The Supergen Biological Fuel Cells Consortium 2010-2014 (CORE)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Mathematical & Physical Sciences Div

Abstract

The Supergen Biological Fuel Cells Consortium is developing advanced technologies that exploit the special properties of biological systems for energy production. A fuel cell produces electricity by reacting a fuel (such as hydrogen or methanol) with oxygen (from air) at a pair of electrodes instead of by combustion,which produces only heat. Normally, fuel cells require expensive components such as special catalysts (platinum) and membranes. In contrast, biological fuel cells use whole organisms or isolated enzymes as catalysts, and a membrane may not be necessary. Two kinds of fuel cell are under development - microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and enzyme-based fuel cells. MFCs have an important role to play in improving our environment and conserving energy whereas enzyme-based fuel cells (EFCs) provide unique opportunities for new kinds of fuel cells, including ones that can be made very small for niche applications such as implantable power sources. MFCs use bacteria, held in contact with an electrode, to convert organic matter (the fuel) into electrical power. They can also be used to remove (oxidising) contaminants from water supplies with the advantage that the electrical power that is simultaneously produced offsets the energy costs for remediation. EFCs exploit the high activities, efficiencies and selectivities of enzymes, recognising that in most cases, and particularly when attached to an electrode, their performance is far superior to man-made catalysts. The Consortium combines expertise in several areas and plans to advance the field on several fronts. These include the following: developing a clear understanding of how microbes colonise electrodes, how useful bacteria can be sustained and undesirable microbes deterred from colonising; understanding and improving the way that electrical charge is transferred between bacteria and electrodes; optimising the design of electrodes from cheap and abundant materials, focusing on such factors as surface chemistry porosity and conductivity; designing novel fuel cells for small-scale special applications; last but not least, finding new ways to replace platinum as the electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction.

Planned Impact

Biological fuel cells utilise the properties of whole organisms (bacteria) or isolated biomolecules (enzymes) for direct production of electrical energy from the bioelectrochemical reaction of a fuel (substrate, in an anaerobic compartment) with oxygen in air. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) produce electrical power by harnessing bacterial metabolism. Through developments, MFCs have important potential for electricity production from marginal resources and biological substrates, and for the processing and removal of waste materials from aqueous waste streams. The energy contribution of MFCs therefore derives not only from electricity generation, but also from reduced biomass production (10-50%) and energy savings (MFCs are self-powering) relative to typical waste treatment processes. Scaled-up devices will have considerable potential for (i) generating electrical energy for storage (subject of the Supergen Energy Storage Consortium) for later use at higher power (e.g. in off-grid and remote locations), (ii) self-powering MFCs offering very considerable energy savings for industrial applications such as purification of waste streams (e.g. replacing power-hungry aeration in conventional wastewater treatment), (iii) miniature biological fuel cells offering grid-independent power for sensors and other low power applications. Enzyme-based fuel cells (EFCs) have distinct niche roles, where the emphasis is on small-scale technologies, such as an implantable power source or a self-powered sensor. Enzyme-based cathodes catalyse the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and enzyme-based anodes can operate with hydrogen, potentially substituting for platinum at room temperature at both electrodes. Replacement of platinum as electrocatalyst for electrical energy production is a high priority in all fuel cell programmes, because platinum group metals are expensive and their widespread use is increasingly seen as unsustainable due to resource limitation; isolated enzymes (copper oxidases) are highly efficient electrocatalysts for the ORR. Associated with the Consortium is an Industrial Club, which participates in Consortium activities under a multi-way non-disclosure agreement (NDA). Its purpose is to provide an industrial (supplier and end user) perspective on the programme (as a whole and on particular lines of work) and to enable Club organisations to remain up to date with the Consortium and its activities. The new, closely integrated programme aims to promote internationally leading, continuing rapid advance in biological fuel cell technology in the UK, which will not be achieved other than by operating in Consortium mode. The programme necessitates an exceptionally broad base in scientific and engineering backgrounds and in experimental capabilities, as is evident in the academic team assembled. Associated disciplines range from Civil Engineering via Chemical Sciences through to Microbiology, with skills ranging from modelling of microbial community dynamics via electrochemistry to engineering and biotechnological design. The twin priorities of the ongoing consortium will be (i) focussing on power generating devices and (ii) essential developments in the underlying science and engineering that control device performance. The Consortium will seek to provide intensive training opportunities for its own team and other researchers, with a particular focus on UK groups. Annual Workshops on Bioelectrochemical Technology and Devices will be Consortium-led, but not restricted solely to the topic of biological fuel cells. The training impact of the Consortium programme will therefore be extended nationally and internationally.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Due to the introduction of new materials, power has been significantly increased from MFC units which allows MFC technology to become an important part of renewable energy sources.
Preliminary work on the miniaturised MFC design has shown that the power density generated is quite remarkable for an MFC system, (miniaturisation could allow MFC stacks to be implemented in portable devices/applications).
The tubular MFCs use a new design of anode, which, when using low resistance porous carbon materials.
In the Hydrogen Enzyme fuel cells, we have demonstrated power development that is sufficient to drive small electronic devices with much improved stabilities. The Oxford group has established beyond reasonable doubt the mechanism of oxygen tolerance of certain nickel hydrogenases, a property that allows these enzymes to be used in fuel cells. The Oxford group has also established that electrocatalysts with activities exceeding those of precious metals can be formed from abundant elements.
Exploitation Route In the MFC area, Partner institutions are in direct contact with various industrial organisation, with the water industry a more than interested observer. More fundamental research is , nonetheless, warranted.
In the EFC area our studies have resulted in substantial steps forward in understanding of enzyme and electrochemical cells operations. In the area of energy from biomolecules such as glucose, problems associated with cross-talk between electrodes have been identified and overcome. From the hydrogen-enzyme work, it looks likely that new catalysts will be discovered.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Other

 
Description The MFC themes has focused on system issues which impinge of the deployability of MFCs and BES, to the extent that there is commonality between them (particularly in the anodic system). USW previously established the principle that high aspect ratio tubular MFCs can plausibly be manufactured by cost sensitive methods and provide a means to increase system volume while maintaining near optimal physical spacing of components tubular scalable system. Hence, USW have continued to investigate the key. OXF has pioneered the chemistry of hydrogenases, not only establishing the mechanisms of oxygen tolerance and hydrogen activation, but also drawing attention to the fact that future technologies need not rely on precious metal catalysts in energy technologies.
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Education,Energy
Impact Types Economic

 
Description A study of the metagenomics-informed biochemical functionality of microbial fuel cells using DDGS as a substrate
Amount £615,740 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/J01916X/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2012 
End 08/2015
 
Description EU and US patent costs
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (HEFCW) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2010 
End 01/2011
 
Description EVOBLISS
Amount £445,389 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 02/2014 
End 01/2018
 
Description EraSybio- Engineering the chloroplast of microalgae as a chassis for the direct production of solar fuels and chemicals
Amount £333,634 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/M005720/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2014 
End 08/2017
 
Description Global Innovation Initiative
Amount $250,000 (USD)
Organisation British Council 
Department Global Innovation Initiative grant
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description Greenius Scheme: Microbial Fuel Stacks
Amount £49,000 (GBP)
Organisation TSB Bank plc 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2013 
End 05/2013
 
Description How Hydrogenases Work at the Atomic Level
Amount £722,942 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/N006321/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description Joint Grant 2012-2014 Royal Society/NGFL China
Amount £12,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2013 
End 06/2015
 
Description MFC Market Feasibility Studies
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Welsh Assembly 
Department Welsh Government A4B programme
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2010 
End 01/2011
 
Description Metal-hydrido intermediates in enzymes: atomic level mechanistic insight and technological applications of hydrogenases
Amount £426,912 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/L009722/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2014 
End 01/2017
 
Description New Directions Scheme: MFCC-RNC
Amount £247,108 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2013 
End 06/2015
 
Description President's Fund for Research Visits Grants (PF13/05) "Development of a novel electrosynthetic pathway for the balanced production of 3-hydroxypropionate"
Amount £2,950 (GBP)
Funding ID PF13/05 
Organisation Society of General Microbiology 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2013 
End 12/2013
 
Description Quorum sensing MFC, The Feasibility Study for Korea-UK Joint R&D Project, Korea Institute of Advancement of Technology
Amount £838 (GBP)
Organisation Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) 
Sector Academic/University
Country Korea, Republic of
Start 08/2010 
End 11/2010
 
Description RRfW with BES
Amount £138,232 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2014 
End 07/2017
 
Description Resource recovery from wastewater with bioelectrochemical systems
Amount £593,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/L01422X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Department NERC Catalyst Grant
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2014 
End 06/2017
 
Description Supergen H2FC Hub: Biohydrogen production by fermentation and bioelectrolysis
Amount £98,221 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2014 
End 06/2017
 
Description An investigation into the ability of the tubular MFC (First Generation) to remove COD from food waste effluent 
Organisation 2 Sisters Food Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales were active in producing a report on the economics and efficacy of using MFCs for in-situ wastewater treatment of process waters
Collaborator Contribution Interaction to inform report produced on the economics and efficacy of using MFCs for in-situ wastewater treatment of process waters
Impact Future opportunity to test large scale MFC system on food production wastewater effluent
Start Year 2014
 
Description Building of a urinal/mobile phone demonstrator - DesignWorks, Windsor 
Organisation Designworks
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaging with DesignWorks in Windsor with respect to building and commissioning of a urinal/mobile phone demonstrator
Collaborator Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaging with DesignWorks in Windsor with respect to building and commissioning of a urinal/mobile phone demonstrator
Impact No outcomes or outputs so far
Start Year 2014
 
Description Building of demonstrator - Oxfam 
Organisation Oxfam GB
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaged with Oxfam with respect to building a demonstrator
Collaborator Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaged with Oxfam with respect to building a demonstrator
Impact Public relations/dissemination, joint publications, joint funding
Start Year 2014
 
Description Contributing to the agenda of the LCRI in terms of MFCs and receiving policy and Welsh Government steerage. CymruH2Wales has a significant bioprocess element, some of which are of interest to integrated processes. 
Organisation Cymru H2 Wales
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales has with LCRI and CymruH2Wales been carrying out work to investigate the potential benefits of integrating biohydrogen and bioelectrochemical systems
Collaborator Contribution The University of South Wales has with LCRI and CymruH2Wales been carrying out work to investigate the potential benefits of integrating biohydrogen and bioelectrochemical systems
Impact EPSRC funding has been secured to carry out further testing on the integration of these bioprocess technologies
Start Year 2014
 
Description Contributing to the agenda of the LCRI in terms of MFCs and receiving policy and Welsh Government steerage. CymruH2Wales has a significant bioprocess element, some of which are of interest to integrated processes. 
Organisation Low Carbon Research Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales has with LCRI and CymruH2Wales been carrying out work to investigate the potential benefits of integrating biohydrogen and bioelectrochemical systems
Collaborator Contribution The University of South Wales has with LCRI and CymruH2Wales been carrying out work to investigate the potential benefits of integrating biohydrogen and bioelectrochemical systems
Impact EPSRC funding has been secured to carry out further testing on the integration of these bioprocess technologies
Start Year 2014
 
Description Contribution by investigators at the University of South Wales to the Objectives of the AD Centre of Excellence (Wales) 
Organisation Wales Centre of Excellence for Anaerobic Digestion
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution University of South Wales investigators have been investigating the integration of AD and bioelectrochemical technologies
Collaborator Contribution University of South Wales investigators have been investigating the integration of AD and bioelectrochemical technologies
Impact Further joint collaborative projects to be investigated
Start Year 2014
 
Description Dissemination of MFC and other bioprocess knowhow to a global, typically developing world audience, through conferencing and workshops 
Organisation World Renewable Energy Network
Country Global 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales were invited togive talks in Denver 2012 on MFC activities and 2014 in Kingston Upon Thames. Representation on the technical committee for 2014 congress, with chair responsibilities for the Biomass and Waste to Energy theme
Collaborator Contribution Facilitating the dissemination
Impact Raised profile of MFC research work in the UK and promoted dissemination of research activities and international networking
Start Year 2014
 
Description Engagement to chair working group BBSRC NIBB ADNet: Optimisation (A Guwy) and Process Integration and Modelling (G Premier) 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
Department Anaerobic Digestion Network (AD Network)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales has been engaged with BBSRC NIBB ADNet by means of being appointed to chair working group: Optimisation (A Guwy) and Process Integration and Modelling (G Premier)
Collaborator Contribution The University of South Wales has been engaged with BBSRC NIBB ADNet by means of being appointed to chair working group: Optimisation (A Guwy) and Process Integration and Modelling (G Premier)
Impact Kick off meeting and launch at ABDA event. Establishment of MFC/BES component in the ADNet interests, particularly industrially.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Joint research project investigating the use of bioelectrochemical systems with a metabolic engineering approach. Also, preliminary study on quoram sensing in MFCs. 
Organisation Pusan National University
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales has been engaged in a joint research project with Pusan National University investigating the use of bioelectrochemical systems with a metabolic engineering approach and a preliminary study on quorum snesing in MFCs. USW has produced a poster presentation and a USW postdoc conducted a 2 month reserch visit to PNU.
Collaborator Contribution The University of South Wales has been engaged in a joint research project with Pusan National University investigating the use of bioelectrochemical systems with a metabolic engineering approach and a preliminary study on quorum snesing in MFCs. USW has produced a poster presentation and a USW postdoc conducted a 2 month reserch visit to PNU.
Impact USW are investigating strategies to continue the research collaboration.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Material transfer and trials - ROCA 
Organisation Roca
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaged with ROCA re material transfer and trials
Collaborator Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaged with ROCA re material transfer and trials
Impact Public relations/dissemination, joing publications, joint funding
Start Year 2014
 
Description Representation of the UK on the IEA HIA Task 21 Biohydrogen, which has relevance to bioelectrochemical systems 
Organisation IKEA
Country Sweden 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales have been engaged representing the UK on the IEA HIA Task 21. There are significant synergies between bioelectrochemical systems and biohydrogen production and this has facilitated further academic work looking at the integration of these processes
Collaborator Contribution The University of South Wales have been engaged representing the UK on the IEA HIA Task 21. There are significant synergies between bioelectrochemical systems and biohydrogen production and this has facilitated further academic work looking at the integration of these processes
Impact Further work will be carried out to investigate the symbiotic relationships between bioelectrochemical systems and other dark fermentation systems
Start Year 2014
 
Description Representation on the Anaerobic Digestion (AD) specialist group 
Organisation iWeb Technologies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of South Wales have been investigating with IWA significant synergies between bioelectrochemical systems and AD and this has facilitated further academic work looking at the integration of AD processes
Collaborator Contribution The University of South Wales have been investigating with IWA significant synergies between bioelectrochemical systems and AD and this has facilitated further academic work looking at the integration of AD processes
Impact Further work is being carried out to investigate the symbiotic relationships between bioelectrochemical systems and other anaerobic processes
Start Year 2014
 
Description Research Collaboration/ Field Trials KwaZulu-Natal 
Organisation University of KwaZulu-Natal
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaged with University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa with respect to Waste utilisation and power output from MFC stacks in real environments with aged urine
Collaborator Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaged with University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa with respect to Waste utilisation and power output from MFC stacks in real environments with aged urine
Impact Joint publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description Research Collaboration/Field Trials 
Organisation California Institute of Technology
Department Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaging with Caltech with respect to researching waste utilisation data and power output from MFC stacks in real toliets (on campus)
Collaborator Contribution The University of the West of England has been engaging with Caltech with respect to researching waste utilisation data and power output from MFC stacks in real toliets (on campus)
Impact Joint publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description Research Collaboration/Material Trials - University of New Mexico 
Organisation University of New Mexico
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of the West of England have been engaging with the University of New Mexico with respect to the production of experimental data on new MFC electrode materials
Collaborator Contribution The University of the West of England have been engaging with the University of New Mexico with respect to the production of experimental data on new MFC electrode materials
Impact Joint publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description Supply of control software/hardware for use with high performance flat-plate MFC stack 
Organisation Pusan National University
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution PNU has supplied the University of South Wales with software/hardware to test high performance flat plate MFC stack and testing at PNU is ongoing by USW
Collaborator Contribution PNU has supplied the University of South Wales with software/hardware to test high performance flat plate MFC stack and testing at PNU is ongoing by USW
Impact It is anticipated that this work will provide the basis for further collaboration
Start Year 2013
 
Description Supply of information and electrode carbons 
Organisation MAST Carbon International
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution University of South Wales has been supplied with information and electrode carbons which they have been testing
Collaborator Contribution MAST has supplied information and electrode carbons
Impact Development of high capacitive carbon particles for use in a particle MFC reactor as part of an ongoing research activity
Start Year 2014
 
Description Supply of information and electrode carbons 
Organisation Morgan Advanced Materials
Department Morgan Group Technology Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution University of South Wales has been supplied with information and electrode carbons which have been tested
Collaborator Contribution Morgan has supplied information and electrode carbons
Impact Knowledge has been furthered and it is anticipated that there will be future development and testing with Morgan AM&T carbon materials
Start Year 2014
 
Description Supply of information and electrode carbons and support for funding proposals 
Organisation Haydale
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution University of South Wales have been supplied with information and electrode carbons by Haydale, and have been testing the electrode carbons
Collaborator Contribution Haydale has supplied information and electrode carbons and have been supportive with respect to funding proposals
Impact Improvements in cathodic subsystem performance
Start Year 2014
 
Description UEA School of Biological Sciences in-kind funding for Shewenella odenisis microbial electrochemistry 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Active participation
Collaborator Contribution Active participation
Impact Furtherance of the science
Start Year 2014
 
Title A BIOLOGICAL FUEL CELL 
Description An apparatus for use in a biological fuel cell, the apparatus including an elongate anode (1) and a flow conduit (2) though which a fluid comprising a substrate flows. The ratio of the length of the flow conduit (2) to the width of the flow conduit is at least 4: 1. In use, the biological fuel cell is arranged so that fluid flows within the flow conduit (2) along the length of the elongate anode (1) and the fluid flows substantially parallel to the anode (1) for at least 80% of its length. 
IP Reference WO2009004341 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2009
Licensed No
Impact The system is to be improved and elaborated to other BES functions and integrated with other bioproccesses and a route to commercialisation. Funding is currently being sought.
 
Title A Biological fuel cell 
Description A fuel cell comprising an anode 5, a cathode 7, a catalyst, an electrolytic fluid 4, a substrate, a fluid chamber 1 and a plurality of mobile capacitive particles 10,20 that are capable of storing charge. In operation, the charged capacitive particles 10 transfer electrons generated in an electrochemical reaction to the anode 5. 
IP Reference GB2449453 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2008
Licensed No
Impact The patent application is no longer being supported, for lack of funding. Work of process development proceeds, but is not yet at a technology readiness level suitable for exploitation.
 
Description ALIFE14 - University of the West of England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of the overall work performed over the last 3.5 years and the synergy between artificially controlled and biological metabolism. EcoBot IV.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://alife.org/conference/alife-14
 
Description Conference presentation at the IWA 2012, South Korea - University of South Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dissemination of group MFC research

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Conference presentation by USW and Surrey Uni at MFC3, Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dissemination of group MFC research

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Distinguished lecture - OXF 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Sparked discussion

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description EPSRC Solar Fuels Network: Advisory Board 2013- 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Advisory

Expert contribution to Advisory Board
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Exposure on TSB and In-Part Forums - USW 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Raising commercial interest
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Global Partnership Fund networking event held at the IWA 2012 Conference - University of South Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact To promote international collaboration through networking and raise the profile of the Supergen Biological fuel cell project

Promotion of BioFC Supergen project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description H2FC SUPERGEN, Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research - University of the West of England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation by UWE of the overall findings at the time to a larger scientific audience related to electrochemistry and fuel cell technologies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description International Conference in Seville, EHEC14 - University of the West of England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact UWE presented findings of the final stages of the Supergen work packages and pursued a chance of publishing in a high impact journal
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited Lecture - OXF 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Sparked discussion

Ideas about collaborative funding
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited lecture - OXF 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Sparked discussion

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Supergen Bioenergy hub meetings - Surrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dissemination and collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013
 
Description Supergen Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Network: Advisory Board Member 2014- 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Participation as Advisory Board Member
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Swift Lecturship 2014 at Caltech - OXF 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a prestigious lecture presented to leading eminent researchers. The title was 'The Chemistry of Biohydrogen'

Scientific discussions, throughout the week I was at caltech
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The Davison Lectures at MIT - OXF 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Sparked questions

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description University of South Wales - Conference presentation at Symposium on microbial resources, Belgium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dissemination of group MFC research

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description University of South Wales - Invited to present to students at Edinburgh University in an MSc Seminar Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact MSc seminar day

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description University of South Wales and Surrey - Global Partnership Fund networking event held at the MFC 3 conference, Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact To promote international collaboration through networking and raise the profile of the Supergen Biological fuel cell project

Unknown
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011