Knowledge exchange for ecosystem-based climate change adaptation

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Zoology

Abstract

Adapting to the effects of a rapidly changing climate is arguably humanity's biggest challenge this century. The cost of meeting this challenge has been estimated at over US$300 billion per year and there are a growing number of funding sources available to finance this, including £3.87 billion pledged by the UK. A key question is how should funds be invested and what adaptation activities should be prioritized.

The dominant approach is engineered interventions such as sea walls and irrigation infrastructure. However, there is growing recognition that ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation (EbA) may provide more co-effective and broadly beneficial solutions. These might include restoration of coastal ecosystems to protect communities against erosion and wave damage, or agroforestry techniques to maintain crop yield under drier, more variable climates. However, despite the proliferation of positive anecdotes from across the globe, the approach is not being widely implemented and receives a small proportion of adaptation finance.

A major part of the problem is the lack of a robust evidence-base. To make decisions about which adaptation strategy to adopt, governments need advice that is based on cutting edge science and informed by practitioner learning. However, while the UK supports flourishing programmes of research relevant to EbA (ecosystem dynamics, natural capital and the impacts of climate change on biodiversity), key findings are rarely translated into useable forms. Moreover, lessons learned by the many agencies implementing EbA globally are not being consolidated and fed into policy.

To address these issues, I will work with NGOs in the conservation and development sectors implementing EbA in Bangladesh. I will clarify the current use of science in the design of EbA across a diverse globally distributed sample of projects, with more focused work at sites in Bangladesh. When science is not being used, I will identify whether this reflects actual knowledge gaps (missing science) or limited access to knowledge (existing science not reaching practitioners). Actual knowledge gaps will be communicated to the science community. Where gaps reflect poor communication between science, practitioner and policy communities, I will distil key findings into more intelligible forms.

Major outputs of this project will be: (1) a set of science-based recommendations on how to improve existing (or design new) adaptation programmes so that they restore/maintain natural capital and maximize co-benefits across society (supported by large portfolio of best-practice case studies from across the globe); (2) clarity on what research is needed to fill knowledge gaps in the science underpinning EbA; and (3) a major KE network linking scientists to practitioners and policy makers across multiple sectors involved in EbA. It will also create a KE legacy, by putting in place mechanisms to ensure that KE continues to flow between academia and decision-makers beyond the lifetime of the project.

Outputs will be communicated via a range of avenues such as personal briefings to key officials, public synthesis reports, social media outreach (emails, website, blogs, and twitter updates), one-to-one meetings and presentations at meetings, workshops and conferences. The key beneficiaries will be government agencies and committees developing policy on climate change adaptation and natural capital in the UK and Bangladesh; organizations implementing EbA; scientists studying ecosystem dynamics and natural capital; other KE fellows (Addison, Lucey, Stratford); businesses developing adaptation strategies; and civil society.

Main measures of success will be uptake of science-based advise into existing or emerging EbA projects in Bangladesh and beyond, development of new research programmes that take into account stakeholder needs, and an elevated profile of EbA in national and international policy spheres.

Publications

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Kirschel ANG (2019) Range-wide spatial mapping reveals convergent character displacement of bird song. in Proceedings. Biological sciences

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Malhi Y (2020) Climate change and ecosystems: threats, opportunities and solutions. in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

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Norton A (2020) Harnessing employment-based social assistance programmes to scale up nature-based climate action. in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

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Seddon N (2020) Understanding the value and limits of nature-based solutions to climate change and other global challenges. in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

 
Title Communicating the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change 
Description We have created a beautiful animation to communicate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change to the general public. It will be used in workshops with stakeholders (e.g. in Bangladesh in May, and at the UNFCCC SB48 meeting in Bonn in May), part of public lectures (e.g. Plymouth Linnaen Society in June), part of undergraduate lectures and at schools, and will be promoted as part of the launch of the nature-based solutions initiative later this year. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact None yet, as the work has not yet been released. 
 
Description At the Nature-based Solutions Initiative (https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/), which I founded as part of this NERC Knowledge Exchange Fellowship, we have been bringing together the science, policy and practice of Nature-based Solutions.

We have been collating, reviewing and consolidating scientific studies on the effectiveness of investments in nature for addressing societal and development challenges. We have made the evidence easy to update and explore through beautiful, intuitive and interactive platforms. Our NbS Evidence Platform allows users to find evidence on the effectiveness and socioeconomic and ecological outcomes of NbS for >400 empirical and scenario modelling studies; our NbS Bibliography contains over 380 scientific publications on the broader role of ecosystems in climate change mitigation and adaptation. These resources are being used by practitioners and policymakers across the world, including setting funding agendas with the European Commission: www.naturebasedsolutionsevidence.info

Our Nature-based Solutions Policy Platform makes information about climate change planning across the world's nations openly available, easy and interesting to explore. The current version highlights the prominence of NbS to climate change in global policy and links pledges to the underlying evidence. The goal is to facilitate the global stocktake of the Paris Agreement and provide a baseline against which changes in ambition for NbS to climate change can be monitored and increased. The platform will grow with more policies and functionalities, and is designed to support the development science-based targets for NbS. We are updating this as new NDCs are submitted by Paris Agreement Signatories: www.nbspolicyplatform.org

We have also been collating evidence from NbS practice from around the world, highlighting what works and what doesn't work when it comes to implementation. We are also supporting the scaling-up of sustainable NbS in nations at the frontline of climate change through our in- country NbS programmes. With an initial focus on the UK, Bangladesh and Peru, we are working with local organisations to build public-private NbS partnerships, map current and future in-country opportunities for NbS, and combine knowledge from science and local experience to develop implementation guidelines, targets and indicators for businesses and governments. www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/nbs-case-studies.

I have been communicating understanding about NbS to a wide diversity of audiences directly and through the media (see long list of engagement, outreach and publication activities), and I am receiving almost on a daily basis requests to give keynotes on, or attend consultations about, NbS, and to provide advise to our government on what good NbS look like (See: www.nbsguidelines.info). I am working with the UNFCCC CoP26 Unit and writing briefing notes to support the UK-hosted UNFCCC CoP in November.
Exploitation Route They are being used to inform the revision of national climate change and development policies and plans (e.g. the NDCs in several countries and the 8th 5-year economic plan of the Government of Bangladesh), EC funding streams, as well helping to shape international narratives about the role of biodiverse natural ecosystems in supporting sustainable development. In particular, results are presently informing a number of different syntheses being lead by Defra and others in the build-up to the UK-hosted UNFCCC COP26 meeting in Glasgow.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other

URL http://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/
 
Description Our work at the Nature-based Solutions Initiative promoting evidence-based nature-based solutions (including EBA) has really helped to push NbS up the climate change and development agendas. I have been taking part in major NbS side-events at UN meetings (UN climate summit in NYC), producing policy briefs and guidelines on the role of NbS in helping meeting nations meet global goals for climate and biodiversity, including a report with IUCN on how we might increase climate ambition through NbS. This provided the baseline against which ambition for NbS can be monitored over time. We are contributing evidence on the effectiveness of NbS to dealing with climate change impacts to background papers for the UK government (Defra) and other bodies in the build-up to UNFCCC COP26. Project tools (nature-based solutions policy platform, evidence platform and NbS biblio) are also being used by many researchers, government actors and NGOs to help increase ambition for nature in the revised Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The main impact is around influencing the narrative about the importance of grounding nature-based climate solutions in robust biodiversity science. Also, I have been helping the International Institute for Environment and Development develop a cross-cutting programme on biodiversity, and translating evidence for the role of biodiversity in sustainable development, including writing IIED's most downloaded 2019 publication (Biodiversity Loss is a Development Crisis). Meanwhile, though our NbS community of practice in Bangladesh, I am working with the Planning Commission to incorporate NbS into the country's 8th 5-year economic plan. I have been attending various cross-sectoral and government (Defra consultations) on NbS, including a St George's House Consultation in Feb 2020. Several reports and policy briefs on these topics have been/are in progress and the NbS Conference I am organising for July 2020 will have a wide range of important science and policy-relevant knowledge products that will help shape the narrative (www.naturebasedsolutionsoxford.org).
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Environment
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Letter to the COP26 President RT Alok Sharma MP and BEIS Minister on Nature-based Solutions to climate change
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.nbsguidelines.info
 
Description How effective are Nature-based Solutions to climate change adaptation and mitigation? Assessing and mapping the evidence base
Amount £7,500 (GBP)
Funding ID ATD00240 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2018 
End 12/2018
 
Description Nature-based solutions to climate change: an evidence tool for policy makers in Bangladesh
Amount £14,930 (GBP)
Funding ID HEFC - KCD00140-AT01.01 
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 07/2019
 
Title Nature-based Solutions Bibliography 
Description An interactive update online platform where you can explore publications on the role or use of biodiversity and ecosystems to 1) address impacts from climate change, 2) help store carbon or reduce carbon emissions, and 3) promote ecosystem-health in the context of climate change. Maps show numbers of publications focusing on different habitats, regions, the societal challenge that a nature-based solution is applicable to, and the broad type of NbS under study 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Many have reported using the bibliography; we get around 2300 users per month. 
URL https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/bibliography/
 
Title Nature-based Solutions Evidence Platform 
Description A lack of consolidated evidence for the effectiveness of nature-based approaches is a major obstacle to mainstreaming into policy and practice. Therefore, we are in the process of conducting a systematic review of the effectiveness of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation to provide an evidence map for policy makers and a major bibliographic resource for practitioners and researchers. This will be made available via an online searchable bibliography (to be released in May/June 2018). The functionality of the bibliography will be refined in consultation with stakeholders in various countries, starting with Bangladesh (see partnerships section). The evidence map/bibliography will be linked to the adaptation policy dataset to facilitate the uptake of science in target setting around nature-based solutions. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact 1000s of visitors to the site each month; several new collaborations and publications have arisen; EC have said they are using the database to identify research funding priorities. 
URL http://www.naturebasedsolutionsevidence.info
 
Title Nature-based Solutions Policy Platform 
Description We have created a comprehensive database of the adaptation plans of all signatories to the Paris Agreement, highlighting the prominence of nature-based solutions and the extent to which adaptation targets are robust and based on science. The dataset is being made available via an online interactive tool so that it can be used by policy makers, as well as easily viewed by climate policy negotiators and practitioners. The aim is to facilitate the "global stocktake" of the Paris Agreement and the process by which the climate pledges are revised in 2018-2020, and scale up the role of science-based evidence in target setting for nature-based approaches. It will be launched at either the UNFCCC SABSTA48 (May) and/or Adaptation Futures (June). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None as not yet released 
URL http://www.nbspolicyplatform.org
 
Description Developing nature-based solutions task forces in the LDCs 
Organisation Wildlife Conservation Society
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We are working with WCS and its in-country partners to establish task forces for NbS in several LDCs; we are providing knowledge (expertise) about NbS and their position in the NDCs and climate change policy in general.
Collaborator Contribution In-country offices and partners
Impact None so far
Start Year 2019
 
Description Global Commission on Adaptation Background paper on natural environment 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution NBSI team attended workshop; contributing material for the background paper for the Global Commission on Adaptation Background paper on natural environment. This is informing the Resilience "action portfolio" for the United Nations Climate Summit in New York in September 2019.
Collaborator Contribution Opportunity for our work on consolidating the evidence base for the effectiveness of NBS to inform the UN narrative about nature's role in climate and sustainable development.
Impact Opportunity for our work on consolidating the evidence base for the effectiveness of NBS to inform the UN narrative about nature's role in climate and sustainable development.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Gobeshona subgroup for Knowledge Exchange on Nature-based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation 
Organisation International Centre for Climate Change and Development
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Providing synthesised science / access to consolidated science on the effectiveness of NBS to climate change adaptation; funding for workshops, etc.
Collaborator Contribution Linking me with many key stakeholders in government, local NGOs, research community and private sector; providing venues and logistical support in Bangladesh for workshops; setting agendas; providing feedback on work achieved in the fellowship so far and how best to meet the needs of stakeholders involved in adaptation in Bangladesh.
Impact Highly multi-, inter- and trans-disciplinary - natural scientists, social scientists, economists, government ministers, business leaders
Start Year 2017
 
Description IUCN-Oxford working group: scaling up nature-based solutions to climate change in the NDCs 
Organisation IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution As a NERC KE fellow am leading a new working group with IUCN aimed at scaling up nature-based approaches to climate change adaptation in the pledges associated with the UNFCCC Paris Agreement (i.e. the nationally determined contributions, NDCs). We are conducting a meta-analysis of all existing studies of the role of NBS in the NDCs, developing a new framework for NDC analysis and providing guidelines for policy makers as to how best to revise the NDCs in the context of NBS. The guidelines and NDC datasets are to be made available through an interactive online NDC tool. The material will also form the basis of formal submissions to UNFCCC to inform the Talanoa Dialogue.
Collaborator Contribution Development of the conceptual framework of the NDC meta-analysis and analytical framework; setting up side events at the UNFCCC meetings with stakeholders (including negotiators), and providing major entry points into the policy development process at UNFCCC which I would otherwise not have access to as an academic.
Impact Work in progress
Start Year 2018
 
Description Knowledge Exchange about Nature-based Solutions in Policy and Practice via the weADAPT platform 
Organisation Stockholm Resilience Centre
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Providing content on the role of nature-based solutions in policy and their efficacy in helping nations meet adaptation goals.
Collaborator Contribution Promoting our science and policy tools through a large network of practitioners across the world
Impact N/A
Start Year 2018
 
Description Nature 4 Climate 
Organisation The Nature Conservancy
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Shaping the narrative on the role of biodiversity in addressing the causes and consequences of climate change
Collaborator Contribution Promoting the work of the Nature-based Solutions Initiative
Impact No measurable impact or outcomes so far
Start Year 2018
 
Description Nature 4 Development Partnership 
Organisation International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have just launched a new group involving a range of organisations from the development and conservation sectors, headed by IIED. We (NbSI Oxford team) are synthesising evidence about the effectiveness of investments in nature for meeting development goals.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners our defining knowledge needs and also providing evidence and case studies from the grey literature on where investments in nature do (and do not) support development objectives.
Impact Publications are in the pipeline
Start Year 2019
 
Description Working group for the systematic review on the effectiveness of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation 
Organisation IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leading the working group; setting up the partnerships; developing the protocol and search string for the systematic review of the effectiveness of nature-based approaches to climate change adaptation
Collaborator Contribution Providing on-going feedback on the development of the protocol, search string and inclusion/exclusion criteria based on their needs and those of their wide network of stakeholders in the conservation and development sectors. As such, they are responsible for making the work most relevant to endusers so that the science underpinning NBS is better linked with policy and practice.
Impact Multi-disciplinary: social sciences and natural sciences; conservation and development sectors.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Working group for the systematic review on the effectiveness of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation 
Organisation International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leading the working group; setting up the partnerships; developing the protocol and search string for the systematic review of the effectiveness of nature-based approaches to climate change adaptation
Collaborator Contribution Providing on-going feedback on the development of the protocol, search string and inclusion/exclusion criteria based on their needs and those of their wide network of stakeholders in the conservation and development sectors. As such, they are responsible for making the work most relevant to endusers so that the science underpinning NBS is better linked with policy and practice.
Impact Multi-disciplinary: social sciences and natural sciences; conservation and development sectors.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Working group for the systematic review on the effectiveness of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Leading the working group; setting up the partnerships; developing the protocol and search string for the systematic review of the effectiveness of nature-based approaches to climate change adaptation
Collaborator Contribution Providing on-going feedback on the development of the protocol, search string and inclusion/exclusion criteria based on their needs and those of their wide network of stakeholders in the conservation and development sectors. As such, they are responsible for making the work most relevant to endusers so that the science underpinning NBS is better linked with policy and practice.
Impact Multi-disciplinary: social sciences and natural sciences; conservation and development sectors.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Plenary at the Sackler Forum, November 2018: Understanding the value of and limits to nature's capacity to support human adaptation to climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact I have a plenary as part of the 2018 Sackler Forum on Climate Change and Ecosystems. My talk was titled "Understanding the value of and limits to nature's capacity to support human adaptation to climate change", and its aim was to generate understanding and interest among major leaders in the ecosystem science community on the need to shore up the scholarship around nature's role in supporting human adaptation to climate change. It formed part of my mission to reframe biodiversity not merely as a vulnerability to climate change but as a major source of human resilience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KFojeAKvI9g&feature=youtu.be
 
Description 10 Days. 100 Climate Change Ideas. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact My organisation was featured in Apolitical's scheme: 'Climate Innovation. 10 Days. 100 Ideas.' An entire day was devoted to Nature-based Solutions and include many of your knowledge products.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://apolitical.co/climate-innovations/
 
Description BBC 6pm News story on tree-planting in the UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was interviewed in Wytham Woods by the BBC Science Editor David Shukman as part of a story on BBC 1 6 pm News. This was on the back of the publication of our paper on the value of nature-based solutions published in late January. I highlighted the importance of planting the right species in the right places and for NbS not to distract from the fundamental need to keep fossil fuels in the ground.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description BOND Development and Environment Group Meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BOND DEG (development and environment group) meetings (x3) on natural climate / nature-based solutions - discussing the evidence, outlining the policy entry points, mapping out ways of collaborating to influence UK policy on NbS domestically as well as through investment overseas. Large group of NGOs present; enhanced understanding of NBS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Bangladesh NbS Workshop co-hosted with ICCCAD 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In mid-October, together with the International Institute for Climate Change and Development, we hosted a 2-day NbS workshop in Bangladesh as an initial step for building a community of practice. Approximately 50 stakeholders from government institutions, NGOs, universities, research organizations, think tanks, banks and businesses participated. In a series of talks and structured discussions, we shared knowledge of the current and future role of NbS in Bangladesh and developed a roadmap for increasing their implementation in the country. A core component of this roadmap is to build a nation-wide NbS community and to bring together knowledge from science and practice on the benefits of NbS for development to help inform the national 5-year economic plan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/news/bangladesh-nbs-workshop-co-hosted-with-icccad/
 
Description Blog on the role of nature and biodiversity in supporting sustainable development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I established a professional blog to cover how NBS is being covered in international policy discourse and to share ideas around nature's role in sustainable development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
URL http://nathalieseddon.blogspot.com/
 
Description Bloomberg: Planting trees isn't a simple solution to climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact After the launch last week of the World Economic Forum's Trillion Trees Platform, I talked to Bloomberg about the importance of planting the right species in the right places, and of ensuring that tree-planting doesn't come at the cost of protecting and restoring intact ecosystems or distract from the need to keep fossil fuels in the ground.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bloomberg.com/news/newsletters/2020-01-28/trees-aren-t-the-simplistic-climate-solution-y...
 
Description Channel Four Leaders Debate on Climate Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was one of three climate experts on the world's first leaders climate debate, and highlighted to the would-be UK political leaders of the importance of protecting what we've got, restoring what we've lost and planting trees carefully using the right species in the right places. "RIght species, right places" is now widely used by those trying to steer interest in NbS and tree planting in the right direction. The clip-on twitter so far has 49k views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/NathalieSeddon/status/1200324326077149184
 
Description Consultation on enhancing Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) In the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I lead a consultation with IUCN and a wide range of practitioners from all the leading conservation organizations on understanding the potential of NbS to climate change, and convening a stronger NbS voice for informing the Talanoa Dialogue of the UNFCCC Paris Agreement. The purpose was to agree on ways of increasing ambition for nature in the NDCs as they are revised by 2020 and beyond, including how we might work together on this moving forward to ensure policy makers have the best available information on nature's role in both mitigation and adaptation. This took place as a side-event / workshop of the 48th session of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), IUCN Environmental Law Centre Godesberger Allee 108-112 53175 Bonn, Germany.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Convened a session "Acheiving Net Zero on a flourishing planet" as part of the ANZ Oxford Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I convened a popular session titled "Acheiving Net Zero on a Flourishing Planet" as part of the ANZ Oxford Conference in September 2019 and talked about the importance of biodiversity science informing climate change policy and the need to take wider environmental impacts of net-zero technology into account.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.netzero.org.uk/net-zero-on-a-flourishing-planet
 
Description Defining Nature-based Solutions Working group / Steering committee for a systematic review of NbS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Daylong workshop defining NBS and steering major systematic review
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Ecosystem-based Adaptation Planning and Implementation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk and expert panel discussion as part of the Seminar Series on Biodiversity and Ecosystems in Climate Change Organized by ZEF, UNU-EHS and IUCN (under FEBA) - at COP23 in Bonn, Germany on 9 November 2017. Session 4: Ecosystem-based Adaptation Planning and Implementation
We discussed progress made in terms of implementing EbA interventions on the ground touching on the combination of diversity of habitats and climate change stressors. The emphasis was concrete examples, presenting both opportunities and challenges faced during project implementation. Participants (UN University students) came out of the session with a better understanding of the requirements for implementing EbA activities on the ground and on what needs to be further investigated to increase uptake of EbA concepts in development planning, with a focus on the National Adaptation Plans.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Expert Dialogue on "How we make decisions about land use Food, Farming and Countryside Commission St George's House, Windsor Castle" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I took part in a small, high-level expert dialogue retreat on food and farming in the UK in Windsor Castle, and made the case for nature-based solutions as a way to meet climate change mitigation and adaptation goals as well as biodiversity conservation and food security.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Foreign Commonwealth Office and Royal Society workshop on climate change solutions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A high-level workshop about climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems services at which I outlined evidence that nature-based solutions can deliver benefits to human communities right across Africa and Asia. I emphasised the need to support nations scale-up ambition for nature in their climate and development policy, and to ensuring those targets are grounded in sound biodiversity science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Global Landscapes Forum - digital summit: To carbon or not to carbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An online discussion/webinar on the pros and cons of a carbon-centred approach to tackling the climate change in which I highlighted the need to frame the role of ecosystems in climate change more holistically, talking about trade-off and synergies between different ecosystems services.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://events.globallandscapesforum.org/to-carbon-or-not-to-carbon/
 
Description Hearings in the German Bundestag 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was invited by Green MP Steffi Lemke to share our understanding about Nature-based Solutions with a wide-ranging group of politicians, practitioners and scientists in the German Bundestag. This was part of two hearings on the importance of (and limits to) working with nature as a climate solution. There was much discussion about the vital importance of peatlands for climate change mitigation and adaptation for Germany and the world in general. I answered questions from a range of MPs and practitioners about the value and limits of working with nature and how NbS may be best financed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/news/nbsi-in-the-german-bundestag/
 
Description How effective are Nature-based Solutions to climate change adaptation? Mapping the evidence base and linking it to policy - talk at Adaptation Futures, June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Adaptation Futures Conference in Cape Town, June 2018. I launched the NBSI, including the policy tools and evidence bibliography in a talk to to a large wide-ranging audience including farmers, students, development and conservation NGOs, and policy makers involved in adaptation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description IIED SDG UK-Germany Round Table Discussion on making the most of the UN Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact IIED SDG UK-Germany Round Table Discussion on making the most of the UN Summit. Researchers from the development sector plus and politicians from UK and Germany. I talked about the role of Nature-based Solutions in sustainable development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description IUCN side event at UNFCCC COP23: Ambition for nature in the NDCs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was on an expert panel and delivered a presentation on the role of NbS in the NDCs, and how ambition for nature might be increased as pledges are revised by 2020. The audience included delegates from various nations, including Costa Rica.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IUCN-Rare-TNC-Wetlands International-WCS side event at UNFCCC COP24: Raising the bar on nature-based solutions in NDCs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A number of UNFCCC Parties have included a range of ecosystem-based mitigation and adaptation measures within their current Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in support of the Paris Agreement. This event took stock of these and presented key recommendations to help further strengthen the inclusion of nature-based solutions in the next round of NDCs. The panellists, including me, discussed the valuable contributions that healthy ecosystems such as forests, peatlands, and coastal wetlands make towards both carbon storage and sequestration, and in building the resilience of vulnerable communities around the world. I presented my work on the role of NbS in the NDCs, including our policy platform, and had a lot of positive feedback including media coverage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview with Carbon Brief at the Achieving Net Zero Conference September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview with Carbon Brief at the Oxford Achieving Net Zero conference. I emphasised the need to balance Nature-based Solutions with tech to achieve net-zero, emphasising the vital importance of locally stewarded ecosystem restoration (and not afforestation)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/CarbonBrief/status/1173947461036990464?s=20
 
Description Invited Seminar at the International University of Bangladesh, October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact I gave an hour-long seminar on Nature-based Solutions and their role in Bangladesh to a large audience of undergrad and grad students at the International University of Bangladesh, in mid-October 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote speech on NbS at the World Biodiversity Forum in Davos, Feb 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote speech on NbS at the World Biodiversity Forum in Davos, Feb 2020, followed by a panel debate/discussion on evidence fo NbS and challenges to implementation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Letter to the COP26 President Alok Sharma MP about good Nature-based Solutions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Together with a group of UK-based research, development and conservation organisations, I wrote a letter to the new CoP26 President, the Rt Hon Alok Sharma MP, to ask him to consider some clear definitions and guiding principles around Nature-based Solutions and their implementation that should ensure they benefit the climate, nature and people, and to encourage the adoption of such guidelines by other Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. I composed the original letter; this was improved with comments from the 12 initial signatories
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.nbsguidelines.info
 
Description My blog about the UN Climate Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I reflected on expectations ahead of the UN Climate Summit in NYC in September 2019, to highlight the importance of the right framing about the role of Nature-based Solutions to climate change
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://nathalieseddon.blogspot.com/2019/09/nature-is-high-on-agenda-public.html
 
Description NBS Evidence Platform Webinars with WWF and UNDP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented the NbSI Evidence platform to WWF and UNDP during two webinars; this has resulted in greater understanding of the effectiveness of NbS as well as forged new collaborations with both organisations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nature Climate Hub at the UN Climate Change Summit, September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We hosted three major events as part of the UN Climate Summit in NYC in September 2019, all within Nature4Climate's Nature Climate Hub.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://nature4climate.org/news/nature-takes-center-stage-during-un-secretary-generals-climate-summi...
 
Description Nature-based Solutions Evidence Platform 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact At the UN Climate Summit we launched our NBS Evidence Platform. This is an interactive map linking nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation outcomes based on a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.naturebasedsolutionsevidence.info
 
Description Nature-based Solutions Initiative Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We have begun publishing a quarterly newsletter sharing the latest science of NBS, our own progress with consolidating and translating the evidence for NBS, and important NBS related policy events. We distribute this via twitter (where we now already have 1374 followers) and our mailing list, which is growing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nature-based Solutions Initiative Twitter Account 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We share on a near daily basis the latest science on nature-based solutions to climate change. We have gained 1374 in only 18 months (in relation to only 248 being followed) - almost all followers are serious and from business, government and practice across both conservation and development sectors. We get traction all over the globe, and receive many requests for collaboration on the basis of our twitter account.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
URL https://twitter.com/NatureBasedSols
 
Description Nature-based Solutions Initiative Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We have established a project website aimed at sharing knowledge about the role of nature and biodiversity in supporting sustainable development. The platform has bibliography for the literature on nature-based solutions and their effectiveness and links to the climate change adaptation policy portal, with a portal specific to the LDCs and Bangladesh. These have all been co-created with stakeholders from a range of different sectors. It also showcases NbS events, and will soon have the NbS evidence tool. This website is helping to generate much interest in NbS in the policy and science communities alike. Website trackers indicate global reach and regular usage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL http://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org
 
Description Nature-based Solutions Policy Platform, and LDC portal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This platform makes information about climate change adaptation planning across the globe openly available, easy and interesting to explore. This version showcases adaptation plans in the climate pledges of all signatories of the Paris Agreement of UNFCCC. It highlights the prominence of Nature-based Solutions to climate change impacts in global policy and links pledges to the underlying science. The goal is to facilitate the global stocktake of the Paris Agreement and provide a baseline against which changes in ambition for Nature-based Solutions to climate change adaptation can be monitored and increased. The platform will grow with more policies and functionalities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL http://www.nbspolicyplatform.org
 
Description Nature-based Solutions Task Force for Bangadesh (Dhaka) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Multi-stakeholder workshop to result in establishment of a working group aimed at identifying how nature can support Bangladesh adapt to climate change impacts, and supporting the revision of national climate and development plans. Also aimed at identifying science knowledge needs, and to get feedback on tools being developed for Bangladesh and other LDCs to help with devising science-based targets for policy. Will form the basis for the establishment of similar groups in other nations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description NbS at the World Economic Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The WEF calls for a shift towards "nature-positive economy" but will it own the role of big business in the climate and nature crisis and ensure the radical economic transformation needed? I wrote a blog on this topic, which was then featured on the Oxford Martin School website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/blog/the-wef-calls-for-a-shift-towards-nature-positive-economy/
 
Description NbSI Newsletters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Every 2-3 months I produce a Newsletter drawing together the latest science, policy and practice in the world of Nature-based Solutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/events/newsletters/
 
Description Net-zero briefing to MPs in Westminster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I gave a ten-minute presentation about nature-based solutions to a group of 30 or so MPs in Westminster as part of a hearing on achieving net-zero.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description PODCAST: Nature or technology to address climate change? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In the latest Futuremakers podcast, I discussed the pros and cons of NbS vs. technology with Oxford colleagues Jim Hall and Helen Gavin.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://audioboom.com/posts/7442135-solving-climate-change-nature-or-technology
 
Description PODCAST: Reflections on COP25 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In a 'reaction' episode from Futuremakers, together with colleagues from Oxford, I discussed what was decided at the Chile Madrid COP25, where hope lies and what needs to happen to make COP26 in Glasgow a success in 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://twitter.com/NathalieSeddon/status/1207941346159398913
 
Description Panel discussion/debate on NbS for climate, health, water and economy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I convened and spoke at a high-level expert panel on the value of nature-based solutions at the Conduit Club in London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Paris Forum on Nature-based Solutions, Plenary on Day 1: Understanding nature-based resilience to climate change impacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paris Forum on Nature-based Solutions, Plenary on Day 1: Understanding nature-based resilience to climate change impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://platform.think-nature.eu/system/files/agendaparis.pdf
 
Description Policy Solutions from Nature - working with Apolitical 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I advised Apolitical on the content of their NBS guide for public servants and created a video for their field guide Policy Solutions from Nature, which highlights how nature can be an important ally for humans, as we strive to tackle the major global challenges of poverty, biodiversity loss and climate change with innovative policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://apolitical.co/en/solution_article/biodiversity-loss-puts-humans-and-the-environment-at-risk
 
Description Presentation and consultation on the role of nature in supporting sustainable development at the International Institute for Environment and Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a presentation on the evidence for the role of biodiversity in supporting sustainable development, including clarifying technical definitions of biodiversity and it's relevance for poor people in particular across the globe. This was given to an audience of social and political scientists, economists, and practitioners from outside the conservation sector, including those supporting policy development in the LDCs. This was followed by a paper to support the development of a cross-cutting biodiversity theme as part of IIED's new strategic plan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Radio 5 live: Pros and cons of tree-planting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On late-night radio, I discussed the importance of planting trees carefully and for the right reasons, and of ensuring other vital ecosystems, such as grasslands and peatlands in the UK, are not damaged in the process. Right trees in the right places (42 mins in).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000drhj
 
Description Report with IUCN: Nature-based Solutions in Nationally Determined Contributions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Nature-based Solutions in the NDCs: Synthesis and recommendations for enhancing climate ambition and action by 2020
As
countries revise or prepare new Nationally
Determined Contributions (NDCs) in support
of the Paris Agreement in the run-up to 2020,
there is a major opportunity to increase
global ambition on climate change through
strengthening the role of these natural
solutions.
To support the increased uptake of NbS in
future NDCs, this report presents an overview
of the current level of ambition for nature within
them, and highlights what can be done further
to fully harness the potential of NbS in global
climate action going forward. This is based
on an analysis of several major comparative
assessments of nature's prominence (biodiversity and ecosystems) in NDCs to date.
We analyse the framings, methods and results of these different studies, and identify
a set of clear common findings. On this basis, we develop recommendations for the
consideration of policymakers on how climate ambition within future NDCs can be
raised through the more substantive inclusion of NbS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.naturebasedsolutionsinitiative.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/NBS_in_Nationally_Determin...
 
Description Revealing the gap between science and policy for Ecosystem-based Adaptation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 3rd EbA Knowledge Day - Session 4: Providing and communicating robust evidence to scale-up EbA in policies and practice; side-event of the 48th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Scottish Biodiversity Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a keynote on Nature-based Solutions at the Scottish Biodiversity Conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.rbge.org.uk/science-and-conservation/scottish-biodiversity-science-conference-2019/
 
Description The Plymouth Linnean Lecture, University of Plymouth 13 March 18:00-19:15 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Plymouth Linnean Lecture, University of Plymouth 13 March 18:00-19:15. I gave an hour-long lecture to a large general publich audience about the value of nature in a warming world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.plymouth.ac.uk/whats-on/the-value-of-nature-in-a-warming-world
 
Description UK Government POSTnotes consultation: Nature and Climate Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was interviewed for and provided extended comments on a UK Parliamentary POSTnote on nature and climate change targetting UK politicians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/POST-PN-0617
 
Description Workshop with UK government (DEFRA) on the evidence for the effectiveness of Nature-based Solutions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I hosted a meeting with several members of DEFRA to discuss our evidence platform and the systematic mapping process that generated it and discussed research priorities for their spending review.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.naturebasedsolutionsevidence.info
 
Description Youth 4 Nature launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I gave a webinar introducing the concept of Nature-based Solutions to a very diverse international audience of youth activists and researchers as part of the launch of the Youth 4 Nature movement which my talk at COP24 in Poland inspired the creation of.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019