Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Earth Atmospheric and Env Sciences

Abstract

Arsenic in groundwater is causing severe detrimental impacts on human health in the Indian sub-continent. In the Gangetic River Basin, which supports a population of over 500 million people, tens of millions of people are exposed to groundwater arsenic, resulting in more than 15,000 premature deaths each year, as well as enhanced morbidity and reduced economic productivity.

Whilst many remediation/mitigation schemes have been implemented to reduce groundwater arsenic exposure, there exist pressures that may partly counteract these efforts. These include: [i] increased reliance on groundwater arising from increased population and affluence coupled with decreased recharge of surface water reservoirs, and [ii] future secular increases in groundwater arsenic which we hypothesise may arise from (a) ingress of surface-derived organic carbon, thought to be strongly implicated in the microbially-mediated biogeochemical processes leading to arsenic mobilisation; or (b) injection of oxygenated waters in managed aquifer recharge (MAR) leading to oxidative dissolution of arsenic-bearing pyrite

In this project, we will quantify the vulnerability of shallow urban or rural aquifers to secular increases in groundwater arsenic stimulated by enhanced oxygen or organic carbon supplies. Efficiently and effectively building on existing core research and field and laboratory infrastructure of the highly complementary team of India and UK research and water resource management investigators, this study will combine unique field studies of sedimentologically distinct natural laboratories in the upper, mid and/or lower Ganga/Hooghly as well as contrasting naturally recharging and managed aquifer recharging systems such as river bank filtration (RBF). We will evaluate the biogeochemical processes controlling arsenic mobilisation in key zones, including the hyporheic zone, of surface water-groundwater interactions. We will build upon existing detailed hydrogeological knowledge of the field areas, much built up by the project partners , supplemented by further sampling and analysis of key tracers including CFCs, SF6, tritium, and indicators of provenance, organic biomarkers, including emerging organic contaminants, and redox species ratios. Our developed understanding of these systems will be incorporated into reactive contaminated transport models to (i) facilitate the prediction of groundwater arsenic hazards in the Ganga River Basin over the next 50 years; (ii) inform selection of remediation technologies and approaches, including indirect approaches, such as improving management of near surface urban and rural organic carbon sources. Establishing workable frameworks for considering due diligence, long-term maintenance and sustainability of solutions, social integration of technology using community participatory approaches will be a key element of project outreach and knowledge transfer. The results will inform risk assessment and remediation/mitigation of groundwater vulnerability both elsewhere in India and globally, including in many ODA countries and the UK.

We have established a broad and inclusive network of researchers, NGOs, government organisations and other stakeholders with strong interests in mitigating the impacts of human activity on secular increases in the concentration of arsenic and other contaminants in vulnerable groundwaters in India. This network will aim to both transfer knowledge of the hazard, risk and potential remediation/mitigation of these hazards as well as drive for further networking, integration, knowledge transfer and co-funding to better understand the natural and anthropogenic processes controlling these critical public health risks and effective ways to mitigate against them.

The partners have substantive and complementary track-records in this area of research and water resource management and will bring significant co-funding to the project, through staff time and/or lab & field infrastructure.

Planned Impact

The research outcomes of FAR-GANGA address Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), notably Goal 6 (Clean water and sanitation) and Goal 3 (Good health and well being), and will be of interest to several groups: (i) stakeholders in groundwater resources in India - these include government and non-government organisations who have responsibilities, authority and/or interests in protecting public health in the regions impacted should have interests in the outcome of this research - particularly as it informs predictions of secular increases in groundwater arsenic hazard - proper and informed utilization of the well communicated relevant project outcomes may ultimately benefit millions of people whose exposure to arsenic is reduced; (ii) the general public in groundwater arsenic hazard impacted areas who may ultimately benefit from the considered usage by institutional stakeholders of the results in conjunction with suitable other studies and experience; (iii) academic researchers - (see Academic Beneficiaries) & (iv) the wider general public in largely non-impacted areas and countries

We will use a range of activities tailored to best effectively impact the different major target groups:
[i] Groundwater resource stakeholders
a. We will email/write to key stakeholders with lay summaries of our key findings
b. We have established a Stakeholder Advisory Panel compromising: (1) Government of India Central Ground Water Board (CGWB, India); (2) West Bengal Public Health Engineering Department (WB PHED, India); (3) Biome Environmental Trust (India); (4) Community Friendly Movement (CFM, India); (5) WaterAid India (India); (6) Arvia (Organics Destruction) (UK); (7) Enebio Ltd (UK); and (8) WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff (UK). We will provide reports & seek their advice and feedback on most effective pathways to impact in India.
b. We will make further personal contacts with key government and non-government organisation officers to highlight key relevant findings and through a short workshop in India in the final year of the project. For these activities we will build upon networking links and collaborations established through the recently completed (UKIERI PRAMA) as well as on-going complementary projects involving various project team members on groundwater resource management in India (e.g. "Nutri-SAM", "INNOWATER", "PEYA JAL SURAKSHA")
(iii) General public - in groundwater arsenic impacted regions in India
a. the PDRA/JRFs/PI/CoIs will engage in Outreach Activities in India throughout the programme as appropriate - these will include meetings with local communities, in addition to engagement with other relevant stakeholders and, in particular, the running of a Outreach/Stakeholder Knowledge Exchange meeting/event towards the end of the project
b. Website,
c. Press releases:
d. Social media
(iii) Academic researchers. (See Academic Beneficiaries section)
(iv) Wider general public, particularly in the UK. In addition to approaches listed above, the PDRA/PI/Co-Is will participate in public events, including the Science Showcase week at University of Manchester, lecturing (through a programme open to all ages) at The Manchester Museum and/or (co-) running workshops on public engagement in Science.

Milestones/measures of success. include: (1) number of presentations of results at national and international meetings; (2) number of quality publications in peer-reviewed journals; (3) media output; (4) delivery of public lectures and participating in workshops on public engagement in Science (e.g. Policy@Manchester week or British Science Week); (5) development of educational materials and uptake by target groups; (6) organisation of outreach workshops and attendance by and feedback from stakeholders; (7) response to personal contacts by stakeholders in India; ultimately (8) consideration of project outcomes in groundwater management strategies/policy.

Cost of the impact plan is £7,500.

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Duttagupta S (2021) Impact of Covid-19 Lockdown on Availability of Drinking Water in the Arsenic-Affected Ganges River Basin. in International journal of environmental research and public health

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Podgorski J (2020) Groundwater Arsenic Distribution in India by Machine Learning Geospatial Modeling. in International journal of environmental research and public health

 
Description • Mapping , modelling & the first published country-specific all India machine learning models of 2-D spatial distribution of groundwater arsenic
• Development of the first quantitative country-specific all India model of groundwater arsenic attributable cardiovascular disease mortality
• Enhanced understanding of the tectonic, sedimentological / hydrogeological and mineralogical controls on the distribution of groundwater arsenic in India
• Systematic randomised sampling survey of groundwater arsenic and uranium across Bihar provides improved representative hazard estimates
• Characterised organics in the River Ganga and their ingress into groundwater
• Regional controls on hydrogeochemistry of arsenic prone aquifers identified
• Importance of hyporheic zones and river-groundwater exchange to vulnerability of aquifers in the Ganga river basin demonstrated and modelled
• Identified vulnerability of some MAR (Managed Aquifer Recharge) systems to arsenic
• Wheat and rice quantified as major dietary sources of inorganic arsenic
• Key factors controlling effectiveness of remediation systems identified [#20]
• Identified importance of systems approach to remediation [A#3, A#5, A#10, A#20]
• Developed novel patented materials for remediation [#4, #5, #22, PAT#1, PAT#2]
Exploitation Route In the future, our findings may be of utility to:
[1] State and other governments in prioritising water treatment projects
[2] Village and household leads in selecting arsenic remediation technologies
[3] Health agencies in estimating costs of arsenic attributable disease
[4] State and other actors in regulating the water remediation sector
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.farganga.org/
 
Description The projects findings and activities are already contributing to the training of environmental professionals and to the nature of activities of the India government agencies, notably the Bihar State Pollution Control Board, and of NGOs, notably the Mahavir Cancer Sansthan. This has contributed to a refinement of the ways in the ways in which high groundwater arsenic areas are identified and remediated. Extensive knowledge transfer has also taken place through community science projects with schools and colleges. Co-design with stakeholders of guidance has been hampered by covid-19 restrictions. It is anticipated that the majority of the impacts generated will be done after the end of the project.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description INFLUENCE ON TRAINING - INDIA-UK NEWTON DST-NERC FAR-GANGA PROJECT ACTIVITIES (2018-2021)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description PROF POLYA APPOINTED AS RESEARCH ADVISOR TO BIHAR STATE POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD (2018)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Joint PhD funding (2 studentships) for paired dual PhD projects at University of Manchester and University of Melbourne - Groundwater Arsenic and Fluoride in Northern India. Funding equivalent of approximately £ 240,000.
Amount £240,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2022 
End 08/2026
 
Description University Partnership Development Joint UoM-KTH-SU Funding: Water Security in India: Does Artificial Intelligence Offer Solutions?
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2021 
End 07/2022
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation Arvia Technologies
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation British Geological Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation Central Ground Water Board
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation Mahavir Cancer Sansthan & Research Centre
Country India 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Future Secular Changes & Remediation of Groundwater Arsenic in the Ganga River Basin 
Organisation University of Salford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Manchester through Lad Academic Prof DA Polya acts as the UK Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project. The National Institute of Hydrology through Lead Academic Narayan C Ghosh acts as the India Lead Partner for the FAR-GANGA project.
Collaborator Contribution All 8 Partners (UoM, UoB, BGS, UoS (UK); NIH, IIT Roorkee, MCS (Patna); IIT Kharagpur) contribution as work package leaders towards the completion of the FAR-GANGA project.
Impact In progress.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Team SAPTANADI Consortium 
Organisation UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Team SAPTANADI consortium & collaboration was born out of the coming together of multiple UK-India Water Quality projects. By combining the range of expertise and co-ordinating field work, we have undertaken extensive water quality research of the Ganga, and key tributaries, from Devprayag (UK), in the foothills if the Himalayas, to Noorpur (WB), in the estuarine reaches south of Kolkata
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to collaboration, coordintion, design and implementation of field surveys, co-authored outputs and contributions to further proposals currently under development
Impact Richards et al, 2022, Water Research: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2022.118054 Team SAPTANADI outputs: Richards & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-10642 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10642 Khamis & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-11071 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-11071 Krause & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-10801 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10801 Nel & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-13000 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-13000
Start Year 2019
 
Description Team SAPTANADI Consortium 
Organisation University of the West of England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Team SAPTANADI consortium & collaboration was born out of the coming together of multiple UK-India Water Quality projects. By combining the range of expertise and co-ordinating field work, we have undertaken extensive water quality research of the Ganga, and key tributaries, from Devprayag (UK), in the foothills if the Himalayas, to Noorpur (WB), in the estuarine reaches south of Kolkata
Collaborator Contribution Contributed to collaboration, coordintion, design and implementation of field surveys, co-authored outputs and contributions to further proposals currently under development
Impact Richards et al, 2022, Water Research: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2022.118054 Team SAPTANADI outputs: Richards & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-10642 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10642 Khamis & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-11071 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-11071 Krause & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-10801 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-10801 Nel & Team SAPTANADI, EGU21-13000 - https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-13000
Start Year 2019
 
Description "A Report on Uranium Contamination in Bihar", Voice of Margin, 20 June 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://voiceofmargin.com/uranium-contamination-groundwater-bihar-report/
 
Description "Bihar: 'Uranium contaminates groundwater in 10 districts'", Times of India (India), 08 April 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/uranium-contaminatesgroundwater-in-10-dists/articlesh...
 
Description "Groundwater in 10 Bihar districts contaminated by uranium: Study", Down to Earth (India), 09 April 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/water/groundwater-in-10-bihar-districts-contaminated-by-uranium-...
 
Description "Research identifies fresh 'mixers' in river pollution 'cocktail'", Devdiscourse (India), 26 Jan 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.devdiscourse.com/article/science-environment/1897959-research-identifies-fresh-mixers-in...
 
Description "Research identifies fresh 'mixers' in river pollution 'cocktail'", Financial Express (India), 26 Jan 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/science/research-identifies-fresh-mixers-in-river-polluti...
 
Description "Unveiling potential hazards in Bihar's drinking water", University of Manchester, 22 March 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact World Water Day Highlight article 2021
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.manchester.ac.uk/collaborate/global-influence/clean-water/india-and-nepal/groundwater-re...
 
Description FAR-GANGA and NutriSam Combined Stakeholder Workshop, Bihar State Pollution Control Board, Patna - 21 February 2018 (UoM Contributors: D A Polya; Numerous other FAR-GANGA contributors, notably Ashok Ghosh (Mahair Cancer Sansthan), Debapriya Mondal (Salford University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact FAR-GANGA and NutriSam Combined Stakeholder Workshop, Bihar State Pollution Control Board, Patna - 21 February 2018 (UoM Contributors: D A Polya; Numerous other FAR-GANGA contributors, notably Ashok Ghosh (Mahavir Cancer Sansthan), Debapriya Mondal (Salford University)

High level stakeholder workshop involving the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar State, Shri Sushil Kumar Modi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Hindustan Times Report of Stakeholder Holder Meeting involving DST-NERC FAR-GANGA Project Members on 21 Feb 2018 (Report 22 Feb 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hindustan Times Report of Stakeholder Holder Meeting involving DST-NERC FAR-GANGA Project Members on 21 Feb 2018 (Report 22 Feb 2018)

Estimated readership in Bihar - approximately 5,000,000
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.hindustantimes.com/patna/potable-water-in-13-arsenic-hit-bihar-districts-by-next-year-sa...
 
Description New Study Shows River Pollution Are Caused by Mixture of Chemical Cocktail, Nature World News (United States), 26 Jan 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/49050/20220126/new-study-shows-river-pollution-caused-mixtu...
 
Description Novel research identifies fresh 'mixers' in river pollution 'cocktail' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/news/latest/2022/01/fresh-mixers-in-river-pollution-cocktail.aspx
 
Description Novel research identifies fresh 'mixers' in river pollution 'cocktail', EurekAlert! (United States), 25 Jan 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/941100
 
Description Project website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Website highlighting project, team and relevant resources (especially open access resources)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020,2021,2022
URL http://www.farganga.org
 
Description School visits to schools and colleges in Patna 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact School visits to multiple schools/colleges in Patna for outreach and water-focussed community science schemes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description University of Manchester: Novel research identifies fresh 'mixers' in river pollution 'cocktail', India Education Diary (India), 26 Jan 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media / online news
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://indiaeducationdiary.in/university-of-manchester-novel-research-identifies-fresh-mixers-in-ri...
 
Description Vanishing Groundwater - International Panel on South Asian Environmental Dialogue (SAED) - 24th January 2021 - Canadian Climate Channel (FAR-GANGA Panellists: D A Polya (University of Manchester) and A Mukherjee (IIT Kharagpur)) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Invited member of an international (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India) panel addressing the issue of "Vanishing Groundwater" , recorded 23 January 2021 and broadcast 24 January 2021, for the program South Asian Environmental Dialogue (SAED) and uploaded on socialmedia @ https://youtu.be/ZcI6y8tfAEU

"Vanishing Groundwater" considered both water supply and water quality aspects, including with respect to groundwater arsenic hazard and its relationship to groundwater management.

South Asian Environment Dialogue (SAED) is an one of its kind talkshow on the critical environmental and climate change related issues pan south Asia, being hosted by Canadian television channel Climate Channel in association with The Plurals media platform and also being streamed in you tube channel of notvbangla from 10.30am every Sunday in Canada (9 pm India). The program, moderated by environment journalist Jayanta Basu who has been covering environment and climate change regionally and globally for almost two decades, has completed 15 episodes including very senior experts, policy makers and politicians across South Asia and rest of the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://youtu.be/ZcI6y8tfAEU
 
Description YouTube contribution to Making Education Relevant: Series on Water Issues 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Online streamed presentation by Dr Laura Richards Groundwater Quality Research in Bihar, India: Understanding Groundwater Challenges for Improved Public Health and Economic Development, Invited Webinar; Making Education Relevant: Series on Water Issues; Global Confluence of Intellectuals. Organized by: International Chamber for Service Industry (India). Moderated by: Ion Exchange Asia Pacific Pte Ltd (Singapore); youtube live streamed 27 Nov 2020 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SeSgCakkvig)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SeSgCakkvig