Engineering Autophagy: Understanding Cellular Decommissioning Using Synthetic Biology

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

Autophagy is the natural mechanism that decommissions, through a regulated process, unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components. Cytoplasmic constituents are transported to the lysosome where they can be degraded. Despite its simplicity, recent research has shown that autophagy plays a wide and complex variety of physiological and pathophysiological roles. Autophagy consists of several sequential steps-sequestration, transport to lysosomes, degradation, and utilization of degradation products-and each step exerts a different function.

Given the central importance of autophagy in regulating cellular health, it is of great significance to deepen fundamental understanding. There are many situations in which this would be of value. For example, the deployment of gene and cell therapies requires knowledge, and control, of autophagy to manage risk. Deploying autophagy to appropriately maintain (e.g. CHO) cells producing therapeutic proteins could have large economic benefit.

This research programme will deploy the tools of synthetic biology to investigate autophagy in mammalian cells. We will seek to use technologies such as synthetic transcription factors that exploit CRISPR-Cas9 to achieve induction and control of signaling pathways important to autophagy. This will be supplemented with novel imaging technologies, such as stimulated Raman scattering microscopy to deliver a unique insight into this fascinating phenomenon.

The PhD student will become part of a cohort of graduates students linked to the research of the new UK Centre for Mammalian Synthetic Biology (the 'Centre'), based at the University of Edinburgh. Through support from the Research Council's Synthetic Biology for Growth programme and of the BBSRC, EPSRC and MRC, the University has been awarded ~ £18M in funding to establish a UK centre for DNA synthesis (the Edinburgh Genome Foundry) and one of six UK Centres for Synthetic Biology (the Centre). This embeds colleagues from the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, in particular from the Scottish Centre for Regenerative Medicine. More information about our Centre can be found on http://www.synbio.ed.ac.uk.

Publications

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Studentship Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Student Name
EP/N509644/1 01/10/2016 30/09/2021
1785341 Studentship EP/N509644/1 01/10/2016 30/06/2020 Liam Davison-Gates