Magnetic Reconnection as a Universal Plasma Process: Investigating Onset, Energy Release and Particle Acceleration

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Dept of Physics

Abstract

Principal subject of the research: Magnetic reconnection is a universal and fundamental plasma process that transfers energy and momentum between the magnetic field and the plasma itself. It occurs in a wide variety of circumstances - in planetary magnetospheres it is responsible for magnetic storms, in solar and stellar atmospheres it causes flares, and it is thought to be important in several astrophysical phenomena such as active galactic nuclei, pulsars, gamma ray bursts and magnetars. Understanding magnetic reconnection is also of practical importance since it is one of the key physical processes at the heart of space weather [Eastwood, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, in press, 2008]. As such, this proposal helps answer the STFC science questions 'How does the Sun affect the Earth?' and 'What are the origins and properties of the energetic particles reaching the Earth?' Key aims: Question 1: When and how is reconnection triggered? To ultimately predict explosive reconnection events such as solar and stellar flares, substorms and other astrophysical phenomena, it is necessary to understand how reconnection is triggered. I will use in-situ spacecraft observations of reconnection onset in the Earth's magnetotail to answer the key question of whether it is controlled mainly by local instabilities or external driving. Question 2: What controls the structure and dynamics of reconnection? Magnetic reconnection in planetary magnetospheres and stellar coronae is typically bursty whereas reconnection in the solar wind can persist over large scales for long times. I will compare new and archived observations of the magnetotail's distant X-line (an intermediate reconnection regime) to determine when and why reconnection is either bursty or quasi-steady. I will also use multi-point observations to test new theories of asymmetric reconnection. Question 3: The role of slow shocks in magnetic reconnection Slow shocks attached to the central diffusion region are a crucial part of fast reconnection. Recently, reconnection has been discovered in the solar wind, under conditions that are ideal for slow shock formation; our preliminary study has confirmed the existence of slow shocks. I will identify and examine the solar wind reconnection events in all available spacecraft observations and perform a statistical study to fully evaluate their occurrence rate and detailed experimental properties for the first time. Question 4: How does reconnection produce energetic particles? The generation of energetic particles by reconnection, especially electrons, is a major unsolved problem in plasma physics. Several different theories have been developed to explain how this occurs. By examining reconnection in the magnetotail, where energetic particles are generated during magnetic substorms, I will use magnetotail observations to determine statistically where particle acceleration occurs during reconnection and establish when different mechanisms tend to dominate. Where and how the research would be undertaken: The research will be undertaken at Imperial College because of its strength in observing space plasmas and because the success of the project depends on the opportunity to work with a wide range of researchers across disciplines. I will address these questions by analysing observations made in situ by a variety of spacecraft in different regions of space. Who else would be involved I will work in collaboration with plasma simulation groups at the University of Maryland and the University of Delaware who are engaged in separately funded studies of reconnection. Results from simulations will be used to inform the analysis of the data, and data will be used to develop theory. This research will also involve collaboration with mission specific teams, in particular Cluster, STEREO and THEMIS.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The purpose of this fellowship grant was to perform a sustained five-year study of the physics of magnetic reconnection, a fundamental space physics process that lies at the heart of many phenomena such as geomagnetic storms and solar flares. Understanding how magnetic reconnection works is crucial to ultimately developing the ability to predict and understand these events, which have a significant space weather impact. The original proposal focussed on four key questions 1: When and how is reconnection triggered? 2: What controls the structure and dynamics of reconnection? 3: The role of slow shocks in magnetic reconnection 4: How does reconnection produce energetic particles?

The work conducted in the course of the fellowship has generated significant new knowledge, with many papers published in the peer-reviewed literature. The pursuit of this work has led to the formation of several international-level research networks and collaborations. It has led to an active investigation of cutting edge science questions relating to reconnection, which are subsequently being studied with new data from, for example, NASA's Magnetospheric MultiScale mission.

The work and results has been disseminated widely, with numerous invited talks at major international conferences. A commitment to public engagement is reflected in the variety of engagement activities that have been completed in the course of the work. In 2012, the PI received COSPAR's Zeldovich medal (commission D) in recognition of their work and further research council and European funding has been secured to continue this work in the future.
Exploitation Route Non-academic: the work undertaken in this project is fundamental to understanding space weather, and improving our ability to predict and mitigate its effects. Thus the overall blue sky work that was accomplished during this period of funding ought to be of immediate interest to key stakeholders involved with space weather monitoring, forecasting and mitigation.

Academic: the blue-sky research accomplished in this fellowship grant is of importance to a variety of physics and astronomy sub-disciplines. It has impacted planetary science, solar physics and laboratory plasma physics in particular.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.imperial.ac.uk/people/jonathan.eastwood
 
Description The work performed in this grant is 'blue-sky' research and funded under a mechanism which encourages research which is in the first instance, undirected by impact. The knowledge gained in this work has had a direct impact on the planning of future STFC research, the planning of future European Space Agency science missions, and on the development of the provision of space weather monitoring and space weather services in the UK. It has also had wider impact in the communication of science to the wider community through a variety of engagement activities.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description FP7-SPACE-2013-1
Amount £131,009 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2014 
End 04/2017
 
Description Marie Curie IRSES
Amount £17,900 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2011 
End 09/2015
 
Description STFC Consolidated Grant
Amount £3,263,468 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/K001051/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2016
 
Description AXIOM 
Organisation University College London
Department Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Assisted preparation of proposal to ESA for M-Class mission proposal 'AXIOM' Advanced X-ray Imaging Of the Magnetosphere, S-Class proposal AXIOM-C (Cusps), and various peer reviewed publications
Collaborator Contribution Led overall international team, provided simulation and data support
Impact Proposal to ESA M3 opportunity December 2010 Proposal to ESA S opportunity June 2012 Branduardi Raymont et al., Exp Astron., 2012 Sembay et al., Astron. Nachr., 2012
Start Year 2010
 
Description AXIOM 
Organisation University of Leicester
Department Department of Physics & Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Assisted preparation of proposal to ESA for M-Class mission proposal 'AXIOM' Advanced X-ray Imaging Of the Magnetosphere, S-Class proposal AXIOM-C (Cusps), and various peer reviewed publications
Collaborator Contribution Led overall international team, provided simulation and data support
Impact Proposal to ESA M3 opportunity December 2010 Proposal to ESA S opportunity June 2012 Branduardi Raymont et al., Exp Astron., 2012 Sembay et al., Astron. Nachr., 2012
Start Year 2010
 
Description CERN@School 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in the analysis of satellite data measurements
Collaborator Contribution Leadership of the CERN@School project; organisation of the project; technical support and implementation
Impact Schools outreach programme
Start Year 2011
 
Description CERN@School 
Organisation Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in the analysis of satellite data measurements
Collaborator Contribution Leadership of the CERN@School project; organisation of the project; technical support and implementation
Impact Schools outreach programme
Start Year 2011
 
Description CERN@School 
Organisation University of Surrey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in the analysis of satellite data measurements
Collaborator Contribution Leadership of the CERN@School project; organisation of the project; technical support and implementation
Impact Schools outreach programme
Start Year 2011
 
Description CINEMA 
Organisation Johns Hopkins University
Department Applied Physics Laboratory (APL)
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Analysis of STEREO data in preparation for the CINEMA CubeSat
Collaborator Contribution Led team of researches in the analysis of energetic neutral atoms from the magnetosphere measured using STEREO. This was in preparation for the launch of the Cinema CubeSat
Impact Wang et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description CINEMA 
Organisation Kyunghee University
Department School of Space Research
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of STEREO data in preparation for the CINEMA CubeSat
Collaborator Contribution Led team of researches in the analysis of energetic neutral atoms from the magnetosphere measured using STEREO. This was in preparation for the launch of the Cinema CubeSat
Impact Wang et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description CINEMA 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of STEREO data in preparation for the CINEMA CubeSat
Collaborator Contribution Led team of researches in the analysis of energetic neutral atoms from the magnetosphere measured using STEREO. This was in preparation for the launch of the Cinema CubeSat
Impact Wang et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Austrian Academy of Sciences
Department Space Research Institute
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Sciences
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation European Space Agency
Department Space Science
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
Department Institute of Space and Astronautical Science
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Lancaster University
Department Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Goddard Space Flight Center
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Paul Sabatier University (University of Toulouse III)
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Peking University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Polar Research Institute of China
Country China 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation University College London
Department Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Dunlop team 
Organisation University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Department Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Cluster and THEMIS satellites
Collaborator Contribution This is a large international team with the goal of studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetosphere. Team activities include provision of satellite data, data analysis and performing complementary scientific studies.
Impact Dunlop et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Dunlop et al., Ann. Geophys., 2011 Volverk et al., Ann Geophys., 2011 Taylor et al., Ann Geophys., 2012 Zhong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2013 International Space Science Institute international team funding, 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation Austrian Academy of Sciences
Department Space Research Institute
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation Paul Sabatier University (University of Toulouse III)
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation Royal Observatory of Belgium
Country Belgium 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation Trinity College Dublin
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation University of Göttingen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Harrison Team 
Organisation University of Helsinki
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data analysis in a joint research project
Collaborator Contribution Large international team to study the evolution of the solar wind from the corona to Earth.
Impact Harrison et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Moestl et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 Temmer et al., Astrophys. J., 2012 FP7 Project Grant HELCATS
Start Year 2011
 
Description Impalas 
Organisation University College London
Department Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Assisted the proposal of the IMPALAS mission concept to the ESA M3 opportunity
Collaborator Contribution Led a large multi-national consortium to propose the IMPALAS mission concept to ESA
Impact Owen et al., Exp. Astron., 2011
Start Year 2010
 
Description Lavraud review 
Organisation Paul Sabatier University (University of Toulouse III)
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Assisted writing of a review (book chapter)
Collaborator Contribution Led writing of a review (book chapter)
Impact Lavraud et al., IAGA Book Chapter, 2011
Start Year 2010
 
Description Lavraud review 
Organisation University of New Hampshire
Department Space Science Center
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Assisted writing of a review (book chapter)
Collaborator Contribution Led writing of a review (book chapter)
Impact Lavraud et al., IAGA Book Chapter, 2011
Start Year 2010
 
Description Lavraud review 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Assisted writing of a review (book chapter)
Collaborator Contribution Led writing of a review (book chapter)
Impact Lavraud et al., IAGA Book Chapter, 2011
Start Year 2010
 
Description Mars 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Mars Global Surveyor and MAVEN spacecraft
Collaborator Contribution Provision of calibrated data from the Mars Global Surveyor and MAVEN spacecraft
Impact Brain et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010 Halekas et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Briggs et al., Planet. Space Sci., 2011 Eastwood et al., Geophys Res. Lett., 2012
Start Year 2007
 
Description Mars 
Organisation University of Colorado Boulder
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Mars Global Surveyor and MAVEN spacecraft
Collaborator Contribution Provision of calibrated data from the Mars Global Surveyor and MAVEN spacecraft
Impact Brain et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010 Halekas et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Briggs et al., Planet. Space Sci., 2011 Eastwood et al., Geophys Res. Lett., 2012
Start Year 2007
 
Description Mars 
Organisation University of Iowa
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Mars Global Surveyor and MAVEN spacecraft
Collaborator Contribution Provision of calibrated data from the Mars Global Surveyor and MAVEN spacecraft
Impact Brain et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010 Halekas et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Briggs et al., Planet. Space Sci., 2011 Eastwood et al., Geophys Res. Lett., 2012
Start Year 2007
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation Austrian Academy of Sciences
Department Space Research Institute
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation European Space Agency
Department Space Science
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
Department Institute of Space and Astronautical Science
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation University of Delaware
Department Department of Physics And Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation University of Leicester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation University of Maryland
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of observations of magnetic reconnection made by satellites in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provision of other spacecraft data, theoretical support and computer simulations
Impact Eastwood et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010 Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2010 Shay et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Teh et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011 Oka et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Oieroset et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2011 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011 Masters et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2012 Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012a Borg et al., Ann. Geophys., 2012b Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2012 Eastwood et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2013 Eastwood et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2013 Phan et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 2013 Phan et al. Geophys. Res. Lett., 2014 Oieroset et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2014 Eastwood et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2014 Hietala et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2014 Jackman et al., J. Geophys. Rev., 2014 Genestreti et al., JASTP, 2014
Start Year 2006
 
Description Reconnection Egedal Team 
Organisation Los Alamos National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of spacecraft data from Cluster/THEMIS missions of reconnection in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provided simulation data and other data analysis, led team
Impact Egedal, J. et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L10102, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description Reconnection Egedal Team 
Organisation Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of spacecraft data from Cluster/THEMIS missions of reconnection in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provided simulation data and other data analysis, led team
Impact Egedal, J. et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L10102, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description Reconnection Egedal Team 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of spacecraft data from Cluster/THEMIS missions of reconnection in the Earth's magnetosphere
Collaborator Contribution Provided simulation data and other data analysis, led team
Impact Egedal, J. et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L10102, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description Reconnection Goldman 
Organisation Catholic University of Louvain
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Spacecraft data analysis of magnetic reconnection
Collaborator Contribution Performance of computer simulations and subsequent data analysis of magnetic reconnection
Impact Carr et al., Phys. Plasmas, 2013, Goldman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2014 Multi-disciplinary - space science and laboratory plasma physics
Start Year 2011
 
Description Reconnection Goldman 
Organisation University of Colorado Boulder
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Spacecraft data analysis of magnetic reconnection
Collaborator Contribution Performance of computer simulations and subsequent data analysis of magnetic reconnection
Impact Carr et al., Phys. Plasmas, 2013, Goldman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2014 Multi-disciplinary - space science and laboratory plasma physics
Start Year 2011
 
Description Reconnection Goldman 
Organisation West Virginia University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Spacecraft data analysis of magnetic reconnection
Collaborator Contribution Performance of computer simulations and subsequent data analysis of magnetic reconnection
Impact Carr et al., Phys. Plasmas, 2013, Goldman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 2014 Multi-disciplinary - space science and laboratory plasma physics
Start Year 2011
 
Description Rosetta 
Organisation Braunschweig University of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the Rosetta mission
Collaborator Contribution Provision of calibrated data from Rosetta
Impact Eastwood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2011
Start Year 2010
 
Description STEREO/WAVES 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Goddard Space Flight Center
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the STEREO/WAVES instrument to study solar radio bursts
Collaborator Contribution Provision of theoretical analysis and support
Impact Eastwood et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 2010 Zouganelis et al., Radio Science, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description STEREO/WAVES 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the STEREO/WAVES instrument to study solar radio bursts
Collaborator Contribution Provision of theoretical analysis and support
Impact Eastwood et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 2010 Zouganelis et al., Radio Science, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description STEREO/WAVES 
Organisation University of Minnesota
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the STEREO/WAVES instrument to study solar radio bursts
Collaborator Contribution Provision of theoretical analysis and support
Impact Eastwood et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 2010 Zouganelis et al., Radio Science, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description STEREO/WAVES 
Organisation University of Sydney
Department School of Physics
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of data from the STEREO/WAVES instrument to study solar radio bursts
Collaborator Contribution Provision of theoretical analysis and support
Impact Eastwood et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 2010 Zouganelis et al., Radio Science, 2010
Start Year 2009
 
Description Shock physics 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of spacecraft data - shock observations
Collaborator Contribution Theoretical modelling of spacecraft data - shock observations
Impact Selzer et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 2014
Start Year 2013
 
Description Shock physics 
Organisation University of Warwick
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Analysis of spacecraft data - shock observations
Collaborator Contribution Theoretical modelling of spacecraft data - shock observations
Impact Selzer et al., Astrophys. J. Lett., 2014
Start Year 2013
 
Description BAAS Aberdeen 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented our work to students and the general public

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description CERN@School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact My role on the CERN@School steering group is to provide expert input, and provide a bridge between the science community and the schools that are involved in CERN@School.Thanks to our efforts with the CERN@School steering group, 30 detectors are now in schools for use with science lessons, coordinated by the Institute of Physics and the Simon Langton school. Data from the LUCID satellite experiment is coming online - students around the country will now be able to be citizen scientists thanks to the coordinating role of the steering group.

In September 2014 the CERN@school project also organised a symposium where school children were able to present their work. Prizes were awarded by the STFC chief executive. It is planned to roll-out the in-school experiments to more schools in the next year. School students are expected to present their science research at symposia and conferences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
URL http://cernatschool.web.cern.ch/
 
Description Cheltenham Science Festival 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Showcased our research to an international audience

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description ESA Cluster Web Story 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A web story on my research was published on the ESA science website

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description EU Researchers' Night (Natural History Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Approximately 4000 people attended the Natural History Museum, talked to many different people about our research.

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012
 
Description Imperial Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Poster Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in the first Imperial Festival showcasing Imperial College research to the general public during the May bank holiday weekend

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Research in Motion 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We presented our research to members of the public as part of Imperial College's research in motion event, in the Exhibition Road area of College where we met tourists and locals. We also presented our work to the Mayor of Kensington and Chelsea on an official visit

A podcast was produced by Imperial
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Royal Society Summer Exhibition 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 13812 people visited the exhibition and saw our stand.

Received wide media coverage, broadcast, print, on-line. Imperial College and UCL produced press releases and on-line media resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Solar Storms 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Quoted in articles on space weather in the Guardian and the Telegraph newspapers, as well as on other specialist websites (e.g. The Engineer)

-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012