THE FUTURE COMPOSITES MANUFACTURING HUB

Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering

Abstract

Advanced composite materials consist of reinforcement fibres, usually carbon or glass, embedded within a matrix, usually a polymer, providing a structural material. They are very attractive to a number of user sectors, in particular transportation due to their combination of low weight and excellent material properties which can be tailored to specific applications. Components are typically manufactured either by depositing fibres into a mould and then infusing with resin (liquid moulding) or by forming and consolidation of pre-impregnated fibres (prepreg processing).

The current UK composites sector has a value of £1.5 billion and is projected to grow to over £4 billion by 2020, and to between £6 billion and £12 billion by 2030. This range depends on the ability of the industry to deliver structures at required volumes and quality levels demanded by its target applications. Much of this potential growth is associated with next generation single-aisle aircraft, light-weighting of vehicles to reduce fuel consumption, and large, lightweight and durable structures for renewable energy and civil infrastructure. The benefits of lightweight composites are clear, and growth in their use would have a significant impact on both the UK's climate change and infrastructure targets, in addition to a direct impact on the economy through jobs and exports. However the challenges that must be overcome to achieve this growth are significant. For example, BMW currently manufacture around 20,000 i3 vehicles per year with significant composites content. To replace mass produced vehicles this production volume would need to increase by up to 100-times. Airbus and Boeing each produce around 10 aircraft per month (A350 and 787 respectively) with high proportions of composite materials. The next generation single aisle aircraft are likely to require volumes of 60 per month. Production costs are high relative to those associated with other materials, and will need to reduce by an ordermagnitude to enable such growth levels.

The Future Composites Manufacturing Hub will enable a step change in manufacturing with advanced polymer composite materials. The Hub will be led by the University of Nottingham and University of Bristol; with initial research Spokes at Cranfield, Imperial College, Manchester and Southampton; Innovation Spokes at the National Composites Centre (NCC), Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC), Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC) and Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG); and backed by 18 leading companies from the composites sector. Between the Hub, Spokes and industrial partners we will offer a minimum of £12.7 million in additional support to deliver our objectives. Building on the success of the EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Composites (CIMComp), the Hub will drive the development of automated manufacturing technologies that deliver components and structures for demanding applications, particularly in the aerospace, transportation, construction and energy sectors. Over a seven year period, the Hub will underpin the growth potential of the sector, by developing the underlying processing science and technology to enable Moore's law for composites: a doubling in production capability every two years.

To achieve our vision we will address a number of research priorities, identified in collaboration with industry partners and the broader community, including: high rate deposition and rapid processing technologies; design for manufacture via validated simulation; manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures; inspection and in-process evaluation; recycling and re-use. Matching these priorities with UK capability, we have identified the following Grand Challenges, around which we will conduct a series of Feasibility Studies and Core Projects:
-Enhance process robustness via understanding of process science
-Develop high rate processing technologies for high quality structures

Planned Impact

There are numerous beneficiaries outside the six academic groups involved. The 18 initial industrial partners (OEMs, Tier 1 Suppliers and SMEs) and four HVM Catapult Centres (NCC, AMRC, MTC and WMG) who are financially supporting the Hub to the tune of £9M will benefit directly from the research outcomes through close interaction at project level, by representation on the Advisory Board, and by frequent engagement with the Hub's Business Development staff and Platform Fellows. This interface allows industry the best opportunity to support the research and advise on direction in order to best serve industry's productivity requirements for the medium to long term. The Hub will offer the understanding and fundamental technology developments necessary to deliver growth in established sectors, develop technologies and supply chains for increased volumes, and diversify to take advantage of emerging sectors. It will feed into the relevant HVM Catapult Centres, providing a rapid route to exploitation for UK industry. In particular, £1.3M funding from the NCC for a Technology Accelerator Fund will support the transfer and development of Hub technologies into the NCC with a strong UK industry involvement.

The wider composites manufacturing community will benefit by regular research updates via newsfeeds on our website, participation in national and international shows and events, and Open Days and sponsored conferences organised by the Hub. We will have a strong focus on ensuring cross-sector involvement: manufacturing advances resulting from the research will balance generic and process specific outcomes, ensuring benefits across a broad range of sectors. Many applications will offer opportunities for weight saving leading to, for example, significant improvements in performance and reduction in emissions in transportation, offering major benefits to society. Other societal benefits will include the development of recycling and re-use technologies to process waste and endf-life components.

The Hub seeks to enable a step-change to the UK composites manufacturing industry by enhanced process robustness via understanding of process science and novel process technology developments. This will greatly enhance efficiency, quality and productivity in composites manufacturing technologies, therefore opening up a broad range of applications for advanced composites. This will assist UK industry to achieve the upper estimate of composites sector growth to £12 billion by 2030. All academic partners have an excellent track record of publication in high impact factor journals and of achieving real impact with industry, ensuring rapid take up of our ideas alongside a high standing within the international academic community. The training programme developed by the Hub's Industrial Doctorate Centre for its community of researchers will be extended to staff from key industrial partners. In addition new companies will be recruited as partners in the development of our research programme and as hosts for future EngD students. Our research students and staff will have opportunities to undertake both international academic and UK industrial placements, to support their personal development and to facilitate knowledge exchange. In this way the Hub will act as a focus for training of a new generation of composites engineers and will enhance the UK skills base in the vitally important Composites Manufacturing sector.

Organisations

 
Description Since January 2017, the Hub has funded 19 Feasibility Studies and 6 Core Projects. Below is a list of 5 key scientific findings for each:

Core Projects (Still Active)
New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures Core Project - still active
1. Implementation of efficient and accurate multi-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework
2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online.
3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms
4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE)
5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)

Technologies Framework for Automated DFP Core Project - still active
1. For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s
2. The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future.
3. Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention
4. Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform
5. An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.

Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites Core Project - still active
1.Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively
2.Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina
3.Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch
4.Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners.
5.New approaches to integration functionalised patches.

Resin injection into reinforcement with uncertain heterogeneous properties: NDE and control Core Project - still active
1. We developed novel Bayesian Inversion algorithms for detecting defects during the RTM process using in-process data.
2. The algorithms have been tested virtually and in laboratory and we demonstrated that we can estimate location of defects of arbitrary shape including race tracking.
(A bit too early to provide further highlights as the project is at an early stage.)

Layer by Layer Curing Core Project - commencing 01/06/20
1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components
2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacturing of ultra thick components feasible
3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing
4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation

Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming Core Project -commencing 01/05/20
1. This study demonstrated that an experimental set-up using digital image correlation (DIC) is able to provide data correlating fabric deformation with wrinkling.
Hub Feasibility Study at UoN (2018) - Simulation of forming 3D curved sandwich panels:
2. A simulation tool was developed to predict the forming behaviour, including deformation and defects, to assist process design and optimisation for manufacturing complex sandwich panels.
3. A multi-scale Finite Element (FE) modelling scheme was used to simulate forming of the sandwich core

Feasibility Studies:
COMPrinting: Novel 3D Printing of Curved Continuous Carbon Fibre Reinforced Powder-based Epoxy Composites Feasibility study commenced 01/03/20
A bit too early to provide highlights as the project is at an early stage.

Optimised Manufacturing of Structural Composites via Thermoelectric Vario-thermal Tooling (VarioTherm) Feasibility study commenced 01/03/20
A bit too early to provide highlights as the project is at an early stage

Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming Feasibility study commence 01/03/20
A bit too early to provide highlights as the project is at an early stage

Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites Feasibility study commenced 13/01/20
1. Understanding of the forming limits of neat TP materials in relation to thinning and tearing.
2. Removal of rigid peripheral clamping systems to permit thermoforming of continuously reinforced TPs using vacuum pressure.
3. The ability to robotically manipulate fabric reinforcement under the constraint of vacuum clamping.
4. Recognition that forming of continuously reinforced TP sheet material as a superposition of fabric forming limits and plastic deformation limits of homogeneous materials.
5. Realisation that the combination of bulk diaphragm and detailed incremental forming of TP sheet is not sequential, but an iterative combination of both manufacturing processes.

Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites Feasibility study
1. Development of a numerical framework for un-forming of an ideal 3D part design
2. Proof of concept of the feasibility of the forming of steered preforms for fast deposition and waste reduction in composite part manufacturing.
3. Development of double-diaphragm forming of steered preform onto complex shape mould

Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition Feasibility study
1.Modelling of ATL process leading to understanding the limits of using microwave heating to increase production rate.
2.Understanding of the types of microwave systems which might be successfully used to heat prepreg tape during ATL

Controlled Micro Integration of Through Thickness Polymeric Yarns Feasibility study
1. Ability to produce through-thickness reinforced composites with no knock-down on in-plane properties.
2. Test results that validate the tensile properties.
3. Quality micrograph and CT images that can be used by modellers to build representative unit cell.
4. Ability to make a stabilised curved preform using the technique.
5. Ability to make a low bulk-factor preform with +- 45 deg fibres and through thickness reinforcement.

An innovative approach to manufacturing closed-section composite profiles Feasibility study
1. A novel and feasible manufacturing technique to produce complex tubular composites by post-forming braided sleeves, which is promising to offer a step change in manufacturing rate
2. A numerical model to simulate braiding process based on FE method, enabling to design the braiding process and predict the production quality
3. An explicit FE model to simulate forming braids, suitable for process design
4. An excellent extension to the capability of braiding process by post-forming in producing concave features and axial curvatures
5. A feasible solution to manufacture an automotive cant rail

Evaluating the potential for in-process eddy-current testing of composite structures Feasibility study
1. Demonstrated the relationship between applied pressure and carbon fibre inductive response, showing material relaxation over time is measurable via inductive signature.
2. Confirmation of absence of multi-layer response in un-cured composite layup. Proves that in-line ECT of CFRP would be require only simple analysis.
3. Developed a bespoke AFP environment simulation rig for ECT testing
4. Characterised ECT sensitivity to fibre angle as a function of material standoff
5. Identified most sensitive operating frequencies for un-cured CFRP

Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves Feasibility study
1. Electromagnetic (EM) heating confirmed as being able to act as the sole heat source in an in-situ polymerisation reaction for a composite part
2. Dielectric measurements indicate a 6 cm penetration depth in this material (meaning a ~12 cm thick part could be cured)
3. Extremely rapid heating is achieved (< 3 mins to reach 180 °C) and this temperature maintained throughout
4. Microwave assisted pre-drying of glass fibres is extremely effective, resulting in an improved part (higher final molecular weight)
5. Process options limited by the behaviour of the monomer - e.g. poor fill under vacuum related to surface tension/viscosity. Positive pressure filling preferred
6. Heat loss profile different from conventional heating and more affected by the presence of the fibre.Control of the EM field was limited and requires optimisation

Affordable Thermoplastic Matrix CFC/Metallic Framework Structures Manufacture Feasibility study
1. New joining concept for thermoplastic matrix composite laminates conceived
2. Novel joining concept demonstrated using PA6 matrix braided CFC tubing
3. Forming technique demonstrated using compression moulding and punched metallic plates for embedding metallic plates into thermoplastic matrix composite laminates
4. Concept for robotic joining of metallic joints to thermoplastic matric composite frame sections using induction heating and squeeze forming

Manufacturing Thermoplastic Fibre Metal Laminates by the InSitu Polymerisation Route Feasibility Study
1. New type of hybrid composites developed.
2. Low cost processing at room temperature.
3. Reshapable, repairable and recyclable. Scientific investigations are required in future projects.
4. Use of different metallic layers with varied thicknesses possible, leading to diverse range of performance.
5. Explore TP-FMLs as structural capacitors.

Multi-Step Thermoforming of Multi-Cavity, Multi-Axial Advanced Thermoplastic Composite Parts Feasibility Study
1. Demonstrated the principle of induction-melt forming of advanced composites using molten metal as the heating agent.
2. Demonstrated the principle of expelling the molten metal during the subsequent forming process
3. Designed and manufactures a multi-step forming tool allowing automatic incremental forming of advanced composites using a standard press.
4. Demonstrated a process of quantifying the residual tin inside the composite after the induction-melt process (subsequent to feasibility study - part of the PhD student's current project)
5. Currently in the process of assessing the influence of the residual tin on the interlaminar strength of the induction-formed composite

Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects Feasibility Study
1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structural applications of composites.
2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms.
3. Demonstration of simultaneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects.
4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA.
5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry.

Microwave (MW) heating through embedded slotted coaxial cables for composites manufacturing (M-Cable) Feasibility Study
1. A fractal antenna was manufactured on a PCB board and slotted in a ceramic tool. The resulting temperature distribution of cured laminates was within 10°C
2. The laminates manufactured using MW heating had the same glass transition temperature to laminates manufactured using conventional oven
3. The heating rates achieved using MW heating were between 7°C/min - 9°C/min. This is almost double to the 4°C/min achieved using conventional oven

Platform Fellowship at university of Nottingham Permeability Testing
Statistical analysis of a large data volume generated during the program allowed identification of most critical error sources in reinforcement permeability testing.

Human-Robot collaborative composite layup Platform Fellowship
1. Separated the process layup into activities better suited to Robots or humans based on their respective capabilities and task requirements.
2. Demonstrated how a human and robot can share a composite layup workspace
3. Reduced the physical effort exerted during manual layup
4. Created a human/robot layup process which users regarded as 'safe' and 'useful'
5. Developed a package to facilitate simultaneous working in a shared workspace which is safe and use friendly

Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture Platform Fellowship
1. Demonstrated the use of tactile sensing to find defects in composite layups.
2. Combined tactile sensing with application of significant force.
3. Demonstrated tactile sensing combined with composite layup.
4. Real time defect detection in composite layup..
5. The automated categorisation of composite defects using tactile sensing

Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites Platform Fellowship
1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features

Local Resin Printing for Preform Stabilisation Platform Fellowship
1. Demonstration of localised resin deposition onto dry fibre textiles by use of printing methods.
2. Understanding the feasibility of various resin printing technologies.
3. Demonstration of textile deformation characteristics being modified by use of localised resin printing.
4. Tailored modification of textile deformation characteristics by use of localised resin printing.
5. Instigation of new multidisciplinary cooperation between Composites and Additive Manufacturing research groups.

Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg Innovation Fellowship
1. Initial squeeze flow tests suggest that SMC flow can exhibits anisotropic behaviour in-plane due to fibre alignment. The in-plane anisotropy of SMC flow was not considered at the time the proposal was written, and is overlooked by the majority of the flow studies in the literature. Based on this observation, this project will now look into characterising the anisotropic behaviour of SMC flow due to the fibre alignment. Understanding the influence of fibre alignment is crucial as fibre alignment is common for SMC - it can be introduced during both the compounding process and the flow (moulding) process.
2. Consequently, the SMC material model developed in this project will take into account the anisotropy caused by fibre alignment, such that the viscosity of the material will be updated interactively according to the fibre orientation tensor and probability distribution functions at each increment. Currently there is no evidence of such model existing in the literature. Although there are very few SMC models taken into account the fibre alignment introduced during compounding process, the fibre re-orientaion during the flow process is not considered.
3. While the SMC model development in this project solely focuses on modelling the bulk flow, The PI will seek the potential of incorporating Darcy flow in to the material model, which enables fibre-matrix segregation to be captured in the process simulation. Existing fibre content prediction models (e.g. DFS in 3D Timon) have failed to consider the Darcy flow in SMC materials, therefore cannot predict the fibre-matrix segregation correctly.
4. The prepreg model developed in this project will address some important deformation mechanism of woven carbon fibre prepreg at the meso-scale, such as tow spreading, fibre wash and resin squeeze out, using a phenomenological approach (i.e. without modelling the actual fibre). This model will potentially be coupled with an existing model for the in-plane shear behaviour of the prepreg, enabling better predictions of the mechanical properties of the parts.
5. A tailored process simulation tool will be developed for compression moulding of prepreg and SMC hybrid for the first time. The development of the SMC and prepreg models will enable critical deformation mechanisms during a hybrid moulding process to be captured, and provide realistic simulation solutions for this relatively new process.

Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement Innovation Fellowship
1. Produced "as is" 50 metres of baseline tape on previous Tapeline.
2. "As is" tape sent to Coriolis Composites for early AFP processing trials. Dr. Robert visited the company on the 3rd of January to discuss the processing specifics with Dr. Denis Cartie.
3. Tapeline specifics designed, equipement ordered (as shown in Figure 1). 2-3 month lead shipping time for IR and tension sensors (ETA: mid March).
4. Development of Human Machine Interface (HMI) early design and user interface (UI) software completed, see Figure 2 attached. The system will be checked and refined/optimised when the sensors arrive.
5. The new Tapeline frame has been built.
Exploitation Route The National Composites Centre has developed a Technology Pull-Through scheme to take successful research at TRL1-3 and evaluate to transfer suitably mature technologies from CIMComp into the National Composites Centre (NCC), an advanced composites research hub based in Bristol. The NCC use their capabilities to industrialise lab-based technologies and increase their palatability to potential commercial users. The programme runs on an open call process, issued annually; proposals are assessed and selected through the input of NCC technical experts, supported by the Knowledge Exchange Committee of the CIMComp Hub.
The following CIMComp projects have been piloted during the first round:

Braid winding - University of Manchester: A technology that combines braiding and filament winding combining beneficial properties from both capabilities
DiSenC - Cranfield University: linear and woven dielectric sensors that can be used for flow and cure monitoring respectively in liquid moulding processing carbon fibre thermosetting composites.
SimpleCure2 - University of Bristol: feasibility study of using a portable device that scans a material's fingerprint, defines a robust cure cycle and automatically programs the production equipment controller
Braiding Simulation - University of Bristol: Validated modelling capability for mapping local permeability in braided preforms

The dissemination process will include the exploitation of technologies into trademarked brands, showcasing demonstrators and processes at engineering shows (i.e. JEC) and integrating the technology into industrial applications through CR&D / privately funded projects. As part of this dissemination process, the successful projects are advertised to the NCC's Tier 1&2 members at the monthly Research Committee meetings. This creates a seamless communication channel across the 'valley of death' between the academic innovators and the industrial users.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Construction,Education,Energy,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Transport

URL http://www.cimcomp.ac.uk
 
Description Prof Nick Warrior - Member of UK Composites Leadership Forum
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact UK Composites Roadmap
 
Description UK Composites Leadership Forum
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description (SORCERER) - Structural pOweR CompositEs foR futurE civil aiRcraft
Amount € 1,650,632 (EUR)
Funding ID 738085 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 02/2017 
End 01/2020
 
Description 2-D forming of low cost steered fibre laminates.
Amount £28,492 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P021379/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description Achieving a Predictive Design for Manufacture Capability in Composites by Integrating Manufacturing Knowledge and Design Intent
Amount £101,082 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R021597/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 07/2019
 
Description Advanced Continuous Tow Shearing in 3D (ACTS3D): Advanced fibre placement technology for manufacturing defect-free complex 3D composite structures
Amount £518,156 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R023247/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 01/2021
 
Description Beyond structural; multifunctional composites that store electrical energy
Amount £273,365 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P007546/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 07/2020
 
Description EP/S017038/1 Certification for Design - Reshaping the testing pyramid
Amount £6,900,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S017038/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2025
 
Description EPSRC Impact Accelerator Grant - University of Manchester and Axon Automotive
Amount £210,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 01/2020
 
Description European Commission H2020,Next generation methods, concepts and solutions for the design of robust and sustainable running GEAR (NEXTGEAR)
Amount £116,512 (GBP)
Funding ID 881803 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 12/2019 
End 12/2021
 
Description European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD), Damage Tolerance and Durability of Structural Power Composites
Amount £393,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Office of Aerospace Research & Development (EOARD) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 07/2020
 
Description HEFCE Composites Curriculum Development project
Amount £400,000 (GBP)
Organisation NIHR/HEFCE Higher Education Fund for England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 01/2019
 
Description High Performance Discontinuous Fibre Composites (HiPerDiF)
Amount £1,036,426 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P027393/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 12/2020
 
Description High-Volume Composites Manufacturing Cell with Digital Twinning Capability
Amount £454,736 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T006420/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2019 
End 02/2021
 
Description Horizon 2020 Multiscale Analysis of Airframe Structures and Quantification of Uncertainties System (MARQUESS)
Amount £591,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Project ID: 754581 
Organisation Clean Sky 
Sector Private
Country Belgium
Start 06/2017 
End 05/2020
 
Description Investigation of fine-scale flows in composites processing
Amount £938,435 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S016996/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2022
 
Description Low emission vehicle systems Integrated Delivery Programme 13 (IDP13)
Amount £1,637,086 (GBP)
Funding ID 103362 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 02/2021
 
Description Novel Tow termination technology for high-quality AFP production of composite structures with blended ply drop-offs
Amount £101,114 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P027288/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2019
 
Description SIMulation of new manufacturing PROcesses for Composite Structures (SIMPROCS)
Amount £1,115,704 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P027350/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2022
 
Description Structures 2025
Amount £1,200,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R008787/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 11/2020
 
Description Student internship: Estimation of permeability of composite materials using efficient Bayesian inversion algorithms
Amount £2,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves 
Organisation The Mx Group
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project 'Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves'. Contributions: 1. Electromagnetic (EM) heating confirmed as being able to act as the sole heat source in an in-situ polymerisation reaction for a composite part 2. Dielectric measurements indicate a 6 cm penetration depth in this material (meaning a ~12 cm thick part could be cured) 3. Extremely rapid heating is achieved (< 3 mins to reach 180 °C) and this temperature maintained throughout 4. Microwave assisted pre-drying of glass fibres is extremely effective, resulting in an improved part (higher final molecular weight) 5. Process options limited by the behaviour of the monomer - e.g. poor fill under vacuum related to surface tension/viscosity. Positive pressure filling preferred 6. Heat loss profile different from conventional heating and more affected by the presence of the fibre.Control of the EM field was limited and requires optimisation
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. 3 days use of Vötsch oven at AMRC Additional personnel time on microwave polymerisation testing of matrix materials Additional personnel time on developing higher viscosity infusion mixture University of Edinburgh included in technical meetings and are providing materials to the project The development of relationships with AMRC and with the University of Edinburgh has been beneficial and has linked both into the development of the Hub thermoplastics working group and has directly into the feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming".
Impact The project investigated the feasibility of using microwave heating to accelerate in-situ polymerisation sufficiently that monomer solutions could be used directly to make composite articles. The project successfully achieved the objective of establishing benefits of using microwave heating for (a) glass fibre pre-preparation and (b) the resultant quality of matrix polymers produced when in contact with glass fibre. It also met the objective of defining benefits that are related to the preparation of composites from a monomer pre-solution rather than a polymer resin precursor system. The project partially achieved the objective of producing small scale flat panel via microwave polymerisation (Instrumented domestic microwave) The project was successful in delivering a mould designed and built to account for requirements/restrictions of both Monomer Transfer Moulding (MTM) and Microwave Heating/Processing, taking into consideration any manufacturing limitations due to materials choice. In addition, it successfully delivered manufacturing parameters determined for successful small-scale component.The project was considered to have achieved a Limited success overall. This also led to the submission of a joint EPSRC proposal (November 2019) by Nottingham, Sheffield, Aston and Bradford Universities. (£3.4 million) currently in review.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project 'Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves'. Contributions: 1. Electromagnetic (EM) heating confirmed as being able to act as the sole heat source in an in-situ polymerisation reaction for a composite part 2. Dielectric measurements indicate a 6 cm penetration depth in this material (meaning a ~12 cm thick part could be cured) 3. Extremely rapid heating is achieved (< 3 mins to reach 180 °C) and this temperature maintained throughout 4. Microwave assisted pre-drying of glass fibres is extremely effective, resulting in an improved part (higher final molecular weight) 5. Process options limited by the behaviour of the monomer - e.g. poor fill under vacuum related to surface tension/viscosity. Positive pressure filling preferred 6. Heat loss profile different from conventional heating and more affected by the presence of the fibre.Control of the EM field was limited and requires optimisation
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. 3 days use of Vötsch oven at AMRC Additional personnel time on microwave polymerisation testing of matrix materials Additional personnel time on developing higher viscosity infusion mixture University of Edinburgh included in technical meetings and are providing materials to the project The development of relationships with AMRC and with the University of Edinburgh has been beneficial and has linked both into the development of the Hub thermoplastics working group and has directly into the feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming".
Impact The project investigated the feasibility of using microwave heating to accelerate in-situ polymerisation sufficiently that monomer solutions could be used directly to make composite articles. The project successfully achieved the objective of establishing benefits of using microwave heating for (a) glass fibre pre-preparation and (b) the resultant quality of matrix polymers produced when in contact with glass fibre. It also met the objective of defining benefits that are related to the preparation of composites from a monomer pre-solution rather than a polymer resin precursor system. The project partially achieved the objective of producing small scale flat panel via microwave polymerisation (Instrumented domestic microwave) The project was successful in delivering a mould designed and built to account for requirements/restrictions of both Monomer Transfer Moulding (MTM) and Microwave Heating/Processing, taking into consideration any manufacturing limitations due to materials choice. In addition, it successfully delivered manufacturing parameters determined for successful small-scale component.The project was considered to have achieved a Limited success overall. This also led to the submission of a joint EPSRC proposal (November 2019) by Nottingham, Sheffield, Aston and Bradford Universities. (£3.4 million) currently in review.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project 'Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves'. Contributions: 1. Electromagnetic (EM) heating confirmed as being able to act as the sole heat source in an in-situ polymerisation reaction for a composite part 2. Dielectric measurements indicate a 6 cm penetration depth in this material (meaning a ~12 cm thick part could be cured) 3. Extremely rapid heating is achieved (< 3 mins to reach 180 °C) and this temperature maintained throughout 4. Microwave assisted pre-drying of glass fibres is extremely effective, resulting in an improved part (higher final molecular weight) 5. Process options limited by the behaviour of the monomer - e.g. poor fill under vacuum related to surface tension/viscosity. Positive pressure filling preferred 6. Heat loss profile different from conventional heating and more affected by the presence of the fibre.Control of the EM field was limited and requires optimisation
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. 3 days use of Vötsch oven at AMRC Additional personnel time on microwave polymerisation testing of matrix materials Additional personnel time on developing higher viscosity infusion mixture University of Edinburgh included in technical meetings and are providing materials to the project The development of relationships with AMRC and with the University of Edinburgh has been beneficial and has linked both into the development of the Hub thermoplastics working group and has directly into the feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming".
Impact The project investigated the feasibility of using microwave heating to accelerate in-situ polymerisation sufficiently that monomer solutions could be used directly to make composite articles. The project successfully achieved the objective of establishing benefits of using microwave heating for (a) glass fibre pre-preparation and (b) the resultant quality of matrix polymers produced when in contact with glass fibre. It also met the objective of defining benefits that are related to the preparation of composites from a monomer pre-solution rather than a polymer resin precursor system. The project partially achieved the objective of producing small scale flat panel via microwave polymerisation (Instrumented domestic microwave) The project was successful in delivering a mould designed and built to account for requirements/restrictions of both Monomer Transfer Moulding (MTM) and Microwave Heating/Processing, taking into consideration any manufacturing limitations due to materials choice. In addition, it successfully delivered manufacturing parameters determined for successful small-scale component.The project was considered to have achieved a Limited success overall. This also led to the submission of a joint EPSRC proposal (November 2019) by Nottingham, Sheffield, Aston and Bradford Universities. (£3.4 million) currently in review.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project 'Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves'. Contributions: 1. Electromagnetic (EM) heating confirmed as being able to act as the sole heat source in an in-situ polymerisation reaction for a composite part 2. Dielectric measurements indicate a 6 cm penetration depth in this material (meaning a ~12 cm thick part could be cured) 3. Extremely rapid heating is achieved (< 3 mins to reach 180 °C) and this temperature maintained throughout 4. Microwave assisted pre-drying of glass fibres is extremely effective, resulting in an improved part (higher final molecular weight) 5. Process options limited by the behaviour of the monomer - e.g. poor fill under vacuum related to surface tension/viscosity. Positive pressure filling preferred 6. Heat loss profile different from conventional heating and more affected by the presence of the fibre.Control of the EM field was limited and requires optimisation
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. 3 days use of Vötsch oven at AMRC Additional personnel time on microwave polymerisation testing of matrix materials Additional personnel time on developing higher viscosity infusion mixture University of Edinburgh included in technical meetings and are providing materials to the project The development of relationships with AMRC and with the University of Edinburgh has been beneficial and has linked both into the development of the Hub thermoplastics working group and has directly into the feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming".
Impact The project investigated the feasibility of using microwave heating to accelerate in-situ polymerisation sufficiently that monomer solutions could be used directly to make composite articles. The project successfully achieved the objective of establishing benefits of using microwave heating for (a) glass fibre pre-preparation and (b) the resultant quality of matrix polymers produced when in contact with glass fibre. It also met the objective of defining benefits that are related to the preparation of composites from a monomer pre-solution rather than a polymer resin precursor system. The project partially achieved the objective of producing small scale flat panel via microwave polymerisation (Instrumented domestic microwave) The project was successful in delivering a mould designed and built to account for requirements/restrictions of both Monomer Transfer Moulding (MTM) and Microwave Heating/Processing, taking into consideration any manufacturing limitations due to materials choice. In addition, it successfully delivered manufacturing parameters determined for successful small-scale component.The project was considered to have achieved a Limited success overall. This also led to the submission of a joint EPSRC proposal (November 2019) by Nottingham, Sheffield, Aston and Bradford Universities. (£3.4 million) currently in review.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms 
Organisation ESI Group
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub was awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms'. This project has now developed into a Core project. Contributions: 1. We developed novel Bayesian Inversion algorithms for detecting defects during the RTM process using in-process data. 2. The algorithms have been tested virtually and in laboratory and we demonstrated that we can estimate location of defects of arbitrary shape including race tracking
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'.
Impact The project achieved two main goals. First, the feasibility study demonstrated, in virtual and lab experiments, that a novel Bayesian Inversion algorithm (BIA) can successfully estimate local permeability and porosity of a preform using in-process information. In particular, the algorithm was able to determine locations and shapes of defects in fibre preforms. This outcome is important for making non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of composites faster and more robust, which in turn can deliver more reliable and cheaper manufacturing of composites. The project also demonstrated feasibility of an Active Control System (ACS) based on the BIA to ensure that the RTM process satisfies one of the key requirements of the composite industry: to have repeatable production cycles. Conference Paper: 1.M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov "Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties", Proceedings of FPCM-14, Sweden, May 2018. 2. A talk by Mikhail Matveev at the 14th International Conference on Flow Processes in Composite Materials (30/05 - 01/06, Lulea, Sweden, audience approx. 150 people) 3. A talk by Marco Iglesias (as an Invited speaker) at Workshop on Frontiers of Uncertainty Quantification 2018 (FrontUQ18, Italy) (audience approx. 40) 4. (oral and poster) presentation (Mikhail Matveev) at the Hub Open Day in July 2018 which led to a number of industry and academic interactions.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms 
Organisation LMAT Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub was awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms'. This project has now developed into a Core project. Contributions: 1. We developed novel Bayesian Inversion algorithms for detecting defects during the RTM process using in-process data. 2. The algorithms have been tested virtually and in laboratory and we demonstrated that we can estimate location of defects of arbitrary shape including race tracking
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'.
Impact The project achieved two main goals. First, the feasibility study demonstrated, in virtual and lab experiments, that a novel Bayesian Inversion algorithm (BIA) can successfully estimate local permeability and porosity of a preform using in-process information. In particular, the algorithm was able to determine locations and shapes of defects in fibre preforms. This outcome is important for making non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of composites faster and more robust, which in turn can deliver more reliable and cheaper manufacturing of composites. The project also demonstrated feasibility of an Active Control System (ACS) based on the BIA to ensure that the RTM process satisfies one of the key requirements of the composite industry: to have repeatable production cycles. Conference Paper: 1.M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov "Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties", Proceedings of FPCM-14, Sweden, May 2018. 2. A talk by Mikhail Matveev at the 14th International Conference on Flow Processes in Composite Materials (30/05 - 01/06, Lulea, Sweden, audience approx. 150 people) 3. A talk by Marco Iglesias (as an Invited speaker) at Workshop on Frontiers of Uncertainty Quantification 2018 (FrontUQ18, Italy) (audience approx. 40) 4. (oral and poster) presentation (Mikhail Matveev) at the Hub Open Day in July 2018 which led to a number of industry and academic interactions.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub was awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms'. This project has now developed into a Core project. Contributions: 1. We developed novel Bayesian Inversion algorithms for detecting defects during the RTM process using in-process data. 2. The algorithms have been tested virtually and in laboratory and we demonstrated that we can estimate location of defects of arbitrary shape including race tracking
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'.
Impact The project achieved two main goals. First, the feasibility study demonstrated, in virtual and lab experiments, that a novel Bayesian Inversion algorithm (BIA) can successfully estimate local permeability and porosity of a preform using in-process information. In particular, the algorithm was able to determine locations and shapes of defects in fibre preforms. This outcome is important for making non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of composites faster and more robust, which in turn can deliver more reliable and cheaper manufacturing of composites. The project also demonstrated feasibility of an Active Control System (ACS) based on the BIA to ensure that the RTM process satisfies one of the key requirements of the composite industry: to have repeatable production cycles. Conference Paper: 1.M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov "Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties", Proceedings of FPCM-14, Sweden, May 2018. 2. A talk by Mikhail Matveev at the 14th International Conference on Flow Processes in Composite Materials (30/05 - 01/06, Lulea, Sweden, audience approx. 150 people) 3. A talk by Marco Iglesias (as an Invited speaker) at Workshop on Frontiers of Uncertainty Quantification 2018 (FrontUQ18, Italy) (audience approx. 40) 4. (oral and poster) presentation (Mikhail Matveev) at the Hub Open Day in July 2018 which led to a number of industry and academic interactions.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub was awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project Active control of the RTM process under uncertainty using fast algorithms'. This project has now developed into a Core project. Contributions: 1. We developed novel Bayesian Inversion algorithms for detecting defects during the RTM process using in-process data. 2. The algorithms have been tested virtually and in laboratory and we demonstrated that we can estimate location of defects of arbitrary shape including race tracking
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'.
Impact The project achieved two main goals. First, the feasibility study demonstrated, in virtual and lab experiments, that a novel Bayesian Inversion algorithm (BIA) can successfully estimate local permeability and porosity of a preform using in-process information. In particular, the algorithm was able to determine locations and shapes of defects in fibre preforms. This outcome is important for making non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of composites faster and more robust, which in turn can deliver more reliable and cheaper manufacturing of composites. The project also demonstrated feasibility of an Active Control System (ACS) based on the BIA to ensure that the RTM process satisfies one of the key requirements of the composite industry: to have repeatable production cycles. Conference Paper: 1.M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov "Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties", Proceedings of FPCM-14, Sweden, May 2018. 2. A talk by Mikhail Matveev at the 14th International Conference on Flow Processes in Composite Materials (30/05 - 01/06, Lulea, Sweden, audience approx. 150 people) 3. A talk by Marco Iglesias (as an Invited speaker) at Workshop on Frontiers of Uncertainty Quantification 2018 (FrontUQ18, Italy) (audience approx. 40) 4. (oral and poster) presentation (Mikhail Matveev) at the Hub Open Day in July 2018 which led to a number of industry and academic interactions.
Start Year 2018
 
Description An innovative approach to manufacturing closed-section composite profiles 
Organisation Gordon Murray Design Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Nottingham for the six-month project ' An innovative approach to manufacturing closed-section composite profiles '. Contributions: 1. A novel and feasible manufacturing technique to produce complex tubular composites by post-forming braided sleeves, which is promising to offer a step change in manufacturing rate 2. A numerical model to simulate braiding process based on FE method, enabling to design the braiding process and predict the production quality 3. An explicit FE model to simulate forming braids, suitable for process design 4. An excellent extension to the capability of braiding process by post-forming in producing concave features and axial curvatures 5. A feasible solution to manufacture an automotive cant rail
Collaborator Contribution During the project, technical meetings were arranged with Andy Smith from Gordon Murray Design to discuss the up-to-date progress and the working plan in the next step. This really helps to understand the need directly for one of the UK automotive OEMs, which ensures a practical manufacturing solution for industry uptake.
Impact Journal Papers: 1. Chen S, McGregor O P L, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels [J]. International Journal of Material Forming, 2019: 1-14. 2. Yu F, Chen S, Viisainen J V, Sutcliffe M P F, Harper L T, Warrior N A. A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics. Composites Science and Technology. (Under Review) Conference Papers: 1. Chen S, McGregor O PL, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element forming simulation of complex composite sandwich panels [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019. 2. Yu F, Chen S, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element modelling of bi-axial fabric with considering bending stiffness for composites preforming [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019.
Start Year 2019
 
Description An innovative approach to manufacturing closed-section composite profiles 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Nottingham for the six-month project ' An innovative approach to manufacturing closed-section composite profiles '. Contributions: 1. A novel and feasible manufacturing technique to produce complex tubular composites by post-forming braided sleeves, which is promising to offer a step change in manufacturing rate 2. A numerical model to simulate braiding process based on FE method, enabling to design the braiding process and predict the production quality 3. An explicit FE model to simulate forming braids, suitable for process design 4. An excellent extension to the capability of braiding process by post-forming in producing concave features and axial curvatures 5. A feasible solution to manufacture an automotive cant rail
Collaborator Contribution During the project, technical meetings were arranged with Andy Smith from Gordon Murray Design to discuss the up-to-date progress and the working plan in the next step. This really helps to understand the need directly for one of the UK automotive OEMs, which ensures a practical manufacturing solution for industry uptake.
Impact Journal Papers: 1. Chen S, McGregor O P L, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels [J]. International Journal of Material Forming, 2019: 1-14. 2. Yu F, Chen S, Viisainen J V, Sutcliffe M P F, Harper L T, Warrior N A. A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics. Composites Science and Technology. (Under Review) Conference Papers: 1. Chen S, McGregor O PL, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element forming simulation of complex composite sandwich panels [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019. 2. Yu F, Chen S, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element modelling of bi-axial fabric with considering bending stiffness for composites preforming [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019.
Start Year 2019
 
Description COMPrinting: Novel 3D Printing of Curved Continuous Carbon Fibre Reinforced Powder-based Epoxy Composites 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Edinburgh for the six-month project ' COMPrinting: Novel 3D Printing of Curved Continuous Carbon Fibre Reinforced Powder-based Epoxy Composites'. Contributions: 1. A specially designed printer nozzle has been machined using CNC. 2. T300 1k/3k/6k fibre tows have been purchased from Toray. 3. Recruitment for a 6 month RA for this project has been started. 4. Colin Robert and Dongmin has started to modify the existing tapeline for fabricating printing filament. 5.Industrial partner Freilacke has delivered the free Epoxy powders.
Collaborator Contribution The Feasibility study has only recently commenced, Frank Mill is organising a meeting with a potential new industrial partner CAmodel.
Impact None to date due to the project only recently commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed? 
Organisation Dassault Systemes UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Cambridge for the six-month funded project 'Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed?'. This has now developed into a Core Project named 'Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming' commencing in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. The aim of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a forming limit diagram for textile composites, capturing the limits imposed by defects such as macro-wrinkling, tow level buckling and yarn sliding. March 2018 - Hexcel supplied £2000 worth of material February 2019 - Hexcel supplied £3000 worth of material 2018-2019 - Hexcel and Dassault Systèmes provided £3000 worth of advice each
Impact A successful output has been that we have been able to develop a technique to measure wrinkle formation effectively while forming, which will form the basis of a tool to understand how to avoid these defects. The feasibility study has demonstrated that an experimental set-up using digital image correlation is able to provide data correlating fabric deformation with wrinkling. The strain measurements can be manipulated to find strains in critical directions, for example along the tows or in the direction of maximum compressive strain. For the NCF fabric considered, there does not appear to be a simple correlation between the observed strains and the onset of wrinkling. While the experimental work provides the tools to explore wrinkle development, meso-scale architecture-based FE modelling will be needed to guide a wrinkling criterion which can be used in conjunction with these measurements. .In summary the proposed hybrid approach, of using experimental characterisation in conjunction with a simple FE model, shows considerable promise as a way of defining the forming limits for composite fabrics. Further work is needed, particularly on extending the range of deformation processes and understanding better the link between changes in tow architecture and wrinkling. The key objectives of the project were to: 1. Use existing measurements of wrinkle formation in woven and NCF fabrics to develop a preliminary forming limit diagram; The project has successfully developed measurement techniques in order to allow development of a preliminary forming limit diagram. Difficulties in identifying appropriate failure criteria highlight the need for a better micromechanical model of wrinkling to inform the forming limit diagram development. A process-specific forming limit diagram has been produced, which can form the basis for a proposed hybrid experimental and modelling approach to FLD development. 2. Extend the range of test configurations to explore the generality of the derived forming limit diagrams; Only preliminary work has been done in this area, due to the challenges of developing the forming limit diagram. However the FE model has successfully been applied to other test configurations, albeit without validation. 3. Examine the feasibility of using a range of canonical finite element calculations to interpolate and extrapolate the forming limit diagram from a limited set of tests; This objective has not been met, with the focus of research remaining on the first objective 4. Use the results to inform a full-scale proposal which will develop the concept of forming limit diagrams to include a wider range of materials and forming situations. The feasibility study has successfully identified an experimental route to forming limit diagram measurements, highlighting deficiencies in our understanding of wrinkling which need to be tackled to develop the concept further. Hence this key objective, of informing a full-scale proposal, has been met. Dr Zhou and Mr Viisainen have benefited from training in research methods associated with experimental and modelling of composites.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed? 
Organisation Hexcel Composites Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Cambridge for the six-month funded project 'Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed?'. This has now developed into a Core Project named 'Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming' commencing in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. The aim of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a forming limit diagram for textile composites, capturing the limits imposed by defects such as macro-wrinkling, tow level buckling and yarn sliding. March 2018 - Hexcel supplied £2000 worth of material February 2019 - Hexcel supplied £3000 worth of material 2018-2019 - Hexcel and Dassault Systèmes provided £3000 worth of advice each
Impact A successful output has been that we have been able to develop a technique to measure wrinkle formation effectively while forming, which will form the basis of a tool to understand how to avoid these defects. The feasibility study has demonstrated that an experimental set-up using digital image correlation is able to provide data correlating fabric deformation with wrinkling. The strain measurements can be manipulated to find strains in critical directions, for example along the tows or in the direction of maximum compressive strain. For the NCF fabric considered, there does not appear to be a simple correlation between the observed strains and the onset of wrinkling. While the experimental work provides the tools to explore wrinkle development, meso-scale architecture-based FE modelling will be needed to guide a wrinkling criterion which can be used in conjunction with these measurements. .In summary the proposed hybrid approach, of using experimental characterisation in conjunction with a simple FE model, shows considerable promise as a way of defining the forming limits for composite fabrics. Further work is needed, particularly on extending the range of deformation processes and understanding better the link between changes in tow architecture and wrinkling. The key objectives of the project were to: 1. Use existing measurements of wrinkle formation in woven and NCF fabrics to develop a preliminary forming limit diagram; The project has successfully developed measurement techniques in order to allow development of a preliminary forming limit diagram. Difficulties in identifying appropriate failure criteria highlight the need for a better micromechanical model of wrinkling to inform the forming limit diagram development. A process-specific forming limit diagram has been produced, which can form the basis for a proposed hybrid experimental and modelling approach to FLD development. 2. Extend the range of test configurations to explore the generality of the derived forming limit diagrams; Only preliminary work has been done in this area, due to the challenges of developing the forming limit diagram. However the FE model has successfully been applied to other test configurations, albeit without validation. 3. Examine the feasibility of using a range of canonical finite element calculations to interpolate and extrapolate the forming limit diagram from a limited set of tests; This objective has not been met, with the focus of research remaining on the first objective 4. Use the results to inform a full-scale proposal which will develop the concept of forming limit diagrams to include a wider range of materials and forming situations. The feasibility study has successfully identified an experimental route to forming limit diagram measurements, highlighting deficiencies in our understanding of wrinkling which need to be tackled to develop the concept further. Hence this key objective, of informing a full-scale proposal, has been met. Dr Zhou and Mr Viisainen have benefited from training in research methods associated with experimental and modelling of composites.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed? 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Cambridge for the six-month funded project 'Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed?'. This has now developed into a Core Project named 'Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming' commencing in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. The aim of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a forming limit diagram for textile composites, capturing the limits imposed by defects such as macro-wrinkling, tow level buckling and yarn sliding. March 2018 - Hexcel supplied £2000 worth of material February 2019 - Hexcel supplied £3000 worth of material 2018-2019 - Hexcel and Dassault Systèmes provided £3000 worth of advice each
Impact A successful output has been that we have been able to develop a technique to measure wrinkle formation effectively while forming, which will form the basis of a tool to understand how to avoid these defects. The feasibility study has demonstrated that an experimental set-up using digital image correlation is able to provide data correlating fabric deformation with wrinkling. The strain measurements can be manipulated to find strains in critical directions, for example along the tows or in the direction of maximum compressive strain. For the NCF fabric considered, there does not appear to be a simple correlation between the observed strains and the onset of wrinkling. While the experimental work provides the tools to explore wrinkle development, meso-scale architecture-based FE modelling will be needed to guide a wrinkling criterion which can be used in conjunction with these measurements. .In summary the proposed hybrid approach, of using experimental characterisation in conjunction with a simple FE model, shows considerable promise as a way of defining the forming limits for composite fabrics. Further work is needed, particularly on extending the range of deformation processes and understanding better the link between changes in tow architecture and wrinkling. The key objectives of the project were to: 1. Use existing measurements of wrinkle formation in woven and NCF fabrics to develop a preliminary forming limit diagram; The project has successfully developed measurement techniques in order to allow development of a preliminary forming limit diagram. Difficulties in identifying appropriate failure criteria highlight the need for a better micromechanical model of wrinkling to inform the forming limit diagram development. A process-specific forming limit diagram has been produced, which can form the basis for a proposed hybrid experimental and modelling approach to FLD development. 2. Extend the range of test configurations to explore the generality of the derived forming limit diagrams; Only preliminary work has been done in this area, due to the challenges of developing the forming limit diagram. However the FE model has successfully been applied to other test configurations, albeit without validation. 3. Examine the feasibility of using a range of canonical finite element calculations to interpolate and extrapolate the forming limit diagram from a limited set of tests; This objective has not been met, with the focus of research remaining on the first objective 4. Use the results to inform a full-scale proposal which will develop the concept of forming limit diagrams to include a wider range of materials and forming situations. The feasibility study has successfully identified an experimental route to forming limit diagram measurements, highlighting deficiencies in our understanding of wrinkling which need to be tackled to develop the concept further. Hence this key objective, of informing a full-scale proposal, has been met. Dr Zhou and Mr Viisainen have benefited from training in research methods associated with experimental and modelling of composites.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed? 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Cambridge for the six-month funded project 'Can a composite forming limit diagram be constructed?'. This has now developed into a Core Project named 'Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming' commencing in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. The aim of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a forming limit diagram for textile composites, capturing the limits imposed by defects such as macro-wrinkling, tow level buckling and yarn sliding. March 2018 - Hexcel supplied £2000 worth of material February 2019 - Hexcel supplied £3000 worth of material 2018-2019 - Hexcel and Dassault Systèmes provided £3000 worth of advice each
Impact A successful output has been that we have been able to develop a technique to measure wrinkle formation effectively while forming, which will form the basis of a tool to understand how to avoid these defects. The feasibility study has demonstrated that an experimental set-up using digital image correlation is able to provide data correlating fabric deformation with wrinkling. The strain measurements can be manipulated to find strains in critical directions, for example along the tows or in the direction of maximum compressive strain. For the NCF fabric considered, there does not appear to be a simple correlation between the observed strains and the onset of wrinkling. While the experimental work provides the tools to explore wrinkle development, meso-scale architecture-based FE modelling will be needed to guide a wrinkling criterion which can be used in conjunction with these measurements. .In summary the proposed hybrid approach, of using experimental characterisation in conjunction with a simple FE model, shows considerable promise as a way of defining the forming limits for composite fabrics. Further work is needed, particularly on extending the range of deformation processes and understanding better the link between changes in tow architecture and wrinkling. The key objectives of the project were to: 1. Use existing measurements of wrinkle formation in woven and NCF fabrics to develop a preliminary forming limit diagram; The project has successfully developed measurement techniques in order to allow development of a preliminary forming limit diagram. Difficulties in identifying appropriate failure criteria highlight the need for a better micromechanical model of wrinkling to inform the forming limit diagram development. A process-specific forming limit diagram has been produced, which can form the basis for a proposed hybrid experimental and modelling approach to FLD development. 2. Extend the range of test configurations to explore the generality of the derived forming limit diagrams; Only preliminary work has been done in this area, due to the challenges of developing the forming limit diagram. However the FE model has successfully been applied to other test configurations, albeit without validation. 3. Examine the feasibility of using a range of canonical finite element calculations to interpolate and extrapolate the forming limit diagram from a limited set of tests; This objective has not been met, with the focus of research remaining on the first objective 4. Use the results to inform a full-scale proposal which will develop the concept of forming limit diagrams to include a wider range of materials and forming situations. The feasibility study has successfully identified an experimental route to forming limit diagram measurements, highlighting deficiencies in our understanding of wrinkling which need to be tackled to develop the concept further. Hence this key objective, of informing a full-scale proposal, has been met. Dr Zhou and Mr Viisainen have benefited from training in research methods associated with experimental and modelling of composites.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg 
Organisation Toray
Department Automotive Center Europe
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship with the University of Warwick in 'Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg'. Contributions: 1. Initial squeeze flow tests suggest that SMC flow can exhibits anisotrpic behaviour in-plane due to fibre alignment. 2. Consenquently, the SMC material model developed in this project will take into account the anisotropy caused by fibre alignment, such that the viscosity of the material will be updated interatively according to the fibre orientation tensor and probablility distribution functions at each increment. Currenly there is no evidence of such model existing in the literature. Although there are very few SMC models taken into account the fibre alignment introduced during compounding process, the fibre re-orientaion during the flow process is not considered. 3. While the SMC model development in this project solely focuses on modelling the bulk flow, The PI will seek the potential of incorporating Darcy flow in to the material model, which enables fibre-matrix segregation to be captured in the process simulation. Existing fibre content prediction models (e.g. DFS in 3D Timon) have failed to consider the Darcy flow in SMC materials, therefore cannot predict the fibre-matrix segregation correctly. 4. The prepreg model developed in this project will address some important deformation mechanism of woven carbon fibre prepreg at the meso-scale, such as tow spreading,fibre wash and resin squeeze out, using a phenominonlogical approach (i.e. without modelling the actual fibre). This model will potentially be coupled with an existing model for the in-plane shear behaviour of the prepreg, enabling better predictions of the mechanical properties of the parts. 5. A tailored process simulation tool will be developed for compression moulding of prepreg and SMC hybrid for the first time. The development of the SMC and prepreg models will enable critical deformation mechanisms during a hybrid moulding process to be captured, and provide realistic simulation solutions for this relatively new process.
Collaborator Contribution Toray AMCEU have supplied the trial CF-SMC used in this project. And Toray TEK have provided training and a 6-month license for the 3D Timon software and the material card for the trial material. The project only started in Janurary 2020 and is still at a very early stage. Toray has been the only collaborator so far. Toray has provided invaluable support on setting up the squeeze flow test. And access to their 3D Timon software allows the PI to gain in-depth understanding of an existing process simulation model, which helps to set the direction for her own model development. University of Bristol have expressed strong interests in sharing their existing prepreg testing facilities and prepreg material model with Warwick. The PI is planning to collaborate with Bristol later on in this project and hopefully use their work as the basis of her own work. Collaboration with Toray enables Warwick to access Toray's expertise in terms of material characterisation and material modelling for SMC flow. On the other hand, this project will help to identify the limitations and the problems with Toray's existing techonologies and advise them on potential improvements to their product. Similarly, the potential for collaboration with Bristol allows Warwick to gain knowledge about Bristol's existing prepreg characterisation and modelling techniques, and the future development from this project may potentially feed back to Bristol to support their future work, for instance the AFP manufacturing process simulation.
Impact Project is still in its early stages, no outputs as yet.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg 
Organisation Toray
Country Japan 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship with the University of Warwick in 'Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg'. Contributions: 1. Initial squeeze flow tests suggest that SMC flow can exhibits anisotrpic behaviour in-plane due to fibre alignment. 2. Consenquently, the SMC material model developed in this project will take into account the anisotropy caused by fibre alignment, such that the viscosity of the material will be updated interatively according to the fibre orientation tensor and probablility distribution functions at each increment. Currenly there is no evidence of such model existing in the literature. Although there are very few SMC models taken into account the fibre alignment introduced during compounding process, the fibre re-orientaion during the flow process is not considered. 3. While the SMC model development in this project solely focuses on modelling the bulk flow, The PI will seek the potential of incorporating Darcy flow in to the material model, which enables fibre-matrix segregation to be captured in the process simulation. Existing fibre content prediction models (e.g. DFS in 3D Timon) have failed to consider the Darcy flow in SMC materials, therefore cannot predict the fibre-matrix segregation correctly. 4. The prepreg model developed in this project will address some important deformation mechanism of woven carbon fibre prepreg at the meso-scale, such as tow spreading,fibre wash and resin squeeze out, using a phenominonlogical approach (i.e. without modelling the actual fibre). This model will potentially be coupled with an existing model for the in-plane shear behaviour of the prepreg, enabling better predictions of the mechanical properties of the parts. 5. A tailored process simulation tool will be developed for compression moulding of prepreg and SMC hybrid for the first time. The development of the SMC and prepreg models will enable critical deformation mechanisms during a hybrid moulding process to be captured, and provide realistic simulation solutions for this relatively new process.
Collaborator Contribution Toray AMCEU have supplied the trial CF-SMC used in this project. And Toray TEK have provided training and a 6-month license for the 3D Timon software and the material card for the trial material. The project only started in Janurary 2020 and is still at a very early stage. Toray has been the only collaborator so far. Toray has provided invaluable support on setting up the squeeze flow test. And access to their 3D Timon software allows the PI to gain in-depth understanding of an existing process simulation model, which helps to set the direction for her own model development. University of Bristol have expressed strong interests in sharing their existing prepreg testing facilities and prepreg material model with Warwick. The PI is planning to collaborate with Bristol later on in this project and hopefully use their work as the basis of her own work. Collaboration with Toray enables Warwick to access Toray's expertise in terms of material characterisation and material modelling for SMC flow. On the other hand, this project will help to identify the limitations and the problems with Toray's existing techonologies and advise them on potential improvements to their product. Similarly, the potential for collaboration with Bristol allows Warwick to gain knowledge about Bristol's existing prepreg characterisation and modelling techniques, and the future development from this project may potentially feed back to Bristol to support their future work, for instance the AFP manufacturing process simulation.
Impact Project is still in its early stages, no outputs as yet.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship with the University of Warwick in 'Compression moulding simulation for SMC and prepreg'. Contributions: 1. Initial squeeze flow tests suggest that SMC flow can exhibits anisotrpic behaviour in-plane due to fibre alignment. 2. Consenquently, the SMC material model developed in this project will take into account the anisotropy caused by fibre alignment, such that the viscosity of the material will be updated interatively according to the fibre orientation tensor and probablility distribution functions at each increment. Currenly there is no evidence of such model existing in the literature. Although there are very few SMC models taken into account the fibre alignment introduced during compounding process, the fibre re-orientaion during the flow process is not considered. 3. While the SMC model development in this project solely focuses on modelling the bulk flow, The PI will seek the potential of incorporating Darcy flow in to the material model, which enables fibre-matrix segregation to be captured in the process simulation. Existing fibre content prediction models (e.g. DFS in 3D Timon) have failed to consider the Darcy flow in SMC materials, therefore cannot predict the fibre-matrix segregation correctly. 4. The prepreg model developed in this project will address some important deformation mechanism of woven carbon fibre prepreg at the meso-scale, such as tow spreading,fibre wash and resin squeeze out, using a phenominonlogical approach (i.e. without modelling the actual fibre). This model will potentially be coupled with an existing model for the in-plane shear behaviour of the prepreg, enabling better predictions of the mechanical properties of the parts. 5. A tailored process simulation tool will be developed for compression moulding of prepreg and SMC hybrid for the first time. The development of the SMC and prepreg models will enable critical deformation mechanisms during a hybrid moulding process to be captured, and provide realistic simulation solutions for this relatively new process.
Collaborator Contribution Toray AMCEU have supplied the trial CF-SMC used in this project. And Toray TEK have provided training and a 6-month license for the 3D Timon software and the material card for the trial material. The project only started in Janurary 2020 and is still at a very early stage. Toray has been the only collaborator so far. Toray has provided invaluable support on setting up the squeeze flow test. And access to their 3D Timon software allows the PI to gain in-depth understanding of an existing process simulation model, which helps to set the direction for her own model development. University of Bristol have expressed strong interests in sharing their existing prepreg testing facilities and prepreg material model with Warwick. The PI is planning to collaborate with Bristol later on in this project and hopefully use their work as the basis of her own work. Collaboration with Toray enables Warwick to access Toray's expertise in terms of material characterisation and material modelling for SMC flow. On the other hand, this project will help to identify the limitations and the problems with Toray's existing techonologies and advise them on potential improvements to their product. Similarly, the potential for collaboration with Bristol allows Warwick to gain knowledge about Bristol's existing prepreg characterisation and modelling techniques, and the future development from this project may potentially feed back to Bristol to support their future work, for instance the AFP manufacturing process simulation.
Impact Project is still in its early stages, no outputs as yet.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Controlled Micro Integration of Through Thickness Polymeric Yarns 
Organisation Ulster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Ulster University for the six-month project' Controlled Micro Integration of Through Thickness Polymeric Yarns'. Contributions: 1. Ability to produce through-thickness reinforced composites with no knock-down on in-plane properties. 2. Test results that validate the tensile properties. 3. Quality micrograph and CT images that can be used by modellers to build representative unit cell. 4. Ability to make a stabilised curved preform using the technique. 5. Ability to make a low bulk-factor preform with +- 45 deg fibres and through thickness reinforcement.
Collaborator Contribution We have had very successful interaction with the hub members and have discussed potential for robotic assistance with Michael Elkington at Bristol. Assistance has been provided by Prof. Véronique Michaud; some interesting results were provided for comparison.
Impact -Presented at Advanced Engineering 2019 -Abstract accepted for ICCS23 and Mechcomp6. Journal paper to follow.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation Dassault Systemes UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation GKN
Department GKN Aerospace
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation Gordon Murray Design Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation Hexcel Composites Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation University of Bath
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Design simulation tools and process improvements for NCF preforming 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim of the project is to provide process improvements and simulation design tools that will enable composite components to be designed and manufactured from textile preforms more efficiently and with greater confidence about their performance. The project will require underpinning science advances in forming simulation and material characterisation to ensure that these tools are accurate and effective. The project will focus specifically on dry non-crimp fabrics (NCFs) and double diaphragm forming (DDF), to create high-performance preforms suitable for liquid moulding. Many of the research challenges that the project will address have been highlighted in the Hub's recent Roadmapping exercise: improved understanding of forming limits, defect formation mechanisms and significance, mixed material architectures, geometrical constraints, multi-ply forming and friction. DDF is a highly scalable process that uses vacuum-only generated forming forces, enabling huge structures to be manufactured without similar-sized presses or autoclaves.The likelihood of defects being generated during forming increases proportionally with the complexity of the component. While the mechanics of fabric deformation in forming is relatively well understood, there is uncertainty about the mechanisms of defect formation in forming processes and a lack of experimental methods and simulation tools to characterise, understand and model these defects.
Collaborator Contribution Regular meetings with the industrial collaborators have been key to shaping the feasibility studies and main bid. The industry requirements for user-friendly tools for design of manufacturing are a priority for this project. But at the same time we feel that the objective of Universities is to develop the underpinning science. So our bid has combined these two elements. The details of the choices of manufacturing routes and materials have also been strongly influenced by the experience and wisdom of our collaborative colleagues.
Impact F. Yu, S. Chen, J.V. Viisainen, M.P.F. Sutcliffe, L.T. Harper, N.A. Warrior, "A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics", submitted to Composites Science and Technology. Nottingham also produced a journal paper from the Core Forming Feasibility Study: Chen, S., McGregor, O.P.L., Endruweit, A. Harper, L.T., Warrior, N.A. "Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels". Int J Mater Form (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-019-01520-4
Start Year 2020
 
Description Developing automated manufacturing technologies for composite laminate structures 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Bristol, in 'Developing automated manufacturing technologies for composite laminate structures'. Contributions: 1. Separated the process layup into activities better suited to Robots or humans based on their respective capabilities and task requirements. 2. Demonstrated how a human and robot can share a composite layup workspace 3. Reduced the physical effort exerted during manual layup 4. Created a human/robot layup process which users regarded as 'safe' and 'useful' 5. Developed a package to facilitate simultaneous working in a shared workspace which is safe and use friendly.
Collaborator Contribution The project was invited to present this work to Lockheed Martin, who provided crucial insights into the potentials and concerns around this technology. The project has presented a demonstration to Airborne Composites, and were aiming to complete a small scale demonstration although this did not happen due a management level policy change.
Impact 1. Conference Presentation M. Elkington, N. Gandhi, M. Libby, A. Kirby, C. Ward, Collaborative human-robotic layup, ICMAC 2018, Nottingham University, 11-12 July 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation Engel
Country Austria 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation Evonik Industries
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation L. Bruggemann KG
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation Surface Generation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation University of Michigan
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Development of rapid processing routes for carbon fibre / nylon6 composites'. Contributions: 1. Nylon melt viscosity is very low, allowing for simple film stacking compression moulding and capture of fine features
Collaborator Contribution Bruggemann have provided advice on the in situ polymerisation of their nylon materials and are continuing to be involved and provide materials for the Ph.D./feasibility study. Engel provided significant advice in the area of in situ polymerisation of nylon through RTM and are open to collaborative work. There is a potential to work with them in the diaphragm feasibility study. AMRC were originally involved in the feasibility study "Acceleration of Monomer Transfer Moulding using microwaves" and have an ongoing interest with thermoplastics processing. The University of Edinburgh were also involved in this feasibility project and have since joined with the new feasibility project "Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming". Attendence at the TPRC 10th anniversary conference provided a good overview of cutting edge research in thermoplastic composites Interaction with Hub members at the synergy event has identified the value and opportunity of creating a thermoplastics working group
Impact 1. The Advanced Engineering show provided an opportunity to engage with a range of suppliers of thermoplastic specific materials e.g. sized carbon fibre, compatible vacuum consumables. 2. Innovate/IACME project "Enhanced Characterisation and Simulation Methods for Thermoplastic Overmoulding" - ENACT. Awaiting final offer letter, anticipated to start in March. 3. Feasibility study - Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 4. Feasibility study - Incremental sheet forming of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites
Start Year 2019
 
Description Evaluating the potential for in-process eddy-current testing of composite structures 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Bristol for the six-month project 'Evaluating the potential for in-process eddy-current testing of composite structures '. Contributions: 1. Demonstrated the relationship between applied pressure and carbon fibre inductive response, showing material relaxation over time is measurable via inductive signature. 2. Confirmation of absence of multi-layer response in un-cured composite layup. Proves that in-line ECT of CFRP would be require only simple analysis. 3. Developed a bespoke AFP environment simulation rig for ECT testing 4. Characterised ECT sensitivity to fibre angle as a function of material standoff 5. Identified most sensitive operating frequencies for un-cured CFRP.
Collaborator Contribution There are no clear defined industrial partners for this project at this stage.
Impact None as yet. The next steps for this project are to seek additional follow on funding to develop in-line inspection prototypes and test them on AFP systems to develop concepts from TRL3-5. Funding will either be sought through an EPSRC New Invetsigator Award or via a CIMComp Core project grant, and may be incorporated into a larger grant proposal to explore additional ECT inspections of composite materials. Support will be needed in the form of industrial collaborators to pull through technology.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Edinburgh Genomics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Nottingham for the six-month project 'Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming'. Project has only recently commenced. Initial investigations are in progress by Ph.D. student into critical aspects - reaction rate, materials compatibility, potential methodology Bruggemann have provided sample materials for testing.
Collaborator Contribution Discussions on the polymerisation process with an expert at Engel have taken place, who have a commercial RTM process. Discussions have taken place with representatives of Bruggemann, who are interested in the potential project and will remain engaged, potentially providing additional materials.
Impact None as yet, since project has only recently commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Nottingham for the six-month project 'Incorporation of thermoplastic in situ polymerisation in double diaphragm forming'. Project has only recently commenced. Initial investigations are in progress by Ph.D. student into critical aspects - reaction rate, materials compatibility, potential methodology Bruggemann have provided sample materials for testing.
Collaborator Contribution Discussions on the polymerisation process with an expert at Engel have taken place, who have a commercial RTM process. Discussions have taken place with representatives of Bruggemann, who are interested in the potential project and will remain engaged, potentially providing additional materials.
Impact None as yet, since project has only recently commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Incremental sheet forming of fire reinforced thermoplastic composites 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Nottingham for the six-month project ' Incremental sheet forming of fire reinforced thermoplastic composites '. This feasibility study has evolved from prior research between the University of Nottingham Composites Research Group and Bombardier Transportation which identified the need to make light weight, low cost rail vehicle structures. The ACIS (Advanced Composite Integrated Structures) UK rail project (funded by the Rail Safety and Standards Board, RSSB/13/EIT/1744) identified a number of metallic rail vehicle components showing a strong business case for replacement and intergration using polymer composites. The hybrid manufacturing process that is the subject of this feasibility study provides a means of producing those replacement components. This research aims to investigate and develop a hybrid process for forming continuously reinforced thermoplastic (TP) sheet material. The process uses a combination of bulk diaphragm forming and detailed incremental forming of distinct geometric features. The industrial application of this process is targeted at, but not limited to, the rail industry. Overall, the manufacturing technique meets the demand for large rail car body structures in low to medium volume production having a low first cost when compared to compression or autoclave manufactured components.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Bristol is a founding partner within the Hub and prior work by Mr Elkington on robotic assisted forming of prepreg material provides an excellent foundation to the forming of the reinforced TP sheet material. The Advanced Manufacturing Research Group at the University of Nottingham has an established track record in incremental sheet forming of metals. A new collaboration with Dr Ou within that Group allows leveraging and extension of the existing knowledge base founded on metallics into the field of polymers.
Impact None to date as project as only recently commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Incremental sheet forming of fire reinforced thermoplastic composites 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Nottingham for the six-month project ' Incremental sheet forming of fire reinforced thermoplastic composites '. This feasibility study has evolved from prior research between the University of Nottingham Composites Research Group and Bombardier Transportation which identified the need to make light weight, low cost rail vehicle structures. The ACIS (Advanced Composite Integrated Structures) UK rail project (funded by the Rail Safety and Standards Board, RSSB/13/EIT/1744) identified a number of metallic rail vehicle components showing a strong business case for replacement and intergration using polymer composites. The hybrid manufacturing process that is the subject of this feasibility study provides a means of producing those replacement components. This research aims to investigate and develop a hybrid process for forming continuously reinforced thermoplastic (TP) sheet material. The process uses a combination of bulk diaphragm forming and detailed incremental forming of distinct geometric features. The industrial application of this process is targeted at, but not limited to, the rail industry. Overall, the manufacturing technique meets the demand for large rail car body structures in low to medium volume production having a low first cost when compared to compression or autoclave manufactured components.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Bristol is a founding partner within the Hub and prior work by Mr Elkington on robotic assisted forming of prepreg material provides an excellent foundation to the forming of the reinforced TP sheet material. The Advanced Manufacturing Research Group at the University of Nottingham has an established track record in incremental sheet forming of metals. A new collaboration with Dr Ou within that Group allows leveraging and extension of the existing knowledge base founded on metallics into the field of polymers.
Impact None to date as project as only recently commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation Airbus Group
Department Airbus Operations
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation Exel Composites
Country Finland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation Heraeus
Department Heraeus Noblelight Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation Rolls Royce Group Plc
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by Layer Curing 
Organisation University of Nantes
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The aim is to develop the scientific and technological tools necessary for the implementation of the LbL concept, and to establish the new process at the scale and level of complexity required for application to advanced composite structures. This will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: Development of fully coupled (thermal-consolidation-thermomechanical) 3D simulation of the LbL process combining appropriate modelling tools for each physics in an open source interface. Development of constitutive models and associated characterisation campaigns addressing conventional and snap curing systems under the aggressive processing conditions of LbL curing. Process optimisation to achieve maximisation of interfacial toughness, minimisation of process duration and control of residual stresses. Development of tailored process setups, including an end effector and zonally heated reusable bagging, allowing implementation of the LbL process in complex geometries/components. Optimisation of LbL process implementation within the whole process chain to minimise defect generation due to ultralow viscosity, ply drop offs, gaps and curvature. Demonstration of applicability based on lab/pilot scale LbL implementations of AFP/ATL, pultrusion and filament winding. Demonstration of LbL process capabilities through the development of hybrid thermoset/thermoplastic components, stabilised preforms and laminates with tailored residual stress state.
Collaborator Contribution Partners (Airbus, Heraeus, NCC, Coriolis) have contributed in setting the criteria for success during the development of the feasibility study. The partnership was enlarged during the core project preparation and planning to include Rolls Royce, Exel and the University of Nantes with partners contributing to the selection of relevant implementation cases. Once the core project starts, they will contribute industrial guidance and steer as well resources necessary for execution of the programme.
Impact Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Layer by layer curing 
Organisation Airbus Group
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield / Bristol University for the six-month project 'Layer by Layer Curing'. This had now developed into a Core Project in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project aim was to establish the capability of producing composites by processing in a single layer by layer (LbL) step. Contributions: 1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components 2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacutirng of ultra thick components feasible 3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing 4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation
Impact This work has demonstrated that it is possible to manufacturing composite laminates by placing and partially curing sublaminates sequentially. This allows the manufacturing of thick structures to be carried out significantly faster compared to current processes, this project has now progressed into a Core project. Conference Paper: Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham CIMComp Grant Journal Paper: Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245
Start Year 2017
 
Description Layer by layer curing 
Organisation Coriolis Composites
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield / Bristol University for the six-month project 'Layer by Layer Curing'. This had now developed into a Core Project in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project aim was to establish the capability of producing composites by processing in a single layer by layer (LbL) step. Contributions: 1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components 2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacutirng of ultra thick components feasible 3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing 4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation
Impact This work has demonstrated that it is possible to manufacturing composite laminates by placing and partially curing sublaminates sequentially. This allows the manufacturing of thick structures to be carried out significantly faster compared to current processes, this project has now progressed into a Core project. Conference Paper: Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham CIMComp Grant Journal Paper: Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245
Start Year 2017
 
Description Layer by layer curing 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield / Bristol University for the six-month project 'Layer by Layer Curing'. This had now developed into a Core Project in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project aim was to establish the capability of producing composites by processing in a single layer by layer (LbL) step. Contributions: 1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components 2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacutirng of ultra thick components feasible 3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing 4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation
Impact This work has demonstrated that it is possible to manufacturing composite laminates by placing and partially curing sublaminates sequentially. This allows the manufacturing of thick structures to be carried out significantly faster compared to current processes, this project has now progressed into a Core project. Conference Paper: Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham CIMComp Grant Journal Paper: Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245
Start Year 2017
 
Description Layer by layer curing 
Organisation Heraeus
Department Heraeus Noblelight Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield / Bristol University for the six-month project 'Layer by Layer Curing'. This had now developed into a Core Project in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project aim was to establish the capability of producing composites by processing in a single layer by layer (LbL) step. Contributions: 1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components 2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacutirng of ultra thick components feasible 3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing 4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation
Impact This work has demonstrated that it is possible to manufacturing composite laminates by placing and partially curing sublaminates sequentially. This allows the manufacturing of thick structures to be carried out significantly faster compared to current processes, this project has now progressed into a Core project. Conference Paper: Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham CIMComp Grant Journal Paper: Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245
Start Year 2017
 
Description Layer by layer curing 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield / Bristol University for the six-month project 'Layer by Layer Curing'. This had now developed into a Core Project in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project aim was to establish the capability of producing composites by processing in a single layer by layer (LbL) step. Contributions: 1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components 2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacutirng of ultra thick components feasible 3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing 4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation
Impact This work has demonstrated that it is possible to manufacturing composite laminates by placing and partially curing sublaminates sequentially. This allows the manufacturing of thick structures to be carried out significantly faster compared to current processes, this project has now progressed into a Core project. Conference Paper: Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham CIMComp Grant Journal Paper: Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245
Start Year 2017
 
Description Layer by layer curing 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield / Bristol University for the six-month project 'Layer by Layer Curing'. This had now developed into a Core Project in 2020.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project aim was to establish the capability of producing composites by processing in a single layer by layer (LbL) step. Contributions: 1. ~50% saving in cure times of thick components 2. Linear scaling of process time with thickness making manufacutirng of ultra thick components feasible 3. Merging of consolidation with curing through LbL processing of planar geometries results in equivalent quality to conventional processing 4. Interfacial properties preserved in partially cured interfaces for pre-cure below gelation
Impact This work has demonstrated that it is possible to manufacturing composite laminates by placing and partially curing sublaminates sequentially. This allows the manufacturing of thick structures to be carried out significantly faster compared to current processes, this project has now progressed into a Core project. Conference Paper: Belnoue J, Sun R, Cook L, Tifkitsis K, Kratz J, Skordos A. A layer-by-layer (LbL) manufacturing process for composite structures. ICMAC 2018, Nottingham CIMComp Grant Journal Paper: Mesogitis, T., Kratz, J. and Skordos, A. A. (2019) 'Heat transfer simulation of the cure of thermoplastic particle interleaf carbon fibre epoxy prepregs', Journal of Composite Materials, 53(15), pp. 2053-2064. doi: 10.1177/0021998318818245
Start Year 2017
 
Description Local Resin Printing for preform stabilisation 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Local Resin Printing for preform stabilisation'. Contributions: 1.Demonstration of localised resin deposition onto dry fibre textiles by use of printing methods. 2. Understanding the feasibility of various resin printing technologies. 3. Demonstration of textile deformation characteristics being modified by use of localised resin printing. 4. Tailored modification of textile deformation characteristics by use of localised resin printing. 5. Instigation of new multidisciplinary cooperation between Composites and Additive Manufacturing research groups.
Collaborator Contribution This study has been a platform activity originating solely within the UoN Composites Research Group. From this start, collaboration began with another UoN research group external to the Hub: the UoN Centre for Additive Manufacturing (CfAM). This collaboration initially began as a means simply to access equipment but soon developed into a partnership to support two Nottingham Summer Engineering Research Programme (NSERP) students, with the output of these students' work directly contributing to the Local Resin Printing for Preform Stabilisation project. Furthermore, the work performed by one of the NSERP students was acknowledged by being awarded the 'Prize for Impact' out of the cohort of 27 NSERP students. The collaboration between the Composites Research Group and the CfAM is continuing with plans to submit journal publications, which will be jointly authored, for high impact due to the work's multidisciplinary theme. More recently, engagement has developed with a potential industrial collaborator, which has recently joined the Hub network (Bitrez Ltd.), who have an interest to understand resin property requirements for use in liquid printing techniques. Synergy has been identified between the Project and work being conducted at the University of Bristol, initial information sharing meetings have taken place and it has been agreed to regularly hold update meetings to identify mutually beneficial opportunities.
Impact Nottingham Summer Engineering Research Programme (NSERP) student's contribution towards the project was awarded the cohort's 'Prize for Impact.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Local Resin Printing for preform stabilisation 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Local Resin Printing for preform stabilisation'. Contributions: 1.Demonstration of localised resin deposition onto dry fibre textiles by use of printing methods. 2. Understanding the feasibility of various resin printing technologies. 3. Demonstration of textile deformation characteristics being modified by use of localised resin printing. 4. Tailored modification of textile deformation characteristics by use of localised resin printing. 5. Instigation of new multidisciplinary cooperation between Composites and Additive Manufacturing research groups.
Collaborator Contribution This study has been a platform activity originating solely within the UoN Composites Research Group. From this start, collaboration began with another UoN research group external to the Hub: the UoN Centre for Additive Manufacturing (CfAM). This collaboration initially began as a means simply to access equipment but soon developed into a partnership to support two Nottingham Summer Engineering Research Programme (NSERP) students, with the output of these students' work directly contributing to the Local Resin Printing for Preform Stabilisation project. Furthermore, the work performed by one of the NSERP students was acknowledged by being awarded the 'Prize for Impact' out of the cohort of 27 NSERP students. The collaboration between the Composites Research Group and the CfAM is continuing with plans to submit journal publications, which will be jointly authored, for high impact due to the work's multidisciplinary theme. More recently, engagement has developed with a potential industrial collaborator, which has recently joined the Hub network (Bitrez Ltd.), who have an interest to understand resin property requirements for use in liquid printing techniques. Synergy has been identified between the Project and work being conducted at the University of Bristol, initial information sharing meetings have taken place and it has been agreed to regularly hold update meetings to identify mutually beneficial opportunities.
Impact Nottingham Summer Engineering Research Programme (NSERP) student's contribution towards the project was awarded the cohort's 'Prize for Impact.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation Airbus Group
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation BAE Systems
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation Chomarat Group
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation Hexcel Composites Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation Qinetiq
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £884,532 core project grant to the University of Bristol and Imperial College London for the three-year funded project 'Manufacturing for structural applications of multifunctional composites'. Contributions to date: 1. Energy and Power densities of 1.4Wh/kg and 1.1 kW/kg, respectively 2. Demonstrated method to mask/bound multifunctional/monofunctional zones in the CAGed lamina 3. Demonstrated scaled up production of CAGed lamina (x15), to give 1m² per batch 4. Demonstration of sensing and accelerated heating of materials with micro-fasteners. 5. New approaches to integration functionalised patches.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Manufacturing for multifunctional composites and integrated structures'. The overarching aim of the project is to investigate and address the design and manufacturing issues associated with multifunctional composites, addressing specifically the transport phenomena of heat and electrical conduction. Contributions to date: 1. BAE Systems have provided considerable advice and guidance over the life of the project, and particularly over the last six months with the potential for Tempest to provide a platform for utilising these materials. 2. Support from Airbus on demonstrator: Airbus have provided electrical and mechanical requirements and will provide tooling for the frame. 3. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 4. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 5. Supply of Textreme spread tow fabric to Imperial College London 6. Supply of Chomarat fabric to Imperial College London. 7. Supply of Isola Group spread glass fabric to Imperial College London 8. Support from NCC on tufting of microbraids to create test samples for Caroline O'Keeffe; gift of materials. 9. Assistance from Stanelco on induction heating. 10.Regarding the microbraiding, University of Manchester are preparing to integrate microbraids into woven preforms for explore the feasibility for current collection.
Impact Outreach: 1. Greenhalgh, E.S., Asp, L.E., Zenkert, D., Vilatela, J, Linde, P., En route to "massless" energy storage with structural power composites, JEC Magazine, pp. 37-39, November, (2019). Journal Papers: 1. Nguyen, S., DB Anthony, D.B., Qian, H., Yue, C., Singh, A., Bismarck, A., Shaffer, M.S.P, Mechanical and physical performance of carbon aerogel reinforced carbon fibre hierarchical composites, Composites Science and Technology 182, (2019). 2. Valkova, M., Greenhalgh, E.S., Shaffer, M.S.P., Kucernak, A., Predicting the compaction of hybrid multilayer woven composite reinforcement stacks, Composites Science and Technology Accepted for publication, (2020). Conference Papers: 1.Several papers presented at ICCM22 in Melbourne, August 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation Arkema
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation BeemCar Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation Composite Solutions UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation EireComposites Teo
Country Ireland 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation FAR-UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation National Physical Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation Ultrawise Innovation Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Edinburgh for the six-month funded project 'Manufacturing thermoplastic fibre metal laminates by the in situ polymerisation route'. Contributions: 1.Originating the concept of TP-FMLs using liquid thermoplastic resins 2.Investigating various metal surface treatments 3.Identifying the optimum metal surface treatment conditions 4.Manufacturing TP-FMLs by liquid resin infusion 5.Applying novel bonding technique at the fibre-metal interface 6.Extensive characterisation of the interfacial bonding 7.Mechanical characterisation of the TP-FMLs 8.Identifying future possibilities such as reshaping, repairing and recycling.
Collaborator Contribution Arkema is the manufacturer and supplier of the liquid thermoplastic resin used in this project. Arkema provided us with valuable technical information about the resin, catalyst type and infusion charactreistics including the release agent. As this resin is new in market, all the technical information supplied by Arkema were very useful in carrying out the project work. Far UK was enthusiastic about this project. They identified and pointed out some essential properties of TP-FMLs which are worth investigating for their successful commercial in industries such as automotive. Eirecomposites supported with the guidance for TP-FML testing and characterisation.
Impact Society: Once successfully validated and commercialised, the thermopalstic FML technology can bring significant positive impact on the society, bringing in more recyclable, repairable products. This work has only been initiated in this Feasibility study, not fully explored. Economy: This Feasibility study clearly showed that such FMLs have potential to be explored in industrial application. The thermoplastic FML technology was close TRL 3-4. A follow-up project was required to investigate the mechanical properties of the FMLs and identify the key advantages, such as drop weight impact resistance and thermoformability, to take it to higher TRL, which could not be done. This could lead to various low-cost, real life FML products beyond aerospace. In future, a bigger proposal will be submitted to EPSRC seeking funding to take this technology forward. People: Dr Dimitrios Mamalis, PDRA of this Feasibility Study project, has been trained on FML manufacturing and he is actively participating in new project proposals where he can take this novel FML technology forward. One M.Eng student is now working on this FML technology and will be investigating some key properties. Knowledge: After our first paper was published in 'Materials and Design' journal, there has been several invitations from conferences and workshops from UK as well as from other parts of Europe for presenting our work on FML. This work has clearly generated interest in the scientific community. A follow-on project after the Feasibility project could establish the key properties and advantages/disadvantages of FMLs in comparison to general FRPs. A set of mechanical property data generated through testing could be of interest to the industrial partners. Unfortunately, that could not be done within that short tenure. The six months Feasibility Project was more focussed on achieving a strong interfacial bonding between the two dissimilar materials which was done successfully. There was no time to investigate mechanical properties and bring that to the attention of the industrial partners. Journal Paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Jane R Blackford, Conchúr M. ÓBrádaigh, Dipa Ray, Novel thermoplastic fibre-metal laminates manufactured by vacuum resin infusion: The effect of surface treatments on interfacial bonding, Materials and Design, 15 January, 2019, Pages 331-344. Conference paper: Dimitrios Mamalis, Winifred Obande, Vasileios Koutsos, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dipa Roy Novel infusible thermoplastic matrix in fibre metal laminates - a feasibility study, ICMAC, July 2018. (EP/P006701/1)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Microwave heating through embedded slotted coaxial cables for composites manufacturing (M-Cable) 
Organisation Brunel University London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Brunel University London for the six-month funded project 'Microwave heating through embedded slotted coaxial cables for composites manufacturing (M-Cable)'. Contributions: The potential for faster curing of composites has been shown compared to current manufacturing processes, without loss of quality. This means faster production rates and reduction of resources (energy and labour)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aim of the project was to test the feasibility of uniform MW heating of composites during manufacturing by using a number of slotted coaxial cables embedded in tools. The project has created a new market opportunity for RTM and infusion tooling that can process composites at faster rates than existing tooling technology
Impact The feasibility of utilising MW heating for composites manufacturing without the need of a dedicated MW Oven is the topic of this report. The initial concept of wires with slots that will act as MW applicators (waveguides) did not produce an acceptable thermal profile: local temperature variations were too high. The simple configurations tried in this study improved the local variations, but more work is needed to conclusively evaluate the idea and its practicality. A different approach was then tried: MW applicators that can be realised as printed circuit boards (PCBs). These boards can be slotted inside tooling. Their design can follow the heating requirement of the composite shape and size. The feasibility study showed that the PCB applicators fulfil two of the three concept feasibility criteria. The concept was validated by producing a number of composite laminates that were of similar quality to laminates produced in a convection oven.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Microwave heating through embedded slotted coaxial cables for composites manufacturing (M-Cable) 
Organisation KW Special Projects
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Brunel University London for the six-month funded project 'Microwave heating through embedded slotted coaxial cables for composites manufacturing (M-Cable)'. Contributions: The potential for faster curing of composites has been shown compared to current manufacturing processes, without loss of quality. This means faster production rates and reduction of resources (energy and labour)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aim of the project was to test the feasibility of uniform MW heating of composites during manufacturing by using a number of slotted coaxial cables embedded in tools. The project has created a new market opportunity for RTM and infusion tooling that can process composites at faster rates than existing tooling technology
Impact The feasibility of utilising MW heating for composites manufacturing without the need of a dedicated MW Oven is the topic of this report. The initial concept of wires with slots that will act as MW applicators (waveguides) did not produce an acceptable thermal profile: local temperature variations were too high. The simple configurations tried in this study improved the local variations, but more work is needed to conclusively evaluate the idea and its practicality. A different approach was then tried: MW applicators that can be realised as printed circuit boards (PCBs). These boards can be slotted inside tooling. Their design can follow the heating requirement of the composite shape and size. The feasibility study showed that the PCB applicators fulfil two of the three concept feasibility criteria. The concept was validated by producing a number of composite laminates that were of similar quality to laminates produced in a convection oven.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition 
Organisation Glyndwr University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Wrexham Glyndwr University for the six-month project 'Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition'. Contributions: 1. Modelling of ATL process leading to understanding the limits of using microwave heating to increase production rate. 2. Understanding of the types of microwave systems which might be successfully used to heat prepreg tape during ATL
Collaborator Contribution Too early to say- this is low TRL project which will hopefully lead to industrial collaboration. There is beginning to be engagement from industry.
Impact Journal Paper in preparation
Start Year 2019
 
Description Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Wrexham Glyndwr University for the six-month project 'Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition'. Contributions: 1. Modelling of ATL process leading to understanding the limits of using microwave heating to increase production rate. 2. Understanding of the types of microwave systems which might be successfully used to heat prepreg tape during ATL
Collaborator Contribution Too early to say- this is low TRL project which will hopefully lead to industrial collaboration. There is beginning to be engagement from industry.
Impact Journal Paper in preparation
Start Year 2019
 
Description Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Wrexham Glyndwr University for the six-month project 'Microwave in line heating to address the challenges of high rate deposition'. Contributions: 1. Modelling of ATL process leading to understanding the limits of using microwave heating to increase production rate. 2. Understanding of the types of microwave systems which might be successfully used to heat prepreg tape during ATL
Collaborator Contribution Too early to say- this is low TRL project which will hopefully lead to industrial collaboration. There is beginning to be engagement from industry.
Impact Journal Paper in preparation
Start Year 2019
 
Description Multi-step thermoforming of multi-cavity multi-axial advanced thermoplastic composite parts 
Organisation Induction Coil Solutions
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Glasgow for the six-month funded project 'Multi-step thermoforming of multi-cavity multi-axial advanced thermoplastic composite parts'. Contributions: 1. Demonstrated the principle of induction-melt forming of advanced composites using molten metal as the heating agent. 2. Demonstrated the principle of expelling the molten metal during the subsequent forming process 3. Designed and manufactures a multi-step forming tool allowing automatic incremental forming of advanced composites using a standard press. 4. Demonstrated a process of quantifying the residual tin inside the composite after the induction-melt process (subsequent to feasibility study - part of the PhD student's current project) 5. Currently in the process of assessing the influence of the residual tin on the interlaminar strength of the induction-formed composite
Collaborator Contribution The feasibility project was completed. The team managed to successfully demonstrate the intended fundamental principles behind the method, which proceeded as envisaged in the original proposal. An induction heater capable of melting tin was successfully sourced and rented for a few months. A novel multi-step tool was manufactured allowing automatic incremental forming of the molten sheet. Several parts were manufactured from carbon-nylon advanced composites. Initially flat sheets were made, before manufacturing a ripple-type geometry. 1. The university team conducted all the forming experiments. We also designed and implemented the experimental setup including the design of the multi-step tool. 2. INEGI supplied pre-consolidated carbon-nylon sheet in a 0/90/90/0 layup. Induction Coil Solutions provided rental of the induction heating unit and induction coils. Forrest Precision Engineering manufactured the multi-step tooling following designs provided by the UoG team.
Impact The benefits to INEGI were in contributing towards a novel manufacturing process that, if perfected could be used in their own research ande development projects. The benefit to Induction Coild solutions is a potential new application of their induction heaters. The benefit to Forrest Precision Engineering is potential new business in manufacturing alternative versions of the multi-step forming tool
Start Year 2018
 
Description Multi-step thermoforming of multi-cavity multi-axial advanced thermoplastic composite parts 
Organisation Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Country Portugal 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Glasgow for the six-month funded project 'Multi-step thermoforming of multi-cavity multi-axial advanced thermoplastic composite parts'. Contributions: 1. Demonstrated the principle of induction-melt forming of advanced composites using molten metal as the heating agent. 2. Demonstrated the principle of expelling the molten metal during the subsequent forming process 3. Designed and manufactures a multi-step forming tool allowing automatic incremental forming of advanced composites using a standard press. 4. Demonstrated a process of quantifying the residual tin inside the composite after the induction-melt process (subsequent to feasibility study - part of the PhD student's current project) 5. Currently in the process of assessing the influence of the residual tin on the interlaminar strength of the induction-formed composite
Collaborator Contribution The feasibility project was completed. The team managed to successfully demonstrate the intended fundamental principles behind the method, which proceeded as envisaged in the original proposal. An induction heater capable of melting tin was successfully sourced and rented for a few months. A novel multi-step tool was manufactured allowing automatic incremental forming of the molten sheet. Several parts were manufactured from carbon-nylon advanced composites. Initially flat sheets were made, before manufacturing a ripple-type geometry. 1. The university team conducted all the forming experiments. We also designed and implemented the experimental setup including the design of the multi-step tool. 2. INEGI supplied pre-consolidated carbon-nylon sheet in a 0/90/90/0 layup. Induction Coil Solutions provided rental of the induction heating unit and induction coils. Forrest Precision Engineering manufactured the multi-step tooling following designs provided by the UoG team.
Impact The benefits to INEGI were in contributing towards a novel manufacturing process that, if perfected could be used in their own research ande development projects. The benefit to Induction Coild solutions is a potential new application of their induction heaters. The benefit to Forrest Precision Engineering is potential new business in manufacturing alternative versions of the multi-step forming tool
Start Year 2018
 
Description Multi-step thermoforming of multi-cavity multi-axial advanced thermoplastic composite parts 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Glasgow for the six-month funded project 'Multi-step thermoforming of multi-cavity multi-axial advanced thermoplastic composite parts'. Contributions: 1. Demonstrated the principle of induction-melt forming of advanced composites using molten metal as the heating agent. 2. Demonstrated the principle of expelling the molten metal during the subsequent forming process 3. Designed and manufactures a multi-step forming tool allowing automatic incremental forming of advanced composites using a standard press. 4. Demonstrated a process of quantifying the residual tin inside the composite after the induction-melt process (subsequent to feasibility study - part of the PhD student's current project) 5. Currently in the process of assessing the influence of the residual tin on the interlaminar strength of the induction-formed composite
Collaborator Contribution The feasibility project was completed. The team managed to successfully demonstrate the intended fundamental principles behind the method, which proceeded as envisaged in the original proposal. An induction heater capable of melting tin was successfully sourced and rented for a few months. A novel multi-step tool was manufactured allowing automatic incremental forming of the molten sheet. Several parts were manufactured from carbon-nylon advanced composites. Initially flat sheets were made, before manufacturing a ripple-type geometry. 1. The university team conducted all the forming experiments. We also designed and implemented the experimental setup including the design of the multi-step tool. 2. INEGI supplied pre-consolidated carbon-nylon sheet in a 0/90/90/0 layup. Induction Coil Solutions provided rental of the induction heating unit and induction coils. Forrest Precision Engineering manufactured the multi-step tooling following designs provided by the UoG team.
Impact The benefits to INEGI were in contributing towards a novel manufacturing process that, if perfected could be used in their own research ande development projects. The benefit to Induction Coild solutions is a potential new application of their induction heaters. The benefit to Forrest Precision Engineering is potential new business in manufacturing alternative versions of the multi-step forming tool
Start Year 2018
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation Airbus Group
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation BAE Systems
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation ESI Group
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation GKN
Department GKN Aerospace
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation Hexcel Composites Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation Luxfer Gas Cylinders
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation M Wright & Sons Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation Rolls Royce Group Plc
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation Shape Machining
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation Sigmatex
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £906,782 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Manchester for the three-year funded project 'New manufacturing techniques for optimised fibre architectures'. Contributions to date: 1. Implementation of efficient and accurate mutli-scale modelling techniques linked to multi-objective optimisation framework 2. Near-conformal meshing technique has been developed to create models of reinforcements of arbitrary complexity. The source code for the meshing will be made available online. 3. Novel preforming techniques have been developed to manufacture flat and tubular multi-axial 3D fibre preforms 4. Multi-functional, multi-material 3D preforming technique has been developed in conjunction with multi-axial preforming (trials are being conducted for multi-functional core project as well as for one of the industrial partners BAE) 5. Novel optimised 3D multiaxial preforms were demonstrated to give at least additional 10% of weight-saving when compared to optimised non-crimp fabrics (NCFs)
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. This project aims to discover new 3D textile preform architectures. This will result in a step change in performance, leading to significant weight reductions and lower cycle times through routine use of automated manufacturing technologies. Contributions received to date: £17k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (attendance of project meetings, help with development of demonstrators) £50k of in-kind contribution from industrial partners (through provided tooling and CAD files for demonstrators) Subcontract funding of £110k from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures RTM tooling for an automotive component provided to the University of Nottingham by AMRC Metal liners and carbon fibres for a pressure vessel provided to the University of Manchester by Luxfer Cylinders
Impact Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798 Potluri P. - EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (£210k) from Axon Automotive Potluri P. - Subcontract (£110k) from ATI Future Landing Gear Programme for complex 3D woven architectures Peer-review papers: Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Efficient meshing technique for textile composites unit cells of arbitrary complexity, accepted to Composites Structures Conference papers: Koncherry V., Park J.S., Sowrow K., Matveev M.Y., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Potluri P., Novel manufacturing techniques for optimised 3D multiaxial orthogonal preform ,22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Brown L.P., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A.C., Meso-scale optimisation of 3D composites and novel preforming techniques, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019 Matveev M.Y., Koncherry V., Roy S.S., Potluri P., Long A., Novel textile preforming for optimised fibre architectures, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 406 (1), 2018 Koncherry V., Patel D., Yusuf Z., Potluri P., Influence of 3d weaving parameters on preform compression and laminate mechanical properties, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. Roy S.S., Yang D., Potluri P. Influence of Bending on Wrinkle Formation and Potential Method of Mitigation, 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017. EP/I033513/1 - EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacture in Composites (CIMComp) (projects funded from 01st July 2011 to 31st Dec 2016) Peer-review papers: 1. Yan S., Zeng X., Long A.C., Meso-scale modelling of 3D woven composite T-joints with weave variations, Composite Science and Technology, Vol 171, pp.171-179, 2019. 2. Yan S., Zeng X., A.C. Long A.C., Experimental assessment of the mechanical behaviour of 3D woven composite T-joints, Composites Part B, Vol. 154, pp.108-113, 2018 3. Yan S., Zeng X., Brown L.P., Long A.C., Geometric modeling of 3D woven preforms in composite T-joints, Textile Research Journal, Vol.88(16),pp.1862-75, 2018
Start Year 2017
 
Description Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects 
Organisation GKN
Department GKN Aerospace
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Southampton for the project 'Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'Inspection and in-process evaluation'. The overarching aim of the project was a system deployed alongside current inspection approaches in the production environment. When defects or subsurface artefacts including variability of fibre volume fraction and fibre orientation have been detected, the system would be deployed to determine if the component is fit for service, requires repair or is scrapped. Contributions: 1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structutal applications of composites. 2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms. 3. Demonstration of simulateneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects. 4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA. 5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry
Impact Conference papers and International seminars: 1. Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M., Thomsen, O.T, Butler, R., Rhead, A.T., Fletcher, T.A. and Potter, K.D., "Reshaping the testing pyramid: utilisation of data-rich NDT techniques as a means to develop a 'high fidelity' component and sub-structure testing methodology for composites", Proc 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017 2. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Invited presentation at International Symposium "Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy", Cork, September 2017 3. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Keynote presentation at 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017), DTU, Denmark, Nov 2017 4. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, June 2017 5. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Jiaotong University, August 2017 6. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Institute of Technology, August 2017 7. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi'an, August 2017. 8. Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Understanding heterogeneity in discontinuous compression moulded composite materials for high-volume applications", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 9. I. Jiménez-Fortunato, Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Towards integrating imaging techniques to assess manufacturing features and in-service damage in composite components ", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 10. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards developing a calibration technique to apply TSA with microbolometers", British Society for Strain Measurement 13th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Southampton, 2018, 2 pages. 11. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards combining imaging techniques to characterise defects and damage in composite structures", SAMPE Conference on Large Structures in Composite Engineering, Southampton, 2018, 8 pages. 12. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. " Damage characterisation of composite components using full-field imaging techniques", Proc 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019, 5 pages. Other relevant impacts: 1. EPSRC, 'Structures 2025', Strategic Equipment Grant (EP/R008787/1, £1.2M, 2017-2020) PI Barton) in collaboration with multiple industry partners that provide £1M of support. 2. EPSCR Programme Grant 'Certification for Design: Reshaping the Testing Pyramid' or 'CerTest' (EP/S017038/1, £6.9M, 2019-2024, PI Thomsen) in collaboration with the University of Bristol, University of Bath and University of Exeter, industrial partners Airbus, Rolls Royce, GKN Aerospace, CFMS, BAE Systems, the Alan Turing Institute, NCC as well as the European Aviation Safety Agency.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects 
Organisation Siemens AG
Department Siemens Energy Management
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Southampton for the project 'Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'Inspection and in-process evaluation'. The overarching aim of the project was a system deployed alongside current inspection approaches in the production environment. When defects or subsurface artefacts including variability of fibre volume fraction and fibre orientation have been detected, the system would be deployed to determine if the component is fit for service, requires repair or is scrapped. Contributions: 1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structutal applications of composites. 2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms. 3. Demonstration of simulateneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects. 4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA. 5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry
Impact Conference papers and International seminars: 1. Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M., Thomsen, O.T, Butler, R., Rhead, A.T., Fletcher, T.A. and Potter, K.D., "Reshaping the testing pyramid: utilisation of data-rich NDT techniques as a means to develop a 'high fidelity' component and sub-structure testing methodology for composites", Proc 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017 2. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Invited presentation at International Symposium "Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy", Cork, September 2017 3. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Keynote presentation at 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017), DTU, Denmark, Nov 2017 4. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, June 2017 5. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Jiaotong University, August 2017 6. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Institute of Technology, August 2017 7. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi'an, August 2017. 8. Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Understanding heterogeneity in discontinuous compression moulded composite materials for high-volume applications", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 9. I. Jiménez-Fortunato, Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Towards integrating imaging techniques to assess manufacturing features and in-service damage in composite components ", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 10. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards developing a calibration technique to apply TSA with microbolometers", British Society for Strain Measurement 13th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Southampton, 2018, 2 pages. 11. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards combining imaging techniques to characterise defects and damage in composite structures", SAMPE Conference on Large Structures in Composite Engineering, Southampton, 2018, 8 pages. 12. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. " Damage characterisation of composite components using full-field imaging techniques", Proc 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019, 5 pages. Other relevant impacts: 1. EPSRC, 'Structures 2025', Strategic Equipment Grant (EP/R008787/1, £1.2M, 2017-2020) PI Barton) in collaboration with multiple industry partners that provide £1M of support. 2. EPSCR Programme Grant 'Certification for Design: Reshaping the Testing Pyramid' or 'CerTest' (EP/S017038/1, £6.9M, 2019-2024, PI Thomsen) in collaboration with the University of Bristol, University of Bath and University of Exeter, industrial partners Airbus, Rolls Royce, GKN Aerospace, CFMS, BAE Systems, the Alan Turing Institute, NCC as well as the European Aviation Safety Agency.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects 
Organisation University of Bath
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Southampton for the project 'Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'Inspection and in-process evaluation'. The overarching aim of the project was a system deployed alongside current inspection approaches in the production environment. When defects or subsurface artefacts including variability of fibre volume fraction and fibre orientation have been detected, the system would be deployed to determine if the component is fit for service, requires repair or is scrapped. Contributions: 1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structutal applications of composites. 2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms. 3. Demonstration of simulateneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects. 4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA. 5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry
Impact Conference papers and International seminars: 1. Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M., Thomsen, O.T, Butler, R., Rhead, A.T., Fletcher, T.A. and Potter, K.D., "Reshaping the testing pyramid: utilisation of data-rich NDT techniques as a means to develop a 'high fidelity' component and sub-structure testing methodology for composites", Proc 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017 2. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Invited presentation at International Symposium "Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy", Cork, September 2017 3. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Keynote presentation at 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017), DTU, Denmark, Nov 2017 4. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, June 2017 5. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Jiaotong University, August 2017 6. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Institute of Technology, August 2017 7. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi'an, August 2017. 8. Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Understanding heterogeneity in discontinuous compression moulded composite materials for high-volume applications", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 9. I. Jiménez-Fortunato, Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Towards integrating imaging techniques to assess manufacturing features and in-service damage in composite components ", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 10. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards developing a calibration technique to apply TSA with microbolometers", British Society for Strain Measurement 13th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Southampton, 2018, 2 pages. 11. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards combining imaging techniques to characterise defects and damage in composite structures", SAMPE Conference on Large Structures in Composite Engineering, Southampton, 2018, 8 pages. 12. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. " Damage characterisation of composite components using full-field imaging techniques", Proc 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019, 5 pages. Other relevant impacts: 1. EPSRC, 'Structures 2025', Strategic Equipment Grant (EP/R008787/1, £1.2M, 2017-2020) PI Barton) in collaboration with multiple industry partners that provide £1M of support. 2. EPSCR Programme Grant 'Certification for Design: Reshaping the Testing Pyramid' or 'CerTest' (EP/S017038/1, £6.9M, 2019-2024, PI Thomsen) in collaboration with the University of Bristol, University of Bath and University of Exeter, industrial partners Airbus, Rolls Royce, GKN Aerospace, CFMS, BAE Systems, the Alan Turing Institute, NCC as well as the European Aviation Safety Agency.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Southampton for the project 'Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'Inspection and in-process evaluation'. The overarching aim of the project was a system deployed alongside current inspection approaches in the production environment. When defects or subsurface artefacts including variability of fibre volume fraction and fibre orientation have been detected, the system would be deployed to determine if the component is fit for service, requires repair or is scrapped. Contributions: 1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structutal applications of composites. 2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms. 3. Demonstration of simulateneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects. 4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA. 5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry
Impact Conference papers and International seminars: 1. Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M., Thomsen, O.T, Butler, R., Rhead, A.T., Fletcher, T.A. and Potter, K.D., "Reshaping the testing pyramid: utilisation of data-rich NDT techniques as a means to develop a 'high fidelity' component and sub-structure testing methodology for composites", Proc 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017 2. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Invited presentation at International Symposium "Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy", Cork, September 2017 3. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Keynote presentation at 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017), DTU, Denmark, Nov 2017 4. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, June 2017 5. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Jiaotong University, August 2017 6. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Institute of Technology, August 2017 7. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi'an, August 2017. 8. Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Understanding heterogeneity in discontinuous compression moulded composite materials for high-volume applications", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 9. I. Jiménez-Fortunato, Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Towards integrating imaging techniques to assess manufacturing features and in-service damage in composite components ", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 10. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards developing a calibration technique to apply TSA with microbolometers", British Society for Strain Measurement 13th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Southampton, 2018, 2 pages. 11. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards combining imaging techniques to characterise defects and damage in composite structures", SAMPE Conference on Large Structures in Composite Engineering, Southampton, 2018, 8 pages. 12. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. " Damage characterisation of composite components using full-field imaging techniques", Proc 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019, 5 pages. Other relevant impacts: 1. EPSRC, 'Structures 2025', Strategic Equipment Grant (EP/R008787/1, £1.2M, 2017-2020) PI Barton) in collaboration with multiple industry partners that provide £1M of support. 2. EPSCR Programme Grant 'Certification for Design: Reshaping the Testing Pyramid' or 'CerTest' (EP/S017038/1, £6.9M, 2019-2024, PI Thomsen) in collaboration with the University of Bristol, University of Bath and University of Exeter, industrial partners Airbus, Rolls Royce, GKN Aerospace, CFMS, BAE Systems, the Alan Turing Institute, NCC as well as the European Aviation Safety Agency.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Southampton for the project 'Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'Inspection and in-process evaluation'. The overarching aim of the project was a system deployed alongside current inspection approaches in the production environment. When defects or subsurface artefacts including variability of fibre volume fraction and fibre orientation have been detected, the system would be deployed to determine if the component is fit for service, requires repair or is scrapped. Contributions: 1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structutal applications of composites. 2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms. 3. Demonstration of simulateneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects. 4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA. 5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry
Impact Conference papers and International seminars: 1. Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M., Thomsen, O.T, Butler, R., Rhead, A.T., Fletcher, T.A. and Potter, K.D., "Reshaping the testing pyramid: utilisation of data-rich NDT techniques as a means to develop a 'high fidelity' component and sub-structure testing methodology for composites", Proc 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017 2. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Invited presentation at International Symposium "Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy", Cork, September 2017 3. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Keynote presentation at 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017), DTU, Denmark, Nov 2017 4. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, June 2017 5. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Jiaotong University, August 2017 6. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Institute of Technology, August 2017 7. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi'an, August 2017. 8. Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Understanding heterogeneity in discontinuous compression moulded composite materials for high-volume applications", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 9. I. Jiménez-Fortunato, Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Towards integrating imaging techniques to assess manufacturing features and in-service damage in composite components ", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 10. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards developing a calibration technique to apply TSA with microbolometers", British Society for Strain Measurement 13th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Southampton, 2018, 2 pages. 11. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards combining imaging techniques to characterise defects and damage in composite structures", SAMPE Conference on Large Structures in Composite Engineering, Southampton, 2018, 8 pages. 12. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. " Damage characterisation of composite components using full-field imaging techniques", Proc 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019, 5 pages. Other relevant impacts: 1. EPSRC, 'Structures 2025', Strategic Equipment Grant (EP/R008787/1, £1.2M, 2017-2020) PI Barton) in collaboration with multiple industry partners that provide £1M of support. 2. EPSCR Programme Grant 'Certification for Design: Reshaping the Testing Pyramid' or 'CerTest' (EP/S017038/1, £6.9M, 2019-2024, PI Thomsen) in collaboration with the University of Bristol, University of Bath and University of Exeter, industrial partners Airbus, Rolls Royce, GKN Aerospace, CFMS, BAE Systems, the Alan Turing Institute, NCC as well as the European Aviation Safety Agency.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Southampton for the project 'Novel strain-based NDE for online inspection and prognostics of composite sub-structures with manufacturing induced defects'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'Inspection and in-process evaluation'. The overarching aim of the project was a system deployed alongside current inspection approaches in the production environment. When defects or subsurface artefacts including variability of fibre volume fraction and fibre orientation have been detected, the system would be deployed to determine if the component is fit for service, requires repair or is scrapped. Contributions: 1. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of evolving damage states in structutal applications of composites. 2. Proof-of-concept of the novel strain based NDE for assessment of variability and heterogeneity in-situ in discontinuous compression moulded preforms. 3. Demonstration of simulateneous use and integration of DIC and TSA for quantitative assessment of evolving damage states, material heterogeneities and manufacturing defects. 4. Fundamental developments in the use of low cost cameras for TSA. 5. The groundwork to develop two successful high value EPSRC proposals, strongly supported by industry
Impact Conference papers and International seminars: 1. Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M., Thomsen, O.T, Butler, R., Rhead, A.T., Fletcher, T.A. and Potter, K.D., "Reshaping the testing pyramid: utilisation of data-rich NDT techniques as a means to develop a 'high fidelity' component and sub-structure testing methodology for composites", Proc 21st International Conference on Composite Materials, Xi'an, China, 2017 2. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Invited presentation at International Symposium "Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy", Cork, September 2017 3. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Keynote presentation at 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017), DTU, Denmark, Nov 2017 4. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, June 2017 5. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Jiaotong University, August 2017 6. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Beijing Institute of Technology, August 2017 7. Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components". Seminar at Northwestern Polytechnic University, Xi'an, August 2017. 8. Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Understanding heterogeneity in discontinuous compression moulded composite materials for high-volume applications", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 9. I. Jiménez-Fortunato, Bull, D.J., Thomsen, O.T and Dulieu-Barton, J.M., "Towards integrating imaging techniques to assess manufacturing features and in-service damage in composite components ", SEM Annual Conference, Greenville, 2018, USA. 10. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards developing a calibration technique to apply TSA with microbolometers", British Society for Strain Measurement 13th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Southampton, 2018, 2 pages. 11. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. "Towards combining imaging techniques to characterise defects and damage in composite structures", SAMPE Conference on Large Structures in Composite Engineering, Southampton, 2018, 8 pages. 12. Jiménez-Fortunato, I., Bull, D.J., Dulieu-Barton, J.M. and Thomsen, O.T. " Damage characterisation of composite components using full-field imaging techniques", Proc 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, Melbourne, Australia, 2019, 5 pages. Other relevant impacts: 1. EPSRC, 'Structures 2025', Strategic Equipment Grant (EP/R008787/1, £1.2M, 2017-2020) PI Barton) in collaboration with multiple industry partners that provide £1M of support. 2. EPSCR Programme Grant 'Certification for Design: Reshaping the Testing Pyramid' or 'CerTest' (EP/S017038/1, £6.9M, 2019-2024, PI Thomsen) in collaboration with the University of Bristol, University of Bath and University of Exeter, industrial partners Airbus, Rolls Royce, GKN Aerospace, CFMS, BAE Systems, the Alan Turing Institute, NCC as well as the European Aviation Safety Agency.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Optimised manufacturing of Structural Composites via Thermoelectric Vario-thermal Tooling 
Organisation European Thermodynamics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Warwick for the six-month project 'Optimised manufacturing of Structural Composites via Thermoelectric Vario-thermal Tooling'. The project is scheduled to commence in March 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Selection of the appropriate TE element as well as design of the control unit will be done in close collaboration with partner European Thermodynamics. They are interested in the project because this concerns a novel application with significant industrial potential. Once the project is underway, engagement with other potential industries such as Hereaus, Surface Generation and other tooling and thermal engineering companies will be set up.
Impact There are no outputs as yet as the project has not yet commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Optimised manufacturing of Structural Composites via Thermoelectric Vario-thermal Tooling 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Warwick for the six-month project 'Optimised manufacturing of Structural Composites via Thermoelectric Vario-thermal Tooling'. The project is scheduled to commence in March 2020.
Collaborator Contribution Selection of the appropriate TE element as well as design of the control unit will be done in close collaboration with partner European Thermodynamics. They are interested in the project because this concerns a novel application with significant industrial potential. Once the project is underway, engagement with other potential industries such as Hereaus, Surface Generation and other tooling and thermal engineering companies will be set up.
Impact There are no outputs as yet as the project has not yet commenced.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement 
Organisation Coriolis Composites
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub have funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship at The University of Edinburgh on 'Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement'. Contributions to date: 1. Produced "as is" 50 metres of baseline tape on previous Tapeline. 2. "As is" tape sent to Coriolis Composites for early AFP processing trials. Dr. Robert visited the company on the 3rd of January to discuss the processing specifics with Dr. Denis Cartie. 3. Tapeline specifics designed, equipement ordered (as shown in Figure 1). 2-3 month lead shipping time for IR and tension sensors (ETA: mid March). 4. Development of Human Machine Interface (HMI) early design and user interface (UI) software completed, see Figure 2 attached. The system will be checked and refined/optimised when the sensors arrive. 5. The new Tapeline frame has been built.
Collaborator Contribution To date industrial partners have very kindly supplied us with all the material required. Coriolis composite agreed with Dr. Robert's idea of disseminate early results in a proceeding conference, if possible SAMPE Europe 2020, by laying up a plate with their Csolo machine using tape "as is". Freilacke has learnt much about their new powder epoxy systems thanks to the mechanical and physical property characterisation work done by UoE in the previous published studies listed below: Robert, C., Lafferty, A., Pecur, T., Web, D., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C.M., "First steps toward automated processing of wind and tidal turbine blades with a towpregging tapeline and powder based epoxy", submitted in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, November 2019. Robert, C., Mamalis, D., Alam, P., Lafferty, A., Ó Cadhain, C., Breathnach, G., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C., "Powder epoxy based UD-CFRP manufacturing routes for wind and tidal turbine blades", SAMPE Europe Conference 2018, Southampton, UK, September 2018. Mamalis, D., Flanagan, T., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Effect of fibre straightness and sizing in carbon fibre reinforced powder epoxy composites", Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 110, p. 93-105, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.04.013. Maguire, J. M., Nayak, K., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Characterisation of epoxy powders for processing thick-section composites structures", Materials and Design, 139, p. 112-121, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATDES.2017.10.068 Discussion between Dr. Colin Robert and Dr. Denis Cartie in early January 2020 led to significant tapeline developments (Infra red camera, industrial winder, non stick rollers).
Impact As the project is in its early stages, no notable outputs have resulted.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub have funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship at The University of Edinburgh on 'Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement'. Contributions to date: 1. Produced "as is" 50 metres of baseline tape on previous Tapeline. 2. "As is" tape sent to Coriolis Composites for early AFP processing trials. Dr. Robert visited the company on the 3rd of January to discuss the processing specifics with Dr. Denis Cartie. 3. Tapeline specifics designed, equipement ordered (as shown in Figure 1). 2-3 month lead shipping time for IR and tension sensors (ETA: mid March). 4. Development of Human Machine Interface (HMI) early design and user interface (UI) software completed, see Figure 2 attached. The system will be checked and refined/optimised when the sensors arrive. 5. The new Tapeline frame has been built.
Collaborator Contribution To date industrial partners have very kindly supplied us with all the material required. Coriolis composite agreed with Dr. Robert's idea of disseminate early results in a proceeding conference, if possible SAMPE Europe 2020, by laying up a plate with their Csolo machine using tape "as is". Freilacke has learnt much about their new powder epoxy systems thanks to the mechanical and physical property characterisation work done by UoE in the previous published studies listed below: Robert, C., Lafferty, A., Pecur, T., Web, D., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C.M., "First steps toward automated processing of wind and tidal turbine blades with a towpregging tapeline and powder based epoxy", submitted in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, November 2019. Robert, C., Mamalis, D., Alam, P., Lafferty, A., Ó Cadhain, C., Breathnach, G., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C., "Powder epoxy based UD-CFRP manufacturing routes for wind and tidal turbine blades", SAMPE Europe Conference 2018, Southampton, UK, September 2018. Mamalis, D., Flanagan, T., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Effect of fibre straightness and sizing in carbon fibre reinforced powder epoxy composites", Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 110, p. 93-105, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.04.013. Maguire, J. M., Nayak, K., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Characterisation of epoxy powders for processing thick-section composites structures", Materials and Design, 139, p. 112-121, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATDES.2017.10.068 Discussion between Dr. Colin Robert and Dr. Denis Cartie in early January 2020 led to significant tapeline developments (Infra red camera, industrial winder, non stick rollers).
Impact As the project is in its early stages, no notable outputs have resulted.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement 
Organisation Toray
Department Torayca
Country Japan 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub have funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship at The University of Edinburgh on 'Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement'. Contributions to date: 1. Produced "as is" 50 metres of baseline tape on previous Tapeline. 2. "As is" tape sent to Coriolis Composites for early AFP processing trials. Dr. Robert visited the company on the 3rd of January to discuss the processing specifics with Dr. Denis Cartie. 3. Tapeline specifics designed, equipement ordered (as shown in Figure 1). 2-3 month lead shipping time for IR and tension sensors (ETA: mid March). 4. Development of Human Machine Interface (HMI) early design and user interface (UI) software completed, see Figure 2 attached. The system will be checked and refined/optimised when the sensors arrive. 5. The new Tapeline frame has been built.
Collaborator Contribution To date industrial partners have very kindly supplied us with all the material required. Coriolis composite agreed with Dr. Robert's idea of disseminate early results in a proceeding conference, if possible SAMPE Europe 2020, by laying up a plate with their Csolo machine using tape "as is". Freilacke has learnt much about their new powder epoxy systems thanks to the mechanical and physical property characterisation work done by UoE in the previous published studies listed below: Robert, C., Lafferty, A., Pecur, T., Web, D., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C.M., "First steps toward automated processing of wind and tidal turbine blades with a towpregging tapeline and powder based epoxy", submitted in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, November 2019. Robert, C., Mamalis, D., Alam, P., Lafferty, A., Ó Cadhain, C., Breathnach, G., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C., "Powder epoxy based UD-CFRP manufacturing routes for wind and tidal turbine blades", SAMPE Europe Conference 2018, Southampton, UK, September 2018. Mamalis, D., Flanagan, T., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Effect of fibre straightness and sizing in carbon fibre reinforced powder epoxy composites", Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 110, p. 93-105, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.04.013. Maguire, J. M., Nayak, K., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Characterisation of epoxy powders for processing thick-section composites structures", Materials and Design, 139, p. 112-121, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATDES.2017.10.068 Discussion between Dr. Colin Robert and Dr. Denis Cartie in early January 2020 led to significant tapeline developments (Infra red camera, industrial winder, non stick rollers).
Impact As the project is in its early stages, no notable outputs have resulted.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub have funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship at The University of Edinburgh on 'Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement'. Contributions to date: 1. Produced "as is" 50 metres of baseline tape on previous Tapeline. 2. "As is" tape sent to Coriolis Composites for early AFP processing trials. Dr. Robert visited the company on the 3rd of January to discuss the processing specifics with Dr. Denis Cartie. 3. Tapeline specifics designed, equipement ordered (as shown in Figure 1). 2-3 month lead shipping time for IR and tension sensors (ETA: mid March). 4. Development of Human Machine Interface (HMI) early design and user interface (UI) software completed, see Figure 2 attached. The system will be checked and refined/optimised when the sensors arrive. 5. The new Tapeline frame has been built.
Collaborator Contribution To date industrial partners have very kindly supplied us with all the material required. Coriolis composite agreed with Dr. Robert's idea of disseminate early results in a proceeding conference, if possible SAMPE Europe 2020, by laying up a plate with their Csolo machine using tape "as is". Freilacke has learnt much about their new powder epoxy systems thanks to the mechanical and physical property characterisation work done by UoE in the previous published studies listed below: Robert, C., Lafferty, A., Pecur, T., Web, D., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C.M., "First steps toward automated processing of wind and tidal turbine blades with a towpregging tapeline and powder based epoxy", submitted in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, November 2019. Robert, C., Mamalis, D., Alam, P., Lafferty, A., Ó Cadhain, C., Breathnach, G., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C., "Powder epoxy based UD-CFRP manufacturing routes for wind and tidal turbine blades", SAMPE Europe Conference 2018, Southampton, UK, September 2018. Mamalis, D., Flanagan, T., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Effect of fibre straightness and sizing in carbon fibre reinforced powder epoxy composites", Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 110, p. 93-105, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.04.013. Maguire, J. M., Nayak, K., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Characterisation of epoxy powders for processing thick-section composites structures", Materials and Design, 139, p. 112-121, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATDES.2017.10.068 Discussion between Dr. Colin Robert and Dr. Denis Cartie in early January 2020 led to significant tapeline developments (Infra red camera, industrial winder, non stick rollers).
Impact As the project is in its early stages, no notable outputs have resulted.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub have funded a 2 year Innovation Fellowship at The University of Edinburgh on 'Powder-Epoxy Carbon Fibre Towpreg for High Speed, Low-Cost Automated Fibre Placement'. Contributions to date: 1. Produced "as is" 50 metres of baseline tape on previous Tapeline. 2. "As is" tape sent to Coriolis Composites for early AFP processing trials. Dr. Robert visited the company on the 3rd of January to discuss the processing specifics with Dr. Denis Cartie. 3. Tapeline specifics designed, equipement ordered (as shown in Figure 1). 2-3 month lead shipping time for IR and tension sensors (ETA: mid March). 4. Development of Human Machine Interface (HMI) early design and user interface (UI) software completed, see Figure 2 attached. The system will be checked and refined/optimised when the sensors arrive. 5. The new Tapeline frame has been built.
Collaborator Contribution To date industrial partners have very kindly supplied us with all the material required. Coriolis composite agreed with Dr. Robert's idea of disseminate early results in a proceeding conference, if possible SAMPE Europe 2020, by laying up a plate with their Csolo machine using tape "as is". Freilacke has learnt much about their new powder epoxy systems thanks to the mechanical and physical property characterisation work done by UoE in the previous published studies listed below: Robert, C., Lafferty, A., Pecur, T., Web, D., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C.M., "First steps toward automated processing of wind and tidal turbine blades with a towpregging tapeline and powder based epoxy", submitted in Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, November 2019. Robert, C., Mamalis, D., Alam, P., Lafferty, A., Ó Cadhain, C., Breathnach, G., McCarthy, E., Ó Brádaigh, C., "Powder epoxy based UD-CFRP manufacturing routes for wind and tidal turbine blades", SAMPE Europe Conference 2018, Southampton, UK, September 2018. Mamalis, D., Flanagan, T., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Effect of fibre straightness and sizing in carbon fibre reinforced powder epoxy composites", Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 110, p. 93-105, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.04.013. Maguire, J. M., Nayak, K., Ó Brádaigh, C. M., "Characterisation of epoxy powders for processing thick-section composites structures", Materials and Design, 139, p. 112-121, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATDES.2017.10.068 Discussion between Dr. Colin Robert and Dr. Denis Cartie in early January 2020 led to significant tapeline developments (Infra red camera, industrial winder, non stick rollers).
Impact As the project is in its early stages, no notable outputs have resulted.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Resin injection into reinforcement with uncertain heterogeneous properties: NDE and control 
Organisation ESI Group
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team developed Bayesian inversion algorithms and successfully tested them in virtual and lab experiments to discover and quantify defects in preforms We recently improved the Bayesian inversion algorithms so that they can recover defects of arbitrary, a priori unknown shapes and sizes (e.g. race tracking) We conducted a three month impact exploration (ended in December 2019; £8K of additional impact EPSRC funding was secured for that). Several companies were contacted, and we met with 7 of them. They all expressed an interest in the project and gave us very valuable feedback for further shaping the project towards the industrial needs. With three companies (JLR, Surface Generation and ESI), we are developing further collaboration. With ESI, we applied (in January 2020) for CASE EPSRC studentship for which ESI committed £32K cash and £260K in-kind contribution.
Collaborator Contribution ESI is a Hub's partner and we are enhancing the strategic partnership for knowledge exchange with them. We are expecting to benefit from the ESI flagship software used across the composites manufacturing industry and from their knowledge of model order reduction techniques, while ESI will benefit from our expertise in Uncertainty Quantification (UQ). LMAT: its representative visited our team at Nottingham and we had a productive meeting, useful for our project in terms of making it closer aligned with industrial needs; further collaboration with LMAT is expected.
Impact No output as yet as project started in November 2019. The following publications were a result of the Feasibility Study: M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties. Proceedings of FPCM14, May 2018. M.A. Iglesias, Y. Yang Adaptive regularisation for ensemble Kalman inversion with applications to non-destructive testing and imaging, in preparation M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ECCM-19 M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection and process control in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ICMAC-12
Start Year 2019
 
Description Resin injection into reinforcement with uncertain heterogeneous properties: NDE and control 
Organisation LMAT Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team developed Bayesian inversion algorithms and successfully tested them in virtual and lab experiments to discover and quantify defects in preforms We recently improved the Bayesian inversion algorithms so that they can recover defects of arbitrary, a priori unknown shapes and sizes (e.g. race tracking) We conducted a three month impact exploration (ended in December 2019; £8K of additional impact EPSRC funding was secured for that). Several companies were contacted, and we met with 7 of them. They all expressed an interest in the project and gave us very valuable feedback for further shaping the project towards the industrial needs. With three companies (JLR, Surface Generation and ESI), we are developing further collaboration. With ESI, we applied (in January 2020) for CASE EPSRC studentship for which ESI committed £32K cash and £260K in-kind contribution.
Collaborator Contribution ESI is a Hub's partner and we are enhancing the strategic partnership for knowledge exchange with them. We are expecting to benefit from the ESI flagship software used across the composites manufacturing industry and from their knowledge of model order reduction techniques, while ESI will benefit from our expertise in Uncertainty Quantification (UQ). LMAT: its representative visited our team at Nottingham and we had a productive meeting, useful for our project in terms of making it closer aligned with industrial needs; further collaboration with LMAT is expected.
Impact No output as yet as project started in November 2019. The following publications were a result of the Feasibility Study: M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties. Proceedings of FPCM14, May 2018. M.A. Iglesias, Y. Yang Adaptive regularisation for ensemble Kalman inversion with applications to non-destructive testing and imaging, in preparation M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ECCM-19 M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection and process control in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ICMAC-12
Start Year 2019
 
Description Resin injection into reinforcement with uncertain heterogeneous properties: NDE and control 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team developed Bayesian inversion algorithms and successfully tested them in virtual and lab experiments to discover and quantify defects in preforms We recently improved the Bayesian inversion algorithms so that they can recover defects of arbitrary, a priori unknown shapes and sizes (e.g. race tracking) We conducted a three month impact exploration (ended in December 2019; £8K of additional impact EPSRC funding was secured for that). Several companies were contacted, and we met with 7 of them. They all expressed an interest in the project and gave us very valuable feedback for further shaping the project towards the industrial needs. With three companies (JLR, Surface Generation and ESI), we are developing further collaboration. With ESI, we applied (in January 2020) for CASE EPSRC studentship for which ESI committed £32K cash and £260K in-kind contribution.
Collaborator Contribution ESI is a Hub's partner and we are enhancing the strategic partnership for knowledge exchange with them. We are expecting to benefit from the ESI flagship software used across the composites manufacturing industry and from their knowledge of model order reduction techniques, while ESI will benefit from our expertise in Uncertainty Quantification (UQ). LMAT: its representative visited our team at Nottingham and we had a productive meeting, useful for our project in terms of making it closer aligned with industrial needs; further collaboration with LMAT is expected.
Impact No output as yet as project started in November 2019. The following publications were a result of the Feasibility Study: M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties. Proceedings of FPCM14, May 2018. M.A. Iglesias, Y. Yang Adaptive regularisation for ensemble Kalman inversion with applications to non-destructive testing and imaging, in preparation M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ECCM-19 M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection and process control in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ICMAC-12
Start Year 2019
 
Description Resin injection into reinforcement with uncertain heterogeneous properties: NDE and control 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team developed Bayesian inversion algorithms and successfully tested them in virtual and lab experiments to discover and quantify defects in preforms We recently improved the Bayesian inversion algorithms so that they can recover defects of arbitrary, a priori unknown shapes and sizes (e.g. race tracking) We conducted a three month impact exploration (ended in December 2019; £8K of additional impact EPSRC funding was secured for that). Several companies were contacted, and we met with 7 of them. They all expressed an interest in the project and gave us very valuable feedback for further shaping the project towards the industrial needs. With three companies (JLR, Surface Generation and ESI), we are developing further collaboration. With ESI, we applied (in January 2020) for CASE EPSRC studentship for which ESI committed £32K cash and £260K in-kind contribution.
Collaborator Contribution ESI is a Hub's partner and we are enhancing the strategic partnership for knowledge exchange with them. We are expecting to benefit from the ESI flagship software used across the composites manufacturing industry and from their knowledge of model order reduction techniques, while ESI will benefit from our expertise in Uncertainty Quantification (UQ). LMAT: its representative visited our team at Nottingham and we had a productive meeting, useful for our project in terms of making it closer aligned with industrial needs; further collaboration with LMAT is expected.
Impact No output as yet as project started in November 2019. The following publications were a result of the Feasibility Study: M.Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Fast algorithms for active control of mould filling in RTM process with uncertainties. Proceedings of FPCM14, May 2018. M.A. Iglesias, Y. Yang Adaptive regularisation for ensemble Kalman inversion with applications to non-destructive testing and imaging, in preparation M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ECCM-19 M. Y. Matveev, A. Endruweit, A.C. Long, M.A. Iglesias, M.V. Tretyakov. Defect detection and process control in resin transfer moulding, submitted for ICMAC-12
Start Year 2019
 
Description Round Robin study to evaluate fabric permeability testing methods 
Organisation Institute for Composite Materials
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Round Robin study to evaluate fabric permeability testing methods'. Platform funding allowed the University of Nottingham to participate in international activities on benchmarking of experimental techniques for characterisation of reinforcement processing properties. Since permeability characterisation is a prerequisite for design and optimisation of Liquid Composite Moulding processes, demand from the composites industry is high. The University of Nottingham has been providing experimental permeability characterisation as a service to the UK industry for more than 10 years. However, there is a lack of standardisation for measurement of the reinforcement permeability. Permeability data obtained using different methods are not necessarily consistent, which affects the usefulness of the data. Following discussions within the composites community, involving the National Composites Centre, the need for joint activities in the field of permeability characterisation was identified. Building on previous worldwide activities on benchmarking of permeability measurement (with participation of the University of Nottingham), two programs were launched: Measurement of in-plane permeability, focusing on the radial flow technique; led by Institut für Verbundwerkstoffe, Germany; 22 participating institutions worldwide. Measurement of through-thickness permeability and compressibility; led by National Physical Laboratory, UK; 30 participating institutions worldwide. The aim of these activities is to further improve understanding of experimental issues and work towards standardisation of characterisation methods.
Collaborator Contribution Both programs were completed in 2018. A full report on program A was published in 2019. A report on program B will be published in 2020. Prof Andy Long and Dr Andreas Endruweit, University of Nottingham acted as members of the steering committee for both programs. Platform funding paid for one Research Fellow (Dr Andreas Endruweit), University of Nottingham to work part-time on helping the program leaders with formulation of guidelines for experimental procedures, which were then distributed to all participants; - carrying out series of radial in-plane permeability tests, through-thickness permeability tests and fabric compaction tests; documenting and reporting the experimental work; - evaluating and compiling data acquired by other participants; - contributing to preparation of manuscripts and presentations. - involvement in joint activities allows the University of Nottingham to maintain a leading position in the worldwide composites research community. Other institutions had to find their own funding to participate in these activities. The studies were supported by Hexcel and Saertex, who provided reinforcement fabrics for the test series free of charge.
Impact Journal Paper: 1. May, D., Aktas, A., Advani, S.G., Endruweit, A., Fauster, E., Lomov, S.V., Long, A., Mitschang, P., Abaimov, S., Abliz, D., Akhatov, I., Allen, T.D., Berg, D.C., Bickerton, S., Bodaghi, M., Caglar, B., Caglar, H., Correia, N., Danzi, M., Dittmann, J., Ermanni, P., George, A., Grishaev, V., Kabachi, M.A., Kind, K., Lagardère, M.D., Laspalas, M., Liotier, P.J., Park, C.H., Pipes, R.B., Pucci, M., Raynal, J., Rodriguez, E.S., Schledjewski, R., Schubnel, R., Sharp, N., Sims, G., Sozer, E.M., Umer, R., Willenbacher, B., Yong, A., Zaremba, S., Ziegmann, G. In-Plane Permeability Characterization of Engineering Textiles Based On Radial Flow Experiments: A Benchmark Exercise. Composites Part A - Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2019; 121: 100-114.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Round Robin study to evaluate fabric permeability testing methods 
Organisation National Physical Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Round Robin study to evaluate fabric permeability testing methods'. Platform funding allowed the University of Nottingham to participate in international activities on benchmarking of experimental techniques for characterisation of reinforcement processing properties. Since permeability characterisation is a prerequisite for design and optimisation of Liquid Composite Moulding processes, demand from the composites industry is high. The University of Nottingham has been providing experimental permeability characterisation as a service to the UK industry for more than 10 years. However, there is a lack of standardisation for measurement of the reinforcement permeability. Permeability data obtained using different methods are not necessarily consistent, which affects the usefulness of the data. Following discussions within the composites community, involving the National Composites Centre, the need for joint activities in the field of permeability characterisation was identified. Building on previous worldwide activities on benchmarking of permeability measurement (with participation of the University of Nottingham), two programs were launched: Measurement of in-plane permeability, focusing on the radial flow technique; led by Institut für Verbundwerkstoffe, Germany; 22 participating institutions worldwide. Measurement of through-thickness permeability and compressibility; led by National Physical Laboratory, UK; 30 participating institutions worldwide. The aim of these activities is to further improve understanding of experimental issues and work towards standardisation of characterisation methods.
Collaborator Contribution Both programs were completed in 2018. A full report on program A was published in 2019. A report on program B will be published in 2020. Prof Andy Long and Dr Andreas Endruweit, University of Nottingham acted as members of the steering committee for both programs. Platform funding paid for one Research Fellow (Dr Andreas Endruweit), University of Nottingham to work part-time on helping the program leaders with formulation of guidelines for experimental procedures, which were then distributed to all participants; - carrying out series of radial in-plane permeability tests, through-thickness permeability tests and fabric compaction tests; documenting and reporting the experimental work; - evaluating and compiling data acquired by other participants; - contributing to preparation of manuscripts and presentations. - involvement in joint activities allows the University of Nottingham to maintain a leading position in the worldwide composites research community. Other institutions had to find their own funding to participate in these activities. The studies were supported by Hexcel and Saertex, who provided reinforcement fabrics for the test series free of charge.
Impact Journal Paper: 1. May, D., Aktas, A., Advani, S.G., Endruweit, A., Fauster, E., Lomov, S.V., Long, A., Mitschang, P., Abaimov, S., Abliz, D., Akhatov, I., Allen, T.D., Berg, D.C., Bickerton, S., Bodaghi, M., Caglar, B., Caglar, H., Correia, N., Danzi, M., Dittmann, J., Ermanni, P., George, A., Grishaev, V., Kabachi, M.A., Kind, K., Lagardère, M.D., Laspalas, M., Liotier, P.J., Park, C.H., Pipes, R.B., Pucci, M., Raynal, J., Rodriguez, E.S., Schledjewski, R., Schubnel, R., Sharp, N., Sims, G., Sozer, E.M., Umer, R., Willenbacher, B., Yong, A., Zaremba, S., Ziegmann, G. In-Plane Permeability Characterization of Engineering Textiles Based On Radial Flow Experiments: A Benchmark Exercise. Composites Part A - Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2019; 121: 100-114.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Round Robin study to evaluate fabric permeability testing methods 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Nottingham, in 'Round Robin study to evaluate fabric permeability testing methods'. Platform funding allowed the University of Nottingham to participate in international activities on benchmarking of experimental techniques for characterisation of reinforcement processing properties. Since permeability characterisation is a prerequisite for design and optimisation of Liquid Composite Moulding processes, demand from the composites industry is high. The University of Nottingham has been providing experimental permeability characterisation as a service to the UK industry for more than 10 years. However, there is a lack of standardisation for measurement of the reinforcement permeability. Permeability data obtained using different methods are not necessarily consistent, which affects the usefulness of the data. Following discussions within the composites community, involving the National Composites Centre, the need for joint activities in the field of permeability characterisation was identified. Building on previous worldwide activities on benchmarking of permeability measurement (with participation of the University of Nottingham), two programs were launched: Measurement of in-plane permeability, focusing on the radial flow technique; led by Institut für Verbundwerkstoffe, Germany; 22 participating institutions worldwide. Measurement of through-thickness permeability and compressibility; led by National Physical Laboratory, UK; 30 participating institutions worldwide. The aim of these activities is to further improve understanding of experimental issues and work towards standardisation of characterisation methods.
Collaborator Contribution Both programs were completed in 2018. A full report on program A was published in 2019. A report on program B will be published in 2020. Prof Andy Long and Dr Andreas Endruweit, University of Nottingham acted as members of the steering committee for both programs. Platform funding paid for one Research Fellow (Dr Andreas Endruweit), University of Nottingham to work part-time on helping the program leaders with formulation of guidelines for experimental procedures, which were then distributed to all participants; - carrying out series of radial in-plane permeability tests, through-thickness permeability tests and fabric compaction tests; documenting and reporting the experimental work; - evaluating and compiling data acquired by other participants; - contributing to preparation of manuscripts and presentations. - involvement in joint activities allows the University of Nottingham to maintain a leading position in the worldwide composites research community. Other institutions had to find their own funding to participate in these activities. The studies were supported by Hexcel and Saertex, who provided reinforcement fabrics for the test series free of charge.
Impact Journal Paper: 1. May, D., Aktas, A., Advani, S.G., Endruweit, A., Fauster, E., Lomov, S.V., Long, A., Mitschang, P., Abaimov, S., Abliz, D., Akhatov, I., Allen, T.D., Berg, D.C., Bickerton, S., Bodaghi, M., Caglar, B., Caglar, H., Correia, N., Danzi, M., Dittmann, J., Ermanni, P., George, A., Grishaev, V., Kabachi, M.A., Kind, K., Lagardère, M.D., Laspalas, M., Liotier, P.J., Park, C.H., Pipes, R.B., Pucci, M., Raynal, J., Rodriguez, E.S., Schledjewski, R., Schubnel, R., Sharp, N., Sims, G., Sozer, E.M., Umer, R., Willenbacher, B., Yong, A., Zaremba, S., Ziegmann, G. In-Plane Permeability Characterization of Engineering Textiles Based On Radial Flow Experiments: A Benchmark Exercise. Composites Part A - Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2019; 121: 100-114.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Simulation of forming 3D curved sandwich panel 
Organisation Gordon Murray Design Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project 'Simulation of forming 3D curved sandwich panel'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research themes 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies' and 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. The process aims to form a 3D curved panel with varying thickness from a 2D sandwich format based on a matched tool forming set, offering an affordable high volume technology for carbon fibre chassis and other demanding structural applications. Gordon Murray Design contributed supervision time, materials and provided access to their laboratory for moulding trials. Their financial contribution to the project was £9000
Impact 1.Chen S, McGregor O P L, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels [J]. International Journal of Material Forming, 2019: 1-14. 2. Yu F, Chen S, Viisainen J V, Sutcliffe M P F, Harper L T, Warrior N A. A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics. Composites Science and Technology. (accepted nut not yet online) Conference Papers 1.Chen S, McGregor O PL, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element forming simulation of complex composite sandwich panels [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019. 2.Yu F, Chen S, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element modelling of bi-axial fabric with considering bending stiffness for composites preforming [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Simulation of forming 3D curved sandwich panel 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to the University of Nottingham for the six-month funded project 'Simulation of forming 3D curved sandwich panel'.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research themes 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies' and 'Design for manufacture via validated simulation'. The process aims to form a 3D curved panel with varying thickness from a 2D sandwich format based on a matched tool forming set, offering an affordable high volume technology for carbon fibre chassis and other demanding structural applications. Gordon Murray Design contributed supervision time, materials and provided access to their laboratory for moulding trials. Their financial contribution to the project was £9000
Impact 1.Chen S, McGregor O P L, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Simulation of the forming process for curved composite sandwich panels [J]. International Journal of Material Forming, 2019: 1-14. 2. Yu F, Chen S, Viisainen J V, Sutcliffe M P F, Harper L T, Warrior N A. A macroscale finite element approach for simulating the bending behaviour of biaxial fabrics. Composites Science and Technology. (accepted nut not yet online) Conference Papers 1.Chen S, McGregor O PL, Endruweit A, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element forming simulation of complex composite sandwich panels [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019. 2.Yu F, Chen S, Harper L T, Warrior N A. Finite element modelling of bi-axial fabric with considering bending stiffness for composites preforming [C], in 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture 
Organisation Bristol Robotics Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Bristol, in 'Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture'. Contributions: 1.Demonstrated the use of tactile sensing to find defects in composite layups. 2. Combined tactile sensing with application of significant force. 3. Demonstrated tactile sensing combined with composite layup. 4. Real time defect detection in composite layup.. 5. The automated categorisation of composite defects using tactile sensing.
Collaborator Contribution The Bristol Robot Laboratory provided the Hardware for the Sensor, the underlying image analysis software and technical expertise. For WP1 the trials were all conducted at the BRL using preprepared Composite samples provided by Mike Elkington. For WP2 the end effector development was conducted by the Masters student and Technicians at the BRL, supervised by Mike Elkington and Nathan Lepora. For WP3 all the Testing and Programming was completed at the University of Bristol, with technical support from The BRL team The project has generated interested from the NCC via the Hub industrial advisory board meeting, which has no progressed in a Project as part of the NCC core research program. Representatives from Rolls Royce Metrology came to the university for a demo, following an internal NCC presentation.
Impact 1. The TacTip technology has recently (Feb 2020) been adopted as part of an NCC core project as a method for finding defects in an Automated Fibre Placment layup. 2. Representatives from Rolls Royce Metrology has visited the university to asses the technology for in process inspection 3. Conference presentation: Elkington M., Almas E., Ward-Cherrier B., Pestell N., Ward C., Lepora N., Layup end effectors with tactile sensing capabilities, Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Automated composite Manufacturing, Concordia University, Montreal April 25th-26th 2019. 4. Paper accepted for publication M. Elkington, E. Almas, B. Ward-Cherrier, N. Pestell, J. Lloyd, C. Ward, N. Lepora, Real time defect detection during composite layup via Tactile Shape Sensing, Journal of Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, 2020.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Bristol, in 'Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture'. Contributions: 1.Demonstrated the use of tactile sensing to find defects in composite layups. 2. Combined tactile sensing with application of significant force. 3. Demonstrated tactile sensing combined with composite layup. 4. Real time defect detection in composite layup.. 5. The automated categorisation of composite defects using tactile sensing.
Collaborator Contribution The Bristol Robot Laboratory provided the Hardware for the Sensor, the underlying image analysis software and technical expertise. For WP1 the trials were all conducted at the BRL using preprepared Composite samples provided by Mike Elkington. For WP2 the end effector development was conducted by the Masters student and Technicians at the BRL, supervised by Mike Elkington and Nathan Lepora. For WP3 all the Testing and Programming was completed at the University of Bristol, with technical support from The BRL team The project has generated interested from the NCC via the Hub industrial advisory board meeting, which has no progressed in a Project as part of the NCC core research program. Representatives from Rolls Royce Metrology came to the university for a demo, following an internal NCC presentation.
Impact 1. The TacTip technology has recently (Feb 2020) been adopted as part of an NCC core project as a method for finding defects in an Automated Fibre Placment layup. 2. Representatives from Rolls Royce Metrology has visited the university to asses the technology for in process inspection 3. Conference presentation: Elkington M., Almas E., Ward-Cherrier B., Pestell N., Ward C., Lepora N., Layup end effectors with tactile sensing capabilities, Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Automated composite Manufacturing, Concordia University, Montreal April 25th-26th 2019. 4. Paper accepted for publication M. Elkington, E. Almas, B. Ward-Cherrier, N. Pestell, J. Lloyd, C. Ward, N. Lepora, Real time defect detection during composite layup via Tactile Shape Sensing, Journal of Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, 2020.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub funded a Platform Fellow at The University of Bristol, in 'Tactile sensing of defects during composite manufacture'. Contributions: 1.Demonstrated the use of tactile sensing to find defects in composite layups. 2. Combined tactile sensing with application of significant force. 3. Demonstrated tactile sensing combined with composite layup. 4. Real time defect detection in composite layup.. 5. The automated categorisation of composite defects using tactile sensing.
Collaborator Contribution The Bristol Robot Laboratory provided the Hardware for the Sensor, the underlying image analysis software and technical expertise. For WP1 the trials were all conducted at the BRL using preprepared Composite samples provided by Mike Elkington. For WP2 the end effector development was conducted by the Masters student and Technicians at the BRL, supervised by Mike Elkington and Nathan Lepora. For WP3 all the Testing and Programming was completed at the University of Bristol, with technical support from The BRL team The project has generated interested from the NCC via the Hub industrial advisory board meeting, which has no progressed in a Project as part of the NCC core research program. Representatives from Rolls Royce Metrology came to the university for a demo, following an internal NCC presentation.
Impact 1. The TacTip technology has recently (Feb 2020) been adopted as part of an NCC core project as a method for finding defects in an Automated Fibre Placment layup. 2. Representatives from Rolls Royce Metrology has visited the university to asses the technology for in process inspection 3. Conference presentation: Elkington M., Almas E., Ward-Cherrier B., Pestell N., Ward C., Lepora N., Layup end effectors with tactile sensing capabilities, Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Automated composite Manufacturing, Concordia University, Montreal April 25th-26th 2019. 4. Paper accepted for publication M. Elkington, E. Almas, B. Ward-Cherrier, N. Pestell, J. Lloyd, C. Ward, N. Lepora, Real time defect detection during composite layup via Tactile Shape Sensing, Journal of Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, 2020.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation Airbus Group
Department Airbus Operations
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation Composites Integration
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation Coriolis Composites
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation ESI Group
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation GKN
Department GKN Aerospace
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation Hexcel Composites Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation Rolls Royce Group Plc
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP) 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Warwick Manufacturing Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £811,585 core project grant to the University of Nottingham and the University of Bristol for the three-year funded project 'Technologies framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement (ADFP)'. Contributions made to date: 1.For dry fibre formats continuous Joule heating is a low cost, highly controllable alternative heating approach for high rate deposition allowing simple implementation and integration with control hardware. It has been shown to achieve heating rates of over 1000°C/s 2.The developed HDF5-based file format offers a platform for containing design, manufacturing and process data simultaneously in one location. The resulting Digital Twin provides information to the machine control and offers an abundance of data for further machine learning and designing for manufacture in the future. 3.Real-time machine control strategies have been implemented to control roller compaction force, nip point temperature and axis motion. This is currently not achievable on commercial systems. Machine downtime has the largest impact on reducing production rates. Real-time control is required to improve machine robustness and defect prevention 4.Real-time virtual machine simulations offer a means of digital manufacturing, enabling complete axis velocity and positional information to be obtained for a detailed virtual model of the deposition hardware. This can be used to check the manufacturability of a part and to be compared to multi-physics simulations to determine high-risk regions and predefine machine/process parameters ahead of manufacturing. This is a significant enhancement over existing machine simulations (e.g. Dassault Delmia) as real manufacturing data can be readily visualised on the same platform 5.An rapid approach to simulate the infusion behaviour is still under development but is highly integrated with the developed machine control / data exchange philosophy. If ongoing validation work proves successful this approach will be much quicker than existing CFD based simulations whilst also capturing a greater level of detail about the gap features that influence preform behaviour so strongly.
Collaborator Contribution The project contributes to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The overall aims of the project are to understand the rate and quality limiting effects in the ADFP process and develop models to increase understanding of the critical factors. ESI have contributed £60K worth of software licenses and some other in-kind support through project meetings on the infusion work. NCC have provided preforms for the work on infusion characteristics and some other support for the project (including some meetings). The hoped-for supply of low-TRL research challenges from NCC has not materialised. Coriolis and Hexcel (Leicester) have been consulted on direction of the project and current industry trends which has helped steer the aims and reduce overlap with other ongoing work.
Impact Conference Papers: 1. Anthony D. Evans, Thomas A. Turner and Andreas Endruweit, Development of Automated Dry Fibre Placement for High Rate Deposition, 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22 2019), Melbourne, Austrailia, 2019. 2. Xiaochuan Sun*, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen Hallet, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), Cottbus, Germany, 2020. 3. Shimin Lu, Anthony D. Evans, Andreas Endruweit and Thomas A. Turner, Model based control of automated dry fibre deposition, 12th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2020), Edinburgh, UK, 2020. 4. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Hub Annual Open Day 2019, Nottingham, UK, 2019. 5. Anthony D. Evans, Technologies Framework for Automated Dry Fibre Placement, Advanced Engineering Showcase 2019 - Composites Forum Presentation, Birmingham, UK, 2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield University for the six-month project 'Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture'. Contributions: 1.New joining concept for thermoplastic matrix composite laminates conceived 2.Novel joining concept demonstrated using PA6 matrix braided CFC tubing 3.Forming technique demonstrated using compression moulding and punched metallic plates for embedding metallic plates into thermoplastic matrix composite laminates 4.Concept for robotic joining of metallic joints to thermoplastic matric composite frame sections using induction heating and squeeze forming
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. The project aimed to establish the feasibility and potential affordability of the conceptual process in terms of frame section and joining piece manufacture and frame and joint attachment technique, and to propose framework designs based on the proposed approach for structural applications. Materials supply - from Tencate, Netherlands £5000 Guidance provided through meeting and materials - Braided carbon PA6 tubing manufacture by Dresden University - £4500 Discussions with Expert - 3 engineer days - £1800 Discussions with AMRC - 4 engineer days - £2400
Impact The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. the project results are being utilised with the CIMComp project team involvement in a BAE systems led Innovate UK project. HITEA for fighter aircraft primary structure joints. The result of a successful partnership on the project is evidenced; By the research fellow on the project joining one of the project's industrial partners (Bighead) to develop new fastener types and application techniques initially investigated during the project. Envisaged market sectors for these are worldwide automotive bodies, lorry structures and wind turbine generators. Conference Paper: Conference ISCM Emmelord Netherlands Nov 2018 Affordable Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Framework Structures Manufacture
Start Year 2017
 
Description Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture 
Organisation Expert Tooling & Automation Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield University for the six-month project 'Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture'. Contributions: 1.New joining concept for thermoplastic matrix composite laminates conceived 2.Novel joining concept demonstrated using PA6 matrix braided CFC tubing 3.Forming technique demonstrated using compression moulding and punched metallic plates for embedding metallic plates into thermoplastic matrix composite laminates 4.Concept for robotic joining of metallic joints to thermoplastic matric composite frame sections using induction heating and squeeze forming
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. The project aimed to establish the feasibility and potential affordability of the conceptual process in terms of frame section and joining piece manufacture and frame and joint attachment technique, and to propose framework designs based on the proposed approach for structural applications. Materials supply - from Tencate, Netherlands £5000 Guidance provided through meeting and materials - Braided carbon PA6 tubing manufacture by Dresden University - £4500 Discussions with Expert - 3 engineer days - £1800 Discussions with AMRC - 4 engineer days - £2400
Impact The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. the project results are being utilised with the CIMComp project team involvement in a BAE systems led Innovate UK project. HITEA for fighter aircraft primary structure joints. The result of a successful partnership on the project is evidenced; By the research fellow on the project joining one of the project's industrial partners (Bighead) to develop new fastener types and application techniques initially investigated during the project. Envisaged market sectors for these are worldwide automotive bodies, lorry structures and wind turbine generators. Conference Paper: Conference ISCM Emmelord Netherlands Nov 2018 Affordable Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Framework Structures Manufacture
Start Year 2017
 
Description Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture 
Organisation Technical University of Dresden
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield University for the six-month project 'Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture'. Contributions: 1.New joining concept for thermoplastic matrix composite laminates conceived 2.Novel joining concept demonstrated using PA6 matrix braided CFC tubing 3.Forming technique demonstrated using compression moulding and punched metallic plates for embedding metallic plates into thermoplastic matrix composite laminates 4.Concept for robotic joining of metallic joints to thermoplastic matric composite frame sections using induction heating and squeeze forming
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. The project aimed to establish the feasibility and potential affordability of the conceptual process in terms of frame section and joining piece manufacture and frame and joint attachment technique, and to propose framework designs based on the proposed approach for structural applications. Materials supply - from Tencate, Netherlands £5000 Guidance provided through meeting and materials - Braided carbon PA6 tubing manufacture by Dresden University - £4500 Discussions with Expert - 3 engineer days - £1800 Discussions with AMRC - 4 engineer days - £2400
Impact The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. the project results are being utilised with the CIMComp project team involvement in a BAE systems led Innovate UK project. HITEA for fighter aircraft primary structure joints. The result of a successful partnership on the project is evidenced; By the research fellow on the project joining one of the project's industrial partners (Bighead) to develop new fastener types and application techniques initially investigated during the project. Envisaged market sectors for these are worldwide automotive bodies, lorry structures and wind turbine generators. Conference Paper: Conference ISCM Emmelord Netherlands Nov 2018 Affordable Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Framework Structures Manufacture
Start Year 2017
 
Description Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture 
Organisation Tencate
Country Netherlands 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to Cranfield University for the six-month project 'Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Joint Framework Structure Manufacture'. Contributions: 1.New joining concept for thermoplastic matrix composite laminates conceived 2.Novel joining concept demonstrated using PA6 matrix braided CFC tubing 3.Forming technique demonstrated using compression moulding and punched metallic plates for embedding metallic plates into thermoplastic matrix composite laminates 4.Concept for robotic joining of metallic joints to thermoplastic matric composite frame sections using induction heating and squeeze forming
Collaborator Contribution The project contributed to the Hub priority research theme 'High rate deposition and rapid processing technologies'. The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. The project aimed to establish the feasibility and potential affordability of the conceptual process in terms of frame section and joining piece manufacture and frame and joint attachment technique, and to propose framework designs based on the proposed approach for structural applications. Materials supply - from Tencate, Netherlands £5000 Guidance provided through meeting and materials - Braided carbon PA6 tubing manufacture by Dresden University - £4500 Discussions with Expert - 3 engineer days - £1800 Discussions with AMRC - 4 engineer days - £2400
Impact The project investigated novel design and manufacturing techniques, which show the potential for manufacturing lightweight structural frameworks at high manufacturing rate using carbon fibre reinforced polyamide matrix laminate or tubing and metallic joints. Novel joining techniques have been developed to provide connection by interlocking so as to eliminate mechanical fasteners and adhesive bonding. the project results are being utilised with the CIMComp project team involvement in a BAE systems led Innovate UK project. HITEA for fighter aircraft primary structure joints. The result of a successful partnership on the project is evidenced; By the research fellow on the project joining one of the project's industrial partners (Bighead) to develop new fastener types and application techniques initially investigated during the project. Envisaged market sectors for these are worldwide automotive bodies, lorry structures and wind turbine generators. Conference Paper: Conference ISCM Emmelord Netherlands Nov 2018 Affordable Thermoplastic Matrix CFC / Metallic Framework Structures Manufacture
Start Year 2017
 
Description Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites 
Organisation Airbus Group
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Bristol for the six-month project 'Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites' 1. Development of a numerical framework for un-forming of an ideal 3D part design 2. Proof of concept of the feasibility of the forming of steered preforms for fast deposition and waste reduction in composite part manufacturing. 3. Development of double-diaphragm forming of steered preform onto complex shape mould
Collaborator Contribution The project was managed according to the usual model followed at Bristol where the project findings are shared with the industrial partners through quarterly review meeting (held in April and September 2019). Industrial partners were given the opportunity to steer the project direction at these meetings. However, the relationship with the industrial partners did not have much time to evolve during the time of a short feasibility study.
Impact 1. The activities from this feasibility study will be matured in the core ADFP replacement project. Journal Paper: 2. Xiaochuan Sun, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen R. Hallett, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Conference Paper: 3. Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), 4th - 6th May, 2020, Cottbus, Germany.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites 
Organisation BAE Systems
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Bristol for the six-month project 'Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites' 1. Development of a numerical framework for un-forming of an ideal 3D part design 2. Proof of concept of the feasibility of the forming of steered preforms for fast deposition and waste reduction in composite part manufacturing. 3. Development of double-diaphragm forming of steered preform onto complex shape mould
Collaborator Contribution The project was managed according to the usual model followed at Bristol where the project findings are shared with the industrial partners through quarterly review meeting (held in April and September 2019). Industrial partners were given the opportunity to steer the project direction at these meetings. However, the relationship with the industrial partners did not have much time to evolve during the time of a short feasibility study.
Impact 1. The activities from this feasibility study will be matured in the core ADFP replacement project. Journal Paper: 2. Xiaochuan Sun, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen R. Hallett, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Conference Paper: 3. Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), 4th - 6th May, 2020, Cottbus, Germany.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Bristol for the six-month project 'Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites' 1. Development of a numerical framework for un-forming of an ideal 3D part design 2. Proof of concept of the feasibility of the forming of steered preforms for fast deposition and waste reduction in composite part manufacturing. 3. Development of double-diaphragm forming of steered preform onto complex shape mould
Collaborator Contribution The project was managed according to the usual model followed at Bristol where the project findings are shared with the industrial partners through quarterly review meeting (held in April and September 2019). Industrial partners were given the opportunity to steer the project direction at these meetings. However, the relationship with the industrial partners did not have much time to evolve during the time of a short feasibility study.
Impact 1. The activities from this feasibility study will be matured in the core ADFP replacement project. Journal Paper: 2. Xiaochuan Sun, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen R. Hallett, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Conference Paper: 3. Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), 4th - 6th May, 2020, Cottbus, Germany.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites 
Organisation Rolls Royce Group Plc
Department Rolls Royce Submarines
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Bristol for the six-month project 'Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites' 1. Development of a numerical framework for un-forming of an ideal 3D part design 2. Proof of concept of the feasibility of the forming of steered preforms for fast deposition and waste reduction in composite part manufacturing. 3. Development of double-diaphragm forming of steered preform onto complex shape mould
Collaborator Contribution The project was managed according to the usual model followed at Bristol where the project findings are shared with the industrial partners through quarterly review meeting (held in April and September 2019). Industrial partners were given the opportunity to steer the project direction at these meetings. However, the relationship with the industrial partners did not have much time to evolve during the time of a short feasibility study.
Impact 1. The activities from this feasibility study will be matured in the core ADFP replacement project. Journal Paper: 2. Xiaochuan Sun, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen R. Hallett, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Conference Paper: 3. Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), 4th - 6th May, 2020, Cottbus, Germany.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Hub awarded a £50,000 feasibility study grant to The University of Bristol for the six-month project 'Virtual un-manufacturing of fibre-steered preforms for complex geometry composites' 1. Development of a numerical framework for un-forming of an ideal 3D part design 2. Proof of concept of the feasibility of the forming of steered preforms for fast deposition and waste reduction in composite part manufacturing. 3. Development of double-diaphragm forming of steered preform onto complex shape mould
Collaborator Contribution The project was managed according to the usual model followed at Bristol where the project findings are shared with the industrial partners through quarterly review meeting (held in April and September 2019). Industrial partners were given the opportunity to steer the project direction at these meetings. However, the relationship with the industrial partners did not have much time to evolve during the time of a short feasibility study.
Impact 1. The activities from this feasibility study will be matured in the core ADFP replacement project. Journal Paper: 2. Xiaochuan Sun, Jonathan Belnoue, Byung Chul Kim, Wei-Ting Wang and Stephen R. Hallett, Virtual Un-manufacturing of Fibre-steered Preforms for Complex Conference Paper: 3. Geometry Composites, 23rd International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM 2020), 4th - 6th May, 2020, Cottbus, Germany.
Start Year 2019
 
Title Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric 
Description Potluri, P., Jetavat, D., Sharma S. (2017) Method and apparatus for weaving a three-dimensional fabric, US Patent 9,598,798. 
IP Reference US9598798 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2017
Licensed No
Impact Knowledge.
 
Company Name ICOMAT LIMITED 
Description A revolutionary and world-first composites manufacturing process that places carbon fibres tapes along curved paths without causing defects 
Year Established 2019 
Impact iCOMAT has created, through patented technology, two prototypes using continuous tow steering (CTS) heads and manufactured a range of components. With weight reductions of up to 30 per cent compared to traditional straight fibre composites, cost and productivity on the curved fibre components have been improved as less raw materials have been used.
Website http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2018/november/nec-awards.html
 
Description 11th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact It was with great honour that the EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Research Hub hosted the 11th International Conference on Manufacturing of Advanced Composites (ICMAC11) on 11th-12th July 2018. The conference was organised on behalf of the British Composites Society (a division of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining) and was held in the brand new Advanced Manufacturing Building at the University of Nottingham. ICMAC11 brought together composite manufacturing scientists, engineers and end users from academia and industry to hear about the latest developments from pioneers and emerging leaders in the composites field. The extensive programme was attended by over 120 delegates and featured 40 oral presentations across two parallel sessions, with a further 12 papers presented in a dedicated poster session. There was a truly international feel to the conference, with delegates travelling from as far as New Zealand, Japan and USA to present papers. Stimulating keynote presentations were delivered at the beginning of each day, inspiring and captivating attendees. The first was from Prof Remko Akkerman, University of Twente, who shared new thermoplastic processing developments at TPRC in the Netherlands. The second was from Prof Simon Bickerton, University of Auckland, who presented his work on preform quality assessment conducted during his 3 years at BMW, Munich. A full programme followed, with sessions focusing on areas such as Advanced Fibre Placement, Sensing and Inspection and Emerging Processes. Interactive workshops were held in the afternoon sessions, including training on TexGen, the University of Nottingham's Textile modelling software led by Dr Louise Brown, and a round-robin discussion on resin shrinkage measurement led by Dr Nicholas Boyard (Nantes). Networking opportunities were abundant and were formally recognised as a key motivating factor for conference attendance from the feedback received. The conference included an evening dinner reception at the Nottingham Council House, one of the region's most iconic buildings - which offered an opportunity for further networking, surpassed by the opportunity to watch England lose their World Cup Semi-final match against Croatia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 18 European Conference on Composite Materials- 25th June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Multifunctional project were invited to present a conference paper at the ECCM conference paper from multifuncitonal project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 2nd International Symposium on Multiscale Experimental Mechanics (ISMEM 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T conducted a key note presentation on "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description AMPERE Report publication invitation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Mihalis Kazilas, Feasibility project 'Microwave Heating through embedded slotted coaxial cables for composites manufacturing' were invited to write a small report on the project results and future prospects for the AMPERE (Association for Microwave Power in Europe for Research and Education)
newsletter http://www.twi-innovation-network.com/news-events/bcc-successfully-delivers-its-first-epsrc-funded-project/#.XEshRnYw50Q.linkedin
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.twi-innovation-network.com/news-events/bcc-successfully-delivers-its-first-epsrc-funded-p...
 
Description Advanced Engineering Show 2017 and 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Leadership Team attended the Advanced Engineering Show 1st-2nd November at the NEC, Birmingham (UK). Advanced Engineering is the UK's largest meeting place for advanced engineers, and the flagship exhibition for the Hub. The event attracted over 16,000 visitors across two days, and the Hub exhibited alongside some of the industry's biggest names. The Hub hosted a drinks reception on the afternoon for partners across the supply chain, from a range of composite engineering specialisms including automation, design and test engineering, process control, and machining. The Hub also hosted an Open Forum event where Hub investigators presented their current research, outputs, and future direction to attendees. Dr Rob Backhouse, Engineering Specialist and Global Process Owner (Polymer Composites), at Rolls Royce Plc gave an industry viewpoint on the Future Composites Manufacturing Research Hub. New for 2017, the 3D backlit stand provided a talking point to attract visitors, who could view exhibits and samples, pick up a Hub brochure, watch video presentations, and network with the Hub team.
The Hub's Management Group and a selection of researchers attended the Advanced Engineering Show 2018, held on 31st October - 1st November at the NEC, Birmingham. This event is the UK's largest annual engineering and manufacturing event that connects OEMS, Tier 1 manufacturers and supply chain partners. It is also the primary networking and showcasing opportunity for CIMComp to engage with the industrial community within the UK.
With an attendance of 15,000 visitors over the two days, the Hub was pleased to exhibit the most recent developments during the one-hour open forum session, where project leads, researchers and postgraduates delivered their research to a full auditorium. The Hub was delighted to welcome Guy Atkins, Managing Director of Jo Bird & Co Ltd, who discussed their collaboration with the University of Bristol's Industrial Doctorate Centre (IDC). Jo Bird and Co currently sponsor Laxman Sivanathan, an EngD student who has been instrumental in helping them to win their second Queen's Award for Enterprise in 5 years.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://cimcomp.ac.uk/hub-news/advanced-engineering-show-2018-hub-to-showcase-outputs-and-future-vis...
 
Description CAMX 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In October 2018, the Hub Director, Prof Nick Warrior, was invited to participate in an international expert mission to the USA to understand and benchmark the US composites materials landscape, as part of the NCMC addition to the NCC and UK High Value Manufacturing Catapult. Nick represented the UK academic community alongside UK industry experts, members of the HVMC, Innovate UK and BEIS. The group spent two days in Dallas at the CAMX exhibition before travelling to the Oakridge National Laboratory and the Institute for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation (IACMI ). The trip was an excellent way to get an overview of the composite materials capabilities in the US in a short space of time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Composites UK Conference - May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Thomas Turner was asked to be a keynote Composite Leadership Forum Skills event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Research Hub Open Day September 12th 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Hub hosted their second annual Open day event in September 2019, it created the opportunity to showcase the achievements to both academia and industry. The event was well received by an attendance of over 130 delegates both industry, academics and public. Dr Nuno Lorenzo from Jaguar Land Rover was the invited key spokesperson at the event.
The PhD students presented 2 minute pitches on their current research to the audience, coupled with a poster presentation which was later judged by the audience in a competition for the best poster and prizes were awarded.
The Hub ran a composites 'Design and Make' competition in joint collaboration with SAMPE UK (YES) for all Young Enterprise Students to build the tallest tower from composite materials that was capable of holding a 1kg mass at it's top and the tower itself could only be 250g in weight. It was positive to see such innovative ideas in action from all 20 participants and created the opportunity for student engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Research Hub Synergy Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A series of synergy workshops have been hosted by the Hub (13th November 2019 and 18th February 2020) to develop and summarise interactions between Hub projects.
The aims of the workshop were to:
1. Improve researchers understanding of their role within the Hub
2. Strengthen project synergy between existing/previous Hub projects
3. Encourage Project leads and Hub members to identify new opportunities for collaboration
The workshops created interest as the attendance level was high and feedback received via an online survey proved that the workshop was useful in terms of networking, finding out more details about Hub projects and discovering possible future links between Hub projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://cimcomp.ac.uk/research-landscape/
 
Description FPCM14 - June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Mikhail Matveev was asked to conduct a presentation at FPCM14 - June 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Farnborough Air show 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In conjunction with colleagues at the University of Nottingham's Centre for Aerospace Manufacturing and Institute for Aerospace Technology, CIMComp was 1 of 1500 exhibitors that were invited to showcase at the Farnborough International Airshow 2018. With over 70,000 trade and public visitors over 7 days, Farnborough is the most significant aerospace event in the world, with impressive flight demonstrations and exhibits from Tier 1 suppliers and OEMs, as well as live STEM related activities, it provides an excellent opportunity to promote CIMComp and the work of our member institutions and partners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description FrontUQ18 and Italian InterPore Chapter meeting (Pavia, Italy, 5-7 September 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Marco Iglesias gave a talk as an invited speaker at FrontUQ18 and Italian InterPore Chapter meeting (Pavia, Italy, 5-7 September 2018)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Great Composites challenge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact An event, which included elements of lab training and solving composite manufacturing challenges, was organised for Hub researchers at the University of Nottingham in July 2018. Over 30 people took part in a resin infusion challenge, dubbed the 'Great Composites Bake Off', in which researchers had to work in teams to layup and infuse a complex composite component within two hours. The panel with the least visible defects was selected by members of the Researcher Network and the winning team (including researchers from Bristol, Cranfield and Nottingham) was awarded a prize. The event received very positive feedback from all participants and more competitions of this kind will follow in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Hub Announces Funding for 2 New Core Projects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A press release was launched to announce the recent success of the Hub funding 2 new Core Projects in 2020. This channel allows the Hub to reach out to further audiences to keep people informed of the Hub developments, news and events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://compositesuk.co.uk/communication/news/epsrc-future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-ann...
 
Description Hub International Mission to Northern Ireland June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Hub representatives from the Universities of Nottingham and Bristol visited Northern Ireland to promote the activities of CIMComp and to learn more about the composites manufacturing landscape in the region. Over 2 days, the group visited a mix of industrial and academic institutions, these were: Queens University Belfast, Ulster University, CCP Gransden and NIACE.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Hub Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact In May, the Hub held its launch event in Nottingham to introduce current funded research and explain how the wider composites community can engage with the Hub. Half of the 135 registered delegates at the event represented the aerospace, automotive, defence, energy and rail sectors, from all aspects of the composites supply chain.
Andy Long opened the proceedings on 4th May with an introduction to the Hub, outlining the objectives over the next seven years and how they fit within the broader UK composites strategy. Enrique Garcia, Chief Technology Officer at the National Composites Centre (NCC) and member of the industrial Advisory Board, explained the importance of the Hub from an industrial perspective and talked about the role the NCC will play in pulling through promising technologies, in order to advance them through the Technology Readiness Levels in preparation for industrial adoption. Ivana Partridge discussed recent success stories from the Industrial Doctoral Training Centre in Composites Manufacturing and explained how the IDC will deliver the next generation of skilled composite engineers to support these fundamental developments in composites manufacturing. This event has provided us with the perfect platform to introduce the Hub to new potential stakeholders, in our effort to become the national centre of excellence in fundamental research for composites manufacturing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/may/09/future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-launched/
 
Description Hub Media video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The hub launched its state of the art animated video showcasing its Core projects and Feasibility studies. The aim of the activity is to attract interest and promote the Hub, It was a great opportunity to hold the video launch at the Advanced Engineering event 2018 as was it watched by many of the 15,000 delegates that passed by the Hub stand. Many delegates stopped and held discussions with the hub stand representatives about the content.
The videos's promotion through Twitter also has attracted people to select it and view it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://cimcomp.ac.uk/
 
Description Hub Open Day 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Hub hosted it's first Open Day in July 2018, which was a great opportunity to celebrate the first year and showcase achievements to both academia and industry. The celebrations were well received by an attendance of over 120 delegates from UK and international academic institutions and companies. The Hub was delighted to welcome two keynote speakers to the event: Dr Turlough McMahon from Airbus UK who presented the manufacturing challenges for future composite aerostructures; and Andy Smith from Gordon Murray Design who spoke about sandwich panel composites in volume automotive applications. The event also recognised the work of 35 Hub-affiliated PhD and EngD students as they conducted poster presentations and delivered two minute summaries of their research, conveying that the future really is bright for composites and manufacturing. The posters were judged by attendees and prizes were awarded to the top three during a drinks reception following the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/epsrc-future-composites-manufacturing-research-hubidc-open-day-regist...
 
Description Hub Quarterly Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Hub generated and circulated quarterly Hub Newsletters to the Hub community and further afield to those in academia external to the Hub and industry.
On each occasion, the newsletter reached an audience of 300+. It prompts individuals to keep updated with the Hub's latest developments, showcases and events and potential future collaborations. As a result of the newsletters being circulated, The Hub has observed that some readers have contacted the Hub and expressed an interest in a future Hub funded collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Hub Release 2019 Annual Report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Hub released a formal Annual Report for 2019, detailing all of the Hub related research and developments over the course of 2018 - 2019. Copies were also take to outreach events and offered to the audiences, to aim to bring an awareness into the Composites community about the work that the Hub conduct. Positive feedback has been received on the report by readers and the opportunity of promoting it at outreach events such as Advanced Engineering 2019 has led to contact / interest being received from individuals external to the Hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://cimcomp.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/pdf/CIMComp%20Annual%20Report%202018-2019%20-%20web.pdf
 
Description Hub Researcher Network Event - Composites at Manchester, 25 -26th June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Hub Researcher Network group attend the 4th annual workshop "Composites@ Manchester" conference at the University of Manchester on 25th and 26th June 2019.
Hub Representatives from the University of Nottingham, University of Edinburgh, Manchester University and AMRC attended the 2 day event and feedback has been unanimously positive about the event. The event consisted of presentations, where students showcased their latest research and a poster competition was conducted with prizes awarded.
The event prompted students to network and engage between institutions and discuss their current research projects in further details.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Hub Student Outreach: Participation in STEM Event "88 Pianists" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A Hub (EngD) Research Engineer from the University of Nottingham participated in the National STEM outreach initiative.
The initiative was led by Professor Julian Allwood at the University of Cambridge Department of Engineering, in collaboration with engineering academics from universities across the UK. The project aimed to break the current world record of the number of pianists that can play the piano collectively.
Through a combination of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, students and engineers have worked with the ideas from young children in local schools and communities to design and incorporate creative mechanical fingers, to allow 88 pianists to play the piano at once which proved a success as it broke the world record.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.88pianists.com/
 
Description Hub newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Our quarterly newsletter reaches out to industrial partners and disseminates Hub news and activities. The newsletter currently has over 250 subscribers with over a quarter of readers outside the UK and nearly 20% of those outside Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description JEC World 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact In March 2018, Hexcel Reinforcements exhibited the results of a collaboration with the University of Nottingham at JEC World in Paris. This automotive demonstrator component was the result of a Feasibility Study funded by CIMComp in 2013, which aimed to develop a forming simulation tool for complex 3D preforms manufactured from multiple plies of non-crimp fabric. The simulation tool was used to assist in the development of more drapeable fabrics suitable for use in the low pressure Double Diaphragm Forming process. The demonstrator component and the simulation output was shown to over 40,000 visitors at the JEC event, the largest composites trade show in the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.jeccomposites.com/knowledge/international-composites-agenda/jec-world-2018
 
Description MARINCOMP International Symposium - Novel Composite Materials & Processes for Offshore Renewable Energy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Invited to present at the conference - Dulieu-Barton and Thomsen O.T., "Towards a new paradigm for high-fidelity testing and integrated multi-scale modelling of composite substructures and components".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Media partnership 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Working with the Hub's media partner, NetComposites, the Hub reaches nearly 800 unique users per quarter via press releases disseminated to the wider commercial community. Press releases this year have announced the successful Feasibility Studies, advertised the Hub's involvement at the Advanced Engineering Show and strategic partnership with ICMAC 2018, and publicised our first annual free-to-attend Hub-IDC Open Day. 13.03.18 https://netcomposites.com/news/2018/march/13/future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-publishes-conference-programme/ 06.03.16 https://netcomposites.com/news/2018/march/06/call-for-abstracts-extended-for-icmac-2018/ 28.11.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/november/28/future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-partners-with-icmac-2018/ 21.11.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/november/21/future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-second-call-for-feasibility-studies/ 24.10.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/october/24/advanced-engineering-2017-future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-showcases-outputs-and-future-direction/ 3.10.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/october/03/future-composites-manufacturing-hub-issues-funding-for-six-feasibility-studies/ 26.09.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/september/26/motorcycle-footrest-bracket-created-with-hexcel-carbon-technologies/ 09.05.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/may/09/future-composites-manufacturing-research-hub-launched/ 11.04.17 https://netcomposites.com/news/2017/april/11/programme-for-epsrc-future-composites-manufacturing-hub-launch-event-announced/ 06.12.16 https://netcomposites.com/news/2016/december/06/nottingham-to-lead-new-103m-composite-manufacturing-research-hub/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Multicomp 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Two-day conference involving a mix of academic and industry partners, providing an opportunity for awareness raising of the Hub initiative, dissemination of research, and networking with the intended purpose to generate new industrial and academic partner engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Organisation and chair of the IMechE PostGrad Researcher Conference, Glasgow (6th/ 7th December 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr Daniel Mulvihill organised and chaired the IMechE PostGrad Researcher Conference in Glasgow on the 6th and 7th December 2018.
International awareness-raising of Hub research and initiative
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Outreach to school students 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Michael Elkington at the University of Bristol has led an outreach activity designed to promote engineering and higher education to secondary school students. A full one day program was developed, enabling students to gain hands-on experience with a mini project to design and build a rocket. Alongside the practical work, students were introduced to engineering and pathways to higher education. The event has been running for 3 years with a range of state schools across the Bristol area, involved 11 Hub PhD and EngD students to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
 
Description Researcher Network event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Researchers' Network (RN) aims promote research collaborations by organising regular social and professional events. The RN is steered by a dedicated committee with members from several Hub universities (Bristol, Manchester, Nottingham and Southampton) and is open to organising new exciting events and activities.

Hub researchers visited the Imperial War Museum, Duxford, to see inspiring examples of composite materials used on iconic aircraft such as Concord. The event was organised by the Researchers' Network in February 2019, gathering together almost 30 researchers from Bristol, Cambridge, Cranfield, Manchester, Nottingham and Southampton, including the new cohort of Hub PhD and EngD students. The researchers were shown how the aerospace industry adopted materials such as plywood and hardened fabrics for the WW1 Airco DH.9, filament winding for the Polaris missile in the 1960s, through to extensive use of carbon fibre composites on the Eurofighter Typhoon. The event concluded with dinner, providing an excellent opportunity for the group to network and reflect on their visit to the museum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SAMPE Europe presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Andy Long invited as a keynote speaker to present at SAMPE Europe
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.sampe-europe.org/
 
Description STEM - 88 Pianists 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact An EngD student from Nottingham has been involved in a high profile STEM initiative to fuse engineering and art together, in an attempt to encourage more school pupils to consider a career in engineering. Preetum Mistry has been working on the "88 Pianists" project to try and break the current world record for the greatest number of people to play a single piano. Led by the University of Cambridge, the project is a collaboration involving numerous academic institutions across the UK to design mechanical fingers to enable 88 people to play the piano at once. Preetum has been involved in co-ordinating four half-day outreach sessions to Year 5 and 6 students at local schools, focusing on design, engineering and music. The project involves 2000 pupils from 35 schools throughout the UK, all trying to design and mechanical methods to play the piano from 5 metres away. Preetum was a member of the selection panel and is currently working on building the winning designs into full-size mechanisms. The students will then be taught how to use them to a play a newly commissioned piece of music composed by Martin Riley, conducted by Julian Lloyd Webber. This will be performed at the opening ceremony of the 69th CIRP General Assembly (The International Academy for Production Engineering) on 19th August 2019 in Birmingham, in an attempt to break the world record and mark the celebration of the 500th anniversary of Leonardo Da Vinci. This is a great example of how young engineers in manufacturing can foster creativity within school students and excite them about engineering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description ScienceX 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact University of Manchester - School of Materials in the University of Manchester participated in a science festival (ScienceX on 14/4/2018) at Trafford centre introducing and promoting Textile Composites for advanced engineering applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Composites Centre Research Showcase, Imperial College London, 24th September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Composites Centre Research Showcase, Imperial College London displayed a wide range of oral and poster presentations which provided the opportunity to engage with industrial stakeholders and enhance awareness of the breadth and depth of Composites Research at the Composites Centre.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The UK's largest annual Advanced Manufacturing Engineering Show 2019 Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This event created the opportunity to showcase and network The EPSRC Future Composites Manufacturing Research Hub with other academics and industrial community attending the show. It allowed the Hub to exhibit to over 15,000 delegates and participate in a 1 hour open forum session where project leads, researchers and post graduates delivered their research to a full auditorium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thenec.co.uk/whats-on/advanced-engineering/
 
Description Twitter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We launched out twitter account @EPSRC_CIMComp in August. On the twitter story feed we disseminate news of Hub activity including promotion of event attendance, success stories, and Hub-related vacancies. These tweets are regularly seen by over 7,000 Twitter users, broadening our reach across both expert and general audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://twitter.com/
 
Description Visit to 22nd International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM22) Melbourne, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Future Composites Manufacturing research Hub presented papers, posters and presentations at the international conference (ICCM22) Melbourne, Australia in August 2019. It was an annual conference that composite materials, covers polymer matrix composites, metal matrix composites, ceramic matrix composites, natural fibre composites, fibre metal laminates, fibres and resins and all the other classes of composites. ICCM22 provided a forum for the presentation, exchange and discussion of the latest research into composite materials and their applications and an opportunity for the Hub to showcase their research and network with international communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://iccm22.com/
 
Description Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The Hub website - cimcomp.ac.uk - reaching over 5,500 unique users over the last year. Visitors to the site can find out more about the Hub's vision, team, and research, and get involved by learning about recruitment opportunities, studying with the IDC, or by signing up to our quarterly newsletter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://cimcomp.ac.uk/about/