JPI Urban Europe ENSUF Smart Shrinkage Solutions - Fostering Resilient Cities in Inner Peripheries of Europe (3S RECIPE)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Continuing Education

Abstract

Smart Shrinkage Solutions - Fostering Resilient Cities in Inner Peripheries of Europe is a project that offers the best practice and most feasible solutions to the problem of urban shrinkage - a continuous population decline affecting more than 1,500 cities all over Europe. By learning from the experience of the cities that once were on the edge of an abyss but have bounced back to life, by sharing the key ingredients of their success across Europe and beyond, this project enables as many shrinking cities as possible to adapt, transform, and thrive in the face of continuously and often dramatically changing circumstances.

Planned Impact

i) Residents and communities: empowering residents and stakeholders to co-produce solutions
A core outcome is policies designed to increase economic and fiscal resilience, liveability and compact connected city outcomes - an inventory of potentially effective policy instruments for the creation of attractive and sustainable urban environments and the maintenance of vibrant local communities will be developed: The views of residents and communities will be sought through the local stakeholders' workshops in the seven 3S RECIPE cities; Webinars will include local residents and community representatives to capture the views of policy interventions designed to tackle shrinkage; A record of the webinars will be publish and podcasts made available on our dedicated webpage; Ongoing engagement and evaluation of 3S RECIPE solutions will be provided by (micro)blogging and online social media presence; Our partners have extensive experience of using art based approaches to community engagement a transportable exhibition space will be developed to engage communities with alternative interventions to tackle shrinkage innovatively; As part of our accredited postgraduate programmes in sustainable urban development, we will invite community representatives to share their experience of policies on shrinkage with other communities in the region.

ii) Practice and professionals: sharing ideas across the policy community
A core aim of 3S RECIPE is to calibrate policy solutions for different urban futures and trajectories, as delivering economically resilient, liveable and compact cities is highly dependent on context: We will use our policy networks at regional and national levels to host policy planning seminars with a focus on policy responses to shrinkage with the aim of developing outputs to be incorporated into guidance and continuing professional development to support planners, regeneration professionals and practitioners in addressing resilient solutions for shrinkage; Publication of at least two articles in the professional press (e.g, New Start, Planning Resource, The Planner) on resilience and planning for growth in the context of shrinkage; Work with urban regeneration companies, local enterprise partnerships, and regional development agencies in developing an understanding of resilience strategies by commissioning joint seminars hosted by the 3S RECIPE research organisations; Where relevant we will embed innovative solutions emerging from the project within the Knowledge Innovation Community issues of adaptability and resilience of cities through the Regional Knowledge Innovation Community and other pan-European and international platforms; Working with our international partners we will seek opportunities to promote a joint seminar on public policy implications of our foresight approach and policy innovation across the 3SRECIPE cities for resilience in China, Japan and elsewhere.

iii) Students and Researchers: teaching and training the place leaders of the future
As leading schools of geography, planning, and civil engineering, we have a responsibility for training and educating the future place makers and governance leaders: the mechanisms to engage residents and policymakers will be open to our postgraduate research and taught course student communities; theoretical and policy lessons will be utilised to inform postgraduate and undergraduate taught modules; students from our highly successful and accredited Masters programmes will go on to planning practice and our overseas students go on to senior positions in government and planning practice. Moreover, we will utilise our inventory of successful participatory planning mechanisms for generating urban resilience solutions in developing an inter-disciplinary focus on green infrastructure and Biophilic Cities. This will draw on the wider student community across Arts and Humanities, Natural, Applied, Interdisciplinary, and Social Sciences.
 
Description 1. The 3S RECIPE project has generated significant new knowledge concerning the current state of affairs as well as the evolution of urban and regional inequalities in Europe, North America, and BRICS economies during the period 1980-2015.

What is it about?
The gap between Europe's haves and have-nots has been narrowing over the past 35 years. This article is a major comparative study of European urban and regional growth patterns, revealing that since 1980 cities and regions across the EU have been converging economically, becoming increasingly similar in per capita incomes and real growth rates. The aggregate decline in regional income inequalities across 28 EU member states (EU-28) from 1980-2015 amounts to at least 7.2%. This refers to the average spread of regional gross domestic product (GDP) per capita across the EU, meaning regional per capita levels across Europe are over 7% more similar today than they were in 1980. Furthermore, Europe's regional convergence trends have become much stronger since 2000, coinciding with the eastward enlargement of the EU. Between 1995 and 2015, the gap in regional GDP per capita levels decreased by 10.6% on average.

Why is it important?
Europe's remarkable progress in economic convergence is due to a combination of free markets and government intervention in the form of active regional policy, targeting state assistance to the lagging regions and cities. Contrary to some caricatures of "Brussels" as a bureaucratic, crypto-socialist juggernaut stifling growth, this research suggests that it is the EU's single market, with its four freedoms of movement of labour, capital, goods and services, that has propelled faster economic growth and catching-up across the continent. At the same time, this research shows how hopelessly outdated are the views of those, who portray the EU as a capitalist plot created to benefit only giant transnational corporations and further to impoverish the poorest people and places.

2. The 3S RECIPE project has generated significant new knowledge concerning the urbanisation of China during the period 1990-2010.

What is it about?
The project has exposed and mapped a hitherto littleknown dimension of China's urban geography - that of shrinkage, directly affecting one in 10 of its cities. By developing its own definition of the city as an urban area (UA) in the Chinese politicaladministrative context, we have built a morphologic taxonomy of China's shrinking cities. This revealed the overall net population loss across Chinese shrinking cities more than doubling since 1990, reaching 7.3 million inhabitants in 2010. Sixtyeight Chinese UAs, mostly in northeastern China, are found to have been shrinking continuously since 1990. Despite the multifaceted and entangled makeup of urban shrinkage, the research funded on this grant identified four distinct causes of this geographical phenomenon in China:

(1) stateincubated reindustrialisation and economic restructuring, impacting upon 63% of all shrinking UAs;
(2) the country's new economic geography, with the underlying centripetal forces of agglomeration pushing around 34% of all shrinking cities towards marginalisation;
(3) statepropelled demographic change, leading to natural population decline in 26% of Chinese shrinking cities; and
(4) statesponsored megashrinkage, responsible for urban population loss in almost 20% of all the cases.

Why is it important?
Urban shrinkage understood as continuous urban population loss is revealed to be a growing concern for the most populous country on earth, with the absolute number of shrinking cities rising by 71% from 164 in the 1990s to 281 in the 2000s. By contrast with the West, the critical distinctiveness of urban shrinkage in China relates, first and foremost, to its statecompelled, governmentdriven nature. The central government's role in comprehensive spatial planning is overriding, though its effects have been rather ambivalent. While the stated objectives of statesponsored megashrinkage were about the creation of an aesthetically attractive and greener built environment, China's statefunded reindustrialisation efforts have led to an opposite effect. The shorttermism of Chinese local government actors - fixated on the extraction of landbased income - has added another layer of specificity to the understanding of urban shrinkage across the mainland.

Policywise, the 3S RECIPE project concludes that as the relentless pressure of demographic change and industrial restructuring continues to mount, Chinese policymakers may find it increasingly difficult to confront the challenges of urban shrinkage, especially in northeastern China. They would also have to face up to the colossal political dilemma of liberal marketbased capitalism - whether to continue resisting the inexorable urban socio-economic disparities, by trying to reverse the causes of urban population loss in western China and across the inner peripheries. When Chinese Communist partystate leaders decide that the costs of intervening into the marketled dynamics of spatial economic development have become excessively detrimental to national growth, productive efficiency and individual equity, urban shrinkage processes in the country shall inevitably accelerate.

3. The 3S RECIPE project has generated significant new knowledge concerning what works in a shrinking city context and how the underlying forces of urban shrinkage can be reversed in order to convert these cities into sustainable, liveable, economically resilient urban environments; and developed a new methodological application to stress-test and future-proof a public intervention or a private sector solution to an urban challenge.

What is it about?
- A successful city depends on a resilient urban economy and a healthy state of its municipal finance: 3S RECIPE have collected an inventory of potentially effective policy instruments for economic and fiscal resilience-building, validating these against seven different urban, regional, and national contexts across Europe.
- A successful city has to become compact and connected: 3S RECIPE have catalogued potentially viable public interventions for building compact and connected urban environments and validated these against seven different social contexts.
- A successful city has to remain attractive and liveable: 3S RECIPE have taken an inventory of potentially effective policy instruments for the creation of attractive and sustainable urban environments and the maintenance of vibrant local communities, and considered the soundness and feasibility of these tools in the context of different urban futures scenarios of Le Havre (FRA), Maastricht (NLD), Lódz (POL), Porto (PRT), Timi?oara (ROM), Zonguldak (TUR), and Stoke-on-Trent (GBR).

Why is it important?
Building on the state-of-the-art theorisation of urban shrinkage, and applying a pioneering Future Performance Framework in combination with the Urban Futures methodology, this project is tackling the key socio-economic causes of urban shrinkage, future-proofing sustainability actions in urban re-development and regeneration, and enhancing the role of long-term strategic planning.
Exploitation Route i) Residents and communities: empowering residents and stakeholders to co-produce solutions

A core outcome is policies designed to increase Economic and Municipal Finance Resilience, Liveability and Compact Connected City outcomes - an inventory of potentially effective policy instruments for the creation of attractive and sustainable urban environments and the maintenance of vibrant local communities has been developed:
- The views of residents and communities are sought through the local stakeholders' workshops in the seven 3S RECIPE cities;
- A webinar on urban resilience and robustness has attracted urban practitioners and stakeholders to capture the views of policy interventions designed to tackle shrinkage - see the record at https://youtu.be/lq_7GqFPDmA
- Ongoing engagement and evaluation of 3S RECIPE solutions have been provided by (micro) blogging and online social media presence - see https://twitter.com/3s_recipe and https://www.linkedin.com/in/vlad-mykhnenko-1b29ba91/

ii) Practice and professionals: sharing ideas across the policy community

- As part of the RICS accredited MSc programme in Sustainable Urban Development at the University of Oxford, in partnership with the Prince's Foundation, we have been training new cohorts of urban practitioners and professionals in new methods, sharing the project's ideas across the policy community.
- Working with our international partners and stakeholders, we have found opportunities to promote public policy implications and our foresight approach for resilience in China and Japan.

iii) Students and Researchers: teaching and training the place leaders of the future

- We have opened the mechanisms to engage residents and policymakers to our postgraduate research and taught course student communities;
- 3S RECIPE's theoretical and policy lessons have been utilised to inform postgraduate taught modules.
- As students from the highly successful RICS accredited MSc in Sustainable Urban Development (Oxford) go on to planning practice and our overseas students go on to senior positions in government and planning practice, the project will utilise its inventory of successful participatory planning mechanisms for generating urban resilience solutions in developing an interdisciplinary focus. This will draw on the wider student community and provide an opportunity to use the results of 3S RECIPE in developing integrated teaching on resilience approaches in shrinkage contexts.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Transport,Other

URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00343404.2018.1476754
 
Description Within the 23 months of the project's duration so far, the 3S RECIPE UK team of researchers as well as the consortium at large have focussed on increasing the effectiveness of public services and public policy in the UK, France, Netherlands, Portugal, Poland, Romania, and Turkey with regard to fostering urban adaptation and resilience to shrinkage. In collaboration with the key stakeholders from the public, private and third/voluntary sectors in 7 cities and regions, including Stoke-on-Trent (GBR), Le Havre (FRA), Maastricht (NLD), Porto (POR), Lodz (POL), Timisoara (ROM), and Zonguldak (TRK), we conducted 4series of methodological/conceptual policy workshops in each of the cities concerned aimed at building the stakeholders' capacity for stress-testing and future-proofing their policy interventions and solutions in the following spheres: - Urban Futures - Local economy and municipal finance - Compact & connected city - Liveability and attractiveness The overall aim of the project's work is two-fold: a) to increase the effectiveness of urban public services and urban policy in the context of a shrinking city; and b) to enhance the quality of life, health and creative output of the remaining, returning, and newly coming city residents. The findings from the grant have been used to reach the general public beyond the UK, particularly targeting urban practitioners, decision-makers, and opinion-formers globally.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Transport,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description 3S RECIPE Stoke-on-Trent Workshop 1
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Under the auspices of 3S RECIPE (work package 1 Urban Futures), a special 'Urban Futures' methodology workshop was run for 2 senior municipal housing officers (The city of Stoke-on-Trent Council) to stress-test and future-proof the city's flagship "£1 House" programme. This provided a practitioner training in the Urban Futures methodology and introduced the 'Designing resilient cities - a guide to good practice interactive tool'. The aim of this training is to help urban practitioners analyse the resiliency of their sustainability solutions - the things they are doing today in the name of sustainability, such as improving the social housing stock and creating vibrant mixed social communities.
 
Description 3S RECIPE Stoke-on-Trent Workshop 2
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Summary: Under the auspices of 3S RECIPE (work package 2 ECOFIN), a special 'Urban Futures' methodology workshop was run for a group of local stakeholders from the city of Stoke-on-Trent Council to stress-test and future-proof the city's local economic development and urban regeneration initiatives since 2000. This provided a practitioner training in the Urban Futures methodology and helped urban practitioners analyse the resiliency of their economic sustainability solutions - the things they are doing today in the name of economic growth, such as the creation of a local enterprise partnership and attraction of direct capital investment, both domestic and foreign. Details: Fostering Economic Resilience in Stoke-On-Trent - Using the Past to Inform Our Shared Economic Future An Urban Economic Futures Policy Workshop Friday 9th March 2018 (9.30am- 3.30pm) Venue: Room LT114/116, Ashley Business School, Staffordshire University Leek Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 2DF Together we have future-proofed Stoke's economic development initiatives by: • Determining the most successful economic development initiatives / discrete projects implemented in Stoke over the past 20 years • Identifying the key benefits, implementation conditions, and mechanisms behind the successful local economic development interventions • Assessing the efficacy of the successful interventions in four alternative urban futures • Evaluating the resilience and sustainability of Stoke's urban economic scenarios
 
Description 3S RECIPE Stoke-on-Trent Workshop 3
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Under the auspices of 3S RECIPE (work package 3 COMPACT), a special 'Urban Futures' methodology workshop was run for a group of local stakeholders from the city of Stoke-on-Trent to stress-test and future-proof the city's policies on connectivity, accessibility, and transport. This provided a practitioner training in the Urban Futures methodology and used the 'Designing resilient cities - a guide to good practice interactive tool' to help urban practitioners analyse the resiliency of their sustainable transport and connectivity solutions - the things they are doing today in the name of sustainability, such as improving road and rail infrastructure and creating safe and usable walking and bicycling routes around the city. Details: The Connected and Attractive Potteries - Fostering Urban Resilience in Stoke-on-Trent Time: Tuesday 12th March 2019 (10am - 1pm) Venue: 72 Hartshill Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7RB Hosted by B arts (Beavers Arts Ltd) - an arts and educational charity based in Stoke. Together we future-proofed Stoke-on-Trent's connectivity and liveability • By determining the most successful transport & urban attractiveness initiatives / discrete projects implemented in the city over the past 20 years • By identifying the key benefits, implementation conditions, and mechanisms behind such successful local connectivity and liveability interventions • By assessing the efficacy of these successful interventions/projects in four alternative urban futures • By evaluating the resilience and sustainability of Stoke-on-Trent's development scenarios
URL https://www.b-arts.org.uk/events/2019/3/12/fostering-urban-resilience-in-stoke-on-trent
 
Description 3S RECIPE Stoke-on-Trent Workshop 4
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Under the auspices of 3S RECIPE (work package 4 LIVE), a special 'Urban Futures' methodology workshop was run for a group of local stakeholders from the city of Stoke-on-Trent to stress-test and future-proof the city's policies on urban attractiveness and city liveability. This provided a practitioner training in the Urban Futures methodology and used the 'Designing resilient cities - a guide to good practice interactive tool' to help urban practitioners analyse the resiliency of their city liveability and attractiveness solutions - the things they are doing today in the name of sustainability, such as using creative arts and design and the creative economy heritage to change the (perceived) negative public attitudes about the Potteries urban area and make Stoke-on-Trent an attractive and welcoming place to live, work, and play. Details: The Connected and Attractive Potteries - Fostering Urban Resilience in Stoke-on-Trent Time: Tuesday 12th March 2019 (2pm - 5pm) Venue: 72 Hartshill Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7RB Hosted by B arts (Beavers Arts Ltd) - an arts and educational charity based in Stoke. Together we future-proofed Stoke-on-Trent's connectivity and liveability • By determining the most successful transport & urban attractiveness initiatives / discrete projects implemented in the city over the past 20 years • By identifying the key benefits, implementation conditions, and mechanisms behind such successful local connectivity and liveability interventions • By assessing the efficacy of these successful interventions/projects in four alternative urban futures • By evaluating the resilience and sustainability of Stoke-on-Trent's development scenarios
URL https://www.b-arts.org.uk/events/2019/3/12/fostering-urban-resilience-in-stoke-on-trent
 
Description Influenced training of practitioners and postgraduate researchers
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The activity has involved a special 'Urban Futures' workshop for 30 international Master's in Sustainable Urban Development graduate students at the University of Oxford, which provided a practitioner training in 'Designing resilient cities - a guide to good practice interactive tool'. The aim of this training is to help urban designers analyse the resiliency of their sustainability solutions - the things they are doing today in the name of sustainability, such as incorporating greywater recycling into a housing development or cycle paths across a city. Details: MSc in Sustainable Urban Development, Department for Continuing Education, University of Oxford Year 2 (2017-2019 cohort) Teaching Week 8: Leadership, Governance and Future Cities Title of Session: Urban Futures Methodology Workshop Date: Thursday 7th March 2019 (3.30pm - 5pm) Title of Session: Sustainable Urban Futures Workshop Summary: Sustainable urban development, no matter what definition is used, is all about the future - putting in place solutions that will yield a positive legacy in cities, where most of the world's population now lives. Urban resilience is about putting in place solutions that are resistance to future uncertainties. The essential underlying question is 'how sustainable are these solutions?' while the answer inevitably is 'it depends on how the future develops'. However, predicting the future is complex - arguably, the only certainties are that there will be change, and that we must learn to live within the resource limitations of our planet. The Urban Futures Method aims to broaden the way we think about the form, function, and context of urban development and regeneration by focussing on the likely long-term performance of today's urban design solutions, and their associated vulnerabilities (see http://designingresilientcities.co.uk/). In this workshop, we present and apply the Urban Futures Method to test the likely future performance of urban development and regeneration-related 'sustainability solutions' - actions taken today in the name of sustainability - in a series of possible future scenarios in the year 2050. If a proposed solution delivers a positive legacy, regardless of the future against which it is tested, then it can be adopted with confidence. The Method provides insights into the potential impacts of today's urban planning and design decisions, and challenges the conventional mainstream approach to sustainability by incorporating changing priorities and different ways of thinking into today's actions, with the intention to ensure relevance in the future. Essential readings Lombardi, D.R., Leach, J. M., Rogers, C.D.F, Aston, R., Barber, A and Whyatt, J.D. (2012) Designing Resilient Cities: A Guide to Good Practice. Bracknell, UK: IHS BRE Press. Rogers, C.D.F., Lombardi, D.R., Cooper, R.F.D. and Leach, J.M. (2012) The Urban Futures Methodology Applied to Urban Regeneration. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Engineering Sustainability 165(1): 5-20. Further readings Hunt, D.V.L., Jefferson, I. and Rogers, C.D.F. (2013) Scenarios analysis through a futures performance framework. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Engineering Sustainability 165(5): 258-271.
URL https://twitter.com/Oxford_Urban/status/1100323316672483328
 
Description Influenced training of practitioners and postgraduate researchers
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The activity has involved a special 'Urban Futures' workshop for 15+ international Master's in Sustainable Urban Development graduate students at the University of Oxford, which provided a practitioner training in 'Designing resilient cities - a guide to good practice interactive tool'. The aim of this training is to help urban designers analyse the resiliency of their sustainability solutions - the things they are doing today in the name of sustainability, such as incorporating greywater recycling into a housing development or cycle paths across a city. Details: MSc in Sustainable Urban Development, Department for Continuing Education, University of Oxford Year 1 (2018-2020 cohort) Teaching Week 2: Climate Change and the Built Environment Title of Session: Urban Futures Methodology Workshop Date: Thursday 29 November 2018 (3.30pm - 5pm) Summary: Sustainable urban development, no matter what definition is used, is all about the future - putting in place solutions that will yield a positive legacy in cities, where most of the world's population now lives. Urban resilience is about putting in place solutions that are resistance to future uncertainties. The essential underlying question is 'how sustainable are these solutions?' while the answer inevitably is 'it depends on how the future develops'. However, predicting the future is complex - arguably, the only certainties are that there will be change, and that we must learn to live within the resource limitations of our planet. The Urban Futures Method aims to broaden the way we think about the form, function, and context of urban development and regeneration by focussing on the likely long-term performance of today's urban design solutions, and their associated vulnerabilities (see http://designingresilientcities.co.uk/). In this workshop, we present and apply the Urban Futures Method to test the likely future performance of urban development and regeneration-related 'sustainability solutions' - actions taken today in the name of sustainability - in a series of possible future scenarios in the year 2050. If a proposed solution delivers a positive legacy, regardless of the future against which it is tested, then it can be adopted with confidence. The Method provides insights into the potential impacts of today's urban planning and design decisions, and challenges the conventional mainstream approach to sustainability by incorporating changing priorities and different ways of thinking into today's actions, with the intention to ensure relevance in the future. Essential readings Lombardi, D.R., Leach, J. M., Rogers, C.D.F, Aston, R., Barber, A and Whyatt, J.D. (2012) Designing Resilient Cities: A Guide to Good Practice. Bracknell, UK: IHS BRE Press. Rogers, C.D.F., Lombardi, D.R., Cooper, R.F.D. and Leach, J.M. (2012) The Urban Futures Methodology Applied to Urban Regeneration. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Engineering Sustainability 165(1): 5-20. Further readings Hunt, D.V.L., Jefferson, I. and Rogers, C.D.F. (2013) Scenarios analysis through a futures performance framework. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Engineering Sustainability 165(5): 258-271.
URL https://twitter.com/Oxford_Urban/status/1066972325852184576
 
Description JPI Urban Europe SRIA 2.0
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact This activity formed an integral part of The Urban Lunch Talks - an introduction to the dilemma-driven approach of the refurbished Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA 2.0), which was launched at the Joint Programming Initiative Urban Europe Policy Conference in February 2019. The SRIA 2.0 has identified four urban dilemmas which will be explored separately in this webinar series. 3S RECIPE project's PI was invited amongst 3 panellists to run "Urban Lunch Talks #3 From Urban Resilience to Robustness" on 11 January 2019 (1:00 pm - 2:00 pm). The full video of the webinar is available at https://youtu.be/lq_7GqFPDmA
URL https://jpi-urbaneurope.eu/event-calendar/urban-lunch-talk-3-from-resilience-to-urban-robustness/
 
Description Staffordshire University 
Organisation Staffordshire University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Professor Martin Jones, Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Staffordshire University, and his personal assistance team provided organisational, secretarial, and marketing support for the project's day workshop in Stoke-on-Trent. Staffordshire University also hosted the workshop on its premises, providing an in-kind contribution of the appropriate venue for the duration of the workshop (Friday 9th March 2018, Time: 9.30am-3.30pm, Location: LT114/116, Ashley Business School, Staffordshire University, Leek Road, Stoke-on-Trent ST4 2DF).
Collaborator Contribution Prof. Jones and Staffordshire University's support have provided the project with access to a) local policy and academic stakeholders across Stoke-on-Trent; b) equipment and facilities; c) secretarial and organisational support; d) publicity for the event.
Impact Work package 2 ECOFIN stakeholders workshop on 'Fostering Economic Resilience in Stoke-on-Trent'
Start Year 2018
 
Description Toyohashi University of Technology 
Organisation University of Bath
Department Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We add cutting-edge theoretical and conceptual expertise on urban shrinkage, adaptation, and resilience to the collaborator's work on Japanese shrinking communities
Collaborator Contribution Prof. Junichiro Asano, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, has helped to plan, organise, and arrange for a 10-day fieldwork in Japan (15-25 March 2018) to study urban adaptation and resilience in the context of a series of sudden shocks across the Tohoku region (North-East Japan) following the 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and a nuclear disaster at Fukushima.
Impact A 10 day-long of research fieldwork in North-eastern Japan (15-25th March 2018) was carried out, following a two-week long research field trip (15-30th March 2017) to Nagasaki prefecture on the northwest coast of the island of Kyushu.
Start Year 2017
 
Description A policy workshop on urban and regional convergence at the European Commission and the European Committee of the Regions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Global linkages and territorial imbalances in Europe and beyond. October 9, 2018 from 14:30 to 16:00.
Code: 9WS96
Format: Workshops
Moderator: Vlad Mykhnenko
Speakers: Ayda Eraydin, Dieter Kogler, Riccardo Crescenzi
Thematic cluster: Territorial development (regional, urban, rural)
Organisers: European Commission - DG REGIO , Regional Studies Association
Languages: english (en)
Venue: Building SQUARE - Brussels Convention Centre, Room 214

In the context of economic growth, convergence implies that poorer cities and regions become increasingly similar in living standards with the richer cities and regions, owing to the tendency of the former to grow faster than the latter. During this workshop for European policy-makers, government officials, and local politicians, they have first learnt about the long-term trends in regional convergence in Europe and across its major global compares. Consequently, the workshop explained the reasons why different levels of prosperity had persisted in the long run, and how regions and cities could catch-up through improving their global connectivity and leveraging international flows of capital, skills and knowledge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://europa.eu/regions-and-cities/programme/sessions/51_en
 
Description A website blog post for GrowKudos - a free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A popular blog post, describing the major findings of 3S RECIPE in simple and accessible language, with a politically relevant message.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.growkudos.com/publications/10.1080%25252F00343404.2018.1476754/reader
 
Description A website blog post for a network based at the University of Oxford showcasing ESRC research on cities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A blog post highlighting the most recent findings of the project 3S RECIPE: Smart Shrinkage Solutions - Fostering Resilient Cities in Inner Peripheries of Europe and its study on 'State Rescaling and Economic Convergence', which were published online for early access in the journal Regional Studies: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2018.1476754
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk/blog/2018/urban-and-regional-inequalities-in-europe-north-...
 
Description Alumni day Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 40 Oxford University alumni attended the talk on Shrinking cities: China's hidden urban geography during the Meeting Minds in Oxford Alumni Weekend (September 2017) at the Department for Continuing Education, University of Oxford, UK, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.geog.ox.ac.uk/events/170916-alumni.html
 
Description CURDS 40th Anniversary Colloquium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project's PI Dr Vlad Mykhnenko was personally invited to participate at the CURDS 40th Anniversary Colloquium on 'Urban and Regional Development: Retrospect and Prospect' at Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies, Newcastle University - a gathering of the world's leading economic geographers and urban and regional studies specialists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ncl.ac.uk/curds/about/news/newsitem/graphicsummaryofthecurds40thpublicpolicypaneldiscussi...
 
Description Interview for international news 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I was interviewed for an opinion "Ask an outsider" piece by The Financial Times, which appeared alongside the 7 January 2018 "How to Lead - A weekly guide to the challenges of leadership" interview with Mike Duggan, the mayor of Detroit, Michigan, USA. According to the world-leading business newspaper, its "The How to Lead" interviews illuminate the personalities of high-profile leaders by focusing on the issues they have faced - from turning round a troubled organisation, to changing corporate culture or tackling an unexpected crisis. As one of The FT's "leading business writers" I described the successes and setbacks encountered by shrinking and resurgent cities, highlighting the mistakes leaders made and the wider practical lessons they learnt along the way.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ft.com/content/735f82c2-e703-11e7-8b99-0191e45377ec
 
Description Journée d'études, EHESS, Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave a talk on the usefulness of 'urban resilience' as a concept to a graduate research workshop (Journée d'études) on urban shrinkage and local responces (Décroissance urbaine et enjeu local) attended by 40 people and organised by Beatriz Fernández (UPM / CRH-EHESS) and Marie-Vic Ozouf-Marignier (EHESS) on 13 November 2017 (10am - 5pm) and hosted by EHESS, Paris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://crh.ehess.fr/index.php?5838
 
Description Oxford Continuing Education Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Oxford University's Department for Continuing Education Hillary Term 2019 Newsletter was published online as well as distributed in print on 5 February 2019 to c.330,000 households in Oxfordshire and adjoining counties, containing an interview with Dr. Vlad Mykhnenko on "Converging Cities: Why the Gap Between the Haves and Have-nots Is Getting Smaller", which sparked questions and social media commentary. This interview showcased the project's most recent findings, which were presented earlier in October 2018 at an annual conference in Brussels entitled the European Week of Regions and Cities and run by the European Commission and the Committee of the Regions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.conted.ox.ac.uk/news/converging-cities?utm_campaign=Hilary19News