A Focused Ion Beam Microscopy Facility for Advanced Materials Analysis

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Ion beam preparation and the ability to use it for precision lithography has made it one of the most interesting and useful tools in materials science. It is key to the preparation of high quality site-specific specimens for transmission electron microscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy and its versatility as a nanoscale scalpel makes it an essential tool for nanostructuring shapes and designs that are often difficult or impossible to realise otherwise. Building upon our long track record in focused ion beam preparation and expertise in materials characterisation we will commission a 3rd generation focused ion beam instrument. This design replaces the gallium beam used in the 1st and 2nd generation instruments with a noble gas beam for milling. The use of noble gas beams has major advantages over gallium in reducing chemical reactions, implantation and surface damage. In consequence we will be able to extract the greatest possible information from advanced high-resolution electron microscopy by reducing artefacts and ambiguities when preparing cross sections and lift outs. Moreover, with the 3rd generation machine our ability to define features lithographically will benefit from a significant improvement in definition. This will allow us to create and study functional nanostructures in a greater range of material systems than currently possible. The addition of this state of the art tool to the Kelvin Nanocharacterisation Centre at Glasgow will add value to numerous projects and collaborations at the University of Glasgow, across Scotland and throughout the north of the UK, a noble gas FIB that is optimised for the liftout of high quality TEM/STEM specimens will be of especial national importance as the first instrument of its kind funded by the EPSRC anywhere in the UK. Access mechanisms will be put in place to allow users from across the UK to use this facility, as detailed elsewhere. We will track the significant industrial impact this instrument will have, including with existing industrial partners on advanced materials development, as well as in collaboration with the instrument suppliers to further develop usage modes and protocols with a clear benefit to future users of such technology. This will also benefit the training of a future generation of scientists and technologists through its explicit linkage to two Centres for Doctoral Training.

Planned Impact

The College of Science and Engineering at the University of Glasgow has an excellent track record of creating significant impact from research performed within the schools, and this is assisted by dedicated support staff. The Kelvin Nanocharacterisation Centre is part of this success story and has worked with many companies productively over the past 15 years or more. Some of our developments in the area of DualEELS were featured in a REF case study for 2014. The proposed FIB facility is a unique, timely tool that will enable a range of new investigations with UK partners which will have industrial, societal, people and knowledge impacts.

There will be industry impacts through working with a range of companies on development of a range of materials, structures and devices, including through contract research and through longer term research collaborations (e.g. with EU funding). There will also be impact back to the suppliers of the equipment in terms of collaborative developments of new protocols and techniques with the equipment. These impacts will be disseminated to other users of the equipment through use of trade journals, application notes and webinars.

Since some of our research is specifically focussed on topics concerning Energy and Healthcare, this investment will contribute Societal benefits including contributing to the sustainability of our energy supply, and through better understanding of the nanoscale processes involved in virus infection enabling improvements in healthcare.

This equipment will be included in Masters level training courses, which support two CDTs, in "Integrative Sensing and Measurement", and "Photonic Integration and Advanced Data Storage", as well as widely used by PhD students and early career researchers. It will therefore contribute to the supply of highly skilled persons to the knowledge economy.

It will also provide significant knowledge impacts, as summarised separately in "Academic Beneficiaries", and delivered by a range of traditional and emerging dissemination routes.
 
Description The instrument has been an excellent workhorse for the preparation of transmission electron microscope specimens from a wide variety of different types of material, including semiconductors, metallic alloys, functional thin films (both oxide and non-oxide), functional ceramics, geomaterials, and catalysts. It has also been excellent for the preparation of needle specimens of most of these kinds of materials for atom probe tomography.
It has also been excellent for the preparation of complex, 3D magnetic nanostructures using electron beam induced deposition of cobalt.
This has fed into a wide variety of our research programmes.
Exploitation Route Work enabled by this instrument is now being featured in talks and conference presentations, including at the International Microscopy Congress in Sydney, Australia in 2018. The first articles arising from this are now being submitted.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Electronics,Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description This is now contributing to industrially funded or industrially linked work, including with Wood Group, National Nuclear Laboratory, and Johnson Matthey. This has mainly been in the form of the preparation of samples for TEM/STEM investigations, or the preparation of needles for atom probe tomography (APT). Additionally, it has been used in an industrially part-funded PhD on Ti-V-Al alloys for both the preparation of liftout specimens for STEM analysis, and for the surface polishing, backscatter imaging, and EBSD of the micro- and nano-structure. It has also been heavily used for the preparation of TEM/STEM specimens and APT specimens with commercial partners in EU-funded steel research. And has been used in TEM/STEM preparation for semiconductor samples from industrial partners in the Scottish Enterprise / CENSIS funded MIRAGE programme.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Electronics,Energy
Impact Types Economic

 
Title Antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic phase domain development in nanopatterned FeRh islands 
Description 4D STEM data set 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 4 downloads in 2019 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/683/
 
Title Grain-by-Grain Compositional Variations and Interstitial Metals - A New Route toward Achieving High Performance in Half-Heusler Thermoelectrics 
Description Dataset to support the associated paper. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Heisenberg pseudo-exchange and emergent anisotropies in field-driven pinwheel artificial spin ice 
Description Source simulation and experimental data files for the associated paper. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 7 downloads since publication 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/900/
 
Title Low thermal conductivity and promising thermoelectric performance in AxCoSb (A = V, Nb or Ta) half-Heuslers with inherent vacancies 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Order and Disorder in the Magnetisation of the Chiral Crystal CrNb3S6 
Description Source differential phase contrast data showing the chiral soliton lattice dislocation magnetic configuration at low and high applied fields. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 25 downloads have been logged on the repository system 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/829/
 
Title Supplementary Data, APL Materials paper on TiNiSn deposition 
Description Data in support of the publication APL Materials 7 (2019) 013206, "Spontaneous formation of nanostructures during pulsed laser deposition of epitaxial half-Heusler TiNiSn on MgO(001)," by RWH Webster, JE Halpin, SR Popuri, J-WG. Bos, and DA MacLaren. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data provided as supporting evidence for publication. It is anticipated to inform research in the area of thin film deposition of heusler alloys. 
URL http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/711
 
Description Oxford Atom Probe Group 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Atom Probe Research Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Time offered on Glasgow PFIB instrument as part of new access arrangements established as part of the funding.
Collaborator Contribution In-kind 'beam-time' on the Oxford 3DAP instrument.
Impact Joint conference presentations.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Tokyo Institute of Technology 
Organisation Tokyo Institute of Technology
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Preparation of samples for scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis
Collaborator Contribution Deposition of multilayer thin film samples, general characterisation, superconducting property measurement.
Impact Conference talks and papers. A journal paper is now in preparation. Further funding will be sought to continue this work.
Start Year 2019
 
Description University of Cambridge 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Preparation of samples for scanning TEM analysis
Collaborator Contribution Provision of materials, time with us doing the analysis, analysis of the resulting data, and work on a publication (in progress) Only ceased in this form as the key person moved to another University (Imperial College London). But continuing in that new form.
Impact Work in preparation for publication
Start Year 2018
 
Description Wood plc 
Organisation Wood Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Preparation of samples for Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope Analysis
Collaborator Contribution Provision of funding and samples for analysis, as well as technical expertise and collaboration with publication of the scientific (non-commercial) outcomes
Impact At present, mostly in reports to the company, although some work is in preparation for publication.
Start Year 2018
 
Description 14th Joint MMM-Intermag Conference, Washington DC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Major international magnetism conference. Oral presentations by S McVitie (Skyrmions) and PG student G Macauley (Spin Ice). Both session well attended and significant interest shown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://magnetism.org/past-conferences
 
Description 19th International Microscopy Congress (IMC19), Sydney Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Major international microscopy conference that takes place ever 4 years. Representatives from Glasgow made ~10 presentations at this conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://imc19.com/
 
Description 69TH LINDAU NOBEL LAUREATE MEETING, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Closed event for postgraduate students to meet Nobel laureates and also present their work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mediatheque.lindau-nobel.org/meetings/2019
 
Description Colloquium at University of Dundee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talk to mainly undergraduate and postgraduate students taking physics degrees at the University of Dundee.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dundee.ac.uk/physics/
 
Description Colloquium at University of St Andrews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Colloquium to staff and students in Physics at the University of St Andrews.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://talks.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php?talks/talk_details/1152
 
Description Core to Core meeting in Jaca, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentations and discussion sessions for project partners on chiral science. Delegates from Japan, UK, Russia and Spain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://home.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/~kotai/chiral/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Meeting-JACA-2019_Final.pdf
 
Description Core2core progress meeting, Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of colleagues on core2core project from Japan, Russia and UK. Presentations, discussions and outline of plans for future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/physics/research/groups/mcmp/researchareas/core2core/sept2017meeting/
 
Description Frontiers in Artificial Spin Ice, Bad Zurzach, Switzerland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Closed workshop of experts to discuss aspects of artificial spin ice work. Representatives from University of Glasgow spoke at this event R Macedo (Fellow) and G Macauley (PG). Future collaborations were explored.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://indico.psi.ch/event/6589/overview
 
Description IMC 2018, Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International Microscopy Congress, Sydney. Digital poster and talk presentation to international audience. Presentation initiated discussion and ideas for future research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://imc19.com/
 
Description IOP Magnetism Winter School (York, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Expert presentations in various fields of magnetism, engagement with PG students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/magnetism-winter-school/programme/
 
Description IOP Magnetism Winter School, York 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact School for UK PG students. Two presetnations from Glasgow (D McGrouther and S McVitie) on FIB methods and Loretnz microscopy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/magnetism-winter-school/
 
Description International Symposium on Chiral Magnetism (?-mag 2018), Nara, Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Symposium of international co-workers in the field of chiral materials and phenomena. Representatives from Glasgow gave 3 talks and 5 posters at this meeting. Useful discussions for next steps in research areas arose.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www2.pe.osakafu-u.ac.jp/pe8/kai_mag2018/kai_magn2018_index.html
 
Description International Workshop at Ringberg Castle, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop on "Current Topics in Transmission Electron Microscopy" to discuss methods of electron microscopy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.fkf.mpg.de/6833185/2019-ringberg-workshop
 
Description Invited Research Visit, National Central University of Taiwan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited research visit hosted by the National Central University of Taiwan and including invited talks at other external institutions. The purpose was to build new collaborative links and subsequent research discussions have taken place.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Joint European Magnetic Symposia (JEMS), Uppsala Sweden 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International conference on magnetism, parallel sessions of talks and posters
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2019
URL https://jems2019.se/
 
Description Leeds Uni. seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Leeds Uni. Condensed Matter Physics group seminar. Talk led to lively discussions of future research activities and collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Leipzig BuildMoNa Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Winter school on nanotechnology focused on postgraduate training. Followed by lively discussion session and impacts on attendees' future research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.buildmona.de/events/docs/Agenda_Conference_2018.pdf
 
Description MagicSky FET-OPEN European Consortium Project meeting, Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation from University of Glasgow partner detailing work on chiral materials and initial results using FIB instruments
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://magicsky-fet.eu/
 
Description MagicSky project meeting, Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of project partners in EC MagicSky consortium Paris, June. Presentation made by SMcVitie at the meeting on work with aspects related to chiral materials research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://magicsky-fet.prod.lamp.cnrs.fr/
 
Description Magnetism 2018, Manchester 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended this UK conference in Manchester, April 2018, (with overseas delegates also) with PG students two of whom made presentations:

Exploring interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction for in-plane thin film permalloy nanostructures using micromagnetic simulations and Lorentz microscopy (Kayla Fallon)

Macro-ferromagnetism in a novel artificial spin ice (Gavin Macauley)

Both talks were well received with questions and interest form the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://magnetism2018.iopconfs.org/home
 
Description Magnetism 2019 (Leeds, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentations and posters by national and a few international speakers on magnetism research in the UK. Lot of networking activity between participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://magnetism2019.iopconfs.org/home
 
Description Microscience Microscopy Congress 2019, Manchester 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Microscopy congress with parallel sessions and public awareness activities and exhibitions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mmc-series.org.uk/general-information/previous-congresses.html
 
Description Newcastle NSW seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Research talk at University of Newcastle, New South Wales. Primarily academic in nature and led to discussions for future research activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Research visit to Uppsala University, Sweden 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit to Uppsala University to discuss possible collaboration. Presentations on Glasgow work by S McVitie and G Macauley. Useful discussion on samples of mutual interest to be investigated using techniques at Glasgow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://katalog.uu.se/profile/?id=XX3296
 
Description STEM for Britain at Houses of Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Poster presentation on Spin Ice, including chirality effects, for general audience in UK House of Parliament.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Scottish University Physics Alliance promotional video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in promotional video for the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA) to be shown at the American Physical Society meeting in Boston March 2019. I (S McVitie) took part as theme leader for Materials and Condensed Matter Science theme. As well as being shown at the meeting, the video will be widely available on the internet after the meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.supa.ac.uk/
 
Description Seminar at Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions, University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give seminar at the University of Edinburgh and have discussions with colleagues there from Physics and Chemistry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.csec.ed.ac.uk/seminars
 
Description St Petersburg Winter School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Around 50 international postgraduate students and researchers working in the area of magnetic materials attended a winter school and received training in state-of-the-art synthesis, characterisation and modelling techniques. Presenters were drawn internationally and talks were followed by lively discussions. The attendees will have used the training to advance their own research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://hepd.pnpi.spb.ru/WinterSchool/archive/2018/
 
Description The Glasgow experience with Xe PFIB 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at the PicoFIB Network Meeting in Sheffield in July 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://sites.google.com/sheffield.ac.uk/picofib/home
 
Description Thermoelectric Network UK Meeting 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact invited research talk entitled "Multi-length Scale Characterisation of Half-Heusler Thermoelectrics" to UK forum on thermoelectrics. The audience was primarily academic researchers but also included industrialists with interests in the research field. The aim of the forum was disseminate recent research advances, including materials discovery. After the talk, other delegates requested further information on the materials described and on the techniques used to prepare them, most notably the use of our PFIB instrument. Some delegates expressed an interest in making use of our equipment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.thermoelectricnetwork.com/
 
Description UK Skyrmion Project Workshop, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop organised by the UK Skyrmion project. Oral presentation (S McVitie) on work in this area which was well received. Useful discussion with colleagues working in the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.skyrmions.ac.uk/index
 
Description Visit by UK Member of Parliament to University of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Following on from event earlier in the year (STEM for Britain) at the UK houses of parliament, the local UK MP visited the Materials and Condensed Matter Research group at the University of Glasgow to see the facilities and talk to researchers about activities in materials science in Glasgow. MP indicated meeting was very helpful and informative.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.parliament.uk/biographies/commons/patrick-grady/4432
 
Description When your materials don't like your wet vacuum system in your FIB 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk at a PicoFIB Network Meeting at UCL in February 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://sites.google.com/sheffield.ac.uk/picofib/events/annual-meeting-2019?authuser=0
 
Description Winter School on Condensed State Physics, St Petersburg, Russia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This workshop was part of Winter School on Condensed State Physics 2018 held in St Petersburg Russia. A presentation was given entitled "An introduction to the methods of TEM for materials characterization". This was to inform the audience of the TEM and FIB capability at the University of Glasgow and the areas of materials science being undertaken. The audience was mostly Russian and so allowed a large group of people to be made aware of the work at Glasgow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.fks2018.ru/fks_program/
 
Description York-Tohoku Summer School in Spintronics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Program of expert talks to mostly PG students most from York and Tohoku Universities. Presentation from University of Glasgow on facilities including TEM and FIB. Questions and discussions. Met with colleagues in Japan (Tohoku) and have explored some collaborative possibilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://yorktohoku2017.wixsite.com/summerschool
 
Description York-Tohoku-Kaiserslautern Research Symposium on "New-Concept Spintronics Devices" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of international scientists to report on work in spintronics. Discussion and networking activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www-users.york.ac.uk/~ah566/symposium/