Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L)

Lead Research Organisation: Cardiff University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

The vision of RM4L is that, by 2022 we will have achieved a transformation in construction materials, using the biomimetic approach first adopted in M4L, to create materials that will adapt to their environment, develop immunity to harmful actions, self-diagnose the on-set of deterioration and self-heal when damaged. This innovative research into smart materials will engender a step-change in the value placed on infrastructure materials and provide a much higher level of confidence and reliability in the performance of our infrastructure systems.

The ambitious programme of inter-related work is divided into four Research Themes (RTs); RT1: Self-healing of cracks at multiple scales, RT2: Self-healing of time-dependent and cyclic loading damage, RT3: Self-diagnosis and immunisation against physical damage, and RT4: Self-diagnosis and healing of chemical damage. These bring together the four complementary technology areas of self-diagnosis (SD); self-immunisation and self-healing (SH); modelling and tailoring; and scaling up to address a diverse range of applications such as cast in-situ, precast, repair systems, overlays and geotechnical systems. Each application will have a nominated 'champion' to ensure viable solutions are developed. There are multiple inter-relationships between the Themes. The nature of the proposed research will be highly varied and encompass, amongst other things, fundamental physico-chemical actions of healing systems, flaws in potentially viable SH systems; embryonic and high-risk ideas for SH and SD; and underpinning mathematical models and optimisation studies for combined self-diagnosing/self-healing/self-immunisation systems.

Industry, including our industrial partners throughout the construction supply chain and those responsible for the provision, management and maintenance of the world's built environment infrastructure will be the main beneficiaries of this project. We will realise our vision by addressing applications that are directly informed by these industrial partners. By working with them across the supply chain and engaging with complementary initiatives such as UKCRIC, we will develop a suite of real life demonstration projects. We will create a network for Early Career Researchers (ECRs) in this field which will further enhance the diversity and reach of our existing UK Virtual Centre of Excellence for intelligent, self-healing construction materials. We will further exploit established relationships with the international community to maximise impact and thereby generate new initiatives in a wide range of related research areas, e.g. bioscience (bacteria); chemistry (SH agents); electrochemical science (prophylactics); computational mechanics (tailoring and modelling); material science and engineering (nano-structures, polymer composites); sensors and instrumentation and advanced manufacturing. Our intention is to exploit the momentum in outreach achieved during the M4L project and advocate our work and the wider benefits of EPRSC-funded research through events targeted at the general public and private industry. The academic impact of this research will be facilitated through open-access publications in high-impact journals and by engagement with the wider research community through interdisciplinary networks, conferences, seminars and workshops.

Planned Impact

This proposal has a clear vision to transform the Nation's built environment by facilitating the delivery of new and existing infrastructure that is sustainable and resilient, using low carbon, adaptable and sustainable construction materials, which will have an impact on all aspects of our infrastructure and in particular projects such as HS2 and Thames Tideway.

The potential impact of self-healing, self-diagnosing and self-immunising construction materials on the UK economy is enormous. Indeed, currently, 30 to 40% of all construction spending is on repair and maintenance. In 2014 the construction industry contributed £103 billion in economic output, which equates to 6.5% of total output. Improving our current and future infrastructure (energy, transport, water, waste and resources) through innovative research is a national priority and the Government has recently invested £138 million in the UK Collaboration for Research in Infrastructure and Cities (UKCRIC). The PG research will contribute to the impact of this investment. Our vision for construction materials that are more resilient, intelligent, environmentally friendly and less costly than currently available materials, will further address challenges in the National Infrastructure Plan to facilitate the UK's transition into a low carbon economy. The research will engender a step-change in the value placed on infrastructure materials by providing a much higher level of confidence and reliability in their performance. The proposal will bring significant economic (reduction in construction and maintenance costs) and societal (reduction in disruptions, delays and emissions) impacts.

Industry, including our industrial partners throughout the construction supply chain and those responsible for the provision, management and maintenance of the world's built environment infrastructure will be the main beneficiaries of this project. We will realise our vision by addressing applications informed by our industrial partners (e.g. cast insitu, precast, repair systems, overlays, geotechnical systems). The PG includes industry partners across the supply chain including contractors (Costain, Griffiths), Consultants (Arup, Atkins), client organisations (HS2, Highways England), material suppliers and chemical manufacturers (CEMEX, Travis Perkins, Lambson, Graphitene) and a software company (LUSAS). By working with them and engaging with complementary initiatives such as UKCRIC, we will develop a suite of real life demonstration projects. We will create a network for ECRs in this field which will further enhance the diversity and reach of our existing UK Virtual Centre of Excellence for intelligent, self-healing construction materials. We will further exploit established relationships with the international community of SH researchers to maximise impact and thereby generate new initiatives in a wide range of related research areas, e.g. bioscience and synthetic biology; chemistry and electrochemical science; computational mechanics; composite and polymer material science, sensors and instrumentation and manufacturing.

Our intention is to exploit the momentum in outreach achieved during the M4L project and advocate our work and the wider benefits of EPRSC-funded research through events targeted at the general public and private industry. We will establish the UK as the world leader in this emerging area of intelligent construction materials and will realise EPSRC's aim of delivering world-leading research in ground and structural engineering.
 
Title MAD Workshop 
Description Under the frame of Creativity@Home we organised a 2-days workshop for the RM4L PDRA to enable creative thinking and further ideas development. The activity was facilitated by Dee Hennessy from Creative Exchange, and took place in Cardiff in September 18-19th 2018. The second day of the workshop, we invited also representative from key industries to join the activities. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact This MAD workshop focused on enhancing the quality of research in bio-mimetic construction materials by (i) bringing together separately, and then jointly, groups of research leaders and industry partners to work collaboratively together, (ii) considering challenges faced by industry, (iii) matching current technologies with particular industrial applications (iv) exploring ideas for future research to address unmet challenges and (v) developing a plan of action for future research. 
URL http://rm4l.com/mad-workshop/
 
Description At the start of RM4L, significant effort was applied to realising the academic and industrial impact of the preceding M4L project. For example, results from a major set of site trials were assessed; a survey of 40 industrial and client organisations on the potential of self-healing materials was assimilated; microcapsules were tailored and adapted for targeted applications; and shape memory plastic (SMP) tendons and a new type of vascular system were both proven viable for healing cracks in full-sized structural elements.
RM4L research quickly progressed onto the development of new and enhanced biomimetic technologies that address a wider range of damage scenarios that are encountered in practice. A few highlights are provided below :
? -first UK commercial deployment of microcapsule-based self-healing reinforced concrete;
? -developed new vascular networks -e.g. hierarchical and mini-vascular networks- and proved their ability to heal physical damage from static and transient actions;
? -established bespoke infrastructure for the manufacturing of novel microcapsules, including membrane emulsification and microfluidic approaches;
? -produced a robust strategy for isolating spore-forming bacteria and proved the viability of bacteria not previously used for self-healing cementitious materials;
? -undertook a major numerical and experimental study, which has characterised a self-healing system;
-developed a new numerical model and derived equations suitable for design;
? -developed a new hybrid SMP-Kevlar tendon for closing cracks in concrete structural elements;
? -developed a novel application for superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) for self-healing soil-cement systems for damage caused
by freeze-thaw actions47(RT2) and aggressive contaminants.
? -proved the efficacy of surface-mounted piezo electric devices (PZTs) for remote damage detection in mortar samples;
? -obtained promising results on bespoke graphene-reinforced cementitious composites for self-sensing applications and for barrier applications to aggressive chemicals .
? -explored new microcapsules and cargos for inhibiting corrosion.
Exploitation Route Site trials of some of the biomimetic technologies are planned for the coming year with a view to our industrial partners adopting these technologies in commercial applications
Sectors Construction

URL https://rm4l.com/
 
Description RM4L has the considerable advantage that many potential users of the technologies are deeply involved with the project, which provides the most direct means of realising impact from our work. Working with product suppliers is another means of involving industry in our work e.g. Lambson, Micropore, Thies and Dolomite have produced microcapsules or encapsulation equipment; Agemaspark Ltd. have made a complex injection mould tool for producing the reinforced plastic units for Tetcrete. The recent sale of Lambson's encapsulation division to the company KCC means that we have a new collaborator that will bring fresh opportunities to the PG. We have used industry events to promote the work of RM4L to industry professionals. Our investigators and researchers have been panellists and keynote speakers at industry focussed events; for example we have; participated in an industrial workshops on Sustainability, the Circular Economy and Life Cycle Assessment organised with industry (COSTAIN); been panel members at CIRIA events; worked with the NIC in response to a call for evidence on novel technologies for infrastructure (2017); and participated in Murphy group's 'Engineering Tomorrow' Forum. The RM4L team has used EPSRC Creativity@Home funding to host workshops for team building activities for researchers and interacting with industrial representatives on research applications. We have communicated the work of RM4L in a number of television programmes (on BBC World News, BBC Breakfast News and BBC Look East and the great inventions programme on Discovery Europe and Fox Australia), on radio programmes (on BBC radio Wales and as guests on the BBC's "The Naked Scientist" show) and in an article in the Horizon magazine. RM4L researchers have also presented our work at two events for school children, as STEM ambassadors. Furthermore, to aid communication to children and the wider public, a professionally made animated youtube video has been produced.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Construction,Education,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Engineering Microbial-Induced Carbonate Precipitation via Meso-Scale Simulations
Amount £356,353 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S013857/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2022
 
Description Microbial self-healing plaster
Amount £8,652 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2019 
End 07/2019
 
Description Self-healing, Multifunctional, Advanced Repair Technologies IN Cementitious Systems (SMARTINCS). H2020-MSCA-ITN
Amount € 4,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 860006 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 12/2019 
End 12/2023
 
Title An indicator-based problem reduction scheme for coupled reactive transport models - dataset 
Description  
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Description Agemaspark Ltd 
Organisation Agemaspark Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have supplied the company Agemaspark with a mould design to enable them to manufacture the mould. This will be used to manufacture by injection moulding a polymer toughening device for use in concrete structures.
Collaborator Contribution Agemaspark are in the process of manufacturing the mould.
Impact Outcomes will follow once the device is in operation. The collaboration is not multi-disciplinary.
Start Year 2018
 
Description COST STSM - SARCOS 
Organisation Iuav University of Venice
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The RM4L team hosted Cristina De Nardi from University IUAV of Venice, Italy, for a Short Term Scientific Mission from 12/11/2017 to 22/12/2017 as part of the European COST Action CA15202 (SARCOS). During her stay, Cristina worked on improving the existing self-healing micro-mechanical model to allow a full test cycle to be simulated. She also used the model to simulate her experimental series from her PhD work. The work completed enabled the characteristic mechanical response of autogenous healing of lime mortars to be modelled. This collaboration will now be on-going throughout the duration of the RM4L award.
Collaborator Contribution Cristina worked with the RM4L numerical team in Cardiff from 12/11/2017 to 22/12/2017. She used the experimental data from her PhD work to validate the self-healing micro-mechanical model that was developed to simulate the autogenous healing of lime mortars.
Impact Self-healing micro-mechanical model capable of simulating the autogenous healing of lime mortars.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with Tohoku University 
Organisation Tohoku University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Riccardo Maddalena has started a collaboration with the Graduate School of Engineering of Tohoku University in Japan. The collaboration aims at studying self-healing cementitious composites with plastic fibres
Collaborator Contribution Tohoku University has provided the researchers with their expertise, materials and laboratory space to conduct experiments.
Impact 2 joint publications resulted from this collaboration
Start Year 2019
 
Description Costain Lecturer in Construction Materials 
Organisation Costain Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution A teaching and research lectureship post has been created at Cardiff University with the title "Costain Lecturer in Construction Materials".
Collaborator Contribution Costain Group have committed to partly fund this position over the net 5 years.
Impact Creation of a lectureship position at Cardiff.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Internship at Heidelberg Cements 
Organisation HeidelbergCement
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution RM4L PhD researcher, Ioanna Papanikolaou, was awarded a grant from the National Productivity Investment Fund (NPIF) in order to carry out a secondment with industry. This grant is targeted at researchers that aim to understand the commercialisation opportunities for their research.
Collaborator Contribution Heidelberg Cements provides with their expertise and materials to conduct research
Impact A joint publication resulted from this collaboration
Start Year 2019
 
Description 'MEET THE SCIENTISTS' EXHIBITION 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact During the 2nd RM4L Annual Forum @ University of Cambridge on 17 Oct 2018, RM4L researchers organised an exhibition to display self-healing, self-sensing, self-diagnosing infrastructure materials (concrete, cement, building stones etc.) developed during the first year of the RM4L programme.

Attendees had the opportunity to 'touch' the RM4L self-healing technologies and look closely at laboratory samples. The exhibition included posters displaying and illustrating the technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/meet-the-scientists/
 
Description 02/10/17 REG ICE Wales, Cymru - Biomimetic Construction Materials, Fact or Fiction? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation to approximately 30 retired engineers which generated a lively debate around the benefits and applications of such materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 1ST SARCOS TRAINING SCHOOL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The COST action 1st SARCOS Training School, titled "Self-Healing concrete: the path to sustainable construction" took place in Lisbon (Portugal), from 23-25 January 2018. The course offered an opportunity to young researchers (PhD students, young post-docs and MSc students) as well as representatives from industry, to learn about self-healing strategies and modelling, external repair methods, and characterisation techniques.
Over 40 researchers from COST action countries joined the event and RM4L PhD students, research associates and academics attended the training school and presented the UK self-healing materials research. 2 postdocs and several PhD students affiliated to RM4L attended the event and delivered a talk.
Prof Tony Jefferson from Cardiff University presented on "the simulation of mechanical self-healing processes"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/scarcosts/
 
Description 21/11/17 Workshop with Thames Tideway 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting and workshop with the Thames Tideway scheme to discuss opportunities for trialling and applying self-healing materials. This has been followed up by further telephone conferences with both Motts and Tarmac to understand relevant design criteria, specifications and manufacturing constraints.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2ND RM4L ANNUAL FORUM @ CAMBRIDGE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The 2nd RM4L annual Forum was held at University of Cambridge, Department of Engineering, 16-17th October 2018.
On day 1, investigators, researchers and students worked together in understanding major challenges and planning activities for the next months.
On day 2, industrial partners gathered together to learn about the progresses in each Research Theme (RT) and they visited the "Meet the Scientist" Exhibition.
Sever industries partners attended the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/forum2018/
 
Description 2ND SARCOS - RILEM TRAINING SCHOOL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The COST action 2nd SARCOS Training School, titled "Advanced materials and technologies based on inorganic binders" took place in Skopje and Ohrid (FYR of Macedonia), 2-7th September 2018.

The training school was organised in collaboration with RILEM and offered lectures on gypsum and its uses in construction, self-healing of lime and mortars, supplementary cementitious materials and engineered cementitious composites.

PhD students and early Career Researchers from Europe, Israel, Ukraine and Turkey Universities attended the school and the visits to local cement manufacturing plants, a gypsum quarry, and the beautiful city of Ohrid.

During the school, students and researchers have also experienced laboratory measurements of cement properties, self-healing efficiency and non-destructive testing.
PDRA and PhD students affiliated to RM4L attended the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/2nd-sarcos-rilem-training-school/
 
Description 5/12/17 NDMS - Biomimetic Construction Materials, Fact or Fiction? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Approximately 30 attendees from a variety of backgrounds. The presentation engendered a wide ranging discussion on the opportunities that there are to deploy biomimetic construction materials and how they might be valued.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Analyzing Self-healing Concepts to Avoid Concrete Cracking 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An article published on the website "Construction Executive" that target a general audience and market technology.
The article explains in a lay way the self-healing approach and the encapsulation technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.constructionexec.com/article/analyzing-self-healing-concepts-to-avoid-concrete-cracking
 
Description BACTERIAL WORLD EXHIBITION @ OXFORD UNIVERSITY 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The University of Oxford Museum of Natural History currently shows a Special Exhibition called "Bacterial World" (19th October 2018 - 28th May 2019), showcasing the many beneficial effects bacteria can have on our planet and human life. We were invited by the organisers to contribute a recording to the Audio Wall that forms part of the exhibition, where visitors can listen to short explanations from scientists on potential impacts of their work in various fields of bacteriology. In our contribution, Dr Susanne Gebhard, RM4L co-investigator from University of Bath, explains how calcite precipitation by bacteria can be used in self-healing concrete, to help us develop a more sustainable future infrastructure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/bacterial-world-exhibition-oxford-university/
 
Description BBC RADIO WALES - WOMEN IN CONSTRUCTION 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Magdalini Theodoridou, at the Science Café of BBC - Radio Wales
During the latest episode (live on Tue 8th May 2018 and Sun 13th May 2018) "Women in Construction", the Science Café hosted Dr Theodoridou from Cardiff University to talk about the ongoing research on the development of self-healing masonry and structures.
Dr Theodoridou is a MSC Fellow at Cardiff University working on self-healing masonry with Dr Michael Harbottle, co-investigator in RM4L
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/bbc-radio-wales-women-construction/
 
Description BIOLOGICAL SELF-HEALING IN INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE UNION 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Research outcomes on the study of biological self-healing mechanisms in geological porous media, carried out by Dr Magdalini Theodoridou and Dr Michael Harbottle from Cardiff University, were disseminated at the last General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union in Vienna (https://www.egu2018.eu/) and the 2018 Japan Geoscience Union Meeting in Japan (http://www.jpgu.org/meeting_e2018/). During the events, Dr Theodoridou presented the methodology used to treat building stones with bacteria and nutrients, as well as the results of the first experimental tests and analyses which prove the potential of this method to protect and prevent damage in contemporary and historic stone structures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/biological-self-healing-international-geoscience-union/
 
Description CFICI Cambridge Forum for the Construction Industry Evening talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Event organised by the CFCI focusing on innovations and development in research into low carbon concrete. We were invited to give a talk and introduce self-healing concrete and RM4L work as an approach for achieving low carbon target and inform and engage industry and practitioners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description COSTAIN LCA workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On Nov 28 2019, RM4L researchers attended the final day of the workshop-series on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) at COSTAIN Headquarter. Dr Brunella Balzano, Dr Cristina De Nardi, Dr Magda Theodoridou, Dr Riccardo Maddalena and James Oufan from Cardiff University, and Chrysoula Litina from University of Cambridge joined together to put in practice the principles of LCA. LCA experts from COSTAIN, Dr Noemi Arena, Zoe Rogers and Manuel Moreno, assisted the researchers in building the materials inventories and understanding the LCA approach "Gate-to-Gate".
RM4L researchers will use the life cycle assessment to assess the sustainability of self-healing technologies and their impact on the environment. Analogously, a life cycle assessment study will help RM4L scientist to tailor our materials to better preserve the environment and reduce the CO2 emission from the very beginning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Cardiff Museum After Dark 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact more than 1000 kids, teenagers and their parents attended the museum ion Feb 19th 2020. Research groups from Cardiff University exhibited their findings and engaged with the audience with games and Q&A.
The event sparked discussion and comments from the audience, and many reported their change in views about concrete and in particular the need to research further.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Concrete that repairs its own cracks is tantalisingly close 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A magazine article of the Royal Institute of British Architects to show the research on self-healing materials conducted at Cambridge University and their Partner Dolomite.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ribaj.com/products/self-healing-concrete-cambridge-university-research-stephen-cousins
 
Description Costain 2nd Annual Concrete Development & CPD Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The event focused on learning about new techniques and innovations in the industry and launching actions towards a process for benchmarking Costain performance with concrete.
Dr Robert Davies gave a talk on modern technologies towards sustainable concrete, including self-healing RM4L applications.
Dr R. Maddalena attended the event as well.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Costain Materials CPD day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Several professional engineers involved in national projects (such as A14 and HS2) attended the event. For RM4L researchers it was an opportunity to exchange ideas and network, as well as establishing links with industries interested in practical applications of RM4L technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Creat Inventions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Off the Fence productions are currently filming for a new series on Great Inventions, the story behind all the things we can't imagine the world without. They are covering fridges, cinema, antibiotics and elevators amongst other things. Programme 1 will be on Concrete. In June they visited the RM4L team @ Bath to record some footage on bacteria-based
self-healing concrete which will hopefully be included as part of an item on the future of concrete.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAR Cambridge Alumni Event 2019. UK. Making a Global Impact: Self-healing Concrete 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact The Alumni Festival is Cambridge University's largest annual event, with more than 3,000 alumni and guests attending a diverse range of intellectually stimulating activities and provided a unique opportunity to showcase the University of Cambridge and our research undertaken as part of the RM4L.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.alumni.cam.ac.uk/af19-speaker-presentations
 
Description DISC 2018: Developments in Structural Concrete: Better - Smarter - Stronger 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Graphene-reinforced materials for self-sensing applications
Ioanna Papanikolaou MEng MRes GMICE, Costain / University of Cambridge

This research investigates the potential use of nanotechnology and in particular graphene materials for self-sensing applications. Graphene is reported to enhance the mechanical and durability properties and instigate a self-sensing mechanism of the cement matrix. The presenter will also cover current developments in the self-healing concrete area and the Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L) programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.istructe.org/events-awards/conference-and-lectures/fibuk-disc-conference-2018-better-sma...
 
Description EPSRC's 'Science for a Successful Nation 2018' Event-21/2/2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council's 'Science for a Successful Nation 2018' event showcased the revolutionary impact that engineering, maths and the physical sciences has on the UK and the world. RM4L was among the 14 EPSRC-supported research projects selected to exhibit their findings and underpinning research to promote the importance of EPSRC research in the context of UK prosperity and in particular aligned to the Resilient Nation EPSRC Prosperity Ourcomes . More than 200 delegates attended the event which sparked questions and discussion afterwards, increasing the interest in the RM4L project and engaging future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/newsevents/news/sfsn2018/
 
Description EUROPEAN RESEARCHERS' NIGHT 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact FUTURES 2018 took place within the framework of the European Researchers Night, in Bath Spa and Bristol. A wide range of activities and events were organised by the
public Engagement teams at the University of Bath, Bath Spa University and the University of Bristol. Dr Brunella Balzano and Dr Magdalini Theodoridou from the RM4L team @ Cardiff University attended the Researcher's tales event sharing stories of their research life on how to 'heal buildings and boost their immune system'. Through that fascinating experience, Brunella and Magdalini accepted the challenge of taking the public on an enjoyable trip to their world of science. 'It was great fun', as they both said!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/futures2018/
 
Description Engineering Stories 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Lívia Ribeiro de Souza is a Research Associate in Resilient Materials for Life, researching self-healing concrete.

This video is part of a series created for the classroom for use within Designing our Tomorrow resource sets. The aim is to inspire students into engineering and STEM-related careers.

Designing our Tomorrow is a partnership between the Faculty of Education and the Department of Engineering. It aims to equip students with the thinking tools to solve problems in a complex world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=STMA6S3SY5I&t=9s&frags=pl%2Cwn
 
Description Highways UK exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Robert Davies talked at this event about the usage of self-healing concrete and how this could change the future of modern infrastructure. The talk was given within the Materials&Maintenance exhibition activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.highways-uk.com/huk/2018-review/materials-maintenance
 
Description I3P Advanced Material Development Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact i3P is an innovative new platform that allows the brightest minds in infrastructure to collaborate to deliver infrastructure for the future. Dr Robert Davies, Dr Chrysoula Litina, Dr Livia Souza and Prof Abir Al-Tabbaa attended the event: I3P Advanced Material Development Group (Chemistry/Infrastructure Industry Collaboration). A unique chance to network with a wide industrial group and allow foo further talk and potential collaboration with industries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.i3p.org.uk/
 
Description ICE Cambridge Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Seminar organised by the ICE in Cambridge showcasing advance materials for smart concrete structures. We covered the latest developments in self-healing and self-diagnosing materials that form part of the RM4L programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ice.org.uk/eventarchive/materials-for-smart-concrete-structures-cambridge
 
Description Infrastructure asset management conference - Bristol 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Learning from those involved in CIRIA's collaboratively written suite of infrastructure asset management guidance; this event explored the latest research and industry approaches to infrastructure asset management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ciria.org/CIRIA/Navigation/Events/Event_Display.aspx?EventKey=E19216
 
Description Innovation: self-healing concrete 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact An article on the Concrete Quarterly Newsletter of the Concrete Centre MPA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.concretecentre.com/getmedia/69bf102f-9773-4e09-9319-a338c36b9322/CQ270_Winter2019.aspx
 
Description Invited Keynote Lecture - International Roads Federation, Middle East and North Africa Regional Congress, Dubai, Nov. 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Keynote lecture entitled "Self Healing Construction Materials - A new future for our infrastructure?" followed by a plenary debate on the feasibility of such materials and opportunity that they present to enhance the sustainability and reliability of our transport infrastructure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://merc.irf.global/featured-speakers/
 
Description Keynote talk - Advances and developments in self-responding construction materials, Birmingham, June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening presentation at Robots for Self-Repairing Cities: Self-Repairing Cities Annual Event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lecture: Innovative Construction Materials (Tohoku University, Japan) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Riccardo Maddalalena delivered a Lecture to Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students of Tohoku University, Japan, followed by Q&A.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MICROORGANISM CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS CONFERENCE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Bianca Reeksting and Dr Kevin Paine from University of Bath attended the international conference on microorganism-cementitious materials interactions in Toulouse in June. They presented our work on full-scale trials of bacteria-based self-healing concrete and our ongoing work to isolate and characterise bacteria more appropriate to the environment in which concrete is exposed. The conference was followed by a meeting of RILEM Technical Committee 253-MCI where our team are working with international partners to produce a state-of-the-art report on microorganism induced self-healing of cementitious materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/microorganism-cementitious-materials-conference/
 
Description Maesteg School Visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact With the Cardiff University School of Engineering, our researcher Dr Theodorioud visited the Maesteg Comprehensive School in South Wales, and through different activities with dozens of pupils, she talked about her research and RM4L self-healing materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Mathmagic at Techniquest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Delivering an inspirational talk to teenagers in order to promote math and science and its importance for their future career. We delivered a talk about our work/life experiences and how studying a math-related subject helped in having a brilliant career, travelling and meeting people of different nationalities. We also presented our current job in self-healing materials and the aims and objectives of the RM4L project. All the pupils and the teachers were extremely interested in the topic. Indeed we have been invited again to give the same talk and promote our work with self-healing concrete.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description National Construction EXPO 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Riccardo Maddalena and Dr Robert Davies presented the RM4L programme grant and its research at the National Construction Expo 2018 in Milton Keynes, Sep 18 2018.

Session: Smart & Green Buildings

Talk Title: "Biomimetic materials: From lab-scale to the construction site"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/expo2018/
 
Description New Civil Engineer - Future of Road 2019. UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The event showcases the latest innovation across the road sector exploring the current and future challenges and opportunities facing the roads sector and is well attended by industry leading experts and academics in the field. We delivered a talk introducing self-healing concrete and the RM4L research and its implications and opportunities for the sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://roads.newcivilengineer.com/programme-2019
 
Description Norwegian Asphalt Pavement association event 2019. UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Aim of this event was to introduce professionals of the Norwegian pavement association to novel developments in the field of materials and infrastructure. We were invited to give a talk on our own research on self-healing and smart concrete and promote collaboration across the sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description RM4L @ COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS CONFERENCE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 11-15 June 2018, RM4L researchers attended the joint 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics and 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics. The conference was held in Glasgow and was hosted by the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh.

Prof Tony Jefferson gave a keynote lecture: "A numerical approach for simulating damage, healing and capillary flow in cementitious materials", in the mini-symposium -Computational Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures - A symposium in Memory of Nenad Bicanic.

Dr Brubeck Freeman presented his latest research: "Modelling coupled continuum-discrete flow of a healing agent in cementitious materials", in a session dedicated to Numerical simulation of self-healing processes in cementitious materials.

Dr Iulia Mihai gave a presentation title: "Micromechanics based modelling of fibre reinforced cementitious composites", in a session of Computational modelling of damage and fracture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/rm4l-computational-mechanics-conference/
 
Description RM4L @BBC TV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The RM4L work at University of Cambridge formed part of a half an hour BBC Look East programme on Tuesday 27 November on the A14 project, which has reached its mid-point on time and budget. The last few minutes focused on the roads of the future with an interview with Prof Abir Al-Tabbaa, Dr Livia Souza and Dr Chrysoula, talking about microcapsule and vascular network self-healing systems and the commercial application of the self-healing microcapsule-based concrete blocks. The same interview was then featured on the Wednesday morning BBC Breakfast TV and on the BBC World News, viewed by 60 million people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/rm4l-bbc-tv/
 
Description RM4L Inaugural Seminar 17&18 Oct. 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact RM4L Inaugural Seminar and Workshop, which was followed by Industrial Advisory Board, External Scientific Board and Research Team meetings. The intention of the seminar was to ensure that all of supporters were aware of the aims and objectives of the research and how they could contribute to ensure impact and the success of the project. Outputs of the workshops are recorded in the minutes of the meetings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description RM4L PHD STUDENT @HORIZON EU MAGAZINE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ioanna Papanikolau (RM4L PhD student) gave an interview to the Horizon Magazine (The EU Research and Innovation Magazine).

"For me, engineering has always been about improving people's lives. I think should be really the fundamental objective of every engineer, every person that works in the industry.
I'm doing my PhD at the University of Cambridge (UK) where I'm looking into advanced materials for infrastructure. My research is focused on self-sensing and self-healing materials. This means that if your building has cracks it could automatically diagnose its condition. I also work for a UK engineering company called Costain as innovations manager and in smart infrastructure."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://horizon-magazine.eu/article/creative-egalitarian-carbon-neutral-future-industry.html
 
Description RM4L in instagram 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Benyi Cao is a second-year PhD student in Engineering at St Edmund's College. After obtaining a Masters degree in Civil Engineering from Tongji University, China, he joined Geotechnical and Environmental Research Group at Cambridge University. His research interest lies in the development of self-healing in-ground barrier materials incorporating microcapsules and superabsorbent polymers for land remediation applications.
The post has reached 5k+ visualizations in only few weeks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.instagram.com/p/Bt03U8qgmcb/?utm_source=ig_share_sheet&igshid=1fl6xbi27cdta
 
Description SARCOS 2nd PhD Meeting in Guimares, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The aim of this event is to connect young researchers, either PhD students or early career researchers working on self-healing/repair concrete.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description SARCOS 2nd PhD Meeting, Guimares, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The aim of this event is to connect young researchers, either PhD students or early career researchers working on self-healing/repair concrete.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.sarcos.eng.cam.ac.uk/activities/Workshops/2ndSARCOSPhDandECIMeeting
 
Description SARCOS COST Action Training School-invited speakers, 23-25/1/2018, Lisbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The "Self Healing concrete: the path to sustainable construction" Training School was organised by the Self-healing As prevention Repair of COncrete Structures COST Action in Lisbon, Portugal 2018. The course consisted of invited presentations, lectures and student-led lectures. Members of the RM4L group were invited as trainers to disseminate the findings of previous research and to answer questions on important topics related to the state and future of different self-healing strategies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.sarcos.eng.cam.ac.uk/activities/trainingschools/Portugal2018
 
Description SMART MATERIALS: FROM SELF-ASSEMBLY TO SENSORS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Lívia Ribeiro de Souza, RM4L researcher from University of Cambridge, presented at the 4th CAMatNet Workshop "Smart Materials: From Self- Assembly to Sensors" on the 27 Sept 2018. These meetings are intended to bring together scientists from across Cambridge to discuss a materials-science-related theme and build connections.The Smart Materials meeting aims to explore functional properties of intelligent or responsive materials and how these can be controlled for applications in fields as diverse as photonics, bio-medicine, and energy, to name a few. The meeting was an opportunity to make new contacts, re-kindle existing ones and to network with others in the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/camatnet/
 
Description SYNERCRETE 2018 - MADEIRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Robert Davies attended the Synercrete conference in October 2018 and presented his latest research on "The effects of continued hydration of undamaged material on apparent healing indices in cementitious materials".
The focus of the conference was set to communicating, discussing and arousing progresses in research, development and application of CBM and Structural Concrete, which have been attained through combination of expertise from distinct fields of knowledge. Exciting fields of research such as performance-based design, 3D modelling for analysis/design, Building Information Modelling and even robotics (e.g. digital fabrication or robotics design) were included, while keeping focus on multi-scale approaches at time and spatial levels. Specific attention should be also paid to the challenges that are inherent to the combination of different expertise, and the ways through which better management and research collaboration can be achieved in interdisciplinary research projects.
The conference has consisted of lectures by researchers and other professionals from a variety of scientific disciplines in works targeted to CBM and Structural Concrete, as well as a selected panel of invited speakers. The conference was intended for researchers and practitioners at any career level who have interest in deepening knowledge on the targeted subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/synercrete-2018-madeira/
 
Description Self-healing construction materials Symposium at FRAMCOS 2019. France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A symposium dedicated on self-healing materials was organised within the framework of the FRAMCOS Conference 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Smart Infrastructure Technologies 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Civil engineer and advanced materials PhD researcher Ioanna Papanikolaou was interviewed to explains why smart infrastructure technologies will transform our lives at EUIndustryDay in Brussels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://horizon-magazine.eu/article/creative-egalitarian-carbon-neutral-future-industry.html?utm_sou...
 
Description Smart Materials: From SelfAssembly to Sensors Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The 4th CAMatNet meeting brings together scientists in Cambridge who are working in the broad area of Smart Materials.

Smart materials respond to changes in their environment by undergoing material property changes. This response can be leveraged to create an actuator or sensor device.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.maxwell.cam.ac.uk/4th-meeting-cambridge-advanced-materials-network-camatnet
 
Description Symposium at ECCM 2019, Glasgow, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A symposium on Self-Healing materials was organised by RM4L academics within the framework of the ECCM 2019 International conference in Glasgow, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Symposium on Self-healing materials at COMPLAS2019, Barcelona, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A symposium on Self-Healing materials was organised by RM4L academics within the framework of the COMPLAS 2019 International conference in Barcelona, Spain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk on: Innovation in encapsulation, Royal Society, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Abir Al-Tabbaa, Dr Chrysoula Litina and Dr Livia Ribeiro de Souza from the RM4L team @ Cambridge University were invited to introduce the world of encapsulation for intelligent self-healing construction materials at the 4th Conference on Innovations in Encapsulation, organised by Formulation Science and Technology group (FSTG) of the Royal
Society of Chemistry in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The Naked Scientist Podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A podcast on self-healing concrete
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thenakedscientists.com/podcasts/naked-scientists-podcast/qna-fridges-and-impossible-food
 
Description Zero Carbon Event at Cambridge, UK and interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The event aimed at looking for overlaps where collaboration could help us to tackle the climate emergency and associated pressing issues together.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://twitter.com/CambridgeZero/status/1236725002508083202?s=20