Multiphysics and multiscale modelling for safe and feasible CO2 capture and storage

Lead Research Organisation: Brunel University
Department Name: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) involves capturing carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by power stations and other industrial processes and storing it in underground geological formation. The aim of this project is to gain an enhanced understanding of the impact of dynamic behaviour of carbon capture and storage using novel adsorbents. The proposed research involves development of advanced sorbents and numerical models to simulate the process of large scale CO2 capture and safe storage under variable power load (i.e. CO2 flow rate).

Planned Impact

Power generation constitutes a multi-billion dollar sector with a strong impact on the nation's welfare and prosperity. However, electricity generation using fossil fuels can only continue if the associated CO2 emissions are effectively captured and securely stored. CO2 capture and storage (CCS) has consequently been considered to be an unavoidable technology to meet this goal. The output of the proposed research will directly impact the environment by reducing an important green house gas from the atmosphere. The proposed work will also impact energy companies by providing viable means of capturing and safely storing their CO2 emission.
 
Description Collaboration with BP and Shell 
Organisation BP (British Petroleum)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution BP and Shell are two of the leading operators in the Oil & Gas industry. For them it is very important to have a tool to establish whether vortex-induced-vibrations may occur in the flexibler risers that they operate. In some instances, this may have huge eonomic implications, for example when decisions have to be made regarding the life extension of existing assets.
Collaborator Contribution The industrial partners of this project provided technical input, advice and direction to the project.
Impact Indirectly, the technical insight provided by the industrial collaborators have been very important in generating the outcomes (in particular, the software codes implementing new multi-scale structural modelling and new fluid-structure interaction methods) and outputs (see list of publications). It is intended to extend this collaborations in future projects. A great deal of formulations and tools developed in this project have formed the basis of a new EPSRC application on structural integrity of floating wind turbine power cables and BP is one of the industrial sponsors of this new project.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Collaboration with BP and Shell 
Organisation Shell Global Solutions International BV
Department Shell Global Solutions UK
Country Netherlands 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution BP and Shell are two of the leading operators in the Oil & Gas industry. For them it is very important to have a tool to establish whether vortex-induced-vibrations may occur in the flexibler risers that they operate. In some instances, this may have huge eonomic implications, for example when decisions have to be made regarding the life extension of existing assets.
Collaborator Contribution The industrial partners of this project provided technical input, advice and direction to the project.
Impact Indirectly, the technical insight provided by the industrial collaborators have been very important in generating the outcomes (in particular, the software codes implementing new multi-scale structural modelling and new fluid-structure interaction methods) and outputs (see list of publications). It is intended to extend this collaborations in future projects. A great deal of formulations and tools developed in this project have formed the basis of a new EPSRC application on structural integrity of floating wind turbine power cables and BP is one of the industrial sponsors of this new project.
Start Year 2013