Next Generation Grid Scale Thermal Energy Storage Technologies (NexGen-TEST)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Birmingham
Department Name: Chemical Engineering

Abstract

The energy systems in both the UK and China face challenges of unprecedented proportions. In the UK, it is expected that the amount of electricity demand met by renewable generation in 2020 will be increased by an order of magnitude from the present levels. In the context of the targets proposed by the UK Climate Change Committee it is expected that the electricity sector would be almost entirely decarbonised by 2030 with significantly increased levels of electricity production and demand driven by electrification of heat and transport. In China, the government has promised to cut greenhouse gas emission per unit of gross domestic product by 40-45% by 2020 based on the 2005 level. This represents a significant challenge given that over 70% of its electricity is currently generated by coal-fired power plants. Energy storage has the potential to provide a solution towards these challenges.
Numerous energy storage technologies exist currently, including electrochemical (batteries, flow batteries and sodium sulphate batteries etc), mechanical (compressed air and pumped hydro etc), thermal (heat and cold), and electrical (supercapacitors). Among these storage technologies, thermal energy storage (TES) provides a unique approach for efficient and effective peak-shaving of electricity and heat demand, efficient use of low grade waste heat and renewable energy, low-cost high efficiency carbon capture, and distributed energy and backup energy systems. Despite the importance and huge potential, little has been done in the UK and China on TES for grid scale applications. This forms the main motivation for the proposed research. This proposed research aims to address, in an integrated manner, key scientific and technological challenges associated with TES for grid scale applications, covering TES materials, TES components, TES devices and integration. The specific objectives are:
(i) to develop novel TES materials, components and devices;
(ii) to understand relationships between TES material properties and TES component behaviour, and TES component behaviour and TES device performance;
(iii) to understand relationship between TES component behaviour and manufacturing process parameters, and
(iv) to investigate integration of TES devices with large scale CAES system, decentralized microgrid system, and solar thermal power generation system.
We bring together a multidisciplinary team of internationally leading thermal, chemical, electrical and mechanical engineers, and chemical and materials scientists with strong track records and complementary expertise needed for comprehensively addressing the TES challenges. This dynamic team comprises 15 leading academics from 4 universities (Beijing University of Technology, University of Leeds, University of Nottingham and University of Warwick, and 2 Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Institutes (Institute of Engineering Thermophysics and Institute of Process Engineering), and 7 industrial partners.

Planned Impact

The beneficiaries of the NexGen-Test Programme include: (a) Government Agents (who will gain support to meet their medium and long term energy and environmental challenges, and obtain data for development and implementation of policies for energy storage technologies); (b) Industry Partners (who will be able to obtain state-of-the-art developments in thermal energy storage and associated areas, gain in-depth knowledge of formulation and fabrication of novel thermal energy storage materials, components, devices and integration, extend their portfolio of suppliers or customers' base through close interactions with other industrial partners during the project meetings and workshops, and gain more opportunities to take up thermal energy storage and associated technologies arising from the research programme); (c) Researchers at all levels involved in the programme (who will be able to gain opportunities to develop their career, publish research outcomes in leading journals with international authors and hence increase their exposure and competitiveness, and be engaged in the knowledge transfer and commercialization activities); and (d) Society (society will benefit from the programme with a potential to transform the energy industry through increasing efficiency, enhancing the security of supply, and accelerating the transition to a low carbon economy).
A dedicated project website will be established for (i) providing open access to progress reports and publications arising from the project, and general project information and key results for non-research community, (ii) advertising engagement activities, and (iii) hosting data gathered through the projects.
We will disseminate the project outcomes to academics, industrialists and the general public in the UK, China and the globe through leading international conferences and events. Our outputs will be published in an extensive range of learned journals.
We will make use of our project review meetings and workshops to engage our project partners. We will also offer bespoke presentations to other organisations as needs arise from the UK, China and globally. Discussions with industry partners will provide not only advices on the research directions, but also a reality check on our research outcomes in terms of technical and commercial viability.
We will proactively organise national and international conferences / meetings in energy storage and associated areas, and will extend our networking activities through close interactions with other relevant programmes such as UK Supergens and Grand Challenge energy storage programmes, the China MOST 973, 863 and other 12th and future 13th Five-year research programmes, Chinese Academy of Sciences key energy research programmes, and other relevant international programmes (e.g. US DOE, German DLR, and current and future EU programmes).
We will work closely with technology transfer or equivalent offices of both the UK and Chinese partner institutions to protect IPRs arising from the project. The project management team will monitor the project progress and engage institutions' research support teams from early stage to maximise the opportunities.
We will put mechanisms in place to ensure that each member of the team benefits from the development of their career into new areas resulting in new publications, collaborations, exposure and skills. We shall pay specific attention to the training and career development of PDRAs, who will be assigned academic mentors, and encouraged to present their findings at the UK, China and international conferences, to interact closely with both academics and industrialists within and outside the consortium, and with UG, MSc and PhD students through project co-supervision, and to organise regular meetings to help them acquire leadership and management skills.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This project contributed to the discovery of the mechanisms by molecular modelling, that the addition of nanoparticles into salts could increase heat capacity of the salts by up to ~30%, leading to an increased heat storage density, a reduced cost and space requirement. The modelling results have been validated by extensive experimental measurements. The considerable enhancement of heat capacity in salt system is opposite to the observations in aqueous systems and also disagrees with conventional mixing rules for the calculation of heat capacity of mixtures. The main reason is due to the increased potential energy at the atomic scale close to the salt-nano-particle interface, leading to increased energy storage there. This discovery is substantial and resolves various disputes over conflicting experimental observations. The project has made significant contributions in linking the material's properties at the molecular scale to the system level performance through the use of multiscale and multiphase modelling methods validated by experiments. This in turn increased substantially our integration capabilities. The project has made significant contributions to the development of methods for manufacturing composite phase change materials for different temperatures (from ~100 to ~750oC) at scale (~ up to 2-5 tons per day currently). The project has led to the filing of at least three patents [CN201410069073.6: A large scale energy storage based heat exchanger for medium and high temperature applications, 2014; GB1516599.6: Compressed Air Energy Storage system uses high grade thermal energy store to increase exergy storage capacity, 2015; GB1521372.1: Compressed Air Energy Storage system exploits low grade heat capture to increase exergy output, 2015.]. The project has contributed to over 40 technical publications and 5 book chapters in the area. Through the project, we initiated the UK Thermal Energy Storage Workshop with the 1st workshop held in Birmingham over two days in June 2015 with over 70 participants. Following this event the 2nd UK Thermal Energy Storage Workshop was held in London 2016 presenting the last achievements of this projects regarding on materials, devices and systems.; Wwe also initiated the UK-China Thermal Energy Storage Forum with the 1st and 2nd Forums were held in June and December 2015 respectively, in the UK and China. The project has made significant contributions to the establishment and reputation build-up of Birmingham Centre of Thermal Energy Storage, which has now gained international attention in Europe, USA, Australia, Singapore, India, China and Japan, as reflected by various newspapers articles and media interviews, increased numbers of visitors from these countries and also funding from overseas companies. The project has contributed to the Energy Research Accelerator (ERA)- a government funded £60m initiative with ~£20M in thermal energy. The project has contributed to the establishment of Joint Lab on Energy Storage between the University of Birmingham and SGRI of the SGCC, and the recruiting process is underway for the lab. The Birmingham Centre of Energy Storage and the Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute Europe (GEIRIEU) of State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) unveiled the Joint UoB-GEIRIEU Lab on Energy Storage Research in July 2016. SGCC, ranked No. 2 in the Global Fortune 500, is the world's largest electric power utility company, and the leader of global energy interconnection development. This project has contributed to the roadmap of energy storage developed and published by EERA and the roadmap being developed by the Energy Storage Supergen Hub. The roadmap, available online entitled UK Research Needs in Grid Scale Energy, provides a concise guide to key technology options for grid scale energy storage, with the aim of informing stakeholders in industry, government and the funding agencies of the opportunities and need for underpinning research into both current and emerging technologies for grid scale storage applications. We have been actively engaged in the LCICG - Smart Grid and Storage consultation process and have participated in various FCO organised missions to strategically important countries. The project has also contributed to a white paper on grid scale energy storage to be published shortly by a consortium led by Imperial College London.
Exploitation Route We have been able to follow the pathways to impact identified in the original statement. The outcomes are being taken forward by various beneficiaries including government, industry, people and society. The details are summarised in the next section.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Chemicals,Construction,Education,Energy,Environment

 
Description One of the formulation has been commercially used.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Chemicals,Construction,Energy,Environment,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Policy aspects
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The work has made contributions to Chinese national policy in the use off-peak electricity for space heating, as part of efforts to reduce environmental pollution. The air quality has seen to be improved significantly in large cities in north part of China
 
Description Abengoa Solar
Amount £200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Leeds-IPSE483360 
Organisation Abengoa 
Department Abengoa Solar
Sector Private
Country Spain
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2014
 
Description Abengoa Solar NT
Amount £22,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Abengoa - TOK - Leeds 
Organisation Abengoa 
Department Abengoa Solar
Sector Private
Country Spain
Start 05/2010 
End 05/2011
 
Description EPSRC Programme Grant
Amount £5,590,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K002252/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2012 
End 09/2017
 
Description EPSRC Programme Grant
Amount £4,227,886 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P00945X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 11/2021
 
Description Ebergy Storage Capital Equipment related call
Amount £4,013,527 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N032888/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description Energy Stoage Grand Challenge
Amount £924,591 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P003435/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Description External collaboration grants
Amount £430,000 (GBP)
Funding ID SGRI Project No 1 
Organisation State Grid Corporation of China 
Sector Public
Country China
Start 01/2015 
End 10/2017
 
Description External collaborative research
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Funding ID SGRI Project No 2 
Organisation State Grid Corporation of China 
Sector Public
Country China
Start 12/2015 
End 11/2018
 
Description External research grant
Amount £470,000 (GBP)
Funding ID CRRC Project No 1 
Organisation CRRC Corporation Limited 
Sector Private
Country China
Start 10/2015 
End 07/2017
 
Description Heat transfer under supercritical conditions
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Air Products 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 01/2018
 
Description Reduce of End Use Energy Demand
Amount £1,573,522 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P004709/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 12/2020
 
Description Shanghai Baosteel Group Corporation
Amount £92,500 (GBP)
Funding ID Corex - understanding 
Organisation Shanghai Baosteel Group Corporation 
Sector Public
Country China
Start 04/2012 
End 09/2013
 
Description UK-Indian Collaboration
Amount £5,094,437 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P003605/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description n-COSH
Amount £924,591 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P003435/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description nano-Structured PCM Composites for Compact Space Heating: n-CoSH
Amount £924,591 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P003435/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description CRRC 
Organisation CRRC Corporation Limited
Country China 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of next generation air-conditioning technology based on thermal energy storage for train carriages
Collaborator Contribution Provision of application conditions and funding
Impact Results not allowed to report before the project is completed - will report in the future.
Start Year 2015
 
Description China General Nuclear Power Group 
Organisation China General Nuclear Power Group
Country China 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Advice on the integration of TES with nuclear power plants
Collaborator Contribution Advising them possible route for peak shaving of nuclear power plants using TES technology
Impact Reported in NexGen-TEST programme
Start Year 2014
 
Description China Recycling Energy Corporation 
Organisation Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership
Country Austria 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The work provide guidance to the company in shaping their strategy for future R&D and product development in energy storage and related areas
Collaborator Contribution Provide guidance in terms integration of TES with industrial processes
Impact Reported in NexGen-TES project
Start Year 2014
 
Description Composite PCM production and demonstration 
Organisation Nanjing Jinhe Energy Materials Co Ltd
PI Contribution We have helped with the process design of the world first large scale commercial demonstration plant using composite phase change materials for the use of the curtailed wind power.
Collaborator Contribution The partner has helped us in the development of our materials for engineering applications. We have also be able to access their facilities for measuring our materials properties.
Impact The collaboration has led to a new collaborative project funded by Innovate UK and Jiangsu Provincial Government.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Highview Power Storage - RAEng Industrial Research Chair in Cryogenic Energy Storage 
Organisation Highview Power Storage
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I am the industrial chair holder, working specifically on cryogenic energy storage, from materials to process integration.
Collaborator Contribution They provide finanical support to the project, offering advice and creating networking opportunities.
Impact This has provided opportunities to interact with industrial partners, which have been reported in other sections
Start Year 2014
 
Description Highview Power Storage - RAEng Industrial Research Chair in Cryogenic Energy Storage 
Organisation Royal Academy of Engineering
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution I am the industrial chair holder, working specifically on cryogenic energy storage, from materials to process integration.
Collaborator Contribution They provide finanical support to the project, offering advice and creating networking opportunities.
Impact This has provided opportunities to interact with industrial partners, which have been reported in other sections
Start Year 2014
 
Description Pnu Power 
Organisation Energetix PNU Power
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution This is done through collaboration in a project on next generation thermal energy storage technologies
Collaborator Contribution They help advise the work on compressed air energy storage area with integrated thermal energy storage
Impact It is reported in another project.
Start Year 2014
 
Description University of Nottingham 
Organisation Institute of Mental Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Part of a collaborative project in thermal energy storage
Collaborator Contribution Contribute to the knowledge in coupling mechanical and thermal energy storage
Impact Reported in NexGen-TEST programme
Start Year 2014
 
Description University of Warwick 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Department of History
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The use of thermal energy storage in compressed air energy storage
Collaborator Contribution Providing integration conditions
Impact Reported in NexGen-TEST programme
Start Year 2014
 
Company Name KELVIN THERMOTECH LTD 
Description It is set for holding Ups related to cold storage, cold chain technologies, thermal energy storage, consulting. 
Year Established 2019 
Impact Just started, to be updated next year
 
Description 22nd international conference on automation and computing, UK. (SCI) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Nie, XK; Wang, JH; Kiselychnyk, O; Chen, J, Modelling of One-dimensional Noisy Dynamical Systems with a Frobenius-Perron Solution,2016 22nd international conference on automation and computing, UK. (SCI)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Joint Centre with Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Formation of a joint Centre with Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences on physical energy storage research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Offshore Energy and Storage Symposium and Industry Connector Event (OSES), 2016, Malta. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact He W, Wang JH. Dynamic modelling of discharge behaviour of a low temperature adiabatic compressed air energy storage system, Offshore Energy and Storage Symposium and Industry Connector Event (OSES), 2016, Malta.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK thermal energy storage (UKTES) 2016, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact He W, Wang JH. Dynamic modelling of adiabatic compressed air energy storage using packed bed thermal energy storage, UK thermal energy storage (UKTES) 2016, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK-China thermal energy storage forum, 2016, Nottingham. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Nie, XK, J Chen, Kiselychnyk, O, Wang, J, Capacity Optimisation and Control of Energy Storage in Power Networks, UK-China thermal energy storage forum, 2016, Nottingham.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK-China thermal energy storage forum, 2016, Nottingham. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact He W, Wang JH. Exergy and energy analysis of adiabatic compressed air energy storage, UK-China thermal energy storage forum, 2016, Nottingham.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description China Energy Network Conference & Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact China Energy Network Conference & Exhibition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EECOS 2016, 29th international on efficiency, cost, optimization, simulation and environmental impact of energy storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Adriano Sciacovelli, Daniel Smith, Helena Navarro, Yongliang Li, Yulong Ding, Liquid air energy storage - Operation and performance of the first pilot plant in the world, Proceedings of ECOS 2016, 29th international on efficiency, cost, optimization, simulation and environmental impact of energy storage, 19-23 June 2016, Portoroz, Solevenia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EECOS 2016, 29th international on efficiency, cost, optimization, simulation and environmental impact of energy storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Sciacovelli A, Li Y, Ding Y. Adiabatic compressed air energy storage - a study on dynamic performance with thermal energy storage. Proceedings of ECOS 2016, 29th international on efficiency, cost, optimization, simulation and environmental impact of energy storage, 19-23 June 2016, Portoroz, Solevenia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EPSRC blog & UKRI filming 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog and UKRI film generated significant impact, with over 10 industrial companies coming to Birmingham seeking for collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://epsrc.ukri.org/blog/the-renewables-conundrum/
 
Description EPSRC-NSFC Powering the Future Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact EPSRC-NSFC Powering the Future Event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Energy Future Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Energy Future Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description HEFAT 12th Int. Conf. Heat Transf. Fluid Mech. Thermodyn., 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Navarro M. E. *, Andreu P., Qiao G. and Ding Y., Thermal properties of a novel Medium Temperature Thermal Energy Storage composite based on sodium nitrate as Phase Change Material.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description HEFAT 12th Int. Conf. Heat Transf. Fluid Mech. Thermodyn., 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Shere L, Trivedi S, Roberts S, Sciacovelli A, Ding Y. SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THERMOCHEMICAL STORAGE MATERIAL COMBINING POROUS ZEOLITE AND INORGANIC SALTS. HEFAT 12th Int. Conf. Heat Transf. Fluid Mech. Thermodyn., 2016, p. 188-91
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description National Energy Storage Conference, 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact China National Energy Storage Conference, Shenzhen, October 22-25, 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description National University of Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact National University of Singapore
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK Trade mission to Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact UK Trade mission to Japan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK-China Energy Storage Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop is to bring together academia, industrialists, policymakers, NGOs and government officials between UK and China, building close links for future collaborations, and trading relationships. Over 100 participants attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UK-China Workshop on Clean Energy Utilisation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This is for building close and sustainable collaborations between UK and Chinese early career researchers working on clean energy generation, storage and utilisation. Over 70 people attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UK-China thermal energy storage forum 2015, Beijing University of Technology. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact He W. Selection of expansion machines in compressed air energy storage system (CAES) and feasibility study of integration of CAES with thermal driven desalination, UK-China thermal energy storage forum 2015, Beijing University of Technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK-China thermal energy storage forum, 2016, Nottingham. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact M. E. Navarro, G. Leng, C. Li and Y. Ding, Thermal properties of a novel sodium-nitrate based composite phase change material for medium temperature energy storage applications. UK-China thermal energy storage forum, 2016, Nottingham.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visits to Universities of Queensland, Adelaide, Melbourne and New South Wales, Australia, June-July 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Visits to Universities of Queensland, Adelaide, Melbourne and New South Wales, Australia, June-July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016