Topological Protection and Non-Equilibrium States in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems

Lead Research Organisation: University of St Andrews
Department Name: Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

A paper mbius strip is like a cylinder in which the paper twists as it goes round. It looks looks quite like the simple cylinder, but it cannot be transformed into one without some drastic action such as cutting it with a pair of scissors. The mathematics describing this fact is known as topology. It allows the classification of shapes and objects into sets whose members are fundamentally similar to each other, and fundamentally different from objects in other sets. This seems abstract, and it is. However, abstract concepts can sometimes point the way to futuristic applications of sciences. One of the ambitious dreams of modern physics and electrical engineering is to build a quantum computer, a machine that would function completely differently to today's computers, and be a step-change in technology. In order to do that, one has to harness a property of quantum mechanics called 'coherence', which allows its laws to be realised. In the everyday world, fully coherent systems are extremely rare, because when they couple with everything around them, that environment acts like a source of strong random noise that scrambles the system up. This 'decoherence' is one of the core problems of the field. Ground-breaking theoretical research over the last decade has shown that there might be special classes of quantum system which are topologically distinct from the vast majority of other systems. This means that they will not couple to the environmental noise that is such a problem, and offer a route to overcoming decoherence. The second key issue for an electronics revolution is understanding what happens when you severely disturb even a normal quantum mechanical system. This is called driving it from equilibrium, and is going to be more and more important as we try to make electronics run faster and over smaller distances. We understand equilibrium quantum physics very well, but as soon as we go far from equilibrium we enter unexplored territory.In this Programme, we will address both these issues. Building on a breakthrough which has shown that topology is much more important in modern materials than we had ever suspected, we will perform a series of interlinked projects aimed at establishing which materials are most likely to offer topological protection from decoherence. Although ambitious, this is not an empty dream. Microsoft, who formally support our work, have created an entire research centre in the USA to work towards it. Their efforts are mainly theoretical, while ours will be mainly concerned with concrete experiments both on naturally occurring materials and on specially engineered hybrids. The second thrust of our Programme, non-equilibrium quantum mechanics, will be mostly theoretical work to begin with. Its primary focus will be gaining insights that will be of relevance to futuristic electronics in general, but we believe there is particular value in coupling that work with the investigation of topological effects. Nothing is proven yet, but there are good grounds to think that non-equilibrium systems may themselves ultimately prove to be the best platform for stablising the topological excitations that so many people are seeking.Our work is highly adventurous, and will push back the frontiers of current knowledge. Doing it as a co-ordinated Programme will bring exactly the cross-fertilisation of ideas and techniques, and of experiment and theory, that maximises the chances of success. The scale of a Programme also enables engaging with top international collaborators. In addition to working with Microsoft's research centre, we will exchange ideas and personnel with groups from Harvard, Berkeley, Cornell and Princeton in the USA, Grenoble in France and Tokyo and Kyoto in Japan. Major challenges require this level of global collaboration, which will expose the young people who we will train to the very best minds.

Planned Impact

The world-wide drive to maintain the pace of the electronics revolution demands ever smaller basic elements, working ever faster. This inevitably means that quantum mechanics will play a role of increasing importance in future technology. We must either work around quantum physics, attempting to suppress the effects of its intrinsic uncertainties and fluctuations, or work with it. In this Programme we aim to work with it, investigating how to realise coherent quantum control using futuristic 'topological' excitations. In parallel and in combination with this, we will tackle the problem of non-equilibrium quantum physics, whose understanding will be of ever-increasing importance as we ask more and more of electronic materials. Our work lies somewhere between fundamental and applied research - it is an example of focusing abstract mathematics and physics with a long-term technological goal. Deep and basic questions still need to be addressed, and the field is still a long way from the market-place, but it attracts significant attention from an industry that knows that a paradigm shift will be needed if progress is to be maintained. Indeed, Microsoft formally support our Programme, and will work with us throughout its duration. To ensure that the benefits of our long-term research are available more broadly to industry, we will establish an Industrial Associate scheme to ensure good communications with other potential users such as Toshiba and Hitachi, who, like Microsoft, are significant inward investors in the UK. This will build on a model that we have piloted successfully in setting up the Scottish Doctoral Training Centre in Condensed Matter Physics. Many of the elite students in that Centre will also work on research projects offered by the Programme. They, as well as the post-doctoral research associates who we employ, will be one of our outputs, namely a supply of people with a breadth of training that is of direct relevance to the development of future technologies. Other ways in which we can benefit the economy are perhaps best classed as 'spin-off' and 'spin-out'. The former will be achieved because the advanced materials in which we will investigate topological effects also have likely uses in other ways. One family, for example, has potential to be used in thermoelectric refrigeration. In terms of direct spin-out, the most likely output is the commercialisation of some of the unique instruments that we build in order to make the highly sensitive measurements that are necessary for our research. We will also make use of the opportunities afforded by work like this for advocacy and outreach. The story of the field is a compelling one: mathematics developed in the era of Kelvin for a 'failed' atomic theory found relevance in the twenty-first century in a futuristic model for quantum computation that is now being pursued by scientists across three continents and four core fields: mathematics, physics, computer science and electrical engineering. Base material of that quality provides an excellent platform from which to inspire a range of audiences from the young to the old. We will establish, and resource, a formal outreach and advocacy programme to ensure that society profits fully from it. A final form of impact concerns contributions to the international reputation of UK science. Our team are all international leaders in their fields, and direct collaboration between our Programme and institutions such as Berkeley, Cornell, Princeton, Harvard, Tokyo and Kyoto ensures that as well as our young team members receiving training to the highest international standards, ours will be work of international prominence. This will be of particular importance as the UK faces a difficult period in which international perception of its achievements assumes greater than normal significance.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description By research funded from this grant, a number of novel approaches have been developed which have resulted in publications but not necessarily had societal impact yet. Highlights from the ongoing work include:
• Development of novel theoretical tools to describe entanglement in quantum devices as well as in topological materials
• Use of these ideas to assess the performance of the adiabatic quantum computer, one of the field's most discussed devices pioneered and sold by D-wave Systems Inc.
• Co-ordinated experiment/theory collaboration revealing entirely new insights on the superconducting order parameter of the candidate topological superconductor Sr2RuO4.
• Development of new instrumentation, notably Kerr microscopy and an apparatus which enables probing material properties while inducing previously unattainable levels of tensile and compressive strain.
The last point, development of new instrumentation, has led to a patent application and a spin-off company as detailed in the Narrative Impact.
Exploitation Route The new techniques developed under the present research programme, TOPNES, will be employed by a number of groups in academia. This concerns, e.g., the novel strain device, which has been developed in TOPNES and the design of which has been described in detail and commercialized by a spin-out company, so that other research groups within and outwith TOPNES can now implement this technique. The pioneering work has already led to a large number of follow-up adaptations, to make in-situ strain tuning compatible with other techniques as well as to apply it to other scientific questions. The same applies for the innovative approach to the preparation of magnetic tips for measuring magnetic structure at the atomic level.
The better understanding which we have achieved for materials of relevance to topological quantum computation will enable us and other groups to better judge in which directions to go and which are the most promising materials.
Finally, research done under TOPNES with ESPRC funding has resulted in two patent applications and a spin-off company, which will now further develop instrumentation to an actual marketable product.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Electronics,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Other

 
Description TOPNES research aims to lay the foundations for novel quantum technologies, unlikely to result in short term applications - therefore the key performance indicator should be the number of publications and the citations they attract, hence the impact on the scientific community. However we are constantly looking for ways to exploit the developed techniques and methodologies. The development of new techniques and methods has led to a patent application as well as founding of a spin-off company to market piezo-electric devices for cryogenic environments. The business model of the spin-off company, Razorbill Instruments (http://razorbillinstruments.com/), has been awarded prizes in the 2014 Converge Challenge and the 2016 Mercia Fund Management's Q1 Business Plan Competition. It has sold specialized scientific instrumentation to researchers around the world. The second patent application which has emerged from TOPNES on error correction for quantum logic has already been cited in two patent applications from a US defense and aerospace technology company, highlighting its impact on current R&D activities. Exchange with our industry partners makes sure that relevant industry is aware of the results of the research programme. This is done though the industrial associates programme. The industrial associates are invited to participate in TOPNES events, to provide the PDRAs and PhD students a route to connect to them, as well as update the industrial associates on progress of the research programme. In a meeting recently organized by us, with contributions from TOPNES, potential applications of quantum materials for novel quantum technologies were discussed and a number of our industrial associates took part. The basic concepts of topology are well accessible for the general public, making this an ideal theme for outreach activities. Our commitment to connect to the general public is evidenced by more than 30 public lectures given by TOPNES investigators. To increase the critical mass of participants in outreach activities, we are pushing for joint outreach activities with the Condensed Matter Doctoral Training Centre based at St Andrews, with Heriot-Watt and Edinburgh, to include PhD students who are working on topics relevant to TOPNES. Research results are disseminated through a web page. TOPNES have recently published a series of outreach videos, which combined have already attracted already more than 2000 views. TOPNES public engagement and advocacy activities have been covered by national television and by BBC.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Other
Impact Types Economic

 
Description ARTEMIS Facility Access Panel - PDCK
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Chairman - Advisory Committee, Quantum Materials Programme, Canadian Insitute for Advanced Research - JCSD
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.cifar.ca/research/quantum-materials/
 
Description Diamond ARPES UWG
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description EPSRC Advisor
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description EPSRC Prioritisation Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://gow.epsrc.ac.uk/NGBOViewPanel.aspx?PanelId=1-2D6JYU
 
Description EPSRC Prioritisation Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://gow.epsrc.ac.uk/NGBOViewPanel.aspx?PanelId=1-2H0NVN
 
Description EPSRC Working Group - Creating a "Roadmap for Photoelectron Spectroscopy" capital requirements
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Executive Committee, DOE Energy Frontier Research Center for Emergent Superconductivity - JCSD
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL https://www.bnl.gov/energy/ces/
 
Description Peer Review Panel, Diamond Light Source
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Quantum Materials Programme of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description SUPA VC Committee
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Scientific Advisory Committee, Quantum Materials Institute, UBC - JCSD
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://qmi.ubc.ca/
 
Description Shanghai Centre for Complex Physics
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description South East Physics Network
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description DAAD RISE Internship: Roman Mauch
Amount € 1,300 (EUR)
Funding ID GB-PH-2072 
Organisation German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 08/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description DAAD RISE summer project studentship
Amount € 1,750 (EUR)
Funding ID GB-PH-4375 
Organisation German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 07/2019 
End 10/2019
 
Description DAAD RISE: Maximillian Stegenmeyer
Amount € 1,300 (EUR)
Funding ID GB-PH-3011 
Organisation German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 06/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description EPSRC Responsive Mode
Amount £1,574,583 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P013449/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description European Research Council Starting Investigator Award
Amount € 1,999,825 (EUR)
Funding ID QUESTDO 
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 01/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Description Fonds du recherche du Quebec - Nature et technologies (FRQNT) Fellowship
Amount $60,000 (CAD)
Funding ID 168072 
Organisation Quebec Research Fund - Nature and Technology (FRQNT) 
Sector Public
Country Canada
Start 06/2012 
End 05/2014
 
Description G.B. Moore Foundation EPiQS Program
Amount $1,800,000 (USD)
Organisation Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2020
 
Description ICAM General Workshop Award
Amount $12,000 (USD)
Organisation Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter 
Sector Academic/University
Country Global
Start 04/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Description International Max Planck Partnership
Amount £20,184 (GBP)
Funding ID N/A 
Organisation International Max Planck Partnership (IMPP) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2014 
End 10/2014
 
Description International Max Planck Partnership
Amount £8,000 (GBP)
Organisation International Max Planck Partnership (IMPP) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description International Max Planck Partnership - Measurement and Observation at the Quantum Limit
Amount £120,000 (GBP)
Organisation International Max Planck Partnership (IMPP) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 07/2019
 
Description Leverhulme International Academic Fellowship
Amount £23,461 (GBP)
Funding ID IAF-2014-025 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 06/2015
 
Description Leverhulme Research Leadership Award
Amount £999,629 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2017 
End 07/2022
 
Description Nuffield Undergraduate Research Bursary
Amount £1,440 (GBP)
Funding ID URB/40664 
Organisation Nuffield Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2012 
End 08/2012
 
Description Philip Leverhulme Prize
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 07/2019
 
Description Royal Society Research Fellows Enhancement Award
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description Royal Society University Research Fellowship
Amount £550,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2013 
End 09/2018
 
Description Strategic Equipment
Amount £1,800,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L017008/1; EP/M023958/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 08/2017
 
Title Kerr Microscope 
Description We are developing a low-temperature magneto-Kerr microscope. The magneto-Kerr effect is the rotation of the polarisation of light on reflection. This rotation is a very sensitive probe of time reversal symmetry breaking in zero field. In finite field it provides a microscopic probe of the Hall-conductance a property intimately connected with the Berry phase and topology. At the simplest level measuring the magnetic flux through a vortex can determine if a vortex is indeed a half-quantum vortex. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet, still under development 
 
Title MPO Code Development 
Description We have developed a matrix-product-operator code for finding the steady states and dynamics of open one-dimensional lattice problems. This can be applied to a wide range of physical systems currently studied for quantum technologies, including arrays of superconducting qubits and microwave cavitis, as well as to problems involving cold atoms etc. The code is currently being extended to higher dimensions as well as alternative lattice geometries. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet 
 
Title Strain Device 
Description This novel piezo driven device is capable of automated operation at low temperatures and in high magnetic fields, and we anticipate that it will become a widely-used tool in experimental condensed matter physics. Refined designs, to be compatible with angle resolved photoemission and other spectroscopies, are in progress. The mark I design details have been published in Reviews of Scientific Instruments (2014). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Publications in Science 344, 283-285 and Reviews of Scientific Instruments (2014). 
URL http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/rsi/85/6/10.1063/1.4881611
 
Title Atomic-scale coexistence of short-range magnetic order and superconductivity in 2 Fe1+ySe0.1Te0.9 (dataset) 
Description ---- The data files underpinning ''Atomic-scale coexistence of short-range magnetic order and superconductivity in 2 Fe1+ySe0.1Te0.9' are not yet available pending journal publication 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Cryogenic STM in 3D vector magnetic fields realized through a rotatable insert (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning - Bath induced coherence and the secular approximation 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning - Cluster mean-field approach to the steady-state phase diagram of dissipative spin systems 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning - Exotic attractors of the non-equilibrium Rabi-Hubbard model 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning - Field-Temperature Phase Diagram and Entropy Landscape of CeAuSb2 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning - Silicide induced surface defects in FePt nanoparticle fcc-to-fct thermally activated phase transition - JMMM 417 442-450 (2016) 
Description Data set to accompany paper Shu Chea, Stephen L. Lee, Pascal André, J MMM 417 442-450 (2016) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning - Supermode-Density-Wave-Polariton Condensation with a Bose-Einstein condensate in a mulitmode cavity 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data Underpinning Meissner-like effect for synthetic gauge field in multimode cavity QED 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data on Emergent Magnetism in Metallo-Carbon Interfaces. 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data set for 'Control of superconductivity with a single ferromagnetic layer in niobium/erbium bilayers' 
Description Superconducting spintronics in hybrid superconductor{ferromagnet (S{F) heterostructures provides an exciting potential new class of device. The prototypical super-spintronic device is the superconducting spin-valve, where the critical temperature, Tc, of the S-layer can be controlled by the relative orientation of two (or more) F-layers. Here, we show that such control is also possible in a simple S/F bilayer. Using Field history to set the remanent magnetic state of a thin Er layer, we demonstrate for a Nb/Er bilayer a high level of control of both Tc and the shape of the resistive transition, R(T), to zero resistance. We are able to model the origin of the remanent magnetization, treating it as an increase in the effective exchange Field of the ferromagnet and link this, using conventional S{F theory, to the suppression of Tc. We observe stepped features in the R(T) which we argue is due to a fundamental interaction of superconductivity with inhomogeneous ferromagnetism, a phenomena currently lacking theoretical description. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Detection of a Cooper-pair density wave in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Evidence for hydrodynamic electron flow in PdCoO2 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Excitonic spectral features in strongly-coupled organic polaritons 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Impact of Iron-site defects on Superconductivity in LiFeAs 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - On the upper critical field of the noncentrosymmetric superconductor BiPd 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Polarization dynamics in a photon Bose-Einstein Condensate 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Quantum oscillations and magnetic reconstruction in the delafossite PdCrO2 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Spatial dynamics, thermalization, and gain clamping in a photon condensate 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Spin-valley locking in the normal state of a transition-metal dichalocogenide superconductor 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Superconducting gap and vortex lattice of the heavy fermion compound CeCu2Si2 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Supperradiant and Lasing States in Driven-Dissipative Dicke Models 
Description Data files for producing figures for the above manuscript 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning - Ultrafast Band Structure Control of a Two-Dimensional Heterostructure 
Description Data underpinning publication 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning Generalized classes of continuous symmetries in two-mode Dicke models 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning article "Diverse family of layered frustrated magnets with tailorable inter-layer interactions" 
Description Raw single crystal and powder diffraction data 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning- Suppressing and restoring the Dicke superradiance transition by dephasing and decay 
Description Figures are produced by running the relevant python file (preferably from an ipython terminal) Uncompression of the data requires the package pickle Plotting requires the matplotlib package Code for running the exact numerics can be found at https://github.com/peterkirton/permutations/ 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning: Boundary time crystals 
Description MATLAB .fig files containing data shown in figures in the paper. All details of how to produce this data are described in the paper. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning: Fluorescence spectrum and thermalization in a driven coupled cavity array 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning: Manifestation of the electromagnetic proximity effect in superconductor-ferromagnet thin film structures 
Description M(H) squid data; LEM stopping profiles and raw data sets (in .root and .nemu format) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Data underpinning: Observation of Anomalous Meissner Screening in Cu=Nb and Cu=Nb=Co Thin Films 
Description R(T) and Hc2(T) transport data; LEM stopping profiles and raw data sets (in .root and .nemu format) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Dataset for "Continuously Tuneable Critical Current in Superconductor-Ferromagnet Multilayers" 
Description Datasets underpinning the four Figures for "Continuously Tuneable Critical Current in Superconductor-Ferromagnet Multilayers" which is accepted for publication in Applied Physics Letters. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Discovery of a strain-stabilized smectic electronic order in LiFeAs (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Dual quantum confinement and anisotropic spin splitting in the multi-valley semimetal PtSe2 (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Electronic structure and enhanced charge-density wave order of monolayer VSe2 (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Fermiology and superconductivity of topological surface states in PdTe2 (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Imaging the Real Space Structure of the Spin Fluctuations in an Iron-based superconductor (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Low temperature thermodynamic investigation of the phase diagram of Sr3Ru2O7 (dataset) 
Description All data shown in figures in ASCII format 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Manipulating surface magnetic order in iron telluride (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Maximal Rashba-like spin splitting via kinetic energy-coupled inversion symmetry breaking (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Narrow-band anisotropic electronic structure of ReS2 (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Observation of a well-defined hybridization gap and in-gap states on the SmB6 (001) surface (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Quasi-two-dimensional Fermi surface topography of the delafossite PdRhO2 (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Supporting data for "Coherence protection in coupled quantum systems" 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Supporting data for "Efficient non-Markovian quantum dynamics using time-evolving matrix product operators" 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Theory data for Tunable-range, photon mediated atomic interactions in multimode cavity QED 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Towards a quantitative description of tunneling conductance of superconductors: Application to LiFeAs (dataset) 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Ubiquitous formation of bulk Dirac cones and topological surface states from a single orbital manifold in transition-metal dichalcogenides 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning Data - Observation of Dirac surface states in the noncentrosymmetric superconductor BiPd 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning Data - Strong Peak in T_c of Sr _2RuO _4 Under Uniaxial Pressure 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning Data : Nearly-free electrons in a 5d delafossite oxide metal 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning Data: Atomic-scale Electronic Structure of the Cuprate d-Symmetry Form Factor Density Wave State 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning Data: Evidence for orbital order and its relation to superconductivity in FeSe0.4Te0.6 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning data : Carrier Density Control of the SrTiO3 (001) surface 2DEG studied by ARPES 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning data : Hierarchical spin-orbital polarisation of a giant Rashba system 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning data : Negative electronic compressibility and tuneable spin splitting in WSe2 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Underpinning data : Observation of Ultrafast Free Carrier Dynamics in Single Layer MoS2 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Description Collaboration on Synthesis and Characterisation of Colloidal Nanoparticles 
Organisation RIKEN
Department Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have provided expertise on magnetic characterisation of nanomagnetic material for a range of nanomagnetic materias materials synthesised by colloidal routes.
Collaborator Contribution The RIKEN collaborator (formally at St Andrews) undertakes the novel chemistry. The Strassbourg arm of the collaboration undertakes advanced optical characterisation and Glasgow undertake electron micscroscopy.
Impact Silicide induced surface defects in FePt nanoparticle fcc-to-fct thermally activated phase transition Chen, S., Lee, S. L. & André, P. 1 Nov 2016 In : Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 417, p. 442-450 Dynamical torque in CoxFe3-xO4 nanocube thin films characterized by femtosecond magneto-optics: a p-shift control of the magnetization precession Vomir, M., Turnbull, R., Birced, I., Parreira, P., MacLaren, D. A., Lee, S. L., André, P. & Bigot, J-Y. 10 Aug 2016 In : Nano Letters. 16, 8, p. 5291-5297 Inhomogeneous composition of alloyed iron-platinum magnetic nanoparticles synthesized at low temperature Chen, S., MacLaren, D. A., Baker, R. T., Chapman, J. N., Lee, S., Cole-Hamilton, D. J. and Andrre, P., Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(11) 3646-3654 (2011). Engineered Biocompatible Nanoparticles for in Vivo Imaging Applications Chen, S., Wang, L., Duce, S. L., Brown, S., Lee, S., Melzer, A., Cuschieri, S. A. and Andre, P. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(42) 15022-15029 (2010). Inhomogeneous composition of alloyed iron-platinum magnetic nanoparticles synthesized at low temperature Shu Chen, Donald A. MacLaren, Richard T. Baker, John N. Chapman, Stephen Lee, David J. Cole-Hamilton and Pascal Andre Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(11) 3646-3654 (2010). DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03165h
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration on Synthesis and Characterisation of Colloidal Nanoparticles 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have provided expertise on magnetic characterisation of nanomagnetic material for a range of nanomagnetic materias materials synthesised by colloidal routes.
Collaborator Contribution The RIKEN collaborator (formally at St Andrews) undertakes the novel chemistry. The Strassbourg arm of the collaboration undertakes advanced optical characterisation and Glasgow undertake electron micscroscopy.
Impact Silicide induced surface defects in FePt nanoparticle fcc-to-fct thermally activated phase transition Chen, S., Lee, S. L. & André, P. 1 Nov 2016 In : Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 417, p. 442-450 Dynamical torque in CoxFe3-xO4 nanocube thin films characterized by femtosecond magneto-optics: a p-shift control of the magnetization precession Vomir, M., Turnbull, R., Birced, I., Parreira, P., MacLaren, D. A., Lee, S. L., André, P. & Bigot, J-Y. 10 Aug 2016 In : Nano Letters. 16, 8, p. 5291-5297 Inhomogeneous composition of alloyed iron-platinum magnetic nanoparticles synthesized at low temperature Chen, S., MacLaren, D. A., Baker, R. T., Chapman, J. N., Lee, S., Cole-Hamilton, D. J. and Andrre, P., Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(11) 3646-3654 (2011). Engineered Biocompatible Nanoparticles for in Vivo Imaging Applications Chen, S., Wang, L., Duce, S. L., Brown, S., Lee, S., Melzer, A., Cuschieri, S. A. and Andre, P. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(42) 15022-15029 (2010). Inhomogeneous composition of alloyed iron-platinum magnetic nanoparticles synthesized at low temperature Shu Chen, Donald A. MacLaren, Richard T. Baker, John N. Chapman, Stephen Lee, David J. Cole-Hamilton and Pascal Andre Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(11) 3646-3654 (2010). DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03165h
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration on Synthesis and Characterisation of Colloidal Nanoparticles 
Organisation University of Strasbourg
Department Institute of Viral and Liver Disease
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have provided expertise on magnetic characterisation of nanomagnetic material for a range of nanomagnetic materias materials synthesised by colloidal routes.
Collaborator Contribution The RIKEN collaborator (formally at St Andrews) undertakes the novel chemistry. The Strassbourg arm of the collaboration undertakes advanced optical characterisation and Glasgow undertake electron micscroscopy.
Impact Silicide induced surface defects in FePt nanoparticle fcc-to-fct thermally activated phase transition Chen, S., Lee, S. L. & André, P. 1 Nov 2016 In : Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 417, p. 442-450 Dynamical torque in CoxFe3-xO4 nanocube thin films characterized by femtosecond magneto-optics: a p-shift control of the magnetization precession Vomir, M., Turnbull, R., Birced, I., Parreira, P., MacLaren, D. A., Lee, S. L., André, P. & Bigot, J-Y. 10 Aug 2016 In : Nano Letters. 16, 8, p. 5291-5297 Inhomogeneous composition of alloyed iron-platinum magnetic nanoparticles synthesized at low temperature Chen, S., MacLaren, D. A., Baker, R. T., Chapman, J. N., Lee, S., Cole-Hamilton, D. J. and Andrre, P., Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(11) 3646-3654 (2011). Engineered Biocompatible Nanoparticles for in Vivo Imaging Applications Chen, S., Wang, L., Duce, S. L., Brown, S., Lee, S., Melzer, A., Cuschieri, S. A. and Andre, P. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(42) 15022-15029 (2010). Inhomogeneous composition of alloyed iron-platinum magnetic nanoparticles synthesized at low temperature Shu Chen, Donald A. MacLaren, Richard T. Baker, John N. Chapman, Stephen Lee, David J. Cole-Hamilton and Pascal Andre Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(11) 3646-3654 (2010). DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03165h
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration on thin film actinide materials 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are providing expertise on muon experiments to investigage the emergence of new magnetic and superconducting states in artificially stabilised films of actinide materials.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provide expertise in the growth and structural characterisation of the materials.
Impact No outputs yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Multimode cavity QED 
Organisation Stanford University
Department Global Projects Centre
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My theory group is collaborating with the experiment group of Prof. Lev in developing an understanding of multimode cavity QED with ultracold atoms. Prof. Lev's experiment is an unique world-leading experiment, and is among a very small number of experiments that have lead to the creation of this entirely new field of research. My theoretical contribution has supported interpretation of their first experiments, as well as developing the theory of experiments they plan to perform in the future. I am also helping to supervise work by graduate students in their group. We have developed the first practical proposal for how to simulate the Meissner effect using synthetic gauge fields.
Collaborator Contribution Prof. Lev's group are developing the experimental capability to explore the physics we have proposed to be accessible through this system
Impact Meissner-like effect for synthetic gauge field in multimode cavity QED K. E. Ballantine, B. L. Lev, and J. Keeling Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 045302 (2017) (DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.045302)
Start Year 2014
 
Title A positioning device 
Description Strain-tuning device with built-in positioning sensor. 
IP Reference GB1417299.3 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2014
Licensed Yes
Impact None known
 
Title Passive error correction of quantum logical errors 
Description Enter text here 
IP Reference GB1413790.5 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2014
Licensed No
Impact None noted as yet
 
Title Peterkirton/Permutations: Permutations V1.0 
Description First fully working version of code. Includes: Setup of permutation symmetric Liouville spaces Time evolution Steady state finding Arbitrary Hilbert spaces for both central and satellite sites 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
 
Title Razorbill - Nanopositioner 
Description A device capable of precise movement at nano-scale, for use in microchip manufacture, physics and biomedical research. 
Type Of Technology Systems, Materials & Instrumental Engineering 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Patent application filed in September 2014. 
 
Company Name Razorbill Instruments 
Description Development of Nanopositioner product 
Year Established 2014 
Impact Winning 3rd place in Converge Challenge 2014 for Nanopositioner.
 
Description Public Lecture (Cork) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seamus Davis gave a public lecture entitled 'The Second Quantum Revolution' at the Science Foundation Ireland Summit in Dublin in November 2016, with time for questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Annual Review 2015, Diamond Light Source - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Electronic structure and spin-valley-coupling in the strong spin-orbit semiconductor WSe2' - feature in Annual Review 2015, Diamond Light Source.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Cafe Scientifique, Dunkeld (2014) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact My talk at this meeting ("Quantum mechanics: tenets, examples, and open problems") attracted, according to the organisers, a significantly larger than usual audience of some 40 or 50 people. Many questions were asked, including during the coffee break and after the meeting.

I was told by one of the schoolchildren present that this might influence him to study physics at Higher level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Cafe Scientifique, Dunkeld (2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a public outreach talk at a rural branch of Cafe Scientifique. Having spoken there before, I was specifically invited back and requested to address the issue of entanglement. This led to a very lively debate in a packed hall.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description CfP Lecture (Aspen) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 100 members of the public attended a lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

None noted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description College Visit (Winchester) - SHS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ?? students attended a scientific talk and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Diamond Light Source 2014 (PDCK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Spintronics potential for electronic materials' - Science Highlight at Diamond Light Source.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Diamond Light Source 2015 (PDCK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Fundamental gains for a spintronic future' - Science Highlight at Diamond Light Source.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Engineering Quantum Matter Workshop (St Andrews) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This workshop aimed to bring together theorists and experimentalists to discuss how engineered quantum states can be exploited and designed for future quantum technologies.
The workshop connected strongly to local research activities at the University of St Andrews, particularly the TOPNES research programme. The workshop programme included invited and contributed talks, a public lecture (reported separately) and several industry exhibitors.The workshop was supported by the TOPNES programme, the International Max Planck Partnership and the Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter. Over 100 delegates attended including junior and senior scientists from the UK, Europe and USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Explorathon 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "Quantum Digits and Dances": Stage show explaining quantum computing and synchronisation to a public audience, as part of European Researcher's night event. Resulted in invitation to participate in Fife show. Overall the event had over 600 visitors counted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.explorathon.co.uk/standrews/quantum-digits-and-dances
 
Description Fife Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 3 events were undertaken in total as part of the Fife Science Festival 2016. On Friday 6th May Jean-Philippe Reid and Liam Collins-McIntyre ran a schools day for primary aged children. This involved the facilitation of a 30-minute demonstration for approximately 5 groups of 15 children each. The demonstration was of a superconducting train with a levitating superconductor. Also shown were some basic properties of liquid nitrogen, involving shrinking balloons and freezing, then smashing flowers. The event allowed children to get hands on with certain areas such as smashing a banana to pieces. Feedback was excellent with many students remarking it was their favourite part of the day.

The same demonstration was also performed as part of the festivals "Family Fun Days" on Sat 7th May (Kyle Ballantine and Liam Collins-McIntyre) and on Sat 14th May (Haibiao Zhou and Liam Collins-McIntyre). These events were held in Cowdenbeath and Glenrothes respectively. On each day there was approximate attendance of 300 to 400 people with a full range of ages present. Feedback was again excellent and public engagement was very high. Many of those who came to the demonstration asked detailed questions about superconductors, their possible uses, and what we at the university were doing to support this.
In 2017, a number of Postdocs and PhD students took part in two family fun days on 27th May (Cowdenbeath) and 3rd June (Glenrothes). These events were open to the general public and were attended by over 900 people. The TOPNES team demonstrated a magnetic chessboard and showed the Youtube video clips produced for the programme, as well as the 'superconducting train' and properties of liquid nitrogen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://www.dundeesciencecentre.org.uk/fife-science-festival/fsf-home/
 
Description Guest Lecture (St Bee's, Cumbria) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ?? pupils attended the lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description How quantum mechanics feeds Buridan's ass: the curious physics of spontaneous symmetry breaking 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Cafe Scientifique, Dunkeld, November 2016. Subsequent contact from organisers and re-invitation for a subsequent visit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description IOP Event (St Andrews) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact ?? Students and staff attended the event and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description IOP Lecture (Manchester) - APM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ?? members of the public attended a lecture, and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description IOP talk (Surrey) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact ??? students and staff attended a talk and participated in discussion afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Institute of Physics "100 second science" film 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was filmed by the Institute of Physics giving a 100-second answer to the question "What is a topological insulator?". This film was promoted via their web site. I have received positive feedback from over 100 people who have viewed the film.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/multimedia/2016/feb/10/what-is-a-topological-insulator
 
Description JASON Lecture (Washington) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Seamus Davis gave a lecture and the audience had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description LIMS talk on AdSCFT and Gravity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A layman's presentation of the applications of ideas from general realtivity to the understanding of quantum mechanics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lecture (SUNY Stony Brook) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 100 members of the public attended the lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

None noted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description MAX IV Lab 2014 - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Hide and seek - a new spin on symmetric semiconductors' - Science Highlight at MAX IV Laboratory
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description News article - Inovacao Technologia - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Molybdenite revolutionizes the field of spintronics' - News article in Inovacao Technologia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description News article - Nanowerk (PDCK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News article - Researchers uncover unusual effects on the electronic structure of TMDs - in nanowerk.com
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-news/newsid=41508.php
 
Description News article in Compound Semiconductor - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'International Research Team Report Giant Spin-Splitting in WSe2' - news feature in Compound Semiconductor.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.compoundsemiconductor.net/article/95353-international-research-team-report-giant-spin-spl...
 
Description News article in Physics World - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Material gives up its spin-splitting secrets' - News article in Physics World by Tushna Commissariat.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2014/oct/27/material-gives-up-its-spin-splitting-secrets
 
Description News feature - 2physics.com - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 'Imaging Spin-Valley-Layer Locking in a Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide - Invited feature on 2physics.com.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.2physics.com/2014/11/imaging-spin-valley-layer-locking-in.html
 
Description Open Association Lecture (St Andrews) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ?? members of the public attended the lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

Enter text here
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Open Association lecture (St Andrews) (2014) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sparked several discussions directly after the lecture. A few audience members also contacted me later to ask specific questions or to pass on interesting historical information about the topic.

Follow-on invitations received for local Cafe Scientifique - time yet to be scheduled.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/study/non-degree/open-association/
 
Description PhilSoc talk (February 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact This was a talk to the St Andrews philosophy society about the arrow of time. Lively discussion ensued (for several hours!) with several members of the philosophy department (undergraduate, postgraduate, and staff) as well as a couple of visiting academics from other institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description PhySoc talk (autumn 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact An invited talk to the St Andrews student physics society, also attended by some visiting prospective undergraduates and their family members. Several students contacted me afterwards for more details on the topic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Physics Today 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Recently published general article on "The new era of polariton condensates" in the American Physical Society magazine "Physics Today". The magazine has a circulation of over 100,000.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/PT.3.3729
 
Description Press Release - Nature Materials Paper - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A press release was issued for the paper 'Ubiquitous formation of bulk Dirac cones and topological surface states from a single orbital manifold in transition-metal dichalcogenides'. This was picked up by three news outlets and received 28 mentions on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/nmat5031/metrics
 
Description Press Release - Nature Paper - PDCK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release issued regarding paper published in Nature, 'Maximal Rashba-like spin splitting via kinetic-energy-coupled inversion-symmetry breaking'. This was picked up by the news outlet phys.org and received six tweets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/nature23898/metrics
 
Description Press Release - Science Paper - PW 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release issued to local and regional media and science publications.

None noted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/news/archive/2014/title,247378,en.php
 
Description Press release - WSe2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release issued on recent scientific result

Led to articles in physicsworld.com and compoundsemiconductor.net
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/physics/news/Panda_news/pk_spintronics_09_10_14.php
 
Description Public Lecture (Birmingham) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ?? members of the public attended the lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

Enter text here
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Public Lecture (Bristol) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chris Hooley was invited to give a public talk on 'Electronics of the future: spin, topology, and quantum entanglement' as part of the Frontiers in Condensed Matter Physics Conference at the University of Bristol. Around 150 people attended and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/electronics-of-the-future-spin-topology-and-quantum-entanglement-tick...
 
Description Public Lecture (Cork) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Visualizing Quantum Matter' lecture given by Seamus Davis at the Tyndall Institute, Cork in October 2016, with questions from the audience afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Lecture (Cork) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seamus Davis gave a lecture titled 'The Second Quantum Revolution' at University College Cork in December 2016 with time for questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Lecture (Cork) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'New Frontiers of Physics' G.W. Boole Memorial Lecture took place at University College Cork, including questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public Lecture (New York) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Visualizing Quantum Matter' Simons Foundation Lecture took place in New York, including questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.simonsfoundation.org/lecture/visualizing-quantum-matter/
 
Description Public Lecture (St Andrews) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 100 people attended the 'Visualizing Quantum Matter' public lecture in St Andrews in May 2016, as part of the Engineering Quantum Matter workshop. The audience were able to ask questions and discuss further at a reception afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public Lecture (St Andrews) - SLL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Steve Lee gave a lecture titled 'Striking Magnetic Gold - Using Sub-Atomic Particles to Study Modern Day Materials', as part of the St Andrews Open Association programme in December 2016, with time for questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/study/non-degree/open-association/friday/
 
Description Public Lecture (Urbana Champaign) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Visualizing Quantum Matter' A.O. Beckman Public Lecture took place at the Beckman Institute, including questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://cas.illinois.edu/publicevents/visualizing-quantum-matter/
 
Description Public Lecture (Vancouver) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 100 members of the public attended the lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

None noted
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.phas.ubc.ca/visualizing-quantum-world
 
Description Public Lecture (Waterloo) - JCSD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Visualizing Quantum Matter' Public Lecture took place at the Perimeter Institute, with questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Publication in ESRF highlights magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The ESRF 2106 highlights magazine is not yet out, but a similar article for the XMAS magazine (2015) can be found at
www.xmas.ac.uk/impact/newsletters/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.xmas.ac.uk/impact/newsletters/
 
Description QuantumSoc "Fun Physics" talk (February 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact This event, which was part of the 2015 RAG week, was a session of talks on "fun physics" open to all students and the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Renormalisation group techniques and phase transitions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A series of six invited guest lectures at the University of Strathclyde, 5th-13th December 2016. Some email correspondence with participants afterwards, plus a request from St Andrews to re-run the lecture series there.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research Live 2015 - PW/JMJK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public engagement event organised to coincide with European Researchers Night, involving academic staff and postgraduate students. Mixture of comedy and research demonstrations for all ages. Four staff, including the research programme PI took part in the event in 2015. Six staff took part in 2016.

Attendees were asked to complete an evaluation survey and it is planned to hold a similar event in September 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.explorathon.co.uk/standrews
 
Description School Lecture (Rome) - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ?? pupils attended a lecture and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description School Visit (Edinburgh) PW 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 50 pupils attended a demonstration and talk by research programme PI on superconductivity, which included questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description School Visit (Norwich) - AGG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ?? pupils attended a talk and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description School Visit (St Andrews) - PW 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact PI Peter Wahl and PhD student Carolina Marques gave a talk to 200 primary school pupils about their research work. This was part of a series of talks organised by the school to highlight different occupations. The pupils had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Science Discovery Day (St Andrews) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two PDRAs demonstrated a magnetic chessboard and levitating train at this public engagement event and showed the video clips recently developed for the TOPNES programme. The attendance at the event was around 600, mainly children and their families. This is an annual event organised by the School of Physics & Astronomy to engage the public with science activities and communicate some of the science research in St Andrews.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/physics/news/Panda_news/bds_sciday_06_03_15.php
 
Description Strategic discussion session at Kovrizhin meeting, Oxford - CAH 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Sparked significant levels of discussion directly afterwards, and will feed in to EPSRC's policy-making regarding the associated Grand Challenge.

Most of the impact is presumably still in the future - we'll know better when EPSRC collate the results of the NetworkPlus activities and respond to them.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Symmetries of Light Exhibition (St Andrews) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TOPNES Co-Investigator Steve Lee was part of a project, Symmetries in Light, working in collaboration with the University of Edinburgh, to celebrate the scientific legacy of Sir David Brewster. He was responsible for arranging a 4 day Exhibition and series of events involving the general public and primary school children. The highlight of the Exhibition was a large collection of rare and exotic kaleidoscopes brought over from the Japanese Kaleidoscope Museum, but the there were many other hands on scientific exhibits, and workshops in building kaleidoscopes. The events ran from 15th-18th April 2016 and was held in the Byre Theatre in St Andrews. The exhibits previously also appeared at the Edinburgh Science Festival.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://byretheatre.com/events/symmetries-in-light/
 
Description TEDx Talk Jan 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TEDx Talk on "Knots World-Lines and Quantum Computation". Live audience of over 1800. TEDx video on you-tube viewed has some 4000 watches so far. Other links to the video are not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://tedxoxford.co.uk/tedxoxford-2015-speaker-professor-steve-simon/
 
Description Talk at Deutche Bank 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk on stability from fluctuations to financial analysts. About 50 physically present with approx 100 likely on company intranet. Interesting subsequent discussions and undergraduate MSc project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The physics of strong correlations: an enduring puzzle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Around 40 people attended this talk in Dundee. Two afterwards contacted me asking for further clarification and for copies of my slides to use in their own lectures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The physics of strong correlations: an enduring puzzle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Maxwell lecture, King's College, London. This talk sparked significant discussion afterwards, with several participants requesting references for further investigation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UCL talk to 6th Form Students (London) - AGG 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 200 6th form students attended a talk and had the opportunity to ask questions afterwards.

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Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Video Clips 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seven short video clips have been developed, aimed at school age children (5 for 11 year olds and 2 for 16 year olds and above). These explain different aspects of the TOPNES programme and are posted on a You tube channel. Since January 2017, there have been over 600 views. It is planned to show these at engagement events such as the Fife Science Festival.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkTvAL7P4nBknU95Lp-oH-g
 
Description What's all this about bagels and pastries?: topological phases of matter and the 2016 Nobel Prize 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact PhySoc Christmas lecture. Subsequent requests for copies of slides.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016