The National Graphene Institute

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Engineering and Physical Sciences

Abstract

We propose the creation of a National Graphene Institute at The University of Manchester to exploit the UK's leading scientific position in graphene, to build on previous and future UK discoveries in this area, to commercialise them and to create sustainable economic value and competitive advantage for the UK. The National Institute would work closely with founding UK partners and with new centres of excellence in graphene research.

The key discoveries on graphene have been made in Manchester, as recognised, for example, by the 2010 Nobel Prize and many other international awards. Manchester continues to be distinguished by ongoing frequent breakthroughs on the subject and the critical mass of graphene researchers, as highlighted by the number of citations for graphene-related research papers.

The Graphene Institute will house state-of the-art facilities, laboratories and business services to be shared with commercial and academic partners and to support and nurture application and commercialisation of ongoing developments. The interaction between all collaborators will also stimulate and accelerate the pace of scientific discovery in the Institute. Graphene offers the potential for early commercialisation and for long-term pervasive application. The Institute aims to transcend typical divisions between stages of technological development and provide a model for future seamless dissemination and application of new technologies in the UK. Training research students as future business leaders to establish and run their own companies is an integral part of the Institute's programme. The Institute will also provide the foundation and required leadership for the growth of a 'hub and network' model of expertise and commercialisation throughout the nation. We request £38M towards the capital cost (total cost £45M) of the Hub, which will lever further external funds.

This is the next key step in Manchester and the UK's exciting and ambitious long-term vision. The Initute will capitalise on the UK's international leadership in the field and will act as a catalyst to build on UK collaborations, spawn new businesses, attract global companies and translate the value of scientific discovery into economic growth and job creation. It will also be an important step in rebalancing the UK economy. It would link up cutting-edge science with new commercial products to make sure that the development path is as short as possible.

Economic benefit will flow, not only through fast-growing start-up companies, but also by accelerating the growth of existing corporates particularly in the areas of aerospace, chemicals, energy and electronic devices where the North West has considerable strength; this proposal has very strong support from the City of Manchester. The GIH will also become a magnet for venture capital investment as the potential low production costs of graphene presents an attractive value proposition for investors.

Planned Impact

Despite graphene's huge potential and its discovery here, the UK is falling well behind other countries (eg Singapore, Korea, USA, Japan and several European countries) in investment in research, manufacturing, applications and commercialisation of graphene. This was recognised by the timely initial capital investment of £50M announced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, to be concentrated around a critical mass of expertise. This will allow the UK to maintain our current lead in discoveries around graphene; develop applications and commercialisation in partnership with UK and international companies; and encourage inward investment. The UK has an outstanding record of scientific discovery and recognition, but is comparatively weak in capitalising on these breakthroughs to take advantage of their applications and commercialisation.

The quality and critical mass of scientific research and research training (see www.graphene.manchester.ac.uk) and level of industry contacts in graphene in Manchester is second to none. Graphene Industries Ltd and Graphene Research Ltd are two start-up companies established 3-5 years ago and run by Geim's former PhD students. Their customers range from individual academics abroad to multinationals such as IBM and Samsung.

We also have proven experience and success in commercialisation in general, through our UMI3 Innovation Centre, which is an integrated research, design and technology facility, incorporating state-of-the-art clean rooms for wet chemistry/biotech with scale-up capabilities for demonstration of quality and volume at production levels (eg NanoCo, a £100M valued University spin-out quantum dot manufacturer, grew-up from a proof-of-principle project in the UMI3 Innovation Centre, and now supplies commercial quantities of materials to firms). It houses University spin-outs and corporate and small private companies as tenants, and has very strong IP negotiation and management presence, licensing expertise, venture capitalis, expert advice on market strategy and business. The very successful, Manchester Science Park has larger premises, with similar business support. We have discussed with the City of Manchester opportunities for much wider growth in graphene based companies on our North campus, located in the heart of the city and with significant space and facilities. There is very strong local support for this longer term vision of Manchester making a huge positive economic impact in the graphene field through its own work and through excellent leadership of the NGI.

Leverage of the initial £50M capital investment will be sought from a number of sources. For example, the UK involvement in the Graphene Flagship Pilot where the only two UK advisory council positions are filled by Geim and Novoselov, will allow the original £50M investment to be matched by another £50-100M from the EU, should the Flagship bid be successful. The Flagship Pilot has also resulted in the development of a Graphene Technology Roadmap which was initiated by Novoselov and is being developed by collaboration between Manchester, Lancaster and Cambridge. This roadmap will feed into the long-term strategy of the national Institute. We are actively recruiting leading graphene researchers to Manchester and are especially seeking those with skills in application and commercialisation to complement our existing staff in these areas.
 
Description Building has been completed, services have been tested, laboratories are equipped and fully operational
Exploitation Route Building has been completed, services have been tested, laboratories are equipped and fully operational
Sectors Construction,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

URL http://www.graphene.manchester.ac.uk/collaborate/national-graphene-institute/
 
Description Building has been completed, services have been tested, laboratories are equipped and fully operational
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Construction,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems. A Ferrari , F Bonaccorso, V Fal'ko, K Novoselov, et al. DOI: 10.1039/C4NR01600A
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
URL http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2015/nr/c4nr01600a#!divAbstract
 
Description Centre for Doctoral Training
Amount £4,475,734 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L01548X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 09/2022
 
Description EU EC FET Flagship
Amount € 94,000,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2023
 
Description European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Amount £23,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K005014/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2013 
End 06/2015
 
Description InnovateUK and EPSRC Technology Programme
Amount £250,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P510221/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 05/2017
 
Description Standard Research
Amount £4,056,135 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N010345/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2021
 
Description Collaboration with Columbia University on Fast Relaxation of Photo-Excited Carriers in 2-D Transition Metal Dichalcogenides 
Organisation Columbia University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study of Fast Relaxation of Photo-Excited Carriers in 2-D Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Collaborator Contribution Fast Relaxation of Photo-Excited Carriers in 2-D Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Impact publication in peer-reviewed jounal
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Lancaster University on quantum circuits 
Organisation Lancaster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution NGI hosted new Lancaster's advanced milliKelvin cryogenic system in the NGI Faraday cage in the EMC Lab and provided graphene superconductor proximity effect devices. This arrangement enabled Lancaster Quantum Technology Centre to operate during the refurbishment of Lancaster Physics building.
Collaborator Contribution Lancaster operated cryogenic system to characterise graphene superconductor proximity effect devices
Impact One Nature Physics paper published, Applied Physics letter on SGS proximity effect magnetometer submitted
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with Stanford University on electronic transport in hBN-graphene-hBN structures 
Organisation Stanford University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Theoretical modelling of electronic transport in hBN-graphene-hBN structures.
Collaborator Contribution Experimental characterisation of electronic transport in hBN-graphene-hBN structures
Impact Publication in Science magazine (see in Publications)
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with University of Nottingham on graphene-hBN heterostructures 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We developed graphene-hBN heterostructures and predicted theoretically the form of current-voltage characteristics in graphene-hBN-graphene tunnelling devices.
Collaborator Contribution Characterisation of graphene-hBN-graphene tunnelling devices.
Impact 3 high profile publications: 2 in Nature Nanotechnology and one in Science
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with University of Sheffield on optics of transition metal dichalcogenides 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fabrication of two-dimensional crystals of transition metal dichalcogenides and theoretical prediction of their optical properties
Collaborator Contribution Optical characterisation of two-dimensional crystals of transition metal dichalcogenides
Impact Several publications - see the list of publications
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with Yale on quantum transport in graphene superconductor devises 
Organisation Yale University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint theoretical studies of quantum transport in graphene superconductor devises
Collaborator Contribution Joint theoretical studies of quantum transport in graphene superconductor devises
Impact Publication in peer-reviewed magazine (see Publications)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation ETH Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS)
Department Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation RWTH Aachen University
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation Radboud University Nijmegen
Department High Field Magnet Laboratory (HFML)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation University of Geneva
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Partnership in European Graphene Flagship 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Fundamental and Applied research in graphene in Electronics, Optoelectronics and Nanocomposites. This includes fabrication of graphene-based devices provided to the partners for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provided characterisation of our material and devices using STM and high magnetic field optical spectroscopy and electronic transport.
Impact Joint publications (see in the Publications section)
Start Year 2015
 
Title OSMOSIS 
Description This invention relates to methods of purifying water using forward osmosis, with a graphene oxide laminate acting as a semi-permeable membrane. The laminate is formed from stacks of individual graphene oxide flakes which may be predominantly monolayer thick. The methods of the invention find particular application in the desalination of salt water. 
IP Reference US20160297693 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact No impact yet
 
Title PRODUCTION OF GRAPHENE OXIDE 
Description A method for the production of graphene oxide and/or graphite oxide nanoplatelet structures having a thickness of less than 100 nm in an electrochemical cell, the cell comprising: (a) a positive electrode that is graphitic; (b) a negative electrode that may be graphitic or another material; (c) an electrolyte including: (i) organic anions in a solvent; (ii) non-oxidant polyatomic anions in a solution; and/or (ii) polyatomic anions in a solvent wherein the electrolyte has a hydrogen ion concentration of <1×10?1 mol dm?3; wherein the method comprises the step of passing a current through the cell to intercalate the anions into the graphitic positive electrode so as to exfoliate the graphitic positive electrode. 
IP Reference US 20160298244 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact No impact yet
 
Title Structures and methods relating to graphene 
Description This application relates to graphene based heterostructures and methods of making graphene based heterostructures. The graphene heterostructures comprise: i) a first encapsulation layer; ii) a second encapsulation layer; and iii) a graphene layer. The heterostructures find application in electronic devices. 
IP Reference US9548364 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2017
Licensed No
Impact No impact yet
 
Title Transistor device and materials for making 
Description This application relates to graphene based heterostructures and transistor devices comprising graphene. The hetero-structures comprise i) a first graphene layer; ii) a spacer layer and iii) a third graphene. The transistors comprise (i) an electrode, the electrode comprising a graphene layer, and (ii) an insulating barrier layer. 
IP Reference US9318591 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact No impact yet
 
Title WATER PURIFICATION 
Description his invention relates to methods of purifying water using graphene oxide laminates which are formed from stacks of individual graphene oxide flakes which may be predominantly monolayer thick. The graphene oxide laminates may act as membrans which exclude large solutes i.e. with a hydration radius above about 4.5 ? or they may act as sorbents to absorb solutes having a hydration radius less than about 4.7 ?. 
IP Reference US20160280563 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact No impact yet