Reducing the risk of the introduction and spread of Invasive Non Native Species to and within the river catchments of Yorkshire and across GB.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: Sch of Biology

Abstract

Invasive Non Native Species (INNS) are animals and plants that have been introduced (as a result of human activity) outside their normal range, and which have negative effects on our economy, biodiversity and even health. Aquatic ecosystems (rivers, streams, lakes) are particularly affected by INNS which may be spread by activities such as trade, transport and recreation. The cost to GB of INNS is ~£1.7bn per year (GB Non Native Species Secretariat). Once INNS become established in a river, it is often difficult and expensive to manage them. It is far more cost effective to prevent their introduction in the first place, and to prevent the wider spread of INNS that have established. Such prevention is termed biosecurity. Good biosecurity to prevent the introduction and spread of INNS is a core requirement of the recent EU legislation on Invasive Species and of the GB Invasive Non Native Species strategy.

AIM
The aim of this proposal is to reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of aquatic INNS in Yorkshire (medium term) and the UK (long term). We will use results from recent research at the University of Leeds and work with project partners from government, charities and business to develop good biosecurity practice in the day-to-day activities of partner organisations as well as the wider community.

OBJECTIVES
- Identify key invasion pathways by which INNS may arrive
- Establish good biosecurity practice/protocols for a range of activities
- Develop a biosecurity risk assessment process for events/projects/sites/activities
- Promote and disseminate training materials on biosecurity and evaluate uptake and effectiveness.

OUR PROJECT PARTNERS ARE:
Members of the Yorkshire Dales INNS strategy steering group:
The Environment Agency (EA), Yorkshire Water (YW), Yorkshire Wildlife Trust (YWT), Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority (YDNPA), Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (NAONB), Natural England (NE), Forestry Commission (FC), Nationl Trust (NT), Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust (YDRT), Ribble Rivers Trust (RRT), Dales to Vale River Network (DVRN)

Other partners: Yorkshire Invasive Species Forum (YISF), Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

The project also has the support of the GB Non Native Species Secretariat.

OUTCOMES
The outcomes that we envisage from this project are twofold;
1) improved regional biosecurity practice adopted by our project partners;
2) improvement of INNS biosecurity nationally through adoption of evidence informed approaches and policy.
Both have the impacts of reducing risks and associated costs to our biodiversity and economy of INNS introduction and spread

Planned Impact

The outcomes of the project are twofold:
1. Improved biosecurity practice in our project partners
2. Better approaches and policy on Invasive Non Native Species (INNS) biosecurity nationally.

The benefits will be that the spread of INNS is reduced (both in the Yorkshire Region and Nationally). This will reduce the damage to the environment and to ecosystem services caused by INNS. It will have direct economic benefit to the partners and nationally by reducing the costs that result from INNS damage and from the management of INNS.

Project partners.
The project involves thirteen partners (end-users). Eleven of the partners are members of the Yorkshire Dales Biosecurity and INNS steering group: The Environment Agency (EA), Yorkshire Water (YW), Yorkshire Wildlife Trust (YWT), Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority (YDNPA), Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (NAONB), Natural England (NE), Forestry Commission (FC), National Trust (NT), Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust (YDRT), Ribble Rivers Trust (RRT), Dales to Vale River Network (DVRN). In addition to participating in activities leading to improved biosecurity in the Yorkshire region, many of these partners are part of wider national networks, providing a route to impact on INNS biosecurity practice and policy nationally.
Other project partners who also provide a route to wider impact are: Yorkshire Invasive Species Forum (YSIF), Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

Project partners will benefit from :
1. Embedding of new knowledge on INNS and biosecurity among staff, customers and other third parties
2. Biosecurity best practice embedded in the day to day activities of project partner operations
3. Identification of opportunities and barriers to uptake, leading to behavioural change in partner organisations

The key impacts will be
- A more effective, robust and sustainable approach to biosecurity in the Yorkshire Region and in GB
- Reduced risks of INNS spread and associated costs including: damage to assets, damage to the environment, damage to ecosystem services, costs of managing INNS, and reputational damage.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description this is an innovation award, not a reserach award (but i had to click yes in order to input to this box )
Exploitation Route The aim of the project is to embed evidence based biosecurity into activiities of our stakeholders. therefore the reserach findings that underpin the project are being taken forward into policy and practice as described in previous boxes
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description The aim of this innovation grant is to translate findings from nerc research into good biosecurity engagement and practice.To date, Yorkshire Wildlife Trust have begun a programme of internal awareness raising and training in biosecurity, particularly aimed at volunteer task days and the project officer has produced a biosecurity risk assessment and action plan for the organisation which they are now taking forwards. The project officer has also been involved in drafting the Environment Agency Yorkshire Area biosecurity action plan and risk assessment and worked with Yorkshire Water and the National Trust (Yorkshire Dales team) to develop biosecurity risk assessments for their operations. They have worked with Nidderdale Area of outstanding natural beauty to develop a biosecurity risk assessment of their operations feeding into a biosecurity action plan for the AONB. Implementation of the action plan is underway, assisted by the project officer, including the development of training for staff and volunteers, biosecurity protocols, tools and awareness raising materials for staff, volunteers, contractors and events, guidance for including biosecurity in project planning and development, purchase of equipment and outreach to partners and stakeholders.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Input into Environment Agency Yorkshire Area Biosecurity Action Plan and Risk Assessment
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Environment Agency Yorkshire Region 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Assisted with Yorkshire Region Biosecurity Risk Assessment and Action Plan
Collaborator Contribution Use of their template documents and processes (Biosecurity Risk Assessment and Action Plan spreadsheets and workshop) to tailor/use for other partner organisations
Impact Yorkshire Region draft Biosecurity Action Plan; Yorkshire Region Biosecurity Risk Assessment
Start Year 2017
 
Description Forestry Commission - biosecurity development 
Organisation Forestry Commission
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Advice on biosecurity for INNS; potential routes to collaboration with other partner organisations on biosecurity for tree disease;
Collaborator Contribution Advice on biosecurity for tree diseases. Advice on potential stakeholders in relation to forestry. Access to biosecurity dissemination and awareness raising materials and the Keep it Clean campaign
Impact Agreement to work together to incorporate good biosecurity practices for tree disease and INNS into this project and Forestry Commission biosecurity campaigns respectively.
Start Year 2017
 
Description National Trust - biosecurity development 
Organisation National Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Awareness raising of INNS and biosecurity to National Trust Staff Provision of advice on biosecurity for INNS and example protocols to use in interim before more tailored protocols and procedures developed Training (workshop) on biosecurity risk assessment for operations. Development of materials aimed at stakeholders/customers including the FSC Centre, anglers and school parties to help mitigate the most urgent risks identified through the risk assessment process
Collaborator Contribution Staff time to engage with and discuss presentation Staff time to attend workshop and complete biosecurity risk assessment for their operations
Impact Awareness raising presentation to Malham estate team Biosecurity risk assessment of operations (in progress) Biosecurity measures in place for school parties and anglers visiting Malham Tarn and other National Trust reserves in the area.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Natural England - biosecurity development 
Organisation Natural England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Awareness raising of INNS and biosecurity for INNS amongst Natural England Yorkshire Dales team. Feedback of key project outputs to NE biosecurity Lead.
Collaborator Contribution Staff time to engage with and discuss presentation and project.
Impact Presentation on INNS and good biosecurity practices, and introduction to project. Contact with Natural England lead on biosecurity. Access to Natural England internal guidance on biosecurity, including draft policies and procedures.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Nidderdale AONB - biosecurity development 
Organisation Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
PI Contribution Advice on biosecurity for INNS, Investigation of pathways of spread of INNS through Nidderdale AONB operations. Biosecurity Risk Assessment of operations informing a tailored Biosecurity Action Plan for the organisation. Help in developing biosecurity measures identified by the action plan, including text hightlighting biosecurity throughout the Nidderdale AONB website, protocols for staff and volunteers, information and protocols for events, advice for contractors and identification of facilities and equipment required.
Collaborator Contribution Hosting - desk space one day a week. Staff time to allow investigation of potential pathways of spread through operations, staff time for workshops, funding for equipment.
Impact Awareness raising of biosecurity and INNS within Nidderdale AONB staff and volunteers. Take up of biosecurity by Nidderdale Conservation Volunteers Inclusion of biosecurity procedures and planning in Nidderdale AONB operations/activities and events. Purchase of biosecurity equipment for Nidderdale AONB staff, volunteers and events. Inclusion of biosecurity and INNS objective in the Nidderdale AONB 5 yr Management Plan
Start Year 2017
 
Description Ribble Rivers Trust - biosecurity development 
Organisation Ribble Rivers Trust
PI Contribution Awareness raising of INNS and biosecurity amongst Trust staff and volunteers
Collaborator Contribution Staff time to help identify most appropriate approach and people to develop project. Staff and volunteer information and opinions to help inform biosecurity risk assessment of the trust's operations.
Impact awareness raising amongst Ribble Rivers Trust staff and volunteers around biosecurity for INNS
Start Year 2017
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species steering group. 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Leeds Univ leading development of Invasive Non Native Species steering group and development of an Invasive Non Native Species strategy for the region .
Collaborator Contribution These core partners have attended workshops and contributed to the Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing and is also being used by stakeholders in their activities
Impact Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing. Strategy is being used by stakeholders to coordinate and share best practice on Invasive species in the region
Start Year 2015
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species steering group. 
Organisation Forestry Commission
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Leeds Univ leading development of Invasive Non Native Species steering group and development of an Invasive Non Native Species strategy for the region .
Collaborator Contribution These core partners have attended workshops and contributed to the Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing and is also being used by stakeholders in their activities
Impact Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing. Strategy is being used by stakeholders to coordinate and share best practice on Invasive species in the region
Start Year 2015
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species steering group. 
Organisation National Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leeds Univ leading development of Invasive Non Native Species steering group and development of an Invasive Non Native Species strategy for the region .
Collaborator Contribution These core partners have attended workshops and contributed to the Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing and is also being used by stakeholders in their activities
Impact Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing. Strategy is being used by stakeholders to coordinate and share best practice on Invasive species in the region
Start Year 2015
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species steering group. 
Organisation Natural England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Leeds Univ leading development of Invasive Non Native Species steering group and development of an Invasive Non Native Species strategy for the region .
Collaborator Contribution These core partners have attended workshops and contributed to the Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing and is also being used by stakeholders in their activities
Impact Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing. Strategy is being used by stakeholders to coordinate and share best practice on Invasive species in the region
Start Year 2015
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species steering group. 
Organisation Rivers Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leeds Univ leading development of Invasive Non Native Species steering group and development of an Invasive Non Native Species strategy for the region .
Collaborator Contribution These core partners have attended workshops and contributed to the Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing and is also being used by stakeholders in their activities
Impact Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing. Strategy is being used by stakeholders to coordinate and share best practice on Invasive species in the region
Start Year 2015
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species steering group. 
Organisation The Wildlife Trusts
Department Yorkshire Wildlife Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leeds Univ leading development of Invasive Non Native Species steering group and development of an Invasive Non Native Species strategy for the region .
Collaborator Contribution These core partners have attended workshops and contributed to the Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing and is also being used by stakeholders in their activities
Impact Yorkshire Dales Invasive Non Native Species strategy (draft circulated2016). Strategy development in ongoing. Strategy is being used by stakeholders to coordinate and share best practice on Invasive species in the region
Start Year 2015
 
Description Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority - biosecurity development 
Organisation Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Awareness raising of INNS and biosecurity amongst Yorkshire Dales NPA staff Feedback on the draft 5 year management plan for the Yorkshire Dales National Park
Collaborator Contribution Staff time to help identify relevant people within the organisation for development of project, access to computer systems and intranet
Impact Awarness raising presentation/meeting and data gathering for biosecurity risk assessment with Land Mangement Group within the YDNPA. Inclusion of a biosecurity and INNS objective in the 5 year managment plan, where it was not included in the draft plan - i.e. influenced decision to include.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust - biosecurity development 
Organisation Rivers Trust
Department Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution awareness raising of biosecurity for INNS
Collaborator Contribution Staff time for initial engagement meeting/presentation; invitation to event to learn about local Catchment Management Plans.
Impact Presentation on biosecurity for INNS and the project to all staff meeting
Start Year 2017
 
Description Yorkshire Water - biosecurity development 
Organisation Yorkshire Water
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Investigation of pathways of spread of INNS through the organisations operations
Collaborator Contribution Hosting - Desk space 1 day per week (or as required), Access to internal systems (management system, GIS, information) Staff time to help investigation of pathways. Access to UK water companies INNS and biosecurity network.
Impact Draft biosecurity and management protocol for Crassula helmsii at sewage treatment works.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Yorkshire Wildlife Trust - biosecurity development 
Organisation The Wildlife Trusts
Department Yorkshire Wildlife Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Investigation of their operations and working practices to help guide the prioritisation and design of biosecurity measures. Biosecurity Risk Assessment of their Operations informing tailored Biosecurity Action Plan for the organisation. Guidance on biosecurity for INNS including example protocols for staff and volunteer groups. Resources to engage volunteer groups in biosecurity for INNS.
Collaborator Contribution Staff time to support the investigation of pathways of spread of INNS within the organisation's operations. Sharing of information and biosecurity protocols developed (e.g. for specific habitats)
Impact Awareness raising presentation/mini-workshop on INNS and biosecurity aimed at volunteers, including hazard perception exercise. Biosecurity risk assessment of operations, including identification of priorities for action Biosecurity Action Plan for the organisation
Start Year 2017
 
Description Biosecurity Risk Assessment Workshop with National Trust Yorkshire Dales team 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Ran workshop with 5 representatives of the National Trust Malham estate and Yorkshire Dales Team, from across their different sectors/operations, to introduce them to different aspects of biosecurity and potential biosecurity mitigation measure help them to complete a biosecurity risk assessment of their operations. The workshop sparked discussion on common issues across operations and staff reported leaving comfortable with the task in hand (i.e. to write the risk assessment for the operations their teams are involved in). The team have now almost completed the risk assessment and have come back to ask for interim advice/material/protocols for specific tasks/areas/operations that this has flagged up as needing urgent attention in terms of biosecurity risk. Once the risk assessment is completed we will use it to draw up a biosecurity action plan for the team, and agree protocols for specific mitigation measures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Biosecurity risk assessment and action planning workshop with Nidderdale AONB staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop held for staff of Nidderdale AONB to refine and agree a biosecurity risk assessment and action plan developed in consultation with them. The workshop included a session on practical biosecurity measures staff could take and helping them to identify the equipment & facilities that would be needed/most suit them to help embed these measures in their working practices. The AONB have reported that they are now incorporation the actions on the biosecurity action plan into their operations, and have purchased the equipment identified through the workshop (and a previous workshop with their volunteer group) for staff and volunteers. They now plan to take forward the biosecurity message to their contractors and stakeholders, and aim to provide an example of implementing biosecurity across an AONB for the wider UK AONB network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Biosecurity workshop with Nidderdale Conservation Volunteers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact 15 members of the Nidderdale Conservation Volunteers attended the workshop to learn more about INNS and collectively decide a protocol for biosecurity measures to be implemented during their weekly conservation volunteer days. Nidderdale AONB, who support the volunteers, have reported that the group now include biosecurity measures in their work days routinely and continue to fine tune the protocols developed. The volunteers included the session in their blog and have included details of biosecurity measures undertaken on work days in subsequent blog posts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://nidderdaleaonb.blogspot.com/2018/06/bio-security-training-19-06-2018.html
 
Description Presentation to GB Non Native Species Secretariat Local Action Groups Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Attendance of the GB NNSS Local Action Groups annual meeting, including formal presentation of the project, informal discussion and participation in workshops and networking. The presentation of the project was followed by a short discussion/questions & answers, where interest was shown from a range of participants, followed by informal discussions over the following 2 days. Other contributions through workshops included providing feedback to GB NNSS on what materials would be useful to disseminate for national INNS week campaign, feedback on the check clean dry campaign and feedback to APHA on the planned format of the Regional IAS Management Plans (RIMPs). Through informal discussion Natural England lead on biosecurity asked to be kept up to date with the progress of the project and we agreed to share materials as and when they became finalised. He has since sent through their new draft biosecurity guidance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to the Environment Agency National Invasive Species Action Group Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Introduced project to the EA National ISAG group and contributed to their workshop on internal Biosecurity Risk Assessment and Action Plan. EA staff showed interest in the project and potential outcomes and the Yorkshire Team included me in their work drafting the regional risk assessment and action plan. The EA national EA INNS lead agreed that I can pass on, use or modify their internal spreadsheets for my work with other organisations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to the GBNNSS Local Action Group Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Presentation updating the meeting on the method and progress made on the Yorkshire Dales Biosecurity Project. The presentation was well received and resulted in the GB Non-native Species Secretariat requesting information on the project to use as a case study for implimentation of biosecurity with organisations or partnerships on their website. We are currently developing the web content/information requested
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Presentation to the North West Tree Health Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on Biosecurity for Invasive Non-native species at the North West Tree Health Group aimed at linking thoughts of practitioners thinking of biosecurity in relation to tree disease to biosecurity measure for INNS, identifying cross overs and differences. The talk sparked discussion around how different organisations could enhance their biosecurity protocols in this regard.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Stall at Addingham Environment Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact INNS and biosecurity stall at a well attended local environment day aimed at informing and engaging the local community in environmental projects and awareness raising of environmental issues. The INNS and biosecurity stall generated a lot of interest, sparking conversations and discussions with a diverse range of people, ranging from fellow environmental practitioners to local families.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Stall at NERC showcase event, Dynamic Earth, Edinborough 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Stall raising awareness of INNS and biosecurity, raising interest and sparking discussion with a wide audience, including interested adults, family groups and school parties. Amongst a wide range of interesting exhibits based on NERC funded science, the stall was mentioned on the feedback boards, proving that it had sparked interest and raised awareness.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description YISF INNS week roadshow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Biosecurity stall at two partners internal events (EA Yorkshire Area and Yorkshire Water) raising awareness of INNS and biosecurity. The event at Yorkshire Water attracted the attention of the Managing Director who was enthusiastic about the message.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Yorkshire Wildlife Trust Volunteer Day presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Volunteer Day for Yorkshire Wildlife Trust to tell volunteers about the wider work of the trust. 20+ volunteers attended along with 4 Wildlife Trust Staff and trainees. Presentation/workshop on biosecurity delivered in partnership with Wildlife trust staff. Volunteers participated enthusiastically and said that it had really made them think about the importance of biosecurity both in their volunteering activities with the trust and on a personal level. Yorkshire Wildlife Trust staff have since reported that some of the volunteers had taken the message on board to the extent of discussing what biosecurity measures were needed with their task day leader.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017