GCRF Slavery Free Communities Network

Lead Research Organisation: Pontifical Catholic Un of Rio de Janeiro
Department Name: Institute of International Relations

Abstract

Modern slavery and human trafficking is estimated to affect more than 40 million people worldwide, yet despite widespread adoption of anti-trafficking legislation, sub-national policy responses are frequently fragmented and poorly implemented. 'Place-based' approaches to coordinating anti-slavery action, which focus on distinct geographical communities, towns and cities, offer the possibility of connecting law enforcement, governance, voluntary and faith responses to modern slavery in a more effective and coherent way. Although examples of this type of initiative have started to emerge, models of place-based anti-slavery action have generally been developing organically and in isolation without the benefit of wider knowledge-exchange.

This proposal addresses this challenge by establishing the first global 'slavery-free cities' network. Starting with a core group of four cities spanning four different continents, we aim to establish network infrastructure by building collaboration agreements and knowledge sharing platforms, designing tools and indices for comparison, and collating thematic reports on core aspects of the local anti-slavery response, including prevention, discovery, recovery and the maintenance of sustainable freedom. The academics we are working with in Brazil, Nottingham, Bangkok and Maputo have expertise in labour exploitation and supply chains, child labour and forced marriage and sexual exploitation, amongst other topics, and this project will enable us to examine the value of a place-based approach to addressing these diverse and challenging manifestations of exploitation. This will also be the first attempt to explore in a systemic way how the concept of a slavery-free community could be developed and implemented across diverse social and economic contexts.

The network will be open to further self-funding members, and outputs and virtual participation will be made widely available, through the internet without charge. We will use powerful connections with UNU-CPR and Delta 8.7 to connect our core network to anti-slavery practitioners and virtual communities worldwide. We anticipate that the network will benefit policy and practice in participating cities and states through strengthening in-country inter-agency work to address slavery. We also see huge potential for stimulating learning across different international contexts, whilst also developing knowledge and networks to inspire future research and collaboration opportunities.

Planned Impact

The slavery free cities global engagement network will pilot an approach to building the first global slavery-free cities network. This network connects specific and tangible local anti-slavery responses to local and global fora for review, discussion, evaluation and dissemination.

This first phase of the network will build foundational infrastructure and resources, including the collaboration agreement and online knowledge exchange platform, which will be accessed by local, national and international academics, policymakers and practitioners interested in improving anti-slavery policy and implementation. This infrastructure will be designed to enable scaling and sustainability of the network beyond the initial two-year period.

The network will also develop and refine new evaluative tools for policymakers, service providers, NGOs, businesses and faith groups working at the local level to combat human trafficking and modern slavery, including a slavery free communities audit and index. It will benefit communities (particularly those considered to be at risk of trafficking and modern slavery) in participating cities, by encouraging a renewed focus on existing policy and practice, and introducing ideas for development and improvement from a wide range of different international contexts. Our work will also include a preventative focus, encouraging initiatives that protect against slavery and trafficking as well as respond to it.

We will furthermore work with our partners UNU-CPR and Freedom United to connect the work of the Global Engagement Network with virtual communities interested in improving anti-slavery policy and advocacy, from local communities in our founding cities, to policymakers working at national and global level seeking to build improved strategies for anti-slavery activity. In this way, we anticipate that our ongoing learning, on our journey to developing slavery-free communities, will increase the knowledge and evidence base available to the global anti-trafficking and modern slavery movement, and prompt further strategies for local anti-slavery action.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Global Cities Free of Slavery 
Description The film Global Cities Free of Slavery is the first part of the documentary which will explore the social, cultural, historical and political determinants of modern slavery in the cities partners of the global cities free of slavery network project. It was filmed in the first slum/favela or Rio de Janeiro which was the first residence of ex-slaves after abolition in Rio de Janeiro. Stakeholders from public and private sectors were interviewed and academics from Mozambique, Thailand , Brazil and the UK. It was filmed before the spread of the COVID pandemic, in January 2020. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact The film is being disseminated in the page of the Modern Slavery Research Center , https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/, in the BRICS policy center website , at the Pontifical Catholic University and also could be reached at the https://vimeo.com/420383178. 
 
Description The award is resposible to find social determinants that are similar to 4 different global cities (Rio de Janeiro, Nottingham, Maputo and Bangkok) in reference to the existance of modern slavery. For that, each city is developing a local diagnosis to find those social determinant, and after that we will develop a repor comparing the 4 cities.
Exploitation Route Definetely yes. The finding will be used by academia, civil society and public policies. As a matter of fact, the research is to be shared as soon as it is done with member of sociogovernmental foruns in the cities.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other

URL https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/
 
Description PUC-Rio is drawing a partnership with the National Slave Labor Inspection Department to produce some qualitative analysis driven by the diagnosis that the researchers are developing. The partnership has as a main goal, the production of reflections to impact on the development and implementation of public policies to tackle modern-slavery.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Security and Diplomacy,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Became a member of NEPT/COETRAE-RJ
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Members of the Global Cities free of Slavery are constanly debating with public servants of the anti-slavery agenda, sharing relevant information of other city-members and, therefore, helping to contribute to a multisectorial approach on the theme and its alternative paths to fight against modern-slavery.
 
Description CARITAS Arquidiocesana 
Organisation CARITAS Arquidiocesana
Country Guatemala 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We add the NGO into an international network.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer.
Impact none
Start Year 2020
 
Description Chulalongkorn University 
Organisation Chulalongkorn University
Country Thailand 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have been sharing responsibilities throughout the project in regarding of building a mutual understanding of concepts of modern-day slavery to promote a relevant contextual analysis and, then, develop important alternative paths to combat modern-slavery. We have bimonthly discussions on the modern-slavery agenda, with contextual analysis. We wrote together reports, and are in the process of writing a policy brief on the reality of modern-slavery in each of our cities for further publication. They also brought an NGO (A21) to share field experience on the fight against human trafficking in Thailand.
Collaborator Contribution We have been sharing responsibilities throughout the project in regarding of building a mutual understanding of concepts of modern-day slavery to promote a relevant contextual analysis and, then, develop important alternative paths to combat modern-slavery. We have bimonthly discussions on the modern-slavery agenda, with contextual analysis. We wrote together reports, and are in the process of writing a policy brief on the reality of modern-slavery in each of our cities for further publication. They also brought an NGO (A21) to share field experience on the fight against human trafficking in Thailand.
Impact Global Cities free of Slavery I Workshop - Rio de Janeiro Webinar Global Cities Free of Slavery: Partners Forum - A COVID-19 Impact Analysis 2020 International Migrants Day Online Conference Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Conexão G! 
Organisation Conexão G
Country Brazil 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We facilitate them to be part of an international network.
Collaborator Contribution The spoke in the Global Cities free of Slavery I Workshop - Rio de Janeiro
Impact Global Cities free of Slavery I Workshop - Rio de Janeiro
Start Year 2020
 
Description Cooperativa Maravilha 
Organisation Cooperative Funeral Care
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The project brought the cooperative to the workshop and they gave a speach, that way they became part of an international network.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers in the Workshop in 2020, and were interviewed for the documentary. The cooperative also sew an ecobag and gave out to the network members.
Impact One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Eduardo Mondlane University 
Organisation Eduardo Mondlane University
Country Mozambique 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have been sharing responsibilities throughout the project in regarding of building a mutual understanding of concepts of modern-day slavery to promote a relevant contextual analysis and, then, develop important alternative paths to combat modern-slavery. We have bimonthly discussions on the modern-slavery agenda, with contextual analysis. We wrote together reports, and are in the process of writing a policy brief on the reality of modern-slavery in each of our cities for further publication.
Collaborator Contribution We have been sharing responsabilities throughout the project in regarding of building a mutual understanding of concepts of modern-day slavery to propote a relevantcontextual analysis and, then, develop important alternative paths to combat modern-slavery. We have bimonthly discussions on the modern-slavery agenda, with contextual analysis. We wrote together reports, and are in the process of writing a policy brief on the reality of modern-slavery in each of our cities for further publication.
Impact Global Cities free of Slavery I Workshop - Rio de Janeiro Webinar Global Cities Free of Slavery: Partners Forum - A COVID-19 Impact Analysis 2020 International Migrants Day Online Conference Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Federal Road Patrol 
Organisation BRICS Policy Centre
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We enroll them into an international network.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer. They also sent some informative videos to share with the participants of the network and participants of the workshop.
Impact n/a
Start Year 2020
 
Description Labor Prossecutors Office 
Organisation BRICS Policy Centre
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer.
Collaborator Contribution Workshop in Rio de Janeiro - 2020
Impact Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2020
 
Description Nottingham City Council 
Organisation Nottingham City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Project has been systematically contributing to public policies discussions in governmental spaces by sharing knowledge and academic reflection on the modern-slavery agenda, its outcomes and alternative paths to accomplish it's eradication in the city.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer. They shared extremely relevant information on the day to day anti-slavery activities in their city.
Impact They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Public Defender's Office 
Organisation General Public Defender of the State of Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Project has been systematically contributing to public policies discussions the the Defender's Office, by sharing knowledge and academic reflection on the modern-slavery agenda, its outcomes and alternative paths to accomplish it's eradication in the city. Heloisa followed the Defensor in a lecture about international context of modern-slavery to a group of professionals from the municipality.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer. They were very relevant to gather important members of the anti-slavery agenda to participate on the Workshop. Since they are members of COETRAE, the organization has helped to build of a trustworthy and strong network.
Impact Workshop in Rio de Janeiro - 2020 Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Regional Superintendence of Modern-day Slavery 
Organisation Ministry of Economics
Country Latvia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Project has been systematically contributing to public policies discussions in COETRAE, by sharing knowledge and academic reflection on the modern-slavery agenda, its outcomes and alternative paths to accomplish it's eradication in the city.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers on the Worskshop and are willing to take part on any other space that the project offer. They were very relevant to gather important members of the anti-slavery agenda to participate on the Workshop. Since they are members of COETRAE, the organization has helped to build of a trustworthy and strong network.
Impact Workshop in Rio de Janeiro - 2020 Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2020
 
Description Research Group on Modern Day Slavery 
Organisation Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We share a space for dialogue and has sistematically contributed to produce researches, debates and knowledge exchange.
Collaborator Contribution They were speakers in the Workshop, they donated books to the network and PUC-Rio, and are fundamental to data colection ana analysis.
Impact Workshop and documentary (both in the URL mentioned above).
Start Year 2019
 
Description Rio de Janeiro's City Hall 
Organisation Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Modern Slavery Research Center is an academic space for discussion on modern slavery in Brazil with civil society and governmental organizations. We have data and information of theories, insights and paths that are always shared with the governmental partners on bimonthly discussions.
Collaborator Contribution They were part os the first workshop as lecturers and constantly share relevant information on anti-slavery minicipal policies to the Modern Slavery Research Center, and, in essence, to the project in general.
Impact Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) Heloisa (Research assistant) gave a lecture to professionals from the Rio de Janeiro City Hall regarding modern-day slavery in January 2020. The Gobal Cities Free of Slavery put in touch the City Hall and Cooperativa Maravilha (another partner) to facilitate access to social policies, such as psychological monitoring to single mothers.
Start Year 2019
 
Description State Commission to Fight Modern Slavery of Rio de Janeiro 
Organisation Governo do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The State Commission to Fight Modern Slavery (COETRAE) is a colegial organization that include members of civil society, academia and governmental organizations. It is a forum of discussions for anti-slavery matters of the state of Rio de Janeiro, so the project not only include COETRAE in all discussions of the project, but also share information on our findings.
Collaborator Contribution They were very relevant to gather important members of the anti-slavery agenda to participate on the Workshop. COETRAE invited other relevant persons to be part of the events, being fundamental to the development of a trustworthy and strong network. Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Impact PUC-Rio became the second university of the city of Rio de Janeiro to become a member of the State Commission to Fight Modern Slavery.
Start Year 2019
 
Description University of Nottingham 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have been sharing responsabilities throughout the entire project, having weekly meetings to discuss the modern-slavery agenda, with contextual analysis. We wrote together reports, and are in the process of writing an article. We are partnering to be toghether in all travels that will occour for the documentary, and we worked together to build a robust and relevant analysis.
Collaborator Contribution They paid for the participation of a third member in Rio de Janeiro's workshop, and all activities described in the bor above. They were also extremely relevant to the Workshop in Rio de Janeiro and all Webinars, as well as the documentary, since they were interviewed.
Impact Workshop in Rio de Janeiro - 2020 Two reports (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/) One movie (https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Creation of the Modern Slavery Research Center (MSRC). The MSRC is a platform on line with information, academic papers, reports on projects and civil society initiatives to tackle modern slavery in the city of Rio de Janeiro. https://bricspolicycenter.org/en/projects/modern-slavery-research-center/ 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Slavery Free Communities Network project is developed at the Think Tank BRICS policy centre (BPC) in the International Relations Department - Pontifical Catholic University Rio de Janeiro. The preliminary achievements of our network have resulted in the creation of The Modern Slavery Research center which is the first in Brazil aiming the engagement of academics and civil society to disseminate information on local based initiatives on the eradication of modern slavery in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The Center counts on local partners to investigate the agenda to think alternative paths to fight modern slavery and to build a proper agenda with goals to fight, by enhancing current public policies and academic studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 2020 International Migrants Day Online Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference Objectives
1. To better understand the social, economic and political impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on migration, mobility and sustainable development in Thailand, origin countries in ASEAN and beyond.
2. To enhance academic cooperation and networks with international, regional and national organisations, government and civil society organisations (CSOs) working in the intersecting fields of migration, mobility and development.

Conference Outputs:
This year's conference theme on the Covid-19 pandemic, migration, mobility and sustainable development is in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by inviting speakers to contribute and disseminate knowledge on the progressive achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including: SDG 1: No Poverty; SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being; SDG 4: Quality Education; SDG 5: Gender Equality; SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Work; SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities; SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions; and SDG 17: Partnerships.

Panel 5: Post Covid-19, Resilience and Safe Cities
Convenor: Dr Ratchada Jayagupta
The Global Cities Free of Slavery Project is the global collaboration between Rights Labs - University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom, BRIC Policy Center - The Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique, and the Asian Research Center for Migration at the Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand. The project aims to promote visibility to actors from public, private and CSO sectors involved in the eradication of slavery, and social groups vulnerable to modern slavery in the cities, aiming to strength resilience considering the diversity of aspects that interfere in the vulnerability to modern slavery in each city.
The project oriented its debates to the effects of the pandemic on patterns of modern slavery, considering the impact of the emergency State policies on the labour market. Later, the topic of "GLOBAL CITIES FREE OF SLAVERY PARTNERS FORUM: A Covid-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS" was discussed on the impact of Covid-19 among partner universities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Creation of an interactive web based resource. https://globalcitiesfreeofslavery.org/ 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact One of the outcomes of our project is a website that was created and will continue to develop as new tools and resources are added by the current partners and the new ones which will engage in the network of cities. We are eleven academics in total so far, providing information on public policies and civil society initiatives to fight and raise awareness on modern slavery, in the cities of Rio de Janeiro, Bangkok, Maputo, Nottingham and with NGO from Thailand. We have five institutional partners including universities in different regions of the globe and a NGO from Thailand.

https://globalcitiesfreeofslavery.org/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Global Cities Free of Slavery I Workshop in Rio. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Aware of the relevance of approaches that engage with both global policy networks and specific locations to tackle human rights violations globally, the project Global Cities Free of Slavery launched its first workshop in Rio de Janeiro in the BRICS Policy Centre, in January 2020. The workshop in Rio was the first step to the construction of an anti-slavery global cities' network to discuss local initiatives and their global impacts. This dialogue started in Rio de Janeiro between the cities of Maputo, Bangkok, Nottingham, and Rio de Janeiro with the presence of state representatives, prosecutors, inspectors, and NGO's that carry on placed-based responses to slavery in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. As a result of the I Workshop in Rio it was produced a report with the main debates on social determinants of modern slavery in Rio and in the cities' partners.
https://globalcitiesfreeofslavery.org/reports/Global%20Cities%20Free%20of%20Slavery%20Workshop%20Rio%20de%20Janeiro.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description I Webinar Global Cities Free of Slavery Partners Forum: A COVID 19 Impact Analysis. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact With the spread of the Covid-19 virus worldwide, the Global Cities Free of Slavery project oriented its debates to the effects of the pandemic on patterns of modern slavery, considering the impact of emergency state policies on the labour market. Emerging official and civil society evidence (IBGE,2020, Walk Free 2020 and ILO 2020) has shown that the pandemic has exacerbated injustices and inequalities, hitting minorities, women and informal workers and resilience of social groups that remain invisible to the state measures. These themes were debated on the I Webinar "GLOBAL CITIES FREE OF SLAVERY PARTNERS FORUM: A COVID-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS" held on an online platform on July 30th, 2020. The WEBINAR resulted in the Report , https://globalcitiesfreeofslavery.org/reports/Global%20Cities%20Free%20of%20Slavery%20A%20covid-19%20impact%20analysis.pdf .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description The film documentary "Global Cities Free of Slavery in Rio" (part one) , https://vimeo.com/416304111 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A documentary and short films sharing key learnings from the network are outcomes of the network of cities project. We successfully finished, before the rise of the pandemic, the first of the 4 short films projected to be shot in the 4 cities during the planned Workshops. The first film, shot in Rio de Janeiro, included highly important locations from a historical point of view, where slaves where disembarked in the colonial times and ex-slaves used to live right after abolition, such as the first favela in Rio called Morro da Providencia. Added to these images and visits the short film in Rio covered the I Workshop in Rio, with interviews with members of the network and guests from the public and private sectors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020