GCRF One Health Poultry Hub

Lead Research Organisation: Royal Veterinary College
Department Name: Pathobiology and Population Sciences

Abstract

Urbanisation, accompanied by rising incomes, continues to lead increased demands for animal protein. Poultry meat and eggs are the biggest global source of protein for humans and a major challenge is to achieve sustainable expansion whilst reducing risk to health from 1) Epidemic Avian Influenza, 2) antimicrobial resistance, 3) foodborne zoonoses including Campylobacter, Salmonella and E. coli 4) Disruption of the natural chicken gut microbiome, leading to increased pathogen carriage.

The research directly addresses UN Sustainable Development Goals 1 (No Poverty), 2 (Zero hunger) and 3 (Good health and well-being), and contributes also to 5 (Gender Equality) 6 (Clean water and sanitation), 9 (Industry, innovation and infrastructure), 11 (Sustainable cities and communities), and 12 (Responsible consumption and production)

In South and SE Asia, poultry production is expanding rapidly and value chains are more diverse than in high-income settings. Intensification, in informal and organised poultry sectors, aims to produce cheap protein for families and for local, national and regional markets but it can also promote the generation of health hazards. High stocking densities, fast turnover, genetic homogeneity, complex transport and trading networks, live bird markets, poor biosecurity and inappropriate use of antimicrobials and vaccines all play roles in host-pathogen evolution and in selection of pathogen variants with increased virulence, vaccine and/or antimicrobial resistance and broadened host range.

Through an iterative approach we will (1) establish specific causal connections between socio-economics, human behaviours, pathogen evolution and disease transmission, (2) identify 'nodes' of particularly high risk in poultry production chains and networks, and (3) test and evaluate interventions .

Significant reductions in risk to human and animal health require holistic interventions (technical, behavioural and regulatory) designed for, and implemented across, all levels of production systems. By studying poultry value chains in four countries at differing stages of intensification (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Vietnam), we will achieve a deep and generalizable understanding of production factors that increase risk, including those that govern decision-making and behaviours along value chains. Using innovative methods that enhance existing microbiological, epidemiological and social science, we will contribute research-based evidence to support policies and systems that can meet anticipated demand whilst minimising adverse public health consequences. This includes designing interventions in well-characterised systems, evaluating their impacts, and generating research-informed models for resilient management of transition from lower to higher intensity systems. To ensure global relevance, we include settings that vary in their levels of intensification, as well as their epidemiological, socio-economic and cultural contexts. With an integrated vision, the Hub has a portfolio of scalable research and the capacity to play a strategic role in an innovative global agenda.

We will explicitly build capacity for the interdisciplinary research that is essential for a Hub, and for supporting cross-sectorial collaborations at national and regional levels. Without effective stewardship by governments and transnational agencies and a greater understanding of the global political economy of chicken production, we hypothesise that the risk of deleterious outcomes of intensification will increase as poultry production continues to scale up dramatically and demand increased inputs, such as processed feed and antibiotics.

Planned Impact

Our Hub's outputs are intended to benefit the following stakeholders:

- Multilaterals and funders: e.g. FAO, WHO, OIE, World Bank, Asian Development Bank
- National policy audience: e.g. government ministries and departments of health, agriculture, and development; non-government agencies
- Private sector actors: e.g. pharmaceutical, poultry breeding, and poultry exporting companies
- Practitioner and civil society organisations: e.g. farmer cooperatives, veterinarians, consumer groups
- Academic audiences


How might they benefit from this research?

Multilaterals and funders, and national policy makers will be incorporated in the Hub's National Advisory Groups where they will receive updates on research and stakeholder engagement activities on a regular basis. The Hub will communicate policy briefs in consultation with the National Advisory Groups where researchers communicate up-to-date and relevant information in the current international policy making landscape. In addition, Hub researchers will disseminate outputs at international platforms such as multi-stakeholder meetings hosted by the Hub as well as participating in One Health conferences. The Hub will also convene high-level policy fora at national and regional levels, benefitting from the huge experience in this area from FAO, IDS and Chatham House who are in the Hub team.

Private sector actors will directly engage with Hub activities through opportunities to support the Flexible Fund. The Fund will be used to strengthen local capacity through research training mobility schemes, further exploitation data generated in the research, and partnership grants. By directly engaging with private sector actors in shaping training, knowledge, and partnership, the Hub will be feed its research outputs into challenges and opportunities in the private sector and influence their behaviours to improve poultry production and trade. Doing so also contributes to establishing national, regional, and international networks of researchers, policy makers and private sector actors as outlined in our Theory of Change.

The Hub's Impact, Communication and Engagement (ICE) strategies will make extensive use of social media and digital communication platforms to reach practitioner and civil society organisations. This will be built into already-existing networks established and engaged by in-country partners. For example, TANUVAS has experiences in utilising WhatsApp group chats and YouTube channels to reach thousands of farmers in disseminating research findings about livestock management techniques in Tamil Nadu, India. The Hub will adopt these innovative approaches that are proven successful in the study sites and also facilitate co-learning across multiple sites where the Hub will conduct research and engagement activities. These best practices will be featured on the Hub's website and shared in its newsletters and blog series to reach a wider audience across the world. The Hub will benefit from the outreach of IDS based communication platforms (e.g. STEPS Centre) with more than 3,000 subscribers.

The Hub will benefit the academic audience in multiple ways. As interdisciplinary working is core to the Hub's activities, participating researchers will have the opportunity to engage in research beyond their own disciplines through meetings and workshops organised by the Hub. The Hub's research outputs will be published in peer-reviewed journals across natural and social sciences, and will be presented at workshops and conferences in social, veterinary, and biological sciences. Finally, the Hub conference in the final year will pool all findings from the five years of research in all scientific fields, attracting academic professionals working in One Health across the world.

Organisations

People

ORCID iD

Fiona Tomley (Principal Investigator)
Barbara Nicole Haesler (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6073-9526
Oliver Pybus (Co-Investigator)
Gowthaman Vasudevan (Co-Investigator)
Munir Iqbal (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5165-5339
Rajib Dasgupta (Co-Investigator)
Prakash Koringa (Co-Investigator)
Ngoc Pham (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7397-615X
Androniki Psifidi (Co-Investigator)
Sitara Swarna Rao Ajjampur (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3419-6577
Md. Ahasanul Hoque (Co-Investigator)
Dai Nguyen Van (Co-Investigator)
Patricia Lynne Conway (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1763-0773
David Heymann (Co-Investigator)
MOHAMMED SAMAD (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7329-7325
Ayako Ebata (Co-Investigator)
Anthony Barnett (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-9607
Marius Gilbert (Co-Investigator)
Dinh Ton Vu (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7907-5456
Duc Anh Dang (Co-Investigator)
Kumaravel P (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5937-5988
Nicola Lewis (Co-Investigator)
Thi Dien Nguyen (Co-Investigator)
Damer Blake (Co-Investigator)
Giel Ton (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1730-9517
Azhahianambi Palavesam (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7108-6767
Richard Stabler (Co-Investigator)
Marisa Peyre (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0887-3418
Chaitanya Joshi (Co-Investigator)
Raman Muthusamy (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6747-3799
Mahesh Moorthy (Co-Investigator)
Shantha Wanninayake (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6445-6985
Dirk Pfeiffer (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7000-0530
Ian Brown (Co-Investigator)
Guillaume Fournie (Co-Investigator)
Ruwani Kalupahana (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3557-3346
Ludovic Pelligand (Co-Investigator)
Gerald Bloom (Co-Investigator)
Nitish Debnath (Co-Investigator)
Dilan Satharasinghe (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4657-9591
Hayley MacGregor (Co-Investigator)
Sunetra Gupta (Co-Investigator)
Mohammad Giasuddin (Co-Investigator)
Meerjady Flora (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5172-1295
Paritosh Biswas (Co-Investigator)
Madhvi Joshi (Co-Investigator)
Vuong Bui (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5499-9305
Deepthi Madura Sri Munasinghe (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5858-2184
Ayona Silva-Fletcher (Co-Investigator)
KIRUBAHARAN JOHN (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0999-2387
Brendan Wren (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6140-9489
Punam Mangtani (Co-Investigator)
Hoa Thi Thanh Pham (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6500-1248
Joerg Henning (Co-Investigator)
Palika Fernando (Co-Investigator)

Publications

10 25 50

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Alders RG (2021) Planetary boundaries and Veterinary Services. in Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics)

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Alders RG (2021) Livestock across the world: diverse animal species with complex roles in human societies and ecosystem services. in Animal frontiers : the review magazine of animal agriculture

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Apgar M (2023) Revealing the Relational Mechanisms of Research for Development Through Social Network Analysis in The European Journal of Development Research

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Aslam HB (2020) A Value Chain Approach to Characterize the Chicken Sub-sector in Pakistan. in Frontiers in veterinary science

 
Description In Bangladesh, two states of India, Sri Lanka and Northern Vietnam we have mapped out the major production and distribution networks through which poultry meat and eggs are farmed, traded and marketed to reach the consumer. We strength-tested these maps through many discussions with stakeholders from the poultry industry and local government officials, and carried out link tracing studies to make sure the mapped the trading pathways were functional. We then undertook a structured process to assess the risk to human health posed by different types of networks by considering both the volume of commodity flow (chickens and eggs) through the network and the configuration of the network in terms of density, size, type of farm, type of bird, level of biosecurity, proximity to human habitation and markets, to other livestock and to wildlife including migratory wild birds. For each country we identified the types of networks that posed the highest risk for transmission of zoonotic disease agents and/or antimicrobial resistance, and prioritise these for in-depth studies. In each country to select the specific farms and 'end points' (markets, live bird shops, slaughterhouses) to study we selected specific districts/cities and then applied randomised sampling methods to reduce bias in our studies as much as possible.

For each network we carried out both social and biological science studies to examine in great detail the behaviours and interactions of people working along the whole network - from distribution of day old chicks from hatcheries, to the rearing, trading, marketing and slaughter of chickens/sale of eggs - whilst also collecting a variety of samples (>32,000 samples so far) from chickens (swabs, blood, feathers, muscle tissue, gut contents) and people (swabs, blood, faeces) from which we analysed the prevalence and genetic diversity of viruses, bacteria and antimicrobial resistance genes as well as quantifying the levels of antimicrobial residues, defining the genetic type of the chickens, and the complexity and diversity of microbial communities in the intestinal/faecal samples. Putting all this together to generate very detailed knowledge and models of how microbes and genes transmit through poultry networks, and how this is affected by human behaviours and systems of farming, is the unique approach of this very complex programme. In conducting the work we also have studied many auxiliary components of the network such as sourcing and preparation of feed, the use (real and assumed) of antimicrobials, use of vaccines, provision of financial advice and loans, and systems of management in farms, markets and slaughterhouses. All of the data we are generating is disseminated through normal academic channels but importantly it is also fast-tracked to key stakeholders in each study country including the poultry industry, policy makers, community leaders and both national and international public health, animal health and environment agencies.
Exploitation Route There are a large number of outputs and outcomes that will be used for many purposes by a range of stakeholders.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.onehealthpoultry.org
 
Description Our findings have been communicated to stakeholders (commercial poultry industry, community leaders, representatives of local and national governments, international agencies including FAO, WOAH, WHO and UNDP, government vets and livestock officers, NGOs) through a variety of activities which include regular stakeholder workshops, policy round tables, community engagement events and targeted external capacity strengthening. We are now at the stage where analysis of the interdisciplinary studies is starting to yield significant findings especially in regard to the use of antimicrobials and generation of antimicrobial resistance, and the transmission of avian influenza viruses through networks of poultry production and distribution. As we process and analyse data we are sharing this with stakeholders and many of the stakeholder workshops held during late 2022/early 2023 yielded recommendations; some of these are practical suggestions for how farming and market processes and practices can be improved; others are higher level observations about the need for cross-sectoral discussions that require high level (ie governments and the poultry industry) agreement and action. High level round tables taking place during Spring 2023 are being conducted under the Chatham House rule, to allow for free discussion and opinion generation and the reports of these meetings are currently being prepared. We are beginning to generate impact case stories (available on the hub website) that summarise some of the activities of the Hub that are having direct impacts; it is our aim to have at least 10 of these completed by May 2023 at which point we will identify up to five areas to which the Hub is contributing significant impact to carry out detailed contribution analysis, led by colleagues at IDS
First Year Of Impact 2022
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Other
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description A growing network of AMR investigators: online and face to face practical training in molecular techniques to monitor and investigate antimicrobial resistance
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The numbers of people applying for the online course is indicative of the need for this kind of training especially in low and middle income countries where tools for rapid detection of AMR genes are lacking. The testimonials from students who have completed the online and/or practical training are extremely positive and indicate the quality of the courses.
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/AMR-STARS-final2May5.pdf
 
Description Big data analyses in studies with microbiomes and vaccination outcomes
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a guidance/advisory committee
 
Description British Veterinary Poultry Association presentation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Chatham House Round Table Meeting in Bangladesh: Policy and public expenditure opportunities to support implementation of BMGF livestock and aquaculture strategy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
 
Description Coccidiosis and gut health working group
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a guidance/advisory committee
 
Description Face to face training on Biosecurity and Waste Management in Sri Lanka
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact In this first tranche of training in biosecurity and waste management, by the end of March 2023 ~150 farmers and ~35 vets and livestock development officers will have attended 2 days of face-to-face training. With pre and post evaluation surveys and follow up longitudinal surveys it will be possible to determine the reach and benefits of this training. The close integration of the Hub with the Department of Animal Production and Health is a vital plank in this work as it links to the national priority of increasing food safety and efficiency of poultry production, with a view to eventual targeting of export markets, and accreditation of DAPH laboratories to international standards for disease diagnosis; the Hub is working closely with DAPH to provide training and guidance for such accreditation and improvement of quality standards.
 
Description Face to face training on Biosecurity in Poultry farming in Gujarat
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Full analysis is not yet complete, but from the post-evaluation surveys done immediately after the first two trainings it is clear that all participants had increased their levels of knowledge pertaining to practical measures for improving biosecurity, as well as knowledge on appropriate use of antimicrobials and vaccination. The farmers had between 1-30 years farming experience but none of them had attended biosecurity training and their self-grading on knowledge of biosecurity before the course was poor, or fair, with a few claiming good knowledge. After training, most agreed that it had been useful and would recommend training to others. The opportunity to engage with a commercial broiler integrator company will be taken up - training line supervisors provides a considerable uplift to reach; by training 35 supervisors we effectively reach 350 broiler farms.
 
Description Face to face training: Biosecurity and proper use of antibiotics in poultry farms (Vietnam)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact A total of 78 people were trained (46 farmers and 32 local vets; 31 female, 47 male). Evaluation of the impact is ongoing.
 
Description Face to face training: Good management practices for small scale broiler farms in Tamil Nadu.
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The results of the post-evaluation survey carried out immediately after the training showed significant increases in knowledge about good management and biosecurity. Follow ups will be done in ~ 3 months to evaluate longer term impacts. There was discussion about incentivization, including introduction of a star-rating for poultry farms that could encourage update of improved biosecurity measures.
 
Description Face to face training: Poultry Farmers' Education in Bangladesh
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact To date, 183 farmers (173 men, 10 women) have completed the training programme. These are all small scale farmers raising either exotic broiler or sonali birds. We conducted pre- and post- training surveys to evaluate the training; the post-survey was immediately after completion of the course and will be completed again after some months have elapsed. Statistical evaluation of the surveys indicated a high level of knowledge was gained on issues relating to farm management (eg how to check quality of day old chicks; optimal temperature for brooding) and to procedures for good biosecurity (eg ability to identify 10 biosecurity measures); moderate knowledge was gained on identification of antibiotics vs non-antibiotics, reasons for concern about antimicrobial resistance, and ability to identify reasons why vaccines fail.
 
Description Free App for learning about disease modelling
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Epidemix is primarily a learning tool with the potential to change attitudes in public and animal health agencies towards modelling; for example as indicated in the short case study (in the link below) it is proving useful for OIE collaborating centres who use Epidemix in their govt training programmes to demonstrate the role of models, explain the principles of modelling, use of models and interpretation of results and "finding it to be a great tool to communicate key concepts to policy makers". The Hub team run training webinars to demonstrate the usefulness of the app at the science-policy interface and receiving very positive feedback. A very recent example from a Risk Assessor/Science Advisor from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Government of Canada states "I take this opportunity to tell you that I regularly use Epidemix, and that I was pleasantly surprised to see that there was now an avian influenza model, which I have used twice to help decision-making as part of Canada's response to the outbreak that is underway in the Atlantic provinces. It was very useful to me, and it is also very appreciated by risk managers who like to see the epidemic curves produced by the model"
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/publications/free-app-for-learning-about-disease-modelling/
 
Description Free App to track real-time global health data
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to new or improved professional practice
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/tracking-app-final2May5.pdf
 
Description Invited presentation at the British Veterinary Poultry Association (BVPA) Spring Meeting
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description One Health in Bangladesh and Beyond
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
Impact Examples of tangible changes because of the Hub's work in Bangladesh include: 1) Direct support for work of the One Health Steering Committee including convening high level meetings and providing the secretariat for drafting Bangladesh's 3rd Avian and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response plan which will guide policy and practice for control of avian influenza from 2021-2026 2) Establishment of One Heath fellowships (human health) and field epidemiology training programmes (veterinary health) 3) involvement in international One Health initiatives with FAO, US CDC, Rockefeller and Ecohealth Alliance 4) providing a role model for One Health in action with a practical strategy template to follow for other countries in the region (with advocacy from the Hub collaborators at Chatham House who are now working in India, Sri Lanka and Vietnam to promote this model)
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/One-Health-Bangladesh-final.pdf
 
Description Online training: Disease awareness among farmers and vets in Bangladesh
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact To date, over 10,000 people have participated in these capacity-raising sessions on poultry rearing and the diseases associated with poultry raising, and including learning and advice on disease prevention, control and treatment. A poultry farmer who participated the course said: "I think poultry farmers in Bangladesh never had participated in this kind of fantastic online training; The trainer is the best poultry professional in Bangladesh. Really helpful for us. Thanks for organising this type of fantastic training session. I would like to request One Health Poultry Hub Bangladesh team to keep up to continue this excellent training in future"
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/hub-extends-disease-awareness-among-farmers-and-vets-in-bangla...
 
Description Poultry Diseases Group 2022
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a guidance/advisory committee
 
Description Addressing Livestock-derived Antimicrobial pollution in the Nairobi River in Kenya
Amount £136,131 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T024682/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2020 
End 05/2021
 
Description Antibiotic Stewardship interventions in india
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department The Bloomsbury SET
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2020 
End 03/2020
 
Description Antibiotic stewardship in agricultural communities in Africa and Asia: A unified One Health strategy to optimize antibiotic use in animals and humans
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T02500X/1 
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department Global Challenges Research Fund
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description Building a network of researchers with expertise in molecular diagnostics to monitor and investigate antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in South Asia
Amount £99,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description COVID-19 Social Science Research Evidence Platform: Governance of equitable access to vaccination and food security for internal migrants in Vietnam and Laos; how has the COVID-19 pandemic affected food and nutrition security of migrant workers in Vietna
Amount £35,547 (GBP)
Funding ID KM/200002 21/135 
Organisation Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2021 
End 03/2022
 
Description Capacity building in scientific techniques: identification of selection targets in chickens raised in African village conditions
Amount £39,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Department Scottish Funding Council
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2021 
End 03/2022
 
Description Commonwealth Scholarship. Molecular determinants impacting avian influenza H9N2 virus evolution, replication fitness and virulence
Amount £200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID LKCS-2019- 665 
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2022
 
Description Contextualising antimicrobial resistance perspectives in Sri Lanka and Europe
Amount £19,995 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department The Bloomsbury SET
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 04/2021
 
Description Developing Community-Led Solutions to Antimicrobial Resistance: Building a One Health Approach in Low and Middle Income Countries
Amount £149,947 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T02335X/1 
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department Global Challenges Research Fund
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description Developing a cross-sectoral approach to respond to public health emergencies in Bangladesh
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department The Bloomsbury SET
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2020 
End 03/2020
 
Description Development of next generation vaccine technology inducing rapid and strong immunity through targeted delivery of antigens to chicken immune cells
Amount £473,080 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/T013087/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2020 
End 05/2023
 
Description Dissecting Campylobacter-Eimeria co-infections to understand pathogen dynamics and develop a model for future poultry studies
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Houghton Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 10/2021
 
Description Economic and financial drivers of poultry production in Bangladesh
Amount £8,903 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2023 
End 05/2023
 
Description Enhancing political economy research skills to tackle infectious disease and anti-microbial resistance (AMR) challenges
Amount £24,000 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Department The Bloomsbury SET
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2020 
End 04/2021
 
Description FLUMAP
Amount £428,058 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/X006174/1 
Organisation Animal and Plant Health Agency 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2022 
End 03/2030
 
Description Foodborne diseases and public health governance: comparing food safety, consumer preferences and governance in the supply of meat to urban markets
Amount £552,431 (GBP)
Funding ID MR/S025049/1 
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2019 
End 04/2022
 
Description Improving competitiveness and sustainability of the poultry industry in Malaysia through technology transfer and knowledge exchange
Amount £8,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 03/2020
 
Description Inception grant: GCRF One Health Poultry Hub
Amount £180,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S516168/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Investigations into the development of antimicrobial resistance associated with commercial poultry farming practices in Bangladesh
Amount $170,000 (AUD)
Organisation University of Queensland 
Sector Academic/University
Country Australia
Start 10/2020 
End 09/2027
 
Description Lessons in pathophysiology and genetic susceptiblity from fatal coronavirus infections in companion animals
Amount £242,000 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 10/2022
 
Description Live poultry exposure in urban Bangladesh
Amount $30,000 (CAD)
Organisation International Development Research Centre 
Sector Public
Country Canada
Start 10/2019 
End 09/2022
 
Description PhD placement at JNU
Amount £1,500 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2021 
End 12/2021
 
Description Point prevalence survey of antimicrobial use in human, commercial chicken and aquaculture using One Health approach
Amount £550,000 (BDT)
Organisation Fleming Fund 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Start 03/2021 
End 02/2022
 
Description Potential for avian influenza transmission at the human-poultry interface in urban Bangladesh
Amount $9,745 (USD)
Organisation National Geographic 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 10/2019 
End 06/2020
 
Description Principal agent theory assessment to understand inappropriate antibiotic usage in rural indian's livestock
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 10/2023
 
Description Protecting poultry from avian influenza, Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis, and Gumboro disease with a single dose of a multivalent vaccine
Amount £448,937 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/W003325/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 12/2023
 
Description Quantifying the use and impact of antimicrobial drugs on chicken gut microbiome and the presence of resistance genes
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 09/2024
 
Description Reducing avian influenza virus introduction risk to the UK through preventing emergence and transmission at the source
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Funding ID HT/SPRG/21/02 
Organisation The Houghton Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2021 
End 10/2022
 
Description Reducing the Economic and Zoonotic Impact of Avian Influenza (REZIAI): delivering novel vaccines and diagnostics from laboratory to the field.
Amount £400,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/S013792/1 
Organisation The Pirbright Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2021
 
Description Reducing the health & economic burden of Campylobacter using a live vaccine
Amount $600,000 (AUD)
Funding ID LP190100114 
Organisation Australian Research Council 
Sector Public
Country Australia
Start 10/2021 
End 10/2024
 
Description Short policy fellowships
Amount £21,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description Teaching and Research Improvement in Veterinary Microbial Genomics
Amount ₹395,000 (INR)
Organisation Indian Council of Agricultural Research 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country India
Start 01/2023 
End 02/2023
 
Description The University of Pennsylvania Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Response (Penn-CEIRR)
Amount $70,000,000 (USD)
Organisation National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 04/2021 
End 03/2028
 
Description The impact of food chain-health risk messages on consumers demand for poultry products in India
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 09/2024
 
Description Understanding the contribution of host genetics, intestinal structure and microbiome diversity to gut health in broiler chickens
Amount £186,324 (GBP)
Funding ID 2548047 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2021 
End 09/2025
 
Description Understanding the contribution of host genetics, intestinal structure and microbiome diversity to gut health in broiler chickens.
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation London Interdisciplinary Doctoral Biosciences Consortium 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2021 
End 10/2025
 
Description iCASE studentship: Production and assessment of antiviral prophylactic properties of natural biomolecules against avian influenza and Newcastle disease viruses affecting poultry
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2019 
End 09/2023
 
Description improving vaccines for poultry: targeted delivery of multivalent viral antigens to distinct immune cells of different avian species
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Pirbright Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 10/2023
 
Title A ligation and restriction enzyme independent cloning technique: an alternative to conventional methods for cloning hard-to-clone gene segments in the influenza reverse genetics system 
Description we developed an easy and efficient ligation and restriction enzyme independent (LREI) cloning method for cloning influenza gene segments into pHW2000 vector. The method involves amplification of megaprimers followed by PCR amplification of megaprimers using a bait plasmid, DpnI digestion and transformation. ligation and restriction enzyme independent (LREI) cloning method represents an alternative strategy for cloning influenza gene segments that have internal restriction sites for the enzymes used in reverse genetics. Further, the problem of genetic instability in bacteria can be alleviated by growing recombinant bacterial cultures at a lower temperature. This technique can be applied to clone any influenza gene segment using universal primers, which would help in the rapid generation of influenza viruses and facilitate influenza research and vaccine development. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method will help in the rapid generation of reverse genetic base influenza viruses and facilitate influenza research and vaccine development. 
URL https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12985-020-01358-2
 
Title A protocol for sampling along poultry Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs) in South and South East Asia 
Description The protocol allows users to design studies aiming to study animal population along production and distribution networks. Through this protocol, sampling locations are identified and selected along their respective networks. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The impact remains within the research project, but once published, it could inform research on other host-pathogen systems, as well as inform the design of animal health surveillance programmes. 
 
Title Adaptation of established test to detect drug residues in feathers 
Description A new use for an established laboratory test is helping to detect drug residues in feathers. It is set to reveal a fuller picture of antibiotic use and misuse in the poultry industry than is currently available - vital information for informing policy and practice aimed at tackling the rise of 'superbugs'. There is a recognized need to reduce the impact that antimicrobial drugs have on the transmission of resistance genes between microbes as well as a need to reduce drug residues meat. Maximal residue limits are in place in many countries to protect the consumer, but these are not universally applied. Additionally 'withdrawal' periods, which aim to ensure the safety of meat products by withdrawal of antibiotics from livestock at a specified time before slaughter, may not be adhered to. With a diverse range of antimicrobials used in poultry production, the situation is complex and can be challenging to interpret especially as farmers may not be aware of what drugs are present in commercial feed. Residue testing of meat samples is one way forward and provides a snap-shot of recent antimicrobial usage but because antimicrobials decay in active tissue (between 2-14 days, depending on the drug), meat testing does not provide indications of past antimicrobial use. Within the Hub we use meat testing to evaluate antimicrobial levels in meat being sold across our study sites; however to evaluate the 'history' of drug usage in flocks we wanted to explore alternative methods to examine residues in feathers, which retain residues for long periods. To do this, the team adapted a technique used for detection of antibiotics in milk on dairy farms; this is a simple lateral flow assay which has proved to be very effective. Combined with meat testing and farmer declarations of use, the feather testing allows us to pull together a much fuller picture of drug usage in poultry production systems. We anticipate that the method will be adapted by groups around the world as it is low cost. We are currently at the phase of validating the methodology using feathers sampled from chickens within the production and distribution networks that we are studying 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Impact is currently within our research program only. 
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/feathers-final-4Jan23.pdf
 
Title Biological sampling: questionnaires for sampled poultry and poultry producers in South and South East Asia 
Description Questionnaires and observation sheets have been designed to collect information about the chickens that we are sampling and people farming/trading/marketing these. The questionnaires have been tailored to each type of sampling locations and interviewed actor (n=7) and adapted to each study site (n=4) in South and South East Asia. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The impact remains within the research project, but we aim to develop those protocols further so they may be utilised by veterinary services and other stakeholders in some of the country where our project takes place, and later, in others. 
 
Title Distanced observation of poultry Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs): a guide to seeing things when you are not there 
Description This tool outlines an approach to field work that attempts to generate rich ethnographic data despite no observation work being possible in the field, due to the ethnographic observers not being able to physically travel. The underpinning consideration was: to which extent can the data that would have been gathered through participant observation by any other means? This necessitates reliance on recorded (using audio and visual recording tools) and reported data by intermediaries. The protocol attempts to develop innovative ways to gain depth of information and determine relevant paths forward in enquiry that do not stem from direct observation of a designated field site by the ethnographic researcher. The tool sets out collections of methods or protocols to map relationships and situational interpretation. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The intended impacts are to overcome the barriers whereby ethnographic researchers i) cannot go and physically live or work with any of the participants given current COVID-19 restrictions and safety concerns and ii) are unfamiliar with the value of ongoing contact when conversations may not be guided by clear structure. 
 
Title Key Informant Interview (KII) protocols for poultry stakeholders in South and South East Asia 
Description A series of protocols and interview guide to select key informants and interview them. The tools were tailored to different types of actors, and were adapted to each field site. The objective of this set of tools is to enable characterisation of poultry Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs). 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Once published, these tools could help public sector livestock services and other stakeholder to monitor the evolution of PDNs in their country, and identify nodes of interest for surveillance and risk mitigation interventions. 
 
Title Link tracing studies within poultry Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs) in South and South East Asia 
Description Protocols, questionnaires and an app have been designed to conduct link tracing studies in each of our field sites. The objective of link tracing is to trace the origin of chickens sold in an endpoint (e.g. a market) back to the farms where they were raised. This is achieved by a combination of random and snowball sampling of actors along the network. Bespoke protocols, sampling methods and questionnaires have been tailored to each category of actor (n=7) and adapted to each study site (n=4) in South and South East Asia. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The impact remains within the research project, but we aim to develop those protocols further so they can become embedded in routine animal health surveillance programmes (e.g. avian influenza virus monitoring) conducted by veterinary services in some of the country where our project takes place, and later, in others. This will improve the interpretation of the surveillance results. 
 
Title Sampling protocols of poultry in different types of sampling locations and production systems in South and South East Asia 
Description Protocols have been designed for the stratified, cluster selection of chickens within various types of sampling locations (in particular markets, slaughterhouses, villages). These protocols will ensure the representativeness of our samples. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The impact remains within the research project, but we aim to develop those protocols further so they can become embedded in routine animal health surveillance programmes (e.g. avian influenza virus monitoring) conducted by veterinary services in some of the country where our project takes place, and later, in others. This will improve the reliability of the surveillance results. 
 
Description Campylobacter Quadram Institutue 
Organisation Quadram Institute Bioscience
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Metabolism and genomics of Campylobacter jejuni Chicken Microbiome
Collaborator Contribution Resources to study metabolism and genomics of Campylobacter jejuni
Impact An improved understaning of global Campylobacter infection
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Anand Agricultural University
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Animal and Plant Health Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Chatham House
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Christian Medical College, Vellore
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation City University of Hong Kong
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Government of Bangladesh
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Government of Sri Lanka
Department Department of Animal Production and Health
Country Sri Lanka 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Institute of Development Studies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control And Research
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Department Department of Animal Health
Country Viet Nam 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Nanyang Technological University
Country Singapore 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation National Institute Of Hygiene And Epidemiology
Country Viet Nam 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation National Institute of Animal Sciences
Country Viet Nam 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation The Pirbright Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation University Libre Bruxelles (Université Libre de Bruxelles ULB)
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation University of Peradeniya
Country Sri Lanka 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation University of Queensland
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Veterinary Hospital - National Institute of Veterinary Research, Vietnam
Country Viet Nam 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaborations and partnerships that were part of the original application for the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Vietnam National University of Agriculture
Country Viet Nam 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As instructed, this is a list of partners and collaborations included as part of the original application. The team at RVC worked with existing partners in India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Belgium, Australia and UK and also developed new research and impact networks in India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Singapore and UK. The RVC team, with core skills in veterinary, animal health, biological, mathematical and economic sciences orchestrated the preparation and drafting of the pre-proposal, working with a team of previous collaborators with expertise in social sciences, policy development, country-specific poultry structures and global animal health epidemiology. At this early stage, and at the later full proposal stage we involved new partners to fill skills/expertise gaps in impact, communication, engagement (ICE), monitoring, evaluation, learning (MEL), advanced molecular diagnostics and phylogenetics/phylogeography, Now the award is active, the role of the RVC team is broad and varied and encompasses project management, governance, research management, monitoring/evaluation, research leadership, research, impact, communications, training and outreach.
Collaborator Contribution This is a very large partnership grant and the contributions made by partners are many and varied. In each study country (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam) there are country-level management/administrative teams who are responsible for ensuring proper management of finances, HR-activities, communications, research and impact activities and for reporting on these.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration as outlined in the sections above
Start Year 2017
 
Description Establishment of a novel poultry vaccine platform inducing rapid and strong immunity through targeted delivery of antigens to chicken immune cells 
Organisation MSD Animal Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research focus is to develop next-generation of poultry vaccines that induce rapid and strong immune responses in chickens. The candidate vaccine constricts will be developed at the Pirbright Institute
Collaborator Contribution The collaborating partner "MSD Animal Health" will evaluate the potency and efficacy for registration and feasibility for commercial production.
Impact Based on the project preliminary data a new project was developed entitled Protecting poultry from avian influenza, Newcastle disease, infectious bronchitis, and Gumboro disease with a single dose of a multivalent vaccine". This project further strengthened the collaborative research work with MSD Animal Health.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Evaluate the potential of AstraZeneca's sialic acid tag technology for treating influenza viruses with Fc molecules 
Organisation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Department Parasite Immunology Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Established partnership to investigate the antiviral properties of novel antiviral ( fragment-crystallisable (Fc) molecules) compounds that potentially block influenza virus infection. These compounds will be used to test their antiviral activity against avian influenza and Newcastle Disease virus that are causing sever economic looses to the poultry industry.
Collaborator Contribution The Partners have developed these antiviral compounds and showed that these compounds bids to specific cell surface receptors that are required by the virus to bind to and enter into the cell to cause infection.
Impact Project is just started
Start Year 2022
 
Description Ohe Health Poultry Hub and ANSES 
Organisation French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution A collaboration was established between ANSES (French Medicine Agency) and Hub researchers in Singapore, Bangladesh and UK, co-ordinated by Dr Ludovic Pelligand who leads Hub Workpackage 9 on antimicrobial residues. ANSES researchers led by Dr Dominique Pessel have validated a rapid screening method for 75 antibiotics in meat and aquaculture products using LC-MS/MS, which is now the standard analytical method within the EU reference laboratory at ANSES. Dr Pessel is a regular attendee at our monthly Workpackage 9 technical meetings and is working with the team to transfer this analytical method to the group at NTU, Singapore where it will be used to identify antimicrobial residues in tissue samples collected from chickens across all the Hub study sites, an activity that goes hand in hand with deep-sequencing of microbiomes and whole bacterial genomes isolated from the same flocks. Linked to this, a post-doctoral researcher from Bangladesh will spend two years working in the NTU Singapore laboratory, becoming fully proficient in sample processing and mass spectroscopic analysis before returning to CVASU, Chattogram, where this work will continue (funding for mass spectrometer instrumentation is coming from Fleming Fund).
Collaborator Contribution ANSES researchers led by Dr Dominique Pessel have validated a rapid screening method for 75 antibiotics in meat and aquaculture products using LC-MS/MS, which is now the standard analytical method within the EU reference laboratory at ANSES. Dr Pessel is a regular attendee at our monthly Workpackage 9 technical meetings and is working with the team to transfer this analytical method to the group at NTU,
Impact Protocols and training for mass spectrometry, sampling and transport of samples
Start Year 2019
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub IMMANA proposal 
Organisation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Department Innovative Methods and Metrics for Agriculture and Nutrition Actions
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research partnership proposal to IMMANA to develop and pilot a food safety indicator for the Governance of urban food markets to complement OHPH research on this crucial node in the supply chain. The proposal links the work in OHPH Hub in India and research in the MRC-Newton-funded GICCAP project in Peru, and an ESRC-funded project in Ghana, which study food safety in urban markets. The proposal is to establish a Delphi panel of experts to develop rubrics appropriate to different types of markets to be applied in Peru and in Tamil Nadu by the OHPH.
Collaborator Contribution Led by Dr Giel Ton at IDS, this research partnership proposal to IMMANA is to develop and pilot a food safety indicator for the Governance of urban food markets to complement OHPH research on this crucial node in the supply chain. The proposal links the work in OHPH Hub in India and research in the MRC-Newton-funded GICCAP project in Peru, and an ESRC-funded project in Ghana, which study food safety in urban markets. The proposal is to establish a Delphi panel of experts to develop rubrics appropriate to different types of markets to be applied in Peru and in Tamil Nadu by the OHPH.
Impact not yet
Start Year 2020
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub and AMR reference centre UK 
Organisation Animal and Plant Health Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Hub partners at CSAVU Bangladesh (Professor Md Ahasunul Hoque, Mr Tridip Das plus students) with international Hub partners at UQ Australia (Dr Joerg Henning), RVC UK (Dr Guillaume Fournie) and City University Hong Kong (Prof Dirk Pfeiffer) developed a collaboration with the UK FAO AMR Reference Centre, APHA, UK for advanced lab analysis of AMR in E. coli isolates obtained from poultry farms in Bangladesh. The Hub research team collected environmental and cloacal swab samples during a cross sectional study (an activity linked to a previous grant as well as to the One Health Poultry Hub) of 140 commercial farms, recording and epidemiological data, and carrying out a risk factor analysis. There is also provision for some antimicrobial sensitivity assays to be carried out as well as heavy metal resistance and plasmid characterisation, with support from the partnership. Under an MTA, isolates are transferred to APHA
Collaborator Contribution At the UK FAO AMR Reference Centre, the susceptibility of isolates to a panel of 14 antimicrobials is tested and interpreted and whole genome sequencing analysis carried out. The team at APHA provides technical support and training to CVASU
Impact Too early to state
Start Year 2020
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub and COMSATS Pakistan 
Organisation COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Country Pakistan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Hub investigators Richard Stabler and Brendan Wren from LSHTM have established a collaboration with Prof Habib Bukhari at COMSATS on Campylobacter jejuni. Within the Hub we have developed a number of protocols for bacterial isolation from poultry in LMICs, and at LSHTM there are pipelines available for sequencing and genomics analyses.
Collaborator Contribution Prof Bukhari has trialled the protocols that were developed for the Hub, resulting in the isolation of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli field isolates that are being shipped back to the UK for sequencing and analyses. These will be directly available for comparative genomics studies alongside isolates from chickens and people from Hub countries in S and SE Asia
Impact not yet
Start Year 2019
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub and Department of Livestock Services, Government of Bangladesh 
Organisation Government of Bangladesh
Department Department of Livestock Services (DLS)
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Hub partners in Bangladesh at CVASU and BLRI have close interactions with research and policy experts in DLS. This partnership extends to international Hub researchers who work with colleagues in Bangladesh; of particular relevance are a) Development of the National Plan for Avian and Influenza Pandemic Preparedness which has been supported from the UK Hub at RVC through appointment of two short-term policy fellows who organised a recent key stakeholder meeting on 'Pandemic preparedness: translating research evidence into policy', b) A joint Hub/DLS programme of 'Field Epidemiology Training for Veterinarians' c) General knowledge exchange on a regular basis with DLS researchers attending monthly National Hub progress meetings
Collaborator Contribution The researchers from DLS contribute experience, knowledge and data sharing Support from DLS with regards to permissions for import and export of biological samples
Impact Review of Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs); development of Impact, Communication and Engagement (ICE) strategy; collaboration on the development of the s 3rd Avian and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan (NAPIP)
Start Year 2019
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub and ICDDR,B 
Organisation International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b)
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Hub partners at CVASU, BLRI and IECDR have a good relationship with researchers at ICDDR,B with regular knowledge exchange occurring. A specific project has been jointly developed to monitor antimicrobial usage, antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial residues in layer poultry farms across Bangladesh. This has been co-funded by the Hub and the Fleming Fund country grant to Bangladesh, and forms part of a bigger programme of One Health AM surveillance across human, livestock and aquaculture. For this specific collaboration, staff time and field visits are supported by FF, whilst consumables for sampling and lab analyses are provided by the Hub.
Collaborator Contribution As described above, this includes knowledge exchange and collaboration; ICDDR,B also took the lead for this study in developing the survey protocol and obtaining ethical approvals (IRB for human sampling, AEEC for animal sampling)
Impact work in progress
Start Year 2020
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub and Penn CEIRR 
Organisation University of Pennsylvania
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Hub investigator Nicola Lewis was invited to be a project lead in a University of Pennsylvania - led bid to NIAID for a Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Response. The bid was successful and the program commenced in April 2021. Nicola has overall responsibility for international sample collection of swine influenza viruses (Cambodia, UK) and avian influenza viruses (Bangladesh, UK) and for the sequencing and biological risk assessment pipeline for avian viruses. The work on avian influenza is directly complementary to the work of the Hub so from the outset the Bangladeshi Hub team, lead at CVASU by Rukan Hoque have been engaged in the project development along with the UK Hub epidemiology team (led by Guillaume Fournie) and agri-economist team (led by Barbara Haesler). The news that the Penn-CEIRR is funding is exciting; brings together renowned researchers and cutting-edge technologies to discover new information and tools needed to decrease the mortality and morbidity associated with influenza viruses
Collaborator Contribution In addition to University of Pennsylvania, other NIAHI base partners include University of Michigan, HOng Kong Universitiy, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, University of Chicago, Stanford University, Scripps Research Institute, USDA, Iowa State Universitiy, Royal Veterinary College and the Animal and Plant Health Agency, university of Pittsburgh, University of Arizona. From the One Health Poultry Hub in Bangladesh, the institutions involved are Chattogram Veterinary Sciences and Agricultural University, the Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute and the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research.
Impact Samples from chickens and people are collected by researchers from the teams in Bangladesh and shipped APHA in the UK where they are sequenced; sequence analysis is done at RVC by researchers funded by both CEIRR and the Hub. Sequences of H5 and H9 viruses derived from both projects were shared in Jan 2023 with the OFFLU team (a global network of expertise on animal influenza jointly managed by WOAH/FAO) who in turn shared the sequences with WHO to assist with the selection and update of candidate vaccine viruses for pre-pandemic preparedness purposes. This is a six monthly process and we will continue to share all sequences generated in both Bangladesh (CEIRR and Hub) and Vietnam (Hub only) with OFFLU
Start Year 2020
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub and WUR 
Organisation Wageningen University & Research
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Ludo Pelligand who leads the Hub work on antimicrobial residues, has established a collaboration with researchers at WUR for PhD student training and for the analysis of feather samples (for antimicrobial residues). The initial work is funded through an internal Hub researcher mobility grant
Collaborator Contribution Training programme for student; agreement to analyse feather samples
Impact development of protocols
Start Year 2020
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub collaboration in Kenya 
Organisation USOMI Limited
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution An Agrocatalyst application to Innovate UK 'Bringing indigenous Kenya chicken to market: investigation of pathways to commercialisation, food security and poverty alleviation' was developed between Hub researchers and USOMI. The hub team brings a multidisciplinary approach (husbandry, nutrition, biosecurity, genetics) to identify the best model to increase local production of kenyan chicken by smallholder farmers.
Collaborator Contribution Technical know how on scaling-up profitable production; market studies to assess consumer demand, preferences and willingess to pay.
Impact application to Innovate UK
Start Year 2020
 
Description PARTNERSHIP: Nanoparticle Vaccines Against Emerging Poultry Infections 
Organisation University of Wisconsin-Madison
Department Department of Pathobiological Sciences
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We established a joint project with School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA. My team will contribute in the development of Novel Target antigen delivery vaccines that selectively delivers antigens to the chicken immune cells and induces faster and stronger immune responses in vaccinated chickens.
Collaborator Contribution The partner developed a novel DNA nano-vaccine platform. This partnership will merge both technologies to enhance both the potency and delivery systems for poultry vaccines.
Impact The partnership submitted a joint research grant proposal to USDA-NIFA-AFRI (Program A1181 Agricultural Biosecurity) entitled "Partnership: Nanoparticle Vaccines Against Emerging Poultry Infections". This grant proposal has been approved by the funders.
Start Year 2022
 
Description Paragon Group 
Organisation Paragon Group
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Generation of knowledge about the structure and function of poultry production and distribution networks in Bangladesh, carried out in 2019.
Collaborator Contribution Members of the Paragone group provided critical expertise to review and comment on the network maps based on their deep knowledge of poultry farming and marketing.
Impact Review of Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Study of Camplybacter in central India 
Organisation Government Medical College Nagpur
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of expertise in the culturing of Campylobacter species and interpretation of patient records
Collaborator Contribution Provision of appropriate field sites in rural central india
Impact An initial GCRF funded meeting in Nagpul and visits to rural sites
Start Year 2020
 
Description Studying Campylobacter in rural Pakistan 
Organisation COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Country Pakistan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provide expertise in culturing, monitoring and genome sequencing of Campylobacter species
Collaborator Contribution Appropriate filed sites and metadata
Impact A meeting under GCRF and set up study on Campylobacter
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK-Malaysia Higher Education Partnership Programme: Enhancing Sustainability of Technology Transfer and Research Management 
Organisation National University of Malaysia
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution After submission of an expression of interest to the British council/HEP initiative we were selected to participate in a partnership workshop held in Feb 2019 in Malaysia to explore opportunities for expanding research networks and tech transfer to partners in Malaysia focused around sustainable poultry production. This resulted in a further application to the BC/HEP and funding for stakeholder workshops (reported under further funding, and engagement)
Collaborator Contribution Co-development of tech transfer/ vaccine studies for poultry coccidiosis; co-design and organisation of a poultry stakeholder workshop that was held in Malaysia in late 2019
Impact Stakeholder workshop and Bloomsbury SET grant application
Start Year 2019
 
Description Understanding animal health threats from emerging H5 high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses 
Organisation Animal and Plant Health Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This is a collaborative research project funded by the UKRI-BBSRC to understand how the high pathogenicity Avian Influenza virus (H5N1) persisting in different species of wild birds and transmits from wild birds to farmed poultry, the gaps in biosecurity that allow the virus to penetrate premises, and how this could be addressed. My team contributing by by generating research reagents (such as viruses generated using reverse genetic technique) that allows the identification of molecular markers in the virus genes responsible for virus virulence, transmission and/or antigenic change. The data generated helped the partners to utilise the viruses and reagents for testing their biological behaviors ( such as infectivity and transmission parameters) via animal infection studies. The outcome of this collaborative work will provide insights for assessing threats from new and emerging strains, enabling national and international agencies to design and execute contingencies as part of risk mitigation and disease control. This will provide vital information when considering how to invest scarce resources for surveillance design aimed at early warning of the threat.
Collaborator Contribution The collaboration enhance both the capacity of my team by providing field data ( such as sequences of viruses isolated from the field) and reagents such as post-infection antiserum containing antibodies specific to the field virus. This allowed the investigation of field virus antigenic profiles that can be used for selection of candidate vaccine seeds for the production of effective vaccines.
Impact The data generated provided a risk assessment of contemporary H5Nx HPAIVs that are acquiring adaptive changes to increase fitness within domestic and wild avian populations. This partnership identified viral and host factors that potentially contribute to increased transmissibility, persistence, and pathogenicity in wild birds and those that enhance their potential to disseminate and manifest disease in poultry. We identified genetic changes that drive the virological, immunological, and zoonotic infection potential of these H5N1 viruses. The data generated allowed us an establishment of current and future risks from these viruses to both animals and humans if they continue to remain prevalent in wild bird populations.
Start Year 2022
 
Company Name ARKVAX LIMITED 
Description A new spin out company that derived from ArcVax was formed on 20/10/2020. The company won a competitive accelerator award and currently has labs at Babraham Research Park, Cambs and focuses on using novel glycoengineering technology for the development of glycoconjugate vaccines with a particular emphasis on animal vaccines 
Year Established 2020 
Impact The focus of the company is the development of multicomponent poultry, pig and ruminant vaccines. The business is supported contract research for vaccine candidate from established vet vaccine companies and further funding is currently being sought from a range of investors.
 
Description 1) Rethinking multisector collaborations Reflections from state level policy response to zoonoses in India. 2) Health systems and 'multisector action for health ' How to rethink HPSR within the context of SDGs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Syed Abbas presented 2 papers at 6th Global Symposium on Health Systems Research. Total 910 abstracts were selected for presentation at this symposium.
1) Rethinking multisector collaborations Reflections from state level policy response to zoonoses in India.
2) Health systems and 'multisector action for health ' How to rethink HPSR within the context of SDGs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 1) What does One Health mean? Reflections from state level policy response to zoonoses in India. 2) Unpacking the notion of success in One Health: The case of Leptospirosis control in Gujarat, India. 3) Politics and Practices of One Health: Observations from an Anthrax outbreak in Tamil Nadu, India. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Syed Abbas presented 3 papers at 6th World One Health Congress on:
1) What does One Health mean? Reflections from state level policy response to zoonoses in India.
2) Unpacking the notion of success in One Health: The case of Leptospirosis control in Gujarat, India.
3) Politics and Practices of One Health: Observations from an Anthrax outbreak in Tamil Nadu, India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 10th One Health Bangladesh Conference 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "This biennial conference serves to inform the One Health community in Bangladesh of relevant research and activities being carried out. Hub partners (particularly Prof Meerjady Sabrina Flora and Prof Nitish Chandra Debnath) played a central role in organizing the conference. Hub partners in Bangladesh (almost all) and overseas attended the event. Multiple presentations (including keynote addresses) were delivered by Hub personnel, and these also played a leading role in chairing sessions and participating in panel discussions. Aforementioned contributions encourage others in involving and strengthening one health activities to solve one health crisis in Bangladesh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/major-hub-presence-at-one-health-bangladesh-conference
 
Description 16th International Scientific Conference (ISCon XVI), Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited presentation at an international conference focused One Health. Included a mixed audience of academics, students, government, industry and practioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 16th International Scientific Conference 2019 at Chattgogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This annual conference included presentations by Hub personnel in Bangladesh as well as internationally. The conference serves to inform the scientific veterinary communicty at Chattgogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh and beyond of relevant activities and research being carried out.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://cvasu.ac.bd/index.php/16th-international-scientific-conference/
 
Description 2 Articles/opinion pieces on Covid19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Dr. Rajib Das Gupta's 2 articles were published in Indian newspaper.
1) The covid-19 crisis: Physical distancing, Social bonding (the Indian Express). Link- https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-covid-19-physical-distancing-social-bonding-6333401/?fbclid=IwAR3DBpj4rd4Aj6iGVdHjGEBDKTa00XdF1lsGuQcMMPKT7ubOo4ADzqwf2HI
2) Rescue measures to decide future (LiveHindustan) Link- https://www.livehindustan.com/blog/story-hiindustsn-opinion-column-10-april-2020-3139115.html?fbclid=IwAR3W5f1Ta8keTW5rMVAY5BI3LNYUi-WnyEqEYNMmWYmn3KTdkee6Ph_lSCk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-covid-19-physical-distancing-social-bo...
 
Description 2 Opinion pieces on COVID-19 in The Deccan Herald and The Indian Express 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr. Rajibdas Gupta's 2 opinion pieces published by 2 local newspaper on ''Envisioning health in 'amrit kaal': Hits and misses of Budget 2022'' and ''Dealing with Covid beyond the pandemic''.
https://www.deccanherald.com/opinion/envisioning-health-in-amrit-kaal-hits-and-misses-of-budget-2022-1077079.html
https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/dealing-with-covid-beyond-the-pandemic-7784551/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.deccanherald.com/opinion/envisioning-health-in-amrit-kaal-hits-and-misses-of-budget-2022...
 
Description 2 Panel Discussions on COVID-19 on News 18 (Urdu), Panel Discussion on COVID-19 on Mirror Now 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr. Rajib Dasgupta participated in discussion on Covid19 on regional media channels (News 18 and Mirror now).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7-0X8TlKZA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_fUCqxynspw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDXYYpXV3Pc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDXYYpXV3Pc
 
Description 2 papers in print media- ''The "special" 8/3 gift 17 years ago during the SARS pandemic'' and ''Corona virus decoding journey'' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Nguyen Le Khanh Hang from Vietnam, working as a researcher with One Health Poultry Hub is a virologist. She is one of the leading expert on testing, isolating coronavirus in Vietnam. Below are the links to 2 of her journals on Covid19 that were printed in Vietnam's national newspapers.
https://www.doisongphapluat.com/doi-song/mon-qua-83-dac-biet-17-nam-ve-truoc-trong-dai-dich-sars-a314289.html
http://antg.cand.com.vn/Phong-su/Hanh-trinh-giai-ma-virus-Corona-582045/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.doisongphapluat.com/doi-song/mon-qua-83-dac-biet-17-nam-ve-truoc-trong-dai-dich-sars-a31...
 
Description 26th Conference of Bangladesh Society for Veterinary Education and Research (BSVER) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Chattgogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU) team gave 3 oral presentations. The topics were: i) Antimicrobial usage, resistance and their determinants on commercial chicken farms in Chattogram, Bangladesh, ii) Prevalence and antibiogram profile of Escherichia. coli and Salmonella in poultry and fish origins: A meta analysis and iii) Endeavors of IVSA Bangladesh to advance veterinary profession.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 3 Podcasts with Indian media channels on Covid19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Rajib Das Gupta has given 3 podcasts on Indian media, title and link below:
1) A doctor on keeping children safe during the coronavirus pandemic (The Indian Express). Link- https://indianexpress.com/audio/difficult-conversations-with-your-kids/a-doctor-on-keeping-children-safe-during-the-coronavirus-pandemic/6332982/
2) A public health expert on the path ahead for India after 40 days of lockdown (The Indian Express). Link- https://indianexpress.com/audio/3-things/a-public-health-expert-on-the-path-ahead-for-india-after-a-40-day-lockdown/6392097/
3) How COVID-19 is affecting other essential health services (The Hindu In Focus Podcast). Link- https://www.thehindu.com/podcast/how-covid-19-is-affecting-other-essential-health-services-the-hindu-in-focus-podcast/article31516861.ece
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://indianexpress.com/audio/3-things/a-public-health-expert-on-the-path-ahead-for-india-after-a-...
 
Description 30+ TV interviews (BBC, SKY, Channel 4) on Covid vaccine delivery, production and use 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 30+ TV interviews (BBC, SKY, Channel 4) on Covid vaccine delivery, production and use.
Received 100s of questions from general public many relating to vaccine confidence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 5 international TV interviews (eg BBC News, Swiss and Russian TV) on Covid vaccine delivery, production and use as well as SARS2-CoV epidemiology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 5 international TV interviews (eg BBC News, Swiss and Russian TV) on Covid vaccine delivery, production and use.
Received dozens of questions from general public many relating to vaccine confidence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 5 invited newspaper articles in Daily Mail TV interviews on Covid vaccine delivery, production and use. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 5 invited newspaper articles in Daily Mail TV interviews on Covid vaccine delivery, production and use.
Numerous response from general public who have felt reassured about taking Covid vaccine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 5Cs of water vulnerability; climate change, contaminants, co-occurrence, conflicts, COVID-19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Indo-UK virtual conference on water vulnerability. Hub investigator Madhvi Joshi presented a talk 'omics technology for detection of waste
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CdTV3lt208Y
 
Description A series of Interviews quoted by different International and National print media on Covid19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Rajib Das Gupta's interviews on Covid19 quoted by different national and international newspapers, links are given below.
1) https://m.gulf-times.com/story/658958/Migrants-flee-to-villages-amid-growing-concern
2) https://republika.co.id/berita/q7ksin396/virus-corona-menyebar-pekerjaan-hilang-warga-india-mudik
3) https://kfgo.com/2020/03/21/poor-indians-flee-to-villages-as-coronavirus-measures-take-heavy-toll/
4) https://www.dawn.com/news/1542664
5) https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2020-03-26/for-many-indians-the-coronavirus-isnt-their-biggest-concern-hunger-is?fbclid=IwAR1wTrDrR3-BzmSyAZxFqrzDRICOHvirLcxfLzeCQkqfna18wE7hCZ1OSVQ
6) https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-india-agra-insight/in-city-of-taj-mahal-coronavirus-resurgence-carries-warning-signs-idINKBN22G07T?edition-redirect=in
7) https://www.news18.com/news/india/poor-indians-flee-to-villages-as-coronavirus-measures-take-heavy-toll-2545901.html
8) https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/city-migrants-flee-to-villages-as-coronavirus-measures-take-a-hit-120032200011_1.html
9) https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/proper-disposal-of-masks-and-gloves-used-at-home-is-needed-to-curb-spread-of-covid-19-say-experts/story-wg71e2ifKBHv23vcgYDTDM.html
10) https://www.hindustantimes.com/gurugram/gurugram-government-database-of-people-under-home-quarantine-leaked/story-yV9JQH5OwAvmqfEpnek45J.html?fbclid=IwAR23oMsBiTIvbgF0v338-1uTARzJaq1ZSnZN4au0iOmpBgqCyML7lzgNm4E
11) https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/lifting-the-lockdown/articleshow/75224435.cms?fbclid=IwAR3PaB2lNqItqAlL3deVw94yNopBUkFlW0AczRMXfHR5jc0VbcaECddMLYI&from=mdr
12) https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/lifting-the-lockdown/articleshow/75224435.cms
13) https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/coronavirus-crisis-expect-covid-19-cases-to-peak-around-may-end-say-experts/story/401968.html
14) https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/coronavirus-crisis-expect-covid-19-cases-to-peak-around-may-end-say-experts/story/401968.html
15) https://www.newindianexpress.com/opinions/2020/may/04/modis-leadership-transforms-nations-image-2138800.html
16) https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/stimulus-package-states-need-funds-to-bridge-healthcare-gaps-not-infectious-disease-model/story/404128.html
17) https://www.hindustantimes.com/gurugram/haryana-s-test-positivity-rate-is-low-but-it-isn-t-declining-shows-data/story-xpfGmKKuCSkvQGBPmJ06CM.html
18) https://www.hindustantimes.com/gurugram/covid-19-cases-doubling-every-four-days-in-gurugram/story-IWy5AgJQ8O6VzpWyRSjIaJ.html
19) https://www.hindustantimes.com/gurugram/gurugram-undertesting-for-covid-19-say-experts/story-J0betevG6uX9GeHk76Uz4M.html
20) https://www.hindustantimes.com/gurugram/gurugram-administration-unclear-on-covid-number-projections/story-Gm71KhuqdubTNh24TQZzEM.html
21) https://www.livehindustan.com/blog/story-hindustan-opinion-column-26-june-2020-3305875.html
22) https://morungexpress.com/india-coronavirus-cases-spike-experts-daunted-prospect-south-asia-spread
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2020-03-26/for-many-indians-the-coronavirus-isnt-their-bi...
 
Description A series of Panel discussions/interviews on Covid19- different Indian news channels- (role of society, social distancing, impact on Poultry industry etc.) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Rajib Das Gupta participated in various talks/panel discussion on National TV channels. Links below:
https://www.newsplatform.in/videos/top-videos/poultry-industry-drowned-by-coronas-rumor/
https://www.newsplatform.in/exclusive/special-discussion-what-will-happen-if-the-corona-virus-reaches-the-villages/
https://www.timesnownews.com/videos/mirror-now/shows/video-coronavirus-experts-on-govts-testing-policy-should-testing-policy-be-expanded-the-big-story/55833
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XPXqeFXfWH4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gwENA1rmQio
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmX-_LqrrAY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LeJR4z5kLMo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Gv0Vg4pWq0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKgvWpYNUyo
https://www.iphaonline.org/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description A series of media print and online articles to which Professor Dirk Pfeiffer has contributed quotes, opinions, commentary, related to COVID-19, One Health and pandemics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Pfeiffer has been in huge demand for his views on the COVID-19. Below is a selection of articles where he has been quoted, or presented his opinion.

Nature 21.1.2020
How quickly does the Wuhan virus spread?
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00146-w

The Guardian 21.1.2020
'Live animals are the largest source of infection': dangers of the export trade
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/21/live-animals-are-the-largest-source-of-infection-dangers-of-the-export-trade

The Guardian 23.1.2020
Appetite for 'warm meat' drives risk of disease in Hong Kong and China
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/23/appetite-for-warm-meat-drives-risk-of-disease-in-hong-kong-and-china

South China Morning Post (Hong Kong) Opinion Piece 30.1.2020
Wild animal link to coronavirus outbreak should revolutionise public health strategies
https://www.scmp.com/comment/opinion/article/3047909/wild-animal-link-coronavirus-outbreak-should-revolutionise-public

Asia Times 3.2.2020
Malaysia, Singapore brace for China viral contagion
https://www.asiatimes.com/2020/02/article/malaysia-singapore-brace-for-china-viral-contagion/

Caixin Global (China) 5.2.2020
In Depth: Tracing the Coronavirus's Origins
https://www.caixinglobal.com/2020-02-05/in-depth-tracing-the-coronaviruss-origins-101511889.html

Channel News Asia 938 7.2.2020
Commentary: China's coronavirus lockdown on cities was necessary. But there are more important lessons
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/commentary/china-wuhan-coronavirus-lockdown-cities-working-quarantine-effe-12400400

Reuters (this was used by over 50 other news websites, blogs etc) 7.2.2020
Scientists question work suggesting pangolin coronavirus link
Note that a search on Google for ("dirk pfeiffer" AND pangolin) resulted in 361 results
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-pangolins/scientists-question-work-suggesting-pangolin-coronavirus-link-idUSKBN2010XA

New York Times 7.2.2020
China Scientists Identify Pangolin as Possible Coronavirus Host
https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2020/02/07/world/asia/07reuters-china-health-pangolins.html

Der Spiegel (Germany) 7.2.2020
Pangolin könnte Erreger auf Mensch übertragen haben
https://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/medizin/corona-schuppentier-koennte-virus-auf-mensch-uebertragen-haben-a-dbc7aece-110e-45ac-98f2-b5fd8d2d4266

Independent (UK) 7.2.2020
Coronavirus: Illegal trafficking of pangolins could have helped spread deadly virus, scientists say
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/coronavirus-china-symptons-host-pangolin-mammal-a9323121.html

USA TODAY 7.2.2020
Pangolins may have spread coronavirus to humans: What to know
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/health/2020/02/07/coronavirus-pangolin-virus-host-who-virus-update-friday/4688785002/

CGTN (China) 11.2.2020
China to overhaul wildlife law to prevent viral outbreaks
https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-02-11/China-to-overhaul-wildlife-law-to-prevent-viral-outbreaks-O06arj8PWo/index.html

The Telegraph (UK) 14.2.2020
Coronavirus may be spreading undetected outside China
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/science-and-disease/coronavirus-may-spreading-undetected-outside-china/

The Telegraph (UK) 14.2.2020
Coronavirus: hopes of rescue flight home for Britons stuck on cruise
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/02/17/coronavirus-hopes-rescue-flight-home-britons-stuck-cruise/

South China Morning Post (Hongkong) 22.2.2020
China's coronavirus controls are starting to pay dividends, but elsewhere in the world infections are rising fast
https://www.scmp.com/print/news/china/society/article/3051927/chinas-coronavirus-controls-are-starting-pay-dividends-elsewhere

National Public Radio (USA) 24.2.2020
Where Coronavirus is now causing concern: Iran, Italy, South Korea
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/02/24/808893094/coronavirus-has-pandemic-potential-but-isn-t-there-yet-who-says

National Public Radio (USA) 1.3.2020
Hong Kong Has Contained Coronavirus So Far - But At A Significant Cost
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/03/01/810392094/hong-kong-has-contained-coronavirus-so-far-but-at-a-significant-cost?t=1583158865237

Hong Kong Economic Journal 2.3.2020
??????? ???????
https://www2.hkej.com/monthly/article/id/2390658/%E9%87%8E%E5%91%B3%E7%B6%93%E6%BF%9F%E7%A6%81%E4%B8%8D%E4%BD%8F%E3%80%80%E8%AA%B0%E5%9C%A8%E6%8E%A8%E6%B3%A2%E5%8A%A9%E7%80%BE%EF%BC%9F

China Daily Hong Kong 6.3.2020
The clever game of the coronavirus
https://www.chinadailyhk.com/article/123434

South China Morning Post (Hongkong) 11.3.2020
A coronavirus lesson from China: don't make patients pay for tests and treatment
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3074506/coronavirus-lesson-china-dont-make-patients-pay-tests-and

Stern.de (Germany) 13.3.2020
Wie Hongkong es trotz Coronavirus geschafft hat, das Leben aufrechtzuerhalten
https://www.stern.de/gesundheit/coronavirus--wie-hongkong-es-schaffte--das-leben-aufrechtzuerhalten-9180428.html

Spektrum.de 16.3.2020
COVID-19 - Absolut essenziell, dass wir daraus lernen
https://www.spektrum.de/news/absolut-essenziell-dass-wir-daraus-lernen/1713220

Nature 1.4.2020
Coronavirus can infect cats - dogs, not so much
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00984-8

South China Morning Post (Hongkong) 6.4.2020
Coronavirus: One virus caused Covid-19. Scientists say thousands more are in waiting
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/3078669/one-virus-caused-covid-19-scientists-say-thousands-more-are-waiting

Asia Times (Singapore) 7.4.2020
Cracks show in Singapore's model Covid-19 response
https://asiatimes.com/2020/04/cracks-show-in-singapores-model-covid-19-response

The Guardian (UK) 15.4.2020
'Mixed with prejudice': calls for ban on 'wet' markets misguided, experts argue
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/apr/15/mixed-with-prejudice-calls-for-ban-on-wet-markets-misguided-experts-argue-coronavirus

Inkstone (Hongkong) 16.4.2020
Are wet markets to blame for the coronavirus? (video)
https://www.inkstonenews.com/health/are-wet-markets-blame-coronavirus/article/3080146
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUOq06H1bpo

South China Morning Post (Hongkong) 23.4.2020
Medical experts have a plan to prevent next epidemic -it's called 'One Health'
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3081192/medical-experts-have-plan-prevent-next-epidemic-its-called-one

South China Morning Post (Hongkong) 28.4.2020
Coronavirus cases at Dutch mink farms highlight need to monitor animal spread
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3081803/keep-eye-animals-mink-dutch-farms-test-positive-coronavirus

Inkstone (Hongkong) 1.5.2020
Bats, a wet market, and many theories: what we know about the origin of the coronavirus (video)
https://www.inkstonenews.com/science/bats-wet-market-and-many-theories-what-we-know-about-origin-coronavirus/article/3082414
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3Kkj5Dh5Hk

ITV News (UK) 7.5.2020
How can the globe avoid a future pandemic?
https://www.itv.com/news/2020-05-07/how-can-the-globe-avoid-a-future-pandemic/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TB-U0A_VYzQ

SCMP (Hong Kong) 12.5.2020
Wuhan orders fresh coronavirus tests for all residents as new cluster fans fears of second wave
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3084013/wuhan-orders-fresh-coronavirus-tests-all-residents-new-cluster

Undark (USA) 18.5.2020
To prevent pandemics, bridging the human and animal health divide
https://undark.org/2020/05/18/human-animal-medicine-pandemic/

SCMP (Hong Kong) 2.6.2020
Industrial farming of livestock a ticking pathogen bomb, scientists say
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3087055/industrial-farming-livestock-ticking-pathogen-bomb-scientists

Le Point (France) 16.6.2020
En Chine, chat échaudé craint l'eau froide
https://www.lepoint.fr/monde/foyer-de-covid-19-a-pekin-la-chine-replique-a-l-arme-lourde-16-06-2020-2380050_24.php

SCMP (Hong Kong) 19.6.2020
Coronavirus: Beijing market outbreak investigation zeroes in on seafood stalls
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3089674/coronavirus-beijing-market-outbreak-investigation-zeroes-seafood

SCMP (Hong Kong) 30.6.2020
Coronavirus: WHO to send second team into China to seek source of Covid-19
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/3091195/who-send-second-team-china-seek-source-new-coronavirus

SCMP (Hong Kong) 8.7.2020
WHO team heading to China as politics weigh on search for Covid-19 origin
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3092384/who-team-heading-china-politics-weigh-search-covid-19-origin

SCMP (Hong Kong) 12.7.2020
Scientists hope WHO China visit will throw light on early Covid-19 probes
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3092779/scientists-hope-who-china-visit-will-throw-light-early-covid-19

SciDevNet 13.7.2020
Secure meat-hungry food systems to prevent next pandemic
https://www.scidev.net/global/disease/feature/secure-meat-hungry-food-systems-to-prevent-next-pandemic

The Guardian (UK) 18.9.2020
A 12-storey pig farm: has China found the way to tackle animal disease?
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/sep/18/a-12-storey-pig-farm-has-china-found-a-way-to-stop-future-pandemics-

Le Temps (Switzerland) 22.9.2020
La Chine cherche à se défaire de sa passion pour les animaux exotiques
https://www.letemps.ch/sciences/chine-cherche-se-defaire-passion-animaux-exotiques
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description ASF in smallholder settings in Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave an Invited talk at The Eustace Montgomery Seminar - Honoring the first 100 years of ASF research (delivered as webinar in connection with GARA), Dec 8, 2021. (via video-conference).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Abundance of mobilized colistin resistance gene mcr-1 in genetically diverse commensal Escherichia coli in broiler chicken in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk given by Paritosh Kumar Biswas (Hub Co-investigator) at the 10th One Health Bangladesh Conference on ''Abundance of mobilized colistin resistance gene mcr-1 in genetically diverse commensal Escherichia coli in broiler chicken in Bangladesh''
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Addressing zoonotic disease risk in poultry food systems through structural interventions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave an invited talk as part of International Forum on Ecology & Evolution of Avian Influenza A webinar series by leading scientists), Aug 24, 2021 at 9am HK time. (via video conference)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Announcement of the FAO/OIE/UNEP/WHO One Health High Level Expert Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Nitish Debnath, Hub investigator and member of our Executive board, is one of 26 international experts (from 700 applicants) appointed to the FAO/OIE/UNEP/WHO One Health High Level Expert Panel. Prof Nitish is founding vice-chancellor of CVASU and has chaired One Health Bangladesh since its foundation, organising 10 One Health conferences. In Jan 2020 he was appointed by DAI international as Team Leader for the Fleming Fund Project, Bangladesh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Appearances by Prof Dirk Pfeiffer on BBC1 and BBC World news to discuss COVID-19 pandemic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two interviews with Professor Pfeiffer in Feb 2020 about the emerging risk of coronavirus infection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Are we ready for combating emerging infectious disease epidemics? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a keynote speech given by Guillaume at Bangladesh One Health Conference, organised by partners in Bangladesh, (26-28 November 2019).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Article in Asian poultry magazine - August 2019 " Researchers map out Asian poultry intensification in cross-country project" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Several members of the Hub briefed the journalist about the objectives of our work, and the preliminary tasks. Contributors were Prof Md. Ahasanul Hoque of Chattgogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Prof Raman Muthusamy, Tamil Nadu University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (TANUVAS), Dr Ruwani Kalupahana and Dr Dilan Saharasinghe, University of Peradeniya, and Prof Fiona Tomley, Royal Veterinary College (RVC).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://asian-agribiz.com/magazines/asian-poultry
 
Description Article on the OHP Hub's in Vietnamese newspaper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A journalist was invited to a meeting between the Viet Name Hub staff and the UK Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO) on 27 September 2019. He had a chance to participate in the scientific meeting and got information about the OHP Hub. This was published in an interesting paper on the online newspaper of Agriuclture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://nongnghiep.vn/phong-tri-cum-gia-cam-va-khang-khang-sinh-cum-gia-cam-tai-viet-nam-d245304.htm...
 
Description Avian Influenza H9N2 and H7N9 evolution, fitness in poultry and zoonotic potential presented by Munir Iqbal at UC DAVIS EDUCATION CONFERENCE ON ONE HEALTH FOR FOOD SAFETY, AGRICULTURE, AND ANIMAL HEALTH 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The research was discussed with academic and non-academic participants the risks of avian influenza viruses currently circulating in poultry and carry potential to cause zoonotic infections. Since avian influenzas viruses (AIVs) exist in many subtypes and co-infection of two or more different AIV subtypes in an individual bird can lead to the generation of novel reassortant viruses. The emergent reassortant viruses may carry differential phenotypic characteristics (virulence, host-transmission and host-range) compared to their parental viruses. Our studies revealed that experimental co-infection of chickens with two different subtypes of avian influenza viruses (H9N2 and H7N9) led to the emergence of novel reassortant H9N9 viruses which carry greater virulence for poultry and an increased zoonotic and pandemic potential.

Our results also provided evidence that both H9N2 and H7N9 viruses can rapidly acquire antigenic changes in vaccinated birds causing vaccine failure and cocirculation of these viruses can also rapidly lead to rapid generation of novel reassortment viruses with increased virulence and host-range posing threat to both animals and humans.

This presentation increased awareness among the audience risk posed by co-circulation of different subtypes of avian influenza viruses in poultry and wild birds and how best we can detect emerging threats and develop the disease risks and disease mitigation strategies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.wifss.ucdavis.edu/onehealthsummer21/
 
Description Avian Influenza: Anthropology and Epidemiology in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Md. Ahasanul Hoque gave an invited talk to Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India on 3 August-2021
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Avian flu: our food chain is in crisis. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The New paper "Telegraph" correspondent Sarah Newey (GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY CORRESPONDENT) Interviewed Professor munir Iqbal regarding the impacts and threats of current wave if high pathogenicity avian influenza virus causing disease widespread losses to poultry production, mortality of wild birds and mammalian species (otters, foxes, minks sealions), The discussion focus on the impacts of avian influenza infections on the livelihood of farming comunities and threat of zoonotic infection to wider public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2023
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/science-and-disease/what-bird-flu-pandemic-killedmillions-...
 
Description Avian influenza virus evolution impacts on virulence and antigenicity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A talk was presented at Royal Veterinary College, London, by Thusitha Karunarathna (a PhD student in the Avian Influenza group at The Pirbright Institute). The Talk described the mechanisms used by the avian influenza viruses to evade host immunity to cause disease outbreaks and persists in poultry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Avian influenza viruses can combine two techniques to evade vaccine immunity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A study by researchers at The Pirbright Institute reveals more clues about how avian influenza viruses can evade vaccine immunity, aiding their spread in the field. The findings are published in Emerging Microbes and Infections.

Influenza viruses are able to mutate, which can enable them to evade immunity generated by natural infection or vaccination. Influenza viruses have four main ways of duping the immune system so that they can continue to infect and spread between birds. Pirbright scientists investigated two of these to further understand how the H9N2 avian influenza virus can change its genetic makeup to overcome poultry vaccines.

One of the methods the virus can use is to alter one of its surface proteins, haemagglutinin (HA), which enables the virus to enter the cell and replicate. HA is also a common target for the immune system's antibodies, which block the virus from binding to cell receptors. By changing just one or two protein components, HA can latch on far more tightly to the cell, preventing antibodies from stopping the virus. However, this can come at a cost, as particularly strong binding can prevent effective replication.

The other method scientists investigated is how H9N2 viruses disguise themselves by adding sugar chains to the surface of their HA proteins. This can block antibodies from binding, but also has varying fitness outcomes for the influenza virus. The researchers found that the location of the sugar chain on HA could determine how effectively the virus replicated.

They also demonstrated that the two evasive techniques could either compliment or act against each other - if an influenza virus had gained mutations that enable it to bind more strongly to cells, a sugar chain in the right position could restore its ability to replicate effectively. In contrast, weakly binding influenza viruses do not benefit from HA sugar additions, which instead reduce the virus's ability to replicate.

Professor Munir Iqbal, head of the Avian Influenza Group at Pirbright said, "We can use this knowledge to develop new vaccines that will help antibodies to recognise how the flu virus can change. This will provide protection to birds even as the virus evolves. We can also use this information to understand how viruses survive in poultry despite vaccination and monitor new adaptions that may appear in the field."

This research was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) and the British Council with support from the Newton Fund.

Article: Sealy, J. E., Peacock, T. P., Sadeyen, J. R., Chang, P., Everest, H. J., Bhat, S., Iqbal, M. (2020). Adsorptive mutation and N-linked glycosylation modulate influenza virus antigenicity and fitness. Emerging Microbes & Infections, advance online publication, 12 November 2020, doi: 10.1080/22221751.2020.1850180

[SOURCE: The Pirbright Institute]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.star-idaz.net/2020/12/avian-influenza-viruses-can-combine-two-techniques-to-evade-vaccin...
 
Description Avian influenza viruses in Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka: investigating genotype to phenotype (antigenicity, virulence, host-range). Webinar on 28th March 2021. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented talk by Munir iqbal describing ongoing research outcomes. We identified genetic determined that modules avian influenza H5 and H9 antigenicity virulence and transmission fitness in different host species. The role of identified markers that change the virus binding to host cells and impact on virus-host interaction leading to mild or severe disease manifestation in chickens and mammalian species (humans).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Avian influenza: tackling large numbers of outbreaks this winter in the UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Nearly two years on, the COVID-19 pandemic is still dominating the news and continues to cause concern for populations across the globe. However, UK poultry and wild bird populations are currently facing their own health threat. We are not the only ones that have faced lockdowns because of spreading viruses, UK poultry and captive birds have also faced a similar situation to protect them from avian influenza. Scientists at The Pirbright Institute are working to increase understanding of how genetic changes in influenza A viruses can impact disease spread, host responses to infection and the pathology associated with the disease.

What is the avian influenza virus?
Avian influenza viruses are Influenza A viruses that circulate and transmit amongst birds. The disease is what we commonly know as 'bird flu'. Influenza A viruses can infect a range of hosts, including humans and two subtypes H1N1 and H3N2 circulate as seasonal flu each winter in the UK. Avian influenza viruses are different to those that can infect humans in that they cannot easily infect humans and must change and adapt to do so.

Aquatic birds are a natural reservoir for avian influenza viruses, these birds typically experience fewer clinical symptoms but can spread disease to domestic birds, particularly in the migratory season, between October and March. Avian influenza viruses are categorised as either highly pathogenic (HPAI) or low pathogenic (LPAI) and this categorisation is linked to the severity of disease in chickens.

HPAI has a high mortality rate which can be up to 100%, other symptoms can include swelling of the head, death of cells in the comb and wattle, red discolouration of legs and feet and diarrhoea. HPAI causes disease in more organs than just those in the respiratory or gastrointestinal tracts like LPAI, which mostly presents as respiratory symptoms such as a snick (like a sneeze), a rattle in the chest (known as rales) and discharge from the eyes and nose.

What is causing bird flu outbreaks in domestic birds now?
We are currently in the normal migratory season of wild birds. In the spring and summer months, these birds spend their time breeding and raising their young in North-eastern Asia where they mix with other bird species which enables virus transmission and mutation. Then, when they migrate for the autumn and winter months, they shed virus in their faeces along the way.

One of the migratory paths is across Northern Europe and this includes the UK. This year, in the UK, the first avian influenza outbreak was on 15 October and was discovered in captive aquatic birds. To date (17 December 2021) there have been 50 outbreaks in England, 1 in Wales and 2 in Scotland, this has resulted in over half a million birds being destroyed to control the spread of disease.

Are there more outbreaks this year compared to other years?
The number of outbreaks this year has been the most extensive ever. There have been over 50 outbreaks in the UK, compared to 26 outbreaks last year. Although it is hard to pin down the reason for this high number, we know it is not linked to the COVID-19 pandemic. The UK's response to the spread of avian influenza has been rapid, and from 29 November birds were required to be housed inside with additional biosecurity measures put in place such as foot dips and disinfecting clothing.

Testing and surveillance of wild birds have shown that there is a high prevalence of the virus in these birds currently, and this is contributing to the spread of disease to farm and domestic bird populations.

A more detailed look at the genetic make-up of these viruses shows that they are different to those from previous years. This is predicted to be as a result of the virus infecting multiple birds across a range of species, and this provides the perfect opportunity for the virus to evolve. Analysis of these genetic changes does not raise any alarm bells for increased transmission to humans, but they are likely impacting the spread and severity of disease in birds.

What should we do if we find a dead bird or are concerned about bird health?

If the public finds dead waterfowl birds they are encouraged not to touch them but to report them to Defra using the appropriate phone number that can be found on the website, also any other wild birds found dead in numbers of five or greater should be reported.

What is Pirbright doing to tackle this virus?

Researchers at Pirbright are attempting to enhance the control and detection of avian influenza in poultry populations as well as extend our basic knowledge about the virus in avian and mammalian hosts. The research groups led by Professor Munir Iqbal and Dr Holy Shelton are investigating how avian influenza virus strains originated from wild birds can rapidly adapt to cause disease outbreaks in poultry and gain the potential to infect humans. In addition, Professor Munir Iqbal is developing improved poultry vaccines that prevent virus replication and spread. These vaccines are particularly useful in countries where avian influenza is regularly found in the domestic poultry and the control and prevention of spread isn't easy, such as in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/news/2021/12/avian-influenza-tackling-large-numbers-outbreaks-winter-uk
 
Description Awareness Programme for Small Scale Poultry Feed Producers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Sri Lanka Hub team convened a one day awareness programme for small scale poultry feed producers and farmers; members of the Hub team delivered talks on biosecurity and food safety and distrbuted infomation packs to participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Bird flu genetic make-up different from previous years 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research outputs were mass comminated for the general public via a news story.

Lockdowns due to spreading viruses are continuing to affect UK poultry and captive bird owners and scientists say the latest research into this year's avian influenzas shows a different genetic make-up.

The number of outbreaks this year has been the most extensive ever across the UK with more than 50 cases, compared to just 26 last year. Testing and surveillance of wild birds have shown that there is a high prevalence of the virus currently in birds, and this is contributing to the spread of disease to farm and domestic bird populations.

Dr Holly Shelton, head of Pirbright's Influenza Viruses group, is looking at understanding how genetic changes in influenza A viruses can impact disease spread, host responses to infection and the pathology associated with the disease.

Shelton said avian influenza viruses are different to those that can infect humans in that they cannot easily infect and must change and adapt to do so. Aquatic birds are a natural reservoir for avian influenza viruses but typically experience fewer clinical symptoms despite spreading the disease to domestic birds in the migratory season between October and March.

Bird migration
Responding to questions on what was causing bird flu outbreaks in domestic birds, she said: "In the spring and summer months these birds spend their time breeding and raising their young in north-eastern Asia where they mix with other bird species. This enables virus transmission and mutation. Then, when they migrate for the autumn and winter months, they shed viruses in their faeces along the way. "One of the migratory paths is across northern Europe and this includes the UK. This year in the UK, avian influenza was first discovered on 15 October in captive aquatic birds. To date (17 December), there have been 50 outbreaks in England, 1 in Wales and 2 in Scotland. This has resulted in over half a million birds being destroyed to control the spread of the disease."

Testing and surveillance
Government testing and surveillance of wild birds have shown a high prevalence of the virus in these birds which was contributing to the spread of the disease to farm and other domestic bird populations. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds said this week that avian influenza had already killed more than 850 barnacle geese at its Mersehead reserve near Dumfries.

"We are probably approaching 4,000 - certainly over 3,000 - mostly barnacle geese. It is pretty large scale and likely to get worse. It is unprecedented. I have worked in the area for 25 years and I don't ever remember us seeing this many birds dying," said the charity's area manager, Andrew Bielinski.

"A more detailed look at the genetic make-up of these viruses shows that they are different to those from previous years. This is predicted to be a result of the virus infecting multiple birds across a range of species, and this provides the perfect opportunity for the virus to evolve. "Analysis of these genetic changes does not raise any alarm bells for increased transmission to humans, but they likely impact the spread and severity of disease in birds."

Enhancing control
Research at Pirbright is looking at enhancing control and detection of avian influenza as well as extending knowledge about the virus in avian and mammalian hosts. The Influenza Viruses group is involved in the assessment of which avian influenza virus strains can rapidly adapt to cause potential infections of humans. In addition, Shelton's group is mapping the changes in the chicken respiratory and gastrointestinal microbiome following virus infection and assessing whether the application of probiotics can be useful in controlling virus shedding or transmission in birds.

The Influenza Group, led by Professor Munir Iqbal, is developing improved poultry vaccines that can prevent virus replication and spread. These vaccines are particularly useful in countries where avian influenza is regularly found in the domestic poultry and the control of prevention of spread isn't easy, such as the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.poultryworld.net/health-nutrition/bird-flu-genetic-make-up-different-from-previous-years...
 
Description Bird flu: What is it and what's behind the outbreak? ( BBC New) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussion with BBC News Editors (Helen Briggs & Jeremy Howell). As the The world is going through its worst-ever outbreak of bird flu which led the deaths of hundreds of thousands of wild birds and millions of domestic ones. It is also being found in mammals, so what are the threats from this virus to economy, food security, animal welfare and public health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2023
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-63464065
 
Description Blogs published on the One Health Poultry Hub website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The "Chicken Nuggets" blog is published on the One Health Poultry Hub website. It consists of blog posts discussing and reflecting on the many aspects of our work in the Poultry Hub, and of interest in the wider area of poultry production, health and societal relevance. Contributors include Hub investigators and researchers as well as external experts and persons. In this context, a special mention should be made of the blogs contributed by panellists in the Roadmap Series public discussion series.

Since the website was launched in mid 2019, a total of 30 blogs have been published so far. Those published since the start of 2020 (title, name, date, views):

Seeing the Wuhan crisis in context | Dirk Pfeiffer | 29 January 2020 |1523
Sustainable intensification sounds good. But what might it mean in practice? | Robyn Alders | 4 March 2020 | 262;
A message from our Hub as we join the COVID-19 response | Fiona Tomley | 18 March 2020 | 757;
Rumours, COVID-19 and crisis in India's poultry industry | Haidaruliman Paleja | 23 March 2020 | 515 ;
Anatomy of two COVID-19 cluster events in India | Rajib Dasgupta, Kavita Yadav, Pallavi Mishra | 30 March 2020 | 158;
Going beyond competitive case counting | Nitish Debnath, David Heymann, Hayley MacGregor, Dirk Pfeiffer | 08 April 2020 | 355;
Interdisciplinarity, social sciences and antelopes at dawn | Tony Barnett | 04 May 2020 | 115;
Learning about good participatory practice | Pallavi Mishra | 20 May 2020 | 104;
Why we are saying nothing on World Zoonoses Day 2020 | Fiona Tomley | 30 June 2020 | 4001;
Cooperation and collaboration in tackling AMR in Vietnam | Ngoc Pham Thi | 20 July 2020 | 133;
Training in infectious disease modelling | Sophie Hedges | 03 September 2020 | 151;
Preventing a future pandemic by imitating natural selection | Munir Iqbal | 04 September 2020 | 44;
COVID-19 and the future for Bangladesh's poultry sector | Rashed Mahmud | 08 September 2020 | 834;
Modelling COVID-19 in the middle of the crisis | Francesco Pinotti | 30 September 2020 | 50;
Food systems in need of change: accepting the challenge to build a better future | Robyn Alders, Fiona Tomley, Dirk Pfeiffer | 15 October 2020 | 89;
Humans and a history of fighting forces unseen | Heather E. Quinlan | 20 October 2020 | 71;
Protein, pandemics and why the world needs to look beyond preparedness | Stuart Reid | 05 November 2020 | 238;
Why gender is key for the future of chicken meat and eggs | Clarisse Ingabire | 18 January 2021 | NA;
Poultry vaccine development and the importance of inno | Michael Francis | 21 January 2021 | NA;
Why we need to speak to the traders in the Wuhan wet market, not shut them down | Tony Barnett, Guillaume Fournié | 02 February 2021 | NA;
Pause, affirm, challenge | Fiona Tomley | 11 February 2021 | NA;
Bird flu resurfaces in India | Haidaruliman Paleja | 23 February 2021 | NA;
The future of poultry | Mario Herrero | 01 March 2021 | NA;
Owning up: how can countries truly own efforts to tackle AMR | Vikas Aggarwal | 09 March 2021 | NA;

All individual blog posts are available via the URL submitted with this entry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/latest-news/blog/
 
Description British Council - Higher Education Partnership funded workshop exploring practices in poultry production, rearing and health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A workshop was organised with support from the British Council - Higher Education Partnership to explore current practices in poultry production, rearing and health. the meeting included ~25 representatives from industry, government, veterinary and academic sectors. the workshop was wide ranging, but included aspects of coccidiosis, microbiomes and risks to public through pathogens such as avian influenza and foodborne zoonoses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description British Veterinary Poultry Association presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Postdoctoral scientist working on the One Health Poultry Hub presented microbiome data generated in project BB/L00478X/1, analysed in the OH Poultry Hub. Discussed the impact of antimicrobials on gut health, microbiome communities and wider aspects of production. Presented to ~100 veterinary and other delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Building a resilient biomedical disaster response: learning from the COVID19 pandemic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Indian Council of Medical Research organised a special technical session during the Word Congress on Disaster Management. Three of our Hub investigators were invited to make presentations. Prof Fiona Tomley, Hub Director presented 'One Health and reduction of public health risks from poultry'; Prof Rajib Dasgupta presented 'What does it take to make a multi-sectoral partnership work?' ; Prof Robyn Alders presented 'Decreased zoonotic disease, increased food safety: the multiple benefits of a One Health approach to Public Health Emergency Preparedness'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/hub-participates-in-world-congress-on-disaster-management/
 
Description Building awareness of zoonotic disease among chicken retailers and butchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A two day training programme was organised by the Hub social sciences team in Chennai for local chicken retailers and butchers. It covered simple biosecurity practices to reduce zoonotic diseases, with talks, demonstrations, videos and field visits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/hub-builds-zoonotic-disease-awareness-among-chennai-chicken-re...
 
Description CONTROLLING AVIAN INFLUENZA TRANSMISSION THROUGH LIVE POULTRY TRADING NETWORKS IN BANGLADESH- AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ''Controlling avian influenza transmission through poultry production distribution networks in Bangladesh" was published in the proceedings of the Indian conference 2019. Prof MA Hoque was supposed to give a talk but was not able to attend. PDF copy of the proceeding of Indian conference is available (Indian conference on Current Scenario and Future Strategies of Disease Control for Augmenting Livestock and Poultry Productivity Under Changing Climatic Conditions)

The same topic was presented at CVASU International Scientific Conference on 19-20 October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.basu.org.in/international-conference-on-current-scenario-and-future-strategies-of-diseas...
 
Description COVID-19 Impact and options for strengthening poultry sector resilience and rebuilding consumer confidence 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact First in a series of three tailored stakeholder events to disseminate and discuss findings from research carried out by the Hub team into the impact of COVID-19 on poultry production. Each meeting concludes with a summary of key challenges, lessons learnt and next steps. Outcomes from this series of three events will be used to develop policy recommendations to improve resilience of the poultry industry in Bangladesh to protect against future shocks. Participants (many belonging to the Hub National Advisory Group) include senior figures from the Department of Livestock Sciences, Bangladesh Food Safety Authority, FAO, Chatham House, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, One Health Bangladesh, CVASU, IEDCR, several representatives of the commercial poultry industry, the media, and other independent livestock specialists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/publications/covid-19-impact-and-options-for-strengthening-poultry-...
 
Description COVID-19 and the future for Bangladesh's poultry sector 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article by Hub member Rashed Mahmud in the Daily Peoples Times, Bangladesh (online)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.dailypeoplestime.com/details.php?id=716
 
Description COVID-19 disrupts Bangladesh's poultry sector 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub partner Dr Rashed Mahmud published an article in Poultry World which discusses the serious impact that the COVID-19 crisis has had on the poultry sector in Bangladesh. Poultry world is a digital magazine published by Misset International and a staple read of the global poultry production industry
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/covid-19-disrupts-bangladeshs-poultry-sector/
 
Description COVID-19: Molecular Biology Tools for Tracking and Tackling Pandemic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Government Science College, Gandhinagar (Gujarat) orgainsed an event ''Man Vs Microbe: The story of COVID 19'' where Madhvi Joshi (Hub investigator) gave a talk on GBRC's lab facility.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description COVID19 Genomics in GBRC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Madhvi Joshi gave a presentation on ''Covid19 Genomics in GBRC'' at One Health Poultry Hub Mini Conference 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Call to Action on the use of Community Engagement approaches to tackle AMR 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The GCRF Cluster project 'CE4AMR' of which the One Health Poultry Hub is a member, launched a call to action in November 2021 which was generated by the findings of the 12 month project. It identifies 8 key areas for action: 1) Optimise use of antimicrobials in humans and animals 2) Develop new drugs, diagnostics, vaccines 3) Increase public engagement with AMR 4) understand AMR in the environment 5) Reduce and prevent infections in humans and animals 6) optimise AMR surveillance, data management and dissemination 7) Increase financial investment in AMR-related activities 8) Establish strong AMR governance. The call underscores the utility of community engagement approaches for operations and activities across these key areas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://ce4amr.leeds.ac.uk/news/call-to-action/
 
Description Characterization of Chicken Cecal Microbiota and their AMR gene profile 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An e-poster presentation during the online World Microbe Forum international conference 20-24th June 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Chatham House Round Table Meeting: Policy and public expenditure opportunities to support implementation of BMGF livestock and aquaculture strategy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Six Hub representatives from Bangladesh and the UK attended as organisers, presenters, discussants and observers. The meeting discussed existing policy and guidelines in animal health, public health and fish and their gaps.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Chickens & eggs: The GCRF One Health Poultry Hub approach to tackling AMR 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Fiona Tomley was invited to give a webinar to the LSHTM AMR Centre
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/newsevents/events/chickens-and-eggs-global-challenges-research-fund-one-heal...
 
Description Compartmentalization as Tool for ASF Risk Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave an invited talk at the 10th Leman China Swine Conference & 2021 World Swine Industry Expo, October 20-22, 2021, Chongqing, China. (pre-recorded and translated into Chinese.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Compartmentalization as Tool for ASF Risk Management" as Tool for ASF Risk Management" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave an Invited talk to Beijing Veterinary Group, Nov 10, 2021 (via video-conference).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Connecting science with policy under a One Health paradigm 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave an Invited talk at UK-International Coronavirus Network Launch Meeting - November 5, 2021 (via video-conference).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Consultation about potential contribution of social science to the response to COVID-19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gerald Bloom participated in a consultative meeting organised at the Wellcome Foundation on the potential contribution of social science to preparedness and response to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultation on future strategies by WWF 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact I was asked to advice WWF on their future strategy that incorporates One Health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Consultative workshop for developing the course curriculum of Field Epidemiology Training Programme for Veterinarians (FETPV) in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation by Bangladeshi Hub partners in the development of this Masters level training programme; inputs, discussion and facilitation by UK and Australian Hub partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://emphnet.net/?news=international-consultation-meeting-held-for-fetp-v-curriculum-development-i...
 
Description Contribution to Hub website and facebook pages 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Information on poultry production, COVID impacts on poultry production as well as the field trips of the Hub team in Vietnam have been updated on the Hub website and posted on hub facebook pages. This activities aims to support the Hub communications team to bring the information of Vietnam to readers on the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.facebook.com/people/One-Health-Poultry-Hub-Vietnam/100069422940405/
 
Description Controlling and monitoring Avian Influenza in poultry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Engagement with veterinarian and farmers involved in poultry production. The discussion focused was new strategies (vaccines and diagnostics) for reducing the the impacts of high pathogenicity of avian influenza viruses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2023
 
Description Could Bird Flu become a pandemic? (Aljazeera TV) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The discussion ( Inside Story) has been impacts of high pathogenicity avian influenza on poultry and whether bird flu become a pandemic?. The inside story was presented by Al Jazeera English corresponded "Mohammed Jamjoom" the discussion focus remains as the world is experiencing its largest recorded outbreak of bird flu, populations of poultry and wild birds are becoming infected. So what are threats of these viruses on food supplies, economy and public health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2023
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spp2Cg-jqoc
 
Description Course completion certificate- MVSc thesis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A pilot study on the impact of antimicrobial use on the chicken microbiome provided opportunity for post graduate students to participate in research for their Masters' projects. This supported capacity building for research, study design and analysis of 16s RNA metagenomics data. as part of student training in Animal genetics and Breeding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Determinants of antigenicity of H9 Avian Influenza Viruses. UK-China Swine and Poultry Workshop.17-18 June 2019, The Pirbright Institute, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk and the discussion on the improvement of disease control systems (vaccines and diagnostics) to prevent avian influenza viruses infection in poultry and zoonotic infections in humans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Developing community-Led solutions to Antimicrobial Resistance: Building a One Health approach in Low and Middle income countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One Health Poultry Hub leads: Professor Fiona Tomley, Royal Veterinary College, London; Professor Rajib Dasgupta, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi organised a stakeholder meeting to discuss options for community engagement for a One Health approach to tackle AMR in India. Participants were drawn from multiple disciplines and different policy sectors

Discussion points:
1) Explore the scope and role of community engagement for AMR-related challenges.
2) Discuss the relevance of One Health approaches for AMR.
3) Understand existing gaps in the current understanding of AMR and how a One
Health approach and Community-led solutions may enrich.
4) Facilitate communication and research possibilities between specialists across
different streams (AMR, One Health and Community Engagement).
5) Explore the application of successful models of Community Engagement that have
been used in other initiatives.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Developing novel multivalent vaccines for poultry viral diseases 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A talk entitled "Developing novel multivalent vaccines for poultry viral diseases" was presented to post-graduate students from Univerity of Oxford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Diagnostics for optimal use of antibiotics, India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub investigator Prof Rajib Dasgupta from JNU was invited to participate in the 3rd brainstorming on diagnostics for optimal use of antibiotics; this was organised by the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) and Indian Council of Medical Research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Disease jumping from animals to humans is not new - 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub member Naomi Marks co-authored an opinion piece in The Telegraph on emerging zoonoses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/science-and-disease/diseases-jumping-animals-humans-not-ne...
 
Description Dissecting Campylobacter-Eimeria co-infections to understand pathogen dynamics and develop a model for future poultry studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Psifidi was invited to present, online in 2021, at the poultry workshop of Plant and Animal Genome Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Dr Joerg henning introduces the Hub on Radio 4ZZZ 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub co-investigator Dr Joerg Henning from University of Queensland was interviewed by 4zzz Radio's 'Brisbane Line' show. He explains the concept of the Hub, the work that we will be doing, and the role of the UQ partners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/dr-joerg-henning-introduces-the-hub-on-radio-4zzz/
 
Description EPT2 avian influenza multi-country study final review 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project co-investigators (Mohammad Giasuddin, Guillaume Fournié, Joerg Henning) were invited to present the results of the BALZAC project, and to provide inputs into the analysis of a multi-countrly USAID-funded project outputs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Emerging Eimeria species and chicken genetics in Africa, University of Kwazulu-Natal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact ~75 students and staff attended an invited plenary presentation at the University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. Discussed project outcomes and follow up regarding student projects and possible project supervision. Dissemination of results to a wider community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Emerging strategies in Antimicrobial Agents and Bio Innovations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Center of Professional Developments arranged conference on 'Emerging strategies in Antimicrobial Agents and Bio Innovations'. Madhvi Joshi (Hub Co-investigators) presented a keynote presentation on 'AMR: Fighting and Resistance with Resilience'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Enteric parasites and microbiomes of poultry- 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact It was an invited keynote presentation at 16th International Scientific Conference (ISCon XVI), Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Chittagong, Bangladesh, 19th-20th October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Equitable access, Vaccines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Rajib Dasgupta made a presentation to an India-Africa workshop on COVID-19 learnings organised by the International AIDS vaccine institute; the presentation was entitled 'Equitable access - vaccine hesitancy and uptake: Product development and access for preventing HIV and other infections: leveraging lessons from COVID-19
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Exploring drivers of change in Antimicrobial usage through participatory method 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Exploring the Stakeholders mapping analysis, influence in the change of AMU behaviors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description First One Health Poultry Hub annual conference, Gujarat, India, 10-14 February 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This first Hub conference brought together approximately 90 Hub participants from 10 countries and 25 partner institutions. It consisted of a 5-day programme which included a mix of plenary presentations, workshops, training events, applied work planning meetings and social and networking events. In addition, meetings of the Executive Board and External Advisory Board were convened. The content focused on biological sampling, social science applications, laboratory analytic work, impact, communications and engagement (ICE) and development of Hub values and interdisciplinary working. A number of senior political and diplomatic dignitaries were invited to the opening session, including the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Government of Gujarat; Secretary, Animal Husbandry, Government of Gujarat; Advisor, DBT, Government of India; Director, Animal Husbandry; Vice-Chancellor, Anand Agricultural University; Vice-Chancellor, Kamdhenu University; and the British Deputy High Commisioner to India. The conference was highly successful in showcasing and discussing work performed to date; providing applied support and training; discussing topics related to coordination, management and work planning; and developing and strengthening a Hub team spirit and a set of shared values. This has directly contributed to catalysing activities and more effective working across the Hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Four broadcasts by Professor Dirk Pfeiffer given in German to national media (Deutschlandfunk, SWR, Das Erste, Bayern 2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Four broadcasts on the COVID-19 crisis. Links here to three of these
https://ondemand-mp3.dradio.de/file/dradio/2020/02/14/hongkong_ein_epidemiologe_zu_lehren_aus_der_dlf_20200214_0621_e3d0a300.mp3
https://www.swr.de/swr2/wissen/coronavirus-tiermaerkte-sind-brutstaetten-fuer-viren-100.html
https://www.daserste.de/information/wissen-kultur/w-wie-wissen/krisenmangement-was-lehrt-uns-die-coronakrise-100.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Fournié G and Barnett T, presentations on interdisciplinary research - EEID international partnership workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop "Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases International Partnership: Lessons Learned and Forward Look ", supported by UKRI - Guillaume Fournié and Tony Barnett shared lessons learned about interdisciplinary working through the BALZAC project, and presented the Hub objectives and research programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Genetic engineering speeds up poultry vaccine development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Researchers report the rapid generation of a bivalent vaccine against Marek's disease and avian influenza

Scientists at The Pirbright Institute have used genetic engineering to develop a vaccine that protects birds against both Marek's disease and avian influenza. They say the process is faster and more efficient compared to previous methods, which will allow poultry vaccine producers to rapidly update vaccine strains in order to keep up with virus evolution.

In a study published in the journal Vaccines, the team used the gene editing tool CRISPR/Cas9 to insert an avian influenza gene into the turkey herpesvirus (HVT) that is used in Marek's disease vaccines. The gene codes for haemagglutinin (HA), an influenza protein that is key for virus entry into host cells and is therefore an important target of the host immune response to block infection.

"HVT is already widely used in vaccines against Marek's disease and can be administered to eggs, enabling automated delivery and providing birds with protection from the day they hatch. The additional HA gene we have incorporated will be expressed by HVT when it replicates in host cells, meaning that a single dose of vaccine induces immunity against both viruses", explained Professor Munir Iqbal, Head of the Avian Influenza group at Pirbright.

"The genetic engineering process we have developed using CRISPR/Cas9 is far quicker and more efficient than previous technologies, as well as being very consistent and accurate. These attributes are essential for providing fast and reliable vaccine production to protect poultry", Prof Iqbal added.

Mutations can occur with high frequency in HA proteins, enabling influenza viruses to evade immunity generated by vaccines. Using CRISPR/Cas9 to create new vaccines will help tackle evolving viruses by reducing the time it takes manufacturing companies to adapt their vaccine strains to match these mutations, allowing faster responses to outbreaks and providing better protection.

Although this gene editing method is very reliable, a small number of HVT viruses fail to incorporate the HA gene into their own genome effectively. To ensure HA is being expressed in the vaccine, the team exploited the HA protein's ability to bind to molecules on the surface of red blood cells.

Chicken cells infected with the successfully modified HVT virus express HA on their surface which red blood cells attach to, forming a clump that can be visualised using microscopy. This simple test improves the speed at which suitable vaccine candidates can be identified and has a much broader application as it can also be used for other viruses that incorporate proteins which interact with red blood cells.

"Improving how we make vaccines is critical for preventing avian influenza outbreaks. Our work could help reduce the spread of disease between birds and reduce the risk of infection for people who work closely with poultry", Prof Iqbal said. "Now that we have developed a rapid method for generating this modified vaccine, our next steps will be to study the vaccine's effectiveness in field trials."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.cabi.org/vetmedresource/news/66612
 
Description Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre guest lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Guest lecture - Fragment analysis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre guest lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Guest lecture - Next Generation Sequencing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre guest lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Guest lecture - Sequence submission
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Have we got it wrong on Omicron? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Nicola Lewis participated in this BBC Science in Action broadcast. She spoke about concerns about the current risk of bird flu.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/w3ct1l4w
 
Description High pathogenicity avian Influenza (HPAI) H5 in Europe -Epidemiology and Surveillance. Presented via Webinar, organized by Boehringer Ingelheim, 3rd July 2020. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk entitled; High pathogenicity avian Influenza (HPAI) H5 in Europe -Epidemiology and Surveillance. talk was organized by Boehringer Ingelheim, 3rd July 2020 and presented via Webinar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Hipra World Virtual Poultry Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited presentation to an industry symposium, focusing on microbiology and immunology of chickens with relevance to health and welfare.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Host genetics and infectious disease: new insights and tools to control zoonotic disease 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr A Psifidi gave an invited seminar at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description How do Mathematical models advance our understanding of the epidemiology of infectious disease 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Professor Sunetra Gupta invited as keynote speaker at Marie Curie Alumni Annual Conference (Vienna), 'How do mathematical models advance our understanding of the epidemiology of infectious disease?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.mariecuriealumni.eu/2021-conference/agenda
 
Description How the COVID-19 pandemic began 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In this video article published by the Telegraph, Hub investigators Dirk Pfeiffer and David Heymann are interviewed about the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic and the need for One Health approaches to monitoring, surveillance and control of emerging zoonoses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/16/watchhow-covid-19-pandemic-began/
 
Description How virus tracking can help us prevent future pandemics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact UAR interviewed Professor Munir Iqbal, head of the Avian Influenza group at The Pirbright Institute, https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/users/prof-munir-iqbal.

The Pirbright Institute specialises in the research and diagnosis of livestock viral diseases and viruses that spread from animals to humans.

The Institute is part of an international network that tracks viruses and formulates ways to control and prevent outbreaks, such as creating new vaccines and better diagnostics.

While the Covid-19 pandemic grabs the headlines there are other, potentially more deadly viruses, spreading through the animal kingdom, which may have the capacity to infect humans.

Perhaps the most well-known pandemic agent - before Covid-19 - was the flu virus. The 1918 influenza pandemic, caused by an H1N1 virus of avian origin, was the most severe pandemic in recent history, infecting one-third of the world's population and killing at least 50 million worldwide. These viruses evolve, so every year the world is at risk of a new strain of flu. One related virus that caused the 2009 swine flu pandemic killed over 200,000 people worldwide.

Professor Munir Iqbal heads up the Avian Influenza Virus group at The Pirbright Institute. This group is imitating natural selection and evolution of influenza viruses in the lab. They hope to identify how viruses might change - potentially to be more dangerous. By identifying those changes they can make informed decisions about how to create vaccines against these potential new strains.

A new strain, H7N9, emerged in China in February 2013, infecting both poultry and humans. Since then, there have been over 1500 confirmed human infections from this strain with an estimated 40% fatality rate.

By 2017 the Chinese government had, very rapidly for a new vaccine, implemented a mass vaccination programme against H7N9 in poultry. This was accompanied by a striking reduction in human infection from this virus.

At first this seemed to be good news, but it turns out that suboptimal vaccine practices were creating an evolutionary pressure for the virus to change - to escape the effects of vaccination. As the virus evolved it didn't infect human populations so well, but it became more aggressive in the poultry, even if they had been vaccinated. Iqbal explains,

"At The Pirbright Institute, we study how these viruses evolve to persist in poultry and overcome vaccines, and how mutations impact virus virulence, transmission and, pathogenicity. Ultimately this will give us information on bird-to-human transmission and help develop diagnostic tools and vaccines to better fight the virus."

Disease transmission has to be studied in chickens but disease virulence can be quantified using chicken eggs. 14 day-old fertilised eggs are infected with the virus which then replicate. The faster the virus replicates in the embryo, the more virulent the strain.

"The quantity of virus being produced often equates to the aggressiveness of the disease. Very often viral infection depends on the amount of virus that you come in contact with. One particle might not infect animals or humans, but thousands could. In the same way, a smaller amount of virus might be needed to infect poultry compared to humans. We live alongside loads of virus without getting sick until we come across an amount large enough to cause an infection," explains Iqbal.

By imitating the natural selection process in the lab, the researchers identified the specific mutation that allowed the Chinese H7N9 virus to escape vaccine-induced immunity. They were also able to predict the evolution of influenza viruses. Three mutations that were observed in the lab have since been found in the field in 2019.

"These changes can have a huge impact in terms of virus transmission, virus virulence and virus transfusion across species from avian-to-human, avian-to-avian, or even to different mammalian species," adds Iqbal.

Fortunately for us, these three mutations prevent H7N9 viruses from binding to human cells, but increase their binding, replication and stability in chicken cells and embryos. This means that the strains that had evolved around the vaccination posed a lower threat to humans, but an increased risk to poultry. Mass vaccination of poultry against H7N9 strains in China might have been beneficial to humans, driving virus evolution away from a human pandemic, but it also meant that the evolved viruses posed an even greater threat to poultry.

However, this might not be the case for all strains warns Iqbal. Not all mutations that arise due to vaccine induced evolution, push viral strains away from human infection. In the future, other mutations may have human pandemic potential or be even more deadly to poultry.

Influenza viruses are a particular risk, as they infect a huge range of animals and mutate rapidly, which gives them the capacity to jump species and evade the immune system. They are particularly a cause for concern, because they circulate in livestock such as pigs and poultry which regularly come into close contact with humans.

Using a method that can predict how vaccination may change influenza virus characteristics is potentially valuable for making new vaccines against these fast evolving viruses. These predictions could also provide advanced warning of mutations that could increase likelihood of human infection.

Looking out for these viral mutations in the global health surveillance programme can help in the monitoring for potential threats. This might allow us to get ahead of them, by developing and using new vaccines, before new viral variants have a chance to spread and spiral out of control in a new pandemic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/news/research-medical-benefits/how-virus-tracking-can...
 
Description Hub Facebook sites 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Facebook is used across the Hub with four independent country-led One Health Poultry Hub pages. The UK page has 180 followers, India 250, Vietnam 330 and Bangladesh >3500. UK, India and Vietnam pages are mainly used to advertise Hub events (Roadmap series, internal webinars, training courses, conferences) and report on field activities. In Bangladesh, FB live is additionally used as a primary platform for the team to deliver extension training to poultry veterinarians, managers and workers. It is an incredibly active and well used site. For the second half of 2020, the FB sites recorded ~32,000 content clicks, with estimated reach of >60,000.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/PoultryhubBangladesh
 
Description Hub engagement with policy-focused research networks in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Members of the Bangladesh Hub are leading proponents in several  policy-focused research networks. This includes us carrying out research co-funded by the Hub and Fleming Fund on drivers of antimicrobial usage (Hub partners at CVASU with icddr,b); on surveillance and risk analysis of potentially pandemic influenza with co-funding from NIH CEIRR (Hub partners at CVASU, BLRI, IECDR, APHA/RVC) and engagement with the NSAID-funded Strategies to Prevent Spill-over (STOPS) with icddr,b.  All of these are examples of the Hub contributing to and strengthening national capacities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Hub social media in Bangladesh (Facebook) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Posting of different news stories, messages and images related to the Hub project activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://web.facebook.com/One-Health-Poultry-Hub-Bangladesh-110419853683447/?modal=admin_todo_tour
 
Description IDS Blog on China and the future of global governance 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog published on the IDS website on China and the Future of Global Governance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ids.ac.uk/opinions/china-and-the-future-of-global-health-governance/
 
Description Identification of antigenic epitopes to broaden and enhance the efficacy of avian influenza vaccines. Presented at 6th Animal Vaccines and immune Adjuvant Technologies Salon & Advanced seminar, Shandong-Binzhou Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Academy, China, 18-20 October 2019. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk and the discussion was the best practices to improve control systems (vaccines and diagnostics) for prevention of avian influenza viruses infection in poultry and zoonotic infections in humans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Improving Potency of Poultry Vaccines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Research outcomes were presented by Munir iqbal at the 2022 International Animal Husbandry: High quality development of animal health and animal husbandry- Virtual Scientific Conference, on 19-Nov-2022, hosted by Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Improving Potency of Poultry Vaccines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A talk entitled "Improving Potency of Poultry Vaccines" presented by Munir Iqbal to post graduate students at meeting "The 2022 International Animal Husbandry High-Quality Development Conference" on On 19th November 2022 hosted by Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College. More than 300 post graduate and university staff from Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College attended the meeting and discussed the advanced in the strategies to reduce the impacts of avian influenza viruses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Improving Poultry Vaccines, Virtual presentation to staff and postgraduate students at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The overview was presented on the development of next-generation of poultry vaccines. The new vaccine technology selectively targets chicken immune cells and induces faster and stronger immunity against poultry viral diseases. A huge interest in the subject was perceived and everyone was interested in the new technology and eager in suggesting that this vaccine should be taken forward for commercial production and field use.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Improving vaccines and diagnostics for Avian influenza viruses affecting poultry. Presented at the International Poultry Expo "Poultry Science Conference", Lahore, Pakistan, 13-15 September 2019. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk and the discussion was the best practices to improve control systems (vaccines and diagnostics) for prevention of avian influenza viruses infection in poultry and zoonotic infections in humans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Inception workshops of the GCRF UKRI One Health Poultry Hub 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact These inception workshops were held in Sri Lanka (January 2019) and Viet Nam (February 2019). They brought together key personnel from the UK Hub partners, with participants from the Hub partners in the DAC countries and additional stakeholders. The objectives were to present the Hub goals and aims, familiarise participants with key concepts and initiate work planning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Indian consumers support government in making meat safe at wet markets 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hub Investigator Prof Raman Muthusamy gave an interview to AsianAgribiz on 'Indian consumers support government in making meat safe at wet markets'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.asian-agribiz.com/2020/06/09/indian-consumers-support-government-in-making-meat-safe-at-...
 
Description Indian consumers support government in making meat safe at wet markets 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a news article in Asian Agribiz to which Hub investigator Raman Muthusamy was a major source of information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.asian-agribiz.com/2020/06/09/indian-consumers-support-government-in-making-meat-safe-at-...
 
Description Industry working group exploring use of big data in chicken health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Industry working group exploring use of big data in chicken health - focus on gut health including microbiota, Eimeria, and the impact of current and novel vaccines. Resulted in a collaboration agreement with new meetings pending.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Integrating genetic and genomic analyses to enhance health and productivity of indigenous chickens 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr A Psifidi was invited speaker in May 2021 in the on line workshop entitled tropical-poultry-production-research-towards-sustainable-systems/organised by CTLGH (University of Edinburgh).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.ctlgh.org/tropical-poultry-production-research-towards-sustainable-systems/
 
Description Interactions between receptor-binding, immune evasion and glycan shielding. Presented by Joshua Sealy at Biophysics and evolution: improving models to predict influenza vaccine effectiveness) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Influenza viruses have an error-prone polymerase complex that facilitates a mutagenic environment. Antigenic mutants swiftly arise from this environment with the capacity to persist in both humans and economically important livestock even in the face of vaccination. Furthermore, influenza viruses can adjust the antigenicity of the haemagglutinin (HA) protein, the primary influenza immunogen, using one of four molecular mechanisms. Two prominent mechanisms are: (1) enhancing binding avidity of HA toward cellular receptors to outcompete antibody binding and (2) amino acid substitutions that introduce an N-linked glycan on HA that sterically block antibody binding. In this paper, we investigate the impact that adsorptive mutation and N-linked glycosylation have on receptor-binding phenotype, virus replicative fitness and antigenicity. We show that in the context of adsorptive mutation that N-linked glycosylation can mitigate virus attenuation. We show that in the absence of adsorptive mutation, N-linked glycosylation can attenuate virus this indicating a cooperative role between adsorptive mutation and N-linked glycosylation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.physicsoflife.org.uk/biophysics-and-evolution.html
 
Description Interview on precarity of informal jobs in the time of COVID-19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I was interviewed by BBC to talk about the precarious nature of jobs in informal and gig economies across the world. The journalist was writing a piece on an Uber driver from India who died from COVID-19 in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-52413431
 
Description Interview to Times Now media channel on COVID-19 and to The Hindu (e-paper) on COVID-19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr. Rajib Dasgupta gave interviews to Times Now and The Hindu on Covid19, links below.
https://www.facebook.com/Timesnow/videos/netasmockomicron-rajib-dasgupta-member-national-task-force-shares-his-perspectiv/352218669656971/
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/schools-will-need-to-put-a-slew-of-preventive-measures-before-opening-says-expert/article38375686.ece
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.facebook.com/Timesnow/videos/netasmockomicron-rajib-dasgupta-member-national-task-force-...
 
Description Interview with Prof Dirk Pfeiffer The Telegraph UK broadcast on their website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One of several broadcast interviews with Professor Pfeiffer on COVID-19; this one focused on how the pandemic began in China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/04/16/watchhow-covid-19-pandemic-began/
 
Description Investigating antigenic determinants inducing stronger and broader cross-protective immunity among H5 avian influenza viruses. Presented by Rebecca Daines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The global poultry industry is under immense strain to meet the demand for food for our ever-increasing population. This forces the need for larger poultry flocks, often with unsatisfactory disease control protocols, providing the perfect scenario for disease spread, in particular avian influenza virus (AIV). The epidemiology of AIV consistently evolves by mutation and re-assortment, encouraging the emergence of new subtypes with the ability to escape current vaccine-induced immune responses. These new subtypes can cause a significant threat to both animal and human health. The most recent report from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) between 2013 and 2018 reported 68 countries and territories affected by highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in domestic birds with estimated losses of 122 million birds due to illness or cull. The current circulating subtypes to be of a global public health concern are the H5 and H7 AIV subtypes, having demonstrated the ability to develop zoonotic potential, often driven by the increasing human activities involved to meet resource demand.
Current precautionary control methods predominantly focus on biosecurity and vaccination developed from local circulating strains. Vaccination utilises the strain specific structure of the viral surface proteins, haemagglutinin and neuraminidase, the target of the immune response and also the site of viral binding, to elicit the production of specific antibodies. However, due to constant mutation and reassortment, new strains emerge which are no longer fully-neutralised by the antibodies induced from vaccination as the structure of the antigenic sites of surface proteins are no longer complimentary. The acquired evolutionary mutations can also contribute in enhancing viral fitness, transmissibility and/or host range.

We are investigating the antigenic determinants of the H5 subtypes of AIV to allow a deeper understanding of the pattern of mutations and consequential fitness costs of the viruses which escape from vaccine-induced antibody immune pressure. From the results of this analysis, a recombinant AIV with the haemagglutinin of known sequence can induce an immune response that provides a broader cross-protective immunity to different antigenic divergent strains/clades of H5 AIV. A broader cross-reactive vaccine will impact the poultry industry socio-economically in respect of potentially preventing morbidity and/or mortality of domestic poultry from the H5 AIV infection,

The ultimate aim of our research is for the findings to be put forward as a potential global vaccine candidate and evaluated for its efficacy. To facilitate a wider dissemination and awareness of this project, the findings will be published in relevant veterinary journals and where possible, higher impact journals. Utilising our collaborators in the UK, Pakistan, Vietnam, Egypt and Bangladesh, stakeholders and global corporations such as OIE, World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the improved vaccine would be integrated into endemic countries, primarily targeting those already using vaccination as a method of AIV control in poultry. If the vaccine is successfully integrated into the AIV policy for global control, it will reduce the virus prevalence in the environment, the emergence of antigenically distinct strains, thus minimising the risk of zoonotic transmission and emergence of novel AIV strains with pandemic potential.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Investigating avian influenza antigenic evolution and improving potency of poultry vaccines (Internal seminar) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk presented describing how the genetic evolution of avian influenza viruses can result in vaccine failure and how we developed approaches that improve the effectiveness of poultry vaccines to reduce the economic loss in poultry.

We describe our research data H5 subtype of avian influenza viruses are evolving rapidly and being classified into different clades. These viruses carry significant antigenic heterogeneity and a single candidate vaccine may not be able to protect against the virus variants infecting poultry in different countries around the globe. Our data will allow for the generation of vaccines that are better strain-matched, thus reducing the impact of AIVs in the poultry industry.

We also present our work on the development of next-generation poultry vaccines termed "Targeted Antigen Delivery Vaccine (TADV)" that selectively deliver vaccine antigens to the chicken immune cells known as Antigen-presenting cells and potentiates immunogenicity of the vaccine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Invited talk to present at the Intervention Measures Across the Poultry Production Chain Workshop in the CHRO 2019 conference in Belfast 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In the CHRO conference I presented an invited by EFSA talk entitled: "Genomic, transcriptomic and 16S sequencing characterisation of host resistance to Campylobacter colonisation in chickens". In this presentation I had the chance to present the power of genomic selection in poultry as a strategy to improve Campylobacteriosis control. I also had the chance to present the work that we plan to do in the One Health Poultry Hub in relation to Campylobacter in order to reduce the emergence of a zoonotic outbreak.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk at the animal genomics and adaptability to climate changes workshop, at Plant and Animal Genome (PAG) XXVIII Conference in San Diego, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk was entitled: "Poultry Genomic Projects in Low and Middle Income Countries". Many researchers working in LMICs countries participated in this workshop where I presented what are the objectives and the approaches with a focus on host genomics that we are going to implement in the One Health Poultry Hub. Following the presentation there were discussions regarding collaborations between different projects for a bigger outcome.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited talk at the poultry workshop, at Plant and Animal Genome (PAG) XXVIII Conference in San Diego, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The title of the invited presentation was: "Integrating genetics and "omics" data to dissect chicken resistance to infectious disease in Low and Middle Income Countries". In this presentation I presented the overall goals and activities of the One Health Poultry Hub. This presentation sparked questions and discussion afterwards, attracted interest for other researchers working with poultry across the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited Plenary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub investigator Ayona Silva-Fletcher gave an invited plenary for veterinary educators in Brazil on 'Developing online teaching and assessment for veterinary undergraduate students'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited panellist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub investigator Ayona Silva-Fletcher was an invited panelist and gave a presentation on 'Student engagement in online teaching and learning' at 'The future of social, creative and experiential digital learning' online conference, University of London and Paris campus
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited plenary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub investigator Ayona Silva-Fletcher delivered a plenary on 'Pedagogy for online and blended learning' at 'How digital is transforming education' mini-conferences at King's College London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited presentation at the British Veterinary Poultry Association (BVPA) Spring Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation "Manipulating the chicken microbiome for good" by Dr Melanie Hay to the British Veterinary Poultry Association (BVPA) Spring Meeting. Approximately 90 BVPA members and invited practitioners + policy makers attended. The talk was followed by questions and discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Invited seminar at The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh entitled: : "Integrating genetics and omics data to dissect host resistance to disease". 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented in this scientific seminar the different research projects I am currently involved in with an emphasis on the work we are doing in the "One Health Poultry Hub" and the "Aetiopathogenesis and genomic architecture of resistance to claw horn disruption lesions in dairy cattle" project. This was a well attended seminar, with lots of questions and discussion afterwards. Interest expressed for future collaborative work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited speaker (Nicola Lewis, APHA / RVC) at the Fifth EMARIS meeting, and the Second Scienti?c Conf. on Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in the East Mediterranean Region 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker under the thematic area of "Influenza at the human-animal interface". Presentation title was: "Lessons learnt from influenza surveillance in animals and implications on human health"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk (Nicola Lewis, APHA / RVC) on South Asia Live Bird Markets (LBMs) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk for Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (IPC) in collaboration with the Consortium of Animal Market Networks to Assess Risk of Emerging Infectious Diseases through Enhanced Surveillance (CANARIES), at a workshop in Phnom Penh from June 12th-14th, 2019, is sponsored by the UK Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) and the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Cooperative Threat Reduction, Biological Threat Reduction Program (BTRP)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Is factory farming to blame for coronavirus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article in the Guardian explores industrial food production as a potential source of future pandemics. Hub investigator Marius Gilbert is interviewed about the risks of emergence of new strains of avian influenza
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/28/is-factory-farming-to-blame-for-coronavirus
 
Description It's a bird's world: viruses and infection 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub investigator Prof Nicola Lewis contributed to 'The Compass' a BBSRC World service series covering global affairs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3ct3fnk
 
Description Joint stakeholders' workshop on AMR implementation action plan in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation of Dr. Md. Abdus Samad (Bangladesh Liverstock Research Institute, Hub member) as discussant on implementations of national action plan of AMR by USAID on 4 February.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Key Informant Interview workshop, India 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The purpose of this workshop, which included participants from the three Hub sites in India, was to help people to understand the principle and practice of key informant interviewing, through a range of experiential, hands on methods, studio-based exercises and simulations, field visits and review sessions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://rvcac-my.sharepoint.com/:w:/g/personal/dvink_rvc_ac_uk/EX74D_GIi3JCi2z8VxZRKvoBJHw6ZdCgLfOg2...
 
Description Keynote Address to Newton Fund Swine and Poultry Initiative Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Fiona Tomley was asked to give a keynote presentation on the One Health Poultry Hub to the interim project workshop of the UK-China-Philippines-Thailand Swine and Poultry Research Initiative
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Keynote presentation on the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub to interim project workshop of the UK-China-Philippines-Thailand Swine and Poultry Research Initiative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This was a BBSRC-run project workshop with researchers and funders from UK and SE Asia, all of whom have a professional interest in pig and poultry disease research. The keynote presentation stimulated interest from participants in the broad concepts of our interdisciplinary research and impact framework
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Keynote talk COMSTECH One Health online event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Fiona Tomley gave a keynote presentation about the One Health Poultry Hub to a One Health webinar organised by COMSTECH (Organisation of Islamic Co-operation Ministerial on Scientific and Technological Cooperation)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R5hcyi9YCsI
 
Description Latest Pirbright collaboration uncovers genetic markers that could guide avian influenza surveillance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research outputs were mass comminated for the general public via a news story. This was published online at the Pirbright Institute webpage and One Health Poultry Health webpage and distributed wildly on social media including Facebook, Twitter, In Share.

Researchers at The Pirbright Institute have identified the genetic markers on avian influenza ('bird flu') viruses that could help the viruses to jump the species barrier and cause disease in people, in collaboration with other members of the One Health Poultry Hub.

Co-investigators Professor Munir Iqbal and Dr Joshua Sealy worked with scientists at Imperial College London, the University of Glasgow and The Francis Crick Institute, to show how the genetic traits of avian influenza H9N2 viruses influence their preference for infecting bird or human cells.

The paper detailing their findings, 'Genetic determinants of receptor-binding preference and zoonotic potential of H9N2 avian influenza viruses' is published in the Journal of Virology.

The research identifies genetic traits that alter a key H9N2 viral protein, called haemagglutinin, that makes it easier for the virus to recognise and bind to different cell receptors. This is the first step of viral infection, and the general inability of avian influenza viruses to effectively bind to human receptors is a major reason why they do not, in general, jump the species barrier to people.

However, given that human infections with H9N2 have been detected on an almost monthly basis since 2015, there may be a capacity for these viruses to evolve and gain the ability to efficiently target cellular receptors in people.

This latest discovery reveals which haemagglutinin properties of existing H9N2 strains allow them to bind to human receptors more effectively. These included small genetic differences as well as the overall structure and charge of the haemagglutinin protein. These findings will help guide future avian influenza surveillance by providing the genetic markers that signify the emergence of viruses with the potential to transmit to people.

There have been more than 60 cases recorded of people infected with H9N2 influenza viruses to date in 2020, all in countries where the virus is endemic. However, these viruses have not adapted to spread efficiently from person to person, a key element of a virus that has the potential to cause a pandemic.

Professor Iqbal and his team at Pirbright have previously described H9N2 viruses which showed a preference for human-like receptors.

Professor Iqbal said: "Understanding more about which traits increase the likelihood of H9N2 viruses jumping into humans help to identify viruses that could pose a future threat. Keeping an eye on viruses with these traits can help us to be prepared in the event that one of them evolves to pass between people rather than only from birds to humans."



This research was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) the Medical Research Council (MRC) both part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/news/2021/01/latest-pirbright-collaboration-uncovers-genetic-markers-cou...
 
Description Leaflet on AMR awareness (in local language) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To tackle the issue of AMR, public awareness and education are needed. A pamphlet was prepared on AMR and circulated widely among poultry farmers and traders in Gujarat and posted on social media to give wide publicity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/antimicrobial-resistance-research-and-impact-work-focus-on-ana...
 
Description Leaflet on footbaths for biosecurity (in local language) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This is very important for biosecurity on poultry farms as it prevents entry of pathogens and helps protect farms from disease. The pamphlet helped to create awareness and educate farmers in a very simple approach for biosecurity that they can afford. The pamphlet was circulated widely among poultry farmers in Gujarat and posted on social media to give wide publicity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Lightening Talk: Global perspective on AMR and One Health approach - Animal Health. To a meeting on AMR: country led solutions to the global concern, Kathmandu, Nepal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was part of the three day meeting on antimicrobial resistance, community engagement, global health and the arts/humanites, organised in Nepal by two GCRF-funded projects at the University of Leeds. On day One, the local organiser from Herd International brought together researchers across a number of relevant GCRF projects operating in Africa and Asia with Nepalese NGOs and government ministers to highlight potential policy-interventions. The following two days were focussed on practical approaches to community engagement, sharing best practice, and identifying potential synergies for future collaborations. A few months later, six of the projects (including ours) worked together to develop a proposal for the GCRF Challenge Cluster call, which we have just heard is recommended for funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Linking science with policy in infectious disease control and prevention. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer presented an invited paper at Workshop for Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society theme issue on "Data Science Approaches to Infectious Disease Surveillance". July 10, 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Live streaming inaugural session of first Hub conference, 10 February 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Publicity of First Annual Hub Conference organized during 10-14 February, 2020 at Ahmedabad. A total of 1811 viewer was reached.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.facebook.com/poultryhubINDIA/
 
Description MVSc student engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A pilot study on AMR provided an golden opportunity for the post graduate students working in the field to take up part of the research as the thesis work. This has effectively help to train students and in capacity building, quality of research and benefited academician, researchers and hub research staff. A student and research staff learn the research design, data recording and analysis of the AMR Ampliseq data analysis. A post graduate student earned Master degree in the discipline of the Veterinary Microbiology working on the part of the theme of pilot project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Magazine and newspaper articles on COVID 19 India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub investigator Prof Rajib Dasgupta authored a series of articles on COVID-19

Covid again: As G20 chair, India must lead the fight against virus resurgence. Opinion piece in Indian Express
Free Diagnostic Tests| Delhi must ensure tests leads to appropriate treatment. Opinion piece in Moneycontrol
Handling the contemporary twin challenges of Covid-19. Opinion piece in Deccan Herald
Making sense of the ongoing monkeypox outbreak. Opinion piece in Deccan Herald
The Covid spectre again. Opinion piece in Indian Express
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Manual on poultry rearing and trading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A handy manual (in Bengali) based on training sessions delivered to poultry farmers during 2020/21 was prepared, printed, and distributed to stakeholders (poultry farmers, traders etc) when Hub researchers were conducting field studies (biological sampling and social science). A total of 270 copies of the manual have been distributed so far. The benefits are several: 1. Sharing Hub research findings to poultry farmers, traders and field veterinarians who are participating in our studies 2. Building stakeholder capacity to access and understand a scientific evidence-based manual prepared by the Hub Bangladesh team. 3. Spreading knowledge about all relevant aspects of the poultry Industry to additional stakeholders in the local areas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Many broadcasts on COVID 19 India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact During 2022, Hub investigator Prof Rajib Dasgupta from JNU, New Delhi was interviewed many times by national and international broadcasters for his views on COVID-19, uptake of vaccines, and concerns about COVID surges in China.

Arogya Bharat: Dilemma in Taking Booster Dose interview with Doordarshan
Bharat Biotech's nasal vaccine 'iNCOVACC' gets government approval: Why is it a BIG boost. Interview with Times Now
China Covid Crisis Interview with CNN News 18
China COVID Explosion: Global Mayhem In The Making? Interview with CNN News 18
COVID 'message' for BharatJodo: Precaution or politics? Interview with CNN News 18
Covid Surge In China, Alert In India: Time To Mask Up Again? Left Right and Centre Interview with NDTV
COVID Surge in China. Interview with CNN News 18
COVID-19 Special: Pandemic Heroes Interview with DW News, Berlin
Global alarm grows over China's Covid surge. Interview with France 24
Historic Vaccination Feat: 2 Billion+ Doses Administered Interview with Times Now
India Achieves 200 Crore Jabs Landmark, Interview with Mirror Now
India Back on COVID Alert Interview with CNN News 18
India Masks Up Again Interview with CNN News 18
India Masks Up To Fight COVID-19 | Does the Nation Need To Worry? Interview with Times Now
India Prepare Amid COVID Surge in China Interview with Mirror Now
India Ups Guard Against COVID. Interview with Times Now
Monkeypox's entry into India are we staring at another deadly disease. Interview with Times Now
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Meeting held in UK for DAC Hub National Coordinators and Research Managers (July 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This organised to build on the previous Hub inception meetings (Sri Lanka, January 2019 and Vietnam, February 2019). It involved the active participation of Hub-wide managerial teams (National Coordinators and Research Managers), plus a number of invited strategic experts. The meeting strategically overlapped with a similar one hosted by the London International Development Centre (LIDC), which leads the Action against Stunting Hub. The objectives of the meeting were: 1) To strengthen partnerships between the participating institutions. 2) To explore how we can best plan for impact to ensure the Hub's overall vision becomes a reality. 3) To set in place good interdisciplinary working practices, in alignment with One Health principles and culture. 4) To develop protocols and practices for Hub management and operation. A specific expectation of the meeting was to initiate or further advance and develop a country-level impact strategy (founded on a Theory of Change), a monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) framework including log frames, and addressing issues such as identification and mitigation of risks, and development of a fit-for-purpose safeguarding policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://rvcac-my.sharepoint.com/:w:/g/personal/dvink_rvc_ac_uk/ESRl0wslLM1Mo92Tm2O8Gb0BW_sw0eMRll72l...
 
Description Moderator 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hub investigator Patricia Conway moderated a webinar panel discussion on 'The future of food' as part of the NTUitive webinar series run by NTU, Singapore.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Molecular techniques to monitor AMR 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A blended learning training course on molecular techniques to investigate and monitor AMR was codesigned by Hub investigators in India and the UK. The course (6 weeks online with optional extra 2 weeks practical classes) is accredited jointly by AAU and RVC (14 academic credits) and is building a network of researchers with expertise & understanding of molecular diagnostics. In 2021 there were 75 graduates from Asia and Europe and demand is high - >400 applicants for the 2021 places. In 2022, the course will run twice more for 60 participants: we have had 600 applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/applications-open-for-free-amr-molecular-diagnostics-course/
 
Description Multi-stakeholder meeting in Bangladesh, 16 January 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The purposes of this multi-stakeholder meeting under the One Health Poultry Hub Project were to:
• Explore the relative importance of Poultry Production and Distribution Networks (PDNs) and nodes for the risk of (a) emergence, (b) dissemination, (c) persistence and (d) exposure to humans of AIVs, AMR and food borne pathogens of poultry origin;
• Make projections about the relative importance of each PDN in the supply of chicken meat and eggs in the near future;
• Know stakeholders expectations from the hub project;
• Stakeholders view about the most efficient ways for future interactions between the project and stakeholders' group.
A summary of the meeting was produced with key findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description National Advisory Group/ stakeholder workshop India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The National Advisory Group of India held a high-level stakeholder workshop where research outputs and workplans for the One Health Poultry Hub teams in Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Delhi were presented, gaps/opportunities identified and pathways for One Health Policy research identified. Members of the all-India NAG include senior representatives of the Indian Council of Medical Research, National Centre for Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Agriculture, Indian Public Health Association, State Government (Kerala, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu), private companies (poultry/livestock production) and academic researchers in clinical, public and animal health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description National Advisory Group/ stakeholder workshop Vietnam 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A high-level stakeholder workshop was organized to present outputs of the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub research in Vietnam and discuss the findings as well as priorities for partnerships in the future. Around 40 participants included policy makers (cross-goverment sectors), international organizations operating in Vietnam, representatives of the private sector, and Hub researchers. The stakeholders highly appreciated the workshop and concluded that the research findings will support measures for sustainable development of poultry industry in Vietnam.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/stakeholder-meeting-in-vietnam-discusses-future-priorities/
 
Description National Advisory Group/stakeholder workshop Sri Lanka 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A stakeholder conference was organised by One Health Poultry Hub in Kandy to discuss the outputs of mapping three sub-sectors of the national poultry industry. The team shared updates with 60 attendees representing farm, trade, market and slaughterhouse sectors along with the DG from Department of Animl Production and Health, other stakeholders from DAPH as well as the VC of University of Peradeniya, Dean of the faculty of Vet Medicine and Animal Sciences and Hub researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/stakeholder-meeting-in-sri-lanka-discusses-poultry-production-...
 
Description National Advisory Group/stakeholder workshops Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact "Three further workshops of the National Advisory Group were held, comprising senior members of Bangladesh government departments, private companies, international agencies, trade associations and researchers. Hub outputs and Roadmap findings were discussed and how these can inform national One Health research, policy and advocacy in Bangladesh. These ongoing discussions and building of strong relationships across govt sectors are setting the pathway to inform policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description National meet on AMR, superbugs and One Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. Madhvi Joshi gave a talk on " One Health Approach for Managing Healthcare Challenges: Case Studies on COVID-19 and AMR " and Prof. C.G. Joshi gave a talk on
"Importance of One Health Approach in combating AMR.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://btm.gujarat.gov.in/Portal/Document/1_72_1_Report-on-National-Meet-on-AMR.pdf
 
Description Network Program on Antimicrobial Resistance, Superbugs, One Health and State Action Plan for combating AMR 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. Madhvi Joshi presented a talk on "AMR: Fighting Resistance with Resilience, Antimicrobial Resistance-Diagnostic approach, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) In Veterinary Including Poultry
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://btm.gujarat.gov.in/Portal/Document/1_61_1_A-report-on-AMR-meet-1-with-review21092021.pdf
 
Description New rapid protection bird flu vaccine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research outputs were mass comminated for the general public via a news story. This was published online on Poultry world (Poultry World edition 10 of 2021 now online) entitled. New rapid protection bird flu vaccine.

Professor Munir Iqbal, head of the Avian Influenza Virus group at Pirbright Institute, speaks to Poultry World about the potential of an improved poultry influenza vaccine that triggers a rapid immune response that protects chickens against signs of disease and reduces the amount of virus that they could pass on.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://content.yudu.com/web/1r3p1/0A1zifp/PoultryWorld2021-10/html/index.html?origin=reader&page=30
 
Description New rapid protection bird flu vaccine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article published in the magazine "Poultry World) by Freelance journalist Natalie Berkhout describing the development of a new methods have been developed to enhance the immune response that vaccines produce and reduce the amount of virus that birds shed into the environment. One technique involves tagging flu virus proteins with a marker that makes them easier for antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to capture. These immune cells can efficiently process the tagged proteins, resulting in a robust and long-lasting antiviral response in chickens.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.poultryworld.net/health-nutrition/health/new-rapid-protection-bird-flu-vaccine/
 
Description Next-generation poultry vaccines, presented by Munir Iqbal to the The Pirbright Institute Trustee Board and Science Advisory Board meeting on 20th July 2021. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Data was presented to the Pirbright Institute senior management on the development and potency of a new improved vaccine to protect poultry from avian influenza viruses. The new vaccine carries the potential to triggers a rapid immune response that protects chickens against signs of disease and reduces the level of virus that they could pass on, a key element to halting the spread of bird flu through flocks. The vaccine would also be easier and less costly to produce than the traditional flu vaccines made in chicken eggs. This vaccine is now being evaluated for large scale commercial production and deployment in the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/news/2021/07/pirbright%E2%80%99s-new-bird-flu-vaccine-provides-rapid-pro...
 
Description One Health - Ein holistischer Ansatz für eine immer komplexer werdende Welt". Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave an Invited talk at the "One Health - Forschung für die Gesundheit von Mensch, Tier und Umwelt"- event celebrating 111 years since the establishment of the Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Germany, October 11.-12., 2021, Greifswald, Germany (via video conference).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub Towards Safer, Sustainable Pultry Production 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A poster on the work of the Hub team in Sri Lanka was selected for presentation at the Peradeniya University Research Excellence Showcase.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub Vietnam Facebook page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A face book/ fanpage is created to provide information about the Hub's activities of Vietnam team as well as the activities of the OHP Hub. In addition, information about research activities, information about training, conference/workshops, and social events are also attractive to the audience. The information is updated every two weeks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.facebook.com/One-Health-Poultry-Hub-Vietnam-104079431083223
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The One Health Poultry Hub website is the main public-facing source of information on the Hub. It contains information on the Hub structure and governance, our work areas and plans, publications and other resources, etc. News and blog posts provide reflection on different areas of our work. The website also functions as a portal to the Hub intranet as well as the online learning platform (interactive Hub Educational Network or iHEN).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #10: AMR governance: behaviour and blame 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "Are policy and regulatory bodies meeting challenges presented by the global threat of antimicrobial resistance? If not, why not? And who should be responsible for ensuring they do?" Panellists were Dr Vikas Aggarwal, South Asia Regional Lead, Fleming Fund Grants Programme, Mott MacDonald and Professor Anita Kotwani, Head of Pharmacology, VP Chest Institute, University of Delhi. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/governance-behaviour-and-blame/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #11: Food systems: climate change and animal-source food 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "How can we balance the need to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions associated with livestock production with the need for animal-source food to maintain a healthy human diet?" Panellists were Professor Mark Howden, Director of the Climate Change Institute at the Australian National University and Dr Julia de Bruyn, Senior Fellow in Food Systems and Nutrition at the Natural Resrouces Institute, University of Greenwich. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/food-systems-climate-change-and-animal-source-food/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #12: One Health: biosecurity governance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "How can an intersectoral approach to biosecurity contribute to better health and a better economy?" Panellists were Professor Christine Middlemiss, Chief Veterinary Officer of the UK and Dr Mark Schipp, Chief Veterinary Officer of Australia and elected President of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). The session was moderated by Professor Fiona Tomley. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/one-health-biosecurity-governance/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #13: Food Systems: the shifting role of poultry in agriculture and diets 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "How has poultry historically fed into different food systems and what lessons does this offer for the 21st century?" Panellists were Dr Hharati Kulkarni of the National Institute of Nutrition, India and Dr Johanna Wong, researcher with Supporting Evidence-Based Interventions for Livestock (SEBI) at University of Edinburgh. The session was moderated by Professor Fiona Tomley. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/food-systems-the-shifting-role-of-poultry-in-agricultu...
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #14: Food Systems: Local or regional or global 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retrievable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "Does it matter where our food comes from? And what can local cuisines and environments teach us about sustainability and food security?" Panellists were Dr Sagari Ramdas, veterinary scientist at Food Sovereignty Alliance, India and Professor Neil Burgess, chief scientist at UNEP-WCMC and project lead for the GCRF Trade, Development and Environment Hub. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/food-systems-local-or-regional-or-global/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #15: Food system governance: a risky business? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "What role can One Health risk governance play in contributing to food system policy?" Panellists were Professor Meerjady Flora, Additinal Director General of Health Services (planning and development), DG Health Services, Bangaldesh and Professor Ortwin Renn, Scientific Director at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Germany. Professor Dirk Pfeiffer. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/food-system-governance-a-risky-business/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #16: Food system governance: the food, disease, environment nexus. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "How can One Health assist with managing complex questions requiring intersectoral governance?" Panellists were Professor David Heymann of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, distinguished fellow at Chatham House and Dr Victor Mbao, senior program specialist, International Development Research Centre. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #17: Governance:One Health Food systems 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact One in a series of public debates to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each debate involved expert panellists and was publicly accessible with retreivable recordings and resources. The combined outputs will inform a set of Hub briefing papers that propose practical steps towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in our study countries. In this event, panellists discussed the question "What are the key elements of One Health food systems? What are the next steps to achieve this transformation?" Panellists were Dr Namukolo Covic, Senior Research Coordinator at the International Food Policy Research Institute and Professor Alan Dangour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders. Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/governance-one-health-food-systems/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #1: Pandemics: managing uncertainty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The two panellists addressed the question: how can risk assessment and preparedness help prevent the next pandemic? The panellists were Professor Nitish Debnath from the Fleming Fund Bangladesh; and Dr Hayley MacGregor from the Institute of Development Studies. The session was moderated by Professor Dirk Pfeiffer of City University, Hong Kong.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls, resource sharing via a Slack channel and a post-event questionnaire were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 14 October 2020
Registrations: 123
Attendees: 70
Countries represented: 14
Organisations represented: 30
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/pandemics-managing-uncertainty/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #2: Disease and health through a One Health lens 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The two panellists addressed the question: what is disease, why does it happen and how do our perceptions of it shape our approaches to disease prevention and control? The panellists were Dr Osman Dar, Director, Chatham House Global Health Programme's One Health project, UK; and Professor Melissa Leach, Director, Institute of Development Studies, UK. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders, Global Health Programme, Chatham House, UK.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls, resource sharing via a Slack channel and a post-event questionnaire were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 28 October 2020
Registrations: 118
Attendees: 65
Countries represented: 13
Organisations represented: 30
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/upcoming-disease-and-health-through-a-one-health-lens/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #3: Pandemics: past, present and future 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The two panellists discussed how and why pandemics have shaped history, what the legacy of COVID-19 will be and how risk mitigation can prevent future upheavals. The panellists were: Professor Stuart Reid, Principal, Royal Veterinary College, UK; and Ms. Heather Quinlan, author of Plagues, pandemics and viruses, USA. The session was moderated by Professor Fiona Tomley, Director of the UKRI GCRF One Health Poultry Hub, UK.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls, resource sharing via a Slack channel and a post-event questionnaire were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 11 November 2020
Registrations: 275
Attendees: 130
Countries represented: 31
Organisations represented: 69
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/upcoming-pandemics-past-present-and-future/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #4: Poultry production: keeping it safe and healthy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The two panellists discussed how food safety risks differ across poultry production and marketing systems by geography. From the risk of environmental enteropathy disorder in infants in contact with scavenging chickens to campylobacter and salmonella contamination of intensively produced poultry products, there's much to debate. What are the consequences of not managing risk effectively? What risk management strategies are yielding results? The panellists were: Dr. Theo Kanellos, Director, Business Development and Alliances, Zoetis; and Professor Claire Heffernan, Director, London International Development Centre. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders, Global Health Programme, Chatham House, UK.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 25 November 2020
Registrations: 211
Attendees: 119
Countries represented: 35
Organisations represented: 68
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/upcoming-poultry-production-keeping-it-safe-and-health...
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #5: Poultry production: keeping the customer satisfied 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The two panellists discussed how consumers influence chicken breeding, rearing and animal welfare standards, and what role producers can and should have in influencing consumer choice. In a world facing increasingly difficult choices, this panel sought to promote an informed debate on issues including i) poultry production systems that work for vulnerable producers while also contributing to resilient food systems and ii) understanding what makes chickens feel content and safe. The panellists were: Professor Appolinaire Djikeng, Director of the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, University of Edinburgh; and Professor Christine Nicol, Professor of Animal Welfare, RVC. The session was moderated by Fiona Tomley, Director of the UKRI GCRF One Health Poultry Hub, UK.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls, resource sharing via a Slack channel and a post-event questionnaire were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 9 December 2020
Registrations: 164
Attendees: 101
Countries represented: 23
Organisations represented: 59
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/upcoming-poultry-production-keeping-the-customer-satis...
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #6: Poultry production: the gender dimension 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The panellists discussed the role of women and men in raising poultry in a changing world. As production systems intensify, the role and remuneration of women tends to diminish. In countries where game fowl are raised, some men value their birds more than their families. What's really going on? The panellists were: Dr Clarisse Ingabire, livestock specialist at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); and Dr I Made Setiawan, lecturer and researcher in the Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Indonesia. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders, Global Health Programme, Chatham House, UK.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 20 January 2021
Registrations: 158
Attendees: 97
Countries represented: 25
Organisations represented: 47
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/poultry-production-the-gender-dimension/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #7: Poultry production: vaccination challenges 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The panellists discussed why millions of animals continue to die from vaccine preventable diseases and what that means for animal and human welfare. Despite huge advances in veterinary health and vaccine development, in many places, especially in low- and middle-income countries, impacts remain to be felt. What are the implications for animal and human welfare? Are there opportunities for new vaccine development? What are the current unmet needs when it comes to vaccines? The panellists were: Dr Michael Francis, Managing Director of BioVacc Consulting and Board member of the International Veterinary Vaccinology Network (IVVN); and Dr Rebecca Doyle, Senior Lecturer with the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, and Researcher at the Animal Welfare Science Centre, University of Melbourne. The session was moderated by Professor Robyn Alders, Global Health Programme, Chatham House, UK.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls, resource sharing via a Slack channel and a post-event questionnaire were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 3 February 2021
Registrations: 230
Attendees: 127
Countries represented: 32
Organisations represented: 73
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/poultry-production-vaccination-challenges/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #8: Pandemics: Models and their limitations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The panellists discussed the role of infectious disease modelling in COVID-19 and consider why modelling cannot answer all our questions. The discussion explored the relationship between the basic reproduction number R, human behaviour and people's livelihoods. The panellists were: Professor Steve Hinchliffe, Professor in Human Geography, University of Exeter; Professor Gabriel Leung, Helen and Francis Zimmern Professor in Population Health, Chair of Public Health Medicine and Dean at Hong Kong University Medical School. The session was moderated by Professor Dirk Pfeiffer, City University of Hong Kong and Deputy Director of the One Health Poultry Hub.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 17 February 2021
Registrations: 226
Attendees: 135
Countries represented: 36
Organisations represented: 64
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/pandemics-models-and-limitations/
 
Description One Health Poultry Hub: Roadmap Series public discussion #9: Food systems: Prioritising people or poultry? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aims of this series of public debates entitled "Roadmap Series: Discussions for the Future of Poultry, People and Planet" are to identify practical and equitable approaches to health security, food security and food systems that incorporate justice in human, animal, and environmental health. Each of these discussions involve exchanges between invited, expert panellists. Each event is publicly accessible; event recordings and other resources can be retrieved.

The intention is that the combined outputs will inform the development of a set of briefing papers that review, analyse and propose strategic steps to achieve related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The panellists discussed the question: How sustainable can poultry ever be? Who should eat our crops and what is the future for innovation in protein and micronutrient production? The panellists were: Professor Robyn Alders, Senior Consulting Fellow, Global Health Programme, Chatham House, UK; and Professor Mario Herrero, Chief Research Scientist of Agriculture and Food, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia. The session was moderated by Professor Fiona Tomley, of the Royal Veterinary College and Director of the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub.

Moderated discussion via Q&A, polls and resource sharing via a Slack channel were used to encourage audience participation and assess opinions before, during and after the event.

Date of event: 3 March 2021
Registrations: 213
Attendees: 118
Countries represented: 25
Organisations represented: 55
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/event-series/food-systems-prioritising-people-or-poultry/
 
Description One Health Talk Show in TV (Chittagong, Bangladesh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Md. Ahasanul Hoque (Hub member) attended the TV talk show to aware peoples and related stakeholders about importance of one health activities to control zoonotic diseases and food safety.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description One Health capacity building for health security 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote presentation by Prof Nitish Debnath (hub investigator) at 10th One Health Bangladesh Conference in Dhaka, Bangladesh (held on 26-28 November, 2019)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.seaohun.org/single-post/the-10th-one-health-bangladesh-conference
 
Description One Health for a sustainable future 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer gave a Keynote presentation at 4th International Conference on One Health (ICOH4), Universitas Brawijaya, Malang- East Java, Indonesia, Oct 26-27, 2021 (pre-recorded keynote presentation entitled plus 10 min live Q&A)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Online training series-II &III on "Poultry farming and trading" for Poultry farmers, feed dealers, veterinarians, veterinary students and other relevant stakeholders . 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact During 2021 the Bangladesh Hub team continued to deliver very popular online training sessions that were live-streamed via the OHPH Bangladesh Facebook page. Each session involved a wide range of participants and topics covered included poultry health (including principles of disease management and biosecurity), production and trading, with a focus on zoonotic diseases, antimicrobial use and resistance, and their public health relevance. The main objective of the training sessions is to prepare field veterinarians, veterinary faculty and advanced veterinary students to train up poultry farmers and traders on different aspects of poultry rearing and trading.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Opinion piece on cutting UK overseas aid 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hub Director Fiona Tomley and Advisory Board member Matthew Baylis (also Director of the GCRF Horn project) wrote an Opinion piece for the Guardian following the announcement by UK Government of a reduction in the UK Aid budget from 0.7 to 0.5% GNI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/dec/02/cutting-uk-overseas-aid-pandemics-pathogens-zo...
 
Description PPP for prevention, early detection and response ASF. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer participated in a OIE Roundtable about STOP ASF - Public and Private partnering for success.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Panel discussion as part of Animal Dialogue One Health Course 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Dirk Pfeiffer participated in the One Health panel discussion, talking about 'Lessons learnt in disease risk prevention and control from COVID-19'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Panel discussion hosted by WWF International 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Professor Dirk Pfeiffer participated in this panel hosted by WWF International and talked about 'Preventing pandemics and One Health - buidling resilence via better integration of One Health in decision making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Paper given at the World One Health Congress, Online (Edinburgh hosting) 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given on work carried out by Sri Lanka/UK Hub team on 'Antimicrobial resistance patterns of fecal Escherichia coli in wildlife, urban wildlife and livestock in Eastern region of Sri Lanka.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Pirbright Institute research teams studying characteristics of influenza virus that may alter disease outcomes in poultry. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Avian influenza, commonly known as "bird flu," is a disease caused by multiple strains of influenza virus. The viruses can infect a wide range of animals, including people and pigs, but the natural reservoir lies in populations of wild aquatic birds such as ducks and gulls, according to an announcement from The Pirbright Institute in the U.K., which is conducting research to better understand avian influenza viruses to help prevent the disease in poultry.

Flu virus strains are categorized by the combination of the two proteins found on the outside of the virus: hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) -- for example, H5N6 or H9N2. The H protein binds to cell receptors in order to initiate infection, while the N protein helps release new viruses from an infected cell, the institute explained.

Strains are also classified by severity. Low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses cause clinical signs such as mild breathing problems, decreased egg production and growth. Some birds, particularly ducks and geese, do not display any signs of LPAI infection and are still able to spread the disease, Pirbright said. When LPAI viruses circulate in high-density poultry areas, the viruses can mutate into highly pathogenic strains.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses have severe and often fatal effects on some species of birds such as chickens, Pirbright noted, but some HPAI strains cause mild or no clinical signs of disease in wild birds and domestic waterfowl. These strains are notifiable, meaning government control measures must be put in place.

Avian influenza can be carried vast distances by wild migratory birds and can infect domesticated poultry through direct contact or through contaminated droppings and bodily fluids, Pirbright said. Because of this, there is a year-round risk of avian influenza, which can increase depending on the disease status in a region and the migration season of wild aquatic birds.

According to Pirbright, good biosecurity is essential in preventing poultry from being exposed to the disease and can be practiced on a commercial farm, with game birds or even with just a few backyard hens.

Why is influenza so difficult to prevent?

The institute explained that influenza viruses are constantly changing, and when they replicate, small errors called mutations are copied into their genome. Some of these will alter the virus's proteins, allowing the virus to escape detection by the immune system.

All flu viruses also have the potential to undergo a process called reassortment, where two or more strains of influenza infect the same animal, allowing them to swap parts of their genome, Pirbright said. The resulting viruses can potentially have different characteristics than the original strains, such as the ability to replicate in different species, including people, the institute added.

Avian influenza viruses such as H5N1 or H7N9 have infected people, predominantly in Southeast Asia, but in these cases, the virus has been transmitted directly from infected birds to people, with no onward spread. There is some evidence that avian influenza can be passed from person to person, and while there are no records of efficient or sustained human transmission, there is a constant risk that one of the new strains may spread easily among people, which could result in a new influenza virus pandemic, Pirbright said.

Changes in the virus genetics from mutation or reassortment make it very difficult to anticipate how influenza viruses will spread through a population and whether current vaccines will be suitable for the strains that are circulating, Pirbright announced.

The influenza research programs at Pirbright are progressing understanding of the virus and finding better ways to prevent its spread.

Pirbright Institute group leaders Dr. Holly Shelton and professor Munir Iqbal are researching how the characteristics of influenza viruses can change the outcomes of disease. Studying flu at the molecular level allows them to find out how the virus evolves to overcome avian immunity and how changes in their genome can alter disease severity and their ability to affect different species, the announcement said.

Shelton's and Iqbal's teams are working on identifying genetic markers for specific disease traits that can be used in surveillance systems to provide forewarning of strains that could cause pandemics. For example, Shelton's Influenza Viruses group is looking at which characteristics allow the viruses to become resistant to antiviral drugs that are currently used to treat human infections of influenza, allowing surveillance to provide an early warning of viruses that could cross into humans and be difficult to control, Pirbright said.

The team is also investigating how long it takes for avian influenza viruses to adapt to new mammalian species. According to the institute, establishing which strains can rapidly adapt and identifying the genetic changes made to enable infection of mammalian cells will help with surveillance efforts and potentially lead to the development of techniques that will help prevent these mutations occurring.

Vaccination and rapid diagnosis are very important for influenza prevention and control, but it is still not currently possible to protect against all influenza strains, Pirbright said, noting that Iqbal's Avian Influenza group is exploring which sites on the virus trigger the chicken immune system to respond quickly and fight off infection. This will better inform scientists' ability to match vaccines to strains in the field and could help to develop vaccines that are more effective.

Iqbal's group is also developing multivalent vaccines that protect chickens and ducks from several avian influenza subtypes at once as well as test kits for rapid diagnosis of different subtypes at the flock-side, the announcement said.

Visit Pirbright's Influenza Viruses and the Avian Influenza group pages to find out more about their research.

Source: The Pirbright Institute, which is solely responsible for the information provided and is wholly owned by the source. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.feedstuffs.com/nutrition-health/protecting-poultry-avian-influenza
 
Description Pirbright's new bird flu vaccine provides rapid protection, could reduce virus spread and is less costly to produce 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A news story was published online at the Pirbright Institute webpage and One Health Poultry Health webpage and distributed wildly on social media including Facebook, Twitter, In Share. Our research outputs were mass comminated for the general public.
An improved poultry influenza vaccine has been developed by researchers from The Pirbright Institute. The potential vaccine triggers a rapid immune response which protects chickens against signs of disease and reduces the level of virus that they could pass on, a key element to halting the spread of bird flu through flocks. The vaccine would also be easier and less costly to produce than the traditional flu vaccines made in chicken eggs.

Many poultry flu vaccines protect birds from serious illness and death, but do not prevent them from transmitting the virus. In recent years, new methods have been developed to enhance the immune responses that vaccines produce and reduce the amount of virus shed by birds into the environment.

One of these techniques involves tagging flu virus proteins with a marker that makes them easier for Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs) to capture. These immune cells can efficiently process the tagged proteins resulting in robust and long-lasting antiviral responses in chickens.

For the first time, researchers at Pirbright have shown that tagging the flu virus haemagglutinin (HA) protein and directing it to target a specific protein on the chicken APCs, called CD83, generates faster and stronger immune responses against the H9N2 bird flu strain compared to the current industry standard inactivated virus vaccine.

The results published in npj Vaccines revealed that the vaccine was both fast-acting and effective. Birds produced antibody responses as early as six days after vaccination and they shed significantly less flu virus when challenged with a natural flu strain, indicating the birds would be less likely to spread infection. High levels of protective antibodies were produced even when birds were given a reduced dose.

As well as providing enhanced protection, this vaccine will be easier and less costly to manufacture. The tagged flu virus HA protein can be produced in a laboratory culture of insect cells instead of using eggs to grow live vaccine viruses. This would enable the poultry industry to reduce its reliance on chicken eggs for vaccine production, increasing the availability of eggs for use as a food source. The use of laboratory cells instead of eggs also highlights how Pirbright scientists actively develop animal health solutions that apply the principles of the 3Rs (Reduce, Refine, Replace) in animal research.

As the new vaccine does not contain live flu virus, biosafety risks are reduced and no specialist high containment facilities would be required for production. These qualities make the vaccine very attractive for large scale manufacture. The Pirbright team is currently investigating the vaccine's potential for commercial production and use in the field.

Professor Munir Iqbal, Head of Pirbright's Avian Influenza Virus group, said: "By targeting HA to chicken immune cells, we have generated a powerful addition to the armoury of poultry vaccines. Our improved vaccine could help prevent the spread of flu amongst vaccinated birds, which is essential for protecting poultry welfare, increasing food production, and reducing the risk of avian influenza spreading to humans."

This research was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.pirbright.ac.uk/news/2021/07/pirbright%E2%80%99s-new-bird-flu-vaccine-provides-rapid-pro...
 
Description Plenary online presentation to European College for Veterinary Public Health Annual Scientific Conference 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Online lecture given by Professor Dirk Pfeiffer on 'Using the COVID-19 experience to improve risk governance', this was part of the One Health session at the annual conference of the European College for Veterinary Public Health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Plenary online presentation to Veterinary Public Health and Veterinary Epidemiology Chapter Scientific Series program of Science Week 2020 of Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists (ANZCVS). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This online lecture was given by Prof Dirk Pfeiffer as part of a series. Entitled: Prevention and control of infectious disease threats - trying to learn from African swine fever and COVID-19.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Plenary presentation - Eimeriana Avia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ~200 delegates at an international conference that primarily drew practitioners and businesses from Eastern Europe. Considerable discussion around microbiomes, chicken genetics and the potential to modulate the microbiome and immune responses to improve productivity and welfare.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Policy maker engagement in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact From Feb 2022 to March 2023, the Hub team in Bangladesh supported by senior policy fellows from Chatham House, and funding from the Hub Flexible Fund, held seven workshops where they engaged with policy makers, the poultry industry and other key stakeholders. The topics covered were:
1) Feb 2022: COVID-19: Impact and options for strengthening poultry sector resilience and rebuilding consumer confidence
2) Feb 2022: Poultry value chains: what weaknesses have been identified, what can be improved?
3) Mar 2022: Antimicrobial use, resistance, and residues: What's driving antimicrobial utilization & resistance? How can a One Health approach help?
4) Mar 2022: Development of evidence-based policy related to backyard poultry biosecurity
5) Sep 2022:Temporal pattern of antimicrobial usage in exotic broiler farms: Research findings and their utilization
6) Jan 2023: Family Poultry Farmer Education: One Health Poultry Hub Bangladesh Initiative and Its Sustainability
7) Mar 2023: Scope of collaboration between public and private veterinary services

Each workshop comprised 20 to 35 participants typically including from representation from animal health, human health, the poultry industry, Bangladesh Food Safety authority (BFSA), Directorate of Consumers Rights and Protection, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Dhaka food system project, United Nations Industrial Developmental Organization, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute (BLRI) and International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)

For each workshop, there was an introduction from the Hub's investigators and up to three technical presentations related to the topic; for example for meeting #1 there were presentations summarising work carried out by the hub on 'COVID-19: Impact on the poultry production and distribution networks in Bangladesh' and 'COVID-19: Consumer perceptions towards poultry products and their perceived personal safety whilst purchasing poultry'

After the technical sessions there was moderated discussion with invited experts giving opinions and making suggestions for further study, challenges faced (usually relating to very practical field issues as well as higher level issues relating to cross-sectorial functions, public-private partnerships). lessons learnt and next step/recommendations.

The outputs from these kinds of stakeholder interactions are used in two ways:
1) they contribute to the forward planning of research priorities for the Hub teams
2) they are distilled into action points for developing high-level round table discussions with policy makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022,2023
 
Description Policy round tables in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two policy round table events were held in Bangladesh
1) Scope of collaboration between public and private veterinary services
2) Policy practice and awareness of exotic broiler and sonali farmers

These followed on from the series of stakeholder workshops and events where participants had considered various topics related to antimicrobial use by farmers, policies relating to backyard poultry, poultry farmer education. The outputs from these earlier stakeholder events were synthesised and discussed in the 2 round tables by staff from the Department of Livestock Services, veterinarians drawn from the government services and the private poultry sector and for the second session representative small-scale and backyard farmers. The goal was to bring asmall number of key people together to develop practical plans for increased synergy and more robust veterinary services to the important backyard sector, and to explore ways to increasing farmer understanding of best practices for use of antimicrobials, and develop strong trust and engagement with veterinarians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2023
 
Description Poster on chicken metagenomics studies - Microbiology Society focus meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Poster presentation by Dr Melanie Hay "Metagenomics to Trace Pathogens and AMR in Poultry Distribution Networks in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Vietnam" delivered to Microbiology Society Genomes of Microbiomes focus group (September 2022) followed by questions from ~80 audience members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Poultry Diseases Group meeting - 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed project progress and relevance to UK poultry producers at the Poultry Disease Group meeting, a workshop linking veterinary practitioners, industry representatives and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Poultry Training Centre, Anand Agricculture University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Distribution of book published on poultry farming - "A guide to poultry production" in Gujarati. Collected feedback forms about the book after 10 days of distribution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Poultry Vaccines Production approaches: Recombinant-HVT and subunit vaccines. Poultry stakeholders meeting with the field veterinarian. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A Talk entitled "Poultry Vaccines Production approaches: Recombinant-HVT and subunit vaccines" was presented by Munir Iqbal to field veterinarian working on prevention and control of poultry diseases. This poultry stakeholders meeting was held in Cairo, Egypt on12th February 2022.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Poultry diseases, vaccination and its challenges 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. Ghiasuddin and Prof Ahasanul Hoque gave a talk on Poultry diseases, vaccination and its challenges in Bangladesh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/PoultryhubBangladesh/videos/845742426069279/
 
Description Poultry management during summer (local language) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The summer season adversely affects poultry performance in India. Training farmers on how to take care of birds to maintain productivity helps reduce losses due to summer stress. This provided an opportunity to share the activities of One Health Poultry Hub with farmers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Poultry value chains: what weaknesses have been identified, what can be improved? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Second in a series of three tailored stakeholder events to disseminate and discuss findings from research carried out by the Hub team into the impact of COVID-19 on poultry production. Each meeting concludes with a summary of key challenges, lessons learnt and next steps. Outcomes from this series of three events will be used to develop policy recommendations to improve resilience of the poultry industry in Bangladesh to protect against future shocks. Participants (many belonging to the Hub National Advisory Group) include senior figures from the Department of Livestock Sciences, Bangladesh Food Safety Authority, FAO, Chatham House, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, One Health Bangladesh, CVASU, IEDCR, several representatives of the commercial poultry industry, the media, and other independent livestock specialists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/publications/poultry-value-chains-what-weaknesses-have-been-identif...
 
Description Presentation of Hub activities on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) at 'Superbugs', an event organised by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) and the UK Veterinary Vaccinology Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The 'Superbugs' event, which showcased UK-wide research being done on antimicrobial resistance (AMR), was organised by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) and the UK Veterinary Vaccinology Network, on 23 February 2020. The event was a great opportunity for the Hub to communicate its work to members of both houses of Parliament, to policy and research officers in Parliament, and others interested and active in AMR work. It was also useful to network with other researchers in the field. UK Chief Medical Officer Professor Chris Whitty gave a keynote address in which he highlighted the need for a multidisciplinary ('One Health') approach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/news/hub-exhibits-amr-work-in-uk-parliament
 
Description Presentation on chicken microbiome studies - Microbiology Society Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation by Dr Melanie Hay "Chicken caecal enterotypes in Northwest India are associated with Campylobacter abundance and are influenced by different farming practices" delivered to the annual Microbiology Society Conference in Belfast (April 2022) followed by questions from ~90 audience members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Presentation on use of machine learning to analyse microbiomes - OHPH conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Oral presentation by Dr Melanie Hay "The use of machine learning approaches to identify factors that contribute to chicken enterotypes and resistomes".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Presentation to GCRF Hubs MEL cohort meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by Dr Giel Ton on the 20 May 2020 GCRF Hubs MEL cohort meeting about ways to develop theories of change and monitoring indicators for multifaceted, complex research programmes. Dr Ton gave feedback on six of the other GCRF Hubs visualization of the ToC and the ways that immediate and intermediate outcomes may be incorporated in the ToC to provide a framework for monitoring and evaluation of research impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Press release: Times of India dated 21st August, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article about the One Health Poultry Hub
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Preventing a future pandemic by imitating natural selection 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact By Munir Iqbal
A new type of avian influenza that can infect poultry and humans, called H7N9, emerged in China in February 2013. Since then, there have been over 1500 confirmed human infections with an estimated 40% case fatality rate.

In the wake of COVID-19, these numbers may seem to be relatively small. But these statistics provide an example of the issues we face in controlling influenza viruses in animals and how understanding more about these viruses can help us to predict, prevent and control outbreaks, protecting both poultry and human health.

Influenza viruses infect a huge range of animals, but the strains that are of greatest concern to us are those that circulate in livestock such as pigs and poultry, where people in farming industries have close contact with the animals. Influenza viruses can rapidly mutate, allowing them to escape the immune responses of the animals they infect and even jump to new species.

There have been five major epidemic waves of H7N9 in China. The final wave in 2016-2017 saw the originally mild disease of poultry mutate to cause higher levels of mortality in chickens and spread almost everywhere in China. The severity of H7N9 AIV situation prompted the Chinese government to implement a mass vaccination programme against H7N9 in poultry in 2017.

Since its use, the number of poultry outbreaks along with human infections has dropped dramatically, with only three human infection cases reported during 2017 to 2018 and one human infection case reported during 2018 to 2019. This may sound like vaccination has solved the problem and the virus will now be eradicated. Unfortunately, this is not the case - despite the reduction in disease outbreaks due to vaccination, these viruses have not been eradicated.

This is partly because of influenza's high mutation rate - vaccination can inadvertently encourage the evolution of viruses with mutations that allow them to escape vaccine-induced immunity. Once a virus escapes, it can spread rapidly, thereby making the vaccine ineffective and a new one must be designed. This is where our research comes in.

Our aim is to understand how H7N9 viruses could potentially mutate in the field in response to vaccination, and how these genetic changes could alter how the virus acts (for example, by making it more dangerous to poultry or by helping it to infect humans more effectively).

By imitating the natural selection process in the lab, we found several mutations and identified that one specific mutation allows the virus to escape from vaccine-induced immunity. Importantly, three other mutations that we observed in our lab studies had been found in the field in 2019 indicating that our method can predict the evolution of influenza viruses.

These three mutations prevent H7N9 viruses from binding to human cells, but increase their binding, replication and stability in chicken cells and embryos. This could mean that the strains which have these mutations pose a lower threat to human health, but increase the risk to poultry.

This shows that mass vaccination of poultry against H7N9 strains in China drives virus evolution away from human pandemic. But viruses with 'escape mutations' remain a significant risk to poultry due to their ability to escape vaccine-induced immunity and persist in poultry.

Our studies may also help to explain the Chinese government's successful control of H7N9 infection in humans by mass poultry vaccination. On one hand, the mass poultry vaccination protects the poultry from H7N9 infection and greatly reduces the risk of human infections as the majority of human H7N9 cases are linked to exposure to infected poultry or contaminated environments. On the other hand, even when some viruses escape the vaccine-induced immunity, they pose reduced risk to humans due to the lost human receptor binding.

However, this may not be the case for all strains. Other mutations may arise in the future that have human pandemic potential or are even more deadly to poultry. Using a method that can predict how vaccination may change influenza virus characteristics is hugely valuable as it can provide advanced warning of mutations that could increase likelihood of human infection. Incorporating these mutations into global health surveillance efforts can help relevant authorities to monitor potential threats and get ahead of them before they have a chance to spiral out of control.
Professor Munir Iqbal is head of the Avian Influenza Group at The Pirbright Institute.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.newton-gcrf.org/impact/data-insights-blog/preventing-a-future-pandemic-by-imitating-natu...
 
Description Preventing pandemics and One-Health - Building pandemic resilience via better integration of One Health in decision making. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Dirk Pfeiffer participated in a panel discussion hosted by WWF International.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Production of information brochure for poultry farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Hub team at TANUVAS produced an information brochure (in English and in Tamil) describing the activities of the Hub for distribution to stakeholders working in the local poultry production and distribution networks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.onehealthpoultry.org/publications/hub-leaflet-english-and-tamil/
 
Description Protecting poultry from avian influenza 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Avian influenza, commonly known as "bird flu," is a disease caused by multiple strains of influenza virus. The viruses can infect a wide range of animals, including people and pigs, but the natural reservoir lies in populations of wild aquatic birds such as ducks and gulls, according to an announcement from The Pirbright Institute in the U.K., which is conducting research to better understand avian influenza viruses to help prevent the disease in poultry.

Flu virus strains are categorized by the combination of the two proteins found on the outside of the virus: hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) -- for example, H5N6 or H9N2. The H protein binds to cell receptors in order to initiate infection, while the N protein helps release new viruses from an infected cell, the institute explained.

Strains are also classified by severity. Low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses cause clinical signs such as mild breathing problems, decreased egg production and growth. Some birds, particularly ducks and geese, do not display any signs of LPAI infection and are still able to spread the disease, Pirbright said. When LPAI viruses circulate in high-density poultry areas, the viruses can mutate into highly pathogenic strains.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses have severe and often fatal effects on some species of birds such as chickens, Pirbright noted, but some HPAI strains cause mild or no clinical signs of disease in wild birds and domestic waterfowl. These strains are notifiable, meaning government control measures must be put in place.

Avian influenza can be carried vast distances by wild migratory birds and can infect domesticated poultry through direct contact or through contaminated droppings and bodily fluids, Pirbright said. Because of this, there is a year-round risk of avian influenza, which can increase depending on the disease status in a region and the migration season of wild aquatic birds.

According to Pirbright, good biosecurity is essential in preventing poultry from being exposed to the disease and can be practiced on a commercial farm, with game birds or even with just a few backyard hens.

Why is influenza so difficult to prevent?

The institute explained that influenza viruses are constantly changing, and when they replicate, small errors called mutations are copied into their genome. Some of these will alter the virus's proteins, allowing the virus to escape detection by the immune system.

All flu viruses also have the potential to undergo a process called reassortment, where two or more strains of influenza infect the same animal, allowing them to swap parts of their genome, Pirbright said. The resulting viruses can potentially have different characteristics than the original strains, such as the ability to replicate in different species, including people, the institute added.

Avian influenza viruses such as H5N1 or H7N9 have infected people, predominantly in Southeast Asia, but in these cases, the virus has been transmitted directly from infected birds to people, with no onward spread. There is some evidence that avian influenza can be passed from person to person, and while there are no records of efficient or sustained human transmission, there is a constant risk that one of the new strains may spread easily among people, which could result in a new influenza virus pandemic, Pirbright said.

Changes in the virus genetics from mutation or reassortment make it very difficult to anticipate how influenza viruses will spread through a population and whether current vaccines will be suitable for the strains that are circulating, Pirbright announced.

The influenza research programs at Pirbright are progressing understanding of the virus and finding better ways to prevent its spread.

Pirbright Institute group leaders Dr. Holly Shelton and professor Munir Iqbal are researching how the characteristics of influenza viruses can change the outcomes of disease. Studying flu at the molecular level allows them to find out how the virus evolves to overcome avian immunity and how changes in their genome can alter disease severity and their ability to affect different species, the announcement said.

Shelton's and Iqbal's teams are working on identifying genetic markers for specific disease traits that can be used in surveillance systems to provide forewarning of strains that could cause pandemics. For example, Shelton's Influenza Viruses group is looking at which characteristics allow the viruses to become resistant to antiviral drugs that are currently used to treat human infections of influenza, allowing surveillance to provide an early warning of viruses that could cross into humans and be difficult to control, Pirbright said.

The team is also investigating how long it takes for avian influenza viruses to adapt to new mammalian species. According to the institute