Maghreb Action on Displacement and Rights (MADAR) Network Plus

Lead Research Organisation: Keele University
Department Name: Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences

Abstract

The Maghreb Action on Displacement and Rights (MADAR) Network Plus is a regional approach to protection in contexts of conflict and displacement in central Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia). MADAR deploys an interdisciplinary approach, a wide range of regional and national research expertise, and established and equitable partnerships with civil society organisations to respond to the complex protection needs of refugees and other displaced people in the region.

Maghreb is an important migration hub with links to Africa, the Middle East and Europe. While it is often assumed to be a region of emigration and transit (South-North), the Maghreb is increasingly a destination, including for thousands of displaced people fleeing conflict and endemic poverty in countries across Africa and the Middle East (e.g. Syria and Libya). Europe relies heavily on the cooperation of its neighbours south of the Mediterranean Sea to manage and curb migration in an attempt to reduce arrivals on European shores. In the case of Maghreb, states are not equipped to deal with the increasing number of displaced people; they have inadequate infrastructures to ensure the humanitarian protection of those who are vulnerable, the rights of displaced people are routinely infringed, and relationships with host populations are often fraught. As a consequence, Maghreb hosts a large number of vulnerable displaced people at risk and in need of protection.

MADAR (Arabic for 'path') responds to SDG16 to: "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels". MADAR addresses issues faced by Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia to make a transformational impact on the humanitarian protection of vulnerable, displaced people across the Maghreb region. Through interdisciplinary, challenged-led and solution-focused research MADAR aims to:

1) Facilitate interdisciplinary research collaborations drawing on the regional expertise of UK and Maghreb-based scholars from across the arts and humanities and the social and political sciences.
2) Foster partnerships amongst research institutes in the Maghreb and beyond (e.g. MENA) through MADAR's commissioned, high-impact research projects across the region.
3) Promote research-focused partnerships, developing and sharing best practice amongst academics, activists, artists, and practitioners working on displacement.
4) Identify measures to overcome barriers and enhance access for displaced people to healthcare, education, and employment opportunities.
5) Inform policies, legislation and practices on asylum and migration and promote effective institutional frameworks to support displaced people.
6) Collaborate with civil society organisations in tackling the region-specific causes of racism and xenophobia across the Maghreb to develop strategies for lobbying, advocacy and awareness-raising.

MADAR's research findings will contribute to reducing risk and improving protection for displaced people in the Maghreb. It will shape and influence national and regional policies and practices that stimulate and facilitate protection for displaced people in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia respectively. In addition, given its geographical focus, MADAR will generate knowledge which will affect and impact neighbouring regions and beyond.

MADAR's key benefit is enhanced protection for people at risk in the contexts of conflict and displacement in the Maghreb. It will also strengthen the research capacity of scholars in the Maghreb region and beyond. MADAR's sustainable partnership with CSOs in the Maghreb will build capacity and enrich relationships and networks across the region.

Planned Impact

MADAR aims to directly impact the lives of those affected by displacement and to enhance the research and advocacy capacity of civil society organisations (CSOs) in the Maghreb and other South-South displacement contexts, especially LMIC countries bordering the Global North (e.g. Turkey, Mexico etc.). Drawing on expertise from across the arts and humanities and the social and political sciences, and from partnerships with CSOs, MADAR will generate evidence-based solutions to the diverse and gendered protection challenges facing displaced people across the Maghreb. Co-designed and co-delivered with our partners in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, MADAR will have implications for direct beneficiaries (i.e. institutions and individuals directly involved in MADAR Network Plus activities) and indirect beneficiaries (i.e. those who are not directly involved in MADAR Network Plus activities but will benefit from MADAR's outcomes):

1. DISPLACED PEOPLE IN MOROCCO, ALGERIA, AND TUNISIA. MADAR will generate positive societal impacts by commissioning research to address the challenges of how to effectively affirm protective rights and mitigate harm to vulnerable, conflict-induced internally displaced people, refugees and asylum seekers in the Maghreb. Displaced people directly involved in MADAR activities and funded research projects will benefit from opportunities to contribute to designing effective solutions to the challenges they face. Displaced people across the Maghreb will benefit indirectly from improvements to protection practices and policies that are informed by MADAR research conducted across the region. Displaced people across the Maghreb will benefit indirectly from improved community relations as a result of the touring/online exhibition and complementary outreach activities that aim to increase awareness and understanding of the challenges faced by displaced people and to improve attitudes and discourses amongst wider publics towards displaced people in the region.

2. MADAR PROJECT PARTNERS AND OTHER CSOs WORKING ON CONFLICT AND DISPLACEMENT ACROSS THE MAGHREB. MADAR Project Partner CSOs will benefit directly from the enhancement of their organisational culture and research and advocacy capacity through the co-design and co-delivery of MADAR. MADAR Project Partners and other CSO practitioner participants in MADAR activities (e.g. advocates, human rights and humanitarian organisations, and lobbyists) will benefit directly from enhanced capacity to support displaced communities, developed through training workshops and networking activities designed to foster sustainable cross-sector partnerships amongst researchers and practitioners. More generally, CSOs and individual practitioners working on conflict and displacement across the Maghreb will benefit indirectly from enhanced research and advocacy capacity to support displaced communities through MADAR's handbook on protection in contexts of displacement in the Maghreb region.

3. POLICY AND OTHER DECISION-MAKERS ACROSS THE MAGHREB AND BEYOND. Relevant policy-makers and state bodies in each of the Maghreb countries (i.e. Parliamentary working groups on migration and Ministries of the Interior and of Migration), international institutions with a presence in the Maghreb (e.g. IOM and UNHCR), and relevant institutions beyond the Maghreb (African Union, European Union Commission, and UK FCO, DfID, and All-Party Parliamentary Group on migration and refugees) will benefit from multilingual, up-to-date, evidence-based research findings (in the form of country-specific policy briefs) to inform changes in practice, policy, and legislation (e.g. anti-racism, asylum, and migration) at the local, national, and transnational levels.

Publications

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Title Maghreb Action on Displacement and Rights 
Description An animated promotional video was created to introduce the project aims and project partners. The filmmaker is based in Morocco. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact The film has been used by partners in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) to promote the aims of the MADAR network and to facilitate an understanding of the project with potential applicants to MADAR's funding calls. 
 
Description Algeria MADAR Network+ Pre call worksop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The Algeria team (CREAD and Caritas) held a workshop with academics, civil society actors and artists in December 2020 in order to identify key research and action priorities, on a local and regional level. The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://madar-network.org/en/events/
 
Description Consultation workshop -Morocco (Casablanca-Settat) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact MADAR's project partner in Morocco, Racines, held a workshop in the Casablanca-Settat region with civil society, practitioners, researchers, cultural stakeholders and artists working in the fields of migration, protection and conflict to discuss the most urgent issues in terms of humanitarian protection of vulnerable displaced persons in the Maghreb central region (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultation workshop -Morocco (Draa Tafilalet) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact MADAR's project partner in Morocco, Racines, held a workshop in the DraaTafilalet, region with civil society, practitioners, researchers, cultural stakeholders and artists working in the fields of migration, protection and conflict to discuss the most urgent issues in terms of humanitarian protection of vulnerable displaced persons in the Maghreb central region (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultation workshop -Morocco (Fes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact MADAR's project partner in Morocco, Racines, held a workshop in the Fès-Meknès region with civil society, practitioners, researchers, cultural stakeholders and artists working in the fields of migration, protection and conflict to discuss the most urgent issues in terms of humanitarian protection of vulnerable displaced persons in the Maghreb central region (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultation workshop -Morocco (Rabat-Salé-Kénitra) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact MADAR's project partner in Morocco, Racines, held a workshop in the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra region with civil society, practitioners, researchers, cultural stakeholders and artists working in the fields of migration, protection and conflict to discuss the most urgent issues in terms of humanitarian protection of vulnerable displaced persons in the Maghreb central region (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultation workshop -Morocco (Souss-Massa) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact MADAR's project partner in Morocco, Racines, held a workshop in the Souss-Massa region with civil society, practitioners, researchers, cultural stakeholders and artists working in the fields of migration, protection and conflict to discuss the most urgent issues in terms of humanitarian protection of vulnerable displaced persons in the Maghreb central region (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultation workshop -Morocco (Tanger) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact MADAR's project partner in Morocco, Racines, held a workshop in the Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceima region with civil society, practitioners, researchers, cultural stakeholders and artists working in the fields of migration, protection and conflict to discuss the most urgent issues in terms of humanitarian protection of vulnerable displaced persons in the Maghreb central region (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia). The workshop led to many discussions and exchange of views and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Equality, Diversity and Inclusion workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In 2020 MADAR held a number of cross-sector capacity building and training workshops with external facilitators and project partners including a session on Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. The training led to increased awareness and understanding among the team and formed the basis for the co-development of a MADAR Equality, Diversity and Inclusion workshop policy and procedure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description MADAR website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A dedicated multilingual and interactive MADAR Network Plus website was set up in 2020 to increase the visibility of MADAR outputs and promote wider public engagement. The website will showcase activities, resources and outputs as they are created throughout the project; promote Dissemination events; and host blogs by MADAR team and Project Partners, researchers, and practitioners from commissioned projects. The website has hosted 2 blog posts by MADAR project Partners, which have also been shared on our social media platforms (Twitter).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://madar-network.org/en/
 
Description Press release - "NEW RESEARCH PROJECT TO IMPROVE PROTECTION OF DISPLACED PEOPLE IN NORTH AFRICA." 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Keele university (in collaboration with the MADAR team) published a press release to officially announce the MADAR Network+ project. The press release was shared with media contacts and circulated widely on Twitter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://madar-network.org/en/news/
 
Description Project partner blog: GENERAL OVERVIEW OF WOMEN AND MIGRATION: INCLUDING CASES FROM TUNISIA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ferdaous Naili (Research and Programs Assistant, La Fabrique Art Studio) wrote a blog post for the MADAR website on the role of women in migration and trans-regional movements, with examples from Tunisia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://madar-network.org/en/blog/general-overview-women-and-migration-including-cases-tunisia/
 
Description Project partner blog: Public space and theater to promote diversity in Morocco 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact MADAR project partner, Dounia Benslimane from Moroccoan organisation Racines aisbl, wrote a blog post for the MADAR website reflecting on advocacy in public spaces and the obstacles that were encountered as part of the Mix City project and the use of forum theater.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://madar-network.org/en/blog/mix-city-et-bhal-bhal/
 
Description Roundtable discussion "Gaps and good practices in national protection frameworks" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Four members of the MADAR team -Co-I Hassen Boubakri from the University of Sousse in Tunisia, and Khaled Menna, Soumia Bouchouk and Hanane Mansour from the Research Center in Applied Economics for Development (CREAD) in Algeria - were invited to speak at a roundtable discussion on "Gaps and good practices in national protection frameworks". The roundtable formed part of a virtual policy workshop organised by the Mixed Migration Centre and the UNHCR on protection challenges in the Central & Western Mediterranean Routes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://www.mixedmigration.org/articles/live-unhcr-mmc-policy-workshop/
 
Description Safeguarding training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In 2020 MADAR held a number of cross-sector capacity building and training workshops with external facilitators and project partners including a session on safeguarding. The training led to increased awareness of safeguarding issues and formed the basis for the co-development of a MADAR Safeguarding policy and procedure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Training workshop- ethics and risk 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In 2020 MADAR held a number of cross-sector capacity building and training workshops with external facilitators and project partners including a session on ethics and risks. The training led to increased awareness and understanding among the team and formed the basis for the co-development of a MADAR Ethics and Risk policy and procedure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Webinar with academics- Algeria 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The webinar, organised by MADAR project partners in Algeria, CREAD and Caritas, brought together 20 academics to introduce the MADAR project as well as the incentives and opportunities offered by this network. The participants were introduced to the aims of MADAR, to promote multidisciplinary projects and to work alongside civil society organisations and artists to create a new spirit of academic research and a global and more in-depth reading of the issue of forced displacement in the central Maghreb region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Webinar with civil society organsations and artists- Algeria 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The webinar, hosted by MADAR partner in Algeria, Caritas, brought together Algerian civil society organisations and artists to introduced the MADAR Network & projects, including the desired objectives of the project, how to participate, and a discussion on how to influence decision-makers regarding pressure to improve, change and apply the protection laws for vulnerable groups of forcibly displaced persons. There was a great interest in the project among participants, and it was seen as an opportunity to link their human rights work with academic research, in order to translate protection challenges into concrete solutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Workshop on 'Migration, displacement, protection and Arts for the MADAR project' (Tunisia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact MADAR's project partners in Tunisia, Notre Culture D'abord, along with the University of Sousse, held a workshop with participants from the creative sector, academia and civil society on the themes of migration, displacement, protection and arts. The workshop participants identified key research and action priorities, on a local and regional level and the outcomes of this meeting will directly feed into MADAR's project calls. The meeting also led to an increased awareness and understanding of the MADAR Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/notreculturedabord/
 
Description Workshop training on Principles 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In 2020 MADAR held a number of cross-sector capacity building and training workshops with external facilitators and project partners including a session on Principles. The training led to increased awareness and understanding among the team on the main principles and terms of engagement that inform the MADAR project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020