Omics Data Standards: synergy and implementations

Lead Research Organisation: EMBL - European Bioinformatics Institute
Department Name: Microarray Group

Abstract

The marriage of conventional biomedical and environmental research with transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics technologies has created not only opportunities, but also new informatics challenges to biologists and bioinformaticians. We require new approaches to describe, store and exchange these - information intensive investigations, so that the datasets can be properly analyzed, compared and integrated. We need reporting standards agreed upon by a community for describing the way to report, for publication and dissemination, the results of a particular investigation and for making the research more accessible for the benefit of the wider scientific community. Data reporting standards, the basic pillar of data sharing, include: - Checklists, outlining the minimal requirements that should be reported - Syntax, defining the transmission formats that facilitate the exchange of the information - Semantics, adding the interpretive layer to the information. Given the high value of functional genomics and system biology information, standardization activities have moved from the fringes to centre-stage. Several grass roots, community-driven, international data standardization activities are underway to define standard reporting structure for one particular omics technologies (e.g. transcriptomics, proteomics). Discipline-specific initiatives, however, remain within each given discipline and as a consequence of this the overall standardization effort fragments, resulting in unnecessary duplication of effort, and the development of different semantics and syntaxes thereby limiting the potential for data exchange. Fortunately, there is a generally accepted view that concerted efforts are required throughout the functional genomics and reaching out to the system biology. Synergistic activities have begun already to remove redundancy and foster harmonisation and consolidation of reporting standards. By contrast, the sociological barriers can be quite challenging, mandating extensive liaison amongst communities. Also the time invested in these activities is often severely limited due to lack of resources. Face-to-face developers' workshops are critical to create consensus. Unfortunately it is very difficult to hold such workshops when no central fund exits to support the projects and when developers participate on a volunteer base, paying their own travel and accommodation expenses from wherever they can find the funds. In this proposal we are seeking funding to organize a series of hands-on workshops to ensure the coordinated development of data reporting standards. We propose to focus on the three thematic projects and with several environmental communities - both from the UK and around the globe - create the basis for developing data sharing environments, with the use cases from several biomedical and environmental communities.

Technical Summary

This application is guided by the requirements of the RSBI, a working group bringing together several biomedical and environmental communities to tackle the challenges associated with reporting complex investigations employing multiple omics' technologies. RSBI works under the assumption that no one group or community can solve the challenges of developing reporting standards for the functional genomics domain. Although established MGED Society (e.g microarray-based transcriptomics) umbrella, RSBI has always worked in the wider functional genomics context, through extensive liaisons with other standard efforts such as the PSI, the MSI and the GSC. There is a generally accepted view that the need to harmonise and consolidate reporting standards is unarguable. From a technical perspective, it will be necessary to remove redundancies and fill the gaps between the domains covered by checklists, exchange formats and terminologies. These are difficult but not insurmountable tasks and our workshops aim to facilitate synergistic activities, by bringing together the key developers of the grass roots communities to focus on the: - MIcheck project, promoting gradual integration of minimal information checklists - FuGE project, providing a model of common components for exchange format development - OBI project, delivering an set of common terms to support semantic integration Ultimately, data reporting standards create the basis for developing data sharing environments. A crucial outcome of our workshops is set of common practice descriptions and documentation of progress in a clear and understandable manner for the relevant target communities (e.g. developers) so that the standards can be widely used once reaching a mature stage. The development of data standards is an iterative process and gaining community buy-in can be also a long process. We are confident that these workshops will play a crucial role in the developmental phase and in the consensus-building process.

Publications

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Baker NA (2013) Standardizing data. in Nature nanotechnology

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Bandrowski A (2016) The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations. in PloS one

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Brinkman RR (2010) Modeling biomedical experimental processes with OBI. in Journal of biomedical semantics

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Chervitz SA (2011) Data standards for Omics data: the basis of data sharing and reuse. in Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)

 
Description Maximised networking capability among standards developing groups in the life sciences
Exploitation Route Increased networking capability among standards developing groups have subsequently led to the creation of the BioSharing effort (http://biosharing.org) and continue to provide a synergistic platform for stakeholders to interact
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software)

 
Description To foster communications among stakeholders and around community standards
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology
Impact Types Cultural,Policy & public services

 
Description Advised NPG Scientific Data journal on its data policy
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Increase in data publication and sharing via public, community-approved repositories
URL http://www.nature.com/sdata/data-policies
 
Description Advised Springer Nature on the data policy
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL http://www.springernature.com/gp/group/data-policy/
 
Description Co-authored a review commissioned by the NIH Big Data to Knowledge Initiative on policies and framework to support open data and interoperability standards
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://figshare.com/articles/New_draft_item/3795816/2
 
Description Co-authored a review commissioned by the Wellcome Trust focusing on interoperability standards for digital research outputs
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://figshare.com/articles/Review_Interoperability_standards/4055496
 
Description FAIRsharing is one of the elements mentioned in the "Framework for Discipline-specific Research Data Management" report by Science Europe.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.scienceeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/SE_Guidance_Document_RDMPs.pdf
 
Description FAIRsharing is one of the resources recommended by the EU EOSC "Turning FAIR into Reality" report.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description FAIRsharing is one of the resources recommended by the UK Jisc "FAIR in Practice report".
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description IMI Data Management and Standardization
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.etriks.org/standards-starter-pack/
 
Description EC - PHC-32-2014 - MultiMot
Amount € 100,000 (EUR)
Funding ID H2020-EU.3.1, 634107 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 08/2015 
End 07/2018
 
Description EC H2020 - INFRADEV-3-2015 - ELIXIR EXCELERATE
Amount € 240,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2015 
End 08/2019
 
Description EINFRA-2015-1 - PhenoMeNal
Amount € 600,000 (EUR)
Funding ID H2020-EU.1.4.1.3, 654241 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Horizon 2020
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2015 
End 08/2018
 
Description EINFRA-EOSC - EOSC-Life
Amount £23,745,978 (GBP)
Funding ID 824087 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 03/2019 
End 02/2023
 
Description IMPRiND
Amount € 4,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID IMI 116060 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI)
Sector Multiple
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Description NIH Big Data to Knowledge Initiative - CEDAR
Amount $400,000 (USD)
Organisation National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 07/2014 
End 06/2018
 
Description NIH Big Data to Knowledge Initiative - bioCADDIE
Amount $450,000 (USD)
Funding ID 1U24AI117966-0 
Organisation National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2017
 
Description NIH Data Commons: Cloud agnostic architecture to safely access, reuse indexed FAIR objects
Amount £51,200 (GBP)
Funding ID 1OT3OD025462-01 
Organisation National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description NIH Data Commons: Development and implementation plan for community supported FAIR guidelines and metrics
Amount £67,265 (GBP)
Funding ID 1OT3OD025467-01 
Organisation National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description NIH Data Commons: Facilitation center
Amount £61,385 (GBP)
Funding ID 1OT3OD025459-01 
Organisation National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description The FAIRsharing service: supporting the research life-cycle
Amount £742,702 (GBP)
Funding ID 212930/Z/18/Z 
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2019 
End 07/2023
 
Description eTRIKS
Amount € 400,000 (EUR)
Funding ID IMI 115446 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI)
Sector Multiple
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2014 
End 06/2017
 
Title BioSharing 
Description Registry of standards and databases linked to data policies by funders and journals. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Launched in 2011, the BioSharing portal (https://biosharing.org) of interrelated standards, databases, and policies has 53,741 users and is a resource of the ELIXIR UK Node and the ELIXIR Interoperability Platform. Endorsed by a community of 68 organizations, including publishers (embedded in the data policies of 600 Springer Nature's journals, also PloS, EMBO press, BMJ, F1000Research, BioMedCentral, Oxford University Press, Wellcome Trust Open Research), standardization groups, and research data management support initiatives and libraries (such as those at JISC, Stanford, Cambridge and the Oxford Universities). 
URL http://biosharing.org/
 
Title ISA tools 
Description Tools to collect, annotate, store, share and publish datasets 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2010 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Running since 2007, the open source metadata reporting ISA software suite has a user base ranging from hundreds to thousands of users from diverse domains (http://isa-tools.org), and is a resource of the ELIXIR UK Node. Currently it is embedded in 27 public resources (institute-based, project/consortium-based or global repositories, including some based at EBI, in USA, Japan, China and Australia), supports two data-driven journals (Springer Nature Scientific Data, Oxford University Press GigaScience), and complements 9 internal data platforms (also at the FDA National Centre for Toxicological Resources and Janssen R&D)- http://www.isacommons.org. The extension of the ISA metadata representation format for nanotechnology applications became a formal ASTM standard in 2013. 
URL http://www.isa-tools.org
 
Title Re-launching BioSharing as FAIRsharing and improving it 
Description FAIRsharing, now is a curated, informative and educational resource on data and metadata standards, inter-related to databases and data policies. FAIRsharing guides consumers to discover, select and use these resources with confidence, and producers to make their resource more discoverable, more widely adopted and cited. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2011 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Launched in 2011, as BioSharing and re-launched as FAIRsharing in 2017, this resource is at the epicentre of FAIR-enabling activities, delivering guidance, tools and services with and for a variety of stakeholders. As these activities mature, we will implement them in, or connect them to, the FAIRsharing resource itself. FAIRsharing has a growing userbase encompassing institutions, libraries, journal publishers, infrastructure programmes, societies and other organizations or projects that in turn serve and guide individual researchers or other stakeholders on research data management matters. 
URL https://fairsharing.org/communities
 
Title BioInvestigation Index 
Description Database for storing and searching experimental metadata, one of the ISA tools components 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2010 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact There are several public, project-based and institutionally based databases that are powered by the BioInvestigation Index; these include the EBI MetaboLigths repositories and many others listed at: http://isacommons.org/ 
URL http://www.isa-tools.org/tools.html
 
Description ELIXIR Interoperability Platform and FAIRsharing 
Organisation ELIXIR
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution FAIRsharing is part of the ELIXIR Recommended Interoperability Resources (RIRs) to facilitate interoperability and reusability of life science data and support the principles of FAIR data management.
Collaborator Contribution The ELIXIR Recommended Interoperability Resources have been selected by external panel of reviewers, based on the selection criteria published in the Call for RIR application, which measure how they facilitate scientific research and how they improve FAIRness of life science data.
Impact FAIRsharing is and will continue to be used by and further linked to other ELIXIR registries and services.
Start Year 2018
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation Earlham Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation Heriot-Watt University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation Newcastle University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation Rothamsted Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Dundee
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Edinburgh Genomics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR UK Node 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Help create the ELIXIR UK Node
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the creation of the ELIXIR UK Node
Impact Creation of a virtual entity that represents UK strengths in bioinformatics and provides a route for UK bioinformatics resources to participate in, and benefit from, ELIXIR. The Node is currently being formalized.
Start Year 2012
 
Description ELIXIR-UK AllHands meeting, Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Showcasing latest work on FAIRsharing and ISA, as well as discussing how to best connect with other UK resources and those from other Nodes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://elixiruknode.org/event/elixir-uk-all-hands-2018/
 
Description FAIR in a nutshell; Harnessing FAIR Data event, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Raised awareness in and around FAIR principles and practices, as well as participated at a panel discussion that highlighted the importance as well as the challenges around implementing FAIR data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ses.ac.uk/event/harnessing-fair-data/
 
Description FAIRsharing Chemical Data; IUPAC workshop, Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Introducing FAIRsharing to a new audience and engaging with databases and standards creators in the chemistry domain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://iupac.org/event/supporting-fair-exchange-chemical-data-standards-development/
 
Description FAIRsharing; BOSC conference, Portland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Introducing FAIRsharing to a new audience of databases and standards developers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://gccbosc2018.sched.com/event/FEX7/b21-fairsharing-working-with-the-community-to-map-the-lands...
 
Description FAIRsharing; ELIXIR AllHands 2018, Berlin. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Helped to shape the role of FAIRsharing in the context of other ELIXIR FAIR-supporting resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.elixir-europe.org/events/elixir-all-hands-2018
 
Description FAIRsharing; GO-FAIR meeting, Leiden. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Create a critical mass around FAIRsharing, discussed and launched an Implementation Network around making Standards, Repositories, and Policies FAIR, named FAIR StRePo: https://www.go-fair.org/implementation-networks/overview/fair-strepo
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.go-fair.org/implementation-networks/overview/
 
Description Metadata and data standards, ISA and FAIRsharing - MAQC Society, Shanghai 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary presentation on metadata and data standards, and FAIR principles from theory to practice with overview of exemplar activities. The use of FAIR to enable meaningful and intelligent data sharing and reuse is a hot topic of great interest to all stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.pmgenomics.ca/maqcsociety/meeting_feb_2018
 
Description Metadata for machine: the work of ISA and FAIRsharing; GO-FAIR workshop, Leiden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Our team showcased our preliminary work done to make machine-actionable metadata from standards in FAIRsharing that can be used as templated for ISA and other annotation tools. The creation of machine-actionable metadata from standards is key to enable FAIR data and is a hot topic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.go-fair.org/resources/go-fair-workshop-series/metadata-for-machines-workshops/
 
Description NERC DataTree 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Video to introduce the basic concepts of the FAIR principles, FAIR data management and FAIRsharing. The target audience for Data Tree is NERC funded PhD students and early career researchers, however, Data Tree will be an openly available resource.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://datatree.org.uk/
 
Description RDA FAIRsharing WG - overview of the work; IDW, Gaborone 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Overview and discussion of the RDA-Force FAIRsharing WG activities, especially the recommendations, to guide the users and producers of standards, databases and repositories on how to best select and describe these resources; and to guide funders and publishers on how to recommend them in data policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://rd-alliance.org/group/fairsharing-registry-connecting-data-policies-standards-databases-wg/o...
 
Description RDA FAIRsharing WG - overview of the work; RDA, Berlin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Overview and discussion of the RDA-Force FAIRsharing WG activities, especially the recommendations, to guide the users and producers of standards, databases and repositories on how to best select and describe these resources; and to guide funders and publishers on how to recommend them in data policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://rd-alliance.org/group/fairsharing-registry-connecting-data-policies-standards-databases-wg/o...
 
Description Short introduction to data readiness and FAIR data to lay audience 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A 1.30 min video to present my group's work on data readiness to a lay audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.research.ox.ac.uk/Article/2019-01-22-video-making-data-reusable
 
Description The FAIR principles - theory and practices; IEBMC, Chengdu 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The annual International Experimental Biology and Medicine Conference, co-organized by FDA USA and FDA China. My presentation has especially helped the local Chinese colleagues to familiarise with the FAIR principles and start to apply them at their institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.iebmc.org/s/IEBMC-Agenda-20180820.pdf