Susceptibility of catchments to INTense RAinfall and flooding (SINATRA)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Reading
Department Name: Geography and Environmental Sciences

Abstract

Project SINATRA responds to the NERC call for research on flooding from intense rainfall (FFIR) with a programme of focused research designed to advance general scientific understanding of the processes determining the probability, incidence, and impacts of FFIR.

Such extreme rainfall events may only last for a few hours at most, but can generate terrifying and destructive floods. Their impact can be affected by a wide range factors (or processes) such as the location and intensity of the rainfall, the shape and steepness of the catchment it falls on, how much sediment is moved by the water and the vulnerability of the communities in the flood's path. Furthermore, FFIR are by their nature rapid, making it very difficult for researchers to 'capture' measurements during events. The complexity, speed and lack of field measurements on FFIR make it difficult to create computer models to predict flooding and often we are uncertain as to their accuracy.

To address these issues, NERC launched the FFIR research programme. It aims to reduce the risks from surface water and flash floods by improving our identification and prediction of the meteorological (weather), hydrological (flooding) and hydro-morphological (sediment and debris moved by floods) processes that lead to FFIR. A major requirement of the programme is identifying how particular catchments may be vulnerable to FFIR, due to factors such as catchment area, shape, geology and soil type as well as land-use. Additionally, the catchments most susceptible to FFIR are often small and ungauged.

Project SINATRA will address these issues in three stages: Firstly increasing our understanding of what factors cause FFIR and gathering new, high resolution measurements of FFIR; Secondly using this new understanding and data to improve models of FFIR so we can predict where they may happen - nationwide and; Third to use these new findings and predictions to provide the Environment Agency and over professionals with information and software they can use to manage FFIR, reducing their damage and impact to communities.
In more detail, we will:
1. Enhance scientific understanding of the processes controlling FFIR, by-
(a) assembling an archive of past FFIR events in Britain and their impacts, as a prerequisite for improving our ability to predict future occurrences of FFIR.
(b) making real time observations of flooding during flood events as well as post-event surveys and historical event reconstruction, using fieldwork and crowd-sourcing methods.
(c) characterising the physical drivers for UK summer flooding events by identifying the large-scale atmospheric conditions associated with FFIR events, and linking them to catchment type.
2. Develop improved computer modelling capability to predict FFIR processes, by-
(a) employing an integrated catchment/urban scale modelling approach to FFIR at high spatial and temporal scales, modelling rapid catchment response to flash floods and their impacts in urban areas.
(b) scaling up to larger catchments by improving the representation of fast riverine and surface water flooding and hydromorphic change (including debris flow) in regional scale models of FFIR.
(c) improving the representation of FFIR in the JULES land surface model by integrating river routing and fast runoff processes, and performing assimilation of soil moisture and river discharge into the model run.
3. Translate these improvements in science into practical tools to inform the public more effectively, by-
(a) developing tools to enable prediction of future FFIR impacts to support the Flood Forecasting Centre in issuing new 'impacts-based' warnings about their occurrence.
(b) developing a FFIR analysis tool to assess risks associated with rare events in complex situations involving incomplete knowledge, analogous to those developed for safety assessment in radioactive waste management.

In so doing SINATRA will achieve NERC's science goals for the FFIR programme.

Planned Impact

SINATRA will deliver a number of important benefits for our immediate UK project partners and for the wider public, who will ultimately be served by more effective flood forecasting and management systems, both in the UK and beyond.

SINATRA will help the Met Office, the Environment Agency, and their joint Flood Forecasting Centre (FFC) meet the demands of the Pitt Review (2008: vii) for a "a step change in the quality of flood warnings" and in their capacity to forecast groundwater, surface water and other kinds of flooding from intense rainfall (FFIR).

Beyond the UK, SINATRA's findings will also be of benefit to forecasters dealing with similar challenges elsewhere, including the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) and Dutch Rijkswaterstaat, the executive water management organisation of the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, who have all provided letters of support outlining their interest in the project.

By improving the basis for assessing impacts, SINATRA will also make important contributions to fulfilling the strategic aims of the Cabinet Office's National Hazards Partnership and to meeting the demands made by the expressed by the Met Office Public Weather Service Customer Group, on behalf of the civil contingencies community, for more proportionate and meaningful warnings

At the local and regional scale, SINATRA will also improve the evidence-base on catchment susceptibility factors needed by Local Authorities to fulfil their new duties under the 2010 Flood and Water Management Act to be the lead agencies responsible for the management of flood risk from surface runoff, groundwater, and small (so-called "ordinary") watercourses. The database of FFIR events and impacts, as well as the analysis of extreme value statistics and of catchment susceptibility factors, will also help critical infrastructure providers, the insurance industry and others across the private sector to appreciate their exposure to FFIR.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
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Allan R (2014) Dichotomy of drought and deluge in Nature Geoscience

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Balsamo G (2015) ERA-Interim/Land: a global land surface reanalysis data set in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

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Blenkinsop S (2017) Quality-control of an hourly rainfall dataset and climatology of extremes for the UK. in International journal of climatology : a journal of the Royal Meteorological Society

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Champion A (2015) Atmospheric rivers do not explain UK summer extreme rainfall in Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

 
Description We are advancing our scientific understanding of the processes determining the probability, incidence and impacts of flooding from intense rainfall.
Exploitation Route The work will be particularly useful for flood forecasters, flood risk managers and in particular the Flood Forecasting Centre.
Sectors Environment

 
Description Although this project is still ongoing project participants have shown initial results and methods at scientific meetings and conferences, and shared them with the public in meetings, school visits and via the media. In particular engagement with the Environment Agency and the Flood Forecasting Centre has shown promise of techniques.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Environment
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Environment Agency Long Term Investment Scenarios Advisory Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Environment Agency/DEFRA Flood and Coastal Risk Management Scientific Advisory Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee's inquiry into Future Flood Prevention
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/environment-food-and-rur...
 
Description European Flood Awareness System and Global Flood Awareness System partnered PhDs
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact 4 PhD students who are professional practitioners in flood forecasting but now at the same time undertaking PhD training on improving forecasting systems.
 
Description Global Flood Awareness System Community Workshop and Community Learning Framework
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Professional flood and hydrometeorological forecasters from around the world undertook training and participatory workshops on the Global Flood Awareness System and early flood warning state of the art systems.
URL http://globalfloods.jrc.ec.europa.eu/user-information/community/
 
Description Government Science Office Liaison
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description National Flood Resilience Review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The National Flood Resilience Review provided evidence on the current robustness of the nation's flood risk management policy and practice and recommendations on the future.
URL http://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-flood-resilience-review
 
Description SAGE
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact Improved response to 2014 flooding via expert consultation at Floods SAGEs.
 
Description Training of flood forecasters at Flood Forecasting Centre (Environment Agency/UK Met Office) 'hydromet' training course
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Increased understanding on how to implement state of the art flood forecasting.
 
Description DEFRA Catchment Modelling call
Amount £50,452 (GBP)
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2014 
End 09/2015
 
Description Horizon 2020 (Anywhere)
Amount € 6,000,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 02/2020
 
Description Horizon 2020 Water call
Amount € 6,000,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 06/2015 
End 05/2019
 
Description Natural Flood Management
Amount £1,250,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2020
 
Description SHEAR
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P000525/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 05/2020
 
Description Satellite Applications Catapult CORSAIR
Amount £16,000 (GBP)
Organisation Satellite Applications Catapult 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 01/2017
 
Description World Bank/UNISDR Challenge Fund
Amount $20,000 (USD)
Organisation World Bank Group 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description CEH 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council
Department Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Colloboration on flood forecasting systems and land surface models.
Collaborator Contribution Expert advice and discussion on code development
Impact New code
Start Year 2014
 
Description CH2MHill 
Organisation CH2M HILL
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are exploring flood risk models and techniques used by CH2MHill in particular for work on government/agency consultancy projects.
Collaborator Contribution Sharing models, data, expertise and links to government/agency consultancy projects.
Impact Dale et al (2013) DEFRA/EA technical report on ensemble flood forecasting.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Centre of Applied Research in Hydrometeorology (CRAHI) 
Organisation Polytechnic University of Catalonia
Department Centre of Applied Research in Hydrometeorology (CRAHI)
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution advisory board
Collaborator Contribution advisory board
Impact -
Start Year 2013
 
Description Copernicus Emergency Management - Early Warning Systems 
Organisation Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS)
Department Early Warning System
Country Global 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Developing model code and systems, evaluation, communication and scientific theory to support early warning systems
Collaborator Contribution Provision of computing infrastructure, modelling systems, visualisation software, expert assistance, conference facilities and catering.
Impact Journal articles and forecaster/policy engagement.
Start Year 2014
 
Description ECMWF 
Organisation European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting ECMWF
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Colloboration on verification of the water cycle of the integrated forecast system, improvements to land surface hydrology (HTESSEL) and the European and Global Flood Awareness Systems.
Collaborator Contribution Substantial expert assistance, access to computing facilities, conference and workshop hosting (including catering and room hire), access to model data, observations, data assimilation and post processing systems.
Impact Yes. Several journal articles and future funding (Horizon2020). multi-disciplinary between hydrology and meteorology
Start Year 2007
 
Description Environment Agency 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Working on understanding flood risk in flood susceptible catchments and improving flood forecasting.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of data, expertise, forecast systems. The context of the flood risk framework.
Impact EA/DEFRA technical report
Start Year 2007
 
Description European Flood Awareness System 
Organisation European Commission
Department European Flood Awareness System (EFAS)
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Scientific innovation, technical system developments and practical focus on enduser understanding for the EFAS: e.g. The research provided the first evidence of the potential for improvements in flood forecasting through using ensemble forecasting and decision making techniques.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of expert advice, computing resources and expertise, data, methods, stakeholder network. Research secondments. Willingness to co-test new ideas within the operational system.
Impact The EFAS now provides flood forecasting information two days or more before a flood event to the national authorities around Europe as well as the Emergency Response Coordination Centre of the European Commission, and has been operational since 2012. The skill of EFAS forecasts and warnings has been continuously improving (https://www.efas.eu/download/efasBulletins/2014/bulletin_dec-jan_14.pdf) and the system has demonstrated its early warning capabilities in several recent events (e.g. the Balkan floods in 2014 and the central European Floods in 2013). This has provided an earlier flood preparedness, days earlier than conventional flood forecasting systems, and thus greatly improving flood preparedness for the ERCC, European national authorities and all European Citizens. Hannah's scientific innovation and technical system developments has provided an evidence base for implementing early warning from ensembles and contributed directly to the improved flood warning from EFAS. Hannah's work with social scientists on improving communication of EFAS flood alerts has allowed EFAS forecasters to change their practice both in the way alerts are given and the way that they engage with forecast recipients, allowing costly and potentially contentious decisions to be made in a more consistent, risk-informed way. In addition, the EFAS system with an estimated development cost over 10 years of 20 million Euros, is now estimated to provide net economic benefit.
 
Description Flood Forecasting Centre 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Department Flood Forecasting Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improving technical implementation of flood forecasts and decision making procedures.
Collaborator Contribution Access to data, decision making systems, forecast room and forecast team.
Impact EA/DEFRA technical report on probabilistic flood forecasting. Stephens & Cloke, 2014
Start Year 2011
 
Description Health and Safety Lab 
Organisation Health and Safety Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Advisory Board
Collaborator Contribution Advisory Board
Impact -
Start Year 2013
 
Description JBA 
Organisation JBA Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Working together on flood modelling techniques, processing environment agency data and interpretation of forecasts.
Collaborator Contribution Use of commercial software, bespoke processing routines, expertise and links to stakeholders
Impact -
Start Year 2012
 
Description Joint Research Centre 
Organisation European Commission
Department Joint Research Centre (JRC)
Country Belgium 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Working on using ensemble forecasts and uncertainty analysis in their operational modelling systems.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise, access to computers, research visits, access to data, models and stakeholders.
Impact Development of EFAS
 
Description Met Office 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improving flood forecasting, land surface hydrology for seasonal forecasting, interpretation of climate projections for water resource impacts
Collaborator Contribution Provision of data, expertise, models. Co-producing methods.
Impact Several research articles
Start Year 2007
 
Description Partnership with the Met Office 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are working together with the Met Office on an integrated programme of research.
Collaborator Contribution The Met Office is contributing staff time and expertise, model and data assimilation software, observational data, supercomputing time and support.
Impact The project has resulted in - improvements in the Met Office operational UK weather radar network - changes to the Met Office operational numerical weather prediction software - a number of joint journal publications (listed below) M. Cordoba, S.L. Dance , G.A. Kelly, N.K. Nichols and J.A. Waller (2016) Diagnosing Atmospheric Motion Vector observation errors for an operational high resolution data assimilation system Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society (Accepted) Waller, J. A., Ballard, S. P., Dance, S. L., Kelly, G., Nichols, N. K. and Simonin, D. (2016) Diagnosing horizontal and inter-channel observation error correlations for SEVIRI observations using observation-minus-background and observation-minus-analysis statistics. Remote Sensing, 8 (7). 581. ISSN 2072-4292 doi: 10.3390/rs8070581 Mirza, A. K., Ballard, S. P., Dance, S. L., Maisey, P., Rooney, G. G. and Stone, E. K. (2016) Comparison of aircraft derived observations with in situ research aircraft measurements. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2864 (In Press) Waller, J. A., Simonin, D., Dance, S. L., Nichols, N. K. and Ballard, S. P. (2016) Diagnosing observation error correlations for Doppler radar radial winds in the Met Office UKV model using observation-minus-background and observation-minus-analysis statistics. Monthly Weather Review. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-15-0340.1 Flack, D. L. A., Plant, R. S., Gray, S. L., Lean, H. W., Keil, C. and Craig, G. C. (2016), Characterisation of convective regimes over the British Isles. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 142: 1541-1553. doi: 10.1002/qj.2758
Start Year 2013
 
Description Public Health England 
Organisation Public Health England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project Advisory Board
Collaborator Contribution Project Advisory Board
Impact -
Start Year 2013
 
Description RCCC 
Organisation Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Centre
Country Netherlands 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution In October 2015 I spent 2 weeks in Peru advising the Red Cross Climate Centre on the implementation of their forecast based financing project, particularly providing advice on flood forecasting with GLOFAS and developing thresholds for action in preparation for El Nino. This involved close working with SENAMHI, the Peruvian hydrometeorological agency and the Peruvian Red Cross. Also meeting with local government and community groups
Collaborator Contribution Hosting, travel, accommodation, subsistence, equipment, access to local community.
Impact New funding applied for Multi-disciplinary - disaster risk reduction and forecasting
Start Year 2015
 
Description Rijkswaterstaat (RWS) 
Organisation Rijkswaterstaat (Netherlands)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution advisory board
Collaborator Contribution advisory board
Impact -
Start Year 2013
 
Description SENAMHI - Peruvian Meterological Agency 
Organisation National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology of Peru
Country Peru 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution In October 2015 Cloke spent 2 weeks in Peru advising the Red Cross Climate Centre on the implementation of their forecast based financing project, particularly providing advice on flood forecasting with GLOFAS and developing thresholds for action in preparation for El Nino. This involved close working with SENAMHI, the Peruvian hydrometeorological agency and the Peruvian Red Cross. Also meeting with local government and community groups
Collaborator Contribution Data and access to models, expert advice
Impact - Draft report to Red Cross Climate Centre - Decisions taken in forecast based finaincing projects globally
Start Year 2015
 
Description SFFS 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Department Scottish Flood Forecasting Service
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Advisory Board
Collaborator Contribution Advisory Board
Impact -
Start Year 2013
 
Description Swedish Hydrometeorological Institute (SMHI) 
Organisation Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution advisory board
Collaborator Contribution advisory board
Impact -
Start Year 2013
 
Description University of Bremen (Germany) FRANC/SINATRA/OSCA 
Organisation University of Bremen
Department MARUM
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Research on estimation of correlated observation errors in numerical weather prediction is being applied to a new application of river flood modelling.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of flood model and numerical runs.
Impact Project ongoing.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Uppsala University 
Organisation Uppsala University
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A link between hydrometeorological researchers in Uppsala and Reading was instigated in 2017 in order to share understanding of statistical rainfall techniques and methods of sociohydrology.
Collaborator Contribution A link between hydrometeorological researchers in Uppsala and Reading was instigated in 2017 in order to share understanding of statistical rainfall techniques and methods of sociohydrology.
Impact Hydrology & Meteorology - interdisciplinarity. Exchange visits between Reading and Uppsala are being undertaken.
Start Year 2017
 
Description 2014 - Extreme Weather Caversham Primary Schoolnd 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talks and hands-on activities to Year 3 pupils at Caversham Primary school generated unbounded enthusiasm and many, many questions!

A parent told me that their son bought a book on the weather.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/activities.html
 
Description 2014 Extreme Weather and the Latest Climate Change Science, Highworth PROBUS club Blunsden 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk to an audience of retired professionals which sparked questions and requests for further engagement activities.

Changed views and was approached for a similar event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/PROBUS_CLIMATE_TALK.pdf
 
Description 2014 Global Warming and Extremes of Weather, Talk to Y12 pupils from Sandhurst School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Latest science was presented to Y12 Geographers to stimulate thinking.

Feedback from the school teachers (including headmaster) was excellent
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/Y12GEOG_CLIMATE_EXTREMES.pdf
 
Description 2014 Year 10 Meteorology Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I organised a day of activities in my department for Year 9/10 pupils covering observations, experimentation and simulation which generated questions and enthusiasm for the subject.

Schools requested more activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/resources.html#METDAY
 
Description 2014/01 - MEDIA: consulted with BBC Horizon about extreme rainfall 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed science of extreme rainfall and climate change with BBC Horizon which improved how the science was explained to a general audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2014/01 MEDIA - Comment on Atmospheric Rivers for Guradian Weather Column 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed science of Atmospheric Rivers and climate change with Guardian writer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.theguardian.com/news/2014/jan/13/weatherwatch-atmospheric-rivers-floods-cumbria
 
Description 2014/02 MEDIA: BBC World Global with Jon Sopel interview on extreme weather and links to climate change (5/2/2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC World Global with Jon Sopel interview on extreme weather and links to climate change (5/2/2014) which helped inform general public about the science of climate change and extreme weather
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2014/02 MEDIA: Channel 4 News interview about the extreme weather and climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Channel 4 News interview about the extreme weather and climate change which improved how the science was explained to a general audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid601325122001?bckey=AQ~~,AAAAAEabvr4~,Wtd2HT-p_Vh4qBc...
 
Description 2014/04 MEDIA: Extended interview on the causes of the 2013/2014 winter flooding and implications of climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Extended interview on the causes of the 2013/2014 winter flooding and implications of climate change that helped to inform general public of the science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.acclimatise.uk.com/network/article/podcast-uk-flooding-professor-richard-allan-climate-sc...
 
Description 2014/05 MEDIA: Britain's most extreme weather Channel 4 documentary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Consulted on "Britain's most extreme weather" Channel 4 documentary to help inform general public about NERC science. Members of the public reported change in views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.channel4.com/programmes/britains-most-extreme-weather/4od
 
Description 2014/12 OUTREACH: A Changing Character of Precipitation in a Warming World: Physical Drivers, Walker Institute Conference on Flooding, University of Reading, December 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A Changing Character of Precipitation in a Warming World: Physical Drivers presentation at Walker Institute Workshop for Industry on Flooding, University of Reading, December 2014. This sparked questions and discussion and requests for further collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.walker-institute.ac.uk/events/floodingDec2014/index.htm
 
Description 2015/01 MEDIA: Quoted by Reuters news (piece by Alister Doyle on storms) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Discussed paper in Science on Earth's climate as a heat engine and the prediction of more intense less frequent storms to inform public science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/01/29/us-climatechange-storms-idUKKBN0L22HN20150129
 
Description 2015/01 OUTREACH: Extremes of Weather and the Latest Science of Climate Change, Farnham U3A Society Lecture, Farnham, January 7th 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Extremes of Weather and the Latest Science of Climate Change talk to Farnham U3A Society, Farnham, January 7th 2015 which changed views of the audience based on direct feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/FARNHAM_CLIMATE_TALK.pdf
 
Description 2015/03 OUTREACH: Climate change and meteorological drivers of widespread flooding in the UK, EA/Defra/NRW Research and Development (R&D) project board meeting, London, March 26 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Consultation about climate change and meteorological drivers of widespread flooding in the UK, EA/Defra/NRW Research and Development (R&D) project board meeting, London, March 26 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP_EAmeeting2015.pdf
 
Description 2015/11 MEDIA: Get Reading article on flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Get Reading article on flooding which enhanced science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.getreading.co.uk/news/reading-berkshire-news/reading-prepared-fight-floods-again-10452065
 
Description 2015/11 MEDIA: input to BBC The One Show feature "The Wettest Day" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Input to BBC The One Show feature "The Wettest Day" which enhanced science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0387qmd
 
Description 2015/11 OUTREACH: Helped to run Climate Change MOOC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I developed and helped to run a Massive Open Online Course on Climate Change (Our Changing Climate). Based upon extensive feedback and comments boards audience members requested more information and reported changes in their views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/our-changing-climate
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA - Talked to 10 BBC radio stations about El Nino and UK extreme weather 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Talked to 10 BBC radio stations about El Nino and UK extreme weather (BBC Somerset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Scotland, Leicester, York, Cornwall, Wales, Stoke, World Service) that enhanced the science communication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA: Discussion of UK storms in New Scientist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Discussion of UK storms in New Scientist which generated requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28716-wavy-air-patterns-mean-uks-extreme-storms-are-here-to-s...
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA: Interviewed by Sky News about the Cumbria flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed by Sky News about the Cumbria flooding to enhance science communication.
https://twitter.com/UniRdg_News/status/673817956242096128/photo/1
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://mms.tveyes.com/Transcript.asp?StationID=530&DateTime=12%2F07%2F2015+10%3A38%3A30+AM&
 
Description 2015/12 MEDIA: WeatherWatch article in the Guardian about atmospheric rivers and Cumbria flooding 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact WeatherWatch article in the Guardian about atmospheric rivers and Cumbria flooding to enhance communication of science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/dec/09/weatherwtach-ravilious-cumbria-floods-atmospheric-ribbon...
 
Description 2016/01 - MEDIA discussion of El Niño, weather patterns & flooding for Science Media Centre and Irish Times/BBC Radio 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of El Niño, weather patterns & flooding and links to climate change for Science Media Centre and Irish Times/BBC Radio 4. Some favourable twitter mentions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-met-office-data-on-decembers-record-breaking-ra...
 
Description 2016/04 OUTREACH Weather and Climate: What is happening? talk to Institute of Agricultural Managment Thames Valley Branch - dinner seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed changes in the weather and climate in relation to agriculture and engaged in discussion with professional practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 2017/02 - Media comment on article about Atmospheric Rivers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I provided expertise and comment to a reporter from the International Business Times about the effect of Atmospheric Rivers on extreme rainfall and winds. This was also picked up by the techtimes.com and themarshalltown.com.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/atmospheric-rivers-snake-through-most-dangerous-extreme-storms-1607545
 
Description 201702 - OUTREACH: Contributed to Meteorology Work Experience Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 32 pupils from years 10-12 attended a work experience week in which they experience a range of activities centred on further study and a career in Meteorology. I contributed to the development of the programme, an introductory talk and general support. This includes discussion of research from NCEO and SINATRA projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/outreach/resources.html#WE
 
Description Catlin Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact MSc dissertation cosupervision, using raingauge data to assess the threat of extreme rainfall events

Used to inform future practice in Catlin Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Contributed to MOOC on Our Changing Climate 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Video and articles. Ongoing monitoring, will update. Based upon extensive feedback and comments boards audience members requersted more information and reported changes in their views.

Will update...
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/our-changing-climate
 
Description Environment Agency Long Term Investment Strategies Advisory Group - HC, PB 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hannah Cloke and Paul Bates have been invited to sit on the Environment Agency Long Term Investment Strategy Advisory Group, to provide scientific advise on the long term planning on flood risk management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Forschungscentrum Juelich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact discussion on land surface modelling concepts

discussion on opportunity for future collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Into the Blue 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The FFIR programme ran a stand at the the NERC Into the Blue exhibition in Manchester, October 2016. The centre-piece was a virtual reality flood simulation. FRANC team members attended and contributed to the exhibit, that won 3rd prize in the public vote.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://intotheblue.nerc.ac.uk/
 
Description Irish Flood Forecasting Centre Scientific Advisory Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hannah Cloke has been invited to advise the newly formed Irish Flood Forecasting Service on the state of the art etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description JULES workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact discussion on how to represent land surface processes in the JULES model

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Joint DEFRA/EA FCERM Theme Advisory Groups 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact The advisory groups make expert comment on proposed DEFRA/EA research and development based on research context (including SINATRA project).

DEFRA/EA research projects commissioned.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keynote HEPEX Melbourne 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cloke gave a keynote talk at the HEPEX workshop in Melbourne - ensemble flood forecasting - lots of discussion about how to shape the future of policy and practice in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Local MP: winter floods 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Discussion with local MP regarding causes and consequences of the flooding, and about our research.

Change in understanding
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description MEDIA 2017/07 - Comments on research about extreme UK rainfall 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided comment to inform the public about new research on extreme UK rainfall which led to questions on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2017
URL http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-met-office-study-modelling-risk-of-unprecedente...
 
Description MEDIA 2017/09 - Media interviews relating to Hurricane Harvey and Irma 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Provided interviews and advice to multiple media outlets (BBC 5 Live, BBC News, Telegraph, Science Media Centre, Austrian Broadcasting Centre, ITN News at 10) and interviews to discuss the link between the strength and damage from recent Hurricanes and climate change. This generated questions and requests for further advice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-41347527
 
Description MEDIA 2017/11 - November 7th 2017: Another warm year pump primed extremes: comments in BBC & Times articles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Comments on how warming from greenhouse gases caused extremes to be worse than they otherwise would have been. These comments were used in BBC & Times articles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-41859288
 
Description MEDIA 2018/01 - January 18th 2018: Multiple interviews about climate change and weather extremes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact January 18th 2018: Multiple media interviews on climate and weather. Comment son new study improving confidence in climate predictions with quotes in the Guardian and on the BBC in relation to record non-El Nino warmth in 2017. Also interviews on TalkRadio and a Sputnik News interview on the world economic forum report highlighting the risk of extreme weather. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jan/18/worst-case-global-warming-scenarios-not-credible-says-study http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-42736397 https://sputniknews.com/analysis/201801191060871115-extreme-weather-global-threat http://www.reading.ac.uk/news-and-events/releases/PR754614.asp
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://sputniknews.com/analysis/201801191060871115-extreme-weather-global-threat
 
Description Media appearance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Expert commentary on Storm Desmond, Eva and Frank and extreme rainfall and flood risk, including Newsnight, BBC radio.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Met Office talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with Met Office forecasters and scientists

Further interaction with the Met Office land surface team and the Environmental Prediction programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Met office land surface workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact discussion on land surface modelling and data assimilation with the Met Office

future collaboration strengthened
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description NSF Hydro-Atmos 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion on how UK NERC funded programmes can be emulated by US NSF, and discussion on how joint US-UK research might work in future.

Learning from both sides about the current science hot topics in atmos-hydro research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description National Flood Resilience Review Scientific Advisory Group HC, PB 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hannah Cloke and Paul Bates were invited to sit on the Scientific Advisory Group of the National Flood Resilience Review which commented on the current state and future needs of flood risk management in England.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-flood-resilience-review
 
Description OUTREACH 2018/01 - The Science of Climate Change, Year 9 Climate Event, Wednesday 17th January, University of Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact An interactive lecture on The Science of Climate Change was presented at a Year 9 Climate Event, Wednesday 17th January, University of Reading. Infrared thermometers were used by students to demonstrate the greenhouse effect and students also participated in demonstrations of feedback loops. I discussed weather extremes including intense rainfall. I received excellent feedback from the organizers and students, many of who enjoyed my section the most out of their days climate activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.met.rdg.ac.uk/~sgs02rpa/TALKS/AllanRP1701Climate-Outreach.pdf
 
Description PROBUS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact discussion

influencing public thinking and understanding of science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description RJT Media appearances 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Robert J Thompson made the following media appearances: 3 Feb - Sky news interview - On storm Doris, what is a "weather bomb"? Storm naming, and why the forecasts of such Atlantic storms are so good now.

8 May - BBC South - About the apparent "drought" in the region after a dry spell.

8 May - BBC South - About a "drought" in the Lake District and the lake hydrology.

12 Jan - UoR Video Press release - largely on social media - On Thundersnow and a forecast snow event - picked up by local and internet media (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guv7oBDeaeU - though much larger audience through other social media).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guv7oBDeaeU
 
Description RJT Radio appearances 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dr Robert Thompson participated in several radio interviews.

October 2016: Sky News - Discussing Hurricane Matthew
December Heart Radio and BBC Berks - Discussing white Christmas and its forecasting challenges
30 December: Radio 4 - Farming today - discussing short range forecasting of rainfall and mentioning specifically the Franc work on improving rainfall estimates using rainfall.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Sandhurst School Yr12 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact discussion and learning on extreme weather

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description School Visit (Fuerth, Germany) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Hannah Cloke undertook a secondary school visit to English and Geography students at a school in Fuerth, Germany to talk about British Universities and Research in Flooding. The students posed questions to Prof Cloke on the local to global impacts of her flooding research. The school provided feedback that the students learnt a lot from the visit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Teaching/training on the Flood Forecasting Centre (Environment Agency/UK Met Office) 'Hydromet' professional training course 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hannah Cloke was invited guest speaker to undertake teaching/training on the Flood Forecasting Centre (Environment Agency/UK Met Office) 'Hydromet' professional training course. This involved flood forecasters from around the UK. They were introduced to best practice from a UK and international perspective on flood forecasting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description University of Reading 90th Anniversary Public Lecture HC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hannah Cloke gave the University of Reading's 90th Anniversary Public Lecture on her work on flooding including this NERC funded project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description media interest (winter floods 2013/2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Several SINATRA team members made a substantial contribution to the media discussions surrounding the UK Winter 2013/2014 floods, based on their current research activity and expertise.

Government requested team member presence on Floods SAGE.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014