Nuclear Physics Consolidated Grant

Lead Research Organisation: University of York
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

Nuclear Physics is the study of the heavy but tiny nucleus that lies at the centre of all atoms and makes up 99.9% by mass of everything we see. The nucleus forms a fascinating laboratory for study, falling between the extremes of systems with a handful of particles, which can be solved from first principles, and systems with thousands of particles whose properties can be treated statistically. Indeed, the nucleus is a unique mesoscopic quantal system that is composed of two types of interacting fermions in which the underlying force is poorly understood. As such it provides an extremely important testing ground for models that attempt to predict the properties of nuclei. The individual protons and neutrons in the nucleus can strongly dictate the properties of the nucleus as a whole. Although a mature field, nuclear physics poses an array of very challenging questions and the recent advent of accelerated radioactive beams has reinvigorated this research area. Increasingly important is the application of our understanding of nuclear physics to astrophysical questions, where it can help to understand energy generation in stars as well as the heavy elements synthesised in stellar explosions. The present consolidated grant represents the concerted efforts of one of the largest nuclear physics groups in the UK. The activity is notable for its depth and breadth, as well for the strong involvement of underpinning theory through our recently-established theory group.

Planned Impact

Our group has a strong track record in non-academic impact. All of this is underpinned by our fundamental research. For example, our experience in detector development has been applied to societal applications in sectors including homeland security, nuclear decommissioning and medical applications. We have a strong parallel strand of such activity supported by grants from STFC, Innovate-UK and direct industrial subvention. In the last year, we established an enterprise unit within our group, part supported by Kromek PLC, to help drive forward our impact. A prominent recent highlight of this activity has been the co-development of the D3S detector for Kromek PLC which has received a $6M order from the US government for 12000 units. In addition to industry-facing work, we have strong interests in outreach and public engagement. Many of our group members are active in this area. A particular highlight in this area has been the development of the "Binding Blocks" activity for schoolchildren to build up a chart of the isotopes using Lego.

A more detailed explanation of our impact capacity and plans is outlined in the attached "pathways to impact" document.

Publications

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Andel B (2017) Detailed a -decay study of Tl 180 in Physical Review C

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Andel B (2017) Detailed a -decay study of Tl 180 in Physical Review C

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Andreyev AN (2018) Nuclear fission: a review of experimental advances and phenomenology. in Reports on progress in physics. Physical Society (Great Britain)

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Andreyev AN (2018) Nuclear fission: a review of experimental advances and phenomenology. in Reports on progress in physics. Physical Society (Great Britain)

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Baczyk P (2019) Isobaric multiplet mass equation within nuclear density functional theory in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

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Baczyk P (2018) Isospin-symmetry breaking in masses of N ? Z nuclei in Physics Letters B

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Baroni S (2018) A teaching guide of nuclear physics: the concept of bonds in Physics Education

 
Description FiDiPro 
Organisation University of Jyvaskyla
Department Department of Physics
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Long-term scientific collaboration and publications
Collaborator Contribution Long-term scientific collaboration and publications
Impact 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024306, 10.1088/1361-6471/aa691e, 10.1088/1361-6471/aa5fd7, 10.1016/j.cpc.2017.03.007
Start Year 2007
 
Description Lyon Claud Bernard 
Organisation University of Lyon
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Long-term scientific collaboration and publications
Collaborator Contribution Long-term scientific collaboration and publications
Impact 10.1088/1361-6471/aa691e, 10.1088/1361-6471/aa5fd7
 
Description MSU Nazarewicz 
Organisation Michigan State University
Department Department of Physics And Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Long-term collaboration and publications
Collaborator Contribution Long-term collaboration and publications
Impact 10.5506/APhysPolB.46.575
 
Description Warsaw IFT 
Organisation University of Warsaw
Country Poland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Long-term scientific collaboration and publications
Collaborator Contribution Long-term scientific collaboration and publications
Impact 10.1103/PhysRevC.94.024306, 10.1016/j.cpc.2017.03.007, 10.5506/APhysPolB.48.259, 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.12.068
 
Description Binding Blocks Training Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training event for undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers from across the UK, for implementation of Binding Blocks Nuclear Masterclasses and other Public Engagement events across the UK. Primary content designed and delivered by the York Nuclear Physics Group, and with additional mini-workshops by participating Nuclear Physics groups from across the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Binding Blocks Training at the ANSTT Workshop, iThemba LABS, South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training event for undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers from across Southern Africa, for triggering the implementation of Binding Blocks Nuclear Masterclasses and other Public Engagement events across Southern Africa, in particular South Africa, Botswana, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Tanzania. Content designed and delivered by the York Nuclear Physics Group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description British Science Festival (Hull) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact At least 500 members of the public engaged with the Binding Blocks Nuclear Astrophysics stand at the British Science Festival in Hull, 2018. Delivery led by the astrophysics group at U. of Hull, with contributions from the Binding Blocks programme at York.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description CERN Teacher Training at the National STEM Learning Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Development and delivery of full content for a day of training in Nuclear Physics as a post-CERN-visit training programme for secondary and primary school teachers in Physics and broader sciences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description CERN Teachers Day at the National STEM Learning Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Training and inspiring of 40 teachers from across the UK, with direct input into their teaching, and strong links to the York research programme. Full content designed and delivered by the York Nuclear Physics Group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Festival of Ideas 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public event presenting nuclear physics research through a Binding Blocks interactive installation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Head Start activity (York) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Nuclear Physics workshops with a focus on widening participation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Inspirations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Schools event for approximately 1000 secondary school students and their teachers. Engagement with Nuclear Physics and research through the Binding Blocks nuclear chart.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Isaac Physics Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Nuclear physics workshop as part of an extended engagement throughout the year across all areas of physics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Jim Matthews Public Lecture, York 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public Lecture with associated Binding Blocks nuclear chart event, ~300 participants. Lecture delivered by Jim Al-Khalili, Surrey. Binding Blocks event delivery by York team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Nuclear Masterclass 19.06.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Year-12 student Nuclear Masterclass at York, with workshops on: Binding Blocks (nuclear masses, decays, and reactions); the Hot-CNO Cycle; Binding Energy and Neutron Stars; Nuclear Medicine; and Nuclear Fusion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Nuclear Masterclass 21.06.18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Year-12 student Nuclear Masterclass at York, with workshops on: Binding Blocks (nuclear masses, decays, and reactions); the Hot-CNO Cycle; Binding Energy and Neutron Stars; Nuclear Medicine; and Nuclear Fusion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description SAINTS Post-graduate School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training event for undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers from South Africa, for implementation of Binding Blocks Nuclear Masterclasses and other Public Engagement events across South Africa. Primary content designed by the York Nuclear Physics Group, delivered by students trained at York during 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Scarborough Science and Engineering Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Schools event for at least 500 secondary school students and their teachers. Engagement with Nuclear Physics and research through the Binding Blocks nuclear chart.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Stargazing Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Public event covering a range of astronomy and astrophysics, nuclear astrophysics, and nuclear physics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Stargazing Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Public event covering a range of astronomy and astrophysics, nuclear astrophysics, and nuclear physics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Training of post-graduate Students from University of Western Cape 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training event for undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers from University of Western Cape, for implementation of Binding Blocks Nuclear Masterclasses and other Public Engagement events in South Africa. Content designed and delivered by the York Nuclear Physics Group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Training of post-graduate Students from University of Zululand 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training event for undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers from University of Zululand (SA), for implementation of Binding Blocks Nuclear Masterclasses and other Public Engagement events in South Africa. Content designed and delivered by the York Nuclear Physics Group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/
 
Description Work experience activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Nuclear Physics workshops with a focus on widening participation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/secondary/binding-blocks/