Internet of Second Hand Things: Object biographies, consumption pathways and re-valuing goods.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Edinburgh College of Art

Abstract

Adopting more sustainable patterns of consumption offers positive outcomes for improving personal wellbeing, minimising resource depletion and meeting environmental targets. However, changing consumption patterns is hard to achieve because our acquisition, use and disposal of material objects forms a central part of the cultural practices that give meaning to our lives. Our proposed research will explore how the associating of material objects, across an 'internet of things', with user-generated content can positively influence donors, shoppers, volunteers/staff and recipients of both goods and aid. The aim is not simply to provide people within the network of second hand goods with more information, but rather to foster new cultural practices with a view of instigating behavioural change around shoppers' valuation of goods leading to increased sustainability and new economic models within complex patterns of consumption.

Our project will build on a prior pilot study conducted in partnership with Oxfam that adopted technology from the EPSRC Digital Economy TOTeM project. Smart phones and QR codes were configured to enable stories to be added to donated items. Stories and messages attached to secondhand goods could then be read by shoppers. Using the 'Shelflife' App to add stories added to their social and business value, resulting in donated items living on beyond their expected product cycles. Promoting sustainable living is one of Oxfam's core objectives and the pilot demonstrated that adding stories to secondhand items increased the worth, longevity and reduced the disposability of donated items. Tackling the levels of consumption has is now be identified as the primary challenged posed by population growth. The Royal Society report People and the Planet (2012) highlights the increase in global population by a further two billion people over the next 20 years, and refocuses the key question from How many people? to How are they all going to live? The report concludes that in developed and the emerging economies, consumption has reached unsustainable levels and must be immediately reduced. The report claims that the increase in population will, '...entail scaling back or radical transformation of damaging material consumption and emissions and the adoption of sustainable technologies. This change is critical to ensuring a sustainable future for all'.

Whilst internationally recognised for articulating the potential for a social dimension to an Internet of Things, the Shelflife product was not tailored to the complex chains of interactions in which second hand goods flow between donors, vendors, shoppers, recipients of the goods and the aid that the sale of the goods generates. Making visible the complexity of these value chains and developing appropriate interventions so that the parties within them retain connection, is a critical step in developing more sustainable methods of consumption. Through better understanding the second hand context and developing interventions that expose its conditions we can maximise its sustainable effectiveness and extend its applicability to other business arenas.

Planned Impact

The proposed project benefits from being already closely associated with the Oxfam team. The primary impact objective for the collaboration is simple - to increase public donations to Oxfam via shops or clothing banks. In order to do this both Oxfam and the academic team expect to explore creative / technical opportunities for developing donating. The secondary impact objectives are to develop support for other forms of second-hand goods consumption. The project will thus involve a number of other institutions specialising in the secondhand.

While the project has an established partner in Oxfam, it will also require the involvement of volunteers, donators and high street shoppers. Recruiting and retaining these users will require a varied set of strategies. The project's team benefits from experience in parallel domains of recruitment and retention with community members (e.g. suburban residents, café customers etc.) Given the project is committed to increasing the value to various communities of secondhand objects, the pathways to impact will be informed by consumption studies an approach which casts a wider net of value than the economic alone.

The combination of Intellectual Contributions, the Open Software Platform, Experiments and Public Engagement that will be documented and reported through the weblog and project site will strengthen our story and offer tangible opportunities for industry. Vitally, we will also pursue opportunities to contribute evidence and anecdotes from IoST in policy-making forums where evidence can be communicated in a politically expedient way. The project team are confident that with a robust technological infrastructure coupled with exciting and engaging examples of its use, charity and retail partners will be attracted to use IoST.

The project team has already identified specific points of Intellectual Property that will be unique to the UK, and will be attractive to organisations and companies worldwide. A formal collaboratio agreement will be drawn up for each of the partners. Outputs having potential specific impacts will be identified by the partners involved in each WP. Prior intellectual property (IP) will remain with the original owner, while new IP developed in collaboration will be shared equitably between the partners responsible for its development. Research outputs will be protected and exploited according to the standard processes already in place in each of the partner universities, all of whom have dedicated Research and Innovation support staff to ensure this.
 
Title Haggle-O-Tron 
Description Secondhand retail in the U.K. charity sector plays a number of important social and economic roles: Charity shops are community focal points; money is generated for good causes; and goods are recirculated that might otherwise be discarded. However, like much of the U.K.'s retail shops, the prosperity of charity shops is under significant threat from the rise of Internet shopping. Access to online markets via smartphones equips customers to check prices for secondhand items; some customers then use that information to haggle with shop staff. The Haggle-O-Tron is an interactive kettle placed in an Oxfam secondhand shop that playfully subverts both normative and emerging secondhand retail valuation practices by revealing secondhand goods' financial, moral, social, and aesthetic properties. Video: http://vimeo.com/98338383 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Demo'd at the Digital Economy, All Hands conference 2013, Media City, Salford. Demo'd at the ACM Designing for Interactive Systems Conference, Vancouver, 2014 
URL http://www.iosht.org/dis_2014.html
 
Description The Internet of Second Hand Things project set out to reveal the differing perspectives of donators, shoppers and buyers involved in the circulation of second hand goods and to better understand their interlinked chains of value creating practices and to lower barriers to entry. The project was in collaboration with the UK charity Oxfam and involved various participants in the design and development of three rapid innovative technical interventions. The aim of the interventions was to reconfigure existing value chains and provide opportunities for action for donors, shoppers, and shop volunteers/staff. In each of the three design projects the team studied how the interventions affected the secondhand environment that they were situated. This knowledge was fed back to participants and Oxfam HQ to inform all parties how sustainable practices might be developed for the future across the second hand sector.

Significant new knowledge generated;
The design interventions revealed new strategies for participants in involved in the secondhand market. The design studies playfully subverted both normative and emerging secondhand retail valuation practices by revealing secondhand goods' financial, moral, social and aesthetic properties. (Speed, C. et al (2014) The Haggle-O-Tron: design intervention in secondhand retail. DIS2014)

New or improved research methods or skills developed;
In order to address the subject of 'value' the project integrated a series of interdisciplinary concepts to develop a method to for designing with data-value-constellations. (Speed, C. et al (2014) Exploring incentivisation in design. NordiCHI 2014 workshop)

Important new research questions opened up;
The project addressed many facets of the value constellations that surround secondhand retail. What became apparent was the lack of transparency of how value changes as goods pass along the traditional secondhand value chain, and what new business practices might look like if organisations such as Oxfam were to move to a value constellation. (Magee et al (2014) Haggling over values: unintentional collaboration in Manchester charity shops)

Particularly noteworthy new research networks/collaborations/partnerships, or combinations of these;
The sharing of knowledge and methods (in particular design) with other disciplines have opened up new networks and collaborations for the team. Notably Geography (Laurier et al (2014) Adhockery in Secondhand Markets and Disruptive Design, Royal Geographical Society & Institute of British Geographers Annual Conference) and Anthropology (Magee et al (2014) Haggling over values: unintentional collaboration in Manchester charity shops, European Association of Social Anthropologists Conference). Presentations have fostered connections for publications and future projects.

Increased research capability generated from training delivered in specialist skills;
The highly interdisciplinary project required a significant transfer of skills across and between partners. Ethnomethodological skills became part of the design process, rapid prototyping became part of anthropological methods, and Science and Technology Studies informed participatory design processes.
Exploitation Route Designing with data value constellations
Designers are often only invited to take part in the development of products and services at specific points of development (product design and marketing). This has often left them out of the design of business models through which value propositions are created. Our project revealed specific methods for how to help designers understand their role in the design of value as the Digital Economy moves society from a Push economy to a Pull Economy. (Woods and Speed (2014 Informing a framework towards co-design within business models, AHRC KE Hubs conference, Lancaster).

More than Participatory Design
Part of our project involved a 6 month participatory design project with a secondary school to explore how second hand donation bins could be re-imagined and integrated into different sorts of social spaces. Teachers and children (ages 12-18) participated in the design of the bins and the design of the socio-technical arrangements that helped make the bins function as a sustainable part of school life. What was unique about our work was how we developed a method to work together to design objects and services that responded not only to participant values but to the deep appreciations of the school as an institution. (Hartswood et al (2015) Charities and schools: Co-designing with systems of value. In development).
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail

URL http://www.iosht.org
 
Description 1. To report back to Oxfam Head Quarters in Oxford to describe what the design interventions revealed about how value is currently perceived to be generated and mediated as it passes through the existing value networks. The meeting in May 2014 was with Andrew Horton, Trading Director and Lee Widdowson, who manages their Logistics and Wastesaver plant. The meeting demonstrated two of the design interventions that had been developed with Oxfam volunteers, managers, shoppers and the school children. The findings of which were used to identify a specific problem: that many shoppers and donors to Oxfam shops in the UK no longer understand the how their secondhand donations or money from purchases support the international aid projects. This finding concurred with recent experiences of the Oxfam management team and demonstrated a clear disconnect in Oxfam practices and communications. Subsequently the final design project involving the tracking of donations across the UK and to Senegal was developed in direct response to this finding. 2. The design methodologies developed by the team offer radical implications for how design schools involve students and future designers in how to design through value. The workshop at NordiCHI Exploring Incentivisation in Design successfully exercised a preliminary design method that allowed designers and participants to ideate toward products and services through use of value constellations and incentives. Whilst these vocabularies are traditionally more at home in a School of Business or Economics, once explained, designers were able to take ownership of them and offer new methods to adapt existing or develop new products / services. The findings of the workshop has been provisionally accepted in the ACM Interactions magazine that has a very large distribution network for designers and HCI researchers. The findings have also been reported to the AHRC KE Hub Oversight Development Group and received a warm response to how the design research community requires change in order to compete within the digital economy. 3. The findings also informed a symposium held in Edinburgh 3rd and 4th of September 2014. Featuring a range of eminent national and international speakers including Sian Lindley (Microsoft Research Cambridge), Sophie Woodward (Manchester) and Hermann Zschiegner (2N, New York) talks, design works and a workshop explored the increasing blurring around the term 'data'.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Creative Economy,Education,Retail
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Description 'Of fairness and consistency: smartphone-enabled haggling in a Manchester charity shop' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Design Informatics Seminar by Siobhan Magee, University of Edinburgh, February 27 2014

Contributed to the knowledge base in this area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Breaching the Smart Home, GIST / HCI Glasgow University. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to reflect on research from the series of projects that engage with Internet of Things technology.
Strong discussion followed and further interest in the subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Customers interacting with the Haggle-o-tron 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Data analysis series, Scottish Ethnomethodology, Discourse, Interaction & Talk group, Edinburgh, April 2014

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Dark Play In The Digital Arts 6th-7th July, Middlesex University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dark Play in the Digital Arts' will explore, with a small group of researchers, cutting-edge and under-theorised issues in the digital arts, play and playfulness, 'dark play' and digital arts-based pedagogies.
The symposium is hosted by the Childhood and Society SIG, which is part of the Centre for Education Research & Scholarship at Middlesex University.
Chris Speed presented research on shoplifting and haggling, and other positive deviant practices.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://i-dat.org/dark-play-in-the-digital-arts/
 
Description Data and the City workshop, Invited talk, Maynooth University. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Programmable City Project hosted a two day invite-only workshop on the relations between data and the city. The Data and the City Workshop took place on August 31st and September 1st 2015 and brought together 20 invited experts in the field and the ProgCity team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Design from/with/by Data invited talk Digital Creativity Hub, University of York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk:
Design from/with/by Data

The complex constellations of personal and shared devices that are connected to everyday practices that involve the transmission of data constitute openings to new markets in which different kinds of value are exchanged. In many cases we are becoming attuned to understanding how value is constructed as we use software: social media users are becoming aware of the many pros and cons of exchanging social values in Facebook, while Trip Advisor users understand the implications of their liking, disliking and commenting upon the economic values of hotels. However, as websites and apps become replaced by objects that we use in everyday life, such as making tea, taking a shower or getting on the bus, it is less clear how the flow of data that is derived from our interactions, constructs value and is 'traded' between services. This disjuncture in the flow of value - with and without humans in the loop - presents both opportunities and threats to people and institutions. This paper will explore the implications of emerging ecosystems and an agenda for designing human data interactions, that goes beyond the organization and understanding of data, toward the development of platforms that balance the values of all stakeholders within complex digital economic systems to offer a level of commensurability with a service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/webadmin?A2=york-hci;9eb9c625.1603
 
Description Designing From / With / By Data Talk for SiREN conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact sIREN is a student-led research network established in 2016 by PhD students in Edinburgh College of Art, the University of Edinburgh. It aims to provide support and training for research students and staff concerning interdisciplinary research, as well as to create dialogue between several fields and promote new perceptions of research based on diverse methodological approaches.

Work was presented from a series of research projects that explore Designing From / With / By Data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.siren.eca.ed.ac.uk/2016/10/25/chris-speed-designing-from-with-by-data/
 
Description Dutch Design Week: Drive.NL, Crossovers: Smart to Circular, Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact During Dutch Design Week the Drive.NL and Crossovers: Smart to Circular panel introduced how interaction design can play an important part in Circular Economy thinking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Dutch Design Week: Drive.NL, Crossovers: Things to Things: Where are the Connections? Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dutch Design Week and the Drive.NL Crossovers: Things to Things: Where are the Connections? Panel introduced the Dutch community to the concept of designing with data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description European Consumer Summit, Shaping the Consumer Policy of the Future, Brussels, 1-2 June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact European Consumer Summit, Shaping the Consumer Policy of the Future, Brussels, 1-2 June 2015
The European Consumer Summit is an annual forum gathering key European and international policy-makers and stakeholders, including representatives from the European Parliament, governments and national authorities, consumer organisations, academia and business. Over the years, the European Consumer Summit has become a valuable occasion to increase awareness on consumer policy and a key tool to mainstream consumer interests in EU policies. This 2015 edition of the Consumer Summit will be dedicated to "Shaping the consumer policy of the future". The focus will be on the most topical consumer policy issues which link with the political priorities of the European Commission led by President Juncker.
Chris Speed presented research and speculations upon the role of data in the High Street.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ec.europa.eu/justice/events/european-consumer-summit/2015/index_en.htm
 
Description Invitation to Digital Lives workshop, Tue 10th Jan, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to present research at the EPSRC-funded Balance Network

A key emphasis of the day were conversations about future strategic research directions across RCUK (and potentially more widely) related to 'digital living'. A bunch of people from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, some technical types, quite a few social scientists, and research council representatives came along - for example John Baird and Andrew Prescott (as AHRC Digital Transformations Theme Fellow).

The key motivator for the event was that the ESRC are currently reviewing the digital landscape through funding a scoping review on "Ways of Being in a Digital Age", and are launching a new priority area related to this. The PI of their scoping review team (Prof Simeon Yates) attended the workshop, representing the ESRC's current direction and outlining initial findings, and Shaun (Lawson), who was part of the initial ESRC process of consultation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://balancenetwork.bimserver2.com/
 
Description Invited talk to Falmouth University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk regarding IoT:

Design from/with/by Data

The complex constellations of personal and shared devices that are connected to everyday practices that involve the transmission of data constitute openings to new markets in which different kinds of value are exchanged. In many cases we are becoming attuned to understanding how value is constructed as we use software: social media users are becoming aware of the many pros and cons of exchanging social values in Facebook, while Trip Advisor users understand the implications of their liking, disliking and commenting upon the economic values of hotels. However, as websites and apps become replaced by objects that we use in everyday life, such as making tea, taking a shower or getting on the bus, it is less clear how the flow of data that is derived from our interactions, constructs value and is 'traded' between services. This disjuncture in the flow of value - with and without humans in the loop - presents both opportunities and threats to people and institutions. This talk will explore the implications of emerging ecosystems and an agenda for designing human data interactions, that goes beyond the organization and understanding of data, toward the development of platforms that balance the values of all stakeholders within complex digital economic systems to offer a level of commensurability with a service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote address: Designing within an Internet of Things, at "The 1st International Symposium on Art & Technology"  held by NTUE and  ATATW, Taipei, Taiwan. 10th-11th January 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Keynote address for the 1st International Symposium on Art & Technology  held by NTUE and  ATATW, Taipei, Taiwan. 10th-11th January 2015.
Important to be part of the new wave of academics and industries exploring these technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oberlander, J. & Speed, C. (2015) Designing Human Data Interactions Panel at the 2015 British HCI Conference (British HCI '15), June, Lincoln. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oberlander, J. & Speed, C. (2015) Designing Human Data Interactions Panel at the 2015 British HCI Conference (British HCI '15), June, Lincoln.

This panel will explore the implications of emerging ecosystems and an agenda for designing human data interactions, that goes beyond the organization and understanding of data, toward the development of platforms that balance the values of all stakeholders within complex digital economic systems to offer a level of commensurability with a service.

The panel brought together Speed, Oberlander, Luger and Haddadi and was warmly received as a positive debate surrounding how to design through Human Data Interactions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://british-hci2015.org/program/panels/#HDI
 
Description Pecha Kucha Visions of Future Cities, Institute for Future Cities, Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The City Observatory hosted a Pecha Kucha Glasgow night in collaboration with Taktal: "Visions of Future Cities".
10 speakers from diverse backgrounds presented, using 20 slides for 20 seconds only, what their vision of the Future City is.

Speed presented work across AHRC and EPSRC grants that described the future of the city.

Lots of positive engagement through the topics of AI, IoT and the city
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ifuturecities.com/pecha-kucha-glasgow-night-visions-of-future-cities/
 
Description Producing data: practices, materialities, values 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 3rd - 4th September 2014, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation, University of Edinburgh
Hosted by: Design Informatics, Edinburgh College of Art, University of Edinburgh
Organisers: Chris Speed, Gian Marco Campagnolo, Siobhan Magee and New Media Scotland.
Keynotes: Sian Lindley (Microsoft Research), Sophie Woodward (University of Manchester), Hermann Zschiegner (TWO-N)
Confirmed speakers and artists: Bea Alex, Chris Barker, Mina Braun, Jamie Cross, Ewan Klein, Craig Martin, Hadi Mehrpouya, Mitch Miller, Wendy Moncur, Larissa Pschetz, Mark Selby, Duncan Shingleton, Alice Street, Arno Verhoeven.


New connections made
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.designinformatics.org/node/311
 
Description Royal Bank of Scotland, Challenge dinner, invited talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The invited after dinner talk was to Royal Bank of Scotland Executives and Young staff about the implications of the Digital Economy and new practices within the Internet of Things.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Scotland Internet of Things conference, invited talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scotland Internet of Things conference, invited talk

200 approx members of diverse IoT community listened to research from the various projects and has led to further meetings with SMEs to discuss future projects and engagements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iotevents.org/iot-scotland-2015?format=html
 
Description Speed, C., Laurier, E. & Buscher, M. (2015) Algorithmic Practices: Emergent interoperability in the everyday Panel, at the RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2015, Exeter, UK. September 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speed, C., Laurier, E. & Buscher, M. (2015) Algorithmic Practices: Emergent interoperability in the everyday Panel, at the RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2015, Exeter, UK. September 2015.

The RGS/IBG conference was a chance to bring together a collection of bright thinkers to reflect upon the implications of living within an algorithmic society.

Very positive response from the audience regarding the nature of the debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.designinformatics.org/node/343
 
Description Speed, C., Maxwell, D. & Campbell, D. (2015) Blockchain City. Paper presentation: MEDIACITY 5, International Conference and Exhibition 1st - 3rd May 2015 Plymouth, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The conference addressed the approaches and the corresponding design responses that meet the challenges of social, citizen-centred, smart cities and communities. It will offered reflective, high quality theoretical and design-based responses to the question of how media and ICTs create can alternative responses to current societal challenges.
Speed presented new work for the Connected High Street surrounding the implications of the block chain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://mediacity.i-dat.org
 
Description Speed, C., Rogers, J., Wallace, J., Shorter, M., Shingleton, D., Hupfeld, A., Selby, M. (2015) Designing the social back in to the High Street, Sixth Annual Digital Economy Meeting, Research Councils UK Digital Economy Conference 2015, Institute of Engineering & Technology, London. 10th December. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Speed, C., Rogers, J., Wallace, J., Shorter, M., Shingleton, D., Hupfeld, A., Selby, M. (2015) Designing the social back in to the High Street, Sixth Annual Digital Economy Meeting, Research Councils UK Digital Economy Conference 2015, Institute of Engineering & Technology, London. 10th December.

The Digital Economy 2015 conference brings together the UK's most innovative thinkers and researchers to share ideas on how to impact society across a range of sectors; including, transport, healthcare, financial services, and the creative industries.

Speed presented research from the Connected High Street project that addressed sharing data through Tesco points.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.de2015.org
 
Description Speed: Designing Through the City as Database. Designing Smart Cities : Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges, CREATe: RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. 31st-1st April. 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Designing Through the City as Database. Designing Smart Cities : Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges, CREATe: RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. 31st-1st April. 2015.

Speed introduced research across transport and IoT to explore the implications of designing within smart cities.

Warmly received and led to further presentations and conversations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.create.ac.uk/blog/2014/11/06/designing-smart-cities/
 
Description Take Me I'm Yours / Is Your Marmite Watching You? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact part of Beltane Public Engagement, Cabaret of Dangerous Ideas. The talk and performance sparked many questions from the audience afterwards and created a lively debate.

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://tickets.edfringe.com/whats-on/is-your-marmite-watching-you
 
Description The Matter of the Price 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Varied discussions with delegates around topic

Not aware of any impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Things That Go Bump In The Night, Caithness International Science Festival, 18th March, 2015, Wick. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A suite of talks at the Caithness International Science Festival to the General Public and local Schools explored the implications of the Internet of Things.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://community.caithness.org/article.php?id=4955
 
Description Time of the City, workshop for CityLink Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Time of the City, workshop for CityLink Festival
The City Link Symposium 2015 was a celebration of cities and the people and activity that shape them. They brought together speakers who in different ways have studied, considered, altered or impacted the urban environment.

Speed ran a workshop that reflected on the temporal issues running through the departments research.
Very positive engagement that identified time as a core issue within the digital economy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://city-link.org/event/city-link-symposium-2015-democratic-renewal/
 
Description Value, data, and secondhand things: haggling in Manchester charity shops 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Social Informatics Seminar, University of Edinburgh, November 15.


n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014