Newton-Bhabha Virtual Centre on Nitrogen Efficiency of Whole-cropping Systems for improved performance and resilience in agriculture (NEWS India-UK)

Lead Research Organisation: NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Department Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Effects

Abstract

The need to optimize agricultural nitrogen (N) use is fast emerging as a key global challenge where international cooperation can play a transformational role. The NEWS India-UK Virtual Joint Centre builds on existing global leadership by UK and Indian N researchers to develop and test innovative approaches to optimize N management that help meeting food security goals while reducing multiple environmental threats. The NEWS India-UK reflects the need to apply the full array of N management opportunities through bi-lateral cooperation between India and UK. This includes improving both crop biological nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), using improved genetic material to help biochemical processes be more efficient and agronomic NUE, which considers the amount of N reaching harvested products compared with N inputs, which can be improved by better field and fertilizer management practices. "NEWS" stands for Nitrogen Efficiency of Whole cropping Systems, reflecting the need for both these strategies if the full benefits are to be achieved. However, NEWS India-UK also takes two important further steps. Firstly, it applies the outcomes of biological and agronomic NUE advances at the farm scale. Critical here is the need to recycle all available N sources (such as manures, crop residues, atmospheric inputs and biological nitrogen fixation) and to examine the barriers that limit adoption of available methods at the farm scale. Secondly, it scales up the outcomes to the national scale. By focusing on establishing a full agricultural nitrogen budget for India, the approach will point to the major opportunities for improvement. This will integrate the plant and agronomic NUE strategies, farm scale options and national strategies (including from N policies, spatial optimization etc) that could be used to improve N management at a national level, giving clear estimates of the overall benefits. This will enable forward looks or 'scenarios' that explore 'what if' situations of how N could be managed better in the future and how it could contribute to food and energy security, improve agricultural resilience to climate change and reduce effects of water, air and soil pollution. Virtual Centre deliberately combines scientific disciplines to cross-fertilize ideas and develop more joined-up solutions. Analysis of natural genetic variation, together with the opportunity that can be provided by Genetic Modification (GM) techniques, will support process studies on improving plant level NUE. At the field scale, the project will quantify full nitrogen budgets, measure all major N emissions to the air and water and demonstrate how NUE improvements translate into reduced N pollution and greenhouse gas emission. The field scale will also bring together the options to see how a combination of genetic and agronomic improvements can maximize net benefits of better nitrogen management for higher productivity and climate resilience. The experimental datasets will then be applied, with support of case studies, to assess the farm scale, with mathematical models used to bring information together and to consider simple tools that can support small-holder farmers for better decision making. Finally, the national-scale work is also addressed by using models, where available statistical information for Indian agriculture is brought together with the expert understanding to develop country-level estimates and the forward look.
The work of the NEWS India-UK virtual centre is organized around 5 science components: C1: Plant strategies, genetics and improving plant NUE; C2: Agronomic strategies to improving field-level NUE; C3: Farm scale nitrogen strategies, maximizing the value of all N sources; C4: National scale nitrogen strategies and scientific synthesis; and finally, C5: Capacity Building, Training and Dissemination, which links across the Virtual Centre to strengthen the research integration and build the basis for durable India-UK cooperation.

Planned Impact

As fertilizer use has grown in India, NUE of rice has decreased from ~22% in the 1960s to only 8% in 20083,17. Higher N inputs have increased the fraction lost as pollution, an effect compounded by N fertilizer subsidies, encouraging imbalanced N fertilizer application compared with other nutrients.
These points are illustrative of the N challenge facing Indian agriculture, which will be addressed by NEWS India-UK. Overall, more than 80% of fertilizer N in India is lost to the environment, with the situation being even worse when it comes to recycling of N from animal manure. This is typically burnt as fuel (dung cakes), rather than being recycled to agricultural soils, where it could provide N, organic matter and other nutrients to improve soil quality and NUE.
NEWS India-UK is expected to have a significant impact on these issues, improving resource use efficiency and thereby contributing to improved food security and poverty alleviation, while at the same time improving quality of life through a cleaner environment. For example improving rice NUE is likely to win significant dividends in terms of increased resilience to climate change.
One of the key strengths of NEWS India-UK is its adoption of a systems approach where NUE is addressed at a range of scales, from the plant, through the field, farm and national scales. This will allow the Centre to show what could be achieved by different NUE improvement strategies.
On the genetic side, both the exploitation of natural variation and GM offer opportunities to improve plant NUE. By including both approaches, the project will contribute evidence on the potential benefits of GM for rice in India. It should be noted that this will be the first time that this GM NUE improved rice has been tested in India (permissions are already in place for laboratory testing, with further permissions for field testing to be processed during the first year of the Centre).
On the agronomic side, a major impact of the Centre will be experimental demonstration of the extent to which improving NUE simultaneously decreases different components of N losses. This is important, as different agronomic strategies will not affect all N pollution in the same way. Strategies may be identified, specifically aimed at reducing NH3 emissions (with additional benefits due to decreased particulate matter in the atmosphere and N deposition to nature), at reducing NO3- lost to groundwater (with a focus on better drinking water and less coastal pollution) or at reducing denitrification (reducing impacts on climate from N2O emissions, while saving energy costs associated with N fertilizer manufacture by reducing N2 emissions). By considering all of these sources, the Centre will be able to provide guidance to support stakeholders on optimizing NUE improvement strategies for a 'win-win-win' situation for the environment, food production and energy saving, simultaneously increasing resilience to climate change risks.
The national upscaling of NEWS India-UK is also expected to have a significant impact. This will provide input to improve Indian emissions reporting of N2O (e.g. to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) and provide evidence to support development of wider N strategies, informing UNEPs emerging 'International Nitrogen Management System' (INMS).
 
Description While the Virtual Joint Centre (VJC) is still ongoing, it has already highlighted the importance of the nitrogen challenge to Indian agriculture, environment and economy. The NEWS India-UK VJC led the opening chapter for the recently published Indian Nitrogen Assessment (see Sutton et al. 2017, Elsevier), where it is estimated that India consumes 17 Mt of N fertilizer annually (14% of the global total), which has increased since 1970 at 6% per year. Emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from combustion sources are also found to be increasing rapidly at 6.5% per year currently. By comparison, population growth rate is lower (2% per year), while ammonia (NH3) emission increase is even less (1%), pertaining to smaller changes in livestock numbers. At the current rate, Indian NOx emissions will exceed NH3 emissions by 2055. NEWS India-UK has estimated that currently loses reactive nitrogen (Nr) worth US$10 billion per year as fertilizer value, while costs of reactive nitrogen to health, ecosystems, and climate are estimated at US$75 (38-151) billion per year. As only a small fraction of the Indian population consumes animal products, per capita Nr use and pollution is much less than in many developed countries. However, rates of meat consumption are increasing. While published projections from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization anticipate a doubling of South Asian fertilizer consumption from 2006 to 2050 (equivalent to 1.9% per year increase), it was found that these projections lack transparency and require re-evaluation. In practice, the future nitrogen cycle for India will depend on scientific advances in agronomy, genetics and environment, and the extent to which government and society grasp the emerging opportunities for optimizing N management. The NEWS VJC is continuing to address these challenges through a combination of a) exploiting genetic variability and strategies for increased plan nitrogen use efficiency, b) agronomic opportunities for better management of fertilizer and biological nitrogen sources, c) village-scale testing of key interventions focused on manure composting and urine recycling, promoting dialogue on methodology acceptability and d) upscaling of the nitrogen flows for Indian agriculture to provide the national picture and inform policy development.

The NEWS India-UK VJC has also taken a lead in bringing the different Newton-Bhabha Agricultural Nitrogen Centres together (NEWS India-UK, CINTRIN, INEW and IUNFC) through a dedicated workshop attracting around 100 delegates from UK and India. Key findings of the workshop (Moring et al., 2018) led to the development of the following vision statement:

"Soil stewardship is essential and legumes MUST be planted in rotation with cereals. Synthetic symbioses and plastidic nitrogen fixation are possibly disruptive technologies; we must consider their potential and implications. Researchers are cooperating to exploit genetic diversity and new technologies to reduce N use for productive, sustainable agriculture livelihoods. The use of leaf colour sensing shows great potential to reduce N fertilizer use (10 - 15%). Together with neem plus urease inhibitor and better management of manure, urine and crop residues, this could result in a 20 - 25% improvement in NUE of India by 2030."
Exploitation Route The results are now being used by the GEF/UNEP INNS process to develop a global science support system for international nitrogen policy. This is being conducted in partnership with regional intergovernmental bodies, especially the South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP). The results will also be shared through INMS with other regional bodies in other parts of the world including the Lake Victoria Basin Commission, the Black Sea Commission, the La Plata River Basin Commission, the Partnership for Environmental Management in the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) and others, together contributing to key conventions across the nitrogen policy arena. These include the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), the UNECE Convention on Long-range transboundary air pollution (LRTAP), the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, and the UN Vienna Convention on protection of the ozone layer. Coordinating action is being developed in partnership with UNEP including through the United Nations Environment Assembly.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.news-india-uk.international/
 
Description These outcomes are central to an ODA perspective for India, and will provide the basis for better livelihoods given the potential to reduce fertilizer costs for farmers, as well as the subsidy requirement for the Indian government for fertilizers. For example, current nitrogen fertilizer use in India costs Indian farmers around $US 3 billion per year and the Indian government around $US 7 billion per year, both of which can be reduced by better nitrogen management. The NEWS India-UK VJC has engaged strongly in testing the impact of the Indian government to require use of neem oil coating on all fertilizers since the start of 2016. Preliminary results from NEWS India-UK show that this will have increased nitrogen use efficiency and reduced nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide emissions. However, there is evidence of other trade-offs which are being further examined. It is on this basis that the findings of NEWS India-UK are pointing to the future adoption of Neem Plus Urease inhibitors (Neem Plus), which would are anticipated to provide a further increase in system performance while avoiding the environment trade-offs. The emerging findings of NEWS India-UK have been reported to the press, including an extensive report in the magazine "Down to Earth" promoting popular awareness of the nitrogen challenge. The results have also fed in to the process for mobilizing government engagement in the nitrogen challenge, by organising a joint workshop between the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS) (to which NEWS India-UK contributes) and the South Asia Cooperative Environment Program (SACEP), which took place in Malé in September 2017. The key outcome of this workshop was a draft declaration for presentation to the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). This lead to a side event at UNEA-3 (December 2017) and is now tabled for adoption by the SACEP Governing Council in March 2018, in preparation for further mobilization towards UNEA-4. This provides a clear pathway to exploit findings of the NEWS India-UK VJC enabling them to feed into international policy across South Asia. As a second impact of the Malé workship, the basis was established for the co-design of a Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) South Asia Nitrogen Hub, which takes NEWS India-UK as the heart of a multi-disciplinary approach to address nitrogen under the 'intractable challenges' call. This proposal is now being further prepared with SACEP for the second stage submission, where the SACEP Governing Council meeting will provide the opportunity for further tuning according to the country needs, thereby ensuring a clear focus on meeting key ODA objectives.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Chaired day meeting of TFRN on "Agricultural nitrogen and international engagement".United Nations, Geneva: Chair of Special Plenary Session on "Air Pollution and Agriculture" under the Air Convention: Working Group on Strategies and Review
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Chaired a one day meeting of the UNECE TFRN on "Agricultural nitrogen and international engagement".Air Convention Working Group on Strategies and ReviewUnited Nations, Geneva
 
Description Regional Workshop on 'Capacity Development for the National Authorities to formulated Nitrogen Management Policy and its Implementation at National and Regional level' in South Asian Seas (SAS) region, Malé. SACEP/ INMS workshop hosted by the Maldives Government.
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Regional Workshop on 'Capacity Development for the National Authorities to formulated Nitrogen Management Policy and its Implementation at National and Regional level' in South Asian Seas (SAS) region, Malé. SACEP/ INMS workshop hosted by the Maldives Government.
 
Description Scottish Parliament, Poseur presentation of the Nitrogen Case to the NERC Engagement Event.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Scottish Parliament, Poseur presentation of the Nitrogen Case to the NERC Engagement Event. (100 people)
 
Description Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Discussion facilitator
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact (SACEP) and UN Environment, "The global nitrogen cycle and development of Nitrogen Resolution in the context of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Keynote presentation plus discussion facilitator.
 
Description Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Keynote presentation
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact (SACEP) and UN Environment, "The global nitrogen cycle and development of Nitrogen Resolution in the context of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Keynote presentation plus discussion facilitator.
 
Description United Nations, Geneva: Chair of Special Plenary Session on "Air Pollution and Agriculture" under the Air Convention: Working Group on Strategies and Review, including Opening Presention and on INMS.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact United Nations, Geneva: Chair of Special Plenary Session on "Air Pollution and Agriculture" under the Air Convention: Working Group on Strategies and Review, including Opening Presention and on INMS.
 
Description Regional Workshop on 'Capacity Development for the National Authorities to formulated Nitrogen Management Policy and its Implementation at National and Regional level' in South Asian Seas (SAS) region, MalĂ©. SACEP/ INMS workshop hosted by the Maldives Government. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Regional Workshop on 'Capacity Development for the National Authorities to formulated Nitrogen Management Policy and its Implementation at National and Regional level' in South Asian Seas (SAS) region, Malé. SACEP/ INMS workshop hosted by the Maldives Government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description "Why should policy makers care about nitrogen?", ALTERNET Summer School, Peyresq, France. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited Lecture, "Why should policy makers care about nitrogen?", ALTERNET Summer School, Peyresq, France. (40 people)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Akshit Sangomla, Down to Earth (1-15 December 2017) When N means noxious. see http://news-india-uk.international/latest_news/DownToEarth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Akshit Sangomla, Down to Earth (1-15 December 2017) When N means noxious. see http://news-india-uk.international/latest_news/DownToEarth
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://news-india-uk.international/latest_news/DownToEarth
 
Description Article written by Amelia Heathman, Verdict (15 February 2018). The UK has released its latest air pollution levels report - here's what you need to know, with mention to INMS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article written by Amelia Heathman, Verdict (15 February 2018). The UK has released its latest air pollution levels report - here's what you need to know. https://www.verdict.co.uk/uk-released-latest-air-pollution-levels-report-heres-need-know/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.verdict.co.uk/uk-released-latest-air-pollution-levels-report-heres-need-know/
 
Description Article written by Ben Webster, The Times (16 February 2018). Bigger dairy herds push up air pollution, with mention to INMS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article written by Ben Webster, The Times (16 February 2018). Bigger dairy herds push up air pollution, with mention to INMS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/bigger-dairy-herds-push-up-air-pollution-7cjcg5p79
 
Description Article written by Fiona Harvey, The Guardian (16 February 2018) Ammonia emissions rise in UK, as other air pollutant levels fall. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Fiona Harvey, The Guardian (16 February 2018) Ammonia emissions rise in UK, as other air pollutant levels fall. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/feb/15/ammonia-emissions-rise-air-pollutants-fall-new-government-statistics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/feb/15/ammonia-emissions-rise-air-pollutants-fall-new-g...
 
Description Article written by Fred Pearce, for YaleEnvironment360 (6 February 2018) Can the world find solutions to the nitrogen pollution crisis? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article written by Fred Pearce, for YaleEnvironment360 (6 February 2018) Can the world find solutions to the nitrogen pollution crisis? The Article mentions INMS and global nitrogen stewardship.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://e360.yale.edu/features/can-the-world-find-solutions-to-the-nitrogen-pollution-crisis
 
Description Article written by Sybil Seitzinger and Leigh Philips: "Nitrogen stewardship in the Anthropocene". Science 357 (28 July 2017). Article reflects on the global nitrogen challenge, and the role of INI and INMS. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article written by Sybil Seitzinger and Leigh Philips: "Nitrogen stewardship in the Anthropocene". Science 357 (28 July 2017). Article reflects on the global nitrogen challenge, and the role of INI and INMS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (19 February 2018) Ammonia emissions on farms. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (19 February 2018) Ammonia emissions on farms. (Interviewer: Sybil Ruscoe). http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09rwsz8 (Mark Sutton, CEH and Robert Craig, First Milk)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09rwsz8
 
Description BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (19 February 2018) Ammonia emissions on farms. (Interviewer: Sybil Ruscoe). http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09rwsz8 (Mark Sutton, CEH and Robert Craig, First Milk) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (19 February 2018) Ammonia emissions on farms. (Interviewer: Sybil Ruscoe). http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09rwsz8 (Mark Sutton, CEH and Robert Craig, First Milk)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09rwsz8
 
Description BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (6 March 2017). Mark Sutton interview on addressing agricultural pollution. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (6 March 2017). Mark Sutton interview on addressing agricultural pollution, with interviewer: Sybil Ruscoe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08gwfjm
 
Description Ben Webster, The Times (16 February 2018). Bigger dairy herds push up air pollution. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/bigger-dairy-herds-push-up-air-pollution-7cjcg5p79 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Ben Webster, The Times (16 February 2018). Bigger dairy herds push up air pollution. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/bigger-dairy-herds-push-up-air-pollution-7cjcg5p79
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/bigger-dairy-herds-push-up-air-pollution-7cjcg5p79
 
Description Brandon Specktor, LiveScience: Scary map shows where animal poop is turning into deadly ammonia pollution. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in LiveScience on the publication in Nature by Sutton & Howard, which draws on VJC experience with India focus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.livescience.com/64244-scary-map-shows-where-animal-poop-is-turning-into-deadly-ammonia-p...
 
Description CE3C News. Mark Sutton interview with Marta Daniela Santos. "Nitrogen is like 'The Godfather' of pollution: you see the results but you don't see the Godfather": 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact CE3C News. MArk Sutton interview with Marta Daniela Santos. "Nitrogen is like 'The Godfather' of pollution: you see the results but you don't see the Godfather":
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/outreach/press&events/ver.php?id=798
 
Description Chaired day meeting of TFRN on "Agricultural nitrogen and international engagement".United Nations, Geneva: Chair of Special Plenary Session on "Air Pollution and Agriculture" under the Air Convention: Working Group on Strategies and Review 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chaired a one day meeting of the UNECE TFRN on "Agricultural nitrogen and international engagement".Air Convention Working Group on Strategies and ReviewUnited Nations, Geneva.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Conference presentation at International Conference on Agricultural GHG Emissions and Food Security - Connecting research to policy and Practice 10.-13. Sep 2018 Berlin
Final Report and Book of Abstracts published at www.agrighg-2018.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.agrighg-2018.org
 
Description Conference and Workshop of the India-UK Virtual Joint Centres 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NEWS India-UK had a leading role in organising a conference and workshop for the 4 virtual joint centres co-funded by BBSRC and DBT: INEW (Indo-UK Centre for The Improvement of Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Wheat), IUNFC (India-UK Nitrogen Fixation Centre), CINTRIN (Cambridge India Network in Translational Nitrogen) and NEWS. The event, entitled "Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultural Nitrogen Science in India", took place in New-Delhi, on 3-5 October, 2017. At the event, about 100 experts came together from the 4 centres to share initial findings in order to stimulate cooperation and to develop a long-term vision for nitrogen research and its policy applications in India.
To increase engagement, a Twitter handle (@NitrogenVJC) and a hashtag (#NitrogenVJC2017) were created, as well as on the Centre's website a special page was created dedicated especially for the event (http://news-india-uk.international/vjcmeeting#top). On this page, as part of the documentation of the event, a photo gallery and a video gallery were created, as well as an official report of the meeting was published (available only for the participants of the conference and workshop). A paper to summarise the conference is also in progress, currently, it is in the final stage before submission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://news-india-uk.international/vjcmeeting#top
 
Description Erik Stokstad, Science: In advance, satellites reveal hidden hotspots of ammonia pollution. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in Science on the publication in Nature by Sutton & Howard, which draws on VJC experience with India focus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description EurekAlert: Call for united global effort to tackle nitrogen pollution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in EurekAlert on the Nitrogen Session at World Environment Day in India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/cfe-cfu060418.php
 
Description Fiona Harvey, The Guardian (16 February 2018) Ammonia emissions rise in UK, as other air pollutant levels fall. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/feb/15/ammonia-emissions-rise-air-pollutants-fall-new-government-statistics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Fiona Harvey, The Guardian (16 February 2018) Ammonia emissions rise in UK, as other air pollutant levels fall. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/feb/15/ammonia-emissions-rise-air-pollutants-fall-new-government-statistics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/feb/15/ammonia-emissions-rise-air-pollutants-fall-new-g...
 
Description Fred Pearce, YaleEnvironment360 (6 February 2018) Can the world find solutions to the nitrogen pollution crisis? http://e360.yale.edu/features/can-the-world-find-solutions-to-the-nitrogen-pollution-crisis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Fred Pearce, YaleEnvironment360 (6 February 2018) Can the world find solutions to the nitrogen pollution crisis? http://e360.yale.edu/features/can-the-world-find-solutions-to-the-nitrogen-pollution-crisis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://e360.yale.edu/features/can-the-world-find-solutions-to-the-nitrogen-pollution-crisis
 
Description GBSNP Varma, Fountain Ink: Death by Nitrogen. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An extended article in Fountain Ink building on Nitrogen Session at World Environment Day in India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://fountainink.in/reportage/death-by-nitrogen
 
Description High Level Dialogue, Davos side event to World Economic Forum. Achieving Planetary-Scale Impacts through Natural Farming, with Chief Minister Naidu of Andhra Pradesh and UN Asst Sec. General Satya Tripathi. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk by Prof. Sutton highlighting the importance of the UKRI GCRF South Asian Nitrogen Hub, funded during the lifetime of NEWS India-UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Interview on Radio 4 Farming Today programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio 4: Farming Today (6 March 2017). Interview with Mark Sutton on addressing agricultural pollution and the NEWS India-UK project (Interviewer: Sybil Ruscoe). Currently available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08gwfjm
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08gwfjm
 
Description Invited lecture: International Fertilizer Industry Assocation Conference (29-31 January, Rome): "Towards the International Nitrogen Management System" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited lecture: International Fertilizer Industry Assocation Conference: "Towards the International Nitrogen Management System"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2018
 
Description Invited presentation to the UNEP Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM) Towards the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the UNEP Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM) Towards the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS), Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Hague.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Jason Daley, Smart News: Satellite Data Detects Hundreds of New Sources of Ammonia Pollution. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in Smart News on the publication in Nature by Sutton & Howard, which draws on VJC experience with India focus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/satellite-data-detects-hundreds-new-sources-ammonia-pollut...
 
Description K.S. Jayaraman, Nature India:India global hotspot for nitrogen pollution, say experts. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A report in Nature India on the Nitrogen Session at World Environment Day, New Delhi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.natureasia.com/en/nindia/article/10.1038/nindia.2018.83
 
Description Keynote lecture, NECO Summer School, NitroPortugal: "Developing a holistic view of nitrogen impacts on the environment". 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote lecture, NECO Summer School, NitroPortugal: "Developing a holistic view of nitrogen impacts on the environment". Plus invited seminar: "Developing stakeholder engagement for nitrogen", Lisbon, Portugal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Koshy J. The Hindu: Nitrogen emissions going up: study. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A report in The Hindu on Nitrogen Session at World Environment Day in India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/nitrogen-emissions-going-up-study/article24...
 
Description M. Somasekhar, The Hindu, Business Line: N. Raghuram elected Chair of International Nitrogen Initiative. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in The Hindu Business Line on the election of Prof. N. Raghuram, director of NEWS India-UK, as the chair of the International Nitrogen Initiative.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/science/n-raghuram-elected-chair-of-international-nitrogen...
 
Description NEWS India-UK Virtual Joint Centre, 3rd Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact NEWS India-UK Virtual Joint Centre, 3rd Workshop (4-6 March 2018). Chaired by Prof. Mark Sutton.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Opening lecture: "Why nitrogen? Developing the partnership between the South Asian Cooperative Environment Program (SACEP) and INMS." SACEP/ INMS workshop hosted by the Maldives Government. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening lecture: "Why nitrogen? Developing the partnership between the South Asian Cooperative Environment Program (SACEP) and INMS." SACEP/ INMS workshop hosted by the Maldives Government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Our Oceans Conference, Bali: Presentation of INI Commitment to support a global goal to "Halve Nitrogen Waste" by 2030 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A talk by Prof. Mark Sutton, drawing on experience also from the NEWS India-UK at Our Oceans Conference to support a global goal to "Halve Nitrogen Waste" by 2030.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Peter Lloyd, Daily Mail Online: Satellite map reveals that animal waste pollution is much worse than thought as it identifies 178 new hotspots of ammonia from faeces and urine that can cause death. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in Daily Mail on the publication in Nature by Sutton & Howard, which draws on VJC experience with India focus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6467237/Satellite-map-reveals-animal-waste-pollution...
 
Description Presentation given by Stefan Reis on INMSpp at the 45th TFIAM meeting in Lisbon, 23-25 May 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given by Stefan Reis on INMSpp at the 45th TFIAM meeting in Lisbon, 23-25 May
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/researchPrograms/air/policy/TFIAM45_Chairs_report_220616.pd...
 
Description Presentation on global nitrogen challenge to Scottish Parliament International Nitrogen Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation on global nitrogen challenge to Scottish Parliament International Nitrogen Event with Roseanna Cunningham MSP, Cabinet Secretary for Environment, hosted by John Scott MSP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation: "Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency - progress in the NEWS India-UK VJC and developments towards the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS)", China Nitrogen Virtual Joint Centre Meeting, Rothamsted, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited presentation: "Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency - progress in the NEWS India-UK VJC and developments towards the International Nitrogen Management System (INMS)", China Nitrogen Virtual Joint Centre Meeting, Rothamsted, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentations and duscussions with MOEF, CC, MOES and SACEP. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentations and discussion with Indian Government to Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan, Secretary Mishra, Ministry of Environment (MOEF&CC) and Secretary Rajeevan, Ministry of Earth Sciences (MOES), with Dr Basir, Director General of South Asia Environment Programme (SACEP) and delegation of the International Nitrogen Initiative.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Proposal Workshop for a Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF) South Asian Nitrogen Hub 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Proposal Workshop for a Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF) South Asian Nitrogen Hub (7 March 2018, CESCRA, New Delhi). organised by NEWS India-UK, chaired by Prof. Mark Sutton. Prof. Sutton also gave a presentation on the challenges for the nitrogen hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Rajya Sabha TV, RSTV, Upper House of the Indian Parliament, Eureka Programme: Balancing the Nitrogen Cycle. Half hour interview with T.V. Venkateswaran. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Mark Sutton, director of the NEWS India-UK gave an interview on "Balancing the Nitrogen Cycle" on RSTV, in the Eureka Programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fn6oyLTQ1CQ&t=884s
 
Description Scottish Parliament, Poseur presentation of the Nitrogen Case to the NERC Engagement Event. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Scottish Parliament, Poseur presentation of the Nitrogen Case to the NERC Engagement Event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar to the Secretariat of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada: The Global Nitrogen Challenge. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar to the Secretariat of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada: The Global Nitrogen Challenge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Discussion facilitator 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact (SACEP) and UN Environment, "The global nitrogen cycle and development of Nitrogen Resolution in the context of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Keynote presentation plus discussion facilitator.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Keynote presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact (SACEP) and UN Environment, "The global nitrogen cycle and development of Nitrogen Resolution in the context of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi, Keynote presentation plus discussion facilitator.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Sunderarajan Padmanabhan, The Hindu Business Line: Experts call for global initiative to tackle nitrogen pollution. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A report in The Hindu Business Line on the Nitrogen Session at World Environment Day in India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/science/experts-call-for-global-initiative-to-tackle-nitro...
 
Description Sunderarajan Padmanabhan: British govt to start a project to study nitrogen pollution in India and South Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in FirstPost highlighting the importance of the UKRI GCRF South Asian Nitrogen Hub, a partnership programme which got funded during the lifetime of NEWS India-UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.firstpost.com/tech/science/british-govt-to-start-a-project-to-study-nitrogen-pollution-i...
 
Description Sunderarajan Padmanabhan: UK to support nitrogen research in India. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in DownToEarth highlighting the importance of the new UKRI GCRF South Asian Nitrogen Hub, a partnership programme which got funded during the lifetime of NEWS India-UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/environment/uk-to-support-nitrogen-research-in-india-62953
 
Description The Hindu Business Line: UK Invests 20 million to tackle nitrogen pollution in South Asia. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article in The Hindu Business Line highlighting the importance of the UKRI GCRF South Asian Nitrogen Hub, a partnership programme which got funded during the lifetime of NEWS India-UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/agri-business/uk-commits-20-million-to-tackle-nitrogen-...
 
Description The first Hungarian MOOC by the University of Edinburgh - Blog post in the "Teaching Matters blog" of the University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a blog post aimed to inform the online audience about the launch of the Hungarian Nitrogen MOOC, which was the first Hungarian MOOC ever created by the University of Edinburgh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.teaching-matters-blog.ed.ac.uk/the-first-hungarian-mooc-by-the-university-of-edinburgh/?f...
 
Description The global nitrogen cycle and development of Nitrogen Resolution in the context of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact (SACEP) and UN Environment, "The global nitrogen cycle and development of Nitrogen Resolution in the context of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). Side event at the UNEA-3, Nairobi. Prof. Sutton gave a keynote presentation and acted as discussion facilitator.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Towards INMS Activity 1.5 & Activity 2.1 workplan 'Models and Modellers' meeting - Wageningen 21-23rd June 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Following the circulation of an initial background document on the planned modelling activities within Towards INMS, 29 participants attended a 1.5 day meeting to outline the workplan of both Activities 1.5 and 2.1 (as they are closely linked). A number of participants with active models and modelling networks presented on their activities and how these could engage with the Towards INMS project. The outcomes of the project were discussed at length and a call for interest (along with budget requests) was sent out shortly after the meeting in order to further the details of the workplan for these activities. The workshop was financially supported by the UK funded INMS Pump Priming project, which facilitated the attendance of many of the participants, along with support from several partners also interested to engage in the work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UN Environment, 5th Annual Sub-Committee Meeting of the Committee of Permanent Representatives, Nairobi. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact "Statement of CEH on behalf of INI concerning the UNEA-3 Implementation Plan 'Towards a Pollution-Free Planet' " and Feature Address: "The Global Nitrogen Challenge: a case of too much and too little nutrients" to the Side Event Symposium: "Towards an International Global Agenda to Address Pollution from forms of Reactive Nitrogen and Nutrients across Air, Land, Water and Oceans".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UNECE: World Environment Day celebrations highlight nitrogen pollution, including work under the UNECE Air Convention. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A report on the website of UNECE on the Nitrogen Session at World Environment Day, India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.unece.org/info/media/news/environment/2018/world-environment-day-celebrations-highlight-n...
 
Description United Nations, Geneva: Chair of Special Plenary Session on "Air Pollution and Agriculture" under the Air Convention: Working Group on Strategies and Review, including Opening Presention and on INMS. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact United Nations, Geneva: Chair of Special Plenary Session on "Air Pollution and Agriculture" under the Air Convention: Working Group on Strategies and Review, including Opening Presention and on INMS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop organizer and Co-chair: NitroPortual workshop joint with INMS: "Workshop to develop activities on guidance for nitrogen fluxes, concentrations and impact assessment and on addressing barriers to change for better management of the nitrogen cycle." (Joint meeting of INMS Activities 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6), Evora, Portugal. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop organizer and Co-chair: NitroPortual workshop joint with INMS: "Workshop to develop activities on guidance for nitrogen fluxes, concentrations and impact assessment and on addressing barriers to change for better management of the nitrogen cycle." (Joint meeting of INMS Activities 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6), Evora, Portugal. Opening presentation on INMS vision and approach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description World Environment Day, New Delhi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organised and hosted high-level panel: "Nitrogen: Joining Up for a Cleaner Environment", followed by meetings with UN Environment, Sustainable India Finance Facility, Indian National Academy of Agricultural Sciences and NEWS India-UK partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018