Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology

Lead Research Organisation: Durham University
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The Standard Model (SM) gauge theory of electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions has so far withstood all the challenges that LEP, HERA and the TEVATRON have been able to pose and the validity of the SM is confirmed --- with the unification of electromagnetism and weak interactions proved and tested to one part per mille. Strong interaction effects have been tested to the per cent level. Flavour phenomena have contributed as much as the gauge principle in shaping the overall structure of the SM and it is the existence of flavours (in both the lepton and quark sectors) that gives the SM its family and generation structure. In the quark sector the SM description of flavour phenomena is as successful as the SM predictions in the gauge sector and the CKM picture of mixing and CP violation is now verified at the few per cent level. However, the observation of neutrino oscillations, and the consequent evidence that neutrinos have mass calls for an extension of the SM and neutrino masses may become a window on physics at the grand unification scale. In 2008, particle physics stands poised at the verge of new and major experimental discoveries as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) starts to accelerate and collide protons at much higher energies than ever before. The LHC will open up the new territory of TeV scale physics, where the theoretical description of the known particles and interactions breaks down, necessitating the onset of new physics. Ground-breaking discoveries are expected. In particular, the mechanism responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking that is ultimately related to the understanding of the origin of the masses of all elementary particles will manifest itself at the TeV scale. It may give rise to one or more new elementary scalar particles, the Higgs bosons, to a new kind of strong interaction or to other possibly unexpected phenomena. Furthermore, it is expected that experiments at the TeV scale will be sensitive to effects of new physics contributions that stabilise the huge hierarchy between the weak scale and the Planck scale. Prime candidates for physics beyond the SM are supersymmetry, which postulates a symmetry between fermions and bosons and embeds space--time into a ``superspace'', or additional dimensions of space, which may either be very small or even infinitely large. The high energy reach of the LHC will allow the exploration of TeV scale physics. However, the LHC experiments are significantly more complex than any previous particle physics experiment. Identifying the nature of physics at the TeV scale will require intense collaborative efforts between experimentalists and theorists. On the theoretical side, high-precision calculations of SM processes are needed to distinguish possible signals of new physics from SM backgrounds. Possible hints of new physics need to be compared with different models of physics beyond the SM in order to disentangle the underlying structure of TeV-scale physics. The IPPP has already established close connections with the UK and international experimental groups and is perfectly placed to help maximise the UK contribution to understanding the LHC data. Once the energy scale of new physics is identified, there will be a strong effort in planning and designing the next generation of particle physics experiments. The IPPP will continue its role in assessing the physics potential and the design of future accelerators, for example, through membership of the Global Design Effort for the International Linear Collider, and the International Design Study for the Neutrino Factory. The next decade promises to be pivotal in our understanding of the microscopic world. The IPPP will address fundamental questions about electroweak symmetry breaking, the structure of space-time, flavour physics and CP violation, neutrinos and lepton-flavour violation, and how particle physics connects with astrophysics and cosmology.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology (IPPP) aims to foster world-class research in particle physics phenomenology - the bridge between theory and experiment in the study of the tiny building blocks of all matter in the universe and of the fundamental forces that operate between them.

The IPPP is a joint venture of Durham University and the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). It is part of the Centre for Particle Theory in Durham, based jointly in the Departments of Mathematical Sciences and Physics. This group are trying to understand what happens when high energy particles are smashed into each other at very high energies and provide the theory and analysis behind a number of experiments to be carried out at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). They are seeking answers to some of the Universe's greatest secrets such as the mysteries surrounding antimatter and dark matter, the possibility of extra space-time dimensions and the existence of the elusive Higgs boson.
Exploitation Route Through our research publications, talks at national and international conferences by IPPP staff, numerous workshops, copnferences and schools for graduate students organised by IPPP.
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Other

URL http://www.ippp.dur.ac.uk
 
Description Hiring postdoctoral researchers and support staff, organising research conferences and graduate schools for students, travel to attend conferences to present our results.
First Year Of Impact 2000
Sector Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Advanced Fellowship (Heinrich)
Amount £316,915 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2008 
End 09/2011
 
Description British Council (Glover)
Amount £140,904 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2007 
End 03/2011
 
Description ESRC (Edwards)
Amount £1,926 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2008 
End 03/2008
 
Description EU Monte Carlo network -1 (Richardson)
Amount £188,391 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2007 
End 12/2010
 
Description EU Monte Carlo network -2 (Richardson)
Amount £37,800 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2007 
End 12/2010
 
Description EuroNu (Pascoli)
Amount £81,758 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2008 
End 08/2012
 
Description GriddPP (Glover)
Amount £390,187 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2010 
End 09/2014
 
Description HEPDATA
Amount £607,822 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 09/2014
 
Description LHCPhenoNet (Signer)
Amount £438,806 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2010 
End 12/2014
 
Description Laguna (Pascoli)
Amount £26,350 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2008 
End 06/2011
 
Description Leverhulme Research Fellowship (Abel)
Amount £36,044 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 09/2011
 
Description Leverhulme Research Fellowship (VV Khoze)
Amount £33,817 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2008 
End 09/2010
 
Description Neutrinos and the Fundamental laws of Nature (Pascoli)
Amount £140,904 (GBP)
Organisation UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2007 
End 09/2011
 
Description Postdoctoral Fellowship (Smillie)
Amount £192,904 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2007 
End 09/2010
 
Description Postdoctoral Fellowship (White)
Amount £198,179 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 09/2011
 
Description Programme International de Coopération Scientifique (Boehm)
Amount £13,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS) 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2009 
End 12/2011
 
Description STFC (Edwards)
Amount £13,329 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2008 
End 08/2009
 
Description STFC (Glover)
Amount £55,891 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2008 
End 08/2011
 
Description STFC (Glover)
Amount £399,671 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2010 
End 01/2014
 
Description STFC (Heinrich)
Amount £93,199 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 09/2010
 
Description STFC (Richardson)
Amount £90,844 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2008 
End 09/2009
 
Description The Royal Society (Martin)
Amount £1,056 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2008 
End 10/2008
 
Description The Royal Society (Pascoli)
Amount £1,192 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2009 
End 10/2009
 
Description The Royal Society (Pascoli)
Amount £900 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2007 
End 09/2007
 
Description The Royal Society (Santoso)
Amount £2,020 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2009 
End 01/2009
 
Description The Royal Society (V A Khoze)
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2010 
End 01/2010
 
Description The Royal Society(Brein)
Amount £490 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2007 
End 01/2007
 
Description Betabeams 
Organisation National Institute for Nuclear Physics
Department National Institute for Nuclear Physics - Rome
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description Betabeams 
Organisation University of Lisbon
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description Betabeams 
Organisation University of Valencia
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description Betabeams 
Organisation University of Valencia
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact publications
Start Year 2007
 
Description Black Hat 
Organisation University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Detailed NLO calculations in the Standard Model
Collaborator Contribution Detailed NLO calculations in the Standard Model
Impact Detailed NLO calculations in the Standard Model, papers
Start Year 2008
 
Description Diffraction project and Higgs 
Organisation Moscow State University
Department Physics Department
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution research collaborations
Collaborator Contribution Cited publications
Impact publications
Start Year 2010
 
Description Diffraction project and Higgs 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Department Physics Institute of São Carlos
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution research collaborations
Collaborator Contribution Cited publications
Impact publications
Start Year 2010
 
Description Indirect probes of leptogenesis 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaborations and discussions
Impact publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Indirect probes of leptogenesis 
Organisation International School for Advanced Studies
Country Italy 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaborations and discussions
Impact publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Indirect tests and models of Dark Matter 
Organisation University of Lisbon
Department Instituto Superior Tecnico
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Indirect tests and models of Dark Matter 
Organisation University of Tehran
Country Iran, Islamic Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Indirect tests and models of Dark Matter 
Organisation University of Valencia
Department Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC)
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Low Energy neutrino factory 
Organisation Brunel University London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact cited publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Low Energy neutrino factory 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact cited publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Low Energy neutrino factory 
Organisation Fermilab - Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact cited publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description Low Energy neutrino factory 
Organisation University of Valencia
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact cited publications
Start Year 2006
 
Description MCFM Collaboration 
Organisation Fermilab - Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Department FNAL - Other
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Added results on direct photon production to MCFM code
Collaborator Contribution Verified addition of irect photon production to MCFM code
Impact Released code MCFM version 8.0
 
Description MSTW parton distribution functions project 
Organisation University College London
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution research collaboration
Collaborator Contribution cited publications
Impact publications
Start Year 2009
 
Description MSTW parton distribution functions project 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution research collaboration
Collaborator Contribution cited publications
Impact publications
Start Year 2009
 
Description Neutrinoless double beta decay 
Organisation International School for Advanced Studies
Country Italy 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publication
Start Year 2006
 
Description Numerical simulations as tests of the early universe 
Organisation Durham University
Department Institute for Computational Cosmology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaborations and discussions
Collaborator Contribution collaborations
Impact publicatations
Start Year 2008
 
Description Numerous Research Collaborations: Particle Phenomenology and Theory 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department Theoretical Physics Unit
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Numerous Research Collaborations involing IPPP staff: Theory, Phenomenology and Monte Carlo; only a small selection is typed into this form.
Collaborator Contribution Major
Impact Numerous Research Collaborations: Particle Physics Theory and Experiment
Start Year 2006
 
Description QCD 
Organisation University of Zurich
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Detailed NLO QCD calculations
Collaborator Contribution Detailed NLO QCD calculations
Impact papers
Start Year 2006
 
Description Scattering Amplitudes 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution NNLO calculations of Wilson loops and scattering amplitudes in N=4 sypersymmetric Yang-Mills
Collaborator Contribution NNLO calculations of Wilson loops and scattering amplitudes in N=4 sypersymmetric Yang-Mills
Impact papers
Start Year 2008
 
Description Tests of Lepton Number Violation 
Organisation Tsinghua University China
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publication
Start Year 2007
 
Description Tests of Lepton Number Violation 
Organisation University of Michigan
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publication
Start Year 2007
 
Description Tests of Lepton Number Violation 
Organisation University of Wisconsin-Madison
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaboration and discussion
Collaborator Contribution collaboration and discussion
Impact publication
Start Year 2007
 
Description g-2 
Organisation High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution collaborated on publication
Collaborator Contribution cited publications
Impact na
 
Description g-2 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collaborated on publication
Collaborator Contribution cited publications
Impact na
 
Description Cafe Scentifique (various) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact audience average of 100 with question and answer session

Widening science participation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010
 
Description Cleveland Science Institute, Teesside University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact audience approximately 120 people with question and answer session

Bringing science to a wider audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Italian Physics Olympiads 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Key note talk

na
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Particle Physics Masterclass 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 220 pupils and teachers attended physics talks which resulted in questions and discussions

schools use the masterclass to help with subject areas and encourage science participation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description School Visit (Various) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact average of 40 pupils with up to 30 school visits per year. Talks, questions and answer sessions.

Schools use these sessions to encourage science participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010