Networking Archives: Assembling and analysing a meta-archive of correspondence, 1509-1714

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: History Faculty

Abstract

During the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries Europeans accessed increasingly effective and economical means of exchanging letters within and across boundaries. In their most political functions, correspondence networks gathered information necessary for the consolidation of state authority. At their most esoteric, they were devoted to the exchange of ideas within a trans-national community of learned men and women known as the 'republic of letters'. Although handled in separate historical literatures, these two types of 'intelligencing' overlapped, not least because 'men of letters' possessed the linguistic, rhetorical, and diplomatic skills, as well as the extensive networks, required to obtain the information vital to both real nations and the imagined 'respublica litteraria'.

The study of both kinds of early modern intelligencing has been hindered because scholars have lacked both high-quality epistolary data in sufficient quantity and the tools and quantitative methods needed to analyse the networks documented by them. Traditionally, catalogues of letters have resided in unconnected, digital 'silos', rarely compatible with one another in either technical or scholarly terms.

'Networking Archives' addresses these challenges by consolidating the data, tools, methods, and expertise of two highly successful projects - Early Modern Letters Online [EMLO], a published union catalogue created by the Mellon-funded 'Cultures of Knowledge' project in Oxford, and the unpublished epistolary data extracted from the 16th-century Domestic and Foreign State Papers Online collected by the AHRC-funded 'Tudor Networks of Power' project [TNoP] in Queen Mary University London and Cambridge. Since 2009, Cultures of Knowledge has edited metadata for c. 125,000 letters with a suite of tools developed for use in editorial workflows. TNoP has developed algorithms and built tools for analysing its working archive of c. 133,000 letters using quantitative network analysis methods, demonstrating a capacity to reveal fresh dimensions of early modern state formation and new means to clarify the results obtained by more traditional methods.

By working together to include a third, as yet uncurated, dataset of c. 172,000 letters from the Stuart State Papers Online, EMLO will evolve into a consolidated meta-archive of c. 430,000 letter records and provide the conditions necessary for new research into the early modern 'intelligencing' networks that extended across Europe. The project will use this grant to answer key questions on the role of intelligencers between the accession of Henry Tudor in 1509 and the death of Queen Anne, the last Stuart monarch, in 1714. It will mentor emerging scholars engaged in the study of epistolary networks via a series of training schools and a colloquium, and freely share its technical infrastructure, methods, and data, ensuring that these are placed at the disposal of a wide community. In the process, this approach will serve as a working model for addressing the proliferation of digital projects by demonstrating how merging successful initiatives and offering the means to integrate data from individual researchers and digital 'silos' can help create a sustainable national infrastructure for interdisciplinary early modern studies.

Planned Impact

'Networked Archives' is designed to remove barriers between specialized scholarly resources and larger public audiences in three ways.

1) Popular history in print and broadcast media. 'Networking Archives' will disseminate its research outcomes to a wide public audience in ways that are accessible, engaging, and relevant. Central to the project are plans for a three-part television documentary on big data in history to be produced by the UK production company Screen Glue for BBC4 or the History Channel; and, developing out of this, a popular history book tentatively titled 'Masters of Intelligence: Espionage and Surveillance in the Premodern World' (to be offered to Penguin). These will engage the public with the compelling topic of espionage and conspiracy in the 16th and 17th centuries and link this to the social analysis methods used by our own modern intelligence agencies.

2) Information brokerage for publishers, archives, and libraries. 'Networking Archives' will engage users beyond the usual parameters of academia by brokering information on behalf of libraries, museums, archives, other open access digitization projects, and commercial data providers referenced by the Early Modern Letters Online [EMLO] union catalogue. First, each letter record in EMLO is linked back to the records and other resources on the contributors' websites. The project will publish hundreds of thousands of new advertisements of documents in The National Archives offered commercially by Gale which will steer many EMLO users to these resources. Secondly, the downloadable sets of carefully curated records can be searched, sorted, analysed, and visualised in a variety of new ways, enhancing the value and visibility of the material published by Gale. Thirdly, marrying State Papers letter records with those already on EMLO will begin integrating the holdings of The National Archive with material in other repositories scattered across and beyond the UK.

3) A model for research policy-makers. 'Networking Archives' offers policy-makers and funding bodies a working model for building national infrastructures for the humanities by reversing the proliferation of similar but incompatible digital resources independently created by short-term research projects. A merger of two successful, previously funded projects will create (a) a consolidated dataset or meta-archive; (b) a consolidated infrastructure for editing, publishing, visualising and analysing these data; and (c) a consolidated course package providing training in the use of these tools and methods; as well as (d) a range of more traditional research outputs which could not have been created without all the work previously undertaken by the merged projects. Finally (e) this consolidated package of data, tools, and methods has the potential to serve as the nucleus of an infrastructure hub attracting other relevant (including 'orphaned' and 'silo') projects and archives, and a model for positioning the UK competitively in the field of nationally funded digital humanities infrastructures.
 
Description The PI, Howard Hotson, is a member of the Advisory Board of the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in Prague. The objective is to advise the Institute on its approach to the Digital Humanities going forward.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.flu.cas.cz/en/about-us
 
Description The PI, Howard Hotson, is a member of the International Society for Intellectual History Advisory Board
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://isih.history.ox.ac.uk/?page_id=4797
 
Description COST - Dissemination grant
Amount € 10,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 04/2018 
End 04/2019
 
Description John Fell Fund - Oxford and the Early Royal Society
Amount £84,587 (GBP)
Funding ID 0004575 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2018 
End 06/2020
 
Title Analytical tool 
Description This is also an HTML-based interface that allows the EMLO correspondence data to be navigated. The individuals in the dataset can be ordered according to network measurements, and their connectivity characteristics can be compared and used as a basis for groupings of individuals according to these characteristics. The interface also provides a view of an individual's correspondents and the metadata of all their correspondence. One can therefore zoom in and out, from the level of the entire network down to an individual letter. Once the Stuart and Tudor State Papers have been merged with the EMLO data this interface will be adapted to encompass this new merged data set. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This tool allows the EMLO correspondence data to be navigated. 
 
Title Disambiguation tool 
Description This is an HTML-based interface that allows historical scholars to perform disambiguation and deduplication of the Stuart State Papers correspondence dataset. The scholars can work through the list of all name labels extracted from the underlying XML data, and record their decisions regarding the mappings of these labels onto other labels or onto newly created name labels. To inform these decisions they are able to view (a) the letter metadata connected to each manuscript that is connected to a given name label, and (b) the manuscript scans. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This tool allows historical scholars to perform disambiguation and deduplication of the Stuart State Papers correspondence dataset. 
 
Description Cultures of Knowledge, University of Oxford 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Oxford Hub
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This collaborative work is structured around a series of interdisciplinary 'laboratories' in which experiments are conducted on the newly curated and merged data. Alongside an easy-to-use, exploratory web-interface developed to lower the barrier for researchers employing common quantitative network-analysis methods, a series of algorithms and scripts are being developed to examine more advanced research questions involving overlapping networks and their change over time. Parallel to the laboratories, the project team are developing a curriculum to support the teaching of data curation and network-analysis methods to early career researchers, which is being trialled through a set of training schools and a colloquium, and then shared for reuse as standalone course packages.
Collaborator Contribution Access to data and staff expertise: Networking the Republic of Letters, 1550-1750 was established in 2009. They are a collaborative, interdisciplinary research project based at the University of Oxford with funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Arts and Humanities Research Council. They use digital methods to reassemble and interpret the correspondence networks of the early modern period.
Impact The research outputs from these activities are being presented in a wide variety of traditional and non-traditional settings, including large-scale datasets, technical papers, informal blogposts, peer-reviewed scholarly articles, a popular history on espionage and surveillance in the early modern world, a collaboratively researched case study of intelligencing at the centre of the meta-archive, and an edited collection of essays emerging from the training schools and colloquia. At the conclusion of the project, all components of the project's infrastructure (data, software, documentation, and methods) will be consolidated and shared under open access/open source to simplify its deployment and reuse at other institutions.
Start Year 2018
 
Description KNAW Humanities Cluster 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Country Netherlands 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Share of knowledge and platforms. Also, ability (through EMLO) to link manifestation versions of letters.
Collaborator Contribution Access to records in the National Archives of the Netherlands, De Witt project and the Huygens ING.
Impact This partnership promotes pan-European scholarly and technical collaboration. Also, opportunities have arisen to hold joint events.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Tudor Networks of Power 1509-1603 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Oxford has provided the data already published on 'Early Modern Letters Online' [EMLO] and a still larger quantity of letter records from the Stuart State Papers, 1603-1714 (domestic and foreign).
Collaborator Contribution QMUL has provided records of the c. 130,000 letters in the Tudor State Papers 1509-1603 (domestic and foreign), curated but not yet published by the AHRC-funded project 'Tudor Networks of Power.
Impact Work is underway to prepare and interrogate the metadata collated from the correspondence to be found within the Tudor and Stuart State Papers - both domestic and foreign - alongside the data contained in Early Modern Letters Online. This combination of datasets, together with use of the project's accompanying tools and infrastructure, will enable researchers to query and analyse their own epistolary metadata and to pose new kinds of questions on the history of the different forms of 'intelligencing' between the sixteenth and the nineteenth centuries.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Tudor Networks of Power 1509-1603 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Oxford has provided the data already published on 'Early Modern Letters Online' [EMLO] and a still larger quantity of letter records from the Stuart State Papers, 1603-1714 (domestic and foreign).
Collaborator Contribution QMUL has provided records of the c. 130,000 letters in the Tudor State Papers 1509-1603 (domestic and foreign), curated but not yet published by the AHRC-funded project 'Tudor Networks of Power.
Impact Work is underway to prepare and interrogate the metadata collated from the correspondence to be found within the Tudor and Stuart State Papers - both domestic and foreign - alongside the data contained in Early Modern Letters Online. This combination of datasets, together with use of the project's accompanying tools and infrastructure, will enable researchers to query and analyse their own epistolary metadata and to pose new kinds of questions on the history of the different forms of 'intelligencing' between the sixteenth and the nineteenth centuries.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Blog: '"O brave new world": the Johns Winthrop' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact John Winthrop the elder (1588-1649) and John Winthrop the younger (1606-1676)
1,661 letters; contributed by CofK.
Publication date 27 September 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=john-winthrop-elder-and-john-winthrop-younger
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10490
 
Description Blog: '"Vivre heureux" et "faire des heureux": the correspondence of Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paul Henri Thiry d'Holbach (1723-1789)
101 letters (plus 6 letters for his wife Charlotte Suzanne d' Aine, Mme d'Holbach); contributed by Ruggero Sciuto.
Publication date: 26 June 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=paul-henri-thiry-dholbach
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=11085
 
Description Blog: ''Mijnheer ende broeder': letters from Cornelis de Witt to his brother Johan' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cornelis de Witt (1623-1672)
420 letters; contributed to the Johan de Witt team to the Johan de Witt catalogue.
Publication date: 15 June 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=johan-de-Witt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10973
 
Description Blog: 'A mathematical friendship: Leonhard Euler and Christian Goldbach' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Leonhard Euler (1707-1783)
173 letters (Euler, vol. IVA/3); contributed by Martin Mattmüller and the Bernoulli-Euler Center (BEZ), Basel.
Publication date: 12 November 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=leonhard-euler
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10207
 
Description Blog: 'Antonio Agustín and the Spanish Republic of Letters' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Antonio Agustín (1517-1586)
571 letters + 8 additional letters; contributed by Guy Lazure, Spanish Republic of Letters, University of Windsor.
Publication date: 12 November 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=leonhard-euler
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10597
 
Description Blog: 'At the heart of a distinguished intellectual circle: Lady Anne Conway' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Anne Conway (1631-1679)
296 letters; contributed by Sarah Hutton.
Publication date: 29 October 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=anne-conway
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10547
 
Description Blog: 'Bodleian Student Editions' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bodleian Student Editions
7 letters; catalogued and transcribed by Oxford students.
Publication date: 9 September 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=bodleian-student-editions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=7516%20and%20http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=8228
 
Description Blog: 'Bodleian Student Editions' (2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bodleian Student Editions
9 letters; catalogued and transcribed by Oxford students.
Publication date: 29 November 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=bodleian-student-editions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=8228
 
Description Blog: 'Exemplary collaboration: a new upload of metadata for the correspondence of Johannes Kepler' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)
257 letters; contributed Francesco Barreca, based on metadata collated by Adam Mosley.
Publication date: 3 June 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=johannes-kepler
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=11010
 
Description Blog: 'Gottfried Alois Kinner von Löwenthurn's letters to Athanasius Kircher: transcriptions and translations' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gottfried Alois Kinner von Löwenthurn (born c. 1610)
Transcriptions and translations of 28 letters; contributed by Thomas E. Conlon and Philip Neal.
Publication date 24 September 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=caspar-schott
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10450
 
Description Blog: 'Guglielmo Sirleto, a British Academy grant, and the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Guglielmo Sirleto (1514-1585)
1,438 letters; contributed by Jan Machielsen (with British Academy funding).
Publication date: 30 September 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=guglielmo-sirleto
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=11221
 
Description Blog: 'In praise of the pioneering student: Elena Cornaro Piscopia' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia (1646-1684)
51 letters; contributed by Francesco Zambonin (Paduan undergraduate intern with EMLO, now set to study at the École normale supérieure, Paris).
Publication date: 28 January 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=cornaro-piscopia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10678
 
Description Blog: 'Johan de Witt: a partnership moving forward' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Johan de Witt (1625-1672)
6,999 letters; contributed by Johan de Witt correspondence project.
Publication date: 14 March 2019, to coincide with launch at the British Embassy, The Hague.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=johan-de-witt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10751
 
Description Blog: 'New catalogues, new opportunities, and forthcoming work' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Martin Ruar (1589-1657)
100 letters; contributed by Cultures of Knowledge.
Publication date: 5 August 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=martin-ruar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=11156
 
Description Blog: 'SKILLNET project catalogues in EMLO: the scholars Willem Surenhuis and Adriaan Reland' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Willem Surenhuis (c. 1664-1729)
61 letters; contributed by Dirk van Miert and SKILLNET.
Publication date: 25 June 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=guilielmus-surenhusius

Adriaan Reland (1676-1718)
212 letters; contributed by Tobias Winnerling via SKILLNET.
Publication date: 25 June 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=adriaan-reland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?page_id=6
 
Description Blog: 'Shifts in perspective: the life and legacies of Johan Mauritz, count of Nassau-Siegen' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Johan Mauritz van Nassau-Siegen (1604-1679) and Johan de Witt (1625-1672)
46 letters; contributed by Johan de Witt correspondence project.
Publication date: 8 April 2019, to coincide with opening of exhibition at the Mauritshuis on Johan Mauritz van Nassau-Siegen.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=johan-de-witt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10841
 
Description Blog: 'The Royal Society's Early Letters' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Early Letters of the Royal Society
4,110 letters; contributed by the Royal Society.
Publication date: 23 November 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=royal-society-early-letters
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=11255
 
Description Blog: 'The correspondence of Livonia's most influential humanist: David Hilchen' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact David Hilchen (1561-1610)
98 letters; contributed by Kristi Viiding at the David Hilchen project.
Publication date: 24 December 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=david-hilchen
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10628
 
Description Blog: 'The humanist, biblical scholar, and hebraist Benito Arias Montano, and 'Reassembling the Republic of Letters in the Digital Age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Arias Benito Montano
531 letters; contributed by Antonio Dávila Pérez.
Publication date: 8 July 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=benito-arias-montano
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=11089
 
Description Blog: 'The life, the letters, and the legacy of Mary Wortley Montagu' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762)
963 letters; contributed by a volunteer and a little help from CofK, taken from The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, ed. Robert Halsband, 3 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965-7), in partnership with OUP/OSEO.
Publication date: 15 April 2019.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=mary-wortley-montagu
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10899
 
Description Blog: 'The particular case of Jan Baptist Van Helmont, enhancing existing EMLO metadata, and "starter catalogues" ' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jan Baptist Van Helmont (1579-1644)
1 letter added to letters from Mersenne catalogue, with introductory page by Georgiana Hedesan.
Publication date: 10 December 2018.
Catalogue page: http://emlo-portal.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/collections/?catalogue=jan-baptist-van-helmont
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?p=10654
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions - Manuscript Editing Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The sessions provide a hands-on introduction to the following:
1. Special Collections handling
2. Palaeography and transcription
3. Metadata curation, analysis, and input into Early Modern Letters Online
4. Research and publication ethics
5. Digital tools for scholarship, and further training available

This session was run by Miranda Lewis and took place on 30 October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/b6668329-7f28-4f3a-a210-1528bb0df15e/
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (1) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and took place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 6 November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and toook place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 28 November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (3) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and took place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 30 January 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (4) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and took place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 28 February 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (5) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and took place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 19 June 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (6) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and took place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 30 October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Bodleian Student Editions, talk and workshop (7) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This workshop was run by Miranda Lewis and took place at the Bodleian Libraries (Special Collections) on 28 November 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Book launch and presentation: What does the future of Digital Humanities in Oxford look like? Reassembling the Republic of Letters in the Digital Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Launch of the newly published book Reassembling the Republic of letters in the Digital Age by the PI Howard Hotson. This took place on 29 October 2019 at TORCH, University of Oxford. The major outcome of this event was to position the agenda of the COST book at the centre of plans for the development of DH in Oxford going forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CERL Annual Seminar 2019. Conference Paper: Reassembling the Republic of Letters: current projects and future prospects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk was given by Prof Howard Hotson. It was part of the CERL Annual Seminar 2019 'Collections and Networks Reconstructing the Historical Context of Texts, Publications and Objects with digital methods'. This conference took place at Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, Göttingen, on Wednesday 9 October 2019. Major outcome from this event: discussions emerging from this even have led to a spin-off collaboration with the Consortium of European Research Libraries (CERL) to implement plans for an historical gazetteer, described in the COST volume, which will also be of fundamental utility for the study of the geographical dimension of historical networks going forward
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.cerl.org/services/seminars/presentations2019
 
Description COST Book launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Launch of the newly published book Reassembling the Republic of letters in the Digital Age by the PI Howard Hotson. This book launch took place at the Institute of Philosophy, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, on 17 October 2019. Outcome: offer from collaboration with the Masaryk Institute of Advanced Studies; invitation to give plenary at conference in Prague in October 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference Paper: Analysing historical networks of power 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper was given by Sebastian Ahnert at the PastNet workshop (University of Oxford) on 18 November 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://torch.ox.ac.uk/pastnet-network
 
Description Conference Paper: Beyond Letter Networks, ACH 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper was given by Ruth Ahnert, Co-investigator, on 23-26 July 2019 as part of the ACH2019 conference, which took place at Pittsburgh PA. ACH is the United States-based constituent organization in the Alliance for Digital Humanities Organizations (ADHO). The ACH2019 conference provides a forum for conversations on an expansive definition of digital humanities in a broad array of subject areas, methods, and communities of practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://ach2019.ach.org/
 
Description Conference Paper: Drawing Connection and Networking the Archives: the union catalogue Early Modern Letters Online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk was given by Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, as part of the SKILLNET project conference which took place at Utrecht, Universiteitsmuseum on 14 December 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference Paper: Early Modern Letters Online and the Royal Society's Early Letters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, gave this presentation as part of the Collecting and Collections: Lives and Digital Afterlives conference. This conference took place at The Royal Society, London on 14-15 November 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference Paper: Lines of Communication: Curious Travellers in Early Modern Letters Online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This presentation was given my Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, as part of the Thomas Pennant conference which took place on 16 November 2018 at the Linnean Society London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference Paper: Partial Views from Partial Archives: Surveying the Land, Think-Play-Hack 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper was given by Ruth Ahnert, Co-investigator, at the conference Think-Play-Hack 2019, which took place on 18-21 July 2019 at SMU Taos Campus, New Mexico.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conferenece Paper: Reconstructing Networks in the State Papers Archive, Gerald Aylmer Seminar 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk was given by Ruth Ahnert, Co-investigator, as part of the Gerald Aylmer Seminar 2019, which took place on 22 February at National Archives (Kew, Surrey).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/about/our-research-and-academic-collaboration/events-and-trainin...
 
Description Digitizing Enlightenment IV. Concluding roundtable: 'Expanding digital eighteenth-century studies' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The PI, Howard Hotson, participated in the Concluding roundtable 'Expanding digital eighteenth-century studies'. This was part of the Digitizing Enlightenment IV workshop that took place on 15 July as part of the ISECS Congress in Edinburgh. This session produced a major new collaborator.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bsecs.org.uk/isecs/en/programme/
 
Description EMLO Training for Digital Fellows' and Volunteers' talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This talk was given by Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, on 19 October 2018 at the History Faculty (University of Oxford)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description EMLO Training for Volunteers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This talk was given by Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, on 11 December 2018 at the History Faculty (University of Oxford)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited internal presentation: Anglo-Dutch relations and the correspondence catalogue of Johan de Witt in Early Modern Letters Online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, gave this presentation at the British Ambassador's Residence, The Hague, on 14 March 2019.
The attendees were Her Majesty's representative to the Netherlands, diplomats, diplomatic staff, scholars, and invited audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited internal presentation: Drawing Connections in a Union Catalogue and Networking Archives 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, gave this invited internal presentation at the Voltaire Foundation (University of Oxford) on 27 March 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited presentation: EMLO and Bodleian Student Editions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, gave this invited presentation at the Digital Humanities Oxford Summer School (University of Oxford) on 22 July 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited presentation: The Future of Network Analysis in Historical Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper was given by Sebastian Ahnert, Co-investigator, on 20-21 June 2019 at the Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited tutorial: The Union Catalogue, the Archives, and Early Modern Letters Online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Miranda Lewis, EMLO's Manager and Editor, gave this invited tutorial (Professor Giora Sternberg's special subject) at the History Faculty (University of Oxford) on 12 February 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Joint seminar presentation 'Networking to the Fourth Power' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The PI, Howard Hotson, gave a presentation at the Institute for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, and Centre for Digital Arts and Humanities, University of Swansea, on 13 February 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture and 2 workshop sessions at the Network Analysis + Digital Art History A Getty Advanced Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ruth Ahnert, Co-investigator, gave a keynote lecture, and 2 workshop sessions University of Pittsburgh on 29 July-2 August 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://historicalnetworkresearch.org/event/network-analysis-digital-art-history-a-getty-advanced-wo...
 
Description Oxford-Berlin Hub event. Paper: Prospects for Networking the Republic of Letters 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This talk was given by Prof Howard Hotson. It was part of the event 'Enlightenment Projects', The Oxford-Berlin Enlightenment Hub, which took place at St John's College, Oxford, from 30 September to 2 October 2019. Prof Howard Hotson also chaired the 'Legacies of Enlightenment' panel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.voltaire.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Ox-Ber%20programme%20for%20advertising%20Sep%202019...
 
Description Presentation at COST Event: Reassembling the Republic of Letters, 1500-1800 A digital framework for multi-lateral collaboration on Europe`s intellectual history 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The PI, Howard Hotson, participated in this event which took place in Nicosia, Cyprus, on 31 October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.cost.eu/news/general/cost-in-cyprus-euromed-2018-and-info-day/
 
Description Presentation at colloquium on ''The Innocent Wars: Anglo-Franco-Dutch Intellectual Networks in the Early Enlightenment" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Howard Hotson, Esther van Raamsdonk, and Sebastian Ahnert, presented the paper 'The Dutch Dimension of Hartlib's Circle' at the colloquium on ''The Innocent Wars: Anglo-Franco-Dutch Intellectual Networks in the Early Enlightenment' which took place at the Maison francaise d'Oxford, Oxford, on 5 December 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/76af342a-9006-4983-ac9a-84fc04ca0949/
 
Description Training School (2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The second training school took place at St Anne's (University of Oxford) on 6-8 January 2020. It was very successful with about 20 attendees. Attendees brought their own data and were shown how to use different tools to analyse it. There were also external presentations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Trainining School (1) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The first training school at the University of Cambridge (July 8-10, 2019) introduced participants to the meta-archive and to the curatorial tools, teaching them how to clean their own datasets and/or to contribute metadata to Early Modern Letters Online.
At their conclusion the teaching material from the training schools will be packaged as a standalone, open-access curriculum which can be used by other projects and institutions to offer analogous training. The curriculum will be complemented by open-source network analysis tools and technical infrastructure developed by us for the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019