Observations and synthesis to establish variability and trends of oceanic pH

Lead Research Organisation: Centre for Env Fisheries Aqua Sci CEFAS
Department Name: CEFAS Lowestoft Laboratory

Abstract

We propose a programme of observations, combined with analysis of past and ongoing time series, to discover the magnitude of surface pH variations at seasonal-up-to-decadal time scales. We will address the Atlantic, UK shelf and slope waters, and selected locations in the Southern Ocean and Nordic Seas, using data from time series stations and volunteer observing ships (VOS), measuring three parameters of the marine carbonate system. The programme will be integrated with the efforts of colleagues in other European countries, and with the Surface ocean carbon atlas project (SOCAT) which aims to produce the most comprehensive and up to date data base to access all the quality data relevant to ocean carbon uptake and pH. Estimation of change will be set against the background of intra- and inter-annual variation.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have quantified the spatial and temporal variability in the marine carbonate system in UK marine waters over 3 years
Exploitation Route Data are available for making an initial assessment of the carbonate system in UK shelf seas
Sectors Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description Data have been presented at two conferences (see publications list) and have been submitted to the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas for use by the international community. Data have also been archived at BODC.
Sector Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Industrial CASE Studentship
Amount £0 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/M009866/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2019
 
Description NERC Knowledge Exchange Programme
Amount £12,488 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N012585/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 04/2016
 
Description NERC Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry programme: CArbon/Nutrietn DYnamics and FLuxes Over Shelf Systems (CANDYFLOSS)
Amount £18,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/K001957/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2013 
End 02/2017
 
Description PLACID (Placing Ocean Acidification in a Wider Fisheries Context)
Amount £46,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2016
 
Description Seedcorn Project - Ocean Acidification Sensors on Autonomous Platforms
Amount £22,000 (GBP)
Funding ID DP365 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Title Underway pCO2 and discrete TA/DIC data 
Description Results from the analysis of discrete samples analysed for total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon collected over 2.5 years 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact pCO2 data have been submitted to the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and data are now included in the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT 3) for use by the international community. pCO2 data and TA/DIC results have also been archived with the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) 
 
Description Acidification Coastal Monitoring Network- Expanding the UK Network 
Organisation Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Sample collection and data analysis to further investigate regional variability in the carbonate system in UK waters
Collaborator Contribution Project management and sample collection
Impact Report - see publications
Start Year 2013
 
Description Funding from Cefas 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Discrete samples were collected regularly over three years from RV Cefas Endeavour on cruises which were already funded. Staff across the organisation collected the samples and operated the pCO2 system in addition to their primary duties.
Collaborator Contribution Discrete samples were collected regularly over three years from RV Cefas Endeavour on cruises which were already funded. Staff across the organisation collected the samples and operated the pCO2 system in addition to their primary duties.
Impact Staff across the organisation are competent in collecting the discrete samples and operating the underway pCO2 system.
Start Year 2010
 
Description Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network 
Organisation National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Scientific expertise and knowledge of ocean acidification monitoring undertaken in UK shelf seas
Collaborator Contribution The aim of the group is to facilitate merging of regional and national efforts that monitor effects of ocean acidification into one global observing network, while identifying areas of common concern, optimizing use of resources, and improving data quality and comparability.
Impact International Workshops to Develop an Ocean Acidification Observing Network of Ship Surveys, Moorings, Floats and Gliders were organized at the University of Washington, Seattle, 26-28 June 2012 and at the University of St Andrews, Scotland, 24-26 July 2013
Start Year 2012
 
Description Synthesis of national observations of marine CO2 and ocean acidification 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Department School of Environmental Sciences UEA
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data collected by Cefas under the NERC/Defra UKOA and the Defra PLACID programmes has been supplied to the project partners for synthesis with the UK dataset.
Collaborator Contribution The UKOA Data Synthesis project was developed in response to policy requirements identified by the Ocean Processes Evidence Group (OPEG), part of the Defra-led UK Marine Monitoring and Assessment Strategy (UKMMAS). Information on variability and trends in marine CO2 and ocean acidification will be needed by Defra for several upcoming reviews on the status of UK seas, including: i) the Initial Assessment of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in 2016/2017; ii) the proposed 'Charting Progress 3', and its associated Feeder Reports; iii) UK inputs to future OSPAR Quality Status Reports for the North Atlantic; and iv) other national reviews of marine climate change; e.g. planned reports of the Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership (MCCIP) and the Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA). The project will collate and interpret information on air/sea CO2 data and other carbonate chemistry parameters (TA, DIC, pH and O; measured and derived), in UK marine waters, from sea surface to seafloor, in the wider context of comparable observations in NW European shelf seas, the North Atlantic and elsewhere. Effort will focus on the period 2010-2015; i.e. data primarily (but not exclusively) arising from UKOA support, and not available for the previous national marine assessment, 'Charting Progress 2' (Defra/UKMMAS, 2010).
Impact Clare Ostle, Naomi Greenwood, Silvana Birchenough, David Pearce, Dorothee Bakker, Phil Williamson (2016) Addressing the carbon question: new insights from a synthesis of UK and European observations of marine CO2 and ocean acidification. AMBIO VII, Oxford, January 2016
Start Year 2015
 
Description ICES Marine Chemistry Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Members informed the group about national activities relating to monitoring of Ocean Acidification, shared best practice for direct measurement of pH in marine waters, prepared OSPAR guidelines for monitoring of Ocean Acidification in the OSPAR area, prepared the ICES Cooperative Research Report no. 319 (Chemical aspects of ocean acidification monitoring in the ICES area), agreed data submission for carbonate parameters into the ICES database

Publication of ICES Cooperative Research Report no. 319 (Chemical aspects of ocean acidification monitoring in the ICES area)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011,2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.ices.dk/community/groups/Pages/MCWG.aspx
 
Description The joint ICES/OSPAR Study Group on Ocean Acidification (SGOA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact SGOA 2013 made arrangements to undertake an assessment of the OA status of cold water coral habitats in the OSPAR area.
The parameters and checks required for reporting OSPAR Ocean Acidification chemistry data to the ICES environmental database have been defined and tested.

Initial discussions involving ICES-DC and the CDIAC data centre took place at SGOA 2013 regarding facilitating OA data exchange
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.ices.dk/community/groups/Pages/SGOA.aspx