CTA-UK

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leicester
Department Name: Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

The Universe is full of particles with energies so great that they are travelling at very close to the speed of light. They affect the Universe in many ways, influencing the life-cycles of stars and the evolution of galaxies. These particles are hard to trace, but can reveal their presence by producing gamma rays. Like their lower-energy cousins, X-rays, gamma rays do not penetrate the Earth's atmosphere and usually satellite-based telescopes are used to detect them. However, at very high energies (VHE) there are so few gamma rays that detecting them using spacecraft becomes impossible. Luckily, it is possible to observe them from the ground via the flashes of blue light, Cherenkov radiation, produced when they interact in the atmosphere. The glow from Cherenkov radiation in the atmosphere is 10,000 times fainter than starlight, so large mirrors are required to collect it, and because the flashes last only a few billionths of a second, ultra-fast cameras are needed to record them.

We know from current ground-based gamma-ray telescopes such as HESS that there is a wealth of phenomena to be studied. VHE gamma ray telescopes have detected the remains of supernova explosions, binary star systems, highly
energetic jets produced by black holes in distant galaxies, star formation regions, and many other objects. These observations can help us to understand not only what is going on inside these objects, but also answer fundamental
physics questions relating to the nature of Dark Matter and of space-time itself. However, we have reached the limit of what can be done with current instruments, and so about 1400 scientists and engineers from 32 countries around the world have come together to build a new instrument - the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA).

CTA will offer a dramatic increase in sensitivity over current instruments and extend the energy range of the gamma rays observed to both lower and higher values. It is predicted that the catalogue of known VHE emitting objects will expand from the roughly 130 known now to over 1000, and we can expect many new discoveries in key areas of astrophysics and fundamental physics. To achieve the energy coverage of CTA, telescopes of three different sizes are needed: Small (~4 m diameter), Medium (12 m) and Large (23 m) Sized Telescopes (SSTs, MSTs and LSTs, respectively). CTA will have arrays in the northern and southern hemispheres. The northern array will consist of 4 LSTs and 25 MSTs. The southern array will add to its 4 LSTs and 25 MSTs an extensive array of 70 SSTs, to investigate the highest energy phenomena, visible mainly in the southern sky. We expect construction of the first telescopes on the CTA southern site to start in 2019.

There are currently 12 UK universities and Laboratories involved in CTA. The UK groups are concentrating their efforts on the construction of the SSTs. We have produced an innovative dual-mirror SST design, the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), which is being prototyped in sight of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, and are building two prototype cameras, with different sensors, we will test on this device. Here we ask for funding to complete tests of the prototype camera, use the results to design the final camera for the GCT and to prepare for contributing cameras for the final SST telescopes. We also want to work with UK industry a new protective window for the camera that will keep out some of the background light, enabling us to detect fainter Cherenkov flashes. Finally, we want to develop data analysis techniques for CTA, to ensure that UK scientists are ready to analyse the data from CTA as soon as the first telescopes start operation

Planned Impact

CTA will have an impact on a wide range of scientific questions, from the nature of gravity to how supernovae accelerate particles and how active galaxies work. In doing so, it will use new and innovative methodologies, combining techniques from both astronomy and particle physics. In the process, many highly-skilled researchers will be trained. UK industry stands to gain both from knowledge transfer and by way of contracts for producing electronics, camera
housings, and perhaps mirrors and and other structural elements. Much of this work will be undertaken in areas of economic deprivation (e.g. North East England, North Wales) thereby contributing to regeneration and economic development.

The atmosphere is an important element of our detectors, and our Monte Carlo simulations already use data from the British Atmospheric Data Centre. Wherever the telescopes are sited, it is likely to be in an area short of detailed weather data for input to climate models. CTA's weather data are therefore likely to be useful to atmospheric modellers.

The public awareness and understanding of science will be enhanced by CTA. Our scientific research covers topics of considerable interest to the public, including black holes, supernova explosions and Dark Matter. We have already had considerable engagement with the public through events such as Stargazing Live and the Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition, as well as giving many talks to local interest groups (Women's Institutes, astronomical societies etc.) and schools. These activities will be continued and enhanced during the next few years as CTA matures as an observatory.

Early stage researchers will gain a wide range of skills from working on CTA, in areas such as programming, electronics, modelling of complex systems, image analysis etc. In addition, they will gain the "soft skills" which come from working with people from a wide range of cultural backgrounds in the international CTA Consortium. These skills will fit them for non-academic professions. For example, recent Ph.D. graduates who have worked in CTA have already gone on to careers in teaching and software engineering and we expect many more skilled people to move into non-academic careers over the 30 year lifetime of CTA.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Particle Astrophysics Advisory Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation Argonne National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation Columbia University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation Nagoya University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation Polytechnic University of Bari
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation Stanford University
Department SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation University of Alabama in Huntsville
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Department Division of Astronomy & Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation University of Iowa
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation University of Perugia
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation University of Siena
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Cherenkov Telescope Array Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT) Collaboration 
Organisation University of Utah
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leicester joined the SCT collaboration in 2018 to bring expertise in front end electronics (FEE) to the SCT project.
Collaborator Contribution The SCT partners have pioneered the design of a Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope as one of the Medium-Sized Telescope designs for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. The SCT's two-mirror optical system is designed to better focus the light for greater imaging detail and improved detection of faint sources.
Impact Transfer of sensor and front-end electronics design and implementation technologies from the CTA-GCT project to the CTA-SCT collaboration. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary involving detector physics, mechanical and electronic design expertise
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Aix-Marseille University
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Durham University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg
Department Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Leiden University
Department Leiden Observatory
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Nagoya University
Department Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation University of Adelaide
Department School of Chemistry and Physics
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation University of Amsterdam
Department Center of Excellence for Gravitation and Astroparticle Physics
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation University of Hawaii
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Division of Structural Biology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope 
Organisation Washington University in St Louis
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK contribution is to lead the development, manufacture and characterisation of the camera which includes the photon-counting sensor array, electronics system and the mechnical design.
Collaborator Contribution International collaboration to jointly develop and deply the Gamma-ray Cherenkov Telescope (GCT), a Small-Sized Telescope (SST) design for the CHerenkov Telescope Array. Contributions to the development and deployment of GCT in all areas, including design and development, including exchange of research and techcical staff, provision of required skills and expertise, training of personnel, support of component and system testing, manufacture and procurement of hardware, software and firmware, support for field trials. and eventual deployment of many (30+) GCT telescopes at final site in Chile.
Impact Development and manufacture of the GCT telescope (several tens+) for deployment on the Cherenkov Telescope Array facility in Chile. Multi-disciplinary: Telescope optics, detector system design, mechanical engineering, Monte Carlo modelling of physics.
Start Year 2012
 
Title GCT photon-counting camera for CTA 
Description A photon-counting camera specifically designed for the Small-Sized Telescope array of the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). CTA is a 300M Euro international astroparticle astronomy facility undergoing construction at two sites in La Palma and Chile. There will be 35+ such cameras deployed on CTA, within the next 5 years. Each camera utilises an array of 2048 silicon photomultipliers to detect Cherenov light showers of ~10 nanseconds in width which are produced by a very high energy astroparticle (up to 300 TeV) from a cosmic event of extreme energy. 
Type Of Technology Detection Devices 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The first GCT camera prototype underwent preliminary laboratory tests last year. In November 2015, the camera was installed on a prototype GCT telescope (SST-GATE) in Paris and was used to successfully record the first Cherenkov light of any CTA prototype, and the first Cherenkov light seen with a a new design of telescope with dual-mirror optical system, specifically developed for CTA. 
URL https://www.cta-observatory.org/cta-prototype-telescope-achieves-first-light-3/
 
Title TARGET front-end electronics module - major revision 
Description A second major revision of the TARGET electronics module designed for application to photon-counting cameras deployed on the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). The TARGET module is a 64 channel 12-bit, 1 GSample per second digitizer with trigger functionality. The new revision has been improved by: a) lowering power consumption ; incorporating a preamplifier ASIC with added functionality; a new layout with reduced PCB count; improved compatibility with other CTA camera electronics; and improved cooling. CTA is a 300M Euro international facility for astroparticle astronomy. 
Type Of Technology Systems, Materials & Instrumental Engineering 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The TARGET front-end electronics (FEE) module is a core component of the electronics systems of the both CHEC and SCT cameras developed for deployment on CTA Small-Sized Telescopes (SST) and Medium-Sized Telescopes (MST) respectively. The final SST array of 70 telescopes may require 32 to 60 FEE modules (depending on final format) per camera and each MST requires 177 FEE modules, number . Thus many thousands of these modules are likely to be eventually deployed on CTA by its completion in early 2020s. 
 
Description CTA Talk - Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Physics department seminar at UAM-I Mexico City, February 2019. I presented the latest data analysis being done related to Leicester's involvement in CTA .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Funding opportunities talk - Agencia Espacial Mexicana, Mexico 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jamie Williams presented the latest funding Anglo-Mexican funding opportunities, and engaged with local stakeholders to identify potential UoL-Mexico collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nottingham Trent University Research Seminar - CTA overview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Steve Leech - Invited speaker for Nottingham Trent University, Engineering and Materials Research Seminar - gave a talk on the Cherenkov Telescope Array
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019