Proposal for UK Involvement in the Operation of Advanced LIGO

Lead Research Organisation: Cardiff University
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Within the next five years, and before the end of the period covered by this proposal, Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) is expected to detect gravitational waves and hence open a new era in astronomy. In this proposal we request support for essential infrastructure and travel costs required to ensure that the UK maintains its place among the leaders in the field and its partnership within the project.

Through the design and construction project "Advanced LIGO UK", and building on existing strengths, the UK has succeeded in making unique and fundamental contributions to major aspects of the aLIGO gravitational wave detectors in the US, primarily by transfer of silica suspension technology originally developed at Glasgow for GEO600. The resulting suspensions are absolutely central in enabling aLIGO to meet its sensitivity target. During the first phase of operations, the UK supplied equipment has been installed and integrated into two aLIGO detectors. As a direct result, UK groups are in a position to exploit the rich science data that will be produced by these detectors and their observing partners during the current decade.

We propose to strengthen the UK position by providing the support and infrastructure necessary for full involvement in the operation of the aLIGO detectors and therefore to remain active partners in the user-community group, the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC), through which data rights are earned and distributed.

Of similar importance is the need to ensure that UK-delivered equipment and facilities for the aLIGO detectors are fully exploited to maximise the science potential of aLIGO. This is true both in terms of their implementation within aLIGO, and later when it is planned that aLIGO will be further upgraded.

The applicant groups are recognised leaders in the field of analysis of data from gravitational wave detectors. Novel methods were developed for searches with GEO600 and other detectors operational over the past decade. Leadership in this area has ensured that the UK groups have strong roles in all of the LSC data analysis groups that coordinate search campaigns, set priorities and validate results. This complements the similarly strong role that the UK has on the hardware side, in the LSC's technical working groups.

The UK membership of the LSC is considerable - currently 12% by authorship. The ALUK project and exchange of data from GEO600 have allowed us to leverage top-level project management positions for a relatively small investment in the aLIGO hardware. This is set out in our Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with LIGO, and includes a seat on the project Oversight Committee for an STFC representative and membership of the LSC Executive Committee. Of course we have full access to data and an equal share in the science return.

It is essential that we maintain involvement at the highest level as set out in detail in this proposal. We therefore request travel support for essential observing duties and resources to allow us to provide technical support during detector commissioning and operations. Analysis of the data requires access to high performance computer infrastructure. With the first detections, demand for computing resources is certain to be high. Therefore, to provide a solid basis for exploitation of aLIGO science data within the UK we request computing infrastructure resources commensurate with our membership of the LSC.

At the US LIGO sites - the LIGO Livingston and LIGO Hanford Observatories (LLO/LHO) - first tests of the completed detectors are underway, and in November 2014, just a few months after first operation, the LLO detector achieved sensitivity to coalescing binary neutron stars at over 50 megaparsec (Mpc) distance - well on target for initial science runs to start in 2015.

Planned Impact

In terms of academic impact, the immediate beneficiaries include the UK astronomy community - extending far beyond the applicant groups, who will gain access to Advanced LIGO data at the time when the first gravitational wave signals are most likely to be seen. In the longer term, the research will radically alter our understanding of the Universe, including information on the nature of neutron stars and black holes, and through opportunities for precision cosmology. This will benefit the widest astronomy/astrophysics community, internationally.

With regard to societal impact, cosmology and astrophysics are exciting areas and reliably excellent topics for public outreach. There will be considerable impact resulting from the discovery of gravitational waves and the burgeoning science that will inevitably result. To have a major focus for this new science in the UK should help revitalise public interest at a time when economic pressures could potentially fight against the growth of science in our community. There is no doubt that a discovery of gravitational waves would galvanise public interest at all levels from school pupils up, particularly in or around the Einstein centenary celebrating general relativity as a breakthrough in the understanding gravity, and the International Year of Light. An improved understanding of cosmology and compact-object astrophysics, of the most impressive and even violent nature, is bound to catch the public imagination, and produce demand for creative works such as television programmes. A concrete example of direct benefit of Advanced LIGO UK to the popular culture exists in the Science Museum, London, where pre-prototype test mass and the metal structural components of an Advanced LIGO test-mass suspension, both made available by the collaboration, have been on display for several years.

The earlier Advanced LIGO UK construction project brought direct benefit to several areas of UK industry both through the placement of over £3M of contracts, but also by pushing manufacturing techniques to reach higher standards of quality and precision required for our work. Examples include: optics, precision mechanics and electronics. In some cases these companies have subsequently been able to market the resulting technology, nationally and internationally winning substantial contracts.

Work carried out under our present Advanced LIGO Operations grants has included developments in the areas of grid computing, particularly in the field of authentication and access control - an area where the UK already leads. The current proposal will lead to further work in this area.

In summary there is a wide range of potential impact. The majority of these should start to be realised well within the duration of the project (it is more than likely that a discovery will be made during the period of this proposal). By the close of the decade gravitational wave science should be becoming mature, and the consequences for both science and its public understanding should have attained major proportions as one of the most exciting areas of new science.
 
Title Gravitational Wave Artwork Infinite LIGO Dreams 
Description Painting inspired by first detection of gravitational waves. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The Institute of Physics Scotland will be awarding 5 special edition prints 'Infinite LIGO Dreams' to winners of a science award that will be presented in the summer of 2017. Featured by Physics World http://blog.physicsworld.com/2016/11/24/the-beauty-of-gravitational-waves/ Featured by CERN Courier http://cerncourier.com/cws/download/Jan-Feb17 
 
Title Infinite LIGO Dreams (Penelope Rose Cowley) 
Description Artwork by local artist Penelope Rose Cowley, celebrating the detection of Gravitational Waves, on display in the School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Interest and discussion from many visitors to the School of Physics and Astronomy 
URL http://blogs.cardiff.ac.uk/physicsoutreach/2016/11/25/new-artwork-inspired-gravitational-wave-discov...
 
Description Astroparticle Physics European Consortium
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description KAGRA Programme Advisory Board
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC), Executive Committee
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Member - ESA's Gravitational Observatory Advisory Team (GOAT)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description SF - Chair of STFC Computing Advisory Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description STFC Particle Astrophysics Advisory Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Virgo Science & Technology Advisory Committee
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Authentication and Authorisation For Research and Collaboration (AARC2)
Amount € 2,999,892 (EUR)
Funding ID 730941 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2019
 
Description Centre for Doctoral Training in Data Intensive Science
Amount £1,005,532 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/P006779/1 
Organisation Cardiff University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2022
 
Description Investigations in Gravitational Radiation
Amount £1,303,610 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/N005430/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description Long Term Attachment
Amount £4,882 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/N504002/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2016 
End 04/2019
 
Description Science and Technology Funding Council - Investigations in Gravitational Radiation
Amount £4,360,741 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/N005422/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description ALUK 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department UK Advanced LIGO Project (ALUK)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The UK Advanced LIGO Project (ALUK) involves transfer of the multiple stage / monolithic silica suspension technology developed for the GEO 600 detector to the LIGO detectors based in the U.S. Along with transfer of enhanced interferometric techniques this will create Advanced LIGO (aLIGO). We have provided all the main suspension systems for the three Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors. These complex mechanical systems suspend the core optical components, i.e. mirrors and beam-splitters, which form the interferometer at the heart of each detector. In particular we developed and then provided the ultra-low-dissipation, fused silica suspension technology that enables Advanced LIGO to have excellent sensitivity at low frequencies, plus all the associated production and characterisation equipment necessary to manufacture, install and maintain the suspensions. We provide continuing support for the assembly, characterisation, commissioning and operation of the suspensions and related detector technology.
Collaborator Contribution Membership of the ALUK enabled the associated project to be completed. Intellectual input, and design, procurement and manufacturing effort was shared among the partners. A memorandum of understanding signed by LIGO provides for access to gravitational wave data from aLIGO. The aims of the ALUK collaboration are to design and build detector components, and to assist with their installation and commissioning, and with the operation of the resulting aLIGO detectors. Collaborators provided design input to many subsystems of the project, expertise in procurement and manufacturing of precision electronic and mechanical components, and also project management.
Impact Philip Leverhulme Prize RCUK Fellowship Post-doctoral Fellowship EC Framework 7 Infrastructures program International Joint Project Award scheme Travel grant RCUK Science Bridges RCUK Science Bridges Seedcorn grant Research Merit Award JISC Grant SUPA Studentship Science in Society Fellowship RSE/Scottish Executive Personal Research Fellowship MP FS AH MB SR Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition 2008 Appearance on Radio 4 programme "In our time" Appearance on BBC One Countryfile Regular visits to local schools Public lectures at Science Centres and Science Festivals Events for International Year of Astronomy 2009 Lectures to amateur astronomical societies Meet the Scientist @ Glasgow Science Centre Science @ the Scottish Parliament Astronomy's New Messengers Icarus at the Edge of Time CPD Training for schoolteachers ScienceFace Scottish Science Advisory Council Technology Development Hydroxy-catalysis bonding for technology applications Hydroxy-catalysis bonding for research Fused silica suspension fibres for application in technology Fused silica suspension fibres for gravitational wave detectors Bayesian Techniques in precision optical sensing Bayesian Techniques in gravitational wave data analysis Amplitude or arbitrary phase sideband optical cavity probes Technology Development Diffractively coupled high finesse optical cavities Silicon Carbide bonding Berlin 2009 GWADW 2009 Amaldi 2009 RAS NAM 2009 GWADW 2009 RAS NAM 2008 Texas 2008 Moscow 2008 Schuster Colloquium Elizabeth Spreadbury Lecture RSE Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize Lectureship Wolfson Research Merit Award Tannahill Lecture and Medal Fellow ISGRGI FRSE (1) FInstP (1) FRAS (1) FRSE (2) Max-Planck-Society FRAS (2) History and Development of Knowledge IOP Nuclear and Particle Physics Divisional Conference Advanced Detector Workshop Kyoto LISA Symposium Stanford Optical Fibre Sensors Edinburgh Advanced Detector Workshop Florida Gravitational Wave Bursts meeting Mexico ILIAS Dresden IoP NPPD conference Glasgow 12th Marcel Grossman meeting Paris Lomonosov conference Moscow Advanced Detector Workshop Florida GR19 Meeting Mexico LISA International Symposium Stanford OECD Global Science Forum India IAU Rio de Janeiro Amaldi NY Fujihara Seminar Tokyo OECD Global Science Forum Cracow NEB X111 Thessaloniki New Worlds Portugal PASCOS 07 London LEOS Montreal XX1X Spanish Relativity Meeting Mallorca Rencontres de Moriond Italy Texas Symposium Heidelberg Aspera Workshop Paris IoP HEPP and AP Annual Meeting Frontiers in Optics, OSA, San Jose Amaldi NY Fujiwara Foundation Seminar Japan Advanced Detector Workshop Florida IoP Astroparticle meeting Oxford Cosmo 07 Sussex Aspera Workshop Paris Workshop on Charging Issues MIT IoP NPPD Annual conference Surrey RAS ordinary meeting London ILIAS Italy IAU General Assembly Prague NPPD Conference Glasgow Statistical Challenges Penn State Amaldi student talk Visiting Professorship Jena STFC Particle Astrophysics Advisory panel Physical and Engineering Committee of ESF SSAC Chair GWIC Chair STFC Panels Royal Society Research Grants Panel Aspera/ApPEC Science Advisory Committee Trustee RSE RSE Fellowship Committee IoP Awards Committee Chair LIGO Election & Membership GWIC Deputy Chair PPAN RSE Grants Committee RSE Sectional Committee Stanford-Scotland Photonics GEO Executive Committee FP7 ET Design Study Member STFC Science Committee PPAN GWIC Roadmap committee STFC Oversight Committee Zeplin III Aspera/ApPEC Peer Review Committee Governing Council FP6 ILIAS Aspera/ApPEC Roadmap Committee Advanced Detector committee LSC Publication Policy committee LSC LSC CW Group co-Chair reelected SUPA Astro theme leader LSC CW Group co-chair LSC Detection Committee LSC Data Analysis Council FRSE Aspen Center for Physics 2008 Aspen Center for Physics 2011 Advanced Detectors Workshop Kyoto Cosmic Co-Motion Queensland SAMSI North Carolina Center for Astrostatistics Penn State RAS NAM Llandudno Cosmology and Machine Learning UCL ILIAS Dresden PF PhD FB PhD KC Ugrad LO Ugrad RD Ugrad LM Ugrad LMac Ugrad AB Ugrad EWB Ugrad DF PhD ST Staff BL Staff HW PhD KB RA SF Staff KS staff LSF staff ZP Ugrad DH PhD RU Ugrad NH Ugrad MC Ugrad SL Ugrad NG Ugrad CS PhD OB PhD OB PhD MB PhD EJ Ugrad RM Ugrad RW Ugrad SJ Ugrad SL Ugrad BL Staff BG Ugrad AP PhD PS staff VM staff LG Staff CC PhD SZ Ugrad NM PhD MJ staff AG PhD FGC PhD
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation Cardiff University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU)
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation National Institute for Subatomic Physics Nikhef
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation Russian ET Consortium
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation University of Warsaw
Department Polish ET Consortium
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description ET-R&D collaboration 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are contributing experimental and modelling expertise to three of the working groups (WG) in this project. In WG1 we will develop methods of parameter estimation for transient signals detected by ET, through application of our existing expertise in gravitational wave data analysis. In WG3 we will develop apparatus for measuring the birefringence of coated silicon samples and apply our expertise in finite element modelling to assist in the interpretation of cryogenic birefringence measurements carried out in collaboration with Hannover and Jena. In WG4 we will carry out studies and simulations of sensing and control issues for ET and carry out detailed modelling of the quantum noise and optical configuration.
Collaborator Contribution The aim of this project is to carry out essential collaborative research and development on key out-standing topics of the technical design of the Einstein Telescope, a 3rd generation underground gravitational wave detector. The three working groups we are participating in aim to study the scientific potential of ET, investigate key optical properties of silicon mirrors and study the advanced interferometer control systems required for ET. Each of these areas requires close collaboration with our European partners and the combination of the facilities and expertise of the participating groups. This will be facilitated by regular teleconferences, meetings and research visits between us and our partners, ensuring effective management of the joint projects and regular exchange of idea and results. Participation in this project provides opportunities for us to continue to contribute strongly to the technical development of ET and ensures that we continue to be an integral part of future developments in the field of gravitational wave detection in Europe.
Impact TBC - activity started last month
Start Year 2013
 
Description GEO collaboration 
Organisation GEO collaboration
Country Global 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Detector characterisation and data analysis; strategic plans, scientific motivation for improving detector sensitivity.
Collaborator Contribution Building the detector, maintaining the detector, detector characterisation and data analysis.
Impact A working gravitational wave detector, development of advanced technology for advanced and third generation detectors.
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Beijing Normal University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Cardiff University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Changchun University
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Hubei University of Education
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Shandong University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Sun Yat-Sen University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Tongji University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Tsinghua University China
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description LIGO Scientific Collaboration 
Organisation LIGO
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Search algorithms and software, data analysis and astrophysical interpretation, scientific motivation for improvement in detector sensitivity
Collaborator Contribution Building and maintaining the LIGO detectors
Impact Publications, conference plenaries, conference contributions
 
Description LIGO Scientific Collaboration 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department UK Advanced LIGO Project (ALUK)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Search algorithms and software, data analysis and astrophysical interpretation, scientific motivation for improvement in detector sensitivity
Collaborator Contribution Building and maintaining the LIGO detectors
Impact Publications, conference plenaries, conference contributions
 
Description Partnership between the Institute for Gravitational Research and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav) - MPitkin 
Organisation Australian Research Council
Country Australia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The partnership funded a two week visit to the OzGrav institutions in Melbourne, Australia, for Dr Matthew Pitkin. During the visit he presented seminars at each institution, participated in and chaired workshop sessions, and developed collaborative projects in gravitational-wave astronomy.
Collaborator Contribution The partner contributed funds for travel and accommodation via the OzGrav International Visitor Funding Program.
Impact The main outcome is the development of software (bibly https://lscsoft.docs.ligo.org/bilby/index.html) and an associated paper (https://arxiv.org/abs/1811.02042) that will become the main package for source parameter estimation for gravitational-wave signals within the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Royal Society International Partnership with Russia: "Improving low-frequency sensitivity of future Gravitational Wave Observatories" 
Organisation Moscow State University
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University in Glasgow provides experimental expertise in interferometry as well as access to the 10m prototype interferometer as well as to the materials characterisation and loss measurement facilities.
Collaborator Contribution The team at Moscow State University provides theoretical expertise in the analysis of quantum limited systems, as well as experimental facilities for mechanical loss measurements complementary to the ones available in Glasgow.
Impact E. Knyazev et al.: "Speedmeter scheme for gravitational-wave detectors based on EPR quantum entanglement," Physics Letters A, 10.1016/j.physleta.2017.10.009, 2017 S. L. Danilishin et al.,: "A new type of quantum speed meter interferometer: measuring speed to search for intermediate mass black holes" Light: Science & Applications (2018) 7, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0004-2 L. G. Prokhorov et. al,: "Upper limits on the mechanical loss of silicate bonds in a silicon tuning fork oscillator" Physics Letters A, 10.1016/j.physleta.2017.07.007 A joint application to the EU Quantum Technology flagship call (proposal currently under evaluation).
Start Year 2016
 
Description Royal Society International Partnership with Russia: "Improving low-frequency sensitivity of future Gravitational Wave Observatories" 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University in Glasgow provides experimental expertise in interferometry as well as access to the 10m prototype interferometer as well as to the materials characterisation and loss measurement facilities.
Collaborator Contribution The team at Moscow State University provides theoretical expertise in the analysis of quantum limited systems, as well as experimental facilities for mechanical loss measurements complementary to the ones available in Glasgow.
Impact E. Knyazev et al.: "Speedmeter scheme for gravitational-wave detectors based on EPR quantum entanglement," Physics Letters A, 10.1016/j.physleta.2017.10.009, 2017 S. L. Danilishin et al.,: "A new type of quantum speed meter interferometer: measuring speed to search for intermediate mass black holes" Light: Science & Applications (2018) 7, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0004-2 L. G. Prokhorov et. al,: "Upper limits on the mechanical loss of silicate bonds in a silicon tuning fork oscillator" Physics Letters A, 10.1016/j.physleta.2017.07.007 A joint application to the EU Quantum Technology flagship call (proposal currently under evaluation).
Start Year 2016
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Cardiff University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA)
Country India 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Title Black Hole Bubble Plot 
Description To visualise the black hole binaries discovered by LIGO, I created an online web-tool that displays a "Bubble Plot" of all known black holes, including those detected by LIGO and those inferred from x-ray binary measurements. The web-tool will be updated as more gravitational wave detections are published. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact There has been significant interest from members of the LIGO community, which has increased its reach and the page has been translated from English into Oriya (Odia), French, Hungarian and Chinese (Hong Kong). 
URL http://chrisnorth.github.io/plotgw/bhbubble
 
Title GW Catalogue Plotter 
Description I developed and published a web-tool to visualise the gravitational wave data produced by LIGO. It allows the user to explore the detections made to date, and provides links to the data on the LIGO Online Science Centre (LOSC). The web-tool is open source and will be updated as more results are published. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Other members of the LIGO-Virgo team have expressed great interest in the web-tool, and there is an intention to include it in a future version of GWOSC. 
URL http://catalog.cardiffgravity.org
 
Title Gravitational Wave Analysis Software 
Description Software to perform parameter estimation and model selection for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This software was used in the analysis of gravitational waves. 
URL https://lscsoft.docs.ligo.org/lalsuite/lalinference/index.html
 
Title Gravitational Wave Analysis Software 
Description Software to perform parameter estimation and model selection, especially (but not limited to) for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Next generation software to be used by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration in the analysis of gravitational waves. 
URL https://lscsoft.docs.ligo.org/bilby/index.html
 
Title Gravitational Wave Search Software 
Description Software to perform searches for gravitational waves associated with astrophysical triggers. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2010 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Used for many observational results publications by LIGO. 
URL https://trac.ligo.caltech.edu/xpipeline/
 
Title Gravitational Wave Search Software 
Description Software to perform searches for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This software was used in the detection of gravitational waves. 
URL https://github.com/ligo-cbc/pycbc
 
Title Gravitational Wave Search Software 
Description Software to perform searches for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This software was used in the detection of gravitational waves. 
URL https://github.com/ligo-cbc/pycbc
 
Title LEGO-LIGO prototype 
Description A prototype of the "LEGO LIGO" demonstration model, as produced by Cardiff University MSc Physics students (J. Zamorano-Osorio, V. Silva Neyra). The prototype includes two LEGO Mindstorms to drive "mirrors" and the basic components of a LIGO model constructed from LEGO. A student report on the prototype development is included as the link below. 
Type Of Technology Physical Model/Kit 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The development of the prototype increased the engagement and understanding of the students involved, requiring them to work with the Gravitational Physics group and learn about the operation of LIGO. Since it is a prototype the model hasn't been tested with real audiences yet. 
URL https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B7ZDkYLdRh3AUFlEaHFDR1N0Vk0?usp=sharing
 
Title LEGO-LIGO software prototype 
Description A prototype of software required to drive the "LEGO LIGO" demonstration model, as produced by Cardiff University MSc Physics students (J. Zamorano-Osorio, V. Silva Neyra). The software is currently written in LabView, and will run on a RaspberryPi or similar in the final version. It will also be Open Source when it is complete. The software takes an input from a simulated gravitational wave signal and drives LEGO Mindstorms in such a way to move the mirrors in the appropriate way. A student report on the prototype development is included as the link below. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The development of the prototype increased the engagement and understanding of the students involved, requiring them to work with the Gravitational Physics group and learn about the operation of LIGO. Since it is a prototype the model hasn't been tested with real audiences yet. 
URL https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B7ZDkYLdRh3AUFlEaHFDR1N0Vk0?usp=sharing
 
Title LegoLIGO final version 
Description A lego-based model of the LIGO detectors 
Type Of Technology Physical Model/Kit 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The model is used in schools workshops for A-level students, and listed as the most interesting part of the workshop by some students. It was also used at public exhibitions and open days, where the visitors reported that it helped with their understanding of how the LIGO detectors worked. 
 
Title PSRQPy - MPitkin 
Description A Python package for accessing information from the Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF) Pulsar Catalogue. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact A paper describing the software was published in the Journal of Open Source Software https://doi.org/10.21105/joss.00538. The paper has, so far, been cited 3 times, showing that the software is enabling new science. 
URL https://psrqpy.readthedocs.io
 
Title Publication and presentation software 
Description The LIGO Scientific Collaboration comprises over 1,000 scientists. We have developed a web-based tool that tracks the publications written and presentations given by the members of the collaboration. The Collaboration performs an internal review of these materials prior to release, and the tool has vastly simplified this process, saving countless hours of researcher time. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The webtool is used regularly by members of the collaboration. It is a significant improvement over a previous, email based, system. The new system as save countless hours of researcher time in circulating and reviewing these publications and presentations. 
URL https://pnp.ligo.org/
 
Title Voting software 
Description A voting tool for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration that makes use of collaboration identity management to restrict access to the appropriate groups. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact This software is widely used within the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, comprising 1,000 scientists. It is easy to use and well liked. 
URL https://vote.ligo.org/
 
Title Waveform viewer 
Description A tool to display and filter the waveforms of the LIGO-Virgo detections 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact A number of members of the collaboration have reported using it for presentations. 
URL http://cardiffgravity.org/waveview
 
Description "Star Attractions at the Museum" at National Museum Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public talk on gravitational waves.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 390th Heraeus Seminar - General Relativity in Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation of interim evaluation results to general relativists and educators
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://workshops.cardiffgravity.org
 
Description Abergavenny Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk to Abergavenny Astronomical Society about the detection of gravitational waves
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Ascoltare le voci dell'Universo (Listening the voices of the Universe) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Ascoltare le voci dell'Universo (Listening the voices of the Universe), a two-hour invited outreach talk on gravitational waves and their first detection given at the liceo scientifico statale Nomentano (Nomentano high school), Rome, Italy [01/06/2016]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Astrocamp IX - Gravitational Waves 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk given to a group of amateur astronomers as part of the AstroCamp "starcamp" in South Wales. The audience was made primarily of amateur astronomers and their families. There were lots of questions from this interested audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC Radio Wales: interview about GW170104 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about announcement of detection of GW170104
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Black Hole Bubble Plot 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To visualise the black hole binaries discovered by LIGO, I created an online web-tool that displays a "Bubble Plot" of all known black holes, including those detected by LIGO and those inferred from x-ray binary measurements. The web-tool will be updated as more gravitational wave detections are published.

There has been significant interest from members of the LIGO community, and the page has been translated from English into Oriya (Odia), French, Hungarian and Chinese (Hong Kong).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://chrisnorth.github.io/plotgw/bhbubble
 
Description Black hole hunter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Developed the Black Hole Hunter game to give the public insight into how gravitational wave searches are performed. The game was updated at the time of the first gravitational wave detection. It has had over 50000 page views since the detectio, and 14000 unique visitors since the detection.


Tens of thousands of members of the public have played the game. It is widely used in outreach exhibits around the world and has been translated into French, Spanish and German
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010,2011,2012
URL http://blackholehunter.org/
 
Description Can you hear black holes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a Royal Society Summer exhibition. An estimated 4000 people passed through our stand in 3 days.

Exhibits were developed and in particular the online black hole hunger game was developed for the exhibition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Cardiff Physics A/S Summer Science Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A 3-day workshop about physics, which included a Gravitational Waves workshop, and a talk about their detection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://blogs.cardiff.ac.uk/physicsoutreach/2017/05/12/cardiff-physics-as-level-summer-programme/
 
Description Careers Day Keynote, National Space Centre (Leicester) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This was a 30minute Keynote lecture on the "Discovery of Gravitational Waves", given as part of a Careers Day at the National Space Centre (Leicester). Around 150-200 Sixth Form students were in attendance. The aim was to increase knowledge of the students about gravitational waves and their detection, and provide a bit of context for their career choices. Some teachers requested more information and lesson plans etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Catalyst magazine article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Magazine editors were very happy with the article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.stem.org.uk/resources/elibrary/resource/417477/black-holes
 
Description Daresbury Talking Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An evening talk at the STFC Daresbury Talking Science event, about the detection of gravitational waves
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description EWASS - Outreach & Engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation about workshop and GW outreach at EWASS 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description GW Catalogue Plotter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I developed and published a web-tool to visualise the gravitational wave data produced by LIGO. It allows the user to explore the detections made to date, and provides links to the data on the LIGO Online Science Centre (LOSC). The web-tool is open source and will be updated as more results are published.

Other members of the LIGO team have expressed great interest in the web-tool, and there is an intention to include it in a future version of LOSC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
URL http://catalog.cardiffgravity.org
 
Description Gravitational Waves A-level Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A workshop exploring the science and technology of gravitational waves, linked to the A-level (and Advanced Higher) Physics curriculum. It has been delivered nearly 20 times, reaching over 300 students. Evaluations indicate that students gain significant increase in understanding of gravitational waves (moving from a mean of 3-4 out of 10 to 6-7 out of 10), and also in the relevance of them to their studies at school. Students felt very involved in the workshop and that the level was about right.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://workshops.cardiffgravity.org
 
Description Gravitational Waves A-level Workshop, Ashby School (Leicestershire) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A trial delivery of an A-level workshop to a class of 32 students (a mixture of year 12 and year 13), supported by a National Space Academy Lead Educator. There were many questions from the students, who reported the workshop to be very enjoyable in their feedback. The feedback results have also led on to improvements and adjustments in the workshop design and delivery.

A comparison of pre- and post-workshop evaluations showed that the proportion of students who considered what they learned at A_level to be fairly relevant or very relevant to gravitational waves and their detection increased from 45% before to 77% afterwards.

The proportion of participants who ranked their understanding of gravitational waves at 7 or higher on a scale of 1-10 increased from 7% before to 50% afterwards. The proportion scoring 5 or more increased from 30% before to 87% afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B7ZDkYLdRh3AeFhrcm9xb3FXTnM?usp=sharing
 
Description Gravitational Waves Planning Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A workshop to discuss the development of an A-level workshop to teach gravitational waves, and to plan the logistics of delivering the workshop to meet the requirements of the STFC Public Engagement Fellowship "The Dawn of Gravitational Wave Astronomy". Participants included lead educators from the National Space Academy. The future involvement of LEGO LIGO was discussed.

Follow-up meeting Jan 2019 for GCSE resources.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2019
 
Description Gravity and Light 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An evening of talks celebrating the awarding of the 2017 Nobel Prize to Gravitational Waves and the detection of gravitational waves. Speakers were Dr Edward Gomez (Las Cumbres Observatory), Dr Francesco Pannarele (Cardiff University) and Prof Nial Tanvir (University of Leicester). The three short (20min) talks were followed by a drinks reception.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/gravitational-celebrations-tickets-38764563854#
 
Description Hay Festival, 30 June 2016, Hay-on-Wye, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk on gravitational wave discovery at Hay Festival, 30 June 2016, Hay-on-Wye, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview - LIGO detects whispers of another black-hole merger, Nature, 15 June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Quoted in Nature article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview - The black-hole collision that reshaped physics, Nature, 23 March 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Interview for Nature article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description New Scientist Instant Expert Event (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given at New Scientist Instant Expert event on Big Physics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description New Scientist Instant Expert Event (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to 300 members of the public at New Scientist Instant Expert event on General Relativity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description New Scientist Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given at New Scientist Live event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Nobel Lecture & Institute kickoff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A public talk by Nobel Laureate Barry Barish about gravitational waves. Audience ~ 300. Evaluation result: 90% reported lecture had inspired them about science
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Oracle's High Performance Cloud for Research & Innovation workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk, Oracle's High Performance Cloud for Research & Innovation, Bristol, UK, November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.futurespacebristol.co.uk/event/oracles-high-performance-cloud-for-research-innovation/
 
Description Pythagorean Astronomy - Nobel Prize special 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Podcast and radio show feat Nobel Prize Winner Barry Barish about gravitational waves.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://blogs.cardiff.ac.uk/physicsoutreach/2018/06/26/pythagorean-astronomy-bonus-in-conversation-wi...
 
Description Pythagorean Astronomy podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A podcast about astronomy broadcast on Radio Cardiff, and also on the Cardiff Physics website. Interviewees are from around the world, though predominantly the UK. Approx 2500 people listen to each broadcast, and a few hundred subscribe to the podcast. Colleagues featured on the podcast reported enjoying the opportunity to talk about their research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
URL http://pythagastro.uk
 
Description RS Summer Science Exhibition 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An exhibit at the Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition 2017 relating to UK Gravitational Wave research. Around 12000 people visited the exhibition as a whole, and based on the number of freebies given away, around 3000 people visited the exhibit. An online survey (100 responses) reported that: On a scale of 1-5, 94% said that their knowledge of gravitational waves increased by 3 or more, and 79% reported 4 or more. On a similar scale, 88% reported their understanding of LIGO had increased by 3 or more (65% 4 or more). Using paper forms (69 responses), 70% reported that their interest in physics had increased.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Relativita, Festival Delle Scienze, 22 May 2016 Rome, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in science festival.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description School Visit (Cardiff) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presentation on Gravitational Waves during STEM week at local school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Science in Public conference, Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Science in Public conference (Dec 2018) - presentation and discussion about innovative engagement strategies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Scienceface interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2017.09.22 Einstein's former summer house, Caputh, Germany: Interviewed on film for a new episode of the Scienceface series; film presently being edited for publication later in 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Smalley Lecture, LVS Ascot 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A talk to around 200 people as part of the Smalley Lecture series hosted by the LVS Ascot school, about the Discovery of Gravitational Waves. The audience included secondary school children, sixth formers, teachers, and members of the general public. There were a lot of questions from the audience both after the talk and over coffee.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Star Attractions National Museum of Wales (Cardiff) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This is a regular event at the National Museum of Wales (Cardiff), at which there are exhibition stands from a range of groups. The School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, features heavily, and presented material covering a wide range of research areas. A prominent topic is Gravitational Waves, with a number of exhibit activities aimed at a wide range of ages. There were many questions from the audience, as well as an increase in participation from colleagues for this sort of event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2015,2016,2017,2018
URL https://museum.wales/cardiff/whatson/9320/Star-Attractions-at-the-Museum/
 
Description Teacher CPD - Gravity and Gravitational Waves 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Teachers were shown a number of resources relating to gravitational waves. Participants requested information on running the workshop in their school, and were sent the appropriate information, as well as being given hard copies. Sessions normally followed workshops with students, and lasted 1-2 hours, though there were also dedicated workshops (such as the IOP regional meetings). Some of these workshops featured LegoLIGO.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description The First Ever Detection of Gravitational Waves 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Short video describing the first observation of gravitational waves. Posted on YouTube and viewed by over 10,000 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lcxt097G4Ps
 
Description The First Sounds of the Cosmic Symphony 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The First Sounds of the Cosmic Symphony, a stand-up talk on gravitational-wave research activity for the general public, Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff [14/10/2016]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Webinar "Enabling University Research at Scale" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Broadcasted talk on gravitational waves and cloud computing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.govtech.com/education/events/webinars/Enabling-University-Research-at-Scale-97323.html