Invited Renewal Proposal: EPSRC Fellowships in Manufacturing: Additive nanomanufacturing techniques for integrated device fabrication

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Materials

Abstract

The United Nations University in Tokyo has estimated that an average 2 g silicon chip utilizes 1.6 kg of fossil fuels, 73 g of chemicals and 32 kg of water. This kind of waste is unprecedented in heavy manufacturing. For example, in car manufacturing the ratio of finished goods to waste is roughly equal. This is primarily because the nanomanufacturing technology used thus far is a layer-by-layer additive and subtractive process. As dimensions become increasingly small, the additive layers are increasingly smaller. Hence more subtractive waste is generated (as efficiencies are not one-to-one with further size scaling). Innovations thus far in nanomanufacturing have focused mostly on reducing feature sizes, which have now reached remarkably small dimensions, where further scaling will not deliver increased performance. This opens up the possibility of updating existing electronics, as functionality rather than scaling (or the feature size node) is the main driver. Meanwhile in academia, considerable research into self-assembly of nanoscale particles has also been of interest. With the renewal of this fellowship, I intend to advance developments during the last four years, not only within my group, but worldwide, towards integration of two or more additive nanomanufacturing processes to create functional devices. This research is supported substantially by industrial partners, to the tune of £339,700, underlining the significance of the research in industry.

Planned Impact

EPSRC outlines in its strategic plan, the prosperity outcomes it seeks over the next 3 years, where it is specified that the future competitiveness and creativity of the UK economy will require the successful development of world-leading products, processes and technology based on the discovery and innovation in the mathematical and physical sciences, information and computing technologies, and engineering. The proposed research will lead to a healthier, resilient and more connected nation by enabling printing of electronic components on any surface, being able to eventually have a process that can be applied to biological systems at the very small scales, and by cutting the environmental costs of rapid prototyping at the nanoscale. Specifically, the fellowship extension will address this requirement by carrying out research in innovative, disruptive technologies, allow for Business innovation via digital transformation as all of the developed processes can be controlled digitally and also allow transformation to a sustainable society by cutting environmental waste of fabrication. Crucially it addresses a core need (Ambition P3 of EPSRC's "Productive Nation" outcomes of its delivery plan) to "make it local, make it bespoke" approaches. This fellowship intends to build processes and techniques that would allow this to happen at the nanoscale for the very first time in an integrated manner.
 
Description This is an ongoing fellowship renewal with many new concepts and ideas that are currently being utilized for potential commercialization. As the grant matures, this section will be updated.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Electronics,Energy,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description 12th International Workshop on Materials Behaviour at the Micro and nano Scale, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Faciliated discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description E\PCOS 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker, hosting the 2020 E\PCOS Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://epcos2019.cea.leti.fr/Documents/Final%20program%20EPCOS2019.pdf
 
Description FunComp Review Meetings x 3: Oxford, Belgium & Zurich (latter web based) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of current outcomes and progress, sharing of ideas for future development and direction
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Future Directions of Chalcogenides Research Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Facilitated discussions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MIT Colloquium Dec 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited Colloquium sparked discussions and questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MME 2019 Conference, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hosted the well established European annual workshop on microtechnology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MRS Fall Meeting Dec 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote speaker: Optoelectronic Applications of Phase Change Materials, faciliated discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mrs.org/fall2019/activities-events/other/electronics-and-photonics-workshop
 
Description Media Interview BBC World Service Radio: Digital Planet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Following publication of paper: Plasmonic nanogap enhanced phase-change devices with dual electrical-optical functionality
Nikolaos Farmakidis, Nathan Youngblood, Xuan Li, James Tan, Jacob L. Swett1, Zengguang Cheng, C. David Wright, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
published in Science Advances, 29 November 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nature Publication: Research Highlight in response to press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Responded to request for information for a Research Highlight Article regarding paper Plasmonic nanogap enhanced phase change devices with dual electrical-optical functionality published in Science Advances, 29 November 2019.
Nikolaos Farmakidis, Nathan Youngblood, Xuan Li, James Tan, Jacob L. Swett, Zengguang Cheng, C. David Wright, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description PhD Workshop at Microsoft Research Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation and discussions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Photonics Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conversations in Oxford - Future of Integrated Photonics in Computing, attracted global keynote speakers, and stemmed the beginning of additional events to continue to the conversation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://mme2019.manucodiata.org/index.php/future-of-photonic-computing
 
Description Press Release: Science Advances Article Announcement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press interest resulting in radio and magazine interviews.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description QuEEN Advisory Board Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Faciliated discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SPIE Conference Presentation, Baltimore April 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/10982/109820P/Phase-change-photoni...
 
Description Ultra SRD (Innovate UK) Progress Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Faciliated discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019