Modelling the relationships between transport poverty and social disadvantage

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: Institute for Transport Studies

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

Publications

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Lucas K (2016) Modelling the relationship between travel behaviours and social disadvantage in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

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Lucas K (2016) Transport poverty and its adverse social consequences in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Transport

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Schwanen T (2015) Rethinking the links between social exclusion and transport disadvantage through the lens of social capital in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
ES/J00023X/1 01/01/2012 01/09/2013 £137,305
ES/J00023X/2 Transfer ES/J00023X/1 01/09/2013 31/12/2014 £19,705
 
Description The research looked at different ways to mathematically model the relationship between transport poverty and social disadvantages. It found that the standard models and datasets traditionally used by transport policymakers could readily be adapted to identify these influence of a lack of transport on people's trip making patterns. This could be found at the national and local level of analysis. However, when people on low incomes live in close proximity to good public transport services and a range of different economic and social opportunities, they appear to adopt the same trip making patterns as their counterparts in the average population. Recent analysis using GWR techniques has found that local environmental factors are highly influential in determining why people do or don't travel, especially the density of the walking network and availability of bus services.
Exploitation Route They have led to several publications and have also contributed to workshops and teaching sessions for an EU COST Action project TU1209 on Transport Equity Assessment. They are currently being used in a further proposal in this same area of social research in transport, but focusing this time on future transport technologies and mobility landscapes to 2040, which is currently being prepared for submission to the EPSRC
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL https://www.its.leeds.ac.uk/research/featured-projects/transportpoverty/
 
Description The research collaboration has led to further work for the Welsh Government to undertake a social assessment of the A465 road by-pass project in South Wales. It has also led to a secondment to Highways England for Lucas to act as an advisor to the Community Impacts Team for the Lower Thames Crossing project funded through Arcadis consultancy.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Transport
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description International study visit
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Sydney 
Sector Academic/University
Country Australia
Start 11/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Title Merseyside model 
Description The model geographically weights the travel behaviours of individuals at the micro-scale of their local neighbourhoods. The dataset is specific to Merseyside but the model could be adapted for use within any local area where there is suitable data available. 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None as yet, e are waiting to publish the results at present. 
URL https://www.its.leeds.ac.uk/research/featured-projects/transportpoverty/
 
Title Transport equity model 
Description The method is designed to identify the effect of income and other social indicators on travel behavioural outcomes 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It is being use by a local transport authority to assess the equity effects of its future policies 
 
Title GWR local travel model for Merseyside 
Description Using local travel diary data the GWR model allocates trips to neighbourhood areas, so as to determine local environmental factors in the recorded travel behaviour outcomes 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact As yet none, but it will be used by the local authority 
 
Description Australian study visit 
Organisation University of Sydney
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have collaborated on the analysis for a joint academic article
Collaborator Contribution They undertook the transport modelling components of the analysis
Impact We have produced 2 conference papers and are currently in the process of amending a journal article
Start Year 2015
 
Description Marie Curie International Researcher Exchange Programme 
Organisation University of Concepcion
Country Chile 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was a researcher exchange project which involved several early career researcher placements which I mentored during their stay
Collaborator Contribution They provided expertise on transport modelling methods
Impact There have been a number of collaborative research papers some of which are still awaiting publication
Start Year 2013
 
Description Marie Curie International Researcher Exchange Programme 
Organisation University of Ghent
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This was a researcher exchange project which involved several early career researcher placements which I mentored during their stay
Collaborator Contribution They provided expertise on transport modelling methods
Impact There have been a number of collaborative research papers some of which are still awaiting publication
Start Year 2013
 
Description TEA COST Action 
Organisation Technical University of Madrid
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Presentations and research information to 3 research into policy workshops: 1 in Haifa, Israel; 1 in Madrid, Spain and 1 in Paris, France
Collaborator Contribution As above
Impact 3 workshop reports, 1 literature review report, 1 journal publication
Start Year 2012
 
Description University of Concepcion, Chile 
Organisation University of Concepcion
Country Chile 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution New Marie Curie IRSES award leading to a programme of international study visits, co-supervison of research students, researcher exchange visits, joint conference and seminar events
Collaborator Contribution Researcher exchanges, research assistance, joint research dissemination activities with policy makers
Impact Several publications are currently in development. There have also been 2 policy maker dissemination events one in Chile and one in Belgium.
Start Year 2011
 
Description University of Concepcion, Chile 
Organisation University of Ghent
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution New Marie Curie IRSES award leading to a programme of international study visits, co-supervison of research students, researcher exchange visits, joint conference and seminar events
Collaborator Contribution Researcher exchanges, research assistance, joint research dissemination activities with policy makers
Impact Several publications are currently in development. There have also been 2 policy maker dissemination events one in Chile and one in Belgium.
Start Year 2011
 
Description Presenting study results to academics and policymakers University of Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk led to an invitation to three further meetings with policymakers from different sectors of Transport for New South Wales and Health New South Wales

To soon to comment
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description TEA COST Action 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The 2 workshop with policymakers from Tel Aviv and Rotterdam resulted in revisions to their local transport plans

Led to an invitation to contribute to their future research and city planning exercises
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.teacost.eu
 
Description Transport modeller group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Seminar with key academics and policmakers involved in transport modelling activities in the UK

Further interaction with transport modelers in UK, Chile and Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description World Transport Conference 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion and lead to a further research collaboration

After the talk I was invited to join a group of people to submit a proposal to the EU for a COST Action on Transport Equity assessment which was subsequently successful
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012