Bartolomeo Meletti to write two more blogs about The Game is On! - one for the CLA Blog for Schools and one for the CLA Blog for Further Education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://cla.co.uk/news/winter-cite-2019
 
Description Copyright and Fair Practice in Film Education online workshops (30th June and 7th July 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In collaboration with Learning on Screen, the University of Kent and City University of London, Bartolomeo Meletti organised two online workshops on 30th June and 7th July 2020, with a view to identifying and establishing fair practice when using protected materials for educational purposes. The workshops focused on film education and attracted 48 film academics from 32 different HE institutions in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Creative Commons Summit (20 October 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 20th October 2020, Amy Thomas, Kris Erickson, Martin Kretschmer, and Bartolomeo Meletti delivered the session 'Copyright Evidence Wiki: using evidence to inform policy at the Creative Commons Summit 2020: https://summit.creativecommons.org/2020-sessions-and-speakers/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://summit.creativecommons.org/2020-sessions-and-speakers/
 
Description Ellie Wilson reports on CREATe/BIICL conference: New empirical research on IP litigation (6 March) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ellie Wilson reports on CREATe/BIICL conference: New empirical research on IP litigation (6 March)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://ipkitten.blogspot.com/2020/03/guest-post-createbiicl-conference_6.html
 
Description Europeana Task Force on Audiovisual Content in Education (February 2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In February 2021, Bartolomeo Meletti was invited to join the core group of the Europeana Task Force on Audiovisual Content in Education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://pro.europeana.eu/project/audiovisual-material-in-europeana-classroom
 
Description Europeana conference 27-29 November 2019, Portugal, Lisbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Europeana is an interdisciplinary event bringing together communities from tech, communications, impact, research, education and copyright. In particular, Bartolomeo Meletti contributed to the discussions of the Europeana Copyright Community.

The Europeana team invited him to a follow up call to discuss potential collaborations. During the call, Europeana expressed their interest in collaborating with CREATe on the EU Copyright Reform resource and the development of CopyrightUser.eu (part of the H2020 project reCreating Europe). They also invited Bartolomeo to write an article about The Game is On! for the Europeana Blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://pro.europeana.eu/page/draft-programme-europeana-2019
 
Description Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest, 24-29 September 2018, Washington DC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Game is On! was globally launched on 29 September 2018 at Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest in Washington DC. The launch included the world premiere of the last two episodes of the series. After the screening, Professor Peter Jaszi (American University) - a world-leading scholar in the field of copyright and fair use - applauded the resource as 'magnificent' and the first ever copyright education initiative that adopts audiovisual language (as opposed to trying to translate text into video, as other previous initiatives). The Global Congress is a unique forum that brings together every two years a global community of academics, non-governmental organisations and policy makers for a week-long assessment of the state and direction of intellectual property policy. It is the foremost setting for exploring changing policy priorities from a public interest perspective. During the Congress, the CREATe team also participated in the session 'Demonstrating Fair Use - Using Media to Make the Case', showcasing the Copyright User resource Copying & Creativity; and delivered the TED-style talk 'This Video is Unavailable: Analyzing Copyright Takedown of User-Generated Content on YouTube'. Other CREATe contributions to the Global Congress are reported under different categories of impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/takedown-washington/
 
Description Guest Lecture on Copyright & Creativity 22 October 2019, CASS Business School, City, University of London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact On 22nd October 2019, Bartolomeo Meletti gave a guest lecture on Copyright & Creativity to the students of the Masters in Innovation Creativity & Leadership students at Cass Business School, City, University of London. As part of the lecture, he demonstrated CopyrightUser.org and the resource The Game is On!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Guest lecture at City, University of London (12 November 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 12th November 2020, Bartolomeo Meletti delivered an online guest lecture on Copyright ad Creative Reuse to the students of the Masters in Innovation Creativity & Leadership at Cass Business School, City, University of London. During the session, Bartolomeo used various resources from CopyrightUser.org.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.copyrightuser.org/
 
Description Guest lecture at IAAD - The Italian University for Design (Bologna, Italy, 8 January 2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 8th January 2021, Bartolomeo Meletti delivered an online guest lecture on Copyright and Creative Reuse to the students of the Masters in Digital Interface Design at IAAD, The Italian University for Design. During the session, Bartolomeo used various resources from CopyrightUser.org.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.copyrightuser.org/
 
Description Icepops 2018 - International Copyright Literacy Event with playful Opportunities for Practitioners and Scholar, 3 April 2018, University of Liverpool 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Icepops 2018 conference was aimed at copyright specialists and non-specialists, librarians, learning technologists, educational developers, teachers, lecturers, publishers and creators involved in copyright education. It attracted around 70 delegates from various countries including the UK, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Czech Republic, Hungary, Sweden, and Switzerland. During the conference, the CREATe team premiered the fourth episode of The Game is On! - The Adventure of the Missing Note; and ran the World Cafe workshop 'The Game is On - Exploring Copyright & Creativity with Sherlock Holmes'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://copyrightliteracy.org/upcoming-events/icepops-international-copyright-literacy-event-with-pl...
 
Description Improving Deliberation, Improving Copyright 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 17th January 2020, Bartolomeo Meletti was invited to participate in the 'Copyright consultation stakeholder workshop at the London School of Economics, aimed at collaborating with a range of stakeholders in the copyright policy debate in order to improve copyright consultation processes.

http://www.lse.ac.uk/media-and-communications/research/research-projects/improving-deliberation-improving-copyright
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.lse.ac.uk/media-and-communications/research/research-projects/improving-deliberation-and-...
 
Description Informing Copyright Policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In addition to enabling value generation in co-creative practices, the CREATe Follow-on Funding project aimed to inform copyright policy on a UK and EU level by widening access to the policy consultation process to new stakeholders and producing innovative digital resources that systematise existing rigorous evidence for copyright policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Interview with BBC News (11 December 2019): Can politicians borrow from films and TV? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with BBC News (11 December 2019): Can politicians borrow from films and TV?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-50741594#
 
Description Interview with Süddeutsche Zeitung (20 May 2019), Das Urheberrecht verteilt Vermögen von den Lebenden zu den Toten 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Interview with Süddeutsche Zeitung (20 May 2019), Das Urheberrecht verteilt Vermögen von den Lebenden zu den Toten increased interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.sueddeutsche.de/digital/urheberrecht-upload-filter-martin-kretschmer-1.4451281
 
Description Interview with Wired (25 January 2020), Here's why the UK is (finally) dumping Article 13 for good 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Interview with Wired (25 January 2020), Here's why the UK is (finally) dumping Article 13 for good, https://www.wired.co.uk/article/uk-article-13-copyright-brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.wired.co.uk/article/uk-article-13-copyright-brexit
 
Description Interview with iRights online magazine "The EU would lose little if it simply rejected the directive" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact increased interest in proposed EU Copyright Directive
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://irights.info/artikel/martin-kretschmer-the-eu-would-lose-little-if-it-simply-rejected-the-di...
 
Description Interviews with The Verge, Europe's controversial 'link tax' in doubt after member states rebel (18 January 2019); The fight over Europe's internet just got even messier (23 January 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Europe's controversial 'link tax' in doubt after member states rebel (18 January 2019);
The fight over Europe's internet just got even messier (23 January 2019)

https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/23/18194155/eu-copyright-laws-directive-negotiations-trilogue-deadlock
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/18/18188571/europe-copyright-directive-link-tax-article-11-13

CREATe EU Directive resource of events
https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/
https://www.create.ac.uk/european-copyright-roundtable-how-to-implement-new-rules-for-online-platforms/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/18/18188571/europe-copyright-directive-link-tax-article-11-13
 
Description Invited talk - Presentation of the 9th Wave of the On Line Copyright Infringement (OCI) Tracker and the OECD report into the Impact of Counterfeiting on the UK Economy, Intellectual Property Office and The Alliance for IP, London (27 November 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation with the Intellectual Property Office and The Alliance for IP in London on the 9th Wave of the OnLine Copyright Infringement (OCI Tracker) increased interest in OMeBa (CREATe's online Media and Behaviour analytics tool http://copyrightcentral.arts.gla.ac.uk/omeba/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Law and Technology Consortium (LTC) 6-7 May 2019, University of Trento (Italy). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 6-7 May 2019, Bartolomeo Meletti attended the first meeting of the Law and Technology Consortium (LTC), held at the University of Trento (Italy). During the first day of the meeting, he presented the idea paper titled 'The Game is On! - Lawful copying under UK copyright law':

https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2019/05/22/create-at-the-law-and-technology-consortium-ltc-in-trento-the-game-is-on-lawful-copying-under-uk-copyright-law/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2019/05/22/create-at-the-law-and-technology-consortium-ltc-in-trento-t...
 
Description London and South East Copyright Community of Practice, 6 February 2018, City University of London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of The Game is On! resource by Bartolomeo Meletti to community of copyright librarians from London and the South East.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/
 
Description Memes and Parasites: A discourse analysis of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BY INVITATION: Presentations on Memes and Parasites: A discourse analysis of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive (Martin Kretschmer with Ula Furgal & Amy Thomas), Weizenbaum Institute Berlin, 26 June 2020; Gikii conference, 31 July 2020; Centre for Internet Law and Policy, Strathclyde University, 2 October 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2020/10/16/new-working-paper-memes-and-parasites-a-discourse-analysis-...
 
Description New empirical research on Intellectual Property Litigation and Platform Regulation. IP Kat blog (1400w) (19 February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact New empirical research on Intellectual Property Litigation and Platform Regulation. IP Kat blog (1400w) (19 February 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://ipkitten.blogspot.com/2020/02/guest-post-new-empirical-research-on.html
 
Description Opening Up the Archives to Young Filmmakers (11 September 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact On 11th September 2020, Bartolomeo Meletti gave a 30-minute talk on Copyright and Creative Reuse at the one-day online symposium Opening Up the Archives to Young Filmmakers, organised by Kingston School of Art.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Peer reviewed submission: What We've Learned from 20 Years of Notice-and-takedown: Balancing Costs and Responsibilities for Online Content Regulation, European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP), Zurich (11-13 September 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP), conference brings together leading scholars and practitioners interested in the economic, legal, political and managerial aspects of intellectual property rights.

This conference assembled theoretical, empirical and policy-oriented presentations and discussions on the status and future of intellectual property protection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://epip2019.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/EPIP2019_Booklet.pdf
 
Description Peer-reviewed submission: A Survey of UK Authors' Earnings and Contracts, Society for Economic Research on Copyright (SERCI), Annual Congress, Montpellier (France) 8-9 July 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact peer reviewed submission paper for annual Society for Economic Research on Copyright (SERCI) annual congress presentation, increased interest and awareness of research which encouraged questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.serci.org/congress_documents.php
 
Description Platform Regulation and the EU Digital Single Market - European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP2020online, 9-11 September 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PEER-REVIEWED SUBMISSION: Platform Regulation and the EU Digital Single Market (convenor of themed session), European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP2020online, 9-11 September 2020)


Session Chair: Martin Kretschmer, CREATe, University of Glasgow
Participants: Natali Helberger, University of Amsterdam / Jeanette Hofmann, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin / Pamela Samuelson, University of California, Berkeley / Philip Schlesinger, University of Glasgow / Sebastian Schwemer, University of Copenhagen

The dominant liability regime for platform intermediaries is about to change. The EU appears to be moving from an obligation to act upon knowledge obtained ("safe harbour") to an obligation to prevent "online harm". A multidisciplinary panel will explore what this means for intellectual property law in the context of the global agenda on platform regulation (fake news, security, child protection, market dominance, data sovereignty).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://epip2020online.org/program/sessions/
 
Description Regulatory divergence post Brexit: Copyright law as an indicator for what is to come. EU Law Analysis Blog (1500w) (18 February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Regulatory divergence post Brexit: Copyright law as an indicator for what is to come. EU Law Analysis Blog (1500w) (18 February 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.com/2020/02/regulatory-divergence-post-brexit.html
 
Description Regulatory divergence post Brexit: Copyright law as an indicator for what is to come. Kluwer Copyright Blog (1500w) (18 February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Regulatory divergence post Brexit: Copyright law as an indicator for what is to come. Kluwer Copyright Blog (1500w) (18 February 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://copyrightblog.kluweriplaw.com/2020/02/19/regulatory-divergence-post-brexit-copyright-law-as-a...
 
Description Reversion rights in the European Union, Stakeholder workshop with author and performer organisations (AEPO-ARTIS, ZAiKS, ALCS, ECSA, European Writers' Council, SAA, Society of Authors, CEATL) (M. Kretschmer with R. Giblin, U. Furgal) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Stakeholder workshop with author and performer organisations (AEPO-ARTIS, ZAiKS, ALCS, ECSA, European Writers' Council, SAA, Society of Authors, CEATL) Forum for discussion of ideas on implementation of art. 22 of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market providing for a right of revocation.

Its goal to bring together representatives of authors' and performers' organisations to discuss the status of implementation of art. 22 in the Member States and debate the ways of bringing this provision to the attention of national lawmakers. Presenting to the forum the results and lessons we learned while mapping all reversion rights currently in existence in the EU, which we believe can inform the implementation process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/reversion-rights-resource-page/
 
Description Rob Vile reports on CREATe/BIICL conference: Mapping Platform Regulation in the UK. IPKat blog (2 March 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Rob Vile reports on CREATe/BIICL conference: Mapping Platform Regulation in the UK. IPKat blog (2 March 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://ipkitten.blogspot.com/2020/03/guest-post-createbiicl-conference.html
 
Description SCURL Online Conference (18 June 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 18 June 2020, CREATe researchers Bartolomeo Meletti and Thomas Margoni presented at the SCURL online copyright conference. The online event - organised by Greg Walters (University of Glasgow) and chaired by Jeanette Castle (University of the West of Scotland) - brought together around 50 information professionals from the Scottish Confederation of University & Research Library (SCURL).

A report of the presentation can be found here: https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2020/07/09/report-create-researchers-present-on-copyright-exceptions-for-education-and-research-at-scurl-copyright-conference-part-1/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2020/07/09/report-create-researchers-present-on-copyright-exceptions-f...
 
Description TV interview with TRT World, 9 January 2019, Celebro Media, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Valuing the Public Domain is one of the main research projects underpinning The Game is On! resource. Following his involvement in the project and in his capacity as Creative Director of CopyrightUser.org, Bartolomeo Meletti was invited to talk about copyright and the public domain on the TV programme Showcase aired by TRT World. TRT World is Turkey's first international English-language news network which reaches more than 120 million households around the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COXSTN3D_tg
 
Description Talk by invitation: AEPO-ARTIS Seminar "Post Copyright Directive: What performers' rights protection in the future?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact talk by invitation on the subject of;

"similarities with the earnings of literary authors, and in many cases the lack thereof, there was general agreement that the aim of Chapter III of the 2019 Copyright Directive is the redistribution of income to authors and performers"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.aepo-artis.org/en/news/detail/-173-1
 
Description Text and Data Mining of Copyright Evidence: Visualization R&D and Deep Dive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PEER-REVIEWED SUBMISSION: Text and Data Mining of Copyright Evidence: Visualization R&D and Deep Dive, BEYOND Creative Industries R&D conference (M. Kretschmer with A. Thomas, K. Erickson, B. Meletti, 3 December 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://beyondconference.org/schedule/?d=3&e=164
 
Description The changing shape of platform regulation. Media@LSE blog (18 February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact (P. Schlesinger, M. Kretschmer). The changing shape of platform regulation. Media@LSE blog (18 February 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/medialse/2020/02/18/the-changing-shape-of-platform-regulation/
 
Description The future for the UK's copyright framework 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact BY INVITATION: Westminster Media Forum "The future for the UK's copyright framework" (16 July 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2020/07/21/uk-sovereignty-a-challenge-for-the-creative-industries/
 
Description Trends in the Creative Digital Economy: Findings from the CREATe Research Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Launch of the Copyright and Innovation Network (CIN) on 26 May 2017 at the Digital Catapult in London with an event exploring, Trends in the Creative Digital Economy: Findings from the CREATe Research Programme. The network aims to be a catalyst for industry-relevant research at the interface of law, technology, social science and the humanities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/04/05/cin-launch/#programme
 
Description UK Feature Docs - Focus Group (16 July 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact On 16th July 2020, Bartolomeo Meletti was invited to participate in a focus group on 'Archives and Copyright' organised by the UK Featured Docs (UKFD) project, led by the University of West England. Bartolomeo presented the reCreating Europe project and the task aimed at developing codes of best practices for documentary filmmakers. As a result, the UKFD team included the recommendation 'Developing codes of practice in fair use' in their subsequent policy report Making It Real, and invited Bartolomeo to join the UKFD working group on 'Screen Heritage'. URL link to policy report Making It Real below
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ukfd.org.uk/policy-reports/
 
Description UK sovereignty: A challenge for the creative industries : Blog for AHRC Creative Industries Policy & Evidence Centre (21 July 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Blog for AHRC Creative Industries Policy & Evidence Centre (21 July 2020)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://pec.ac.uk/blog/uk-sovereignty-a-challenge-for-the-creative-industries
 
Description Using other people's stuff opening keynote 'Copyright and Creative Reuse', 26 March 2019, V&A Museum of Design in Dundee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 26th March 2019, Bartolomeo Meletti gave the opening keynote 'Copyright and Creative Reuse' at the event 'Using other people's stuff', held at V&A Museum of Design in Dundee.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dundeeandanguschamber.co.uk/events/Using-Other-People-s-Stuff_4204.html
 
Description Westminster Media Forum "Next steps for UK copyright policy and regulation" (11 February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact BY INVITATION: Westminster Media Forum "Next steps for UK copyright policy and regulation" (11 February 2020)
On the 11th February to discuss the Next steps for copyright policy and regulation in the UK! speakers include Professor Martin Kretschmer @UofGlasgow, Nicola Solomon @Soc_of_Authors; @lcromptonreid @wikimediauk!

Stakeholder perspectives on the future of UK copyright regulation
Professor Martin Kretschmer, Professor of Intellectual Property Law, University of Glasgow

Westminster Media Forum policy conference
Next steps for copyright policy and regulation in the UK
Timing: Morning, Thursday, 11th February 2021
***Taking Place Online***


Agenda Below
8.30
Registration
9.00
Chair's opening remarks
Baroness McIntosh of Pickering
9.05
Priorities for future copyright regulation and enforcement in the UK
Robin Stout, Deputy Director, Copyright Policy, Intellectual Property Office
Questions and comments from the floor
9.30
Break
9.35
Stakeholder perspectives on the future of UK copyright regulation
Professor Martin Kretschmer, Professor of Intellectual Property Law, University of Glasgow
Lucy Crompton-Reid, Chief Executive, Wikimedia UK
Nicola Solomon, Chief Executive, Society of Authors
Raffaella De Santis, Senior Associate, Harbottle and Lewis
Gee Davy, Head of Legal and Business Affairs, Association of Independent Music
Questions and comments from the floor
10.50
Chair's closing remarks
Baroness McIntosh of Pickering
10.55
Break
11.05
Chair's opening remarks
Charles Courtenay, the Earl of Devon, Partner, Michelmores
11.10
Case study: an international perspective on regulation and remuneration for rights holders and content creators
Diego Naranjo, Head of Policy, European Digital Rights
11.20
Case study: maximising export opportunities and addressing the challenge of piracy
William Bush, Executive Director, Premier League
11.30
Artificial intelligence and copyright
Rachel Alexander, Partner, Wiggin
11.40
Rights enforcement, international co-operation and future-proofing policy - voluntary agreements, the role of technology and education, and the impact of COVID-19
Jim Killock, Executive Director, Open Rights Group
Daniel Guthrie, Director General, Alliance for Intellectual Property
Dr Hayleigh Bosher, Legal Adviser, Featured Artists Coalition
12.00
Questions and comments from the floor
12.25
Break
12.30
Emerging issues and priorities for copyright policy in an international context Professor Martin Senftleben, Chair, European Copyright Society and Professor of Intellectual Property Law and Director, Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam
Questions and comments from the floor
12.55
Chair's and Westminster Media Forum closing remarks
Charles Courtenay, the Earl of Devon, Partner, Michelmores Michael Ryan, Deputy Editor, Westminster Media Forum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Workshop: Copyright Education and Educating Users / Legal and business model constraints on the transformative value of heritage collections 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote: Lorna Hughes
Speakers & Panelists: Martin Kretschmer (Chair), Lorna Hughes, Johanna Green, Bartolomeo Meletti, Fred Saunderson (NLS), Kerry Patterson and Victoria Stobo (CREATe University of Glasgow)

How can the collections of libraries, archives, and museums be unlocked to create value across the creative industries, and inspire new innovations in digital research and development? How can the primary sources of our heritage be made accessible and usable and re-usable for creativity and enjoyment by the broadest demographics?

Memory institutions play a major role in the creative economy, however, digital innovation in these organisations is frequently driven by access, rather than innovation, use, and re-use. Partnerships between memory organisations and HEIs are frequently driven by specific research questions and configured as rather limited 'digital humanities' activities, representing analogue knowledge as digital surrogates, rather than broader consideration of the role of information in shaping knowledge and creativity more broadly. We need to address these issues, establishing a creative exchange between the sectors that draws on digital innovation and re-imagines our engagement with heritage as a creative process that unlocks its value for all communities.

In this workshop we considered some of the problematic issues that underpin many of these general exceptions to copyright. For example: What constitutes 'non-commercial' use? How does the new exception for quotation differ from the long-standing exception for criticism and review? When has a work been 'made available' to the public? When is it reasonable to assume that an author has died more than 70 years ago or more? Which exceptions will always be available to users, regardless of the terms and conditions of any contract? three CREATe projects were presented: two short introductions to the resources available through Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks and Copyright Cortex, and a longer overview of the popular Copyright User platform. As part of the Copyright User presentation, Bartolomeo Meletti showed the first episode of The Game is On!, the series of short animated films that put copyright and creativity under the magnifying glass of Sherlock Holmes and provide a unique, research-led and open access resource.
http://www.copyrightuser.org/educate/the-game-is-on/
Copyright User and the Copyright Cortex can help cultural heritage practitioners better understand copyright, as well as helping to understand how and when copyright enables creative use without the need for clearing rights.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/20/review-november-events-create-cin/
 
Description Workshop: Releasing the transformative value of copyright collections: Legal and business model constraints 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact What constitutes 'non-commercial' use? How does the new exception for quotation differ from the long-standing exception for criticism and review? When has a work been 'made available' to the public? When is it reasonable to assume that an author has died more than 70 years ago or more? Which exceptions will always be available to users, regardless of the terms and conditions of any contract? In addition, the workshop provides an opportunity to become familiar with two innovative digital resources - Copyright User and the Copyright Cortex - that can help cultural heritage practitioners better understand copyright, as well as helping to understand how and when copyright enables creative use without the need for clearing rights.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2017
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2017/11/20/review-november-events-create-cin/
 
Description by Financial Times, "How do authors earn a living? It's a Catch-22 situation" (7 June 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact increased interest and cited in other press publications
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ft.com/content/5c7c31b8-82e3-11e9-a7f0-77d3101896ec
 
Description by invitation talk Tipping Points. Zum Verhältnis von Freiheit und Restriktion im Urheberrecht, Discussant, Weizenbaum Institute Berlin (20-21 February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact By invitation to talk at the interdisciplinary conference of the Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society and the Copyright Committee of the Society for Music Economy and Music Culture Research (GMM) will take place on February 20 and 21, 2020 in Berlin.

The topic was the EU copyright reform and subsequent questions relevant for musicologists and music industry researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.weizenbaum-institut.de/news/call-for-papers-tipping-points-zum-verhaeltnis-von-freiheit-...
 
Description talk by invitation: Copyright Politics in the Age of Platform Capitalism, RIGHT THE RIGHT Festival (Ideas for Music, Copyright, and Access), Berlin, Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW) (21-24 November 2019), 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Lectures and discussions around music and copyright law and enforcement from varied and engagement with audience and speakers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.hkw.de/de/programm/projekte/2019/right_the_right/right_the_right_start.php
 
Description talk by invitation: European copyright reform: is it possible?, Live streamed lecture, republic Berlin (6 May 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Live streamed lecture at republic Berlin conference (6 May 2019) - reflecting on the role of lobbying and empirical evidence in the debate on the EU Copyright Reform, leading up to the plenary vote in the European Parliament in March 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://19.re-publica.com/de/session/european-copyright-reform-it-possible