The BBSRC Sustainable Bioenergy Centre (BSBEC): Perennial Bioenergy Crops Programme

Lead Research Organisation: Rothamsted Research
Department Name: Agro-Ecology

Abstract

The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from burning fossil fuels are a major contributor to climate change. Energy usage is increasing globally and alternative forms that are renewable and reduce GHG emissions are urgently needed. New forms of liquid transport fuels are particularly important, as the number of vehicles is increasing rapidly worldwide. Plants are 'biological solar panels'. Through photosynthesis, plants capture sunlight energy and use it to convert carbon molecules from atmospheric carbon dioxide to form carbohydrate. Plants use energy from carbohydrates for growth and the production of new dry matter (biomass). They also store carbohydrates in different forms as reserves. Liquid transport biofuels can be produced from plant carbohydrates by biological conversion processes such as fermentation. These enzymatic processes operate best when the carbohydrates are in simple forms, such as sucrose and starch, as these are easily accessed and broken down. In the UK, bioethanol is produced from sugar and starchy food crops such as sugar beet and wheat, respectively. However, growing such crops requires high inputs of nutrients particularly nitrogen (N) fertilisers. As N fertilisers require fossil fuels to make there is little overall energy saving or reduction in GHG emissions. Producing biofuels from arable crops can also conflict with food production. Perennial biomass crops, such as willows and the grass Miscanthus, are fast growing non-food crops which can produce biomass with little N fertiliser. Biofuels from these crops would give higher energy savings and GHG reductions. However, most of the carbon is in the form of lignocellulose which makes up the plant cell wall and complex linkages make it difficult for enzymes to access the carbon in this form. In the BBSRC Sustainable Bioenergy Centre (BSBEC) Perennial Bioenergy Crops Programme, we will bring together leading experts in plant biology, crop breeding, genomics, biochemistry, biomathematics and bioenergy to over come these limitations and thus underpin the improvements needed in willows and Miscanthus to develop biofuels from plant lignocellulose. Our focus will be on: (1) Optimising biomass yield. We will investigate ways of capturing more energy by developing leaf canopies earlier and extending the growing season and by improving the canopy architecture and we will investigate how carbon is partitioned into different parts of the plant e.g. shoots, roots, organs, tissues, cells and cell walls. (2) Optimising the biomass composition (specifically the accessibility of carbon in cell walls) for processing to biofuels. This will be done by first improving our understanding of biomass composition, how it varies naturally in Miscanthus and willow and how this variation influences the processibility of the biomass. We will also use gene discovery techniques to identify genes that affect cell wall composition and accessibility of the carbon. We have over two decades of experience with breeding and improving willow and Miscanthus. We also have exciting scientific leads in both crops. Our industrial partners (Shell and Ceres) have complementary strengths and expertise that will help develop these and new innovation within the programme and bring it to international markets.

Technical Summary

The need to reduce fossil fuel contributions to climate change is the most significant and pressing challenge of this century. The overall aim of the BBSRC Sustainable Bioenergy Centre (BSBEC): Perennial Bioenergy Crops Programme is to underpin the development of a sustainable biofuels sector by optimising feedstocks from perennial biomass (non-food) crops whilst maximising energy savings and minimising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This programme will capitalise on (i) more than two decades of energy crop development and energy crop resources in Miscanthus and willow, giving the UK an internationally leading position; (ii) active breeding programmes linked to our research, which will allow the delivery of improved energy crops and;(iii) the active engagement of Shell and Ceres. Our science programme on Miscanthus and willow addresses two main objectives: (1) Optimising biomass yield. Approached by genetics, QTLs and genomics. Hypotheses (H) investigated are: H1: Radiation interception for C fixation may be maximised by improving thermal sensitivity and cold tolerance for early canopy expansion; H2: Carbon fixation may be maximised by altering crop morphology/architecture and, H3: Sustainable yields can be achieved by selecting for an optimal allocation ratio of above- (harvested carbon) and below-ground biomass (reserve carbon); (2) Optimising biomass composition. Approached by analytical and gene discovery routes. Hypotheses investigated are: H4: The efficiency of processing for sugar release and biofuel production can be improved by identifying and selecting for natural (and modified) crop variants with improved biomass composition and; H5: Improved understanding of cell wall synthesis and assembly can be exploited to develop new tools for selection of genotypes with improved accessibility of carbon in biomass.

Publications

10 25 50

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Andralojc P (2014) Photosynthesis and growth in diverse willow genotypes in Food and Energy Security

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Aradottir G (2012) Population genetics of Tuberolachnus salignus, an obligate parthenogenetic aphid in Agricultural and Forest Entomology

 
Description BSBEC-BioMASS aimed to underpin the development of sustainable biofuels from SRC willow and Miscanthus by optimising biomass yield and improving the accessibility of the carbon for conversion to biofuels. We have made a distinct and internationally competitive contribution by exploiting our unique resources in a programme that integrated research vertically (using different disciplines such as genetics, cell biology, physiology, biochemistry, on common materials in each crop) and horizontally (by comparing results from different crops and sites). Specifically, we aimed to uncover novel biology through deriving data on critical stages in the perennial growth cycle by exploiting our existing genetic mapping populations at Rothamsted Research (RRes) and IBERS and a new trial that was established at both sites that was dedicated to taking destructive and non-destructive measurements over successive growth seasons.
Using this strategy we have successfully identified novel genomic regions in willow and Miscanthus important to yield because they regulate key traits such as growth rate (both crops), flowering time (Miscanthus), bud flush (willows) and senescence (both crops). We have identified key influences of environment on these traits by studying the crops on the contrasting RRes and IBERS sites which will help us predict how they will perform when grown on different sites. We have also been developing and using process-based models to integrate these data and identify the key traits that give the biggest gains in crop improvement. Variation in these traits has been assessed by phenotyping and, simultaneously, genetic and genomic approaches developed to map genomic regions and identify key genes and/markers which can now be used in breeding programmes. As aprt of this effort we have generated and published the first dense map of Miscanthus though collaborative efforts with our industrial partner Ceres Inc.
We have also studied patterns of carbon and biomass allocation during the perennial cycle. An extremely interesting and novel finding in Miscanthus was a clear correlation between yield and starch/fructose content - indicating fructose content could be used as a marker by breeders. In willow it was found that different varieties allocate biomass below and above ground differently and the high yielding types that also allocate a lot below ground can be selected for. This is important for the use of willow for carbon sequestration.
In both crops we have identified variation in growth or cell wall composition which influences the ease of sugar release. In willow we also made the exciting finding that variation in the difficulty with which sugars can be released for biofuel production is associated with genetic differences in the way the trees make Reaction Wood - a special form of wood that trees make naturally in response to gravitational stress. These findings will help breeders select more optimal willows and Miscanthus varieties to provide feedstocks for bioenergy and biofuel production in sustainable ways.
Exploitation Route These findings will help breeders select more optimal willows and Miscanthus varieties to provide feedstocks for bioenergy and biofuel production in sustainable ways. Improved feedstock should reduce costs of conversion at the industrial plant and make the growing of the crops more economic for farmers by achieving higher yields per hectare. The project has direct linkage with delivery pipelines through active breeding programmes at Rothamsted and IBERS.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment,Transport

 
Description We have successfully identified novel genomic regions in willow and Miscanthus important to enhance yield because they regulate key traits such as growth rate (both crops), flowering time (Miscanthus), bud flush (willows) and senescence (both crops). We have identified key influences of environment on these traits by studying the crops on the contrasting RRes and IBERS sites which will help us predict how they will perform when grown on different sites. We have also been developing and using process-based models to integrate these data and identify the key traits that give the biggest gains in crop improvement. Variation in these traits has been assessed by phenotyping and, simultaneously, genetic and genomic approaches developed to map genomic regions and identify key genes and/markers which can now be used in breeding programmes. As aprt of this effort we have generated and published the first dense map of Miscanthus though collaborative efforts with our industrial partner Ceres Inc. We have also studied patterns of carbon and biomass allocation during the perennial cycle. An extremely interesting and novel finding in Miscanthus was a clear correlation between yield and starch/fructose content - indicating fructose content could be used as a marker by breeders. In willow it was found that different varieties allocate biomass below and above ground differently and the high yielding types that also allocate a lot below ground can be selected for. This is important for the use of willow for carbon sequestration. In both crops we have identified variation in growth or cell wall composition which influences the ease of sugar release. In willow we also made the exciting finding that variation in the difficulty with which sugars can be released for biofuel production is associated with genetic differences in the way the trees make Reaction Wood - a special form of wood that trees make naturally in response to gravitational stress. These findings will help breeders select more optimal willows and Miscanthus varieties to provide feedstocks for bioenergy and biofuel production in sustainable ways.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Committee on Climate Change
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Infuenced government policy on climate change
 
Description Committee on Climate Change review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The Committee on Climate Change advised the government on biofuels.
 
Description DECC Bioenergy Experts Workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact DECC advises government on bioenergy strategy
 
Description Defra Bioenergy Strategy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Contribution to policy on biomass utilisation
 
Description European Chamber of Commerce
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Influenced a wide range of experts in European commerce and policy makers
 
Description House of Lords Enquiry
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Influenced research prioritisation in Climate Change
 
Description Low Carbon Energy Summit
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Scientific evidence used by Minister
 
Description NFU meeting London
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Inclusion of SRC willow as an option in "Greening" of CAP
 
Description National England meeting
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Alterations were made in the Energy Crops Scheme regulatory criteria
 
Description Nuffield Council of Bioethics Enquiry
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Nuffield Bioethics Report on Biofuels was highly publicized by the media and highly influential of politicians
 
Description Nuffield Council of Bioethics on Biofuels
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Improved understanding of the moral obligation for bioenergy provided it conforms to sustainability criteria
 
Description RASE Science with Practice
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Influences RASE priorities
 
Description The Energy Difference
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact High level business symposium on energy - reports are written up and presented to European Parliament
 
Description ISIS
Amount £2,600 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2009 
End 03/2010
 
Description New Phytologist Travel Grant to attend Bioenergy Trees Symposium
Amount € 600 (EUR)
Organisation New Phytologist 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2011 
End 05/2011
 
Description Tsinghua-Cambridge-MUT LCEUA
Amount $200,000 (USD)
Organisation Government of China 
Sector Public
Country China
Start 10/2010 
End 09/2016
 
Title LUCASS - Model for Light Use and Carbon Allocation in Salix Species 
Description LUCASS is a mathematical, process-based plant growth model, embedded in a energy-water-balance simulation framework, provided with external parameter data base and Global Sensitivity Analysis and Bayesian calibration. 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - non-mammalian in vivo 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This tool can rank the parameters according to their impact on growth and yield formation which is extremely useful for the characterisation of geno- and phenotypes. The simulation tool is connected to a spatial pedoclimatic data base which allows exploring Gene x Environment interaction and optimizing ideotypes for different environments. Documentation and parameter data base are published as Open Access in connection with the paper by Cerasuolo. See doi for downloads 
 
Description Development of improved Breeding technology 
Organisation PBS International Limited
PI Contribution Experiments have been designed for testing crossing bags made from different materials.
Collaborator Contribution Access to their contacts on production of non woven fabrics
Impact The knowledge developed for the crossing bags is being scaled by PBS into crossing tents. We are not 'funded' partners in the ongoing work, but have been part of the process developing the 'stakeholder' requirements.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Sub-contractor to Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London in the EIT-funded project ADMIT-Bio-Succinnovate under the Climate-KIC programme 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We supported the spatially specific estimates of biomass in different UK regions available for the bio-economy, here the resource for bio-renewable succinic acid. We trained and co-supervised the PhD student Yuanzhi Ni at Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, to calibrate, validate and upscale an existing process-based crop growth model. We agreed to carry out the following services for Imperial: 2.1. (a) those as set out in Schedule 1 annexed hereto which includes the provision of an interim report including yield, spatial carbon stocks maps and Land based GHG emission factors for feedstock supply locations (England, Wales, Hungary and France) to be delivered by end of November 2016. A conference paper and a peer-reviewed paper are published/under review, respectively.
Collaborator Contribution Partner at Imperial College (Dr Jeremy Woods, Centre for Environmental Policy) were leader of Work Package 8 in the Bio-Succinnovate project. We were initially a partner in our own right but changed to being a subcontractor (16122 -Consultancy agreement Rothamsted Biosuccinnovate). Imperial College administered and paid a reasonable fee (€15k).
Impact Conference paper at the International Bioenergy Conference and Exhibition, Shanghai: Assessing Availability and Environmental Impacts of Lignocellulosic BIOMASS Feedstock Supply - Case Study for a Catchment in England (9 pages) Ni, YZ, Mwabonje, O., Richter, G., Qi, A., Yeung, K, Patel, M. Woods, J. (2018) ASSESSING AVAILABILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK SUPPLY - CASE STUDY FOR A CATCHMENT IN ENGLAND Biofpr (Accepted for publication; revisions to be submitted by 8 April 2018)
Start Year 2015
 
Description 6th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf, Buenos Aires 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and questions

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 20th International Conference of Arabidopsis Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 21st Century Green Energies Conference Tainan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions after talk given

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description 21st International Conference on Arabidopsis Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and Questions

New Contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description 21st International Glycoconjugate Symposium Vienna 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 34th Symposium on Biotechnology For Fuels and Chemicals 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and debating

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 8th International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and debates

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description BBSRC Bioenergy Dialogue (pilot event) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 50+ members of the public (largely London) attended a pilot event to test a tool-kit of resources designed to use in Dialogue events nationwide to gather public opinion on Bioenergy. The BBSRC wanted to ensure that strategy development in bioenergy is responsive to public opinion.

After this pilot event a further 10 events were ran which covered the length and breadth of the UK. A report of results from these dialogues was produced and is available on the BBSRC webpages.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/society/dialogue/activities/bioenergy-dialogue/bioenergy-dialogue-project.asp...
 
Description BBSRC Mission to USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Exchanges established between US and UK

New collaborations between BBSRC and US research groups
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description BBSRC US Bioenergy Mission to Oakridge National Laboratory USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

New Contacts and exchanges
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description BEACON launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Attended by media

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description BP biofuels debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact presentations and debating resulted in some media releases

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bioenergy Dialogue (Rothamsted Reserach) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 13 teachers attended a dialogue event on Bioenergy, this utilised the kit developed by the BBSRC at the Pilot event in London (Dana Centre 24/01/13). Results from discussions fed into the Bioenergy Dialogue report. Additionally, resources were handed out to teachers so they could be used in the classroom.

Good feedback from the teachers and they felt the resources would be useful to engage school children with the subject of bioenergy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/society/dialogue/activities/bioenergy-dialogue/bioenergy-dialogue-project.asp...
 
Description Bioenergy Experts Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Bioenergy Schools talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Pupils interested and asked lots of questions

None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Biofuels strategy debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact lively debate

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Biomass and Energy Crops IV Illinois 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and exchanges of information

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Botanical Congress Leipzig 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Lots of questions and discussions with delegates afterwards

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description CanBio International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Lots of discussion and new contacts made

New partnerships to trial Rothamsted bred willows arose from this activity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Cereals 2010 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact New connections made with farmers

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Chilean Biochemical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Demonstration at Cambridge Botanical Gardens 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Demonstation as part of 'Festival of Plants'

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Display at Royal Welsh Show 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Huge attendance at show and lots of interest in displays

Difficult to assign specifically to this show
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description EBEC BioFuels Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description EPSO Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description ETI-EcoSystSOC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Influenced research topics chosen for funding support

new programme funded
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Economic Models of Land Use and Biofuels 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Exchanges of knowledge from different countries and expertises

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Edinburgh Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media interviews .Enquiries followed by e-mail.

None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Embrapa Sao Carlos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and questions

not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Energy Futures RCUK House of Commons Evening 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Energy Now Exposition 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Large stakeholders audience attended and discussed uptake of energy crops

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description European Science Foundation Workshop on Impacts of Energy Crops 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and questions, knowledge sharing

Research reviews and papers in a special issue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description European Society of Agronomy Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Lots of discussion and questions after talk was given

Not Known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Fascination of Plants Day (Rothamsted Research) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Numerous school groups from Hertfordshire came to Rothamsted to learn about plant sciences research across the whole institute. We had a stand on Bioenergy crops with some interactive activities.

Children left with increased knowledge on the breadth of plant sciences research and their teachers picked up new material for teaching.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.plantday12.eu/home.htm
 
Description Festival of Ecology (Rothamsted Research) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 100+ school children from the Hertfordshire area came to Rothamsted to learn about our ecological research. We had a stand on willow genetic diversity and the biodiversity which the crop supports.

Children learnt about the importance of ecology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.britishecologicalsociety.org/about-us/centenary/
 
Description Food Security International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Lots of discussions and debate

new contacts and a journal publication
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Gordon Conference on Cell Wall Syntheses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Gordon Research Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Engaged in scientific discussions after talk given

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Green Energies Conference Taiwan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions

Collaboration between organisations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description ISMB Workshop Los Angeles 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and questions

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Institute of Biology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description International Bioeconomy Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact One of the largest bioeconomy summits with high profile
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description International Bioenergy Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International conference that showcased results from BSBEC, Supergen and other RCUK energy consortia projects. Gave an invited talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International Bioenergy Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussion followed the talk plus new contacts were made as people approached me to talk about the work

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International Biotechnology Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact new discussions and engagements

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description International Energy Crops Conference Hamburg 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and questions


new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description International Plant Molecular Biology Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This international conference is one of the largest bringing together researchers across all field in plant molecular biology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description International Poplar Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions after presentations

Not Known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description International Society of Plant Molecular Biology 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussion

New contacts established
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description International Society of Plant Molecular Biology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and questions

New Contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Interview with Social Scientist 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Introduced to HRH Prince Charles 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussed use of willows as an energy crop with Prince Charles

Prince Charles was aware that willows are a source of sustainable renewable energy and was interested to hear we are working on their improvement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Investment lunch 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact High level discussion on how to increase industrial investment in bioenergy

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Invited Lecture - Data Intensive Biology Workshop at STFC Daresbury Laboratory. Title "Integrative Bioinformatics Approaches for Crop Improvement" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Well attended. Lively Q&A session post-lecture.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Keystone Symposia on Biofuels Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description NNFCC Energy Crop Impacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions and debates

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description New Phytologist Bioenergy & Trees Conference Nancy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Lots of discussion

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Open Weekend 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 7,000 visitors came to the Institute on Saturday and Sunday and around 250 school children on the Friday before. We had a large marquee on bioenergy crops with interactive displays.

Huge response of letters saying how much they enjoyed the displays.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Open evening 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Some enquiries about the research followed by e-mail
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Pan American Congress on Bioenergy Sao Pedro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and Discussions

New Contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Pathways to delivering a nexus approach 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussion on priorities to focus research in this area

Report published for use by Research Councils
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Plant Micro 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Plant and Animal Genome Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussion and questions

Not Known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Plant and Animal Genome Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions after the talk

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Presentation and debate on biofuels at the Cheltenham Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Not easy to judge but some press reports

Not easy to judge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Press launch of BSBEC research programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Press launch resulted in media releases

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description RCUK Parliamentary meeting on Energy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Engagement in discussions by mixing with Ministers

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Renewable Energy Directive 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact new research priorities

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description SCOPE Bioenergy Sustainability workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Activity is on-going as we are preparing chapter for publications but results have already been disseminated at one international conference

too early to say
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Spatial Impacts of Biomass 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Large international conference at which there was lots of debate and many questions after the talk

Feature on my talk appeared in a special report about the conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Speaker at Spaital Impacts of Biomass Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach international
Primary Audience Participants in your research or patient groups
Results and Impact Gave a presentation on 'Impacts of Biomass Production - Strategies in the United Kingdom' at the Spaital Impacts of Biomass conference in Berlin, April 2009.

no actual impacts realised to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Stapledon Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Small audience but interested

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description SunLibb Ceprobio Conference Sao Paolo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

new exchanges
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description TSB Biofuels Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description The Big Bang UK Young Scientists and Engineers Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact School Children nationwide attended the Big Bang Science and engineering Fair in Birmingham. I was on the BBSRC stand helping run an event called 'Can Fuel Grow on Trees?'. It was a chance to discover all about biofuels and join in the discussion on the future of energy.

Children learnt a lot that they didn't know previously about bioenergy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.thebigbangfair.co.uk/
 
Description Tri-Lateral Workshop Thailand 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Part of a BBSRC Mission to Thailand after which joint projects were funded

Joint projects funded in the area of Bioenrgy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description UK-Vietnam Workshop Hanoi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description US-UK Biofuels Research Workshop NREL USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Discussions on possibilities of working together

Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Umea renewable energy conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description University of Copenhagen student visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Students very interested and asked a lot of questions

unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description University of Helsinki Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Lots of questions asked

new contacts made
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Welsh Government International Relations Partnership 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

New contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Welsh Government International Relations Partnership Visit to University of Georgia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and discussions

Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Westminster Forum debate on Biofuels 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Considerable debating and exchanging of views

Debates recorded and policy makers made aware
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Wood Biorefining Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Questions and Discussions

new contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description World Conference of Science Journalists 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Journalists wrote articles and interviewed

Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description press interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010