Analysis of historic drought and water scarcity in the UK: a systems-based study of drivers, impacts and their interactions

Lead Research Organisation: NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Department Name: Water Resources (Wallingford)

Abstract

Drought and water scarcity (D&WS) are significant threats to livelihoods and wellbeing in many countries, including the United Kingdom (UK). Parts of the UK are already water-stressed and are facing a wide range of pressures, including an expanding population and intensifying exploitation of increasingly limited water resources. In addition, many regions may become significantly drier in future due to environmental changes, all of which implies major challenges to water resource management. However, D&WS are not simply natural hazards. There are also a range of socio-economic and regulatory factors that may influence the course of droughts, such as water consumption practices and abstraction licensing regimes. Consequently, if drought and water scarcity are to be better managed, there is a need for a more detailed understanding of the links between hydrometeorological and social systems during droughts.
Based on an analysis of information from a wide range of sectors (hydrometeorological, environmental, agricultural, regulatory, social and cultural), the project will characterise and quantify the history of drought and water scarcity (D&WS) since the late 19th century and will produce the first systematic account (UK Drought Inventory) of droughts in the UK. The Inventory forms the basis of a novel joint hydro-meteorological and socio-economic analysis of the drivers of drought and their impacts, with a focus on a search for characteristic systems interactions. The enhanced systems-based understanding is expected to improve decision-making for future drought management and planning, including more informed and thus effective public discourse related to D&WS.
Currently there are no conceptual models of D&WS that describe interactions between hydrometerological and socio-economic drivers and environmental and societal impacts of droughts. The first task will therefore develop a new systems-based conceptualisation of D&WS. This will be used to investigate drought drivers, impacts and their interdependencies. The second task will produce the knowledge base for use within the project and the wider NERC UK Drought and Water Scarcity Programme. It involves the compilation of datasets and metadata, including data and information for selected case study episodes of D&WS. Information on the social and cultural aspects of D&WS will be compiled from oral histories and collation of reports in the historic and recent print and broadcast media, and the first analysis of social media from the 2010-12 drought will be carried out. The third task will develop the Drought Inventory by a novel combination of drought timelines, sector-specific narrative chronologies highlighting key events, and the production of new cross-sectoral drought indicators. To understand the interactions between social and environmental systems during D&WS episodes, the fourth task will: identify significant systems interactions across a range of droughts; identify key triggers and thresholds for droughts; and, describe the reasons behind any changes in systems interactions in droughts over the historic record. The final and fifth task examines how socio-economic context and water resource management practices contributed to resilience to episodes of D&WS in the historic record and considers the implications for changes in planning for the management of future droughts. It also provides an assessment of what are the most effective forms of dialogue and information exchange between the public and those responsible for water resource management that may contribute to beneficial outcomes during future episodes of D&WS.
The key research outcomes will be: a systems-based understanding of D&WS in the context of multiple environmental and societal drivers; an accessible, integrated cross-sector UK Drought Inventory; improved advice and methods to support decision making related to drought management; and, new strategies to re-frame public discourse related to D&WS.

Planned Impact

Due to the nature of the project, there will be multiple beneficiaries from the findings of the project. The following identifies who will benefit from the research and how they will benefit from different aspects of the proposed research.
The principal beneficiaries of the project will be: 1.) policy makers and environmental regulators in the UK; 2.) decision makers and water resource managers in water utilities; 3.) decision makers and managers in UK businesses where decisions related to water use and management are business-critical, including the agricultural sector; 4.) NGOs and Third Sector organisations with an interest in water resources issues and environmental management; 5.) the general public; 6.) communications professionals; 7.) academics and researchers with an interest in drought and water scarcity (D&WS); and 8.) the teaching profession, specifically those delivering key stage 3 and above related to environmental science.
The project will develop a systems-based understanding of D&WS. This will provide a framework for policymakers and environmental regulators, and those with responsibility for long-term water resource management to include and take account of broader socio-economic factors in decision making. Benefits will include improved, more integrated regulatory, planning and decision making processes related to D&WS in the UK.
The UK Drought Inventory, a cross-sector evidence base of historic episodes of D&WS produced by the project, will provide a common reference for policy makers and regulators, water supply companies, and UK business to make decisions in the context of D&WS and key reference droughts. This will enable the development of better drought mitigation plans, leading to improved long-term management of water resources and a reduction in the cost of droughts to UK business. Because it is a common evidence base, it will enable more consistent, transparent planning against standard benchmarks across multiple agencies.
The project will produce improved advice and methods to support decision making related to drought management during episodes of D&WS. Regulators, water resources managers, UK industry, particularly the agricultural sector, with responsibilities for strategic and operational decision making during episodes of D&WS will benefit from the advice, guidance and new methods developed to support decision making. Benefits will include more effective and timely management interventions as droughts develop and as they end; interventions based on commonly agreed principles and evidence; and, more certainty in management and co-ordination of response to droughts.
The development of new strategies to re-frame public discourse related to D&WS is a specific goal for the project. Beneficiaries of these new strategies include: policy makers and regulators; water supply companies; the public; and, NGOs and community groups, particularly those who are responsible for providing information for and engaging in dialogue with the public on issues related to water resources. The benefits include a more informed public debate around issues associated with D&WS; greater clarity regarding decision making process during droughts; wider consensus regarding the positive contribution the public can make to best water resource outcomes during episodes of D&WS.
The project will deliver a series of significant new resources for academics and researchers working in the field of drought research, that when combined with outputs from the other UK Drought Programme projects will have a significant international impact and will lead to major advances in research in this field.
The resources proposed to be developed for teachers as part of the follow-on knowledge exchange activities will provide teachers with appropriate, authoritative materials that will make their teaching of issues related to water resources more effective and will contribute to a more informed generation of young people.
 
Description Some existing key findings:

- A new understanding of the complexities of 'drought termination', i.e. how droughts end (sometimes dramatically), arising from the first systematic account of drought termination for the UK, based on an inventory of 467 drought termination events from historic records.

- New understanding of drought persistence and the likelihood of experiencing long droughts based on statistical analysis of long rainfall and river flow records, following a collaboration with University of Loughborough.

- Through collaboration with the UK Met Office, newly rescued and recovered rainfall datasets for the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, released as a gridded rainfall dataset through the National Climate Information Centre (HadUK) which was launched alongside the UKCP projections in 2018

- The longest available archive of drought indicators for the UK - a national scale dataset of the Standardized Precipitation Index extending back to the 1860s

- The first very long-term, high resolution gridded dataset of historic Potential Evapotranspiration for the UK extending back to the 1890s, published on the EIDC. This is based on estimation from temperature, and new work has revealed the most robust ways of estimating PE from temperature in the UK. This has been made available as an open dataset.

- a novel ensemble modelling framework methodology for reconstructing streamflows and a dataset of >300 reconstructed flow times series extending back to 1890, which has been released on the EIDC. We have also released web applications to allow users to explore and visualise this wealth of data.

- an analysis of the relative severity, duration and other characteristics of past hydrological droughts for the UK as a whole, using the above dataset, illustrating how the 'drought of record' varies significantly around the country, and depending on what aspect of drought severity is being indexed (duration, intensity, etc).

- a national scale assessment of regional differences in meteorological droughts and their spatial coherence - demonstrating for the first time fundamental differences in drought frequency, duration and spatial extent in differing regions of the UK

- an assessment of the large-scale atmospheric and oceanic drivers of UK drought, shedding light for the first time on the complex relationship between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans in driving seasonal streamflows and droughts

- The UK Drought Inventory: a database of socio-economic and cultural information about past drought drivers, impacts and respponses. This brings together the vast wealth of datasets that have been published as part of the project and which are all openly available (https://historicdroughts.ceh.ac.uk/content/datasets). A prototype explorer tool has been developed for the inventory, but not yet fully published. An accessible and pictorial narrative website of past droughts is also in development.

Finalised information on key findings will be added next year when the analysis is complete and key papers and datasets have been published.

A second major component of this grant is the ENDOWS follow-on funding. The ENDOWS activity is largely elaborated on under the 'impacts' section.
Exploitation Route The Historic Droughts data that has been delivered will be of interest to a very wide user community of researchers and practitioners.

Crucially, the datasets and outputs are now being used across the whole ENDOWS project - this is discussed in more detail in the 'narrative impact' and throughout the submission.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

 
Description The findings, datasets and tools from Historic Droughts and the subsequent ENDOWS work are increasingly finding application by stakeholders involved in drought management. The first impacts were really in 2017, and were references to the the standardized indicator datasets and the Drought Portal developed through Historic Droughts (and the DrIVER project). Initially, impacts included references to these datasets in policy documents (e.g. UKWIR guidance, NRW drought planning guidance). Since then a number of other impacts have materialised, principally because the Drought Portal is now updated monthly and so has been used extensively as a tool for tracking drought status among a very wide user community - notably during the 2018 drought (and on into 2019). We are aware of many organisations who have indicated they have found the portal very useful during the drought (e.g. Environment Agency at various levels, NRW, water companies (e.g. Yorkshire, Severn Trent), the Canal and Rivers Trust). We are also aware that the portal has been used as information during internal briefings (e.g. by NRW) and in communication between organisations (Yorkshire Water, the EA). Another key strand of impact is beginning to emerge through the ENDOWS funding. In particular, this has led to big advances in UK monitoring and early warning, above and beyond the Drought Portal. In early 2019, we released a new water resource portal demonstrator, co-developed in collaboration with SouthWest Water and the EA. We have used this as a mechanism for refining the portal, and will eventually feed this into a 'new generation' national operational portal. Other monitoring and early warning advances include the incorporation of programme outputs into the operational UK hydrological Outlook (a new model for ESP prediction and new 'dryness maps' and regional estimates of rainfall needed to end the drought). The 2018/2019 dry weather has also provided a mechanism for engagement with a very wide range of stakeholders around forecasting. The most substantial impact has been the provision of ENDOWS outputs to the Environment Agency to help them assess the likely future evolution of drought conditions using their 'Reasonable Worst Case' forecasts. These have been provided for England and Wales monthly since August 2018. They have been used in key reports (Drought Prospects report) and meetings of the National Drought Group, and shared with many stakeholders. As such, they have become key information to help decision-makers during the drought. We have also been providing forecasts to stakeholders individually for their appraisal, and feedback - particularly fruittul engagement has been had with some water companies and they have been taking the forecasts on board for their own modelling, and have liaised with us to help make the forecasts more user friendly.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description CEH Drought Portal recommended in UKWIR Water Resources Planning Guidance
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.ukwir.org/146387?object=151120
 
Description CEH Drought Portal used in Drought Permit deliberations and application by Yorkshire Water
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Yorkshire Water used the Drought Portal to track the status of the 2018 drought in Yorkshire. They referred to the Portal in a presentation on lessons learned from the drought. They also used Portal outputs in their Drought Permit applications to the EA.
 
Description CEH drought portal used during the 2018 drought by Natural Resources Wales
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact NRW Used the Drought Portal in their briefing meetings to assess the severity of the 2018 summer drought in Wales. They took images from the Portal to illustrate the evolution of the drought for their internal communications, and presented these externally. They indicated that the Portal added significant value in displaying rainfall deficits over and above their current approaches.
 
Description Citation of publication (van Loon, 2016, "Drought in the Anthropocene") in EA state of environment report
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/7099...
 
Description ENDOWS intermittent streams work used in tracking 2018 /2019 drought
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Novel charts showing showing the proportions of flow, ponded and dry hydrological states along intermittent rivers in the East Chilterns have been used by the Environment Agency for monthly drought tracking during the 2018 - 2019 drought. This is based on work conduted in WS3 of ENDOWS, alongside separate funding from the EA.
 
Description Historic Droughts/DrIVER work on indicators featured in Natural Resources Wales Drought Planning Guidelines
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact CEH's work on standardised drought indicators was cited in a document prepared by Natural Resources Wales (NRW) providing guidelines for drought planning in Wales, effectively recommending CEH's Drought Portal and Indicators as a data source for use in Drought Planning.
URL https://naturalresources.wales/media/682496/wc-dpg-2017-consultation.pdf
 
Description New dryness maps used by the Environment Agency and SEPA
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Model outputs: Operational production of the current dryness/wetness and rainfall required to overcome the dry conditions maps from model simulations, and estimates of the rainfall required to overcome the dry conditions. The new relative dryness map and estimates of return periods and amount of additional rainfall required to overcome the dry conditions have been used by the EA for monitoring current conditions. The new products add to the information available to regulators and other stakeholders during a dry (or wet) period. In September 2018 the maps were used in a presentation to the National Drought Group. The EA has been very complimentary about these products and has shared them internally and tweeted about them in Summer 2018. The tools were used by SEPA (following a direct request from them) in summer 2019 to explore whether the drought situation in Scotland was recovering (or not) as part of SEPA's water situation reporting.
 
Description Participation in EA workshops on a roadmap for WRMP2024
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Jamie Hannaford from the Historic Droughts/ENDOWS projects participated in a Defra/EA led national consultation on water resources management planning - contributing to a RoadMap for the next round of WRMPs (WRMP2024). Jamie attended a workshop in London in November 2017, and another in March 2018 aimed at setting out the Roadmap for more effective regional- to national- planning.
 
Description Provision of drought scenarios to the EA for operational purposes during the 2018 - 2019 dry weather situation
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Use of forecasts during 2018/2019 drought. CEH have worked closely with the EA to provide bespoke scenario forecasts based on the EA's 'Reasonable Worst Case' scenarios. In summer 2018 the EA approached Droughts Programme Researchers and asked for assistance in projecting these scenarios on a national scale, to assess the likely impacts of ongoing dry weather following the exceptional dry weather. CEH researchers provided this within the ENDOWS project, using the models and data setup during the Historic Droughts and IMPETUS projects. This was first done on request in Aug 2018 and has been done monthly since (we are still providing this monthly in March 2019). The EA have been using the RWC projections in their internal drought management briefings. They also featured the maps in their 'Drought Prospects' report (January 2019) shared with a wide range of stakeholders, and the maps have been shown at the National Drought Group. They have thus been a key source of information for the EA and other stakeholders in appraising likely evolution of the drought in coming months.
 
Description Uptake of Droughts Programme outputs by Anglian Water in producing their Drought Plan.
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact We engaged with Anglian Water to evaluate ways they could better incorporate improved drought monitoring indicators into their Drought Plan. We worked with them to evaluate the use of the Standardized Streamflow Index for use in drought early warning, and this has been cited as a key information source in their (draft) Drought Plan.
URL https://www.anglianwater.co.uk/_assets/media/aw-drought-plan-2019.pdf
 
Description NERC Droughts and Water Scarcity Programme
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/L01016X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description Strengthening Thailand's Agricultural drought Resilience
Amount £435,081 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S003223/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 09/2021
 
Title Historic Gridded Potential Evapotranspiration (PET) based on temperature-based equation McGuinness-Bordne calibrated for the UK (1891-2015) 
Description Monthly and daily 5km gridded Potential Evapotranspiration (PET) data for the UK. PET was derived using temperature-based equation from McGuinness-Bordne. The units are mm/day for daily PET and mm/month for monthly PET. The dataset covers the period from 1891-2015. For both subsets (daily and monthly), a set of performance metrics were calculated, which are provided together with the PET grids. The list of metrics provided is: Mean Absolute Percent Error (MAPE), Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE), Kling-Gupta Efficiency (KGE), Correlation Coefficient, Variability Ratio (VR), Bias Ratio and monthly MAPE. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This dataset was used to underpin hydrological modelling, in production of scientific and data outputs, by a number of organisations, within the NERC Drought and Water Scarcity programme. 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/17b9c4f7-1c30-4b6f-b2fe-f7780159939c
 
Title Historic Gridded Standardised Precipitation Index for the United Kingdom 1862-2015 (generated using gamma distribution with standard period 1961-2010) v4 
Description 5km gridded Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) data for Great Britain, which is a drought index based on the probability of precipitation for a given accumulation period as defined by McKee et al [1]. There are seven accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 months and for each period SPI is calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer accumulation periods also annual) time series of the data therefore are likely to be autocorrelated. The standard period which was used to fit the gamma distribution is 1961-2010. The dataset covers the period from 1862 to 2015. This version supersedes previous versions (version 2 and 3) of the same dataset due to minor errors in the data files. NOTE: the difference between this dataset with the previously published dataset "Gridded Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) using gamma distribution with standard period 1961-2010 for Great Britain [SPIgamma61-10]" (Tanguy et al., 2015; https://doi.org/10.5285/94c9eaa3-a178-4de4-8905-dbfab03b69a0) , apart from the temporal and spatial extent, is the underlying rainfall data from which SPI was calculated. In the previously published dataset, CEH-GEAR (Tanguy et al., 2014; https://doi.org/10.5285/5dc179dc-f692-49ba-9326-a6893a503f6e) was used, whereas in this new version, Met Office 5km rainfall grids were used (see supporting information for more details). The methodology to calculate SPI is the same in the two datasets. [1] McKee, T. B., Doesken, N. J., Kleist, J. (1993). The Relationship of Drought Frequency and Duration to Time Scales. Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 17-22 January 1993, Anaheim, California. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This dataset forms part of the UK Drought Portal (https://eip.ceh.ac.uk/apps/droughts) which has been widely used by researchers, regulators and industry for visualising drought at different timescales, including the recent developing dry weather situation affecting South-East England in particular. 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/233090b2-1d14-4eb9-9f9c-3923ea2350ff
 
Title Historic Standardised Precipitation Index time series for IHU Groups (1862-2015) v2 
Description Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) data for Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) groups (Kral et al. [1]). SPI is a drought index based on the probability of precipitation for a given accumulation period as defined by McKee et al. [2]. SPI is calculated for different accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 months. Each of these is in turn calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer accumulation periods also annual) time series of the data therefore are likely to be autocorrelated. The standard period which was used to fit the gamma distribution is 1961-2010. The dataset covers the period from 1862 to 2015. NOTE: the difference between this dataset with the previously published dataset 'Standardised Precipitation Index time series for IHU Groups (1961-2012) [SPI_IHU_groups]' (Tanguy et al., 2015 [3]), apart from the temporal extent, is the underlying rainfall data from which SPI was calculated. In the previously published dataset, CEH-GEAR (Keller et al., 2015 [4], Tanguy et al., 2014 [5]) was used, whereas in this new version, Met Office 5km rainfall grids were used (see supporting information for more details). Within Historic Droughts project (grant number: NE/L01016X/1), the Met Office has digitised historic rainfall and temperature data to produce high quality historic rainfall and temperature grids, which motivated the change in the underlying data to calculate SPI. The methodology to calculate SPI is the same in the two datasets. This release supersedes the previous version, doi:10.5285/047d914f-2a65-4e9c-b191-09abf57423db, as it addresses localised issues with the source data (Met Office monthly rainfall grids) for the period 1960 to 2000. [1] Kral, F., Fry, M., Dixon, H. (2015). Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Groups. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre doi:10.5285/f1cd5e33-2633-4304-bbc2-b8d34711d902 [2] McKee, T. B., Doesken, N. J., Kleist, J. (1993). The Relationship of Drought Frequency and Duration to Time Scales. Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 17-22 January 1993, Anaheim, California. [3] Tanguy, M.; Kral., F.; Fry, M.; Svensson, C.; Hannaford, J. (2015). Standardised Precipitation Index time series for Integrated Hydrological Units Groups (1961-2012). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/dfd59438-2170-4472-b810-bab33a83d09f [4] Keller, V. D. J., Tanguy, M., Prosdocimi, I., Terry, J. A., Hitt, O., Cole, S. J., Fry, M., Morris, D. G., and Dixon, H.: CEH-GEAR: 1 km resolution daily and monthly areal rainfall estimates for the UK for hydrological use, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 83-112, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-83-2015, 2015. [5] Tanguy, M.; Dixon, H.; Prosdocimi, I.; Morris, D. G.; Keller, V. D. J. (2014). Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2012) [CEH-GEAR]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/5dc179dc-f692-49ba-9326-a6893a503f6e 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This dataset forms part of the UK Drought Portal (https://eip.ceh.ac.uk/apps/droughts) which has been widely used by researchers, regulators and industry for visualising drought at different timescales, including the recent developing dry weather situation affecting South-East England in particular. 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/a01e09b6-4b40-497b-a139-9369858101b3
 
Title Historic Standardised Precipitation Index time series for IHU Hydrometric Areas (1862-2015) v2 
Description Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) data for Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) Hydrometric Areas (Kral et al. [1]). SPI is a drought index based on the probability of precipitation for a given accumulation period as defined by McKee et al. [2]. SPI is calculated for different accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 months. Each of these is in turn calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer accumulation periods also annual) time series of the data therefore are likely to be autocorrelated. The standard period which was used to fit the gamma distribution is 1961-2010. The dataset covers the period from 1862 to 2015. NOTE: the difference between this dataset with the previously published dataset 'Standardised Precipitation Index time series for IHU hydrometric areas (1961-2012)' [SPI_IHU_HA] (Tanguy et al., 2015 [3]), apart from the temporal extent, is the underlying rainfall data from which SPI was calculated. In the previously published dataset, CEH-GEAR (Keller et al., 2015 [4], Tanguy et al., 2014 [5]) was used, whereas in this new version, Met Office 5km rainfall grids were used (see supporting documentation for more details). Within Historic Droughts project (grant number: NE/L01016X/1), the Met Office has digitised historic rainfall and temperature data to produce high quality historic rainfall and temperature grids, which motivated the change in the underlying data to calculate SPI. The methodology to calculate SPI is the same in the two datasets. This release supersedes the previous version, doi:10.5285/d8655cc9-b275-4e77-9e6c-1b16eee5c7d5, as it addresses localised issues with the source data (Met Office monthly rainfall grids) for the period 1960 to 2000. [1] Kral, F., Fry, M., Dixon, H. (2015). Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Hydrometric Areas without Coastline. NERC-Environmental Information Data Centre doi:10.5285/3a4e94fc-4c68-47eb-a217-adee2a6b02b3 [2] McKee, T. B., Doesken, N. J., Kleist, J. (1993). The Relationship of Drought Frequency and Duration to Time Scales. Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, 17-22 January 1993, Anaheim, California. [3] Tanguy, M.; Kral., F.; Fry, M.; Svensson, C.; Hannaford, J. (2015). Standardised Precipitation Index time series for Integrated Hydrological Units Hydrometric Areas (1961-2012). NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/5e1792a0-ae95-4e77-bccd-2fb456112cc1 [4] Keller, V. D. J., Tanguy, M., Prosdocimi, I., Terry, J. A., Hitt, O., Cole, S. J., Fry, M., Morris, D. G., and Dixon, H.: CEH-GEAR: 1 km resolution daily and monthly areal rainfall estimates for the UK for hydrological use, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 83-112, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-83-2015, 2015. [5] Tanguy, M.; Dixon, H.; Prosdocimi, I.; Morris, D. G.; Keller, V. D. J. (2014). Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2012) [CEH-GEAR]. NERC Environmental Information Data Centre. https://doi.org/10.5285/5dc179dc-f692-49ba-9326-a6893a503f6e 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This dataset forms part of the UK Drought Portal (https://eip.ceh.ac.uk/apps/droughts) which has been widely used by researchers, regulators and industry for visualising drought at different timescales, including the recent developing dry weather situation affecting South-East England in particular. 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/a754cae2-d6a4-456e-b367-e99891d7920f
 
Title Historic Standardised Streamflow Index (SSI) using Tweedie distribution with standard period 1961-2010 for 303 UK catchments (1891-2015) 
Description This dataset contains the Standardised Streamflow Index (SSI) data for 303 catchments across the United Kingdom from 1891 to 2015. The SSI is a drought index based on the cumulative probability of a given monthly mean streamflow occurring for a given catchment. Here, the SSI is calculated for the following accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months. Each accumulation period is calculated for calendar end-months. The standard period used to fit the Tweedie distribution is 1961-2010. The SSI was produced by the RCUK-funded Historic Droughts project in order to characterise and explore hydrological drought severity over the period 1891-2015. This dataset is an outcome of the Historic Droughts Project (grant number: NE/L01016X/1). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/58ef13a9-539f-46e5-88ad-c89274191ff9
 
Title Historic reconstructions of daily river flow for 303 UK catchments (1891-2015) 
Description This dataset is model output from the GR4J lumped catchment hydrology model. It provides 500 model realisations of daily river flow, in cubic metres per second (cumecs, m3/s), for 303 UK catchments for the period between 1891-2015. The modelled catchments are part of the National River Flow Archive (NRFA) (https://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/) and provide good spatial coverage across the UK. These flow reconstructions were produced as part of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) funded Historic Droughts and IMPETUS projects, to provide consistent modelled daily flow data across the UK from 1891-2015, with estimates of uncertainty. This dataset is an outcome of the Historic Droughts Project (grant number: NE/L01016X/1). The data are provided in two formats to help the user account for uncertainty: (1) a 500-member ensemble of daily river flow time series for each catchment, with their corresponding model parameters and evaluation metric scores of model performance. (2) a single river flow time series (one corresponding to the top run of the 500), with the maximum and minimum daily limits of the 500 ensemble members. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/f710bed1-e564-47bf-b82c-4c2a2fe2810e
 
Title Rescued and recovered rainfall incorporated into national climate product (HadUK) 
Description HadUK-Grid is a new collection of gridded climate variables derived from the network of UK land surface observations. The data have been interpolated from meteorological station data onto a uniform grid to provide complete and consistent coverage across the UK. The data sets cover the UK up to 1km x 1km resolution and a range of other resolutions to allow for comparison to data from climate projections and across a country, administrative regions and river basins. The dataset spans the period from 1862 to present. The datasets have been created by the Met Office with financial support from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). The data recovery activity was also funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC grant ref: NE/L01016X/1) project "Analysis of historic drought and water scarcity in the UK". The dataset is provided under Open Government Licence. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Historic Drought rescue and recovery has digitised a wealth of climate datasets from the early 19thC and 20th C. These have now been incorporated into the authoritative, national UK meteorological data centre, the National Climate Information Centre, and included in a range of products. Cruially, they have been incorporated into the new HadUK gridded dataset, which provides an observational baseline of past climatic variability against which future changes are projected. The primary purpose of these data are to facilitate monitoring of UK climate and research into climate change, impacts and adaptation. This a very significant impact - the HadUK data was launched in December 2018, alongside the latest round of climate projections (UKCP18). The data are fully accessible at CEDA. 
URL https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/data/haduk-grid/haduk-grid
 
Title Simulated monthly biological indicators for England and Wales 1964-2012 
Description "Monthly time series of simulated de-trended/de-seasonalised biological indicators at 86 bio-monitoring sites in England and Wales based on the modelled response of these indicators to discharge (represented by a standardised streamflow index, SSI) at 76 paired gauging stations. The biological indicators include: (i) Average Score per Taxon (ASPT) (ii) Lotic-invertebrate Index for Flow Evaluation (LIFE) calculated at family-level (LIFE Family) (iii) LIFE calculated at species-level (LIFE Species). The simulation spans the period 1964-2012." 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not yet aware of impacts. 
URL https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/documents/2ad542be-e883-4c6e-b198-7d49da62208c
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Agricultural and Horticulture Development Board
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Anglian Water Services
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Hydro Logic Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation National Farmers Union
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Natural Resources Wales
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Scottish Environment Protection Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation Thames Water Utilities Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Stakeholder Advisory Panel for Historic Droughts 
Organisation World Wide Fund for Nature
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have convened a stakeholder advisory panel for Historic Droughts, and held a stakeholder meeting in March 2015.
Collaborator Contribution Advice on research direction and engagement strategy. Data contributions. Commitment to interviews
Impact Stakeholder advisory meeting, March 2015.
Start Year 2015
 
Title CEH Drought Portal 
Description The UK drought portal is a tool to help understand the severity and magnitude of drought at different spatial scales across the UK over the past half century. Droughts can be visualised and explored through interactive maps and graphs The current version shows the relative magnitude of drought events within river basins and individual catchments based on rainfall deficits over durations ranging from 1 to 24 months. In future this could be extended to include the impact of varying evaporation rates, drought metrics based on river flow and groundwater conditions, or even to display current drought status from real-time drought information. The Drought Portal is based on underlying SPI and SPEI datasets delivered by the DrIVER project. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The Drought Portal is now going to be released (March 2017) as a real-time monitoring tool, to allow users to visualise the current water situation in a historical context using datasets available on the portal. Further information will be added in mid-2017. 
URL https://eip.ceh.ac.uk/droughts
 
Title New modelling tools for the UK Hydrological Outlook 
Description Modelling undertaken within the Historic Droughts and IMPETUS projects using the GR4J model has been implemented through the ENDOWS funding as an operational service in the UK Hydrological Outlook, replacing the previous modelling system. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Previously, the 'Ensemble Streamflow Prediction' system component of the Outlook used disparate models for a limited range (<50) of catchments for England and Wales only. From October 2018, the new GR4J approach has been operationalised as a monthly service, meaning the approach is now fully automated and uses only one model, for many more catchments (>300) and including Scotland and Northern Ireland. This model has also been used for stakeholder engagement during ENDOWS and in providing Reasonable WOrst Case Scenarios to the EA (see 'influence on policy and practice'). 
URL https://www.hydoutuk.net/
 
Title New products for the UK Hydrological Outlook: dryness maps and rainfall required to overcome drought conditions 
Description Two new products were implemented operationally in the UK Hydrological Outlook, using ENDOWS resource and following stakeholder engagement. The outputs are based on the G2G/water balance modelling used in the Outlook, but new customised outputs for drought monitoring and early warning: - Gridded Dryness maps, showing relative dryness of the subsurface for the UK at 1km scale - % of rainfall and rarity of rainfall required to overcome the drought. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact These were added to the Outlook as an operational product in summer 2018, and have been produced monthly since. These are significant upgrades to the UK Outlook operational service. The outputs have been used by stakeholders (see 'influence on policy'), including the EA and SEPA. 
URL https://www.hydoutuk.net/
 
Title Real-time Drought Monitoring via the UK Drought Portal 
Description The UK Drought Portal was released in 2015, but in 2017 we upgraded the functionality and processes such that the portal is updated every month. We receive gridded rainfall data from the UK met Office and transform this into the drought indicator (SPI) and upload it every month, in the first few days of the month.In this way the Portal has become a near real-time drought monitoring tool that can be used to map, track and plot current rainfall drought status. Further major upgrades are planned in 2018 (adding river flows and groundwater). 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact At this stage, it is relatively early days for the drought portal as an operational tool. However, it has become reasonably well know as a tool for indexing drought status - the EA, Canal and Rivers Trust and others have indicated in was useful in the 2016-2017 dry weather situatiuon. 
URL https://eip.ceh.ac.uk/droughts
 
Title Reconstructed Flow Data Explorer 
Description The Reconstructed Flow Data explorer was released in March 2018. The application allows users to explore the historic flow reconstructions released for the Historic Droughts project. An interactive time series plot allows users to visualise the data in detail without the need to download it first. The page also provides details on the performance of the model in each catchment and the model parameters used to generate the reconstructions. The page was developed using the R software program's Shiny package, and is hosted on a CEH server. Further upgrades are planned as part of the ENDOWS and Historic Droughts projects following feedback from the About Drought Symposium. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact It is expected that the reconstructed flow data will be used both by academics and water resource practitioners. This app will provide users with a better understanding of the data and its limitations in order to encourage appropriate use of the dataset. 
URL https://shiny-apps.ceh.ac.uk/reconstruction_explorer
 
Title UK Hydrological Drought Explorer 
Description The UK Hydrological Drought Explorer was released in March 2018. The application allows users to explore the historic hydrological droughts derived and extracted for the Historic Droughts project. A series of interactive maps and graphs allow users to visualise and understand historic hydrological roughts in the UK using the Standardised Streamflow Index (SSI) without having to download and analyse the data themselves. The page was developed using the R software program's Shiny package, and is hosted on a CEH server. Further upgrades are planned as part of the ENDOWS and Historic Droughts projects following feedback from the About Drought Symposium (14th March 2018). 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact It is expected that the reconstructed SSI data will be used both by academics and water resource practitioners. This app will enable users to explore the data before downloading it from the EIDC. It will also help users better understand the data and its limitations in order to encourage appropriate use of the dataset and the historic daily flow reconstructions. 
URL https://shiny-apps.ceh.ac.uk/hydro_drought_explorer/
 
Title Water Resource Portal demonstrator for South West England 
Description The water resources SW portal is a stakeholder co-designed demonstrator to showcase the next generation of interactive, dynamic drought monitoring tools for the UK, to build on the Drought Portal described elsewhere in this award. The SW portal showcases a range of innovations, building on the original Portal architecture first developed in the DrIVER and Historic Droughts projects and later extended into the SW portal under the ENDOWS project: - WIde range of datasets including river flow, groundwater and soil moisture - access to raw data as well as standardized indicators - real-time daily updated flow data using the Environment Agency's new API - wide range of mapping and visualisation techniques including use of Return Period bandings on hydrographs, overlay comparisons of past droughts, etc. The product is being further developed in ENDOWS and will eventually be rolled into the national UK drought Portal. The key stakeholders were Southwest Water and the Environment Agency. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Too early for impact yet - but the software tool is very well received by regulators, water companies, etc and we are working on further developments which will lead to impacts in future years once established. 
URL http://eip.ceh.ac.uk/hydrology/south-west/
 
Description About Drought Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The About Drought showcase was held on 14th March 2018, as a major showcase for the work of the Droughts and Water Scarcity Programme. The event was organised by a core team from the Programme Co-ordination Team and Endows Delivery Team. Jamie Hannaford oversaw the organisation, while Steve Turner, Lucy ball and Nick Jackson from the EDT planned the event with colleagues from other institutions on the PCT/EDT. The event involved a plenary session featuring overviews of DWS programme projects and external stakeholders. A series of interactive sessions on ENDOWS themes was then held, before the day rounded off with a panel discussion. There were stands during the breaks and lunch and at a reception afterwards, allowing users to engage with programme outputs, ENDOWS staff from CEH led or contributed to the organisation and content of many sessions, and several of the stands. Jamie led the hosting and organised the plenary speakers. The event was attended by over 120 organisations from across a very broad cross-section of the user community. The event was very successful with lots of positive feedback on the Droughts Programme and its outputs, including very positive feedback from Defra, the EA, the funders (NERC). Further information and write-ups/links will be added in future updates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://aboutdrought.info/drought-and-water-scarcity-programme-showcase-event/
 
Description AboutDrought Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The About Drought Showcase presents a major opportunity to discover more about the outputs emerging from the £12 million five-year research council-funded UK Droughts & Water Scarcity programme. The programme is aimed at supporting improved decision-making and communication in relation to droughts and water scarcity for a range of sectors, including: water suppliers, energy suppliers and regulators; agricultural sector; environmental policymakers, stakeholders and regulators; UK businesses, ranging from high volume industrial water users to local small and medium-sized enterprises; community planning organisations, communities, and not-for-profit special interest groups. As well as hands-on interaction with key project datasets, you will be able to ask the experts about on-going developments and give feedback on how best they can be tailored to support your area of interest. The showcase will give the opportunity to participants to interact with other stakeholders and researchers. Steve Turner, Jamie Hannaford and Matt Fry were amongst the key organisers. Jamie Hannaford and Matt Fry led sessions on Monitoring & Early Warning and Data, respectively. Jamie Hannaford, Matt Fry, Simon Parry, Katie Smith and Lucy Barker made presentations in the Water Supply, Data, and Monitoring & Early Warning sessions. Maliko Tanguy coordinated the interactive question and answer sessions for the Plenary and Monitoring & Early Warning sessions. Katie Smith, Maliko Tanguy and Lucy Barker managed stands demonstrating key Historic Droughts outputs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Adaptation and Resilience to droughts: historical perspectives in Europe and beyond 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford presented an overview of the Historic Droughts project.There was significant interest from many other international initiatives working on past droughts, from Germany and France in particular.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://live.unistra.fr/en/evenements/conferences/adaptation-et-resilience-aux-secheresses-perspecti...
 
Description American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The AGU Fall Meeting is the world's largest earth science conference, and in 2017 was hosted in New Orleans, USA. It is a gathering of the best and brightest minds from around the globe in the pursuit of high quality science, knowledge, and a more sustainable future. It is an opportunity to share science, and gain visibility and recognition for your own scientific efforts alongside the world's leading scientific minds. This was an opportunity to disseminate key findings and outputs from the Historic Droughts project to a new transatlantic audience. Simon Parry convened the main drought session. Jamie Hannaford (presented by Katie Smith) and Simon Parry made oral presentations in the main drought session, and Simon Parry and Katie Smith made poster presentations, all of which comprised work undertaken within the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Aquator Users Group Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford was invited keynote speaker at the Aquator Users Group annual conference, comprising professionals from across the water industry and regulators. The group meets annually to discuss water resources and drought planning in the context of the Aquator software.

The presentation was entitled: "Improving information for drought planning and decision-making" and included outputs from two NERC projects, Historic Droughts and DrIVER.

The event was held at Worcester College, Oxford, 12th October 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BHS meeting - agricultural and environmental impacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting of the British Hydrological Society South East Section on 'ABOUT DROUGHT: AGRICULTURE AND ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS' in London. Francois Edwards gave an oral presentation on 'The ecology of drought in rivers' featuring work conducted within the Historic Droughts project. Ian Holman reviewed some of the impacts experienced by the agricultural sector last year and consider how lessons from last year can be taken forward to inform increased drought resilience in the sector. good interactive discussion at the end
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Blog Post - Hydrological Status Update 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post July 2018 - update on the Hydrological Situation following the exceptionally dry and hot June. Brought together information from Drought Portal (including screenshots) alongside several other monitoring tools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/blogs/uk-hydrological-status-update-early-july-2018
 
Description Blog Post - Hydrological Status Update - August 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post on hydrological situation in summer 2018 following exceptional conditions. Blog featured the drought portal as well as material gleaned from the Historic Droughts project. Also referred to ENDOWS ongoing engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/blogs/uk-hydrological-status-update-early-august-2018
 
Description Blog Post about drought prospects 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog Post about drought situation in spring 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/blogs/hydrological-status-update
 
Description Blog Post about the Drought Portal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog post about the Drought Portal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/blogs/uk-drought-portal-near-real-time-updates
 
Description Blog Post about the Drought Portal - December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hydrological Status update in series, reflecting on long-term rainfall deficits leading to ongoing drought impacts. Blog featured the Drought Portal as well as drought indicators for river flow. Also referred to ongoing ENDOWS monitoring and forecasting work (including screenshot of new SW water resources portal).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceh.ac.uk/news-and-media/blogs/uk-hydrological-status-update-december-2018
 
Description British Hydrological Society Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the BHS International Conference at Cranfield, September 2016. Cedric Laize presented work carried out on 'Drought Impacts on River Ecology', carried out in the Historic Droughts and DriVER projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.hydrology.org.uk/assets/Cranfield%20Programme.rev.pdf
 
Description British Hydrological Society Peter Wolf Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An annual symposium of the British Hydrological Society over two days of oral and poster presentations, allowing early career hydrologists the opportunity to present their research, often for the first time, in a supportive environment of their colleagues. Keynote speakers included Anne Van Loon and Rob Wilby, and Alan Jenkins and Peter Ede welcomed participants and highlighted the importance of the event. Lucy Barker had a key role in organising the event, hosted at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, and Lucy and Katie Smith also presented posters on their work within the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description British Hydrological Society South East Meeting: Low Flows and Abstraction Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A meeting of the British Hydrological Society South East Section on 'Low Flows and Abstraction Management' in London. Cedric Laize made an oral presentation on 'River wetted habitat under low flows' featuring work conducted within the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CIWEM National Water Resources Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford was invited speaker at the CIWEM national water resources panel.

Title of presentation: Improving drought information for decision making. The presentation covered two NERC projects, DrIVER and Historic Droughts, and considered how the outputs are potentially useful for the water industry in two contexts: 1) long-term strategic planning and 2) early warning to support decision-making in a drought.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Canal and Rivers trust - staff exchanges 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Canal and Rivers Trust visited CEH in February 2019 for two days as part of a staff exchange.

One day was devoted to the droughts programme and ENDOWS. ENDOWS team members engaged CRT staff with current outputs (Drought Libraries, model intercomparison, monitoring portals and forecasts) with interactive demonstrations, and discussed how such outputs could be embedded into operational decision making and long-term planning by the CRT. A follow up visit by ENDOWS researchers to the CRT is planned.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Defra Workshop on Drought Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Defra hosted a one-day workshop to discuss the variety of NERC funded drought research underway at present, primarily in the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme.

Jamie Hannaford presented the outcomes and plans of the following projects.
- DrIVER
- Historic Droughts
- HydEOmex
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Dialogue with Energy industry on drought monitoring and early warning needs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dialogue with EnergyUK and RWE Npower on potential for using ENDOWS early warning and forecasting products for energy industry applications.

Small group dialogue led to follow up engagement with wider network, canvassing other energy companies for interest in ongoing case study work,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Drought & Water Scarcity Programme Environment workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop organised by the Drought & Water Scarcity Programme, bringing together key stakeholders from the environment sector to co-develop plans to bring together outputs from the four projects, including Historic Droughts. Lucy Barker presented on monitoring and early warning in relation to the environment sectors, and Lucy and Jamie Hannaford participated in productive discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Drought & Water Scarcity Programme Public Water Supply workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop organised by the Drought & Water Scarcity Programme, bringing together key stakeholders from the public water supply sector to co-develop plans to bring together outputs from the four projects, including Historic Droughts. Jamie Hannaford had a key organisational role, introduced the workshop and Historic Droughts project, and presented on plans for the Monitoring & Early Warning task. Simon Parry presented on plans for the Water Supply Stress Testing, including capitalising on the data outputs of the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Drought Workshop (Beijing) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact International workshop on drought science, aimed at early career researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Drought and Water Scarcity HackWeek (funded by NERC and Unilever): 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Approximately 20 scientists were invited to participate in a "HackWeek" along with "HackMasters" to tackle the issue of drought and water scarcity. The scientists ranged from postgraduate students to university lecturers, with expertise ranging from environmental science to social science. The scientists were broken into three groups to tackle:
- Using media (newspaper and twitter) data to understand drought events - tying social responses to drought events
- Using remotely sensed spatial data to develop a website for drought information
- Using social media to encourage social response to droughts - through twitter campaigns
The outcomes of these investigations and draft application development were presented to government policymakers, stakeholders and industry representatives with much positive feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Drought and Water Scarcity Programme - Agriculture Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The first researcher-stakeholder event under the DWS Programme 'DROUGHT exchanges' banner, took place in Peterborough on 2nd December 2016. It was attended by researchers from all four projects, regulators, colleagues from the National Farmers Union, the UK Irrigation Association, the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board and the Horticultural Traders Association. We were especially pleased that is was also supported by a number of farmers and farm enterprises. The morning started with an overview of research progress from each of the four drought projects, followed by a 'quick-fire' round where, in 5 minute slots, 9 stakeholders gave their perspective on the key data, decision-making, and research needs or priorities in relation to droughts and water scarcity in the agriculture, and food production and supply sector. With these challenges in mind, the afternoon session comprised work in three groups aimed at identifying how the DWS Programme might respond to some of these challenges.

The event was organised by the Programme Co-ordination Team, which includes researchers from Historic Droughts. IN addition, the Historic Droughts PI, Jamie Hannaford, presented an overview of the Historic Droughts Project on the day as input to the discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Drought and Water Scarcity Programme - First Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The First Annual Conference of the RCUK Droughts & Water Scarcity (DWS) Programme was held 27-28 June 2016 at St Anne's College, Oxford. The conference was the first opportunity for researchers working across the four projects in the DWS programme to meet and learn about each other's work. The two days of conference included presentations from researchers, a breakout session along disciplinary/research focus lines, and interactive sessions.

The event was organised by the Programme Co-ordination Team (PCT), including members of Historic Droughts; this is part-funded by the top-up grant to the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ENDOWS Water Supply Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Major workshop to showcase outputs from ENDOWS water supply workstream (Drought Libraries, modelling, monitoring and early warning, governance, etc). The event was very well attended with numerous water companies, the EA, NRW, Consultancies, Energy UK, Canal and Rivers Trust, etc. CEH staff led interactive sessions to demonstrate programme outputs (e.g. prototype Portal, draft Drought Libraries, new forecasting tools). Good uptake and feedback on Programme progress and outputs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ENDOWS Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Webinar introducing the ENDOWS project to the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme Community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ENDOWS co-sponsorship of a Seasonal Forecasting Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The event was a two-day conference on seasonal forecasting, organised by Loughborough university but co-sponsored by ENDOWS (as well as Reading University and the British Hydrological Society). Jamie Hannaford and Nevil Quinn (UWE) from ENDOWS chaired sessions. There were also presentations from ENDOWS/IMPETUS, including from Maliko Tanguy from CEH. There was significant interest in Droughts Programme research and interest in following up the work in ENDOWS (1.4, 1.5) on monitoring and forecasting. Plans were made for follow-up reporting and a paper, as well as further events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ENDOWS engagement with the Environment Agency 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A high-level meeting between the Droughts Programme Co-ordination Team/ENDOWS delivery team to present on the progress across the Programme and to plan collaboration within ENDOWS. Jamie Hannaford chaired the meeting and presented on ENDOWS, and Matt Fry presented the Data Workstream. Plans were made for joint engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ENDOWS engagement with the National Farmers Union and Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford from ENDOWS met with the AHDB and NFU to present the outcomes of the DWS programme work on monitoring and forecasting, and to make plans for joint work in ENDOWS 1.4/1.5 to work on case studies to demonstrate the value of monitoring and forecasting products to the agricultural sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ENDOWS stand at IRRIGEX/FLOODEX 2018/2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We hosted a stand at the major industry event 'IRRIGEX/FLOODEX' organised by the UKIA and ADB, held at the east of England showground, Peterborough, Feb 2019. We set up a stand to showcase the ENDOWS workstream 2 work on agriculture, as well as a host of agriculture related activities across the DWS programme.

CEH staff organised the stand and attended both days, alongside colleagues from Cranfield, UWE and Harper Adams. We also presented posters and materials on monitoring and early warning, including demonstrating portals and web apps and a rolling presentation on the 2018 drought. The stand was visited by many interested parties who were keen to find out more about how they could use the products in their day-to-day decision-making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.irrigex.com/
 
Description ENDOWS workshop with South West Water and the Environment Agency 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ENDOWS researchers (Jamie Hannaford, Matt Fry) visited the offices of southwest water, along with the Environment Agency staff, to present progress on monitoring and early warning in the DWS programme, and to make plans for a demonstration activity collaborating with SWW and the EA and involving a prototype portal using live API data for the southwest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ENDOWS workshop with Anglian Water 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact ENDOWS researchers from CEH (Jamie Hannaford, Lucy Barker, Maliko Tanguy and Shaun Harrigan) presented the outcomes of the Droughts Programme around monitoring and forecasting, and made specific plans to collaborate with Anglian Water on case studies and demonstration activities within ENDOWS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ENDOWS workshop with Thames Water 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Researchers from the ENDOWS project presented the progress of the Droughts Programme (Historic Droughts and IMPETUS, as well as DrIVER) and the plans for the ENDOWS 1.4/1.5 activities on monitoring and forecasting to Thames Water. Thames water are keen to engage in collaborative work on monitoring and forecasting in the ENDOWS project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Engagement with Affinity Water on uptake of Drought Libraries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Bilateral discussions on potential for using drought libraries for WRMP process, with demonstration outputs used for engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Engagement with Indian researchers on drought monitoring 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Barker, L.J. 2018. What is the state of the art in drought monitoring and forecasting in the UK? SUNRISE workshop: Improving flood and drought risk estimation and prediction in data sparse regions. India Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India.

Communicated outputs from the DrIVER project and UK Drought & Water Scarcity Programme on drought monitoring with Indian partners and stakeholders. Formed the basis with discussion with attendees on areas of joint work and collaboration for the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Engagement with researchers and practitioners in China 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UK-China Workshop on drought monitoring, early warning and management. Organised with Institute of Water and Hydropower Research, Beijing. This was organised as part of CEH's NC-ODA SUNRISE Programme. However, the science drew heavily on DrIVER and Historic Droughts, especially presentations given:

Barker, L.J. 2018. Drought Monitoring Research and Practice: a UK & European perspective. SUNRISE workshop: From drought research to drought management: sharing experiences between Europe and China.

Hannaford, J. 2018. Drought Forecasting: a UK perspective.


Communicated outputs from the DrIVER project and UK Drought & Water Scarcity Programme on drought monitoring with Chinese partners and stakeholders. Formed the basis with discussion with attendees on areas of joint work and collaboration for the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description European Climate Change Adaptation Conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 850 people were welcomed to the City of Glasgow to attend ECCA 2017, 'Our Climate Ready Future', in June 2017. Our vision was that this conference would inspire and enable people to work together to discover and deliver positive climate adaptation solutions that can strengthen society, revitalise local economies and enhance the environment. We were delighted to get a great response to our efforts to engage others outside the academic community, and the conference was able to bring together the people who will deliver action on the ground - from business, industry, NGOs, local government and communities - to share knowledge, ideas and experience with leading researchers and policymakers. The Drought & Water Scarcity Programme had a dedicated session, with presentations from each of the four projects. Simon Parry gave a presentation on the Historic Droughts project and sat on the panel for the subsequent discussion amongst delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description FRIEND Low Flow and Droughts group meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The latest biannual meeting of the FRIEND Low Flow & Droughts group in Freiburg, Germany. There were presentations from each of the working groups, highlighting recent advances by group members, and poster sessions to communicate research findings within the network. Simon Parry, Katie Smith and Lucy Barker presented posters representing research undertaken within the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description HYPER Droughts Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The HYPER Droughts Conference was a major international conference on drought held in Prague, under the auspices of the EGU (the 6th EGU Leonardo Conference). Jamie Hannaford was on the organising committee and also guest edited a special issue of Hydrology and Earth System Sciences following the conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Historic Droughts Symposium 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 22nd March 2016, a public symposium was hosted by the Historic Droughts project at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology in Wallingford. The aim of the day was to foster discussion on current scientific and decision-maker perspectives on the use of historical drought information in contemporary drought management, under the broad theme "Understanding past droughts to inform decision-making in future". The event was very well attended, with over 100 delegates from a diversity of backgrounds, including academics, government and policymakers, regulators and consultants, a wide cross-section of the water industry and representatives from a range of economic sectors (agriculture, horticulture, power generation, etc.).

The first session invited research perspectives from the academics on the advisory panel of the Historic Droughts project. This included four international perspectives: a broad view of drought impacts and management across Europe (Henny van Lanen, Wageningen University); an overview of drought physical processes and management issues in Spain (Sergio Vicente-Serrano, Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología); an assessment of current practice in using historical drought information in the USA (Cody Knutson, National Drought Mitigation Center); and a case study of a reconstruction of past hydrometeorological droughts, extending back to 1871, from France (Eric Sauquet, IRSTEA). The final perspective came from the UK, and gave a very long-term view of drought and other weather extremes based on documentary evidence (Georgina Endfield, University of Nottingham).

The second session then invited perspectives from stakeholders involved in drought management, drawn from the project's stakeholder advisory panel, who presented views on UK drought impacts and management frameworks, and stakeholder needs for historical drought information. This included views from two environmental regulators responsible for drought management in England and Scotland (Pauline Smith from the EA and Richard Gosling from SEPA), a representative from the agricultural sector (Mike Storey from the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board), a water company (Stamatia Evangelidou from Anglian Water) and a view from consultancy (Colin Fenn, Hydro-Logic).

The final session showcased the Historic Droughts project and presented early project achievements. Jamie Hannaford (CEH) gave an overview of the project, before three presentations reflecting the diversity of activities within the project: preliminary hydrogeological drought reconstructions (Ben Marchant, BGS), an overview of work examining impacts of past droughts on agriculture (Ian Holman, Cranfield University) and a survey of some of the main themes emerging from the project's work on recollections of past droughts through oral histories (Rebecca Pearce, University of Exeter).

Delegates at the Historic Droughts SymposiumDiscussions were held after each session and then at the end of the day. There was lively and stimulating discussion which provided thoughtful perspectives for the Historic Droughts project. A recurring theme was the challenges in actually using information from the past to inform management decisions: to what extent are past drought events useful given how much our socioeconomic situation, and drought management frameworks, have changed over time? And how much can we learn from past rainfall or river flow extremes in a non-stationary world? Valuable food for thought for researchers and practitioners engaged in this issue, and questions that are at the core of the work being undertaken by Historic Droughts.

A poster session was held, with posters on display during the coffee and lunch breaks, and in a drinks reception after the formal programme, where many attendees stayed on to continue discussions with the project team and visiting stakeholders. There were 20 Posters on a diversity of themes including: data, drought modelling/reconstruction, drought forecasting, drought identification, the impacts of drought and social narratives of drought. Half of the posters presented results from Historic Droughts, representing the wide range of disciplinary backgrounds within the project, including analyses of past droughts from hyrometeorological, agricultural, social and linguistic perspectives. There were also posters from the other projects in the Research Council's Droughts and Water Scarcity Programme, IMPETUS, MaRIUS and DRY.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://historicdroughts.ceh.ac.uk/content/historic-droughts-symposium-march-2016
 
Description Historic Droughts Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Launch of the Historic Droughts website as the primary mechanism for disseminating the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://historicdroughts.ceh.ac.uk/
 
Description HydroEco 2017 Ecohydrology an the Edge: ecology-hydrology-human interactions in a changing world: 6th International Multidisciplinary Conference on Hydrology and Ecology 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The aim of this conference was: i) to present new concepts and theory on interactions between hydrology and ecology; ii) to discuss innovative experimental technologies and modelling approaches at the interface between hydrology and ecology; iii) to stimulate interdisciplinary interactions between hydrologists, ecologists, environmental scientists and practitioners; iv) to inform about emerging trends in ecohydrological practice, management and decision making. Cedric Laize made an oral presentation in the parallel session 'Dryland and drought ecohydrology' on work conducted within the Historic Droughts project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IUKWC workshop on drought management and prediction 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simon Parry attended the India-UK Water Centre Workshop on "Drought: advancing monitoring and prediction capabilities". Simon's presentation drew heavily on DWS Programme research (Historic Droughts/IMPETUS and ENDOWS) in summarising the state of the art in UK drought research and practice. There was significant interest in the tools and methodologies from several of the visiting Indian researchers, which has been followed up subsequently.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://iukwc.org/iukwc-workshop-advancing-drought-monitoring-prediction-and-management-capabilities
 
Description IWA Young Water Professionals Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Katie Smith presented work conducted within the Historic Droughts project: UK historic drought reconstructions: using the past to inform the future. The presentation was very well received and Katie won the Worshipful Company of Engineers' Young Water Engineer 2018 prize (see Awards section).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2018
 
Description NRW Webinar on ENDOWS monitoring and early warning activities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact September 2018 - webinar broadcast with a diverse range of Natural Resources Wales staff to present the monitoring and early warning work underway in ENDOWS, and discuss how the work could be used by NRW in drought management decisions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NRW/Welsh Government ENDOWS Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ENDOWS hosted a showcase workshop with NRW and Welsh Government to present on the various workstreams of ENDOWS and how the outputs could be useful for decision-making in Wales. The event drew a very broad spectrum of staff from NRW and WG, and they reported considerable interest in using ENDOWS outputs. Various action plans were drawn up for joint work and case studies in each ENDOWS workstream.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at the British Hydrological Society National Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Maliko Tanguy presented Historic Droughts work: "Regional differences in meteorological droughts in Great Britain" at the BHS conference in London, September 2018. There was lots of interest, and follow up from water companies interested in the significance of these outputs from a planning/transfers perspective.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.hydrology.org.uk/publications.php
 
Description Presentation on ENDOWS at the MaRIUS Live event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford gave a presentation introducing the 'ENDOWS' follow-on project at the MaRIUS Live event in London, attending by over 100 people from a wide range of backgrounds. There was significant interest in ENDOWS and good feedback, with requests to be involved after the talk and during follow-up.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxHM-nzIQWk
 
Description Presentation on ENDOWS to the National Drought Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford presented on the DWS programme and the ENDOWS activities to the National Drought Group in November 2018. The National Drought Group is a formal EA/Defra group chaired by Sir James Bevan (EA chief executive) with senior representation across the water companies, conservation groups, NFU, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to CIWEM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The CIWEM 2018 Conference addressed the question 'are we fit for 2050' in terms of water resources management in the UK. The agenda involved very high level presentations from Defra, the EA, water companies, consultancies, etc. Jamie Hannaford presented about how the ENDOWS project is helping water industry and regulatory stakeholders, along a whole host of others, make better decisions regarding long-term planning and operational drought management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ciwem.org/events/water-resources-are-we-fit-for-2050
 
Description Presentation to CIWEM Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the UK drought and water scarcity programme at the Welsh Branch of CIWEM to a mixed audience of practitioners and researchers, December 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to CSIC, Zaragoza 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford visited CSIC (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología. Centro del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas) in Zaragoza, Spain, In June 2018 to work on an international drought collaboration for western Europe. While there he gave an institutional seminar on UK droughts Research, featuring outputs from across the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme and DrIVER. There was interest in how such techniques could be applied in a Spanish context.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://divulgaipe.com/2018/06/06/charla-jamie-hannaford-from-drought-research-to-decision-making-ex...
 
Description Presentation to Maynooth University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford gave a seminar at the ICARUS unit at Maynooth university while on a visiting lecturing stay, which drew heavily on Drought Programme and DrIVER content. The talk was titled: from drought research to decision-making: experiences from the UK". https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/news-events/seminar-jamie-hannaford-20th-november-drought-research-decision-making-experiences-uk. Following the talk, there was interest in collaboration on both historical reconstruction and hydrological forecasting, which are both being taken forward in 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/news-events/seminar-jamie-hannaford-20th-november-drought-research...
 
Description RMETS/NCAS Workshop on Drought Modelling and Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The aims of this workshop were (1) to present the scientific advances on drought modelling, as well as presenting social science research on drought
management and governance and (2) to invite the mixed audience of the session to respond to these advances through direct discussions with the
researchers.

The event was co-organised by the Historic Droughts project and the MaRIUS project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.rmets.org/sites/default/files/R11%20-%20Drought%20modelling%20and%20management.pdf
 
Description Science Media Centre briefing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A press conference was held to discuss drought and water scarcity in the wake of the exceptionally hot and dry 2018 summer. The panel was made up of DWS programme staff (Jamie Hannaford, Jim Hall, Ian Holman). There was coverage following the event in various publications (Telegraph, Mail, the Sun).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://aboutdrought.info/drought-media-briefing-at-the-science-media-centre/
 
Description Visit of UK Water Partnrship 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We had a stand demonstrating drought products and services at the UK Water Partnership visit to CEH. This Informed key water industry stakeholders and partners about CEH drought and monitoring and early warning research, the UK Drought Portal and the 'UK Hydrological Drought Explorer'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit of Welsh Water/Dwr Cymru 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A number of technical staff from Welsh Water visited CEH in September 2018 to find out more about various CEH science activities. Jamie Hannaford presented the ENDOWS work,and how it can help long-term water resources plannning, drought planing and monitoring and forecasting. Welsh Water expressed a strong interest in using the outputs going forwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit to NCAR, Boulder, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simon Parry made a visit to the US National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, USA. Simon presented work conducted within the Historic Droughts project, applying a drought termination methodology to the newly derived river flow reconstructions. There was productive discussion on common interests and experiences of drought research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit to NOAA, Boulder, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simon Parry made a visit to the US National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Center for Environmental Information (NCEI), in collaboration with the Earth Sciences Research Laboratory (ESRL) and Physical Sciences Division (PSD), in Boulder, Colorado, USA. Simon presented work conducted within the Historic Droughts project, applying a drought termination methodology to the newly derived river flow reconstructions. The NOAA NCEI are leading international figures in reconstructed environmental data, and there was productive discussion on common interests and future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visit to USGS, Denver, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Simon Parry made a visit to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) in Lakewood, Denver, Colorado, USA. Simon presented work conducted within the Historic Droughts project, applying a drought termination methodology to the newly derived river flow reconstructions. The audience at USGS are interested in novel methods to validate model outputs, and there was productive discussion on common interests and potential future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Visiting Seminars in India, April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford visited India in April 2018 as part of CEH's SUNRISE-ODA programme, visiting IIT Gandinaghar, IIT Roorkee and the National Institute of Hydrology. At all three institutes, he gave a presentation on UK droughts research, based on DWS programme (Historic Droughts, ENDOWS) and DrIVER research outputs. Plans were made to collaborate in India in these science areas, under the auspices of the SUNRISE Programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Water Resources Management Planning - towards 2024 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jamie Hannaford represented ENDOWS and Historic Droughts at an Environment Agency-led meeting aimed at setting the direction for Water Resources Management Plans 2024. The meeting comprised senior leaders from water companies, the EA, Defra, WaterUK, UKWIR and many others. Jamie promoted the ENDOWS project work on water supply.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Webinar with Severn-Trent Water 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An ENDOWS webinar on new monitoring and early warning products and how they could be applied by Severn-Trent water. Plans to conduct some joint case study work after the webinar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Youtube video on DWS Programme datasets 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Matt Fry from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology summarises the outputs and datasets generated by the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme, and what is in development.
All this new information and data are available for use.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=00V_5CV7ths&list=PLut5R7ZMiKn38Y7wwyOOB7wdTm2WiXx-t&index=10
 
Description Youtube video on historic reconstructions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In this video Katie Smith from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology talks about the work that has been undertaken to rescue historic hydro meterological data back to the mid 1800s, which has then been used to hindcast river flows using the GR4J hydrological models.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LihayELEEXA&list=PLut5R7ZMiKn38Y7wwyOOB7wdTm2WiXx-t&index=11
 
Description Youtube video on the Hydrological Drought Explorer 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lucy Barker of the Centre for Hydrology and Ecology talks about historic hydrological droughts (1891 to 2015), and the "Drought Explorer" tool. Historic droughts are useful as an understanding of their variability and impacts help us understand what may happen now and in the future, helping inform better planning and future resilience. The tool allows everyone to explore historic hydrological droughts in the UK for 303 modelled catchments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h6lGuNus5n8&list=PLut5R7ZMiKn38Y7wwyOOB7wdTm2WiXx-t&index=4&t=0s
 
Description Youtube video on the Hydrological Situation in summer 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In this video Jamie Hannaford from the Centre for Ecology and hydrology talks about the heatwave conditions experienced over the UK in summer of 2018, and examines available data to see the impact on river flow, groundwater, and other water resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HsubSUcOAWo&list=PLut5R7ZMiKn38Y7wwyOOB7wdTm2WiXx-t&index=12