Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L)

Lead Research Organisation: Cardiff University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

The vision of RM4L is that, by 2022 we will have achieved a transformation in construction materials, using the biomimetic approach first adopted in M4L, to create materials that will adapt to their environment, develop immunity to harmful actions, self-diagnose the on-set of deterioration and self-heal when damaged. This innovative research into smart materials will engender a step-change in the value placed on infrastructure materials and provide a much higher level of confidence and reliability in the performance of our infrastructure systems.

The ambitious programme of inter-related work is divided into four Research Themes (RTs); RT1: Self-healing of cracks at multiple scales, RT2: Self-healing of time-dependent and cyclic loading damage, RT3: Self-diagnosis and immunisation against physical damage, and RT4: Self-diagnosis and healing of chemical damage. These bring together the four complementary technology areas of self-diagnosis (SD); self-immunisation and self-healing (SH); modelling and tailoring; and scaling up to address a diverse range of applications such as cast in-situ, precast, repair systems, overlays and geotechnical systems. Each application will have a nominated 'champion' to ensure viable solutions are developed. There are multiple inter-relationships between the Themes. The nature of the proposed research will be highly varied and encompass, amongst other things, fundamental physico-chemical actions of healing systems, flaws in potentially viable SH systems; embryonic and high-risk ideas for SH and SD; and underpinning mathematical models and optimisation studies for combined self-diagnosing/self-healing/self-immunisation systems.

Industry, including our industrial partners throughout the construction supply chain and those responsible for the provision, management and maintenance of the world's built environment infrastructure will be the main beneficiaries of this project. We will realise our vision by addressing applications that are directly informed by these industrial partners. By working with them across the supply chain and engaging with complementary initiatives such as UKCRIC, we will develop a suite of real life demonstration projects. We will create a network for Early Career Researchers (ECRs) in this field which will further enhance the diversity and reach of our existing UK Virtual Centre of Excellence for intelligent, self-healing construction materials. We will further exploit established relationships with the international community to maximise impact and thereby generate new initiatives in a wide range of related research areas, e.g. bioscience (bacteria); chemistry (SH agents); electrochemical science (prophylactics); computational mechanics (tailoring and modelling); material science and engineering (nano-structures, polymer composites); sensors and instrumentation and advanced manufacturing. Our intention is to exploit the momentum in outreach achieved during the M4L project and advocate our work and the wider benefits of EPRSC-funded research through events targeted at the general public and private industry. The academic impact of this research will be facilitated through open-access publications in high-impact journals and by engagement with the wider research community through interdisciplinary networks, conferences, seminars and workshops.

Planned Impact

This proposal has a clear vision to transform the Nation's built environment by facilitating the delivery of new and existing infrastructure that is sustainable and resilient, using low carbon, adaptable and sustainable construction materials, which will have an impact on all aspects of our infrastructure and in particular projects such as HS2 and Thames Tideway.

The potential impact of self-healing, self-diagnosing and self-immunising construction materials on the UK economy is enormous. Indeed, currently, 30 to 40% of all construction spending is on repair and maintenance. In 2014 the construction industry contributed £103 billion in economic output, which equates to 6.5% of total output. Improving our current and future infrastructure (energy, transport, water, waste and resources) through innovative research is a national priority and the Government has recently invested £138 million in the UK Collaboration for Research in Infrastructure and Cities (UKCRIC). The PG research will contribute to the impact of this investment. Our vision for construction materials that are more resilient, intelligent, environmentally friendly and less costly than currently available materials, will further address challenges in the National Infrastructure Plan to facilitate the UK's transition into a low carbon economy. The research will engender a step-change in the value placed on infrastructure materials by providing a much higher level of confidence and reliability in their performance. The proposal will bring significant economic (reduction in construction and maintenance costs) and societal (reduction in disruptions, delays and emissions) impacts.

Industry, including our industrial partners throughout the construction supply chain and those responsible for the provision, management and maintenance of the world's built environment infrastructure will be the main beneficiaries of this project. We will realise our vision by addressing applications informed by our industrial ptners (e.g. cast insitu, precast, repair systems, overlays, geotechnical systems). The PG includes industry partners across the supply chain including contractors (Costain, Griffiths), Consultants (Arup, Atkins), client organisations (HS2, Highways England), material suppliers and chemical manufacturers (CEMEX, Travis Perkins, Lambson, Graphitene) and a software company (LUSAS). By working with them and engaging with complementary initiatives such as UKCRIC, we will develop a suite of real life demonstration projects. We will create a network for ECRs in this field which will further enhance the diversity and reach of our existing UK Virtual Centre of Excellence for intelligent, self-healing construction materials. We will further exploit established relationships with the international community of SH researchers to maximise impact and thereby generate new initiatives in a wide range of related research areas, e.g. bioscience and synthetic biology; chemistry and electrochemical science; computational mechanics; composite and polymer material science, sensors and instrumentation and manufacturing.

Our intention is to exploit the momentum in outreach achieved during the M4L project and advocate our work and the wider benefits of EPRSC-funded research through events targeted at the general public and private industry. We will establish the UK as the world leader in this emerging area of intelligent construction materials and will realise EPSRC's aim of delivering world-leading research in ground and structural engineering.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title MAD Workshop 
Description Under the frame of Creativity@Home we organised a 2-days workshop for the RM4L PDRA to enable creative thinking and further ideas development. The activity was facilitated by Dee Hennessy from Creative Exchange, and took place in Cardiff in September 18-19th 2018. The second day of the workshop, we invited also representative from key industries to join the activities. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact This MAD workshop focused on enhancing the quality of research in bio-mimetic construction materials by (i) bringing together separately, and then jointly, groups of research leaders and industry partners to work collaboratively together, (ii) considering challenges faced by industry, (iii) matching current technologies with particular industrial applications (iv) exploring ideas for future research to address unmet challenges and (v) developing a plan of action for future research. 
URL http://rm4l.com/mad-workshop/
 
Description The project is progressing well.
Many outputs have been identified in this return and these are contributing to the fulfilment of the project's principle aim and individual objectives.
Exploitation Route It is planned that the self-healing-diagnostic technologies being developed in the project will be taken up by our industrial partners.
Sectors Construction

 
Description The work of the project was publicised on BBC television and radio by the Cambridge team The report was Broadcast on BBC Look East, BBC Breakfast News and BBC World news - the latter viewed by 60 million people - and this resulted in many phone calls from interested organisations. Micro-capsules produced at Cambridge have been applied commercially, in collaboration with Lambson, on new buildings at Cambridge University.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Construction,Education,Transport
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description COST STSM - SARCOS 
Organisation Iuav University of Venice
PI Contribution The RM4L team hosted Cristina De Nardi from University IUAV of Venice, Italy, for a Short Term Scientific Mission from 12/11/2017 to 22/12/2017 as part of the European COST Action CA15202 (SARCOS). During her stay, Cristina worked on improving the existing self-healing micro-mechanical model to allow a full test cycle to be simulated. She also used the model to simulate her experimental series from her PhD work. The work completed enabled the characteristic mechanical response of autogenous healing of lime mortars to be modelled. This collaboration will now be on-going throughout the duration of the RM4L award.
Collaborator Contribution Cristina worked with the RM4L numerical team in Cardiff from 12/11/2017 to 22/12/2017. She used the experimental data from her PhD work to validate the self-healing micro-mechanical model that was developed to simulate the autogenous healing of lime mortars.
Impact Self-healing micro-mechanical model capable of simulating the autogenous healing of lime mortars.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Costain Lecturer in Construction Materials 
Organisation Costain Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution A teaching and research lectureship post has been created at Cardiff University with the title "Costain Lecturer in Construction Materials".
Collaborator Contribution Costain Group have committed to partly fund this position over the net 5 years.
Impact Creation of a lectureship position at Cardiff.
Start Year 2015
 
Description 'MEET THE SCIENTISTS' EXHIBITION 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact During the 2nd RM4L Annual Forum @ University of Cambridge on 17 Oct 2018, RM4L researchers organised an exhibition to display self-healing, self-sensing, self-diagnosing infrastructure materials (concrete, cement, building stones etc.) developed during the first year of the RM4L programme.

Attendees had the opportunity to 'touch' the RM4L self-healing technologies and look closely at laboratory samples. The exhibition included posters displaying and illustrating the technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/meet-the-scientists/
 
Description 02/10/17 REG ICE Wales, Cymru - Biomimetic Construction Materials, Fact or Fiction? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation to approximately 30 retired engineers which generated a lively debate around the benefits and applications of such materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 1ST SARCOS TRAINING SCHOOL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The COST action 1st SARCOS Training School, titled "Self-Healing concrete: the path to sustainable construction" took place in Lisbon (Portugal), from 23-25 January 2018. The course offered an opportunity to young researchers (PhD students, young post-docs and MSc students) as well as representatives from industry, to learn about self-healing strategies and modelling, external repair methods, and characterisation techniques.
Over 40 researchers from COST action countries joined the event and RM4L PhD students, research associates and academics attended the training school and presented the UK self-healing materials research. 2 postdocs and several PhD students affiliated to RM4L attended the event and delivered a talk.
Prof Tony Jefferson from Cardiff University presented on "the simulation of mechanical self-healing processes"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/scarcosts/
 
Description 21/11/17 Workshop with Thames Tideway 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting and workshop with the Thames Tideway scheme to discuss opportunities for trialling and applying self-healing materials. This has been followed up by further telephone conferences with both Motts and Tarmac to understand relevant design criteria, specifications and manufacturing constraints.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2ND RM4L ANNUAL FORUM @ CAMBRIDGE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The 2nd RM4L annual Forum was held at University of Cambridge, Department of Engineering, 16-17th October 2018.
On day 1, investigators, researchers and students worked together in understanding major challenges and planning activities for the next months.
On day 2, industrial partners gathered together to learn about the progresses in each Research Theme (RT) and they visited the "Meet the Scientist" Exhibition.
Sever industries partners attended the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/forum2018/
 
Description 2ND SARCOS - RILEM TRAINING SCHOOL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The COST action 2nd SARCOS Training School, titled "Advanced materials and technologies based on inorganic binders" took place in Skopje and Ohrid (FYR of Macedonia), 2-7th September 2018.

The training school was organised in collaboration with RILEM and offered lectures on gypsum and its uses in construction, self-healing of lime and mortars, supplementary cementitious materials and engineered cementitious composites.

PhD students and early Career Researchers from Europe, Israel, Ukraine and Turkey Universities attended the school and the visits to local cement manufacturing plants, a gypsum quarry, and the beautiful city of Ohrid.

During the school, students and researchers have also experienced laboratory measurements of cement properties, self-healing efficiency and non-destructive testing.
PDRA and PhD students affiliated to RM4L attended the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/2nd-sarcos-rilem-training-school/
 
Description 5/12/17 NDMS - Biomimetic Construction Materials, Fact or Fiction? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Approximately 30 attendees from a variety of backgrounds. The presentation engendered a wide ranging discussion on the opportunities that there are to deploy biomimetic construction materials and how they might be valued.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BACTERIAL WORLD EXHIBITION @ OXFORD UNIVERSITY 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The University of Oxford Museum of Natural History currently shows a Special Exhibition called "Bacterial World" (19th October 2018 - 28th May 2019), showcasing the many beneficial effects bacteria can have on our planet and human life. We were invited by the organisers to contribute a recording to the Audio Wall that forms part of the exhibition, where visitors can listen to short explanations from scientists on potential impacts of their work in various fields of bacteriology. In our contribution, Dr Susanne Gebhard, RM4L co-investigator from University of Bath, explains how calcite precipitation by bacteria can be used in self-healing concrete, to help us develop a more sustainable future infrastructure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/bacterial-world-exhibition-oxford-university/
 
Description BBC RADIO WALES - WOMEN IN CONSTRUCTION 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Magdalini Theodoridou, at the Science Café of BBC - Radio Wales
During the latest episode (live on Tue 8th May 2018 and Sun 13th May 2018) "Women in Construction", the Science Café hosted Dr Theodoridou from Cardiff University to talk about the ongoing research on the development of self-healing masonry and structures.
Dr Theodoridou is a MSC Fellow at Cardiff University working on self-healing masonry with Dr Michael Harbottle, co-investigator in RM4L
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/bbc-radio-wales-women-construction/
 
Description BIOLOGICAL SELF-HEALING IN INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE UNION 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Research outcomes on the study of biological self-healing mechanisms in geological porous media, carried out by Dr Magdalini Theodoridou and Dr Michael Harbottle from Cardiff University, were disseminated at the last General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union in Vienna (https://www.egu2018.eu/) and the 2018 Japan Geoscience Union Meeting in Japan (http://www.jpgu.org/meeting_e2018/). During the events, Dr Theodoridou presented the methodology used to treat building stones with bacteria and nutrients, as well as the results of the first experimental tests and analyses which prove the potential of this method to protect and prevent damage in contemporary and historic stone structures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/biological-self-healing-international-geoscience-union/
 
Description Costain 2nd Annual Concrete Development & CPD Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The event focused on learning about new techniques and innovations in the industry and launching actions towards a process for benchmarking Costain performance with concrete.
Dr Robert Davies gave a talk on modern technologies towards sustainable concrete, including self-healing RM4L applications.
Dr R. Maddalena attended the event as well.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Costain Materials CPD day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Several professional engineers involved in national projects (such as A14 and HS2) attended the event. For RM4L researchers it was an opportunity to exchange ideas and network, as well as establishing links with industries interested in practical applications of RM4L technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DISC 2018: Developments in Structural Concrete: Better - Smarter - Stronger 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Graphene-reinforced materials for self-sensing applications
Ioanna Papanikolaou MEng MRes GMICE, Costain / University of Cambridge

This research investigates the potential use of nanotechnology and in particular graphene materials for self-sensing applications. Graphene is reported to enhance the mechanical and durability properties and instigate a self-sensing mechanism of the cement matrix. The presenter will also cover current developments in the self-healing concrete area and the Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L) programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.istructe.org/events-awards/conference-and-lectures/fibuk-disc-conference-2018-better-sma...
 
Description EPSRC's 'Science for a Successful Nation 2018' Event-21/2/2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council's 'Science for a Successful Nation 2018' event showcased the revolutionary impact that engineering, maths and the physical sciences has on the UK and the world. RM4L was among the 14 EPSRC-supported research projects selected to exhibit their findings and underpinning research to promote the importance of EPSRC research in the context of UK prosperity and in particular aligned to the Resilient Nation EPSRC Prosperity Ourcomes . More than 200 delegates attended the event which sparked questions and discussion afterwards, increasing the interest in the RM4L project and engaging future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/newsevents/news/sfsn2018/
 
Description EUROPEAN RESEARCHERS' NIGHT 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact FUTURES 2018 took place within the framework of the European Researchers Night, in Bath Spa and Bristol. A wide range of activities and events were organised by the
public Engagement teams at the University of Bath, Bath Spa University and the University of Bristol. Dr Brunella Balzano and Dr Magdalini Theodoridou from the RM4L team @ Cardiff University attended the Researcher's tales event sharing stories of their research life on how to 'heal buildings and boost their immune system'. Through that fascinating experience, Brunella and Magdalini accepted the challenge of taking the public on an enjoyable trip to their world of science. 'It was great fun', as they both said!
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/futures2018/
 
Description Highways UK exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Robert Davies talked at this event about the usage of self-healing concrete and how this could change the future of modern infrastructure. The talk was given within the Materials&Maintenance exhibition activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.highways-uk.com/huk/2018-review/materials-maintenance
 
Description I3P Advanced Material Development Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact i3P is an innovative new platform that allows the brightest minds in infrastructure to collaborate to deliver infrastructure for the future. Dr Robert Davies, Dr Chrysoula Litina, Dr Livia Souza and Prof Abir Al-Tabbaa attended the event: I3P Advanced Material Development Group (Chemistry/Infrastructure Industry Collaboration). A unique chance to network with a wide industrial group and allow foo further talk and potential collaboration with industries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.i3p.org.uk/
 
Description Invited Keynote Lecture - International Roads Federation, Middle East and North Africa Regional Congress, Dubai, Nov. 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Keynote lecture entitled "Self Healing Construction Materials - A new future for our infrastructure?" followed by a plenary debate on the feasibility of such materials and opportunity that they present to enhance the sustainability and reliability of our transport infrastructure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://merc.irf.global/featured-speakers/
 
Description Keynote talk - Advances and developments in self-responding construction materials, Birmingham, June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening presentation at Robots for Self-Repairing Cities: Self-Repairing Cities Annual Event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description MICROORGANISM CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS CONFERENCE 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Bianca Reeksting and Dr Kevin Paine from University of Bath attended the international conference on microorganism-cementitious materials interactions in Toulouse in June. They presented our work on full-scale trials of bacteria-based self-healing concrete and our ongoing work to isolate and characterise bacteria more appropriate to the environment in which concrete is exposed. The conference was followed by a meeting of RILEM Technical Committee 253-MCI where our team are working with international partners to produce a state-of-the-art report on microorganism induced self-healing of cementitious materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/microorganism-cementitious-materials-conference/
 
Description Maesteg School Visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact With the Cardiff University School of Engineering, our researcher Dr Theodorioud visited the Maesteg Comprehensive School in South Wales, and through different activities with dozens of pupils, she talked about her research and RM4L self-healing materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description National Construction EXPO 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Riccardo Maddalena and Dr Robert Davies presented the RM4L programme grant and its research at the National Construction Expo 2018 in Milton Keynes, Sep 18 2018.

Session: Smart & Green Buildings

Talk Title: "Biomimetic materials: From lab-scale to the construction site"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/expo2018/
 
Description RAMS 2018 Recent Appointees in Materials Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In September 2018 RM4L researchers at Cardiff University attended the RAMS2018 conference and workshops. The event was an opportunity to exchange ideas and network with other PostDocs and young lecturer in material science. RM4L researchers who attended the event giving a presentations: Dr R. Maddalena, Dr. R. Davies, Dr C. De Nardi, Dr B. Balzano and Dr M. Theodoridou.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.rsc.org/events/detail/30938/rams-2018-recent-appointees-in-materials-science
 
Description RM4L @ COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS CONFERENCE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 11-15 June 2018, RM4L researchers attended the joint 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics and 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics. The conference was held in Glasgow and was hosted by the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh.

Prof Tony Jefferson gave a keynote lecture: "A numerical approach for simulating damage, healing and capillary flow in cementitious materials", in the mini-symposium -Computational Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures - A symposium in Memory of Nenad Bicanic.

Dr Brubeck Freeman presented his latest research: "Modelling coupled continuum-discrete flow of a healing agent in cementitious materials", in a session dedicated to Numerical simulation of self-healing processes in cementitious materials.

Dr Iulia Mihai gave a presentation title: "Micromechanics based modelling of fibre reinforced cementitious composites", in a session of Computational modelling of damage and fracture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/rm4l-computational-mechanics-conference/
 
Description RM4L @BBC TV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The RM4L work at University of Cambridge formed part of a half an hour BBC Look East programme on Tuesday 27 November on the A14 project, which has reached its mid-point on time and budget. The last few minutes focused on the roads of the future with an interview with Prof Abir Al-Tabbaa, Dr Livia Souza and Dr Chrysoula, talking about microcapsule and vascular network self-healing systems and the commercial application of the self-healing microcapsule-based concrete blocks. The same interview was then featured on the Wednesday morning BBC Breakfast TV and on the BBC World News, viewed by 60 million people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/rm4l-bbc-tv/
 
Description RM4L Inaugural Seminar 17&18 Oct. 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact RM4L Inaugural Seminar and Workshop, which was followed by Industrial Advisory Board, External Scientific Board and Research Team meetings. The intention of the seminar was to ensure that all of supporters were aware of the aims and objectives of the research and how they could contribute to ensure impact and the success of the project. Outputs of the workshops are recorded in the minutes of the meetings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description RM4L PHD STUDENT @HORIZON EU MAGAZINE 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ioanna Papanikolau (RM4L PhD student) gave an interview to the Horizon Magazine (The EU Research and Innovation Magazine).

"For me, engineering has always been about improving people's lives. I think should be really the fundamental objective of every engineer, every person that works in the industry.
I'm doing my PhD at the University of Cambridge (UK) where I'm looking into advanced materials for infrastructure. My research is focused on self-sensing and self-healing materials. This means that if your building has cracks it could automatically diagnose its condition. I also work for a UK engineering company called Costain as innovations manager and in smart infrastructure."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://horizon-magazine.eu/article/creative-egalitarian-carbon-neutral-future-industry.html
 
Description RM4L in instagram 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Benyi Cao is a second-year PhD student in Engineering at St Edmund's College. After obtaining a Masters degree in Civil Engineering from Tongji University, China, he joined Geotechnical and Environmental Research Group at Cambridge University. His research interest lies in the development of self-healing in-ground barrier materials incorporating microcapsules and superabsorbent polymers for land remediation applications.
The post has reached 5k+ visualizations in only few weeks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.instagram.com/p/Bt03U8qgmcb/?utm_source=ig_share_sheet&igshid=1fl6xbi27cdta
 
Description SARCOS COST Action Training School-invited speakers, 23-25/1/2018, Lisbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The "Self Healing concrete: the path to sustainable construction" Training School was organised by the Self-healing As prevention Repair of COncrete Structures COST Action in Lisbon, Portugal 2018. The course consisted of invited presentations, lectures and student-led lectures. Members of the RM4L group were invited as trainers to disseminate the findings of previous research and to answer questions on important topics related to the state and future of different self-healing strategies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.sarcos.eng.cam.ac.uk/activities/trainingschools/Portugal2018
 
Description SMART MATERIALS: FROM SELF-ASSEMBLY TO SENSORS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Lívia Ribeiro de Souza, RM4L researcher from University of Cambridge, presented at the 4th CAMatNet Workshop "Smart Materials: From Self- Assembly to Sensors" on the 27 Sept 2018. These meetings are intended to bring together scientists from across Cambridge to discuss a materials-science-related theme and build connections.The Smart Materials meeting aims to explore functional properties of intelligent or responsive materials and how these can be controlled for applications in fields as diverse as photonics, bio-medicine, and energy, to name a few. The meeting was an opportunity to make new contacts, re-kindle existing ones and to network with others in the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/camatnet/
 
Description SYNERCRETE 2018 - MADEIRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Robert Davies attended the Synercrete conference in October 2018 and presented his latest research on "The effects of continued hydration of undamaged material on apparent healing indices in cementitious materials".
The focus of the conference was set to communicating, discussing and arousing progresses in research, development and application of CBM and Structural Concrete, which have been attained through combination of expertise from distinct fields of knowledge. Exciting fields of research such as performance-based design, 3D modelling for analysis/design, Building Information Modelling and even robotics (e.g. digital fabrication or robotics design) were included, while keeping focus on multi-scale approaches at time and spatial levels. Specific attention should be also paid to the challenges that are inherent to the combination of different expertise, and the ways through which better management and research collaboration can be achieved in interdisciplinary research projects.
The conference has consisted of lectures by researchers and other professionals from a variety of scientific disciplines in works targeted to CBM and Structural Concrete, as well as a selected panel of invited speakers. The conference was intended for researchers and practitioners at any career level who have interest in deepening knowledge on the targeted subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://rm4l.com/synercrete-2018-madeira/