Transmission and Epidemiology

Lead Research Organisation: The Pirbright Institute
Department Name: UNLISTED

Abstract

The Pirbright Institute provides the UK with capacity to predict, detect, understand and respond to incursions of viral pathogens of livestock and viruses that spread from animals to humans. Pirbright represents a hub of world class facilities and expertise for the study of exotic and endemic viral diseases in the natural host, therefore enabling our research to be directly translated into future control measures.
Understanding the spread of viruses is central to the development of effective control measures. To study viral transmission at multiple scales, we will use a combination of transmission experiments, field studies and mathematical modelling. Challenge experiments will be carried out primarily in target species to quantify the probability of transmission and to dissect how transmission is influenced by the host (e.g. immune parameters) viral factors (e.g. strains) and the environment. This work will be closely linked to other projects/expertise at Pirbright and will use the unique high containment facilities at Pirbright for the experimental infection of target species with pathogenic viruses. Field studies will be carried out in endemic settings to generate basic epidemiological data, while observational and intervention studies will evaluate vaccination and other control measures in the field. This part of the work will be closely linked to the relevant reference laboratories and will be made possible by Pirbright’s extensive network of collaborators around the world. Finally, mathematical modelling will be used to analyse transmission at each scale and to link the different scales, as well as to identify specific barriers to control and eradication. The ability of this programme to link data from different scales (from within individual animals to global surveillance) is an example of how strategic funding can be used to maximise the impact of otherwise separate projects. Transmission experiments (with for example swine and avian influenza viruses) offer clear opportunities to undertake studies that are not possible with related human viruses and will provide insights that advance the broader field of virology. Anticipated outcomes of this project are: definition of transmission parameters of viral diseases at multiple scales and the consequences for disease control; strategies to ensure rapid detection of viruses to facilitate disease control; expert advice to the UK on the spread and control of viral diseases (in particular, foot-and-mouth disease and bluetongue) and to the European Commission; engagement with vaccine manufacturers on design and assessment of vaccination programmes; accurate disease intelligence for the livestock industry.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
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Ali M (2019) Avian Influenza A(H9N2) Virus in Poultry Worker, Pakistan, 2015. in Emerging infectious diseases

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Antonovics J (2017) The evolution of transmission mode. in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

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Bachanek-Bankowska K (2019) Genome Sequences of Antigenically Distinct Serotype O Foot-and-Mouth Disease Viruses from Pakistan. in Microbiology resource announcements

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Bachanek-Bankowska K (2018) Foot-and-Mouth Disease in the Middle East Caused by an A/ASIA/G-VII Virus Lineage, 2015-2016. in Emerging infectious diseases

 
Description The Transmission and Epidemiology ISPG has been active for two years and we have continued to address the following Objectives: (1) Defining the key factors driving virus transmission between individuals; (2) Identifying the key factors driving transmission between populations; (3) Developing the ability to predict the scale of an outbreak and (4) Designing and evaluating new interventions. In studies of Avian influenza virus (AIV), we have been involved in epidemiological investigations of wild-domestic bird transmission in Egypt and bird-human transmission in Pakistan (1). We have found that FMDV can be modeled at a range of different scales but that datasets underpinning such models remain prone to error for a variety of reasons including differences in surveillance approaches and the uncertainty of carrier status. We have characterized emerging FMDV strains in the Middle East, North and Southern Africa and Southern Asia, inferring spread through phylogenetics and gaining insight into (2) and (3). Economic estimates have also been made of an outbreak of FMDV which occurred in Kenya, allowing assessment of the cost: benefit of intervention strategies. Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) has risen in profile and we have had a significant impact in this area, contributing to the modeling of LSDV outbreaks in Albania, inferring routes of transmission of the virus (1,2), and then in the Balkans as a means of assessing vaccine efficacy (4). Within viruses spread by vectors through biological transmission, we demonstrated that the bluetongue virus (BTV) strain that has re-emerged in France during 2015 has reduced transmission capabilities in an animal experiment within our isolation units and characterized BTV strains in Trinidad (1). We additionally carried out a systematic review of Rift Valley fever virus prevalence in livestock, wildlife and humans and also reviewed reproducibility and relevance of insect-arbovirus systems as a whole (1-4). Within the reporting period we published 33 peer-reviewed publications. Within engagement activities, we carried out 55 relevant activities and the emergence of African swine fever virus (ASFV) was a major focus, resulting in a wide array of international meetings, conference and presentations and media activity. Other highlights included dedicated activities involving virus transmission at the Cheltenham science festival alongside an array of other activities aimed at demographics ranging from primary schools to retirement groups. We continue to be an intrinsic part of policy making providing evidence to EFSA on LSDV and climate change and vector-borne diseases to the UK government.
Exploitation Route These studies will be taken forwards both internally and externally. Data generated in both the UK and overseas will continue to be used in an iterative fashion to improve modeling assessments of disease spread. These influence policy decision making at a UK, European and Global scale through involvement in networks and interactions with the reference laboratories at Pirbright. In addition, links within this ISPG and industry in both validating and commercialization of diagnostic assays and vaccines will lead to substantial progress in disease control in the medium to long-term.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Healthcare

 
Description Advice to DEFRA on African swine fever risks and spread
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Provided DEFRA with advice relevant to assess the risk to the UK of an incursion of African swine fever. Updated RADAR Disease Surveillance Profile
 
Description Advisor on International Atomic Energy Association Collaborative Reserach Project on African swine fever
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Provided training to participants from Veterinary Services and Institutions in Developing Countries in Africa on African swine fever
 
Description Analysis and interpretation of post-vaccination monitoring data in turkish Thrace
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The analysis involved an assessment of the likely protection of current foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccination practices in Turkish Thrace to emerging viral lineages in the region. This region borders FMD free Europe so is of high strategic importance. The output of this analysis were used in international meetings with an impact on vaccination policy.
 
Description Annual report to OIE on African swine fever
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Dissemination of diagnostic methods and expertise of African swine fever
URL http://www.fao.org/europe/commissions/eca/eca-40/en/
 
Description Annual report to World Animal Health Organisation OIE on African swine fever
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Dissemination of information on a Transboundary Animal Disease
 
Description BBSRC-Newton Fund Agricultural Data Re-use Advisory Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Advice on re-usability of data generated in research projects.
 
Description Contributing to the chapter on Marek's disease for the OIE Terrestrial Manual
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact The contribution to the Terrestrial Manual on the recent advances in the diagnosis and control of Marek's disease will impact on improved and better control of the disease to reduce losses and improved food security
URL http://www.oie.int/
 
Description EFSA expert group on Lumpy Skin Disease vaccination
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The role in this committee was engaging with European countries on their vaccination campaigns for lumpy skin disease and methods of vaccine evaluation using field-derived data.
 
Description EFSA working group on lumpy skin disease
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The models developed to describe the spread of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) within and between farms have been used to inform disease control policy following incursion of LSDV to south-eastern Europe. Specifically, the models were used to assess the impact of vaccination on disease spread. They were also used to investigate the duration of a vaccination campaign to prevent re-emergence of LSDV and to help design surveillance programmes to detect the re-emergence of the virus or its re-introduction from neighbouring countries. The results have been communicated to the European Commission and to affected countries via the European Food Safety Authority.
URL https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5452
 
Description EFSA working group on lumpy skin disease
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Report to the European Commission on the spread and control of lumpy skin disease in the Balkans
URL http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/5176
 
Description EFSA working group on lumpy skin disease
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Advice to European Commission and affected countries about control and surveillance for lumpy skin disease
URL https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5452
 
Description Invited Expert FAO European Commission on Agriculture
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.fao.org/europe/commissions/eca/eca-40/en/
 
Description Led workshop on vaccine field trials
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Lumpy Skin Disease Control Strategy for Great Britain
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Organised seminar series on Sequencing, Virus Evolution and Molecular Biology at Pirbright (with Luca Ferretti and Graham Freimanis)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description POSTnote Report on Climate and vector-diseases in humans in the UK
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Participation in the Management of the Oxford DTP
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact As part of the Management committee of the Oxford-Pirbright-Oxford Brookes-Diamond doctorate Training Partnership, contributed to the success of the DTP in meeting the objectives, recruitment and review
URL http://www.biodtp.ox.ac.uk/
 
Description Prevention and Control of LSD
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I have participated as an expert advisor on committees and panels focused on the control of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in Europe. This has contributed to the formulation of an effective control strategy, focused on the use of live-attenuated vaccines, in south-eastern Europe. The effective control strategy has prevented LSD from entering central Europe. The economic benefit of restricting LSD spread to central Europe is the major impact. This is difficult to estimate but in the millions of Euros.
 
Description Taught course on introductory bioinformatics to PhD students at Pirbright
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description BBSRC - responsive mode
Amount £187,370 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/S007911/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 03/2022
 
Description BBSRC GCRF Impact Accelerator Award
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/GCRF-IAA/17/16 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 02/2018
 
Description BBSRC Responsive Mode IPA
Amount £302,086 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R002606/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 06/2019
 
Description BBSRC-iCASE
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2019 
End 09/2023
 
Description Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and University of Oxford joint Doctoral Training Project
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 08/2022
 
Description FLI- TPI joint PhD studentships Avian influenza immunology markers.
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Friedrich Loeffler Institute 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 07/2018 
End 06/2022
 
Description GCRF Networks in Vector Ecology
Amount £1,035,634 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R005362/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2020
 
Description H2020 work programme topic 9 Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine and maritime and inland water research and the bioeconomy, work topic SFS-10-2017 Research and approaches for emerging diseases in plants and terrestrial livestock
Amount € 5,986,250 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 05/2018 
End 04/2023
 
Description International Workshops
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R021198/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 05/2019
 
Description Japan Partnering Award
Amount £49,500 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/P025803/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2021
 
Description Newton Fund: UK-China-Philippines-Thailand Swine and Poultry Research Initiative. Understanding antigenic diversity, zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry.
Amount £497,995 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R012679/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2020
 
Description Pirbright Institute PhD studentship
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Pirbright Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 08/2022
 
Description Reducing the Economic and Zoonotic Impact of Avian Influenza (REZIAI): delivering novel vaccines and diagnostics from laboratory to the field.
Amount £400,000 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/S013792/1 
Organisation The Pirbright Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2021
 
Description Responsive mode: Rapid acquisition of mammalian characteristics by avian influenza virus in single host infections.
Amount £535,337 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R007292/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 01/2021
 
Description The Global Challenges Research Fund
Amount £640,473 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2019 
End 03/2024
 
Title Detection of HA antigens of avian influenza viruses 
Description Assay for detection of recombinant HVT expressing HA antigens of avian influenza viruses 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This new method will help to detect recombinant HVT vaccine expressing HA antigen in infected cell. 
 
Title NGS for PPR virus whole genome sequencing 
Description We have finalised a protocol to sequence the whole genome of PPR virus 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method has been described and shard with project partners and a draft has been written for publishing the methods 
 
Title FMDV LIMS and webtools 
Description The Integrative Biology and Bioinformatics (IBB) group has been supplying state-of-the-art bioinformatics tools to the World Reference Labs for the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus. All tools revolve around a database of genomic sequences and metadata for FMDV samples. Some tools allow members of the lab to enter, process and annotate new data into the database, generating several kinds of reports. Other web-based tools (the "FMDV Toolbox") allow external users to query the database in several ways. Bioinformatics workflows are hosted on the IBB cluster, and have been implemented as REST web services so as to be decoupled from the web interface. The web interface is currently being redeveloped with the help of a specialised company. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The reports generated by our system are used to inform FMDV policy-makers both within the UK and in the rest of the world. External users can compare their sequences to those contained in the database, and get useful biological insights. 
URL https://mallorn.pirbright.ac.uk/FMDVToolbox
 
Title GCRF portal on transboudary diseases 
Description The Integrative Biology and Bioinformatics group is developing a GCRF-funded Portal on Transboundary Diseases. It will be an easy way for all scientists, and those from LMI countries in particular, to access data about several viral diseases generated at Pirbright. The portal will be country-based, presenting the user with a map and dispatching them to the information relevant to the selected region. From that information the user will be able to reach specialised websites for diseases present in the country, and data generated at Pirbright (such as sequences for FMDV, several Capripox viruses, and ASFV). Sequences relevant to the portal are currently being generated. Bioinformatics workflows are hosted on the IBB cluster, and have been implemented as REST web services so as to be decoupled from the web interface. The web interface is currently being developed with the help of a specialised company. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The portal will benefit scientists from LMI countries, and all scientist, allowing them to access/download genetic and other data relevant to animal diseases present in a country of choice and studied and Pirbright. Some of the data (for instance the FMDV data generated by the World Reference Lab) is already use to inform policy at international level. Being able to access information in a systematic way will increase the potential for it to be put to good use. 
 
Title Genome browser for mosquitos at different developmental stages 
Description The database integrates and makes available the results of the bioinformatics analysis of several experiments involving high-throughput sequencing of mosquito cells at different developmental stages generated within the Vector-borne Viral Disease group at the Pirbright Institute. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The genome browser allows the researchers to meaningfully mine and integrate the large amount of data produced by their experiments, guiding subsequent experimental hypothesis-driven validation in the lab. 
 
Title Viral assembly pipeline 
Description The Integrative Biology and Bioinformatics group has developed a data analysis pipeline to obtain sensitive and robust viral assemblies out of high-throughput sequencing data. In spite of the relatively short genomic length of most viruses, assembling of viral sequences can be challenging due to several reasons, such as: low amount of material in the sample, which might require amplification, introducing biases, and/or generates low-quality sequences; uneven coverage due to low-quality material or the genomic material of the virus being RNA; the viral nucleic acid being almost lost in the background of nucleic acid of the host. Our pipeline overcomes most of those problems, and is even able to detect different viral strains being present together in the same sample. It can also be used on metagenomic environmental samples. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The pipeline is being deployed as the tool of choice for the nascent sequencing facility at Pirbright. It has been used by several groups at Pirbright, and the FMDV World Reference Lab, in order to assemble very different kinds of viruses. 
 
Title Viral variant calling pipeline 
Description The Integrative Biology and Bioinformatics group has developed a data analysis pipeline to obtain sensitive and robust variant calling for viral sequences out of high-throughput sequencing data. In spite of the relatively short genomic length of most viruses, calling variant for viral sequences can be challenging due to several reasons, such as: low amount of material in the sample, which might require amplification, introducing biases, and/or generates low-quality sequences; very high genome coverage, which slows down most existing variant callers; the presence of a potentially very high number of different haplotypes for RNA viruses, which is an unusual scenario in variant calling. Our fast and sensitive Bayesian pipeline overcomes most of those problems. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The pipeline is being deployed as the tool of choice for the nascent sequencing facility at Pirbright. It has been used by several groups at Pirbright, and the FMDV World Reference Lab, in order to assemble very different kinds of viruses. 
 
Description Anihwa Call 1 
Organisation Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Developed PCR to detect PPR viral genome in faecal samples for experimentally infected animals.
Collaborator Contribution Developed PCR and antigen ELISA to detect PPR viral genome in faecal samples for field animals including wild life.
Impact Please see publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description Anihwa Call 1 
Organisation Friedrich Loeffler Institute
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution 1. Conducted challenge experiments in goats to study pathogenicity. 2. Developed NGS technology to sequence PPR whole genome.
Collaborator Contribution FLI has conducted transmission study between different species ( Goats, pig, camel). For the first time they showed that pigs are clinically infected by PPR virus.
Impact Joint Publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description Anihwa Call 1 
Organisation International Atomic Energy Agency
Country Austria 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution 1. Phylogenetic analysis and whole genome sequencing
Collaborator Contribution 1.Phylogenetic analysis and whole genome sequencing
Impact Joint publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description Anihwa Call 1 
Organisation Kimron Veterinary Institute
PI Contribution 1.Analysed evolution of PPR viruses from 1993 to 2017 circulating in Israel by conducting whole genome sequencing and Bayesian analysis .
Collaborator Contribution Submitted virus to Pirbright
Impact Joint publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description Anopheles reannotation 
Organisation Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG)
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided RNA-sequencing data (produced by Jaroslaw Krzywinski and analysed by us)
Collaborator Contribution Using the data to produce a reannotation of Anopheles Gambiae
Impact No outputs yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Avian influenza H7N9 virus evolution: defining the impact of internal genes on virus infection in avian and mammalian species 
Organisation Animal and Plant Health Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provision of samples and reagents for research
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, reagents for research and research facilities
Impact Research output entitled "A restriction digestion and ligation independent technique for cloning influenza gene segments into pHW2000" was presented at January 17th to 19th 2018. Fortuna Hotel, Lang Ha Street, Hanoi, VietNam (Presented by postdoctoral scientist Dr Sushant Bhat
Start Year 2016
 
Description BBSRC-UC Davis workshop, 16-18 October 
Organisation University of California, Davis
Department UC Davis College of Biological Sciences
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Presented on "Reproducibility and relevance in vector infection studies". Followed up with discussion of potential publication and funding opportunities.
Collaborator Contribution Various presentations on vectors and vector-borne diseases including, facilities, challenges, opportunities.
Impact Discussion of potential joint publications and grant applications; no tangible impacts yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description BBSRC-UC Davis workshop, 16-18 October 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Presented on "Reproducibility and relevance in vector infection studies". Followed up with discussion of potential publication and funding opportunities.
Collaborator Contribution Various presentations on vectors and vector-borne diseases including, facilities, challenges, opportunities.
Impact Discussion of potential joint publications and grant applications; no tangible impacts yet.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Challenge of transgenic chickens with influenza viruses 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department Section of Virology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have challenged transgenic chickens with recombinant avian influenza viruses to determine outcome; infectivity, transmission, pathogenicity, dissemination within host. We also processed the samples generated from these animal experiments at The Pirbright Institute.
Collaborator Contribution Imperial College (Wendy Barclay and Mike Skinner) generated recombinant avian influenza viruses for challenge.
Impact This collaboration has resulted in the successful award of a joint grant with imperial college aiming to carry out challenge experiments on novel transgenic chickens to facilitate control of avian influenza virus in the poultry population. BB/S007911/1 - Investigating the role of ANP32A in the replication of avian Influenza virus
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration with Bauchi State Veterinary Services, Nigeria 
Organisation Bauchi State University
PI Contribution We have provided expertise on sheeppox, goatpox and lumpy skin disease virus diagnosis and epidemiology
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators in Bauchi State have provided virus samples and epidemiological data
Impact Preliminary data was used to support successful funding via a BBSRC Impact Accelerator Award, and a Pathways to Impact project in BBSRC project BB/R008833/1 "Development of rationally designed live-attenuated lumpy skin disease vaccines"
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with State Central Veterinary Laboratory, Mongolia 
Organisation State Central Veterinary Laboratory
PI Contribution We provided tools, techniques and expertise on sheeppox and goatpox
Collaborator Contribution Our colleagues provided data and field samples
Impact A workshop was held in Pirbright in March 2017, and a return workshop in Ulaanbaatar in July 2017. Preliminary data supported successful grant applications for an Impact Accelerator Award, and a Pathways to Impact project in BB/R008833/1 "Development of rationally designed live-attenuated lumpy skin disease vaccines".
Start Year 2016
 
Description Gene editing chickens with Roslin 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Roslin Institute Transgenic Chicken Facility
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have provided infectious pathogen challenge and infectious pathogen sample processing facilities in this collaboration. We infected the transgenic chickens with avian influenza virus and processed the samples following challenge.
Collaborator Contribution Helen Sang and Mike McGrew at The Roslin Institute (University of Edinburgh) contributed by producing and providing transgenic chickens (Split GFP) for challenge. Expertise in genotype screening the transgenic birds was shared with us.
Impact We have now successfully received a BBSRC responsive mode grant to carry out more transgenic bird challenges with influenza viruses. BB/S007911/1 -Investigating the role of ANP32A in the replication of avian Influenza virus.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Identification of genetic markers in the haemagglutinin glycoprotein critical for antigenic activity of H9N2 avian influenza viruses. 
Organisation Francis Crick Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution d provision of reagents and virus samples.
Collaborator Contribution Technical training to PhD students and use of research facilities
Impact (1) Talk: Avian influenza virus evolution: immune escape, increase in zoonotic potential and fitness in poultry. Presented at "Prevention and Control Techniques for Infectious Diseases in Livestock and Poultry", 27th 29th August 2017, Beijing, China. (2) Impact of avian influenza virus evolution on antigenicity and zoonotic infection potential. Presented at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore, Pakistan on 23rd August 2017. (3). Molecular determinants of H9N2 avian influenza virus influencing antigenicity and receptor binding. Presented at CERAD (Centre of Excellence for Research on Avian Diseases), 3rd Symposium Recent Advances in Avian Disease Research. 31st August - 1st September 2017 at the Harbour Hotel, Alexandra Terrace, Guildford, Surrey, UK. (4) Overview of ongoing research on Poultry diseases in United Kingdom. Presented as at International poultry Stakeholders work on poultry biosecurity in Sri Lanka from 26th February to 3rd March 2017. (5). Evolutionary fitness of avian influenza viruses and development of improved vaccines and diagnostics. Presented as invited seminar speaker at RVC (Hawkshead Campus), UK. 19th October 2016.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Identification of genetic markers in the haemagglutinin glycoprotein critical for antigenic activity of H9N2 avian influenza viruses. 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department Section of Virology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution d provision of reagents and virus samples.
Collaborator Contribution Technical training to PhD students and use of research facilities
Impact (1) Talk: Avian influenza virus evolution: immune escape, increase in zoonotic potential and fitness in poultry. Presented at "Prevention and Control Techniques for Infectious Diseases in Livestock and Poultry", 27th 29th August 2017, Beijing, China. (2) Impact of avian influenza virus evolution on antigenicity and zoonotic infection potential. Presented at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore, Pakistan on 23rd August 2017. (3). Molecular determinants of H9N2 avian influenza virus influencing antigenicity and receptor binding. Presented at CERAD (Centre of Excellence for Research on Avian Diseases), 3rd Symposium Recent Advances in Avian Disease Research. 31st August - 1st September 2017 at the Harbour Hotel, Alexandra Terrace, Guildford, Surrey, UK. (4) Overview of ongoing research on Poultry diseases in United Kingdom. Presented as at International poultry Stakeholders work on poultry biosecurity in Sri Lanka from 26th February to 3rd March 2017. (5). Evolutionary fitness of avian influenza viruses and development of improved vaccines and diagnostics. Presented as invited seminar speaker at RVC (Hawkshead Campus), UK. 19th October 2016.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Improving vaccines and diagnostics for avian influenza viruses 
Organisation Zagazig University
Country Egypt 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provision of Research training, analysis of field samples
Collaborator Contribution Provision of Field data and samples
Impact Characterisation of Avian Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin from Egyptian Chicken Flocks during 2016 Outbreaks. Presented at Global Alliance for Research on Avian Diseases conference. Hanoi, VietNam17-19 January 2018.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Investigating antigenic determinants inducing stronger and broader cross-protective immunity among H5 avian influenza viruses 
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
Department Veterinary Basic Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The overarching aims of the proposed research are to improve controls against H5 subtype of avian influenza viruses infecting poultry by investigating underlying mechanisms that define how vaccines renders effectiveness and develop novel approaches enhancing the effectiveness of H5 avian influenza vaccines. We recently generated a panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that recognise a variety of different clades of H5 viruses. Propagation of AIV in eggs or cultured cells together with mAbs drives virus to escape from mAbs neutralisation activity. These classical virus neutralization assays (VN) followed by HA gene sequence analysis allowed us to defined the role of amino acid substitutions that are associated with evasion of antibody neutralization through emergence of antigenic variants and failure of vaccine efficacy.
Collaborator Contribution provided intellectual input for achieving prescribed objectives of this work.
Impact Talk entitled "Molecular determinants for antigenicity and vaccine efficacy of avian influenza viruses" was presented at Newton Agham Researcher Links Workshop " Novel Vaccines and Diagnostic Technologies against Emerging and re-emerging Veterinary Pathogens" at Rizal Park Hotel, Manila, Philippines, 4-7 February 2019.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Invitation to participate in the Vaccine Innovation Forum 2017 at Shanghai 26-27 April 2017 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Department Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute
PI Contribution Prof. Nair was invited to participate in the Vaccine Innovation Forum 2017 at Shanghai 26-27 April 2017 to present a talk on 'Novel Vaccine Development for Avian Virus Diseases'. He also participated in the round table discussions on the challenges and opportunities in the vaccines and vaccination sector
Collaborator Contribution Vaccine Innovation Forum will help in expanding the future collaborations and activities of the UK-China Centre of Excellence for Research on Avian Diseases (http://www.uk-china-cerad.org/).
Impact organised joint meeting in China and the UK to discuss on challenges and opportunities
Start Year 2017
 
Description Molecular epidemiology of H9N2 avian influenza viruses in Vietnam and Pakistan. 
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Exchange of technical ideas, reagents and samples.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of field samples and data on avian influenza infection in poultry. This diseases is endemic in poultry in Pakistan.
Impact (1) Increased receptor binding avidity of H9N2 avian influenza viruses is associated with escape from antibody based immunity and enhanced zoonotic potential. presented by Joshua Sealy at GARAD and ZELS conferences in Haneoi, Vietnam from 17-27 January 2018.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Molecular epidemiology of H9N2 avian influenza viruses in Vietnam and Pakistan. 
Organisation University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences
Department Department of Microbiology
PI Contribution Exchange of technical ideas, reagents and samples.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of field samples and data on avian influenza infection in poultry. This diseases is endemic in poultry in Pakistan.
Impact (1) Increased receptor binding avidity of H9N2 avian influenza viruses is associated with escape from antibody based immunity and enhanced zoonotic potential. presented by Joshua Sealy at GARAD and ZELS conferences in Haneoi, Vietnam from 17-27 January 2018.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Morphological differences of Influenza A viruses 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department The Roslin Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Exchange of research methods and reagents
Collaborator Contribution (1) Exchange of reagents and Research methods.(2) training of PhD students and Postdoctoral Scientists (3) use of research facilities
Impact Research output were presented at Avian Influenza A virus budding morphology: spherical or filamentous? presented at The European Scientific Working group on Influenza (ESWI) Riga, Latvia. 10 to 13 September 2017 (2) .Budding morphology of avian influenza A viruses. Microbiology Society, annual Conference 2017, 306 April, EICC, Edinburggh, UK
Start Year 2016
 
Description Semiochemical-based detection of arboviral infection 
Organisation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Preliminary data collection on the influence of arboviral infection on semiochemical output from sheep. These studies are being conducted as part of an unrelated animal experiment within the isolation units at Pirbright. We are carrying out the animal-based studies and collecting air entrainments from animals both pre- and post-infection. These are then decontaminated for movement to LSHTM.
Collaborator Contribution LSHTM are carrying out analysis of air entrainments using GC-MS. They will assess differences in profiles of infected vs uninfected animals and report their findings to us.
Impact Still ongoing.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Semliki Forest 
Organisation The Pirbright Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Generated and analysed RNA-sequencing samples with bespoke in-house methods
Collaborator Contribution Generated samples
Impact The purpose of the collaboration is to study how arboviruses interact with their host cells with modern high-throughput techniques. No outputs yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description The GCRF One Health Poultry Hub 
Organisation Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The focus of the research is to achieve sustainable global intensification of poultry meat and egg production whilst reducing risks to human and animal health and welfare. We are undertaking research to investigate the diversity of avian influenza viruses prevalent in poultry and wild birds in south east Asia.
Collaborator Contribution Royal Veterinary College, London is leading this GCRF One Health Poultry Hub. The project will address the need to meet rising demand for poultry meat and eggs in developing countries, while minimising risk to international public health. Population growth is driving global demand for poultry, meat and egg production; this unfortunately creates conditions in which animal diseases can spread to humans ('zoonoses'). These include bacterial food poisoning and strains with avian influenza with epidemic or pandemic potential. The GCRF One Health Poultry Hub will adopt a 'One Health' approach to the issue of combatting animal-to-human diseases by bringing together a team of laboratory, clinical, veterinary and social scientists. This team will test and evaluate novel interventions. The need for safe poultry production is most urgent in South and South East Asia, so the RVC and its partners will then use their local networks in these regions to put its positive research to immediate use.
Impact Development of international interdisciplinary partnership of 55 investigators from 13 countries to address the emerging global challenges of food security and public health associated with intensification of poultry production.
Start Year 2018
 
Description The role of segment 3 in H9N2 avian influenza virus pathogenicity 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department The Roslin Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is a Joint studentship project funded by The Pirbright Institute and The Roslin Institute. We identiifed molecular markers that are responsible for increase in virus pathogenicity and transmission.
Collaborator Contribution The Roslin Institute contributed both intellectually and by proving research training, samples and regents to achieve the prescribed objectives this project.
Impact 1. Oral Presentation Title: Identification of segment 3 sequence polymorphisms which alter shut off activity and pathogenicity of H9N2 avian influenza viruses in vivo. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Paul Digard and Munir Iqbal. Global Alliance for Research Into Avian Diseases (GARAD). January 17th to 19th 2018. Fortuna Hotel, Lang Ha Street, Hanoi, VietNam 2. Poster title: What is the role of H9N2 avian influenza virus PA-X within an avian model?. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Paul Digard & Munir Iqbal. UK- China CERAD (Centre of Excellence for Research on Avian Diseases), 3rd Symposium Recent Advances in Avian Disease Research. August 31st - 1st September 2017. The Harbour Hotel, Alexandra Terrace, Guildford, Surrey, UK. 3. Poster title: What is the role of H9N2 avian influenza virus PA-X within an avian model?. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Paul Digard & Munir Iqbal. Microbiology Society Annual Conference. April 3rd-6th 2017. Edinburgh International Conference Centre (EICC), Edinburgh, UK. 4. Oral Presentation title: Identification of sequence polymorphisms in segment 3 of H9N2 avian influenza viruses that affect PA-X activity. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Paul Digard & Munir Iqbal. Focused Meeting 2016: Molecular Biology and Pathogenesis of Avian Viruses. September 27th-29th 2016. Charles Darwin House, London, UK. 5. Oral Presentation title: The role of segment 3 in H9N2 avian influenza virus pathogenicity. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Munir Iqbal & Paul Digard. UK -Taiwan BBSRC Partnering Award workshop: Improving Control of influenza viruses. 26th-27th April 2016. Taipei, Taiwan. 6. Oral Presentation title: Identification of sequence polymorphisms in segment 3 of H9N2 avian influenza viruses that affect PA-X activity. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Munir Iqbal & Paul Digard. Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2016; virus Workshop: Negative strand RNA Viruses. 21st-24th March 2016. Arena and Convention Centre, Liverpool, UK. 7. Poster title: The role of segment 3 in H9N2 influenza virus pathogenicity. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Munir Iqbal & Paul Digard. 7th Orthomyxovirus research conference. 16th-18th September 2015. Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Toulouse, Toulouse, France. 8. Poster title: The role of segment 3 in H9N2 influenza virus pathogenicity. Anabel Clements, Saira Hussain, Holly Shelton, Munir Iqbal & Paul Digard. Edinburgh Infectious Diseases Annual Symposium. 20th May 2015. Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, UK.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Understanding antigenic diversity, zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry 
Organisation Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Undertake joint research work to investigate to identify the molecular determinants that are critical for enhancing potency and efficacy of vaccines, as well as those that are associated with heightened zoonotic risk.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, reagents and research facilities
Impact Published joint paper (1)ian Xu, Xixi Zhang, Shuanghai Zhou, Junjun Shen,Dawei Yang, Jing Wu, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua E. Sealy, Munir Iqbal&Yongqing Li (2017). A DNA aptamer efficiently inhibits the infectivity of Bovine herpesvirus 1 by blocking viral entry. Scientific Reports. 7: 11796. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10070-1. (2) Jian Xu, Jing Wu, Houjun He, Junjun Shena, Dawei Yang, Xixi Zhang, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua Sealy, Munir Iqbal & Yongqing Li (2017). Bovine single chain Fv antibody inhibits bovine herpesvirus-1 infectivity by targeting viral glycoprotein D. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8566-0. (2)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding antigenic diversity, zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry 
Organisation China Agricultural University (CAU)
Department College of Veterinary Medicine
PI Contribution Undertake joint research work to investigate to identify the molecular determinants that are critical for enhancing potency and efficacy of vaccines, as well as those that are associated with heightened zoonotic risk.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, reagents and research facilities
Impact Published joint paper (1)ian Xu, Xixi Zhang, Shuanghai Zhou, Junjun Shen,Dawei Yang, Jing Wu, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua E. Sealy, Munir Iqbal&Yongqing Li (2017). A DNA aptamer efficiently inhibits the infectivity of Bovine herpesvirus 1 by blocking viral entry. Scientific Reports. 7: 11796. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10070-1. (2) Jian Xu, Jing Wu, Houjun He, Junjun Shena, Dawei Yang, Xixi Zhang, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua Sealy, Munir Iqbal & Yongqing Li (2017). Bovine single chain Fv antibody inhibits bovine herpesvirus-1 infectivity by targeting viral glycoprotein D. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8566-0. (2)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding antigenic diversity, zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry 
Organisation Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Undertake joint research work to investigate to identify the molecular determinants that are critical for enhancing potency and efficacy of vaccines, as well as those that are associated with heightened zoonotic risk.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, reagents and research facilities
Impact Published joint paper (1)ian Xu, Xixi Zhang, Shuanghai Zhou, Junjun Shen,Dawei Yang, Jing Wu, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua E. Sealy, Munir Iqbal&Yongqing Li (2017). A DNA aptamer efficiently inhibits the infectivity of Bovine herpesvirus 1 by blocking viral entry. Scientific Reports. 7: 11796. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10070-1. (2) Jian Xu, Jing Wu, Houjun He, Junjun Shena, Dawei Yang, Xixi Zhang, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua Sealy, Munir Iqbal & Yongqing Li (2017). Bovine single chain Fv antibody inhibits bovine herpesvirus-1 infectivity by targeting viral glycoprotein D. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8566-0. (2)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding antigenic diversity, zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry 
Organisation Francis Crick Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Undertake joint research work to investigate to identify the molecular determinants that are critical for enhancing potency and efficacy of vaccines, as well as those that are associated with heightened zoonotic risk.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, reagents and research facilities
Impact Published joint paper (1)ian Xu, Xixi Zhang, Shuanghai Zhou, Junjun Shen,Dawei Yang, Jing Wu, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua E. Sealy, Munir Iqbal&Yongqing Li (2017). A DNA aptamer efficiently inhibits the infectivity of Bovine herpesvirus 1 by blocking viral entry. Scientific Reports. 7: 11796. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10070-1. (2) Jian Xu, Jing Wu, Houjun He, Junjun Shena, Dawei Yang, Xixi Zhang, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua Sealy, Munir Iqbal & Yongqing Li (2017). Bovine single chain Fv antibody inhibits bovine herpesvirus-1 infectivity by targeting viral glycoprotein D. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8566-0. (2)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding antigenic diversity, zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Undertake joint research work to investigate to identify the molecular determinants that are critical for enhancing potency and efficacy of vaccines, as well as those that are associated with heightened zoonotic risk.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of samples, reagents and research facilities
Impact Published joint paper (1)ian Xu, Xixi Zhang, Shuanghai Zhou, Junjun Shen,Dawei Yang, Jing Wu, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua E. Sealy, Munir Iqbal&Yongqing Li (2017). A DNA aptamer efficiently inhibits the infectivity of Bovine herpesvirus 1 by blocking viral entry. Scientific Reports. 7: 11796. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10070-1. (2) Jian Xu, Jing Wu, Houjun He, Junjun Shena, Dawei Yang, Xixi Zhang, Xiaoyang Li, Meiling Li, Xiufen Huang, Joshua Sealy, Munir Iqbal & Yongqing Li (2017). Bovine single chain Fv antibody inhibits bovine herpesvirus-1 infectivity by targeting viral glycoprotein D. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8566-0. (2)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation Agricultural Research Centre
Department Veterinary Serum and Vaccine Research Institute
Country Egypt 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation Francis Crick Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department MSk Lab
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation Suez Canal University
Country Egypt 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation University of Tokyo
Department International Research Center for Infectious Diseases
Country Japan 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Understanding diversity of avian influenza viruses and improvement disease control in poultry and humans 
Organisation Zagazig University
Country Egypt 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This project helped my research group to establish research collboration between the Pirbright Institute and the scientists at the collaborating laboratories listed above and an excellent opportunity for building a joint "ONE HEALTH" platfor. I am sharing knowledge, reagents and techniques to improve efficacious vaccines and diagnostic tools against avian influenza viruses. The easy availability of better control tools against avian influenza viruses will aid in the reduction of poultry production losses and thus be important for global food security and improved animal welfare whilst also reducing zoonotic transmission to humans.
Collaborator Contribution Each collaborating institute and team member has specific expertise and facilities in areas relevant to this research programme. Collaborators in different institutions have extensive experience collecting field samples and implementing vaccination and large scale surveillance programmes. Each partner institutions have unique experience in monitoring the endemic prevalence of many animal diseases including avian influenza in both domestic and wild birds from which UK is under constant threat. The partners are sharing knowledge, expertise and facilities to investigate fundamental biology of influenza viruses and predict their epidemiological relevance, to assess potential risks and to devise appropriate intervention strategies. The knowledge, reagents and field samples will be available through this partnership. which will be essential for development of informed control policies and tools(vaccines and diagnostics) that may contribute to reducing the ever increasing threat from endemic, emerging and re-emerging influenza virus variants posing risk to animals and humans. Also, All researchers involved will benefit through ongoing professional development and advanced training in new technologies and new systems-level approaches to disease management. Exchange visits of researchers from collaborating laboratories to undertake training in a number of disciplines including disease surveillance, molecular virology, epidemiology, immunology, vaccinology and diagnostics will have a tangible impact on capacity building and training of next generation researchers in control of infectious animal and zoonotic diseases.
Impact The ultimate aims of this collaboration are to reduce the impact of influenza virus on poultry production and reduce their zoonotic transmission to humans. The collaboration will improve resources and capacity for disease control systems. Achieving these specific goals will prove a step-change in AIV disease management and increase in poultry productivity directly drives economic prosperity of farmers and allied communities. The will directly impact on socio-economic well-being of partner countries.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Vaccinia 
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Generated and analysed DNA- and RNA-sequencing data from vaccinia samples with bespoke in-house pipelines
Collaborator Contribution Generated DNA and RNA vaccinia samples
Impact The collaboration aims to better understand the interaction between vaccina virus and its host(s), through the use of modern high-throughput techniques. No outputs yet
Start Year 2016
 
Description Virus and host community interaction and virus transmission 
Organisation Columbia University
Department Mailman School of Public Health
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise exchange between partners to cover disciplines of virology, immunology and veterinary medicine. Intellectual input into PhD studentship on viral diversity and transmission, student registered at the University of Surrey but practical work carried out at the University of Columbia. Visit to the University of Columbia in May 2018 to design collaborative project ideas and identify funding sources
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators contribute their expertise on virus ecology, bioinformatics and mathematical modelling as well as human health to enable a true one health approach to studying virus transmission and potential viral emergence. They also shared data and staff training to enable funding application
Impact Preliminary data for funding application
Start Year 2017
 
Description Virus and host community interaction and virus transmission 
Organisation University of Surrey
Department School of Veterinary Medicine
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise exchange between partners to cover disciplines of virology, immunology and veterinary medicine. Intellectual input into PhD studentship on viral diversity and transmission, student registered at the University of Surrey but practical work carried out at the University of Columbia. Visit to the University of Columbia in May 2018 to design collaborative project ideas and identify funding sources
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators contribute their expertise on virus ecology, bioinformatics and mathematical modelling as well as human health to enable a true one health approach to studying virus transmission and potential viral emergence. They also shared data and staff training to enable funding application
Impact Preliminary data for funding application
Start Year 2017
 
Description Talk Presented at 2nd International Congress of Veterinary Microbiology, 16th -19th October 2018. Sherwood Breezes Resort-Lara, Antalya, Turkey. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference discussed improving prevention and control of viral diseases of poultry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description "Challenges for Poultry Industry". Organised by Fakieh Poultry at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 2nd -3rd December 2018, 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference discussed prevention and control of infectious diseases affecting poultry production.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description "Interactive session with poultry stakeholders". Title: Overview of Avian Influenza group Research at The Pirbright Institute. Presented at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore, Pakistan, 3rd August 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop discussed the economic impacts and prevention strategies against avian influenza viruses affecting poultry production and zoonotic infections.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 1st JSPS Core-to-Core Program Joint Seminar and the 7th CADIC International Symposium "Livestock Revolution in ASEAN for the Kitchen of the World" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Don King provided an invited Keynote presentation to 1st JSPS Core-to-Core Program Joint Seminar and the 7th CADIC International Symposium "Livestock Revolution in ASEAN for the Kitchen of the World", Bangkok, Thailand, October 2017 on work undertaken at Pirbright to monitor the evolution of FMDV and threats posed for transbounadary spread.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2. Overview of Avian Influenza group Research at The Pirbright Institute. Presented at "Interactive session with poultry stakeholders" at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore, Pakistan, 3rd August 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of research Project outcomes These include presenting research data for vaccine seed strains with emergent field avian influenza variants; The zoonotic risk posed by emerging avian influenza viruses circulating in the wild birds and poultry. Impact of virus evolution on vaccine efficacy and persistence in poultry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 33rd World Veterinary Congress, Incheon, South Korea, August 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Don King was an invited speaker at the 33rd World Veterinary Congress, Incheon, South Korea, August 2017. He presented a talk entitled: New tools for the detection and characterisation of transboundary diseases.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wvc2017korea.com/
 
Description 360 degree Lab Animal Tour (and film) of The Plowright Building, The Philip Mellor Insectary, and Animal Isolation Facilities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The website provides unique access to the animal research facilities at The Pirbright Institute which support its world-leading scientific research into livestock viral diseases and helps save countless animal and potentially human lives, globally. Produced and filmed by Understanding Animal Research, the Lab Animal Tour was filmed at Pirbright, and at three other research centres, and provides the viewer with an interactive 360 virtual tour of the animal facilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.labanimaltour.org/pirbright
 
Description BBSRC website article: Halloween 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article on BBSRC website: Halloween Creepy Crawlies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/fundamental-bioscience/2017/171031-f-uk-creepiest-creepy-crawlies/
 
Description Bluetongue and Wildlife (15 minute presentation on Epizootic Haemorhagic Disease Virus), (July/Pirbright, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Policymakers reported greater interest in deer-associated diseases including EHDV and BTV
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bluetongue in wildlife workshop - presentation on "Bluetongue virus in deer (and other wildlife) - pathogenesis and immune responses" July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This workshop brought together policy makers, veterinary advisers and scientist to share information and discuss the role of wildlife for important Culicoides-borne viruses of ruminants. Gave 15 minutes presentation on "Bluetongue virus in deer (and other wildlife) - pathogenesis and immune responses"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Broadcast on African swine fever on BBC wolrd service "The Food Chain" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with BBC World Service "The Food Chain" on African swine fever virus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p05xhflj
 
Description Cafe Scientifique, Bradfield School, West Berkshire: "How insects spread viruses" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Cafe Scientifique is a public forum for exploring the latest ideas in science and technology. Meetings take place in cafes, bars, restaurants and even theatres, but always outside a traditional academic context. I presented to an audience of the general public and answered questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Cafe Scientifique, Reading: "How insects spread viruses" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Cafe Scientifique is a public forum for exploring the latest ideas in science and technology. Meetings take place in cafes, bars, restaurants and even theatres, but always outside a traditional academic context. I presented to an audience of the general public and answered questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2017
 
Description Cheltenham Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Institute stand at the festival covering the Institute science in general, and transmission and gene editing to control disease, in particular.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Cheltenham Science Festival 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Attended the Cheltenham Science Festival and presented "Pandemic Live" an interactive debate on the spread of viruses in livestock. The audience were guided through the decision making processes that accompany an outbreak of an exotic livestock disease outbreak.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Combating avian influenza through systematic analysis of antigenic drift, genetic variation, and development of novel diagnostic tools and vaccines. Presented at as PI of the ZELS project at ZELS grant holders and Stakeholders meeting in Hanoi, Vietnam 23th-24th January 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Engagement and dissemination of research outcome to representatives of research funding bodies such as Department for International Development (DFID), Medical Research Council (MRC) and the researchers working on different research projects funded by BBSRC under Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems (ZELS).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conor Haydon participated in the STEM Day - Speed interviews and Careers Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact STEM day engagement and careers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Demonstrating Mathematics (Angita Shrestha) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Angita Shrestha (PhD student within Avian Influenza group) provided help in a Maths session to the new Oxford Doctoral Training Porgramme (DTP) cohort.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description EUFMD 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact During the EuFMDV conference taking place from 26 to 28 October 2016, Paolo Ribeca gave a talk on "VIBAsys and FMDV-Tools: Practical resources for FMDV sequence analysis". The conference, organised by the EU, gathers most of the important actors in FMD control. The talk explained how the new resources being developed by the Integrative Biology and Bioinformatics on behalf of the FMDV World Reference Lab can be useful to the community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description European Society Vector Ecology (Invited Chair for two sessions and speaker for 15min talk); (October/Palermo, Sicily) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chaired two sessions, one on vector-borne diseases, one on scientific networks. Latter included a discussion with early career researchers. Main outcome was coordination between active networks including The Gnatwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.sove.org/European%20SOVE%20folder/greecescientificprogram/palermo_Scientific_program_revi...
 
Description Evolution of H9N2 avian influenza virus under immune pressure. Presented at 10th International Symposium on Avian Influenza, 15th - 18th April 2018, The Grand Hotel, Brighton, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The primary aim of the workshop was to forge long-term research partnerships between early-career researchers, livestock industry and national disease control authorities in the UK and the Philippines. In addition, the activity hopes provide information about the emerging and next generation diagnostic and vaccine strategies and their utilization to reduce the impact of viral diseases on livestock and poultry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.slideshare.net/zerep_cire/2019-newton-agham-researcher-links-workshop-vaccines-and-diagn...
 
Description FMD vaccine evaluation and reasons for failures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation given to Gulf countries in collaboration with Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Facebook Live: Infectious Disease Portrayals in Pop Culture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Infectious diseases are a frequent topic in movies. The CDC has used zombies to talk about infectious disease and disaster preparedness, and infotainment has flamed fears of Ebola. I took part in a Facebook Live chat organised by the AAAS Public Engagement team about why infectious diseases are so often the topic of pop culture discussions; what movies, books, and other pop culture gets right and wrong about infectious disease; and how scientists can use pop culture as a jumping-off point for public engagement. The chat was broadcast live on the AAAS Facebook page.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.aaas.org/event/facebook-live-infectious-disease-portrayals-pop-culture
 
Description H9N2 avian influenza viruses: impact of evolutionary changes on virus antigenicity, receptor binding and zoonotic potential. Presented at "Conference on Animal Infectious Diseases and Human Health" held at The Veterinary Biotechnology Branch of Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine & the Veterinary Immunology Branch of Chinese Society for Immunology. August 7th-10th, 2018 Harbin, China. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of research outcomes to prevent and control of infectious diseases of animals and humans.
- Avian influenza virus evolution and efficacy.
-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description H9N2 avian influenza viruses: impact of evolutionary changes on virus antigenicity, receptor binding and zoonotic potential. Presented at "Conference on Animal Infectious Diseases and Human Health" held at The Veterinary Biotechnology Branch of Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine & the Veterinary Immunology Branch of Chinese Society for Immunology. August 7th-10th, 2018 Harbin, China. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Focus of the conference was to improve control against infectious diseases affecting poultry and livestock.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Immuno-pathobiology of H9N2 avian influenza viruses: looking at how the viruses evolve and persist in poultry. Presented at "Techniques for Healthy Farming and Diseases Prevention & Control of Livestock and Poultry. Beijing, August 13th-15th, 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dissemination of research outputs. Improvement of vaccines and diagnostics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Influenza update 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Approx. 70 scientists attended a Influenza update meeting at which our group presented an oral presentation and poster presentation on our work. These actions resulted in establishment of new collaborations for ongoing work and the initiation of a joint grant writing exercise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Influenza update meeting (Pengxiang Chang) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presented work entitled: Antigenic characterization of avian influenza H7N9 virus by in vitro immune escape mutant selection method.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description InnovSur : Conference in IRD Montpellier on Insect Vector Surveillance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Working group on standardisation of techniques for surveillance of insect vectors. Included break out group brainstorming and subsequent commentaries. Total audience approximately 110 people for main lectures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.alphavisa.com/isessah-innovsur/2018/
 
Description Innovate Guildford 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Institute stand at the Innovate Guildford event, covering the work of the Institute in general and genetic modification through gene editing specifically.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.guildford.gov.uk/IG18
 
Description Inreview with Daily Telegraph about African swine fever 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with reporter from Daily Telegraph about African swine fever virus and risks to UK farmers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/12/12/uk-farmers-warned-alert-african-swine-fever-virus-hits-e...
 
Description Insect Festival 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ran a stand on blood-sucking arthropods and their role in the transmission of disease at the Royal Entomological Society's Insect Festival. Talked to public, answered questions. Lots of enquiries about ticks, midges, mosquitoes and large biting flies (particularly horseflies).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.yorkmuseumstrust.org.uk/whats-on/events/insect-festival-2017/
 
Description International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Global Alliance for Research on Avian Diseases conference health in Hanoi 17-19 January 2018. Purpose of the conference was to establish global partnerships and links between academic researchers and the poultry industry to improve joined up work in regards to preventing, controlling and
combating avian diseases. The conferences provided a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas around the single theme of exploiting available opportunities to deal with emerging and existing infectious avian diseases in poultry production systems and to safeguard food supplies and human health.
Conference speakers discuused basic, applied and commercial aspects of research on avian diseases including:
• Evolution and Epidemiology of Avian Pathogens
• Host-Pathogen Interactions - Virulence and Pathogenicity
• Pathogen Mechanisms of Immune Evasion
• Next Generation Disease Control Strategies
• Vaccines
• Immunity
• Diagnostics
• Zoonoses and Socio-economic impacts of avian diseases
• Global Research Opportunities and Threats
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.theeventsportal.com/GARAD-2018/3/Home
 
Description Interview with CNN on African swine fever virus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Nina Avramova from CNN International about African swine fever virus generally including transmission mechanisms and control strategies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://edition.cnn.com/2018/10/02/health/african-swine-fever-europe-china-spread-intl/index.html
 
Description Interview with Health for Animals about African swine fever vrius vaccine development and current situation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Interview with journalists from Health for Animals about African swine fever vaccine research published in a newsletter sent to 200 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://healthforanimals.org/resources-and-events/newsletter-repository/17-disease-outbreaks.html?q=...
 
Description Interview with IEG Policay about ASFV vaccines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Interview with Peter Rixon of IEG policy about the prospects for development of vaccines for African swine fever vrius
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://iegvu.agribusinessintelligence.informa.com/CO221819/ASF-outbreak-in-Belgium-highlights-lack-...
 
Description Invitation to give keynote talk on 'Control of avian diseases: Challenges and opportunities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave the Keynote talk on 'Control of avian diseases: Challenges and opportunities' at this International Symposium organized with an aim to gather international virology experts from both human and veterinary fields to share research experience, update findings and contribute their expertise through presentation and interactive discussion. The topics will cover a wide range of virology research common in both human and animal aspects. In addition, technological platforms such as vaccine development, and novel assays will be emphasized and addressed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.biotec.or.th/virus-symposium2018/index.php
 
Description Invited Chair at European Congress of Entomology (Naples,July) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chaired session on vector-borne diseases at meeting and subsequent question sessions with 15 minute presentation on Culicoides biting midges.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ece2018.com/scientific-programme/day-1-monday-2-july/
 
Description Invited Keynote Speaker International Society of Veterinary Epidemiology and Ecology, China Mai Thailand 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote talk on progress towards African swin efever virus vaccine development at ISVEE meeting Thailand
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited expert to the International gnatwork training workshop in Bangladesh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One of the invited disease experts to deliver an international training workshop in Bangladesh on the biology and vectorial roles of blackflies, sandflies and Culicoides biting midges. Initially this involved a presentation on "Of creatures big and very small - veterinary aspects of veterinary vector-borne pathogen research" at the start-up conference in Dhaka followed by a 4 day practical workshop at the BRAC learning centre (Mymensingh) where I was part of the training team on study design, data analysis and genetic identification of vector insects using molecular diagnostics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.gnatwork.ac.uk/bangladesh-18
 
Description Invited participant, Improving the Use of Evidence in Policymaking in the UK Government (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited to attend meeting to launch POST report "Improving the Use of Evidence in Policymaking in the UK Government" as a result of previous collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.sciencecampaign.org.uk/resource/casereportimprovingtheuseofevidence2017.html
 
Description Invited presentation at the Friedrich Loeffler Institute (January; Riems) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Formal presentation on biting midges and bluetongue to professional audience with question session and collaborative meetings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited speaker British Society of Veterinary Pathology Annual Meeting 2018, Applied Ruminant Pathology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker on "Bluetongue virus and Schmallenberg virus - recognising the continued threat of Culicoides-borne viruses of ruminants" British Society of Veterinary Pathology Annual Meeting 2018, Applied Ruminant Pathology
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, 29th of September 2018,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bsvp.org/event/applied-ruminant-pathology-disease-investigation-diagnosis-and-surveillan...
 
Description Invited speaker VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES (VBD) IN THE UK - BIENNIAL MEETING 2018 John Innes Centre Norwich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker on "The Host-vector-pathogen Interface of Culicoides-borne Bluetongue Virus" at the VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES (VBD) IN THE UK - BIENNIAL MEETING 2018 John Innes Centre Norwich 4th-5th December 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited speaker at APHA surveillance meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker on insect surveillance at Animal and Plant Health Agency meeting with discussion around current studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited speaker, Vienna Veterinary School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave a guest lecture at the Veterinary school in Vienna. There were a lot of questions and discussion after the talk. As a result established collaboration with Gerner Wilhelm's group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.vetmeduni.ac.at/de/graduate-school-pig-and-poultry-medicine/
 
Description Invited to talk at the International Conference on Building Human and Animal Health Capacities organised by the Jordan University of Science and Technology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in the discussion and talked on 'The recent advances in vaccination-based control of poultry diseases'. The need for increased awareness of the pathogen diversity in the design of vaccines and the opportunities from advances in vaccine technologies were discussed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.just.edu.jo/conferences/bhahc/Pages/default.aspx
 
Description Keynote talk at the World Veterinary Poultry Association meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give the keynote talk on 'Avian tumour viruses: their contribution to our understanding of cancer' at the World Veterinary Poultry Association XXth Congress in Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.wvpac2017.com/
 
Description Lecture given to University of Surrey MSc Veterinary Microbiology students 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A 2-hour teaching lecture given to 10 MSc Veterinary Microbiology students at the University of Surrey on 8th December (Lara Harrup)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lecture of dynamics of vector-borne diseases 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture on the dynamics of vector-borne diseases as part of Part II Pathology: Dynamics of Infectious Diseases course at Univerity of Cambridge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010,2011,2012
 
Description Lecture on dynamics of infectious diseases 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture as part of MSc in Veterinary Microbiology at University of Surrey
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014,2015,2016
 
Description Lecture to MSc studnets University of Surrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture on African swine fever virus to MSc students University of Surrey Veterinary faculty
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lumpy Skin Disease D2R2 profile 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Provided expert opinion to the assessment (D2R2) of the risk of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) to the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Mapping antigenic determinants of H9N2 avian influenza viruses and improving vaccines and diagnostics" presented at Foreign Talent Lecture: New strategies and new techniques for the prevention and control of major avian diseases. Shandong Binzhou Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine Academy, Binzhou, China. 6th August 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The focus of the meeting was to improve the control systems against poultry diseases including development of improved vaccines and diagnostics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Newton Agham Researcher Links Workshop on "Novel Vaccines and Diagnostic Technologies Against Emerging and Re-emerging Veterinary Pathogens, Rizal Park Hotel, Manila, Philippines 4-7 February 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The primary aim of this workshop was to forge long-term research partnerships between early-career researchers, livestock industry and national disease control authorities in the UK and the Philippines. The workshop provided information on emerging and next generation diagnostic and vaccine strategies and their utilization to reduce the impact of viral diseases on livestock and poultry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.slideshare.net/zerep_cire/2019-newton-agham-researcher-links-workshop-vaccines-and-diagn...
 
Description Oral presentation at the Global Alliance for Research on Avian Disease meeting in Hanoi, Vietnam 15th -19th Jan 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A talk was given on the PB1-F2 function in avian influenza infection of avian hosts at the GARAD meeting. This meeting was attended by approximately 120 researchers and poultry industry members from a wide international geographic region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Oral presentation to Large Animal Research Network 24th May 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk about work understanding PB1-F2 function in avian hosts highlighting how the animal work carried out was undertaken and monitored. this was delivered to an audience of researchers, funders and industry interested in animal model systems for research and the 3Rs commitment surrounding this work. Discussions with interested parties about our chicken work at the Institute and the diverse way that the birds are entertained whilst being housed (e.g. live food, vegetables, perches, dust baths etc).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Organisation of Influenza meeting at Roslin Institute 21st-22nd November 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Along with Paul Digard (Edinburgh) and Edward Hutchinson (Glasgow) I helped to organize, plan and run a Influenza update meeting which ran for 2 days at The Roslin Institute in November 2017. The symposium was attended by approximately 60 influenza researchers from the UK. Talks were given by a range of people with student talks and posters being awarded prizes. This was supported by Medimmune and the Microbiology Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Organisation of UK-India Bioinformatics Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The meeting discussed the challenges and opportunities and have decided to come up with a strategy document on working together between UK and India on data-driven biology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Organised the 3rd UK-China CERAD meeting in Guildford, UK in July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The 3rd UK-China CERAD meeting helped to bring together professional from both countries to identify challenges and exploit the opportunities for improved control of poultry diseases and increasing food security.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.uk-china-cerad.org/
 
Description Organising and giving Keynote talk at the GARAD meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Global Alliance of Poultry industry professional and academia to discuss about the advances in control strategies of diseases
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://Garad.org
 
Description Oxford DTP students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact High level overview of diseases studied [at Pirbright], and the importance of our work, provided to a group of over 30 Oxford DTP students, followed by a networking lunch (29th September 2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description PPR vaccine producers meeting at MCI, Morocco organised by FAO/OIE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PPR vaccine producers meeting at MCI, Morocco organised by FAO/OIE. Almost all PPR vaccine producers through out world joined this meeting. Satya Parida has presented a talk on vaccine development and transmission of PPR virus in North Africa. There was hues interest on the talk particularly the spread of PPR in North Africa and new vaccine development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Pandemic Live (Cheltenham Science Festival) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Approximately 250 attendees at a 1 hour discussion around a simulated virus outbreak scenario (Speakers Fry; Carpenter; Beard; Hatchett). Followed by question and answer session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.cheltenhamfestivals.com/science/whats-on/2018/pandemic-live/
 
Description Participant in IDEAS arboviruses workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in discussions and breakout groups, formed contacts. Planned future meetings on minimum reporting standards in insect infection studies (now funded and scheduled for 2018).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ideas.princeton.edu/workshop-for-2017/
 
Description Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on "Population biology of Culicoides-borne viruses in Europe" at symposium held at University of Georgia Athens on 24 February 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poultry Health course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poultry Health Course is run as a residential and online course to transfer recent advances in avian disease research from the laboratory to the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006
URL http://www.poultryhealthcourse.com/
 
Description Practical training given to LSHTM MSc students 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Two-hour practical teaching session given to 12 MSc students at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) on 17th November 2017 (Lara Harrup).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Preparation of presentation on African swine fever clinical signs and pathogenesis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prepared a presentation on African swine fever clinical signs and pathogenesis aimed at making farmers and veterinary practitioners aware. Presentation made available publically on the APHA, DEFRA and Pirbright websites. A follow up video was made by APHA and training for APHA veterinary services is planned
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://apha.defra.gov.uk/documents/surveillance/diseases/african-swine-fever-images.pdf
 
Description Presentation and sicussion with members of the CLA group visiting Pirbright Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The CLA is the membership organisation for owners of land, property and businesses in rural England and Wales. The CLA came for a visit to the Pirbrigtht Institute and I presented on Bluetongue virus epidemiology, transmission and risk to the UK agriculture followed by a general discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to Jordan University of Science and Technology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on epidemiological approaches to vaccine evaluation focussing on foot-and-mouth disease. Generated a lot of interest on evaluating the impact of vaccination policy which has led to follow-up communication regarding future projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Provided information to Podcast This week in Virology about African swine fever virus spread in wild boar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact E-mail correspondence providing advice to presenters of TWIV This week in Virology Podcast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.microbe.tv/twiv/twiv-532/
 
Description Public Health Entomology Group (LSHTM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited lecture on 4th April 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public event - TK - Innovate Guildford (17 Mar 18) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Showcase of science and engineering in South East held in Guildford. Pirbright Institute has a stand which allows talk with the general public about our science, including the control of avian influenza
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Reddit AMA (Ask Me Anything) on vector-borne diseases 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Took part in a Reddit Ask Me Anything (AMA) on vector-borne diseases. AMAs are a question-and-answer format activity where an individual expert or panel of experts answers questions from the public for a specified duration. We received a large number of questions and the parent post received 493 upvotes, indicating an absolute minimum of 493 participants (and very probably more), so I have given the estimated audience as 500+.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.reddit.com/r/science/comments/6he8go/aaas_ama_hi_were_maria_elena_bottazzi_marcia/
 
Description Scheduled Twitter session with University of Nottingham students on professional skills for biosciences 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Hour-long Twitter chat on Friday 12th May with biotechnology students, microbiology students, animal science students interested in animal diseases and animal welfare and behaviours and agriculture students interested in livestock.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/search?q=%23biosciprofskills
 
Description Scientific Presentation: SOVE lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Society of Vector Ecology Presentation 'The Gnatwork'. 6th October 2017 over 150 attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.uibcongres.org/sove2017/
 
Description Seminar given at The Roslin Institute - 19th October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited to give a Seminar on PB1-F2 programme of work at The Roslin Institute in Edinburgh to researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar on African swine fever virus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar at Beijing Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences 12 Zhongguanchan South Stree, Haifing District Beijing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar on African swine fever virus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar on African swine fever virus host interactions and vaccine development. Yangzhou University Veterinary Faculty PR China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar on African swine fever virus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation on African swine fever virus vaccine development to Yebio Bioengineering and China Animal Health and Epidemiology Centre, Qingdao, PR China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar on African swine fever virus virus host interaction and vaccine development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences PR China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar on African swine fever virus virus host interaction and vaccine development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar on African swine fever virus evasion of host defences and vaccine development Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, UCL London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar on prospects for African swine fever virus vaccine development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar at Harbin Institute for Veterinary Research, PR China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar on virus host interactions and prospects for African swine fever virus vaccine development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar on African swine fever virus host interactions and vaccine development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Site tour with Department of Trade and Industry 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Tour/site visit with Department of Trade and Industry (25 people attending)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Site tour with UK Science Partnership for Animal and Plant Health, BBSRC (Chris Jacobs, Julie Fitzpatrick) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 'Fact-finding' visit from Chris Jacobs (Head of Secretariat, UK Science Partnership for Animal and Plant Health) & Julie Fitzpatrick (Chair of the Partnership) to organisations involved in the areas of animal and plant health science capabilities, to gain a better understanding of who the key players are, what they're working on, and any particular issues the Partnership may be able to address.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Sutton College Lecture (Enjoy your retirement) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to group on virus outbreaks (Enjoy your retirement) - 16 people & class coordinator. Included simulation of a virus outbreak.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description TAIEX Multi Country Workshop on Animal Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Donald King was an invited speaker (and expert panel member) at a TAIEX Multi Country Workshop on Animal Health, Malta, June 2017. He gave a talk entitled: foot-and mouth disease: epidemiological situation in the Mediterranean area and new threats to North Africa, Near East and Europe
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2017
URL https://www.eu2017.mt/en/Events/Pages/TAIEX-multi-country-seminar-on-animal-health.aspx
 
Description Television interview Ulaanbaatar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was interviewed by UB television while on a collaborative visit to the State Central Veterinary Laboratory in Mongolia. I spoke about the collaboration between The Pirbright Institute and the SCVL, and how this benefits the Mongolian agricultural sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Pirbright Village Duck Fair held on 16 June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Local Village Fair, interaction with local residence to expanse research aims and activities of The Pirbright Institute and benefits to UK and around the globe to prevent and control infectious diseases of animals and humans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tillingbourne Bug Hunt (Christopher Sanders) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Insect identification event with general public (primarily schools).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tour of Philip Mellor Insectary (Country Land and Business Association) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Tour of Philip Mellor Insectary with Country Land and Business Association (20 people)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Tour of Pirbright Research facilities for CLA group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The CLA is the membership organisation for owners of land, property and businesses in rural England and Wales. The CLA came for a tour of the Jenner building facilities at The Pirbright Institute. I led a tour of our building for the group and described the work undertaken by the avian research programme here.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description U3A talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on influenza virus research at The Pirbright Institute for the local University of the Third Age group, approx. 50 people aged 65 years + all with an interest in science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://cu3asandt.wordpress.com/2018/09/23/meeting-2nd-october/
 
Description UK vector meeting 2018 (Organising committee; Chair) (December; John Innes Centre, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chaired and helped organise meeting on UK Vector-borne Diseases as part of committee. Included reviewing talks and inviting speakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.hpruezi.nihr.ac.uk/media/29013/master-draft-vbd-programme-with-titles-oct18_.pdf
 
Description UK-China Philippines-Thailand Swine and Poultry Research Initiative project kick-off workshop" at China Agriculture University, Beijing, 26th-28th September 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Emerging new approaches were discussed for prevention and control of infectious diseases affecting swines and poultry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UK-India bioinformatics workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On February 9 2018 Pirbright organised a "UK-India bioinformatics workshop" in order to foster ties between Indian and UK bioinformaticians working in the field of livestock and crop research. Paolo Ribeca gave a talk on "Bioinformatics and sequencing at Pirbright".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Understanding Antigenic Diversity, Zoonotic potential and immunological prevention of avian influenza viruses affecting poultry. Presented at "UK-China Philippines-Thailand Swine and Poultry Research Initiative project kick-off workshop" at China Agriculture University, Beijing, 26th-28th September 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting focus was to share research plans funded under "UK-China-Philippines-Thailand Swine and Poultry Research Initiative". Research projects investigate pathogens, zoonotic pathogens or "commensals" associated with food safety issues affecting poultry and swine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://bbsrc.ukri.org/funding/filter/joint-swine-poultry-initiative/
 
Description University of Surrey Vet School Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Institute stand at Surrey Vet School - introducing the institute to prospective vet students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description V Nair invited to talk on 'Cell type- and disease stage-specific interactions of Marek's disease virus & the host' at the International Symposium on Marek's disease and avain herpesiviruses at Yangzhou, China during 29th July to 2nd Aug 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Most recent updates in the field of avian herpesvirus research was discussed and active engagements for future collaborations discussed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Video on African swine fever clinical signs for APHA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Video prepared to inform farmers and vets about African swine fever virus clinical signs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z4kSR-wMO4M&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Workshop 1: Minimum Information for Reporting Arthropod Infection Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop was held as part of the VectorBiTE RCN annual meeting at Asilomar in CA. Attendance was roughly 60 people, mostly users of data resulting from experimental arthropod infection studies or arthropod ecological datasets. AW gave a presentation describing the objectives of the grant and then we formed breakout groups to discuss potential factors to report and their importance for different categories of users. The feedback was used to review and update the draft standards document before the second workshop as ASTMH's Trop Med meeting in New Orleans in October.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop 2: Minimum Information for Reporting Arthropod Infection Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop was organised in collaboration with members of the ASTMH's Advisory Committee on Arthropod-borne Viruses (ACAV) at the start of the 2018 Trop Med annual meeting and was advertised via social media and society and project mailing lists. Around 30 people attended, mostly from the US but with representation from Asia, Europe and South America, and a mixture of senior academics, junior faculty and students. AW gave a brief introduction to the objectives of the workshop and AW, assisted by LH (a postdoc at Pirbright), helped participants pilot the questionnaire before its formal launch. Feedback was positive and used to refine the questionnaire before it was launched in November. As a result of specific points raised in the feedback, the survey was translated into French and Spanish and these versions were launched simultaneously to support involvement by a broader audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop 3: Minimum Information for Reporting Arthropod Infection Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop was organised during the biennial UK VBD meeting in Norwich to improve awareness of the survey and increase completion. A short presentation was given by LH, a postdoc at Pirbright who has been assisting with the development of the questionnaire and standards documentation (as AW is leaving Pirbright in December) and then breakout groups formed to discuss particular challenges and any suggested changes as well as pathways to increasing the chances of uptake of the resulting guidelines. The feedback was recorded and will influence the resulting report/manuscript.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018